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PREFA FOREWORD

Preocuprile susinute n direcia dezvoltrii i The sustained concerns oriented towards the
modernizrii statisticii i pentru integrarea sistemului development and modernisation of statistics and
statistic n normele i standardele Uniunii Europene towards the integration of the statistical system into
au creat un fundament solid ce ne permite s punem European Union norms and standards, has created a
astzi la dispoziia utilizatorilor interni i externi o solid background allowing us to put today at internal
gam tot mai divers de date statistice. and external users disposal, a more and more diverse
range of statistical data.
Anuarul Statistic al Romniei - ediia 2002, The Statistical Yearbook of Romania - 2002
lucrare de referin n sistemul publicaiilor statistice edition, core publication within the National Institute
ale Institutului Naional de Statistic, realizat ntr-o of Statistics editorial system, carried out within an
concepie unitar i coerent, cuprinde serii de date unitary and coherent conception, includes series of
statistice din diferite domenii, un volum de informaii statistical data of various fields, a complex and
complex i detaliat, prezentnd principalele rezultate detailed volume of information presenting the main
economice i sociale obinute de ara noastr n ultimii economic and social results obtained in our country
ani. during the last years.
Promovarea normelor i standardelor The promotion of international standards and
internaionale, i n primul rnd europene, asimilarea norms, primarily the European ones, the absorbtion of
tehnicilor moderne de investigaie, bazate n principal modern surveying techniques, mainly based on
pe cercetri statistice prin sondaj, a metodelor sample statistical surveys, of advanced statistical
avansate de analiz statistic, precum i accentuarea analysing procedures, as well as an increased
disponibilitii Institutului Naional de Statistic fa de openness of the National Institute of Statistics against
solicitrile i observaiile utilizatorilor, au condus la users requests and comments, led to the conceptual
mbogirea conceptual a acestei importante enrichment of this important paper.
publicaii.
n conformitate cu evoluia economiei romneti, In accordance with the evolution of Romania, of
a societii noastre n ansamblu, n cuprinsul our society as a whole, structural changes were
Anuarului Statistic au fost introduse modificri menite introduced in the content of the Statistical Yearbook,
s asigure o sistematizare a capitolelor i o mai mare meant to ensure a systematised organisation of
coeren n prezentarea datelor. chapters and a greater coherence in data
presentation.
Cele 21 capitole ale Anuarului, concepute The 21 chapters of this Yearbook, organised in a
ntr-o succesiune logic, dezvluie utilizatorilor o logical succession, present to the users an increased
cantitate sporit de informaii din diverse domenii amount of information from various fields of activity,
de activitate, judicios structurat, iar n partea rationally structured, and the final section of the
final a Anuarului, sunt prezentate date de Yearbook includes international statistical data,
statistic internaional, ce permit compararea allowing for the comparison between some indicators
nivelului unor indicatori din alte ri cu cei realizai n level in other countries and those achieved by
Romnia. Romania.
n ediia de fa a Anuarului au fost incluse noi The present edition of the Yearbook includes new
serii de date statistice, referitoare la: populaie, statistical data series, referring to: population,
veniturile populaiei, locuine, sntate, agricultur, population income, dwellings, health, agriculture,
transporturi etc. transport a.s.o.
La capitolul Statistic internaional sunt In the chapter International statistics there are
prezentate rezultatele ultimului Program de displayed the results of the latest European
Comparare European a produsului intern brut, pentru Comparison Programme of gross domestic product,
anul 1999, la care ara noastr a participat. for 1999, where Romania participated as well.
Potrivit sistemului practicat pe plan internaional, According to the system operating at international
i la elaborarea acestei ediii s-a procedat la level, for the present edition of the Yearbook we also
actualizarea nivelului unor indicatori pentru care au proceeded to updating the level of some indicators for
aprut noi surse de date sau la care s-au adus which new data sources were identified or to which
perfecionri metodologice, prezentnd astfel evoluii methodological improvements were carried out, thus
comparabile n timp, coerente i ct mai apropiate de presenting comparable evolutions over time, accurate
realitate. and as close as possible to the reality.
Apariia noii ediii a Anuarului se constituie The release of this new Yearbook edition is a
ntr-un plcut prilej de a adresa mulumiri pleasant opportunity to thank ministries, institutions,
ministerelor, instituiilor, agenilor economici, celorlali economic units, other collaborators which due to the
colaboratori, care prin datele puse la dispoziie i prin data put at our disposal and to their suggestions,
sugestiile ce ni le-au fcut, ne-au permis s editm o allowed us to issue a wider and more diversified
publicaie mai ampl i diversificat, care sperm, va publication, which we hope, will entail once more a
genera i de aceast dat un interes major, major interest, proving to be a paper with wider
dovedindu-se o lucrare de o tot mai larg utilitate i usefulness and audience. In the same sense, the
audien. Aceasta a fcut posibil i respectarea observance of the obligations assumed by the
obligaiilor asumate de statistica oficial romneasc Romanian official statistics to supply the information
pentru furnizarea informaiilor solicitate de organizaiile requested by international organisations or of those
internaionale, precum i a obligaiilor ce decurg din established in the process of European integration
angajarea rii noastre n procesul de integrare became possible.
european.
SINTEZA
CUPRINSULUI CONTENTS

1 GEOGRAFIA I MEDIUL GEOGRAPHY AND


NCONJURTOR ............................... ENVIRONMENT

1.1 Geografia i organizarea Geography and administrative-


administrativ-teritorial ....................... territorial organisation
1.2 Meteorologia ........................................ Meteorology
1.3 Mediul nconjurtor .............................. Environment

2 POPULAIA ........................................ POPULATION

2.1 Populaia i structura Population and its


demografic ........................................ demographic structure
2.2 Micarea natural a populaiei ............ Vital statistics
2.3 Micarea migratorie a populaiei ......... Population migration

3 FORA DE MUNC ............................ LABOUR FORCE

3.1 Fora de munc ................................... Labour force


3.2 Condiii de munc ................................ Working conditions

4 VENITURILE, CHELTUIELILE POPULATION INCOME,


I CONSUMUL POPULAIEI ............ EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION

4.1 Veniturile populaiei ............................. Population income


4.2 Cheltuielile i consumul Population expenditure and
populaiei ............................................ consumption
4.3 Locuine ............................................... Dwellings

5 PROTECIA SOCIAL ...................... SOCIAL PROTECTION

5.1 Protecia social a omerilor ............... Unemployed social protection


5.2 Asigurri sociale .................................. Social insurance
5.3 Asisten social ................................. Social assistance

6 SNTATE ......................................... HEALTH

7 NVMNT ; CERCETARE ........... EDUCATION ; RESEARCH

7.1 nvmnt............................................ Education


7.2 Cercetare-dezvoltare ........................... Research-development

8 CULTUR ; SPORT ............................ CULTURE ; SPORT

8.1 Cultur ................................................. Culture


8.2 Sport .................................................... Sport

9 CONTURI NAIONALE ...................... NATIONAL ACCOUNTS


10 INVESTIII ; IMOBILIZRI INVESTMENTS ; TANGIBLE
CORPORALE .................................... FIXED ASSETS

10.1 Investiii ............................................... Investments


10.2 Imobilizri corporale ............................ Tangible fixed assets

11 PREURI ............................................. PRICES

12 REZULTATE I PERFORMANE RESULTS AND PERFORMANCES


ALE NTREPRINDERILOR ................ OF ENTERPRISES

13 AGRICULTUR ; AGRICULTURE ;
SILVICULTUR ................................. SYLVICULTURE

13.1 Agricultur ........................................... Agriculture


13.2 Silvicultur ........................................... Sylviculture

14 INDUSTRIE ; CONSTRUCII ............. INDUSTRY ; CONSTRUCTION

14.1 Industrie ............................................... Industry


14.2 Resursele i consumurile Energy resources and
energetice ........................................... consumptions
14.3 Construcii ........................................... Construction

15 TRANSPORTURI ; POT I TRANSPORT ; POST AND


TELECOMUNICAII .......................... TELECOMMUNICATIONS

16 COMER ; TURISM ; SERVICII ........ TRADE ; TOURISM ; SERVICES

16.1 Comer exterior .................................... Foreign trade


16.2 Comer interior ..................................... Domestic trade
16.3 Turism ................................................. Tourism
16.4 Servicii de pia ................................... Market services

17 FINANE ............................................. FINANCES

18 JUSTIIE I STAREA JUSTICE AND INFRINGEMENTAL


INFRACIONAL .............................. SITUATION

19 STATISTIC ELECTORAL .............. ELECTION STATISTICS

20 STATISTIC TERITORIAL ............... TERRITORIAL STATISTICS

21 STATISTIC INTERNAIONAL ...... INTERNATIONAL STATISTICS

PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE ABBREVIATIONS USED


PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR ... FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE N SYMBOLS USED IN THE


TABELE ............................................. TABLES
1
CAPITOLUL

CHAPTER

Geografia i mediul Geography and


nconjurtor environment

1.1 Geografia i organizarea Geography and administrative-


administrativ-teritorial territorial organisation
1.2 Meteorologia Meteorology
1.3 Mediul nconjurtor Environment
GEOGRAFIA I ORGANIZAREA ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL

1.1 GEOGRAFIA I ORGANIZAREA GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE -


ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

CUPRINS CONTENTS

Tabele: Tables:

1.1.1 Poziia geografic a Romniei ............ Geographical position of Romania


1.1.2 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .......... Length of Romanias borders
1.1.3 Principalele altitudini muntoase ........... Major mountain peaks
1.1.4 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap The length of major rivers
de pe teritoriul Romniei .................... on Romanian territory
1.1.5 Principalele lacuri naturale .................. Major natural lakes
1.1.6 Principalele lacuri antropice ................ Major anthropic lakes
1.1.7 Altitudinea medie a principalelor Average height of major
orae din Romnia ............................. towns in Romania
1.1.8 Organizarea administrativ a Administrative organisation
teritoriului Romniei ........................... of Romanian territory

Sursa datelor Data source

- Institutul de Geografie Bucureti; - Institute of Geography Bucharest;


- Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din cadrul - General Inspectorate of Frontier Police within the
Ministerului de Interne; Ministry of Interior;
- Ministerul Apelor i Proteciei Mediului. - The Ministry of Waters and Environmental
Protection.

Prezentare Description

Romnia este situat n sud-estul Europei Centrale, Romania is situated in the south eastern part of
n interiorul i exteriorul arcului munilor Carpai, pe Central Europe inside and outside of the Carpathians
cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) i cu ieire la Marea Arch, on the Danube (1075 km) lower course and has
Neagr, la o distan fa de extremitile exit to the Black Sea, being placed at a distance
continentului, ce variaz ntre 1050 km i 2800 km. ranging between 1050 km and 2800 km against the
Situat la intersecia paralelei 45oN cu meridianul 25oE continent extremities.
(la 17 km nord de oraul Fgra), teritoriul Romniei Romanian territory is unfolding on 4o37'59" latitude and
se desfoar pe 4o37'59" latitudine i 9o25'40" 9o25'40" longitude being placed at the crossing of the
longitudine. parallel 45oN with the meridian 25oE (at 17 km north of
Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din town Fgra).
bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i prin The exit to the sea enables the connections with the
intermediul acesteia, cu toate rile lumii. countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean
Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe Sea basin and by means of this with all the countries in
245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i the world.
localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on 245 km,
Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte between stream Musura (at the border with Ukraine)
majore i anume: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai and locality Vama Veche (at the border with Bulgaria).
nalt vrf Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care Romania's relief consists of three major levels
corespunde subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i namely: the highest one in the Carpathians (the highest
cea joas, a cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta peak Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which
Dunrii, cea mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu corresponds to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to
formare are altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. the plateaus and the lowest one in plains, meadows
Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt: and Danube Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest
proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, relief unit under permanent formation, has the average
33% cmpii i lunci), dispunerea concentric i sub height 0.52 m.
form de amfiteatru a treptelor majore ale reliefului. Main features of relief units are: proportionality (31%
Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and
tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, meadows), concentric display, in amphitheatre, of the
mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental- relief major levels.
excesive din nord-est. Temperatura medie multianual Romania's climate is temperate - continental of
este difereniat latitudinal, respectiv 8oC n nord i transition, with oceanic influences from the west,
11oC n sud i altitudinal cu valori de -2,5oC n zonele Mediterranean ones from south-west and continental-
montane (Vrful Omu - masivul muntos Bucegi) i excessive ones from the north-east. Average yearly
11,6oC n cmpie (oraul Zimnicea - judeul temperature is latitudinally different, 8oC in the north
Teleorman). and 11 oC in the south and altitudinally with values of

