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Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

BT1

1 Spread footing: BT1 Number: 1


1.1 Basic data

1.1.1 Assumptions

Geotechnic calculations according to : BS 8004


Concrete calculations according to : BS 8110
Shape selection : without limits

1.1.2 Geometry:

A = 1.00 (m) a = 0.23 (m)


B = 1.00 (m) b = 0.23 (m)
h1 = 0.25 (m) ex = -0.00 (m)
h2 = 0.90 (m) ey = -0.00 (m)
h4 = 0.05 (m)

a' = 225.0 (mm)


b' = 225.0 (mm)
c1 = 50.0 (mm)
c2 = 50.0 (mm)

1.1.3 Materials

Concrete : C20; Characteristic strength = 20.00 MPa


Unit weight = 2501.36 (kG/m3)
Longitudinal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Transversal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Additional reinforcement: : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa

1.1.4 Loads:

Foundation loads:
Case Nature Group N Fx Fy Mx My

Date : 20/08/17 Page :85


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN*m) (kN*m)


DL1 dead load 218 49.69 0.22 0.51 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 218 9.50 -0.00 0.15 -0.00 0.00
WIND1 wind 218 2.91 1.69 0.04 -0.00 -0.00
WIND2 wind 218 -0.32 -0.14 -0.03 -0.00 0.00
WIND3 wind 218 -0.59 -0.31 -0.03 0.00 -0.00
WIND4 wind 218 -0.39 -0.23 -0.00 0.00 0.00
DL2 dead load 218 0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00

Backfill loads:
Case Nature Q1
(kN/m2)

1.2 Geotechnical design


1.2.1 Assumptions

Foundation design for:


Capacity
Rotation
Sliding
Sliding with soil pressure considered: for X and Y directions
Uplift
Average settlement

1.2.2 Soil:

Soil level: N1 = 0.00 (m)


Column pier level: Na = 0.00 (m)
Minimum reference level: Nf = -0.50 (m)

well graded gravels


Soil level: 0.00 (m)
Unit weight:2242.58 (kG/m3)
Unit weight of solid: 2702.31 (kG/m3)
Internal friction angle: 42.0 (Deg)
Cohesion: 0.00 (MPa)

1.2.3 Limit states

Stress calculations

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Calculation results: On the foundation level
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 26.04 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 85.66 (kN) Mx = -0.76 (kN*m) My = 1.80 (kN*m)
Soil profile parameters:
C = 0.00 (MPa)
= 0.0
= 0.00 (kG/m3)
Stress in soil: 0.10 (MPa)

Date : 20/08/17 Page :86


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Design soil pressure 0.12 (MPa)


Safety factor: 1.188 > 1

Uplift

Uplift in SLS
Design combination: SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Contact area: s = 2.97
slim = 1.00

Sliding

Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND3


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 26.04 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 75.15 (kN) Mx = -0.55 (kN*m) My = -0.11 (kN*m)
Equivalent foundation dimensions: A_ = 1.00 (m)B_ = 1.00 (m)
Sliding area: 1.00 (m2)
Foundation/soil friction coefficient: tg( = 0.90
Cohesion: C = 0.00 (MPa)
Soil pressure considered:
Hx = -0.09 (kN) Hy = 0.48 (kN)
Ppx = 14.21 (kN) Ppy = -14.21 (kN)
Pax = -0.56 (kN) Pay = 0.56 (kN)
Sliding force value F = 0.00 (kN)
Value of force preventing foundation sliding:
- On the foundation level: F(stab) = 67.66 (kN)
Stabilility for sliding:

Average settlement

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 26.04 (kN)
Average stress caused by design load: q = 0.09 (MPa)
Thickness of the actively settling soil: z = 1.50 (m)
Stress on the level z:
- Additional: zd = 0.01 (MPa)
- Caused by soil weight: z = 0.06 (MPa)
Settlement:
- Original s' = 0.2 (mm)
- Secondary s'' = 0.0 (mm)
- TOTAL S = 0.2 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)
Safety factor: 252.1 > 1

