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ENVIRONMENTIMPACTASSESSMENTNOTIFICATION

MINISTRYOFENVIRONMENTANDFORESTS

NOTIFICATION

NewDelhi,the27thJanuary,1994

(Incorporatingamendmentsmadeon04/05/1994,10/04/1997,27/1/2000,13/12/2000,
01/08/2001and21/11/2001)

1.S.O.60 (E) Whereas a notification under clause (a) of subrule (3) of rule 5 of the
Environment(Protection)Rules,1986invitingobjectionsfromthepublicwithinsixty
daysfromthedateofpublicationofthesaidnotification,againsttheintentionofthe
Central Government to impose restrictions and prohibitions on the expansion and
modernization of any activity or new projects being undertaken in any part of India
unless environmental clearance has been accorded by the Central Government or the
StateGovernmentinaccordancewiththeprocedurespecifiedinthatnotificationwas
publishedasSONo.80(E)dated28thJanuary,1993

Andwhereasallobjectionsreceivedhavebeendulyconsidered

Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by subsection (1) and


clause(v)ofsubsection(2)ofsection3oftheEnvironment(Protection)Act,1986(29
of1986)readwithclause(d)ofsubrule(3)ofrule5oftheEnvironment(Protection)
Rules, 1986, the Central Government hereby directs that on and from the date of
publicationofthisnotificationintheOfficialGazette,expansionormodernizationof
any activity (if pollution load is to exceed the existing one, or new project listed in
ScheduleItothisnotification,shallnotbeundertakeninanypartofIndiaunlessithas
beenaccordedenvironmentalclearancebytheCentralGovernmentinaccordancewith
theprocedurehereinafterspecifiedinthisnotification

2.Requirementsandprocedureforseekingenvironmentalclearanceofprojects:

I(a)Any person who desires to undertake any new project in any part of India or the
expansionormodernizationofanyexistingindustryorprojectlistedintheScheduleI
shallsubmitanapplicationtotheSecretary,MinistryofEnvironmentandForests,New
Delhi.

TheapplicationshallbemadeintheproformaspecifiedinScheduleIIofthisnotificationand
shall be accompanied by a project report which shall, inter alia, include an
EnvironmentalImpactAssessmentReport,an**EnvironmentManagementPlanand
detailsofpublichearingasspecifiedinScheduleIV**preparedinaccordancewiththe
guidelines issued by the Central Government in the Ministry of Environment and
Forests from time to time. However, Public Hearing is not required in respect of (i)
small scale industrial undertakings located in (a) notified/designated industrial
areas/industrial estates or (b) areas earmarked for industries under the jurisdiction of
industrial development authorities (ii) widening and strengthening of highways(iii)
miningprojects(majorminerals)withleaseareaupto25hectares,(iv)unitslocatedin

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Export Processing Zones, Special Economic Zones and (v)modernisation of existing


irrigationprojects.

(b)Casesrejectedduetosubmissionofinsufficientorinadequatedataand*Plansmay
bereviewedasandwhensubmittedwithcompletedataand*Plans.Submission
of incomplete data or plans for the second time would itself be a sufficient
reasonfortheImpactassessmentAgencytorejectthecasesummarily.

IIIncaseofthefollowingsitespecificprojects:

(a)mining

(b)pitheadthermalpowerstations

(c)hydropower, major irrigation projects and/or their combination including flood


control

(d)portsandharbours(excludingminorports)

(e)*prospectingandexplorationofmajormineralsinareasabove500hectares*

TheprojectauthoritieswillintimatethelocationoftheprojectsitetotheCentral
Government in the Ministry of Environment and Forests while initiating any
investigation and surveys.The Central Government in the Ministry of
Environment and Forests will convey a decision regarding suitability or
otherwiseoftheproposedsitewithinamaximumperiodofthirtydays.*Thesaid
siteclearanceshallbegrantedforasanctionedcapacityandshallbevalidfora
periodoffiveyearsforcommencingtheconstruction,operationormining.*

