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SUBJECT

ACADEMIC
DEPT. CODE & CLASS SEMESTER
YEAR
NAME

MECH ME6301 II MECH III 2017-2018

NAME OF THE FACULTY DESIGNATION & DEPARTMENT

Mr.K.SATHISH Asst. Professor/MECH

CONTENTS COURSE FILE

VERIFIED
S.NO. CONTENT BY REMARKS
(INITIAL)

1. Time Table
2. Students Name List
3 Subject Information Record
4. Syllabus
5. Lesson Plan
6. Test plan for Subject
7. Assignment
8. Test marks Statement
9. Result Analysis / Corrective Action Plan
10. Quality Objective Monitoring Details
11. Int. Assessment question papers with Answer Key
12. Sample Answer Papers
13. Content beyond the Syllabus
14. Tutorial Class Schedule & Content (if any)
15. PPT (sample)Handouts given/used
16. Question Bank
17. University Question Papers (5 years)
18. Personal Log Book
19. Lecture Notes

Faculty In- Academic HOD Dean Principal


charge Co-Ordinator
INDIVIDUAL TIME TABLE

Name :Mr.K.Sathish w.e.f : 04.07.16


Designation :AP Year: 2015-2016
Semester : Odd CLASS TIME TABLE
Academic Year: 2016-2017
Department: MECH w.e.f : 04- 07-2016
Class : II BE MECH A Semester: Odd

HOUR I II III IV V VI VII VIII


9.00 10.40 12.35 3.00
a.m. 9.05 9.50 a.m. 11.00 p.m. 1.20 p.m. 3.15 4.00
to a.m. a.m. to a.m. 11.50 a.m. to p.m. 2.10 p.m. to p.m. p.m.
DAY/ 9.05 11.00 1.20 3.15
to to to to to to to to
TIME a.m a.m. p.m p.m
9.50 10.40 11.50 12.35 p.m. 2.10 3.00p.m. 4.00 4.45
a.m. a.m. a.m. p.m. p.m. p.m.

MONDAY ETD
TUESDAY ETD

LUNCH

BREAK
PRAYER

BREAK

WEDNESDAY ETD

THURSDAY ETD
FRIDAY

SATURDAY As per Academic Calendar Activities

No. of
Subject Year / Branch /
S.No. Name of the Subject Periods /
Code Section
Week
1 ME6301 Engineering Thermodynamics II-MECH A 4

Total 4

Prepared by Verified by Approved by

Sign:

Name: Mr.N.Mohan Dr.M.Thiagarajan Dr.T.S.Sivakumaran


Time Table Coordinator HOD Principal
STUDENTS NAMELIST
BATCH :2015-2016 CLASS: Mechanical B

Sl.No Name Of The Student Reg.No

1 Name Of The Student


2 AJITH KUMAR.A 713415114001
3 AJITH KUMAR.T 713415114002
4 ANES.S 713415114003
5 ARAVIND N 713415114004
6 ARAVIND KUMAR.S 713415114005
7 ARUN KUMAR.N 713415114006
8 ARUNKUMAR.T 713415114007
9 BALAMUGESH
KANNAN 713415114008
10 BAVANESH.G 713415114009
11 BHARATHI R 713415114010
12 DARNISH.R 713415114011
13 DHEENA DAYALAN.S 713415114012
14 DHINAKARAN.D 713415114013
15 DINAGAR.D 713415114014
16 DINESH KUMAR.M 713415114015
17 DINESHKUMAR.V 713415114016
18 EBEESH 713415114017
19 ELANGO.P 713415114018
20 ELAVARASAN.G 713415114019
21 ESSAKIKANAGARAJ.S 713415114020
22 GOPALA KRISHNAN 713415114021
23 GOKULAKRISHNAN.P 713415114022
24 GURUPRASATH.J 713415114023
25 HARIHARAN.S(17/04/98) 713415114024
26 HARIHARAN.S(22/07/98) 713415114025
27 HARIHARAN.V 713415114026
28 IVAN PRATHAP 713415114027
29 JAGADEESH.K 713415114028
30 JOJI PHILIPOSE 713415114029
31 KABILAN K 713415114030
32 KANNAN KUMAR.P 713415114031
33 KARTHIK.E 713415114032
34 KATHIRESAN.G 713415114033
35 KAVIYARASAN.K 713415114034
36 MICHEL JAMAXSON.M 713415114035
37 MOHAMED AZHRUDIN 713415114036
38 MOHAMMED JAVED.J 713415114037
39 MOHAMMED
SUPAIYAR.M 713415114038
40 MOHAMMED UMAR
ALI 713415114039
41 MOHANKUMAR.M 713415114040
42 NAVEEN KUMAR.M 713415114042
43 NAVEEN KUMAR.R 713415114043
44 NAVEEN KUMAR.S 713415114044
45 LENZING JOMRANG.T 713415114302
46 MOHAN RAJ.V 713415114303

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SUBJECT INFORMATION RECORD

Depatment : Mechanical Engineering

Subject Name : ME6301 ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Year : 2016-2017

Semester : 03

Last year handled by :Mr.K.Sathish

Percentage of Result (last year) : 75%

Quality Objectives : 1. To understand the basic concepts of different types

of electrical machines and their performance.

2. To study the different methods of starting D.C

motors and induction motors.

3. To study the conventional and solid-state drives.

4. Expected result is 70%

Reference Book : Vedam Subrahmaniam Electric Drives (concepts and

applications)