8 Anuarul Statistic al Romniei


GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE-TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la -2,5 oC in the mountain areas (Omu peak-Bucegi
est, respectiv de la 600 mm la 500 mm n Cmpia massif) and 11,6oC in the plain (Zimnicea town -
Romn i sub 400 mm n Dobrogea, pentru ca n Teleorman county).
zonele montane s ajung la 1000-1400 mm. Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west to
Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, east, from 600 mm to 500 mm in the Romanian Plain
marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai, and under 400 mm in Dobrogea and in the mountain
principalul colector al acestora fiind fluviul Dunrea areas they reach 1000- 1400 mm.
care strbate ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de Romanian running waters are radially displayed,
1075 km i se vars n Marea Neagr. most of them having the springs in the Carpathians.
Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale Their main collector is the Danube river which crosses
(numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate the country in the south on 1075 km length and flows
unitile majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n zona into the Black Sea.
muntoas (Lacul Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la The lakes are represented by natural lakes
limanele fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of
lacuri antropice de asemenea, n toate unitile de relief, from glacial ones in the mountainous area
relief construite pentru valorificarea potenialului (lake Mioarelor - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime
hidroenergetic, pentru alimentare cu ap, irigaii, banks (lake Techirghiol at 1,5 m) and anthropic lakes,
piscicultur i agrement. as well, in all relief units built to turn into account the
Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de elementele hydro-energy potential, to supply with water, irrigations,
pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere etajat a fish breeding and recreation.
acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de pduri The vegetation is determined by the relief and by
de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (fag, pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors.
brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte se Mountain regions are covered by coniferous forests
afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, afin (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree,
i altele. spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are
n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri de covered by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine,
foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; juniper, bilberry a.s.o.
pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte adesea principalele In the hills and plateaus regions there are broad-leaved
specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast oak;
Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa zonele the main forest species often met on low hills and high
cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto.
Romn, Podiul Moldovei i Cmpia de Vest, a fost, The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which covered
n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin culturi agricole. the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau,
Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau and Western Plain
n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops.
elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals
munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere: according to each species biotype. Relict elements as
urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture occur in the
mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase alpine area. In Carpathian forests live various animals:
se mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck, squirrel and
mesteacn; n zonele de deal i cmpie sunt several species of birds. In a few mountain areas are
rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, still met both mountain cock and birch cock. In hill and
oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt field areas there are hares, moles, hedgehogs, various
caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). birds, lizards, batrachia a.s.o.; rodent animals as
Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin gopher and hamster are characteristic for the steppe
pstrv n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n areas. Water fauna is represented especially by trout in
trecut, a devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n the mountain waters (huck which was mostly spread in
zonele de dealuri; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n the past has become rare); dace and barbel in the hill
zonele de cmpie i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine areas, carp, perch, pike, waller, crucian in the field
teritoriale i pe Dunrea inferioar se ntlnesc i areas and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also
specii de sturioni. met in the marine territorial waters and on the inferior
Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Danube.
Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi Romania's useful minerals resources are various.
menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; Among the main useful minerals resources we can
gazele naturale; crbuni, n special huila cocsificabil, mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions;
crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i natural gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal
neferoase, zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; mari and lignite; ferous and nonferous ores, gold, silver and
rezerve de sare, precum i o serie de resurse bauxite ore deposits; great reserves of salt as well as
nemetalifere. O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol numerous nonmetalliferous resources. A special
o constituie cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape category of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000
minerale, cu valene pentru consum i tratamente mineral water springs, with consumption and medical
medicale. treatments valences.
Oraele principale: Bucureti, Iai, Constana, Main cities: Bucureti, Iai, Constana, Timioara,
Timioara, Cluj-Napoca, Galai, Craiova, Braov, Cluj-Napoca, Galai, Craiova, Braov, Ploieti, Brila.
Ploieti, Brila. Main harbours:
Porturile principale: - at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia;
- la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia; - at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta
- la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta Turnu- Turnu-Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele,
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod,
Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.
Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

Romanian Statistical Yearbook 9


GEOGRAFIA I ORGANIZAREA ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL

Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Otopeni, Main airports: Bucureti (Otopeni, Bneasa),


Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara, Constana (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara, Cluj-
Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Arad, Oradea, Baia Mare, Trgu Napoca, Iai, Arad, Oradea, Baia Mare, Trgu Mure,
Mure, Suceava, Bacu, Deva, Sibiu, Craiova, Tulcea. Suceava, Bacu, Deva, Sibiu, Craiova, Tulcea.
Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (2009200 locuitori, la The capital: Bucharest Municipality (2009200
1 iulie 2000). mprit n ase sectoare administrative. inhabitants on July 1, 2000). Divided into six
Prima menionare documentar a fost n 20.IX.1459, adminstrative sectors. The first documentary mention
ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. Capital a rii was on 20.IX.1459, as residence of Vlad epe. It
Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate a secolului al becomes Capital of Romanian Country (ara
XVII-lea. Capitala Romniei, din anul 1862; cel mai Romneasc) in the second half of the XVIIth century
important centru politic, economic i cultural-tiinific al and Capital of Romania since 1862; the most important
rii. political, economic and cultural-scientific center of the
Limba oficial: limba romn. country.
Srbtoarea naional: 1 Decembrie. Official language: Romanian.
Drapelul este tricolor; culorile sunt aezate vertical n National holiday: December, 1.
ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la lance: albastru, Flag: is three - coloured; the colours are placed
galben, rou. vertically in the following order from the lance: blue,
Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica: yellow, red.
- Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991; Form of government in Romania is republic:
- Puterea legislativ: parlament bicameral; - Republic, according to the Constitution adopted
- Puterea executiv: guvern, condus de un prim- in 1991;
ministru (desemnat de preedintele rii, n baza - Legislative power: two chamber Parliament;
rezultatelor alegerilor generale); - Executive power: Government led by Prime
- Preedintele rii este ales prin scrutin universal Minister (nominated by the countrys President, based
pentru un mandat de 4 ani. on general elections results);
Moneda naional: "Leu". - President of the country is elected by universal
vote for a 4 years mandate.
National currency: Leu.

10 Anuarul Statistic al Romniei


1.1.1 POZIIA GEOGRAFIC A ROMNIEI
GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION OF ROMANIA

Punctul extrem Longitudinea Latitudinea


1)
(localitatea) Judeul estic nordic
Extreme point County Longitude Latitude
1)
(locality) east north

Nord Satul Horoditea Botoani 26o42'05'' 48o15'06''


North Horoditea village

Sud Oraul Zimnicea Teleorman 25o23'32'' 43o37'07''


South Zimnicea town

Est Oraul Sulina Tulcea 29o41'24'' 45o09'36''


East Sulina town

Vest Comuna Beba Veche Timi 20o15'44'' 46o07'27''


West Beba Veche commune
1)
Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.
1.1.2 LUNGIMEA FRONTIERELOR ROMNIEI
LENGTH OF ROMANIAS BORDERS

km
Lungimea frontierelor / Border length
Total Terestr Fluvial Maritim
Total Land River Sea
Total granie 3149,9 1085,6 1816,9 247,4 Total borders
Bulgaria 631,3 139,1 470,0 22,2 Bulgaria
Iugoslavia 546,4 256,8 289,6 - Yugoslavia
Republica Moldova 681,3 - 681,3 - Republic of Moldova
Ucraina 649,4 273,8 343,9 31,7 Ukraine
Ungaria 448,0 415,9 32,1 - Hungary
Marea Neagr 193,5 - - 193,5 Black Sea
Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Iugoslavia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral.
Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Yugoslavia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.
1.1.3 PRINCIPALELE ALTITUDINI MUNTOASE
MAJOR MOUNTAIN PEAKS

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)

Moldoveanu Fgra Arge 2544


Negoiu Fgra Arge, Braov, Sibiu 2535
Parngu Mare Parng Gorj, Hunedoara 2519
Peleaga Retezat Hunedoara 2509
Omu Bucegi Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia 2505
Retezat Retezat Hunedoara 2482
Iezeru Mare Iezer Arge 2462
Ppua Iezer Arge 2391
Pietrosu Rodna Maramure 2303
Gugu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Hunedoara 2291
Suru Fgra Sibiu, Vlcea 2283
Ineu Rodna Bistria-Nsud 2279
Cindrel Cindrel Sibiu 2244
tefleti Lotru Sibiu, Vlcea 2242
La Om (Piscul Baciului) Piatra Craiului Braov 2238
Godeanu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Gorj 2229
Cleanu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
arcu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
Leaota Leaota Dmbovia, Arge 2133
Vrfu lui Ptru ureanu Hunedoara 2130
Ursu Cpna Vlcea 2124
Pietrosu Climan Suceava, Mure 2100
ureanu ureanu Hunedoara 2059
Ciuca Ciuca Braov, Prahova 1954
Ocolau Mare Ceahlu Neam 1907
Toaca Ceahlu Neam 1900
Straja Vlcan Gorj, Hunedoara 1868
Budacu Bistria Neam, Suceava 1859
Giumalu Raru Suceava 1856
Cucurbta Mare Bihor Bihor, Alba 1849
ible ible Maramure, Bistria-Nsud 1839
Vldeasa Vldeasa Cluj 1836
Harghita Mdra Harghita Harghita 1800
Hmau Mare Hma Harghita, Neam 1792
Pietrosu Bistria Suceava 1791
Goru Vrancea Buzu, Vrancea 1784
Lcu Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea 1777
Saca Gurghiu Mure 1776
Penteleu Penteleu Buzu 1772
Cozia Cozia Vlcea 1668
Grindu Tarcu Bacu 1664
Raru Raru Suceava 1650
Nemira Nemira Bacu 1649
Cucu Harghita Harghita, Covasna 1558
Bivolu Stnioara Neam 1530
Vrfu lui Stan Mehedini Mehedini 1466
Piatra Goznei Semenic Cara-Severin 1447
Guti Guti Maramure 1443
Pade Poiana Rusc Timi, Cara-Severin 1374
Svinecea Mare Almj Cara-Severin 1224
Vrfu Cetii Perani Braov 1104
1.1.4 LUNGIMEA PRINCIPALELOR CURSURI DE AP DE PE TERITORIUL ROMNIEI
THE LENGTH OF MAJOR RIVERS ON ROMANIAN TERRITORY

Denumirea cursului de ap Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Suprafaa bazinului (km 2)


River name Length of the river (km) Basin area (km 2 )
Dunre 1075 33250 1)
Mure 761 27890
Prut 742 10990
Olt 615 24050
Siret 559 42890
Ialomia 417 10350
Some 376 15740
Arge 350 12550
Jiu 339 10080
Buzu 302 5264
Dmbovia 286 2824
Bistria 283 7039
Jijia 275 5757
Trnava Mare 246 6253
Timi 244 5673
Criul Alb 234 4240
Vedea 224 5430
Moldova 213 4299
Brlad 207 7220
Trnava Mic 196 2071
Prahova 193 3738
Neajlov 186 3720
Olte 185 2663
Someul Mic 178 3773
Suceava 173 2298
Bega 170 2362
Arie 166 3005
Trotu 162 4456
1)
Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.
1.1.5 PRINCIPALELE LACURI NATURALE
MAJOR NATURAL LAKES

Denumirea lacului natural Judeul Suprafaa (ha) Volum (mil. m3)


Natural lake name County Area (ha) Volume (mill. m 3 )
Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses
Bucura Hunedoara 10,5 0,5
Znoaga Mare Hunedoara 9,0 1,0
Blea Sibiu 4,7 0,2
Clcescu Gorj 3,0 0,1
Lacuri n crater vulcanic / Lakes of volcanic crater
Sfnta Ana Harghita 22,0 0,6
Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions
Zton Mehedini 20,0 1,0
Iezerul Ighiu Alba 5,3 0,2
Vintileasca Vrancea 4,7 0,1
Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage
Lacul Rou Harghita 12,6 0,7
Bltu Bacu 6,0 0,1
Lacuri n crovuri (depresiune de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes
Ianca Brila 322,0 1,6
Movila Miresii Brila 180,0 4,5
Lacul Srat-Brila Brila 39,0 0,2
Limane fluviatile / River banks
Oltina Constana 2509,0 60,0
Iezerul Mostitei Clrai 1860,0 160,01)
Balta Alb Buzu, Brila 1012,0 5,1
Jirlu Brila 890,0 5,6
Amara-Buzu Buzu 600,0 3,6
Snagov Ilfov 575,0 17,3
Cldruani Ilfov 224,0 4,5
Hazarlc Constana 168,0 0,8
Amara-Ialomia Ialomia 132,0 2,6
Limane fluvio-maritime / River - Maritime Banks
Taaul Constana 2335,0 57,0
Techirghiol Constana 1161,0 41,8
Mangalia Constana 261,0 15,7
Tatlageac Constana 178,0 14,0
Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons
Razim Tulcea 41500,0 909,0
Sinoie Constana 17150,0 210,7
Zmeica Tulcea 5460,0 45,6
Siutghiol Constana 1900,0 88,7
Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes
Brate Galai 2111,0 30,0
Bistre Dolj 1867,0 28,0
Suhaia Teleorman 1094,0 18,0
Lacul Rotund Tulcea 219,0 2,0
Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes
Dranov Tulcea 2170,0 21,7
Lacul Rou Tulcea 1445,0 21,7
Gorgova Tulcea 1377,5 13,8
Lumina Tulcea 1367,5 20,5
Merhei Tulcea 1057,5 15,9
Furtuna Tulcea 977,5 9,8
Matia Tulcea 652,5 9,8
1)
Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.
1.1.6 PRINCIPALELE LACURI ANTROPICE
MAJOR ANTHROPIC LAKES

