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An ACI Standard

Specification for
Unreinforced Concrete
Parking Lots and Site Paving
Reported by ACI Committee 330
ACI 330.1-14

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First Printing
November 2014
ISBN: 978-0-87031-959-4

Specification for Unreinforced Concrete Parking Lots and Site Paving


Copyright by the American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI. All rights reserved. This material
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ACI 330.1-14

Specification for Unreinforced Concrete Parking Lots


and Site Paving
An ACI Standard

Reported by ACI Committee 330


Robert Louis Varner, Chair

David J. Akers Norbert J. Delatte Frank Lennox David M. Suchorski


Richard O. Albright Douglas W. Deno John R. Love III Scott M. Tarr
J. Howard Allred Edwin H. Gebauer Richard E. Miller Diep T. Tu
William L. Arent Nader Ghafoori Jon I. Mullarky Christopher R. Tull
Joseph P. Bergmaier Bruce A. Glaspey Matthew A. Offenberg Don J. Wade
Bryan M. Birdwell Omer Heracklis Scott M. Palotta Richard L. Warren
David W. Buzzelli Jerry A. Holland Nigel K. Parkes
Michael W. Cook Jim Hoolehan Jan R. Prusinski Consulting Member
Tim Cost Kenneth G. Kazanis David Newton Richardson D. Gene Daniel
Michael S. Davy Frank A. Kozeliski Robert Alan Rodden

This specification covers minimum requirements for the 3.4Placing embedded reinforcement at joints, p. 4
construction of unreinforced concrete parking lots on grade. 3.5Batching, mixing, and delivery, p. 4
Included are requirements for submittals, testing and inspection, 3.6Placing and finishing fixed-form pavement, p. 4
concrete materials, embedded reinforcement at joints, jointing and 3.7Placing and finishing slipform and laser-guided
sealant material, forms, subgrade preparation, subbase, placing,
screed pavements, p. 5
texturing, curing, jointing, tolerances, and opening to traffic. This
3.8Edging, p. 5
specification does not cover requirements for pervious concrete.
3.9Final surface texture, p. 5
Keywords: construction; curing; inspection testing; jointing; pavements; 3.10 Tolerances, p. 5
site paving; texturing. 3.11Curing, p. 5
3.12Hot- or cold-weather construction, p. 5
CONTENTS 3.13Jointing, p. 5
(mandatory portion follows) 3.14Opening to traffic, p. 6

PART 1GENERAL, p. 2 NOTES TO SPECIFIER, p. 6


1.1Scope, p. 2 General notes, p. 6
1.2Definitions, p. 2
1.3Referenced standards, p. 3 (nonmandatory portion follows)
1.4Submittals, p. 3
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1.5Storage and handling, p. 3 FOREWORD TO CHECKLISTS, p. 6


1.6Testing and inspection, p. 3
MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS CHECKLIST, p. 7
PART 2PRODUCTS, p. 3
2.1Concrete, p. 3 OPTIONAL REQUIREMENTS CHECKLIST, p. 8
2.2Embedded reinforcement at joints, p. 4
2.3Membrane-forming curing compounds, p. 4 SUBMITTALS CHECKLIST, p. 8
2.4Joint and sealant material, p. 4
2.5Forms, p. 4 ACI 330.1-14 became effective July 22, 2014, and was adopted and published
November 2014.
PART 3EXECUTION, p. 4 Copyright 2014, American Concrete Institute
All rights reserved including rights of reproduction and use in any form or by any
3.1Subgrade preparation, p. 4 means, including the making of copies by any photo process, or by electronic or
3.2Subbase, p. 4 mechanical device, printed, written, or oral, or recording for sound or visual reproduc-
3.3Setting forms, p. 4 tion or for use in any knowledge or retrieval system or device, unless permission in
writing is obtained from the copyright proprietors.
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2 SPECIFICATION FOR UNREINFORCED CONCRETE PARKING LOTS AND SITE PAVING (ACI 330.1-14)