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ME6301 ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS LTPC
3003
OBJECTIVES:
To familiarize the students to understand the fundamentals of thermodynamics and to perform
thermal analysis on their behavior and performance.
(Use of Standard and approved Steam Table, Mollier Chart, Compressibility Chart and
Psychrometric Chart permitted)
UNIT I BASIC CONCEPTS AND FIRST LAW 9
Basic concepts - concept of continuum, comparison of microscopic and macroscopic approach.
Path and point functions. Intensive and extensive, total and specific quantities. System and their types.
Thermodynamic Equilibrium State, path and process. Quasi-static, reversible and irreversible
processes. Heat and work transfer, definition and comparison, sign convention. Displacement work and
other modes of work .P-V diagram. Zeroth law of thermodynamics concept of temperature and
thermal equilibrium relationship between temperature scales new temperature scales. First law of
thermodynamics application to closed and open systems steady and unsteady flow processes.
UNIT II SECOND LAW AND AVAILABILITY ANALYSIS 9
Heat Reservoir, source and sink. Heat Engine, Refrigerator, Heat pump. Statements of second
law and its corollaries. Carnot cycle Reversed Carnot cycle, Performance. Clausius inequality. Concept
of entropy, T- s diagram, Tds Equations, entropy change for - pure substance, ideal gases - different
processes, principle of increase in entropy. Applications of II Law. High and low grade energy.
Available and non- available energy of a source and finite body. Energy and irreversibility.
Expressions for the energy of a closed system and open systems. Energy balance and entropy
generation. Irreversibility. I and II law Efficiency.
UNIT III PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE AND STEAM POWER CYCLE 9
Formation of steam and its thermodynamic properties, p-v, p-T, T- v, T-s, h- s diagrams. p- v-T
surface. Use of Steam Table and Mollier Chart. Determination of dryness fraction. Application of I and
II law for pure substances. Ideal and actual Rankine cycles, Cycle Improvement Methods - Reheat and
Regenerative cycles, Economiser , preheater, Binary and Combined cycles.
UNIT IV IDEAL AND REAL GASES, THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS 9
Properties of Ideal gas- Ideal and real gas comparison- Equations of state for ideal and real
gases-Reduced properties-.Compressibility factor-.Principle of Corresponding states. -Generalised
Compressibility Chart and its use-. Maxwell relations, Tds Equations, Difference and ratio of heat
capacities, Energy equation, Joule-Thomson Coefficient, Clausius Clapeyron equation, Phase
Change Processes. Simple Calculations.
UNIT V GAS MIXTURES AND PSYCHROMETRY 9
Mole and Mass fraction, Daltons and Amagats Law. Properties of gas mixture Molar
mass, gas constant, density, change in internal energy, enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs function.
Psychrometric properties, Psychrometric charts. Property calculations of air vapour mixtures by
using chart and expressions. Psychrometric process adiabatic saturation, sensible heating and
cooling, humidification, dehumidification, evaporative cooling and adiabatic mixing. Simple
Applications
TOTAL : 45
PERIODS
OUTCOMES:
Upon completion of this course, the students can able to apply the Thermodynamic
Principles to Mechanical Engineering Application.
Apply mathematical fundamentals to study the properties of steam, gas and gas mixtures.
TEXT BOOKS :
1. Nag.P.K., Engineering Thermodynamics, 4thEdition, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi,
2008.
2. Natarajan E., "Engineering Thermodynamics: Fundamentals and Applications",
Anuragam Publications, 2012.
REFERENCES :
1. Cengel. Y and M.Boles, "Thermodynamics - An Engineering Approach", 7th Edition,
Tata McGraw Hill, 2010.
2. Holman.J.P., "Thermodynamics", 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
3. Rathakrishnan. E., "Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics", 2nd Edition,
Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, 2006
4. Chattopadhyay, P, "Engineering Thermodynamics", Oxford University Press, 2010.
5. Arora C.P, Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003.
6. Van Wylen and Sonntag, Classical Thermodynamics, Wiley Eastern, 1987
7. Venkatesh. A, Basic Engineering Thermodynamics, Universities Press (India) Limited,
2007.
8. Kau-Fui Vincent Wong, "Thermodynamics for Engineers", CRC Press, 2010 Indian
Reprint.
9. Prasanna Kumar: Thermodynamics "Engineering Thermodynamics" Pearson Education,
2013
DEPARMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Staff In charge: Course: ENGINEERINGTHERMODYNAMICS


Semester : III Class: II YEAR -MECH-A Sec
Academic Year: 2016-2017- Odd Semester
LESSON PLAN
Method of No. of Book to be
Sl.No. Topic
Instruction Periods referred
UNIT-I BASIC CONCEPTS AND FIRST LAW
1 Basic concepts - concept of continuum Black board 1 T1
comparison of microscopic and macroscopic 1
2 Black board T1
approach. Path and point functions
Intensive and extensive, total and specific quantities. 1
3 Black board T1
System and their types
1
4 Thermodynamic Equilibrium State, path and process. Black board T1& R2
1
5 Quasi-static, reversible and irreversible processes.. Black board T1
Heat and work transfer, definition and comparison, 1
6 Black board T1
sign convention.
Displacement work and other modes of work .P-V PPT & 1
7 T1
diagram Black board
Zeroth law of thermodynamics concept of 1
8 Black board T1
temperature and thermal equilibrium
relationship between temperature scales new PPT &Black 1 T1
9
temperature scales. board
PPT &Black 1 T1
10 First law of thermodynamics
board
application to closed and open systems PPT& Black 1 T1
11
board
Unit I 11

UNIT II-SECOND LAW AND AVAILABILITY ANALYSIS


Heat Reservoir, source and sink 1
1 Black board T1
Heat Engine, Refrigerator, Heat pump PPT &Black 1
2 T1
board
Statements of second law and its corollaries. 1
3 Black board T1
Carnot cycle Reversed Carnot cycle, Performance 1
4 Black board T1& R3
Clausius inequality. Concept of entropy, T- s 1
5 Black board T1
diagram, Tds Equations
entropy change for - pure substance PPT &Black 1
6 T1
board
ideal gases - different processes, principle of increase 1
7 Black board T1, T2 & R1
in entropy. Applications of II Law
High and low grade energy. Available and non- 1
8 Black board T1
available energy of a source and finite body
Energy and irreversibility 1
9 Black board T1
Expressions for the energy of a closed system and PPT& Black 1
10 T1
open systems board
Energy balance and entropy generation. 1
11 Black board
Irreversibility. I and II law Efficiency.
Unit II 11

UNIT III-PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE AND STEAM POWER CYCLE


Formation of steam and its thermodynamic 1
1 Black board R1
properties, p-v, p-T, T- v, T-s, h- s diagrams
1
2 p- v-T surface Black board R1
Black 1
3 Use of Steam Table and Mollier Chart R1
board&PPT
Determination of dryness fraction. Application of I 1
4 Black board R1
and II law for pure substances.
Ideal and actual Rankine cycles, Cycle Improvement 1
5 Black board R1
Methods
1
6 Reheat and Regenerative cycles Black board R1
1
7 Economiser, preheater, Binary and Combined cycles. Black board R1
1
8 p- v-T surface Black board R1
Formation of steam and its thermodynamic 1 T1
9 PPT& Videos
properties, p-v, p-T, T- v, T-s, h- s diagrams
PPT& Black 1 T1
10 Tutorial sec-1
board
PPT& Black 1 T1
11 Revision & University QP Discussion
board
Unit III 11

