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OptiX RTN 980L System Commissioning (Web LCT) P-1

Contents
Preparations................................................................................... Page 4
Site Commissioning ..................................................................... Page 26
System Commissioning................................................................. Page 56

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Reference:
Digital Microwave Communications Basics
OptiX RTN 980L Radio Transmission System Configuration Guide
OptiX RTN 980L Radio Transmission System Commissioning Guide

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This section describes the required network knowledge and commissioning experience for
the equipment commissioning.
Before commissioning the equipment by referring to this manual, the commissioning
personnel should receive trainings on how to commission optical network equipment.
Basic Requirements for Commissioning
The commissioning personnel of Huawei equipment must receive strict training and
be familiar with the proper operation methods and safety precautions before any
operation.
Only the qualified and skilled personnel are allowed to install, operate, and
maintain the equipment.
Only the certified professionals are allowed to remove the safety facilities, and to
troubleshoot and maintain the equipment.
Any replacement or change of the equipment or parts of the equipment (including
the software) must be performed by the certified or authorized personnel of
Huawei. Any fault or error that may cause a safety problem must be reported
immediately to the person in charge.

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The next topic describes the commissioning process of the equipment. The commissioning
process involves three phases: the preparations for commissioning, Site commissioning and
System commissioning. Each phase has detailed focuses or commissioning steps.
Generally, commissioning items can be classified into two categories: optional and required.
We will focus more on the required items.

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It provides guides to the operations that may cause injury on human bodies and damage
on the equipment if they are misconducted during the commissioning and maintenance of
microwave equipment.
Operation Guide to the Toggle Lever Switch
The ODU-PWR switch on the IF board is a toggle lever switch. When you turn on
or turn off the toggle lever switch, perform the operations in strict compliance
with the guidelines. Otherwise, the IF board may be damaged.
Operation Guide to the IF Jumper
Before removing or installing an IF jumper, turn off the ODU-PWR. Otherwise, the
body injury may be caused, and the IF board or the ODU may be damaged.
Operation Guide to the IF Cable
Before removing or installing an IF cable, turn off the ODU-PWR. Otherwise, the
body injury may be caused, and the IF board or the ODU may be damaged.
Operation Guide to the IF Board
Before removing or installing an IF board, turn off the ODU-PWR. Otherwise, the IF
board or the ODU may be damaged.

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The toggle lever switch resides on the IF board and controls the power that is fed to the
ODU.
A dual-channel IF board does not have a toggle lever switch.
Turning On the Toggle Lever Switch

1.Pull it out slightly 2.Turn it 3.Release it

Turning Off the Toggle Lever Switch

1.Pull it out slightly 2.Turn it 3.Release it

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Procedure
Turn off the RFU/ODU power switch on the IF board.
Do not remove the IF jumper before the ODU is powered off!
Remove or install the IF jumper.

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Procedure
Turn off the RFU/ODU power switch on the IF board
Install or remove the IF cable.

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Procedure
Turn off the RFU/ODU power switch on the IF board.
Skip this step if a dual-channel IF board is concerned.
Disconnect the IF jumper or IF cable.
Remove or install the IF board.

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The commissioning items are classified into two categories: site commissioning items and
system commissioning items.
Site Commissioning Items

Site commissioning involves the commissioning of a hop of radio link and


the sites on both ends. The purpose of site commissioning is to ensure that
the hop of radio link is in normal state and to prepare for system
commissioning.
System Commissioning Items

System commissioning involves the commissioning of the entire radio


transmission network. The purpose of system commissioning is to ensure
that various services are transmitted normally and protection functions are
realized over the radio transmission network.
In the case of OptiX RTN 980L, Commissioning engineers can configure the site
commissioning data by using the Web LCT on site when the following conditions are met:
Commissioning engineers are capable of configuring the radio link data for the
OptiX RTN 980L.
Commissioning engineers know the radio link data planning for the site.
Commissioning engineers carry a laptop on which the Web LCT is installed.

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Before aligning the antenna, you must power on the equipment and configure the site
commissioning data on both ends of the radio link.

