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DICTIONNAIRE SINPLATT FRANAIS

de David Parke
Abrviations
a. adjectif

adv. adverbe

nc. nom de genre commun

nn. nom de genre neutre

prp. prposition

vaux. verbe auxiliaire

vi. verbe intransitive

vt. verbe transitif

vti. verbe transitif et intransitive

pp. participe pass

prn. pronom

cf. comparez

Al Allemand

An Anglais

f. ( partir) de

Fr. Franais

L. Latin

late L. bas latin / latin tardif

MLG Moyen bas allemand

Nl Nerlandais

obs. obsolte

OFr. Ancien franais

OHG Vieux haut-allemand


OS Vieux saxon

PG Proto-germanique

PIE proto-indo-europe

WG Proto-germanique occidental

A
af .`e. prp. de; depuis a. accompli; achev; cuit; effectu; loin; plus loin;
prpar; prt; termin; fait; fini cf. An off, of; Nl af; Al ab f. OS af f. PG
af, aa, au f. PIE *apo-

afbelden .`e!aDkc,+ aDks `e. vt. dcrire; dpeindre; dessiner; faire le portrait de;
peindre; reprsenter cf. Nl afbeelden; Al abbilden f. AF + BELD + -EN

affre .`!eD9q?. nc. affaire; aventure; liaison; chose cf. An affair; Nl affaire (de);
Al Affre (die) f. Old Fr. afaire, Fr. affaire f. L. ad- + facere

afscheed .`e!Rd9s+ `e!Rd9c,. nn. adieu cf. Nl afscheid (het); Al Abschied (der) f.
AF + PG *skai, *skai

aktul .`jsT!Dk,+ `jsT!D9k,. a. actuel; courant adv. d'actualit cf. An actual,


actually; Nl actueel; Al aktuell f. late L. actualis

ald .`ks+ !`kc,+ !Dkc,+ !Dks,. a. g; ancien; vieux; Irregulier: comparatif = lder,
superlatif = ldst. cf. An old; Nl oud; Al alt f. OS ald f. PG *alaz

all .`k. a. tout; tous cf. An all; Nl al; Al alle f. OS al f. PG *alnaz

mete .!N9ld9s?. nc. fourmi cf. An ant; Al Ameise (die) f. MLG mete, mete
f. OS *mta f. WG *maitin

an .`m+ !@9m,. prp. ; au; de; par; au bord de; au milieu de; au moyen de; au sujet
de; dans; en; pour; sur cf. An on; Nl aan; Al an f. OS ana, an f. PG *ana
f. PIE *ano

and .`ms. conj. et cf. An and; Nl en; Al und f. OS ande, endi f. PG *unda f.
PIE *hnti

ander .!`mc?q+ !`mcq,. a. autre cf. An other; Nl ander; Al ander- f. OS oar,


andar f. PG *anaraz f. PIE *an-tero-, *al-tero-
antkomen .`ms!jn9l,+ `ms!jNl+ `msj`l,+ `ms!jN9l,+ `ms!jn9l?m. vti. chapper;
schapper. Classe IV fort: pass = antkam-/antkm-; pp = antkomen cf. Nl
ontkomen; Al entkommen f. ANT- + KOMEN

auto .!`Tsn. nc. voiture; automobile cf. An auto; Nl auto (de); Al Auto (das) f.
short for AUTOMOBIL

vend .!N9u?ms+ !N9u?mc,. nc. soir; soire cf. An evening / eve; Nl avond (de); Al
Abend (der) f. OS and f. PG *ando-

B
bar .a`q+ !a@9q,. a. nu cf. An bare, barely; Nl bar; Al bar f. OS bar f. PG *baz
f. PIE *bos-

bard .a`qs+ !a`qc,. nc. barbe cf. An beard; Nl baard (de); Al Bart (der) f. WG
*baraz f. PIE *bard-eh

been .ad9m. nn. jambe; os; pied cf. An bone; Nl been (het); Al Bein (das) f. OS
bn f. PG *bainan

beer .ad9q. nc. verrat cf. An boar; Nl beer (de); Al Br (der) f. OS br-swn f.
WG *bairaz

behandelen .a?!g`mck?m. vt. traiter cf. Nl behandelen; Al behandeln

beld .aDks+ !aDkc,. nn. image cf. Nl beeld (het); Al Bild (das) f. PG *biliia-

ber .aDq+ !ad9q,. nc. ours cf. An bear; Nl beer (de); Al Br (der) f. PG *beran

bereid .a?!q`Hs+ a?!q`Hc,. a. prt cf. Nl bereid; Al bereit f. BE- + PG *garaiijaz

berg .aDqw+ !aDqF,. nc. montagne cf. An barrow; Nl berg (de); Al Berg (der) f.
OS berg f. PG *bergaz f. PIE *berg-

beven .!ad9u,+ aDe,. vti. trembler cf. Nl beven; Al beben f. PG *ben

bidden .!aHc,+ aHs+ a`s+ !a@9c,+ !aN9c,+ f?!ad9c?m. vti. prier; solliciter. Classe V fort:
pass = bad-/bd-; pp = gebeden. cf. An bid; Nl bidden; Al beten, bitten f.
OS biddian f. PG *bejan f PIE *gwhedh

bier .ah9q. nn. bire cf. An beer; Nl bier (het); Al Bier (das) f. OS bior f. PG
*beuzaz
blad .ak`s+ !ak@9c,. nn. feuille; lame; pale cf. An blade; Nl blad (het); Al Blatt
(das) f. OS blad f. PG *blaan f. PIE *bhld-

blank .ak`Mj. a. blanc; vide; vierge; en blanc cf. An blank; Nl blanco, blank; Al
blanko, blank f. OFr. blanc f. Frankish *blank f. PG *blankaz

blw .akN9T+ !akN9v,. a. bleu cf. An blue; Nl blauw; Al blau f. OS blo f. PG


*blwaz f. PIE *bhlw-, *bhlw-

bleek .akd9j. a. ple; blme cf. An bleak; Nl bleek; Al bleich f. OS blk f. PG


*blaika- f. PIE *bhel-

blind .akHms+ !akHmc,. a. aveugle; insu cf. An blind; Nl blind; Al blind f. OS


blind f. PG *blenaz

blood .akn9s+ !akn9c,. nn. sang cf. An blood; Nl bloed (het); Al Blut (das) f. OS
bld f. PG *blam

bgel .!a19F?k. nc. trier cf. An boul/bool; Nl beugel (de); Al Bgel (der) f. ?