UNIT IV-IDEAL AND REAL GASES, THERMODYNAMIC RELATIONS


1
1 Properties of Ideal gas- Ideal and real gas comparison Black board R1
Equations of state for ideal and real gases-Reduced 1
2 Black board R1
properties
Compressibility factor-.Principle of Corresponding Black 1
3 R1
states. -Generalised Compressibility Chart and its use board&PPT
1
4 Maxwell relations, Black board R1
Tds Equations Difference and ratio of heat capacities, 1
5 Black board R1
Energy equation
1
6 Joule-Thomson Coefficient Black board R1
1
7 Clausius Clapeyron equation Black board R1
1
8 Phase Change Processes. Simple Calculations. Black board R1
1 T1
9 Properties of Ideal gas- Ideal and real gas comparison Black board
PPT& Black 1 T1
10 Revision & University QP Discussion
board
Unit IV 10
UNIT V GAS MIXTURES AND PSYCHROMETRY

1 Mole and Mass fraction, Daltons and Amagats Law Black board 1 R2
Properties of gas mixture Molar mass, gas constant,
1
2 density, change in internal energy, enthalpy, entropy Black board R1
and Gibbs function
Psychrometric properties, Psychrometric charts 1
3 Black board R1,R2
Property calculations of air vapour mixtures by using 1
4 Black board R1,R2
chart and expressions
Psychrometric process adiabatic saturation,
1
5 sensible heating and cooling, humidification, Black board R1
dehumidification
Evaporative cooling and adiabatic mixing. Simple Black
6 1 R1
Applications board&PPT
7 Tutorial Sec-1 Black board 1 R1
Revision & University QP Discussion PPT& Black
8 1 T1
board
Unit V 09
Total Hours: 46[Lecture] +5[Revision] =51

TEXT BOOKS :
1. Nag.P.K., Engineering Thermodynamics, 4thEdition, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2008.
2. Natarajan E., "Engineering Thermodynamics: Fundamentals and Applications", Anuragam
Publications, 2012.
REFERENCES :
1. Cengel. Y and M.Boles, "Thermodynamics - An Engineering Approach", 7th Edition, Tata
McGraw Hill, 2010.
2. Holman.J.P., "Thermodynamics", 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
3. Rathakrishnan. E., "Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics", 2nd Edition, Prentice-
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, 2006
4. Chattopadhyay, P, "Engineering Thermodynamics", Oxford University Press, 2010.
5. Arora C.P, Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003.
6. Van Wylen and Sonntag, Classical Thermodynamics, Wiley Eastern, 1987

Staff In Charge HOD Principal


TEST PLAN FOR SUBJECT

Department : Mechanical Engineering


Subject : ME6301 ENGINEERNG THERMODYNAMICS Faculty :
Semester : III Year: II

Actual
S. Planned
Description Conducted Remarks
No. Date/Month
Date / Month
2 Internal Test I 04-08-2016 04-08-2016 Nil

3 Internal Test II 31-08-2016 31-08-2016 Nil

4 Model Exam 03-10-2019 03-10-2019 Nil

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MARK STATEMENT
MARK OUT OF 100
S. NO. REG. NO. STUDENT NAME
INT -I INT -II MODEL
1 713415114001 AJITH KUMAR.A 32 82 59

2 713415114002 AJITH KUMAR.T 52 52 62

3 713415114003 ANES.S 50 78 63

4 713415114004 ARAVIND N 36 50 0

5 713415114005 ARAVIND KUMAR.S 58 60 56

6 713415114006 ARUN KUMAR.N AB AB AB

7 713415114007 ARUNKUMAR.T 20 52 38

8 713415114008 BALAMUGESH KANNAN 24 44 46

9 713415114009 BAVANESH.G AB AB AB

10 713415114010 BHARATHI R 56 92 AB

11 713415114011 DARNISH.R 04 20 03

12 713415114012 DHEENA DAYALAN.S 36 62 AB

13 713415114013 DHINAKARAN.D 98 92 85

14 713415114014 DINAGAR.D 62 70 63

15 713415114015 DINESH KUMAR.M 94 82 69

16 713415114016 DINESHKUMAR.V 34 20 AB

17 713415114017 EBEESH AB AB AB

18 713415114018 ELANGO.P 94 96 74

19 713415114019 ELAVARASAN.G 04 86 31

20 713415114020 ESSAKIKANAGARAJ.S 64 66 65

21 713415114021 GOPALA KRISHNAN 50 58 72

22 713415114022 GOKULAKRISHNAN.P 52 70 51

23 713415114023 GURUPRASATH.J 32 38 19

24 713415114024 HARIHARAN.S(17/04/98) 24 40 21
25 713415114025 HARIHARAN.S(22/07/98) 16 50 AB

26 713415114026 HARIHARAN.V 66 66 61

27 713415114027 IVAN PRATHAP 0 86 13

28 713415114028 JAGADEESH.K 62 76 58

29 713415114029 JOJI PHILIPOSE AB AB AB

30 713415114030 KABILAN K 42 72 64

31 713415114031 KANNAN KUMAR.P 20 54 38

32 713415114032 KARTHIK.E 78 76 68

33 713415114033 KATHIRESAN.G 40 AB 54

34 713415114034 KAVIYARASAN.K 54 72 53

35 713415114035 MICHEL JAMAXSON.M 50 58 60

36 713415114036 MOHAMED AZHRUDIN 76 88 78

37 713415114037 MOHAMMED JAVED.J 54 78 64

38 713415114038 MOHAMMED SUPAIYAR.M 30 68 58

39 713415114039 MOHAMMED UMAR ALI AB AB AB

40 713415114040 MOHANKUMAR.M 44 AB 54

41 713415114042 NAVEEN KUMAR.M 50 82 60

42 713415114043 NAVEEN KUMAR.R 66 78 85

43 713415114044 NAVEEN KUMAR.S 74 76 76

44 713415114301 DHANUSH PRABU.M AB 70 63

45 713415114302 LENZING JOMRANG 54 78 65

46 713415114303 MOHAN RAJ V

47 713415114304 KUMAR SING

47 47 47
Total no. of students
39 46 46
No.of students attended
31 20 41
No.of students passed
Pass percentage 79 56 85

