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5th C.A.

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Page Two
Economy of Adequate Provision for Defense

I T is a sublime thought that our fore­ Defense Test Address Broadcast by

people. But we are prone to be careless,
fathers one hundred and fifty years
ago laid the foundation of what has
become the greatest nation. The estab­
General John J. Pershing on

Evening of July 4

and under our very eyes there have al­

ready been serious reductions made by
Congress in our military establishment.
lishment of a free government wherein More unfortunate still, further cuts seem
every man could worship God in his own imminent and for political reasons, unless
way, and under which life, liberty and in meeting the crises of war, we rarely the people through the press and through
the unmolested pursuit of happiness would undertake to avoid the possibility of their their representatives step in and call a
be guaranteed had long been the dream recurrence. What do his example and halt. Otherwise the result will be a re­
of oppressed humanity. But it remained his counsel profit us if we ignore in our petition of the past with its loss of life
for our 'ancestors here in America to everyday lives the practical exercise of and treasure, and with the added possi­
seize the opportunity, and dare to pro­ our functions as citizens? bility that defeat may come some day in­
claim their purpose to the world. Feeble, In his day the duties of citizenship, so stead of victory. This has been the fate
unorganized, unarmed though they were, to speak, made too little impression upon of all nations that have neglected se­
yet they feared not. No other people the average man. And there is where curity.
could possibly have a greater inspiration our greatest danger lies today. The story
than ourselves, and none greater obliga­ of unpreparedness for the Revolutionary In the light of history it is clearly our
tions to cherish and protect what duty to support an adequate military es­
they gave us. tablishment during peace, or else
the next generation will have to
In Cambridge, Massachusetts, CMTC ENROLLMENT pay the price that has always been
one hundred and fifty years ago paid for past neglect. It is sad
yesterday, the sword of supreme JUNE 30, 1925 in retrospect to realize that even
command was bestowed on Wash­ Corps while paying war costs inherited
ington, but the armies that were Area a b c d e f from their fathers, no generation
to fight the battles that confronted 1st 3927 2395 4400 3000 89.2 79.8 of Americans has been wise
the colonists had to be created. 2nd 6894 4269 6500 4700 106.0 90.8 enough or unselfish enough to pro­
In that task Washington found 3rd 6609 4718 5600 3900 118.0 120.9 vide against the wars that have
his sorest trials. Such was the 4th 6672 5110 5700 4000 117.0 127.7 fallen upon their sons. It has
attitude of the colonists that they 5th 6988 4193 6000 4200 116.4 99.8 been said, and with truth, that the
could only be induced to serve 6th 5864 3662 5600 3900 104.7 93.9 Government is a poor business
for short periods, and discipline 7th 5485 2608 6700 4900 81.8 53.2 manager. It is too often penny
was next to impossible. For these 8th 4651 3094 5000 3400 93.0 91.0 wise and pound foolish, and often
reasons the personnel was con­ 9th 4941 3334 4500 3000 109.8 111.1 only the political consideration
stantly changing and the number of the moment seems to count.
of men who actually served in the 52031 33383 50000 .35000 104.06 95.38
No better illustration is needed
Continental Armies during the Explanatory note: of this than the millions that must
succeeding seven years outnum­ a—Applications received by June 30. be paid in interest alone on our
bered by twenty to one the British b—Number accepted and ordered to camp. war debt during this fiscal year,
forces sent to subdue them. The to say nothing of the many more
patriots of the Declaration found c—Minimum objective.
millions that will have to be paid
that it was one thing to proclaim d—Number to be trained. on the debt itself. There can be
a principle, but quite another to e—Percentage of quota (applications). no possible justification for saving
establish it. There were pacifists f—Percentage accepted of number to be a few millions a year on the
and Tories in those days, just as trained. Army during peace if in the end
there are today, and there were and as a consequence we are
shirkers, slackers, and profiteers. forced to spend extra billions in
Unity among the colonies was an emergency to make up defi­
lacking, but worst of all was the failure War has been repeated in every war since, ciencies. The difference in the cost be­
of the colonists themselves to appreciate just because our people have failed to tween an adequate and an inadequate
their individual obligations to the nation fulfill their obligations during peace. system is not enough to warrant the risk.
they had started out to found. Never ready to meet any major emerg­ Insurance against war and its conse­
Through the intervention of Providence ency, the cost in lives and money has al­ quences is too valuable.
there has always arisen the man fitted to ways been unduly and unnecessarily heavy. Most everybody now admits that had
meet each successive crisis in our history. I wish it could be said with confidence we been reasonably prepared in 1914
Of all such men Washington stands out as that we should never again be neglectful there would probably have been no ne­
the foremost, because on him fell the of our security, because neglect would cessity for our entry into the war, or if
responsibility of success in this war for again only invite insult or aggression it had been necessary the war could have
the principle of self government. The against us and only make our war of de­ been brought to a close in 1917. Every­
obligation was not to his people alone but fense a heavier burden upon our people. one also knows now that if the Allies
to all people for all time. Without his The Law of 1920 was practically the had failed to hold on until we were ready
combined qualities of high moral courage, first successful effort to benefit by ex­ the Central Powers would have won the
tireless perseverance and noble patriot­ perience, and a fairly good start has been war. The same or parallel conclusions
ism, he could not have overcome the end­ made. There has never been greater in­ might be drawn as to our previous wars.
less difficulties that beset him. We never terest in time of peace in the subjects of As to cost, without going into details,
lose an opportunity to do honor to his national defense. The Army, the Guard, probably two-thirds of our national debt
memory, but we have been most heedless the Reserves are all anxious to be found (Continued on Page Eleven)
of his advice. While praising his ability ready, and the spirit is abroad among the
Page Three
Our 'Walking Show Case"

By Major MALCOLM P. ANDRUSS, CAC, DOL, Commanding Buffalo Recruiting District

The Recruiter Should Possess Both
than a duty their usefulness to you is at
I N a recent issue of the Recruiting News
I touched on the subject of our "sta­
tionary show case," the "A" board. To­
day I want to take up briefly the no less
An Attractive Appearance and

a Pleasing Personality

an end.
Hold conferences from time to time and
take the men into your confidence; in­
important topic of our "walking show spire them with a desire to be producers
case"—the canvasser. and compliment them on their accomplish­
It is a basic principle of salesmanship But I am forced to admit that the .ments when praise is due. You can catch
that the salesman must first "sell" himself "master" soldier is a rara avis. It has more flies with sugar than with vinegar.
before he is in any position to dispose often been said that a good soldier is a Be careful not to give the impression
of his wares to a prospective purchaser. work of God and a poor one is an inven­ that your DEML men are the king pins
In successfully selling himself there are tion of the evil one. That we lack the and that the [allocated personnel is a side
two main outstanding attributes that the most efficient personnel is no excuse for issue; there should be no differentiation,
salesman must possess , in more or less our assuming an attitude of injured in- for all have one objective—production.
marked degree if he is' ambitious to be­ difference—conducting a passive resist­ True, your best salesmen should be given
come a big producer—attractive personal ance, as it were. On the contrary we the "high spots," but if the assignments
appearance and a pleasing personality. must devise ways and means for neutral­ are made diplomatically there should be no
It has often been said that salesmen izing the handicap under which we are resulting unpleasantness.
are born, not made, and whereas the two working. It is our problem and we must
solve it in a way that will not only reflect Sub-Station Training Valuable
essential attributes I have mentioned are,
in 'a way, God given, nevertheless it is credit upon ourselves but upon the serv­ Your sub-station commanders should be
within every man's power to cultivate ice in general. impressed with the fact that they are not
habits of character that will enable him There is no royal road to success or ac­ being side-tracked, for certainly it is just
more nearly to approach the ideal. complishment. The things that we treas­ as essential to have excellent men away
Recruiters' Work Important ure the most in life are those that we from the home station as near the throne.
have had to strive the hardest to obtain. As a matter of fact it is vital that men at
I know of no military activity in time There may be many solutions to our prob­ substations be of a calibre worthily to re­
of peace of such vital import to the good lem, all of them equally meritorious, and present the Army for they must at times
name of our Army as the duty we impose whereas the lines along which I am work­ paddle their own canoe and assume re­
on our recruiting canvassers, and yet it ing at present are not radical departures, sponsibilities that otherwise might not be
would appear that the subject is not being still I feel that I should touch upon them theirs. Again it is well to give all of
given the serious consideration that its briefly in order that there may be an in­ the personnel a chance to do substation
importance demands. terchange of ideas, a feature so essential work in order to broaden their initiative
Thrown as these men are in direct to the success of any business. and further to acquaint them with the
and constant contact with our civilian many problems that must be met and
population throughout the country the im­ Men Must Play the Game
solved by the team as a whole.
pression they give is a powerful influence No business can be efficiently conducted Your recruiting detachment is a team
for good or evil. Too often this fact is without a careful study of the "overhead." and the individuals composing it must
entirely lost sight of by the commanders It is frequently the determining factor in
play the game according to the rules laid
who are charged with the duty of provid­ success or failure. In other words, make
a study of your "engine." Does it run down—this is discipline in its truest sense.
ing the personnel, many of whom sub­ Right now it is the practice in my dis­
ordinate the broad viewpoint of the best smoothly or is there a knock in it? Your
car may be superficially a work of art trict to run a "foreign service" roster
interests of the service to their own selfish
interests. Possibly their attitude "of in­ but if there is no engine under the hood for substation work, the tour of duty
difference is due to the failure to give you will never reach your objective. You being for three months. The results so
serious thought to the problems confront­ are familiar with the work to be done far are most encouraging and bid fair
ing the Recruiting Service, or again it in your recruiting district and you must to solve a problem that has been a source
may be that they have never had the situ­ have an efficient office force proper­ of no little worry in the past.
ation clearly explained to them. ly to coordinate it. Frequently we are told Men are not considered available for
to cut down here or there, and, whereas substation work until they have attained
Soldier Salesmen Needed suitable proficiency at the home station.
there is danger in a top-heavy organiza­
In my opinion one of the most glaring tion, on the other hand it is vital that it In case a man has done efficient work at
defects in the recruiting field today is the be sufficient in numbers to function prop­ a substation and is anxious to remain his
woeful lack of a sufficient number of erly. The man in the field must be taken tour of duty may be extended. However,
qualified salesmen. The pity of it is that care of. He is & part of the machine and if he is a "high powered" salesman he
there appears to be no remedy in sight. must be made to feel so. must expect to be placed where his 'talents
The canvasser is in truth a "walking Look to the morale of your men—they can be used to the best advantage. It is
show case" and may be likened to a mag- important that the canvasser be kept in­
must be led, not driven. If success is to formed as to the status of his applicants
net—he either attracts or repels. If this
be yours you must have a happy and con­ and also as to his comparative standing
is a fact, and I make the statement with­
out fear of contradiction, we in the Re­ tented "family." Personal contact and along the lines of production—this is
cruiting Service should ever keep upper­ encouragement are the first essen­ psychological. Where there a number of
most in our minds the absolute necessity tials of true leadership. Stimulate a canvassers at any one station the "re­
for obtaining "master" soldiers to do the healthy spirit of rivalry among your can­ cruiting canvassers' daily progress board,"
work in our vineyards. The fruit we har­ vassers. Impress them with the fact that described recently in the Recruiting News
vest will be in exact proportion to the production is an interesting game, not a may be used to excellent advantage along
efficiency of the workmen—no more, no mere routine duty; that if they consider production lines.
less. their work in the light of nothing more (Continued from Page Twelve)
Page Four
Russian Officers Enlist in Washington N. G.

A DISTINCT innovation in the re­

cruiting of National Guard or­
ganizations was effected in the
State of Washington last April when
vited several former Cossack officers to
ride, as his guests, the mounts maintained
by the artillery regiment at Fort Lawton,
the Regular Army post adjacent to
mander, Captain Cyril Stutficld. A recep­
tion and musical entertainment followed
the muster.
Battery C, 146th Field Artillery, in Seat­ Enlistment of the platoon has helped
Seattle. materially in the solution of an annual
tle, enlisted an entire platoon of former Later the Society of Wounded Russian
officers of the Russian Imperial Army. problem experienced by Washington Na­
Veterans of the World War extended, tional Guard unit commanders, namely
Every one of the new guardsmen was through its president, Lieut. Gen. Alex­
wounded and decorated for gallantry in that of recruiting sufficient men for the
ander Elshin, its support to the proposed annual encampment who will not require
the fierce fighting in East Prussia and formation of a Russian platoon, and the
later in action against the hordes of the training for their duties in camp.
battery shortly afterward gained a form­ From the moment that the two Russian
Red army. All have received their first er major general, several colonels, lieut.
naturalization papers and are studying, chiefs of section first aligned their sec­
colonels, majors and captains and two one­
for their final papers with the hope of time Russian naval officers. tions their drill has been progressing rap­
eventually becoming full fledged citizens idly. In addition to the weekly drill the
All Seattle's Russian colony attended
of their adopted nation. the formal muster of the new platoon on new guardsmen attend a weekly school
Contact with these unusual recruit April 28 when the regimental commander, of instruction in which their former mili­
was gained by their organizer, Lieut. Colonel Harry G. Winsor, welcomed the tary lore is revived. Additional recruits
John M. Stoddard of Battery C of the new artillerymen, who were given the are expected from the Russian colony
146th, a Seattle newspaper man, who in­ oath of enlistment by the battery com­ shortly.

Russian Chief of Section and His Gun Crew of Battery C, 146th FA—Lieut. John M. Stoddard in Foreground

Digestive Physiology—An Army Discovery

UNDAY, July 12, 1925, marked the of medicine in 1810 under the tutelage cine at Plattsburg, N. Y. However, up­

S 101st anniversary of the beginning

of the studies which resulted in the
present knowledge of the physiology of
of Dr. Benjamin Chandler of St. Al-
bans, Vt, and was licensed to practice
medicine by the Third Medical Society
on the solicitation of his friend and mili­
tary comrade, Dr. Joseph Lovell, then
Surgeon General of the Army, he accepted
digestion. These studies were started on of the State of Vermont in June, 1812. a commission as post surgeon, dated
July 12, 1824, by Surgeon William Beau­ Dr. Beaumont entered the Army as March 18, 1820, to rank from Dec. 4,
mont, of the United States Army. what was then called surgeon's mate, 1819, and was ordered to Fort Mackinac,
Dr. William Beaumont, one of the pio­ Sixth U. S. Infantry, Sept. 8, 1812, but Michigan.
neer American scientists, was born No­ suspended duty for the purpose of estab­ It was during his service in the fron­
vember 21, 1785, at Lebanon, Conn. He lishing a private practice at Plattsburg, tier post, Fort Mackinac, that an acci­
was the son of Samuel Beaumont, a N. Y. With the advent of actual cam­ dent to Alexis St. Martin, a Canadian em­
prosperous New England farmer. At the paign, he re-entered the Army Feb. 15, ployee of the American Fur Company,
age of 21, disregarding his father's pro­ 1813, and served valiantly throughout the gave Dr. Beaumont the opportunity which
tests, William wandered northward to War of 1812. At the close of the war he resulted in the now famous experiments
Champlain, N. Y., where he taught school resigned from the Army, and in 1815 es­ on gastric digestion. This young man
for three years. He began the study tablished Himself in the practice of medi­ (Contiimed on Page Twelve)
Page Five
Tenth Infantry Guards Harding Tomb

T the grey-walled tomb of Presi­ Small Detachment Has Honor of

pride in being members of the military

A dent and Mrs. Warren G. Harding

in Marion, Ohio, is stationed a de­
tachment of one officer and twenty-six
Guarding Remains of Na­
tion's Dead Chiej

profession here in Marion. Remember that

you are picked men, which puts you in a
class by yourselves. By your voluntary
enlistment into the service you'have taken
picked men from the Tenth United States
Infantry. Day in and day out, through a position that entitles you to respect.
heat or cold, rain or shine, the olive-drab sentry duty that is performed. As repre­ 'I am an American soldier' are proud
clad sentries pace back and forth before sentatives of the Tenth Infantry and the words for any man to say."
the resting place of their former com­ Army the detachment has a most respon­ But duty has not occupied the entire
mander-in-chief, proud of the duty they sible position whether on or off duty. time of the members of the detachment.
are privileged to perform, proud that they Marion itself is not a large city but it is The citizens of Marion are very friendly
have been selected from their regiment— the Mecca of imany tourists, and away and many are the dinners and social func­
and from the entire United States Army from the cemetery the conduct of the tions to which the soldiers are invited.
for that matter—for the Guard of Honor men must be irreproachable. Baskets of fruit, nuts, candies, pies and
posted in the beautiful cemetery at the The opportunity for the favorable ad­ other edible things arrive at the quarters
little town which the stricken leader called vertising of their regiment and the service at frequent intervals, as do also magazines
"home." is startlingly manifest. The non-commis­ and books.
Literally hundreds of thousands of sioned officers make a practice of giving Mrs. Harding knew each member in the
tourists and visitors have paused to pay a replica of the picture accompanying this detachment and was proud of the men
silent homage at the grave of the dead article to each visitor who passes through. who guarded the remains of her husband.
president and these have gone away im­ On the back of this picture is written the Before her death she provided the men's
pressed with the simple dignity of the donor's name and his regiment, so that Thanksgiving dinner; Christmas dinner
soldier guards. For courtesy and respect this form of advertising reaches every was given by Rodman Wanamaker of
are watch-words with the little detach­ state in the Union. New York; while the Rotary Club en­
ment, standing as it does before the criti­ Lieutenant Sherfey is a member of sev­ tertained them on Armistice Day.
cal eyes of the many visitors, and the eral clubs in Marion, and each enlisted Many a letter commenting on the cour­
questions asked of the men composing it, man who is eligible belongs to the Ameri­ tesy of the men has been received by Lieu­
though monotonous and often annoying, can Legion, and is, therefore, interested in tenant Sherfey from visitors. The dis­
are always answered civilly and politely. civic affairs. Whenever an ex-soldier dies tinguished persons who have visited the
The present detachment dates from it is the detachment that furnishes the fir­ tomb have likewise had a good word for
August ?8, 1924, when nineteen men ar­ ing squad. As escorts at military funer­ them. The Secretary of War, two Presi­
rived to take up the duty of guarding the als, as leaders in various patriotic parades, dential aides, the Postmaster General,
tomb under the command of First Lieu­ the members of the guard are always and many generals and ambassadors have
tenant Walter Lee Sherfey, who had ready to serve. all complimented the guard and its com­
preceded them. With but few changes In a detail such as the one at Marion, mander.
the detachment has remained as it was its diplomatic as well as its military aspect As far as can be ascertained a guard
on that date, for the post is an honored must be considered. Each man is made to will be maintained at President Harding's
one and is jealously guarded. With never realize this, and to see that the misconduct tomb until the completion of the memorial
a furlough and seldom a pass to interrupt of one member could not only break the which is being erected by the Harding
the smooth-running organization that is reputation of the whole but would be a Memorial Association. This, it is esti­
theirs, the representatives of the Tenth blemish on the record of the regiment. mated, will take nearly two years. Mean­
are always present for their tour of "The proudest characteristic of the while the detachment of the Tenth In­
duty, for a furlough or pass might mean service," said Lieutenant Sherfey in one fantry continues to uphold the traditions
that another soldier would come to fill of his talks to them, "is the nicety of its and honor of the regiment by its attention
the temporary vacancy. honor. I want you soldiers who are here to duty and the courteous and respectful
The activities of this Guard of Honor guarding the tomb of your late command­ manner which it displays in contact with
are not entirely restricted to the actual er-in-chief to feel proud of and show the civilian population.

A Winter View of the Guard Detachment

Page Six
The March of the Mounted Riflemen

ULY 25, 1849.—We are now fairly From Bear River to Fort Boisse—•
board of survey, being fully satisfied that
arrived in the great valley of Bear their condition did not justify the hope of
River. It is a fine valley, in some 381 Miles in One Month
our arriving with them at our place of
places three miles wide, and well watered and Four Days
destination without great trouble and loss
by Bear River, which empties into the of property. It was now important to
Great Salt Lake, after having passed (Continued from July First Issue) reorganize the whole train, by leaving
through a mountainous region for many unserviceable wagons and such animals
miles. We are now to travel along its an ordinary day's march; but the fatigue
as were unfit for present use at Fort Hall,
banks until we arrive at Soda Springs, of the teams of yesterday, and the heavy,
sandy road that we were to pass over be­ which was to be occupied by two com­
where the Oregon trail turns to the north panies of the rifle regiment that had re­
and the river makes a bend to the south, tween this and Fort Hall, made it doubt­
ful if we should accomplish the distance cently arrived.
more abruptly than where the trail leaves The regimental train was the most in­
the North Platte. today, being 22 miles.
The first division left the encampment jured by the march. The drivers, being
July 26.—We commenced our march at enlisted men, were entirely ignorant of
at 6 a. m. We descended a long hill which
8 o'clock for Smith's trading-house, about such duty, and took no interest in learn­
brought us into a sandy plain which ex­
thirteen miles distant, which we reached tends to Fort Hall, and on the banks of ing or even improving the condition of
about two o'clock after a very warm, the Port Neuf, which, after taking a cir­ their teams. Having found among the
dusty and fatiguing march. cuitous route through the hills, strikes train that had recently come up a num­
August 1.—The mules, being loose last again the road at the base of the hills ber of very fine mules, it enabled me to
night, were very hard to catch this morn­ which we had just descended, making it refit once more the whole train, together
ing. This is generally the case with these 18 miles from our encampment of the with what I had, and place them in a con­
animals; and where the trains are large 2nd. We continued along its banks for dition to commence the long journey
and grass scarce, it is all-important that some distance, when it diverges from the which we still had before us. The best
they should be hobbled. road, and, passing through the plain, drivers were taken from Fort Hall, and
We commenced our march at half past reaches the Snake River valley, where it substituted in place of the soldiers for the
seven o'clock, and soon left the river, falls into that river about 15 miles below regimental train. The most indifferent
but struck it again at one o'clock, when Fort Hall. teamsters of the supply train were paid
we reached the Soda Springs. August 5.—I gave orders to commence off, and others left at Fort Hall to be dis­
August 2.—The great mass of emi­ crossing at daylight, so as to reach camp charged as soon as they received their pay.
grants ahead of us have now turned off on as early as possible. Several wagons were August 7.—The march was renewed at
the road to California, and we begin to still on the road, but were brought in dur­ 12 o'clock. The day was passed in com­
feel as if we were getting towards Ore­ ing the morning. pleting all unfinished business, and pre­
gon. It is fortunate for us that our trail We had now arrived at Fort Hall, our paring the second division to follow in
has been so little travelled, for we are last resting-place; and sorry was the the morning. We retired this evening
soon to enter a country, on Snake River, condition of the trains, which were des­ to rest at half past eleven o'clock, after
that is entirely destitute of grass to the tined to carry us a distance of 700 miles riding, walking, and writing throughout
Cascade Mountains, a distance of 700 further before any aid could be obtained the day and much of the night, having
miles. after leaving here. These were the same completed a new train, which was to last
August 4.—We commenced our jour­ teams which, from their condition at us to the end of our journey, there being
ney today for Fort Hall, not more than Fort Kearny, induced me to call for a (Continued on Page Fifteen)

Inside View of Fort Boisse

Page Seven

chance appear of enriching themselves by prize money!

