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DENT 5352: TEST 4: 11/15/2007

NAME _________________________________

DENT 5352 Fall Semester 2007


APPLIED DENTAL BIOMATERIALS
TEST (20 questions)
November 15, 2007: 10:10 10:50 a.m.

This test consists of 4 pages and 20 questions.


Mark all of your answers clearly on these examination pages. Select the one best answer
and put a circle round the appropriate letter.
Please read each question carefully. You have until 10:50 a.m. to complete the examination.
Please turn in these question sheets at the end of the examination period.
Please make sure that your name is clearly given above.
Page 5 is an extra page, for optional use. If any question appears to be ambiguous, you may
comment on it, and your comments will be taken into consideration in grading the question.
Or you can detach the page and submit it anonymously with comments on the questions. Or
you can ignore it completely! Your choice.
This examination comprises 20% of the overall grade for DENT 5352.
Please email your materials evaluation projects to me by 4:00 p.m. November 16.

1. The whole range of procedures employed to give the required surface


characteristics to a dental biomaterial is called:
(a) Polishing
(b) Abrading
(c) Grinding
(d) Finishing
(e) Buffing

2. In terms of hardness of abrasives (where > signifies harder than):


(a) Quartz > silicon carbide > pumice
(b) Diamond > alumina > cuttle
(c) Alumina > silicon carbide > pumice
(d) Cuttle > alumina > quartz
(e) Silicon carbide > diamond > quartz

3. Which of the following materials should never be used as a permanent luting


cement?
(a) Compomer
(b) Glass-ionomer
(c) Zinc oxide-eugenol
(d) Zinc phosphate
(e) Resin cement
DENT 5352: TEST 4: 11/15/2007
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4. Which of the following cements is always opaque when set?


(a) Polyacid-modified resin composite (compomer)
(b) Glass-ionomer
(c) Adhesive resin cement
(d) Resin-modified glass ionomer
(e) Zinc polycarboxylate
COOH
5. Figure 1 is the formula for:
(a) Ortho-ethoxybenzoic acid OC 2H5
(b) Eugenol Figure 1
(c) Poly(acrylic acid)
(d) 4-META

6. Which of the following luting cements is not chemically adhesive to tooth


substance?
(a) Resin-modified glass-ionomer
(b) Zinc phosphate
(c) Zinc polycarboxylate
(d) Glass ionomer

7. Figure 2 shows the linear thermal 1.5

expansion characteristics of two dental casting


investment materials. Which of the following 1.0
(A)
statements is correct? LINEAR
EXPANSION

(a) Graph (A) is for a silica- (%)


0.5 (B)
bonded investment Figure 2
(b) Graph (A) is for a gypsum-bonded 0
cristobalite investment 0 250 500
TEMPERATURE ( OC)
750

(c) Graph (B) is for a gypsum-bonded


cristobalite investment
(d) Graph (A) is for a gypsum-bonded quartz investment

8. Gypsum-bonded investment materials cannot be used for alloys melting above


1200C, primarily because:
(a) The material cracks at high temperatures
(b) There would be too much thermal expansion
(c) There would be insufficient permeability to air
(d) Chemical breakdown occurs leading to the formation of SO3

9. A principal cause of fins on the surface of a gold casting is:


(a) Poor wetting of the pattern by the investment material
(b) Overheating of the mold
(c) Overheating the alloy
(d) Under heating the alloy
(e) Quenching the casting
DENT 5352: TEST 4: 11/15/2007
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10. The practical cause of the problem with the casting


shown in Figure 3 is: Figure 3
(a) Heating the mold too rapidly
(b) Poor wetting of wax pattern
(c) Too much casting force
(d) Too much alloy
(e) None of the above

11. The presence of leucite in a dental ceramic:


(a) Decreases thermal expansion, increases strength, abrades opposing enamel
(b) Increases strength but makes the material more difficult to etch
(c) Increases strength, increases thermal expansion and is easily etched
(d) Strengthens the material but renders it very opaque
(e) Weakens the material but improves bonding to an alloy

12. Fluorescence is:


(a) The ability of a material to absorb light of one wavelength and emit light
of a different wavelength
(b) The ability of a material to transmit light
(c) The ability of a material to refract light
(d) The optical opacity of a material
(e) None of the above

13. Modifying cations in a glass-type material:


(a) Are selected to improve the translucency
(b) Are designed to aid nucleation of reinforcing particles during heat
treatment
(c) Are intended to improve bonding to an alloy
(d) Alter the thermal expansion and firing temperature

14. Zirconia-based (ZrO2) dental ceramics are usually stabilized with:


(a) Leucite
(b) Mica
(c) Modifying cations
(d) Yttrium oxide (yttria)
(e) Feldspar

15. In a metal-ceramic restoration (MCR) that is porcelain-fused-to metal (PFM):


(a) The alloy should contract more than the ceramic on cooling
(b) The ceramic should contract more than the alloy on cooling
(c) The coefficient of thermal expansion of each component should be
identical
(d) After solidification the ceramic should be under a tensile stress
DENT 5352: TEST 4: 11/15/2007
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16. High gold alloys for porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM, metal-ceramic restoration or


MCR):
(a) Are hardened by copper silver, platinum and palladium
(b) Can be hardened by heat treatment
(c) Cannot be cast into gypsum-bonded investments
(d) Contain up to 75% gold
(e) May contain indium to aid bonding to the ceramic

17. Gold-ceramic bonding is primarily due to:


(a) Micromechanical bonding
(b) Chemical bonding
(c) Micromechanical, chemical and compression bonding
(d) Compression bonding
(e) None of the above

18. Gutta percha is:


(a) The main constituent (by mass) of endodontic cores
(b) Opaque to x-rays
(c) An isomer of rubber
(d) Used as a sealer for root canals

19. The strength of an endodontically treated tooth is not improved by post and core
build-up:
(a) TRUE
(b) FALSE

20. A limitation of resin composites as core build-up materials is:


(a) Brittleness
(b) Esthetic concerns
(c) Thermal conductivity
(d) Microleakage because of mismatch of modulus of elasticity between post
and core
(e) Corrosion concerns

END OF EXAMINATION
DENT 5352: TEST 4: 11/15/2007
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EXTRA PAGE

This page is for optional use. If any question appeared to be ambiguous, you may
comment on it, and your comments will be taken into consideration in grading the
question. Or you can detach the page and submit it anonymously with comments on the
questions and/or the course. Or you can ignore it completely! Your choice.