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QUALITY OBJECTIVE MONITORING RECORD

Department :Mechanical Engineering

Year :2016-2017

Semester :03

Subject: ME6301 ENGINNERNG THERMODYNAMICS

Internal Test-I Internal Test-II Model Exam University Exam


Quality
S.No.
Objective Expecting Obtained Expecting Obtained Expecting Obtained Expecting Obtained
result result result result Result result Result result

1 75 75% 56% 75% 68% 75% 85% 75%

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ME6301- ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
QUESTION BANK
UNIT-I
BASIC CONCEPT & FIRST LAW
PART A (2 marks)
1. Define the term thermal engineering.
Thermal engineering is the science that deals with the energy transfer to practical
applications such as energy transfer power generation, refrigeration, gas compression and its
effect on the properties of working substance.
2. What is meant by thermodynamic system? How do you classify it? (MU Oct99,
Apr2000: BRU Apr96; MSU Apr96)
Thermodynamic system is defined as the any space or matter or group of matter
where the energy transfer or energy conversions are studied.
It may be classified into three types.
(a) Open system
(b) Closed system
(c) Isolated system

3. What is meant by closed system? Give an example.(BNU Nov95)


When a system has only heat and work transfer, but there is no mass transfer, it is
called as closed system.
Example: Piston and cylinder arrangement.
4. Define a open system, Give an example.
When a system has both mass and energy transfer it is called as open system.
Example: Air Compressor.
6. Define an isolated system
Isolated system is not affected by surroundings. There is no heat, work and mass
transfer take place. In this system total energy remains constant. Example: Entire
Universe
7. Define: Specific heat capacity at constant pressure. (MU Oct99)

It isdefined as the amount of heat energy required to raise or lower the temperature of
unit mass of the substance through one degree when the pressure kept constant. It is denoted
by Cp.
8. Define: Specific heat capacity at constant volume.
it is defined as the amount of heat energy required to raise or lower the temperature of
unit mass of the substance through one degree when volume kept constant.
9. What is meant by surroundings?
Any other matter out side the system boundary is called as surroundings.
10. What is boundary?
System and surroundings are separated by an imaginary line is called boundary.
11. What is meant by thermodynamic property? (MU Apr2001; BRU Nov96;
BNU Nov94)
Thermodynamic property is any characteristic of a substance which is used to
identify the state of the system and can be measured, when the system remains in an
equilibrium state.
12. How do you classify the property?
Thermodynamic property can be classified into two types.
1. Intensive or Intrinsic and
2. Extensive and Extrinsic property.

13. Define Intensive and Extensive properties. (MU Oct96,98; MKU Apr96)
The properties which are independent on the mass of the system is called intensive
properties.
e.g., Pressure, Temperature, Specific Volume etc.,
The properties which are dependent on the mass of the system is called extensive
proprties. e.g., Total energy, Total volume, weight etc.
15. What do you understand by equilibrium of a system?
When a system remains in equilibrium state, it should not undergo any charges to its
own accord.
16. What is meant by thermodynamic equilibrium? (MU Apr98; MSU Apr96)
When a system is in thermodynamic equilibrium, it should satisfy the following
three conditions.
(a) Mechanical Equilibrium :- Pressure remains constant
(b) Thermal equilibrium :- Temperature remains constant
(c) Chemical equilibrium : There is no chemical reaction.
17. State the First law of thermodynamics (MU Apr95)
Ans:First of thermodynamics states that when system undergoes a cyclic process the
net heat transfer is equal to work transfer.
18. Define: PMM of first kind
PMM of first kind delivers work continuously without any input. It violates first
law of thermodynamics, It is impossible to construct an engine working with this
principle.
19. Define the term process (MKU Nov96)

It is defined as the change of state undergone by a gas due to energy flow.


20. Define the term Cycle: (MKU Nov96)
When a system undergoes a series of processes and return to its initial condition, it is
known as cycle.
21. What is meant by open and closed cycle.
In a closed cycle, the same working substance will recirculate again and again.
In a open cycle, the same working substance will be exhausted to the surroundings
after expansion.
22. What is meant by reversible and irreversible process. (MU Apr2001; BNU
Nov94)
A process is said to be reversible, it should trace the same path in the reverse
direction when the process is reversed. It is possible only when the system passes
through a continuous series of equilibrium state.
If a system does not pass through continuous equilibrium state, then the process is said to
be irreversible.
23. What is meant by Point and Path function? (Mu Oct2000; MKU Nov94)
The quantities which is independent on the process or path followed by the system
is known as point functions.Example: Pressure, volume, temperature, etc.,
The quantities which are dependent on the process or path followed by the system is
known as path functions.
Example: Heat transfer, work transfer.
24. What is Quasi Static process? (MU Oct98, Apr2000 & 2001; BNU
Nov95)
The process is said to be quasi static, it should proceed infinitesimally slow and
follows continuous series of equilibrium states. Therefore, the quasi static, it should
proceed infinitesimally slow and follows continuous series of equilibrium states.
Therefore, the quasi static process may be an reversible process.
25. Explain Zeroth Law of thermodynamics? (MU Nov94, Apr2001; BRU
Apr96)
Zeroth law of thermodynamics states that when two systems are separately in thermal
equilibrium with a third system, then they themselves are in thermal equilibrium with each
other.
26. Define the term enthalpy? (MU Oct99)
The Combination of internal energy and flow energy is known as enthalpy of the
system. It may also be defined as the total heat of the substance.
Mathematically, enthalpy (H) = U + pv KJ)
Where, U internal energy
p pressure
v volume
In terms of Cp& T H = mCp (T2-T1)K

27. Define the term internal energy (MKU Apr96)


Internal energy of a gas is the energy stored in a gas due to its molecular
interactions.
It is also defined as the energy possessed by a gas at a given temperature.
28. What is meant by thermodynamic work?
It is the work done by the system when the energy transferred across the boundary of
the system. It is mainly due to intensive property difference between the system and
surroundings.
29. Define Heat.
Heat is the energy crossing the boundary due to the temperature difference between
the system and surroundings.
Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but it can be transferred from one form to
another.
32. Define entropy of a pure substance. (MU Oct2000; MKU Nov96; BRU
Nov95)
Entropy is an important thermodynamic property, which increases with addition of
heat and decreases with its removal. Entropy is a function of temperature only. It is an
unavailability of energy during energy transfer.
30.Give the general gas energy equations. (MU Apr95 & 98)
dH = dE + Dw
33. Define an isentropic process. (MU Oct99)
Isentropic process is also called as reversible adiabatic process. It is a process
which follows the law of pVy = C is known as isentropic process. During this process
entropy remains constant and no heat enters or leaves the gas.
34. Explain the throttling process.
When a gas or vapour expands and flows through an aperture of small size,
the process is called as throttling process.