bomm .aNl. nc. bombe cf. An bomb; Nl bom (de); Al Bombe (die) f. Fr.
bombe f. It. bomba

boom .an9l. nc. arbre cf. An beam, boom; Nl boom (de); Al Baum (der) f. OS
bm, boom f. WG baumaz

breed .aqd9s+ !aqd9c,. a. large; ample cf. An broad, broadly; Nl breed; Al breit f.
OS brd f. PG *braiaz

brejen .!aqd9i?m. nn. cerveau; cervelle cf. An brain; Nl brein (het) f. MLG
bregen f. WG *bragna

broder .!aqn9c?q+ !aq19c?qr. nc. frre. Pluriel = brders cf. An brother; Nl broeder
(de); Al Bruder (der) f. OS brar f. PG *brar f. PIE *brhtr

brood .aqn9s+ !aqn9c,. nn. pain cf. An bread; Nl brood (het); Al Brot (das) f. OS
brd f. PG *brauam

brust .aqTrs. nc. poitrine; sein; gorge; mamelle; poitrail cf. An breast; Nl borst
(de); Al Brust (die) f. OS brust, burst f. PG *brustaz, breustaz f. PIE
*breus-
bkken .!aXj,. vi. se baisser; se courber; se pencher cf. Nl bukken; Al bcken
f. PG *bukk-

D
dag .c`w+ !c@9F,. nc. jour, journe cf. An day; Nl dag (de); Al Tag (der) f. OS
dag f. PG *dagaz f. PIE *deg-

danken .!c`Mj,. vt. remercier cf. An thank; Nl danken, bedanken; Al danken,


bedanken f. OS ankon f. PG *ankjan f. PIE *tong-

dansen .!c`msr,. vti. danser cf. An dance; Nl dansen; Al tanzen f. OFr. dancer

derd .cDqs+ !cDqc,. a. troisime cf. An third; Nl derde; Al dritt f. OS riddio f.


PG*ridjaz f. PIE *tritjos

dern .cDqm. nc. coquine; gourgandine cf. Nl deern (de); Al Dirne (die) f. ?

des .cDr+ !cd9y?. prn. ce; ceci; celle-ci; celui-ci; cet; cette; celle-l; celles-ci;
celui-l; ceux-ci cf. An this, these; Nl dit, deze; Al dies- f. OS ese

dikk .cHj. a. pais; gras; gros; dense cf. An thick; Nl dik; Al dick f. OS ikki f.
PG *eku-, *ekwia- f. PIE *tegu-

ding .cHM. nn. chose; affaire; objet; produit cf. An thing; Nl ding (het); Al Ding
(das) f. OS ing f. PG *ingan

dinsdag .!cHmr$c`w+ !cHmr$c@9F,. nc. mardi cf. Nl dinsdag (de); Al Dienstag (der)
f. PG *ingsus Martis (congrs de Mars) + DAG

dochter .!cNws?q. nc. fille cf. An daughter; Nl dochter (de); Al Tochter (die) f.
OS dohtar f. PG *duhter f. PIE *dughtr

donersdag .!cn9m?qr$c`w+ !cn9m?qr$c@9F,. nc. jeudi cf. An Thursday; Nl


donderdag (de); Al Donnerstag (der) f. PG *onaras + DAG

dood .cn9s+ !cn9c,. a. mort cf. An dead; Nl dood; Al tot f. OS dd f. PG


*dauaz f. PIE *dauts

dor .cNq+ cNqw. prp. par; travers; au moyen de. aussi dorch. cf. An through,
thorough; Nl door; Al durch f. OS urh, uru f. WG *urh f. PIE *tr-
dringen .!cqHM?m+ !cq`M,+ f?!cqTM?m. vt. pousser. Classe IIIa fort: pass = drang-;
pp = gedrungen cf. Nl dringen; Al dringen f. OS ringan f. PG *renh-
(reng-) renhan

drinken .!cqHMj,+ cq`Mj,+ f?!cqTMj?m. vti. boire; absorber; consommer; prendre;


prendre une boisson. Classe IIIa fort: pass = drank-; pp = gedrunken cf. An
drink; Nl drinken; Al trinken f. OS drinkan f. PG *drengkan

dromen .!cqn9l,. vi. rver, songer cf. An dream; Nl dromen; Al trumen f.


DROOM + -EN

drg .cq19w+ !cq19F,. a. sec; aride; brut cf. An dry; Nl droog; Al trocken f.
MLG drge f. PG *draugiz f. PIE *dreug-

droom .!cqn9l,. nc. rve, songe cf. An dream; Nl droom (de); Al Traum (der)
f. OS drm f. PG *draumaz f. PIE *dhrAugh-

drunken .!cqTmj?m+ !cqTmjm,. a. ivre; enivr; saoul; sol cf. An drunk, drunken;
Nl dronken; Al betrunken, trunken f. pp of DRINKEN

dunker .!cTMj?q. a. fonc; obscur cf. Nl donker; Al dunkel f. OS dunkar f. PG


*denkwa-

dnn .cXm. a. fin; mince; fluet; grle; liquide; maigre; menu; rare cf. An thin,
thinly; Nl dun; Al dnn f. OS unni f. PG *unnuz f. PIE *tnhus

dr .cx9q. a. cher; coteux cf. An dear; Nl duur, dier; Al teuer f. OS diuri f.


PG *deurjaz

dwingen .!cOHM,+ !cT`M,+ f?!cOTM?m. vt. forcer; obliger. Classe IIIa fort: pass =
dwang-; pp = gedwungen. cf. Nl dwingen; Al zwingen f. PG *wenh-
wengan

E
egen .!d9F?m. a. propre cf. An own; Nl eigen; Al eigen f. OS gan f. PG
*aiganaz f. PIE *aik-

egenlik .!d9F?mkHj. adv. effectivement; en fait; proprement; rellement a. propre


cf. Nl eigenlijk; Al eigentlich f. EGEN + -LIEK
eksplosion .DjrokNy!iNm+ DjrokNy!in9m,. nc. explosion cf. An explosion; Nl
explosie (de); Al Explosion (der) f. L explosio(n-)

ende .!Dmc?. nn. bout; fin; terme; extrmit; mort cf. An end; Nl eind(e) (het);
Al Ende (das) f. OS endi f. PG *anja f. PIE*antjo-

etagje .D!s`Y?. nc. tage; plancher cf. An stage; Nl etage (de); Al Etage (die) f.
OFr. estage f. V.L. *staticum

etwat .Ds!O`s. adv. quelque chose; quelque chose de; quelque peu; un peu cf. Nl
ietwat, iets; Al etwas, etwa f. ? + WAT