What an enviable station then must the Royal Marine
hold, who with far superior advantages to these, has
the additional benefit of liberal pay and plenty of the
best provisions, with a good and well appointed ship
Recruiting Publicity Bureau, Governors Island, N. Y
under him, the pride and glory of Old England; surely
An Army Information Bulletin containing a resume
of administrative reports, statistical tables, rules, every man of spirit must blush to remain home in in­
regulations, and official notices of recruiting for the activity and indolence, when his country and the best of
guidance of members of the Regular Army, National
Guard and Organized Reserves kings need his assistance.
"He has likewise the inspiring idea to know that
JULY lb, 1925 while he scours the ocean to protect the liberty of Old
England, that the hearts and good wishes of the whole
Make It Snappy But Potent British nation attend him, pray for his success, and
participate in his glory!! Lose no time then, my fine
Brevity and neatness of speech are important in all
fellows, in embracing the glorious opportunity that
lines of effective work, except when the sometimes not
awaits you; you will receive 16 guineas bounty, and on
unpleasant game of killing time is involved therein. Re­
your arrival at headquarters be comfortably and gen­
cruiters may profit from this indication of the trend
teely clothed—and spirited young boys of a promising
of the times in the July issue of the Inland Printer:
appearance, who are five feet high, will receive 12
"This sentence is delightfully characteristic of much pounds, one shilling and sixpence bounty, and equal
business letter writing: 'Answering your recent favor advantages of provisions and clothing with the men.
addressed to us, we would state that under separate "In fact, the advantages which the Royal Marine pos­
cover we are mailing you samples of the different lines sesses are too numerous to mention here, but among the
of letter paper that we carry, and trust you will find many it may not be amiss to state, that if he has wife,
what you require among them.' Isn't that rich? The or aged parent, he can make them an allotment of half
author (of a new book on 'business English' being re­ his pay, which will be regularly paid without any trouble
viewed in the magazine) simplifies it to: 'We are mail­ to them, or to whomsoever he may direct; that being
ing you the samples you asked for, and believe you will well clothed and fed on board ship, the remainder of
find among them just what you want.' " his pay and prize money will be clear in reserve for the
A great deal of time can be employed in camouflag­ relief of his family or his own private purposes. The
ing and padding a little knowledge on the part of single young man on his return to port finds himself
canvasser when talking to a recruit, or a much shorter enabled to cut a dash on shore with his girl and his
time can be used to give him a concise explanation of glass, that might be envied by a nobleman. Take cour­
what the' Army really holds for him. The illustra­ age, then, seize the fortune that awaits you, repair to
tration cited can well be applied to the recruiter's line the Royal Marine rendezvous, where in a flowing bowl
of talk. of punch, in three times three, you shall drink 'Long
Live the King, and success to his Royal Marines.'
Recruiting for American War "The daily allowance of a Marine when embarked
"Great encouragement" (this in caps)—"American is one pound of beef or pork, one pound of bread, flour,
War" (also in caps)—"What a Brilliant Prospect does raisins, butter, cheese, oatmeal, molasses, tea, sugar,
-this Event hold out to every Lad of Spirit, who is in­ etc., etc., and a pint of the best wine, or half a pint of
clined to try his Fortune in that highly renowned Corps, the best rum or brandy, together with a pint of lemon­
The Royal Marines, when every Thing that swims the ade. They have likewise in warm countries a plentiful
Seas must be a Prize!" So runs the head type of a re­
allowance of choicest fruits. And what can be more
cruiting poster in the June issue of the Globe and
Laurel of the Royal Marines of Great Britain. The handsome than the Royal Marines' proportion of prize
poster, a copy of one originally issued at the time of money, when a sergeant shares equal with the first
the War of 1812, contains much that is of interest to class petty officers, such as midshipmen, assistant sur­
recruiters for any service of any country because of geons, etc., which is five shares each; a corporal with
the arguments advanced to the prospective recruit. the second class, which is three shares each; and the
"Thousands are at this moment endeavoring to get private, with the able seaman, one share and a half each."
on board privateers, where they serve without pay or How simple would be recruiting if some of the same
reward of any kind whatsoever; so certain does their .inducements could be offered today!
Page Eight


The United States Army builds Men"

Encouraging Reenlistments An excellent mess is kept at all into thoroughly. Army pay, allowances
Fifty-six per cent of the total num­ times, and the menu is varied daily. and retirement features are thorough­
ber of men discharged from the Quar­ The mess is operated under the per­ ly explained to him and all of these
termaster Detachment, Fort Benning, sonal supervision of the company com­ are compared with salaries paid in civil
Georgia, per expiration of term of serv­ mander, and is also given careful at­ life, particular attention being given to
ice during the period from March 1, tention by the first sergeant and mess the retirement feature and to the value
1923 to March 31, 1925, were enlisted sergeant. Menus are always carefully thereof every two or three days until
o n the day f o l l o w i n g discharge. arranged and only the best foods are actual time of discharge, and on the
Strange to say, only a small percent­ served. The kitchen and mess build­ date of discharge the man is again
age of these men were non-commis­ ing are kept in spotless condition, and called in and the same procedure used.
sioned officers. every effort is made to make the sur­ In most cases satisfactory results are
From the date a man joins the or­ roundings and environment pleasant obtained.
ganization, every effort is made to and attractive. It is believed that the question of
place him according to his qualifica­ Frequent smokers and barbecues are morale in the Army today is in the
tions or preference insofar as possible. held in which the entire Detachment hands of company and separate organi­
His career is watched carefully and participates. Barbecues are given in zation commanders, and that if the
he is given every assistance in making the open and smokers in the Detach­ proper methods are used and discip­
good on his job. Promotion to non­ ment mess hall, music being always line is enforced in a strict, kindly and
commissioned grades and to specialist furnished. Smokers usually consist of impartial manner, the military service
ratings is given as rapidly as is con­ boxing bouts, indoor athletics, and can be made attractive to the average
sistent with a man's qualifications and plenty of food and liquid refreshment. soldier. Too much stress can not be
the allotted grades and ratings. All of the men perform from seven laid on the enforcement of strict mili­
The men are given every opportunity to ten hours' work per day. The quar­ tary discipline, but this must not be
for recreation in baseball, football, ters of the men and the recreation and confused with a discipline which is
basketball, and all other outdoor day rooms are made as attractive as enforced in other than the manner
sports; the recreation room is filled possible. Phonographs and player- mentioned above.
with good books, magazines and pe­ piano have been installed, and tennis It is well worth mentioning that the
riodicals and life in their quarters is and volleyball courts have been con­ work of the 137 men in the Detach­
made as near to the comforts of home structed and are used as leisure hours ment is performed under thirteen dif­
as possible. Very few men are ever permit. ferent officers and in at least thirty
brought to trial by courts-martial. Dis­ Ten days or more before a man is to different offices, shops, etc., and that
cipline except in rare cases is enforced be discharged, he is called in by the the men themselves are only actually
by use of the 104th Article of War, company commander and asked if he under the immediate control of th~
and in practically all cases the desired intends to reenlist. If his answer is in company commander between retreat
results have been obtained by this the negative, the question of securing and reveille, Sundays, holidays, and
method. employment in civil life is then gone Wednesday and Saturday afternoons.


Dist. USA Panama Philip­

BRANCHES OF SERVICE 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th of in Hawaiian Canal pine
CA CA CA CA CA CA CA CA CA Wash. China Dept. Dept. Dept. Total

infantry 113 246 226" 364 286 128 144 187 178 18 12 55 3 1,960

Cavalry 25 93 94 10 16 42 114 146 21 3 564

Field Artillery 65 77 101 148 131 78 64 104 28 7 2 1 807

Coast Artillery 84 81 157 41 30 67 24 3

56 1 10

Air Service 14 152 8 12 137 7 46

22 6 2

Corps of Engineers 18 44 31
6 31 20 1 93
20 8 5

Signal Corps 2 36 1
1 2 1 8 12 1 2

Quartermaster Corps 21 61 57 9 "u

19 20 76


Finance Department 2 1
Medical Department (M. & D . ) . . 11 30 79 30 2\ 'ii 'ii 68
11 329


Medical Department (Vet. C.) 1 2 1 1 1 2

Ordnance Department 13 14 15 11 2 10 8 16 91

Chemical Warfare Service ° 7 5 18

D.E.M.L 10 30 13 12 li 15 66 14
12 14 197

TOTAL 362 729 934~ 649 555 535 474 761 484 81 37 84 4 5,689
Page Nine

Recruiter Athletes Win Prizes General Mess Displaced Orders Affecting Recruiting
The 3rd Corps Area team won the The Recruiting Officer at the Receiv- First Lieut. Elliott R. Thorpe, In-
South Atlantic athletic competition ing Barracks at Jefferson Barracks, fantry, relieved from recruiting duty
held at the Army War College, Wash- Missouri, in soliciting enlistments for at Providence, Rhode Island, and as­
ington, D. C, on June 2 and 3, 1925. the 6th Infantry, stationed at that post, signed to the Infantry, 1st Division.
Recruiters who received individual invites attention to the fact that the old Col. Hunter B. Nelson, retired,
prizes for the part played by them in general mess has been discontinued. placed on active duty at Los Angeles,
gaining the championship for the 3rd Individual company messes have now California, in connection with recruit-
Corps Area were Cpl. Roland A. Jo- been installed, much to the satisfac- ing.
doin, Battery F, 52nd CAC, on duty at tion and content of the enlisted men of Capt. Chester R. Fouts, Finance De-
the Army Recruiting Station at Pitts- the command. There are still many va- partment, relieved from duty in con-
burgh, Pa., and Sgt. Elmer C. Moran, cancies existing at this most attractive nection with recruiting in Harrisburg,
DEML, on duty at the Bal- Pa., and ordered to Fort
timore Recrutiing Station. Hayes, Ohio, as property
In addition, Sgt. John J. auditor, 5th Corps Area.
Fagan, Tanks, on duty Major William F. Har­
with the recruiting station rell from duties at North
at Wilkes-Barre, Pa., re- Dakota Agricultural Col­
ceived a medal for winning lege, to Governors Island,
the flyweight champion- New York, for duty in con-
ship in the 3rd Corps Area nection with recruiting.
boxing tournament. Capt. John L. Tunstall,
, Q - Finance Department, re-
Good Recruiting Records lieved from duty in con-
Sgt. Henry Sonnenburg, nection with recruiting at
on duty at New York City, Baltimore Maryland, and
led the 2nd Corps Area ordered to duty at Aber­
honor roll with 57 enlist- deen Proving Ground,
ments for June. Of the Maryland.
other eight men on the
roll, four made 11 enlist- Benning Ranks High
ments each and four, 10 Some remarkable reen­
each. listment records have been
The honor roll for the made by a number of the
5th Corps Area comprises organizations at Fort Ben­
26 names. Four recruiters, ning, Georgia, in the past
Sgt. Frank Raines and Pfc. two years. From March 1,
S. A. Townson, both at 1923, to March 31, 1925, the
Evansville, Indiana, Sgt. following percentages of
John C. Jackson, at Lex- men reenlisted from the
ington, Kentucky, and Cpl. organizations named on
Edward Phillips, at South the day following dis-
Bend, Indiana, enlisted 17 charge per expiration of
men each. Of the remain- term of service:
ing, one man enlisted 16, Quartermaster Detach-
one 15, two 14 each, three, ment, Fort Benning..56%
13 each, five, 12 each, six, Infantry School De­
11 each, and four 10 each. tachment 48%
17th Ordnance Co 86%
Helps Bag Bandit Detachment, Finance
Sgt. Rozell, of the Lo- Department 88%
gansport, I n d i a n a , Re- Hq. Co., 15th Tank Bn.67%
cruiting Station, has just Sgt. Elmer C. Moran receiving- cup from Maj. Gen. S. D. Sturgis. 15th Tank Bn 35%
achieved fame as a result Capt. Charles J. Mabbutt, recruiting officer at Baltimore, and Col. J. P. o
of the help given by him O'Neil, 3rd Corps Area recruiting officer, are in background 3 on 1st CA Roll
in trailing and capturing Three men, Sgt. James
a bank bandit. Sgt. Rozell and a naval post, due mostly to the expiration of a A. Buckley, Cpl. Harold Button and
officer entered the woods in which great percentage of one year enlist- Sgt. John Westfield, constituted the
the bandit was concealed. Catching ments. 1st Corps Area honor roll for June. Sgt.
sight of the fugitive, Rozell fired at Buckley headed the list with 13 re-
him, shooting his hat off his head. The A Cavalry Movie Ad cruits.
bandit then took to a tree and the A splendid advertisement for the
posse was enabled to enter the woods Cavalry of the United States Army is A detachment of men is now being
and surround him, ultimately forcing contained in an International News- formed from selected graduates of the
his surrender. Signal School at Camp Vail for duty
reel motion picture recently made at in Alaska. The Alaskan detail is a
the Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kan­ popular one, and as the roster is limit-
The day to start reenlisting a man is sas, which recently appeared in the ed, all who requested the assignment
the day he takes the oath of enlistment. leading theatres all over the country. could not be accommodated.
Page Ten

Economy of Adequate Provision practice that has placed this responsibility of our Army, National Guard, and Re­
for Defense of debt upon us? A wise people would serves. Evidences can be seen on every
see this error and correct it. With the hand of the splendid effect upon the
(Continued from Page Three) situation as it exists throughout the world young men who attend training camps for
at the end of the war was the direct re­ today, we can with less propriety than even a short period, and in the improved
sult of our participation. That is to say, ever take chances on the future. Yet the conduct and discipline of our schools and
we are paying on a debt of some twenty politician, himself oftentimes uninformed colleges where this training is given. And
odd billions when the chances are that the as to his country's history, frequently ap­ if ever there was a time in the history of
expenditure of less than one hundredth peals to the ignorant and unthinking on this country when just that sort of bring­
part of it on national defense annually for the score of economy by making a com­ ing up is necessary, it is the present. When
the previous years would have saved us parison of our army of today with that of one contemplates the constant and open
from the war entirely. Quoting figures twenty-five or thirty years ago, when we violations of law, the prevalent disregard
for the estimated expenditures of gov­ were in no way adequately prepared. He for our institutions, and the efforts to
ernment for the fiscal year 1926, we have does so usually without noting our great undermine and weaken us for base pur­
the sum of $3,375,000,000 of which only increase in population or our enormous poses, it seems high time to seize every
$1,160,000,000 is involved in expenditures increase in wealth, and the unwisdom of available means to inculcate a seriou;
over which the Government has admin­ neglect. Such demagogues are dangerous sense of duty in our people and reestablish
istrative control, or about one-third of who would thus leave us unprotected from ourselves on a law-abiding basis.
the total. About two billions then are foes both within and without. Let us then It is the duty of every man and woman
being expended annually on activities left bravely shoulder our load of taxes, 'and to study deeply this question of national
as a heritage of our unpreparedness. also resolve to pay the small additional security, and learn how the process by
outlay that our children may not have to which it is to be achieved results in a
You are paying heavy taxes mainly take the risks that brought us into this
on account of the war, although, as the stronger and more reliable body of men
position. and women. The future depends upon the
President has said, "if we could confine
Federal expenditures to the legitimate ob­ But it is not from the military point of development of every phase of individual
ligations and functions of the Federal view alone that this subject can be fav­ character, and every element of national
Government a material reduction would orably presented, but also from that of safety. There is but one voice that can
be apparent." You are paying a large benefit to the rising generation. There is determine the course to be pursued; one
percentage of these actual war taxes be­ no course of training that could be devised voice that can decide whether we shall
cause Congress for the years prior to that is hetter calculated to make good, follow the counsel of the fathers and the
the war failed or declined to make ra­ law-abiding, responsible citizens of our lessons of our own experience; one voice
tional provision for national defense. youth than service under the guidance of that can give direction to wise policies;
Why then should we revert to the very the trained, educated, patriotic officers and that is the voice of the people.






Military Terms Applied to Civil Life

Page Eleven

Our "Walking Show Case" care and support as an alternative to re­ of modern time have added but little to
leasing him as a pauper to die from star­ the work done by him."
vation and neglect. During the long con­ Much of this work was done under the
(Continued from Page Four)
valescence he conceived the experiments disadvantages and hardships of life • in
When we think of a show case we in­ which later were published in book form frontier Army posts.
stinctively associate it with a display of and constituted the first really important Dr. Beaumont enjoyed an illustrious ca­
goods. If it catches our eye we are apt researches in the physiology of gastric reer as an Army surgeon, serving with
to tarry awhile and see what it has to digestion, about which little was known at distinction in the War of 1812, the Winne­
offer, not that we care to buy, but we are that time. Of the importance of these bago and Black Hawk Wars, and in var­
all more or less inquisitive by nature. studies Dr. Victor C. Vaughan of Ann ious Army stations for a period of more
Neatness Indispensable Characteristic Harbor says: than twenty-five years. In recognition of
Your canvasser is posted on the street "He made such an exact study of the the importance of his work the U. S.
to attract the passer-by just as a window physical and chemical nature of the gas­ Army Hospital at El Paso, Texas, the
display is. This being a fact you must tric juices that, with the exception of the William Beaumont General Hospital, is
realize how important it is to see that he named for this distinguished scientist.
discovery of pepsin, the closest researches
is provided with the means of accomplish­
ing this very object. If his uniform is the
medium you use, and it certainly is, you
cannot give too much thought to the de­
tails. The man must be immaculate from
World War Division Handles Bonus

the top of his hat to the sole of his shoes— HE Adjusted Compensation Branch,
he must be equipped for business.
I might just as well come down to
brass tacks and admit that the conditions
T as constituted in War Department
Memorandum No. 7, dated May 28,
1924, was discontinued effective July 1,
ent orderly handling of applications, but
accomplishes a reduction in the cost of
administration through the elimination of
overhead and carrying costs.
I have in mind cannot be brought about 1925, according to an office order pub­ The passing of the Adjusted Compen­
by recourse to the government clothing lished by the Adjutant General on June sation Branch at this time brings to mind
requisition. There is no special provision 27. The World War Division, The Ad­ that just one year ago it was announced
made for the recruiting canvasser al­ jutant General's Office, as organized prior that the distribution of the millions of ap­
though it would be money well invested to the creation of the Adjusted Compen­ plication blanks to veterans residing all
if there were. sation Branch, was at the same time re­ over the globe had been completed and
Any officer or soldier who takes a pride established with the addition of such that the Department was ready to receive
in his profession desires to present a cred­ agencies, activities and personnel as are' applications from veterans and the de­
itable appearance when in unform. The- necessary in order to perform the cur­ pendents for adjusted compensation. Im­
canvasser is no exception—he is human— rent work in connection with the distribu­ mediately after this announcement, the
and if 'properly encouraged will respond tion of the World War Adjusted Compen­ number of applications received daily
in a most gratifying manner. He doesn't sation Act. The commissioned and cleri­ from veterans increased first by thou­
always know just how to proceed to cal personnel assigned to the Adjusted sands and then by tens of thousands, so
equip himself and unless he receives Compensation Branch were assigned to that during the period of organization; of
advice and encouragement from his officer the World War Division, The Adjutant obtaining office furniture, supplies and
he is very apt to let well enough alone. General's Office, as of the effective date equipment; and of procuring and training
Look your men over and see if you are of the order, and will continue upon their the required clerical force, a veritable
satisfied with their personal appearance. present duties. mountain of applications was received,
If you are, well and good—if not, drop The goal set at the inception of the daily augmented by current receipts. With
me a personal line and I may be able to work—that of certifying to the United this huge volume of work before it, the
prove of some assistance to you. States Veterans' Bureau by January 1, Department began its task of determining
No—I am not in the clothing business 1925, the amounts due in the cases of the the service of each individual, computing
but I do stand for better uniforms and several millions of applications received the amount of adjusted service credit due,
more of them. They are not only a big prior to that date and of maintaining an and preparing a certificate of this in each
asset to the service in general but a automatic and current flow of certificates case for transmission to the Veterans'
source of personal satisfaction to the to that Bureau thereafter—was reached Bureau.
individual in the practice of his profession. and crossed. The discontinuance of the The peak of the work was reached
Keep an eye on your "walking show Adjusted Compensation Branch was about the middle of last October, when
cases." prompted by the fact that approximately approximately 32,000 applications were
70 per cent of all compensable veterans being handled daily. Coincident with
Digestive Physiology—An Army who served in the Army during the reaching this maximum, which was that
Discovery World War had applied for adjusted com­ fixed in the .original plan, and which it
pensation and their claims had been ad­ was estimated would permit the Depart­
(Continued from Page Five) judicated. ment to reach the goal set by it, a gradual
(St. Martin) was wounded by the acci­ Under the provisions of the law veter­ reduction in the clerical force was begun.
dental discharge of a shotgun at close ans or their dependents who have not The reduction was accomplished by trans­
range. At first despairing of his life, heretofore done so may make 'application ferring to other governmental depart­
Dr. Beaumont later succeeded in restor­ at any time before January 1, 1928. The ments, where vacancies existed due to
ing him to full health, except for a per­ cases of the approximately one million resignations and separations, the trained
manent opening into his stomach which veterans or dependents who have not as employees of the Branch who could be
resisted all attempts of closure by natural yet made application will be handled in released. In March, 1925, when the num­
means, and St. Martin refused to submit one of the regular divisions of The Ad­ ber cf employees being placed in other
to surgical procedures. Through this jutant General's Office, automatically and departments was not sufficient to meet
opening food in various stages of diges­ with the same dispatch and promptness as economical requirements, forced releases
tion was removed for study. Dr. Beau­ heretofore. The discontinuance of this were made, the office endeavoring to se­
mont took St. Martin under his personal special agency in no way affects the pres­ cure civil employment for those relieved.
Page Twelve
Through The

# Telescope
Our Awards for Bravery- CAC Cup for CMTC
Prior to the World War 2,633 awards o Retired Army Personnel in NG
of the Medal of Honor had been made. The Comptroller General has just
Of this number 911 names were Students at the July CMTC at Fort rendered the following opinion on the
stricken from the list upon report of Adams, Rhode Island, will compete pay of retired warrant officers and en-
the board of general officers convened for a silver cup given by the 544th listed men of the Regular Army who
under the provisions of the Act of Coast Artillery (Anti-aircraft) to the are members of the National Guard:
June 3, 1916, leaving 1,722 names on student who shows the greatest apti- "The appointment of retired warrant
the list. Out of approximately 700 rec- tude, progress and ability in coast ar- officers and retired enlisted men of the
ommendations for the Medal of Honor tillery work. Regular Army as commissioned offi­
for acts of bravery in the World cers, warrant officers, or the
War, 90 have been awarded. enlistment of such retired per­
The Congressional Medal of sons in the National Guard be­
Honor was bestowed upon the Things the Army Does Besides Fight
Unknown American Soldier ing within the law; that force
buried in the National cemetery Dayton, Ohio, July 8.—After a year's work as when not in the actual service
at Arlington on November 11, official aerial photographer and mapper with of the United States being a
1921, and upon the Unknown the Alexander Hamilton Rice expedition, which State force, and the provision
Belgian, British. French and has been engaged in exploring the wilds of the for pay for certain forms of
Amazon River basin in Brazil where no white training of the National Guard
Italian S o l d i e r s . The total man had ever before penetrated, Capt. A. W.
awards, therefore, of the Medal Stevens, Air Service, has just returned to Mc- being indirectly a contribution
of Honor, excluding the 911 Cook Field for duty. from the Federal Government
mentioned, number 1,817. Capt. Stevens' equipment on this trip con­ to the States for the proper
Twenty-six Distinguished sisted of two aerial cameras, and his work place training of the militia, such re­
Service Crosses were awarded a Curtiss "Sea Gull" hydroplane piloted by Wal­
ter C. Hinton, who was pilot of the NC-4 on tired warrant officers and re­
for heriosm prior to the World its trans-Atlantic flight. Arrived at the Ama­ tired enlisted men are entitled
War. Out of approximately zon, the explorers embarked at Manaos, the to any pay properly accruing
14,000 recommendations for the last outpost of civilization, on Aug. 20, with a under their appointment or en­
DSC for heroism in the World party of about 50 natives and Indians, for the
War, 6,039 awards have been interior. Lt. Hinton and Capt. Stevens flew listment in the National Guard
made, as well as 111 oak leaf always ahead of the party, making photographs when not in Federal service
clusters to 92 individuals in and sketches of the country and the waterways and such payments will not af­
over which it would later pass. fect their retired pay. Where,
place of additional DSC's. This After the termination of steamer navigation
is equivalent to 6,150 awards of was reached, gasoline and supplies were sent however, organizations of the
the DSC for heroism in the for in light launches, and later, as the party National Guard of which retired
World War, in addition to the worked up from the Rio Negro to the Rio officers, warrant officers or en­
award of the Cross on the Un­ Branco, even the launches were stopped by listed men of the Army are
known American Soldier. The rocks and rapids. From then on supplies were
transported by canoes, or even carried on the members, are called into the
total of crosses awarded is thus shoulders of the natives. Up Rio Branco, then actual service of the United
6,066, and of oak leaf cluster 111. the Uraricoera and into the Parima River the States or are drafted into the
Seven Distinguished Service party progressed, to the point where the Aro­ Army of the United States un­
Medals have been awarded for casa flows into the Parima, beyond which point der section III of the National
services prior to the World the stream was impassable because of the steep
War and 1,880 for services in canyons and rapids. The airplane flight was Defense Act and become en­
the World War. In addition continued 120 miles farther until1 the stream be­ titled to receive by reason of
came a mere creek. In one place the plane flew such entry into the Federal
195 DSM's and one oak leaf for 30 miles above dense forests, where a forced
cluster have been issued to landing meant that the aviators, even if un­ service, the full pay and allow­
holders of the Certificate of injured, would have had a long job cutting ances prescribed by law for
Merit, pursuant to the provi­ their way back to the river. their rank or grade in the Na­
sions of the Act of July 9, 1918, A complete sketch of the river and its tribu­ tional Guard in the actual serv­
which directed the discontinu­ taries and aerial views of features of import­ ice of the United States, they
ance of award of the Certifi­ ance were made by Capt. Stevens and delivered will not be entitled to their re­
cate of Merit and directed the to Dr. Rice for further use by the surveyors
of the party. The plane having used the last tired pay."
issuance of the DSM in place of of the gasoline available for pushing into the
Certificate of Merit. wilderness, returned to Manaos with its pilot o— •
The Silver Star decoration and Capt. Stevens, while the foot party is still The day to start reenlisting
was awarded in approximately conducting its exploration. a man is the day he takes
40,000 cases. the oath of enlistment.
Page Thirteen

