Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

UNIT 5: Cell Membrane

the movement of materials against a


concentration difference; requires
energy (ATP)
active transport
High-energy molecule found in every
cell. Its job is to store and supply the
cell with needed energy.
ATP
the semipermeable membrane
surrounding the cytoplasm of a cell

cell membrane
the amount of a substance in a certain
space

concentration
movement of particles from an area
where they are more concentrated to
an area where they are less
concentrated
diffusion
the process of taking material into the
cell by means of pockets in the cell
membrane
endocytosis
endo- means inside
equal concentrations of a substance
inside and outside a cell

equilibrium
when cells release material

exo- means outside

exocytosis
flexible double-layer sheet that makes
up the cell membrane and forms a
barrier between the cell and its
surroundings

lipid bilayer
diffusion of water through a selectively
permeable membrane

osmosis
the movement of materials across a
cell membrane without using cellular
energy

passive transport
To what extent things can pass through
the cell membrane. Depends on size
and shape.
permeability
to control factors in order to maintain
homeostasis

regulate
property membranes that allows some
substances to pass across it while
others cannot

selectively permeable