F
fader .!e@9c?q. nc. pre cf. An father; Nl vader (de); Al Vater (der) f. OS fadar f.
PG *far f. PIE *phtr

fan .e`m. prp. de; du; des cf. Nl van; Al von f. OS fan, fan f. PG *afana, *fana-,
*funa-

fardig .!e`qcHw+ !e`qcHF,. a. comptent; prt cf. Nl vaardig; Al fertig f. FART + -IG

faren .!e@9q,+ e`q+ en9q,+ f?!e@9q?m. vi. aller; naviguer. Classe VI fort: pass = foor-;
pp = gefaren cf. An fare; Nl varen; Al fahren f. OS faran f. PIE *faran f.
PIE *por-

fart .e`qs. nc. marche; vitesse cf. Nl vaart (de); Al Fahrt (die) f. PG *fariz

fel .eDk+ ed9k,. adv. beaucoup; beaucoup de cf. Nl veel; Al viel f. OS filo f. PG
*felu f. PIE *pelu-, pel-

feld .eDks+ !eDkc,. nn. champ; domaine; terrain cf. An field; Nl veld (het); Al Feld
(das) f. OS feld f. PG *feluz f. PIE *pel(e)-tu-

fenster .!eDmrs?q. nn. fentre cf. An fenestra; Nl venster (het); Al Fenster (das)
f. L. fenestra

ferdelgen .e?q!cdkF,+ e?q!cDkw. vt. exterminer; supprimer; dtruire cf. Nl


verdelgen; Al vertilgen f. ?
ferderven .e?q!cDqu,+ e?q!cDqe,+ e?q!c`qe+ e?q!c`qu,+ e?q!cNqu?m. vt. abmer;
corrompre. Classe IIIb fort: pass = ferdarv-; pp = ferdorven cf. Nl
verderven; Al verderben f. FER- + PG *eran

ferjagen .e?q!i@9F,- e?qi`w. vt. chasser cf. Nl verjagen; Al verjagen f. FER- +


JAGEN

ferkpen .e?q!j19o,. vt. vendre cf. Nl verkopen; Al verkaufen f. FER- + KPEN

ferlten .e?q!kN9s?m+ e?q!kh9s,. vt. abandonner; dlaisser; laisser; quitter. Classe VII
fort: pass = ferliet-; pp = ferlten cf. Nl verlaten; Al verlassen f. FER- +
LTEN

fernejten .e?q!mdHs,. vt. dtruire; dmolir cf. Nl vernietigen; Al vernichten f.


FER- + NEJT + -EN

fernft .e?q!mXes. nc. raison cf. Nl vernuft (het); Al Vernunft (die) f. ?

ferschaffen .e?q!rj`e,. vt. fournir des; fournir; offrir; procurer cf. Nl schaffen,
verschaffen; Al verschaffen f. Al. verschaffen

ferstn .e?q!rsN9,+ e?q!rsNms+ e?q!rsNmc,+ e?q!rs`mc?m+ e?q!rs`ms+ e?q!rs`mc,. vt.


entendre; comprendre. Verbe irregulier: pass = ferstond-, pp = ferstanden,
pres part = ferstandend, action = ferstand, agent = ferstander cf. Nl verstaan;
Al verstehen f. FER- + STN

ferstand .e?q!rs`ms+ e?q!rs`mc,. nc. intelligence; raison cf. Nl verstand (het); Al


Verstehen (das), Verstand (der) f. FER- + STAND

fertellen .e?q!sDk,. vti. raconter; conter; dire; narrer; rapporter cf. An tell; Nl
vertellen; Al erzhlen f. FER- + TELLEN

ferwsten .e?qO19rs,. vt. ravager; dtruire; dvaster cf. An waste; Nl


verwoesten; Al verwsten f. FER- + WST + -EN

finden .!eHmc,+ eHms+ e`ms+ !e`mc,+ f?!eTmc?m. vt. trouver. Classe IIIa fort: pass =
fand-; pp = gefunden. cf. An find; Nl vinden; Al finden f. OS finden, fan
f. PG *fenan

fisch .eHR. nc. poisson cf. An fish; Nl vis (de); Al Fisch (der) f. OS fisk f. PG
*fiskaz f. PIE *pikVskVos
flamm .ek`l. nc. flamme; feu cf. An flame; Nl vlam (de); Al Flamme (die) f.
OFr. flam(m)e, f. L flamma

flasch .ek`R. nc. bouteille; flacon; biberon cf. An flask; Nl fles (de); Al Flasche
(die) f. med.L flasca f. PG *flaskn f. PIE *plokV-sk

floor .ekn9q. nc. sol; plancher; tage cf. An floor; Nl vloer (de); Al Flur (der) f.
PG *flr, *flraz f. PIE *plro-

folk .eNkj. nn. gens; peuple; nation prefix. populaire cf. An folk; Nl volk (het);
Al Volk (das) f. OS folc f. PG *fulkam f. PIE *plh-go

foll .eNk. a. plein; complet; entier; comble; rassasi; rempli adv. pleinement;
compltement; fond cf. An full; Nl vol; Al voll f. OS ful f. PG *fullaz f.
PIE *plhns

foot .en9s+ !e19s?m. nc. pied. Pluriel = ften. cf. An foot; Nl voet (de); Al Fu
(der) f. OS ft f. PG *fts f. PIE *pds

for .eNq+ !en9q,. prp. avant; devant cf. An fore, before; Nl voor; Al vor f. OS
fora f. PG *fura

fr .e8q+ !e19q,. prp. pour; cause de; ; afin de; de; des; pendant; pour les cf.
An for; Nl voor; Al fr f. OS for, furi f. PG *furi, fura

forstellen .eNq!rsDk,. vt. prsenter; proposer cf. Nl voorstellen; Al vorstellen f.


