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T in K Thut Lnh

Abnormal Bt thng , khng bnh Aerofoil fan Qut hng trc


thng Aerosil (insulating Phin bt (cch nhit),
Above Trn , trn material) aerosil
Aboveground Nm trn mt t , trn Aftercondenser Thit b ngng t b sung
cao (my lnh eject hi)
Absolute Tuyt i Aftercooled Lm lnh b sung , qu
Absolute zero im khng tuyt i lnh
(temperature) (nhit ) Aftercooler B qu lnh
Absorbability Kh nng hp th Aftercooling Lm lnh b sung , lm
Absorbed Hp th qu lnh
Absorbency Kh nng hp th Aftertaste V l
Absorbent Cht hp th Ageing S chn ti , s lo ho
Absorber Thit b hp th , bnh (ru , tht)
hp th Aggregate state Trng thi vt th
Acceptable Cho php Aging S chn ti , lo ho (ru
Access door Ca vo , ca quan st , tht)
Access duct ng ng (gi )vo Agitating Khuy , trn , tun hon
Access opening Li vo , ca vo Agitating apparatus My khuy , thit b
Accessible My nn na kn ,my khuy , bm tun hon
compressor nn tho lp c Agitation S khuy trn
Accumulate S tr , d phng Agitator My khuy , thit b
Accumulate cold S tr lnh , tch lnh khuy , bm tun hon
Accumulate frost Lp bng lu tr , lp Air Khng kh
bng tch r Air-aerosol mixture Hn hp sol kh
Accumulator B cha, b tch khng kh
Acelerate Gia tc Alarm Bo ng
Acid Axt Alcohol Nhit k ru
Acoustic m , m thanh thermometer
Activate Hot tnh All-freeze trawler t ti kt ng
Actual Thc , thc t Allowable Cho php
Addition S b sung , s thm All-purpose freeze My kt ng vn nng
Additional air Khng kh b All-refrigerater Phng tin vn ti lnh
sung,khng kh ngoi vi carrier
Adhesive strenght Lc bm kt ca nc All-year C nm
of ice Alternative Thay i , xoay chiu ,
Adiabatic on nhit thay th
Adjustable iu chnh c Alumina Alumin
Adjustment control Chi tit hiu chnh, phn Aluminium Nhm
t hiu chnh Ambient air Khng kh mi trng ,
Adjustment Dung sai hiu chnh khng kh xung quanh
tolerance Ammonia Amoniac ,NH3
Admissible charge Lng np cho php Ammonify Sc amoniac,bo ho
Adsorbed (b) hp ph amoniac
Adsorbent Cht hp ph Amount of air Lng khng kh
Adsorbing agent Cht hp ph Amount of T s nn
Advanced opening S m sm (van) compression
(valve) Amount of total air Tng lng khng kh
Aeolian fan Qut gi kiu tuabin Anaesthetic (c kh nng) gy m
Aeration Thng kh , thng gi , Anfractuous (dng) xon
x kh Angle Gc
Aerodynamic Kh ng Angular velocity Tc gc
T in K Thut Lnh

Anhydrous Khng ln nc rle nhit


Annular Hnh vng , dng vng Attenuator B tiu m , hp tiu m
Antechamber , Phng m ,phng ch, Audible m thanh
anteroom phng i Autoclose T ng ng
Anticondensate Chng ng sng Autodefrost X bng t ng
Anticondensation S chng ng sng Automate (automatic,automatically)
Antifreeze Chng ng bng T ng
Antifrost Chng ng bng Automobile t
Anti-ice compound Hn hp chng ng Auxiliary B sung , h tr , ngoi vi
bng , ph
Anti-icing control S iu chnh tch ng Average Trung bnh
bng Avilable ton Tn lnh sn c (
Antirot Chng thi ra dng),nng sut lnh sn
Antiseptic Kh trng c
Apparatus Thit b Avogadros law nh lut Avogadro
Application ng dng , s dng Axial Hng trc
Aqua pump Bm nc Azeotropic ng sI
Aqua-ammonia Dung dch nc Back Hi , tr v , tr li
amoniac Back pressure S khng ch p sut ht,
Aqueous salt Dung dch nc mui control s khng ch i p
solution Back pressure B iu chnh p sut
Areometer,hydrome T trng k o kh , t regulator thp
ter trng k o cht lng Back pressure valve Van iu khin i p
Argon liquefaction S ho lng argon khng i
Arithmetic mean Nhit trung bnh s Bacterial Vi khun
temperature hc , nhit trung bnh Baffle Vch ngn
cng Bag filter Ti lc, phin lc kiu ti
Aromatic Thm , Aromatic Bakery Bnh m , bnh ngt ,
hydrocarbon: bnh nng
hydrocarbon thm Balanced Cn bng , n inh
Articulate Yn nga Ball valve Van bi
Artificial nhn to Bare-pipe ng trn
Artificial ice rink Sn trt bng nhn to Bare-pipe grid Dn ng trn , kiu chn
Artificial Hn hp chng ng song
refrigeration bng Bare-tube ng trn
Asphalted felt Giy du Barometric Khng kh , kh tri
[paper] Base C bn
Aspirate Ht Basic C bn , chnh
Aspiration Kiu ht Batch Tng m
Assembly Lp ghp , T my Battery Dn ng ,cm dn ng ,
Astimated Tnh ton dn ng xon , dn lnh
Atmosphere Atmosphe , kh quyn , Baudelot cooler Dn lnh Baudelot, dn
kh tri lnh ti
Atmospheric (trong) khng kh ,mi Baumes density Mt Baumes, m
trng ,xung quanh c Baum,t trng
Atomization (Atomized, Atomizing) Baumes,khi lng ring
S phun sng Baum
Attemperation S khng ch nhit ,s Baumes hydrometer T trng k Baum
iu chnh nhit Bazooka freezer My kt ng (kiu dn
Attemperator B khng ch nhit , pho) bazooka
b iu chnh nhit , Beam valve Van l
T in K Thut Lnh

