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Instruction Manual for

the Golf.
with
Carburetor Engine,
Fuel Injection Engine,
Diesel Engine

January 1979 Edition

I
VqLKSWAGENWERK AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT . WOLFSBURG. ;,
F s publications supplied with your new vehicle
Instruction Manual and the
Service Schedule .
Both are to be found in the vehicle wallet.
The Instruction Manual contains important information on the iise and trc$:-
ment of your vehicle.You should read this booklet before using the vehic!%r-.-.
that you get to know your car quickly and can start the first trip with com?it:
confidence. After reading the booklet you will know exactly how to drive - 1 -
look after your vehicle properly.
Please note that some of the items of equipment described are 'i:i:-.:: :a :-
tain models only or are optional extras.
The Service Schedule contains details of what tias to be done at iegu'c!; .,:-:-
vals to maintain the roadworthiness and value 6*f,the %,ah .,a~icie. V\'he3r !'io % * I . ' ~
Lsl,

cing has been carried out, your V.A.G dealer confirms this by starr, :I!>
schedule.
-
You should always have the Service Schedule handy when you .:'~i. :8
$k?!,.

to a dealer - it is the key to efficient service.


A word about the warranty conditions: Proper treatment and complete prij
that all the specified Standard Services have been carried out by a V.A.G dl?
ler are stipulations for the upholding of any warranty claims for damage
parts which are covered by the Standard Service system.
It is therefore in your interests to take your car i n regularly for a Standard ::
vice.
Volkswagc rtiengesellschaft
Page Page Page
lnstrurnont panel ... 6 Instruments . . 24 Operating instructions I
Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Fuel. fuel additives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . 9 1
Safety Fuelgauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Refueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 0 1
Seat belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8. coolant temperaturegauge . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Checking engine oil level and
Using seat belts and head restraints . . . . . . 10 Speedometer . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 topping upengineoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1 1
Sewice installation of belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 ~~~~~~~t~~. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 .
Operatian Fuel consumption gauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cooling system
Engineoil temperature gauge . . . . . . . . . Coolant level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 1
Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Topping up coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Switches for Radiatorfan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Child.proof catches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lights
vent wings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rear window . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Windscreen washer
H ~ ! l o t ecmtrolled mirror . . . . . . . . . Emergency lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Filling container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
T3;lpate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fogirear fog lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Adjusting jets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
a01.2et . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turn signal and dip switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Front seats Parking lights. headlight flasher . . . . . . . Brake fluid reservoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Adjusting . . . . . . . . . :. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backrest lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Windscreen wipers and washer Brakesewo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Rear window wiper and washer . . . . . . . . 29
Head restraints heaa lqnl hasner . . . . . . . . . . . . Tyresand wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Adjusting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Removing and installing . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
.
C garctle qnter asntray g ove oox . . . .
Sllo nq rool. s d n v sors .........
29
30
31
Rear seat Interior light. interior mirror . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Increasing carrying capacity . . . . . . . . . . 18 Ventilation and heating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Luggage compartment cover . . . . . . . . . . 19 Air conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Gear lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Startingengine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Stopping engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Handbrake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Bra!ie warning lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20123
Steering lockiignition switch . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Warlling lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Page Page Page
Driving tips Lubrication Fault finding . . . . . . . 81
The first 1000 miles (1500km) . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Changing engineoii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
and afterwards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Changing oil filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
. Automatic gearbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Driving safely Changing gearbox oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Technical Description
Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Additional points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Fuelfilter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Front axle. steering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Driving economically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Air cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68 Rearaxle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 .
Lifting vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69 Brakes. transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . 87
Winter driving Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Aircleanerlintake air preheating . . . . . . . 52 Do.it.yourself
Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Wheelchanging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
. Technical data
Cooling system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Spare wheel. tools jack . . . . . . . . . . 70 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Radiatormuffs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Fuel consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . .'. . .89
Engine. gearbox oils . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Fuses. relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . *9
Wlnter tyres. snow chains . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Bulb changing Electrical system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cil
Handbrake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Wheelsandtyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Headlight. side light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Battery. spark plugs. door locks . . . . . . . . 56
Windscreen washer. frosted up Rear lights front turn signal . . . . . . . . . . . 76 .
Weights trailer weights . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Dimensions, capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
windows. air intakeslots . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Number plate light. interior light . . . 76
Adjusting headlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 . Identification plate. chassis and
Trailertowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 engine numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Driving abroad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77 .
Care and maintanance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Emergency starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78 Vehicledataauiz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Care of car . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 First Aid Box holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Undercoating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Cavity preservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Lubricants
Engine. gearbox oils. ATE :: . . . . . . . . . . . 64
lnstri
-

Page Paw
1-Freshairvents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
9 - Ignition switchlsteering lock
2-Sidewindowvents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 10 -Engine oil temperature gauge.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
3 - Instrument panel insert . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 11 -Clock (on vehicles with revcounter) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
-
4 Cubbv hole or r:.dio 12-Ashtray" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
5 - ~oudspeaker 13 -Cigarette lighter" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6 - Bonnet release lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 14-Glovebox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 .
7-Fusebox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 The horn is operated by depressing the plate in the steering wheel.
6 -Cold startina aid (Diesel engine) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
htray and c igarette ligtiter are the!1 in a console under the dash.
3entre vents or8 vehicles with air condltloner
Instrument panel L
lnstrument panel insert with one instm lnstrument panel insert with two instruments
I

Page Page
-
1 Lighting switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 -
1 Engine oil pressure warning lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 -Turn signal warning lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 2 -Glow plug warning lamp (Diesel only) . . . . . . . . . .
3 -High beam warning iamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3 -Lighting switch.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-Speedoandfuelgauge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 4 - Clock or rev counter, with fuel gauge and coolar
5 - Coolant temperature warning lamp. glow plug temperature gauge or consumption gauge.. . . . . . .
warning lamp (Diesel only) . . . . . . . . 23 5 - High beam, generator, turn signal warning lamps ..
6 - Generator-,oil pressure warning lam . . . 22 6 - Coolant temperature warning lamp
7 R e a r window switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 (onlyon vehicles with fuel consumptiongauge). .
8 -Emergency light switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 7-Speedo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9 - Foglrear fog lhght . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 8 - Rear window switch.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,. . . . . .
10- Free fortraiier warning lamp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 9 - Emergency light switch.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11 - Brakewarnmg lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 10 - Foglrear fog lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12 - Free 11 - Brake warnina" lam^ , ...........................
13 -Blower switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 12 - Free
Levers for heatinglventllationiair conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 13 - Free for trailer warning lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
14 - Blower s w i t c h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
15 - Levers for heatinglventilationlair conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Seat belts
Vehicles k ~ i t hthree-point i inertia reel belts for front seats*
The inertia reel belt adapts a u t o--A:..l,,..r t a u ~ a ~.,l.u~ yuuuy slze
L.>.. .:
and seat position and gives
completc freedom uf movement when pulled slowly.
Sudden braking will cause the belt to lock. The lockin ism will also lock the
belt when driving down steep gradients or cornering
Putting belt on
Pull the buckle slowly and smoothly across your che!st and hip!sand push it into the
lock part fitted on the seat until buckle engages auciibly (pull belt to check).
The belt must not be 1,-.'-'-'
The lap part of the belt ghtly across the thic~ h sPull
. b~?It tight if necessary
Taking belt oft
To release belt, press the orange. uurrurl - rrlarneu >,-
L...A.- .
,
.
A ----,, . .
r n t s s In the lock. The buckle
will then spring out.
Pass the buckle towards the relay fitting 01 pillar so that the retractor can
roil the belt up properly. A plastic slide is old the buckle in a convenient
position. Adjust the slide to suit yourself.

Vehic les fittecj with Rc


,.,.,.,,,.,
tnmaiiic belts I l 1 n l l r c s . r
nave a1n insert in the Instruction Man
which tdescribes this syste untriee the be! ibed here.
Vehicles with three-point ineFZia re6"laelfs for
.'
the rear seat'
These belts also adapt su;omatically to body a i z e a n d give complete freedotr -
movement when pulled slo6ly.
The belts are put or!.and taken off in the same way as those for the front seats.
Vehicles with lap belts for the rear seat*'(without retractors)
The buckle is used in the same way as with tpe inertia reel belts.
The adjustment of the belt length is very important. The belt must fit tightly.
To aoidsr the oe r engrn the ock tongue sho..fo oe nc rl ar r nr dng es l o !he opll an0
Ine section of tne oelr conccrnra pu eo in rno appropr ntc rccl on. B
The surplus belt length is taken up by moving the plastic slide.

In some export cauntrles the bells used may differ sligh:ly from those aescrlbed here

9
Instructions on ;! , use*;:.fseat belts and head restraints.
For all types of belt: Vehicles with adjustable head
Seat belts are only be&!-::of they are Keep the belts c!e,!nbecause they may
restaints
worn at all times, particrilL,''; 't.;; town traf. not retract properly I. Very dirty. Dirty belts The head restraints are set correctly when
fic. :an be cleaned by washing with a mild the head touches the head restraint when
Persons less than 4 ft. 10 in. tall should, soap solution without taking the belts Out inclined slightly to the rear.
not wear normal three point belts - thfs
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ f l y l ~ (See
~ ~Page
~ 17)
, : " ~ ~ y b ~ ~ ~
would increase the danger of injury in an
accident. roll up. Do not have the belts cleaned che-
mically because chemical cleaning com-
Children under 12 years old should always pounds destroy the material. Ensure that
be carried on the rear seat: small children the belts do not come into contact with
in a special seat, older ones secured with corrosive fluids.
a child's three point belt. Children over 6
years of age can also use a lap beit, chil- Check occasionally to see that the belt
ft' lo in'tai' can use a buckles and the retractors (inertia reel
Over
belts) are working properly. Inspect the
three point belt.
belt material and the fittings for damage.
Only one person is to be secured with
each belt, Never secure two people (even Seat belts which have been stressed in an
children) with one belt. accident and stretched must be replaced
and the belt anchorages should be
Seat belts are no longer fully effective checked by a workshop.
when the backrests are inclined too far
to the rear.
E n s ~ r etnat rne belt does not get .am-
med betneen sear and oackresr or rLo
on any sharp edges
Service installation of seat
Front seats:
Lower outer holes:,! The holes f ikWijslt bolts are covered by
4 door models. F.;iractor and lap. belt the interior ,".i:ca;d the holes in the car-
end at bottom of iock pillar (see Figure;. pet are fitted with plastic plugs or covered
with adhesive tape.
2 door models.'
These plastic plugs must not be used to
Retractor behind cover in side panel attach the bslts.
near lock plllar, lap belt end on side
member below retractor. V.A.G. workshops have all the necessary
information on the fitting of belts.
Lower inner lioles:
On side of frame tunnel in rear foot- The installation of seat belts should there-
well. fore preferably be done by a V.A.G work-
ShOD.
Upper outer holes:
On the lock, pillar.

Rear seats:
Lower outer holes:
In floor under seat near wheel hou-
sings.
Lower inner holes:
In floor under backrest.
Upper outer holes:
In side roof members.
Holes for retractors
-- -
In luaaaae comoartment behind wheel
housings.
Special fittings are required for service
installation. Thev can be obtained from
your V.A.G ~ealer.
Keys
.: lock ,r ...,lc~~tha .:u:!:s with k7e key The d w ~
handle atnu
and ignitIon key has a plastic
-
.A >.. .-,.a
a nrvdrsiblekey. This mean-
I:: :k' .i,.lot. up - -door can be ocened.
; -. .*ir ,knob down - door is locked. that you cannot insert it the wrong wa
round. This key also locks the tailgate.
i he driver's door can only i locked from On vehicles with a lockable glove ba
odtr :ie with the ke).
dndlor tank cap, extra keys are provided
Ti;% prev?. :s you from lo~krr,gthe door
The key number is given on a plastic ta
accidel ::31l'; whiL . , I ? key i s still inside
on the key ring. You can obtain a replac1
the r..r.
ment key from your V.A.G Dealer by ju:
Coc'ins. :;assengel 3 do^ nad rear doors auoting tlhe number.When you have note
:he numl>er, destrcly the tag so that n
Press Ia.I-ing knoi- down ar4dslam door. ized person can order a key.
.">OunlocY ieer ~i.>r)rs:
.=ch t ~ ) 1 1 1 I 1jugred f - ~ ndoor
t a d cull
i n \nobu,).'
.>pen daors f r ~ r ninside
D~ :I lock release lever - The locking
K:i*.' IS PIUSI be in the up positi,,n.
,,,
i . ~ . + ?tho
~ locking knobs are down, the
d \ i ~ CaPnot
i ~ be opened from inside or
out.
We advise you to leave the doors unlocked
when vehicle is in motion so that thev can
h" opened from outside in an em------..
pushr&atch to rear --
> .
!',' pn, .17;.'
?!,.,;J<>..!
Catch @,.ltr! action
..- .7

\.'!then the cl..jld-proaf catch is i n ?Qirin,


tve lclck rei,+e lever is inoperative - - rhe
door can 'only be dr:e,ied f:;-nn cu!slile.
The locking knob niJrr b r ncll-irup:;rst.
., ,
, , > .. ;,.-g .-,
<.
. .L
?.,
/ _
. . _ .,
.;I,.

,
,
I
,

.~
6 ' ' 8
,: - ... -.,t . - i: ._.;^
>I! >.,.
Vehicles with vani &ngs
l i
To open - Press butt& in fastcmerand
pivot fastener. , : , , ',
?:!.;.'
To close - Pr,?ss vent wing agfiinst .;!:at
at front then pivot fastener to the r ' !.;.~. ~, .. ' ' ' "

Vehicles with mirrors


adjustable from inside
Both mirrors can be set to required posi-
tion by swinging the lever.
fc, -,>p.-,i
' . !lock th, - ) c &wit,. t.,.. ig~ltionldoor Never drive with tailgate open or not pro.
,Ley, pr. ss icck cylivlt: irf a:sd lift tali. :?s'lv closed as this allows exhaust gas to
: Le 8 1 , *;I q L ?
..T),.;~.?,J?L, ,-drawn into the vehicle interior.
1% .
V~nl..:%5 '7. ?I1 v.SJf:llrri i 9~1.4xh?
+n:'qztr, . Itelil I I . ! 'sy :he st.;,por!
Tr? iiirL?;~,
-or in c , ~ ..'..sr
, (if fitte.i)
1:li::r,d wh..,:,he I&.!. .ite 1:. L;jrqe . p u t
her rletails en .,age 1:.

To cleoe
Lift tailgate,;qlightly, push the to: cf Lock the tailgate before having vehicle
the support forl~ardand slam the rail. washed in an automatic washing plant as
y ~ t edown. otherwise the brushes may press the lock
011vehicles with a gas-filled supDort the cylinder in and open the tailgate.
tailgate is just pulled down ;.vj sl3rnmed.

Pull up on tailgate to check that it is


closed properly.
To release lock r~q!:4 .: :

Pull lever wi S f t siU$ par21 uln;'$:.


'..instrurrterll'psn!al - r: ."
t%e L'3lli'n'>'Lht!:,.:1@oringV~i~:~?O.iGhi&~!
: , . s . i b :~:.!?i,-':, c;~*
.. J'i ; 0 ,"!C !., q :: c,!....',,.,

To open To close
I 1.1ft bonnet release th? L ~ f tbonnet slightly and unhook rod.
hook. Press rod Into retainer on front cross
6 panel. Let bonnet fall into the locks
from a height of about 30 cm. - Do not
press bonnet down.
Pull up ou bonnet to check that it is
properly c!osed.
To support bonnet
Lift bonnet up, take rod out of clip and
1 . locate it in the hole provided in the bon-
net reinforcement.
IF s - , . ,

Tn T o e,?.;s3a
, t 1, . . .
iii!t.!ever-'an<:r:?djust seat ,positicn. Then For safety reasons, only adjust front seat
-?Iec~selwei: and rriovoseat curther until w't-n the vehicle is stationary.
ti.: satch er:(jnges in the nea!ast slot.

..
,; , .
. ,
To'ji4ju'rt 5h!:%v@$t 'rivke <', ,
Take ,r~aiqlitoti backrest and turn knob.
'I
ilo PO: !nciine ;he-backrests tot, far to,\%,,
rear w ~ E Rvehicld is in ;notion bdr;at,sc
the seat belts ard t h e no !onger ,.t!,:
effec!ive.
~ . - b lir!;lO, :.
.. ...I. .. C .
~ a c k r e i lock
t (2door models only)
i i f ? !krmS and move backrest lork.?rd. .- . For safety reasons, ensure that the back.
rest is engaged when vehicle is moving.
' I I .
:.,,'., ,.,- .,
,, . . /... 9

1: ' .,:
1 .," ' ,
Head res$rc?lhi~ts 1
The sating is correct whc , :ti. so er :I
edge r.B the heas:) restraint is .o'~ghl: 2r
. eye level and the head touc'?s tile hnzr. ,
restraint when inr.iirle4 uligt~tlvt : ~the rnar. ! ' , .
To rrd,jilrt
! I*ig%+(cj
C..:; at side:; with bc'l. !I; an, .,ul, ip $.: 2,,,,
or pust, down.

Angle +j
,. ,,
Vc;.!etop io f r o ~ or
t rea, ,*,
.. ,
.~ .
"..,, , . ii ,
, ' .
t. .,

To install, inser: hex! restraint first and


then press d i p - in :;ith siraiyhi part at
the rear.
When making full use of the luggage
space, ensure that:
No items of luggage can fly forward if
the brakes are applied sharply.
To itrzlease luggage sklsm, IN* 'ear seat .b The heater element in the rear window
and backiest can be mdved 10 t l ~ eposl ' s not damaged by articles rubbing
tions shovfn very eqsily. against it.
6 Vision through the rear window
IJ~h,>okluggage compartment cover remains clear, otherwise a second out-
- S:.e next page. side mirror must be fitted.

. . ,.
6 Press catch-s on each side fomvrd ar
the same !!me and fold backrest down.
.,

Note
if the front seats are weii back, the front
seat should be pushed forward slightly or
backrests hinged forward before the rear
seat is folded forward so that the seat
6 Lift cushion with !uop in centre. does not h ~the
t backrests as it is lifred.
Then hinge backrest back and ensure, for
safety reasons, that the lock engages.
When putting seat back to normal posi-
tion on a vehicle with three point inertia
reel belts at the rear, ensure that the belts
are not trapped.
Vehicles with i~tit~gage , ,

cornpatimcnl c m ~ r . . .
Lugg-lye .' -
-c.rlpartment IS 4 ed
lrom vlcw DY tne cover Wnen !he rear f ap
Do '~:e!j>:ace itmage on the cover.

IS opened, the cover is i~fted. ?laced on the coverwill fly fonvards

If large items of luggage are to be r;arrlea,


Itt.6
r. . iDrakes are applied suddenly.

the cover can be folded down against t k ?- vehicles with three-~ointinertia reel
backrest. W t s for tne rear sears; ensLro that tne
Unhook plastic cords from fla?. & ,s do not get trapped when Dacfirest is
folded back.
Release backrest catches - spa pre-
vious page - and pucii backrest for- On Zdoor vehicles the belts must be pla-
warrl. ced behind the ~ l a s t i cretainers on the
0 Pdce cover on backrest and move window cappings before the backrests
backrest back into Dosi+ion.The cover are folded down.
is [hen trapped betwee:~t ~ a c ~ r eard
st
wheel housings (see illustrat~on).