FOR + STELLEN

frgen .!eqN9F,+ eqN9w. vt. demander; poser des questions cf. Nl vragen; Al fragen
f. PG *fregnanan, f. PIE *pre-

frie .eqh9. a. gratuit, libre, libr adv. gratuitement, librement cf. An free,
freely; Nl vrij; Al frei f. OS fr f. PG *frijaz, f. PIE *prijos, *pry-

friedag .!eqh9$c`w+ !eqh9$c@9F,. nc. vendredi cf. An Friday; Nl vrijdag (de); Al


Freitag (der) f. PG *frijaz + DAG

frosch .eqNR. nc. grenouille cf. An frog; Nl (kik)vors (de); Al Frosch (der) f. PG
*fruskaz

fuchtig .!eTwsHw+ !eTwsHF,. a. humide cf. Nl vochtig; Al feucht f. ?


fuchtigheed .!eTwsHwgd9s+ !eTwsHwgd9c,. nc. humidit cf. Nl vochtigheid (de); Al
Feuchtigkeit (die) f. FUCHTIG + -HEED

fr .ex9q. nn. feu; incendie; ardeur; flamme cf. An fire; Nl vuur (het); Al Feuer
(das) f. OS fiur f. WG *fur f. PIE *phur

G
gn .fN9m+ !fHM,+ f?!fN9m+ !f`M,. vi. aller; passer; sen aller; fonctionner; marcher;
partir; se dplacer. Irrgulier: pass = ging-; pp = gegn. Participe prsent =
gangend; action = gang; agent = ganger. cf. An go; Nl gaan; Al gehen f. OS
gn f. WG *gai-/*g- f. PIE *gV h-

ganc .f`msr. a. entier cf. Nl gans; Al ganz f. ?

geest .fd9rs. nc. me; esprit; fantme; revenant cf. An ghost; Nl geest (de); Al
Geist (der) f. OS gst f. WG *gaistaz

gel .fDk+ !fd9k,. a. jaune cf. An yellow; Nl geel; Al gelb f. OS gelo f. PG


*gelwaz f. PIE*el-

gelven .f?!k19u,+ f?!k19e. vti. croire; penser cf. An believe; Nl geloven; Al


glauben f. OS gilian f. WG *galaujan

geven .!fd9u,+ fDe+ f`e,+ !fN9u,+ f?!fd9u?m. vti. donner; accorder; offrir; passer.
Classe V fort: pass = gav-/gv-; pp = gegeven cf. An give; Nl geven; Al
geben f. OS gean f. PG *gean

geweten .f?!Od9s?m. nn. conscience; opinion cf. Nl geweten (het); Al Gewissen


(das) f. GE- + WETEN

glanc .fk`msr. nc. clat; lustre; glose; brillant cf. Nl glans (de); Al Glanz (der)
f. OHG glanz f. PG *glant-

glas .fk`r+ !fk@9y,. nn. verre; vitre cf. An glass; Nl glas (het); Al Glas (das) f.
OS glas, gles f. WG *glasam f. PIE *ghle-

god .fNs+ !fn9c,. nc. Dieu; dieu; Seigneur cf. An god; Nl god (de); Al Gott (der)
f. OS god f. PG *guan f. PIE *uto-

grn .fq19m. a. vert; pas mr; cologique cf. An green; Nl groen; Al grn f.
OS grni f. WG *grnjaz
groot .fqn9s. a. grand; gros; large cf. An great, greatly; Nl groot; Al gro f. OS
grt f. WG *grautaz

hand .g`ms+ !g`mc,. nc. main; ct; part cf. An hand; Nl hand (de); Al Hand
(die) f. OS hand f. PG *hanuz

H
hr .gN9q. nn. chevelure; cheveu; cheveux; poil cf. An hair; Nl haar (het); Al
Haar (das) f. OS hr f. PG *hran f. PIE *ker(s)-

hard .g`qs+ !g`qc,. a. difficile; dur; ferme; fort; pnible; rude; svre adv.
durement cf. An hard, hardly; Nl hard; Al hart f. OS hard f. PG *haruz
f. PIE *kert-, *kret-

-heed .,gd9s+ ,gd9c,. suffixe. former noms de condition ou la qualit des


adjectifs cf. An -hood; Nl -heid; Al -heit, -keit f. OS -hd f. PG *haiuz

heem .gd9l. nc. maison, foyer, chez-soi cf. An home; Nl heem (obs); Al Heim
(das) f. OS hm f. PG *haimaz f. PIE *kVimos

heet .gd9s. a. brlant; chaud; bouillant; chaud adv. chaudement cf. An hot,
hotly; Nl heet; Al hei f. OS ht f. PG *haitaz

helpen .!gDko,+ g`ko,+ f?!gNko?m. vt. aider; secourir; assister; pauler; servir. Classe
IIIb fort: Pass = halp-; pp = geholpen. cf. An help; Nl helpen; Al helfen f.
OS helpan f. PG *helpan

hemel .!gd9l?k. nc. ciel cf. An heaven; Nl hemel (de); Al Himmel (der) f. OS
hemil, hean f. PG *himinaz, himilaz f. PIE *k(')em-en-, *k(')em-er-

hipotek .gHoN!sDj+ gHoN!sd9j,. nc. hypothque cf. An hypothec; Nl hypotheek /


hypoteek (de); Al Hypothek (die) f. late L hypotheca

holt .gNks. nn. bois cf. An holt (obs); Nl hout (het); Al Holz (das) f. OS holt f.
PG *hultan f. PIE *kldo-

hvd .g19es+ !g19uc,. nn. tte; chef cf. An head; Nl hoofd (het); Al Haupt (das)
f. OS hid f. PG * hauuam f. PIE *kput

hren .!g19q,. vt. apprendre; couter; entendre; our cf. An hear; Nl horen; Al
hren f. OS hrian f. PG *hauzjian
horn .gNqm. nc. corne; klaxon; cor cf. An horn; Nl hoorn (de); Al Horn (das) f.
OS horn f. PG *hurnan f. PIE *kVrnom

hotel .gN!sDk+ gN!sd9k,. nn. htel cf. An hotel; Nl hotel (het); Al Hotel (das) f.
Fr. htel

hund .gTms+ !gTmc,. nc. chien cf. An hound; Nl hond (de); Al Hund (der) f.
OS hund f. PG *hunaz f. Pre-Germanic *u n-ts f. PIE *w

huud .gt9s+ !gt9c,. nc. peau cf. An hide; Nl huid (de); Al Haut (die) f. OS hd
f. PG *hiz f. PIE *(s)keu-t-

huus .gt9r+ !gt9y, . nn. maison; famille cf. An house; Nl huis (het); Al Haus
(das) f. OS hs f. PG *hsan