Settlement difference

Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Settlement difference: S = 0.1 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)

Date : 20/08/17 Page :87


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Safety factor: 459.7 > 1

Rotation

About OX axis
Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00LL1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 26.04 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 85.23 (kN) Mx = -0.76 (kN*m) My = 0.25 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 42.62 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 0.76 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 55.95 > 2

About OY axis
Design combination: SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 26.04 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 78.65 (kN) Mx = -0.63 (kN*m) My = 2.19 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 39.32 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 2.19 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 17.98 > 2

1.3 RC design

1.3.1 Assumptions

Exposure : mild

1.3.2 Analysis of punching and shear

Shear

Design combination ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Design load:
Nr = 110.81 (kN) Mx = -1.10 (kN*m) My = 0.35 (kN*m)
Length of critical circumference: 1.00 (m)
Shear force: 17.59 (kN)
Section effective height heff = 0.19 (m)
Shear area: A = 0.19 (m2)
Reinforcement ratio: = 0.21 %
Shear stress: 0.09 (MPa)
Admissible shear stress: 0.45 (MPa)
Safety factor: 4.852 > 1

1.3.3 Required reinforcement

Spread footing:

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 88


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

bottom:

ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.40WIND1
My = 6.56 (kN*m) Asx = 390.48 (mm2/m)

ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1
Mx = 6.74 (kN*m) Asy = 390.48 (mm2/m)

As min = 390.48 (mm2/m)

top:
A'sx = 0.00 (mm2/m)
A'sy = 0.00 (mm2/m)

As min = 0.00 (mm2/m)

Column pier:
Longitudinal reinforcement A = 202.50 (mm2) A min. = 202.50 (mm2)
A = 2 * (Asx + Asy)
Asx = 37.97 (mm2) Asy = 63.28 (mm2)

1.3.4 Provided reinforcement

2.3.1 Spread footing:


Bottom:
Along X axis:
4 12 l = 0.90 (m) e = 1*-0.37 + 3*0.25
Along Y axis:
4 12 l = 0.90 (m) e = 1*-0.37 + 3*0.25
Top:

2.3.2 Pier
Longitudinal reinforcement

Along Y axis:
4 12 l = 1.04 (m) e = 1*-0.05 + 1*0.10
Transversal reinforcement
7 8 l = 0.46 (m) e = 1*0.11 + 4*0.20 + 2*0.09

Dowels
Longitudinal reinforcement
4 12 l = 1.60 (m) e = 1*-0.06 + 1*0.13

Date : 20/08/17 Page :89


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

BT2

1 Spread footing: BT2 Number: 1


1.1 Basic data

1.1.1 Assumptions

Geotechnic calculations according to : BS 8004


Concrete calculations according to : BS 8110
Shape selection : without limits

1.1.2 Geometry:

A = 1.30 (m) a = 0.23 (m)


B = 1.30 (m) b = 0.23 (m)
h1 = 0.25 (m) ex = 0.00 (m)
h2 = 0.90 (m) ey = 0.00 (m)
h4 = 0.05 (m)

a' = 225.0 (mm)


b' = 225.0 (mm)
c1 = 50.0 (mm)
c2 = 50.0 (mm)

1.1.3 Materials

Concrete : C20; Characteristic strength = 20.00 MPa


Unit weight = 2501.36 (kG/m3)
Longitudinal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Transversal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Additional reinforcement: : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa

1.1.4 Loads:

Foundation loads:
Case Nature Group N Fx Fy Mx My

Date : 20/08/17 Page :90


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN*m) (kN*m)