III(a)Thereportssubmittedwiththeapplicationshallbeevaluatedandassessed
bytheImpactAssessmentAgency,*andifdeemednecessaryitmayconsult*a
committeeofExperts,havingacompositionasspecifiedinScheduleIIIof this
Notification.The Impact Assessment Agency (IAA) would be the Union
Ministry of Environment and Forests.The Committee of Experts mentioned
aboveshallbeconstitutedbytheImpactAssessmentAgencyorsuchotherbody
undertheCentralGovernmentauthorisedbytheImpactAssessmentAgency in
thisregard.

(b)ThesaidCommitteeofExpertsshallhavefullrightofentryandinspectionof
the site or, as the case may be, factory premises at any time prior to,
duringorafterthecommencementoftheoperationsrelatingtotheproject.

**(c)The Impact Assessment Agency shall prepare a set of recommendations


based on technical assessment of documents and data, furnished by the
project authorities, supplemented by data collected during visits to sites
orfactoriesifundertaken,anddetailsofpublichearing.

The assessment shall be completed within a period of ninety days from receipt of the
requisite documents and data from the project authorities and completion of public
hearinganddecisionconveyedwithinthirtydaysthereafter.

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The clearance granted shall be valid for a period of five years for commencement of the
constructionoroperationoftheproject.**
Noconstructionwork,preliminaryorotherwise,relatingtothesettingupoftheprojectmaybeundertaken
tilltheenvironmentalandsiteclearanceisobtained.

IV.In order to enable the Impact Assessment Agency to monitor effectively the
implementation of the recommendations and conditions subject to which the
environmentalclearancehasbeengiven,theprojectauthoritiesconcernedshallsubmit
ahalfyearlyreporttothe*ImpactAssessmentAgency.Subjecttothepublicinterest,*
theImpactAssessmentAgencyshallmakecompliancereportspubliclyavailable.

V.IfnocommentsfromtheImpactAssessmentAgencyarereceivedwithinthetimelimit,the
projectwouldbedeemedtohavebeenapprovedasproposedbyprojectauthorities.

3.NothingcontainedinthisNotificationshallapplyto:

(a)any item falling under entry Nos. 3, 18 and 20 of the ScheduleI to be located or
proposedtobelocatedintheareascoveredbytheNotificationsS.O.No.102(E)dated
1stFebruary,1989,S.O.114(E)dated20thFebruary,1991*S.O. No. 416 (E) dated
20thJune,1991*andS.O.No.319(E)dated7thMay,1992.

(b)any item falling under entry Nos.1,2,3,4,5,9,10,13, 16,17,19,*21*,25 and 27 of


ScheduleIiftheinvestmentislessthanRs.50crores.

(c)anyitemreservedforSmallScaleIndustrialSectorwithinvestmentlessthanRs.1
crore.

(d)defencerelatedroadconstructionprojectsinborderareas.

(e)anyitemfallingunderentryNo.8ofScheduleIcoveredbythenotificationG.S.R.
1037(E)dated5thDecember1989.

4.Concealing factual data or submission of false, misleading data/reports, decisions or


recommendationswouldleadtotheprojectbeingrejected.Approval,ifgrantedearlier
on the basis of false data, would also be revoked.Misleading and wrong information
willcoverthefollowing:

Falseinformation

Falsedata

Engineeredreports

Concealingoffactualdata

Falserecommendationsordecisions

[No.Z12013/4/89IAI]

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SCHEDULEI
(Seeparas1and2)

LISTOFPROJECTSREQUIRINGENVIRONMENTALCLEARANCEFROMTHE
CENTRALGOVERNMENT

1.NuclearPowerandrelatedprojectssuchasHeavyWaterPlants,nuclearfuelcomplex,Rare
Earths.

2.River Valley projects including hydel power, major Irrigation and their combination
includingfloodcontrol.