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Hop Commissioning
When the scale of the radio transmission network is limited (to only one or two
hops), the hop commissioning method applies. Hop commissioning combines site
commissioning and system commissioning. The major commissioning steps are as
follows:
Power on the equipment on both ends of the radio link and use the Web
LCT to configure all the data for the site.
Align the antennas on both ends of the radio link.
Check and ensure that the status of the radio link is normal.
Use the Web LCT to commission certain items according to the services
transmitted over the radio link.
Network Commissioning
When the scale of the radio transmission network is large, the network
commissioning method applies. The major commissioning steps are as follows:
Power on the equipment on both ends of the radio link and use the Web
LCT to configure the radio link data for the site.
Align the antennas on both ends of the radio link.
Check and ensure that the status of the radio link is normal.
Use the NMS to configure the network-wide data at the central site where
services converge.
Use the NMS to complete the network-wide commissioning items at the
central site where services converge.

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Before performing the site commissioning and system commissioning, check whether the
equipment meets the commissioning requirements.

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According to the process of powering on the equipment, you can check whether the
hardware system and the power system of the equipment are normal.

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CAUTION
If the equipment is configured with two PIU boards, the two PIU boards must be
provided with the input power of the same nominal voltage.
The ODU-PWR switches on the front panels of the IF boards are equipped with
locking devices. Hence, you must pull out the switches gently before you turn
them. If the switch is at the "O" position, it indicates that the switch is off. If the
switch is at the "I" position, it indicates that the switch is on.
If the output voltage of the power supply does not meet the test requirements, do
not power on the cabinet. First, reconstruct the power supply and then test the
output voltage again.

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The PROG indicator should blink green, off, and then become steady green.
The STAT indicators should be green.

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CAUTION
When connecting the equipment to the laptop, make sure that the network cable
is properly connected to the NMS/COM port on the CSHL board so that the
equipment and commissioning tool can be protected against any damage caused
by mis-insertion.
The NMS/COM port is self-adaptive to crossover and straight-through network
cable. Thus, you can use either a crossover cable or a straight-through network
cable to connect the equipment to the laptop.
The default User Name and Password of Web LCT are:
User Name: admin
Password: Changeme_123. At the first login to the Web LCT, change the
password as prompted.

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The search method is generally used to create an NE during site commissioning.


NOTE
The default User Name is lct.
The default Password for user lct is Changeme_123.

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During site commissioning, you need to modify the NE ID according to the engineering
plan and ensure that each NE ID is unique.
Procedure
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Choose Configuration >
NE Attribute from the Function Tree.
Click Modify NE ID.
The Modify NE ID dialog box is displayed.
Specify New ID and New Extended ID.
Click OK in the displayed confirmation dialog box.

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To better identify the NE in the Main Topology, name the NE according to the NE
geographical location or the device connected to the NE.
Procedure
In the NE Explorer, select the NE from the Object Tree and then choose
Configuration > NE Attribute from the Function Tree.
Enter the name of the NE in Name.
Click Apply.

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During site commissioning, the IP address of the gateway NE needs to be configured in


compliance with the external DCN requirements but other non-gateway NEs use IP
addresses that are automatically generated based on NE IDs.
Procedure
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Choose Communication >
Communication Parameters from the Function Tree.
Configure the communication parameters of the NE.
Click Apply.

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Add the logical board in the slot layout if it has not already been added. If the physical
board is inconsistent with the logical board in the slot layout, delete the inconsistent
logical board and add the correct logical board.
Procedure
Click the Slot Layout tab and click Add Physical Boards.
Based on the slot layout, the NE automatically configures the logical boards that
are required but are not yet configured for certain physical boards.
Optional: On the slot to which the board is to be added, right-click, and then
select Add XXX. XXX is the name of the board to be added.
Optional: On the slot to which the board is to be deleted, right-click, and then
select Delete.

a. A dialog box is displayed for confirmation, click OK.

b. A dialog box is displayed again for confirmation, click OK.


NOTE
Before deleting a board, you must delete the data, such as the service, clock,
orderwire, and protection, on the board.

