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Otis Dudley Duncan


AMERICAN SOCIOLOGIST

WRITTEN BY: The Editors of Encyclopdia Britannica

Otis Dudley Duncan


AMERICAN SOCIOLOGIST

BORN
December 2, 1921
Nocona, Texas

DIED
November 16, 2004 (aged 82)
Santa Barbara, California

SUBJECTS OF STUDY

Chicago
African American

VIEW BIOGRAPHIES RELATED TO

CATEGORIES
sociology

DATES
December 2
November 16

Otis Dudley Duncan, (born December 2, 1921, Nocona, Texas, U.S.died November 16, 2004, Santa Barbara, California), American
sociologist whose study of the black population of Chicago (1957) demonstrated early in his career the validity of human ecology as an
extension of the discipline of sociology.

Duncan received a B.A. from Louisiana State University (1941), an M.A. from the University of Minnesota (1942), and a Ph.D. from the
University of Chicago (1949). He served as associate professor of human ecology at the University of Chicago (195760), where he had
taught since 1951, before becoming a full professor (196062). He later taught at the Universities of Michigan (196273), Arizona (197384),
and California in Santa Barbara (198487). He introduced many statistical techniques to sociology, such as the statistical causal models
typically used in biology. These are examined in great detail in Notes on Social Measurement (1984).

Duncans widely referenced The American Occupational Structure (1967; with Peter M. Blau) advanced scientic understanding of the
structure and development of work-related mobility patterns in the United States. It was the rst national intergenerational survey to
represent the inuences of family background, education, race, region, size of community, and other factors on the occupational mobility
of men. The book received the Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association.

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mans collective interaction with his environment. Inuenced by the work of biologists on the interaction of organisms within their environments,
social scientists undertook to study human groups in a similar way. Thus, ecology in the social sciences is the study of the ways in which the...
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African Americans

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One of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African ancestry,
but many have nonblack ancestors as well. African Americans...
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Texas
Constituent state of the United States of America. It became the 28th state of the Union in 1845. Texas occupies the
south-central segment of the country and is the largest state...
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