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Static Electricity

1. Fill in the blank spaces by choosing correct words from the list given below :
List : conductor, similar, repel, free, opposite lightning, nature, charges, unlike.
(a) Conductor has a large number of .................................. electrons.
(b) Like charges .................................. each other, but .................................. charges
attract each other.
(c) During electric induction, the near end of conductor acquires ..................................
polarity, whereas, farther end acquires .................................. polarity.
(d) Lightning .................................. protects buildings from the damage caused by
.................................. .
(e) Gold leaf electroscope can detect the electric .................................. and can find
their .................................. .

2. Write True or False in front of the following statements given below :

(a) Insulators have no free electrons.
(b) When glass rod is rubbed with silk, the silk gets positively charged.

(c) Protons move out of nucleus, when a body gets positively charged.
(d) Air gets heated to very high temperature, when lightning takes place.
(e) Electroscope can find the nature of electric charges.
(f) When a charged body is touched with insulated conductor, electric conduction takes
(g) The leaves of G.L.E. diverge, because they get oppositely charged.
(h) Lightning conductor protects buildings from the damage caused by lightning.
(i) The fur gets positively charged because of deficiency of electrons.
(j) Good conductors have excess of free electrons.
(k) Similar charges attract each other and opposite charges repel each other.
(l) An uncharged electroscope can tell us the nature of charge on a body.
(m) Lightning is caused due to discharge of similar charged clouds.

(n) Lightning strikes at high rise buildings.
(o) Lightning conductor is made from silver metal
(p) Human body is good conductor of electricity.
(q) During electric induction a similar charge is produced on the nearer end of an
uncharged conductor.
(r) One end of the lightning conductor is buried deep in the earth.
3. Tick ( ) the most appropriate answer.
(a) When an ebonite rod is rubbed with fur, the charge acquired by the fur is :
(i) negative (ii) positive
(iii) partly positive and partly negative (iv) none of these
(b) When a negatively charged body is brought near a suspended positively charged ball,
the ball gets :
(i) attracted (ii) repelled
(iii) stay at same place (iv) none of these
(c) Aluminium metal is a :
(i) good conductor of electricity (ii) bad conductor of electricity
(iii) magnetic substance (iv) bad conductor of heat
(d) A positively charged body has :
(i) excess of electrons (ii) deficiency of electrons
(iii) no change in the number of electrons
(iv) none of these

(e) When an uncharged conductor gets electrically charged, when brought near a
charged body, the process is called :
(i) conduction
(iii) induction
(ii) convection
(iv) none of these
(f) When a glass rod is rubbed with silk, both glass rod and silk :
(i) acquire equal and similar charges
(ii) acquire equal and opposite charges
(iii) acquire unequal and similar charges
(iv) acquire unequal and opposite charges
(g) The reason for the electrification of two different bodies on rubbing is :
(i) transfer of neutrons (ii) transfer of protons
(iii) transfer of electrons (iv) transfer of protons and neutrons
(h) When an electric charge does not flow, it is called :
(i) static electricity (ii) current electricity
(iii) nuclear electricity (iv) none of these

4. Find the odd one out. Give a reason for your choice.
(a) mica, copper, wood, shellac.
(b) mercury, sulphur, graphite, copper.
(c) induction, conduction, magnet, charged body.
5. (a) When amber rod is rubbed with fur, it starts attracting tiny bits of paper. Why does
this happen?
(b) Name two pairs of suitable substances, which develop the property similar to that
of amber.
6. Two rubber balloons filled with air and tied to light strings, are touching each other.
Each of the balloons is rubbed with woollen pullover. What will happen to balloons?
Give one reason for your answer.
7. (a) Two bodies X and Y suspended by threads and have the similar charges like that on
an ebonite rod. Name the charge present on the bodies X and Y.
(b) What will you observe, if the above bodies are brought close to one another?
8. A glass rod and an ebonite rod are rubbed with silk and fur respectively. State the charge
present on :
(a) ebonite rod (b) glass rod
(c) fur (d) silk
9. (a) Name three sub-atomic particles present in an atom.

(b) State the mass and charge on each particle.
(c) Why is an atom of an element electrically neutral?
(d) What is the name given to the particles found in the outermost orbit of an atom?
(e) Why are these particles responsible for the electrification of a body?
10. (a) What is an electroscope? State its two functions.
(b) Draw a neat and labelled diagram of a gold leaf electroscope.
(c) Briefly describe, how G.L.E. is used in detecting charge on a body.
(d) Briefly describe, how is G.L.E. used for finding nature of charge on a body.
(c) You are provided with two gold leaf electroscopes and two substances X and Y. How
will you find out which of them is a conductor and which of them is an insulator?

11. AB is a conductor, mounted on an insulated stand. The
point A is touching the positively charged glass rod.
(a) Name the charges at A and B.
(b) Explain the appearance of charge on the basis
of electron transfer.
(c) Name and define the phenomenon responsible for
the charge on AB.
(d) If AB is replaced by a wooden rod, what kind of
charges will appear? Give a reason for your
12. (a) On the basis of electron transfer, explain the
meaning of :
(i) Conductors
(ii) Insulators
(b) Name four conductors and four insulators.
13. (a) What is lightning?
(b) How is the atmospheric electricity produced?
(c) How does lightning take place between the clouds?
(d) How does lightning strike a building?

(e) What is a lightning conductor?
(f) How does lightning conductor protect buildings from damage?

14. Repulsion Attraction Repulsion

(a) The above diagram shows four charged objects A, B, C and D, such that D is
negatively charged. Find the charge of B.
(b) Give reasons for your answer in 14(a).