DL1 dead load 215 102.06 0.21 0.41 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 215 27.45 -0.00 0.12 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 215 2.95 1.81 0.04 -0.00 -0.00
WIND2 wind 215 -0.33 -0.23 -0.04 0.00 -0.00
WIND3 wind 215 -0.60 -0.39 -0.03 0.00 -0.00
WIND4 wind 215 -0.39 -0.24 -0.00 -0.00 0.00
DL2 dead load 215 0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00
DL1 dead load 202 53.25 -0.23 -0.54 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 202 10.66 -0.00 -0.16 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 202 -2.75 2.41 -0.07 -0.00 0.00
WIND2 wind 202 0.23 -0.26 0.04 0.00 -0.00
WIND3 wind 202 0.51 -0.52 0.04 -0.00 0.00
WIND4 wind 202 0.37 -0.36 0.01 -0.00 0.00
DL2 dead load 202 0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00
DL1 dead load 220 83.36 0.21 -0.16 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 220 21.56 -0.00 -0.04 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 220 2.95 1.78 0.04 0.00 0.00
WIND2 wind 220 -0.35 -0.19 -0.04 -0.00 -0.00
WIND3 wind 220 -0.61 -0.36 -0.03 0.00 0.00
WIND4 wind 220 -0.39 -0.24 -0.00 0.00 -0.00
DL2 dead load 220 0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00 -0.00

Backfill loads:
Case Nature Q1
(kN/m2)

1.2 Geotechnical design


1.2.1 Assumptions

Foundation design for:


Capacity
Rotation
Sliding
Sliding with soil pressure considered: for X and Y directions
Uplift
Average settlement

1.2.2 Soil:

Soil level: N1 = 0.00 (m)


Column pier level: Na = 0.00 (m)
Minimum reference level: Nf = -0.50 (m)

well graded gravels


Soil level: 0.00 (m)
Unit weight:2242.58 (kG/m3)
Unit weight of solid: 2702.31 (kG/m3)
Internal friction angle: 42.0 (Deg)
Cohesion: 0.00 (MPa)

1.2.3 Limit states

Stress calculations

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination 215_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND1

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 91


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight


1.00 * Soil weight
Calculation results: On the foundation level
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 43.93 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 170.32 (kN) Mx = -0.62 (kN*m) My = 1.90 (kN*m)
Soil profile parameters:
C = 0.00 (MPa)
= 0.0
= 0.00 (kG/m3)
Stress in soil: 0.11 (MPa)
Design soil pressure 0.12 (MPa)
Safety factor: 1.115 > 1

Uplift

Uplift in SLS
Design combination: 202_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Contact area: s = 3.93
slim = 1.00

Sliding

Design combination 202_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 43.93 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 94.43 (kN) Mx = 0.70 (kN*m) My = 2.50 (kN*m)
Equivalent foundation dimensions: A_ = 1.30 (m)B_ = 1.30 (m)
Sliding area: 1.69 (m2)
Foundation/soil friction coefficient: tg( = 0.90
Cohesion: C = 0.00 (MPa)
Soil pressure considered:
Hx = 2.18 (kN) Hy = -0.61 (kN)
Ppx = -18.48 (kN) Ppy = 18.48 (kN)
Pax = 0.73 (kN) Pay = -0.73 (kN)
Sliding force value F = 0.00 (kN)
Value of force preventing foundation sliding:
- On the foundation level: F(stab) = 85.03 (kN)
Stabilility for sliding:

Average settlement

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination 215_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00LL1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 43.93 (kN)
Average stress caused by design load: q = 0.10 (MPa)
Thickness of the actively settling soil: z = 1.95 (m)
Stress on the level z:
- Additional: zd = 0.02 (MPa)
- Caused by soil weight: z = 0.07 (MPa)
Settlement:
- Original s' = 0.3 (mm)

Date : 20/08/17 Page :92


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

- Secondary s'' = 0.0 (mm)


- TOTAL S = 0.3 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)
Safety factor: 151.4 > 1

Settlement difference

Design combination 220_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Settlement difference: S = 0.1 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)
Safety factor: 599.7 > 1

Rotation

About OX axis
Design combination 202_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 43.93 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 103.51 (kN) Mx = 0.84 (kN*m) My = 1.95 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 67.28 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 0.84 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 80.25 > 2

