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Thiruvalluvar
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Thiruvalluvar, known commonly as Valluvar, is a celebrated Tamil poet and philosopher whose
contribution to Tamil literature is the Thirukkural, a work on ethics.[2] It is believed that he was born either in Thiruvalluvar
Thiru Mylai (Mylapore) Chennai in Tamil Nadu or in ThirunainarKuruchi, a village in Kanyakumari District
of Tamil Nadu. Thiruvalluvar is thought to have lived sometime between the 4th century BC and the 1st
century BC.[3] The Tamil poet Mamulanar of the Sangam period mentioned that Thiruvalluvar was the
greatest Tamil scholar and Mamulanar also mentioned the Nanda Dynasty of northern which ruled until the
4th century BC.[4][5] This estimate is based on linguistic analysis of his writings, as there is no historical
evidence for when and where he lived.[6]

The Thiruvalluvar statue in Kanyakumari


Contents Born Probably between 4th and 1st
centuries BCE; possible date: 31
1 Traditional accounts BCE (as approved by the
2 Thirukkural Government of Tamil Nadu)
3 Other books
Thirunainar Kuruchi, Valluvanad
4 Memorials
(present-day Kanyakumari district)
5 See also
or Possibly at Thirumailai (present-
6 References
day Mylapore, Chennai)
7 External links
Other names Valluvar, Mudharpaavalar,
Deivappulavar, Gnanavettiyaan,

Traditional accounts Maadhaanupangi, Naanmuganaar,


Naayanaar, Poyyirpulavar, Dhevar,
Perunaavalar[1]
Thirukkual itself does not name its author or authors. The name Thiruvalluvar was first mentioned in the
10th century in a text called Thiruvalluvarmaalai ("Thiruvalluve traditions of Thiruvalluvar" appeared after Notable work Tirukkural
this text had been written.[7] It is generally believed that the name Thiruvalluvar consists of Thiru Spouse(s) Vaasuki

He is said to have been a weaver and the supposed house he lived is now converted to a temple. His wife's Era Sangam
name is Vaasuki. There are lots of legends about the pair Thiruvalluvar and Vaasuki. Two of them are: 1)
Region Present-day Tamil Nadu
Once Vaasuki Ammaiyar was fetching water from well and Thiruvalluvar called her and she left the water and
ran in immediately, but the water pot stayed in mid air. Such was her austerity and dedication towards her Notable ideas Common ethics and morality

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husband Thiruvalluvar; 2) Thiruvalluvar used to sit every day for meal with a cup of water and a wooden tooth pick.
He did this to pick any grain of rice spilled out from his leaf when Vaasuki Ammaiyar served food. It was said that
Thiruvalluvar could not even pick a grain of rice every day. Such was the dedication in serving meal by Vaasuki
Ammaiyar. Thiruvalluvar may have spent part of his life in Madurai because it was under the Pandiya rulers that
many Tamil poets flourished. There is also the recent claim by Kanyakumari Historical and Cultural Research
Centre (KHCRC) that Valluvar was a king who ruled Valluvanadu in the hilly tracts of the Kanyakumari District of
Tamil Nadu.[8][9]

Thirukkural
A temple for Thiruvalluvar in Mylapore Thirukkural is one of the most revered ancient works in the Tamil language.
It is considered a 'common creed',[10] providing a guide for human morals
and betterment in life. Thirukkural has been translated into several
languages,[11] including a translation into Latin by Constanzo Beschi in 1699 which helped make the work known to
European intellectuals.

Other books
Other than the Thirukkua, Thiruvalluvar is believed to be the author of two Tamil texts on medicine, Gnana Vettiyan
and Pancharathnam; although many scholars claim that they were by a later author with the same name,[12] since they
appear to have been written in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. These books, 'Pancharathnam' and 'Gnana
Vettiyan', contribute to Tamil science, literature and other ayurvedic medicines. [13]

Memorials
Thiruvalluvar Statue
A temple-like memorial to Thiruvalluvar, Valluvar Kottam, was built in Chennai in 1976.[14] This monument complex
consists of structures usually found in Dravidian temples,[15] including a temple car[16] carved from three blocks of
granite, and a shallow, rectangular pond.[14] The auditorium adjoining the memorial is one of the largest in Asia and can seat up to 4000 people.[17]

There is a 133-foot tall statue of Thiruvalluvar erected at Kanyakumari at the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent, where the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal,
and the Indian Ocean converge. The 133 feet denote Tirukkua's 133 Chapters or athikarams and the show of three fingers denote the three themes Aram,
Porul, and Inbam, i.e. the sections on Morals, Wealth and Love. The statue was designed by V. Ganapati Sthapati, a temple architect from Tamil Nadu.[18] His
statue was unveiled in Ulsoor, near Bengaluru, on 9 August 2009, also making it the first of its kind for a poet of a local language to be installed in its near states
other than his own home land at India. There is also a statue of Thiruvalluvar outside the School of Oriental and African Studies in Russell Square, London.[19]