35. Work done in a free expansion process is _________ (MU Apr97)


Zero
36. Define free expansion process.
When a gas expands suddenly into a vacuum through a large orifice is known as
free expansion process.
37. Which property is constant during throttling? (MU Oct98, Oct2000)
Enthalpy
38. If in the equation PVn = C, the value of n = then the process is called _______
Constant Volume process
39. The polytropic index (n) is given by ________ (MU Apr95 & 96)
n = log (P2/P1)/ log (V1/V2)
40. Work transfer is equal to heat transfer in case of ________ process.MU
Nov94)
Isothermal process.
41. Write down the characteristic gas equation.
Characteristic gas equation is pV =mRT
pressure V = Volume
R = Characteristic gas
constant T = Temperature.
42. What is meant by steady flow process? (BNU Nov96)
During the process the rate of flow of mass and energy across the boundary
remains constant, is known as steady flow process.
43. What is the difference between steady flow and non flow process?
During the steady flow process the rate of flow of mass and energy across
the boundary remains constant.
In case of non flow across the system and boundary.
PART B
1. one kg of gas expands at CO&11stant pressure from 0.085 m3 to 0.13 Ill).if the initial
temperature of the gas is 22.5 c. find the final. Temperatures, net heat transfer, change in
internal energy, pressure of gas. (16)
2. A certain quantity of gas is head at constant pressure from 35 0 to 185c. Estimate
the
amount of hem transferred, ideal work done, change in internal energy, when the initial
volume of
the gas is 0.6 m3. (16)
3. Explain and derive Isothermal process (16)
4. Explain and derive Isobaric process. (16)
5. 2kg of gas at a pressure of 1.5 bar. Occupies a volume of 2.5 m3. If this gas
compresses
isothermally to 1/3 times the initial volume. Find initial. Final temperature, work done,
heat transfer. (16)
6. one kg of air is compressed polytropically (n=1.3) from 1 bar and 27 deg Celsius to 3
bar. Find I. work transfer , 2.Heat transfer,3. Change in internal energy (16)
7. A paddle wheel fixed to a shaft of an engine revolves in a closed hollow vessel
Containing water. This closed vessel is connected freely on the shaft and restraint
to its turning moment is proved by mass attached to its side. Find the temperature
rise for the following observations.
8. A cylinder contains 0.45 m3 of gas at 1 x 105 N/m2 and 80oC. The gas is compressed to
a volume of 0.13 m3, the final pressure being 5 X 105 N/m2. Determine i) The mass of gas
ii) The value of index n for compression The increase in internal energy of the gas and iv)
The heat received or rejected by the gas during compression. Take = 1.4 R = 294.2 J/kg K
9. A turbine operates under steady flow condition receives steam at the following
statepressure = 1.2Mpa, Temperature =1880C, Enthalpy = 2785 kJ/kg, velocity =
33.3m/sec and elevation = 3m. The steam leaves the turbine at the following state:
pressure = 20Kpa, Enthalpy = 2512 kJ/kg, velocity = 100m/sec and elevation = 0m.
Heat is lost tothe surrounding at the rate of 0.29kJ/sec. If the rate steam flow to the
turbine is 0.42kg/sec what is the power output of the turbine in KW
10.Three grams of nitrogen gas at 6atm and 160c is expanded adiabatically to double its
initial volume, then compressed at constant pressure to its initial volume and then com-
pressed again at constant volume to its initial state. Calculate the net work done on the
gas. Draw P-V diagram for the process. Specific heat ratio of nitrogen is 1.4. 11.One litre
of hydrogen at 273 K is adiabatically compressed to one-half of its initial volume. Find
the change in temperature of the gas, if the ratio of two specific heats for
hydrogen is 1.4
UNlT-2
SECOND LAW
PART A (2 marks)

44. State the Kelvin Plank statement of second law of thermodynamics


Kelvin Plank states that it is impossible to construct a heat engine working on
cyclic process, whose only purpose is to convert all the heat energy given to it into an
equal amount of work.
45. State Clausius statement of second law of thermodynamics.
It states that heat can flow from hot body to cold without any external aid but heat
cannot flow from cold body to hot body without any external aid.
46. State Carnots theorem.
No heat engine operating in a cyclic process between two fixed temperature, can be
more efficient than a reversible engine operating between the same temperature limits.
47. What are the Corollaries of Carnot theorem.
(i) In all the reversible engine operating between the two given thermal reservoirs
with fixed temperature, have the same efficiency.
(ii) The efficiency of any reversible heat engine operating between two reservoirs is
independent of the nature of the working fluid and depends only on the
temperature of the reservoirs.
48. Define PMM of second kind.
Perpetual motion machine of second kind draws heat continuously from single reservoir
and converts it into equivalent amount of work. Thus it gives 100% efficiency.
49. What is the difference between a heat pump and a refrigerator?
Heat pump is a device which operating in cyclic process, maintains the temperature of
a hot body at a temperature higher than the temperature of surroundings.
A refrigerator is a device which operating in a cyclic process, maintains the temperature of a
cold body at a temperature lower than the temperature of the surroundings.
50. What is meant by heat engine?
A heat engine is a device which is used to convert the thermal energy into
mechanical energy.
51. Define the term COP?
Co-efficient of performance is defined as the ratio of heat extracted or rejected to
work input.
Heat extracted or rejected
COP = --------------------------------
52. Write the expression for COP of a heat pump and a
refrigerator? COP of heat pump
Heat Supplied T2
COP HP =------------------- = --------
Work input T2-T1
COP of Refrigerator

Heat extrated T1
COP HP =--------------- =--------
Work input T2-T1
53. What is the relation between COPHP and COP
ref? COPHP = COPref +1
54. Why Carnot cycle cannot be realized in practical?
(i) In a Carnot cycle all the four process are reversible but in actual practice there is
no process is reversible.
(ii) There are two processes to be carried out during compression and expansion. For
isothermal process the piston moves very slowly and for adiabatic process the piston
moves as fast as possible. This speed variation during the same stroke of the piston is
not possible.
(iii)It is not possible to avoid friction moving parts completely.