When the cove! is to be piaced over tine


luggage comphitment again it must be
held horizontally as backrest is pushed
back in order to prevent Jamage to rocf
pillar trim meterial.
..
h e siiiit ~7L:crrl for th; auto::latic gear- It is advisable therefore to wait a few
IICX '.;,
is ,live;. 7 , . !,a la seconds with clutch pedal fully depres-
P.:vr.rse p a r i,:int .:!ly .,E selected wt.en sed, before engaging reverse.
!!I? vet:1cleiSs1'ai7~~a~: hrlfire ieverto ieft
i t ) naiitrkl as t.,r ;s at i,'ill go arid then Do not make a habit of resting your hand
iiress it Cl~wn,:110v.?i t further Lo the lef! on the lever when driving. The pressure of
and pu?h ht 1:lrward. your hand is transmitted to the shift forks
in the gearbox and can cause premature
The :-vwsing lights come 01: tv::~n rr:t?- wear on the forks.
s t ;)ear ;s enyaged 1,~ththe ignitloi: on.
As : i e :s ,.;.sr gr? . n .! s.lp?rate: haft,
gat;^'? .-t-ise.: m.. ,--.:.*I;if the Ge2.v is
e.r$agdc: !ao '::;;h,: ..::I ;il(jine.rur:'i(ig
- pa:ticu!air . m e n the 1;saibok ,-: ;,(arm.

Han3br;k.e . ,

Llweys a n ~ l ytar~mJhr~i..c fir,rc.y so 'is:; On vehicles with a brake warnlng lamp the
you do.r,u: a;cidi?n , . : y i r i re 7ff wit!, I; lamp goes out when the handbrake is
lightly or). :e!eased and the engine started. (see
To releass iiandbrdke, pull !ever up slig'il- "Warning lamps").
iy, press in the locking. knob and !?:.sli
'.ir!kr '.ighl down.
Steering iock !staf%i: ;"
switch; . . ? . ., jt,3r .~~
,.I!, .?. -t ::, (, .. . ,, .'

Petrol engi??:. . .:.,_ P. rrc' and c;z;sel ergined


. , ..:, qj:
- Ignitiun.off -,Slteri~,g*;am
'

venkles: ,I *
1
2 -!Ignition on'^-- &rive ;:?;Hion
br.lock*l
, ' .
- Position I:'
*< :. ' 'L '~

K,.: . : ,
*,:; ..: a . ..:
(see "Warninp !amps': o r ttle folW '#Fi ..
l ~ i c gpaS.3) , .>, , , . TD lock tile steerina i:,.'.ira3rh--, anT, illin
?;KS& itnig engin, . . . l h': ' ~ l i ?' % el:
wt,f.:l : ~ n t iyou I jag0
""
p,r.:
. . .r,, Eii. ,mr wlthr!ri*v4.'?'.?~
.+"'Pi1 vshicle is sta';:~.
('jee pape ?7\ /

:. ; . .;: 6 0 i i ,,.I : ., ,A':):. !, i

Diesel englr;as.,c ,;. 2. ,.,:: -


l..: ..:ur.ls(lrip$;&jt'&ff:'& ~ ! ~ & i ? ~t !s i ~ . ..
'kI&.k~d I,. !:.,I I:; ti.. I;\'*: or
;: the key 1s (litficuli't;,
cannot be turned to this position at all, tile
-3- m?!wand-drive position . . steering wheel must be turned to and fro
lamps:' r?:!t h n follo-
..,,..:. "VJ9rnirig
... fiagesl
slightly to release the locking pin.

, ~,. ~hel.'erigi,n:Ks dol~?,the glc,wipllib


+,-,'I
. ?os:l~on3:
w?g.nbg lnr,lp'l;!!rnen on. :Vr?en lamp
goes out, er~l;iiir? must be started I n this position the electrical current to
the neadlights, wipers, blower and rear
.. . imnlediately. i; ,.. ~. window is interrupted.
I-',\Nhile glow blugs are o r i j n o other
heavy cu~rerltcr~nsumersi~hotli6!X*
switched or$.
When wgine i i warn, the giow p ! u ~
wzrning la:ip does not corn!* -:,-)
the engine can be started straiyhta-
way.
3 - Starting engine
(see page 38)
i .. .,, df the warning lam!. ?c!epends on the model anti t3o engine fitted. The illu-
strations on Daoe 7 show where +e lamps are on the yqrisus.der,r;lons. The symbols
s:'!own here ire-also 01 n the l a m p . .' ,,
TIi e oil pres!sure and g enzrator wti.:hg lamps come sn when tne ign tisn is SVI ~cned
011. They shc)uld go oi r :vl:en the <?I 3 . i s srarled

)il pres
, . .
Pelrol ana alesel enalnes: . .:ithe generator warning lamp comes on when driu
the oil pressure' wa rning lam11 conlis 1.5 or 1.6 lifre petrol engine and d i e e l engine
I or flicker:s when d r iuing:
~
9 Stop straight away, switoh engin3 7ff anti check It. DOnot drive on without
-
..
a
-MU
L-,. -:,
boebn8, "11 , - -- - - - -
Stop stra lght away, switch of f engine
i e v e l p ~ pey c 41).
a belt because thrgBnerator and water pump a!,
of coolant circul~tionwill damaae the eno:ne
...,....-.being driven and the lack

If cause of trouble is not apparent, It is always advisable f;'cbrr! .I spar on the vet
obtain expert assistance at once. An
occasional flickering of the warning The belt size 1s given in "Tecnnical D 90.
lamp at idling speed after a s ~ e l ofl If the belt is in order, the trouble may be a faulty generator or regulator. If the trouble
fast driving is quite harmless ' i f the cannot be put right on the spot you can di'ive on, but try to get the vehicle into a VA.G
light goes out when accelerator is de- workshop as soon as possible because the battery will discharge continuously.
pressed.
1.1 litre engine
lur lo the way the lamps arc On this engine the water pump is not dr iven by the:belt. On I:an, therefore, drive on to
amp also cameS O " . the next V.A.G worksliop when the warni ng lamp ccm e s on, even if the belt has broken.
but the battery will discharge continuously.
Coolant temperature (0Brake
) warning lamp 6Gltt:.: plugs (DieseLe,~lipfT;;r-tlyl
-L warning lamps On vehicles with the brbkb ivar&ng lamp
the lamp should *.:.me o r ',hen the igni-
The la'irry'.comiis on when switch is'"?
glow p;ug/drive position, see page 21.
The red lamp' shows that the coolant. ..
temperature is too high on vehicles with- tion is switched on and 5.. o d ~zfter the ?he l s ~ shows
p when the glow plugs are
out a temperature gauge. engine. has Seen starled when ?he hand- worC'!ig. The t i v 1% glow plugs are on is
brake is released.
The yellow lamp which may also be fitter! .-?,~trclledaut-,ma'i;z?lly by the coolant
goes out when the engine as reached nor- If the light does no; cvme on when the :f.n ~erature.When the lamp goes out, the
igniiion is switched an or when the hand- angiiie should be started immediately.
mal operating temperature. As long as
brlke is applied with the engine (unning. V:i,ile the glow plugs are on, no other
this lamp is on do not over-rev engine or
overload it. the cause of the iro-ble rnust be founo neavy current consumers should be swit-
and rectifioc' irnmediately co that the ligh; L. led on.
If the red lamp lights up on hot days, when can tillfil its :varning function.
climbing long gradients (mountain pas-
ses) with vehicle fully loaded, the engine If tbelight comes on when the foot brake
is overloaded. Lower engine speed by is ap~lied,o n e o r ?ha ,)rake circuits may
reducing road speed or, i f possible by se- be faul{v. You will notice this by ;he incre-
lecting the next higher gear (see page 58: ase in red41 4 aveL
point 8). The lamp should then go out You car drive on the nearest V.A.G work-
shortly afterwards. shop but allow for higher pedal pressures
If it comes on again, stop engine 'and and longer braking distances on the way.
check if coolino fan is running*. If it is not,'
check fuse a A replace if necessary -
see Daae 73. If the cause of the fan failure
cannoibe found, let engine cool down,
check coolant level (Caution - The sy-
stem is under pressure - see page 42)
and
. ~~ drive to the nearest V.A.G workshop,
~

keeping an eye on the warning lamp all


the time. Try to avoid letting engine idle Warning lamps for:
and extremely slow driving as far as possi-
ble. see also page 24. Turn signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 28
If the Delt wn~chdrives the Coolant pump
..me fan switches on ~utomatlcallywhen the coolant Tea- Emergency lights . . . . . . . . . . . . page27
ches a c e r f a n temperalure and continues to mn leven
is defective, do not drive on - see page with ignltlon switched off) until the coolant temperature High beams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 28
22. Trailer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 57
c - Danger zone
if the needle moves into this zone on hot
1 tte t a m tibnrs abow 4 ' I.. :s (9 ;;,ions). days, when climbing, long gradients
V l < l ~ i ii.' e .;eP!lle ;.?.li;?eS the reserve (mountain passes) with vehicle fully loa.
.I;&, r:e:u i:; :bout 5 1;tr-s (1 gallon) of ded, the engine is overloaded. Lower engi-
fuel le:I i!:r '..?.nk. ne speed by reducing road speed or, if
possible, by selecting the next highergear
B - c,!.',?.? tea?r,#?j?turegauge* (See page 58, point 8). The needle should
+hendrop back to the normal zone.
Zones:
f the needle stays in the danger zone,
a ;i i . stop the engine and check if the cooling
-I&.-
k A.VC-I.I
.!?.,:
gl, cngiilr n ~ e e d s
and do fan is running*'. If it is not, check fuse
-.- ncr vfort er1C;ine nd hard yet and replace if necessary - see page 73. if
b .- Normal range the cause of the fan failure cannot be
found, let engine cool down, check coo-
When vshicie is drivr, Pur nallv. tile ineed-
lant level*" and drive to the nearest
le should settle down ;n :i:s ione. When
engine is wi:rking ihairl, the need!e may V.A.G workshop, keeping an eye on the
temperature gauge all the time. Try to
Instruments move neare: to the dei.~aerzone but this is
not serious as c 'z
l :g as drops back when avoid letting engine idle and extremely
e n g i ~ ~isepulling normally. slow driving as far as possible.
Clock
If the belt which drives the water pump
The clock is electrically driven. To set the Vehicles wlthnut a gsuge lhave one or two warning breaks, do not drive on - this does not
hands, push in knob in dial and turn. iampe. See page 23. apply to the 1.1 litre engine. See page 22,
On vehicles with a revcounter t t i t cio;k is ..The far switclies on automatically ru'le:. the coolant "Generator warnina lam^".
reaches a certaln temperature s n u ' c o n t l r , ~ e sto run
in the centre console. IBYBR when englne has stopped) until the coolant tem.
pwa,ur~drops. Notes
The coolant temperature 25.::' ~ n the d '" Be c'reful. System is under pressure. See page 42.
fuel gauge work when the is... ..:i-r;,, is Additional lights in front of the radiator
moved to the "Drive" onsitl~i..,. !:.k?< a grille restrict the flow of cooling air. At
few seconds however 'before !n, 05eG";;s high ambient temperatures and full thrott.
reach the final position. lethe engine may tend to overheat.
On vehicles with air conditioner, see page
36.
\!?b*ici.--. w;i",;rearshift pc*'.~:, :.
The perti-,issrh! i.!!,:?dCr, 'tic gieats
sprk.,,;o - --
'^;g',',*. . .
fi,

durinq.::he fir?,?iiOl)~.V:km
,arif3mf'&rnards: i',c .;<ari:s -?ply ? o%
'-rn:i the engine
are give11on ,;age,'.d&
... ,;
a11%..4? --: :
' .,,, .a. ,. . .>
. A
P.<.S :~''
.:!, run in and i- harm.
: r . r .+r~:,naementof these marks is deter-
Sgeedc r e a d ~ i ~ g .- . . ,.,, : .
, , .:
;. rr. lec dy'the type of eng ne fltea. The
The white roll :r!:'l] re^ ?II~ p:l:.r:n'e::Jrds
*
8nar6s Lstrarco can rnerefore alfler from
100 m or 1/101niii4,: ' ' ' the marks in your vehicle.
On soeedoanetelp wiih a :r+, recorder th< The next higher gear should be selected,
f i g ~ r c sare zero-+.,'%i.$;+: r,.j :,:u knob in
,c . ..
at the latest, when the needle has reached
the dial. the mark.
.. . >:, , . . .' . , , I < :
L,

Changing up early helps to iave fuel and


keeps the noise down.
The next l o w s t gear should only be selec-
ted at the ear!iest, when theveh~clespeed
has dropped below the mark.
Vehicles with red, counter ..
The rev counter has a wdriing zone'whikh
shows the rnaxiniuv engine speed pernit-
ted briefly when engine is run-in and
warm.
Normally sne should change upor reduce
engine speed before the needle reaches
this z m e (6300 rpm). Changing : ~ p at
medium speeds helps t o save fuel.
Change down into the next lower gear
before engine speed drops below 1500
rpm.
The permissible engine speeds during the
first 1500 km are given on page 48.
'denicle~with ;riel ce~isurnption As the consumption is higher when
suge driving in a low gear at a certain speed
than at the same speed in a higher gear -
:'hi% instiument helps you to save fuel. the conversion factors show this - we
1.r lauaw onerates on intake ,nanifold
recommend that a fuel saving driver tries,
-:le!..,:;.tjsion.r'This depression is directly wherever possible, to drive i i the highest
r;':11. Q !c ;r'ei ccnsumption. possible gear.
rne ;::dr?s on.lhe dial indicate the appro. Drlve briskly and, as far as poss~b~e,at a
ximat* c:lnsurnption in litres1100 km when un form spced. Avoid unnecessary acce e.
sngine is warm anJ in 4th gear. In 3rd gear ration and brakino. Keeo vour accelerator
the indicaied figure inust be multiplied by foot steaoy an0 y;t l o keep the consLmp.
1.5 and :r ?rd gear. by 7.,V\lhen angine is tion gadge reading constant and ao no!
igling and,vehicle statlunacy the reading let the needle move uo out of the normal
can be clisreg~rded. range Fdrrner ~nformationon economica
.~.,,. - driv,ng is given in the "Dr'ving tips" sec.

, ,., .

Veh,cles wi?h engine oil therrno.


mete If the needle remains in the warning zone,
Go nbi dr !.? rrlfh full throtile e:s long as stop and switch engine off. Check the oil
the enginaoii is cold. If the needle moves level. if the level is in order and the oil
into thc. warning zone at any time, the pressure warning lamp goes out when
engine hpeed should be reduced. The engine is started, you can drive to the next
needle should then return to the normal V.A.G workshop but do not rev engine too
range. much on the way.
Lighting swil't2h ~' : :i. ';
, -.. . . -.
.-* .. -, . .-.- .

1st delrot -. Sids lights on


,. .<>OK.,-,
. . , e <.;': .
:.: s only-work
2nd detent -.Driving lighfson .. t ~ is . svv ' - d on
On vehicies with variable i~lst!rtnent liaV ;,,Vit.!n en.!i- is being strrted, ,lis 1:c::j-
ting, tho brightness can be ,sgulatW,bn ti!, :l are ,-;,:tchod off autom?ti:aliy.
turninq the knurled d ~ s r . , . . '>: 5
!
Dipping the kaclights is oc;scrib*Kd@ tKe
next page. ,
,-. . . ,:
A - .Vehicles with hdated
rear ~vindow
~ocker'switch
vdiih elemert sy:l?bol. , .

B - Emergerrcy light
switch
Tho heater element only works when the
When the emergericy lights are on, a wal..
ignition is on. There is a warning lamp in
-ning lamp in the rocker switch flashes 8s
the itch. AS soon as window is clear,
switch element off to reduce ctlrrent con-
The emergency lights also w o ~,when
! ~ the suniction.
ignition is switched off.

C - Vehicles with fog


lighlslrea~fog li@t
-'I(: f::; ~ ~ g h tcal .i y work wbcri sidr or
To switch fog lights on - Cr?:s s,;. .ch tc tiear!li?;:i i ~ \ \ h i . j . ~ i~n?d, igniti
.~ :n are ; i i ' .
first stop: , ,;
?c: vra;,,.::ies wliic:i s F mi.! eqllipp+ii witi.
To switch fog lights and rear ioglight on a fear fog ii@r; :!:is tori's-:on at the fiist
- Press switch to second step.-,' switch position.
When the lights are on, a lamp in the + o nvehlc~estor somi export countr,. s the tog lights a n y
switch lights up. workwith the side lightsfa carform w l t i local regulations.
;i!m sign;tb and dip lever: When a turn signal fails, the turn signal
warning lamp flashes faster.
. ..
.I? t~crli,.f;rtais v r a k onb: VI 19nthe igni-
tiv;: i3 c:! (key in Drive posriur)
Centre position - Off
Lover up -- Right turn signals
LC er down - Left turn signals
k:ic!r taKiIlg a corner the turn signals aro
c.?rcelied aut~~rnaticaily.

To signal a lane change Vehicles with parking lights


Move lever up or aown until resistance is With ignition off:
felt and hold it in ;his position -the turn Lever up - Right hand lights on
signal warning lamp inl,~stbe flasriing. Lever down - Left hand lights on
When released, the lever spripgs back to
the centre position.

70 raise rrnd blower beams


Lift lever towj,rls wheel past tnc pressure
point with r:dltlights oil When or1 high
beam, ttie \var:,lny !amp rights up.

~ e a d l i ~ ~11as:aer
ibt
Lift lev :- L . cls -v!:re; cv :he pressure
poir! ; t ., : . :im warning lsmp lighls up.
The Fcro. , cannot be flashed when
high bear-,;, Jrr on.
Windscreen wiheriand T :;
was,hec'iever- , ....
- . ,>.:-
-i. . <.'
Wipers arid' washer off: I .
Lever at position 0 , .,~ . :. washz~'
Brief wipe: Move I: ,' .r : : ~osi+ic~~~,',. (w,~'.:!~
Iviobe lever up to pressure point of'"$st
stop. The wipers work as long as !av.%?is
!I! id in this position. .:i, , .
Wiper ,:r.;l w,~sherwurk - .long .?sIFier is
%?FR~S Slow:
Lover at 1st stop.
.
, ,, htirl rlc,:n. ,. When le!.+r is -'leas:G. washer
stops and vliper cnn'inues !or about 4
Wipers t i s t : seqoiids.
*
Lever at 2n'd.stpp. .. ,
Windscreen washer: , . ;

Lever a?.nosition 4.
Washer w~irksG ; long as lever is held in
position. .+.. ., ,.
.* ,

On vehicles w::3 automatic. washlwiper


and interfnitten; wipe fadi~ity:
, .
Automatic w a s ' h ~ i p e : , . . ..~,
:. ~

IAo):e Izver to position -:- was!??: a r d wi-


-h~!tnwork .,,.. > : . . . , :i
, vehik~es~riTh'.he;icjlighf.
k,?lozsslever -?-!ijLq:,h?r s?:'?)snii wipers w?,,her
continue fcr a@ut 4 '~ecr:;;:;:'\.J c,.: "
.. C.8
\rii?en the headligk!s a:e iiri, the lkr-os
The windscreen wipers and washer only intermittent wive: ,: ;li,,~
ai,? washed ewry time tkie windscreen is
work when ignition is switched on. Lever at pssitior, : . . : -li washed.
Vdipers work about ,;very 5 :jec?.nds.
Note .At regular intervals, sucli as whzn filling
ta.~kwith fuel. csked-on dirt (insects etc)
In the winter please ensure that the wiper should be. renioveri from the lerlses.
blades are not frozen to the glass as
otherwise they will be damaged when the Fiiling the waskr:r container is descrrbed
wipers are switched on. or1 page 44.
Qperation

Tc empty -- Gpen kshtray, press spring


"awn and pull zshtray ou!.
73 rcpI?:;e -.- Insert at the bottom ,:at
then push in at the top b..: i !
i9e springs engages.