(mandatory portion follows) or higher, and an evaporation rate that exceeds 1 kg/m2/h, or
as revised by the Architect/Engineer.
PART 1GENERAL isolation jointa separation between adjacent parts of
a structure that allows relative movement in two or more
1.1Scope directions. Isolation joints are usually vertical planes located
1.1.1 This specification covers requirements for the to avoid formation of cracks in the structure.
construction of unreinforced concrete parking lots and site mild exposure conditionan environment in which the
paving on grade, including attached and integral curbs. Site concrete will not be exposed to freezing and thawing or to
paving includes entrance and exit lanes as well as drive lanes deicing agents.
within parking areas. moderate exposure conditionan environment, normally
1.1.2 Values in this specification are stated in inch-pound in temperate climate regions, in which concrete will
units. A companion specification in SI units is also available. only occasionally be exposed to moisture and will not be
1.1.3 The Notes to Specifiers are not part of this saturated prior to freezing and where no deicing agents or
specification. other aggressive chemicals are used.
Ownerthe corporation, association, partnership,
1.2Definitions individual, public body, or authority with whom the
The following definitions govern in this specification. Contractor enters into an agreement and for whom the Work
For definitions not given below, refer to ACI Concrete is constructed.
Terminology (ACE CT), http://www.concrete.org/Tools/ panelan individual concrete pavement slab bordered by
ConcreteTerminology.aspx joints or slab edges.
accepteddetermined to be satisfactory by Architect/ permittedaccepted by or acceptable to Architect/
Engineer or Owner. Engineer, usually pertaining to a request by Contractor, or
Architect/Engineerthe architect, engineer, architectural when specified in Contract Documents.
firm, or engineering firm developing Contract Documents or Project Drawingsgraphic presentation of project
administering the Work under Contract Documents, or both. requirements.
cold weathera period when the average daily ambient Project Specificationwritten document that details
temperature is below 40F (5C) for more than three requirements for the Work in accordance with service
successive days. Note: The average daily temperature is parameters and other specific criteria.
the average of the highest and lowest temperature during referenced standardsstandardized documents of a
the period from midnight to midnight. When temperatures technical society, organization, or association, including
above 50F (10C) occur during more than half of any the building codes of local or state authorities, which are
24-hour duration, the period shall no longer be regarded as referenced in Contract Documents.
cold weather. severe exposure conditionan environment, normally in
construction jointthe surface where two successive cold climate regions, in which concrete may be saturated, or
placements of concrete meet, where the first placement has in almost continuous contact with moisture prior to freezing,
hardened before the next placement. and where deicing agents are used.
Contract Documentsset of documents supplied by site pavingpaved areas intended for uses other than
Owner to bidders during bidding phase of construction vehicle parking or access drives; for example, pedestrianor
project. These documents include general requirements, wheeled traffic or storage of products, materials, or trailers.
contract forms, contract conditions, specifications, drawings, subbasethe layer in the pavement system between the
and addenda. subgrade and the concrete pavement.
contraction jointformed, sawed, or tooled groove in a subgradethe soil prepared and compacted to support a
concrete structure to create a weakened plane to regulate the structure or a pavement system.
location of cracking resulting from the dimensional change submitprovide to Architect/Engineer for review.
of different parts of the structure. (Commonly referred to as submittaldocument or material provided to Architect/
control joints.) Engineer for review and acceptance.
Contractorthe person, firm, or entity under contract for supplementary cementitious material (SCM)
construction of the Work. inorganic material such as fly ash, silica fume, metakaolin,
dowelssmooth bars or plates, usually steel placed across or slag cement that reacts pozzolanically or hydraulically.
a joint to transfer vertical load while allowing the joint to testing agencythe person, firm, or entity under contract
open and close. for providing testing services.
free edgethe edge of pavement abutting an isolation tie bara reinforcing bar, commonly a deformed
joint or the edge of the pavement against which no concrete reinforcing bar, intended to transmit tension through a
is placed. contraction or construction joint.
hot weatherjob-site conditions that accelerate the rate unreinforced concrete pavementconcrete pavement
of moisture loss or rate of cement hydration of freshly mixed that does not contain distributed deformed reinforcing bars
concrete, including an ambient temperature of 27C (80F) or welded-wire reinforcement.
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SPECIFICATION FOR UNREINFORCED CONCRETE PARKING LOTS AND SITE PAVING (ACI 330.1-14) 3