Beware the Loan Shark "Exploring Upper Air" in Movies Parachute Again Saves Flyer's Life
A report alleging that bonus certi­ Two new motion pictures just re­ Lieutenant Limburg, Air Service
ficates had been used in San Antonio, leased by the Department of Agricul­ Reserve, is the twentieth flyer whose
Texas, as the basis for loans under cir­ ture show in detail the upper-air work life has been saved by an army para­
cumstances which appeared to be with­ of the Weather Bureau which is being chute. After ten minutes of perfect
out sanction of law, was submitted conducted in connection with the behavior at the Lambeth-St. Louis
to General Frank T. Hines, director Army Air Service. Most of the scenes Flying Field, the plane the lientenant
of the Veterans' Bureau, on June 23. were photographed at or near Scott was piloting slipped into a left-hand
The latter has since taken occasion to Field, III., and depict airplane and dir­ spin at 2,000 feet. All attempts to
warn veterans against persons who at­ igible journeys above the clouds, free- right the plane were unsuccessful and
tempt to purchase their certificates. balloon observations, the detection of finally at 300 feet the pilot jumped.
The Adjusted Compensation Act forest fires and the dusting of cotton The parachute opened at once and a
provides that, after the expiration of and other crops to kill insects. The fairly safe landing was made, a bruised
two years after the date of the certi­ second film closes with the prediction : shoulder being the only injury.
ficate, any national bank, or any bank "Fifty years from now we'll all be fly­ The 110th Photo Section of the 35th
or trust company incorporated under ing." Division Air Service, observing the
the laws of any state or possession of — o Might, took photographs of the nose
the United States, is authorized to lend San Antonio 100% CMTC spin and the exact position of the
to any veteran, upon his promissory Through the fine work of the local plane at the instant Lieutenant Lim­
note, secured by his adjusted service Chamber of Commerce, 25 firms in the burg jumped.
certificate, a sum of money not in ex­ city of San Antonio have followed the o
cess of the loan basis printed upon the lead of the municipal authorities and Freight Parachutes
face of the certificate. The Act makes have given all employees who wished To fill the need of a suitable device
void any negotiation, assignment or to attend the CMT Camp at Fort Sam for transferring supplies and provi­
loan made contrary to these provisions. Houston a 30-day vacation with full sions from an airplane to the ground,
These r e s t r i c t i o n s the Parachute Branch
were placed in the Act of the Engineering
expressly to avoid ex­ Division at McCook
ploitation of war vet­ Field, Dayton, Ohio,
erans by unscrupulous has completed tests on
money lenders, while a w e i g h t dropping
the provision allowing p a r a c h u t e which
them to negotiate promises to accom­
loans upon their certi­ plish its i m p o r t a n t
ficates under certain f u n c t i o n efficiently
conditions w a s i n ­ and with the least
tended further to pro­ amount of difficulty.
tect their interests. The device consists of
Q a neat metal container,
General Promoted four feet high and
Brigadier General Lieut. Co). S. G. Shartle, Commander of Fort Adams, R. I., and 10th CAC Band fifteen inches in dia­
William S. Graves has broadcasting from station WEAN, Providence, R. I. meter, divided into
been appointed major two separate contain­
general, United States Army, with pay. Mayor Tobin, at a mass meeting ers. The upper compartment, which
rank from July 11, 1925, and Col. of all municipal employees held on is shallow, contains the parachute,
Paul A. Wolf, Infantry, brigadier gen­ June 22, stated that the city of San while supplies for flood-marooned col­
eral, with rank from the same day. Antonio could well afford to sacrifice onies or persons in distress may be
o— the time that municipal employees carried in the lower. The container
spent away from their positions while is carried lengthwise on a bomb rack
Making Defense Test Easy of the plane and is released by the
at CMT Camps, because of the greater
A 79-page booklet containing therein
benefit that would accrue to the city bomb release handle.
all of the illustrations necessary for
from the better health, greater abiliy
the preparation of suitable floats and
and steadier mental balance which Qualification Made Harder
signs for a Defense Test parade, as would come therefrom.
T h e scores required for qualification
well as pointers for snappy appropriate in the various rifle courses have been
talks was issued by Major C. H. changed, according to Circular No. 25,
Mason, U. S. Army, stationed at Con­ Ordnance Officer Wins Saber W a r D e p a r t m e n t , May 20, 1925, to the
cord, New Hampshire, for "use of Capt. W. F. Mahony, Ordnance Re­ following:
units in New Hampshire and else­ serves, has been awarded the saber Sharp- Marks-
where." Any town, school, city, or offered by the Washington Times, Course Expert shooter man
organization wishing to stage a par­ Washington, D. C, to the Reserve offi­ A 306 290 240
ade or a proper celebration of the day cer accomplishing the best results for B 228 216 185
in future years will do well to get hold CMTC enrollment in that district in C 230 218 190
of one of these booklets. 1925. The number of applicants en­ D . . . . . . . . . 2 3 6 224 195
rolled directly as a result of the ef­ While the scores for qualification as
forts of a Reserve officer in the contest m a r k s m a n have been lowered, those
The time to start reenlisting a man is was the f e a t u r e determining the for the two higher classifications, it
the day he takes the oath of enlistment. award. will be seen, have been increased.
Page Fourteen
StATfcE AllMV RfeCfcUIf iNG
March of the Mounted Riflemen Neuf, soon ascended a steep bluff, giving had much trouble in collecting the mules
us a fine view of Snake River valley be­ this morning, and still greater to get them
(Continued from Page Seven) low. out of the canon, many of them being
now but two divisions instead of three. We had now fairly commenced the re­ unable to ascend the bluff, and therefore
One of the companies was left, but mainder of our journey to Oregon City, were abandoned.
another was taken from here, which still with the best outfit we could procure August 24—Our guide, having been in
made the number of companies the same; from the materials obtained at Fort Hall, the country many years, and being well
but the decrease of provisions and stores and were to pass through a more dreary acquainted with every stream and water­
had greatly diminished the supply train, and barren country than heretofore, a ing place along the route, informed us
and it was thought advisable to concen­ small specimen of which had been before that the distance today must not exceed
trate troops the remainder of the jour­ us during the day. 12 or IS miles; and that our march the
ney. I,; A journey of 700 miles at any time, next day would have to be increased to 20,
August 8.—The second division com­ where everything is plenty, is no small to reach even a place where grass and
menced its march at ten a. m., and en­ undertaking; and still greater must it water could be obtained in small quanti­
camped on the Port Neuf about eight seem to us when we had travelled con­ ties; that our third day's march would
miles from here. I left at 2 p. m. and stantly for three months and had only be nearly 28 miles, as the country was
passed Fort Hall, a trading establish­ accomplished 1,400 miles, two-thirds of entirely destitute of both grass and water;
ment of the Hudson's Bay Company. our journey, over probably the most un­ after that, we should soon reach Fort
This place is about three miles below interesting route which can be found on Boisse and there would be but little
where two companies of the rifle regi­ the northern continent. difficulty afterwards until we arrived at
ment have chosen for the site of their August 11.—We crossed Ogden's River the Blue Mountains. This was cheering
new post. It is built of clay, and much about 12 o'clock. The road turns off to news, for we greatly required a change
in the form of Fort Laramie, having a the south for California, which was taken for our teams, which were fast on the
large sally port which fronts the Port • by the Calif ornians who were still along. decline, and the horses of the command
Neuf, with its walls extending back to­ After passing over a plain about five miles were no better.
ward the banks of Snake River. There wide, we ascended, by the assistance of August 29.—The command commenced
is a blockhouse at one of the angles, and soldiers, a steep hill, which was the only moving at seven a. m., which was gener­
the buildings inside are built against the obstacle met with during the day. Our ally as early as we could at present make
side of the wall, and of the same mate­ road was a good one, and our march not arrangements to move. Throughout the
rials. The main building is occupied by so severe as yesterday; but for the dust, day, several mules and horses died, or be­
the proprietor, while the others are in­ we should have traveled very well. came so exhausted as to compel us to
tended for storerooms and places for the August 15.—We travelled rapidly for leave them behind. This is certainly not
hands who are employed in the service about eight miles after commencing the to be wondered at, when we bear in
of the company. The rooms are all small, journey, until we arrived at the creek mind the state of the country through
and by no means comfortable; being gen­ again. At this place we waited for our which a command as large as ours has
erally intended for one person, they are wagons; having assisted them out of the been traveling, entirely destitute of the
contracted and dark, having but a small canon, which was no easy work, we con­ least subsistence for our mules and horses.
window and one door. tinued on until the middle of the day, We arrived at Fort Boisse about five
This place is occupied by Captain Grant, when we came again to the banks of the p. m., and encamped on a small creek
who has been here about 14 years. He in­ river, which were at least two or three called the Owyhee, about three-quarters
formed me that he had endeavored to cul­ hundred feet in height. of a mile from the trading post of Fort
tivate the soil, but to no success. At this place we could easily hear the Boisse, which is on the opposite side of
There are along the river small quan­ sound of a waterfall, which, from the Snake River and immediately upon its
tities of cottonwood, particularly in the noise, we at first supposed might have banks. This is another trading-post es­
vicinity of where the two companies are been the Little Falls of Snake River; but tablished by the Hudson's Bay Company,
located. With the exception of this ad­ as we were still 20 miles from that point, for the same purpose as that of Fort Hall.
vantage I do not admire their location for we were soon satisfied that it did not pro­ The walls and blockhouses are placed at
the post. I presume the troops, however, ceed from there, or the small cascade the corners, so as to protect the several
will not be required to occupy this post on the opposite bank, which is mentioned sides; the sally port or main entrance
very long, as it seems to be out of posi­ by Colonel Fremont as the Subterranean opens on Snake River, and inside of the
tion, not being able to draw properly the River; and we were much surprised to walls the buildings are arranged around
necessary supplies for it from either Fort learn, the next day, that within ten miles the four sides, one story high, and similar
of this place there is a cascade which in formation in every respect. The struc­
Leavenworth or Vancouver. While the
in height is not surpassed by the Niagara tures are formed of clay, which in dry
former is 1,400 miles land transportation,
Falls. climates makes a very excellent building,
the latter is upwards of 700 miles, having and is found to be very durable. Some
the Cascades and Blue Mountains to pass August 17.—Every day's journey brings
us into a worse country, if not for our­ of the buildings are used as storehouses,
over, which are very formidable barriers ; together with the block-houses, to keep
and the whole country is a dreary and selves, certainly for our teams. Many of
our mules were carried into the canon the peltry. They are. contracted, and
barren waste, where there is but little or by no means intended for any one to oc­
no vegetation. last night; the balance were driven down
cupy who is used to the comforts of life.
Having left Fort Hall I joined the se­ early this morning, after much trouble,
The employees, however, never having
cond division about 5 o'clock, and divided to get water. As we had to travel six­ been accustomed to better, are perfectly
the train into sections, assigned the sev­ teen miles today before either grass or reconciled, and, so long as they get their
eral wagon-masters to their respective water could be obtained over an uneven daily food, are perfectly happy to breathe
places, and was again prepared to com­ country, or encamp where we would have out their lives in this manner among the
mence the journey for Oregon City, or to fare worse than last night, our march Indians, who to them are somewhat like
the Dalles on the Columbia River. was commenced as early as the state of what the peons are to the Mexicans.
August 9.—The command left at half things would permit; but the whole train (To be Continued.)
past six o'clock, and, crossing the Port did not get off until 10 o'clock, as we
Page Fifteen
Proposed Sailings of U. 5. Army Transports

(Effective July 6, 1925)


Leave Arrive Leave Leave Arrive Leave Leave Arnve
New York Galveston Galveston San Juan Christobal Christobal San Juan NewYork
St. Mihiel 8/6 8/12 8/13 8/18 8/21 8/24 8/28
St. Mihiel 10/1 10/6 10/9 10/12 10/15 10/19
Chateau Thierry 11/24 11/29 12/2 12/5 12/8 12/12


Leave Arrive Leave Arrive
New York Panama Panama San Francisco Connections
Chateau Thierry 8/11 8/17 8/18 8/28 (Thomas 9/3) (Chateau Thierry 9/2)
Cambrai 9/2? 9/28 9/29 10/9 (Cambrai 10/14)
St. Mihiel 10/28 11/3 11/4 11/14 (Thomas 11/20) (St. Mihiel 11/19)
Cambrai 12/4 12/10 • 12/11 12/21 (Cambrai 12/29)


Leave Arrive... . Leave Arrive
San Francisco Connections Panama Panama New York
Chateau Thierry 7/7 (Chateau Thierry 7/2) 7/17 7/18 7/24
Cambrai 8/19 (Thomas 8/15) (Cambrai 8/14) 8/29 8/30 9/5
Chateau Thierry 9/23 (Chateau Thierry 9/18) 10/3 10/4 10/10
Cambrai '. 11/4 (Thomas 10/31) (Cambrai 10/30) 11/14 11/14 11/20
St. Mihiel 12/11 (St. Mihiel 12/4) 12/21 12/22 12/23

Leave Arrive Leave Arrive
San Francisco Honolulu Honolulu San Francisco
Cambrai 7/29 8/4 8/8 8/14
Chateau Thierry 9/2 9/8 9/12 9/18
Cambrai 10/14 10/20 10/24 10/30
St. Mihiel 11/19 11/25 11/28 12/4
Cambrai 12/29 1/4 1/8. 1/14

Leave Arrive Leave Arrive Arrive Leave Leave Leave Arrive
San Francisco Honolulu Honolulu Guam Manila Manild CMnwangtao Nagasaki San Francisco
Thomas 6/17 6/24 6/25 7/8 7/13 7/18 7/25 7/28 8/15
Thomas 9/3 9/10 9/11 9/23 9/28 10/3 10/10 10/13 10/31
Thomas 11/20 11/27 11/28 12/10 12/15 12/21 12/26 1/13
WAR D Peifolty for Private "Use


When Good Fellows Get Together—

Woman*s Value in War Time

MERICAN womanhood, a mine of Emmet Dougherty, in the New

corps of the Red Cross, having also been

A potential value in the nation's de­

fense, is being explored by the
Army general staff under the direction
York Herald-Tribune, Depicts

War Department Study.

with the home service section, and later

was appointed director of the motor corps
service of the Pennsylvania-Delaware div­
of the staff's lone woman member, Miss ision of the Red Cross. Next she became
Anita Evans Phipps, chief of the Bureau superintendent of the women's relations
the area of action. They kept the pow­ section at Governors Island, New York,
of Women's Relations in the War De­ der dry, they loaded the muskets, they
partment. Out of the information she and in 1921 she was transferred to Wash­
even shouldered the guns and fought ington as director of the Bureau of Wo­
expects to obtain through questionnaires alongside their helpmates.
sent broadcast to every American Army men's Relations in the War Department
"We are not sure that this study will and attached for special duty with the
post in the world Miss Phipps hopes to show that women can be utilized in the
construct a program of women's useful­ general staff.
actual zone of operations, but it certainly
ness in the event of another war. will disclose a number of places behind General Hines' Opinion.
The study which is being made at the lines where women will be able to re­ Major General John L. Hines, chief
the direction of the Secretary of War place men," Miss Phipps said. "Women of staff of the Army, is confident the
and in compliance with the provisions certainly are better cooks and laundresses study being made under Miss Phipps'
of the national defense act is expected than men, but these are obvious places direction will be productive of real value.
to place before the Army general staff "We have no idea of making fighters
a complete picture of how and to what of our girls or of creating any such
extent American womanhood can be WD Commendation for Heroic
thing as a Woman Battalion of Death,"
utilized to increase the effectiveness of Conduct
General Hines said. "We are trying to
the armed forces of the United States Roger W. Hayward (Army see how women volunteers of the future
in the event of U national emergency. Serial No. 6115954), sergeant, may be used to the best advantage. We
Born in the service herself, the daugh­ Detached Enlisted Men's List, have found that from 1914 to 1918 women
ter of an army officer and having served Recruiting Service, U n i t e d contributed enormously to the success of
in the Red Cross ranks during the World States Army, then corporal, De­ the Allied cause. They worked in the
War, Miss Phipps is regarded as peculiar­ tached Enlisted Men's List, Re­ field actually with the armies. At home
ly fitted for the task of ascertaining the cruiting Service, United States they gave innumerable kinds of aid and
value of womanhood as possible nation Army. For heroic conduct dur­ support to the welfare of the troops and
defenders. The job, she said recently, is ing the fire at the Crock­ to the efforts of the nations. A quarter
not going to be a difficult one, however, er House, New London, Conn., of a million women served as an official
for common sense is to be the guide in April 7, 1925. Corpl. Hayward, auxiliary in the British Army, and more
framing the ultimate picture of woman­ with utter disregard for his own than a hundred thousand served in various
hood in the armed forces of the nation. safety, assisted in extinguishing capacities with the military and naval
Would Determine Military Possibilities the fire, arousing sleeping guests forces of the United States. More than
"There are obvious duties that women and removing their valuables. twenty-two thousand women served over­
can fill in the Army and thus release Corpl. Hayward's conduct at this seas with the American Expeditionary
men for other services," Miss Phipps said, time was deserving of commend­ Forces; twelve thousand were enlisted in
"but it is not the obvious tasks that we ation and reflects great credit the Navy and Marine Corps. In this coun­
are concerned with. It is to determine upon himself and the Army of try there were fifty thousand women regu­
the unusual or unexpected potential value which he is a member. larly enrolled as welfare workers, clerks,
of women in the military service that the Present station: Recruiting Ser­ cooks, waitresses, dietitians, laundresses,
survey in progress hopes to accomplish." vice, New London, Conn. matrons, telephone and telegraph opera­
Miss Phipps said that the study is Residence at enlistment: 80 tors.
not a "militaristic" move on the part of E d w a r d s Street, Hartford,
Conn. "In this study which is in progress we
the Army general staff, nor the survey believe we will be able to get a far better
an outgrowth of feminism. She admitted, idea of woman's usefulness than is now
however, the status of women now, when in which they may be used. Their use­ understood. We know there are tasks
they 'are fully enfranchised, brings upon fulness in other posts more purely mili­ that women can perform better than men,
them a new relation to their government tary, such as the duties filled with so and thus release men for heavier and more
which in pre-suffrage days did not apply. much success by the British Wacks dangerous work. We know that the wo­
"This study or survey we are making," (Woman's Auxiliary Army Corps) is men of America do not desire to sit idly
Miss Phipps said, "is based primarily still to be determined. We have no by and be protected. Their desire is to
on the fact that women are becoming re­ thought of organizing battalions of death help in every possible way. Veteran wel­
cognized in all pursuits of life, all such as the Russians did, but we do de­ fare workers, with splendid overseas rec­
branches of business, the law and other sire to ascertain fully the American wo­ ords, have already organized themselves
professions, civic endeavors, art and re­ man power." so as to mobilize rapidly and efficiently
lated subjects, diplomacy, finance and in Miss Phipps has no delusions as to the should another national emergency come.
fact everything except the military. Com­ potential value of her sex in any national Of one thing we are certain. Our ex­
mon sense tells us that no future war will emergency. She has "lived" an army life perience in 1917 and 1918 taught us at
be fought without the help of women. It and knows its advantages and shortcom­ least that we can count upon the women
is the precise character of their usefulness ings. Born in Augusta Arsenal, Maine, of America. It was a high grade of
in war that we seek to determine by this Miss Phipps lived in the military service service they rendered. They made sacri­
study." until the retirement of her father, Briga­ fices no less than their men. Some served
Miss Phipps recalled that during the dier General Frank Huntington Phipps, at the front. Some served in the canton­
Civil War women took a prominent part, in 1907. At the outbreak of the World ments. Some served in the Red Cross
even to the extent of actual assistance in War she enlisted as a private in the motor chapters. All served in the home."
Page Two
Recruiters and Recruiting Duty

By Captain LELAND W. SKAGGS, Infantry, DOL, in the Richmond Recruiting Bulletin.

NY good soldier can make good Richmond Recruiting Officer Ex- necessary that they go. They keep good
A on recruiting duty if he will work
hard and forget petty jealousies. I
have in my experience on recruiting duty
plains Make-Up of a Superior
Recruiter, and Method of
men out and eventually the above aver-
age and superior recruiters will say,
"What is the use of working so hard
talked to hundreds of recruiters and have Becoming One. when some of these birds get away with
mentally marked them as below average, hour day means. Sixteen hour days are murder?" We should be able to keep the
average, above average and superior. not unusual for them, and they love it. Army filled with ease, but to do this we
The recruiter who is marked below These hours are not imposed by the re- need the support of every officer and sol­
average is the soldier who is indifferent cruiting officer—they are self-imposed. dier in the Army.
to this or any other kind of work. The only growl these men have is when Some of the thousands of separations
He is the man who continually se- they fall below ten enlistments a month, from the service could be avoided if or-
cures from one to four recruits each which is seldom. Of course, all of these
month. The below average recruiter 26 are not active canvassers. Some are ganization commanders would study out
usually does not care if he secures re- clerks, truck drivers, etc. However, they a pten whereby it would be a pleasure
cruits or not—so long as he receives pay demonstrated their ability to secure re- to remain in the post and the regiment.
each month he is satisfied. He cares no- cruits before being placed in the main All work and no play makes a dissatis­
fied soldier. When good men are enlist-
thing about promotion or his organization. office.
The above average and superior can- ed and assigned to an organization, the
The average recruiter (we first day of duty of that re-

have a great number of this

cruit should be the one to
class on recruiting duty. CMTC ENROLLMENT start reenlisting him, for first
Why?) enlists from five to JULY 20, 1925. impressions are lasting ones.
eight men a month and quits. Corps I remember that a certain
He is usually a clock gazer Area a b c d e commanding officer at Jeffer­
and spends his time wishing 1st 4373 2909 4400 3000 99.3 96.9 son Barracks issued orders
that each day were the 30th 2nd 7068 4615 6500 4700 108.7 98.2 6/3 that all trains would be met
of the month in order thai 3rd by a NCO from the receiving
6609 4718 5600 3900 118.0 120.9 6/12 barracks to take charge of all
he might draw his pay. 4th 6672 5110 5700 4000 117.0 127.7 5/28
He knows as a rule very incoming recruits, and that the
5th 6988 4193 6000 4200 116.4 99.8 5/18
little about the Army, where NCO should personally see
the regiments are located, the
6th 6102 4405 5600 3900 108.9 112.9 6/11 that the new recruits were
nature of the climate at dif­ 7th 6829 5700 6700 4900 101.9 116.3 7/22 given something to eat and
ferent posts or whether or Sth 6263 3976 5000 3400 125.2 116.9 7/11 drink and a good place to

not fishing, boating and ath- 9th 4947 3550 4500 3000 109.9 118.3 5/29 sleep immediately upon their
letics are featured. He sim­ arrival. I may add that the
55,851 39,176 50,000 35,000 111.7 111.93 commanding officer was ridi­
ply states to the prospective
applicant, "Hey bo! What do
Explanatory: culed—of course, not in his
you say about signing up with a—Applications received by July 20. presence—but why was he

Uncle Sam's Army, where you b—Number accepted and ordered to camp ridiculed? Simply for the rea-

get three squares a day and a c—Minimum objective. son that he was human and
place to sleep?" Mark you, knew his stuff. Incidentally, he
d—Number to be trained. was a commanding officer
when the canvasser yells "Hey e—-Percentage of quota (applications).
bo," it is usually a bo whom any soldier would go
/—Percentage accepted of number to be trained. to hell for.
he is hailing. An average
recruiter should not be re- g—Procurement discontinued. Getting back to recruiting, I
tained on recruiting duty. hope that every canvasser will
The above average recruiter—he is a vasser can secure recruits in any district, read the above and try to make an hon­
he-man, one you can rely upon, a con- any city, any town. Why? For the reason est-to-goodness, hard working, above
sistent producer month in and month that he wants to make good and knows average or superior recruiter. It is easy.
out. Too much praise cannot be handed how. No district is different from an- Forget your imaginary problems. For-
him, and he deserves a great amount other in this respect. Just as many re- get that someone has it in for you. For-
of it. Why is it that a certain few men cruits can be secured in one corps area get that the "old man" is hard-boiled.
become above average and superior re- as in another. I will admit, however, that Perhaps he is: if so, perhaps you are the
cruiters ? a great deal depends upon the corps area cause of it. Had you considered that
This question is easily answered. It is and district recruiting officer. part of it?
because they know where every organiza- Let's all of us in the Army get behind
tion in the Army is located, what trade The 3rd Corps Area in the last fiscal the recruiting game and boost it. Help
such organization teaches, what the cli- year enlisted 8,450 recruits, all of them, your men who are on recruiting duty.
mate is at the various posts. They study with probably a few exceptions, quality Let me tell you this—24 hours on re-
psychology, they study the Army, they recruits. Our corps area recruiting officer, cruiting duty are harder than 30 days in
work day and night, and above all they however, is a live wire and knows the the line. If you don't believe that, try
do not have time to worry about pro- game, and before being corps area re- it. But could you qualify as an above
motion. cruiting officer was a successful district average or superior recruiter ? Be sure be- "
Of the 29 recruiters in the Richmond commander.
fore you ask for recruiting duty—if not,
District, 26 are above average and sup- It is sometimes hard to get rid of
erior. They do not know what an eight useless recruiters, but it is absolutely lay off of it.
Page Three
Army School Courses, Enlisted Men, F. Y. 1926

Air Service
School Course Students Begins / Ends
Kelly Field Advanced Flying All student pilots Mar. 15/25 Sept. 14/25
< i <i < i
Sept. 15/25 Mar. 14/26
Brooks Field Primary Flying Regular flying students Mar. 15/25* Sept. 14/25
< i < t II < < II
Sept. 15/25* Mar. 14/26
*NOTE:—Instruction of flying cadets starts one week earlier.
Scott Field Balloon and Airship Regular flying students Sept. 15/25 July 14/26
Fort Riley Horseshoers R A and N G enlisted m e n Aug. 15/2.e Dec. 14/25
Feb. 15/26 June 14/26
Saddlers <<<<<< << •' Aug. 15/25 Dec. 14/25
' ' • ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Feb. 15/26 June 14/26
Chemical Warfare Service
Edgewood Arsenal Non-commissioned Officers RA NCO's Mar. 29/26 Apr. 24/26
Coast Artillery
Fort Monroe Artillery RA enlisted specialists Sept. 15/25 June 15/26
Diesel engine Nov. 20/25
Artillery NG enlisted specialists
Ft. Humphreys Machinists RA enlisted men Jan. 4/26 June 19/26
Surveying and Drafting II II

Photography and Lithography II II

Field Artillery
Ft. Sill Horseshoers RA and NG enlisted men Sept. 15/25 Feb. 4/26
Auto mechanics
Battery '' Feb. 8/26 June 12/26
Washington Enlisted Men's RA enlisted men Sept. 21/25 Dec. 12/25
(i it < i
Feb. 15/26 M a y 8/26

Ft. Benning NG enlisted specialists NG enlisted men Feb. 2/26 M a y 25/26
Tank Motor mechanics RA enlisted men Sept. 15/25 Mar. 15/26
Motor mechanics Mar. 15/26 May 15/26
Communications Sept. 17/25 Feb. 6/26
Stenographers and typists Sept. 15/25 M a y 15/26
Army Medical X-ray technicians RA enlisted specialists Sept. 10/25 Dec. 10/25
Laboratory " Jan. 15/26 Apr. 15/26
Army Dental Dental hygienists Jan. 2/26 M a y 2/26
Dental mechanics Jan. 2/26 June 30/26

Army Veterinary Veterinary technicians Sept. 1/25 Feb. 1/26

Carlisle Bks. Non-commissioned officers RA, NG and Res. NCO's Oct. 16/25 Dec. 15/25
Raritan Arsenal Machinists; Welders; RA enlisted men Sept. 14/25 June 15/26

Carpenters; Electricians;

Artillery mechanics; Arm­

orers ;

Auto mechanics; Clerks;

Munition workers.