About OY axis
Design combination: 202_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 43.93 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 94.43 (kN) Mx = 0.70 (kN*m) My = 2.50 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 61.38 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 2.50 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 24.53 > 2

1.3 RC design

1.3.1 Assumptions

Exposure : mild

1.3.2 Analysis of punching and shear

Shear

Design combination 215_ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Design load:
Nr = 230.74 (kN) Mx = -0.87 (kN*m) My = 0.33 (kN*m)
Length of critical circumference: 1.30 (m)
Shear force: 50.46 (kN)
Section effective height heff = 0.19 (m)

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 93


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Shear area: A = 0.25 (m2)


Reinforcement ratio: = 0.21 %
Shear stress: 0.20 (MPa)
Admissible shear stress: 0.45 (MPa)
Safety factor: 2.199 > 1

1.3.3 Required reinforcement

Spread footing:

bottom:

215_ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1
My = 20.89 (kN*m) Asx = 390.48 (mm2/m)

215_ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1
Mx = 21.10 (kN*m) Asy = 390.48 (mm2/m)

As min = 390.48 (mm2/m)

top:
A'sx = 0.00 (mm2/m)
A'sy = 0.00 (mm2/m)

As min = 0.00 (mm2/m)

Column pier:
Longitudinal reinforcement A = 202.50 (mm2) A min. = 202.50 (mm2)
A = 2 * (Asx + Asy)
Asx = 37.97 (mm2) Asy = 63.28 (mm2)

1.3.4 Provided reinforcement

2.3.1 Spread footing:


Bottom:
Along X axis:
5 12 l = 1.20 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25
Along Y axis:
5 12 l = 1.20 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25
Top:

2.3.2 Pier
Longitudinal reinforcement

Along Y axis:
4 12 l = 1.04 (m) e = 1*-0.05 + 1*0.10
Transversal reinforcement
7 8 l = 0.46 (m) e = 1*0.11 + 4*0.20 + 2*0.09

Dowels
Longitudinal reinforcement
4 12 l = 1.60 (m) e = 1*-0.06 + 1*0.13

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 94


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 95


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

BT3

1 Spread footing: BT3 Number: 1


1.1 Basic data

1.1.1 Assumptions

Geotechnic calculations according to : BS 8004


Concrete calculations according to : BS 8110
Shape selection : without limits

1.1.2 Geometry:

A = 1.40 (m) a = 0.31 (m)


B = 1.40 (m) b = 0.20 (m)
h1 = 0.25 (m) ex = 0.00 (m)
h2 = 0.90 (m) ey = 0.00 (m)
h4 = 0.05 (m)

a' = 310.4 (mm)


b' = 200.0 (mm)
c1 = 50.0 (mm)
c2 = 50.0 (mm)

1.1.3 Materials

Concrete : C20; Characteristic strength = 20.00 MPa


Unit weight = 2501.36 (kG/m3)
Longitudinal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Transversal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Additional reinforcement: : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa

1.1.4 Loads:

Foundation loads:
Case Nature Group N Fx Fy Mx My

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 96


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN*m) (kN*m)