I
ingeving .Hm!fd9uHM. nc. inspiration cf. Nl ingeving (de); Al Eingebung (die) f.
IN + GEVEN + -ING

J
jeans .cYh9mr. nc. jeans; pantalon de jeans cf. An jeans; Nl jeans (de); Al Jeans
(de) f. En. jeans

jung .iTM. a. jeune cf. An young; Nl jong; Al jung f. OS jung f. PG *jungaz, f.


earlier *juwungaz, f. PIE *yuwn k

K
ks .jD9r+ !jD9y,. nc. fromage cf. An cheese; Nl kaas (de); Al Kse (der) f. OS
ksi, k(i)si f. L. caseus

kald .j`ks+ !j`kc,. a. froid adv. froidement cf. An cold, coldly; Nl koud; Al kalt
f. OS cald f. PG *kalaz f. PIE *gel-, *gol-

kant .j`ms. nc. bord; lisire cf. An cant; Nl kant (de); Al Kante (die) f. OFr.
cant f. L. canthus

keen .!jd9m,. prn. aucun; pas de; personne cf. Nl geen; Al kein f. ?
kind .jHms+ !jHmc,. nn. enfant. Pluriel = kinders. cf. Nl kind (het); Al Kind (das)
f. PG *kindan f. PIE *enhtm

kleed .jkd9s+ !jkd9c,. nn. vtement; robe cf. An cloth; Nl kleed (het); Al Kleid
(das) f. PG *klaian f. PIE *gleit-

klein .jk`Hm. a. petit; faible cf. An clean; Nl klein; Al klein f. OS klni f. PG


*klainiz

knie .jmh9. nc. genou cf. An knee; Nl knie (de); Al Knie (das) f. OS knio f. PG
*knewan f. PIE*gV nu o, *gV nu

kniepen .jmh9o,+ jm`Ho,+ f?!jmHo?m. vt. pincer. Classe I fort: Pass = kneip-; pp =
geknippen cf. Nl knijpen; Al kneifen f. ?

kol .jNk+ !jn9k,. nc. charbon cf. An coal; Nl kool (de); Al Kohle (die) f. PG
*kulan f. PIE *g(e)u-lo-

komen .!jn9l,+ jNl+ j`l+ j`l,+ jN9l,+ f?!jn9l?m. vi. venir; arriver; jouir.
Classe IV fort: pass = kam-/km-; pp = gekomen. cf. An come; Nl komen;
Al kommen f. OS kuman f. PG *kweman f. PIE *gem-/gem-ye-

konspirren .jNmroH!qD9q,+ jNmroH!qDq. vi. conspirer cf. An conspire; Nl


conspireren; Al konspirieren f. L conspirare

kpen .!j19o,. vt. acheter; acqurir cf. Nl kopen; Al kaufen f. OS kpian,


kpon f. L. caupo

kopp .jNo. nc. tasse; tte; chef cf. An cup; Nl kop (de); Al Kopf (der) f. pop.L
cuppa

korf .jNqe+ !jNqu,. nc. panier; corbeille cf. An corf (archaic); Nl korf (de); Al
Korb (der) f. L corbis

kort .jNqs. a. court; bref adv. brivement cf. An curt, curtly; Nl kort; Al kurz
f. L curtus

knnen .!jXm, j`m,+ jNms+ jNmc,. vaux. = pouvoir. Verbe auxiliaire. Irregulier:
present singulier = kann-; pass = kond-; pp = gekond. cf. An can; Nl
kunnen; Al knnen f. OS kunnan f. PG *kunnan f. PIE *gno-
L
land .k`ms+ !k`mc,. nn. pays; terre; contre; sol; terrain cf. An land; Nl land (het);
Al Land (das) f. OS land f. PG *landan f. PIE *lend-

lang .k`M. a. long adv. longtemps cf. An long; Nl lang; Al lang f. OS lang,
long f. PG *langaz f. PIE *dluhg-

lat .k`s+ !k@9s,. a. en retard; tard cf. An late; Nl laat; Al la f. OS lat f. PG


*latn f. PIE *lad-

lten .!kN9s,+ !kh9s,+ f?!kN9s?m. vt. laisser; permettre; faire. Classe VII fort. pass =
liet-; pp = gelten cf. An let; Nl laten; Al lassen f. OS ltan f. PG *ltan f.
PIE *le(i)d-

latst .k`srs. a. dernier cf. An last; Nl laatst; Al letzte f. OS latst, last, letist f.
LAT + -ST

leven .!kd9u,+ kDe. vi. vivre; exister cf. An live; Nl leven; Al leben f. OS liian,
leon f. PG *len f. PIE *leip-

leven .!kd9u?m. nn. vie cf. Nl leven (het); Al Leben (das) f. LEVEN

levend .!kd9u?ms+ !kd9u?mc,. a. vivant; en vie cf. An living; Nl levend; Al lebend


f. LEVEN + -END

levendig .!kd9u?mcHw+ !kd9u?mcHF,. a. vivant; vif cf. Nl levendig; Al lebendig f.


LEVEND + -IG

lever .!kd9u?q. nc. foie cf. An liver; Nl lever (de); Al Leber (die) f. PG *lir

licht .kHws. a. clair; lumineux; de lumire cf. An light, lightly; Nl licht; Al licht
f. OS liht f. PG *leuhtam f. PIE *leuk-

liecht .kh9ws. a. facile; lger; faible; tnu adv. lgrement; un peu cf. An lightly,
light; Nl licht; Al leicht f. OS -lht f. PG *linghtaz f. PIE **hleng-

lied .kh9s+ !kh9c,. nn. chanson cf. Nl lied (het); Al Lied (das) f. OHG liod f. PG
*leuan

lokk .kNj. nc. blocage; boucle; serrure; verrouillage cf. An lock; Nl lok (de); Al
Locke (die) f. OS lok f. PG *lukkaz f. PIE *lugnos
loof .kn9e+ !kn9u,. nn. feuillage; feuilles cf. An leaf; Nl loof (het); Al Laub (das)
f. OS lf f. PG *lauan f. PIE leup-

lopen .!kn9o,+ kh9o,+ f?kn9o?m. vi. courir; marcher; excuter; aller. Classe VII fort:
pass = liep-; pp = gelopen. cf. An leap, lope; Nl lopen; Al laufen f. OS
-hlpan f. PG *hlaupan

lttel .!k8s?k. a. petit; peu de adv. peu cf. An little; Nl luttel; Al ltzel (obs) f.
OS luttil f. WG *lutilaz

lden .!kx9c?m. nc. gens cf. Nl lieden, lui, luiden, luitjes; Al Leute (die) f. OS
liudi f. PG *leuiz f. PIE *(e)lewdh-

luus .kt9r+ !kt9y,+ !kx9y?m. nc. pou. Pluriel = lsen cf. An louse; Nl luis (de); Al
Laus (die) f. OS *ls f. PG *ls f. PIE *lus

