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1. VERB + -ing 2. VERB + to + infinitive 3. VERB + object + to +inf.

If these verbs are followed by afford
another verb, the structure agree advise
is: verb + -ing allow (passive) allow
admit appear ask
adore arrange beg
allow ask encourage
avoid attempt expect
cant stand choose force
carry on dare invite
consider decide order
deny expect permit
delay fail persuade
(dont) mind forget recommend
enjoy help remind
fancy hope teach
finish learn tell
give up manage want
imagine offer warn
involve plan would like
keep pretend
keep on promise eg.
postpone refuse They invited us to stay in their
practise seem She told me to come on time.
put off tend They asked us not to make such a
recommend threaten noise.
risk want
suggest would like to
4. VERB + -ing / to inf.
eg. eg. - no change in meaning
He avoided writing the test. I cant afford to go on holiday. begin
Keep smiling! Shes decided to give up her job. continue
Did you enjoy reading the book? It seems to be a nice day.
He denied stealing the purse. He agreed to lend me some money.
I dont mind helping you. You are not allowed to smoke here. start
He doesnt allow smoking in his eg. It started to rain / raining.
He recommended staying in that
hotel. 5. VERB + object + inf.
- no TO in this structure
NOTE! help
We use like + -ing when we talk
about hobbies and sth. We do with make
pleasure. Like=enjoy.
Eg. I like cooking and reading the Let me show you.
books. The news made her cry.
When like doesnt mean enjoy, but
Ill help you do it.
we talk about sth we think is good
or right to do, or it is a habit, we
say like + infinitive.
I like to do the washing up
immediately after the meal.
We like to eat out every Sunday.
6. VERB + -ing / to + inf. to do sth.
-change in the meaning NEED - to start sth new
doing sth. eg. The minister talked about
REMEMBER - sth. needs to be done education and after a break he
doing sth. about sth else (the went on to talk about health
- when you did something meaning is passive care.
and now you remember it; eg. Look at this room. It
after you did sth. needs painting.
Eg. I dont know how the
burglar got in. I clearly to do sth
remember locking the door - it is necessary for me to do
and shutting the windows. it
eg. He put on weight. He
to do sth needs to take more exercise.
- you remembered that you I need to do the shopping
had to do sth, so you did today.
it; before you did it _______________________
eg. I remembered to lock the FINAL NOTE!
door but I forgot to shut the REGRET
windows. doing sth. HELP
- I did sth and now I am Help is followed by infinitive
sorry about it. with or without to:
TRY Eg. I now regret saying what Everybody helped (to) clean
doing sth. I said. up.
- try something to see if it Everybody helped her (to)
works or solves the to do sth. clean up.
problem - regret to say/tell/inform
eg. Ive got a terrible you = Im sorry I have to BUT!
headache. say I cant help doing sth = I
- Why dont you try taking an eg. I regret to tell you that cant stop myself from doing
aspirin? you have failed the test. sth.
Eg. I tried to be serious but I
to do sth. couldnt help laughing.
- attempt to do, make an MEAN
effort to do sth. doing sth.
Eg. I tried to keep my open - an impersonal subject,
but I couldnt. refers to what is involved
eg. If we catch an early train,
it will mean getting up at
STOP 6.00.
doing sth.
- to give up, finish with sth to do sth
completely - to intend
eg. I stopped smoking two eg. Sorry, I meant to tell you
years ago. (I dont do it about the party.

to do sth. GO ON
- stop doing what you are doing sth.
doing at the moment in - to continue doing the same
order to do sth else thing
eg. I was reading a book. The eg. The minister paused for a
phone started to ring. I moment and then went on
stopped to answer it. talking about the education.