DL1 dead load 1 11.90 -0.27 -0.32 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 1 4.25 -0.19 -0.01 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 1 3.33 4.40 -4.97 -0.00 -0.00
WIND2 wind 1 -10.82 -0.98 4.65 -0.00 -0.00
WIND3 wind 1 13.09 -2.48 -4.17 0.00 -0.00
WIND4 wind 1 2.12 -0.18 -1.25 0.00 -0.00
DL2 dead load 1 -0.72 0.34 0.02 -0.00 -0.00
DL1 dead load 12 34.09 -8.30 0.32 -0.00 0.00
LL1 live load 12 23.97 -6.99 0.01 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 12 -23.18 9.67 -3.23 -0.00 0.00
WIND2 wind 12 7.26 -2.01 3.26 -0.00 0.00
WIND3 wind 12 -16.61 0.61 -3.19 -0.00 0.00
WIND4 wind 12 -5.43 0.29 -0.85 0.00 -0.00
DL2 dead load 12 -0.15 0.24 0.02 -0.00 0.00
DL1 dead load 53 30.18 -4.57 -0.02 -0.00 0.00
LL1 live load 53 19.83 -4.21 -0.27 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 53 -16.84 14.58 -0.07 -0.00 -0.00
WIND2 wind 53 1.13 -0.18 0.47 0.00 0.00
WIND3 wind 53 8.30 -4.98 1.76 0.00 -0.00
WIND4 wind 53 -14.35 -1.41 -3.25 -0.00 -0.00
DL2 dead load 53 -0.43 0.30 -0.00 -0.00 0.00
DL1 dead load 58 33.58 -4.57 0.00 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 58 23.95 -4.21 0.00 -0.00 0.00
WIND1 wind 58 -17.25 14.58 0.00 -0.00 -0.00
WIND2 wind 58 -0.65 -0.15 0.00 -0.00 -0.00
WIND3 wind 58 0.56 -5.63 0.00 -0.00 0.00
WIND4 wind 58 -2.53 -1.92 -0.00 -0.00 0.00
DL2 dead load 58 -0.42 0.30 0.00 -0.00 -0.00
DL1 dead load 63 22.02 -2.17 0.02 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 63 10.90 -1.83 0.27 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 63 -8.15 11.12 0.17 0.00 0.00
WIND2 wind 63 -2.54 -0.05 0.53 0.00 0.00
WIND3 wind 63 -4.47 -4.71 1.77 -0.00 0.00
WIND4 wind 63 9.91 -3.70 -3.50 -0.00 0.00
DL2 dead load 63 -0.36 0.26 0.00 -0.00 -0.00
DL1 dead load 68 25.73 0.15 0.65 -0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 68 13.01 0.11 0.29 -0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 68 -16.93 7.22 1.36 0.00 -0.00
WIND2 wind 68 1.74 0.04 0.80 -0.00 0.00
WIND3 wind 68 15.88 -5.65 2.75 -0.00 0.00
WIND4 wind 68 -15.20 -1.94 -4.72 -0.00 0.00
DL2 dead load 68 -0.98 0.33 0.00 -0.00 -0.00

Backfill loads:
Case Nature Q1
(kN/m2)

1.2 Geotechnical design


1.2.1 Assumptions

Foundation design for:


Capacity
Rotation
Sliding
Sliding with soil pressure considered: for X and Y directions
Uplift
Average settlement

1.2.2 Soil:

Soil level: N1 = 0.00 (m)


Column pier level: Na = 0.00 (m)
Minimum reference level: Nf = -0.50 (m)

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 97


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

well graded gravels


Soil level: 0.00 (m)
Unit weight:2242.58 (kG/m3)
Unit weight of solid: 2702.31 (kG/m3)
Internal friction angle: 42.0 (Deg)
Cohesion: 0.00 (MPa)

1.2.3 Limit states

Stress calculations

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination 12_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND2
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Calculation results: On the foundation level
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 50.96 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 109.88 (kN) Mx = -3.40 (kN*m) My = -17.55 (kN*m)
Soil profile parameters:
C = 0.00 (MPa)
= 0.0
= 0.00 (kG/m3)
Stress in soil: 0.10 (MPa)
Design soil pressure 0.12 (MPa)
Safety factor: 1.178 > 1

Uplift

Uplift in SLS
Design combination: 53_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Contact area: s = 1.33
slim = 1.00

Sliding

Design combination 1_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND2


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 50.96 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 51.31 (kN) Mx = -5.01 (kN*m) My = -1.05 (kN*m)
Equivalent foundation dimensions: A_ = 1.40 (m)B_ = 1.40 (m)
Sliding area: 1.96 (m2)
Foundation/soil friction coefficient: tg( = 0.90
Cohesion: C = 0.00 (MPa)
Soil pressure considered:
Hx = -0.91 (kN) Hy = 4.35 (kN)
Ppx = 19.90 (kN) Ppy = -19.90 (kN)
Pax = -0.78 (kN) Pay = 0.78 (kN)
Sliding force value F = 0.00 (kN)
Value of force preventing foundation sliding:

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 98


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

- On the foundation level: F(stab) = 46.20 (kN)


Stabilility for sliding:

Average settlement

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination 12_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND2
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 50.96 (kN)
Average stress caused by design load: q = 0.06 (MPa)
Thickness of the actively settling soil: z = 1.05 (m)
Stress on the level z:
- Additional: zd = 0.01 (MPa)
- Caused by soil weight: z = 0.05 (MPa)
Settlement:
- Original s' = 0.1 (mm)
- Secondary s'' = 0.0 (mm)
- TOTAL S = 0.1 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)
Safety factor: 488.4 > 1

Settlement difference

Design combination 12_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+


0.80WIND2
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Settlement difference: S = 0.4 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)
Safety factor: 142 > 1

Rotation

About OX axis
Design combination 1_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND2
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 50.96 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 51.31 (kN) Mx = -5.01 (kN*m) My = -1.05 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 35.92 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 5.01 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 7.173 > 2

About OY axis
Design combination: 53_SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 50.96 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 63.86 (kN) Mx = 0.11 (kN*m) My = 11.85 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 44.70 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 11.85 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 3.772 > 2

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 99


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

1.3 RC design

1.3.1 Assumptions

Exposure : mild

1.3.2 Analysis of punching and shear

Shear

Design combination 12_ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Design load:
Nr = 136.82 (kN) Mx = -0.57 (kN*m) My = -25.83 (kN*m)
Length of critical circumference: 1.40 (m)
Shear force: 42.40 (kN)
Section effective height heff = 0.19 (m)
Shear area: A = 0.27 (m2)
Reinforcement ratio: = 0.21 %
Shear stress: 0.16 (MPa)
Admissible shear stress: 0.45 (MPa)
Safety factor: 2.819 > 1

1.3.3 Required reinforcement

Spread footing:

bottom:

12_ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1
My = 17.81 (kN*m) Asx = 390.48 (mm2/m)

12_ULS : 1.20DL1+1.20DL8+1.20LL1+1.20WIND2
Mx = 12.03 (kN*m) Asy = 390.48 (mm2/m)

As min = 390.48 (mm2/m)

top:

53_ULS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.40WIND1
My = -5.09 (kN*m) A'sx = 390.48 (mm2/m)

1_ULS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.40WIND2
Mx = -3.31 (kN*m) A'sy = 390.48 (mm2/m)

As min = 390.48 (mm2/m)

Column pier:
Longitudinal reinforcement A = 284.32 (mm2) A min. = 248.32 (mm2)
A = 2 * (Asx + Asy)
Asx = 51.98 (mm2) Asy = 90.18 (mm2)

1.3.4 Provided reinforcement

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 100


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

2.3.1 Spread footing:


Bottom:
Along X axis:
5 12 l = 1.30 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25
Along Y axis:
5 12 l = 1.30 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25
Top:
Along X axis:
5 12 l = 1.30 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25
Along Y axis:
5 12 l = 1.30 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25

2.3.2 Pier
Longitudinal reinforcement

Along Y axis:
4 12 l = 1.04 (m) e = 1*-0.04 + 1*0.07
Transversal reinforcement
7 8 l = 0.58 (m) e = 1*0.11 + 4*0.20 + 2*0.09

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 101


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

BT4

1 Spread footing: BT4 Number: 1


1.1 Basic data

1.1.1 Assumptions

Geotechnic calculations according to : BS 8004


Concrete calculations according to : BS 8110
Shape selection : without limits

1.1.2 Geometry:

A = 1.40 (m) a1 = 0.40 (m) a2 = 0.23 (m)


B = 1.40 (m) b1 = 0.40 (m) b2 = 0.23 (m)
h1 = 0.25 (m) e2 = 0.45 (m)
h2 = 0.90 (m) ex = 0.00 (m) ey = 0.00 (m)
h4 = 0.05 (m)

a1' = 200.0 (mm) a2' = 225.0 (mm)


b1' = 310.4 (mm) b2' = 225.0 (mm)

c1 = 50.0 (mm)
c2 = 50.0 (mm)