55. Name two alternative methods by which the efficiency of a Carnot cycle can
be increased.
(i) Efficiency can be increased as the higher temperature T2 increases.
(ii) Efficiency can be increased as the lower temperature T1 decreases.
56. Why a heat engine cannot have 100% efficiency?
For all the heat engines there will be a heat loss between system and surroundings.
Therefore we cant convert all the heat input into useful work.
57. When will be the Carnot cycle efficiency is maximum? Carnot cycle efficiency is
maximum when the initial temperature is 0K.
58. What are the processes involved in Carnot cycle.
Carnot cycle consist of
i)Reversible
isothermal
compression ii) isentropic
compression

iii) reversible isothermal


expansion iv) isentropic expansion

59. Write the expression for efficiency of the carnot


cycle.
T2 T1
n = ---------
T
60. Define: Thermodynamic cycles.
Thermodynamic cycle is defined as the series of processes performed on the
system, so that the system attains to its original state.
61. Define the term compression ratio.
Compression ratio is the ratio between total cylinder volume to clearance volume.
It is denoted by the letter r
62. What is the range of compression ratio for SI and diesel engine?
For petrol of SI engine 6 to
8 For diesel engine 12 to 18.
63. Which cycle is more efficient for the same compression ratio and heat
input, Otto cycle or Diesel cycle?
Otto cycle is more efficient than diesel cycle
65. The efficiency of the diesel cycle approaches the otto cycle efficiency when
the cut off ratio is ______ reduced
66. Which device is used to control the Air fuel ratio in the petrol engine?
Carburettor
67. Which device is used to control the Air fuel ratio in the diesel
engine? Injection nozzle
68. The speed of a four stroke I.C. engine is 1500rpm. What will be the speed of the
cam shaft?
750 rpm.
69. All the four operations in two stroke engine are performed in ________ number
of revolution of crank shaft.
one
PART B
1. Air flows through an adiabatic compressor at 3 kg/s the inlet conditions are 2 bar and 310k
and exit conditions are 20 bar and 560 k. compute the net rate of availability transfer and
irreversibility. (16)
2. Air in a closed vessel of fixed volume of 0.15 m 3, exerts pressure of 12 bar at 250 c ,if
the vessel is cooled so that the pressure falls to 3.5 bar, determine the final temperature, heat
transfer and change of entropy. (16)
3. Explain Carnot engine cycle and its efficiency. (16)
4. Explain the term availability and unavailability. (16)
5. A heat engine operates between a source a 600 c and a sink at 60 c Determine the least
rate of heat rejection per KW net output of the engine. (16)
6. 0.2 kg of air at 1.5 bar and 27 "c is compressed to a pressure of 15 bar according to the
law
pv (l.25) =c. determine work done heat flow to or from the air, increase or decrease in
entropy(16)
7. An Engine-working on Otto cycle has a volume of 0.45 m3 , pressure 1 bar
andtemperature 30o,C at the beginning of compression stroke. At the end of
compression stroke, the pressure is 11 bar and 210 KJ of heat is added at
constant volume. Determine
(i) Pressure, temperature and volumes at salient points in the cycle.' (ii) Efficiency
8. Derive the expression for thermal efficiency of a Carnot cycle with its p-V and Ts
Diagram?
9. A Carnot engine takes heat from an infinite reservoir at 5500C and rejects it to a sink
2750C. Half of the work delivered by the engine is used to run generator and the other
half is used to run heat pump which takes heat at 2750C and rejects it at 4400C. Express
the heat rejected at 4400C by the heat pump as % of heat supplied to the engine at 5500C.
If the operation of the generator is 500W, Find the heat rejected/hour by the heat pump at
4400C?
10. Establish the inequality of Clausius and express Entropy change in irreversible
process

UNIT- 3
PROPERTIES OF PURE SUBSTANCE & STEAM POWER CYCLE PART
A (2 marks)
1. Define latent heat of ice?
Total amount of heat added during conversion of ice 0 C into water of 0C.
2. What is pure substance?
Pure substance is a substance which has a fixed chemical composition throughout its mass
.Example: Water, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, and helium. A pure substance does not have to be of
a single chemical element or compound .A mixture of various chemical element or components
is also called as pure substance as long as the mixture is homogeneous.
3. What is saturation temperature and saturation pressure?
At a given pressure, the temperature at which a liquid boils is called saturation temperature. At
the given temperature, the pressure at which the liquid boils is called saturation pressure it is also
called as vapour pressure.
4. Define latent heat of vaporizations.
The amount of heat added during heating of water from boiling point to dry saturated stage is
called as latent heat of vaporization or enthalpy of vaporization of latent heat of steam.
5. Define the terms Boiling point and Melting point .
Boiling point:
It is the temperature at which the liquid starts to change its state from liquid to
vapour. Melting point:
It is the temperature at which the solid starts to change its state from solid to liquid.
7. Define the sensible heat of water.
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of unit mass of water from 0C to the
saturation temperature under a constant pressure. it is denoted by hf .
8. Define the term super heat enthalpy.
The heat supplied to the dry steam at saturation temperature, to convert it into superheatedsteam
at the temperature Tsup is called super heat enthalpy.
9. What is wet and dry steam?
The heat which partially evaporated and having water particles suspension is
Called wet stream.
The steam which fully evaporated state and is not having any water particles is
Called dry steam.
10. State phase rule of pure substances.
The number of independent variable associated with a multicomponents, multiphase system is
given by the phase rule. It is also called as Gibbs phase rule .It is expressed by the equation as
n = C +2
Where,
n = the number of independent variable.
C = the number of components,
= the number of phase present in equilibrium.
11. Define dryness fraction of steam OR What is quality of steam?
It is defined as the ratio of the mass of the total steam actually present to the mass of the
totalsteam.

Mass of dry steam


Dryness fraction = ----------------------
Mass of total mixture
12. Explain the term: Degree of super heat, Degree of sub cooling.