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Adjust the NE time so that the NE time remains synchronized with the time on the NMS. In
this manner, the NMS can accurately record the time when an alarm, a performance event,
or an abnormal event occurred.
Procedure
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer, and then choose
Configuration > NE Time Synchronization from the Function Tree.
Select the NE to be synchronized with the NMS and set Synchronous Mode to
NM.
Click Apply.
Right-click the NE whose time needs to be synchronized and choose Synchronize
with NM Time from the shortcut menu.

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The working modes of IF ports at both ends of a microwave link must be the same.
Procedure
Select the corresponding board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Choose
Configuration > IF Interface from the Function Tree.
Click the IF Attributes tab.
Change the Running Mode of the IF port based on the network plan.
Click Apply.
A confirmation dialog box is displayed.
Click OK.
IS2 mode. In this mode, the modulation schemes QPSK-256QAM are supported. ISV3
boards can interconnect only with ISU2/ISX2 boards.
IS3 mode. In this mode, the modulation schemes QPSK-2048QAM and the four extended
modulation schemes QPSK Strong, 16QAM Strong, and 512QAM Light, and 1024QAM
Light are supported. ISV3 boards can interconnect only with ISV3 boards or the RTN 905.
LH ACCP mode. In this mode, RTN 980L is used for long haul transmission, and channel
configuration mode is ACCP or the channel configuration of an adjacent channel is CCDP.
LH NON-ACCP mode. In this mode, RTN 980L is used for long haul transmission, and
channel configuration mode is ACAP.

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Procedure
Select the corresponding board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Choose
Configuration > IF Interface from the Function Tree.
Click the IF Attributes tab.
Change IF Service Type based on the network plan.
Click Apply.
NOTE
After the IF service type is changed, the IF board will be reset. Wait until the IF
board resets and set other IF information.

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Procedure
In the NE Explorer, select the desired NE from the Object Tree and choose
Configuration > Microwave Link Configuration.
Select an IF board from the drop-down list.
Set the basic attributes for the local NE based on site requirements.
Set the IF attributes for the local NE.
Set the RF attributes for the local NE.
Click Apply.
A confirmation dialog box is displayed.
Click OK.

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The VLAN ID used by an inband DCN must be different from the VLAN ID used by services
and the bandwidth by an inband DCN must meet the requirements of the transmission
network for managing messages.
Procedure
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Choose Communication >
DCN Management from the Function Tree.
Click the Bandwidth Management tab.
Set the VLAN ID and bandwidth used by an inband DCN.
Click Apply.
NOTE
Ensure that all NEs on a DCN subnet use the same inband DCN VLAN ID. If an
original NE on the DCN subnet does not use the default value 4094 of Ethernet
Board VLAN ID, change the inband DCN VLAN ID of other NEs to the same
value as that of this NE.
It is recommended that Bandwidth take its default value. When the inband DCN
is provided by DCN channels in a GE link and the GE link is an aggregation link,
set Bandwidth to 1000.
IF Port Bandwidth(Kbit/s) specifies the bandwidth for inband DCN transmission
on a radio link. It is recommended that IF Port Bandwidth(Kbit/s) take its
default value.

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The orderwire for an NE provides a dedicated communication channel that the network
maintenance personnel can use.
Procedure
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Choose Configuration >
Orderwire from the Function Tree.
Click the General tab.
Configure the orderwire information.
Click Apply.
Optional: Change the overhead bytes occupied by the orderwire.
a. Click the Advanced tab.
b. Configure Orderwire Occupied Bytes.
c. Click Apply.

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By checking the alarms generated by the equipment, you can determine whether the
equipment is working properly.
Procedure
In the NE Explorer, select an NE from the Object Tree, and then click on the
toolbar.
Click the Browse Current Alarms tab.
Check the displayed alarm information.
Check whether there are any equipment alarms, the following alarms in particular:

POWER_ALM
FAN_FAIL
HARD_BAD
BD_STATUS
SYNC_C_LOS
CONFIG_NOSUPPORT
NESF_LOST
TEMP_ALARM
IF_CABLE_OPEN
XPIC_LOS

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By testing connectivity of E1 cables, you can check whether the E1 cables are properly
connected between the equipment and the DDF, and whether the E1 cables are in the
normal state.
The tributary inloop is a process wherein the signals over a PDH port are looped back at
the coding/decoding unit towards the backplane
The tributary outloop is a process wherein the signals on a tributary path are looped back
at the PDH interface board of the local IDU towards the remote equipment.