Suprafaa la nivel Volumul la nivel normal


Denumirea lacului normal de retenie
Judeul de retenie (mil. m3 ) Categoria de folosin
antropic (ha)
County Area at normal level Volume at normal level Category of use
Anthropic lake name
of afflux (ha) of afflux (mill. m 3 )
Ostrovu Mare Mehedini 40000,0 800,0 energie / energy
Porile de Fier Mehedini 10000,0 2400,0 energie / energy
Stnca-Costeti Botoani 5900,0 735,0 complex / complex
Izvorul Muntelui- Neam 3100,0 1130,0 energie / energy
Strejeti Olt 2204,0 202,7 energie / energy
Ipoteti Olt 1692,0 110,0 energie / energy
Frunzaru Olt 1280,0 96,0 energie / energy
Izbiceni Olt 1095,0 74,0 energie / energy
Drgneti Olt 1080,0 76,0 energie / energy
Mihileti Ilfov 1013,0 76,3 complex / complex
Vidra Vlcea 950,0 340,0 energie / energy
Fntnele Cluj 884,0 212,9 energie / energy
Vidraru Arge 870,0 469,0 complex / complex
Soleti Vaslui 452,0 15,8 complex / complex
Oaa Alba 447,0 131,0 energie / energy
Gura Apelor Hunedoara 420,0 210,0 energie / energy
Siriu Buzu 360,0 126,0 complex / complex
Iovan Cara-Severin 290,0 120,0 complex / complex
Lacul Morii Municipiul Bucureti 256,0 14,2 complex / complex
Vcreti Dmbovia 234,0 14,1 complex / complex
Brdior Vlcea 230,0 38,0 energie / energy
Pucai Vaslui 230,0 8,0 complex / complex
Pecineagu Dmbovia 182,0 63,0 complex / complex
Drcani Botoani 500,0 6,1 piscicultur / fish
1.1.7 ALTITUDINEA MEDIE A PRINCIPALELOR ORAE DIN ROMNIA
AVERAGE HEIGHT OF MAJOR TOWNS IN ROMANIA

Oraul Judeul Altitudinea medie (m)


Town County Average height (m)

Alba lulia Alba 235


Alexandria Teleorman 45
Arad Arad 107
Bacu Bacu 165
Baia Mare Maramure 225
Bistria Bistria-Nsud 360
Brlad Vaslui 90
Botoani Botoani 130
Braov Braov 625
Brila Brila 20
Bucureti - 85
Buzu Buzu 95
Clrai Clrai 13
Cluj - Napoca Cluj 360
Constana Constana 25
Craiova Dolj 100
Dej Cluj 285
Deva Hunedoara 220
Drobeta-Turnu Severin Mehedini 65
Fgra Braov 430
Focani Vrancea 55
Galai Galai 35
Giurgiu Giurgiu 23
Hunedoara Hunedoara 245
Iai Iai 95
Lugoj Timi 70
Media Sibiu 285
Miercurea Ciuc Harghita 665
Odorheiu Secuiesc Harghita 385
Oneti Bacu 210
Oradea Bihor 150
Petroani Hunedoara 650
Piatra Neam Neam 345
Piteti Arge 287
Ploieti Prahova 150
Reia Cara-Severin 245
Rmnicu Vlcea Vlcea 250
Roman Neam 195
Satu Mare Satu Mare 123
Sfntu Gheorghe Covasna 555
Sibiu Sibiu 415
Sighetu Marmaiei Maramure 270
Sighioara Mure 375
Slatina Olt 135
Slobozia Ialomia 35
Suceava Suceava 325
Tecuci Galai 50
Timioara Timi 90
Trgovite Dmbovia 280
Trgu Jiu Gorj 205
Trgu Mure Mure 330
Tulcea Tulcea 30
Turda Cluj 330
Turnu Mgurele Teleorman 23
Vaslui Vaslui 110
Zalu Slaj 275

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m.
Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m.
Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (county Braov) - 1060 m.
The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (county Tulcea) - 4 m.
1.1.8 ORGANIZAREA ADMINISTRATIV A TERITORIULUI ROMNIEI
(la 31 decembrie 2001)
ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANISATION OF ROMANIAN TERRITORY
(on December 31, 2001)
Numrul
Suprafaa oraelor din care: Numrul Numrul
total (km2 ) i municipiilor municipii comunelor satelor
Total area Number of which: Number of Number of
(km 2 ) of towns municipalities communes villages
and municipalities

Romnia 238391 265 93 2686 13092


Judeul / County
Alba 6242 11 4 65 656
Arad 7754 8 1 67 273
Arge 6826 6 3 93 577
Bacu 6621 8 2 79 490
Bihor 7544 9 1 86 435
Bistria - Nsud 5355 4 1 53 235
Botoani 4986 4 2 68 336
Braov 5363 9 4 43 150
Brila 4766 4 1 39 140
Buzu 6103 4 2 81 482
Cara - Severin 8520 8 2 69 287
Clrai 5088 5 2 48 160
Cluj 6674 6 5 74 420
Constana 7071 11 3 54 189
Covasna 3710 5 2 34 122
Dmbovia 4054 6 1 76 361
Dolj 7414 5 2 94 380
Galai 4466 4 2 56 180
Giurgiu 3526 3 1 46 166
Gorj 5602 7 2 63 414
Harghita 6639 9 2 49 236
Hunedoara 7063 14 5 55 457
Ialomia 4453 4 3 49 130
Iai 5476 4 2 85 420
Ilfov 1583 2 - 37 102
Maramure 6304 8 2 62 226
Mehedini 4933 5 2 59 344
Mure 6714 7 4 90 486
Neam 5896 4 2 70 347
Olt 5498 7 2 94 378
Prahova 4716 14 2 86 405
Satu Mare 4418 4 2 56 226
Slaj 3864 4 1 55 281
Sibiu 5432 9 2 53 173
Suceava 8553 8 5 90 396
Teleorman 5790 5 3 83 231
Timi 8697 7 2 75 317
Tulcea 8499 5 1 43 133
Vaslui 5318 4 3 71 456
Vlcea 5765 8 2 77 564
Vrancea 4857 5 2 59 331
Municipiul Bucureti 238 1 1 - -
Bucharest Municipality
METEOROLOGIA

1.2 METEOROLOGIA METEOROLOGY

CUPRINS CONTENTS

Tabele: Tables:
1.2.1 Temperatura aerului Air temperature
(media lunar i anual) .................... (monthly and yearly average)
1.2.2 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut Air temperature (monthly and yearly
i minima absolut lunar i anual) .. absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
1.2.3 Precipitaii atmosferice Precipitations
(cantitatea lunar i anual) ................ (monthly and yearly average quantity)

Sursa datelor Data source


Institutul Naional de Meteorologie i Hidrologie. National Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology.
Precizri metodologice Methodological notes
Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din The research of physical processes and phenomena
atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determines the
clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile weather and the climate, relies on the meteorological
meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau measurements and observations, permanently or
periodic n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului periodically carried out in different points on the
terestru i la diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. terrestrial globe surface and at various altitudes in the
Programul unitar al msurtorilor i observaiilor, free atmosphere. The unitary programme of measurements
precum i alte activiti meteorologice se asigur prin and observations, as well as other meteorological
colaborarea internaional din cadrul Organizaiei activities are assured by international co-operation
Meteorologice Mondiale. within the World Meteorology Organisation.
Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de The meteorological station represents the point
pe suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and
i msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i observations on all meteorological elements and
fenomenelor meteorologice, conform programului phenomena are carried out in keeping with the
stabilit. Majoritatea observaiilor, msurtorilor i programme. Most of meteorological observations,
determinrilor meteorologice de la staii se measurements and determinations from the stations
efectueaz pe platforma meteorologic situat pe are performed on the meteorological area situated on
un teren deschis, tipic pentru regiunea respectiv, an open land, typical for the respective region with the
cu dimensionarea standard de 26 m x 26 m. standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m.
Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor In order to observe the atmospheric processes and
atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri phenomena and to compute various meteorological
meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea and climatic parameters, it is necessary to report
observaiilor i msurtorilor, att n spaiu ct i n observations and measurements both in space and
timp. over time.
Programul climatologic reprezint complexul The climatic programme represents the complex of
observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se meteorological observations and measurements
execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att performed at stations, according to the local average
la termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. solar time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously
Permanent, la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 during 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines
timp solar mediu local) se efectueaz observaii i (1,7,13,19 local average solar time), the observations
msurtori asupra: presiunii atmosferice, vntului, and measurements are done for: atmospheric
temperaturii i umezelii aerului, temperaturii suprafeei pressure, wind, air temperature and humidity, ground
solului, nebulozitii, precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. surface temperature, cloudiness, precipitations,
Continuu, n tot cursul zilei i nopii se determin horizontal visibility. Continuously, during all day and
caracteristicile tuturor fenomenelor meteorologice night, the characteristics of all meteorological
(hidrometeori, litometeori, electrometeori etc). phenomena (hydrometeors, litometeors, electrometeors
Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau a.s.o) are determined.
n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele Air temperature observations consist of air
stabilite i n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime temperature measurement at the observation deadlines
ale acesteia n intervalele de timp dintre aceste and of determining its maximum and minimum values,
termene. during the intervals between the climatic observation
Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu deadlines.
citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, Air temperature is measured with direct reading
termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation,
minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the
(termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with
msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie recording apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure
influenate direct de radiaia solar,de radiaia terestr, that the instruments for measuring air temperature and
de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz humidity are not directly influenced by the solar,
n adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime terrestrial radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts,
deasupra solului. they should be placed in the meteorological shelter
situated 2 meters high above the ground.

16 Anuarul Statistic al Romniei


Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din The measurement of water quantities coming from
precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other
hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer
iar nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se and the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids)
face cu pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar is performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are
zilnic la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se daily measured at climatic deadlines (1,7,13,19) and
exprim prin grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water
(1mm=1l / m2). layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m2).

TEMPERATURA AERULUI I PRECIPITAIILE ATMOSFERICE,


PE PRINCIPALELE STAII METEOROLOGICE, N 2001
AIR TEMPERATURE AND PRECIPITATIONS,
BY THE MAIN METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS, IN 2001

Minima absolut Maxima absolut Cantitatea anual


anual anual de precipitaii
Staia meteorologic (grade Celsius) (grade Celsius) (mm)
Meteorological station Yearly absolute Yearly absolute Yearly average quantity
minimum maximum by precipitations
(Celsius degrees) (Celsius degrees) (mm)

Satu Mare -21,9 33,8 755,1


Suceava -19,6 34,6 688,6
Oradea -21,2 36,0 821,8
Iai -20,4 37,1 660,1
Cluj-Napoca -21,0 34,3 819,4
Trgu Mure -24,5 35,0 739,9
Bacu -21,0 35,9 663,0
Timioara -15,9 37,4 685,6
Deva -18,3 35,0 746,5
Sibiu -26,7 34,8 728,7
Vrfu Omu -24,2 16,6 937,1
Galai -14,4 36,2 533,1
Trgu Jiu -15,2 35,8 695,5
Buzu -14,6 37,5 443,0
Calafat -16,4 38,2 476,9
Turnu Mgurele -17,5 38,4 515,3
Bucureti-Filaret -12,6 38,1 522,5
Constana -11,0 33,6 400,4
1.2.1 TEMPERATURA AERULUI
(media lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE
(monthly and yearly average)
grade Celsius Celsius degrees
Media lunar Monthly average Media Amplitudinea
Staia meteorologic anual anual Meteorological station
i anii de observaie Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie and observation years
Yearly Yearly
January February March April May June July August September October November December
average amplitude