Degree of super heat:

It is the difference between superheated temperature and saturated temperature at the


same pressure.
Degree of sub cooling.
It is the amount by which the water is cooled beyond the saturated temperature at the same
pressure.
13. Define triple point and critical point for
pure substance. Triple point:
Triple point is the state at where all the three phases ie solid, liquid and vapour to exist in
equilibrium.
Critical point:
It represents the highest pressure and temperature at which the liquid and vapour phases coexist
in equilibrium. At the critical point the liquid and the vapour phases are distinguishable ie Liquid
directly converted into vapour.

14.When saturation pressure increases, what happens to saturation temperature and


freezing point? When saturation pressure increases, then the saturation temperature is
increasing and the freezing point decreasing.
15 Explain the process of steam generation and show the various stages on T-S diagram.
In the T-S diagram, the region left of the water line, the water exists as liquid. In the right of the
dry steam line, the water exists as a superheated steam. In between water and dry steam line, the
water exists as a wet steam. Therefore, the dryness fraction lines are represented in these regions.
The value of various quantities can be read from the diagram .It can be noted from the figure that
thewater line and steam line are converging with the increase in temperature. At a particular
point , the water directly converted into dry steam without formation of wet steam. The point is
called Critical Point

16. Write the formula for calculating entropy change from saturated water to super
heated steam conditions.
Entropy of super heated steam S sup = Sg + Cps log{Tsup / Ts}

PART B
1. Find the specific volume and enthalpy of steam at 9 bar when the condition of
steam is a) Wet with dryness fraction 0.95 b) dry saturated c) superheated
temperature of 240 (16)
2. Steam initially at 400 Kpa and 0.6 dry is heated in a rigid vessel of 0.1m3 volume. The
final condition is 600 Kpa. Find the amount of heat added and mass of steam. (16)
3. Explain P-V diagram and P-V-T surface. (16)
4. 2 kg of steam initially at 5 bar and 0.6 dry is heated at constant pressure until the
temperature becomes 350 c.find the change in entropy and internal energy. (16) 5.A
steam plant working on a simple rankine cycle operated between the temperature of
260c and 95c .the steam is dry and saturated when it enters the turbine and expanded
isentropic ally. Find rankine efficiency. (16)
6) 2.5 kg of steam is heated at constant pressure of 250 kpa and 100c, until temperature is
250c. Find the amount of heat added and change in entropy. (16)
(Use mollier chart)
UNIT 4
IDEAL AND REAL GASES AND
THERMODYNAMIC RELATION
PART A (2 marks)
1. State Charles law.
Charles law states The volume of a given mass of a gas varies directly as its absolute
temperature, when the pressure remains constant.
VT
2. State Jouless law.
Jouless law states The internal energy of a given quantity of a gas depends only on the
temperature.
3. State Regnaults law.
Regnaults law states that Cp and Cv of a gas always remains
constant.
4. State Avogadros law.
Avogadros law states.Equal volumes of different perfect gases at the same temperature and
pressure, contain equal number of molecules.
5. State Doltons law of partial pressure.
Doltons law of partial pressure states The total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the
sum of the partial pressure exerted by individual gases if each one of them occupied separately
in the total volume of the mixture at mixture temperature .
P = p1 + p2 + p3 + ... Pk
6. How does the Vander waals equation differ from the ideal gas equation of states?
1. Intermolecular attractive study is made. 2. Shape factor is considered.
These assumptions are not made in ideal gas
equation of state.
8. Distinguish between ideal and real gas.
An ideal gas is one which strictly follows the gas laws under air conditions of temperature and
pressure. In actual practice, there is no real gas which strictly follows the gas laws over the
entire range of temperature and pressure .However hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and air
Behave as a gas under certain temperature and
pressure
9. What are Maxwell relations?
(T/v)s = - (p/s)v
(T/p)s = (v/s)p
(p/T)v = (s/v)t
(v/T)p = - (s/p)t
10 .Define Joule Thomson Co-efficient.
Joule Thomson Co-efficient is defined as the change in temperature with change
in Pressure, keeping the enthalpy remains constant .It is denoted by the
= (T/p) n
11. Define Co efficiency of volume expansion and isothermal
compressibility. Co efficiency of volume expansion:
Co efficiency of volume expansion is defined as the change in volume with change i n
temperature per unit volume keeping the pressure constant It is denoted by

= 1/v (v/T)pIsothermal compressibility:


It is defined as the change in volume with change in pressure per unit volume by keeping the
temperature constant .It is denoted by K
K = 1/v (v/p)T.
12. What is compressibility factor?
We know that , the perfect gas equation is pv = RT .But for real gas , a correction factor has to be
introduced in the perfect gas equation to take into account the deviation of real gas from the
perfect gas equation .This factor is known as compressibility factor (Z) and is denoted by
13. Z = pv/RT What is compressibility factor value for an ideal gas at critical point?
1. Intermolecular attractive study is made.
2. Shape factor is considered.
14. What is Joules Thomson coefficient? Why is it zero for an ideal gas?
Joules Thomson coefficient is defined as the change in temperature with change in pressure,
keeping the enthalpy remains constant. It is denoted by
= ( T/p)h = 1/Cp[ T(v/T)p - v]
We know that the equation of state as
Differentiate the above equation of state with respect to T by keeping pressure, p
constant 15. What is ClasiusClapeyron Equation?
ClasiusClapeyron Equation which involves relationship between the saturation pressure,
saturation temperature, the enthalpy of evaporation and the specific volume of the two phases
involved
dp/dT = hfg/Tvfg
17. State the assumption made in kinetic theory of gases?
1. There is no intermolecular force between particles.
2. The volume of the molecules is negligible in comparison with the gases.
18. State Helmholtz function
Helmholtz function is property of a system and is given by subtracting the product of absolute
temperature (T) and entropy (s) from the internal energy u. ie Helmholtz function = u-Ts
.19. State Gibbs function.
Gibbs function is property of a system and is given by
G = u Ts + Pv = h Ts
Where
h Enthalpy
T Temperature
s - Entropy

PART B
.1. Derive Daltons law of partial pressure. Define amagats law of partial volume. (16)
2. Derive vandar Waals equation. (16)
3. Derive Maxwells equation (16)
4. Derive clausius-clapeyron equation. (16)
5. Derive Joule-Thomson coefficient equation. (16)
6. A mixture of gases contains 50%nitrogen,40% oxygen and 10% carbon di oxide by mass.
2kg of mixture is compressed from 200 kpa and 293k to 400 kpapolytropically which
follows the PV(I.25)=C. Determine the work done, heat transferred and change in
entropy.
(Take (cp)n2=1.04 (cp)o2= 0.918 kj / kg k, (cp)co2=O.846 k/k (16)