1.1.3 Materials

Concrete : C20; Characteristic strength = 20.00 MPa


Unit weight = 2501.36 (kG/m3)
Longitudinal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Transversal reinforcement : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa
Additional reinforcement: : type Characteristic strength =
410.00 MPa

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 102


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

1.1.4 Loads:

Foundation loads:
Case Nature Group Pier N Fx Fy Mx My
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN*m) (kN*m)
DL1 dead load 48 1 39.88 0.68 -4.57 -0.00 0.00
2 52.81 -0.57 -0.22 0.00 -0.00
LL1 live load 48 1 28.06 0.31 -4.21 0.00 -0.00
2 10.49 -0.17 -0.00 0.00 -0.00
WIND1 wind 48 1 -16.79 0.04 10.83 0.00 0.00
2 -3.01 0.07 2.20 0.00 0.00
WIND2 wind 48 1 -3.01 -0.47 0.03 -0.00 -0.00
2 0.34 -0.04 -0.19 0.00 -0.00
WIND3 wind 48 1 -8.00 -1.76 -3.80 -0.00 0.00
2 0.62 -0.04 -0.43 -0.00 -0.00
WIND4 wind 48 1 10.78 3.24 -0.58 -0.00 0.00
2 0.40 -0.01 -0.33 -0.00 0.00
DL2 dead load 48 1 -0.41 0.00 0.30 0.00 -0.00
2 0.00 0.00 -0.00 0.00 -0.00

Backfill loads:
Case Nature Q1
(kN/m2)

1.2 Geotechnical design


1.2.1 Assumptions

Foundation design for:


Capacity
Rotation
Sliding
Sliding with soil pressure considered: for X and Y directions
Uplift
Average settlement

1.2.2 Soil:

Soil level: N1 = 0.00 (m)


Column pier level: Na = 0.00 (m)
Minimum reference level: Nf = -0.50 (m)

well graded gravels


Soil level: 0.00 (m)
Unit weight:2242.58 (kG/m3)
Unit weight of solid: 2702.31 (kG/m3)
Internal friction angle: 42.0 (Deg)
Cohesion: 0.00 (MPa)

1.2.3 Limit states

Stress calculations

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND4

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 103


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight


1.00 * Soil weight
Calculation results: On the foundation level
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 51.30 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 183.35 (kN) Mx = 9.88 (kN*m) My = 1.04 (kN*m)
Soil profile parameters:
C = 0.00 (MPa)
= 0.0
= 0.00 (kG/m3)
Stress in soil: 0.12 (MPa)
Design soil pressure 0.12 (MPa)
Safety factor: 1.022 > 1

Uplift

Uplift in SLS
Design combination: SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Contact area: s = 1.45
slim = 1.00

Sliding

Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 51.30 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 123.77 (kN) Mx = -9.82 (kN*m) My = 6.19 (kN*m)
Equivalent foundation dimensions: A_ = 1.40 (m)B_ = 1.40 (m)
Sliding area: 1.96 (m2)
Foundation/soil friction coefficient: tg( = 0.90
Cohesion: C = 0.00 (MPa)
Soil pressure considered:
Hx = 0.21 (kN) Hy = 8.54 (kN)
Ppx = -19.90 (kN) Ppy = -21.14 (kN)
Pax = 0.78 (kN) Pay = 0.73 (kN)
Sliding force value F = 0.00 (kN)
Value of force preventing foundation sliding:
- On the foundation level: F(stab) = 111.44 (kN)
Stabilility for sliding:

Average settlement

Soil type under foundation: not layered


Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+0.80LL1+
0.80WIND4
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 51.30 (kN)
Average stress caused by design load: q = 0.09 (MPa)
Thickness of the actively settling soil: z = 2.10 (m)
Stress on the level z:
- Additional: zd = 0.01 (MPa)
- Caused by soil weight: z = 0.07 (MPa)