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The government of Tamil Nadu celebrates the 15th (16th On Leap Years) of
January as (as Per Tamil Calendar -2) Thiruvalluvar Day as part of the
Pongal celebrations in his honour.[20]

See also
Sarvajna and Tiruvalluvar statue installation
Valluvar Kottam
Thiruvalluvar statue at SOAS, Avvaiyar
University of London.
Parayi petta panthirukulam

References
1. Natarajan, P. R. (December 2008). Thirukkural: Aratthuppaal (in Tamil) (First ed.). Chennai: Uma
Padhippagam. p. 2.
2. "Arts - Literature - Thirukural" (http://tamilnadu.com/arts/literature-thirukural.html). Tamilnadu.com. 3 April
2013.
3. Flowers Of Wisdom by P.C. Babu p. 145 Tiruvalluvar statue in Kanyakumari
4. Tamil Wisdom: Traditions Concerning Hindu Sages and Selections from Their Writings Edward Jewitt
Robinson p. 24
5. The Mauryan Polity by V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar p. 61
6. Mohan Lal (1 January 2006). The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature (Volume Five (Sasay To Zorgot)
(https://books.google.com/books?id=KnPoYxrRfc0C&pg=PA4334). Sahitya Akademi. pp. 43334334.
ISBN 978-81-260-1221-3. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
7. Blackburn, Cutler (2000). "Corruption and Redemption: The Legend of Valluvar and Tamil Literary History."
(http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=21485). Modern Asian Studies.
34: 449482. doi:10.1017/S0026749X00003632 (https://doi.org/10.1017%2FS0026749X00003632).
Retrieved 9 December 2010.
8. "Valluvar lived in Kanyakumari district" (https://web.archive.org/web/20070328234032/http:
//in.news.yahoo.com/050426/54/2kz8k.html). Yahoo! News. 26 April 2007. Archived from the original
(http://in.news.yahoo.com/050426/54/2kz8k.html) on 28 March 2007. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
9. http://www.asiantribune.com/news/2005/04/29/kanyakumari-thiruvalluvars-birth-place
10. Kamil Zvelebil (1973). The smile of Murugan on Tamil literature of South India (https://books.google.com
/books?id=VF2VMUoY_okC&pg=PA156). BRILL. pp. 156. ISBN 978-90-04-03591-1. Retrieved
11 December 2010.

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Thiruvalluvar - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiruvalluvar

11. "Translation of the Tamil literary work thirukkuRaL in world languages" 16. Mary Elizabeth Hancock (8 October 2008). The politics of heritage from
(http://tamilelibrary.org/teli/thkrl.html). K. Kalyanasundaram. Retrieved Madras to Chennai (https://books.google.com
10 March 2012. /books?id=0duq2Vd_ahcC&pg=PA113). Indiana University Press.
12. Ca. V Cuppiramaiyan (1980). Papers on Tamil studies pp. 113. ISBN 978-0-253-35223-1. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
(https://books.google.com/books?id=iqEtAAAAMAAJ). International 17. Rina Kamath (2000). Chennai (https://books.google.com
Institute of Tamil Studies. Retrieved 11 December 2010. /books?id=bw2vDg2fTrMC&pg=PA34). Orient Blackswan. pp. 34.
13. Marion Zimmermann (September 2007). A Short Introduction: The ISBN 978-81-250-1378-5. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
Tamil Siddhas and the Siddha Medicine of Tamil Nadu 18. Tiruvauvar; Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami (1 January 2000).
(https://books.google.com/books?id=H9uhs9snzwAC&pg=PA8). GRIN Tirukural (https://books.google.com/books?id=TGw-ef8ZrHoC&
Verlag. pp. 8. ISBN 978-3-638-77126-9. Retrieved 14 December 2010. pg=PR32). Abhinav Publications. pp. 3132. ISBN 978-81-7017-390-8.
14. David Abram; Rough Guides (Firm) (2003). South India Retrieved 12 December 2010.
(https://books.google.com/books?id=sEhJBfbhTAAC&pg=PA421). 19. http://londondailyphoto.blogspot.co.uk/2006/06/tiruvalluvar.html
Rough Guides. pp. 421. ISBN 978-1-84353-103-6. Retrieved 20. Various. Tourist Guide to South India (https://books.google.com
12 December 2010. /books?id=ta6AD7MNFioC&pg=PA13). Sura Books. pp. 13.
15. Tourist Guide to Tamil Nadu (https://books.google.com ISBN 978-81-7478-175-8. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
/books?id=nGxbJqdEQrwC&pg=PA20). Sura Books. pp. 20.
ISBN 978-81-7478-177-2. Retrieved 12 December 2010.

External links
Works by or about Thiruvalluvar (https://archive.org/search.php?query=%28%28subject%3A%22Thiruvalluvar%22%20OR%20creator
%3A%22Thiruvalluvar%22%20OR%20description%3A%22Thiruvalluvar%22%20OR%20title%3A%22Thiruvalluvar%22%29%29%20AND%20%28-
mediatype:software%29) at Internet Archive
Works by Thiruvalluvar (https://librivox.org/author/5466) at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)

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