3.Ports,Harbours,Airports(exceptminorportsandharbours).

4.PetroleumRefineriesincludingcrudeandproductpipelines.

5.ChemicalFertilizers(NitrogenousandPhosphaticotherthansinglesuperphosphate).

6.Pesticides(Technical).

7.Petrochemical complexes (Both Olefinic and Aromatic) and Petrochemical intermediates


suchasDMT,Caprolactam,LABetc.andproductionofbasicplasticssuchasLLDPE,
HDPE,PP,PVC.

8.Bulkdrugsandpharmaceuticals.

9.Explorationforoilandgasandtheirproduction,transportationandstorage.

10.SyntheticRubber.

11.AsbestosandAsbestosproducts.

12.Hydrocyanicacidanditsderivatives.

13(a)Primary metallurgical industries (such as production of Iron and Steel, Aluminium,


Copper,Zinc,LeadandFerroAlloys).

(b)Electricarcfurnaces(MiniSteelPlants).

14.Chloralkaliindustry.

15.Integratedpaintcomplexincludingmanufactureofresinsandbasicrawmaterialsrequired
inthemanufactureofpaints.

16.ViscoseStaplefibreandfilamentyarn.

17.Storagebatteriesintegratedwithmanufactureofoxidesofleadandleadantimonyalloys.

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18.Alltourismprojectsbetween200m500metresofHighWaterLineandatlocationswith
anelevationofmorethan1000metreswithinvestmentofmorethanRs.5crores.

19.ThermalPowerPlants.

20.Miningprojects*(majorminerals)*withleasesmorethan5hectares.

21.HighwayProjects**exceptprojectsrelatingtoimprovementworkincludingwideningand
strengthening of roads with marginal land acquisition along the existing alignments
provideditdoesnotpassthroughecologicallysensitiveareassuchasNationalParks,
Sanctuaries,TigerReserves,ReserveForests**

22.TarredRoadsintheHimalayasandorForestareas.

23.Distilleries.

24.RawSkinsandHides

25.Pulp,paperandnewsprint.

26.Dyes.

27.Cement.

28.Foundries(individual)

29.Electroplating

30.Metaaminophenol

SCHEDULEII
[SeeSubparaI(a)ofpara2]

APPLICATIONFORM

1.(a)NameandAddressoftheprojectproposed:

(b)Locationoftheproject:

NameofthePlace:

District,Tehsil:

Latitude/Longitude:

NearestAirport/RailwayStation:

(c)Alternatesitesexaminedandthereasonsforselectingtheproposedsite:

(d)Doesthesiteconformtostipulatedlanduseasperlocallanduseplan:

2.Objectivesoftheproject:
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3.(a)LandRequirement:

AgricultureLand:

ForestlandandDensityofvegetation.

Other(specify):

(b)(i)LanduseintheCatchmentwithin10kmsradiusoftheproposedsite:

(ii)Topographyoftheareaindicatinggradient,aspectsandaltitude:

(iii)Erodibilityclassificationoftheproposedland:

(c)Pollutionsourcesexistingin10kmradiusandtheirimpactonqualityofair,
waterandland:

(e)Distance of the nearest National Park/Sanctuary/Biosphere


Reserve/Monuments/heritagesite/ReserveForest:

(f)Rehabilitationplanforquarries/borrowareas:

(g)Greenbeltplan:

(h)Compensatoryafforestationplan:

4.ClimateandAirQuality:

(a)Windroseatsite:

(b)Max/Min/Meanannualtemperature:

(c)Frequencyofinversion:

(d)Frequencyofcyclones/tornadoes/cloudburst:

(e)Ambientairqualitydata:

(f)Nature&concentrationofemissionofSPM,Gas(CO,CO2,NOx,CHnetc.)
fromtheproject:

5.Waterbalance:

(a)Waterbalanceatsite:

(b)Leanseasonwateravailability

WaterRequirement:

(c)Source to be tapped with competing users (River, Lake, Ground, Public


supply):

(d)Waterquality:

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(e)Changesobservedinqualityandquantityofgroundwaterinthelastyearsand
presentchargingandextractiondetails:

(f)(i)Quantumofwastewatertobereleasedwithtreatmentdetails:

(ii)Quantum of quality of water in the receiving body before and after


disposalofsolidwastes:

(iii)Quantumofwastewatertobereleasedonlandandtypeofland:

(g)(i)DetailsofreservoirwaterqualitywithnecessaryCatchmentTreatmentPlan:

(ii)CommandAreaDevelopmentPlan:

6.Solidwastes:

(a)Natureandquantityofsolidwastesgenerated

(b)Solidwastedisposalmethod:

7.NoiseandVibrations:

(a)SourcesofNoiseandVibrations:

(b)Ambientnoiselevel:

(c)NoiseandVibrationcontrolmeasuresproposed:

(d)Subsidenceproblem,ifany,withcontrolmeasures:

8.Power requirement indicating source of supply: Complete environmental details to be


furnishedseparately,ifcaptivepowerunitproposed:

9.Peaklabourforcetobedeployedgivingdetailsof:

Endemichealthproblemsintheareaduetowastewater/air/soilbornediseases:

Healthcaresystemexistingandproposed:

10.(a)Numberofvillagesandpopulationtobedisplaced:

(c)RehabilitationMasterPlan:

11.RiskAssessmentReportandDisasterManagementPlan:

Report prepared as per guidelines issued by the Central Government in the MOEF
fromtimetotime:

12.(a)EnvironmentalImpactAssessment

(b)EnvironmentManagementPlan:

(c)DetailedFeasibilityReport:

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(d)Dulyfilledinquestionnaire

13.DetailsofEnvironmentalManagementCell:
Iherebygiveanundertakingthatthedataandinformationgivenaboveareduetothebestofmyknowledge
andbeliefandIamawarethatifanypartofthedata/informationsubmittedisfoundtobefalseormisleading
atanystage,theprojectberejectedandtheclearancegiven,ifany,totheprojectislikelytoberevokedat
ourriskandcost.

Signatureoftheapplicant

Withnameandfulladdress

Givenunderthesealof

Date:Organisationonbehalfof

Place:Whomtheapplicantissigning.
Inrespecttoitemforwhichdataarenotrequiredorisnotavailableasperthedeclarationofproject
proponent,theprojectwouldbeconsideredonthatbasis.

SCHEDULEIII

[SeesubparaIII(a)ofPara2]
COMPOSITIONOFTHEEXPERTCOMMITTEESFORENVIRONMENTALIMPACTASSESSMENT

1.*TheCommitteeswillconsistofexpertsinthefollowingdisciplines:*

(i)EcosystemManagement

(ii)Air/WaterPollutionControl

(iii)WaterResourceManagement

(iv)Flora/Faunaconservationandmanagement

(v)LandUsePlanning

(vi)SocialSciences/Rehabilitation

(vii)ProjectAppraisal

(viii)Ecology

(ix)EnvironmentalHealth

(x)SubjectAreaSpecialists

(xi)RepresentativesofNGOs/personsconcernedwithenvironmentalissues.

2.The Chairman will be an outstanding and experienced ecologist or environmentalist or technical


professionalwithwidemanagerialexperienceintherelevantdevelopmentsector.

3.TherepresentativeofImpactAssessmentAgencywillactasaMemberSecretary.

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4.Chairman and Members will serve in their individual capacities except those specifically nominated as
representatives.

5.TheMembershipofaCommitteeshallnotexceed15.