Beer Bia Brick mould Khun hnh vin gch


Behaviour Tc ng (kem)
Bellow Di ( im) Brine Nc mui
Bellows (kiu) hp xp , xiphng Brine solution Dung dch nc mui
Belt Bng chuyn , bg tI Broken ice Nc xoay, nc
Belt-drive Truyn ng ai vn
Between Gia Bromide (brominated,bromine)
Beverage Nc ung mI cht lnh bromua (c
Blast Qut gi thnh phn Br )
Bleed Trch kh , x kh Bubble Bt
Bleeder pipe (tube) ng nhnh Bubble boiling S si bt
Blend Hn hp mI cht lnh Bubbling S to bt , s hnh thnh
khng ng sI bt
Block Dng khi, block Built-in Gn sn , gn trc , lp
Blockage S tc , s nghn, s kt sn
Blood Mu Bulb Bu nhit k , bu cm
Blowdown fan Qut thng gi lm mt bin
pha ngoI Bulk Sn phm ri , ri
Blower Qut gi Bulk milk cooler B lm lnh sa
Blower grid Ghi qut gi Bulk of oil Khi lng du, khi tch
Blowoff X kh du
Blow-over Thi gi pha ngoi Bulk storage Bo qun ri, bo qun
Board Kiu tm , dng tm kiu cht ng
Body C th , thn th Bulker Bunke , thng cha
Body icing Lm lnh bng vn Butterfly valve Van bm
Bodyloading space Dung tch cht ti thng Bypass Bypas , nhnh ph
xe lnh Cabinet T , kiu t
Boil (boiling , boiler ) Si , Cake Hnh bnh
sinh hi Calcium chloride Mui canxi clorua
Boiler B sinh hi , thit b sinh (CaCl2)
hi Calculated Tnh ton
Boiler temperature Nhit sinh hi Calibration Hiu chnh
Boiler-absorber Bnh sinh hi-hp th Calm air Khng kh tnh
Boiling-off Lm bay hI Caloric Nhit , calo
Boiling-off gas Hi si, kh si Calorie Calo
Boiling-off losses Tn tht bay hi Calorific Sinh nhit
Booster My nn , Tng p Calorimeter Nhit lng k
Bottle Chai (l) Calorimetry Php o nhit lng
Bottom Pha di Can Lon , thng , Hp
Bottom-feed Cp t pha di Can lift Thit b nng linh ,y
Bound Lin kt, gii hn linh
Boundary (lp) bin Canned pump Bm kiu kn
Bourdon gauge p k Bourdon Capacitive Kiu dung In
Box-type Kiu hp Capacity Cng sut
Boyles law nh lut Boyle Capillarity Tnh mao dn
Branch (ng ) nhnh , r Capillary Mao dn , kiu mao dn
Bread cooler T my lnh khng kh Cargo Hng ho
hng hi Carrene (US) MI cht lnh (ca M)
Breakaway torque Mmen khi ng Carry Vn chuyn, xp hng
Breather plug Nt thng gi Casade Ghp tng
Casing V my ,v bc , v bao
T in K Thut Lnh

Caustic Kim Climatizer My i ho khng kh


Cavitation To bt , xm thc Clip-on Lp km
Ceiling (mt ) trn Closed (close , closing) Kn ,
Cellular Bt , bt xp ng kn , khp kn
Cellulose Xenlul Closed-cell T bo kn
Central Trung tm Cloud Vn c
Centre Tm , trung tm Cloudiness S vn c
Centrifugal Li tm Coarse Th , dng cc
Champer Bung la Coastal Bn cng
Change S bin i Coefficient H s
Changeover Chuyn i Coil Dn
Characteristic c tnh Cold Lnh
Charcoal Than ci , than hot tnh Collected frost Lc bm kt ca nc
Charge S np Combination (Combined) Kt hp
Charge coefficient H s np Combustible Chy c
Chassis-mounted C khung gi Comfort Tin nghi
Check valve Van mt chiu Commercial Thng nghip
Chemical Ho hc , ho cht Comparative (Comparable) : so snh
Chest freezer My kt ng nhit Compensating Cn bng
thp (np m pha trn) Complete Hon ton
Chest froster My kt ng nhit Compound Hai cp
thp Compress (Compression) Nn
Chill Lm lnh Compressibility Tnh nn c , kh nng
Chill box Hp lnh , t lnh nn c
Chill-and-serve Thc n sn lm lnh Compressor My nn , thit b nn
food Concealed Nhit n
Chilled c lm lnh Concentrated (Concentrator ,
Chiller Thit b lm lnh Concentration) m c
Chilling S lm lnh Concentration Nng
Chip Mnh , lt mng Concentric ng tm
Chlorinated Thnh phn clo Condensability Tnh ngng t c
Chuck ice cc Condensable (Condensate,
Churn-immersion Lm lnh sa bng cch Condensation,
nhng Condensing) : Ngng t
Circular Circulating, Circulation , Condenser Thit b ngng t
Circulatory : (kiu) trn , Conditioned c iu ho
tun hon Conditioned air Khng kh (c ) iu
Circulator My khuy , thit b khy ho , iu ho khng kh
, bm tun hon Conditions iu kin
Clean Sch , tinh khit , trong Conduction Dn nhit
sut Conductor Thit b dn nhit
Cleaned c lm sch Condult ng dn
Clearance pocket Th tch cht ph Cone Hnh cn , hnh nn
Clearance space Th tch cht , khng Coneyor Bng chuyn
gian c hi Congeal Lm ng lnh, kt ng
Clearance vapour Hi cha th tch cht Congealed (Congealing,
Climate Kh hu Congealment,
Climate control iu ho khng kh Congelation) : s kt
Climatic ( Climatization )Kh hu ng
, khng kh , i ho Connecting S ni, ni, im ni
khng kh
T in K Thut Lnh

Console Gi Cryogenic Lm lnh cryo


Constant Khng i , hng s , Cryohydrate Hydrat ho cryo
ng Cryoliquefier B ho lng cryo
Consumer Tiu dng Cryomagnetism Nam chm cryo
Contact Tip xc Cryomedicine Y hc cryo
Container Cngten Cryomicroscope Knh hin vi cryo
Contaminated (Contaminating) Khng Cryo- Nhn khoa cryo
tinh khit , ln tp cht ophthalmology
Content Hm lng Cryopexy S c nh cryo
Continuos Lin tc Cryophysics Vt l cryo
Contraflow Ngc dng Cryoprbe Que thm cryo
Control iu chnh , iu khin Cryopreservation Bo qun cryo
Convective (Convection ) : i lu Cryoprotective Bo v cryo
Conventional Thng dng, theo qui Cryoprotector Cht bo v cryo
c, Cryopump Bm cryo
Cool (Cooled, Cooling )Lm Cryopumping To ( bm ) chn khng
lnh cryo
Coolant Cht ti lnh Cryostat Cryostat, n nhit cryo
Cooler Dn lnh , b lnh Cryosurgery Phu thut cryo, gii
Core Rut cy phu cryo
Cork Bc lie Cryotherapy Liu php cryo
Corrosion inhibitor Cht c ch n mn Cryotool Dng c cryo
Corrugated Dp sng Cryotransfer Nhng vo nit lng
Countercurrent Ngc dng Cryotrap By cryo
Counterflow Ngc dng cryotron Cryotron
Counter-type Dng quy hng Crystal (Crystallizing,
Crane Cabin cn cu Crystallization) Tinh th ,
Crankcase Ccte (my nn) pha l
Crimped Dp sng Crystal Tinh th
Crisper (pan) Thng ng sn phm Crystallizable (C th) kt tinh th lng
(bo qun) Cube (hnh ) lp phng
Critical Ti hn Curtailed Gia tc
Cross (thi) ngang, dng ngang Curtain C mng khng kh m
Cross-flow Dng ngang Curve ng cong
Crushed ice Nc xoay, nc Cut-in ng mch
vn Cut-out Ngt mch
Crust B mt Cycle Chu trnh , chu k
Cryobiology Sinh hc cryo ( lnh su) Cylinder Xi lanh
Cryobranding S nh du cryo Cylindrical (kiu) ng
Cryochemistry Ho hc cryo Cylindrical ice ng
Cryocoagulation S ng t cryo Dairy Ch phm sa
Cryodesiccation Thng hoa cryo Damp t
Cryoelectronic in t cryo Damper Clap , ca chp
Cryoelectronics K thut in t cryo damper guide: dn hng
Cryoelectrotechics K thut in cryo clap
Cryoextraction Chit sut cryo Damper valve Clap iu tit
Cryogen Mi cht lnh cryo Daodorant Cht kh mi
Cryogenerator My lnh cryo, my lnh Daodorization S kh mi
thm ,my lnh su Daodorizer Thit b kh mi
lm lnh cryo Dead Cht dead ammonia :
T in K Thut Lnh