The services may be interrupted on the port or on the path where the loopback is
performed.
Procedure
Select the PDH interface board in the Object Tree.
Choose Configuration > PDH Interface from the Function Tree.
Select By Function, and select Tributary Loopback from the drop-down list.
Set the loopback status of the path based on the requirements.
Click Apply.

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You can also test the connectivity of the network cable by performing a loopback on the
data ports (this method is applicable when the equipment is powered on). Specifically, use
the Ethernet cable to be tested to connect any two data ports. If the LINK indicators of the
two data ports are on, it indicates that the Ethernet cable is normal.

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During the installation of fiber jumpers, the fiber jumpers may be incorrectly connected or the
attenuation may be very high. As a result, the services may fail to run normally. To prevent this
situation, check the fiber jumper connection after the fiber jumper is routed from the optical
interface to the optical distribution frame (ODF).
Procedure
On the chassis side, disconnect the fiber jumper from the TX port of an optical interface
board.
Connect the optical power meter to the OUT port of the optical interface board with a
short fiber jumper.
Switch on the optical power meter and set the operating wavelength according to the
optical interface type. The measured launched optical power of the optical interface board
is A.
Insert the fiber jumper back to the TX port.
On the ODF side, disconnect the fiber jumper from the TX port. Connect the fiber jumper
to the optical power meter. The measured optical power is B.
Disconnect the fiber jumper from the corresponding TX port of the optical interface board.
The optical power meter reads "LO" and does not receive optical signals.
Compare the values of A and B.

If the difference between A and B is less than 1 dB, it indicates that the fiber
jumper is correctly connected and the attenuation of the fiber jumper is within the
normal range.
If the difference between A and B is more than 1 dB, check and ensure that the
fiber jumper is in good condition and is correctly routed. Then, check and ensure
that the fiber jumper terminal is clean.
Check the fiber jumper that is connected to the RX port in the same manner.
Recover the fiber jumper connections on the chassis side and on the ODF side.
Repeat above steps to check fiber jumper connections of the other optical interfaces.

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If nonSD configuration is used, align antennas in the following sequence:


Power on the RFU-NonSDs at both ends of a channel (RFU Port1 channel is
recommended), and power off the RFU-NonSDs on other channels.
Align antennas.
Power on the RFU-NonSDs on other channels.
If SD configuration is used, align antennas in the following sequence:
Power on the RFU-SDs at both ends of a channel (RFU Port1 channel is
recommended), and power off the RFU-SDs on other channels.
Align the main antennas at both ends.
Retain the position of the main antenna at the remote end, and adjust the
SD antenna at the local end.
Retain the position of the main antenna at the local end, and adjust the SD
antenna at the remote end.
After aligning the antennas, power on the RFU-SDs on other channels.
NOTE
For a dual-channel IF board, mute ODUs instead of powering off them.

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NOTE
It is recommended that you fix the multimeter to the tower with adhesive
tapes at a point suitable for observation, so that you can observe the RSSI
voltage value while aligning antennas.
In the non-SD scenario, during antenna alignment, the RSSI cable must
connect to a multimeter through the connector with the label of Main.
In the SD scenario, during alignment of the main antennas, the RSSI cable
must connect to a multimeter through the connector with the label of
Main. During the alignment of SD antennas, the RSSI cable must connect
to a multimeter through the connector with the label of SD.

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NOTE
When you tighten the antenna, ensure that the VBNC voltage remains the
peak value.
The curve diagram for VBNC and RSL is delivered along with the RFU.
The actual RSL must be the same as planned by the network planning
department.
If the VBNC does not meet the requirements, refer to the Maintenance
Guide for fault handling.

