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Body Mass Index Related With Body Image Of Teenage Girl In Class XI SMA N 1

Sukoharjo District Pringsewu 2015

ManuScript

By; Team

Leader : Asri Rahmawati


Member : Nuria Muliani
Diny Vellyana
Khusnul Khotimah

ILMU KEPERAWATAN

STIKes MUHAMMADIYAH PRINGSEWU LAMPUNG

2015

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Body Mass Index Related With Body Image Of Teenage Girl In Class XI SMA N 1
Sukoharjo District Pringsewu 2015

By; Asri Rahmawati, Nuria Muliani, Diny Vellyana. Khusnul Khotimah

ABSTRACT

Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood, this period is often referred to
as puberty, many teens are still concerned with body image and feeling worried about the shape
of her body, while the body image perceptions person's body size as the belief that his size is
greater or obese of the actual body size.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between body mass index with body
image in girls in class XI SMAN 1 Sukoharjo District of Sukoharjo District Pringsewu 2015. The
subjects were female students in class XI SMA N I Sukoharjo amounted to 113 people. The
study design used cross sectional design. The sampling using Stratified random sampling
technique. Analysis using Chi Square.

The results of the bivariate analysis there is a relationship between body mass index with body
image results (p-value = 0.004). Suggestions for teenage girl is to get motivated to improve
coping mechanism when the body does not have ideal conditions.

Key word; Body Mass Index, Body Image

Bibliography; 5 ( 2010- 2013 )

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PRELIMINARY years in Indonesia by 10.8% comprised of a
8.3% fat, 2.5% are obese. A total of 13
Adolescence is a period of transition from
provinces with prevalence above national fat
childhood to adulthood, this period is often
that is Java, Riau, Jakarta, Bangka etc.
referred to as puberty, many teens are still
concerned with body image and feeling Attention to the image of a person's body
worried about the shape of her body, while will be stronger in both adolescent young
the body image perceptions person's body women or men but more body
size as the belief that his size is greater or dissatisfaction experienced by adolescents
obese of the actual body size. (Aryani, compared to men. In general, young women
2010). are less satisfied with the state of his body
and had more negative body image
Many teenagers who think they have more
compared to teenage boys (Andean, 2010).
weight or less, even if the actual weight is
normal, many teens are still concerned with Based on the pre-survey at SMAN 1
body image and worried about the shape of Sukoharjo most students have a weight
her body. Such concerns (body image) are above average, based on the results of
common problems that occur during interviews with 12 students of class XI
adolescence, especially girls. Body image obtained 10 (80%) of students in the
perceptions of body size (the truth about the category of overweight and 2 (20%) and 4
perception of body size (Yuliana, 2013). students ( 30%) say satisfied with her body
shape, and 8 students (70%) say not satisfied
The prevalence of obesity in teenagers more
with the shape of her body, because it was
increase each year in the world. Riskesdas
less than ideal.
2007 reported that prevalence of weight gain
on more 15 years is 13,9% for boys and Based on the description above, the writer is
23,8% for girls. interested in studying the heading
"Relationship with the body mass index,
According to data Riskesdas in 2013 the
body image in girls high school class XI N1
prevalence of obese adolescents aged 13-15
Sukoharjo 2015.

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RESEARCH RESULT

Table 1
Frequency Distribution of Body Mass Index Teenage girl Class X1 SMA N1 Sukoharjo
2015

No IMT Frekuensi %
1 Kurus 20 17,7

2 Normal 51 45,1

3. Gemuk 42 37,2

Total 113 100


From Table 1 above it can be reported that mass index in the normal category of 51
of the 113 respondents girls high school N1 students (45.1%)
Sukoharjo most respondents have a body

Table 2
Frequency Distribution Body Image Teenage Girl Class X1 SMA N1 Sukoharjo 2015

No Citra Tubuh Frekuensi %


1 Negatif 53 46,9 %

2 Positif 60 53.1 %

Total 113 100

From Table 2 above can be reported that of Sukoharjo mostly have a positive body
the 113 respondents girls students SMAN 1 image by 60 students (53.1%)

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Table 3
Relations Distribution of Body Mass Index with Body Image
Teenage Girl SMAN 1 Sukoharjo Pringsewu

Citra Tubuh Kecemasan Total % P value


Kurus Normal Gemuk
N % N % N % N %
Positif 1 24, 1 18. 3 56. 53 100 0.000
3 5 0 9 0 6
Negatif 7 11, 4 68. 1 20. 60
7 1 3 2 0
Total 2 17. 5 45. 4 37. 113
0 7 1 1 2 2
Tahun 2015

From Table 3 above shows that students Statistical test results obtained p-value of
who have a negative body image is widely 0.000 is smaller than the value alpha =
available in the obese category, namely 0.05), which means that Ho refused, so it
(56.6%), positive body image even concluded that there was a significant
numerous in normal category body mass relationship between body mass index with
index (68.3%). body image.

Based on the results of chi square test p In adolescence, they are more conscious of
value 0.000 is known that less than 0.05 (p himself than for the children. Teenagers will
value <0.05) so Ho rejected. This shows that be more aware and pay more attention to her
there is a relationship between body mass body image and the attention of the attention
index with body image in adolescents in will be more visible and pronounced in girls.
class XI SMAN 1 Sukoharjo Sukoharjo (Hurlock 2013).
districts in 2015.
For teens who have ideal body condition
DISCUSSION will be satisfied that his body image
satisfaction with one aspect of the body is

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usually a scale that determines the value of Airlangga University student who found
the site, for example the waist, hips, thighs, many respondents who have a negative body
breasts and other hair (cicilabaika image.
Thompson in 2012).
According to researchers in adolescent girls
According Siantar 2011 adolescents in order tend to believe strongly in maintaining the
to achieve the desired ideal weight is to do a appearance of which is indicated by the
diet, a diet with fasting teens or reducing the condition of her image, if her condition is
amount of meal consumed, the assumption less than the maximum in other words, has a
by reducing the amount of food intake as large body size (fat) is less than ideal then it
much as possible it will accelerate weight could affect the image of the body of
loss. individuals who, when coping mechanisms
of the individual is not good then people will
This is consistent with the 2012 study
feel less satisfied and have an impact on
entitled bustiana body image relationship
self-image disorders.
with the concept of ideal body FISIP

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

1. Conclusion index with body image in girls in


a. Most of the respondents who class XI SMAN 1 Sukoharjo
have a body mass index within District Pringsewu p value 0.000
the normal ranges are 51 people 2. Suggestions
(45.1%). Advice for teens is to information for
b. Most of the respondents who young women so motivated to
have a positive body image as improve coping mechanism when the
many as 60 people (53.1%). body does not have ideal conditions.
c. Here was a significant
association between body mass

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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1. Aryani (2010 ) Kesehatan 4. Hurlock (2013). Psikologi
remaja,problem dan solusinya. Perkembangan. Erlangga. Jakarta.
Salemba media. Jakarta. 5. Yuliana ( 2013) Ketidak Puasan
2. Bustiana ( 2012 ) Hubungan Citra Citra Tubuh. EGC. Jakarta.
Tubuh dengan Konsep Tubuh Ideal
3. Cicilaibaika ( 2012 ) kepuasan citra
tubuh dengan harga diri.