amoniac cht (khng tn Design head Chiu cao thit k , chiu


dng c) cao tnh ton
Deaeration S x kh Desired Yu cu
Deaerator Thit b x kh Desublimate (Desublimated ,
Decomposed B phn hu Desublimation) kh
Decontaminating Lm sch , kh nhim thng hoa
Decrease (Decreasing , Decreased) Desuperheat Khng qu nhit
Gim Desuperheater B kh qu nhit
Decrystallization S kh tinh th , s gim Desuperheating S kh qu nhit
tinh th Detachable C th tho ri c
Deep ng su Device Thit b
Deep-freeze My kt ng su, h Dew point im (ng) sng, im
thng my kt ng su , ngng (t)
thit b kt ng su Dewaxing Kh sp, kh parafin
Defrost Ph bng , x Dial thermometer Nhit k c thang nhit
Defrostable C th ph bng c
Defrosted ph bng Diaphragm Mng , mng ngn
Defroster Thit b ph bng Dichlorethylene icloetylen
Defrosting (Defrostation) ph bng , Dielectric in mi
x bng Diethyl ether iethyl ete
Degree , cp Diethylene glycol ietylen glycol
Dehumidification S kh m Differential Vi sai
Dehumidified kh m Differential Hiu p
Dehumidifier Thit b kh m pressure
Dehumidifing Kh m , ht m Diffused Phun sng, thi gi
Dehumidify Kh m Diffuser Ming thi
Dehydrant Cht ht nc , cht kh Diffuser grille Ming thi gi
nc Diffusibility Kh nng khuch tn
Dehydrate (dehydrating , Diffusion Khuch tn
dehydration) Ht nc , Diluted B long
kh nc Dimensionless Khng th nguyn
Dehydrator Thit b kh nc , b Dimethyl ether imethyl ete
kh nc Dipping S nhng chm
Deice Kh bng Direct Trc tip
Delay Chm , ko di Direct-current (dng in) mt chiu
Delivery Cp , ng y Dirt Tp cht , cht bn
Denaturation S bit cht Discharge X, y
Dense air Kh cao p ,kh kn Discontinuous Khng ln tc
Dense brine Nc mui m c Disk Mnh
Density Mt , m c Disk valve Van a
Dephlegmation S ngng t hi lu Dispensing nh lng
Dephlegmator Thit b ngng t hi lu Dispersed Phn tn
Depress H thp , h xung Display T knh
Depth of immersion Chiu su nhng chm Dissolved Ho tan
Desalination S kh mui Distille (distillation) ct , chng
Descaling S kh cn ct
Desiccant Cht ht nc , cht kh distribute (distributing ,
nc distribution) phn phi
Desiccate (Desiccated, Desiccation) Distribution S phn phi
Kh nc , kh m Distributor Bung phn phi
Design Thit k , tnh ton
T in K Thut Lnh

Domestic Dn dng , gia nh, gia Electrolytic n dung


dng Electromagnetic in t
Door Ca Electromechanical in c
Downfeed T di ln Electronic in t
Downward Xung thp Electrostatic Tnh in
Draft Lung gi ht , dng Elevated Tng
kh,lung gi Eliminator B phn phn ly
Drain X Elongated Ko dI
Draught Lung gi ht , dng Embedded Bc xung quanh
kh,lung gi Embossed plate Tm dp
Drawer Ngn ng , ngn ko Embrittlement S ho gin , s tr nn
Drier My sy , phin sy , b d v (d gy)
sy Emergency Cp cu , khn cp , d
Drier evaporator Dn bay hi b sung, dn tr , d phng
bay hI ph (lm kh hI Encapsulated Kn
trc khi v my nn) Enclosed Kn
Drip Git, s nh git End Cui
Driver motor Mt (ng c) truyn Endothermic Thu nhit
ng Energy Nng lng
Drop Kiu ti , nh git Engine My
Drum Kiu tang trng Enter Vo Entering : ca vo ,
Dry Lm kh , sy ch vo
Dryer My sy , phin sy , b Enthalpy Entanpy
sy Entrained B cun theo
Dual Hai ( hai ngn , hai pha , Entropy Entropy
) kp Envelop Ti tun hon ton b
Duct ng dn , knh dn , Environment (environmental) mi
ng ng trng
Ductwork H thng ng dn gi Enzymatic (enzymic ) enzym
Dunnage V bo chn hng Equalize (equalized , equalizing )
Duration Thi gian cn bng
Dust Bi Equilibrium Cn bng
Duty Theo ch nh trc Equivalent Tng ng
Dynamic (dynamically) ng , Ethane Gc etan , dn xut t
ng hc etan
Economizer Lu lng nc nh , tit Ethanol Etanol , ru etylic
kim nc Eupatheoscope Eupatheoscope, dng c
Eddy Chuyn ng xoy , dng o cc iu kin tin
chy xoy nghi
Effecient Nng sut cao Eutetic Cng tinh
Effective Hiu sut , hiu qu Evacuated Chn khng
Effluent Ra, ca ra Evacuation S ht chn khng
Ejection S phun Evaporate (Evaporated ,
Ejector Vi phun , ng phun Evaporating , Evaporant)
,bm phun , eject bay hi
Ejector nozzle Vi phun, kim phun , Evaporative C th bay hI
mi phun , mi eject Evaporator Thit b bay hi ,dn bay
Electric resistance in tr hoi
Electrical in , bng in Even ng u
Electrochemical in ho Everfrost Lp bng vnh cu
Electrodynamic in ng Excess (Excessive) Tha
T in K Thut Lnh