Vehicles .nritt~'cigarettelights:
':-:ss kl:o:r ot .jhter in - wheil tile cc5;e The cigarette lighter socket can be used
yl.,ws the l i y h t ~ ,:.-:ir,gs cur nutomati- for other electrical accessories with a
cally. The iigi11r.i .~ould::,,-.I 1% used capacity of up to 200 Watts. Please bear in
straight abv?;, 5ecn~li: !he , ~ , z ? lcools
,~r mind however that the battery will soon be
down quickly. discharged when engine is not running.

' , Rear ashtray


!
Tc -rr,pty - - Press ashtrai ::own (7) and
pull it out (2).
To replace - ?rc.ss ashtrav 'nto the
ICCFSS.

I G l ~ v ebo:
!
Velr:cl%switl, (il-kv'a box lid
To open - Squeeze buttons together
Tocloae , - Push lid to
If the lid is lockable, an extra key is provi.
cied.
Wi e~ re7 ':.', .he su!'. !'isor ,;I lhsrr,
To cpen . .-Fold Rank d c w ~sne , turncit
. to the left '(i!, fol@ crank
:tkii . :<,'..can !be lilted out of t i i . i n l i . ~ ~
. . , $1 :.!g and swung toward:- 1:;. s...;
' ./:' into recess again. .,, . . . ;.
T:Jr!?cse - Fold crann dow.i at$:Al u m i ?
to the right:!b) a: far a: it
wi:i (10, :.P-:I :ur!i it hat!<
..,. ,
until -it ca:i.:be rolcled.into
the r,?cess.
FA?' s z i c t j i [eason,, ;!i.~''cra& shoz~d
always :,bn,i:, .
tr.3 recr\.?s,,,. . .

Vehicle:; with anti.dazzl@- I


The mirror springs out of the mounting on

-
impact. It can be installed again by pres.
rrpirr~r . .
'i
'. sing it in firmly. ,

Normal position - Button,f~rwdrd


. .
;r.r;iidau!e positicn - Yb!iinn t l rear
.
m[
~ I .

Interior light I, . . :, , .
Switch position c . ,
...,a,T1 ~

, Up (1) - Door contacr swirches .


Centre (2) - Off
Down (3) - Light on all thi! time
!-ie?ting and ventilation
!\"ck~iclc?s without airconditioner)
I
I I
i.$+i.:,,A .\;. Cintrol the air distribution.,
C,,,

..., . . . .
- -. .
All controls- except switch C - can be
*Vi set to any position required.
.
Lait :tvzr - Mixed air vents for footwell . Depending on the position of levers, fresh
Right lever - Mixed air vents for wind- or warm air comes from the mixed air
screen and side windows: vents for side windows D, for the wind.
screen and the footwell.
B ~ i hlovers
to centre - reduced.atr flow from mixed Stale air can escape from slots in the
air v.;n?s. increase0 flow froni fresh air (rear) doors. This through-flow ventilation
vents ;'Z: .. .~, . only works when the ventilation or heating
is i n action.
Both levers
outwards - increased a i r flow from
mixed air usnts, decreased flow from
fresh air vents (E)

Lever B .-.Controls the amount of heat


Lever to
right - increased heat
Lever to
leit - reduced heat

Rotary swttch C -- Cuntrols the 3 speed


Sl0~'i.t
b l i x c i air !rsr s D fcr s~,fewlndows.
%?fiih>::!~irfiesh air jets E:
..~i;!er .ip --.det; o?en
It.,:.: ibl --Jets closed
(.:,!dq
Swlny;ng I:* louvres in or out alters the Moving the small lever in the centre
direction of the air flow vertically (c). deflects the air flow sideways (d).
Defrosting windscreen and Heating passenger cornpart-
side windows ment properly , t i : .
Both levers A fully to the right. . A coldition where tne lower 0.1 2ir i? .:.':I: i 12
. ,.
.;xim~h flow ~f air from vents E
-~ ~- ~ ~ -

closefresh air vents (lever down), ' ':?d the upper layer is Cool is idpal ir. 'ii,?, ic Obtdi:!ad by moving i c t h 13vers A to
vehicle occupants. This condition i.? 7.: .I:'- :;"t! ?.
Move lever B fully to the right. l e d by the following setting:
V~f.ellcirlvin~slowly,-the blower e h o ~ ~be
ld
Turn blower switch C to position !I. Levers A for air distribution: saitched on to hoost .the l~ocr.-f fresh air.
This setting directs all the warm air to t:ie Left lever f u l ; ~
to left.
windscreen and to the side windows. Right lever about i w o thirds of total
movement to the !eft.
As soon as the windows are clear, move . .
left lever A about halfway to the left so Set lever' B ;r! sive the rncdred . ~

that the footwell is heated as well. amount ui neat. I' ..


, .
0 Turn blower switch C to posl!icn I. , .
;
When driving slowly, the blower can be " ,
.. .. , . , , , ,
left at position I as this helps to increa-
se the flow of warm air.
Cold fresh air can also be ad~nitted$!is;
vents E.

No!e:
As the heat depends on the coolant tem-
perature, the maximum heat will not be
available until the engine is properly
warmed up.
At very low temperatures it is therefore ad-
visable to use a radiator muff. The engine
warms up quicker and the heating effect
is improved. Further details are given on
page 54.
...~
. .~ . . .. .
.~. ..,.
,?,,I!
: ;1::")
,;i::,!;
!
:r?!2i!.x: . , ,,:.;idit;.
,-,
L~!;I
r : : t l i l t i l 1. ~.:!rlf'!a~l',,'
*,,..:
"'

~
p-
1 4"
.
. ..-
P
---
.~
"4

. ' , jrlng F-,


di.dl.:g cor .t;.
,.
19vets.

Upper lever
- Air distributi

Centre lever + ,
- Temperature selection
:i , .
Lower lever . ..- . ,
- Air volume (fan speedj ,. .
Cooling- 4 blower stages I, 11, Ill, 1111
. ' . . >
Heating - 3 blower stages :I, ill, Ill1

Air Outlets
@'dents over full width of windshield i3Footwell outlets (cool, fresh or warm
(warm and fresh air). air).
@ Side window deiroster nozzles @Centre outlets (cool, fresh or warm air).
(warm and fresh air). Vanes are adjustable.
@ Fresh air outlets for car i!ite;ior (also
cool air WI;:., r-ii 'cnnlit'?ninc). Var'i'
are adiirstat;ic ...\:ir,:ifs;.pt i?c.a!:.i:cipl.
,:;
and clz?ed sar,.ib;l!?l:.:
I..

. , .~ ., ,, ,\ ,L, ,.- ! . :, - ~. '


,, .
Air Conditioning Heating ~, . Vc., :'!ation
For maximum cooling, set lever as fol- For maximum heat, set levers P"'?DIIOVIS: la ,. wt~late,set the levers as follows:
lows:
Outer lever - u 10 El
- w a r m air flovs, hi-cording to lever
idp lever - Position i r
Upper lever (Outlets 3open)
- extreme left C1 po pcsition frcnn outlets 1, 2, 4 and 5. - Fresh air flows from outlets 3, 4 and 5
Cool air from square outlets on dasil-
board (3 & 5).
Centre lever --fully 1 . ~the right or in position 0
Lower lever - Blowei speed 1111 . - Fresh air flows from outlets 1, 2, and 3
. Centre lever - ,

or in position C1
Lower lever Defrosting the windscreen: - Fresh air flows from outlets 3 and 5
-extreme right (top fan speed). Centre levzr - position O
Top lever - fully to the right @J
-Warm air flows fr3ni outlets 1 and 2 Lower laver -desired blower speed
For comfort cooling, set levers as folldws: Centre lever - fully to right M
When driving through tunnels or when
Upper lever i..oVverlevel --,BlowiV ??r:d lli or 1111 ambient air is contaminated, the flow of
- t o position I r .Cool air to dash- .. . . .. . .. ,.,'t, fresh air can be stopped:
board and footwell outlets (3, 4 & 5). D-~:.ILl;g:ir~'iK~,
:w~rt;:.scree$:. Top lever - any position
Centre lever L,
Top !ever - at P: :O;' Centre lever
fully to the left
4 - blue field
-Warm a!: ilov~dfro:? 311,:::t' I .:a;.</ 4. Lower lever
Lower lever Centre lever - from) A tr,
-select desired fan speed Lower lever - Blower speed lil s: II!I.
When defrosting or defoggi;ip, tho : i ~ s i ?
air outlets 3 must be closed.
Vote
The air conditior~erworks best ? v t : ~ : + ~ h cFuc.'~dirring !he winter the air conditioner
windows are closed. However, wl-?"r: o :,ilLbId he cpetated briefly once a week to
vehicle has been str.naing in t!ie'su-:.:;,'? k&?p the seaisproperly lubricated.
is very hot inside, one window !jhou::l.hr . ~.
opened when the air conditioner ,$ sud- V i e condsnscr sbould be checked regu;
ched on and left open until the hot alr h&s arly fo:cleanliness. If clogged wirh dirt r,r
bsan forced out. insects it should be cleaned with a jet o:
water. .. .
The pay oaa s r e d x e d oy a b 0 ~30l kg 6n
vehicles w tn an afr conall oner.

When the air conditioner svstem has been Repa1:s to the air conditioner require SFI-
oamagea, n an accident for instance, any cially trailed persor~neland special too IS.
leaks mdsl oe sealed as qd'cnly as poss - !f the system does not work properly, cc
b e, even if only prov s ona. y. This wi pre- tact your V.A.G Dealer
vent serioLs damage to rne system due to
contam nal on of tne refrigerant.

If the engine overheats under particularly


heavy loads and in high ambient tempera-
tures. the AIC; should be switched off until
the coolan: temperature drops to normal
again.

If the klC I I I ' L w'ork, check the fuse


and '<:.'ace if necess-., 7 r \ / - 9'
-?e page 3.
Starting engine Carburetor engines Fuel inic.ction engine
Startim a coid engine . . . Ih'; :r,gine is fitted witi: a K Jetronic in-
a General hints !ec:i!,.n system. The starting procedure
Take care when startina tne enolne in The carburetor has an a u h n ~ a i i cchbke r l s h : ibeJ ;e(e is applicable regardless cf
a conflneo space. anger of carbon vvhicli comes into action, when eriqine :S ?.rrka;cntor engine temperature.
monox oe po son ng! cold, the first time theaccelerztor pr:i;al is
c'i.piessed. . . W Press aczelerator down slightly and
Beforeoperating the starter, check that
e At temperatures above 10C depress hold i t in positicn while operating star-
gear lever is in neutral (Automatic gear-
accelerator slowly once (twice below ter.
box: Lever at "P" or "N ") and app ly the
handbrake. 10C) and then release it. S lorn .ignition key to start. If engir
Depress the clutch pt:dal when star- Switch ignition on and start engine does not start after about 10 second
ting so that the starter U --,..,.....~.
N I ,,--
N ~ 10turn immediately. Do not open throttle. wait for 30 seconds and try again.
the engine. at On the 1.1 litre engine it may be neces-
As soon as the engine? starts, release sary to depress accelerator pedai
the ignition key so thalt the startr:r ,.:an slightly to increase the idling speed.
disengage.
J The increase ir? tlie idling spsad which
If the engine stalls at any time the i j n i - :anes place as the engine starts to
tion key must be turned back to pasi.. warm up can be reduced by j u s ~tap-
tion 1 (see oaae 21) before the starir;i
can be'ope;atea agean.The non-reprsr
- ping the accelerator pedal briefly.
lock n the lgnit on s ~ i t c h prevenls the On vehicles with an automatic gearbox
starter from beina ooerated when the the engine should be run at a fast idle for.
engine is runninfas'this could dama- about one minute after starting when it is
ge the starter. very coid. The pedai should then be tap-
ped so that the speed drops and a gear
- 3 not try to warm the engine up by can be sele,cted ai. cut speed.
nning is with vehicle stationary.
rive off straight away. Slarting a \n8 . m r 1 enginle
nly when it is very cold is it advisable 0 L e p r ~ s sC C C , 9 at0I pedal siowly while
I let the enaine run for about 30 se.
. ,i.., -,.*a,

,rids at a fast idle before moving off. W:n ... . s!arthil; a hr; engine depress
i i s gives the lubrication system time accelerator i,odal ! .lly before opera-
I cikulate the oil properly. ting starter and hold it in this position
o not over-rev or use full throttle2 unw
" - do not
~ ~
~, ourrin, it.
ie engine has reached the nlorrnal 4t Release accelerator pedal as so00 as
3erating te mperature. engine starts so that it does rict race.
'.,.%elengine . . -
> i ~ plugs
~ l r ,. , ?! Starting a cold engine Starting a warm engine
! I ,- mgine is fitted with glox !, ;s. The Pull cold start knob out fully, regard- It is not necessary to switch the glow
'
time the plugs are on i s indica'ed by a less of ambient temperature. plugs on or to pull the cold start knob,
I
a,': which is controlled by. the coolant Turn ignition key to position 2 glow regardless of ambient temperature.
;errperature - see page 23. plug lamp comes on. it goes out when The engine can be started straight
away.
-
Cold startina aid the ignition temperature is reached.
(see page 21). Do not depress accelerator pedal whlle
To facilitate starting from cold, thf:o is a
starting.
cold starting device in the injection p~~i-np. Leave key In this position until lamp
0
goes out.
This cold starting aid is operated with the
knob sho\vn be lo!^. To avoid draining battery unnecessa-
riiy, do not switch nny other heavy
current consumers on while glow
: plugs are on.

@m i.s soon as lamp goes out, start engine.


L' DOnot depress accelerator pedal while
startino at temoeralures abbve 0C.At
temperatures below O'C depress acce-
lerator pedal fully.
0 30 not operato starter longer :han 30
seconds at a time. If engine does not
start, wait about 30 seconds, switch
glow plugs on again and operate star- Stopping engine
ter again.,,:OiFsn,sngine starts to fire, For all engines:
keen starli:: opwh'ing until engine is When vehicle has been driven hard for
~ :;r.!y.
: u n n i ! ~I.[.: a while do not switch engine off as
".
0 Push co . 5; J t k n o h in fully as soon as soon as vou stop. Let it run at a fast id-
engine has r?>~f.:h?dits normal :,perat- le for about 2 minutes to cool it down
ing temperaitirk. slightly.
When engine is hot, the fan may
continue to run when engine has been
switched off or it may switch on when
the engine has stopped.
The condition of a car is closely Type o f fuel
bound up with road safety. %IOU.' -.;: ~!n:mally be mixed with. ?I@
Petrol engines petrol ~9.liesel. 3 '
So before driving off check the following:
the fuel level Carburetor engines: Only i f +';:tecarburetor engines tend to s:all
the lights and turn signals Regular petrol at idling speed when warming up ir. thc
the brakes RON* not lower than 91 colfl seasons, do we recommend that
the windscreen washer Volkswagen AUDl Petrol Additive is mired
If regular fuel with adequate anti-knock
witi: the petrol.
and at regular intervals properties is nut available, use premium
or a suitable mixture. F~.?therdetails are given on page 53 under
the engine oil level "Driving in winter".
the coolant level Fuel injection engine:
the brake fluid level Premium petrol
tyre pressures RON* not iowerthan 98
You will have less to worry about while ~ e s e a r c hOctane l umber, indicates anti-knock propenis?of
the petrol.
driving!

Diesel engine
Fuel: Normal diesel with a CN*' not lowe;
than 45.
At low temperatures the flow characteri-
stics of diesel fuel deferioiate due tu
paraffin separation er?rl this can affect
.
engine operation wh.?? ,.'.J summer die-
sel. ,
, ,
, .
"Wintsr" diesel should L:. .i.:-, ,;dd or re-
gular grade pe!tol.,(no: $s?ij~um)mixed
with t:1: diesei. See >3;;t253.

'' Cetane Number. Indicatw .\c igni~abilltyof diesel


h e r neck is in the side pane' abo
?I ? iigitt red: flhu?i.
# . ,.a wit11a lorkable cap have an artra
, ' . _ / . ~ _ .

1 ./1
, ~

T I & I - ' tank hdY, approximately 9 gal.


ioi-3:; :.'? urros). When tnc (needieof the fuel
gillg, .:'lters the resexe 7one there is
abr.!t . :.~llon(5 litres) o i fkel left in the
tani..
i'eh~c:e..ris'th'diesel el-yine:
If tanr,..is run 6:y :he fuel 3ystem is bled
auIo~~;aI;call~ when star:i,ig after filling
the .?nk. , . ,.

~ ~

"
I
d .

%:re . on the rc-rect use of the filler

Q /IL? .! ;iozzle int3 !;s.~k neck as izr as


~
-- -
xsslole and do not '!'! it.
-~
- a 20 noi try to i ~ i ti s?k too quickly-
becak:se !he fuol karticularlv Diesel)
will then fat,:; ;%:.L! !his c
pisic, w.. :h off ico 5::~:
, ,
Engine oil level " - . - PaP t .:"
The 6r;gine oil level s h o ~ i raiways
l Bn.t.e::;
ween two marks - maxlwin - * n n ttter;.p.:!
stickand must never be . .belqw thq.,n)i!y
~.
rrX!k. ::I
Checking,oil level
. .. .
- >,<.
, < . ...
. : :I.
,.,t,;:.i'L
* -,

The vehicle most be or, a level i.i..;~c.r


when the oi; If;vl is checked:,l$, t;r
check the oil immeFIintely aft~r';tr,,;l.l :d
the engine, as ths?oi: in ciuculario;; : J ' \ : s a
few minutes to dralm dow,l'in.oti~a~so:hp..'
Pull the dipsticksout ski klpe :!vvith a .
clean cioth. P ~ s ' i t h edipstichi? ' t l / ~ ~ ' h i i l i
it out ayi..i ?,ns, check the level. ~ , ,

1.1 litre engine


The differenc'l?'lnoil qulinl;9y betweei{the7
max and min marks: , ' T i , .

