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Course compendium

With Matlab examples and problems

Author
Rune W. Time

Department of Petroleum Engineering,


Faculty of Science and Technology,
University of Stavanger
August 1st 2017

http://www.ad-well.no/about-adwell
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Table of Contents
Chapter/section Page

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

1.1 Comparison of single phase and multiphase flow 2


1.2 Averaging and probabilities in multiphase flow 2
1.3 Matlab resources and references 7
1.4 Exercise s 9

Chapter 2 Definitions and basic quantities 11

2.1 Single phase fluid properties 11


2.2 Flow velocities 17
2.3 Fluid fractions 21
2.4 Two-phase fluid properties mixing rules 23
2.5 Flow regimes 26
2.6 Frictions factors and pressure gradients 30
2.7 Summary 38
2.8 Exercises 39

Chapter 3 Single phase flow hydrodynamics 41

3.1 Dimensional analysis and similarity 41


3.2 Viscous flow 49
3.3 Turbulent flow 53
3.4 Other important flow phenomena 60
3.5 Turbulence modelling of multiphase flow 64
3.6 Further references 64
3.7 Exercises 65

Chapter 4 Flow regimes 67

4.1 Flow regime detection 67


4.2 Correlations for flow regime prediction 71
4.3 Phenomenological flow regime models 74
4.4 Summary 99
4.5 Exercises 102
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Chapter/section Page

Chapter 5 Calculation of fluid fractions 105

5.1 The simple homogeneous model 105


5.2 Correlations 105
5.3 The drift flux model 106
5.4 Empirical correlations 114
5.5 Phenomenological models 116
5.6 Numerical simulators 116
5.7 Summary 117
5.8 Exercises 118

Chapter 6 Pressure drop models 121

6.1 Correlations 122


6.2 The Taitel and Dukler model 134
6.3 Pressure gradients in other flow regimes 136
6.4 Numerical simulators 137
6.5 Summary 137
6.6 Exercises 138

Chapter 7 Measurement techniques 139

7.1 Measurement of fluid fractions 139


7.2 Flowrate and velocity measurement 145
7.3 Exercises 150

Chapter 8 Non stationary flow and waves 151

8.1 Terrain induced (severe) slugging 151


8.2 Waves 157
8.3 Exercises 165
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APPENDIX A The Navier-Stokes equations 167

APPENDIX B Selected Formulas 169


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