Specialists' course, depot. NCO's

Jan. 25/26 June 15/26

(Continued on Page Twelve)

Page Four

Recruiters Troubles Hare Not Changed

T H E recruiting service has been pro­

secuted with zeal and the usual
success. Two field-officers, four­
teen captains, and ten subalterns are
Adjutant - General's Report For minors, the public interest seems to have
F. Y. 1850 Shows Conditions not
so Good as "Before the War."
been overlooked in the omission to pres­
cribe some adequate penalty or punish­
ment in cases of minors, especially those
employed for the general service, of of nineteen to twenty years of 'age, who
whom six company officers are engaged The records show that, of the 19,599 so frequently impose themselves upon the
in recruiting for the mounted corps, persons who have offered 'themselves the recruiting officer by falsely affirming
under the superintendent, Major and current year at the recruiting stations, themselves to be twenty-one years of age,
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel Cooke, of the only 2,884 were accepted as able-bodied and frequently more. In many instances
2nd Dragoons. Eighteen captains and and otherwise fit for the service. The it is impossible to know whether the
subalterns, under the superintendent, rejection of so large a proportion of minor tell? his true age or not; and,
Major and Brevet Colonel Waite, of applicants (more than five-sixths) evinces although in all cases where minors af­
the 8th Infantry, have been employed due observance of the law and regula­ firm that they have neither parent, mas­
in recruiting for foot regiments. tions on the part of the recruiting offi­ ter, nor guardian, the recruiting officer
The receiving depots and schools of cers ; and in no one particular, perhaps, is is required to certify that he has made
instruction established in the harbor of greater attention bestowed upon the ob­ diligent inquiry, and that the affirmation
New York, and at Newport Barracks. servance of either, than in respect to of the recruit appears to be true; yet
Kentucky, for the artillery and infantry the enlistment of minors. all these precaution? fail, in many cases,
arms; and one at Carlisle Barracks, In amending the provisions of the to guard against th* fraudulent enlist­
Pennsylvania, for the dragoons, are act of March 16, 1802, section 11, by the ment of minors, whose discharge is sub­
commanded by zealous and experienced new law, approved September 28, 1850, sequently demanded under the law.
officers. The system, as heretofore, great­ section 5, directing the discharge of The records show that, during the year
ly conduces to economy, discipline, in­ ending September 30, 1850, no less than
struction, and despatch in forwarding re­ Alaskan Notes 2,564 applicants have been refused at
cruits to the several regiments. The Soldiers who have served in Alaska the rendezvous on account of their be­
principal depot having been, some years will be interested in knowing that a ing minors. Under the present circum­
since, temporarily transferred to Gov­ big new reservoir will soon be com­ stances of the service, therefore, it is
ernors Island, New York, while Fort pleted at Chilkoot Barracks. When very clear that, unless the new law above
Wood was undergoing repairs, has been finished it will hold enough water to cited be so amended as to provide a
reestablished the present year on Bed­ supply the post for several days in case penalty for this description of frauds
low's (Bedloe's) Island. the pipe line breaks, as it has been upon the public, the loss, expense, and
The accompanying statement exhibits known to do in the past. other injurious results to the service,
in detail the number of recruits en­ Companies E and F of the 7th In­ now so seriously felt, will continue with­
listed in the Army from October 1, 1849, fantry, stationed at Chilkoot Barracks, out remedy.
to September 30, 1850, inclusive, from celebrated July 4 at Juneau, making the With a view to the more advantageous
which it will be seen that the number trip on the Government boat "Forn­ management of the recruiting service,
enlisted is: ance." touching its fiscal concerns, and the
For the 4 regiments of artillery.. 314 speedy examination of accounts, it has
By regiments—for the 1st and Press Assists Uriiontown Recruiter been found necessary to recur to the
2nd Dragoons 79 former practice of making a military
For the 4 regiments of artillery.. 314 Sergeant James Smith, DEML, in scrutiny and examination of all recruit­
For the 8 regiments of infantry 405 charge of the Army Recruiting Sta­ ing accounts in this office before their
For the company of sappers and tion at Uniontown, Pa., is receiving lib­ transmittal to the proper accounting offi­
miners 13 eral cooperation from the local press cers of the Treasury Department. The
in his recruiting endeavors. Not only "circular" of June 6, 1850, issued by au­
Total 3,695 does he land inside space for long ar­ thority of the Secretary of War, re­
Owing to the great dispersion of the ticles, but quite frequently he secures quires that such accounts be sent direct
troops and their stations on distant front page space for shorter stories. to the Adjutant General of the Army,
frontiers, but few recruits can be en­ In the past four months he has enlisted bince which date they have been analyzed
listed in the regiments. To this cause, 50 men—and this in a town of 18,000. and carefully examined; and I feel well
together with the recent augmentation He attributes his success to the help of assured that much benefit will result
of a portion of the rank and file, may the press and the main recruiting of­ from such inspection here, especially in
be ascribed, the increase in the number of fice at Pittsburgh. effecting better economy, etc, as well
officers and. in the expenses for re­ as in greatly expediting the settlement
cruiting the past and present year, when June Reenlistments of accounts.
compared with the state of the service Per- It will readily be perceived that to
prior to the late war with Mexico. Dis- Reen­ cent- conduct this important branch of the
According to the present laws, the CA charged listed age service in the best manner, requires all
enlisted men of the line are 11,528. The 1st 60 17 28.33 the time and attention of an experienced
2nd 355 114 32.39 officer of the general staff. The details
term being five years, one-fifth of this of this division of the duties of the Ad­
number, supposing the Army to be full 3rd 226 81 35.84
131 34.19 jutant General's office have, for years
(2,304), goes out every year by expira­ 4th 448 past, been specially assigned to the sen­
tion of enlistment. Add the loss by 5th 101 26 25.74
ior Assistant Adjutant General here on
death, discharges for disability, and de­ 6th 287 46 16.02 duty. The returns, correspondence, and
sertions, the number will be increased 7th 240 143 59.58 records pertaining to the recruiting busi­
to about one-third (3,850), which is re­ 8th ness, give employment generally to three
quired to be annually supplied by new 9th clerks.
Page Five
The March of the Mounted Riflemen

UGUST 30.—Preparations were From Fort Boisse to The Dalles—

ridge and descends to Burntwood Creek,
A made last night to send word by
guide to Fort Vancouver, on the
Columbia River, for transportation to
Ninety Miles From Their


turning to the northeast, breaks through

the same range of hills, leaving also a
deep canon in its passage, and falls in­
meet us at The Dalles as it would be im­ to Snake River, not far from where
possible to get the stores and troops over The companies in leaving Fort Leav­ we left it.
the Cascade Mountains with the pre­ enworth had been provided with good Sept. 6.—After passing this morning
sent means of transportation. teams, but many of them were allowed through the valley in which we encamped
The command started for Malhcur to be too much overloaded for so great last evening, the road brought us to
River, about 15 miles distant, where a distance. As it had been done under the top of a high ridge, giving us a
we were to enter a hilly country, where the inspection of officers of the depart­ beautiful view of the mountains running
better grazing was available. The move ment, as well as those immediately in­ east and west, and parallel to the ridge
was made about eight o'clock, after terested in the success of the journey, over which we were passing.
which I visited the fort, where 1 saw I could make but very little change About five o'clock in the afternoon
about 200 Indians, who had kept up a1l after overtaking them on the prairies; we came to the valley of Powder River,
night a great noise. Some were dancing, consequently they had become much bro­ and encamped for the night on what
while others were playing a game on ken down by being overladen. was once the bed of a river, which now
which they would sometimes stake all As nearly all the horses of the six runs near the base of the mountains
they possess, even to their leggins and companies had partly given out, and
blankets. and about two miles distant.
many of them completely broken down, Sept. 9.—A number of Indians came
August 31.—An order was issued to they were left to be brought on with
leave the principal portion of the train out to our camp last evening and thi?
the second division train; the men who morning, bringing some of their most
behind, with all broken-down horses and were on foot were placed under the
mules, to be escorted by one company inferior horses with them, to exchange
command of Lieutenant Lindsay, who for blankets, tobacco and trinkets. These
left for the purpose. This made it neces­ commenced the march early this morn­
sary to overhaul all the stores and dis­ animals were wild and vicious, and could
ing, in advance of the train and those scarcely be approached without our run­
tribute them so that they could be car­ who were mounted.
ried without impeding the movements ning the risk of being bitten or kicked
Sept. 3.—We made an early start
of the first division, or encumbering and a few miles brought us again along­ by them. They are generally ridden with
that portion which was to follow on side of Snake River, where we were a lariat, fastened simply around the low­
after us. now to leave it for the last time; and er jaw, while a small pad, with wooder
Sept. 1.—At sundown every change no river has been passed on this march stirrups, constitutes the saddle. The Ind­
had been made that the trains could with more heartfelt joy. It here turned ians never mount their horses on the
undergo. The regimental train, in charge to the north, forming a large bend, left side, and the bridle is but of little
of Lieutenant Frost, was left with him passing through a range of high hills, use to them in guiding, as it is princi­
to make such changes as might suit and making a deep cnon in its way pally done by pressing the legs close
the commanding officer, and such altera­ through them. We soon passed out of to the side of the animal, and the least
tions as I thought necessary. sight, as the road gradually crosses a (Continued on Page Fifteen)

Departure from The Dalles

Page Six
The Army and the Conquest of Yellow Fever

HE groat achievement of the Span-

T ish-American War was not a vict­

ory of arms; it was the conquest of
that formidable disease of the American
Arthur Isaac Kendall, in April

Issue of "Higeia," Describes

Army Contribution to Science.

provided with the requisite mouth parts

to bite mankind, are modest, harmless,
retiring vegetarians.
The Army doctors also discovered
tropics, yellow fever. that the virus of yellow fever is present
Hidden within this history of the those manifested in adults. Since recov­ in the blood in the skin of a patient only
American occupation of Cuba is one of ery from infection with yellow fever during the first three days of the clini­
humanity's great romances. It centers leaves life-long freedom from the dis­ cal disease. The virus is securely lock­
around a group of devoted men from ease, the apparent absence of yellow ed up within the body and cannot es­
the United States Army who, provid­ fever among native adults in these in­ cape lo other men unless some of the in­
ed neither with offensive weapons nor fected areas is readily understood. fected blood is deliberately withdrawn
defensive armor, entered into conflict With all these perplexing but well es­ and injected into the prospective victim.
with an unknown, mysterious microbic tablished facts to explain, yellow fever This the female mosquito, quite without
foe, the ominous yellow jack. The remained a mystery among contagious malice, does. It requires at least ten or
martyrs of this band, who offered their diseases until Dr. Henry Rose Carter, twelve days for yellow fever microbes
bodies for inoculation with the deadly to pass from the stomach of the mos­
virus of yellow fever, give their lives quito to her salivary gland?, whence
freely in the interest of humanity, x ne they enter the blood stream of the pros­
leaders who traced the tortuous trail pective victim at the time of biting. This
of the "scourge of the tropics" from explains the relatively long interval be­
infected man through infected mos­ tween the first and secondary cases de­
quito and back to man again toiled witli scribed by Dr. Carter. ***
the baffling, silent, unavoidable and After four days or so, following the
ever present shadow of death. injection of the virus of yellow fever by
The great general who followed the the mosquito, the characteristic chill oc­
devious and insidious path of the dis­ curs in the new victim and the disease
ease in the ranks of the non-immunes is on. For three days thereafter the in­
and for the first time waged successful sects may obtain the yellow fever virus
warfare against yellow fever was not from the new case and, after a proper
acclaimed a popular hero at the close interval, infect yet another non-immune
of the campaign. Nevertheless, the con­ and thus perpetuate the disease.
quest of yellow fever was the greatest General (at that time Captain) Gor­
triumph in the history of tropical medi­ gas put these several facts into one gen­
cine. It paved the way for the comple­ eral coherent plan, and began to rid
tion of the Panama Canal and trans­ Havana of yellow fever. It must be re­
formed the pestilential American tropics membered that Havana had been infest­
into a health resort. The conqueror of ed continuously with yellow jack for at
yellow fever, the liberator of the tro­ least four centuries. Captain Gorgas did
pics, was America's greatest sanitarian, four things :
William Crawford Gorgas, late surgeon 1. Each person infected with yellow
General of the U. S. Army. *** fever, as soon as the disease was discov­
Prior to the Spanish-American War ered, was placed in mosquito-free, screen­
the mode of spread of yellow fever was ed wards in a hospital, and kept there un­
unknown. Unlike most contagious dis­ til all possible danger of infecting new
eases, which spread directly from man mosquitoes had passed.
to man, cases of yellow fever have oc­ 2. Each house from which a fever
curred on ships anchored a quarter of a patient was taken was thoroughly fumi­
mile or more from shore. In some well gated, care being taken to prevent the
authenticated instances the sailors have On the Beach Trail, Ft. Sherman, C. Z. escape of any mosquito present.
had no communication whatsoever with 3. The breeding places of mosquitoes
the land. Men-of-war, upon which the of the United States Public Health and were carefully oiled, or eliminated, to
most exaggerated cleanliness prevails, Marine Hospital Service, found that prevent new crops of the pestiferous in­
arc known to be no less liable to in­ secondary cases of yellow fever follow­ sects.
vasion than the most primitive sailing ed the primary cases only after an in­ 4. All non-immunes were ordered to
ship. On the other hand, men may handle terval of at least two weeks. *** leport at once to headquarters if they
the nauseous black vomit of patients With this remarkable observation in felt the slightest chill, or symptoms
about to die of yellow fever, or sleep in mind, men from the Medical Corps of that might develop into yellow fever.
the soiled blankets and bedding of des­ the Army, Drs. Reed, Carroll, Lazear, Of course the quarters were fumigated.
perately sick cases, with impunity; and and Agramontc, found the missing link The .ebult was marvelous. Havana,
yet, rich and poor, exalted and humble, which binds a primary case of yellow the pest hole of the tropics, became a
alike fall victim in infected areas. jack to succeeding secondary cases. They health resort.
In countries where yellow fever is found that a very special _ mosquito, During all this time the virus of the
habitually found, the native inhabitants known variously as culex fasciohis, stcg­ disease remained undetermined. It re­
seem to enjoy life-long immunity to the omia fasciata, and aedes calopns, was the mained for an eminent Japanese investi­
disease. Now it is known that in such carrie1" of the yellow fever virus from gator, Dr. Hideyo Noguchi, to' bring
places the very young children become man to man. Sadly enough, only the fe­ the actual microbic criminal to the gaze
infected, but the symptons at this ten­ males of that particular kind of mos­ of mankind, nearly two decades lakr.
der age are somewhat different from quito could be implicated. The males, un­ (Continued on Page Eleven)
Page Seven
to airplane crashes. "The front page publicity which
the press gives to airplane accidents," runs the editorial,
"is harmful to the reputation of aeronautics, and is cer­
tainly a main factor in slowing up progressiveness in
the industry by making it unpopular.
Recruiting Publicity Bureau, Governors Island, N. Y
An Army Information Bulletin containing a resume
"A crack-up is sensational news—it requires at
of administrative reports, statistical tables, rules, least a two inch head and life histories of the pilot
regulations, and official notices of recruiting for the and passenger. Minor aerial mishaps come under the
guidance of members of the Regular Army, National
Guard and Organized Reserves same category. The moment a plane hits the ground
news of the fall is syndicated throughout the country
AUGUST 1, 1925
for front page sensations.
Summa Cum Laude "The unfairness of the adverse publicity lies in
The race is not always to the swift. One might the fact that such sensational advertisement is un­
think that, taking into consideration the five cities warranted at the present day. The average of fatalities
of Richmond, Philadelphia, Indianapolis, New York in flying has steadily decreased until now it is com­
and Pittsburgh, the number of recruits furnished by paring favorably with averages of motor, train, and
them to the Army would be, so far as the first three other accidents. While fighting an uphill battle, it is
places were concerned, New York, Philadelphia and remarkable the progress aeronautics has made toward
Pittsburgh, with Richmond and Indianapolis among safety, aided by corresponding advancement in equip­
the also rans. But such is not the case. A study of ment and training. And this in a very few years!
the enlistment figures for June on the back page of "Under these conditions the unfairness of adverse
this issue shows that Richmond led the field—as she publicity is obvious. It tends toward stunting the growth
did, incidentally, in the preceding month as well— of a new science in its infancy.
and that the Hoosier capital city, which had held "Most of our news appears side by side, pointedly
second place for the United States in May, was still in the same class, with local murders and high society
holding third place. Incidentally, in spite of her fall divorce cases. As long as air accidents receive such
from second to third, Indianapolis in June topped attention from the press the public will always hold
her May record by one enlistment. an exaggerated opinion of the danger of flying."
The handicap of size is a handicap only so long as o
the recruiting personnel figures that, since its field of Army or Jail—An Alternative
endeavor is limited, the number of enlistments it can And still the newspapers cite instances wherein
accomplish must be correspondingly limited. Both Rich­ judges let off criminals on condition that they j.oin the
mond and Indianapolis might well be proud, consider­ Army. In spite of the fact that recruiting officers
ing their size, of being among the first ten cities in the throughout the country have repeatedly stated that they
United States as judged from a recruiting viewpoint. will not accept for enlistment any man who is under
But such a pride must necessarily be a passive one, charges or sentenced, illustrations to the contrary are
and neither Capt. Skaggs, who makes things go around constantly appearing.
in Richmond, nor Col. Woodson, who directs the re­ The 7th Corps Area Recruiting Bulletin for July 15
cruiting destinies of the city which traveling salesmen carries a Springfield, Mo., clipping relative to a young
still delight to characterize as "an overgrown country oil station bandit, wherein "The grand larceny charges
town," is anything but passive. May their tribe in­ hanging over the head of John Hufft were removed
crease ! yesterday after the boy's parents had agreed that if he
was relieved from the charges he would join the United
News Versus Sensationalism States Army for a period of five years." John, how­
There is publicity and publicity. As a rule the ever, had his own ideas on the subject, it seems, and
Army courts it, for there is little in the Army that applied for enlistment in the Navy. He was properly
needs to shrink from the calcium glare. And publicity, turned down, and both the Navy and Army Recruiting
under another designation, simply means advertising. Officers took occasion to point out that neither one of
Exaggerated publicity, however, whether it is favor­ the services is accepting recruits without good reputa­
able or unfavorable, is distinctly bad. It is this brand tions, and that persons charged with crime cannot enter
of advertising that the Pilot Book, the publication of the United States service to avoid punishment. The
Brooks Field, Texas, hits in an editorial directed at the young oil station bandit was accordingly re-arrested and
undue newspaper space devoted by the American press sent to jail.
Page Eight


The United States Army builds Men"

Fifth Corps News Has Birthday Orders Affecting Recruiting Sgt. McCurley Retires
With the issue of July 25 the Capt. Robert J. Platt, Medical Corps, Master Sergeant James McCurley,
Fifth Corps News and Diamond Dust from duty at Fort Sam Houston, considered one of the best canvassers
celebrated its sixth birthday. An edi­ Texas, effective August 1, to Dallas, in the Newark Recruiting District,
torial setting forth the publication's Texas, for assignment to duty in con­ was retired from active duty on July
history boasts that it has outlived nection with recruiting, relieving Capt. 17, 1925. He first enlisted in 1901 in
every other service paper of its type Eli E. Brown, Medical Corps, who will Troop H of the 12th Cavalry. On the
and shows signs of a healthy existence proceed to Washington, D. C, for duty outbreak of the World War he re­
for some time to come. as student, Army Medical School. ceived a commission as 2nd lieutenant,
Diamond Dust was originally the Capt. Charles Lewis, 20th Infantry, Field Artillery, being later promoted to
organ of the Fifth Division at Camp Fort Sam Houston, Texas, to Okla­ the rank of 1st lieutenant. He now has
Gordon and Jackson.. Transferring to homa City, Oklahoma, for duty in con­ in 23 3'ears' continuous service, a large
Camp Knox, Kentucky, with the 11th nection with recruiting. part of it being double time for foreign
Infantry it was published at that station service in the Philippines.
for more than a year as The Camp Knox Master Sergeant McCurley was on
News. Later when Knox was abandoned recruiting duty in the Newark, New
as a permanent post the paper moved to New Recruiting Pamphlet Jersey, District from 1919 to the date
Fort Harrison, Indiana, though returning A new pamphlet, "The United of his retirement. He made an en­
to Camp Knox during the summer months States Army," has just been viable record for himself as a can­
each year. printed by the Recruiting Pub­ vasser, his name appearing frequently
licity Bureau, and 16,000 thereof on the 2nd Corps Area honor roll. Sgt.
Recruiters Picnic are being sent each corps area McCurley will make his home in Pater-
recruiting officer. son. His popularity in Newark and
On Saturday afternoon, July 28, a Paterson is evidenced by the large
hot dog roast was held by the enlisted The subjects embraced in the
pamphlet are : composition of the amount of space given him in the daily
personnel of the New Haven Recruit­ press on the occasion of his retire­
ing District. The 16 members of the Army, pay, food, lodging, cloth­
ing, pension and retirement, ment.
detachment motored to Stony Creek,
medical and dental treatment,
at Branford, Conn., in the detachment training, opportunities, hours of 7th CA Enlistments, F. Y. 1925
truck and privately owned cars. Swim­ work, athletics, religious phases,
ming and athletic events were engaged In a study recently made of recruit­
furloughs, terms of enlistment ing activities in the 7th Corps Area
in, and games were played by all the and discharge by purchase, qual­ during the fiscal year 1925, it is shown
guests. Appropriate refreshments ifications for service, and oppor­ that 3,516 enlistments, an average
were served. Everybody had a good tunities for travel. monthly production of 293, were made.
time, and is looking forward to a simi­ There were, in addition, 1,477 rejec­
lar event to be held in September. tions and 554 withdrawals (including
declinations, elopements, etc.) The av­
Prizes for Recruiters erage approximate per capita cost of
Mules More Dangerous Than Planes
The Habanix Leather Products recruits was $49.66.
Newspaper reports to the contrary, Company, Toledo, Ohio, manufacturers Of the 1,977 soldiers discharged in
airplane accidents are less in number
of Sam Browne belts, leggins, garrison the corps area during the year, 627, an
than those due to other causes. Speak­ average of 31.71 per cent, reenlisted
ing before a conference of aeronauti­ belts for enlisted men and kindred
leather goods items, will award a gen­ on the clay following discharge. The
cal and business officials at the Ford maximum reenlistment was in June,
Airdrome, Dearborn, Michigan, Major uine shell cordovan cigarette case,
1925, when 143 of the 280 men dis­
R. W. Schroeder, former chief test pil­ bearing the name of the owner, to the charged reenlisted, giving a percentage
ot of the Army Air Service at Mc- soldier who secures the greatest num­ of 51.07 per cent, the minimum being
Cook Field, recently said: "A man in ber of enlistments in each recruiting in July, 1924, when 7 reenlistments out
a plane engaged in straight-away flight district of the country during the of the 33 men discharged gave a reen­
is safer than on the ground. I have month of August. listment percentage of 21.21 per cent.
noted that during a recent year eight The idea was suggested to the Hab­ One thousand one hundred and six-
persons lost their lives in the entire anix Company by Major Malcolm P. ty-nine of the enlistments made were
United States while engaged in civilian for duty outside the corps area. Of
flying, while during the same year, in Andruss, commanding the Buffalo,
New York, district. The cigarette case these, 366 went to the 8th Corps Area,
the state of Missouri alone, 80 persons
is a beautiful piece of work and retails 293 to Hawaii, 211 to the Philippines
—just ten times as many—were kicked
at $3.00. and 158 to the 9th Corps Area.
to death by mules!"
Page Nine