>. ?,C! Tgpp~ngup


All engines:,s.75 pints (1.0 litre)
. ' / : : ,:I : Unsr;rew the cap from the oil filter 09s.
,

If the level is dov!!i t'u the M l F ! , n l s ~P~I ,1s ning in thecyliricer head cover.
not necessary I:.?:,pup right up to h e Add Oil.
MAX mark. Add,:!juYir.:ient oil to ensurP Check the level with the dipstick - theoil
that thevehicle mil! ran to the ner' oil level shou:j not Se abcve the max mark. Screw
check withollt the tebzi faline !;~?Iow the tile cap back on tightly.
rnin mark. ' , , , N s e s on the use of oils of different types
and viscosity grades are given on page 64.
TPe 2ermisqible cil ~,or~;iin?p::onIs given
on p:ige 51 and in "Tech~caldets".
When i;.,? z n g i w ' s hs:.iii$ to work bard,
sucl, as in s~~s:,?.inr;c':!!$-speed rnotor-
way cruising in summer or when climbing
mountein passes, !he oil level should be
up to the max mark.
1.5. 1.6 litre and diesel engines
Thc cocliny system is filled at thx factory Cooling loss does not normally occur in
with a iriixiure which lasts a Ion!; time. the closed system.
Wher the expansion tank is in the radie- if coolant loss does occur it indicates
tor, (upper ill!~stratidn)the system holds leakage. The system should be checked
?bout 4.5 litres. When the tsnk is separate without delay by a V.A.G workshop.
(!ewer illustration) the amount is 6.5 litres.
If system is free of leaks, coolant loss can
'rt,is mixture consists of 2.7 (3.9)' litres of only be caused by boiling of the coolant
water and 1.8 (2.6)' litres of coolant edditi- due to engine overheating. If this is not
.<e G 10") which protects the system from caused by incorrect driving (see page 58,
freezing at temperatures down -25" C point 8)but is due to a faulty radiator fan
and also provides pro:ection against cor- ov wrong ignition timing, etc. a V.AG
rosion. ~~orksho should
p be contacted as soon as
possible.
Coolant level
I
If :hn coolant has :o be touoerl
~ ~~~ ~ ~~

,~~

~ uo., lot ~
~ ~~ en- ~
g ~ n ecool dcwn slightly then turn radiator
~.~.
~~ ~ ~
caution:D~not remove the cap when
! , isvery hot, D~~~~~of scalding.
engine cap slowly one turn to the left first and let
pressure escape. T h m take cap off.
I' -
I ! ~ E?::parate expansion tank is translu-
1 cent so the cap need not be taken off.
When engine is cold, the coolant should
be between the min and max !narks. When
eiigine is warm the level is slightly higher.

VehicIos W i t h reparate expansion fanK.


'' Glycol based anti-freeze wilh anti-cor,oainn additives.
*'I,
,a.b
,
. .-.;.,,
,, >.. $ 7 ,.i.$i.;,
,~c~,o!.:
.~.

,.,-.,
: "
Topping up Fan , "- .- ,: .
,
%
. I;

..
,

In order to maintain the corrosion protec- 1 he fan is driven electrically and cortrol- 1.
' tion at all. times and prevent the cooling led by a thermostat from the cociiilt tem- ,. .
.
'-'

system from becoming scaled up, do not , , .


top UP with plain water even in the sum-
rner as this will alter the strength of the
perature.
dihen the engine is hot, the fan ma, conti.
. .:
.I; .+ . <. .
when has been swit.
' coolant. ched off or it lnay switch on when the $ 2 .
Only top up with our coolant additive G" gine has stopped.
. .
(neat) or a mixture of G 10 and clean wa-
ter. The proportions are given in section .. .
on "Winter driving': page 54.
To avoid damaging the engine, add cold
coolant only when engine is cold if a lot of , .
coolant has been lost.
. .
Small quantities of cold coolant to adjust
the level can however be added at :my
time.
Do not fill above the max mark.
The excess coolant will be forced out
through the valve in the radiator p
c; when ..
engine gets hot.
Screw cap on again tightly.
::% ,v~3ndseresnwirsi~er Filling the resewoir
ir.. Iransp?.ent rasovoir s i; tiic -.;:cline Pull the cap off the reservoir and fill the re.
servoir up to the brim with washer fluid, 4
compa;tnient holds approximat*.;, 2.0
litri:? sf windscreen washe: fluid :,);:ve- Press the cap firmly back into place. I
hicles wi'h (leadlight washers the con-
tainer ildl:!s about 8 iitres).
Switch on the ignition and check that the 1
washer is working properly. i
We recommend that you always add a
window cleaner fluid to the water since
water on its own is not usually sufficient
to get the windows and headlight lenses
really clean in a short time. See "Winter
driving", page 56. -
Vehicles with a rear window washer have
an additiohal containar on the right in the
luggage compartment which ho!ds about
i.'?iitres.

Adjusting the windscreen washer


jets
-itie iilustratioo shows where the water
should spray on to the windscreen when
the vehicle is stationary, so that the
windscrse;. wiil be washed properly even
when the 1 x 1 is traveilinq at bigh speed.
A needle cz? be used tc adjust the jets.
a = 170-271: .:,m Insert needle into
b = 275-3": 111v jet and align jet.
c = 3C5-335 mm
d = 230-330 mm
.
Prake;fiuid resenoir b"-..,i,.-f
F)???-
..rr+?ke.i=;>~k*,~
lm

The.!Sa.!ke fluid. resnrvoir ilr'..the mymc


.. .., r s : ~.:ion of tl;epneu~aticbr-tkes~v3
tori-i-rment has two,chanibers, one for. .;?,;el-d:?on vacuur,!, which is nniy avrnla
?ach,of the brake circuits: ~, , . ,
i " t i e when the engi-.? is runni
The screw cap for the c o m i b n 'filler ope- When t h e vahic~t is mov;
ling has a vent hole. This hole must al- engine switc!ied off (e. g. W I ,..-.s8w
~ ~ ~
ways be kept cleer. wed) it will be necessary to exert more f m
The reservoir is made of transparent mate- ce on the bra4eoeda1,
rial so that the level of the brake fluid can
be checked easily. The level shc.uld al-
ways be between the maximum and mini-
mum marks.
The level of the fluid, tends to'sick slightly
when the vehicle is used due to the auto-
matic adjustment of lining wear which t!.
kes place. This is cjuite normal.
However, if the le~ersinksnoticeably in a
ake fluic short time this indicates that fl?lid is being
Brake fluid absorbs moisture. AS roo high lost somewhere in the system due to
a water content in the brake fluid be- leakage. You should then take the vehicle
comes detrimental to the entire system to a V.A.G workshop at once and have the
after a period of time, the brake fluid must brake system checked. ., . -
. ~.
be renewed every two years. The brake
system must be bled afterwards.
* Use only fresh (unused) Voikswagf
AUDl brake fluid which complies wit
MVSS 116 DOT 3 specifications to fill the
ystem. This brake fluid is available in all
.A.G workshops.
:aution:
rake! fluid is corrosive and will d
aintl~ 0 r k .
.*.y 4 scare Tyre wear
5 1:hcck tyres for damage from tim? to Tyre life depends to a considerable extent
:,\.; :
! - ! ' rr,
.
I .,.
..
.
:<*cs are i?,p..::'ent dosign lime and rernove any fomign bodies on the following factors:
i!: :!i:-e'., and :yrc.:. approved embeddedin treads.
,. J.,ers ;pet::'!, ~.stche?*o the model . . Inflation pressure
c::lc5! I.?.. an? cGn'i;!bute ilryely to the b Keep ..~iiand gasoline off the tyres. Pressures which are too high or too
excbii,-?? !r.adhbldi:,; and -;afe driviilg Try to avoid exposing tyres to intense low shorten tyre life - quite apart from
CI~ai.?c!.~'~i~tic~. sunlight for I ,ng periods. the detrimental influence on vehicle
Sefore fitting any non.standard 'wheels XI: Replace m~ssingdust caps as soon as hmdling. Low pressures can also caw
tyreS to your car, have a word with you- possible. ?e a tyre to fail suddenly. Such tyres
VW.AUUI dealer. flex much more at high speeds and
4 Tubeless tyres this causes excessive heat. This leads
Using types of wheel andlor tyre which to tread separation and may cause a
I have not been aoproved by us can affect All tyres fitted at the factorl, are tube- blowaut. The pressures should there-
1 the vehicle under the Construction and less. . iore be checked at regular intervals,
Use reg~lat~ons. preferably when filling the petrol tank,
Tubeless tyres may only be fitted to the
See "Wheel changing" on page 71. standard double hump type safety and rectified as necessary.
I rims O Mode of driving
'Here are a ~E'N Tubes should m i l : ~ used
e in tubeless Fast cornering, hard acceleration and
general notes on tyres: tyres in an ernEy?rtcy. violent braking also increase tyre wear.
New tyres When thls 1s done, ensilre that abr trap-
ped between tube aqo can escape Seasons of year and weather
New tyres can be "run in" (see also
section on "Safe driving"). from the valve Tread wear is higher when ambient
emperatures are high and the road
Tyre pressures surface dry, than at lower temperatu-
The pressures are given in "Technical res when roads are wet. The rubber is 1
Data" section on page 9 i and also on a less resistant to friction when warm
than when cold.
I
sticker on the left hand iock pillar. l
The pressure &re i >r cold tyres and Incorrect wheel alignment I
must pot he redn:-erl I' tyres .-e lncorrect wheel alignment causes
cneckel u w n !mi i)nd p,e?sure is qig- excessive wear of tvres usuallv on one
her :p&" I.,cc':~*(,.:
side and also detiacts from' vehicle
safe handling.
'hear indicators . :;
. .. :.:
.?t the bottom of the tread grooves.of the For smoot!' r . ?nina
~~ ~
\ :
- . . ,;d .
original tyrm, there are 12 mrn wide ~ n d long tyre I . i is., i T,:., , ; I ; : ) - .:.<: ',~:,, ,?
1.6-mm high bars running across thc. ty+e. wheels sho'ilc be bat, i r 2.: ?it+?!.:1!1;.a .r
There rnay be from 4 to G bars .accordin? dvnamic2iiv:~his
,. is ..y.,t:.-. ?:I
. thc ~ ' l ? ~ : . L,'
,
to make of tyre. new vehicles: are ba!;nced ?%L n? . ? , d
When these barsappearin t u o or more wheels get cut of ?::!anr.e duii :I. .~3lious
adjacent grooves so thatlthere is no Ion. irfluences, the wheeis sho'~ldi.;: rebzian-

-
aer anv tread at these points the tvl'es . .,., ever,: 10000 miles (1501)U +,in!.
rf.4 . .
concerned should be replaced as soon as (jarticuiarly at the .lli'g'lier ??eeds whicr~
possible. can be reached in a vehicle with a.fucl in.
When the tread has worn down to a.depth jection engine, a slight arnnunt of imba-
of 1 mm' measured at any point on the lance will be felt irnrnediateiy a! the stee-

-
tread thetyre has reached the limit for ring wheel. In such cases it is advisable to
safe usage. We advise you htiic.(er not to have the wheels balanced more often
let the tyres wear down to this extent as
tyres with treads in this condition cannot Tho wheels should also be balanced
grip the road surface prorlerly when dri- again when a tyre has been repaired. This
ving at high speeds n q wet roads. also applies to balanced wheeis when 2
tyre has lost all its pressure due to a faulty

---
r
' I n other countries this f i y ~ i r differ. valve.
Changing wheels round
So that tyres I!: r,at need to be renewed Replacing tyres
more often th::;, ilecessary if they are wea- For safety reasons it is advisable to renew
ring unevenl., we recommend that the tyres at least in pairs on the axles and not
wheels should be charged round as singly.
snown below so that the v,':~els keep tur- The tyres with the deepest treads should
'ling ,n ,he same directuo.
always be onthe front wheels.
1. J
If you nctice that !he f w . ! iyres are wea-
ring taster, it is advisable to change the
1a!2z wheels from front l o rear as sIiOWn.
Only tyres of the s:me type and tread pat-
terri may be cornbinec.
Having the deeper :reads at the front in- Fo1 safety. reasor..'? dew tubber valve
creases safety, particulerly on wet roads. should a l , r ' c ' , ~be r,i?e;',n;irn fi'ncw tube-
and the tyres all wear uniformly. less tyr3 is i;rstallnr,
- I

- -
The first 1000 miles (15C:~km) . .. During !he first 1000 km,
do not drive with full throttleG
Careful choice of materials, quality workmanship and modein The follc!wilg Speeds should not be exceeded:
production methods guarantee ;he high precision cnd smooth
operation of all the engine components. Nevertheless, during
the first few hoursof its working !ife theecgine will be subjected Mileage 0-1000 km
more to the eflects of internal friction than later on when all tho
moving parts hav- bedded in. How well the
primarily on the way you drive during the 1.5, 1.6 litre and Diesel
engine
Do not maintain :he maximum opeeci- quoted in the table for
long periods at a time but vary
engine speed and varying the 35 kmlh (22 mph)
powerltransmission system as a 60 kmlh (37 mph)
a well run-in vehicle. 90 kmlh (56 mph)
120 kmlh (74 mph)

. .

--
I Automatic Mileage 0-1000 km

-+
gearbox
Range 1
Range 2
I
40 kmlh (25 mph)
75 kmlh (46 mph)
Range C, 110 kmlh (68 mph)

Tke maximum permissible engine speed during the first 1000


km is 4200 rpm.
During. the next 300 miles (500 km) the speed can gradually be
increased to the maximum.

4e,
L
- ~

... and afte ...,


f.j?" , . .

The speeds ranges for the vehicle when properly run-in are (krnlhlrnph)
~ ~ ~ ~

1.1 litre 1.5 litre 1.6 litre


engine engine engine engine
~~

I .~,
1st gear 0- 4 0 1 0 - ~ ~ Y-4510-20
2nd gear 20-65112-40 20-85112-53
3rd gear 30-105118-64 30-130118-80 , ,

4th gear 40125 40125 45128 ,40125


tn top speed
- - - 1-1 I-.
t h gear sh ift points 1 dial, see r--- q C
--

--
.e engiae

5 krnlh
Range 2 5 knilh
Range D 3 speed
. see "2"' Rd
Further points
0 All speeds and revs are o nly valid .ulthen engine is proFeriv

.
W ~!nEusing t tle rev c o uiter,
wee,, l,Y~
,,
n qnr
n I~7nn mm in
YIIY
~ the vc?hide can 3e
,,, 31, ,703,-">"rho" en
YuYY
. at bet
. driveil
-.rglne 1s rur. in
ICII_I
..... \.warm.
., .e!lylr~r
Never over-rev tile
or In the gears
...:. ....L...
WII~:, :.
II :I. S cold-esther in nautrll

On I ith the die! the enqinc atlcally


Letilna ihe engilne labour i :I-:rig it at full
govc ,out 5000 r
throttle.
On 1rehicles wiith the fue'l injection engine, a speed limi ging up in good time h-Ips to save fuel &:id kt.e}~sthe
~ from exceeding al)out 6900 Irpm.
vent s the e n g irie down.

19
. . .. - .- .

'r !k- ' :nz : :? p'intt: are xtance to safe opera. The movement of the pedals, particularly the brake pedal,
t : ; . ~r ?the vehirle. must not be restrrcted in any way.
If trouble occurs in the brake system, the full range of pedal
movement may be required. For this reason, floor mats e!C.
1 ! (P N?v.l:jres d i not give maxi) y:'p straiijhi awzy and
should not b g jlaced in the footwell if they are likely to inter-

11
fere with pedal travel. Do not put' articles in the footwell
shc~lr!!heref<:;? be run in at rn;der--tu speeos f ~ 'abcut
. the which could roll or slide under the pedals when the brakes
tip;: 60 miles ('X :ilometers). Thir. v;,;I help to :nake the tyres
are applied.
last 1.3nger.
If the pedal travel increases suddenly, it may be that one of
. ,
the two brakc? circuits has failed. On vehicles which are fitted
with a brak* warning lamp, the failure of a brake circuit will
ings mu:':'bed the& J ~ S I Cand-do not have the also be shown by the lighting up of the warning lamp when
maximurn !ti;ti.wal pro,>erties at first. To cornpsnsat* for the ; brakes are applied.
slightly reuuced braking effect, be pr.cnlro.; to use more
pressu:con the pedal during rh? first 15Crn11ei; '.:I00 km). l"-'i i s . , Youcan still drive on to'the next V.A.G workshop but be pre-
also applieswnen new linings have been lifted. pared to use more pressure or1 the pedal and allow for longer
braking distances on the wzy.
a Use engine braking when going down steep.hills: Char~ge
down before qtarting to go down 'kc hill and use iv'akes as a On vehicles with brakc \%;a-ling lamp the failure of a brake
reserve. When brakes are applied, do notkeep then1 on conti- circuit is indicated by the 1 Jhting up of the lamp when bra-
r: ~ously,apply and release alternately. kes are applied (see page 23).
Fl~rthblinst:uctions on dri!,i'lq in hilly districts are given un-
d ~ "Trailer
: !owingN. page 5 ~;lcint
. 8.
a Pitfir riri;,i:ig through watcr, dr'ving ;n heavy rain or washi~lg
the czr; the 3raking fomr r a n be :e~ardt.:+siishtly: The , a d o
inust he dried firs? t.:;, arc.., 'nq th-. crakes .!:
e 313ke I:rl?g L,,"?; r.:, 3:;-I, : - . a ,,(!! CJepcll ' 2 ~
..!arge axtPr:;
coiidiciofis h id n:yr- r): ~::ii-).!$-.' On v?nicies v;kic,~ :.* ci liz'''3
mail!/ ir, tc,v:r !i: ';;, a.;d s:~blsrarto n d i t i m s n r are Wriv:~
bar,: 'i
v,ay t ? n,%~a?~;ari ?c ~ i n tile
~ ethicKness 3' L a k t li
.:I a ,J.A.G uorkshop in Litween !3r rl:)rma! vi
Economical driving
[ The technical conditions for economy are built Into /our vehicle
at the factory. The engine is adjusted to' use the minimum
amount of fuel. It is now up to you to maintain the properties ob-
The individuj i cOnditioi;qPn,' ,"":;ch.+"::$;.!%icie:is',dsed'i;>C ::,..": :
an inf1t.ence on fuel cor,.:~.-ip:ioi-in r ~ r li ~ i e
alter the$.: factors. Tkn :ol,;.,i:g
driver .cln do litti: t,-l
far:ors for instance a i :lo:
!
I

I tained by modern technology: It you have your vehicle serviced


in a V.A.G workshop at the intervals laid dow- !n the Service
Schedule you will obtain optimal economy plus constant reliabi-
favourable to fuel ci:?som[!!l~~r:
Traffic deilsity, pariicd;iuli,,in large towns nith nk!n:qrs!ls
.. . I

lity and long service life.


traffic ligl:l:( . . .: .... , .
Stop-start dr!vinq stic!: as,driving from i:c;us0 t u h!iu$: !io
Economy depends to a large extent on the personal style of that the engiriz is new: properly warm.
driving. If you wish to drive economically, that is to keep fuel
consumption and brake lining and lyre wear to a minimum, Condition .a! i'c: ;%uria.se, particularly sand and ?row.
avoid high speeds and full throttle accelerati;?tl and drive Driving 'n coli:,ins ofsvehb:les in low ge9'so that t i e engine
smoothly and carefully. speed 3 rei~livelyhigh (in proportian to tile Qi-tance cove-
On vehicles with a fuel consumption gange the influe~ceof red).' . . . . .
driving style on fuel consumption is shown very clearly - Fur-
ther detail on page 26. ~ocid'consuri(';>!iin tlsuies cdn 'be ob!ained when rr~rvingtor
,
.3ng distances at medium speeds with few stop*.
, .
At reasonable speeds with med~umenaine sDeads on motor-
7 :
ways it 1s qu*te poss~bletc $:a fuel consumpl~c,n which IS be-
',I.
low *he speafied normal f~gilre.
.,
Engine oil consumption is also largely dependent 6n encline io-
ad and engine speed. Dependin$i",:nthe way yoc drive, oil ccn-
surnption con be up to 1.5 iltres: pi; 1000 krn (4 pts. pei !OUC ~ n i -
les).
!: is \r:'<il-known ih2? i ne,t,:~n~lno it?es not give it; rr!;!s: ;avo!!-
fixi:ie J ; ! co!isur;.Tr.c:~ ant11alter r :-tzin perjod o f noe.?t;ori.
., . ot ti.:-. . ~ icon;:~mpiicr,.>
f:dct..,use l :iir,?!-i?c> j,)(J,.;tz:j Or,..:i:r5tcI:.
un.1;; 3iIrr;:c.Ltrut 3000 miir~s(5GI: i l ( , i ; . i!;,, !?:XI& h eccrlsump-
?ion may oe somewhai iiigher !,?an it;d ;.l'od i l t h pr>-,',')!'* ~ ....
r:aragrai?h:3 '.
. .
Ir :?lli.be$cb&tert-thai8ptiiiiuv performanc-aG: : ~ ,vrl
e ,;ie a;.::
ontlm:,#r.?conolny are closely linked.
'#inter driving
The vehicle will always be ready for use in snow and ice it a few simple measures are
taken to "winterprooi" it before the cold weather starts.