Workthe entire construction or separately identifiable D5893M-10Standard Specification for Cold Applied,
parts thereof required to be furnished under Contract Single Component, Chemically Curing Silicone Joint
Documents. Sealant for Portland Cement Concrete Pavements
D6690-12Standard Specification for Joint and Crack
1.3Referenced standards Sealants, Hot Applied, for Concrete and Asphalt Pavements
American Concrete Institute
117-10Specification for Tolerances for Concrete 1.4Submittals
Construction and Materials and Commentary 1.4.1 Submit drawings and documentation as required in
301-10Specifications for Structural Concrete this specification.
305.1-06Specification for Hot Weather Concreting 1.4.2 Obtain written acceptance of submittals from the
306.1-90(02)Standard Specification for Cold Weather Architect/Engineer before using the materials or methods
Concreting requiring acceptance.
308.1-11Specification for Curing Concrete
311.6-09Specification for Ready Mixed Concrete 1.5Storage and handling
Testing Services 1.5.1 Store construction materials in a clean, dry location.

ASTM International 1.6Testing and inspection


A36/A36M-12Standard Specification for Carbon 1.6.1 General
Structural Steel 1.6.1.1 Tests required to document submittals, certify
A615/A615M-14Standard Specification for Deformed product compliance with this Specification before use in
and Plain Carbon-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement construction, establish concrete mixture proportions, provide
C33/C33M-13Standard Specification for Concrete acceptability of changes requested by the Contractor, or
Aggregates appeal rejection of material found defective by Owners
C94/C94M-14aStandard Specification for Ready- testing agency shall be performed by accredited laboratories
Mixed Concrete using ACI-certified technicians.

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C150/C150M-12Standard Specification for Portland 1.6.1.2 The Work in progress will be inspected, and
Cement materials, equipment, and procedures will be evaluated for
C173/C173M-14Standard Test Method for Air Content quality and acceptability by representatives of the Owner or
of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Volumetric Method as designated in the Contract Documents.
C231/C231M-14Standard Test Method for Air Content 1.6.2 Contractors responsibilitiesContractor shall
of Freshly Mixed Concrete by the Pressure Method permit and facilitate access of Owners testing agency to
C309-11Standard Specification for Liquid Membrane- the construction site for the performance of all activities
Forming Compounds for Curing Concrete for quality assurance and quality control by these
C595/C595M-14Standard Specification for Blended representatives, including inspection and testing required in
Hydraulic Cements these specifications.
C618-12aStandard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and 1.6.3 Responsibilities of Owners testing agency
Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete 1.6.3.1 Concrete shall be tested in accordance with ACI
C920-14aStandard Specification for Elastomeric Joint 311.6.
Sealants 1.6.3.2 Concrete test results shall be distributed to Owner,
C989/C989M-13Standard Specification for Slag Architect/Engineer, Contractor, and concrete supplier.
Cement for Use in Concrete and Mortars 1.6.4 Acceptance of pavementFailure to detect defective
C1157/C1157M-11Standard Performance Specification work or material shall not prevent later rejection if defects
for Hydraulic Cement are discovered, nor shall it constitute final acceptance by
C1567-13Standard Test Method for Determining Architect/Engineer.
the Potential Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Combinations of
Cementitious Materials and Aggregate (Accelerated Mortar PART 2PRODUCTS
Bar Method)
D994/D994M-11Standard Specification for Preformed 2.1Concrete
Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete (Bituminous Type) 2.1.1 GeneralProvide concrete meeting the requirements
D1751-04(2013)1Standard Specification for Preformed of 4.2.2.7 of ACI 301 based on the exposure classes defined
Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete Paving and Structural in the Contract Documents. Concrete shall comply with
Construction (Nonextruding and Resilient Bituminous ASTM C94 and the following requirements.
Types) 2.1.2 Cementitious materialCement shall comply with
D1752-04a(2013)Standard Specification for Preformed ASTM C150, ASTM C595, or ASTM C1157. Supplementary
Sponge Rubber Cork and Recycled PVC Expansion Joint cementitious materials (SCMs) are permitted to be used
Fillers for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction to replace cement. Fly ash to meet requirements of ASTM
C618 when used. Slag cement to meet requirements of
ASTM C989 when used. The maximum replacement rates
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4 SPECIFICATION FOR UNREINFORCED CONCRETE PARKING LOTS AND SITE PAVING (ACI 330.1-14)