M
mn .lN9m. nc. lune cf. An moon; Nl maan (de); Al Mond (der) f. OS mno f.
PG *mn f. PIE *mhn s

mndag .!lN9m$c`w+ !lN9m$c@9F,. nc. lundi cf. An Monday; Nl maandag (de); Al


Montag (der) f. MN + DAG

mann .l`m+ !lDm?m. nc. homme; mari; poux; individu de sexe masculin; type.
Pluriel = mnnen cf. An man; Nl man (de); Al Mann (der) f. OS man f.
PG *mann- f. PIE *man-

med .lDs. prp. au moyen de; avec; par cf. Nl met, mee, mede; Al mit f. OS
mid f. PG *me- (me-) mei

meinen .!l`Hm,. vti. vouloir dire; avoir lintention de; croire; penser cf. An
mean; Nl menen; Al meinen f. OS mnian f. WG *mainijan

mensch .lDmR. nc. tre humain; homme cf. Nl mens (de); Al Mensch (der) f.
MANN + -ISCH

mets .lDsr. nn. couteau cf. Nl mes (het); Al Messer (das) f. PG *matiz +
*sahsan

mde .!l19c?. nc. difficult; effort; mal; peine cf. Nl moeite (de); Al Mhe
(die) f. PG *mijn f. PIE *mo-
moder .!ln9c?q. nc. mre cf. An mother; Nl moeder (de); Al Mutter (die) f.
OS mdor f. PG *mr f. PIE *mhtr

mood .ln9s+ !ln9c,. nc. = courage cf. An mood; Nl moed (de); Al Mut (der)
f. OS md f. PG *maz

moten .!ln9s,+ !ln9rs,. vaux. devoir; falloir; tre oblig de. Auxiliaire (+ inf).
Verbe irregulier: pass = moost-; pp = gemoten cf. An must; Nl moeten; Al
mssen f. OS mt, muot f. PG *mtan f. PIE *med-

mund .lTms+ lTmc,. nc. bouche; embouchure; gueule; ouverture cf. An mouth;
Nl mond (de); Al Mund (der) f. PG *munaz

N
nacht .m`ws. nc. nuit; soir cf. An night; Nl nacht (de); Al Nacht (die) f. OS
naht f. PG *nahtaz f. PIE *nkts

nacion .m`!sriNm+ m`!srin9m,. nc. nation; pays; peuple cf. An nation; Nl natie (de);
Al Nation (die) f. L. natio-, nationem

nacional .m`sriN!m`k,+ m`sriN!m@9k,. a. national cf. An national, nationally; Nl


nationaal; Al national f. L. nationalis

nam .m`l !m@9l,. nc. nom; dnomination; renom; rputation cf. An name; Nl
naam (de); Al Name (der) f. OS namo f. PG *nam f. PIE *hnhmn

nat .m`s+ !m@9s,. a. mouill; humide cf. Nl nat; Al nass f. PG *nataz f. PIE
*ned-

nejt .mdHs+ m?s. adv. ne ... pas cf. An not; Nl niet; Al nicht f. PG *na + *wehti

nemen .!md9l,+ mDl+ !m`l,+ !mN9l,+ f?!mn9l?m. vt. prendre. Classe IV fort. Pt =
nam-/nm-; pp = genomen. cf. Nl nemen; Al nehmen f. WG *neman

niew .mh9T+ !mh9v,. a. nouveau; neuf adv. nouvellement cf. An new; Nl nieuw;
Al neu f. OS niuwi, nigi f. PG *niwjaz f. PIE *nwos

nos .mNr+ !mn9y,. nc. nez cf. An nose; Nl neus (de); Al Nase (die) f. PG *nus,
*nas f. PIE *ns
O
of .Ne. conj. si; est-ce que cf. An if; Nl of; Al ob f. OS ef, of f. PG *ja-a

oog .n9w+ !n9F,. nn. oeil cf. An eye; Nl oog (het); Al Auge (das) f. OS ga f. PG
*augan f. PIE *hek-

oor .n9q. nn. oreille cf. An ear; Nl oor (het); Al Ohr (das) f. OS ra f. PG
*auzan f. PIE *hous-

op .No+ !n9o,. adv. vers le haut prp. ; dans; de; sur cf. An up; Nl op; Al auf
f. OS up f. PG *upp- f. PIE *upo

P
pad .o`s+ !o@9c,. nc. sentier; chemin cf. An path; Nl pad (het); Al Pfad (der) f.
WG *paa-

padd .o`s+ !o`c,. nc. crapaud cf. An paddock; Nl pad (het) f. PG *paa

pek .oDj+ !od9j,. nc. brai; poix; poisse cf. An pitch; Nl pek (het/de), pech (de);
Al Pech (das) f. OS pik f. L. pic-, pix-

perd .oDqs+ !oDqc,. nn. cheval cf. An palfrey; Nl paard (het); Al Pferd (das) f.
late L. paraveredus

plan .ok`m+ !ok@9m,. nc. plan; dessein; projet; intention; programme cf. An plan;
Nl plannen; Al planen f. Fr plan f. L. planus

planen .!ok@9m,+ ok`m,. vti. projeter; planifier; concevoir; faire des projets;
organiser cf. An plan; Nl plannen; Al planen f. PLAN + -EN

poesie .oN!d9yh. nc. posie cf. An poesy; Nl pozie (de); Al Poesie (die) f. Fr.
posie

poot .on9s. nc. patte; paluche cf. An paw; Nl poot (de); Al Pfote (die) f. Old
Low Franconian *pta

portrt .oNq!sqDs+ oNq!sqD9s,. nn. portrait cf. An portrait; Nl portret (het); Al


Portrt (das) f. Fr. portrait

prunken .!oqTMj,. vi. taler; faire talage cf. An prank, prance?; Nl pronken; Al
prunken, prangen f. PG *prangan
R
rad .q`s+ !q@9c,. nn. roue cf. Nl rad (het); Al Rad (das) f. OS ra f. PG *raa- f.
PIE *roto-