**SCHEDULEIV**

(SeeSubpara1ofpara2)

ProcedureforPublicHearing

(1)ProcessofPublicHearing:Whoeverapplyforenvironmentalclearanceofprojects,shallsubmittothe
concernedStatePollutionControlBoardtwentysetsofthefollowingdocumentsnamely:

(i)AnexecutivesummarycontainingthesalientfeaturesoftheprojectbothinEnglish
aswellaslocallanguage.

(ii)Form XIII prescribed under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules,
1975 where discharge of sewage, trade effluents, treatment of water in any
form,isrequired.

(iii)FormIprescribedunderAir(PreventionandControlofPollution)UnderTerritory
Rules, 1983 where discharge of emissions are involved in any process,
operationorindustry.

(iv)AnyotherinformationordocumentwhichisnecessaryintheopinionoftheBoard
fortheirfinaldisposaloftheapplication.

(2)NoticeofPublicHearing:

(i)The State Pollution Control Board shall cause a notice for environmental public hearing
whichshallbepublishedinatleasttwonewspaperswidelycirculatedintheregionaroundthe
project, one of which shall be in the vernacular language of the locality concerned.State
PollutionControlBoardshallmentionthedate,timeandplaceofpublichearing.Suggestions,
views,commentsandobjectionsofthepublicshallbeinvitedwithinthirtydaysfromthedate
ofpublicationofthenotification.

(ii)Allpersonsincludingbonafideresidents,environmentalgroupsandotherslocatedatthe
projectsite/sitesofdisplacement/siteslikelytobeaffectedcanparticipateinthepublic
hearing.They can also make oral/written suggestions to the State Pollution Control
Board.

Explanation:Forthepurposeoftheparagraphpersonmeans:

(a)anypersonwhoislikelytobeaffectedbythegrantofenvironmentalclearance

(b)anypersonwhoownsorhascontrolovertheprojectwithrespecttowhichanapplication
hasbeensubmittedforenvironmentalclearance

(c)anyassociation of persons whether incorporated or not like to be affected by the project


and/orfunctioninginthefiledofenvironment

(d)any local authority within any part of whose local limits is within the neighbourhood,
whereintheprojectisproposedtobelocated.

(3)Compositionofpublichearingpanel:ThecompositionofPublicHearingPanelmayconsistofthe
following,namely:

(i)RepresentativeofStatePollutionControlBoard

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(ii)DistrictCollectororhisnominee

(iii)RepresentativeofStateGovernmentdealingwiththesubject

(iv)RepresentativeofDepartmentoftheStateGovernmentdealingwithEnvironment

(v)Not more than three representatives of the local bodies such as Municipalities or
panchayats

(vi)NotmorethanthreeseniorcitizensoftheareanominatedbytheDistrictCollector.

(4)Access to the Executive Summary: The concerned persons shall be provided access to the Executive
Summaryoftheprojectatthefollowingplaces,namely:

i)DistrictCollectorOffice

(ii)DistrictIndustryCentre

(iii)IntheOfficeoftheChiefExecutiveOfficersofZilaPraishadorCommissionerof
theMunicipalCorporation/Localbodyasthecasemaybe

(iv)IntheheadofficeoftheconcernedStatePollutionControlBoardanditsconcerned
RegionalOffice.

(v)IntheconcernedDepartmentoftheStateGovernmentdealingwiththesubjectof
environment.

(5)Timeperiodforcompletionofpublichearing:

The public hearing shall be completed within a period of 60 days from the date of receipt of
completedocumentsasrequiredunderparagraph1.

[No.Z12013/4/89IA]

FootNOTE:ThePrincipalNotificationwaspublishedvidenumberS.O.60(E)dated27thJanuary
1994 and subsequently amended vide numbers S.O. 356(E) dated 4th may, 1994,
S.O. 318 (E) dated 10th April, 1997, S.O. 73 (E) dated27th January, 2000 a, S.O.
1119(E)dated13thDecember2000,S.O.737(E)dated1st August 2001 and S.O.
1148(E)dated21stNovember2001.

Theportionswithinasterisksandunderlinedareamendments

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