of portland cement with SCMs where concrete is exposed 2.4.2 Joint sealing materials shall comply with ASTM
to freezing and thawing and is exposed to deicing chemicals C920 for elastomeric type, single or multi-component
shall be in accordance with Table 4.2.2.7.b.2 in ACI 301. sealant (use T), ASTM D5893 for single-component silicone
Contractor to provide test results of ASTM C1567 with sealants, or ASTM D6690 for hot-applied sealants.
cementitious material and replacement rate when aggregates
proposed for use are potentially reactive with alkalis in the 2.5Forms
portland cement and other materials. 2.5.1 Make forms from steel, wood, or other material
2.1.3 StrengthSpecified compressive strength shall be capable of supporting concrete and mechanical concrete
4000 psi at 28 days, unless otherwise specified. Strength placing equipment that is sufficiently rigid to maintain the
and water cementitious materials ratio (w/cm) shall meet the specified tolerances.
exposure class requirements listed in Section 4.2.2.7 of ACI 2.5.2 Use forms clean and free of dirt, rust, and hardened
301. concrete.
2.1.4 Total air contentTotal air content shall comply
with Table 2.1.4 unless otherwise specified. PART 3EXECUTION

Table 2.1.4Required total air content* 3.1Subgrade preparation


Total air content, percent 3.1.1 Prepare subgrade as required in Contract Documents.
Nominal maximum Mild Moderate Severe 3.1.2 Construct subgrade elevation within the tolerance
aggregate size, in. exposure exposure exposure presented in Section 4.4.5 of ACI 117 to ensure that the
3/8 4.5 6.0 7.5 required pavement thickness tolerance is obtained.
1/2 4.0 5.5 7.0 3.1.3 Regrade and recompact subgrade disturbed by
3/4 3.5 5.0 6.0 concrete delivery vehicles or other construction equipment.
1 3.0 4.5 6.0 3.1.4 Do not use sand or loose material to obtain final
1-1/2 2.5 4.5 5.5
subgrade elevation.
*
Measured in accordance with ASTM C173 or C231.

Air content tolerance is 1.5 percent.
3.2Subbase
3.2.1 Use only when required by Contract Documents. If
2.1.5 AggregatesNominal maximum aggregate size shall used, prepare subbase in accordance with Section 3.1.
not exceed one-third of the specified pavement thickness.
Aggregates shall meet the ASTM C33 exposure class 3.3Setting forms
indicated in the Contract Documents. Contractor to provide 3.3.1 Set, align, and brace forms so that the pavement will
documentation showing that the aggregates proposed for meet the tolerances specified in Section 3.10.
use do not cause deleterious expansion when used in the 3.3.2 Apply form release agent to inside face of forms
proposed concrete mixture. before placing concrete.
2.1.6 SlumpSlump shall be 4 in. for pavements placed by 3.3.3 The edge of previously placed concrete may be used
all methods except for slipform equipment. Water reducers as a form. Do not apply form release agent to previously
may be used to increase the slump up to 6 in. when specified. placed concrete unless prevention of bond between the new
Slump shall be 1-1/2 in. for concrete placed with slipform and the old concrete is desired.
equipment.
2.1.7 Submit documentation describing concrete mixture 3.4Placing embedded reinforcement at joints

