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Each year, thousands of students passing out of 10+2 science give the Medical,Engineering,

Ag./Vet/Forestry/Fisheries entrance test inNepal, out of which only a few hundred are able to
achieve their goal. If you are a youngster trying out your luck this year, you must know a few
facts about these entrance test preparations.

The way you prepare for the exam matters a lot. The syllabus for the entrance test is drawn from
HSEB for Class XI and XII. However, you can crack the exam if you know how to prepare
meticulously and thoroughly.

The way you prepare for papers like Biology, Chemistry, Physics, English ,Maths, G.K. and
Current Affairs, Ag./Vet/Forestry/Fisheries knowledge will determine your success.

Some basic guidelines for students studying 10+2:

1. Be very thorough with concepts in Physics ,Chemistry and Maths.


2. Be very thorough with your basic books which includes HSEB books and your
school level refreshers.
3. You have to read some higher level books say iit physics & chemistry,and topics
secific books for bio,AFTER MASTERING YOUR BASIC BOOKS(theory,
examples,problems and mcqs done). This helps in achieving a deeper understanding and
application of concepts.
4. You have to be very thorough with all the mcqs,and based on them the topics, that
have been repeated previously. It is specifically for these topics you need to refer to the
higher books.
5. Always stay grounded and keep away from wishful bragging.
6. Last but not the least you have to work immensely hard and be very regular with
studies. Some tips for this:
Study ahead of curriculum.
Finish entire 11th & 12th syllabus in 11th itself,revise again in 12th and then start
preparing for boards.
One small tip is that always make a separate notebook of important points and keep
on revising those, whenever you've small breaks, even while travelling.
For Students who have passed their 10+2:

You prepare as if there is no option of dropping a year.

Managing your time It goes without saying that any challenging exam needs you to focus on optimum
time management. Scheduling your priorities is essential as this is the only way you can remain on track
as you prepare for the most important exam of your life. You must realise that each second of your life
matters while you prepare for your medical entrance exams as any reputed medical entrance test coaching
centre in India will tell you.

Previous test papers will give you a strong clue As far as the paper pattern goes, there is no
significant change every year. By solving test papers of earlier years, you can get a clear idea
about the pattern to expect. Also, it is necessary to know how to identify changing trends in the
past and prepare accordingly.

Eliminating fear and stress is the first step to success One of the major prerequisites for
medical entrance test preparations is to completely eliminate fear as this is a major obstacle. With
the help of techniques such as meditation and yoga, you should face your fears and continue
practising topics you are not confident about.

Anxiety will take you nowhere Even if you are the brightest student writing the medical
entrance that year, you may not succeed if you suffer from anxiety. It takes but some minor
adjustments in your outlook to convert anxiety into excitement and positive thinking.
Eliminating nervousness and anxiety will also help you focus clearly during your medical
entrance test preparations.

CRACKING MCQS:

Some tips regarding cracking MCQS which, I would like to share with the entrance aspirants ,
which I got to know after solving lots of papers , which ARE JUST OPINIONS NOT FACTS .
1. Accelerate your mind before the start. Maintain a uniform speed throughout.
This is a method which gives you a good start in the examination. What you do is enter the exam
hall in a relaxed mind and about 5 minutes before you are supplied the question booklet or
allowed to key in username and password in an online test, you start thinking about a well
prepared numerical problem and its solution. Again there is a time gap between the instant you
are supplied the question paper and the instant you are actually allowed to start answering. Keep
yourself in a pleasant and relaxed mood in this period.
What happens is you get the question paper in an accelerated- thinking-state of the mind. Your
mind is already active by the time you and start answering. So you start better and faster.
Moreover, do not try to speed up in the beginning. As you enter into the thick of the question
paper, your speed naturally increases. If you try to exert more in the beginning, you may run out
of stamina by the end. So maintaining a uniform speed throughout is a better choice. It keeps
your mind stable too and you do not panic.

2. Read the questions cautiously and then answer. Pay special attention to questions with
more than 1 correct answer.
Read this question: A job can be done by 3 persons in 4 days. How many persons will be
required to complete the job in a day and a half?
(a) 8 (b) 12 (c) 9 (d) 18
A cautious candidate will calculate the answer as (a) 8. But the examiner has cleverly set a trap
for a careless candidate with the option (b) 12. If you are not careful enough, you may calculate
the number of persons required to do the job in a day, that is 3X4=12.
So read a question carefully to understand what is required and see the options with great
concentration and then only choose the correct answer.
Some questions in some exams are designed to have more than one correct answer and you are
supposed to choose the multiple correct answers. Suppose you read a question and look at the
option (a). If option (a) is correct and you are not careful enough you may choose it as the correct
answer and move to the next question. But if there are multiple correct answers you will be given
zero credit since you are supposed to get marks only if you choose all the possible correct
answers in such questions. To make the matter worse you may be negatively credited if negative
marking is at play.