Air cleanerlintake air preheating


At temperatures below 15C the carburetor draw in prr?heatedairvia the air clea-
ner. This has a beneficial influence on fuel I ~tionand heips to prevent carburetor
icing.

I,? litre engine . The Golf with nn.gr =.igine has autorna-
tic control of preheating and you do not
In w l l o r need to take any special steps in winter.
:..oosen clip on ;-if cleanei intake pipe The air cleaners on the Fuel injection and
snd turn pipe 9,) that the opening is D i e ~ e lengines also require no special
towards the exhr:ust manifold. btnter measures.
- see ilhlstratior~..
Tighten clip.
- - ~. ~ ~ .~ .
In sumrne: I 'P
0 Lcosen c,.o and turn pip- 510" from wi
ter position. The opening then poin
t o the right.
clip,
a ~:.'c.+?~
Fuel
Petrol Diesel
For all carburetor engines: At low temDeratures the flow characteri-
At ambient temperatures between O'C stics of d esel fuel deteriorate due to~wax
and 15"C,carburetor icing can occur formation ano this can affecr engine ope-
when the air humidity is high even though ration when usino summer diesel. For this
the intake air ~reheatinosvstem is wor- reason, winter diesel fuel which works sa-
6 ng proper y . ~ n e
resLlts; tnat theenglne tisfactorily down to about -15C is sold
lenas to sla1 at id nq speea ouriig the in the cold season. At lower temperatures,
warming-up phase. a certain amount (max. 30%), depending
on actual temperature of regular petrol
Even the anti-icing additives contained in (not premium) should be mixed with the
some
- - - fuels
- - - cannot entirelv Drevent carbu-
diesel.
retor ic.ng in the cola season. Wher a pro-
oerlv ranea enalne sta Is repeateoly in the
p ~ tonly
-
As these additives reduce the enoine out-
, theamount acr~dilyrequlreu, a(:-
conditions described above it is advisable
to mix Volkswagen Audi Petrol Additive cording to remperature, s h o ~be l ~used.
with the fuel. This additive is obtainable . . -
from V.A.G w0rkShODS in West Gsrmanv Irnpor:!?lr.: ,Tote,, ,. '
and many export countries under :he pait
No. AOS 15000003. @ Uus t s ::' ';ar!mabiiity o' p t r c l Tile
m:xi;i:j ci:o;;.:' .i; sdet). r+asons, only
i ~ e d o v ?I I!-- . 'li-le tank. Where pos-
. sible, t t e 7 - ' % should be put intc the
tank bef~rc..~?:':diesel.
diesel ( i
M t i n g s.ioui; SO take place hefore

n.,:. . : g o''.';.'~:e ir the


, . , 7: . t asubseqilerit
n k bnivhi+ ni!: in tko
:,
othesvs-
id.>
, ,
. , .
~:cqlin~
. s ',
tfyrj' Radiator muff
. c , , ,
The vehic? s 1 ~ ? , ~ : ' ' 9 &be.driv?fi: .;ji!hcut ao an3i.lreeze and At very low titriperatures it is advisable to use a radiator muff.
anti-corrosion ~ 0 1 - . ' i o r 3 i!" !+IS ioolen?f2ver!.n the warm seasons. The engine warms up quicker and the heating' is improved.
~h~ loncl-lastinq coolar,t c 3 , ~t:- - . fill:fhe
~ coolif.,svste,n Suitable muffs can be obtained from your V.A.G Dealer.
at the factory gives proi'iction again,;l tl'6st 86wn to -.2+C. In when driving with the muff in position keep an eye on the
order to make sure that sufficient .x. ';.?eza is present in the coolant te,::peracure gauge,
coolant mixture, the coolant sbould he tested before tile cold
begins. ~f necessary, our coo~ap~,ac+ditiv4 C, 70 Shduld be The muff must be r ~ n ~ o v e
when
d the ambient temperature rises
added to the coolant. , ,. above 10C as otherwise the engine will overheat.
1
G 10 not onlv orovidos orotection noai!ist frost. bUt.when
adoeo in s ~ l r i e b quantlr;esa~sopro~Lc*s *hesooi r q system
af'o healer from al k nds of corros 2n dnL Dlevents scailna-
The additwe also raises the b6'ling polnt of the coolant.
Solutions which are too weak $dill not provide adequate pro.
tection against corrosion and should be avoided. We there-
, ,
fore recommend that the solution used should not be weaker
than that used by the factory - 40:60.
If greater protection against frost is required the prooortion
of anti-freeze can simply be increased. ..

Vehicles for export to cold countries usually have frost pro-


tection down to -35C.

Protection .*

-25C 4.5 litres


6.5 litres" 2.6
4.5 litre$' 2.1 2.4

1 6.5 litres* 1 3.25 1 3.25


{jb.t;i ,fgfib::.
-- -- -- --
, --.. . . -. .. . - . . .- -. -
..- . . ,

The engine oil Please nota: . - . . ifi

Tends to thicken at low temperatures and ma;. r.*use starting 0 :*/inter tf,res llli:! al::&j, i!u fi:tee.r:~ 2': ..'p$cls.
.,
dlfflcultles. The maximum s ~ & i ? GI I ) I . P vehie'a?:toC ail"l.th~interradial ply
AS soon as winter temperatures are exDeCted. chanoe over in tyres '5 160 kml!..' ' i! ryres
:. of recent manufacture there is
good time to a thinner grade of oil. If you usti r ~ l u i t i ~ r g doil
e you a '.Q' behind ;he ti;s!g*tation to dcnote this restriction.
should not need to change to a different grade of ril. I , .
The specific prop ?o;iea of winter tyres make it necessary to
The various viscosity grades are described under "Lubricants", increase the Dressvres bv 3 Dsi (0.2 bar) above the normal
page 53. prescijre -- roe ~ J L . 21.
~:G
Gearbox oil VJin'rer tyres a:e ao l o ~ g e fully
r effective when the tread has
worn down to a dmpth of 4 mm.
There are no special winter lubrication instructions for the
manual and the automatic transmission. When changing frorri steel to light alloy wheels and vice
versa the appropriate wheel bolts must be used. Further
Winter tyres details or, page 70.
Are not essential for your vehicle then the SR radial ply tyres
fitted as standard are good in winter conditions providing that
'..
In Germany vehicles which can exceed this speed must have a sficker clearly displayed in
driven lieid of vsw, h e r e may be similar reguaitlons in your country.
theseare not too severe. This does not apply however to the HR
types which are fitted to models capable of more than 180 kmlh.
These types are designed for speeds up to 210 krnlh and have Sr~ovrct.ains: Thin chains which do not stand clear more than 15
treads of a special heat.resistant rubber mixture which is not mm. including tensioner, can be fitted on all wheels. If vehicle is
very skid-proof when cold, especially on snow and ice. The adhe- fitted with 175170 SR 13 80 S or 175170 HR 1380 H tyres on 5'!1 J
sion and traction becomes increasinalv worse as the tempera+!:- x 13 wheels with 38 m w offset, chains can only be used on the
redrops so that HR tyres are only suitable to a limited exient " ~ r front wheels. Before drivina over lonn stretches of road which
winter conditions. It is advisable to replace th'in with wint3.1 p are free of snow you shouid remove i h e chains. They serve no
' res before the winter starts using, of course. onlv ,-?dialply >din- useful purpose here but merely damage the tyres and wear out
ter tyres. quickly.
1, Earidbrake:
- -- -
I.;QI~W 7.i1il The windscreen and headlight washer
1, If there is a danger d IIGSL. ~0 -? ?:edply_the lhanibrake but
engage 1st gear (autorr,a:.;.~l;u+~?~?+.or!"P") or luerse gear
can be frost?voofed and kept working by the addition to the
water bf:d l3ge dose of a window cleaner solution with an anti-
instead. Brake linings wh,cO I!v?.l~w.:r3:e '?vel'due!,splashing freeze agent.
or condensation can freezr tin tn 1 : s - : .rns :~ithe \.,inter when
the handbrake is left on. When ?.rli:+:j 0.1 - 9 ,!hills,
~ turn the Frozen wiAbo'
front wheels in towards the keri, i s w ~ . i
. . .~ can be cleared wlrn a sultanle aetroster spray. After the sorav
has worked for a short period, the ice! can be wiped off.
he battery ,I
ops in capacity as the ternperatdrs drops This is due to its The air intake slots
~emicaland ohvsical orooerties. Thus. 2 cold. b a t t e x which in in front the windscreen should be cleared of snow so tha. ..,,
iy
~~

case may' not be full; charged, "s snl;'-s fraci'cn of the


ventilation and heating system can work properly.
bpacity it has at a normal tempe:ature.
I- s a good idea to carry a shovel or a snort-nand ed spaae In tne
e advise you to have the battery checked in a V.A.G workshbp c i r rlbfn~rgtne winter so tnat you can clear away snow Iyo. get
?forethe onset of cold weather and, if necessary, to havo it s1~c.cA sma na?o-br~sh lor sweeDlna snow off the veh cle ana
~arged.This will not only result in quicker, more reliable start- a plastic scraper for the wi ndscreen ;ire also u~
g but will help to prolong the life of the battery.

he spark plugs
lould not have excessively large gaps, particularly in the
inter. The correct gap is 0.6-0.7 rnm.

oor locks
in freeze up if water gets into the cylinder when the vehicle is
ashed, for instance, so do not aim the water jet directly at the
ck cylinder. It is a good idea to cover up the keyholes before-
and. A frozen lock cylinder can be thawed out easily, even
hen it is very cold, with the help of a lock defreezing agent.
Tra~ilertowing
If,yo,
..u are going to tow a trai,,,
clarlj(equipped for this purpose.
......
jour vehicle, it r tb,. be spe- -+
1.1 litre qnrl
Dies
Up i.' :'..-
uo i ...':.I
.,
,:d
..-.."
100 \Ah
Natts
When a new vehicle is ordered with a towing b -- .. -~
wing is taken into account:
2 -
The towing bracket and the electrical C U ~ I O I ~ L L I U Ifor
trailer are installed correctly.
I ~ the 1,511.6 lltrer----,-- LIp 0 12(
Uatts
-
Uatts
The radiator fan is modified to ensure that engine is cooled
properly.
\'ehiclts i ~ t t e d w i i ! an
, a air culluluurler a, L I I ~I~LLUIY II~YC:

When a towing bracket is : tailed, the following should heavy duty e r q i w croiir.; system.
I be noted.
1 a - The towing bracket is ,,. part. Only a bracket which
The service installation should preferably be carri ed out by
V.A.G. Dealer.
has been developed for your vehicle is to be used and it
must be fitted in accordance with our instructions. Details @Bo n e pin in the 7 pin trailer socket on the vehicle is usually
!Ire usually glven in the fitting instructions suppiied wlth left free (terminal 54 g). This can be used to connect additio
the bracket. nal electrical components in the trailer to the vehicles electri-
cal system.
A sDecial warnino lamD muyt be fitted within the driver's
.an$e of vision toshow'that rhe trailer turn signals are wor- If traffic conditions behind the trailer cannot be seen prc
-:
<ing (see page 7). perly with the notlllal
.--0
,,,,,,uis, a second outside mirror mus
be fitted. If necessary, both outside mirrors should be 01
3n some models, depending on the trailer weight tine extending folding arms.
standard radiator fan (100 Watt) is r e ~ l a c e dby a 200 Watt
Ensure that the tyres have good treads and that the inflation
pressures are correct. Keep tyres inflated to the pressures
for maximum load. if the vehicle is fitted with winter tyres
trailers with brakes should also be equipped with winter
tyros.
1 . : .:, n trailer places s o r , , 3 .,;l,!n strain o;r the body, trans.
j I ma.!;<
,\; clutch and brakes c'i the. !oiv'ng v~hjrie.~,
. ..
In order to avoid damage'to tiye to;
following instructiois and driving rules.
18
, ,
, vshicle,:?lzase note the a - T!ie following points should be noted when towing a trai-
lei in mountainous regions:
. ,..,
@-Do not exceed the maximunr (railer weight specified for The trailer weights given in the "Technical Data" section
the vehicle. in conjunction with the 10or 12% gradients areonly appli-
cable up to +.? altitude of I000 m above sea level.
@ T h e pressure of the trailer drav! bar on the ball of the
towing bar must not exceed 50'kg;(110 lbs.). The permissi. When drivino above 1000 m, the engine output and thus
ble rear axle load must not be'<?xc+eded. the climbing ability decreases due to the lower air density.
The maximum combined weight (vehicle and trailer loaded

i'I The minimum nose weight must nG: be less than 4% of


the actual trailer weight but it need ,idbe more than 25
kg.
to permissible total weight) given for altitudes up to 1000
m must therefore be reduced by 10% for each further 1000
-
m if the aradients mentioned above are to be climbed.
@- Use the clutch carefully when towitlg: Do not acielerate
"

if the combined vehicle and trailer weight is below the per-


more than necessary when moving off a n t never slip the missible maximum a correspondingly steeper gradient
clutch longer than necessary. -can be climbed

II ,
@- Always drive at a moderate speed In many counlrrae there
are speed restrlctlons for veh~clestowinq trailers.
@ - Use brakes in good time as gently as possible. Practise
- -The cooling svstem ot vour vehicle is fitted with an elec.
rr ca rsoialor'lan. ~ont;ary ro veh~clesw l h an eng.ne dri-
braking properly with a trailer with over-run brakes: Apply ven Ian. Ine eng ne is Looleo oer!er wnen c imoing ,ong
brakes gently at first then brake rapidly. In this way you Uphill stretches if the hiahest ~ 0 s s i b i eaear is used and
can avoid the jerking which is caused by locked trailer englne speeo is napr owlhan knen 1he;exr lowest gear
wheels. is ~ s e d
with a n aner englne speeo. One shou.0 therefore,
contrary to the usual practice of keeping the engine speed
Change down in good time before going downhill. high when going uphill, not change down as long as the
@-Trailer towing always puts the fuel consumption up. This engine can cope in the higher gear with medium engine
I is due to the extra weight and the higher rolling and air speed without full throttle. When this is no longer the
resistance. case. one should naturally change down in good time.
- -.-- - . D;i
-..-
r care : jl~fl.41 ' ' l '
. ..
canI be done bv everv car I II that is rewired is interest Tinkering with i! .! i i t i l c-r ?of'.?, morur vehicle can ,,;I.,L,:< ler
andI pride in one's own car, a aurrly of suitable car care mate. the life and 'Izalrh o: ?I;+:?;! usz .; Akeration of the factory set-
rials and a quick glance at our instructions which must be follo- tings of car',.:reior oi f : 2 1 ilijection sy!srern, ignition or valves
wed exactly. invariably chziges t?;? ?miss ion values a~;dincreases fuel con-
sumption and such alterlltior IS are forbiidden in most countries
Maintenance today.
is nnore than car care It I ~ ~ I U Speclal
I I ~ ~ :I <now edge, wort(-
shop apl lances and speclal tools Even o I changlnb and uorl- I yo^ have yoJr ventc s-rviced n a V.A.G dealersnlp you c:an
cating req-ire spec a ist m o w edge an0 cacnot oc oone proper- rest assLreo 'na! every!?ng poss b ~ WI.
e oe done to maint;ain
the roadworthiness, ecoriomy and reliability of the vehicle.
IY ~ ~ t h othe
- t equ prnenr ava able in a lubr cating pant') This
weir( m,sr oe oone in accoroance wlln oLr nstrJct ons.
The Service Scttedule suppl~edwith the vehicle tells you wliat
Furthermore. oresent dav safetv reauallions and environmental has t r Se done acd 'when. We adivse you to study this book:let
protection piace very s t i c t limiis & the amount of repairs and carefully.
adlustments whlch even a technically skilled and experienced
handyman can undertak,2 on the eligine and running gear.