Washington Stages Successful Drive Sixth Corps Area Honor Roll Memphis Station Breaks Record
Just before this summer's encamp­ The honor roll for enlistments in the Captain J. D. Chambliss, command­
ment of the Washington National Sixth Corps Area during the month of ing the recruiting station at Memphis,
Guard, the 2nd Battalion, 146th Field June contains the names of twenty- Tennessee, broke all recruiting records
Artillery, commanded by Major Thom­ two recruiters. Sergeant L. Dousa, for his station on July IS when nine
as Shurtlefr, started an intensive drive stationed at Milwaukee , Wisconsin, men were enlisted. The best previous
to obtain recruits. Capt. Oliver C. heads the list with seventeen enlist­ record in one day was six men, en­
Nelson, Battery F, who was given per­ ments. Every member of the St. Louis listed when eight canvassers were oh
sonal supervision of the drive, obtained recruiting party won a place on the duty. Capt. Chambliss now has only
the use of a small park in the down honor roll, four men having eleven en­ three.
town business district, and set up a listments each to their credit and three Lieut. W. M. Phillips, of the Ar­
B. C. scope, range finder, machine gun, having ten each. kansas National Guard at Blytheville,
piece and caisson together with a ten I Arkansas, was responsible for the en­
for the volunteer detail. From 7 o'clock listment of two of the men.
in the morning until 9 o'clock at night WD Commendation For Heroic

the detail was busy explaining the op­ Conduct

Working the Fairs
eration of the various instruments of George R. Carroll (Army Ser­ With the fair season at hand, the
warfare, not only to possible recruits, ial No. 6113098), corporal, De­ recruiting officer at Syracuse, New
but also to boy scouts, business men tached Enlisted Men's List, Re­ York, Major R. L. Weeks, Ret., has
and tourists. cruiting Service, United States published a list of all fairs to be held in
Radio station KMO offered its co­ Army, then private, first class, his district this coming fall and direct­
operation, and, thanks to the assist­ Detached Enlisted Men's List, ed that sub-stations arrange to cover
ance of the authorities at Camp Lewis, Recruiting Service, U n i t e d them. He has ordered that plenty of
a two-hour program was given. For States Army. For heroic con­ posters, pamphlets and other publicity
the next three weeks, local business duct during the fire at the Crock­ material should be on hand, and that
men made appeals over the air each er House, New London, Conn., request be made on his office should
Monday, Wednesday and Friday even­ April 7, 1925. Private Carroll, such matter be lacking. Letters to
ing for the National Guard. The en­ with utter disregard for his own secretaries of the various fairs are be­
listments resulting therefrom filled not safety, entered smoke filled ing furnished sub-station commanders
only the 2nd Battalion, but also every rooms in search of sleeping by the main office requesting neces­
battery of the 146th Field Artillery by guests, rescued one woman, car­ sary space and assistance to the re­
the opening day of camp. rying her to safety, and later cruiters in their work.
assisted in the removal of valu­ Wherever practicable, exhibits will
ables belonging to other guests. be secured from the nearest posts,
Recruiter Gives Blood for Comrade Private Carroll's conduct at this ROTC units or National Guard organi­
For the third time in recent months time was deserving of commend­ zations. Last year, for instance, excel­
the recruiting personnel at Harrisburg, ation and reflects great credit lent results were obtained through co­
Pa., has responded to a call for blood upon himself and the Army of operation with the National Guard in
transfusion. On July 9 the Veterans' which he is a member. placing exhibits.
Bureau at Harrisburg asked for volun­ Present station, Recruiting Ser­
teers to furnish a pint of blood for vice, New London, Conn.
transfusion in aid of Robert Brown Resident at enlistment: 87 School for A. S. Movie Men
of Mifflin, Pa., a World War veteran Parkton Road, Boston, Suffolk In order to gain additional experi­
who was at the Harrisburg hospital 14, Mass. ence in aerial photography, graduates
and required the blood in order to pre­ of the Air Service Photographic School
serve his life. All the members of the at Chanute Field, Illinois, have been as­
party volunteered, and after tests were Ex-Army Marksman Halts Flag Dese­ signed to the New York and San Fran­
taken Sgt. Edward J. Talbot, allocated crators
cisco offices of International Newsreel
recruiter from Headquarters Battery, for a course of instruction not to ex­
6th Field Artillery, was chosen. E. P. Robertson, formerly a soldier ceed three months. They will work
in the U. S. Army and now a mem­ with the staff men of this company for
Talbot absolutely refused to allow ber of the Atlanta, Georgia, police
his photograph to be taken for the a few weeks as assistants, and there­
newspapers, stating that credit should force, recently gave an exhibition of after will cover assignments with Ake­
be given the entire party. The hos­ his marksmanship to a party of joy ley cameras suppfied them by the
pital authorities are loud in their praise riders who apparently had no respect Army.
of the generosity of the recruiting whatever for the Stars and Stripes. The Air Service photographers al­
party in aiding "buddies" who may re­ While walking his beat Robertson saw ready sent to the New York office for
quire assistance. an automobile approaching and as ft training are Tech. Sgt. Vernon H.
o passed him noticed an American flag Merson, 20th Photo Section, Langley
trailing in the dust and filth of the gut­ Field, Virginia; Staff Sgt. Germain A.
Another Recruiting District ter. He called to the driver of the
The Recruiting District of Portland, Visbal, 3rd Photo Section, Boiling
car and ordered him to halt, but no Field, Washington; Staff Sgt. George
Oregon, has been organized, consisting attention was paid to him.
of the counties of Grays Harbor, Paci­ H. Fisher, 5th Photo Section, Kelly
"The thing went all over me," said Field, San Antonio, Texas; and Staff
fic, Lewis, W a h k i a k u r a , Cowlitz, Robertson later. "I called out for
Clarke, S k a m a n i a , and Klickitat, Sgt. John D. Meeks, 14th Photo Sec­
them to halt. They didn't obey, so I tion, Mitchel Field, Long Island. Mas­
Washington, and all of the State of drew my gun and fired four times.
Oregon. The recruiting offices are at ter Sgt. Charles G. Leiby, 22nd Photo
That stopped them,'' he added grimly. Section, Kelly Field, has been assigned
Portland, Vancouver Barracks, and Examination of the car showed two
Fort Stevens. to the San Francisco Bureau of the
bullets through each rear tire. same office.
Page Ten
T h e A r m y and t h e Conquest of could place an arm in the midst of the in covered and screened ambulances and
Yellow Fever insects without danger of any escaping. hospital cars, and placed ir, doubly
About a dozen insects were kept in each screened houses under «unrd for f.vo
(Continued from Page Seven) rage, and carefully watched. It was a weeks' observation to be certain that
p W Whe the m0S lh
K + u T f ? T c + ; l fi V " ^ were ^ e c f r ofrom
, , , ,infection.
..,,.„ Thcv
over by the
inherited the United
crown States
of bad Panama had
repute that qu.toes
red andhadgreatly
fed; their abdomens
distended- thenbecame
they were bitten by the infected mosquil
Even though the mosquitoes were un­
so long had stigmatized Havana, and it were readily induced to retire to tne dcniably hungry, they manifested
was but natural that Colonel G o r g a s ­ sides of the cage, being too heavy to strange reluctance to bite, which made
tor Congress had recognized in fitting fly about very much. it necessary to wash the armf, of the
manner a non-military achievement and For throe weeks thereafter these in­ m e n with soap, then alcohol Apparently
promoted Captain Gorgas for his splen­ fectcd mosquitoes, nearly 700 in all, were the skin of the Martinique negro has
did work—should be chosen to lead the carefully tended, and counted daily. some odor repellant or distasteful to
fight against yellow fever in the Isth­ Their food was bananas and water. One the insects.
mus of Panama. of these insects remained alive 103 days To make a long story short, not a
This was a much more gigantic task after her captivity began. Many perish­ single case of yellow fever appeared
than in Cuba. The populations of two ed within six weeks. among these twelve men even though
large cities, Colon and Panama, situ­ One morning a single mosquito was the last man was bitten 'simultaneously
ated in foreign territory although under missing. A frantic search was kept up by twenty-six apparently infected and
nominal United States control, had to for nearly two hours without success, infectious mosquitoes. It might be ar­
be cleaned up, and
provisions made for gued that the mos-
Ejuitoes were not in­
t h e reception of
fective, but since
s e v e r a l thousand
not a case of yel­
l a b o r e r s , many low fever develop­
with doubtful im­ ed among the hun­
munity to yellow dreds of laborers,
fever. and also since cer­
The usual four tain control experi­
s t e p s enumerated ments i n d i c at e d
previously, sufficed that at least some
to rid Panama of of the i n se c t s
yellow fever, al­ could transmit the
though two years disease, the practi­
elapsed before the cal result seems un­
requisite force and equivocal.
supplies could be Yellow fever was
mobilized to ac­ exterminated from
complish the result. the Canal Zone in
Perhaps the most October, 1906, and
unique feature of to this day it has
the Panama cam­ never regained a
paign was the in­ View of Panama Ordnance Depot foothold, a truly
vestigation of the marvelous result.
susceptibility of the prospective day and the entire doubly screened room General Gorgas demonstrated yet
laborers to yellow fever. These came they were kept in was about to be fumi­ again his mastery of yellow jack,
mostly from the islands of the Carri­ gated to prevent accident when the lost His ambition was to exterminate \ell> w
bean Sea, Martinique, St. Lucia, and insect was discovered dead between the fever from the face of the earth, and
others. It was supposed that these netting of the cage and its wooden to make the tropics safe for mankind.
people were immune to yellow fever, but frame. It is needless to refer to the re­ The WTorld War intervened however,
of course surmise is a poor substitute lief felt by all when the roll call was and his time and energy were given
for real information. Since hundreds complete. An escaped, infected mosquito without stint to the herculean task of
were to be brought to the Isthmus, might do much mischief among per­ expanding the medical corps of the
Colonel Gorgas ordered experiments to sons not immune to yellow fever. Al­ Army from some 600 to more than 30,­
be made to determine their suscepti­ though these mosquitoes managed to eke 000 members. When peace prevailed, he
bility. The experiments were simple and out an existence on their somewhat un­ turned again to the realization of his
direct, usual diet, they gave evidence of un­ mighty project. He became the chief of
First, mosquitoes of the proper sex alloyed enthusiasm when an incautious the yellow fever board of the Interna­
and kind were raised from eggs to in­ arm or hand approached their prison tional Health Board and lived to see
sure freedom from possible unknown in- bars. Guayaquil, the third great pest hold of
When all was ready an even dozen the American tropics, freed from the
fection. Secondly, these hand-picked and
>f laborers were selected from 300 ar­ cruel grip of yellow fever.
selected mosquitoes had to be infected of laboe
from known cases of yellow fever at rivals on an incoming steamer from The general has passed away, the
the proper stage of the"7disease. At the Martinique. The nature off the h experi­ i greatest of sanitarians has not lived to
time these observations were made, there ment and the risk they took in submit­ witness the realization of his truly ma­
were plenty of cases in Panama to select ting to inoculation with infected mos­ jestic plan for the emancipation of the
from The method of infection was quitoes were explained to them and tropics, but the spirit he instilled move.
simple: The mosquitoes, deprived of all they signed the necessary legal papers on, and the conquest of yellow fever,
food for three days were placed in in testimony thereof. the greatest romance of medicine, lias
wire cages so arranged that the patient They were taken across the Isthmus progressed far toward accomplishment.
Page Eleven


(Continued from Page Four)

Philadelphia Non-commissioned oFficcrs NCO's, first Sept. 15/25 June 15/26
three grades

Chicago Subsistence Sept. 1/25 May 31/26
Camp Holabird RA enlisted men Sept. 14/25 June 12/26
Ft. Strong
Ft. Hamilton
Camp Meade
Ft. Benning
Ft. Benj. Harrison'
Ft. Sheridan RA enlisted men Oct. 1/25 May 31/26
Bakers and Cooks
Ft. Riley
Ft. Sam Houston
Presidio of San

Signal Corps
Camp Vail Radio electricians RA enlisted men Sept. 14/25 June 14/26
Tel. & Teleg. " RA Signal Corps men Sept. 14/25 June 14/26
RA enlisted men, other arms Sept. 14/25 June 14/26
Adv. Tel. & Teleg. electriciansRA Signal Corps men Sept. 14/25 June 14/26
Meteorology RA enlisted men Apr. 14/25 Jan. 30/26
Feb. 1/26 June 14/26
Army Music School
Washington Bandsmen Enlisted men 8 months to one year, no set dates.
Advanced instrumentalists One year, no set dates.
Prep, band leaders Apr. 1/26 Sept. 30/26
Regular band leaders Oct. 1/25 June 20/27




Military Terms Applied to Civil Life

Page Twelve
Through The

# Telescope
Value of Military Training New Super Engine For Airplanes

In answer to the question "What

The Engineering Division of the Fifth Corps Area Troops to Camp
advantage in civil life has a young man Army Air Service has let a contract Perry-
with an Indianapolis concern for build- with an Indianapolis concern for build-
Battalion Headquarters and two
asked six passers-by by "The Inquir­ ing a new type of experimental motor
ing Photographer" of the New York companies of the 11th Infantry, sta­
which is expected to develop 2400 tioned at Fort Benjamin Harrison, In-
Daily Nezvs and reported in that paper horsepower. The new engine is of the
on July 20, two men, one a salesman diana, and two companies of the 10th
"X" type with four banks of cylinders. Infantry at Fort Hayes, Ohio, are to be
and one a theatrical manager, praised It was designed chiefly by McCook
military training for the disciplinary sent to Camp Perry, Ohio, for the Na­
Field engineers. tional Matches. These troops, under
instruction involved and the
erect carriage which is the present plans, are to proceed to
property of a true military man, Perry by train, returning to
and one actor, while admitting Things the Army Does Besides Fight their stations by motor trucks.
the physical advantages in­
volved, believed that military New York, June 27, 1925.—After more than a B. S. in M. E.—New M. I. T.
life destroys one's initiative and year of experimenting, according to today's New Degree
makes him always dependent York Evening Post, a board of United States Army In view of the number of
on some one higher in author­ medical officers in Manila has just published the men from the various branches
results of its investigation of dengue fever, one of of the Army and Navy detailed
ity. Three young women who the lesser ills of the tropics. Due to the fact that
were asked the same question to the Massachusetts Institute
the mortality of this disease is extremely low, it
credited military training with has been more or less neglected by the medical fra­ of Technology for instruction,
giving young men better mor­ ternity. A severe epidemic in 1923-1924, however, the Institute, according to a
during which nine out of ten of the inhabitants of letter written to the War De­
als, finer physique, a true idea
Manila were confined to their homes for several partment by Dr. S. W. Strat­
of sportsmanship, temperance days, made an intensive investigation of the disease ton, President, has established
in daily living, and general un­ necessary because of the great economic loss in­ a course leading to the degree
derstanding of how to take volved. Accordingly the board was appointed and of Bachelor of Science in Mili­
care of themselves. has since been working with 25 soldiers, both tary Engineering. This course
American and Filipino, who volunteered for the
experimental work. is open only to officers who are
CMTC Press Section Opened graduates of the United States
The board found that dengue fever is caused by Naval or Military Academies
The publicity department of the bite of only one species of mosquitoes, the
the CMTC at Fort Benjamin acdes egyoti or stegomyia fasci'ata, one of the two and to officers of the services
Harrison, Indiana, has opened highly domesticated mosquitoes of the Philippines. who may have received their
a miniature school of journal­ It differs from the malaria mosquito in that it flies training at some technical school.
ism with two Regular Army of­ by day as well as night. Following a blood meal, o
ficers as instructors and a stu­ the dengue mosquito rests on a dark surface to Princeton Offers Scholarship
dent body of twenty-nine digest her food, a process which requires from two A scholarship at Princeton
to three days. From the third to the fifth day
CMTC candidates from various following the meal, eggs are laid, being deposit­ University has been offered to
parts of the Fifth Corps Area. ed inside the house in receptacles containing- flow­ a selected young man from the
The purpose of the press sec­ ers, cans containing water and flower pots and Plattsburg Citizens' Military
tion is to supply home papers outside in' roof gutters or wherever else there Training Camp. It is given in
with news of the camp and the is standing water. From 15 to 20 eggs are de­ memory of the men of Com­
progress of the students, it be­ posited at one time, and resemble small particles pany L, 307th Infantry, who
of dark colored dust floating on the surface of were killed in action in the
ing realized that the folks at the water.
home are always interested in World War, and will be avail­
the work of the boys at the Only the female mosquito transmits dengut. The able to the winner in either the
training camps. transmission of the disease by mosquito and the arts or scientific department of
period of generation is practically the same as the university. It will be
There is intense rivalry with yellow fever. Once infected the mosquito re­
among the organizations and mains so for at least 75 days. awarded on the recommenda­
each night the twenty-nine rep­ tion of Major General Charles
Following the findings of the Army board, the P. Summerall.
resentatives crowd into a room Manila health authorities have instituted an in­
set aside for them to grind out tensive anti-mosquito campaign. All houses have The next Plattsburg camp
their "copy" on the three been surveyed for .mosquitoes, the inhabitants in­ opens on August 3.
"mills" supplied. Dailies and structed in ways and means of preventing re­ o
weeklies in Ohio, W. Virginia, production, and other steps taken to make Manila The day to start reenlisting a
Kentucky and Indiana are be­ a mosquitoless city. man is the day he takes the
ing served. oath of enlistment.
Page Thirteen
Humphreys' Engineer Team Publicity With a Catch General Staff Officers Inspect CMT
Fort Humphreys' baseball team, The British Army was recently ex­ Camps
shown on this page, last year won 41 ploited by an American moving pic­ Major General John L. Hines, Chief
out of 51 games played. Up to June ture press agent in a publicity stunt. of Staff, U. S. Army, and Major Gen­
5 of this year it had won 17 out of the By some hook or crook, according to eral Dennis Nolan, Deputy Chief of
21 games played, having defeated all the Nczv York Times, he succeeded in Staff, are keeping in close touch this
of the service teams in and near the securing the escort of an artillery out­ summer and early fall with the prog­
District of Washington and many local fit from Southampton to London for ress of the work in the training camps.
athletic clubs. himself and his films, which, he stated, General Hines visited Camp McCIellan
Players from left to right in the pic­ had been insured for $1,000,000. He last week on an inspection trip and
ture are: Standing: Hartraan, Reed, promised that, should the men be per­ General Nolan is attempting at least
McBridc, Fitzthomas, Viar, Davison, mitted to act as escort, moving pic­ one trip this summer.
Croft, Lieut. Bingham (coach) ; sitting: tures would be taken of them which Brigadier General Hugh A. Drum,
Scrive, Myers, Bowen, Batton, Wiggy. could be used as an aid in the recruit­ Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, left
— o ing campaigns which were being car­ Washington July 18 on a trip through
New Rifle Record ried on. the Middle West. Stops on his sched­
A new world's record was made by A company of the Southampton gar­ ule included Columbus, Ohio; La
the rifle team of the 2nd Company of rison was paraded, with band, and Crosse and Sparta, Wisconsin; Des
the Governor's Foot Guard, of New marched proudly through the streets Moines, Iowa; Omaha, Nebraska; and
Haven, Conn., at Sea Girt, New jersey, uf the post, escorting the precious Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
on July 19, when the New Haven five boxes containing the American films Other General Staff officers are visit­
man team scored 491 ing camps all over the
( mt of a possible 500
points. The firing was
done at 200 and 500 Tablet Erected at Fort
yards from the prone Ticonderoga
A tablet has been
o erected at Fort Ticon­
Bearcat Hymn Book deroga, New York, to
A Whiz commemorate the gal­
"The Bearcat Hymn lantry of the famous
Book," published by Black Watch at the
the 2nd Battalion of
the 76th Field Artillery assault by the British
at the Presidio of under Abercrombie on
Monterey, California, the French line com­
has just been received. manded by Montcalm,
It is a 100 per cent July 8, 1758. The St.
Artillery song book, Andrews' Society of
with the history of the Glen Falls furnished
7(>th Field Artillery the tablet and in an
and an eulogy of the impressive ceremony
Artillery branch of the Engineer Baseball Team, Fort Humphreys, Virginia a procession headed
Army added to boot. by the bagpipe band
Every Artillery song from "The Cais­ and displaying posters calling on of the Black Watch of Montreal, the
sons Go Rolling Along" to a lot of young men to fall in and learn to per­ Royal Highlanders of Canada, marched
local lyrics is included. A perusal of form the same glorious service. It ac­ through the village.
tliis magazine should make the luke­ companied the films all the way to o
warm recruit an enthusiastic rooter for London, finally depositing them at their CMTC Credit and Scholarships
the Field Artillery. ultimate destination. The most liberal credit for attend­
The commanding officer who made ance at a CMT Camp in the United
the joy ride to London at the film
17 -Year-OW Youths Predominate at company's expense has since decided States is believed to be that given
Knox that his ardor in the interest of re­ by Oklahoma, which allowed this
The total enrollment at the July cruiting was more intense than his year one-half unit credit toward high
CMT Camp at Camp Knox, Kentucky, ability to cope with a trained publicity school graduation for attendance in
was 2,484. Tabulations of the ages of agent. "I am sick and tired of the the Basic course.
the students at CMTC headquarters whole business," he stated. "We In addition to other CMTC scholar­
place the majority attending at the thought it was a recruiting stunt, but ships noted in these columns from
age of seventeen and eighteen. The it has turned out very differently." time to time, De Paul University, in
tabulations are: 16 years, 158; 17 o Chicago, Wheaton C o l l e g e , at
years, 977; 18 years, 624; 19 years, 85; Wheaton, Illinois, Kalamazoo and Al­
Oil Companies Back Test
22 years, 40; 23 years, 28; 24 years, 23; ma Colleges in Michigan, and Lake
25 years, 11, 26 years, 1; 27 years, The oil companies of Kern County, Forest College in Illinois, have an­
none; 28 years, 4 ; 29 years, 1 ; 30 years, California, pledged their entire man nounced that the foremost young men
2 ; 31 years, 1. power and resources in the observance at Camp Custer, according to the
of the Defense Day Test. The larger grading of the camp commander, will
The day to start reenlisting a man is oil companies alone pledged over 6,000 be granted free tuition for the com­
the day he takes the oath of enlistment. men. ing year, one man at each institution.
Page Fourteen
The March of the Mounted Rifle- a very pretty fall before it reaches the The command arrived here late this
Riflemen Columbia, Which is not more than 200 evening, and encamped about three miles
yards from it. from us, and all preparations were made
{Continued from Page Six) We continued our journey to the for a speedy departure. As I was well
touch of the bridle is sufficient to guide Old Mission, where I met with Lieut­ aware that we had much more freight
in any direction. enant Fry, who had at that moment than could be taken for some time, I
Having been directed to proceed to arrived with the boats for our trans­ prepared a raft by taking a portion of
The Dalles to make necessary arrange­ portation to the Great Falls of the Col­ the pickets from the Old Mission.
ments for transporting the troops b) umbia River, 40 miles below. Sept. 23.—An order was issued regu­
water to Fort Vancouver on their ar­ Sept. 14.—Lieutenant Fry left this lating the departure of the troops in
rival, I hired a guide and several horses, morning, accompanied by Lieutenant the following manner: Brevet Major
which would enable me to travel the Lindsay, for Fort Vancouver. I wrote Ruff was to accompany the boats, with
distance without any delay, and made to the quartermaster to send more' boats if as many persons as could conveniently
every arrangement for an early start they could be obtained, and also wrote go, as they had become barefooted and
in the morning. to Colonel Loring, giving him my views unable to walk; the remainder were to
Sept. 10.—I started this morning at relative to the disposition to be made march down by land twenty miles below,
half past six in company with Lieuten­ of the whole command. on the left bank of the river, with such
ant Lindsay and two soldiers as an es­ The country between here and the horses as could well go this route, and
cort. We traveled nearly 50 miles and base of the Cascade, range affords there to cross, when they would pro­
were tired enough to make our encamp­ mountain bunch grass in great quantities. ceed to Fort Vancouver by land. I des­
ment for the night, which was easily On the Walla Walla Fork, and over patched a wagon in one of the boats
done, having nothing but our blankets. the whole range of country between and a team with two teamsters to trans­
Sspt. 11.—At nine o'clock in the morn­ here and Fall Creek, there is fine graz­ port the stores 'at the half-mile port­
ing we came to where the Cayuse In­ ing. The small valleys on the streams age while the boats were to be taken
dians were located; their town, which is afford an abundance of grass for a over the falls by the Indians, and from
temporary, consisted of a number of large number of horses, cattle or sheep; the foot of what is called the upper
lodges made of mats and bushes, much and, from my own personal observation, falls; the open boats were then to pro­
larger than those made of buffalo skins. I know of no place that possesses more ceed to the foot of the lower falls, a
As they expected us, they were all on advantages for a post than this. distance of three miles, 'and there em­
the qui vive; some were out to meet us, Sept. 21.—I left at seven o'clock this bark on a schooner employed to trans­
while others gratified their curosity by morning for Fall River, with the ex­ port them to Oregon City. Major Ruff
gazing at us; old women and children pectation of meeting with the troops, was to send back the boats to transport
were to be seen in numbers, while the but was informed by some emigrants the remainder, and, in the meantime, to
smaller boys were out attending to the whom I met on the road that they left improve the portage so as to admit a
droves of horses which belonged to them yesterday, and it would take them wagon to pass.
the band. until late this evening before they could Sept 24.—The boats were all loaded
Having remained with the Indians a possibly arrive at Fall Creek. These and off at half past nine o'clock. Major
short time, I again continued my jour­ people were in advance of their party, Ruff and family and fifty men—also a
ney until 12 o'clock, when we came to a going to The Dalles, which seemed to large quantity of company and private
burial ground, near the road, and not be the general rendezvous for such as baggage—were transported in three
far from the banks of the Eunatilla, feared to undertake, at this time, the Mackinaw boats, one yawl, four canoes,
where the dead were deposited of those crossing of the great Cascade range, and one whale-boat. The party of foot
who had been killed by the Oregonians particularly with weak teams. and mounted men and eleven pack mules
in the campaign against them after the I learned on reaching the crossing left at eleven o'clock to cross the river
death of Doctor Whitman. The ground that the troops would not be there prob­ about twenty miles below, at an Indian
was nicely staked in, and at the head ably the next day; and I regretted that village, where the guide was directed
of each grave a long pole was planted, my boat had not arrived, nor could it to hire Indians to cross them to the
• probably to designate the person who be got over the last fall. The Indians right bank of the river.
was interred. had labored all day to succeed, but be­ Sept. 27.—I now commenced to pre­
• The day's ride brought me to the coming disheartened, had finally aband­ pare the train to cross the Cascade
banks of the Columbia River, after four oned all further attempts, and were en­ Mountains with such stores as could
months and eleven days since leaving joying the hospitality of their friends, be conveniently carried. All the wagons
Washington City. We had gone througb when I assembled them together to re­ were examined and thirty left here, to­
much fatigue and many perplexities; turn to the Old Mission, through the gether with 190 mules, which, from
we had escaped the cholera and sur­ same deep cuts among the rocks where weakness, were unable to leave here
mounted many difficulties; and we re­ they had yesterday toiled almost in vain before they were rested.
flected that we had at last reached the to overcome. Sept. 28.—Captain Van Buren's comp­
Columbia River. Though we were not Sept. 22.—Lieutenant Lindsay arrived any left last evening for Oregon City.
yet at the end of our journey, it filled today, bringing one whale boat and a Lieutenant M'Lane took his departure
each one's breast with feelings which ship's boat, which made an addition to with the broken down horses of the
cannot be easily described. We now be­ our little fleet; he also brought along command this morning, which, in my
gan to think, by a little more perse­ a fine party of Indians, all good oars­ opinion, should have been; left here;
verance, that our journey would soon men, who were greatly required. These but as I had no control over them,
be brought to an end, and the fatigue Indians had been so much under the they were driven across to Oregon City,
endured would only render the trip more good discipline of the Hudson Bay nearly two-thirds being lost while cross­
interesting when we looked back on it Company that they had only to be com­ ing the Cascade Mountains. The teams
hereafter. manded to obey promptly. The crew having all been properly examined, the
Sept. 13.—At 12 o'clock we arrived who had been left here were nearly all march was commenced by them this
at Shute's River, or more properly Fall sick, and of but little use to us at this evening.
River, which contracts here and forms time. (To be Concluded)
Page Fifteen