rw .qN9T+ !qN9v,. a. cru; brut; cru; grossier; rude cf. An raw; Nl rauw; Al roh
f. OS hro f. PG *hrawaz f. PIE *krouoz

regen .!qd9F?m. nc. pluie cf. An rain; Nl regen (de); Al Regen (der) f. OS regan
f. PG *regana, *regna

rood .qn9s+ !qn9c,. a. rouge cf. An red, ruddy; Nl rood; Al rot f. OS rd f. PG


*rauaz f. PIE *hroudhs

rook .qn9j. nc. fume cf. An reek; Nl rook (de); Al Rauch (der) f. OS rk f. PG
*raukiz

ropen .!qn9o,. vti. crier; appeler. Classe VII fort. Pass = riep-; pp = geropen. cf.
Nl roepen; Al rufen f. PG *hrpan

rute .!qt9s?. nc. diamant; losange cf. Nl ruit (de); Al Raute (die) f. MLG rte f.
?

ruuch .qt9w+ !qt9i,. a. brut; grossier; rude; pre; brusque; dur; raboteux; rpeux;
rauque; rche; rugueux. Irregulier: attributif commun et pluriel = ruje;
comparatif = rujer-; superlatif = ruuchst-. cf. An rough; Nl ruw, ruig; Al
rau, rauh f. PG *rhwaz

S
sft .yN9es. a. doux; gentil; mou; suave; sucr; tendre adv. dlicatement;
doucement cf. An soft, softly; Nl zacht; Al sanft f. OS sfti f. WG *samfti

sak .y`j+ !y@9j,. nc. affaire; chose cf. An sake; Nl zaak (de); Al Sache (die) f.
OS saka f. PG *sak

sal .y`k+ !y@9k,. nc. salle cf. Nl zaal (de); Al Saal (der) f. PG *salaz

saterdag .!y@9s?q$c`w+ !y@9s?q$c@9F,. nc. samedi cf. An Saturdag; Nl zaterdag f.


L. Saturnus + DAG
scherf .RDqe+ !RDqu,. nc. tesson; clat cf. Nl scherf (de); Al Scherbe (der) f. PG
*sker-

schilderen .!Rhkcq,+ !RHkc?q,. vt. dpeindre; peindre cf. Nl schilderen; Al schildern


f. ?

schn .R19m. a. beau cf. Nl schoon; Al schn f. OS skni f. PG *skauniz f.


PIE *skeue-

schnheed .!R19mgd9s+ !R19mgd9c,. nc. beaut cf. Nl schoonheid (de); Al


Schnheit (die) f. SCHN + -HEED

schuur .!rjt9q. nc. averse cf. An shower; Al Schauer (der) f. OS skr f. WG


*skraz f. PIE *kew-(e)ro

seep .!yd9o,. nc. savon; savonnette cf. An soap; Nl zeep (de); Al Seife (die) f.
MLG spe f. WG *saip(j)(n) f. PIE *seib-

seggen .!yDF,+ yDw. vi. dire cf. An say; Nl zeggen; Al sagen f. OS seggian f. PG
*sagjan f. PIE *sokei-

sejen .!yd9i,+ ydH+ y`H,+ !yN9i,+ f?!yd9i?m. vt. voir; regarder. Classe V fort: pass =
saj-/sj-; pp = gesejen cf. An see; Nl zien; Al sehen f. OS sehan f. PG
*sehwan f. PIE *sek-

seker .!yd9j?q+ !yd9jq,. a. sr; assur; certain; certes adv. srement; assurment;
certainement; d'abord ; sans doute cf. An sure, secure, sicker (obs) ; Nl
zeker; Al sicher f. OS sikor f. L. securus

sich forstellen .yHw eNq!rsDk,. vt. imaginer cf. Nl zich voorstellen; Al sich
vorstellen f. SICH + FORSTELLEN

simptom .yHlo!sNl+ yHlo!sn9l,. nn. symptme cf. An symptom; Nl symptoom


(het); Al Symptom (das) f. late L symptoma f. Gk sumptma

singen .!yHM,+ !y`M,+ f?!yTM?m. vti. chanter. Classe IIIa fort: pass = sang-; pp =
gesungen. cf. An sing; Nl zingen; Al singen f. OS singan f. PG *sengwan f.
PIE *sengh-

sitten .!yHs,+ !y`s,+ !yN9s,+ f?!yd9s?m. vi. asseoir; tre assis; sasseoir; siger; poser.
Classe V fort: pass = sat-/st-; pp = geseten. cf. An sit; Nl zitten; Al sitzen
f. OS sittian f. PG *setjan f. PIE sed-
slieten .!rkh9s,+ rkNs+ !rkn9s,+ f?!rkn9s?m. vt. fermer. Classe II fort: Pass = slot-; pp =
gesloten cf. Nl sluiten; Al schlieen f. PG *slut- f. PIE *klau-

smal .rl`k+ !rl@9k,. a. troit; menu cf. An small; Nl smal; Al schmal f. OS


smal f. PG *smalaz f. PIE *(s)mal-, *(s)mel-

sneew .rmd9T+ !rmd9v,. nc. neige cf. An snow; Nl sneeuw (de); Al Schnee (der)
f. OS sno f. PG *snaiwaz f. PIE *snoygs

snorr .rmNq. nc. moustache cf. Nl snor (de); Al Schnurrbart (der) f. ?