' In most couniles there are enviror,mental protoction laws goveming the disposal 01 O l d Pi1
,aa..,,i . , ; ~ i* ., , ..,
I
'\
: VIP.
,. , ,? : ' n7
. -e ;-- ~

- -
Care of car . -
.
,
,: P,,',

Regular and careful car, h ' ' -


', , :?i!,.
tain the value of the vehicle. k . z - V .'. G
Waxing Removing industrial grime
\Jax as oftan as possible. This vdill pre- Treat rne paint s ~ r f a c ewith an ind-str~al
workshoo carries stocks of ., ' :a%, - ? r vent dirt irom sticking to the pa;lt and grime remover as soon as possible. Do
care materials. The instruction f a ti.;.; :,I: industrial grime from penetrating into the
the colitainer should be followed. not apply directly to black plastic parts.
paint. The solution should be allowed to work for
Washing ~ i t i ~appiJ
n j wax to the vehicle after was- a few minutes and then rinsed off very
~I'PII and then polish it or simply add a
thoroughly. Pay particular attention to all
The best protection against environmen- was.1 wax solution regularly to the second seams and joints. .
tal influences is frequent washing and lot of washing water. Rinse the vehicle
waxing. The longer dust and industrial gri- with tqis 3olution and dry with a leather. Removing tar spots
me, salt, insects and bird droppings are
left on ihe paintworl*. the more damags Treat trie paint surface with a tar remover
they areliabie to do to the finish. as soon as possible. After treatment rinse
~oliskin~
away all traces of the tar remover with a
Wash the Yeh~clafreq~entlyfrom lop l o Should,,only b* done if paint has lost its detergent solution (water and shampoo).
bolton- with c ear +dater, o ~ nott in a recr shine and gloss :annot bs brought back
sunshine. with wax. If the polish used does r o t con- Removing insects
Rinse out the sponge thoroughly at fre- tain preservative compounds, the paint
ouent intervals in order to avoid scrat- must be v axed afterwards. Driedan insects should be removed with
c'n ng the palnt. If clear water noes nor an insect remover as soon as possible.
s ~ f f i c ro
e remove oirt. ado snampoo to rne Wash the paint surface afterwards. Clean
water and use a sponge or a soft brush. Matt painted surfaces should not be trea- dirty windscreens with an insect sponge.
Afterwards rinse the vehicle and dry it ted with wax or polish because this will
with a leather. spoil the matt finish. Care of chromed parts
I ,.
Some shampoos leave a protective fiim of Before applying any chrome cleaner,
wax on the cleaned surface so that subse- Touching up paint damage wash the chrome plated parts thoroughly
quent waxing is not necessary. small marks in the paint s,,ch as scrat. and dry them. Remove spots and marks
I with a suitable chrome cleaner. These ma-
chep or stone damage should be touched
! with vo'. ;wagen touch.up brushes or terials usually contain a preservative
spray cans before the metal starts to rust. which protects the parts the weat-
A sticker in the spare wheel well gives the her-
coiour designation and number of the ori- A chrome protective compound can be
ginal finish. sprayed on to give long-term protection.
,_' .
7..
,.F$ , , ~r n;
.i
.
~ - .':.*,
~.r'..j.+~~i+>~~~
i:, , ,J.,C,
.
...
Care of plastic parts Cleaning windows :;&c.r, b t a .ri?tl
~ ~i;: ~ ,I:;:N
~ i..l.atherstrips
Plastic parts and adhesive strips which W ncoas can ncrmally oc cleantd WI:~. d ''.:re.~+';.i!!:i;~r,ir1:8~
will remain flexible and
are exposed to the weather should be cle- spcncle ano luke *arm waler a r d the1 !ac!,'o.::.e::.l [;ley ars rubbed lightly with a
aned as explained in the section "Was- dried~w'tha leather. 'ul,~~:e~..ro~~ictive compound from time to
hing". ii::,e Th.t will also stop the weatherstrips
Dc,nor use the same leaiher for the paint-
If normal washing is not sufficient, these work since traces of paint cleanei and : . ~ireering
m on in the winter.
parts may only be cleaned with special pilish cause streaks to appear o:i the
Cleaning and anti.corrosion treatment of
plastic cleaners. The cleaner manufactu- windscreen.
.. , engine compartment
rers instructions for use should be follo-
Insects can be removed with an iniact The engine compartment and the outside
wed closely. No, other cleaning corn-
sponge. surface of the power unit are given anti-
pounds or paint polish should be used be-
cause these may attack the plastic parts Traces of rubber, oil, grease 0r:sliicone corrosion treatment at the factory.
and strips. can be removed with window cleaner or a
If the engine compartment is cleaned at
diiy
silicone remover, depeiding on h r t ? ~
arly time with grease removing solutions
Cleaning cloth upholstery the glass is. 9r if one has the engine washed, the anti-
Clean with a vacuum cleaner or a medium Botn ?olutoonscon oe pvt lnrn i h . water In corrosion compound is nearly always
hard brush. Spots or very dirty patches the vJlnoscr?en *asher In Ii e kvnrlr ler a removed as well. It is therefore essential
can be removed with a suitable cleaner. window cleaner with an anti-freeze agent to ask for durable preservation of all surfa-
should be used in the water. ces, seams, to joints and'components ir:
Moisten a clean, non-coloured cloth with
the engine compartment to be carried out.
the cleaner and rub the spot with a circu- Windscreen wiper blades
lar motion, working inwards. Your V.A.G. Cealer has stocks of the high-
Blades which are clogged with insects or quality preservation compound recom-
Cleaning and preserving leatherette oil deposits should be removed and clea- mended by the factory.
r e d with a hard brush and a detergent
Apply plastic cleaner and rub dry with a sl'ution. Airing the interior
soft cloth. !dew blades should be installed once or
twice a year according to condition. If the vehicle is left in a closed garage for
a lona time. the aaraae and car doors
shou 6 oe openeo occasionally rc 3resenr
the 'ormation o l mo-la ana oamp sra ns.
r ... ~

$YE and rnaint+xcwwa, ,,. ..


- .* ,- .. -- -
.

: Ttc t:;~derside of the vehrcle is co2k?k1 \i?.~,ts r:avilie:. IJ ihr: tu;lv ire a!:.c rro-
~ 1 I: a special compound to protect i k
flc. chemical and mechanical influer:
ces. tiowever, as this protective layer gets iireserva!ior; -:he best resuits are ou!a;.
darnaged when the vehicle is in use, the or, . Y . rr,e first qukse3~2,I .:<,-. r?:
, undercoating should be examined at cer- ~ i .yea' afte l n i #*. . : S F
i s nc 7(.d ~ a i ane
tain intervals - preferably before and put on !'1c read. . .
after the winter season - and any darna- i.1i;V.A.G workshops krsw hoa ~ n ,n,:lere c ~
ge made good. this treai~nenthas to b~ carlied ocli and
Not a1 rne malerlals a~a.~able are sulrao e have i r e d c t q ap$rov2 I com~.ol~~iLI ano
' for lh s p-rpo?e SO we advise you ro have the wr~,q.,rn.it req1.1r-d.
the patching up or additional coating
done by a V.A.G workshop. . .
Every V.A.G .workshop has stocks of .the
: correct compound, has the necessary
1,

equipment and is familiar with the appli- . .


, cation procedure. They know, in particu-
lar, what precautions have to be taken in
respect of the braking system and the ,
exhaust system to ensure that additional
undercoating is applied properly.
Battery *.: ,L.ii..!i,3 . . . ,q :..-. ,.,.+ . 3
~ 1 r ? i ...
. The battery is in the engine compartment 0ti~r':s~d:more'w~fer'thanin necesai!+>, ~:;ix,.
6 t h ~ . , ~< ! .
on the left hand side. bec2i,r%? ifrthe lewlh i s ' b o higti:the.w~d
t,;i.: iix
the positive cable, then ear;,, ,. >
AS the starting ability of the engine and 'mrnG' I!'@ :bn:"pj sriap. Keep the terminals clear1 and cuat
the functioning of the entire eiectricPi ".aigod:and kause damagz. , I
,:.. . , . .. . ' them with terminal grease after fittins the
system depend to a great extent on tile blsw c'iprl !he b-dtteryhas i p b e kha!'<1.;6? ciamps.
condition of the battery, it is essential to Cepitids ori!he operating condltions:acc!:
check the battery regularly and to give it a the i:,;>t.of year. Some more points:
certain amount of attention. If a u,i!hihl%is oftentused forlorig urns :h'.
the ,d,rflime when,,next to no canent is short the battery terminals as
Checking the acid level being used, .the battery will neea mppine this causes the battery heat up very
up with distilled water much n!ore oZ!en quickly and it may burst. Furthermore,
The acid level be tne sparks can ignite the gas genera-
the two marks on the side of the than in the case of a vehicle operattng un-
der different condiriuns. Pn a gswral rule ted during the charging process. Never
it is remove the plugs and add a naked flamenear the battery.
led water. the batte- 3::id level shcuic he ct;ecked
more often in summcr than in winra:. 6attew.acid is corrosive and must not
When driving in hot cc.!!ltries it is atlvisa- get inio the eyes or onto skin and clot-
ble to check the battery at least once a hing.
week. Never run the engine with the battery
A battery which is not in constant use will : connected as this will damage the
discharge itself in time and should be electronic components in the electrical
checked about every four weeks and system.
trickle charged. On the other hand, both terminals
must be taken off before the battery
Gemoving is given a quick charge while in ihe
vehicle.
Loosen terminals. Remove earth strap
first then the positive cable. Detach bat- Starting with a second battery is descri-
tery securing bracket. Pull battery forward bed in DIY section, page 78.
a little and lift it out.
Gear oil and ATF I

-.:
h?,
.. ,.L:.; nb !.-iti"g .i~Lgesof neighkxurlng
;.,LC;? c:ls caeriab there is no need tf:
. ' I + . ,:r; thi:r:i! if the temperatiirevaries ior
(all the year for all climatic zones)
Manual gearbox and flnal drive
5 ; - ,-: peljoos. iiypoid oil marked " G L 4 according to the
. . L
A?' svstem or oils which fulfil Mil-L-2105
/l?~iO1,?i~ln;! (Up~erFir!.;
ils? cr.: ;dp:!ta6ie brands 11 HD engine
3 a . SE" accu:62'ni:!o the API sy- Automatic gearbox:
SI31TI.
ou no1 r r t r i r i : ti!"Ulmtt~e lor lace p r r i m when us~ng a Converter and gearbox
SAL *nw :,ingl:.,,:aar oil or SA? 5 w.?: m ~ ~ t i . g r a doil
e it ATF Dexron
.;..
.. is ;.= :a= range s!,own.
teir.#"'t.rre
,:
,... - L. Final drive
. ,' Hyprid oil marked " G L 5 according to
Dlase: e:.l;.!:u (1 i ~ r r e Fig.)
r
the API system or oils which fulfil Mil-
Uze onl!: 110 .'.vine oils marked "CC" or L-2105 B specifications:
' CI!" acc:c:r~:.f;:, hi the API systsm. SAE QO
t>n not drive i.::.

s.:av,::.
'
:...i 'hrottir for long periods when vslng
SaE 1; W s l n ~ i , <:. oli ll temperature Is above the range Lubric:.nt additives
No additives of any kind should be mixed
with the lubricating oils.
..
Engin0 oil cfiei.yin~ c . *.'.a:k!
The engine oil must,:fP:.dE:iitg@Us 5 r i ~ . : & 3
Wicz each vear , /. 1,. ,. :
,.: .. ,,<.
Engine oil not ~ n i deterioi,:ii,:?s
y wi8t:';ii 2 3ue +,-,'thecleansing properties'of the 173.
in use, *he lubricatino p r o p e r ~ ~arc,e~ t(c~'.. oils, 1 .
; fresh oil tends to look diriy ailer,
impaired by ageing.-Tine oil el-~qli;:i::t'n:f:: bein, '5' ui.? only a short time. t h i s has
fore, be char!!:ni; .::7:y 5 rr ,r;iL,, .)r ~.!c-I notkir-.j :G do with. is'!uhricafing ?roper-
later than at, trie .inte?va!s;rjiv~r:::in ihe' ties :=i~+"~xe(lriot worry you.
Service Sct1eriJit.i". ?. .,
If tt,n;+'hicle is used continuvusly in very.
dusty areas or in countries r;ith arctic cl!..
The old oil should be dr6it,t! vli-ie9s:iil mates where the temperature is normaily
warm by rerrujvinglthc drain !s'+iq -:air.?\* -. below about -%Om G, t h e engine oil
Always fit a new washer i;ii"V-' t;a.5-,'pl;n should be changed at shor:er.- intervals.
and tighten plug firmly i:_;' !;.,,iir.i - , e tui.
much force. . . - If you are nct sure whether your engine oi!
The oil change quantities for all engines sho,i:4 he changed at shorter iidsivals or
~.
not:, a . k !t;:rr VA.G deal% -
are: Putting oil in - see
With fiiter change - 3.5 litres ,.
Without fiiter change - 3.0 litres ".' > ,,,.
Cb:..i:?&ri: ail filter
7n6 nil filter is changod'a!. the intervals
given i,, :fie :;a:-!!:.:e Schedu!f?. I: it cannot
be rernowd- b~ nd 5 special w~enchis
required. , ,

Oil seal of nev; f l l t ~ r.i$btly and screw it on


bv hand.

Gearbox nil changing


Manuai fl*::i>ox Additional points to be lubricated
Thegearbovcil does not need chznging. The bonnet and rear flap latches should
be oiled lightly.
Automatic gearbox - The battery terminals and posts are
:jee page 86. coated with terminals grease.
The lock cylinders in the doors and the
rear flap should be lubricated as required
with graphite. The key can be dipped in
graphite and then turned to and fro in the
lock a few times.
?*t
Fuel filter , D ' - , - - -. k t I . , . . .
i , ' , '
,

22,2
Carburetor angines . ~ . ;;* # ,*
..
:,. .
,.. ,.'
.
.<
.

The filter in ib? fuei lid'. +cui/l %e re. T i sysiem is nlad automatically wh
ne.ved 2t tl:e mi!eaqe intokals !aid down engine i- started. . ... , ,,.
ifi the Service .5~hndsil?. ,, 2.
,
",

The 3rr:vi on the fiiteiGj6t boint towards For all engines: , . . ,?


the fi!:i pump. Before starting any work on the, fuel
cystem which could resuit i?the escaping'
Injection engine df'fuel, disconnecl the bat?ery earth strap.
The ?liter is also rerie\w?d 3: li:e iriileage so that 9n accidental shori circuit cannot
interval.: laid ,clown in the C.drvice Sched- %?arta fire. , I' .
ule.
Note
This must be done by a w~).i.r:h~p.Fuel
system is under pressure.
'. .
Diesel engine

newed, at the intervals la!r;d.,wn ir: the


.~
The f~ltermust be d r a ~ n er j i~', , ter. 0. re- ~

Service Schedule.
To drain water, open vent screw at top of
filter 1-2 turns with a screwdriver, then
loosen knurled screw underneath filter
and drain olf about 100 cm3 of fluid. Catch
fluid in a suitable container. Then tighten
screws again.
When renewing the filter, moisten rubber
seal of new filter with aiesel fuel and
screw filter on by hand.
Care and rriailjteli2rlt:c
- -. .-. - -. --.. -...- . .
i
Air cleans~
Removina
~ ~ and
~~~~w . installine
~~~.
~ s.~ element
~ For
. all cleaners:
1.1 litre carburetor engine The element should normally be renewed
as detailed in the Service Schedule.
Rnlnlca
".,.bYub
rlinc snrl
Y,,pLI Y CIY,I, ,. f,f, .Tska a
, , Y t:llrn m s m r n -,.-
la.
ment out. When larrlacina cover.. &:ion In verv dustv conditions the element must
"
marks. oe c eaned 'i3Y Dealing O L ~carel-, y w th
the arty side donrnwards) or reneweo at
11 1.511.6 litre carburetor enains . .- shorter intervals.
Loosen nut at f:.ont of filter hou?rng, re- Cleaner housing must be wiped clean
-~~~ clios. Lift front
lease ~

-~ . oar:
, ~slichtlv
~ ~,and - ~- l l~l each time. Cover air intake ooenina so
-~ - n
~~

it forward. 'Bka elemant cidt. After as- that dirt does not fall into engine.
-
C; sembling housin:. tighten nut CarefullY. E~~~~~that element k installed properiy,
Do not clean element in petrol or moisten
with oil.
"",;dFuel injection engine
Pfterreleasing clips, lift metering unit and
top of cleaner and pull element out of
t housing. . When assembling housing,
attach all clips properly.

Diesel engine
Release clips and take front part of hous-
ing off. Take element out to front.
Lifting vehicle . .
on a vehicle lift With a trol!~yjack
Before driving over a vehicle lift ensure The vehicle should aleaonly be lifted with
that there is sufficient clearance between a trolley jack at the points shown here.
lift and vehicle. This is particularly irnpor- To prevent damage to the side member or
tart on vehicles with iarge spoiler (fuel in- the floor it isessential to use a suitbbte
jection engine). rubber or wooden pad.
The vehicle. may only be lifted at the
points shown here.

Front (uppet F~G:)


.
On no accodnt should the veh~clebe lifted
under the ngine, gearbcx or the rear axle
as this can causese~iousdamage.
At the vertical stiffeneron the side mern-
ber and at t t ~ eadapto; welded to the floor
With vehicle jack
plate. The use of the vehicle jack is described on
the next pages.
Rear (lower Fig.)
At the vertical stiffener on the side mern-
ber at points shown by the marks.
On vehicles with fuel injection engine,
take care to avoid damaging the tuel
pump wh~chis located near the right rear
jacking point.
Wheei changing
The spare wheel
is located in a well in the fioor of the
luggage cornpartrr,ent. It is secilred with a
retai!i:ig strap and covered by the floor
material.
Please ensure that the spare wheel is kept
proleriy ir::lated ready for use. The
pre ,sure ss?ulcl be checked regularly (the
pra-sure IS given on page 91).

The tools
are. i i i a k:ag In the spare wheel well or
secured in thz :pare wheel with the jack.
.., , ., , .
T:te jack , .
is ce: ured in the spare wheel with rubber
b&r~ds
To take jark cut
Take spars .iPeel out and unhook the
rubner bands in the spare wheel.
To put jack back:
Turn the arm right back and cianip ctav'q
against side of jack (version A) or place 11
between jack housing and arm (version B).
Then secure jack in spare wheel.
Wheel changing -, .
Apply handbrake firmly. Note: ,:'. . . . ".
If the car is on a slope place a stone or Light alloy wheels are a~iai!::bi'S'fdi.vour
some similar object behind one of the vehicle. As the bolts :or ihose wh:ei.;.,are
wheels oil !he oppokite side. different in length it is essential to crnsure
a Lever off the wheel bolt a;id hdb'trim that the correct Soits ere used .in each
caps with a screwdriver or pull wheel case when changing wheels.
cap off with har and wire hook supp- Thk-factory fitted whee!s are secured:&
lied in tool kit. ,, follows:
, , ., :. .
The hook is placed in the,!i6!es atihe . .
steel wheels with M 12 x i . 5 ?,20bolts?'
side of the cap and the bar supported light alloy wheels w ~ t hM S f X 1.5 x 28
on wheel rim. b' 'ts.
a Loosen the bol!s ab9.4 WIF turl v~itti Sef 'LI$rating ~nstruct~ons", "Tyres" sec-
the box spanner an0 I: e romrr bar. In. ts,
sert the oar in the sualtrv' ?o that ;kg..: \h!bt,n the light alloy spare wheel is fitted,
maximum IeveraGe /a obtained. , , e nbb cap must be levered out of the
wree! with the flat tyre and pressed into
the hi.!b of the spare wheel.

