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POE Cee Cra ie tet TABLE OF CONTENTS < Page Nos. Lagrangian & Hamiltonian 101-152 Classical Mechanics Newton’s Laws and Dynamical Systems “ What we know is a drop, what we don't know is an ocean.” Isaac Newton First Law: It states that a particle which is not acted upon by any external force, maintains its state of rest or state of uniform motion. ‘When Newton’s law is applied to an object or system which consists of more than one particles, it is centre of mass of the object or system which obeys Newton’s law. For example if two particles are placed on a smooth table at some separation, because of their natural gravitational attraction the two will move towards each other but centre of the system of two particles remains at rest, / Second Law: It states that rate of change of momeiitum ofa system is equal to resultant external force on the system. ae w= 21), ‘However, instead of Cartesian coordinates if we use some curvilinear coordinate then we do not get similar relations. For example if F,,,,F, be components of force j* in spherical polar coordinate and 7,0, be spherical polar coordinates of particle then, , Remy