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Grammar and Writing Games

Thank You Letter To a Family Member

On a blank sheet of paper you'll create an appreciation poster for a friend or

family member. In the middle, include a quote. Around the edges, write down
adjectives that describe this friend and also include fond memories you've
shared together. Be sure to include descriptive imagery. The whole purpose is to
uplift and show your appreciation for their life.

Fragment Fanatics!

Includes Words on Strips of Paper. Students try to find someone with an

independent clause to go with their dependent clause .

(Other Fragment Games)

- Pairs Game (students work in pairs to transform sentence

fragments into the best or most humorous sentences);

- Song Game (teams compete in determining whether song titles

are fragments or sentences).

Bad Day Charades

Introduce this game by telling students that Clumsy Clem/Clementine is

having a bad day and keeps getting hurt. Divide the class into two
groups and have each group come up with six situations that answer
the question: "How did Clumsy Clem(entine) get hurt?" Each clumsy
action must include a prepositional phrase such as "ran into the wall,"
"tripped on her/his shoelaces" or "slipped on a banana peel." Students
write their situations on slips of paper and fold them in half. They give
their phrases to the other team, where one team member pantomimes
each action for their own group to guess.

Matching Topic Sentence to Paragraph Students try to find the other

player who has the topic sentence to their paragraph.

Four Kinds of Sentences Game Identify what kind of sentence is on

the card and advance on the game board.
Consequences Writing

Each player starts with a blank sheet of paper and pencil. We use A4
(letter) size, portrait orientation. 3 or more players.

At the very top of the paper, each player writes the name of a male.
They might choose a historical figure, a cartoon or nursery rhyme
character, a pet, a famous actor or even someone in the room.

Each player then folds down the top of their paper to conceal what
theyve written, and passes it to the player on their left.

Each player then writes down the name of a female on the paper
thats just been passed to them. Then everyone folds over and passes
their paper again.

Continue writing and passing papers in this way until each paper
contains the following:

- male character
- female character
- where they met
- adverbs
- he said:
- adverbs
- she said:
- what happened in the end (the eponymous consequence)

Once the consequence has been written, everyone unfolds the paper theyre holding
and takes turns reading their story aloud (usually accompanied by loud guffaws).

Revising and Editing:

Musical Papers:
Students dont write their names on their papers and the teacher
collects them, shuffles them, and then passes them out randomly to the
students. The teacher plays music for the class and the students revise
the work they have in front of them until the music is stopped. After the
music stops, they hand their paper to their peer on their right and
begin revising and editing the new work In front of them . (This works
best if you play music the students enjoy.)

Sentence Fragments:

Dependent Clauses: begins with a subordinating word or a question word...

-because, if, unless, when, whenever, while, although, that, Which, Who, How,
Why, What

Subordinate Conjunctions
after in case than
although in that that
as in order that though
as if in so far as till
as long as just as unless
as soon as no matter how until
as though now that when
because once whenever
before provided that where
even if rather than whereas
even though since wherever
how so [that implied] whether
if so that while

Relative Pronouns
which who whom
whichever whoever whomever

Relative Adverbs
when Where Why

1. While - The cook made the filling while the pie crust was baking in the
2. As soon as Be sure to place the cookies in the oven as soon as the oven
is finished pre-heating!

3. In case Make sure you pack some toilet paper in case there arent any
restrooms along the hiking trails!

4. Until You have made us for yourself, oh Lord, and our hearts are restless
until they rest in you.

5. Whenever Be a force of love as often as you can and turn away

negative thoughts whenever they appear.

6. Once Usain Bolt was considered the winner of the 200 meters race once
he crossed the finish line at 19.78 seconds!

7. Than Id rather read a good book than read the newspaper.

8. Now that I can finally play with the others now that Im all finished with
my homework!

9. Since Ill never eat a Reeses Peanut Butter Cup since Im allegoric to

10. Just as Spongebob is just as funny as Teen Titans.

11. As though The child gaped at me as though he were seeing a ghost.

12. Before Make sure youre in the stands before the band starts playing.

13. Even though The football players continued playing even though rain
started to pour down during the game.

14. If Youll never know if you never try.

15. Whether - LeBron James was unsure whether he would make the basket
or not.

16. So That - I wanted to sleep in on Saturday so that I could be well rested.

17. When - Harry Potter nearly died of fright when he saw Lord Voldemort in

18. As long as - The swimmer held his breath as long as he was under water.

19. Whoever - I will be giving away prizes to whoever makes the most points.

20. Which Hermione knew exactly which books would have the right
information to help Harry in the Tri-Wizard Tournament.

21. That Did you know that starfish don't have brains?

22. Because Spongebob Squarepants loves his job as fry-cook because he

loves to make Krabby Patties.