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 1990 -2,9 -0,6 4,5 10,4 15,7 18,7 20,4 19,7 15,6 10,1 4,9 0,2 9,7 23,3 1901 - 1990
2001 0,5 0,7 7,4 10,5 16,8 17,5 21,2 20,9 14,1 12,0 2,4 -5,5 9,9 26,7 2001
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 1990 -5,1 -3,4 1,3 7,8 13,4 16,8 18,5 17,7 13,6 7,8 2,8 -2,2 7,4 23,6 1901 - 1990
2001 -1,8 -0,4 4,5 8,9 14,0 16,2 20,9 19,7 13,3 10,4 1,3 -6,7 8,4 27,6 2001
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 1990 -2,0 0,3 5,3 10,8 15,9 18,9 20,8 20,3 16,3 10,9 5,3 0,9 10,3 22,8 1901 - 1990
2001 2,0 2,7 8,2 10,8 17,5 17,9 21,8 22,1 14,9 13,2 2,6 -4,2 10,8 26,3 2001
Iai Iai
1901 - 1990 -3,7 -2,0 3,1 10,1 16,0 19,4 21,1 20,4 16,0 10,0 4,2 -0,7 9,5 24,8 1901 - 1990
2001 -0,2 0,5 6,6 11,2 15,8 18,1 23,7 22,7 15,9 11,6 2,8 -6,6 10,2 30,3 2001
Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca
1901 - 1990 -4,3 -2,2 3,6 9,2 14,4 17,4 19,1 18,3 14,2 8,8 3,3 -1,3 8,4 23,4 1901 - 1990
2001 -0,9 0,1 7,1 9,7 15,4 16,5 19,7 20,1 13,5 10,9 1,4 -6,9 8,9 27,0 2001
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 1990 -4,1 -1,8 4,0 9,7 14,8 17,6 19,3 18,7 14,6 9,2 3,7 -1,3 8,7 23,4 1901 - 1990
2001 -0,4 0,4 7,1 10,5 15,5 17,3 21,0 21,2 14,6 11,2 2,3 -7,5 9,4 28,7 2001
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 1990 -3,8 -2,3 2,8 9,6 15,2 18,8 20,5 19,7 15,3 9,5 3,8 -0,9 9,0 24,3 1901 - 1990
2001 -0,7 0,8 6,1 10,4 15,7 18,4 23,0 21,7 15,8 11,5 2,6 -5,8 10,0 28,8 2001
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 1990 -1,6 0,5 5,7 11,1 16,3 19,5 21,4 20,8 16,8 11,2 5,7 1,2 10,7 23,0 1901 - 1990
2001 2,3 3,3 9,4 10,7 17,8 18,7 22,2 22,9 15,1 13,3 3,5 -3,3 11,3 26,2 2001
Deva Deva
1901 - 1990 -2,6 0,0 5,4 10,7 15,6 18,6 20,4 19,8 15,8 10,2 4,8 0,4 9,9 23,0 1901 - 1990
2001 0,5 2,1 8,5 10,8 16,4 17,1 20,8 21,2 14,3 12,1 3,0 -4,9 10,2 26,1 2001
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 1990 -3,7 -1,4 4,0 9,5 14,4 17,4 19,2 18,5 14,6 9,2 3,9 -1,0 8,7 22,9 1901 - 1990
2001 -0,8 0,5 7,7 9,8 15,5 16,4 20,2 19,8 13,7 11,1 1,4 -7,9 9,0 28,1 2001
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 1990 -10,7 -10,8 -8,4 -4,4 0,3 3,4 5,4 5,6 2,8 -0,8 -4,8 -8,4 -2,6 16,4 1901 - 1990
2001 -7,6 -10,0 -4,8 -3,9 0,8 2,4 7,4 8,0 2,6 1,8 -7,7 -13,4 -2,0 21,4 2001
Galai Galai
1901 - 1990 -2,7 -1,1 4,0 10,7 16,5 20,3 22,4 21,8 17,4 11,3 5,2 0,1 10,5 25,1 1901 - 1990
2001 1,1 2,4 7,8 11,5 16,7 19,0 25,5 24,4 17,5 13,0 4,2 -4,4 11,6 29,9 2001
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 1990 -2,5 -0,4 4,8 10,9 15,9 19,3 21,4 20,8 16,6 10,5 4,9 0,1 10,2 23,9 1901 - 1990
2001 0,9 2,8 8,0 11,3 16,5 18,5 22,1 23,0 15,6 12,1 4,0 -3,3 11,0 26,3 2001
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 1990 -2,4 -0,3 4,4 10,8 16,6 20,2 22,2 21,8 17,4 11,2 5,1 0,5 10,6 24,6 1901 - 1990
2001 1,0 2,5 7,9 11,5 17,2 19,8 24,9 24,8 17,6 13,5 4,4 -3,6 11,8 28,5 2001
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 1990 -1,6 0,4 5,6 11,9 17,3 20,9 23,2 22,7 18,2 11,9 5,8 1,1 11,5 24,8 1901 - 1990
2001 1,1 3,2 9,5 11,5 18,3 20,2 24,5 25,3 17,8 14,4 5,3 -2,5 12,4 27,8 2001
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 1990 -2,4 0,2 5,6 12,2 17,6 21,2 23,2 22,4 18,1 11,8 5,8 0,6 11,4 25,6 1901 - 1990
2001 1,0 2,7 9,1 11,5 17,5 20,2 24,6 25,3 18,5 13,6 4,7 -3,7 12,1 29,0 2001
Bucureti-Filaret Bucureti-Filaret
1901 - 1990 -2,4 -0,3 5,2 11,6 16,9 20,6 22,8 22,3 17,8 11,8 5,5 0,4 11,0 25,2 1901 - 1990
2001 1,4 3,3 8,8 11,5 17,3 19,9 24,6 24,9 18,5 13,8 4,7 -3,4 12,1 28,3 2001
Constana Constana
1901 - 1990 0,0 1,1 4,4 9,5 15,1 19,6 22,1 21,9 18,2 13,2 7,6 2,8 11,3 22,1 1901 - 1990
2001 4,1 4,2 9,1 10,4 15,9 19,2 25,8 24,6 19,5 14,9 6,5 -1,9 12,7 27,7 2001
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 14,7 17,9 26,0 30,7 32,4 35,5 37,2 39,4 37,3 28,3 24,2 18,0 39,4 absolute maximum
anul 1990 1989 1974 1950 1937 1963 1939;1987 1952 1946 1943 1968 1989 21 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,3 -27,6 -20,6 -6,4 -2,6 0,6 4,9 3,5 -4,7 -9,3 -19,6 -30,4 -30,4 absolute minimum
anul 1982 1940 1940 1954 1976 1977 1961 1980 1970 1971 1989 1961 24 decembrie 1961 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 13,6 16,2 21,8 26,3 29,3 31,6 33,4 33,8 25,5 26,2 13,2 6,4 33,8 absolute maximum
ziua 7 9 25 30 18 11 16 10 5 3 8 30 10 august date
minima lunar -11,9 -15,8 -2,4 -1,9 3,0 5,9 12,0 6,1 4,0 -3,5 -7,0 -21,9 -21,9 absolute minimum
ziua 22 27 8 14 24 2 19 31 28 28 19 25 25 decembrie date
Suceava Suceava
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 15,0 20,4 26,6 28,4 34,5 33,4 35,2 38,6 32,9 32,0 21,8 17,6 38,6 absolute maximum
anul 1984 1990 1952 1943 1958 1963 1988 1952 1986 1952 1952 1961 17 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,6 -31,0 -21,9 -9,2 -2,0 1,5 5,9 4,6 -3,5 -8,0 -21,2 -25,0 -31,0 absolute minimum
anul 1954 1954 1955 1963 1976 1958 1954 1966 1953;1977 1951;1979 1942 1957 20 februarie 1954 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 10,5 17,1 20,5 26,6 26,4 33,5 32,9 34,6 25,8 29,4 19,8 9,2 34,6 absolute maximum
ziua 8 9 13 30 18 11 16 10 24 3 1 30 10 august date
minima lunar -12,0 -10,5 -6,0 -4,2 2,2 6,0 12,9 6,4 0,4 -5,1 -12,0 -19,6 -19,6 absolute minimum
ziua 15 4 7 12 24 2 2 31 30 25 28 18 18 decembrie date
Oradea Oradea
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 17,1 19,5 26,4 32,6 33,4 36,6 39,5 39,5 37,0 32,7 23,6 19,2 39,5 absolute maximum
anul 1939 1914 1974 1934 1968 1935 1936 1943 1942 1932 1926 1957 29 iulie 1936 year
22 august 1943
minima lunar -29,2 -24,5 -18,6 -10,0 -4,0 1,0 5,0 4,2 -1,9 -10,5 -17,2 -27,9 -29,2 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1935 1932 1944 1943 1918 1943 1942;1943 1970 1943 1915 1902 24 ianuarie 1942 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 17,4 17,5 23,5 27,1 30,4 30,7 35,4 36,0 27,8 28,0 16,0 5,0 36,0 absolute maximum
ziua 7 8 25 30 18 10 15 10 1 9 1 30 10 august date
minima lunar -8,5 -11,5 -1,5 -2,5 3,6 5,3 13,3 7,1 4,8 -0,7 -8,3 -21,2 -21,2 absolute minimum
ziua 15 27 28 14 13 6 1 30 28 28 27 25 25 decembrie date
Iai Iai
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 16,7 22,5 27,0 31,5 36,5 38,0 40,0 39,7 38,0 33,9 28,5 19,5 40,0 absolute maximum
anul 1921 1990 1926 1909 1950 1927 1909 1905 1946 1952 1926 1989 27 iulie 1909 year
minima lunar -30,6 -36,6 -22,7 -9,4 -3,0 3,5 6,3 4,6 -3,5 -9,6 -18,6 -29,5 -36,6 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1937 1952 1963 1935 1934 1929 1914 1921 1912 1942 1946 1 februarie 1937 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 10,1 14,6 23,0 24,7 28,3 33,7 36,3 37,1 28,1 28,2 19,8 8,1 37,1 absolute maximum
ziua 29 8 13 30 17 11 16 10 5 3 9 30 10 august date
minima lunar -10,0 -11,1 -5,4 -3,4 4,3 7,2 15,1 8,6 3,5 -3,6 -8,0 -20,4 -20,4 absolute minimum
ziua 25 28 7 2 14 2 6 31 30 25 28 18 18 decembrie date
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 14,0 19,3 26,6 30,2 32,5 36,0 37,0 38,0 33,7 32,6 26,0 18,5 38,0 absolute maximum
anul 1903 1966 1975 1926;1950 1924 1935 1936 1952 1927 1926 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -34,2 -32,5 -22,0 -8,4 -3,5 0,4 5,2 3,5 -3,0 -7,7 -22,3 -27,9 -34,2 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1923 1935;1952 1955 1980 1933 1939 1988 1948 1927 23 ianuarie 1963 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 11,0 13,7 26,4 24,4 27,5 34,3 31,4 33,2 26,7 24,9 18,9 6,3 34,3 absolute maximum
ziua 8 9 25 30 18 11 16 10 24 3 9 30 11 iunie date
minima lunar -12,6 -12,2 -4,5 -2,3 2,3 7,1 11,2 5,5 4,9 -4,4 -10,8 -21,0 -21,0 absolute minimum
ziua 15 28 7 16 14 5 19 31 14 27 27 18 18 decembrie date
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius - continuare Celsius degrees - continued
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Trgu Mure Trgu Mure