3. Do not try to solve everything in one go.


In an MCQ test there is no use reading the whole question paper. It will only waste your time.
Start immediately after opening the seal of the question booklet or when you are allowed to start
at your computer, if it is an online test. Go to the section you have decided to attempt first and
start answering. The important thing is not to waste time over questions which seem to be
difficult. Each question paper has a mix of easy, somewhat difficult and difficult questions. So it
is better to attempt all the easy questions first. You may come back after hovering over the
question paper once and then solve the difficult questions. The long questions which may
consume a good chunk of time in reading may be avoided in the first go.

4. Take half to one minute breaks if possible.


Finding time to take a break in an objective type question paper is not easy. But it is advisable to
take a very small rest intermittently, say after every half an hour, by closing your eyes, relaxing
the muscles and breathing deeply. The rest period may be as small as half to one minute. It
increases your efficiency.

5. Learn as many short-cuts as you can and apply them in the examination.
There are many short-cuts which come very handy in MCQ tests. Coaching houses and expert
teachers teach these short-cuts to their students for success in such tests. For instance, try to solve
the following question:

If you go for solving this question in the conventional way, this may take a considerable span of
time. But there is a short-cut to it.
You have to know in advance that the answer will be of the form
A ln (x+1) + B ln (x-3) + constant
In the given partial fraction, A can be evaluated by equating x+1=0 which gives x=-1 and putting
this value of x in rest of the expression, that is,

It gives us A=3/4. Accordingly you can find the value of B and then calculate the answer. This is
an old trick from Vedic mathematics. Similarly there are hundreds of short-cuts which should be
known to you for faring well in MCQ tests. Only advice in this regard is that you should be very
careful while using these short-cuts. Apply them only if the situation in the question is exactly
similar to the short-cut you have learnt.

6. Use method of elimination.


This method is to be used when you are not sure about the answer. Reduce the number of choices
by eliminating the ones which seem to be entirely out of chance. Among the remaining choices,
the one with maximum probability may be chosen. If only one answer is supposed to be correct
but you find that more than one answer are almost similar, then all such options may be
eliminated. An option may be wrong in itself and can thus be eliminated. It means that
irrespective of the question, the fact contained in the option may be wrong and so the option may
be eliminated.

7. Sometimes guessing the answer intelligently may fetch you some marks.
What are the things necessary for photosynthesis? Photo means light and even if you do not
know the answer perfectly you may guess that at least one of the things should be light of some
form. Indeed as you know, it is sunlight. Sometimes a question may end with an and you can
guess that the answer will perhaps start with a vowel. Sometimes examiner sets a trap in one or
more options by trying to divert the examinee away from the answer. Intelligent candidates
possess the necessary talent to identify and leave away such distractions. Sometimes on the other
hand, those answers are more likely to be correct which are constrained by words like
sometimes, not always than those bearing always, never etc. On occasions, you need to
test each option for a right or wrong and at last select the best answer.

8.Make your time plan before hand and if required, tweak it slightly
It is not wise to change your time-plan in the examination. You should be ready with your time-
plan in accordance with the pattern of the examination. The subjects which consume less time,
like general knowledge, English, Chemistry etc. should be attempted first and those likely to take
more time like reasoning, quantitative aptitude, Physics, Mathematics etc. may be attempted
later. As you progress through the question paper and feel to tweak the plan you already have,
you may do so according to your ability with respect to different sections. Entirely altering it
may prove to be a self-defeating exercise.

9. Change your answer if you are confident.


Generally our first guess is more likely to be the correct one. But while revising if you feel that
some alterative is more correct than the already chosen one you may go for a change if you are
fully confident.

10. Past Question Refresher:


You dont study for 3 days, take 5 years previous papers of Ag./Vet/Forestry/Fisheries .
Dont worry, you wont be able to solve 80% of paper may be right now,but i want you to take out
the heading from the question while solving it and write it down on the side of paper you are
writing your answer on,
Like if the question is:
What is amoeba(option may be anything) but u answer whatever the answer in the paper(a,b,c,d)
and simultaneously write amoeba on the side of the paper.
Now at the end of 3rd day,
Take the list of topics,find out which topics are repeated more and then focus and read them
properly first,then cover all remaining topics u have pointed out from questions and prepare them
as well.
Similarly apply this in physics and chemistry. Like from mechanics and thermodynamics, they
used to give more question, so prepare them first.

11.Miscellaneous Techniques:
Always go through the options before beginning to attempt the question. A little bit
of brainstorming might help you eliminate one or two options and arrive at the answer
quicker.
Use approximations in calculations if the given answers have a big difference
between them.
In Physics questions, check the dimensions of the answers. Sometimes, just doing
that will help you get to the answer.
In More Than One correct type questions, always try to find a connection between
the options. In Mathematics, you might find that two options are just complicated versions
of the same thing. That might be helpful.
Never guess blindly. Don't trust your gut. Always take calculated risks. Even if you
have no idea how to solve a question or don't have enough time, try to find the most
plausible of the options before answering. For example, in Mathematics, when you have to
find the exact numerical value of something, you can use a graph/estimations and then
choose the answer nearest to what you think might be the correct one.

This way should be coupled with your hard work of daily long
time study.
I am sure,it should work out.
Rest on you.

Best of luck for your Examination.