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Steam Turbine Journal Bearing

Description

Construction bearing shells. Centering of the bearing shells


The function of the journal bearing is to in the vertical plane is achieved by means of
support the turbine rotor. Essentially, the keys (8).
journal bearing consists of the upper and lower The bearing shells are fixed laterally by
shells (3,6), bearing cap (1) torus piece (7), the spacers (10,15). Each spacer Is held in
cylindrical support (14) and the spacers position in the bearing pedestal (11) by two
(10,19). The bearing shells are provided with a lateral collars. The temperature of the bearing
Babbitt face. Babbitt surface of the lower bodies is monitored by the thermocouples (15)
bearing shell has been specially machined to as shown in section C-C
Improve the stability of the bearing. Any
additional scraping on the Babbitt surface is Oil Supply
neither necessary nor permissible. Both Lubrication oil is admitted to the bearing
bearing shells are fixed by means of taper pins shell from one side. From where it flows to the
and bolted together. oil spaces milled into the upper and lower
In order to prevent the bearing from shells at the horizontal joint that are open to
exerting a bending moment on the rotor (5). it the rotor end. Oil from the oil space machined
is pivot -mounted in the cylindrical support in the babbitting is carried through the rotor (5)
(14). For this purpose, the torus piece (7) with and emerges from the bearing shell from
shims (12,13) Is firmly bolted to the bearing where it is collected in the oil return cowling (4)
shell (6). A projection in cap (1) with key (9) and drained into the bearing pedestal (11).
fits into a corresponding groove in the bearing
shell (3) and prevents vertical movement of
the

2-1370-04/1
1 CAP 5 TURBINE SHAFT 9 KEY 13 SHIM
2 TAB WASHER 6 LOWER BEARING SHELL 10 SPACER 14 CYLINDRICAL
3 UPPER BEARING SHELL 7 TOROUS PIECE 11 BEARING PEDESTAL SUPPORT
4 OIL RETURN COWLING 8 KEY 12 SHIM 19 SPACER

2-1370-04/1
BHEL Haridwar
Jacking Oil

As shown in section B-B threaded nozzles


(17) are arranged at the lowest point of the
lower bearing shell (6) through which high
pressure oil is supplied during start-up. This
high-pressure oil relieves the bearing to
overcome breakaway torque and prevent dry
friction, thus reducing the torque requirements
of the hydraulic turning gear.

The lift oil flows into the above mentioned


threaded nozzles (17) through passages in the
lower bearing shell (6). A seal (18) prevents
high-pressure oil from penetrating the space
between threaded nozzle and ring (16) and
thus from lifting the babbitt. Any leakage oil
can drain through passages in the bearing
shell below the ring.

Removal of bearing shells


Not only the upper (3) but also the lower
bearing shell (6) can be removed without the
removal of the shaft (5). To enable this to be
done, the shaft is lifted slightly by means of the
lifting device but within the clearance of the
shaft seals. The lower bearing shell can then
be rotated to the top position and removed.

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