JUNE, 1925

Enlist- Enlist-
Total ments ments
Enlist- in in
1. Richmond, Va Capt. L. W. Skaggs, Inf., LOL 207 168 213
2. Philadelphia, Pa Col. F. G. Stritzinger, Jr., Inf., DOL 186 152 172
3. Indianapolis, lnd Col. R. S. Woodson, Retired 179 .165 178
4. New York, N. Y Col. J. T. Dean, Inf., DOL • 170 203 167
5. Pittsburgh, Pa Lt. Col. W. B. Cowin, QMC, DOL 164 141 133
6. Columbus, O Lt. Col. Alfred Ballin, Retired 150 117 122
7. Cincinnati, O Lt. Col. F. G. Turner, Cav., DOL 139 138 105
8. Harrisburg, Pa Col. H. S. Wygant, Retired 136 112 97
9. Buffalo, N. Y Maj. M. P. Andruss, CAC, DOL 126 115 78
10. Detroit, Mich Col. C. E. Morton, Retired 115 40 70
11. New Orleans, La Maj. G. V Heidt, Inf., DOL 106 64 69
12. Dallas, Texas Capt. E. J. Buckbee, QMC, DOL 106 101 75
13. San Francisco, Cal Maj. E. H. Pearce, Retired 101 118 106
14. Oklahoma City, Okla Capt. L. F. Crane, FA, DOL 100 111 105
15. Baltimore, Md Capt. C. J. Mabbutt, QMC, DOL 98 110 88
16. El Paso, Texas (Ft. Bliss) Lt. Col. A. A. King, Retired 95 77 60
17. St. Louis, Mo Capt. H. H. Reeves, QMC, DOL 94 44 75
18. Los Angeles, Cal Col. Hunter B. Nelson, Retired 91 141 91
19. Chicago, 111 Lt. Col. W. B. Graham, Inf., DOL 90 76 97
20. Fort Sam Houston, Texas Capt. T. L. Garza, Inf., DOL 83 104 107
21. North Carolina 1st. Lt. W. S. Bryant, FA 81 95 69
22. Syracuse, N. Y Maj. R. L. Weeks, Retired 80 77 64
23. Peoria, 111 Capt. Reyburn Engles, QMC, DOL 76 26 63
24. Scranton, Pa 1st Lt. J. J. Gutkowski. Inf., DOL 73 54 49
25. Boston, Mass 1st Lt. M. F. Cooney, Retired 72 57 80
26. West Virginia Col. B. P. Nicklin, Inf., DOL 67 46 62
27. Nebraska 1st Lt. E. P. Lukert, Inf., DOL 66 51 54
28. Portland, Me 1st Lt. T. E. Winstead, 5th Inf 65 52 61
29. Little Rook, Ark Maj. H. M. Rimmer, Retired 62 49 42
30. Houston, Texas 1st Lt. F. S. Mansfield, Inf., DOL 62 47 46
31. Providence, R. I Capt. W. J. Gilbert, CAC, DOL 60 63 57
32. Knoxvillc. Tenn Capt. T. N. Williams, Inf., DOL 59 67 69
33. Springfield, Mass Capt. T. W. Herren, Cav., DOL 57 47 34
34. Atlanta, Ga Col. W. R. Sample, Inf., DOL 56 51 43
35. Fort Leavenworth, Kans. . .. Col. E. L. Butts, Inf., DOL 55 60 68
36. Fort Snelling, Minn Col. William Wallace, Retired 55 33 50
37. Memphis, Tenn Capt. J. D. Chambliss, Inf., DOL 54 42 49
38. Milwaukee, Wisconsin ....Capt. J. V. Stark, Inf., DOL 54 32 30
39. Denver, Colo Maj. E. W. Mumford, Retired 54 52 - 55
40. Newark, N. J Lt. Col. W. R. Taylor, Cav., DOL 54 65 58
41. Des Moines, Iowa Capt. R. T. Edwards, QMC, DOL 53 41 31
42. Seattle, Washington Col. G. W. S. Stevens, Retired 49 28 40
43. Albany, N. Y 1st Lt. W. B. Walters, CAC, DOL 47 42 40
44. Washington, D. C Lt. Col. C. S. Fries, Inf, DOL 44 44 43
45. Nashville, Tenn 1st Lt. L. W. Boyd, Inf., DOL 40 43 45
46. Wichita, Kan Capt. T. A. Bryant, Cav, DOL 39 25 41
47. New Haven, Conn Lt. Col. O. C. Nichols, Inf., DOL 39 % 31
48. Salt Lake City, Utah Capt. Roy F. Lynd, Inf., DOL (Acting) 33 A7 27
49. Camden, N. J Capt. W. F. Gent, Inf, DOL 27 41 28
50. Portland, Ore Lt. Col. C. F. Andrews, Inf, DOL 27 42 43
51. Jackson, Miss Capt. Daniel Becker, Cav, DOL 26 16 19
52. Spokane, Washington Col. C. C. Ballou, Inf., DOL 23 10 16
53. Savannah, Ga Capt. P. S. Roper, CAC, D O L 21 24 30
54. Grand Rapids, Mich Lt. Col. H. M. Fales, Retired 20 20 18
55. Fort Oglethorpe, Ga Capt. H. D. Bagnall, Inf, DOL 20 32 27
56. Alabama Capt. A. G. French, Inf, DOL 19 15 15
57. Jacksonville, Fla. Capt. C. H. Dayhuff, Cav, DOL ....... 19 24 21
58. Fort Benning, Ga Capt. G. E. Kraul, Inf., DOL '.'.'.'.'. 11 5 4
59. Fort Ethan Allen, Vt 2nd Lt. J. F. Williams, 7th FA . 9 Y2 9
60. Fort Banks, Mass 2nd Lt. A. W. Glass, 9th CAC ... . 8

I W l t y lor Prirato U H (300


oi 2
o > SEPTEMBER 1, 1925
•—• <c


With the Cavalry of the Eighth Corps Area in Texas

The History of the Cavalry

{Compiled From Articles by Brigadier General LEROY ELTINGE and Colonel C. B. SWEEZY)
INCE the days when prehistoric

the chariots were provided with short, ron of cavalry, the mounted service had
man learned to cling to the backs sharp knives that enabled a fast-rushing long since given way to the jnfantry as
of fierce, untamed horses, cavalry chariot to mow down ranks of men. the most important branch of the Army.
has been a favored and important element Ensconced behind the protective body of This squadron was formed in the summer
in the make-up of armies. The Tar­ the chariot, covered by a shield that the of 1793 and performed an honorable part
tar hordes of Genghis Khan and the driver held for him, and provided with in campaigns against the Indians in what
mounted warriors of Alexander the an unlimited supply of arrows borne in was then the Northwest.
Great are removed from the cavalry the body of the chariot, the fighting man
used in the World War only by changes An Act of Congress dated March 3,
of these times had little to fear from
in equipment and manner of fighting. foot soldiery. 1795, authorized certain forces of troops,
Notwithstanding the amazing growth of including two companies of dragoons, to
The evolution of cavalry from the
motor and air transportation the success­ be retained in service. Then upon the
chariot units required 500 years, and even
ful cavalry campaigns of the Allies expiration of its three years' service the
then it is observed that cavalry mounts
against the Germans at Cambrai and of squadron formed in 1793 was reduced
were provided with the same harness
General Allenby in Egypt and Palestine as the draft chariot horse. The first real to two small companies of light dra­
have proven unquestionably that goons which made up the entire
the cavalry arm is not obsolete mounted service.
nor doomed to discard. On March 2, 1799, Congress
It is highly probable, though
authorized the raising of three
there is little evidence of it, that
regiments but in May of the next
the Scythians were the first people
year directed that all officers and
to use the horse for riding. Living
men who had up to that time
a nomadic life upon the great
entered the cavalry be discharged
plains where horses existed in
save those in two troops. Two
vast numbers, it was only natur­ years later these were disbanded
al that they should discover at
and the Army was left without
an early period the usefulness of
any mounted force. April 12, 1808,
these animals for equestrian pur­ a regiment of eight troops of light
poses. This idea spread rapidly
dragoons was ordered and this
into Asia until its people became
single regiment composed the cav­
nations of horsemen—long be­ alry of the United States at tb~
fore the Greeks conceived the
outbreak of the War of 1812,
possibilities of riding. It is clear
though another of twelve troops
that the fable of the Centaur was
was added January 11 of the
prompted by Greeks who had
same year.
seen or heard of the horsemen
Certain historians have referred
and mistook them for single ani­ to the latter regiment as mounted
mals half-man and half-horse, a

infantry and as volunteer Kent­

most natural conception of a

tucky cavalry, but whatever its

people continually on horseback

by a non-riding nation.
proper designation it charged the
The Scythians do not appear British regulars with true cavalry
to have used chariots of war at spirit.
all, so that evidence seems to point At the termination of the sec­
to them as the earliest cavalry ond war with England an army
nation. In battle they fought tum­ of ID, ()()0 men was authorized.
ultuously, without a fixed order No provision was made for cav­
and in groups of triangular shape, Major General Malin Craig, Chief of Cavalry alry and, in fact, it was not until
firing their arrows at a distance, the spring of 1833 that this branch
retreating swiftly if attacked, but rarely cavalrymen had no saddles. For a time The received any serious attention.
if ever engaging in hand-to-hand con­ they rode bareback, then used a simple need Black Hawk War impressed the
flict. By this system their enemies were pad of cloth fastened on the animal with of mounted troops upon Con­
gress, and accordingly, the First Regiment
soon worn out, and a force invading their a single girth. With the exception of merit of Dragoons was organized. This
country was continually harried by fast- Roman leaders who had no genius for marks the beginning of the present or­
moving, elusive riders upon whom a horsemanship, great captains from Alex­ ganization of our cavalry forces.
crushing blow could not be delivered. ander to Frederick used their infantry Three years later the Second Regiment
Other nations used the horse primarily for a sort of holding attack and their,
ol Dragoons came into existence and the
as a means of transport to draw their cavalry for the decisive action. AH of
chariots. At first, rich and influential men Alexander's victories were won with two were occupied for several years
rode to battle in a chariot and then dis­ cavalry. It was he who inaugurated the against the Indians in Florida and on'the
mounted to fight, the chariot being turned principle of the pursuit of a beaten enemy Western frontier. At times the dragoons
about and held a few yards in rear ready to the last gasp of man and horse. In were widely scattered and performed ex­
to receive them should they desire to one case he pursued the defeated Persians ceedingly difficult and arduous service,
flee. 70 miles in 36 hours. but both officers and enlisted men learned
Next, the horses were shielded by When the Congress of the United States much through their campaigns.
armor, and the axles and neck yokes of in 1792 authorized the raising of a squad­ (Continued on Page Eleven)
Page Two
Sailing the Seas with the Army

S OLDIERS of the sea"—not ma­

rines—but soldiers of the Army of
the United States enlisted or em­
ployed by the Quartermaster Corps, oper­
Quartermaster Corps Maintains

Small Efficient


American soldiers were detrained hourly

at Tampa. Military congestion was at
once foreseen and the Army Transport
Service was again created and has
ate a small sized navy for the American functioned to the present time.
Government. The Army has found that these same Army transports became as These mark the beginnings of the
"travel by water" effects a tremendous busy carrying Federal troops to the James Army's navy and during the Spanish
saving and under an economic program River as they had before been occupied War and the Philippine campaigns this
troops are moved by transport when­ in convoying regiments from Philadelphia little fleet included 65 vessels under the
ever possible. Like a great many of the and New York to the Southern battle­ control and administration of the Quarter­
progressive accomplishments of the Army fields. master Corps of the Army. The forces
the transport service had its inception in This was the origin of the United were recruited not from the Navy but
time of war. States Army Transport Service. It was from the Merchant Marine.
The Army established a sea-going the outgrowth of dire necessity and was While the Army Transport Service is
transport service of its own, independent a nautical branch of the Army hastily maintained as a branch of the Quarter­
of Navy administration, during the Civil organized for the occasion. The Ameri­ master Corps its organization resembles
War. In the military campaign of the can Navy had its hands more than filled that of a commercial steamship corpora­
Eastern Carolinas a fleet of old- shallow maintaining a tight blockade of Confeder­ tion rather than that of a military navy.
draft river steamers and nondescript ate ports and breaking up the privateering Its employees are usually in the Civil
"wooden tubs" were gathered together, activities of the Confederacy which were Service and enjoy the benefits given
placed under military command of "Army destroying American shipping. The Army those enrolled in the classified service
Admirals" and sent south to make things therefore had to handle its own transport of the Government.
interesting for the Carolinians. Before activities. A considerable number of eligible men
this fleet had an opportunity of showing have entered the transport service after
The United States Army Transport the expiration of their enlistemnt in the
its ability these marine dogs of war Service disappeared almost as quiokly
were called off for at that time the Regular Army. A great many soldiers who
as it was created upon the signing of have tasted the salt air on Army trans­
Peninsular Campaign in Virginia became peace it Appamattox. ports have acquired a love for sea-going
so tense for both sides that the lagoon The war with Spain in 1898 created ships and many of them have risen in
lands of North Carolina seemed of com­ another demand for transportation facili­ the ranks of the transport service.
paratively little importance. Thereafter ties. Troops had to he sent to Cuba. (Continued on Page Eleven)

U . S . Army Vessel "Gen. Frank M. Coxe

U . S . Army Cableship Dellwood U. 5 . Army Transport "St. Mihiel"
U. 5 . Army Ferryboal "General Otis

Page Three
Army Engineer River and Harbor Work

N THE one hundred and fifty years Address by Brig. Gen. Edgar tion of annual port customs dues in 1925

I that the United States has been paying

its own bills, about one billion

quarter dollars have been expended by and a


, s>t • r

/ r>

of tn­
amounted to approximately $562,000,000.
These customs dues collected through the
ports thus equal in a little more than
two years the total amount spent in one
the Army Engineers for original works gineers, in Boston, on June 26 hundred and fifty years for all of our
of river and harbor improvement and is easily visualized and is enormous. For
for their operation and maintenance. harbors, channels and rivers. As these
example, Galveston had a ruling depth coast harbors are of vital importance
About two hundred and fifty million dol- before improvement of 9 feet. At present
lars in addition will be required for the to the entire interior of the country, it
it has a depth of 33 feet obtained by the is obvious that they must be maintained
completion of projects now authorized dollexpenditure of approximately $10,000,­
by Congress. This body is now appro- and from time to time enlarged to meet
000. Estimates of the saving in freight ef­ the increasing size and number of ships
priating money at the approximate rate fected by the existence of this harbor to
of $40,000,000 per year looking to the as the country and its commerce grow.
the country dependent upon it indicate an With reference to lake
completion of these pro­
jects, to the undertaking navigation it may be
of new projects, and to said that the Great
"»•_ g Lakes in general are
the maintenance of ex­
isting ones. large bodies of water
which had the natural
The principal works depths suitable for navi­
may be divided roughly gation in the main body
into three p r i n c i p a l of the Lakes, but needed
classes: coast harbors, considerable work in the
lake harbors and chan­ connecting channels and
nels, and inland rivers in the various harbors
and canals. There are to adapt them to the
other important works handling of a large
such as harbors of ref­ amount of commerce.
uge, secondary rivers, The improvement of
coastwise channels, etc., these channels and har­
which would not actual­ bors by the Corps of
ly fall in the principal Engineers has facilitat­
classes named. ed the development of
This work has result­ over one hundred and
ed in putting most of twenty-five million tons
our coast harbors in of commerce per year
excellent condition. It valued at $1,384,000,000.
is now possible for ships This is probably moved
carrying commodities more cheaply per ton
for or from nearly mile than any other in­
every part of the United land commerce in the
States to enter the har­ world moving for a
bor which will give the long distance. This
most economical rail commerce is equal to
haul between the port about one-tenth of the
and the point of origin freight handled by all
or destination of the the railroads of the
material in the United country, and it moves at
States. This effects an about one-ninth of the
enormous annual saving cost per ton mile of
Electric dredging apparatus aboard the U. S. Engineer Dept. boat "Mackenzie",
to the country on freight now working in New York harbor. In center is shown suction pipe through which freight handled by rail.
payments. It also sand is pumped from the bottom of the harbor. In harbor improvement
makes our ocean com­ it is evident that the individual ports
merce exceedingly elastic. The develop- annual saving of approximately fifteen
can be developed to the extent necessary
ment of these harbors has been con- million dollars. In other words, the en-
to handle commerce as it develops. It
current with the growth of the country, tire expenditures are amortized yearly.
has therefore been feasible to secure
as well as with the increase in size of By assuming che wiping out of any
beneficial results running quite concurrent­
the prevailing freight carriers of the given harbor and then computing the ly with, or following shortly after, the
various periods. extra cost of handling the freight to and expenditures.
In the year 1800, the largest ship was from the part of the country tributary
ISO feet long, had a width of 27 feet to and dependant upon it, an estimate In the third general class of improve-
and a draft of 16 feet. In the period ment—that of rivers—such is not always
can be formed of the present value of
intervening from then up to the present the case. Originally our rivers furnished
that harbor. Through Atlantic, Gulf and
there has been a gradual but steady the best and only method of transporta­
growth until at present thr ,argest di- Pacific coast ports there passed in 1925 tion for long distance in the interior of
mensions are 950 feet in length, 100 some 264,000,000 tons of goods valued the country, and necessarily had to be
feet in width, and a maximum draft of at $17,000,000,000. It will noted that on used for such transportation as there was,
41.3 feet. In some harbors the benefit top of direct freight savings the collec- (Continued on Page Five)

Page Four
The New Chief of the RPB

By Major I. J. PHILLIPSON, A. G. D.

T O THOSE familiar with the annals

of the Recruiting Service for the
past twenty years, Major William
F. Harrell, now Chief of the Recruiting
cruiting District and won for himself
a reputation for efficiency and outstand­
ing merit seldom attained.
Considered only from an angle of re­
service and experience who knows in a
marked degree the enlisted needs of the
United States Army. His has been large­
ly a service with the line and no one is
Publicity Bureau, needs no introduction. cruiting, this record is unique, but it better prepared to maintain its standards.
Commissioned as second lieutenant of forms only a minor phase in the fine mili­ He is particularly fitted for the responsi­
Infantry in 1903, he served as recruiting tary career of Major Harrell. No officer bilities now devolving upon him both
officer at Fort Ontario, New York, in of his grade and time has had more bril­ from the viewpoint of the Army and of
1907 and at Fort Porter, New York, in liant service in actual command of combat the Recruiting Service. We welcome him
back firm in our faith that both services
are greatly the gainers through his

Army Engineer River and Harbor

(Continued from Page Four)
relying partially on flood stages. As
highways were improved and railroads
built the people became accustomed to a
service independent of the stages of the
river. For most rivers to attain again
their full usefulness consistent with mod­
ern developments, it is necessary, for the
handling of most commodities, that they
be so improved that they shall be navig­
able for reliable depths throughout the
year. A long river which is to be im­
proved for a specified depth—say nine
feet—docs not attain anywhere near its
full usefulness as long as any part of
the channel has not been improved to
this depth. The standard depth must be
available from the point of origin to the
point of destination. It is true that in
the case of many rivers, which needed
only a small amount of work to adapt
them to local commerce, excellent re­
sults have been obtained in the way of in­
creasing commerce for small expenditures.
There moved in 1923 through rivers,
canals and connecting waterways, 53,­
000,000 tons valued at $1,010,000,000.
In the case, however, of our principal
interior rivers, such as the Ohio, the
full benefit can not be had until the im­
provement of the river is completed.
These works are progressing steadily un­
Major Williiam F. Harrell der the War Department Engineers and
1908, while in 1911 he was on duty with troops. He served in every grade from in some places improvement has been
the recruit detachment at Fort Sam captain to colonel with the Sixteenth In- carried over a sufficient stretch to adapt
Houston, Texas. Early in 1917 he be- fantry overseas and played a leading role a river to the necessities of commerce in
came recruiting officer at Fort Wayne, in all combats of the First Division. a localized region with excellent results.
Indiana, and later in the year was de- Twice wounded in action in leading his One of the most notable case? is the
tailed in charge of the Harrisburg Dis- battalion in the heaviest fighting of the Monongahela River. This handles about
trict with station at Harrisburg, Pa. war, he is one of those officers whose twenty-five million tons per year, prob­
Harrisburg was not required to fur- high standards set the example that led ably more than any other inland river
nish a single man under the first selective to the First Division's successes. Major in the world. The Rhine handled about
service quota because of the large num- Harrell has been awarded both the Dis­ twice this much before the war, but it
ber of enlistments for voluntary service tinguished Service Medal and the Dis- has not regained its former commerce
completed, and the City Council publicly tinguished Serivce Cross as well as sev­ since the war. No other river comes to
commended Major Harrell for his con- eral decorations of the Allied govern­ mind which handles as much. The Mo­
spicious part in the achievement. In 1920 ments. These with their attendant cita­ nongahela is paralleled by three prosper­
and 1921, during the intensive recruiting tions bear immutable witness to the quali­ ous railroads for much of its critical
drives which attended demobilization, he ty of service rendered. distance. The annual freight saving over
was in charge of the Indianapolis Re- Major Harrell J? an officer of wide {Continued on Page Twelve)
Page Five
Religious Services at CMT Camps

A Sunday Protestant Meeting

HE big summer training camp was

T almost deserted. Where normally
there should have been two thou­
sand or more robust youths in evidence
He deals with the modern Sunday school
and religious education classes, with
young peoples' movements, limitless in
their possibilities, and the social inter­
along the tent-lined streets there were An Orthodox Jewish Service pretation of the Gospel. He is on the
now less than thirty to be seen. To the drill ground and the target range, in
little group of puzzled visitors these The men had risen and were now the riding hall and the gymnasium, wher­
few appeared to be on duty, for each— standing with bowed heads while the ever men assemble for play and recrea­
clad in the khaki colored uniform of the chaplain led them in prayer. Then their tion. He has contact with those in any
army, and with the important air of one heads lifted and the gathering broke up, kind of trouble, and .whatever interests
imbued with authority—paced slowly up the youths streaming back in the di­ his soldier parish interests him.
and down, occasionally glancing into a rection of camp. One, a tall young man
of nineteen or twenty, came up to the Reports from the office of the Chief
tent to make certain that everything was of Chaplains indicate that attendance at
as it should be. visitors and greeted them affectionately.
religious services are on the increase in
To one of these the visitors put a "I want you to meet our chaplain,
mother," he said. "Here he comes." Army circles. Colonel Axton reached
question, evidently asking a direction, for
this conclusion after a tour of twenty-
the youth turned and pointed to a clump The chaplain, a clergyman from a near­
of woods at the edge of the camp. The six posts in the Pacific Coast states, the
by city holding a commission in the
visitors—a middle-aged man and woman, Officers' Reserve Corps, listened atten­ Central West and along the Mexican
and two children—thanked him and turned tively as the boy explained that his family border. The total attendance of officers
their steps that way, still however, with had not been certain that citizen soldiers and enlisted men and their families at
some puzzlement in their eyes. Suddenly, were given^ opportunity to attend church divine worship conducted by chaplains
from the woods came the sound of services. last year on military reservations was
voices, the voices of men raised not in "No mother or father need fear that 1,339,473, which is nearly 300,000 more
anger or merriment, but in song. The the spiritual welfare of their son is than for the preceding fiscal year. This
melody was strangely familiar, yet it not looked after," he replied. "Men of does not take into consideration the large
was not such as is heard in music halls any and every faith are numbered among attendance of military personnel at serv­
or concerts. Rather, it was a song of the thousands who come to these camps ices in communities near their stations,
worship and brotherly love, a hymn. each year and all have services which nor does it include those services con­
The singing ceased just as the visitors they can attend just as they would at ducted by chaplains of the Officers' Re­
entered the woods and came upon a large home. Over there, for instance," point­ serve Corps and National Guard at the
gathering of men seated upon the ground ing to another clump of woods, "is a summer training camps, which would
before a small raised platform on which swell the total greatly.
Catholic service, and still farther is a
stood a chaplain. The meaning of the de­ The Army believes in watching care­
serted camp was now apparent. The look gathering of men of Jewish faith. Civil­
ian ministers are willing and eager to fully the religious training of its soldiers
of perplexity lifted from the brows of the
visitors, as well as a certain skeptical come to these camps if called upon, and and citizen trainees. There is no dis­
look in the eyes of the woman. all students are urged to attend some crimination jagainst any sect or creed.
"You see, Martha," said the man, "You service each Sunday—but not compelled The lad of Jewish faith is as well cared
needn't have feared that our boy's reli­ to, for this country was founded upon for as the Protestant or Catholic, and
gious training would be neglected." principles of tolerance and religious there is always a chaplain or churchman
"Oh, there he is," piped up a childish freedom." at hand ready to answer his call. What­
voice. "There's John!" The Army looks after its Regulars ever his faith, whatever his creed, reli­
"Sh-h!" cautioned the mother. "They're also. The chaplain of today is not limited gious services are planned for his atten­
praying. Let's join them." to pulpit utterances and pastoral calls. dance, and he is encouraged to be present.
Page Six
Old Fort Dearborn, Illinois