Exergetic efficiency Hiu sut exergy , hiu Finned C cnh


qu exergy Finned filtration S lc tinh , s tinh lc
Exergy Exergy Fire damper Clape chn la , clape
Exfiltration Thm thu khng kh chng la
Exhaust Thi , ht ,x Fireproof Chu la
Exhaust duct ng ng ht Fire-resistant Chu la ,khng chy
Exhaust fan Qut ht , qut y , qut First-stage Cp th nht , cp mt
thi Fixed bar grille Li (ghi) phn phi
Exhauster Qut thi ra khng kh c nh
Exit Ra , ca ra Flake ice vy , mnh
Exothermic Thi nhit Flame-retardant Chu la
Expanded Dn n , tit lu Flash Cc nhanh , tc thi ,
Expander tng , my dn n siu nhanh
Expansion Dn n , tit lu Flash champer Bung phun
Expendable B mt , tn tht Flat Phng
Experimental Th nghim Flavor Mi
Explosionproof An ton v n, khng n Flexble Mn , do , n hi
Explosive D n Flexible Linh ng
Explosiveness Tnh d n , nguy c n Float Phao
Explosure Nng gy n Floc c ,vn c
concentration Floor Mt sn
Exponent S m Flow Dng chy , dng
Extended C cnh , m rng Fluid Cht lng
External (Externally) Pha ngoi , Fluidization K thut to tng si ,
bn ngoi, ngoi tng si
Extra Tha , d Fluidized Kiu tng sI
Extracellular Ngoi t bo Fluorinated Cha flo
Extract Thi Fluorocarbon Flocacbon
Face Mt trc Foam (Foamed) bt , dng bt
Factor H s , , xp
Fan Qut , qut thng gi , Fog Sng m
qut y Foil Tm , bng tm
Fast Nhanh Fooded Kiu ngp
Feather valve Van l (chia nhiu di) Fooding nozzle ng ti , vi ti , mi
Feed Cp ti , cp liu , cp ti ngp
Feedback Phn hi , lin h ngc Food-type Kiu ngp , nhng vo
Feeder C cu cp liu Forced Cng bc
Felt Bng pht Forecooler B lm lnh s b
Fermenting Ln men Foreign substance Cht l , tp cht
Fibrous Dng si , dng bng Forewam Si m s b , lm nng
Field-assembled H thng lp t ti ch , s b
system h thng lp t ti cng Foul gas Kh khng ngng t
trng Fouling factor Mc nhim bn ,
Fill Dng bt , dng in y nhim bn
Fill factor H s np Four-way valve Van bn ng
Film Mang Fractional Tinh luyn , tinh ct ,
Filter Phin lt , phin tinh ch , mt phn
Filtered c lc Free T nhin , t do
Fin Cnh, c cnh Freezable Kt ng c
Final Cui cng , on cui Freezant Mi cht kt ng, mi
trng kt ng
T in K Thut Lnh

Freeze ng lnh , kt ng Granular (Granuled , Granulating)


Freezer My kt ng , bung kt Dng ht
ng,my lm kem Gravity (i lu) t nhin , kiu
Freezing S kt ng , s lm lnh trng lc
ng Greenhouse effect Hiu ng nh knh
Freon Freon (mi cht lnh) Grid Dng li , ng xon ,
Fresh Sch ,tI li
Frictional Ma st Grille Li , ghi
Frigorie Kcal lnh , calo lnh Gross Th
Frost ng bng , to tuyt , Ground Mt t , nn t
lnh lnh cng bc Guard Gii hn
Frostbitten Bng lnh , h hng do Guide Dn hng
bng gi Haft Mt n , bn
Frostbound Kt ng , ng lnh, Hair Kiu tc
ng bng Hair felt Si pht
Frosted B ng bng , b kt Halocarbon MI cht lnh halocarbon
bng ( c cha halogen)
Frosting S ng bng Halogen Halogen
Frozen B ng bng , b kt Hand Bng tay
bng, b ng lnh Hanging Kiu treo
Fuel Nhin liu Hard Rn ,cng
Full y, ton Harden (Hardened , Hardening )
Fully Hon ton Ti cng lnh
Fusion Nng chy Hardener Thit b ti cng
Gas Kh, kh t , gas , Hot Nng, si m , lm
Gate Ca , cng nng
Gauge glass Mt thm , knh quan st Hazardous Nguy him
Gauge pressure p sut p k, p sut d Heat Nhit
Gauze filter Phin li , phin lc Heavy Nng , trng ti ln , ln
Gear Bnh rng Height Chiu cao
General Chung Helical (helically) kiu xon c
General gas Kh l tng Helium Hli
General purpose Vn nng Hermetic (Hermetically ) Kn
Generater My pht Herringbone-type Kiu xng c
Generator-absorber Bnh sinh hi-hp th High Cao
Genetron MI cht lnh freon (tn Hoar Th
M) Holding Bo qun
Geothermal energy a nhit , nng lng Holdover Tch lnh
trong lng t Holdver Tch tr
Germanium Germanium Hollow Rng
Germicidal Dit khun Home Gia nh , gia dng , ti
Gill (gilled) c cnh nh
Gland Tuyn , c quan Honeycomb Kiu t ong
Glass Ca knh , thu tinh Honogeneous ng nht
Glaze (Glazing) Lm ng , Honogenizer Thit b lm ng nht
ng bng , ph bng ,ri Horizontal Kiu ngang
Household Gia nh
Global a cu Housing V my ,v bc , v bao
Globe valve Van cu Humid m
Gradual Theo tng bc , t t Humidification (Humidifying) Lm m
Grain Ht ging
T in K Thut Lnh

Humidifier My lm m , thit b gia Inert gas Kh tr


m Infiltrating (infiltration) r lt thm
Humidistat Hygrostat , kh c n m thu
, kh c khng ch m Infinitely variable iu chnh v cp , iu
Humidity m control chnh lin tc
Hydraulic Thu lc Inflammable D bt la
Hydraulic ramp B thu lc , bn c iu Inflatable C th bm ln
chnh chiu cao bng Infrared Hng ngoi
thu lc Ingredient Hn hp
Hydrocooler My lm lnh bng nc Initial Ban u , s b
Injecte (injected , injecting ,
Hydrocooling S lm lnh bng nc injection) phun
Hydrogen Hydro Injector Kiu phun
Hydrophobic K nc Inleakage S thm nhp vo , s r
Hydroscopic Ht nc , ht m ,hp r vo
th m Inlet Vo , cp vo
Hydroscopicity Tnh ht m , ht m In-line Lp sn , b tr sn
Hydrostatic Thu tnh In-line freezing S kt ng trong qu
Hygrostat Hygrostat , kh c n m trnh cng ngh
, kh c khng ch m Inner Bn trong , pha trong
Hypothermic Nhit m Inorganic V c
Ice Nc , kt bng , ng In-package Trong bao b
bng , ph bng , p Input Cp , a vo , dn vo
lnh bng nc In-series connection Mc ni tip , lp ni tip
Ice rink Sn rt bng ngh thut Inside Bn trong
Icing S lng bng, s cp Installed Lp t
cho tu, xe lnh Instant Tc thi
Ideal L tng Instantaneous Tc thi
Idle Khng hot ng , cht, In-stransit Trong vn chuyn trn
nhn ri ng
Ignition Bt la Insufficient Khng y
Immediate Tc th Insulant Cht cch ly , cht cch (
Immersed Kiu ngp lng nhit , in)
immersible (immersion) nhng chm Insulated Cch nhit
Immiscible Khng ho tan Insulation Vt liu cch nhit
Impeller Bnh cnh qut Intake Ht , ly vo
Impervious Khng thm Integral Lin , nguyn , trn b
Inclined Nghing Intensity Cng
Incombustible Khng chy Intercooler Thit b lm lnh trung
Incoming Ht vo , ht gian , bnh trung gian , b
Incomplete Khng trit lm mt trung gian
Increasing Tng ln Intercooling S lm mt trung gian
Indicated Ch th Interface Lp trung gian
Indication Nhit k c thang nhit Intermediary (Intermediate) Trung
thermometer gian
Indicator chart th ch th Intermettent Gin on
Indirect Gin tip Internal (Internally) Bn trong ,
Indoor Trong nh , bn trong ni
Induced Ht , ht vo Internation Quc t
Induction Cm ng Interstage Trung gian
Industrial Cng nghip Intertubular Gia cc ng
T in K Thut Lnh