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Measure the RSL (P1) of the horizontally polarized signals at the local end.
Use a multimeter to measure the signal level on the RSSI port of the horizontally
polarized RFUs of a channel (RFU Port1 channel is recommended) .
Calculate the RSL (P1) of the horizontally polarized received signals by referring to
the curve diagram delivered along with the RFUs of a channel.

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Adjust the feed boom at the local end, and ensure that the RSL of the vertically polarized
signals reaches the lower threshold (P2).
Power on the vertically polarized RFUs of a channel at the local end.
Use a multimeter to measure the signal level on the RSSI port of the vertically
polarized RFUs of a channel.
Release the holder of the feed boom a little bit, and turn the feed boom slightly
until the signal level reaches the lower threshold.
Calculate the RSL (P2) of the vertically polarized signals by referring to the curve
diagram in the RFUs of a channel.
The calculated XPD1 (XPD1 = P1 P2) should not be less than 24 dB.

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NOTE
If D1 and D2 are the same, you do not need to adjust the feed boom.
24 dB is obtained through a rollback from the antenna XPD specification 30 dB by
6 dB.
In actual commissioning, the XPD value is usually greater than 24 dB. Try to adjust
the XPD value to the maximum value to ensure that links work in the optimal state.

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After antenna alignment, check whether the status of a radio link is normal and the receive
power meets requirements.
Procedure
Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Choose Configuration >
Microwave Link Configuration.
Select the IF board carrying the radio link.
Click Get Links.
a. If basic information about the radio link is displayed, the link is normal.
b. If basic information about the radio link is not displayed, check whether data
configurations in the radio direction are correct and whether antennas have been
properly aligned.
Click Query to query whether RX Power (dBm) at both ends meet requirements.
It is recommended that the receive power deviate from the planned value only
within the specified range.

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Perform an SD combination hold-off compensation test to ensure normal SD combination


function.
Procedure
In the NE Explorer, select a desired RFU-SD logical board (power off the RFU-SDs
on other channels) from the Object Tree and choose Configuration > Hold-Off
Compensation Test from the Function Tree.
Click Start.
After the test is complete, the Prompt dialog box is displayed. Click the link in the
dialog box to enter Browse
Abnormal Events window in which you can view the test result. In normal cases,
the test result is success.
NOTE
This operation need to be performed only once after completing commissioning

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After the site commissioning is performed for each hop of radio links, the ECC
communication between NEs is normal. In this case, an NE can be accessed by using NMS,
and the network-wide service data can be configured.

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If a BER tester is available, the BER tester can be used to test whether E1 services are
available.

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CAUTION
When a PRBS test is performed, the services carried on the tested path are
interrupted.
The PRBS test method is inapplicable when the CESoPSN mode is used and a CES
service uses fewer than 31 TDM timeslots.
Procedure
On the Web LCT, perform inloop for the corresponding E1 port at the remote site.
At the central site, on the Web LCT, select the PDH interface board in the Object
Tree.
In the Function Tree, choose Configuration > PRBS Test.
Select the first E1 port, and then set the following PRBS-related parameters:
Parameter TDM Service CES Service
Direction Cross-connection NNI
Frame Format - Framed
Test Period Short(1s) Short(1s)
Test Times 120 120
Click Start to Test.
Click OK.
Release the inloop.
Repeat the upper steps to test all other E1 ports.
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The following test procedure considers the Ethernet service from PORT2 on NE2 and
PORT3 on NE3 to PORT1 on NE1 as an example, the VLAN ID of the Ethernet service from
NE2 to NE1 is 100, and the VLAN ID of the Ethernet service from NE3 to NE1 is 200.

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Check Detection Result. The LossRate in the Detection Result should be 0.

Command Ping can be used to Ethernet service testing also.