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 104


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Settlement:
- Original s' = 0.3 (mm)
- Secondary s'' = 0.0 (mm)
- TOTAL S = 0.3 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)
Safety factor: 159.3 > 1

Settlement difference

Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Settlement difference: S = 0.2 (mm) < Sadm = 50.0 (mm)
Safety factor: 317.9 > 1

Rotation

About OX axis
Design combination SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 51.30 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 123.77 (kN) Mx = -9.82 (kN*m) My = 6.19 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 86.64 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 9.82 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 8.822 > 2

About OY axis
Design combination: SLS : 1.00DL1+1.00DL8+1.00WIND1
Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Weight of foundation and soil over it: Gr = 51.30 (kN)
Design load:
Nr = 123.77 (kN) Mx = -9.82 (kN*m) My = 6.19 (kN*m)
Stability moment: Mstab = 89.32 (kN*m)
Rotation moment: Mrenv = 9.51 (kN*m)
Stability for rotation: 9.389 > 2

1.3 RC design

1.3.1 Assumptions

Exposure : mild

1.3.2 Analysis of punching and shear

Shear

Design combination ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1


Load factors: 1.00 * Foundation weight
1.00 * Soil weight
Design load:
Nr = 242.16 (kN) Mx = 14.99 (kN*m) My = -1.85 (kN*m)
Length of critical circumference: 1.40 (m)
Shear force: 66.07 (kN)

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 105


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Section effective height heff = 0.19 (m)


Shear area: A = 0.27 (m2)
Reinforcement ratio: = 0.21 %
Shear stress: 0.25 (MPa)
Admissible shear stress: 0.45 (MPa)
Safety factor: 1.809 > 1

1.3.3 Required reinforcement

Spread footing:

bottom:

ULS : 1.20DL1+1.20DL8+1.20LL1+1.20WIND4
My = 15.84 (kN*m) Asx = 390.48 (mm2/m)

ULS : 1.40DL1+1.40DL8+1.60LL1
Mx = 29.33 (kN*m) Asy = 390.48 (mm2/m)

As min = 390.48 (mm2/m)

top:
A'sx = 0.00 (mm2/m)
A'sy = 0.00 (mm2/m)

As min = 0.00 (mm2/m)

Column pier: 1
Longitudinal reinforcement A = 640.00 (mm2) A min. = 360.00 (mm2)
A = 2 * (Asx1 + Asy1)
Asx1 = 27.63 (mm2) Asy1 = 292.37 (mm2)
Column pier: 2
Longitudinal reinforcement A = 202.50 (mm2) A min. = 202.50 (mm2)
A = 2 * (Asx2 + Asy2)
Asx2 = 37.97 (mm2) Asy2 = 63.28 (mm2)

1.3.4 Provided reinforcement

2.3.1 Spread footing:


Bottom:
Along X axis:
5 12 l = 1.30 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25
Along Y axis:
5 12 l = 1.30 (m) e = 1*-0.49 + 4*0.25
Top:

2.3.2 Pier

Column pier: 1
Longitudinal reinforcement
Along X axis:
4 12 l = 1.04 (m) e = 1*-0.27 + 1*0.09

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 106


Designed by: Einstein Ojogan Project: Warehouse

Along Y axis:
4 12 l = 1.04 (m) e = 1*-0.14 + 1*0.27
Transversal reinforcement
7 8 l = 1.16 (m) e = 1*0.11 + 4*0.20 + 2*0.09

Column pier: 2
Longitudinal reinforcement

Along Y axis:
4 12 l = 1.04 (m) e = 1*-0.05 + 1*0.10
Transversal reinforcement
7 8 l = 0.46 (m) e = 1*0.11 + 4*0.20 + 2*0.09

Dowels
Longitudinal reinforcement
8 12 l = 1.60 (m) e = 1*-0.23 + 1*0.10 + 1*0.34 + 1*0.13

Date : 20/08/17 Page : 107