Interval Khong gia Latent n


In-the-wall t trong tng, treo trn Latent heat Nhit n
tng Leak R r
Intracellular Trong t bo , ni bo Leakage R r , thm thu
Inversion Chuyn i , chuyn bin Leaving Ra , ca ra
Ionization Ion ho Level Mc , mc lng
Iporka Iporka (cht cch nhit) Lift truck My nng xp
Irradiated c chiu x Lighting Chiu sng
Irregular Khng ng iu Limit (limited) gin hn , ngn
Irreversible Khng thut nghch ngy
Isentrope ng entropi Line ng , ng ng
Isentropic ng entropi Linear Tuyn tnh
Isentropic line ng ng entropy Liquefaction (Liquefied, Liquefying))
Isobaric ng p Ho lng
Isochor ng tch Liquid Lng , cht lng
Isoflex Isoflex (cht cch nhit) List check valve Van mt chiu
Isolated c lp Lithium bromide Bromua liti
Isometric line ng ng tch Load (loading) tI
Isotherm ng nhit Local Cc b
Isothermal ng nhit Locker Ngn lnh nh ,kho ,
Isotron (US) Isotron (mi cht lnh ngn
M) Logarithmic Logarit
Jecket Bng o , (c) o , v Long Lu di
Jet Dng phun , tia phun Longgitudinal (longgitudinally) dc
Joint Kt hp Loose Ri , ri rt
Kaiser (US) (mi cht lnh) kaiser Loss Tn tht , mt mt
(M) Louvre Ca chp (p mi)
Kaltron Mi cht lnh kaltron Low Thp , nh ,di ,t ,h
Kapok (vt liu cch nhit) Lower Di
kapok Low-stage Cp h p ,cp thp
Keeping Bo qun Low-voltage in p thp
Kerosene-burning t bng du ho L-shaped Hnh ch L
Kinematic ng hc Lubricate (lubricated, lubricating)
King valve Van tng bi trn
Knockout drum Bnh tch lng trn Lyophilisate Sn phm thng hoa
ng ht Lyophilization Thng hoa
Knurled fin Cnh (tn nhit) dp Machine (Machinery)My , my
Kulene (US) MI cht lnh kulen mc
(M) Magnetic Nam chm , t tnh
Laboratory Phng th nghim Main Chnh
Labyrinth Labyrinth , khut khch , Maintained c duy tr , c khng
ngon ngho ch
Lack of miscibility Khng ho trn Make-up c b sung
Lading Cht ti Man cooling Lm lnh cng trng
Laminar Laminar , chy tng ,lm lnh ni lm vic
Laminated foil Mng nhiu tng , mng Manifold ng phn phi , ng gp
nhiu lp Manometer Manomt, p k
Land Trn b , ng b , trn Manual (manually) bng tay
b Marine Hng hi ,trn tu thu
Large Ln Mass Khi lng , cht
T in K Thut Lnh

Mass flow Dng cht , lu lng , Motor ng c


dng chy khi lng Motor-drive Dng ng c , chy
Master Chnh bng ng c
Master valve Van tng Moulded nh hnh
Mathane Metan , (ngun) gc Muffling Cch m , gim m
mtan Multibelt Nhiu bng chuyn
Mathanol Metanol , ru metilic Multiblade Nhiu cnh
Mat-type Kiu tm , kiu m Multicabient Nhiu khoang
Maximum Ti a Multichamper Nhiu bung
Mean Trung bnh Multicircuit Nhiu cm , nhiu vng
Measure o c , o t ,o tun hon
Mechanical (Mechanically) C hc , Multicompartment Nhiu khoang
c kh Multicomponent Nhiu thnh phn
Medical (trong) y hc Multicycle Nhiu vng tun hon
Medium Va ,trung bnh Multicylinder Nhiu xi lanh
Medium-size Trung bnh Multideck Nhiu gi ngn
Melt (Melted, Melting) Chy , Multiduct Nhiu knh
nng chy,tan Multijet Nhiu tia
Membrane Kiu mng Multilaminar Nhiu lp
Mercury Thu ngn Multilayer Nhiu lp
Metal (metallic) kim loi Multilever Nhiu cp , nhiu tng
Microbiological Vi sinh , vi sinh vt Multipass Nhiu li
Microscopical T vi Multiplate Nhiu tm
Microtome Microtom Multiple Nhiu
Microware Vi sng Multipoint Nhiu Im
Milky c , vn c Multipurpose a nng , vn nng
Mine Hm m Multisection Nhiu ngn , nhiu cm
Mineral Khong (sn) Multisell Nhiu v
Miniature Mini Multishelved Nhiu gi
Minimum Tht nht , ti thp (thp Multistage Nhiu cp
ti a) Multistorey Nhiu tng
Miscible (miscibility) ho trn Multitube Nhiu ng
c Multiway Nhiu ng
Mist Sng m Multizone Nhiu vng
Mix (Mixing , Mixture) Hn Mypora (cht cch nhit ) mypora
hp, ho trn Natural T nhin
Mixer My trn Needle Kim
Mixture Hn hp Negative m
Mobile Di ng Neon Neon
Moderate (Moderately ) nh Net Tinh
,khng ng k , va phI Nitrogen Nit
Modulating Theo t l Noise n, ting n , n
Moisture m Noiseless Khng n
Moisture-free Khng cha m Nominal Danh nh
Moistureproof Khng thm m , kn m Nonautomated Khng c t ng ho
, tr vi m Nonazeotropic Khng ng sI
Molar Mol Noncombustible Khng chy
Molecular Phn t Noncondensable (Noncondensabled)
Monoblock Mt cc , cm dn Khng ngng
Mortuary p xc Noncondensables Kh khng ngng
T in K Thut Lnh