Fort on Site of Present-Day Chicago Was Scene

of Massacre of Army Pioneers
H E howl of infuriated warriors,
T the flash of tomahawks, the gleam
of knives ; bloody, dripping scalps
torn violently from the heads of still-
ened pickets with comparative safety.
In August, 1812, this primitive structure
contained a garrison of four officers and
fifty-four non-commissioned officers and
and who had fought fiercely for their
lands long before Dearborn came into
being—it was the isolated garrison at
the present site of Chicago which was
living soldiers and their families; stout privates of the First Regiment, United first to feel the hand of the savage.
hearted but futile resistance; the shrieks States Infantry. The commandant was On the ninth of August the first di­
of terrorized women and children mount­ Captain Nathan Heald, an experienced rect and official news of the situation
ing in agonized crescendo—all these were soldier, the other officers being Lieuten­ reached Dearborn, when a Pottawattomi
part of the tragedy of Old Fort Dear- ant Linus T. Helm, experienced in fron­ runner arrived from Detroit with word
born on the fifteenth of August, 1812. tier service; Ensign Ronon, a young that the English had captured the garri­
Nine years previous a little company smooth-faced lad in his first command, son at Mackinac. The runner also brought
of regulars, commanded by Lieutenant and Surgeon Van Vooi'hees. The wives orders from General William Hull, com­
Swearingen, had landed on the desolate of the two senior officers were witll manding the American troops in the
shore of Lake Michigan where Chicago them, Mrs. Helm being a bride of seven­ Northwest, to "evacuate the fort ai
now stands. A spot was selected well teen and the step-daughter of John Kiri­ Chicago if practicable, and in that event
fitted for purposes of fortification on zie, a much respected Indian trader living to distribute all the United States prop­
the banks of a narrow river where the across the river from the fort. A number erty in the fort, or factory, to the Indians
stream swerved southward. Here the of the soldiers also had their families in the neighborhood, and repair to Fort
ground, generally flat and level, rose into with them, so that altogether the non­ Wayne."
a mound which yielded from its summit military inhabitants numbered twelve wo­ The' situation at Dearborn was fast
an unobstructed view across the prairie men and twenty children. growing alarming and was such as to
and plains of sand. It was a magnificent Since the establishment of Dearborn test severely the judgment of the com­
expanse of primeval nature outspread by Lieutenant's Swearingen's little com­ mandant. Captain Heald, firm in his
on every side, yet desolate in its un­ pany the territory had been free from in­ determination to obey orders, was yet
speakable loneliness. And upon this spot ternal troubles. But the pleasant peace confident of the friendliness of the In­
these Army pioneers constructed a rude, of the Illinois border was destined to be dians who had been streaming to the
typically frontier post, which they named rudely interrupted in 1812 by sudden wild vicinity of the fort for days. By August
Fort Dearborn. Indian forays. The breaking out of a 12 there were five hundred camped with­
The fortifications consisted of a simple second war between the United States in a mile, and more were hurrying to
stockade of logs, standing each upon end, and England immediately involved the join their tribesmen as the news spread.
firmly implanted in the ground, extending savages of the west, already restless Frequent councils were held in the black
upward some fifteen feet and sharpened from the constant encroachment of set­ shadows of the lodges and on the evening
at the top. This stockade was built en­ tlers, and stirred by the harangues of of the 12th the commandant attended one.
tirely solid except for one entrance facing dissatisfied chiefs. Word had been brought in that treach­
southward, protected by heavy gates of All that was needed—the match to the ery was brewing in the smoky tepees
oaken timber, and another, a subterranean tinder—was some excuse, no matter how and although every one of the officers
passage, leading out beneath the north slight, and the woods would be thronged refused to accompany him, Captain Heald
wall to the river. A small parade ground with fierce warriors. The instant it was left the protection of the fort and walked
was contained within this palisade, to­ known that hostilities had commenced, boldly into the Indian encampment with
gether with the requisite log buildings swift runners were sent scurrying from the intention of buying safe conduct to
for the expected garrison—officers' tribe to tribe and from village to village Fort Wayne.
quarters, troop barracks, guard house and with red belts of wampun—the summons The cannon on the walls of Dearborn,
magazine. Two blockhouses, each erected to war. Almost without exception the constantly trained upon the Indians as a
with overhanging icconcl story, were various tribes allied themselves with the protection to the officer, induced the sav­
built as an additional protection, one British and began depredations along the ages to allow him to come and go unhin­
standing at the northwest, the other at entire American frontier. dered. During the council Captain Heald
the southeast corner of the palisaded The war opened within the present proposed to the assembled chiefs to dis­
wall. A narrow elevated walk or ban­ limits of Illinois with a most pathetic tribute among them the stores and am­
quette of wood enabled the defenders tragedy. The first blow did not fall on munition belonging to the garrison, pro­
to stand within the enclosure and fire the "embattled farmers" who had settled vided' he was furnished with escort to the
upon the enemy from behind the sharp- in great nunibers in the southern counties (Continued on Page Fifteen)
Page Seven

Regulars as Reserve Officer*

The Camp Lewis News reports the graduation of
twenty-two Regular Army men from the Citizens'
Military Training Camp held at Camp Lewis, Wash-
Recruiting Publicity tiureau, Governors Island, N. Y ington. One hundred and twenty-five regulars at
An Army Information Bulletin containing a resume Camp Lewis were found qualified to attend, and
of administrative reports, statistical tables, rules, of this number twenty-five were selected by a board
regulations, and official notices of recruiting for the of officers. Twenty-two of these were graduated
guidance of members of the Regular Army, National
Guard and Organized Reserves and recommended for commissions in the Officers'
Reserve Corps, and in due time will receive ap­
pointments in the various branches thereof.
This news is gratifying, for it demonstrates plain­
Recruits and Prospects ly that there are plenty of men in the Regular
There seems to be a tendency in some quarters, Army capable of carrying on the duties of officers
according to the Recruiting Bulletin of the 7th Corps in case of a national emergency. The fact that they
Area, to count the number of applicants obtained in­ are receiving training every day is an element of
stead of the number of recruits accepted when summing added importance and a decided advantage over the
up results. While the number of applicants secured civilian reserve officer who can devote but two
may indicate to some degree the effort that is being weeks a year to active service.
put forth by the recruiter, it is no certain criterion of • o
success. The success of the baseball scout is not meas­ The Recruiter's Gain
ured by the number of selections he makes in the "In appreciation of having had a chance at re­
"bushes" in an effort to secure the talent for his cruiting duty for over a year," writes an Infantry
team but the quality of those he obtains. By the corporal recently transferred to line duty, "I can
state that it is work which greatly improves a
same measure must the success of the recruiter
soldier in many ways, providing that he makes use
be gauged, namely, the number of actual enlist­ of all its advantages. Recruiting duty gives one
ments to his credit for any given period. an excellent opportunity to broaden his outlook
A recruiter often has to take a long chance on and to study human nature more closely—a thing
some of the material available but sound judgment which cannot be secured through reading, but only
in making selections must be developed. A tough look­ through coming in constant contact with people
ing prospect may prove a find while the good looking themselves."
one may turn out to be a complete fadeout. Get all The advantages of the recruiter are too often
the prospects you can but be convinced that they are summed up from a more material viewpoint. The
prospects and always remember that the number of privilege of living "in town"; of eating at res­
recruits obtained is what actually counts in efficiency taurants, boarding houses, hotels—anywhere except
ratings and not the number of applicants. at the company mess; the freedom from drills and
formations, and the opportunity of working more
or less on one's own—these are the things most
Reenlistments That Count
frequently stressed by men on recruiting duty when
The 7th and 3rd Corps Areas have made a most describing the advantages of their service. But
creditable record for reenlistments during the there is a deeper and more worthwhile feature to
month of July. The 7th Corps Area, with 237 dis­ this service, and that is the opportunity of the can­
charges, reenlisted 130, with a reenlistment per­ vasser to study and analyze the most interesting
centage of 68.42. The 3rd Corps Area reenlisted and abstruse of God's creatures—man.
83 of the 138 men discharged during the month, No matter where a man goes, or what he does,
and had a reenlistment percentage of 60.14. the ability to size up human nature quickly and
These are two of the highest percentages made fairly accurately is an asset. If he remains a re­
in the past year, and betoken activity on the part cruiter, so much the better; if he goes into civil
of both recruiting officers and brgfariiz'atibn Com­ life, he will be all the mare efficient because of the
manders. ktftfwle'd'g-'e gained.
Page Eight


The United States Army builds Men 9 9

153 Enlisted Men Attend US MA Regular Army Recruiting Troops in Alaska
Reports from the War Department The strength of the Army as of July Alaska, with a surface of 600,000
indicate that there are 153 cadets at the 20 was 116,018, compared with the au­ square miles, is garrisoned by only a
United States Military Academy at West thorized strength of 118,750, which, it is hundred and ninety doughboys, according
Point, New York, who were appointed estimated, will be reached by September to reports compiled at Ninth Corps Area
from the enlisted men of the Regular 30. During the fiscal year 1926, according Headquarters. There are about ninety
Army and the National Guard. The total to War Department announcements, a members of the Signal Corps in Alaska,
enrollment at the Military Academy is total of 60,367 men will have to be re­ in charge of practically all the communi­
1,100, therefore the enrollment of the en­ placed due to expiration of enlistment. cations in the territory, including the
listed men amounts to 14 per cent of the Of the men who enlisted for three Washington-Alaska Military Cable and
total student body. years in 1923, 56.6 per cent will remain Telegraph Service, which links Alaska
:0 in service to be discharged by ETS in with the United States. There is a
CMTC Students Gain Weight 1926. The estimated monthly replace­ total of 353 members of the United
An average gain of four pounds in ments which will be needed are as fol­ States Army in the territory, including
weight in ten days is the record set by lows: July, 5,193; August, 4,368; Sept­ officers, Infantrymen, Signal Corps and
the Physical Training Company at the ember, 3,916; October, 4,446; November, auxiliary branches of the Service.
Camp McClellan, Alabama, CMT Camp. 5,348; December, 5,348; January, 5,611;
Upon arrival at the camp 68 students February, 4,606; March, 5,180; April Length of Service
were assigned to the development com­ 5,072; May, 5,201; and June, 5,886. A recent item in the Recruiting News,
pany because they were below the re­ stating that Company "C" of the 17th
quired physical standard, with an average CMTC Attendance Infantry had six men with a total of 155
weight of 104.86 pounds. After ten days Attendance at the various Citizens' years' service, which was considered as
of careful dieting the boys showed an Military Training Camps this summer rather a record in a line organization,
average weight to 108.68 pounds. was announced to be as follows: has brought forth the following from
o Camp Devens, Mass., 1,333; Fort Sgt. Joseph Casper, Headquarters Bat­
Batting Averages of Recruiters tery, 8th Coast Artillery, Fort Preble,
Adams, R. I., 428; Fort McKinley, Me.,
Col. J. P. O'Neil, the recruiting officer Maine:
527; Fort Ethan Allen, Vt, 571; Fort "We have in this organization six men
of the 3rd Corps Area, has devised a
method of computing the batting aver­ Terry, N. Y., 273; Plattsburg Barracks, who have a total of 171 years and 11
ages of all of his recruiters. Daily N. Y., 1,323; Plattsburg Barracks, N. Y., months. Following is a summary of their
batting records of the canvassers in the 1,846; Madison Barracks, N. Y., 270; service:
corps area league are being posted, Fort Hancock, N. J., 225; Camp Alfred Sgt. Delaney, 29 years and 11 months;
the following being an example of the Vail, N. J., 185; Fort Dupont, Del.. 186; Sgt. Wickes 29 years and 10 months;
method of computing the averages: San Juan, P. R., 452; Camp Meade, Md., Sgt. Perkins, 29 years and 2 months;
STATION GAME OF AUGUST 5, 1925 2,273; Fort Eustis, Va,, 1,161; Fort Sgt. Butler, 27 years and 6 months;
Times Sacri- Batting Monroe, Va., 451; Fort Humphries, Va., Sgt, Fitzgerald 27 years and 6 months;
At fice Aver- Corp. Colby- 28 years
67; Fort Bragg, N. C, 919; Fort Ogle­ or a total of 171 years and 11 months."
Name Game Bat Hits Hits age thorpe, Ga., 386; Camp McClellan, Ala.,
Smith 5 30 8 7 .274 1,933"; Fort Barrancas, Fla., 443; Fort
Jones 5 30 3 12 .112 Extraordinary CMTC Athlete
Benjamin Harrison, Ind., 1,327; Camp
Brown 5 30 2 18 .085 An extraordinary all-around athlete,
Explanation: Each canvasser is at Knox, Ky., 2,474; Camp Custer, Mich.,
Joseph Coccavajo, Jr., of Brooklyn, N.
bat six times per day. Each man enlisted 3,045 ; Jefferson Barracks, Mo., 983 ; Fort
Y., has been developed at the CMT Camp
by his efforts counts as a hit. Each of the Leavenworth, Kan., 1,545; Fort Des
at Madison Barracks. He has attended
applicants he procures who is rejected, Moines, Iowa, 1,157; Fort Snelling,
three CMT Artillery Camps at Madison
declines or elopes adds 1 per cent to his Minn., 1,362; Fort Logan, Colo., 501;
average. Percentage is figured as follows: Barracks, is twenty years old, and holds
Fort Huachuca, Ariz., 132; Fort Sill,
Number of hits to date divided by the the record for winning first place in each
Okla., 992; Fort Bliss, Tex., 145; Fort
number of times at bat to date plus 1 camp he has attended. When but seven­
Crockett, Tex., 409; Fort Sam Houston,
per cent for every applicant (sacrifice teen, while attending the Plattsburg
Tex., 1,090; Camp Harry J. Jones, Ariz.,
hits are rejected, declined and eloped). Camp, Cavalry, he won all first places
50; Fort Douglas, Utah, 702; Fort D.
Each station keeps its own table. The in the track events. Last year he won
A. Russell, Wyo., 141; Del Monte, Calif.,
highest three names each day are re­ the 100 yard dash, the 440 and the run­
1,058; Fort W. Scott, Calif., 187; Fort
ported to the office on the Daily Report. ning broad jump, and took seconds and
. o George Wright, Wash., 170 ; Camp Lewis,
thirds in other events. This year he bids
The day to start reenlisting a man is Wash., 621; Fort Worden, Wash., 6 1 ;
fair to beat all his previous records.
the day he takes the oath of enlistment. total, 33,404.
Page Nine

Parading the Army Posts Reenlistments for July Musicians for the Fourth FA
Taxicab drivers of the City of San Per- Warrant Officer Josef Studeny, band
Francisco, California, are receiving an leader of the 4th Field Artillery, stationed
Corfs Ois- Reen- Cent-
extensive course of instruction on the at Fort Mclntosh, Texas, is advertising
points of interest in their city, featuring Area . charged listed age in the Army and Navy Register and the
particularly the military reservations. They 1st 1/33 39 28.56 Army and Navy Journal for musicians
are taught to point out the military sights 2nd 174 66 32.18 who can play clarinets, altos and French
of interest in detail, such as the parade 3rd 138 83 60.14 horns. He promises good vacancies for
grounds, baseball and polo fields, aviation the right men.
4th 309 138 44.69
centres, the great harbor defense guns
at Fort Scott and views of the famous 5th 78 29 35.89
Sixth Corps Area Honor Roll
Golden Gate. 6tih
The Sixth Corps Area honor roll for
As most of the cab companies' instruc­ 7th 237 130 68.42 July contains the names of forty-one
tors are ex-soldiers, many of them veter­ 8th ... .... recruiters who obtained ten enlistments
ans of the World War, they are familiar 9th ... .... or more. Corporal J. Hendrix of the
with Army posts and
Detroit station heads
know which points in
the list with twenty-
military reservations to
r AD^IT THAT seven enlistments, and
accentuate in instructing
Besr /virtvo« you Sergeant F. Miller of
the new generation of
SHOUJS, PARKS AND the same station is
second with twenty-two.
The Presidio of San T* LEvwe T H Every canvasser of the
Francisco and Fort Win- CITV TREP6URV first and second dist­
field Scott represent two ricts won a place on the
of the finest posts in honor roll.
the Army, and as a re­ July, which in the past
sult of the instruction has been one of the
that these drivers are poorest r e c r u i t i n g
receiving, whole fleets months for the Sixth
of automobiles filled Corps Area, has this
with sight-seers daily year been the banner
rumble along the boule­ month.
vards of these well
known military reserva­ Join the Army and
tions. Grow Fat
A recent check on
Demuth Returns From

five men from Tennes­

The Orient

see and one from Miss­

Sergeant Martin S. issippi, who had enlisted
Demuth, R e c r u i t i n g in the Field Artillery
Service, recently arrived on May 25, showed that
in San Francisco on the there had been an aver­
Army Transport age increase of 12^
Thomas, after a year's
pounds in the weight
travel in the Far East,
of these five men. Pri­
where he made cartoon
vate B a r k s d a l e , of
and poster sketches of
Trenton, Tenn., showed
the Army's activities in
the greatest improve­
the Orient. ment, with a gain of 22
Sergeant Demuth was Military Terms Applied to Civil Life
pounds. All of them are
a lieutenant during the between the ages of 18
World War, and after attending the Enlisted Mem to Signal School and 19, and are stationed at Fort
California School of Fine Arts and the Thirty-one enlisted men of the In­ Bragg, North Carolina.
University of California, enlisted as a fantry, stationed with various regiments
private, U. S. Army, in search of color­ throughout the country, have been de­ o
ful experience which would furnish ideas tailed to take a special course of in­ Recruiting Ideas
for a newspaper cartoon series. He was struction at the Signal School at Fort Sgt. Ludwig, in charge of recruiting
stationed temporarily on several vessels Monmouth, formerly Camp Vail, New at Hutchinson, Kansas, recently took his
of the Asiatic Squadron and was with Jersey. The school year is to commence car, which carried a spare tire advertising
the U. S. Army in the Philippines and on September 11 and be concluded June the recruiting service, on a canvassing
China and for a while with the Marines 30, 1926. The work to be covered will and posting tour to several towns in
at Pekin. include studies preparing these enlisted Kansas.
men to function as radio electricians * * *
"I find that a man in uniform on the
streets in the early morning creates an and telephone and telegraph specialists. Sergeant A. G. Barksdale, on recruiting
interest in the shop workers and makes In addition to the Infantrymen de­ duty at Bakersfield, California, acted as
the ex-service man rather homesick for t a i l e d t 0 t h e Signal School, the Field a member of the American Legion Color
the service again." (Sgt Edward W. Artillery is sending eight men to take Guard at a funeral of one of the veter­
Phillips, DEML, RS) the same course of' study. ans.
Page Ten

The History of the Cavalry The battle of Bull Run caused a re-or­ to France was being fully utilized, but its
ganization of all mounted regiments into shortage precluded the shipment of cav­
(Continued from Page Two) one arm to be called -Cavalry. Under alry regiments, as cavalry, for some time
It was not long, however, before Con­ this reorganization the First and Second due to the large space required for horses.
gress again considered it necessary to re­ Dragoons became the First and Second It was, therefore, directed that the fifteen
duce the army, and in August, 1842, the Cavalry; the mounted riflemen became National Army cavalry regiments togeth­
Second Regiment of Dragoons was dis­ the Third Cavalry; and the First, Sec­ er with eight of the Regular Army cav­
mounted and converted into a regiment of ond and Third Cavalry Regiments became alry regiments (18th to 25th, inclusive),
riflemen. Protests from the frontier, the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth. These six be changed into field artillery. This left
where the gavalryman had proved his regiments composed the total force of the Army with seventeen Regular cav­
worth, poured into the War Department regular cavalry serving during the Civil alry regiments.
until in 1844 the regiment was mounted War. Of these cavalry regiments, Regular
once more. Federal cavalry played little part in Army and National Army, which were
The Mexican War found the mounted the first campaigns of this conflict. It changed into field artillery, some saw
force of the United States consisting of remained for the brilliant achievements of service in France, while others remained
the First and Second Dragoons. Service the Confederate leaders, Stuart, Forest in America training as field artillery for
in these two regiments had been such and Morgan, to show the importance of assignment to divisions that were to be
as to keep the men well trained for war. the mounted service. The success of the formed and sent overseas later on.
Consequently the service they rendered Southern arms in the first two years has Dismissing now the cavalry regiments
from the inception of hostilities until the often been attributed to the work of its which had become artillery, let us look at
victorious march into the City of Mexico cavalry. The North, however, once the the seventeen regiments of cavalry. Of
was extremely meritorious. The charge lesson was learned, produced such cav­ these seventeen, four saw service in
of Captain May's squadron of the Sec­ alry leaders as Sheridan, Merritt, Grier­ France and Germany. The Second Cav­
ond Dragoons at Resaca de la Palma is son and Wilson, who vied with the Con­ alry was all along the line, being at var­
still mentioned as one of the outstanding federate generals in showing what can ious times attached to nearly every corps
events of the war. be accomplished by the bold leader hand­ and army of the American forces. The 3rd
In May, 1846, a regiment of mounted ling a mobile mounted force. Cavalry spent most of its time at Bour­
riflemen was authorized for the purpose At the close of the Civil War, the regu­ bon la Bain, where it operated a large re­
of establishing a chain of military posts lar cavalry was again scattered over the mount service. The Sixth Cavalry was
on the emigrant trail to Oregon. This frontier. Four new regiments were added in SOS doing certain duty connected with
regiment was duly raised but was diverted in July, 1866. The act creating them also remount service and police. The Fifteenth
from its mission and sent to Mexico in­ provided that the personnel of the Ninth Cavalry was attached to various units
stead. In February, 1847, another regi­ and Tenth Cavalry be colored enlisted in the rear areas in France, and by the
ment of mounted riflemen was raised but men. These ten regiments composed the time of the Armistice had been sent as
took no part in the fighting. cavalry branch until 1901, when five more far forward as Dun sur Meuse. During
At this time the Western frontier was were added. tHis time part of the Twelfth Cavalry was
, being rapidly extended, and the Indians The 1916 Act of Congress providing in Panama. The Ninth Cavalry was in
of the plains, resenting the intrusion of for increase in the army specified that the Philippine Islands. The Seventeenth
the white settlers, were carrying on a there, should be twenty-five Regular Army Cavalry was in the Hawaiian Islands. The
ceaseless war against them. The settlers cavalry regiments. The increase of ten rest of the cavalry regiments were sta­
called for protection and the regiment cavalry regiments was to be effected by tioned at various points along our south­
of mounted riflemen that remained after forming the nucleus of each new regi­ ern frontier, principally in Texas and
ment from certain of the fifteen regiments Arizona.
the reduction of the army at the close
of the War with Mexico was sent up the then in existence. The ten new regiments The authorized strength of the Cav­
Oregon Trail from Fort Leavenworth, were to be formed two per year for five alry as laid down in the National De­
Kansas, to the coast and returned by the years. Shortly after the Act was passed, fense Act of 1920 is 950 officers and 20,­
southern or" Santa Fe route. The march however, the President, realizing the im­ 000 enlisted men.
was made to establish military posts, and mediate need for more cavalry, directed
to overawe the Indians by a show of that all ten regiments be organized im­ Sailing the Seas With the Army
force, as well as to protect wagon trains mediately. This was done, and the Army
on their way to the Pacific Coast. had twenty-five Regular Cavalry regi­ (Continued from Page Three)
A still larger mobile force soon became ments. The Army Transport Service, the little
necessary and in 1855 two more regi­ Soon after America entered the war Navy of the Quartermaster Corps, main­
ments of cavalry were added. Under the need for more cavalry in Europe tained along the lines of a steamship
this protection the West was developed, became apparent, and the War Depart­ organization, has its own system of uni­
the hostile Indians subdued and order ment authorized the organization of fif­ forms and ratings which correspond ap­
maintained without the shedding of blood. teen National Army Cavalry regiments proximately with those of the Mercantile
To follow the various commands during in addition' to the twenty-five regiments Marine. An excellent espirit de corps has
their arduous campaigns and journey ings then in existence. These regiments w.ere been developed in the service and quite
over the western plains would be a tedious designated the 301st to the 315th Regi­ a number of the masters and chief engin­
task. The cavalry knew little rest. It ments, inclusive. They were stationed in eers have been in continuous service in the
spent its time in the field, receiving a the United States at various Army can­ Corps since the Spanish-American War.
schooling which developed its true char­ tonments. As a sea-going branch the record of
acter—a spirit of service, of self-sacrifice, Before these fifteen units and the newly the Army Transport Service is quite re­
of loyalty to country and of subordination formed ten Regular Army cavalry regi­ markable, whether it be compared with
to the mandates of its government. ments became fully equipped and ready the Mercantile Marine fleets or those of
The outbreak of the Civil War com­ for service, it was realized that there was the military establishment. There never
pelled Congress to increase the army, and great need for light artillery in France. has been a loss of life on an Army trans­
another regiment of cavalry was ordered. The tonnage available for shipping troops (Continued on Page Twelve)