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proportions in accordance with Section 4.1.2 of ACI 301. 3.4.1 Place joint reinforcement as shown on the project
drawings.
2.2Embedded reinforcement at joints 3.4.2 Support joint reinforcement so that it will not be
2.2.1 Steel for dowels and tie bars shall comply with ASTM dislocated by concrete placing operations. Tie bars to be
A615 and steel for plate dowels shall comply with ASTM supported by wire or plastic reinforcement supports. Dowels
A36, or pertinent standards for other material systems. are to be supported by dowel baskets at contraction joints
2.2.2 Dowel bars shall be plain bars or plates. and either dowels baskets or form boards at construction
2.2.3 Tie bars shall be deformed bars. joints. Place and align to meet the requirements of Section
2.2.4 Dowel bars, plates, and tie bars shall be the sizes 3.10.
indicated in project drawings.
3.5Batching, mixing, and delivery
2.3Membrane-forming curing compounds 3.5.1 Batching, mixing, and delivery shall comply with
2.3.1 Membrane-forming curing compounds shall comply ASTM C94.
with ASTM C309, Type 2, Class A.
3.6Placing and finishing fixed-form pavement
2.4Joint and sealant material 3.6.1 Deposit concrete directly onto the subgrade or
2.4.1 Isolation joint materials shall comply with ASTM subbase in a manner to avoid segregation.
D994, D1751, or D1752. 3.6.2 Do not place concrete on frozen subgrade or subbase.
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SPECIFICATION FOR UNREINFORCED CONCRETE PARKING LOTS AND SITE PAVING (ACI 330.1-14) 5

3.6.3 Methods of conveying the concrete are to be Alignment of tie bars, relative to positioned perpendicular
determined by the Contractor. to the joint: 1/2 in.
3.6.4 Deposit concrete between the forms to a uniform 3.10.4 Dowels
height. Horizontal placement of dowels: 1-1/4 in.
3.6.5 Consolidate concrete to remove voids and air Alignment of dowels, perpendicular to joint: 18 in. or less
pockets. Do not move concrete horizontally with a vibrator. projection: 1/4 in.
3.6.6 Strike off concrete between forms using a form-riding 3.10.5 Joints
paving machine or vibrating screed. The Contractor shall Contraction joint depth:
submit to the Architect/Engineer other strike-off devices Conventional saws: +1/4 in., 0 in.
such as a highway straightedge or scraping straightedge Early entry saws: +1/4 in., 0 in.
when used. Joint width: +1/16 in., 0 in.
3.6.7 Level concrete with a bullfloat immediately after
strike-off and before bleed water appears on the surface. 3.11Curing
3.6.8 Do not use trowels during finishing operations. 3.11.1 Apply membrane-forming curing compound
3.6.9 Finish the pavement to the elevations and to all exposed surfaces as recommended by the product
thickness(es) specified in the project drawings and in manufacturer or at a maximum coverage of 200 ft2/gal. if no
accordance with the requirements of Section 3.10. recommendation exists.
3.11.2 Apply curing compound immediately after final
3.7Placing and finishing slipform and laser- surface texture has been obtained and water sheen has
guided screed pavements disappeared.
3.7.1 When accepted, slipform paving or laser-guided 3.11.3 Apply curing compound to pavement edges after
screed equipment may be used. forms have been removed.
3.7.2 Deposit and finish concrete in accordance with 3.11.4 Alternative curing methods may be used when
applicable provisions of Section 3.6. allowed by ACI 308.1.