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 14,0 18,7 27,0 32,5 34,4 35,3 39,0 38,5 38,2 31,5 26,5 18,3 39,0 absolute maximum
anul 1936 1977 1975 1934 1950 1963 1936 1946 1946 1952 1926 1960 29 iulie 1936 year
minima lunar -32,8 -32,0 -27,3 -7,5 -1,6 0,3 5,8 2,7 3,3 -8,4 -19,6 -25,9 -32,8 absolute minimum
anul 1942;1963 1929 1932 1929 1976 1928 1924 1958 1970 1988 1989 1929 25 ianuarie 1942 year
23 ianuarie 1963
2001 2001
maxima lunar 16,5 16,6 26,6 25,7 28,4 34,0 34,0 35,0 28,2 27,5 19,3 5,7 35,0 absolute maximum
ziua 8 9 25 30 18 11 17 10 24 3 9 30 10 august date
minima lunar -12,7 -15,1 -5,5 -3,7 2,2 7,2 11,6 6,4 3,9 -5,0 -8,3 -24,5 -24,5 absolute minimum
ziua 21 28 7 2 14 8 19 31 14 27 18 25 25 decembrie date
Bacu Bacu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,2 22,4 29,6 30,8 35,6 36,5 39,6 38,8 35,8 34,6 26,6 19,0 39,6 absolute maximum
anul 1984 1977 1952 1968 1908 1908 1988 1952 1946 1952 1990 1903 6 iulie 1988 year
minima lunar -30,8 -32,5 -21,5 -11,3 -3,0 2,7 6,0 3,0 -4,5 -10,0 -17,5 -27,8 -32,5 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1954 1986 1963 1912 1939 1904 1940 1977 1912 1915 1946 20 februarie 1954 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 13,0 14,5 22,4 22,7 27,4 35,7 34,0 35,9 27,1 28,5 19,7 11,4 35,9 absolute maximum
ziua 29 6 13 29 18 11 16 10 2 4 1 30 10 august date
minima lunar -9,2 -16,1 -5,4 -3,5 1,9 8,2 14,6 7,5 3,3 -4,3 -10,5 -21,0 -21,0 absolute minimum
ziua 15 28 8 2 14 5 4 31 30 25 28 18 18 decembrie date
Timioara Timioara
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 17,4 19,7 28,2 32,0 34,5 38,4 39,6 41,0 39,7 33,8 24,8 20,2 41,0 absolute maximum
anul 1979 1966 1952 1950 1950 1938 1939 1952 1946 1935 1969 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -35,3 -29,2 -20,0 -5,2 -5,0 2,2 5,9 5,0 -6,5 -6,8 -15,4 -24,8 -35,3 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1935;1956 1932 1931 1935 1962 1962 1949 1946 1971 1922 1927 29 ianuarie 1963 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 18,0 18,9 27,2 26,5 30,3 34,3 35,2 37,4 29,5 27,2 16,7 7,6 37,4 absolute maximum
ziua 7 8 25 30 18 11 16 10 1 4 8 30 10 august date
minima lunar -7,4 -9,7 -2,3 -2,2 3,0 6,7 11,0 9,2 6,2 -0,7 -5,3 -15,9 -15,9 absolute minimum
ziua 21 28 8 16 14 5 4 30 28 27 21 18 18 decembrie date
Deva Deva
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 15,3 20,8 28,5 32,3 34,6 35,6 39,4 39,7 38,2 32,7 27,4 19,8 39,7 absolute maximum
anul 1953 1977 1952 1956 1950 1952 1931 1952 1946 1932 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -31,6 -28,1 -20,1 -6,0 -2,4 2,2 3,7 4,4 -4,2 -6,5 -16,6 -24,1 -31,6 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1926 1953 1933 1962 1961 1970 1943 1922 1927 24 ianuarie 1963 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 15,3 17,0 28,4 25,1 28,8 34,6 33,8 35,0 29,3 27,5 20,7 7,3 35,0 absolute maximum
ziua 7 8 25 30 18 11 16 10 24 3 9 30 10 august date
minima lunar -12,0 -8,4 -4,5 -2,5 2,8 4,0 11,0 7,0 4,8 -3,6 -6,6 -18,3 -18,3 absolute minimum
ziua 21 28 8 2 15 6 19 30 13 27 18 18 18 decembrie date
Sibiu Sibiu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 15,6 21,3 30,6 30,2 32,1 35,4 37,5 38,4 39,5 32,5 27,0 19,3 39,5 absolute maximum
anul 1903 1966 1952 1934 1973 1963 1987 1946 1946 1932 1926 1957 7 septembrie 1946 year
minima lunar -31,8 -31,0 -24,5 -12,0 -3,6 1,0 5,2 1,0 -3,6 -9,0 -21,3 -29,8 -31,8 absolute minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1942 1963 1934 1933 1981 1970;1977 1988 1948 1927 23 ianuarie 1963 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 17,8 17,2 28,2 23,9 29,1 34,8 32,1 32,7 27,4 27,1 17,6 6,9 34,8 absolute maximum
ziua 8 8 25 30 18 11 16 10 24 4 9 30 11 iunie date
minima lunar -15,7 -13,4 -8,1 -6,4 1,7 5,7 10,4 2,8 1,5 -5,9 -8,7 -26,7 -26,7 absolute minimum
ziua 15 28 7 2 14 2 24 31 14 27 27 18 18 decembrie date
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius - continuare Celsius degrees - continued
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 5,6 6,0 12,2 12,8 16,6 22,0 22,1 20,8 19,0 20,0 13,6 8,2 22,1 absolute maximum
anul 1949 1950 1974 1986 1986 1939 1984 1957;1958 1982 1935 1945 1972 14 iulie 1984 year
minima lunar -32,3 -38,0 -29,6 -26,0 -16,0 -12,0 -8,0 -7,0 -15,0 -19,0 -30,8 -32,4 -38,0 absolute minimum
anul 1964 1929 1987 1940 1940 1939 1933 1949 1935 1946 1957 1957 10 februarie 1929 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 3,8 1,8 3,6 6,5 14,7 15,5 16,2 16,6 10,4 14,8 5,6 -2,5 16,6 absolute maximum
ziua 8 9 26 3 2 11 8 9 24 4 1 3 9 august date
minima lunar -21,0 -21,4 -15,2 -13,8 -8,8 -6,4 0,4 -3,2 -5,2 -9,3 -20,2 -24,2 -24,2 absolute minimum
ziua 14 4 7 14 14 5 6 30 13 26 21 17 17 decembrie date
Galai Galai
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 17,0 22,4 27,8 32,5 36,2 36,7 38,6 39,0 35,4 33,5 25,6 20,0 39,0 absolute maximum
anul 1949 1990 1952 1905 1950 1905 1988 1904 1952 1952 1926 1947 8 august 1904 year
minima lunar -26,5 -28,6 -17,2 -5,2 -0,1 4,8 7,6 6,4 -0,5 -6,7 -17,9 -20,2 -28,6 absolute minimum
anul 1929 1929 1985 1904 1935 1913 1933 1987 1915 1912 1933 1902 10 februarie 1929 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 14,5 17,7 23,4 23,5 27,8 34,0 35,3 36,2 30,4 28,4 22,6 5,4 36,2 absolute maximum
ziua 29 9 26 22 28 11 16 10 2 4 1 30 10 august date
minima lunar -9,5 -12,7 -2,8 0,0 5,6 9,2 16,8 9,3 5,2 -1,9 -5,8 -14,4 -14,4 absolute minimum
ziua 25 28 1 2 24 5 3 31 28 26 21 18 18 decembrie date
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,3 21,7 26,4 31,8 37,5 36,6 39,3 39,0 40,6 31,5 26,4 20,0 40,6 absolute maximum
anul 1983 1990 1957 1926 1950 1947;1963 1985 1922;1946;1952 1946 1935 1926 1986 8 septembrie 1946 year
minima lunar -31,0 -28,3 -24,7 -4,6 -1,2 2,0 5,5 2,6 -4,0 -9,0 -15,1 -26,9 -31,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1954 1987 1968 1938 1918 1989 1939 1906 1918 1904 1940 24 ianuarie 1942 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 12,8 18,8 22,2 23,5 29,1 33,1 34,0 35,8 28,4 28,5 20,6 6,6 35,8 absolute maximum
ziua 8 10 26 29 30 11 16 10 1 4 1 1 10 august date
minima lunar -5,4 -11,8 -4,3 -2,6 4,3 7,2 12,4 8,0 3,7 -4,6 -6,6 -15,2 -15,2 absolute minimum
ziua 16 28 8 2 15 24 19 30 13 27 18 18 18 decembrie date
Buzu Buzu
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,4 22,2 27,9 31,5 37,3 38,5 39,2 39,6 37,0 35,3 25,0 21,6 39,6 absolute maximum
anul 1936 1990 1947 1909;1947 1950 1908 1987 1951 1946 1952 1963 1989 10 august 1951 year
minima lunar -29,6 -25,0 -17,0 -5,3 -2,0 4,6 7,5 5,4 -2,0 -8,0 -17,6 -23,0 -29,6 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1929 1901 1944 1915 1973 1902 1939 1977 1988 1975 1902 24 ianuarie 1942 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 16,2 18,1 28,0 23,2 29,7 35,5 36,7 37,5 31,5 29,3 21,1 7,1 37,5 absolute maximum
ziua 29 9 26 8 18 11 17 10 2 4 1 23 10 august date
minima lunar -7,5 -9,5 -2,2 1,5 3,6 9,3 16,2 11,3 7,5 -1,9 -6,2 -14,6 -14,6 absolute minimum
ziua 15 4 9 2 15 24 25 30 27 26 27 18 18 decembrie date
Calafat Calafat
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 20,4 22,4 27,6 34,5 36,5 39,5 41,5 41,3 39,8 31,3 25,9 21,2 41,5 absolute maximum
anul 1984 1990 1952 1985 1908 1908 1916 1945 1946 1943 1970 1989 5 iulie 1916 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,6 -15,7 -3,0 1,6 6,2 9,0 7,3 -1,3 -6,2 -16,2 -21,8 -29,2 absolute minimum
anul 1947 1950 1963 1912 1952 1962 1913 1904 1977 1988 1988 1948 8 ianuarie 1947 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 15,2 18,4 23,6 24,4 31,6 38,2 37,2 37,5 31,3 30,6 22,5 13,4 38,2 absolute maximum
ziua 4 6 24 26 31 11 20 10 24 4 1 30 11 iunie date
minima lunar -5,0 -11,6 -3,0 -0,5 6,5 10,5 15,0 11,8 5,4 -1,2 -5,8 -16,4 -16,4 absolute minimum
ziua 23 28 8 2 15 4 4 31 28 26 17 26 26 decembrie date
1.2.2 TEMPERATURA AERULUI
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
AIR TEMPERATURE
(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius - continuare Celsius degrees - continued
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station and
i anii de January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute observation
observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele


1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,0 22,6 29,6 34,2 38,8 38,2 43,2 41,4 40,0 36,4 26,0 22,0 43,2 absolute maximum
anul 1983 1903 1951 1985 1950 1957 1987 1952 1946 1952 1990 1903 25 iulie 1987 year
minima lunar -30,0 -26,0 -22,2 -4,6 0,5 5,0 9,0 6,6 -2,5 -5,8 -18,0 -25,0 -30,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1950 1929 1923 1938 1911 1974 1981 1977 1988 1975 1933 24 ianuarie 1942 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 14,6 17,5 26,2 25,0 31,3 38,4 37,3 38,0 33,2 29,0 24,0 10,4 38,4 absolute maximum
ziua 29 7 26 8 30 11 20 10 2 3 9 30 11 iunie date
minima lunar -5,2 -11,7 -3,5 -1,7 4,6 8,5 14,3 9,9 6,5 -2,9 -6,4 -17,5 -17,5 absolute minimum
ziua 26 4 8 3 15 7 19 30 13 26 5 27 27 decembrie date
Bucureti-Filaret Bucureti-Filaret
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 16,8 21,0 28,8 34,4 36,6 40,3 40,6 41,1 39,6 35,5 29,4 20,8 41,1 absolute maximum
anul 1983 1990 1947 1934 1950 1918 1916 1945 1946 1952 1926 1903 20 august 1945 year
minima lunar -30,0 -24,2 -13,6 -5,5 -0,2 4,2 8,6 6,6 -1,6 -10,7 -17,8 -26,4 -30,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1918 1933 1981 1906 1920 1904 1927 25 ianuarie 1942 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 17,6 18,1 26,0 24,0 31,6 36,5 36,8 38,1 33,6 31,6 22,0 8,5 38,1 absolute maximum
ziua 29 8 26 21 30 11 17 10 2 4 1 23 10 august date
minima lunar -5,0 -7,9 -0,2 0,0 5,5 8,2 14,5 11,0 6,5 -1,6 -3,8 -12,6 -12,6 absolute minimum
ziua 15 4 9 2 13 5 22 31 29 27 21 18 18 decembrie date
Constana Constana
1901-1990 1901-1990
maxima lunar 18,8 23,3 30,8 31,9 36,5 36,9 38,5 36,8 34,8 31,0 26,5 21,0 38,5 absolute maximum
anul 1988 1990 1952 1985 1969 1982 1927 1902 1987 1928 1990 1903 10 iulie 1927 year
minima lunar -24,7 -25,0 -12,8 -4,5 1,8 6,4 7,6 8,0 1,0 -12,4 -11,7 -21,6 -25,0 absolute minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1913 1942 1936;1949 1931 1920 1953 1948 9 februarie 1929 year
2001 2001
maxima lunar 17,6 15,2 27,9 19,7 27,4 28,8 33,6 32,6 30,4 23,7 27,0 8,3 33,6 absolute maximum
ziua 9 9 26 27 28 23 18 12 25 5 1 23 18 iulie date
minima lunar -3,5 -6,0 0,0 2,5 7,4 10,3 18,8 13,2 8,4 3,5 -2,1 -11,0 -11,0 absolute minimum
ziua 22 4 8 4 15 5 4 30 28 25 18 10 10 decembrie date
1.2.3 PRECIPITAII ATMOSFERICE
(cantitatea lunar i anual)
PRECIPITATIONS
(monthly and yearly average quantity)
mm mm
Staia meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie Anual Meteorological station
i anii de observaie January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly and observation years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 1990 40,7 35,8 36,3 44,3 63,1 82,4 69,7 64,1 43,7 45,2 47,9 52,1 625,3 1901 - 1990
2001 44,7 34,0 95,8 28,8 19,7 138,1 120,0 67,3 143,8 9,5 35,4 18,0 755,1 2001
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 1990 25,1 25,1 24,3 47,0 74,6 92,9 90,4 68,5 42,5 29,4 34,3 24,6 578,7 1901 - 1990
2001 20,1 17,2 33,3 60,5 29,9 94,1 91,4 73,4 148,4 42,6 63,5 14,2 688,6 2001
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 1990 37,5 32,2 36,7 47,5 66,0 84,3 61,9 56,4 45,1 43,4 48,5 51,0 610,5 1901 - 1990
2001 42,5 20,0 108,2 102,1 17,6 167,1 67,2 59,5 164,9 4,8 43,2 24,7 821,8 2001
Iai Iai
1901 - 1990 30,4 27,2 27,4 44,0 55,8 82,8 68,6 55,3 43,0 31,3 37,4 29,5 532,7 1901 - 1990
2001 20,1 12,3 35,0 54,6 54,2 114,6 40,6 16,2 179,0 30,5 77,9 25,1 660,1 2001
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 1990 26,6 26,9 25,6 45,9 74,4 90,0 78,9 74,3 40,8 37,0 31,4 29,9 581,7 1901 - 1990
2001 36,2 21,6 59,8 86,9 30,8 108,6 218,4 51,6 134,6 14,2 43,0 13,7 819,4 2001
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 1990 29,7 29,5 26,8 49,6 74,5 89,1 80,0 71,5 42,1 41,7 37,7 31,7 603,9 1901 - 1990
2001 32,2 20,7 37,7 84,4 70,8 102,2 79,6 57,7 127,3 35,9 72,2 19,2 739,9 2001
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 1990 25,9 26,3 25,7 37,3 66,6 85,4 80,8 63,4 46,7 35,6 34,0 29,5 557,2 1901 - 1990
2001 18,4 17,7 35,7 42,7 32,9 121,8 161,0 24,0 105,0 29,1 48,9 25,8 663,0 2001
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 1990 40,2 38,6 37,6 48,1 64,6 81,1 57,7 50,9 42,9 49,5 49,3 48,9 609,4 1901 - 1990
2001 35,4 18,6 58,8 79,6 31,8 130,2 58,6 30,6 146,5 15,4 66,1 14,0 685,6 2001
Deva Deva
1901 - 1990 32,7 30,3 28,6 47,9 64,7 78,6 70,2 59,5 42,2 41,6 37,8 37,8 571,9 1901 - 1990
2001 37,9 20,9 42,0 78,4 39,6 112,3 160,8 37,6 104,5 20,6 63,5 28,4 746,5 2001
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 1990 29,2 26,8 30,7 54,7 78,6 107,6 86,3 72,0 53,5 44,4 34,0 28,8 646,6 1901 - 1990
2001 12,9 19,9 24,0 88,4 42,4 149,0 112,2 54,5 151,6 10,8 56,6 6,4 728,7 2001
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 1990 75,8 84,0 78,3 88,8 109,9 142,4 136,1 105,8 65,3 60,5 56,8 70,9 1074,6 1901 - 1990
2001 28,1 61,8 33,9 44,0 64,4 193,5 125,6 94,6 139,7 33,4 80,1 38,0 937,1 2001
Galai Galai
1901 - 1990 30,7 26,6 23,6 37,4 49,2 66,3 47,3 40,5 38,7 33,4 34,5 32,3 460,5 1901 - 1990
2001 4,8 22,7 50,7 41,0 40,3 136,8 28,8 12,5 119,4 19,4 30,8 25,9 533,1 2001
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 1990 53,9 52,0 46,6 64,3 85,3 93,0 61,9 56,9 51,5 66,3 64,9 62,9 759,5 1901 - 1990
2001 55,5 25,0 58,5 93,8 50,8 143,0 96,6 18,3 91,8 7,7 45,3 9,2 695,5 2001
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 1990 27,3 27,1 22,8 40,5 63,6 79,6 61,2 50,5 37,0 34,7 39,7 33,1 517,1 1901 - 1990
2001 11,1 25,0 49,2 41,6 37,4 69,1 58,2 9,2 111,7 7,6 9,9 13,0 443,0 2001
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 1990 40,0 38,0 38,0 47,9 61,0 65,6 45,6 35,6 38,7 48,9 53,1 48,8 561,2 1901 - 1990
2001 14,5 36,6 49,0 66,1 26,4 111,3 64,5 8,4 71,4 2,2 14,4 12,1 476,9 2001
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 1990 37,4 32,5 35,0 42,2 56,9 67,1 50,8 38,7 37,3 41,3 46,3 41,3 526,8 1901 - 1990
2001 21,6 41,6 42,5 82,6 43,0 87,7 39,8 17,1 76,4 2,6 26,0 34,4 515,3 2001
Bucureti - Filaret Bucureti - Filaret
1901 - 1990 40,6 34,0 37,4 44,4 68,1 86,0 57,8 51,2 39,1 41,1 48,5 41,1 589,3 1901 - 1990
2001 19,6 66,8 65,1 54,6 31,7 123,6 38,0 16,4 29,4 3,1 53,0 21,2 522,5 2001
Constana Constana
1901 - 1990 29,4 27,1 23,5 27,9 36,0 41,7 33,4 29,5 28,0 33,7 38,4 34,0 382,6 1901 - 1990
2001 5,5 58,5 53,1 48,6 30,1 30,9 2,7 29,6 71,4 2,8 47,3 19,9 400,4 2001
1.3 MEDIUL NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