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When the AM function is enabled for some radio links on a microwave network, you can
test the AM function on typical radio links to check whether AM shifts are functional.
Set the AM attributes.
Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer. Click the Radio Link
Configuration tab.Select an NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer.
ChooseConfiguration > Radio Link Configuration.
Record Modulation Mode of the Guaranteed Capacity and Modulation Mode
of the Full Capacity in IF.
Test one-click AM shifts.
Select an NE in the NE Explorer, and choose Diagnosis & Maintenance > One-
Touch Test from the Function Tree.
In Optional Acceptance Items, select AM switching test.
Select the board to be tested and the AM guaranteed-capacity modulation mode.
Click Start.
In Result, the step-by-step downshifting processes of TX Modulation Mode and
RX Modulation Mode are displayed.
After TX Modulation Mode and RX Modulation Mode have shifted to the
guaranteed-capacity modulation mode, click Stop.
The system outputs an AM shift test report.

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If no BER tester is available on site, you can compare the values of Switching Status in
Slot Mapping Settings when the protection switching occurs and after the protection
switching is complete.
Procedure
Check whether a BER tester is available at the central site.
At the central site NE A, connect one E1 port to the BER tester.
At the remote site NE B, perform a software inloop at the E1 port by using the
Web LCT.
Test the BER by using the BER tester. The BER tester should show that no bit error
occurs.
Before the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured
on NE B.
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE B, and choose
Configuration > Link Configuration from the Function Tree.
Click N+1 Protection tab.

Select the protection group to be queried, and then click Query Switching
Status.

In Slot Mapping Settings, the Switching Status of the working units 3-


ISV3-1 and 5-ISV3-1 and the protection unit 7-ISV3-1 should be Idle.

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Procedure
Set TX Status to mute for the main ODU/RFU 53-ODU/RFU of NE A.
Check the availability of the service after the switching.
After the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured on
NE B.

Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE B, and then
choose Configuration > Link Configuration from the Function Tree.

Click N+1 Protection tab.


Select the protection group to be queried, and then click Query Switching
Status.

In Slot Mapping Settings, the Switching Status of the working unit 3-


ISV3-1 for the service that is configured with the N+1 protection should be
Switch upon signal failure.
Set TX Status to unmute for the main ODU/RFU 53-ODU/RFU of NE A.
Release the loopback.

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You can verify whether the SNCP works normally by checking the working port of the
SNCP protection group before and after the switching.

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Before the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured on NE C.
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE C, and choose
Configuration > SNCP Service Control from the Function Tree.
In Working Cross-Connections, select an SNCP service that is already created,
then click Function, and finally select Query Switching Status.
The current SNCP status of the equipment is displayed in Working Cross-
Connections and Protection Cross-Connections.
In Current Status, Normal should be displayed. In Active Channel, Working
Channel should be displayed.

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After the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured on NE C.
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE C, and choose
Configuration > SNCP Service Control from the Function Tree.
Click Function, and then select Query Switching Status.
The current SNCP status of the equipment is displayed in Working Cross-
Connections and Protection Cross-Connections.
In Current Status, the service switching mode is displayed. In Active Channel,
Protection Channel should be displayed.

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You can verify whether the ERPS works normally by checking the port status of the ERPS
protection group before and after the switching.
As shown in above figure, the following procedures use the Ethernet services that are
configured with ERPS between NE A and NE D as an example. The RPL owner node is NE
A.
NE A ,NE B, NE C and NE D are configured as follows:
Main IF board: ISV3 in slot 3
Standby IF board: ISV3 in slot 5
Main ODU (RFU): ODU (RFU) in slot 53
Standby ODU (RFU): ODU (RFU) in slot 55

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Before the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured on NE A.
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE A, and then choose
Configuration > Ethernet Protection > ERPS Management from the Function
Tree.
Select the ERPS protection group to be queried, and then click Query.
The value of State Machine Status should be Idle.
Test the availability of the Ethernet service by OAM function. The LossRate in the
Detection Result should be 0.

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After the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured on NE A.
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE A, and then choose
Configuration > Ethernet Protection > ERPS Management from the Function
Tree.
Select the ERPS protection group to be queried, and then click Query.
The value of State Machine Status should be Protection.
Test the availability of the Ethernet service by OAM function, The LossRate in the
Detection Result should be 0

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Procedure
Query the switching status of the current MPLS tunnel 1:1 protection group. In
normal situations, the Switching Status should be Normal (No Request for
Working), and Tunnel Status for both the working and protection tunnels should
be Available.
Switch the services to the protection tunnel manually and forcedly.
Query the switching status of the MPLS 1:1 protection groups after switching. In
normal situations, the Switching Status should be Forced Switching, Working
should be Standby, and Protection should be Active.
Restore the services to the working tunnel.
NOTE
If Forced Switching is performed at the previous step, the state of the protection
group should be Forced Switching.
If Manual Switching to Protection is performed at the previous step, the state
of the protection group should be Manual (Working to Protection) Switching.