3.8Edging 3.12Hot- or cold-weather construction


3.8.1 Edge top surface edges to a radius of 1/4 in. except 3.12.1 In hot weather, comply with ACI 305.1.
as per Section 3.8.2. 3.12.2 In cold weather, comply with ACI 306.1.
3.8.2 Do not tool edges if the joint is to be widened to 3.12.3 If required, submit detailed procedures for the
provide a reservoir for joint sealant. production, transportation, placement, protection, curing,
and temperature monitoring of concrete during hot and cold
3.9Final surface texture weather.
3.9.1 Broom concrete surface with a steel or fiber broom
to produce corrugations between 1/16 and 1/8 in. deep. 3.13Jointing
3.9.2 Broom perpendicular to nearest edge of pavement. 3.13.1 Construct joints at the locations, depths, and with
Broom all areas of a panel in the same direction. dimensions indicated on the Contract Documents and in
3.9.3 Use the same type and manufacture of broom for all accordance with 3.10.4.
paved surfaces to provide a consistent appearance. 3.13.2 If jointing requirements are not indicated on the
Contract Documents, the Contractor shall issue a request
3.10Tolerances for information to the Architect/Engineer for jointing
3.10.1 TolerancesPlus (+) tolerance increases the requirements. The Contractor shall not proceed with Work
amount or dimension to which it applies or raises a level until the jointing requirements are provided by the Architect/
alignment. Minus () tolerance decreases the amount or Engineer.
dimension to which it applies or lowers a level alignment. A 3.13.3 Construct contraction joints by one of the following
nonsigned tolerance means plus or minus. Where only a plus methods.
tolerance or a minus tolerance is specified, there is no limit 3.13.3.1 Tool contraction joints in fresh concrete after the
in the other direction. concrete has set sufficiently to maintain the formed joint to
3.10.2 Construct pavement structure to comply with the the specified depth and width.
following: 3.13.3.2 Insert plastic strips or strips of other accepted
3.10.2.1 Subbase or subgrade underlying pavement materials vertically into the fresh concrete. Depress strips
Comply with tolerance presented in Section 4.4.5 of ACI into pavement until flush with surface.
117. 3.13.3.3 Saw-cut contraction joints after concrete has
3.10.2.2 Concrete pavementComply with the tolerances hardened sufficiently to prevent aggregate from being
presented in Section 4.5.4 of ACI 117. dislodged but soon enough to control pavement cracking.
3.10.3 Tie bars Discontinue sawing joint if a crack precedes the saw-cut.
Horizontal placement of tie bars: 2-1/2 in. Resume sawing at the next joint location.
Alignment of tie bars, relative to the pavement surface:
1/2 in.
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6 SPECIFICATION FOR UNREINFORCED CONCRETE PARKING LOTS AND SITE PAVING (ACI 330.1-14)

3.13.4 Extend isolation joints through the full depth of the F3. Checklists do not form a part of ACI Specification
pavement. Fill the entire isolation joint with isolation joint 330.1. Checklists assist the specifier in selecting and
material. specifying project requirements in the Project Specification.
F4. The Mandatory Requirements Checklist indicates
3.14Opening to traffic work requirements regarding specific qualities, procedures,
3.14.1 Do not open the pavement to vehicular traffic until materials, and performance criteria that are not defined in
the in-place compressive strength is at least 3000 psi unless ACI Specification 330.1. The specifier must include these
otherwise specified. requirements in the Project Specification.
F5. The Optional Requirements Checklist identifies
NOTES TO SPECIFIER specifier choices and alternatives. The Checklist identifies
the sections, parts, and articles of the ACI Specification
General notes 330.1 and the action required or available to the specifier.
G1. ACI Specification 330.1 is to be used by reference or The specifier should review each of the items in the checklist
incorporation in its entirety in the Project Specification. Do and make adjustments to the needs of a particular project
not copy individual sections, parts, articles, or paragraphs by including those selected alternatives as mandatory
into the Project Specification, because taking them out of requirements in the Project Specification.
context may change their meaning. F6. The Submittals Checklist identifies information or
G2. If sections or parts of ACI Specification 330.1 are data to be provided by the Contractor before, during, or after
copied into the Project Specification or any other document, construction.
do not refer to them as an ACI specification, because the F7. Cited referencesDocuments and publications
specification has been altered. that are referenced in the Checklists of ACI Specification
G3. A statement such as the following will serve to make 330.1 are listed below. These references provide guidance
ACI Specification 330.1 a part of the Project Specification: to the specifier and are not considered to be part of ACI
Specification 330.1.