UNIT 5
PSYCHROMETRY
PART A (2 marks)
1. What is the difference between air conditioning and refrigeration?
Refrigeration is the process of providing and maintaining the temperature in space below
atmospheric temperature. Air conditioning is the process of supplying sufficient volume of clean
air containing a specific amount of water vapour and maintaining the predetermined atmosphere
condition with in a selected enclosure.
2. Define psychrometry.
The science which deals with the study of behaviour of moist air (mixture of dry air and water
vapour is known as phychrometry.
3. Name some psychrometry.
1. Sensible heating.
2. Sensible cooling.
3. Humidifying
4. Dehumidifying.
5. Heating and humidifying
6. Heating and dehumidifying.
7. Cooling humidifying
8. Cooling dehumidifying.
4. Define dry bulb temperature.
The temperature which is measured by an ordinary thermometer is known as dry bulb
temperature .It is generally denoted by td
5. Define wet bulb temperature.
It is the temperature of air measured by a thermometer When its bulb is covered with wet cloth
and exposed to a current rapidly moving air.It is denoted by tw.
6. Define dew point temperature.
The temperature at which the water vapour presents in air begins to condense when
The air is cooled is known as dew point temperature .It is denoted by tdp.
7. Define relative Humidity (RH) and specific humidity.
RH is the ratio of the mass of water vapour (mv) in a certain volume of moist air at Given
temperature to the mass of water vapour in the same volume of saturated air at the Same
temperature.
RH = mv /mvs
Specific humidity () is the ratio of mass of water vapour (mv) to the mass of dry air in
the given volume of mixture.
= mv / ma.
8. Differentiate between absolute and relative humidity.
Absolute humidity is defined as the ratio of the mass of water vapour (mv) in
Certain volume of moist at given temperature to the mass of water vapours at
Atmospheric conditions
RH is the ratio of the mass of water vapour in a certain volume of moist air at a given
Temperature to the mass of water vapour in tha same volume of saturated air at the same
Temperature.
9. Define DTP and degree of saturation.
DTP is the temperature to which moist air to be cooled before it starts condensing. Degree
of saturation is the ratio of specific humidity of moist air to the specific
Humidity of saturated air at temperature.
Specific humidity of moist air = -------------------------------------------
Specific humidity of saturated air
10. What is dew point temperature? How is it related to dry bulb and wet
bulb? Temperature at the saturation condition?
It is the temperature at which the water vapour present in air begins to condense The air is
cooled.For saturated air, the dry bulb, wet bulb and dew point temperature are All same.
11. State Daltons law of partial pressure.
The total pressure exerted by air and water mixture is equal to the barometric
Pressure. Pb = pa + pv
Where
Pb = barometric pressure.
pa = Partial pressure of dry air.
pv = Partial pressure of water vapour.
12. Define Apparatus Dew point of cooling coil.
For dehumidification, the cooling coil is to be kept at a mean temperature which is below
the dew point temperature of the entering .This temperature of the coil is called ADP
temperature.
13. List down psychometric process.
1. Sensible heating process
2. Sensible cooling process.
3 .Humidification process.
4. Dehumidification process.
5. Heating and humidification process.
6. Cooling and Dehumidification process.
7. Adiabatic mixing airstreams process.
8. Evaporative cooling process.

14. Define bypass factor of coil.


The ratio of the amount of air which does not contact the cooling coil to the Amount
of supply air is called BPF
Amount of air bypassing the coil
BPF = -------------------------------------------
Total amount of air passed.
15.Define the humidification process.
Humidification is defined as the process of adding moisture at constant dry bulb
Temperature
16. State the effects of very high and a very low
bypass factor. Very high by pass factor:
1. It requires lower ADP .Refrigeration plant should be of larger capacity.
2. It requires more air .Larger fan and motor required. It requires less heat transfer area.
3. It requires more chilling water Larger piping required
Very low by pass factor.
1. Higher ADP is to be employed.
2. It requires less air. Fan and motor size reduced
17. What factors affect by pass factor?
1. Pitch of fins.
2. Number of coil tubes.
3. Air velocity over the coil.
4. Direction of air flow.
18 .What are the assumption made while mixing two air streams?
1. Surrounding is small.
2. Process is fully adiabatic.
3. There is no work interaction
4. Change in kinetic and potential energies are negligible.
PART B
I. Dry bulb and wet temperatures of 1 atmospheric air stream are 400 and 30c
respectively. Determine (a)Humidity (b) Relative humidity (c) Specific humidity. (16)
2. Atmospheric air with barometric pressure of 1.013 bar has 38c dry bulb temperature
and 28c wet bulb temperature. Determine (a) Humidity ratio (b) Relative humidity (c) dew point
temperature. (16)
3. Atmospheric air at 760 mm of Hg has 45c DBT and 30c WBT, using
psychometric chart calculate R.H, Humidity ratio, DPT, enthalpy, specific volume
of air. (16)
4.Atmospheric air at 1 bar pressure has 2.50 DBT and 75% RH using psychometric chart,
calculate DBT, enthalpy, vapour pressure. (16)
5. Explain sensible heating process, sensible cooling, and humidification process. (16)
6. An air water vapour mixture at 0.1 Mpa, 300, 80% RH. Has a volume of 50 m3

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Test Results Results


Analysis & Deviati
Schedule Expect Availa Reason for Deviation Remedial Action
Data on(%)
&Date ed(%) ble(%)

Test-I No. of 75 43 38 More Absentees For sem Revision Class Conducted


Students Starting Time .So They are And Bring The Assignments
Internal Appeared:46 Not able to Understand Bring the question bank
Assessment Passed :20
-1 Failed :26
Pass
Total% :43of
No. 75 61 14 They are Not able to Revision Class Conducted
Students Understand because And Bring the Assignments
Test-II Appeared:44 Analytical paper and also hand over the
Internal question bank
Passed :27
Assessment
-2 Failed :17
Total No. of 75 85 10 They are Not able to Bring the Assignments and
Test III Pass % :61
Students Understand because also hand over the question
Appeared:46 Analytical paper bank
Model
Exam Passed :39

Failed :7

Pass % :85

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