CUPRINS CONTENTS

Tabele: Tables:
Resurse naturale Natural resources
1.3.1 Fondul funciar, dup modul de folosin Total land fund, by use
1.3.2 Ariile protejate, n 2001 ....................... Protected areas, in 2001
1.3.3 Rezervaii ale biosferei, n 2001 .......... Biosphere reservations, in 2001
1.3.4 Parcurile naionale i naturale, n 2001 National and natural parks, in 2001
1.3.5 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit Water resources assured, according to the
gradului de amenajare, n 2001 .......... arrangement level, in 2001
Calitatea factorilor de mediu Environmental factors quality
1.3.6 Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n 2001 Superficial water quality, in 2001
1.3.7 Defolierea arborilor la principalele Trees defoliation, by defoliation
specii i la toate vrstele, pe clase de classes, for the main species
defoliere, n 2001 ................................ and all ages, in 2001
1.3.8 Localiti n care s-au nregistrat Localities which recorded
depiri de concentraii maxime exceeds of the maximum
admisibile ale substanelor poluante admitted air concentration
n aer, n 2001 .................................... of pollutants, in 2001
1.3.9 Repartizarea terenurilor agricole Distribution of agricultural
pe clase de pretabilitate, land by suitability classes, on
la 31 decembrie 2001 ......................... December 31, 2001
1.3.10 Suprafaa terenurilor agricole afectate Agricultural land area affected by
de diveri factori limitativi ai capacitii various factors restraining the
productive, n 2001 ............................. productive capacity, in 2001
Msuri de protecie Protection measures
1.3.11 Investiii de protecia mediului, pe Investments in environmental protection,
categorii de productori i grupe by category of producers and by group
de activiti specifice, n 2001 ............ of specific activities, in 2001

Sursa datelor Data source

Rapoarte statistice completate de inspectoratele Statistical reports filled in by county inspectorates of


judeene de protecia mediului, pentru datele privind environmental protection for data on air quality in some
calitatea aerului n unele localiti i rapoartele localities and statistical reports of yearly survey on the
statistice ale anchetei anuale privind cheltuielile de expenditure for environmental protection, completed by
protecia mediului, completate de agenii economici i economic units and by public and local administration
de unitile administraiei publice locale. units.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


- Oficiul Naional de Cadastru, Geodezie i Cartografie, - National Office of Cadastre, Geodesy and Cartography
pentru datele privind fondul funciar; for data concerning the land fund;
- Ministerul Apelor i Proteciei Mediului, pentru datele - The Ministry of Waters and Environmental Protection,
privind ariile protejate; for data concerning the protected areas;
- Regia Naional a Pdurilor, pentru datele privind - Forests National Body, for data on trees defoliation;
defolierea arborilor;
- Compania Naional "Apele Romne", pentru datele - Romanian Waters National Company, for data concerning
privind resursele de ap i calitatea apelor de the water resources and the superficial water quality;
suprafa;
- Institutul de Cercetri pentru Pedologie i Agrochimie - The Institute for Pedological and Agrochemical
Bucureti, pentru datele privind calitatea solului. Researches Bucharest, for data concerning the quality
of soil.

Precizri metodologice Methodological notes

Fondul funciar cuprinde totalitatea terenurilor Land fund includes all lands no matter of destination,
indiferent de destinaie, de titlul pe baza cruia sunt title based on which they are owned or public or private
deinute sau de domeniul public sau privat din care fac sector to which they belong.
parte.
Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic Water resources represent the hydrological potential
format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim consisting of the superficial and underground waters,
natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, under natural and arranged conditions, enlisted at
din care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine. the beginning of the year, from which the utilities
are fed.
Ariile protejate reprezint zone n care s-a pus la Protected areas represent zones where a lot of
punct o serie de instrumente de gestionare care s management instruments has been set up in order to
rspund cerinelor de supraveghere, protecie i meet certain supervision and protection requirements
asigurare a valorii ecologice a spaiului natural i and to assure the ecological value of the natural space
cuprind: and include:
- rezervaii ale biosferei - zone destinate - reservations of biosphere - areas intended
conservrii diversitii i integritii comunitilor biotice to preserve the diversity and integrity of animal and
animale i vegetale n ecosistemele naturale i pentru vegetable biotic communities in natural ecosystems
protejarea diversitii genetice a speciilor de care and to protect genetic diversity of species on which
depinde evoluia viitoare. Acestea cuprind exemple future evolution depends. They include representative
reprezentative de biomuri naturale, comuniti unice examples of natural biomes, unique communities
avnd caracteristici naturale de interes deosebit; having natural features of special interest;
- parcuri naionale - zone naturale, de - national parks - natural areas, of national or
importan naional sau internaional, protejate international importance, protected against human
mpotriva interveniilor sau instalrii oamenilor i unde interventions or settlements, where fauna and flora
speciile de faun i flor constituie subiect de mare species represent scientific, educative, recreative or
interes tiinific , educativ , recreativ sau estetic, n aesthetic subjects of interest, where exploitation of
care exploatarea resurselor naturale este natural resources is forbidden;
prohibitiv;
- parcuri naturale - ariile naturale protejate, al - natural parks - natural protected areas,
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
ansambluri peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor landscape, where the maintenance of human units
umane cu natura, de-a lungul timpului, a creat o zon with nature, in time, has created a disting zone of
distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i significant landscape and cultural value, offen of great
cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic; biological variety;
- rezervaii tiinifice - zone rezervate protejrii - scientific reservations - areas intended for
naturii i meninerii proceselor naturale, pentru a avea protecting nature and preserving natural processes in
exemplare ale mediului natural reprezentative ecologic, order to have natural exemplaries, ecologically
disponibile pentru studii tiinifice; representative and available for scientific studies;
- rezervaii naturale - zone n care se asigur - natural reservations - areas where natural
condiiile naturale necesare protejrii speciilor conditions necessary to protect significant species at
semnificative la nivel naional, comunitilor biotice sau national level, biotic communities or environmental
caracteristicilor fizice de mediu; physical conditions are ensured;
- monumente ale naturii - zone protejate i - natural monuments - protected and
prezervate datorit elementelor naturale semnificative preserved areas due to significant natural elements,
pe care le conin prin rariti sau caracteristici unice. rarities or unique features.
Poluarea atmosferic const n modificarea Air pollution consists of changing the chemical
compoziiei chimice a aerului datorat, n principal, composition of the air, mainly due to industrial
proceselor industriale, producerii energiei electrice i processes, to electric and thermal energy production
termice i circulaiei vehiculelor. Una din caracteristicile and to vehicles traffic. One of air pollution
polurii aerului n mediul urban const n faptul c characteristics in urban area is that it considerably
poate varia considerabil nu numai de la o localitate la varies, not only from one locality to another, but also
alta, dar i n interiorul aceleiai zone urbane. inside the same urban area.
Substanele poluante reprezint acele substane Pollutants represent those substances resulting from
rezultate n urma desfurrii activitilor economice sau the economic activity or road traffic, emitted in the air
de trafic rutier, emise n atmosfer, care, datorit and which, because of their noxious character, can
caracterului lor nociv, pot nruti calitatea aerului. worsen the air quality.
Concentraiile efective de substane poluante n Effective concentration of pollutants for air and their
aer i mediile anuale ale acestora sunt stabilite pe yearly averages are set up based on the norms
baza normelor cuprinse n STAS 12574-87 i a comprised by STAS 12574-87 and systematic
msurtorilor sistematice efectuate de inspectoratele measurements carried out by county inspectorates for
judeene pentru protecia mediului. Ele se exprim prin environment protection. They are expressed by the
valoarea concentraiei maxime, care se nregistreaz value of maximum concentration recorded at the lowest
la cel mai mic nivel (minima) i la cel mai mare nivel level (minimum) and the highest level (maximum) for all
(maxima), la toate punctele de supraveghere dintr-o observation points from one locality.
localitate.
Concentraia medie anual se calculeaz ca medie Yearly average concentration is calculated as a
aritmetic a concentraiilor medii zilnice, iar variaia mean of daily average concentrations and its change is
acesteia se exprim prin valoarea nregistrat la cel expressed by the value recorded at lowest (minimum)
mai mic nivel (minim) i la cel mai mare nivel level and at highest (maximum) level at all observation
(maxim) la toate punctele de supraveghere dintr-o points within one locality.
localitate.
Frecvena depirii concentraiei maxime The frequency of exceeding the maximum admitted
admisibile reprezint raportul dintre numrul valorilor concentration represents the ratio between the number
medii zilnice situate peste valoarea concentraiei of daily average values situated above the value of
maxime admisibile (conform STAS 12574-87) i maximum admitted concentration (according to STAS
numrul total de valori medii zilnice calculate ntr-un 12574-87) and total number of daily average values
an, exprimat n procente. calculated during one year expressed in percentages.
A fost selectat un numr de 63 localiti n care s-au 63 localities were selected here being registered
nregistrat depiri ale concentraiei maxime outruning of maximum admissible concentration
admisibile, msurate n 183 de puncte de measured in 183 supervision points, belonging to the
supraveghere, aparinnd reelei naionale de national network of observation.
observare.
Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n The evaluation of the superficial waters quality is
msurarea parametrilor fizico-chimici, biologici i carried out by measuring the physico-chemical, biological
bacteriologici stabilindu-se pn la ce nivel sunt and bacteriological parameters, setting up the extent to
respectate normele standard. n fiecare punct de which standard norms are observed. In each measuring
msurare, apa este analizat dup coninutul n materii point, the water is analysed by its content in organic,
organice, toxice i n diveri germeni. Potrivit noxious matters and in different embryos. According to
standardului, se disting 4 categorii de calitate: I, II, III i the standard, 4 quality categories are distinguished:
apa care depete limitele categoriei III, avnd la I,II,III and the water which oversteps the third category
baz domeniul de utilizare, astfel: limits, having as basis the use, field as follows:
- categoria de calitate I reprezint apa utilizat - the first quality category represents the
la alimentarea centralizat cu ap potabil, water used for centralized drinking water supply,
alimentarea centralizat a unitilor de cretere a centralized water supply of animal breeding units,
animalelor, alimentarea centralizat a unitilor din centralized water supply for the food industry units, as
industria alimentar, precum i alte activiti ce well as other activities which need drinking quality water;
necesit ap de calitatea celei potabile;
- categoria de calitate II reprezint apa - the second quality category represents the
utilizat pentru reproducerea i dezvoltarea fondului water used for reproducing and developing natural
piscicol natural din apele de es, precum i piscicultural fund from the plain waters, as well as the
alimentarea cu ap a amenajrilor piscicole, a unor water supply of the piscicultural arrangements, of
procese tehnologice industriale, precum i a altor industrial technological processes as well as other
activiti care necesit ap de categoria de calitate II; activities which need the second category water quality;
- categoria de calitate III reprezint apa - the third quality category represents the
utilizat pentru alimentarea sistemelor de irigaii, a water used for the irrigation systems supply, the hydro-
hidrocentralelor, a instalaiilor pentru rcirea power stations, the installations for the cooling
agregatelor, alimentarea staiilor de splare, precum aggregates, the washing stations supply, as well as
i a unitilor cu alte activiti care necesit ap de other activities which need the third category quality
categoria de calitate III; water;
- apa care depete limitele categoriei III - the water which exceeds the third
este inapt pentru o mare parte din folosine i category limits represents the water unable to be
constituie o ameninare pentru sntatea public i used for a wide range of purposes and which is a threat
mediul natural. for the public health and for the environment.
Evaluarea calitii solurilor agricole const n The evaluation of agricultural soil quality consists
identificarea i caracterizarea factorilor care limiteaz in identifying and characterizing the factors which
capacitatea productiv a acestora. restrain the soil production capacity.
Clasa de pretabilitate reprezint aptitudinea terenului The suitability class represents the soil suitability for a
pentru o anumit folosin agricol. certain agricultural use.
ncadrarea terenurilor ntr-una din cele 5 clase de The soil is included in one of the 5 suitability classes
pretabilitate se face n funcie de potenialul productiv according to their productive potential:
al acestora:
- clasa I: foarte bun; - I class: very good;
- clasa II: bun; - II class: good;
- clasa III: mijlocie; - III class: medium;
- clasa IV: slab; - IV class: weak;
- clasa V: foarte slab; - V class: very weak;
Starea de sntate a pdurilor este influenat de Forests health is influenced by air pollution, insects,
poluarea aerului, de insecte, boli, incendii, intemperii i diseases, fires, bad weather and other climatic
alte agresiuni climatice. damages.
Datele privind starea pdurilor provin din sondajele Data on forests state come from sampling surveys
efectuate de ctre Regia Naional a Pdurilor prin carried out by Forests National Body through the
reeaua naional de monitoring a pdurilor (4x4 km), forests monitoring network (4x4 Km) being carried out
efectundu-se 4355 sondaje permanente fiind 4355 permanents samplings, being selectively
inventariai selectiv 110004 arbori, din care 27909 la inventaried 110004 trees of which 27909 resinous and
specia rinoase i 82095 la specia foioase. 82095 broad - leaved species.
Unul din indicatorii care exprim nivelul de deteriorare One of the indicators expressing the trees deterioration
al arborilor este gradul de defoliere a coroanei level is the defoliation degree of trees wreath.
copacilor.
Defolierea este evaluat prin proporia frunzelor czute The defoliation is evaluated by the ratio of leaves fallen,
n raport cu normele stabilite i se detaliaz n 5 clase: according to the set up norms and is divided into 5
classes:
- clasa 0: 0-10%= neafectat; - 0 class: 0-10% = unaffected;
- clasa 1: 11-25% = uor; - 1 class: 11-25% = slight;
- clasa 2: 26-60% = mediu; - 2 class: 26-60% = medium;
- clasa 3: 61-99% = sever; - 3 class: 61-99% = severe;
- clasa 4: 100% = uscat. - 4 class: 100% = dry.
Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ The environment protection expenditure include
cheltuielile efectuate pentru desfurarea activitilor all the expenditure for carrying out the activities of
de supraveghere i protecie a mediului, i care se environment observation and protection and refer to
refer la prevenirea sau repararea pagubelor aduse environment damages prevention or repair.
acestuia.
Investiiile de protecia mediului includ bunurile de Investments for environmental protection include
capital tangibile noi sau existente cumprate de la teri new or existent tangible goods bought from third parties
sau produse pentru utilizri proprii, avnd o durat de or products for own use having a functioning duration
funcionare mai mare de un an, cu scopul de protecie higher than one year for environmental protection
a mediului. Acestea includ i bunuri tangibile purpose. They also include reproduced tangible goods
neproduse cum ar fi terenurile. Se includ adugrile, such as lands. There are also included annexes,
renovrile i mbuntirile care prelungesc durata de renovations and unimprovements prolonging the living
via sau cresc capacitatea echipamentelor. De duration or increasing the equipment capacity. At the
asemenea, se includ bunuri i servicii ncorporate same time goods and services are included being
terenurilor, servicii legate de transferul de proprietate incorporated in the lands as well as services related to
asupra terenurilor, a construciilor existente, a altor ownership transfer on lands, existent construction,
active ncorporabile. other incorporated assetes.
Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru Categories of producers of services for
protecia mediului sunt: environmental protection are:
- productorii nespecializai sunt acele uniti - non-specialised producers are those units
care execut o activitate de protecia mediului ca carrying out an activity of environmental protection as
activitate secundar sau auxiliar la o activitate their secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity
principal. Activitatea principal nu este una de is not the environmental protection. These units are
protecia mediului. Aceste uniti se regsesc n sectorul found in the sector of production (CANE 10-45,
producie (CAEN 10-45, exclusiv diviziunile: 37, 41); excluding 37, 41 divisions);
- productorii specializai sunt acei - specialised producers are those producers
productori care execut o activitate de protecie a carrying out an activity of environmental protection as
mediului ca activitate principal definit n CAEN. Ei their main activity defined in CANE. They mainly apper
figureaz, n principal, n clasa CAEN 9000 (asanarea in CANE class 9000 (garbage reclamation and
i ndeprtarea gunoaielor; salubritate i activiti removing, sanitation and similar), in CANE division 37
similare), n diviziunea CAEN 37 (recuperarea (recovery of waste and remains of recycled materials),
deeurilor i resturilor de materiale reciclabile), n in CANE class 5157 (wholesale of waste and remains)
clasa CAEN 5157 (comer cu ridicata al deeurilor i and in CANE division 41 (administration of water
resturilor) i n diviziunea CAEN 41 (gospodrirea resources, water collection and distribution);
resurselor de ap, captarea i distribuia apei);
- administraia public local cuprinde toate - local public administration comprise all
unitile administraiei publice ale cror competene units of public administration whose competences
privesc numai forma administrativ-teritorial pentru regard only territorial-administrative type for which they
care au fost constituite. have been created.
Activitile caracteristice proteciei mediului Characteristic activities of environmental
corespund, pe de o parte, unui sistem omogen, protection correspond, on the one side, to a
independent, de gestiune, iar pe de alta, unui tip homogeneous system, irrespective, of management
omogen de elemente componente ale mediului natural and, on the other side, to a homogeneous type of
i sunt grupate astfel: environment component elements grouped as follows:
- prevenirea i reducerea polurii (protecia - pollution prevention and fall (air quality
calitii aerului, protecia calitii apelor, gospodrirea protection, water quality protection, waste
deeurilor, protecia calitii solului i a apelor management, soil and underground waters quality
subterane, reducerea zgomotelor i a vibraiilor); protection, lower noises and vibrations);
- protecia resurselor naturale i - natural resources protection and
conservarea biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii biodiversity preservation (species protection,
protejate, remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, protected areas, ecologic remedy and reconstruction,
refacerea mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor aquatic environment restoration, prevention of
naturale periculoase); dangerous natural phenomena);
- alte activiti (cercetare-dezvoltare, - other activities (research-development,
administrare general a mediului, protecia mpotriva environmental general administration, protection
radiaiilor, educaie, instruire, informare). against radiations, education, training, information).
1.3.1 FONDUL FUNCIAR DUP MODUL DE FOLOSIN (la sfritul anului)
TOTAL LAND FUND BY USE (end of year)