Page Eleven

Army Engineer River and Harbor using the river for some distance, then Sailing the Seas With the Army
Work transferring to rail and delivering to
points off the river. This marks a big (Continued from Page Eleven)
(Continued from Page Five) step forward in the use of the inland port due to any accident of navigation.
the amounts -that would be paid if the waterways. Some coal mined . in West But two transports have been lost in 27
Virginia is transported by rail to Hunt­ years and both of them in fogs—the
materal all moved by rail would be suffi­
ington, barged to Cincinnati, and railed Hooker at Corregidor and the Sumner
cient to authorize the improvement every
to Indianapolis and other points. off Barnegat.
three years. There are very few, if any,
activities either in Government or in When these practices are extended we Although the Army Transport Serv­
commerical business which are paying as will find that the rivers instead of having ice is the best known of the naval activi­
well as this. The principal commodities simply a usefulness measured, as it were, ties of the Quartermaser Corps this or­
handled are coal, coke, sand and gravel by the length of a line through the towns ganization also is in control of a general
and steel billets. of their banks, will have instead a use­ fleet of smaller craft which is 'a miniature
fulness manifestly many times greater Navy of respectable proportion. These
The large steel manufacturers in the and better represented by an area, one consist of large sea-going mine planters
vicinity of Pittsburgh now take ad­ dimension being the length of the rivers, built by the Quartermaster for the use of
vantage of rises in the Ohio and Miss­ and the other, the distance freight is the Coast Artillery Corps which are
issippi Rivers to send much of their hauled to and. from the river by rail manned by the Coast Artillery but main­
finished products destined for use in and truck. When this happens the serv­ tained by the Quartermaster. Then there
the South and West by water to dis­ ice of the rivers will be brought to a is a large list of miscellaneous vessels
from ferry boats operating between
tributing depots in New Orleans and large percentage of the country. The
Government posts down to all types of
Memphis, from which points the goods Ohio will be finished in five years and tugs, lighters, harbor boats and launches
are distributed by rail to the places where it seems safe to predict that it will not of every possible description. Three hun­
needed. Steel products are also moved be long thereafter when we will have a dred vessels are included in this general
by water from the Pittsburgh districts through arterial system connecting Pitts­ class.
to St. Louis. Going down the river, the burgh, New Orleans, Birmingham and The harbor boat service of the Quarter­
bulk of the sand and gravel used for St. Louis, and that this will be followed master Corps is manned by personnel
building operations in the Pittsburgh by extensions in the South to Texas either on a civilian status or by enlisted
district is dug from the river and trans­ via the Intracoastal Waterway, and in or non-commissioned officers of the Army.
ported to the shore at convenient points. the North to Chicago, St. Paul and Kan­ For the latter group it offers special op­
Further down an oil refinery is estab­ sas City. portunities for experience on steam pro­
lished at Parkersburg which is now dis­ pelled craft which may count toward ob­
tributing products by water. Still fur­ Connections will later be had with the taining "first papers" for Marine licenses
ther down there is a material freight Atlantic. Inland Waterway through Chi­ which are given by the Steamboat Inspec­
and passenger business. Even in the un­ cago, the Lakes and the Erie Canal, tion Service of the United States Depart­
finished condition of the improvement, and also probably along the Gulf Coast ment of Commerce.
more than one million tons were moved via the Inland Waterway from New Or­ The accompanying illustrations to this
on the Ohio River in 1923. leans eastward. As the main lines are article point out the four types of boats
completed the navigable tributaries will used in the Army's Navy. There is the
The Mississippi River offers faciliti«s become practical parts of the system and transport St. Mihiel, a splendid type of
for the water movement of an enormous serve their natural spheres of usefulness. military transport which carries troops
tonnage. The channel depth below Baton This will place the services of the long and supplies to oversea garrisons.. The
Rouge is 30 feet or more. Above that arterial waterways at the disposal of a War Department has four boats of this
point a depth of 9 feet is provided up large part of the area of country served type.
by rail and truck. Rail, highway and There is the Army cable ship Dellwood
to the mouth of the Ohio River. Be­
tween the Ohio and St. Louis there is waterway will then be prepared to co­ which is operated in the service of the
United States Army Sigual Corps for
a project providing for an 8-foot chan­ eperate and render the maximum of serv­ the maintenance of the Washington-
nel, and between St. Louis and St. Paul, ice to the country. Alaska military cables and telegraphs.
a project providing for a 6-foot channel. The work of improving rivers and The Quartermaster Corps furnishes the
Before the intensive development of rail­ harbors is supervised by the War De­ crew and is responsible for the mainten­
roads, the Mississippi was a most im­ partment through its Corps of Engineers. ance.
portant factor in transportation. Keen In addition to the direct advantage of There is the General Frank M. Coxe
competition resulted in the substantial the improvement to the commerce of which is now used as a military passenger
suspension of water business for a num­ the country, there is therefore a reflex and freight boat serving the isolated
ber of years. Recently there has been advantage in the training and experience Army posts in San Francisco Harbor.
acquired by those who must be prepared This was originally a steel river steamer
a revival of activity, and during the
to handle large projects affecting trans­ which was built at Charleston, West
year 1923, over five million tons, ex­
portation in time of war. Virginia on the Kanawha River and made
clusive of ocean commerce, pertaining to
While the United States at present the long trip through the Ohio and Missis­
Baton Rouge, moved over the stretch of
spends a billion and a quarter dollars sippi Rivers, the Gulf of Mexico and the
river between the mouth of the Ohio every five months for its Government, it Caribbean Sea through the Panama Canal
River and New Orleans. The Federal is doubtful whether any other billion up the Pacific and to San Francisco.
Barge Line, now being operated by the and a quarter dollars however spent has
Inland Waterways Corporation, is dem­ There is finally the General Otis type
been so useful and constructive in con­ which .plies between Governors Island
onstrating the value of this waterway as nection with the growth of the country and New York City carrying military
an economical medium of transportation. and the development of its commerce supplies and functioning for general
In several cases through rail-water-rail as that expended for the improvement of harbor service.
rates are in effect, which provides for rivers and harbors.
Page Twelve
Through The

# Telescope
Air Service Co-operates With Fire Military Training Popular in Colleges
Patrol According to a release of the 9th Corps Russian General in Illinois Guard
Army Air Service officers are co- Area there is a total of 111,558 students A former Russian general, Basil Tches­
operating fully with officials of the De- in the country who are training, in the loosky, is serving as a private in the
partment of Agriculture in the Forest ROTC units of the colleges. Of these 122nd Field Artillery, Illinois National
Fire Patrols. Unusual fire hazards in only 12,000 are at essentially military Guard, according to the Chicago Daily
the forest areas at this time of year schools and colleges. The majority are Nezvs of August 18. He was in training
render the aerial patrol invaluable. Count- participating voluntarily in institutions with the regiment at Camp Grant, 111.
less small fires have been discovered and where military training is not compulsory. The one-time commander in the Czar's
extinguished before they could gain sweep The 9th Corps Area leads the rest of army served in the Russo-Japanese War,
with the swiftness of a prairie fire. Most the United States in the number of stu- and again in the World War. In the
of the pilots of the fire patrol planes dents enrolled with 17,078. latter conflict he was wounded and res-
are reserve officers of the Air Service, cued by his own men of the Tenth
and are thus getting valuable training Flags Fall as Lord Ypres Dies Russian Cavalry Brigade. With the Bol­
which will be of use in case of a na- The recent death of Lord Ypres, ac- shevik uprising the general was forced
tional emergency. cording to the Canadian Military Gazette to flee from Russia to America to find
of July 14, was attended by the myste- means of support for his family, now
"Doomsday Book" Lists Canadian rious falling of two flags from their fast- in London.
S oldiers enings. One of these was the enormous
After long and laborious analysis of Union Jack that floats habitually over Guards at Marion See Wild West
war records, according to the Canadian the fortifications at Deal Castle; the Show
Military Gazette, the material for the other a large Stars and Stripes hanging Members of the Tenth Infantry, on
"Doomsday Book" has been completed. in the Armory Hall. The two ensigns guard at the tomb of President Harding
This' work, which is to contain the names fell at the very instant of Lord Ypres' in Marion, Ohio, received a cordial in-
of everyone who enlisted in the Canadian death in the castle. vitation to attend the world-famous 101
forces, is to go into the war mem- Ranch Wild West show when it
orial of the parliamentary tower. played recently in that town. The
The enlistments totalled 590,572 owners welcomed the men of the
persons, of which 37,391 were Things the Army Does Besides Fight detachment through their com-
American born. mander, Lieutenant Walter L.
New York, N. Y.—Forty-nine persons Sherfey, telling them their uni­
abandoned their colds in the chlorine gas cham- forms were sufficient tickets to
Army Rodeo ber operated in this city by Lieutenant Colonel
The 13th United States Cavalry, Harry L. Gilchrist of the Medical Corps, United anything on the grounds. The
stationed at Fort D. A. Russell, States Army, under the critical eyes of several side shows, the big tent and
Wyoming, is furnishing part of doctors who had assembled in the office of a curiosities of all kinds were all
the entertainment for the rodeo physician at 62 West 82nd St. for instruction in at the pleasure of the guard. In
that is being held at Colorado the method. the mess tent they found a very
Springs. The band will furnish The effect of chlorine on colds and lung high grade of army chow being
the music for the occasion and troubles was observed during the World War served, so they felt quite at home.
when it was found that in sectors where Ger-
Troop G will give an exhibition mans released the gas there were almost no
of horsemanship and other forms deaths from influenza. Nor were there many Film Shows Cavalry Skill
of Cavalry work. cases of colds and bronchitis among the troops. "The Life of Riley", a motion
o The U. S. Army therefore began to experiment picture showing the riding train-
Press Notes in 7th Corps Area and the chlorine chamber was the result. ing of officers at the Cavalry
Many districts in the Seventh "In a study of 2640 cases," said Colonel School at Fort Riley, Kansas,
Corps Area, according to the Gilchrist, "we found that 99 per cent of head was recently displayed for the
7th C. A. Recruiting Bulletin, colds, 91 per cent of bronchitis cases and 83 first time by Major General Malin
are making a point to place fre- per cent of influenza were improved or cured. Craig, Chief of Cavalry, at the
The effect was of less importance in hay fever War Department Theater in
quent items and notes on recruit- and tuberculosis."
, ing in the daily1 press. Pfc. Washington.
Nossett, stationed at Dodge City, o
Kansas, has made arrangements El Paso, Texas.—Two hundred soldiers from 7th Inf. Northwest Champions
with the local papers to print Fort Bliss were ordered out by Brigadier Gen­ The 7th Infantry regimental
eral Joseph T. Castner on August 3 to assist baseball team won the champion-
short items in the interest of re- farmers, business men and reclamation service
cruiting once each week. Other . employees in the fight against the Rio Grande ship of the Northwest by defeat-
recruiters frequently send in news flood which threatened the lower valley fields. ing the aggregation representing
items they have planned to the the Pacific Coast Torpedo Station
Recruiting Bulletin. by a score of 18 to 11.
Page Thirteen

To Restore Historic Cemetery Battle of Lasky's Ranch Camp Vail Becomes Permanent Post
The historic Barkaloo cemetery in The 115th Squadron, Air Service, of Camp Alfred Vail, New Jersey, has
Brooklyn, New York, in which are the 40th Division National Guard held been designated as a permanent military
buried many notable heroes of the its first annual encampment on the Lasky post by the War Department. The Sig­
War of Independence, is to be re­ ranch, which consists of several hundred nal Corps, whose schools are located
stored by the Veterans of Foreign acres devoted to the exclusive use of there, has long desired this status for the
Wars. The famous burial ground of the motion picture industry. The 40th station. With the change, the post has
colonial days is at present in a sadly Division Air Service has the distinction also acquired a new name. In future
neglected condition, according to The of having fought practically all the forces it will be known as Fort Monmouth, the
Veteran, and only five of the approxi­ of the world. Since they located at name being taken from the noteworthy
mately forty graves ascribed by the Lasky's ranch, motion picture villages battle of the War of Independence.
records of the New York Historical of practically every country on the globe, o
Society to the original cemetery can French, Italian, English, German, Hawai­ CMTC Students Get Airplane Rides
be clearly identified today. ian and other localities, were bombarded The system of rewarding leading stu­
Two years ago two monuments in turn by this organization, according dents in each platoon by giving them air­
were erected in the cemetery by the to the California Guardsman. plane rides was inaugurated at the Fort
Daughters of the American Revolu­ o Bliss, Texas, CMT Camp which opened
tion in memory of Second Lieutenant Army Planes as a Posse July 28. Each student was rated in all
Harms Barkaloo and Simon Cortel­ Army planes from Crissy Field, Cali­ subjects each week and the name of the
you, both of whom served in the con­ fornia, recently rendered assistance to the leading man in each platoon was pub­
flict for American Independence. Now authorities of the San Quentin Prison lished in general orders. With the per­
the Joseph P. Lynch Post No. 1019 when six trusties made their escape in a mission of his parents or guardian each
and the Robert L. Porter Post No. launch. of these students was then given a short
9S6, Veterans of Foreign Wars, are The planes scanned every launch in the ride in a plane of the Second Division
planning to restore the historic spot bay, finally sighting the prisoners, and Air Service. The rewards proved highly
as nearly as possible to its original signalled their discovery to the officers attractive and were productive of in­
condition. waiting on the opposite shore. tensive competition.

— -*"- United
• « • • • • . * » « States
U «.U V^,O International
1 H I C 1 11Q L l U l l l l i Rifle
IV 1 1 11.Te1 Cd-ITl
Standing: Dodson, Boles, Morgan and Ioerger. Sitting: Meeds, Fisher, Coulter and Phillips. This team was defeated by. Switzerland in
the International Matches just held at St. Gall, Switzerland. The winn ing team rolled up a total of S5,385 points to 5,246 for the American.
Page Fourteen

Old Fort Dearborn, Illinois Still they reiterated their pledge of pro­ had seized him, and who finally stabbed
tection to the garrison, if it would aban­ him to death. The young wife of Lieu­
(Continued from Page Seven) don the fort, and, in spite of bitter op­ tenant Helm was attacked by a savage
gates of Wayne. The chiefs were profuse position on the part of his officers, who struck violently at her with his toma­
in their pledges and there is reason to be­ Captain Heald determined to evacuate hawk. She sprang swiftly aside, so that
lieve that they were honestly made. the post and rely upon the pledges of the blade merely grazed her shoulder, and
Now, however, influential members of safety. wound her arms tightly around the war-
the garrison urged upon the command­ Wagons were loaded with the neces­ rior's neck to impede his movements.
ant the dangers of furnishing the Indians sities of the trail and preparations made During the struggle that followed she
with arms and ammunition which might for the transportation of the sick, of was wrenched away by another Indian
later be used against them. Apparently which there were quite a number. The who carried her to the lake and plunged
swayed by the force of the argument, reserve ammunition, twenty-five rounds her into 'the water. Fortunately the In­
Heald ordered all the extra ammunition to each man, was distributed, and the dian was a childhood friend, a young
thrown into an abandoned well within the weary workers flung themselves down to chief named Black Partridge, who had
stockade, while the liquor stores were get what little sleep was possible before resorted to this stratagem to save her
broken open and poured into the river. the appointed time to leave the stockade. life.
This act, in direct opposition to his At nine o'clock on the morning of the Scattered by the repeated onslaughts
promises, was early discovered by prowl­ fifteenth the whites filed slowly out of of the howling, maddened Pottawattomies,
ing savages and served to increase their the gates of the fort, led by a single their officers dead or wounded, the troops
resentment as well as to further their company of infantry. The wives and fought doggedly on until only 27 out of
plans of treachery. children of the soldiers rode upon the 66 remained, when, on receiving pledge
The next day—the 14th—the garrison wagons immediately following this compa­ of protection, the remnant surrendered.
was greatly heartened by the unexpected ny, while the officers' wives were mount­ Scarcely had they thrown down their
arrival of a small reenforcing1 party ed. Intermingled with the column were arms when one brutal savage leaped into
which approached along the land trail a dozen or more white settlers who had a wagon and slaughtered twelve children
from the east. Although the members of sought the protection of the fort. The before he could be stopped.
the party were severely worried by the rear of the column was guarded by a Captain Wells, maddened at the sight,
angered savages who sought to obstruct portion of the Miami Indians. The little broke away from his guards and galloped
their progress, the gates of the fort band of the post, by some strange fortune, furiously toward the Pottawattomie
were finally reached. These were quickly began playing "The Dead March" as camp where the Indian women and child­
thrown open and the garrison surged it emerged from the stockade, but was ren were. For a brief time he succeeded
around the reenforcements with anxious instantly ordered to substitute a more in outdistancing his pursuers but finally
questioning and vociferous welcome. The cheering tune. his horse was shot down. The Indians
new arrivals proved to be a band of In company with his Miamis, Captain immediately fell upon him, and though
thirty Miami warriors, led by Captain Wells had blackened his face in token two interceded for his life he was stabbed
William Wells, Indian agent at Fort of his belief that they were marching in the back by Peesotum, a Pottawattomie
Wayne and the adopted son of Little (o their death—an old custom of the chief. His body was terribly mutilated;
Turtle, the famous war-chief of the Miami nation. With a few scouts he the heart was cut out and torn into
Miamis. led the caravan, keeping on the watch small pieces for distribution among the
Wells, in many respects, was a re­ for the first sign of treachery. tribes as a token of bravery.
markable frontier character. Captured Accompanied by an escort of five hun­ So ended the unequal struggle, the
while a mere child, he had spent many dred Pottawattomies the column marched Indian loss not exceeding fifteen, wh k
years in Indian camps, rising to the down the shore of Lake Michigan, the of the whites, twenty-six infantrymen,
dignity of a warrior and taking part in children clapping their hands in innocent twelve settlers, two women, and twelve
many a wild foray. Later in life, his glee at the unusual spectacle. As soon children were killed. Captain an;l Airs.
white blood asserting itself, he had re­ as the rear guard had left the fort the Heald, Lieutenant and Mrs. Helm, twenty-
turned to his own people, serving gallant­ remainder of the Indians dashed into it five soldiers, and eleven women and ch 1­
ly as a scout of General Wayne's com­ and began at once to quarrel over the dren were taken prisoners- Of these more
mand. By chance he had learned of the spoils left- behind. For a mile and a half than half were wounded, many seriously.
order to evacuate Fort Dearborn, and the column continued on its way. Unfortunately, in the bustle and excite­
realizing fully the hostile purposes of the Suddenly the scouts halted, plainly in ment the wounded were not referred to in
Indians, had made a forced march through confusion. The Indians had filed behind the stipulation of surrender. This was
the wilderness, hoping to arrive in time a sand ridge, out of sight of the whites. immediately taken advantage of by the
to protect his niece, Mrs. Helm, as well Now they reappeared, howling and leaping ' Indians, who brutally tortured some and
as to assist the beleagured garrison. about. Captain Wells wheeled his horse tomahawked five others during the night.
and rode furiously back along the cara­
He was much too late, however, to van, shouting: "They are going to at­ Today all that remains of Old Fort
rectify the mistake that had been made, or tack; form instantly and charge them!" Dearborn is a beautiful monument in
to throw his influence against the ap­ At the same instant the savage horde the busiest part of the city of Chicago,
proaching hostilities. The worst passions opened fire, pouring a deadly volley into which commemorates the saving of Airs.
of the encircling savages had been the close ranks of the troops. The Miamis Helm by Black Partridge, and a tablet
aroused; they succeeded in partially con­ fled, panic stricken, their chief pausing erected in 1880 on the walls of the build­
cealing their intended treachery but the only long enough to shout defiance at ing occupying the site of the fort. The
trap of death was already laid for its the Pottawattomies before joining his 'former stands at the foot of 18th Street,
victims. cowardly companions. where the massacre took place; the latter
Another council was held between the Dr. Van Voorhees was cut clown by the is near Rush Street Bridge; between
commandant and the leaders of the tribes.
blow of a hatchet; Ensign Ronan, though them they perpetuate the memory of a
The Indian spokesmen were vehement in
their indignation over the wanton des­ mortally wounded, continued to struggle brave but futile stand by the Army pion­
truction of the liquor and ammunition. fiercely with a brawny warrior who eers and the settlers of the frontier.
Page Fifteen
Enlistments Made in Recruiting Districts

July, 1925

Enlist­ Enlist-
Total ments ments
Enlist­ in in
Recruiting Districts Officers in Charge ments May June
1. Richmond, Va Capt. L. W. Skaggs, Inf., DOL 264 213 207
2. New York, N. Y Col. J. T. Dean, Inf., DOL 245 167 170
3. Oklahoma City, Okla Capt. Chas. Lewis, Inf., DOL 233 105 100
4- Philadelphia, Pa Col. F. G. Stritzinger, Jr., Inf., DOL 231 172 186
5. Indianapolis, Ind Col. R. S. Woodson, Retired 230 178 179
6. Columbus. Ohio Lt. Col. Alfred Ballin, Retired 188 122 150
7. Chicago, 111 Lt. Col. W. B. Graham, Inf., DOL 175 97 90
8. Detroit, Mich Col. C E. Morton, Retired 167 70 115
9. Cincinnati, Ohio Lt. Col. F. G. Turner, Cav., DOL 166 105 139
10. Buffalo, N. Y Maj. M. P. Andruss, CAC, DOL 152 78 126
11. Pittsburgh, Pa Lt. Col. W. B. Cowin, QMC, DOL 150 133 164
12. Dallas, Texas Capt. E. J. Buckbee, QMC, DOL 149 75 106
13. New Orleans, La Maj­ G. V. Heidt, Iinf., DOL 146 69 106
14. Harrisburg, Pa Col. H. S. Wygant, Retired 143 97 136
15. Baltimore, Md Capt. C. J. Mabbutt, Q M C DOL 136 88 98
16- St. Louis, Mo Capt. H. H. Reeves, QMC, DOL 126 75 94
17. West Virginia Col. B. P. Nicklin, Iinf., DOL 125 62 67
18. Los Angeles, Calif Col. Hunter B. Nelson, Retired Ill 91 91
19. North Carolina 1st Lt. W. S. Bryant, FA 110 69 81
20. Wilkes-Barre, Pa 1st Lt. J. J. Gutkowski, Inf., DOL 102 49 73
21. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas Col. E. L. Butts, Inf., DOL 101 68 55
22. Knoxville, Tenn Capt. T. N. Williams, Inf., DOL 99 ' 69 59
23. Newark, N. J Lt. Col. W. R. Taylor, Cav., DOL 96 58 54
24. Syracuse, N. Y Maj. R. L. Weeks, Retired 92 64 80
25. Fort Sam Houston, Texas Col. B. B­ Buck, Retired 90 107 83
26. San Francisco. Calif­ Maj. E. H. Pearce, Retired 90 106 101
27. Little Rock, Ark Maj. H. M. Rimmer, Retired 84 42 62
28. Providence, R. I Capt. W. J. Gilbert, CAG DOL 84 57 60
29. Boston, Mass 1st Lt. M. F. Cooney, Retired 82 80 72
30. Houston, Texas 1st Lt. F. S. Mansfield, Inf., DOL 77 46 62
31. Nebraska Maj. J. M. Pruyn, Inf., DOL CActing) 76 54 66
32. Atlanta, Ga Col. W. R. Sample, Inf., DOL 71 43 56
33. Peoria, 111 Capt. Reyburn Engles, QMC, DOL 69 63 76
34. El Paso, Texas (Fort Bliss) Lt. Col. A. A. King, Retired 67 60 95
35. Portland Harbor, Me Capt. N. Szilagyi, 5th Inf 62 61 65
36. Denver, Colo Maj. E. W. Mumford, Retired 59 55 54
37. Des Moines, Iowa Capt. R. T. Edwards, QMC, DOL 58 31 53
38- Memphis, Tenn Capt. J. D. Chambliss. Inf., DOL 57 49 54
39. Milwaukee, Wisconsin Capt. J. V. Stark, Inf., DOL 55 30 54
40. Springfield, Mass Capt. T. W. Herren, Cav-, DOL 52 34 57
41. Seattle, Washington Col. G. W. S. Stevens, Retired 51 40 49
42. New Haven, Conn Lt. Col. O. C. Nichols, Inf., DOL 51 31 39
43. Albany. N. Y 1st Lt. W. B. Walters, CAC, DOL 50 40 47
44. Grand Rapids, Mich Lt. Col. H. M. Fales, Retired 49 18 20
45. Salt Lake City, Utah Col. Frederik L. Knudsen, Inf., DOL 49 27 '33
46. Fort Riley, Kansas Capt. T. A. Bryant, Cav., DOL 47 41 39
47­ Fort Snelling, Minn Col. William Wallace, Retired 46 50 55
48. Washington, D. C Lt. Col. C. S. Fries, Inf., DOL 44 43 44
49. Fort Oglethorpe, Ga Capt. H. D. Bagnall, Inf., DOL 41 27 20
50. Savannah, Georgia Capt. P. S. Roper, CAC, DOL 35 30 21
51. Jacksonville, Florida Capt. C. H. Dayhuff, Cav., DOL 32 21 19
52. Camden, New Jersey Capt. W. F. Gent, Inf., DOL 31 28 27
53. Nashville Tenn 1st Lt. L. W. Boyd, Inf., DOL 31 45 40
54. Alabama Capt- A. G. French, Inf., DOL 30 16 19
55. Spokane, Washington Col. C C. Ballou, Inf., DOL 29 16 23
56. Jackson, Mississippi Capt. Daniel Becker, Cav., D O L . . 26 19 26
57. Portland, Oregon Lt. Col. C. F. Andrews, Inf., DOL 23 43 27
58. Fort Ethan Allen, Vt 2nd Lt. J. F. Williams, 7th FA 20 9 9
59. Fort Benning, Georgia Col. D. G. Berry, Inf., RO 20 4 U