Noncontact Khng tip xc Open H


Noneutectic Khng cng tinh Operate (Operating) hot ng ,
Nonexplosive Khng gy n lm vic
Nonfreezable (Nonfreezing) Khng Optimum Ti u
ng c , khng kt Organic Hu c
ng Organoleptic (organoleptical) cm
Nonfreezen Khng ng bng , gic
khng kt ng Orthohydrogen Orthohydro ( hydro
Noninflammable Khng bt la trng thI c trc nguyn
Nonlubricated Khng bI trn t song song)
Nonpressurized Lm vic p sut bnh Ortho-to-para T orth sang para
thng, vn hnh p Oscillating Con lc
sut bnh thng Osmotic Thm thu
Nonrecirculating Khng tI tun hon Outdoor NgoI tri , bn ngoI
Nonrefrigeranted Khng lm lnh ,ngoI vo
Nonstandard Phi tiu chun , khng Outlet Ra , thot , x
tiu chun Outside Bn ngoI
Nonstationary Khng n nh Oval Dng ovan , hnh ovan
Nonsteady Khng n nh Over Qu
Nontoxic Khng c Overall Tng
Nonuniform Khng ng Iu Overhead Treo trn
Normal Bnh thng Overheat Qu nhit
Nose-mounted Pha trn bung lI Overload Qu tI
Nozzel Vi phun , mi phun Over-the-road Trn ng vn chuyn ,
Nozzle Mi trn xe
Nucleate Bt Oxygen Oxy
Nucleation site Tm ho hI Ozone Ozn
Occupancy Do con ngi , tnh theo Ozonier My sn xut ozn
u ngi Package (Packaged, Packaging)
Odorimeter My o mi ,dng c o Package, nguyn cm ,
mi ton b
Odorizer Thit b o mi Packer My ng gi , my ng
Odourless Khng mi bao b
Offal Ph phm Packing ng gi , kiu ti
Off-cycle Chu k dng my Packless valve Van khng c nm kn
Off-flavour V l Pallet Khay
Off-odour Mi l Palletization S chng xp khay , s
Off-peak Nh tI xp chng gi k
Off-period Chu k dng my Palletized Bng khay , bng gi k
Off-process Dng my Pan Cho , c khay
Of-taste V l panel Panel, dng tm
Oil Du Paraelectric Paraelectric
Onazote (vt liu cch nhit) Paraffinic Parafin
onazote Parallet Song song
One star Mt sao (nhit ngn Paramanagnetic Paramanagnetic , thun
ng) t
One-dimensional Mt chiu Part-freezer Lm lnh mt phn
One-stage Mt cp Partial Mt phn , tng phn ,
On-off ng-m ring phn
On-process Lm vic Part-load Mt phn tI
Opaque c, vn c Peak Cao Im , cc i
T in K Thut Lnh

Peat slab Tm than bn Polytropic a bin


Peltier block Khi Peltier , khi phin Polyurethane Polyurethan
nhit In Poppet valve Van trc ren
Percentage bo ho (theo %) Poropolystyrene Polystirol xp
Perfect L tng Porous Xp ,bng xp
Perforate Khoan l Port Bn cng
Periodic Theo chu k Portable Xch c , di chuyn
Peripheral Chu vi , vng cung , c
ngoI ra Positive Cng bc
Perishable Chng hng Positive Nhit dng
Permanent Thng xuyn , vnh cu temperature
Permeance (Permeable) truyn Potential energy Th nng
dn , kh nng thm thu Powder (Powdered) bt dng bt
Permissible Cho php Practical Thc t
Perpendicular Vung gc Prechill (Prechilling) S b ,lm
Perwarmed Si m s b , gia nhit lnh s b
s b Prechill Lm lnh trc , lm lnh
Phase Pha s b
Pholyphase Nhiu pha , nhiu thnh Precipitation S lng, s tch
phn Precise (precision) chnh xc
Physical Vt l Precooked Nu trc , dng n lin
Piatherm (cht cch nhit ) Precool (Precooled , Precooling)
piatherm Lm lnh trc , lm lnh
Piece Cc , dng cc () s b
Piggyback Piggyback Precoolant MI cht c lm lnh
Piling Cha , cht hng trc
Pilot Kiu pilot Predetermined Cho trc , nh trc
Pipe (Piping) ng, kiu ng Predrying S sy s b
Pipe coil Kiu ng xon Prefabricated c ch to sn , lp
Pipe duct Knh dn ng ng , ghp trc
knh lp t ng ng Prefilter Lc s b
Piston Pittng Prefreeze (prefrozen , prefreezing)
Pitot tube ng pitot , ng thu vn , kt ng s b
ng o tc nc Prefreezer My kt ng s b
Pivoting ventilator Qut xoay c , tuc Preheated c si m s b
nng Preheater B sy s b , b gia
Plain Trn nhit s b
Plant Nh my , trm , h Preliminary S b
thng Prepackaged c ng gi trc
Plate Dng tm ,phng Preservation S bo qun
Platinum Platin Preserving Bo qun
Plenum Ho trn , phn phi Preset t trc
Plug Chn Pressure p sut
Plug-in Phch cm Pressurized B nn
Plural Nhiu Prethawing S tan gi s b
Pneumatic (pneumatically) kh lc , Primary S b ,s cp
kh nn Process Qu trnhq , theo cng
Pod mount Trn gi treo ngh
Poisonous c Product Sn phm
Pollute nhim Propane Propan
Polystyrene Polystirol Propeller Hng trc (qut)
T in K Thut Lnh

Protective (Protection) bo v Real Thc


Provision D tr Receiver Bnh cha
Psychrometer m k , nhit k bu t Receiving bin Bnh gom , bnh cha
v kh Recessed c gn chm
Psychrometic Nhit m Rechilling Lm lnh li tI lm lnh
Psychrometry Php o m (khng Reciprocal (reciprocating) pittng
kh) Recirculated (Recirculation,
Psychrostat B Iu chnh m , b Recirculating ) tI tun
khng ch khng kh m hon
Pulldown H (nhit ) Reclaim TI sinh , phc hi , hon
Pulse (pulsating) Xung ng , nguyn
dao ng Recommended Yu cu ,khuyn dng
Pump (pumping)Bm Reconcentration S tI c c
Pure Tinh khit Recondensed (Recondensing) tI
Purge (Purging) X kh ,thi ngng t
kh Reconditionned TI Iu ho
Purge Vi Recool (Recooled , Recooling)
Purge drum Bnh tch kh s tI lm lnh s tI
Purge line ng x kh lm mt
Push-button Nt n Recooler B tI lm lnh , b tI
Push-through Xe y lm mt
Putrefactive S h hng v thi ra Recording T ghi
spoilage Rectangular Hnh ch nht
Quality Cht lng Rectifier Thit b tinh ct
Quantity (s ) lng Rectify (Rectification , Rectified
Quench (quenching) Lm lnh , Rectifying) tinh ct ,
t bin , ti tinh khit
Quick Nhanh Recuperative Kiu hi nhit
Quiet m , khng c ting n , Recycling TI Tun hon
khng n Reduce Gim
Raceway Song song Reed Kiu li g
Rack C gi , c gi xp Reefer Toa my lnh , xe lnh
hng Reevaporation S tI bay hI
Radial Hng tm Reference Chun , mc ,gc
Radiant (Radiation) Bc x Reflective Phn x
Radiator Tia bc x Reflux Hi
Radiopasteurization Trit khun bng tia bc Refreeze (refreezing) tI kt ng
x Refreshment of air S b sung kh tI
Railcar Toa (tu ho) Refrgerant MI cht lnh
Ram air Khng kh thi trc din Refrgerate (Refrgerated ,
Ram effect Hiu ng tng p Refrgerating ,
Ram presure p sut ng Refrgerateion ) Lm
Random Tu tin , khng sp xp lnh
Rapid (Rapidly) Nhanh Refrgerator T lnh , my lnh
Rate Tc , t s , bi s Refrozen TI lnh ng
Rated nh mc Regelation TI kt ng (thnh khi)
Raw Th Regenerative (Regenerating) hi nhit ,
Reabsorption TI hp th dng hi nhit
Reach-in T lnh Reglazing S tI ng bng
refrigerator Reicing S tI ti o bng
Reactivation TI sinh Reinforced Tng cng
T in K Thut Lnh