mii hectare / thou hectares


1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001

Suprafaa total a fondului funciar 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1 23839,1
Total area of the land fund

Suprafaa agricol 14769,0 14798,3 14790,1 14793,1 14797,5 14797,2 14788,7 14794,0 14801,7 14730,7 14856,8 14852,3
Agricultural area

din care: / of which:

Arabil 9450,4 9423,5 9356,9 9341,5 9338,0 9337,1 9338,9 9341,4 9350,8 9358,1 9381,1 9401,5
Arable

Puni 3262,5 3309,8 3349,2 3362,6 3378,4 3392,4 3391,7 3409,8 3402,7 3322,8 3441,7 3421,4
Pastures

Fnee 1465,3 1467,9 1480,6 1489,3 1493,7 1497,7 1498,5 1490,8 1503,4 1512,0 1507,1 1510,0
Hayfields

Vii i pepiniere viticole 277,4 285,8 298,6 303,9 298,4 292,4 289,0 286,3 281,8 281,1 272,3 267,4
Vineyards and nurseries

Livezi i pepiniere pomicole 313,4 311,3 304,8 295,8 289,0 277,6 270,6 265,7 263,0 256,7 254,6 252,0
Orchards and nurseries

Pduri i alte terenuri cu 6685,4 6680,1 6681,8 6681,1 6680,2 6680,1 6690,3 6688,5 6672,3 6790,6 6457,31) 6605,7
vegetaie forestier
Forests and other forest
vegetation lands

din care: / of which:

Pduri 6252,3 6253,4 6253,5 6249,2 6245,8 6244,7 6240,2 6236,6 6227,4 6225,8 6223,1 6366,7
Forests

Construcii 622,3 624,2 630,5 627,9 629,6 627,2 626,3 626,2 630,5 627,4 632,9 628,3
Construction

Drumuri i ci ferate 388,9 390,9 393,4 394,0 392,5 396,2 397,0 397,2 395,7 388,4 388,2 390,0
Roads and railways

Ape i bli 903,6 893,4 892,8 892,6 888,3 889,8 886,9 886,0 880,4 879,3 867,8 868,4
Waters and ponds

Alte suprafee 469,9 452,2 450,5 450,4 451,0 448,6 449,9 447,2 458,5 422,7 636,1 494,4
Other areas

1)
Din fondul forestier naional (nu include toat vegetaia forestier din afara fondului forestier).
1)
Of national forest fund (does not include all forest vegetation outside forest fund).
1.3.2 ARIILE PROTEJATE, N 2001
PROTECTED AREAS, IN 2001

Numr Suprafaa (ha)


Number Area (ha)

Rezervaii tiinifice 53 101207 Scientific reservations

Parcuri naionale 11 300544 National parks

Monumente ale naturii 231 2177 Natural monuments

Rezervaii naturale 543 128265 Natural reservations

Parcuri naturale 5 251632 Natural parks

Rezervaii ale biosferei 3 664446 Biosphere reservations


1.3.3 REZERVAII ALE BIOSFEREI, IN 2001
BIOSPHERE RESERVATIONS, IN 2001

Denumirea rezervaiei Judeul Suprafaa (ha)


Name of reservation County Area (ha)

Total 664446

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Tulcea, Constana 580000


Retezat Hunedoara 38047
Rodna Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava 46399
1.3.4 PARCURILE NAIONALE I NATURALE, N 2001
NATIONAL AND NATURAL PARKS, IN 2001

Denumirea parcului Judeul Suprafaa (ha)


Name of park County Area (ha)

Parcuri naionale / National parks - total 300544


Retezat Hunedoara 38047
Rodna Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava 46399
Domogled-Valea Cernei Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj 60100
Cheile Nerei-Beunia Cara-Severin 37100
Semenic-Cheile Caraului Cara-Severin 36665
Ceahlu Neam 8396
Cozia Vlcea 17100
Climani Bistria-Nsud, Mure, Suceava 24041
Piatra Craiului Arge, Braov 14800
Cheile Bicazului-Hma Harghita, Neam 6575
Munii Mcinului Tulcea 11321

Parcuri naturale / Natural parks - total 251632


Grditea Muncelului-Cioclovina Hunedoara 10000
Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini 115656
Munii Apuseni Alba, Bihor, Cluj 75784
Balta Mic a Brilei Brila 17529
Bucegi Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova 32663
1.3.5 RESURSELE DE AP ASIGURATE POTRIVIT
GRADULUI DE AMENAJARE, N 2001
WATER RESOURCES ASSURED ACCORDING
TO THE ARRANGEMENT LEVEL, IN 2001

Surse de ap / Water sources milioane m3 / an


Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins million m 3 / year

Total 39836
Ape de suprafa / Superficial waters 34004
Ruri interioare / Inland rivers 14004
Tisa 250
Some 721
Criuri 397
Mure 1232
Spaiul Banat 1) 608
Jiu 2109
Olt 1682
Vedea 40
Arge 1671
Ialomia 430
Siret 1955
Prut 726
Alte bazine 2) / Other basins 2) 2183
Dunrea / The Danube 20000
Ape subterane / Underground waters 5832

1)
Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2)
Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.
1.3.6 CALITATEA APELOR DE SUPRAFA, N 2001
SUPERFICIAL WATER QUALITY, IN 2001

km
Total lungimi din care: / of which:
pe ruri
Bazine hidrografice Peste limitele
supravegheate Categoria I Categoria II Categoria III
Hydrographic basins categoriei III
Total length of The first The second The third
Above the third
monitored category category category
category's limits
rivers

Total 22031 14979 4117 1401 1534

Tisa 467 410 - 21 36


Some 1681 1291 331 - 59
Criuri 1093 995 23 34 41
Mure-Aranca 2434 1483 686 59 206
Spaiul Banat 1) 1377 1294 83 - -
Jiu 944 866 78 - -
Olt 2335 1430 523 271 111
Vedea 875 670 57 55 93
Arge 2344 2011 278 24 31
Ialomia 2) 1327 415 246 401 265
Siret 4135 2551 1006 234 344
Prut 1588 757 181 302 348
Dunrea / The Danube 1073 646 427 - -
Litoral / Seaside 358 160 198 - -

1)
Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2)
Inclusiv rul Clmui. / Including Clmui river.
1.3.7 DEFOLIEREA ARBORILOR LA PRINCIPALELE SPECII I LA TOATE
VRSTELE, PE CLASE DE DEFOLIERE, N 2001
TREES DEFOLIATION, BY DEFOLIATION CLASSES, FOR
THE MAIN SPECIES AND ALL AGES, IN 2001

Suprafaa Clasa de defoliere


pdurilor Defoliation class
(mii ha) (%)
Forests area neafectat uor mediu sever uscat
(thou hectares) unaffected slight medium severe dry

Total ar 6225 62,5 24,2 12,0 0,9 0,4


Total country

- rinoase 1853 69,6 20,8 8,6 0,6 0,4


coniferous

- foioase 4372 59,9 25,4 13,2 1,0 0,5


broad-leaved
1.3.8 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI DE CONCENTRAII
MAXIME ADMISIBILE ALE SUBSTANELOR POLUANTE N AER, N 2001
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM
ADMITTED AIR CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS, IN 2001
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change in
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