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Work on (Project Title) shall conform to all require-
ments of ACI 330.1 published by the American Checklist references
Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan, American Concrete Institute
except as modified by these Contract Documents. 201.2R-08Guide to Durable Concrete
301-10Specifications for Structural Concrete
G4. Each technical Section of ACI Specification 330.1 is 305.1-06Specification for Hot Weather Concreting
written in the three-part section format of the Construction 306.1-90(02)Standard Specification for Cold Weather
Specifications Institute, as adopted for ACI requirements. Concreting
The language is imperative and terse. 308.1-11Specification for Curing Concrete
G5. If ACI Specification 330.1 is used with another ACI
specification that contains overlapping provisions, identify ASTM International
which requirements are in conflict and state in the contract C33/C33M-13Standard Specification for Concrete
documents which requirements control. Aggregates
C1260-07Standard Test Method for Potential Alkali
(nonmandatory portion follows) Reactivity of Aggregates (Mortar-Bar Method)
C1567-13Standard Test Method for Determining
FOREWORD TO CHECKLISTS the Potential Alkali-Silica Reactivity of Combinations
F1. This foreword is included for explanatory purposes of Cementitious Materials and Aggregate (Accelerated
only; it is not a part of ACI Specification 330.1. Mortar-Bar Method)
F2. ACI Specification 330.1 may be referenced by the D698-121Standard Test Methods for Laboratory
specifier in the Project Specification for any building project, Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort
together with supplementary requirements for the specific (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))
project. Responsibilities for project participants must be D1557Standard Test Methods for Laboratory
defined in the Project Specifications. ACI Specification Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort
330.1 cannot and does not address responsibilities for any (56,000 ft lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN m/m3))
project participant other than the Contractor.

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SPECIFICATION FOR UNREINFORCED CONCRETE PARKING LOTS AND SITE PAVING (ACI 330.1-14) 7

MANDATORY REQUIREMENTS CHECKLIST


Section/Part/Article Notes to Specifier
General requirements
2.1.1 Specify the exposure class of concrete in accordance with Section 4.2.2.7 of ACI 301.
Exposure class for aggregates
2.1.5 Specify the class designation for aggregates. Specify that the aggregates shall meet requirements of ASTM C33 for the specified
class designation.
Dowels and tie bars
2.2.4 When dowels or tie bars are used, specify the type, size, shape, location, and spacing if not shown on drawings. Specify method of
installation for dowels and tie bars.
Subgrade preparation
3.1.1 Specify subgrade preparation requirements including percent maximum dry density using current versions of either ASTM D698
or ASTM D1557.
Subbase or treated subgrade
3.2.1 Specify subbase preparation requirements including percent maximum dry density using current versions of either ASTM D698
or ASTM D1557, when subbase is required. When chemical treatment is required, specify stabilizing materials to be used for
chemical treatment of the subgrade or subbase and the percentage cementitious materials by dry weight to be used.
Embedded reinforcement in joints
3.4.1 Specify joint locations to receive dowels or tie bars, when required.
Final elevation
3.6.9 Specify final surface elevations and pavement thicknesses.
Jointing
3.13.2 Specify joint types, locations, depths, and widths. The following provides guidance for specifying jointing.

Specify locations of contraction joints, construction joints, and isolation joints. The maximum spacing between contraction joints
is provided in the following table based on thickness of pavement:

Maximum spacing between joints


Pavement thickness, in. Maximum spacing, ft
4, 4-1/2 10
5, 5-1/2 12-1/2
6 or greater 15

The larger dimension of a panel should not exceed 125 percent of the smaller dimension.

The minimum angle between two intersecting joints should be 80 degrees.

Joints should intersect curved or skewed pavement edges at a 90-degree angle and extend straight for a minimum of 1-1/2 ft from
the pavement edge, where possible.

Align joints of adjacent panels.

Align joints in attached curbs with joints in pavement.

The minimum contraction joint depth, using a conventional saw, hand tools, or inserts, should be one-fourth of the pavement
thickness.

When using an early-entry dry-cut saw, the depth of the cut should be at least 1 in. for pavement thicknesses up to 9 in. and
one-fourth of the pavement thickness for pavements more than 9 in. thick.

Use isolation joints where pavement abuts buildings, foundations, existing pavements, manholes, and other fixed objects.

