Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 4

shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster Article II

industrial peace.
Section 10. The State shall promote social justice in all phases
The State shall regulate the relations between workers and of national development.
employers, recognizing the right of labor to its just share in the
fruits of production and the right of enterprises to reasonable Section 18. The State affirms labor as a primary social
returns to investments, and to expansion and growth. economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and
promote their welfare.

Women:
Section 14. The State shall protect working women by Article III
providing safe and healthful working conditions, taking into
account their maternal functions, and such facilities and Section 8. The right of the people, including those employed in
opportunities that will enhance their welfare and enable them the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or
to realize their full potential in the service of the nation. societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be
abridged.
Civil Code - (Sec II) Contract of Labor
Article XIII
Art. 1700. The relations between capital and labor are not
merely contractual. They are so impressed with public interest Labor:
that labor contracts must yield to the common good. Therefore, Section 3. The State shall afford full protection to labor, local
such contracts are subject to the special laws on labor unions, and overseas, organized and unorganized, and promote full
collective bargaining, strikes and lockouts, closed shop, employment and equality of employment opportunities for all.
wages, working conditions, hours of labor and similar subjects.
It shall guarantee the rights of all workers to self-organization,
Art. 1702. In case of doubt, all labor legislation and all labor collective bargaining and negotiations, and peaceful concerted
contracts shall be construed in favor of the safety and decent activities, including the right to strike in accordance with law.
living for the laborer. They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions
of work, and a living wage. They shall also participate in policy
and decision-making processes affecting their rights and
I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES benefits as may be provided by law.

Labor Code principal labor law of the country. But even The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility
now, there are Labor Laws that are not found in the Labor between workers and employers and the preferential use of
Code. voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and
Labor Standards sets out the minimum terms, conditions, Social Legislation
and benefits of employment that employers must provide or the promotion of the welfare of all the people, the adoption
comply with and to which employees are entitled as a matter of by the government of measures calculated to insure economic
legal right stability of all the component elements of society thru the
maintenance of proper economic and social equilibrium in the
Labor Relations defines the status, rights and duties, as interrelations of the members of the community,
well as the institutional mechanisms that govern the individual constitutionally, thru the adoption of measures legally
and collective interactions between employers, employees and justifiable, or extra-constitutionally, thru the exercise of powers
their representatives underlying the existence of all governments, on the time
honored principle of salus populi esta suprema lex

Section 8. The right of the people, including those employed in


the public and private sectors, to form unions, associations, or
societies for purposes not contrary to law shall not be
abridged.

Article XIII Social Justice humanization of laws and the equalization of


social and economic forces by the State so that justice in its
Labor: rational and objective secular conception may at least be
Section 3. The State shall afford full protection to labor, local approximated
and overseas, organized and unorganized, and promote full
employment and equality of employment opportunities for all. Social justice is neither communism, nor despotism, nor
atomism, nor anarchy, but the humanization of laws and the
It shall guarantee the rights of all workers to self-organization, equalization of social and economic forces by the State so that
collective bargaining and negotiations, and peaceful concerted justice in its rational and objectively secular conception may at
activities, including the right to strike in accordance with law. least be approximated. Social justice means the promotion of
They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions the welfare of all the people, the adoption by the Government
of work, and a living wage. They shall also participate in policy of measures calculated to ensure economic stability of all the
and decision-making processes affecting their rights and component elements of society, through the maintenance of a
benefits as may be provided by law. proper economic and social equilibrium in the interrelations of
the members of the community, constitutionally, through the
The State shall promote the principle of shared responsibility adoption of measures legally justifiable, or extra-
between workers and employers and the preferential use of constitutionally, through the exercise of powers underlying the
voluntary modes in settling disputes, including conciliation, and existence of all governments on the time-honored principle of
shall enforce their mutual compliance therewith to foster salus populi est supremo lex. (Calalang v. Williams)
industrial peace.
the promotion of the welfare of all the people, the adoption
by the government of measures calculated to insure economic The State shall regulate the relations between workers and
stability of all the component elements of society thru the employers, recognizing the right of labor to its just share in the
maintenance of proper economic and social equilibrium in the fruits of production and the right of enterprises to reasonable
interrelations of the members of the community, returns to investments, and to expansion and growth.
constitutionally, thru the adoption of measures legally
justifiable, or extra-constitutionally, thru the exercise of powers
underlying the existence of all governments, on the time Women:
honored principle of salus populi esta suprema lex Section 14. The State shall protect working women by
providing safe and healthful working conditions, taking into
account their maternal functions, and such facilities and
opportunities that will enhance their welfare and enable them
Social Justice humanization of laws and the equalization of to realize their full potential in the service of the nation.
social and economic forces by the State so that justice in its
rational and objective secular conception may at least be Civil Code - (Sec II) Contract of Labor
approximated
Art. 1700. The relations between capital and labor are not
Social justice is neither communism, nor despotism, nor merely contractual. They are so impressed with public interest
atomism, nor anarchy, but the humanization of laws and the that labor contracts must yield to the common good. Therefore,
equalization of social and economic forces by the State so that such contracts are subject to the special laws on labor unions,
justice in its rational and objectively secular conception may at collective bargaining, strikes and lockouts, closed shop,
least be approximated. Social justice means the promotion of wages, working conditions, hours of labor and similar subjects.
the welfare of all the people, the adoption by the Government
of measures calculated to ensure economic stability of all the Art. 1702. In case of doubt, all labor legislation and all labor
component elements of society, through the maintenance of a contracts shall be construed in favor of the safety and decent
proper economic and social equilibrium in the interrelations of living for the laborer.
the members of the community, constitutionally, through the
adoption of measures legally justifiable, or extra-
constitutionally, through the exercise of powers underlying the I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES
existence of all governments on the time-honored principle of
salus populi est supremo lex. (Calalang v. Williams) Labor Code principal labor law of the country. But even
now, there are Labor Laws that are not found in the Labor
Labor Standards sets out the minimum terms, conditions, Code.
and benefits of employment that employers must provide or
comply with and to which employees are entitled as a matter of Social Legislation
legal right
Labor Relations defines the status, rights and duties, as
well as the institutional mechanisms that govern the individual
and collective interactions between employers, employees and
their representatives