Rejected heat Nhit thI Rustproof finish Lp ph khng g , lp


Relative Tng i ph chng n mn
Relief An ton , tin nghi Safe (Safety) an ton
Reliquely (reliquelaction) tI tun Salimeter Areomet , t trng k
hon nc mui
Remote T xa , t xa Saline Mn
Repeat TI , lp li Saline-free Kh mn
Replaceable Thay th c Salinometer Areomet , t trng k
Replacement Thay i nc mui
Requiered Yu cu Salt Mui
Reserve D tr Saltwater Nc mn , nc bin
Residential Gia dng , nh , gia Sand Ct , t
nh Sandwich panel Kiu Panel sandwich ,
Residual St li , st , cn li kiu tm lp ghp
Resistance bn , tr , in tr Saturated (Saturation) Bo ho
Resorption TI hp th Sawdust Mt ca (vt liu cch
Respiratory H hp nhit
Responsive Phn ng Scale ng cn , thnh cn
Rethrawing S tI tan gi Scavenge Ht
Retop icing TI rI ln b mt Scraped (Scraping) Kiu no
Reture Hi Scraper ring Sc mng gt u
Reusable TI s dng Screw Trc vt
Revaporization S tI bay hI Scrubber Bnh ra , thp ra kh
Reverse o chiu Sea-frozen c kt ng trn tu
Reversible Thun nghch ,o chiu bin
Ribbon Dng bng Seal (Sealed) kn
Rich Giu , lng cao Seal cap M bt kn , np kn
Right-angle Vung gc Sealer Cht lm kn (cch
Rigid Cng nhit)
Ring Hnh vng Seamless Khng hn , khng mi
Rinsing Phun la ghp
Ripening Cho chn ti Second Th hai
Rock khong , bng khong Secondary Th cp
Rock cork lie , bng , xp Second-stage Cp hai
Roll-bond Kiu Roll-bond , cn Sectional Lp ghp
dnh Seft T
Roof-mounted Lp trn mI Seft-acting T ng
Rooftop Trn mI Seft-adjusting seal m kn t la , m kn
Rool-in C bnh xe t Iu chnh
Rotary Roto Seft-contained c lp , trn b
Rotating Kiu quay , c roto Seft-extinguishing T dp la
Rotofreezer My kt ng quay Seft-limiting fan Qut t ngt khi qu tI
Rotofroster My kt ng quay Selective C chn lc
Rotten ice Nc khi (tm Semiautomatic Bn t ng
cha ng) Semiclear Na trong (na c)
Roughness factor nhm Semiconducting Bn dn
Row of cans Linh , hng khun , Semicongealed Bn ng cng
dy khun Semienvelop Na khp kn
Run cycle Chu trnh lm vic , chu Semiflooded Bn ngp , ngp tng
trnh cng tc phn
Semifreezer Lm lnh mt phn
T in K Thut Lnh

Semihermetic Na kn kt bng
Semirefrigerated c lm lnh trung gian Sling Dy vng
, c lm lnh mt na Slot (slotted) dng khe
Semirefrigeration S lm lnh trung gian Slow Chm
Semirigid Na cng Sludge Bn , nho
Semisolid Na rn Sludge formation S to bn
Sensible Hin Slug flow Dng chy chm
Sensing element Bu cm , u cm nhit Slugging S va p thu lc
Sensitive element Bu cm , u cm nhit Slush Dng bn , dng cho
Separated ng ring l Small Nh
Series-connected Lp ni tip Smoke Dng khi , khi
Serpentine ng xon Snap t ngt
Serve-over phc v Snap-action valve Van Iu chnh p sut
Service Tp v , khai thc , tiu hai v tr
ng Snow Tuyt , bng tuyt
Serviceable Tho lp c Soap X phng
hermetic Sodium Natri
Servo-operated Iu khin tr ng Soft Xp
Shaft Trc Soil t , nn t
Sheet Kiu tm Solar Mt tri
Sheft Kiu gi , kiu tng Solennoid In t
Shell-and-coil ng xon c v Solid (Solidly , Solidfied)
Shell-and-finned- ng xon cnh Rn , dng rn , cht rn
coil Solidification Ho rn , ng rn
Shell-and-finned- ng chm ng c cnh Solution Dung dch
tube Sorption Hp th
Shell-and-tube ng v Sound Ting n , m thanh,
Shock t ngt ting ng
Short-time Ngn hn Space Khng gian , ch trng
Shower Phun ma Spare D phng
Shrinkable (Shrinkage) Co ngt Spatial Khng gian
Shutdown Dng my Special (Specialized ) Chuyn
Shutoff Kho ,chn , ngt dng
Side wall Bn tng Specific Ring
Side-opening C ca bn sn Speed Tc
Sight glass Ca quan st , mt quan Speed increaser Hp s , hp tc
st lng Spent qua s dng
Sight level indicator ng thu , knh ch th Spin Cnh
mc lng Spin fin Cnh kiu gai
Silica Silicagen Spiral Xon
Silvered-glass Thu tinh m bc Spiral-belt Bng chuyn xon
simulated (simulation) m phng Splash packing Khi m ( phun ma
Single n to b mt tip xc gia
Single-belt Bng chuyn n lng v kh )
Sized ice nh hnh Split Ghp , tho ri c ,
Skating rink Sn rt bng ngh thut khe
Slab Dng tm Splitter B phn phi khng kh
Slice Dng a , dng lt mng c cnh dn hng
Sliding Khe , ca , cng Split-type Hai khi , hai cc
Slight freezing S kt ng nh , s chp Spoilage S thi ra
T in K Thut Lnh

Spontaneous T pht Styropor Styropo


Spot Cc b , c lp Subatmospheric Di p sut kh quyn
Spray Phun , ti Subcooled (Subcooling ) c qu
Spring L xo lm lnh
Square Hnh vung Subcooler B lm qu lnh , dn
Srceen strainer Phin li , phin lc qu lnh
Stability Tnh bn , s bn Subfloor Di sn
Stable n nh Subfreezing Di Im bng
Stacke Xp chng Sublimate Thng hoa
Stacking truck My nng xp Sublimation S thng hoa
Stage Tng cp Submarine Tu ngm
Staggered So le , b tr so le Submaster B sung , ph
Stagnant nh tr , khng chuyn Submersed Nhng chm
ng Subsonic H m , di m
Stamped Dp Sub-zero Di oF (-17,8oC)
Standard Tiu chun , Iu kin Sucking Ht
tiu chun , chun Suction S ht
Standby D phng Suction air Khng kh ht
Star-marked K hiu sao (ch lnh) Sudden t ngt
Starve (Starved, Starving) Summative Tng , tng th
Thiu Sump y v , y cha du
State Trng thI Sump heater B gia nhit du , b gia
Static (statically) tnh , trng nhit ccte
thI tnh Sumpheater B gia nhit ccte my
Stationary C nh nn
Statistical Thng k Sun Mt tri
Steady n nh Superatmospheric Trn atmosphe
Steam HI , hI nc Superconducting Siu dn
Steam-jet Eject hI Supercool Lm qu lnh
Steel Thp Supercooler B qu lnh
Step Theo bc , tng cp Supercritical Trn ti hn
Step-by-step Theo bc , theo tng cp Superfast Cc nhanh
Step-up gear Hp s , hp tc Superfreeze Siu lnh
Sterilizer Thit b trit trng Superheat Qu nhit
Stiff-shaft Trc cng Superheater B gia nhit qu nhit
Still Tnh , lng Superheating S (gia nhit) qu nhit
Store (Storage , Stored ) Bo Superinsulation S siu cch nhit , s
qun ,tch t cch nhit cht lng cao
Stove-refrigerator T lnh c bp gas trn Superliquid Siu lng
nc Superlow Cc thp , siu thp , qu
Straight Cng chiu , trc tip thp
Straker My nng xp Supersaturated Qu bo ho
Stratification S phn lp Supersonic Siu m
Stratified flow Dng chy phn lp Supply Cp, cung cp
Strenght c tnh c hc Surface b mt ,Kiu b mt
characteristic Surge Trung gian , tch lng
Strong m c Surge receiver Bnh trung gian , bnh
Structural Kt cu , cu trc m
Stuffing box m kn , hp bt kn (c Surging c tnh xung t
trc) characteristic
T in K Thut Lnh