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8 SPECIFICATION FOR UNREINFORCED CONCRETE PARKING LOTS AND SITE PAVING (ACI 330.1-14)

OPTIONAL REQUIREMENTS CHECKLIST


Section/Part/Article Notes to Specifier
Cementitious materials
2.1.2 Specify type of cement. Specify supplemental cementitious materials to mitigate alkali aggregate reactivity and other chemical
attacks. Refer to ACI 201.2R. Specify other cementitious materials when required. Specify maximum replacement rates of portland
cement with supplementary cementitious materials when concrete is expected to be exposed to freezing and thawing and deicing
chemicals. Refer to current version of ACI 301 for requirements for concrete exposed to deicing chemicals.
Strength
2.1.3 Specify strength when other than 4000 psi compressive strength at 28 days is required.
Total air content
2.1.4 Specify total required air content when value other than listed in Table 2.1.4 is required.
Slump
2.1.6 Specify slump other than as required in 2.1.6. Specify water-reducing admixture when required.
Curing
3.11.1 Specify curing method other than membrane-forming curing compound. Refer to ACI 308.1.
Filling isolation joints
3.13.4 Specify extent of filling isolation joints other than full depth when required.
Opening to traffic
3.14.1 Specify compressive strength when other than 3000 psi.

SUBMITTALS CHECKLIST
Section/Part/Article Submittal items and notes to Specifier
2.1.2 Cementitious materialsContractor to provide results from testing performed in accordance with ASTM C1567 when required.
2.1.5 AggregatesContractor to submit documentation that aggregates proposed for use meet requirements of ASTM C33. Contractor to
submit test results in accordance with the current version of ASTM C1260 showing the potential alkali aggregate reactivity of the
aggregates. Alternatively, the contractor may submit results from testing combinations of cementitious materials and aggregates in
accordance with ASTM C1567.
2.1.6 SlumpSubmit slump if other than 1-1/2 in. using slipform placement and 4 in. using other methods.
2.1.7 Concrete mixture proportionsSubmit concrete mixtures per ACI 301 including mixture proportions, laboratory or field
performance data on mixture, sources of materials, test certificates, and aggregate test results.
3.6.6 Submit strike-off devices if other than a form-riding paving machine or scraping straightedge.
3.11 CuringProvide method of curing. Provide application rates when curing membranes are to be applied.
3.12 Hot- or cold-weather constructionWhen required, submit plans for batching, mixing, and curing concrete during hot or cold
weather conditions. Refer to ACI 305.1 and 306.1.
3.13.2 Jointing requirementsIssue a request for information when jointing layout and details are not provided by the Architect/Engineer.

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As ACI begins its second century of advancing concrete knowledge, its original chartered purpose
remains to provide a comradeship in finding the best ways to do concrete work of all kinds and in
spreading knowledge. In keeping with this purpose, ACI supports the following activities:

Technical committees that produce consensus reports, guides, specifications, and codes.

Spring and fall conventions to facilitate the work of its committees.

Educational seminars that disseminate reliable information on concrete.

Certification programs for personnel employed within the concrete industry.

Student programs such as scholarships, internships, and competitions.

Sponsoring and co-sponsoring international conferences and symposia.

Formal coordination with several international concrete related societies.

Periodicals: the ACI Structural Journal, Materials Journal, and Concrete International.

Benefits of membership include a subscription to Concrete International and to an ACI Journal. ACI
members receive discounts of up to 40% on all ACI products and services, including documents, seminars
and convention registration fees.

As a member of ACI, you join thousands of practitioners and professionals worldwide who share
a commitment to maintain the highest industry standards for concrete technology, construction,
and practices. In addition, ACI chapters provide opportunities for interaction of professionals and
practitioners at a local level.

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American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Drive
Farmington Hills, MI 48331
Phone: +1.248.848.3700
Fax: +1.248.848.3701
www.concrete.org

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38800 Country Club Drive
Farmington Hills, MI 48331 USA
+1.248.848.3700
www.concrete.org

The American Concrete Institute (ACI) is a leading authority and resource


worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based
standards and technical resources, educational programs, and certifications
for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction,
and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.

Individuals interested in the activities of ACI are encouraged to explore the


ACI website for membership opportunities, committee activities, and a wide
variety of concrete resources. As a volunteer member-driven organization,
ACI invites partnerships and welcomes all concrete professionals who wish to
be part of a respected, connected, social group that provides an opportunity
for professional growth, networking and enjoyment.

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