If yuu wish to fit non-sisndaid tyres or


wheels to your car at any tirim we advise
you to see your V.A.G dealer first because
the use of wheels andlor tyres not appro.
ved by us may affect the registration of
the vehicl: under the construction and
use regulations. r.
.
, , , .
,y ,; ,(,,. j;~?;
lr,? ,, p.,<:.:n .A! the
mar- The vehicle has two marks on each s~de
? !at~:igt v n t veare.:i 4 tni? wheel near the wheel arches to show where the
wit' . . ::at tyre wilh *!ie column at an jack 1s to be placed.
angtr - -..en ;ig. A. Tile arrr r i tile jack
r ~ . f !i t round ine verticai part of the Do not put the jack anywhere else
side r. .-:li?c; sn that the jack cannot
hi!> ?,i~cn vehic'e is liffed (se? illustra.
:I..,;:\ 'I
,+ .:!r I 1s soft plact. .% l>,':je
i ; .rr4,.i?:1: L:! jacking un:lsr ;ha i:ick
8 ,,..*...:*;(.
>,I,
'.,;. . .. . , , .

pl ;.i;; vaIlicle . ?-:;I ~


the wheel is Clear of The jack is only designed to lift thevehicle
The g;o',in:a. for wheel changing. When working under
e Re!rj:v's b?lts.an:! tcke wheel off. the vehicle, ensure that it is supported on
blocks or trestles.
i t ' ~ , v h e eandl tigt!ten bolts light-
fir'zi. When a wheel has been changed on the
.,,.a% 2,,.:,~;J:::.xv:; , .. ,cs,..a
. a @ L ~ VF.:,.!~~ to, the~ groo~nd
~ and tigh. road, have the torque checked-with a tor-
?
,* - .P,',
'-
. . , ,.$ ,-*=4 ,..
, *,aP?!..

b.,; 8
"(
. .
:
'""
,.,,,
" :L?,7the !,;:,': -
In & dia~onal
9, Put vvheal t ;:I capson first jhe locate
:.UD 3nrj eFGaueit with a firm,
blow
que wrench at the first opportunity.
The tightening torque for the bolts for fac-
tory fitted steel and alloy wheels is 65 lb.
or fit ::*h~el cay, , ft. (9 mkg).
. .
. , Check the air pressure at the same time
A -- i?>c;>lingjack and rectify if necessary.
!
.- d
. ,/.-, 3. a', ;, ,: 6 - L i f t i ~ g%?hicia
Fuse iocatisr~
<;
: ,i. I . , . , 4- Y:l;i'J *
As shou,v:! !>L!mbersqn(lici.,-.,.,
NO. C ~ m ~ n n e :., vt ;I!! :!.4n!?.
,:
--
,:IT
W.?. . '; . -;., >-,$---
Drppeti beam lejt . ,,! :, :,:?'
beam rigil!t;. '. :!I,-:, $! 8
High bealn left, high ije:.'"'; '"
am warning la:nj; .In .;?
..:;:I tqigh beam riahi , > ,.:.,.I(;, ..I<;
'j? rear win&$? ?!;q?: .:I\>%,, .. , ' , ...' ,
. .
Fuses 6 Emecgsnr:v liqhk,
,,
I'
. < .<..,' . ,
'lun I: - : t ~ ~ o y n i r cby
i!
To prevent damage to the electrical
system due to short-circuiting or over-
7
brake :igb?s
Interit.!r llgtii c'rjl'ettr
8 ,
.I
::,;."' . ; rp.
hit!

loading, each individual current circuit is lightcar vrii.,, ~!*;~:4 q. ; t f , --;I, in.r~t..cf,.:se bl;.v<: agair
' provided with a fuse.
Turn FIgnals
a, ' . . ~,,ie
i .?!-ict~icslsy.ste!n
8
The fuses are housed in a box with a
9 Reversing iights.,.~:?;;~ Fe:~:}l.l,; .i
I 8 <..I..
c .
I,,. ,:!12::'.ii
. , i s
5 ,i \'.A:' ruorkshop
!tie ~ > n r t:Ircuit
transparent plastic lid in the front fsat- lector lever .lon$,,%!l C*!JIL>- an< ., , - ' . ' v it,,
well. matic gearbm) a~~rorfiaiii: 1' -:<nu..!. :. .
Changing a fuse 1 choke and pile, cl.it-of:
valve (cqrburetor enyit:t5,L,21, 8,
:. On
asJ:- ,? ,.Y,.~:,5.:
:-",,!d :IJS?S bc
, I ;a? c- ,-?&:;.
,

Switch component concerned off. I , ,:, ,r;.,\ . : ,?I:;c~t,t?:cx.1 :.,, ~ t c ? I r i .


10 Fresh air blower , . i ,15, , , ,.,SP. .- :
Lift the lid of the fuse box. 11 Windscreen wipers ;II~L! '1'.1 ,. ~, i. . .. :y 3 :cvu >; .*!: I,,:;:., c,) (hi.
Take defective fuse out of the clips washer pump, rear .v,/n, , .t

30w washer pump i!i&r- ("1.i '<


carefully. )'-,

Insert new fuse of same capacity so


12
mittent relay
Number p i a t i ligibts ,'
p;$!b.!S
1,L
F.
. ,

~.,;-,O,,C : ! . .
'
that the metal strip is visible, but do ::., ,.,re th,: pi !(,.ih r z l . *
not grip the metal strip or bend the re- l3
;r)r tt. . .::< ,-,;
, ".> .:;, .,?' c~~*(~:,;:~i~a~..~.
taining clips.
14 Side light left; ,, ,
.
.. , !:heck :; ?:,, is?',, ' " ! ~ i ~'::s ,.#I.,.! be
tail lioht left 1 6 :tone t.; , V.;. i .!J,;,:;\c.r,;
Changing bulbs
~eforestartin5 to replacea b81Ib;switch the lights off. Do not touch the glass part Of the
new bulb with the bare f i n j x s because the finger marks left on the glass evaporate
wh?n the buib gets hot, this vapour settles on the reflector and dims it.
A bulb may only be replaced by one of the same type. The designation is marked on the
base of the buib. It is advisable to always carry a small box of spare bulbs on the
vehicle. These can be obtained from any V 4.G Dealer.

Headlights (Normal)
The bulb is held in the reflector by a re- Install ring, press it against reflector
taining ring. No tpols ars required to re- and turn it to the right.
place the bulb. Press cap on carefully so that it con-
' < .' '
Open bonnet. Pull connecior a r d cap 1 tacts the reflector properly and attach
off headlight. connector.
Press ring 2 in slightly and turn it to the Have headlight alignment checked.
left to taks it off.
Take bulb 3 out of reflector.
Side lights
P l ~ c new? bulb in reflector so that the
Changing of side light bulbs is described
locj. .IL .g on ine b~ b prate engages
on the next page.
i ; i zr.;,. a1 the 3 0 1 1 of
~ ~ine rellec-
tor
The centre termlnal of the three on the
bu!b is then at the top.
Headlights (Halogen H 4) Side
The bulb i3 i a l d In ihe reflector by a spring Ncr~neland Halogen H4 headlig
clip. No tools are req~iredto replace the No tools are required to replace ,,,, ,..,..,
bulb.
0 Pull connectol and cap 1 off. Turn bulb holder 5 slightlv t8 r: the let
Squeeze retaining clip 7 together and and pull it out of the reflect0r.
hinge away. . . Turn bulb to left slightly and tzke it :u
Replace bulb 6 install new bulb so that Press new bulb into holder and t i r n
the centre tab is upwards. to the right.
0 Hinge clip 7 over b t ~ l bbase, sqheeze it O Press holder into reflector and turn tl

together andengag? in retain ing lugs. " ' ht.


,, ,

Install cap and ccr:nector.


Have headlight aiigfirnent checked.
.,.,b ., ,:..
Rear light
From inside lugga?? &o~.~:artment press inner lug 1 tovehicle centre and takecover
off. On the right tne water container must be taken off first.
Press outer lug 2 outwards ar,d take bulb holder out on the left side the wire clip 3 be-
low the lamp must be opened first.
0 ,Press defective bulb in to holder, turn it to the left and take it out.
'Press new bulb in to holder and turn it to the right.
U lnstall bulb ht Ider. Push holder under iil; 3n inner retainer first then press it into the
housing until ihe outer retainer engages.
Push cover under outer ret3iner -
enoi8.n that the wires are inside the cover - and
then press the cover against the lamp ~ . ~ and
t i l catch engages.
Secure wires below the left lamp arld install water container on right.

Interior light Front turn signal, number plate


The light is held in the roof member by a light
lug at ihe switch end and a spring clip at 9 Remove screws and take lens off.
the opposite end.
Press bulb into holder, turn it to the left
Insert a screwdriver carefully between and take it out.

.
edge of housing and headling and lift
light out. Press new bulb lightly into holder and
turn it to the right.
0 Take bulb C3stoon) out cf the contacts.
Do not overtighten lens securing
Insert . h. screws.
Install ilc:x:l.,.,: at the switcn end first
and tha;: cV-...s the othn: end in until
the syriny c i ' cigages.
~
.... .-

Adjusting i.!tadiiqhts ,,,

Correct heabiighr aiijustrnent IS very im-


portant for vehicle add traffic safety. The
adjustment should therefore only be done
with a special appliance. The following
paints should be noted:
The headlights are adjusted from the front
by inserting a screwdriver between radia-
tor grille and head:ight l ? ~ .The positl6:i
of the adjusting screws is the same for
normal and Halosen bulbs, right and left:

4 - Vertical setting
B - Lateral setting
When going abroad
When th: vehicle is used in a country
e which drives on the opposite side of the
road to the home country, the asymmetric
headlights will dazzle oncoming traffic. To
prevent this, the wedge.shaped sector on
the headligh! lens must be covered up
with an opaque adhesive strip. The illu-
stration shows the strip installed for the
change from righthand to lefthand traffic.
. ,; :'

..i,,c' ,, , , ,

G"-. '
, . <,
. . ;c i;
Emergericy slarting
if the engine will not start because the Connect the jumper cables as follows:
battery has insufficient power in the win- 1. One end of (+)cable (usually red) to
ter or is flat because the vehicle has not the (+)terminal of the flat battery.
been used for some time, jumper cables
can be connected to :he battery of an- 2. Other end of red cabie to the ( + )
other vehicle to start the engine. The teminal of boosting battery.
following points should be noted: 3. One eila of (-)cable (usually black)
0 Both batteries must be 12 Volt ones to the (-) teminal of boosting bat-
and the capacity (Ah) of the booster tery.
battery must be approximately the 4. Other end of black cable to the (-)
same as that of the flat battery. terminal of the flat battery.
The jumper cables must be heaky Take great care to ensure that the cabie
enough to carry the.ioad. Note cabjs, clips do not touch one another and that
manufacturers da'a.
.i, the cable attached to the positive terminal
0 A flat battery can freeze at .-10"Cand: :jses not touch current conducting vehicle
,
'' - Flat battery

.
A
if a battery is frozen itmust be.thawed, ~,alts.- Risk of short circuit.
B - B o o s t ~ nbattery
~
out Defore connecting juinper cables. Do not stand with vour face over the
There must be.no contact between the battery - danger of acid burns.
vehicles as otherwise current c l n flow startthe enginein the normalway.
as soon as the plus terminals are
connecteri. ; With engine running, disconnect
cables in reverse sequence.
e The flat bat!f!ry must be properly
i;r;cinected to the electrical system. Screw cell plugs in again.
ib Rerr~nvc211 cell plugs atit lay them
looseiv or, the ho!es.
The t,ngine r i !he hoostlng vehicle
must be rcnriillq.
So that you can assist other vehicles, and' If yourvehici~has tobe towed at any time
also in case your car ever needs to be note the.following points.
towed, towing eyes are provided at the SV,(I.,C~ the ignition on so that the
front and rear on the right hand bumper s!eering wheel is free and the turn siy-
brackets. nals, horn, and, if necessaly,, the
Towropes may only be attached to these windscreen wiper and washer can be
eyes. used.
Avoid excessive towing effort and dc not e As the brake servo only works when
jerk. During towing operations on other the engine is running, more pressure is
tt.an surfaced roads there is always the r7quiredon the brake pedal when the
danger that the attachment points on the engine is not running.
body will be overloaded and damaged. e if the vetiicie has an avtomatic gear-
fk.~: driver of the towing vehiclc mlJst en- box, see the instructions on page 85.
rag* the clutch v e y smootiliy when mov-
;r,g off or changing gear. The driver of the Check whether there are any local traffic
vehicle being towed must keep the tow- requlatlolis concerning the towing of
rope taut. vehicles.
The towrope should be slightly elastic !o
reduce the risk of damage to both vehic-
les. It is advisable to use only ropes of
synthetic materials or with elastic links.

.....
, - . .
. ..

79
Vehicles witti First Aid
BOX holder. - .. -, , ''

T t , > : - ~irs !c:;..atcd at the-rsar left of the


luggn,7e corn?i<?inent. -
*he retaining ,;trap is secured to the rear
bunpel. brack?t bc~:;.
Th? hook at thei-thkr end of the strap is
hooked into hvie ill side panel - see
Fig.
,- - -. -.-. --2
.
, .. . .,. ..;y'i(i
JB:
----
.~~~ ~

Hints on fault finding


.
Some hints on fault finding are giver 3 parts of tii is mrnual. , ... ,.,
1, i
These hints are summarized again h . . -
Fault
-..--
... ., -

Engine is hard to start or


will not start at all
Incorrect stsrting p r ~ w d u l c i :IS; correct procedure (page 3
Battery ilst (starter r,z:,: Irning) Start with booster battery (page 78)
Have battery charged (page 63)
Push or tow start vehicle
(not possible with automatic gearbox)
j Carburetor engines: Fuse for Renew fuse (page (73)
automatic choke blown

(in cold weather)


1i Fuel injection engins: Fuse for
;:a1 pump blown.
Giesel
, engine: Fuel supply
blocked bv wax
Renew fuse (page 73)

Tow vehicle to a warm iaom.


\Fu'tien svstem is clear. add reaular
petrol (no! premium) tb the diGsel
(page 53)

Carbulretor engine tends to


stall Pvhen warming up

englne lends to
.. . reto tor
stall wnen a ng
.r>uretbr lcing

-. .-

ve :,' ;wn
- --
- - -. - --.
s e t y 8 - ~ . , ) . i t .I
-~ - p - ~
--

~
C!!
r
Mix Voiks tagen-AUDI Petrol !
with tt.2 fuel (page 53)
.-
.
Henev fuse (page 73)
p~ .~
-
-

Oil pressure warning lamp ' St(>pencglne imvedistely a : : (I.ec!,


comes on or flickers when ! hi1level. (FdPher rnies om o .e 41)
engin'e is running
--- - -- -. --
-
i p
Genet.ator warning lamp comes >'.djust or renew IbcI!~
on wtlen engine is running I Further notes oi? pace :'2.
t in or j !r the
~ e l is P i v e to nc;t V 4 G .3aala.. Ra1:ery
nerator m??v be defective ! w ~ t hdischarqe -.~t,,~n:.!ourly.
*Y4 ?qq+y*.%?kf.is.
.. .- --
~~ ~ --.~..
I . r
Fault Po:$s&le cause
1i - - _~
: Coolan: :E.,i:ierature gauge r!sed;c Engine overheatir.3 because:
red zone or temperature e coolant level low TOP UFI coolant (page 43)
rning lamr) lights up . . e radiato! fan not working Renew' fuse for fan (page 73)
,.
Additional lights in front of See nc)te on page 24.
''' . radiator grille.
Engine overloaded due to in-
correct driving prccedure
1 See pzige 58, poi

Engine overloaded due to use ,:,

L
of AIC when driving uphill
with trailer SwitchI AIC off (page 36)
Engine settings incorrect Take car to V.A.Ci Dealer
I r
uriI K ~ warnlna lam0 comes on when Failure of a brake circuit
. ..
urlve c:aretully to next V.A.G Dealer.

t
I
I 'I br: ikes are 01 yeratid See nc~ t e son page 23.
-

Briake pedal t ravel suddenly


--
.. -... ...-:d..-L,..
I Failure of a brake circuit Drive c:arefully to next V.A.G Dealer
:reasastiorlsluarauly Laurlon: More pedal pressure will be
required and stopping distance will
be longer

otyl,al
icker
warning Iantr l,aa,,ra I
!
One turn signal bulb has faile? I Renew bulb (page 76)
.-
I
/
- -
-
:,,-,I ..
!ctrical component failed

I
1
Fuss blown ~.
I+ 1ig111sare i*roi\.:i:,,,
d e f
,v3b

:
Renew fuse (page 73)

, . Renew bulb (page 74)


.- -~ -

iicie pulls to one side Tyre prt;s Check pressures, inflate if


consideral"'I necessary (page 46 and 91)

?eringwhe el vibrates Front whe,els out of balance ev; lnced (pag


The ;3utomatic gearbox consists of an autoniatic three-speed planetary gearbox 2nr: i
hydrc,-dynamic torque converter. In the normal driving range - D - all the forwb~d
gears3 are shifted automatically according to engine load and vehicle speed.

Bas ic driving rules


a W'hen moving off, always apply foot. The selector lever has 6 ~ositions: "e:aclor lever ~ositions
blake or handbrake before seledting a
I
A. 'iving range. P - Parking lock """ In " P the front wheels are l o c ~ e a:
R - Reverse .. Parking lock. The parking lock rn;
>ason: The torque converter, which N - ~~~~~~l only be engaged when vehicle I
so serves as a moving off "clutch", standing still. To move the lever in1
ways transmits a certain amount of or out of " P , the safety catch mu:
rawer even when the engine is only id- 1 be depressed.
ling. This means that the vehicle tends

r-
to move slowly or "creep" as soon as a "R" The reverse range must only be se-
driving range is selected. The higher lected with the vehicle stationary and
the engine speed, the stronger is the the engine idling. Press button on se-
ndencv to c r e e ~ . I lector lever to engage reverse.
'hen selecting a driving range b "N" This corresponds to neutral in a no
oving off, do not depress the ac ma1 manual gearbox. Nothing ha1
or pedal. If the lever has been accn. nens in the automatic gearbox.
!ntally moved into "N" from a driving three forward driving ranges are
nge when vehicle is moving, release ted up and down automatically
:celerator pedal and let engine speed Irdina to the throttle ooenina ien-
-.op to idling before moving lever back ! load? and the vehicle kpeez " D
into a driving range. ierefore the position for normal
Reason: When engaged at high engine
speeds, the shift clutches in the gear. A safety czitch is :.:o;;d :d for selector le-
hOX are subjected to an excessive ver positions P, R :.:-:? r .
, ,
nount of strain. The catch is relea??., "s pressing.the but-
ton on the sidr uf ':,? tiector iavcr.
When the key is in the drive posittan, the
-;ale on the console is illuminated.
a
1; "2" The vehicle moves off in 1st gear and
changes into 2nd gear automatically
aringing about ?.n immediate down-
shift at speeds below 62 mph (100
the brakes. It is not necessary to movethe
lever to "N" while stationary. The engine
but does not change into 3rd gear. krnlh) for fast ,wefieking and when on should only run at idling speed and theve-
The maximum speed in "2" is 70 mph hills, that is to say, in those situations hicle is held with the brakes.
(115-~krnlhl.
\ ~,~ where a dow-,shift would a ~ o e a rne-
When vehicie is in motion, the lever ceosary with a manual gear60x.
can be moved from " D into "2", with Parking
accelerator pedal depressed if ne- If the vehicie is drivqn with the accelerator
pedal fully depressed in this way and with In general, applying the handbrake will be
cessary. However, as the shift into sufficient to prevent the vehicle from roli-
2nd gear takes place immediately, the selector lever $ "D",the gearbox
this must only be done at speeds - -
shifts into the next uear at the i ~ l l o w i n a
speeds:
ing away. This is, of course, assuming
that the handbrake is working properly.
below 115 kmlh.
from 1st to 2nd gear at approx However, when additional security is cal.
This is the correct gear for hilly
40 mot! (65 kmlh) led for, such as when parking on a gra-
stretches.
from 2nd to 3rd gear at approx dient, the parking lock should be engaged
"1" The vehicie moves off in 1st gear and 69 mph (112 kmlh) as well.
remains in this gear. It does not shift
into 2nd or 3rd gear. The niaximcni Driving tips Basic rules:
speed in 1st gear is 40 rn, ,.35 kph.).
Starting Engage the parking lock after applying
Tn s ranqe can also oe se >, . n when the handbrake.
ven cle s n mollon. but 11.'- lust not The englnn can only be started in "N" or
be done at weeds above 4 !,mDh ' !$5 "P" 8 ' ' 'ier polnts on starting are as given Release the parking lock before re-
kmlh) (Press 'button on leve I on p' 2 37.) leasing the handbrake.
Thls 1s the gear for steep do c17grad.s When it is freezing, it is advisable only to
h~Ou~nrJ
use the parking lock to secure the vehicle
\?;,>en .!;? lever i.$~~avnd.Jrom "P" to "N" because the brake shoes can freeze on to
Kick-down: with engine r~.rllr~il!ai.7 ifl~.a-drlvingrange the drums if the handbrake is applied.
Pressing the accelerator pedal right dcwr, wi?en moving o:f, lime -?raK;.s nust be
Dast the full throttle oDerates the kick- a c ~ l i e tat " ? bci?i:se i;le reverse gear Note:
down device. The kick-dbwn device alters is engaczd briefl., (s-e "%sic driving ru-
When a vehicle has been parked on a gra-
the points at which the automatic gearbox N~s").
dient, only using the parking lock, it may
works. There are two variations: be found that a fair amount of force is re-
Maximum acceleration by delaying up-
Stoppili~ quired on the lever to release the parking
shift unt!! enoine is at full throttle To s t o vehic!e
~ temporarily such as at traf- lock. This is caused bv the load on the Dar-
(forced throttle?. fic lights, all that is necessary is to apply king lock mechanism'and is quite norhal.
Automa:.:,; gearbox
Driving in mountains Towing Reason: If aiven a rear susoended tow. the
, On hilly stretches and particularly in dr ve shalt; for the front wheels lLrn oack-
Using tow rope or bar wardsand ma6e the planetary qears in !he
mountainous areas the driver of a vehicle
with an automatic gearbox must be pre- Selector lever at "Nu. aearbox turn at verv hiah soeeds.This will
pared to use the selector lever. Do not have vehicle iowed faster than seriously damage 'theugearbox in a very
30 mph (50 kmlh). short time.
, On long climbs with lots of sharp corners
range " 2 should be selected to orevent Do not tow furthe: than 30 miles (50 Trailer towing
heg gearbox from shifting ~p ano oown Jn- kilometers).
necessarily. On downhil stretcnes 11 is When towing a trailer in flat country, it is
If the vehicle hk.s to be towed long only necessary to note what has already
even more important to select a lower ran-
distance it must be lifted at the front. been said about driving a vehicle with au-
ge. The braking force of the engine in "2"
relieves the strain on the brakes and in- Reason: When the engine Is not runn- tomatic gearbox. The general instructions
creases safety. ing, the gearbox oil pump is not work- under "Trailer towing" also apply in this
ing and the gearbox is not adequately case.
For very steep downgrades, select range
lubricated for hlgh speeds or long di- In the interests of safety, nowever, and
"1" in good time so that the maximum en-
stances. taking into account the additional load
gine braking force is available.

