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ENGLISH EVALUATION TEST

11th Form

Read the text attentively:

THE EARLY CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT


King's civil rights activities began with a protest of Montgomery's segregated bus system in 1955. That
year, a black passenger named Rosa Parks was arrested for disobeying a city law requiring that blacks give up
their seats on buses when white people to sit in their seats or in the same row. Black leaders in Montgomery
urged blacks, to boycott (refuse to use] the city's buses. The leaders formed an organization to run the
boycott, and asked King to serve as president. In his first speech as leader of the boycott, King told his black
colleagues: "First and foremost, we are American citizens. ...We are not here advocating violence. ...The only
weapon that we have... is the weapon of protest.
...The great glory of American democracy is the right to protest for right."
Terrorists bombed King's home, but King continued to insist on non-violent protests. Thousands of
blacks boycotted the buses for over a year. In 1956, the United States Supreme Court ordered Montgomery to
provide equal, integrated seating on public buses. The boycott's success won King national fame and
identified him as a symbol of Southern blacks' new efforts to fight racial injustice. (...) King and other civil
rights leaders then organized a massive march in Washington, D.C. The event, called the March on
Washington, was intended to highlight African-American unemployment and to urge Congress to pass
Kennedy's bill. On Aug. 28, 1963, over 200,000 Americans, including many whites, gathered at the Lincoln
Memorial in the capital. The high point of the rally, King's stirring "I Have a Dream speech, eloquently
defined the moral basis of the civil rights movement.
The movement won a major victory in 1964 when Congress passed the civil rights fall that Kennedy
and his successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson, had recommended. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited
racial discrimination in public places and called for equal opportunity in employment and education. King
later received the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize. While organizing the Poor People's Campaign, King vent to
Memphis, Tennessee, to support a strike of black garbage men. There, on April 4, 1968, King was shot and
killed. (...) On Kind's tombstone are the words-. "Free at last, free at last, thank God Almighty, I'm free at last."
King's assassination produced immediate shock, grief, and anger. Blacks rioted in more than 100 cities. A few
months later, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibited racial discrimination in the sale
and rental of most housing in the nation.

A. Answer the following questions.


A. Answer the following questions:

1. What was the "segregation bus system"?


2. What kind of protests were conducted by Martin Luther King?
3. What was King's philosophy concerning the black people's civil rights fight?
4. Which white entities supported King's fight for equal rights?
5 .How important was the Civil Rights Act of 1964? Justify your answer.
6. Why would anyone want to kill Martin Luther King?
7. Comment (60-70 words) the words written on his tombstone: "Free at last, free at last thank God Almighty,
I'm free at last."

B. Explain in your own words:

1 .Leaders
2. Foremost
3. To highlight

C. Rephrase the following statements:

1. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited racial discrimination in public places and called for equal
opportunity in employment and education.
Racial discrimination

2. King was shot and killed.


Someone ..

3. King told his black colleagues: "First and foremost, we are American citizens.
...We are not here advocating violence. ...The only weapon that we have... is the weapon of protest.
...The great glory of American democracy is the right to protest for right."
King told his black colleagues that .

D. Fill in the gaps using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

By D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies (1) ________________ (plan) for the invasion of Europe for more than
two years. In August 1943, the Combined Chiefs of Staff (2)____________(approve) the general tactical
plan for the invasion, dubbed Overlord. General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Commander of the European
theatre since February 1944, (3)______________(be) responsible for (4)____________(carry) off this
bold gambit. (...) The Allies__________ (5) (believe) that the enemy __________(6)(resist) strongly on
the line of the Seine and later on the Somme, but surprisingly, once ground forces had broken through
the relatively static lines of the bridgehead at Saint-L6 and inflicted heavy casualties on enemy troops in
the Falaise Pocket, Nazi resistance in France_________ (7) (disappear). British and American armies
swept east and north in an unimpeded advance which_______________ (8)(bring)them to the German
frontier and the defenses of the Siegfried Line.

E. Choose one of the following topics and write 180-200 words about it.

1. The price of freedom.


2. The American Dream.