ALBA
Ora Ocna Mure
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 23,20 25,10 18,40 19,60 91,67
Deposited powder
Ora Zlatna
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,23 - 0,16 66,00
Suspended powder
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 - 1,10 - 0,50 30,40
Lead and lead compounds
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 12,40 25,60 10,10 20,00 55,00
Deposited powder

ARAD
Municipiul Arad
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,26 - 0,14 59,07
Suspended powder

ARGE
Municipiul Cmpulung
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 32,70 35,00 17,36 24,03 68,42
Deposited powder

BISTRIA-NSUD
Municipiul Bistria
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,33 1,16 0,12 0,24 41,17
Suspended powder

BRAOV
Municipiul Braov
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,37 - 0,14 29,13
Suspended powder
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 228,15 - 45,92 75,00
Deposited powder
Cuciulata
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 21,66 38,99 12,34 17,74 25,71
Deposited powder
Ruor
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 18,77 - 14,33 33,33
Deposited powder

BRILA
Chicani
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 19,20 - 6,27 8,30
Deposited powder

BUZU
Rmnicu Srat
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 8,11 20,87 3,80 7,93 5,60
Deposited powder

CARA-SEVERIN
Municipiul Reia
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,35 - 0,16 19,63
Suspended powder
Constantin Daicoviciu
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 22,35 - 16,25 58,33
Deposited powder
1.3.8 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI DE CONCENTRAII
MAXIME ADMISIBILE ALE SUBSTANELOR POLUANTE N AER, N 2001
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM
ADMITTED AIR CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS, IN 2001
continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change in
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

CLRAI
Municipiul Clrai
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 33,00 - 16,71 33,33
Deposited powder

CLUJ
Municipiul Turda
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 10,86 73,82 3,20 39,32 41,60
Deposited powder
Aghireu
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 55,09 - 20,58 41,00
Deposited powder

CONSTANA
Municipiul Constana
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 647,00 - 167,16 100,00
Deposited powder
Municipiul Medgidia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 26,20 - 13,81 20,00
Deposited powder

DMBOVIA
Municipiul Trgovite
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,33 - 0,15 41,09
Suspended powder
Ora Fieni
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 10,41 36,82 6,66 26,22 37,50
Deposited powder

DOLJ
Ialnia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 17,25 25,11 14,87 19,82 33,30
Deposited powder

GALAI
Municipiul Galai
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 4,70 83,24 4,01 19,17 25,47
Deposited powder

GORJ
Ora Rovinari
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 12,24 154,95 8,96 75,80 67,30
Deposited powder
Ora Motru
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 24,78 176,12 17,03 97,19 92,00
Deposited powder
Frceti
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 83,31 - 35,58 100,00
Deposited powder
Mtsari
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 27,64 - 20,92 91,70
Deposited powder
1.3.8 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI DE CONCENTRAII
MAXIME ADMISIBILE ALE SUBSTANELOR POLUANTE N AER, N 2001
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM
ADMITTED AIR CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS, IN 2001
continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change in
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

HARGHITA
Ora Gheorgheni
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 9,82 57,60 5,06 22,32 29,00
Deposited powder
Volbeni
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 39,64 - 23,33 83,34
Deposited powder
Ora Vlhia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 56,00 - 22,63 50,00
Deposited powder
Chileni
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 53,42 - 24,99 54,54
Deposited powder

HUNEDOARA
Municipiul Hunedoara
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 11,95 39,71 9,31 10,73 12,69
Deposited powder
oimu
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 12,99 117,99 5,53 16,58 35,46
Deposited powder

IAI
Municipiul Iai
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 7,74 105,15 4,28 61,53 34,28
Deposited powder
Pacani
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 23,62 - 15,02 40,00
Deposited powder

MARAMURE
Municipiul Baia Mare
Cadmiu microgr / m3 - 0,20 - 0,03 49,00
Cadmium
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 - 23,07 - 4,19 81,00
Lead and lead compounds

NEAM
Municipiul Piatra Neam
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 30,93 - 15,57 41,66
Deposited powder
Municipiul Roman
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 1,42 - 0,28 79,50
Suspended powder

OLT
Ora Piatra Olt
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 23,77 - 9,96 27,27
Deposited powder

PRAHOVA
Municipiul Ploieti
Sulfai n suspensie microgr / m3 0,18 0,30 0,12 0,17 24,61
Suspended sulphates
1.3.8 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI DE CONCENTRAII
MAXIME ADMISIBILE ALE SUBSTANELOR POLUANTE N AER, N 2001
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM
ADMITTED AIR CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS, IN 2001
continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change in
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

SATU MARE
Municipiul Carei
Amoniac mg / m3 - 0,29 - 0,15 15,31
Ammonia

SLAJ
Municipiul Zalu
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 6,40 18,30 3,10 16,30 33,30
Deposited powder

SIBIU
Municipiul Media
Cadmiu microgr / m3 0,30 0,44 0,02 0,03 40,66
Cadmium
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 5,34 7,18 0,56 0,66 23,74
Lead and lead compounds
Ora Copa Mic
Cadmiu microgr / m3 0,38 1,22 0,03 0,07 82,19
Cadmium
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 4,62 46,31 0,64 2,01 68,77
Lead and lead compounds
Micsasa
Cadmiu microgr / m3 - 0,98 - 0,10 90,00
Cadmium
Plumb i compui microgr / m3 - 45,68 - 3,35 76,94
Lead and lead compounds

SUCEAVA
Municipiul Suceava
Metil mercaptan microgr / m3 - 7,12 - 0,50 52,60
Methanethiol

TIMI
Municipiul Timioara
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 16,85 25,74 6,48 17,26 24,80
Deposited powder
Municipiul Lugoj
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 7,61 30,04 7,40 22,76 40,00
Deposited powder
Ora Snnicolau Mare
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 29,82 - 11,76 25,00
Deposited powder
Ora Jimbolia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 25,18 - 11,20 20,00
Deposited powder
Banloc
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 29,83 - 11,54 25,00
Deposited powder
Moravia
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 30,64 - 14,32 33,30
Deposited powder
Utvin
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 30,68 - 14,18 25,00
Deposited powder
1.3.8 LOCALITI N CARE S-AU NREGISTRAT DEPIRI DE CONCENTRAII
MAXIME ADMISIBILE ALE SUBSTANELOR POLUANTE N AER, N 2001
LOCALITIES WHICH RECORDED EXCEEDS OF THE MAXIMUM
ADMITTED AIR CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS, IN 2001
continuare / continued
Frecvena depirii
Variaia / Change in
Denumirea judeului, concentraiei
localitii i a substanei Concentraiei Concentraiei maxime admisibile
U.M.
poluante maxime efective medii anuale Frequency of exceeding
M.U .
Name of county, locality Effective maximum Yearly average the maximum admitted
and pollutants concentration concentration concentration
min. max. min. max. (%)

Sag
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 26,40 - 18,13 44,40
Deposited powder
Pdureni
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 24,33 - 13,81 33,30
Deposited powder
Birda
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 22,35 - 13,76 36,30
Deposited powder

TULCEA
Municipiul Tulcea
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 9,98 22,17 5,48 10,84 13,63
Deposited powder

VASLUI
Municipiul Vaslui
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 26,70 29,00 21,13 23,53 86,10
Deposited powder
Municipiul Brlad
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 28,80 33,40 23,26 27,59 96,70
Deposited powder
Municipiul Hui
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 24,80 25,40 18,75 20,76 78,30
Deposited powder
Ora Negreti
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 21,50 23,40 18,96 19,18 79,20
Deposited powder

VLCEA
Municipiul Rmnicu Vlcea
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 0,33 0,34 0,06 0,08 9,36
Suspended powder
Stolniceni
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,28 - 0,08 6,09
Suspended powder

VRANCEA
Municipiul Focani
Pulberi sedimentabile g / m2 - 23,66 - 16,25 16,66
Deposited powder

BUCURETI
Municipiul Bucureti
Pulberi n suspensie mg / m3 - 0,71 - 0,11 10,53
Suspended powder
1.3.9 REPARTIZAREA TERENURILOR AGRICOLE PE CLASE DE
PRETABILITATE, LA 31 DECEMBRIE 2001
DISTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND BY
SUITABILITY CLASSES, ON DECEMBER 31, 2001

Modul de folosin / Use


Puni i fnee Vii i livezi
Total agricol Arabil
Pastures and Vineyards and
Clasa de pretabilitate Total agricultural Arable Suitability
hayfields orchards
mii ha mii ha mii ha mii ha
(%) (%) (%) (%)
thou ha thou ha thou ha thou ha

Suprafaa total 14852 100,0 9402 100,0 4931 100,0 519 100,0 Total area
din care, n clasa de pretabilitate: of which, in the suitability class:
I - foarte bun 410 2,8 355 3,8 54 1,1 1 0,2 I - very good
II - bun 3656 24,6 3353 35,7 220 4,5 83 16,0 II - good
III - mijlocie 3083 20,7 2364 25,1 597 12,1 122 23,5 III - medium
IV - slab 3623 24,4 1728 18,4 1767 35,8 128 24,7 IV - weak
V - foarte slab 4080 27,5 1602 17,0 2293 46,5 185 35,6 V - very weak
1.3.10 SUPRAFAA TERENURILOR AGRICOLE AFECTATE DE DIVERI
FACTORI LIMITATIVI AI CAPACITII PRODUCTIVE, N 2001 1)
AGRICULTURAL LAND AREA AFFECTED BY VARIOUS
1)
FACTORS RESTRAINING THE PRODUCTIVE CAPACITY, IN 2001
Suprafaa afectat
(mii ha)
Denumirea factorului Name of factor
Affected area
(thou hectares)

Secet frecvent 7100 Frequent drought


din care: cu amenajri pentru irigaii 2) 3211 of which: arrangements for irigations 2)

Exces periodic de umiditate n sol 3781 Humidity periodical excess in soil


din care: cu amenajri de desecare - drenaj 2) 3196 of which: arrangements for dryness - drainage 2)

Eroziunea solului prin ap 6300 Water soil erosion


din care: cu amenajri antierozionale 2) 2274 of which: antierosion arrangements 2)
Alunecri de teren 702 Landslide
Eroziunea solului prin vnt 378 Wind soil erosion
Schelet excesiv de la suprafaa solului 300 Excessive skeleton from soil surface
Srturarea solului 614 Soil salt
Compactarea solului datorit lucrrilor Soil compaction due to inadequate
necorespunztoare ("talpa plugului") 6500 works ("plough sole")
Compactarea natural a solului 2060 Soil natural compaction
Formarea de crust 2300 Crust formation
Rezerv mic i foarte mic de humus n sol 7485 Small and very small humus deposit in soil
Aciditate puternic i moderat 3424 Strong and moderate acidity
Alcalinitate ridicat 223 High alkalinity
Asigurarea slab i foarte slab Very weak and weak ensuring with
cu fosfor mobil 6330 mobile phosphorus
Asigurarea slab i foarte slab Very weak and weak ensuring with
cu potasiu mobil 787 mobile potassium
Asigurarea slab cu azot 5110 Weak ensuring with nitrogen
Carene de microelemente (zinc) 1500 Scarcity of microelements (zinc)
Poluarea chimic a solului datorit Soil chemical pollution due to different
diferitelor activiti social-economice 900 socio-economic activities

1)
Aceeai suprafa poate fi afectat de unul sau mai muli factori limitativi.
1)
The same area can be concomitantly affected by several factors.
2)
Amenajrile menionate sunt n cea mai mare parte nefuncionale, datorit nentreinerii lor.
2)
Mentioned plannings are mostly not functioning due to their unmaintenance.
1.3.11 INVESTIII DE PROTECIA MEDIULUI, PE CATEGORII DE PRODUCTORI I
GRUPE DE ACTIVITI SPECIFICE, N 2001
INVESTMENTS IN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, BY CATEGORY OF PRODUCERS
AND BY GROUP OF SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES, IN 2001
milioane lei preuri curente / milion lei current prices
Prevenirea i Protecia resurselor
combaterea naturale i conservarea Alte
Sectoare de activitate polurii biodiversitii activiti
Total
Activity sectors Prevention and Natural resorces Other
control of protection and activities
pollution biodiversity preservation

Total 6203708 5914367 88978 200363

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Total 4713291 4457448 86666 169177

Industrie extractiv 80845 80328 282 235


Mining and quarrying

Industrie prelucrtoare 3575626 3379133 46123 150370


Manufacturing

Producia, transportul i distribuia


de energie electric i termic,
gaze i ap cald 928703 887795 33964 6944
Electric and thermal energy,
gas and hot water production,
transport and distribution

Construcii 128117 110192 6297 11628


Construction

Productori specializai / Specialised producers

Total 1144336 1136423 - 7913

Recuperarea deeurilor i resturilor


de materiale reciclabile 147374 146119 - 1255
Recovery of waste and of
remains of recycled materials

Gospodrirea resurselor de ap,


captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei 880670 874513 - 6157
Administration of water resources,
water collection, treatment
and distribution

Comer cu ridicata al deeurilor


i resturilor 4501 4501 - -
Wholesale of waste and remains

Asanarea i ndeprtarea gunoaielor,


salubritate i alte activiti similare 111791 111290 - 501
Draining and removal of garbage,
salubrity and other similar activities

Administraie public local / Local public administration

Total 346081 320496 2312 23273

Administraie public 346081 320496 2312 23273


Public adminstration