Surrounding Xung quanh Thermovalve Van nhit , van Iu


Suspended Kiu treo chnh theo nhit t
Swash plate a lt trc
Sweat Ngng t , m hI Thickness dy
Sweet Ngt Thin-layer Mng mng
Swept Qut Thin-wall Vch mng , chiu dy
Swirl Ri , xon mng
Synchronous ng b Throttle (Throttled , Throttling )
Synthetic Tng hp tit lu
System H thng Through-the-wall Trong tng
Tangential Tip tuyn Throw-away Vt b , khng cn s
Tank Bnh , thng dng c na
Technical K thut Total Ton b , tng
Temperature Nhit Tower Thp
Tempering Gia nhit s b Tower-type Kiu thp
Temporary Tm thi Toxic c hi
Terminal Cui tm , cui qu trnh Transfer Truyn , dn
Test Th nghim , m phng Transient Khng n nh
Thaw (Thawed, Thawing) Transit Vn chuyn , trung
Lm tan gi ,tan bng chuyn
Thawer Thit b lm tan gi Transition Chuyn i
Theoretical L thuyt Transparent Trong sut
Thermal Nhit Transpiration S bay hI khuch tn ,
Thermal capacity Nhit dung s thot hI , s m
Thermaocouple Phn t nhit In , cp hI
nhit In Transport Vn tI
Thermitsor Thermitsor , nhit In Transportable Vn chuyn
tr thanh dn in c Trapped oil Du b by , du b tch
In tr ph thuc nhit Tray Kiu khay , dng khay ,
khay
Thermocompressor My nn nhit Treae c x l
Thermocycle Chu trnh nhit Triple Ba cp , ba thnh phn
Thermodynamic Nhit ng Tropical Nhit i
Thermoelectric Nhit In Truck t tI
Thermoelectromoti Nhit In ng True Thc
ve Tube ng
Thermoelement Phn t nhit In, cp Tubular Kiu dn ng
nhit In Tunnel Tunnel , hm
Thermohygrograph My ghi thu nhit , thu Turbine Tuabin
nhit k t ghi , my ghi Turbocompressor My nn tuabin , my
nhit nc nn li tm
Thermomertry Php o nhit Turbulence (Turbulent) chy ri
Thermophysical Nhit vt l Twice (twin , two) Hai ,I
Thermostat Thermostat , r le nhit Ucon MI cht lnh ucon
, b Iu chnh khng (freon)
ch nhit Ultracold Siu lnh
Thermostatic S Iu chnh nhit , Ultralow Nhit Siu lnh
s khng ch nhit ,n temperature
nhit Ultrarapid (Ultrarapidly) Siu tc ,
Thermostatically S n nhit cc nhanh
Thermosyphonic Xiphng nhit Ultrasonic Siu m
T in K Thut Lnh

Uncondense Khng ngng Vaporizable (Vaporizing Vaporized,


Unconditioned Khng Iu ho c Vaporization) D bay
Uncontrolled Khng c khng ches hI , c th bay hI
Uncooled Khng c lm lnh Vapour (Vaporous ) HI , dng
Undercharge S np non , s np thiu hI
mI cht lnh Vapour-jet Phun hI , kiu phun hI
Underconcentration Nng khng , nng Variable C th Iu chnh , c th
thiu thay i
Undercool (Undercooled, Variety a dng
Undercooling) S lm Varying Thay i
lnh cha , nng Vee-block Hnh ch V
thiu Vegetable Rau qu
Undercounter Di quy hng Vehicle Xe c
Underexhaustion S ht khng kh cha Velocity ng , c tc
Underfill S np y cha , s Vent (vit tt t ventilate
np y di mc )Thng gi , x kh
Underfilter Khng lc Ventilate (ventilated, ventilating ,
Underfloor Di nn nh ventilation) Thng gi ,
Underfreezing S kt ng cha y , x kh
s kt ng non Ventilation Kiu qut gi thng gi
Underfroste Khng ng bng Ventilator Qut gi , qut thng gi
Underfrozen Khng ng bng Vertical ng , thng ng , kiu
Underground Trong lng t , di nn ng
t Very low Rt thp
Undermount Trong l , trong hm , Vibrating Kiu rung
di t Vibration damper B chng rung , b gim
Underroof Di mI (nh ) chn
Uniflow Thun chiu , thun Vibration damping S gim chn , s gim
dng, cng chiu rung
Uniform u n Vigorous Mnh lit
Unit T ,b Viscocity Nht
Unitary Dng t hp Viscosity nht
Universal Vn nng , a nng ,a Visible Nhn thy c
chc nng Volatile D bay hI
Unliquefied Khng c ho lng Volume (Volumetric) Th tch
Unload (unloaded , unloading) Vortex ng xoy
khng tI , gim tI , tho Walk-in (Loi) nh , c th I vo
tI c
Unrefrigerated Khng c lm lnh Wall Tng
Unsteady Khng n nh Warn Bo ng
Unsuperheat Cha qu nhit Warn m , m ,nng
Untreated Khng c x l Waste Ra , v sinh , lm sch ,
Upfeed Cp (lng) t di ThI , qua s dng
Upward Ngc ln Water Nc
Usable Hu ch Wax sp
Used s dng Weak Ngho
Useful Hu ch Weak gas Kh ngho , kh long ,
Utilization S dng gas ngho , gas long
Vacuum Chn khng Weather Thi tit
Valve Van Weight Khi lng
Vane L van Weldable C th hn c
T in K Thut Lnh

Welded casing Thn hn ,v hn


Well water Nc ging , nc ngun
Wet m , t
Wet-bulb Bu t , o bu m
Wetness S m t
Wide Rng
Wind Gi , bng gi
Window Ca s
Wine (cooler) B lm lnh ru vang
Winter Ma ng
Wire Giy , kiu giy (ngvai
tr cnh tn nhit)
Withdrawn Thu hi
Work Cng
Working Vn hnh , lm vic
Wort Dch ng ( len men )
Wrap Gp
Year-round C nm
Zeolite Zeolit
Zero 0 (thng c hiu l 0
F (=-17,6 C)
Zone Vng , cc b

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