23. Although Neal dreamed of reaching the summit of Mt. Everest although
he knew how terribly difficult the climbing would be.

24. No Matter How The Cubs were determined to win the World Series no
matter how many games they've lost in the past.

25. Even If The artist thought that his work was splendidly created even if the
art critics gave him a bad review.

26. Unless She made sure to think of back-up plans if her ideas fell through.

27. Rather Than Ariel decided to lose her voice and become a human
rather than remain a mermaid for the rest of her life.

28. That - For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only
Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have
eternal life.

29. How The team brainstormed how to win the game.

30. When Batman couldnt believe his eyes when he saw Robin driving the
Bat Mobile without his permission.
31. After Usain Bolt quickly became world famous after winning in the 2008
Beijing Olympics.

Paragraphs and Topic Sentences:

Scientists have learned to supplement the sense of sight in numerous ways. In
front of the tiny pupil of the eye they put, on Mount Palomar, a great monocle
200 inches in diameter, and with it see 2000 times farther into the depths of
space. Or they look through a small pair of lenses arranged as a microscope
into a drop of water or blood, and magnify by as much as 2000 diameters the
living creatures there, many of which are among mans most dangerous
enemies. Or, if we want to see distant happenings on earth, they use some of
the previously wasted electromagnetic waves to carry television images which
they re-create as light by whipping tiny crystals on a screen with electrons in a
vacuum. Or they can bring happenings of long ago and far away as colored
motion pictures, by arranging silver atoms and color-absorbing molecules to
force light waves into the patterns of original reality. Or if we want to see into the
center of a steel casting or the chest of an injured child, they send the
information on a beam of penetrating short-wave X rays, and then convert it
back into images we can see on a screen or photograph. Thus almost every
type of electromagnetic radiation yet discovered has been used to extend our
sense of sight in some way. (George Harrison, Faith and the Scientist)

My hometown is famous for several amazing natural features. First, it is noted for
the Wheaton River, which is very wide and beautiful. On either side of this river,
which is 175 feet wide, are many willow trees which have long branches that
can move gracefully in the wind. In autumn the leaves of these trees fall and
cover the riverbanks like golden snow. Also, on the other side of the town is
Wheaton Hill, which is unusual because it is very steep. Even though it is steep,
climbing this hill is not dangerous, because there are some firm rocks along the
sides that can be used as stairs. There are no trees around this hill, so it stands
clearly against the sky and can be seen from many miles away. The third
amazing feature is the Big Old Tree. This tree stands two hundred feet tall and is
probably about six hundred years old. These three landmarks are truly amazing
and make my hometown a famous place.

Although most people consider piranhas to be quite dangerous, they are,

except in two main situations, entirely harmless. Piranhas rarely feed on large
animals; they eat smaller fish and aquatic plants. When confronted with
humans, piranhas instinct is to flee, not attack. But there are two situations in
which a piranha bite is likely. The first is when a frightened piranha is lifted out of
the waterfor example, if it has been caught in a fishing net. The second is
when the water level in pools where piranhas are living falls too low. A large
number of fish may be trapped in a single pool, and if they are hungry, they
may attack anything that enters the water.

My first day of college was a disaster. First, I went to the wrong classroom for
math. I was sitting in the class, surrounded by people taking notes and paying
attention to how to do equations, which would have been okay if I was
supposed to be in an algebra class. In reality, I was supposed to be in geometry,
and when I discovered my error, I had already missed the first twenty minutes of
a one-hour class. When I got to the correct class, all twenty-five students turned
and looked at me as the teacher said, Youre late. That would have been
bad enough, but in my next class my history teacher spoke so fast I could not
follow most of what he said. The only thing I did hear was that we were having a
quiz tomorrow over todays lecture. My day seemed to be going better during
botany class, that is, until we visited the lab. I had a sneezing fit because of one
of the plants in the lab and had to leave the room. When I finally finished my
classes for the day, I discovered I had locked my keys in the car and had to wait
for my brother to bring another set. My first day of school was so bad that I know
the rest will have to be better.