Emergency starting With breakdown vehicle


Your front-wheel drive vehtcle may oniy be
brakes ..
uluced on the automatic aearbox and !he
,
Iorfv ng n h'iiy districts, tne
fo, oulr colnts shou d be q ven spec~al
On vehicles with an automatic gearbox suspended at the front. attontic '
the engine cannot be started by towing or -
pushing the vehicle. r- 1I-- , I
G in sh 'ations where it is obvious that
oniy l.)w speeds are possible, it is bet-
if the engine does not start because the ter +c select driving range " 2 .
battery is flat, it can be started by con-
In dl iving range " 2 the driver can con-
necting jumper cables to the battery of
trol the car and trailer better.
I another vehicle.
S For long downhill stretches it is essen-
Further information is given in the D-I-Y
tial tu select driving range "1" to get
section under "Emergency starting" : maximum benefit from engine braking
and relieve strain on the brakes. If the
gradient is only slight, sufficient brak-
ing effort may possibly be obtained in
range "2".
;;.:u.;omatic
. . - ..- gearbox
Lubrication
The torque converter and the automatic During the check the engine must be
gearbox are both lubricated by a common running at idling speed.
supply of ATF.
Use only clean lint-free rag to wipe the
The final drive housing is filled with hy- dipstick.
poid gearbox oil.
The level must be between the two
This oil is not changed. marks on the dipstick.
See "Care and maintence", under "Lubri-
cnnts" for specifications. if the level is too high or too low it is not
sufficient to just drain or add fluid. The
Checking ATF level cause of the level variation must be esta-
Tine correct ATF level is essential to the blished in a workshop as as
service !if and operation of the gearbox. possible.
The levei should therefore be checked at
freqjent interrals, fc:, instance, when the Changing the ATF
engine oil has been chscked. The ATF is changed regularly at long inter-
in the engine a dipstick vals as detailed in the Service Schedule.
r:.,,nich is attached to the filler tube cap,
This requires specialist knowledge and .
should preferably be done by a V.A.G
'-Note
,
the following pointswhen checking: Dealer.
, The *TF musf b e i!llfe VJarm. DO not .Please note that in arduous operating
check 13vci ! N ~ V ii!.i.S hot Or cold. conditions (trailer towing, stoplgo and city
& TK~ ;,.,"st bebn.d iGvei
surface, traffic, continuous mountain driving, high
ambient temperatures) the ATF is
.:?he seleclo! lever lnust be at "N" and changed more frequently,
. ,the ha??t)'i':e applied.
Details of these intervals are also given in
). :.
> ..,< ,. the Service Schedule.

When there is no ATF in the converter and


gearbox, the engine must not be started or
the vehicle towed.
Technical Descripti r t
Body: All.steel body with safety passenger c e l l Brakes: Hydraulic dual circuit brake system with dra<;t-
front and rear ends desioned es crunch zones nallv connected circuits Front disc, br?l..c
(veniilated with Fuel injection e r ~ f i * ) : Si:i-
Front axle: Independent suspension with suspension adjusting rear drum braFes. C F a k e serv.3
struts and wishbones. Anti-roll bar (Fuel injec- (1.5 litre carburetor ~ ? o g i f i ~ ' ,Fuel
~ ~ ? inject'??,
?
tion engine only) engine) Load.ser~~l;iv~ i!rai<c :?re%ureregu-
lator (with Fuel injectiin,'!:;:,iiir: all5 auiomatic
Steering: Rack and pinion steering Steering pinion
models) a H a n d b r ~ i ~'iec:i-'c
. r7echanicaliy
and column connected by angled shaft with on rear wheels. , .."
two universal ioints. I.
Power ,Dry, single plate clutch baulk synchronizcc!
Rear axle: ' lndependent suspension with torsion beam transmission: four.speed bearbox and differential in one hou.
trailing arm axle and shock absobers. Anti-roll sing o: hyJrodynamic torque converter and au.
bar (Fuel injection engine only) t i n a t ~ cthr(?espeed gearbox (only with 1.5 litre
carburetor enging), Final crive flanged on @
Engine front wheel drlve.
,
--
. '+
I 1.1 iitre
Carburetor
1.5 litre
Carkjuretol
1.6 l ~ r r e
Fuel injection

Four stroke, four cy!inder :I line


;tP
1.5 litre
Diesel

Type
Cvlinder block
sump
Cylinder head
Cast iron
Sheet metal
Light alloy
Cast iron
Sheet metal
Lidtt! :~llcy
I I .
C.x! iron
Shee. me!al
Lig'it alloy I
Cast iron
Sheet metal
Light alloy
Crankshaft Ei.15. t,:*:in!i.wii!n r;ounter weights
Valve gear . T c ~ g i t t Lveit,~iiivenoverhead camshaft
rocker fingers bucket tapper:. bucket tappets I bucket tappets
Cooling system Water cooling by sealed ;i-rlssurized ! ystem with waterpump,
radiator with built-in expansio; ' ~ r l no : Diesel engine expansion tank is
separate) thermostatically r\?ntr>lledelectric radiator fan.
Lubrication Pressure feed system with p~rr.:and filter, oil coolar on FI engine
Fuel svstem Down-draft carburetor with
automatic choke and accelerator
pump
1 1 Continuous
injection system
I Mechanical fuel

chamber principle.
Air cleaner Dry cleaner with paper element.
. ,
.,,W..?JS Europem cco.tn::'.:s a<e :.eriing to USE the Pew international units for technical measurements
: I < : ikebp ,t.,
I
".: we as follows:

1 o l d unit I New unl! ' I Remarks


1 bhp = 0,736 kW
1 kgm = 10 Nm' e x a c t l y n.81 ~ r n
new way of writing . ~ 1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 ~ z 7 o
1 psi = 0,07 bar

Eogi:is data 1.1 litre 1.5 litre 1.6 litre 1.5 litre
.
.+.a.
. Larhuretor engine Carburetor engine Fuel injection engine Diesel engine
, .
Ca;.:i;ity in cm3
S t r o L ~ 3n!?
Bore in mm .
'
Cr.n,;.'ess~or~ 8.0'. , , : 8.2 9.5 23.5
0u:Cu: (D:Pi; in I;:,'(bhp)') 37 (50, at 6000 r p k 51 (70) at 5600 rpm I81 (110) at 6100 rpm 37 (50) at 5000 rpm
Maximum twque in Nm (kgm)
'Type of f u ~ i " )
Oil consumption in litres per 1000 km
Valve clearance in mm with
80 (8.C) at 3G00 rpm
91 RON (Regular)
1.5
91 RON (Regular)
1.5 II
110 (11.0) at 2500 rprn 140 (14.0) at 5000 rpm
98 RON Premium
1.5
82 (8.2) at 3000 rpm
45 CN (Diesel)
1.5
wgine warm
Inlet 0.20"'
Exhaust 0.30"'
- -
'1 For Some export cnuntn8s the ol>t:.ltr,f the sngnes dtfer
"1 Further detail tn "nperatng rs'ructlons under 'Type 01 fuel"
'.I Measured between csmshalt ?i'3 rocker linger.
En!gine data

-
r. ...,
r u t:I LUllSUllllJllUll
Urt)an mpg
litresllO0 krn
, 56 Inph (90 kmlh) rnpg
litresl100 km
75 1nph (120 kmlh) mpg
IitresllOO km
DIF4 70030 mpg
litresl100 krn

also "Dnwng I p s . Economcal

1
Performance
I
1.1 lltre engine
Manual gearbox
1
I Diesel
engine
Manual
gearbox
1
I
1.5 !,c,ewlgi
Ffi.~~;,:.ilgearbox (
el~gir
8 I I ~ I ~
F~iel
tion ensine,
l,:omatic gearbov :/la;?\. 3 : n, , :k>x

3 cruising speed nlh) ,.


,
:
(1
Hlj'I;alarauull time with half
rnz~xirnurnload
0-50 rnph (0-80 kmlh)
0-62 rnph (0-100 krnlh)
bIIrnbing ability on good roads,
Wiith half load
driving non-stop in 1st gear
ii--
data
Elt -L. ,P<-E system 1.1 litre 1.5 litre Fuel
.,., carburetor engine carburetor engine injection engine Diesel engine
-.- --

voltage 12
Battery (Ah) 36 or 63 36
Starter kW (hl 0.8 (1.1) 0.8 (1.1)
Alternator (An 55
Spark< plugs
I30sch
I=art No.
-
Beru
Part No.

Champio
k,.

g gap in m
? belt for

Part No.
with Air (
Part No.
t for
compress
Part No.

liator fan I.,..,


h AIC or factory installed
ing bracket
130 'Driving tlps". 'Trailer tawing"

-
- -

' with automatic g a


" With air conditionr

90
Technir
--
Whc?els and tyres If you wish t o fit non-standat .', or
Whemels Perlorarea steel disc, drop centre wheels to your car at any time we a d ~ t s e
I wlth double humo you to see your V.A.G dealer first uecause
-
the use of wheels andlor tyres not appro.
1.1 liue a r ~ uulesel: ~r5Jx13 ved by us may affect the registration o*
1.5 litre: the vehicle under the construction an
Fuel injection: use regulations.
n-tbnal: i.,,,-: Light alloy, 5 J x 13 or
5'h J x 13, drop centre with double hump on; page 7
See "Changing wheels" secti~
ice installation: 5!' J x 13 wheels, may only be fitted in
conjunction with flared wings

Tyres Radial ply, tubeless


145 SR 13 7 4 ~ 155~ . SR 13 7 8 s . 175170 SR 13 80
1.5 iitre: 155 SR 13 78 S. 175170 SR 13 80 S
Fuel injection: 175170 HR

Pres!sures-bar (psi) ~nt Rear


-
All tb(re sizes Half load 1.7 (24)
Full load 2.2 (31)
The pressures should be increased by 0 2 (3 psti when usino wnter tyres The pressures are far cold tyres
2-door models 4d00r models
-.
Weights Fuel Fuel
1.1 lilre 1.5 iilre injection Diesel Automatic 1.1 iitre 1.5 iitre injection Diesel Automatk
engine engine engine engine gearbox engine engine engine engine gearbox
-~

> :.aden weight


(ready for road, full tank) .. .. . .. .. kg 750 780 810 805 805 775 805 - 830 830 .
PErrnissibie load* . . . . . . . . .... . . kg 450 470 420 445 445 425 445 - 420 420
Pe:missibietotal weight . . . . . . . . . kg 1200 1250 1230 1250 1250 1250 1250 - 1250 1250
p~ r m l s s l b i efront axieioad . . . . . . .
"
kg 610 670 670 670 670 610 670 - 670 670
Permissible rear axle load . . . . . . . . kg 600 600 570 600 600 600 . 600 - 600 600

Permissible load on roof" . . . . . . . kg 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 - 75 75


.In :he lnlerests of good nandlng, hssvy items should always be stowed as near to the rear axle as ~ssibie.
or better stli, between the axles.
"Only use r m f racks whch clamp to raln channel, dislribute load uniformly.
The permisslhletotal weight must not De exceeded
On vehlcles wltn AIC the payload is reduced by aborlt 30 kg.

These figures are for Germany only and can vary in other countries.

1.5 litre engine 1.6 litre Fuel injection 1.5 litre engine
Trailer loads 1.1 litre Diesel engine Manual engine Automatic
gearbox Manual gearbox gearbox

Permissible trailer weight*


Trailer without brakes . . kg
Trailer with brakes
up to 12% gradient . . . . kg
up to 10% gradient . . . . kg
Maximum nose weight
on ball coupllng . . . . . . . kg
'See Trrller to,nlng" page 57158
'
'Only with 7% Walt ridator fan
.'.MinimUrII 1.0:~ w~eigntat least do,m at actual trailer weight but it need not be more than 25 kg.
Dimensions
I With carburetor and
Diesel enaines
-
With fuel lnjectlon
engine--
Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mm 381513835' Vehicles with the fuel injection engine
Width . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . rnm 1630 have a slighter lower suspension to is-'
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mm 1395** prove handling characteristics. ,.
Overhang, front . . . . . . . . . . . . mm 7401760' When driving on steep ramps, on rOUGn
Overhang, rear.. . . . . . . . . . . . mm 655 roads and over pavements, take care, Far-
Ground clearance at permissible ticuiarly when fully loaded, to avoid low
total weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mm parts such as the spoiler and exhaust
Wheelbase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . rnm making contact and becoming damaged.
Front'"1Rear track . . . . . . . . . mm
Turning circle . . . . . . . . . . . . . m

.....
~ i t headlight
h washer
Unladen
varies ~ilgntlyaccording to wheels fitted.

Capacities i n pints flltres) 7-


Fuel tank 9 galls (40 including 5 reserve)
Cooling system, including heater approx. 7.8 (4.5) with expansion tank in radiatol
amrox. 11.3 (6.5) with seDarate expansion tank
1 Engine ail* with filter change
I
Engine oil* without filter change
~ i f i e r e n c ein oil quantity between all engines
MIN - MAX marks on dipstick 1.75 (1.0)
I Windshield washer container 3 (1.7)
1 Headliaht washer container.
incluo ng wtndscreen washer
Rear winaow washer conlamer

' see page 84 for viscosity grades and specifcations


- ':urM,~~:";
,*
.i.;: ' .. . .. .... ,chassis and engine numbers
*l:j2&"""","
.
. . ..

1 - The identification plate


Is on the front lock carrier near the
bonnet lock.
Vehicles for export to some coun-
tries have no identification plate

2 --The chassis number


Is on the right suspension strut
mounting.

3 - The engine number


(1.5 litre carburetor,
Fuel injection Diesel engines)
is at the front of the block below the
joint.

The engine number


(1.1 iitre carburetor engine)
is below the distributor on the end of
the block.
' What sort of petrol does your vehicle Carburetor engines: Regular petrol, minimum octane rt,:.?; ; ..,) I ,? +..
require? Fuel injection engine: Pemium petrol minimum octane ratir& ' ' ' ' .. '

Diesel engine: Normal diesel, CN not lower than 45.


Further details are given in "Operating instructions" under "T,",: i ' ,,lcl".

What sort of engine oil? Petrol engines: HD oil marked " S E according to the API systet:..
Diesel engine: HD oil marked " C C or "CD" according to the API systGn.
SAE grade (viscosity) according to time of year.
Details in "Care and maintenance" section. . . ,.
What is the difference in quantity
between the minimum and maximum
marks on the dipstick?
How often should the engine oil be
changed?
Twice a year, or at least at the intervals given in the Service Schedule
I
How often should the oil filter be
changed?
As specified in Service Schedule
I all engines

How much oil is required for an


engine oil change?
With filter change 3.5 litres; without filter change 3.0 litres. "' 1
How often should the air cleaner The element is normally renewed as specified in the Service Schedule and deaned
be cleaned? or renewed more often in very dusty conditions.
What oil is used in the manual Hypoid oil marked "GL4" according to the API system or oils which fulfil the
gearbox and final drive? MiL-L-2105specifications: SAE 80 or 80 W-90 all the year.
I What oil is used in the Converter and gearbox: Dexron ATF
I Final drive: Hypoid oil marked " G L 5 according to the API system or oils which
automatic gearbox
fulfil the MiL-2105 B specifications: SAE 90 all the year.
How often should the gearbox oil Manual gearbox: Is not changed.
bechanged? Automatic gearbox: Converter and gearbox: See Service Schedule
I
Final drive: Is not changed.
What is the correct coolant level? When the engine is cold the coolant level should be between the "min" and "max"
marks in the expansion tank. See "Cooling system" section in "Operating instruc-
tion" chapter.
Vehicle data quiz
Is theie anti-freeze in the cooling Yes. The coolant mixture put in at the factory not only protects against frost down
system in the warm season as well? to -25"C, it also prevents corrosion. Even in summer you should only top up with
our coolant additive G 10 (undiluted) or a mixture of water and G 10 (see "Winter
driving" section of "Driving tips".)
May the fan continue running Yes. The fan switches on automatically when the coolant reaches a certain
when the engine has stopped? temperature and continues to run (even when engine has been stopped) until the
coolant temperature drops.
HOW much brake fluid should there The fluid level shouid be between the Min. and Max. marks.
be in the reservoir? The fluid must be renewed every 2 years.
Which spark plugs should be used? Information on plugs is given in Technical Data, Electrical System.
Fit new plugs as detailed in Service Schedule. Electrode gap 0.6-0.7 mm.
What is the correct vee belt tension? When pressed firmly wlth the thumb between waterpump and generator pulleys the
belt should deflect 1-1.5 cm.
Belt data: see "Technical Data. Electrical System".
What is the correct tightening torque 9 mkg (65 lb. ft.)
for the wheels bolts?
What are the correct tyre pressures? All tyres (bar) Front

Half load
Full load
Increase by 0.2 bar for wlnter tyres.
~hese figures are for cold tyres. The pressures will be higher after driving fast for
a.\~hilebut they must not be reduced.
Where are the fuses for the On the left under the Instrument panel or in a separate box above the main fuse
electrical system? box.
The factory is wohlng continuously on the development of
all modes Wo trust, therefore, that y a u w i appreciate that
wemurfreservethnnghtfoa1Ier.wilhoutnnlice.any part of
the vehlcle or equ~pment.No legal cammltment is thus i m ~
pledbythedats.lllustratlonsordescrptlonsinthismanual
I -. ._* VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
I
May noI be reproduced or translated in whole or In part without t he written cansent of V o l ~ s w
'age" AG.
sublect to alterelthan without n<,tlce.
All rlqh,:S resewed. Spec~ficat~ons
0 00 561081 20 Prlnted in Germ: ,my 1 7 9