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8.

2 PARALLEL AXIS THEOREM 661

B.2 PARALLEL AXIS THEOREM


In the application of Eqs. B.l-B.4 to engineering problems, it is convenient to know these
integrals for coordinate axes at the centroid of area A. The values of the integrals for a few
basic cross sections are listed in Table B.l. Often, practical members have cross sections
that are composed of two or more simple cross sections (Table B.l). Moments of inertia
for composite areas are obtained by application of the parallel axis theorem.

TABLE B.l Moments of Inertia of Common Plane Areas

Rectangle I = -bh3
12

bh3 + hb3
Jo = 7
,I = 0

Right Triangle
I = -bh3
36

bh3 + hb3
Jo = 36

Circle

,I =0

EI I ipse
zbh3
I, = -
4

2 I = -zhb3
y 4

J o = zbh(h2 + b2)
4
,I = 0
(continues)
662 APPENDIX B SECOND MOMENT (MOMENT OF INERTIA) OF A PLANE AREA

TABLE B.1 Moments of Inertia of Common Plane Areas (continued)

I, = 0

Semiellipse
I , = nbh3( f- 2)
I = -nbh3
y 8
9$
J o = nbh[ h2 - 8 h 2 + b 2 .)
I, = 0

Trapezoid

I = [
h3 a +4ab+b
36(u+b) 1
h
I =
Y
-[.h
36(a + b )
4 + b 4 + 2 a b ( a2 +b2)

3 2 2 3
-C(U + 3 b~- 3 ~ b- b )

J, = l,+Iy
+ c2(a2+ 4ab + b2)
I
I h2
= -[b(3a 2 -3ab-b2)
xy 72(a + b )

+ a3 - c(2a2+ 8ab + 2b2)]

Let it be required to obtain moments of inertia for area A in Figure B.2 for coordinate
axes (x, y, z). AreaA lies in the (x, y) plane. First, locate coordinate axes (x, y, z) with axes
parallel, respectively,to the (x, y, z) axes and with the origin 0 at the centroid of A. Let the
distances of the centroid 0 from the axes (x, y) be (K, J ) .Then, 7 = Jr2x +y isthedis-
tance between the zaxis and the z axis. Using Eqs. B.l-B.4, we obtain