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NOTE
When the automatic disabling function of SDH Optical/Electrical Interface
Loopback on the NE is set to Disabled, the loopback automatic disabling function
for all of the SDH optical interfaces, PDH electrical interfaces and ATM IMA groups
on the NE is disabled.
If exceptions occur, you must rectify the fault first, and then continue to test the
linear MSP switching.
After the service is restored, you can query Switching Status after the WTR time
expires. The default value of WTR Time is 600s.
Revertive Mode of the two-fiber bidirectional MSP is always set to Revertive.

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Before the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured on NE A.
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE A, and then choose
Configuration > Linear MS from the Function Tree.
In Slot Mapping Settings, select Working Unit.
Click Query, and then select Query Switching Status.
In Slot Mapping Settings, the value of Switching Status West should be Idle.
Shut down the laser for the working unit on NE A.
Select the required optical interface board from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer.
Choose Configuration > SDH Interface from the Function Tree.
Select By Function and then select Laser Switch from the drop-down list.
Select the laser port that corresponds to the working unit, and then set Laser
Switch to Off. Then click Apply.
After the switching, query the status of the protection group that is configured on NE A.
Select the NE from the Object Tree in the NE Explorer of NE A, and then choose
Configuration > Linear MS from the Function Tree.
In Slot Mapping Settings, select Working Unit.
Click Query, and then select Query Switching Status.
In Slot Mapping Settings, the value of Switching Status West should be
Switch upon signal failure.

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Check the alarm status of the main and standby integrated system control and
communication, switching, and timing boards before switching.
In the NE Explorer, select the NE from the Object Tree, and then click the icon
on the toolbar.
Click the Browse Current Alarms tab.
Record current alarms.
Both the main and standby system control, switching, and timing boards should
have no equipment alarms.
Check the working status of the main and standby integrated system control and
communication, switching, and timing boards before switching.
In the NE Explorer, select the NE from the Object Tree and then choose
Configuration > Board 1+1 Protection from the Function Tree.
Click Query.
In normal situations, displayed Active Board is the Working Board.
Switch the active/standby status of the integrated system control and communication,
switching, and timing board.
In the NE Explorer, select the NE from the Object Tree and then choose
Configuration > Board 1+1 Protection from the Function Tree.
Click Working/Protection Switching. A confirmation dialog box is displayed.
Click OK.

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Restore the active/standby switching


In the NE Explorer, select the NE from the Object Tree and then choose
Configuration > Board 1+1 Protection from the Function Tree.
Click Restore Working/Protection. A confirmation dialog box is displayed.
Click Yes.

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NOTE
If the clock of an NE is selected as the working clock of the radio network, this
clock should be in Free-Run Mode and the clocks of the other NEs should be in
Normal Mode.
If a service clock or an external clock is selected as the working clock of the radio
network, the clocks of all the NEs should be in Normal Mode.

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The fade margin (FM) over a radio link can be evaluated by measuring the mean square
errors (MSEs) at different received signal levels (RSLs).
NOTE
Deselect AM to disable the AM function for the radio link. After the AM function is
disabled, the system automatically disables the E1 priority function.

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The Result dialog box displays the query result.

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If the first 24-hour BER test does not meet the specified requirement, find out the cause
and rectify the fault. Perform another 24-hour BER test until the test is passed.
If the BER exceeds the nominal value in the test for a serial connection, locate the fault by
using the dichotomizing search or other methods until each channel passes the 24-hour
BER test independently.

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Site commissioning items: refer to page 12-14.


System commissioning items: refer to page 15-18.
BER tester, network cable tester, optical power meter, short fiber jumper, PC and E1
jumper.

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