som .yNl+ !yn9l,. prn. quelques; certains cf. An some; Nl sommige f. OS


sum f. PG *sumaz f. PIE *sem-

son .yNm+ !yn9m,. nc. fils cf. An son; Nl zoon (de); Al Sohn (der) f. OS sunu f.
PG *sunuz f. PIE *suHns

sonn .yNm+ !yNm,. nc. soleil cf. An sun; Nl zon (de); Al Sonne (die) f. OS sunna
f. PG *sunnan, sunnn

sonndag .!yNm$c`w+ !yNm$c@9F,. nc. dimanche cf. An Sunday; Nl zondag (de); Al


Sonntag (der) f. SONN + DAG

spden .!ro19c,+ ro19s. vi. acclrer; hter; se dpcher; se presser cf. An speed;
Nl bespoedigen; Al sputen f. OS spdian f. PG *spiz f. PIE *spo-ti

spood .ron9s+ !ron9c,. nc. vitesse; hte; rapidit cf. An speed; Nl spoed (de) f.
OS spd f. PG *spiz f. PIE *spo-ti

spreken .!roqd9j,+ roqDj,+ roq`j,+ roqN9j,+ f?!roqn9j?m. vi. parler; dire. Classe IV
forte: pass = sprak-/sprk-, pp = gesproken. cf. An speak; Nl spreken; Al
sprechen f. OS sprekan f. PG *sprekan f. PIE *spreg-

sprengen .!roqDM,. vti. crever; jaillir; exploser cf. An spring, sprenge (arch); Nl
springen, sprengen; Al springen, sprengen f. MLG sprengen f. PG
*sprangian

springen .!roHM,+ roq`M,+ f?!roqTM?m. vi. sauter; bondir. Classe IIIa fort: pass =
sprang-; pp = gesprungen cf. An spring; Nl springen; Al springen f. OS
springan f. PG *sprengan

stacion .rs`!sriNm+ rs`!srin9m,. nc. station; gare; poste cf. An station; Nl station
(het), statie (de); Al Station (die) f. L. stati-, statinem
stad .rs`s+ !rs@9c,+ !rsD9c?m. nc. ville; cit. Pluriel = stden cf. Nl stad (de); Al
Stadt (die), Statt (die) f. OS stad f. PG *staiz f. PIE *stetis

stl .rsN9k. nc. acier cf. An steel; Nl staal (de); Al Stahl (der) f. MLG stl f. PG
*stahla-

stlen .!rsN9k,. vt. durcir; tremper cf. An steel; Nl stalen, verstalen; Al sthlen,
versthlen f. STL + -EN

stn .rsN9,+ rsNms+ !rsNmc,+ f?!rs`mc?m+ rs`ms+ !rs`mc,. vi. tre debout. Verbe
irregulier: pass = stond-, pp = gestanden, pres part = standend, action = stand,
agent = stander cf. An stand; Nl staan; Al stehen f. OS stn, standan f. PG
*stnan f. PIE *steh-

stand .rs`ms+ !rs`mc,. nc. position; tal; tat; peuplement; support cf. An stand;
Nl stand (de); Al Stand (der) f. OS standan

staren .!rs@9q,+ rs`q,. vi. regarder fixement cf. An stare; Nl staren; Al starren f.
PG *star- f. PIE *ster-

stede .!rsd9c?. nc. lieu cf. An stead; Nl stede (de); Al Sttte (die) f. OS stedi f.
PG *staiz f. PIE *stetis

steen .rsd9m. nc. pierre; caillou; calcul; galet; noyau cf. An stone; Nl steen (de);
Al Stein (der) f. OS stn f. PG *stainaz f. PIE *stai-

stellen .!rsDk,. vt. mettre; poser cf. An stell (archaic); Nl stellen; Al stellen f.
OS stellian f. PG *stall- + ijan

sterr .rsDq. nc. toile; astre; vedette; star cf. An star; Nl ster (de); Al Stern (der)
f. OS sterro f. PG *sterrn, sternn f. PIE *hstr.

sterven .!rsDqu,+ rsDqe+ !rs`qu,+ rs`qe+ f?!rsNqu?m. vi. dcder; mourir. Classe IIIb
fort: pass = starv-; pp = gestorven. cf. An starve; Nl sterven; Al sterben f.
OS steran f. PG *steran

stift .rsHes. nc. goupille; broche; stylo-feutre; crayon cf. Nl stift (de); Al Stift
(der) f. OHG steft

stokk .rsNj. nc. bton; canne cf. Nl stok (de); Al Stock (der) f. PG *stukka-

strt .rsqN9s. nc. rue; chemin; route cf. An street; Nl straat (de); Al Strae (die)
f. OS strta f. L strata
strojen .!rsqn9i,+ !rsqn9H,. vt. rpandre; disperser; parpiller cf. An strew; Nl
strooien; Al streuen f. OS strian f. PG *straujan f. PIE *stere-

stromen .!rsqn9l,. vi. couler cf. An stream; Nl stromen; Al strmen f. STROOM


+ -EN

stroom .rsqn9l. nc. courant; fleuve; flot; rivire; torrent cf. An stream; Nl
stroom (de); Al Strom (der) f. OS strm f. PG *straumaz f. PIE *sreu-

studiren .rsTcH!Dq,+ rsTcH!D9q,. vti. tudier cf. An study; Nl studeren; Al


studieren f. med.L studiare

stren .!rsx9q,. vti. conduire; gouverner; diriger; guider cf. An steer; Nl sturen;
Al steuern f. PG *steurijan f. PIE *steu-ro

str .rsx9q. nn. volant cf. An steer; Nl stuur (het); Al Steuer (das) f. OS stior
f. PG *steurijan f. PIE *steu-ro

sster .!yXrs?q. nc. soeur; infirmire cf. An sister; Nl zuster (de); Al Schwester
(die) f. OS swestar f. PG *swester f. PIE *swsr

suver .!yt9u?q. a. propre; blanc; net; pur adv. proprement cf. Nl zuiver; Al
sauber f. PG *sri

swr .rON9q. a. difficile; lourd; pnible; pesant cf. An sweer (obs); Nl zwaar; Al
schwer f. OS swr f. PG *swrijaz

swart .rO`qs. a. noir; brun cf. An swarthy; Nl zwart; Al schwarz f. OS swart f.


PG *swartaz f. PIE *swordo

swingen .!rvHM,+ rO`mf,+ f?!rOTM?m. vti. balancer; osciller. Classe IIIa fort: pass =
swang-; pp = geswungen cf. An swing; Al schwingen f. PG *swengwan

T
tj .sD9H+ !sD9i,. a. difficile; dur; rsistant; robuste; tenace; coriace; solide cf. An
tough; Nl taai; Al zh f. PG *tanhuz

tand .s`ms+ !s`mc,+ !sDmc?m. nc. dent. Pluriel = tnden. cf. An tooth; Nl tand (de);
Al Zahn (der) f. OS tand f. PG *tanz f. PIE *hdnts
teken .!sd9j?m. nn. signe; symbole; marque; signal; tmoignage cf. An token; Nl
teken (het); Al Zeichen (das) f. OS tcan f. PG *taiknan

tellen .!sDk,. vt. compter; dnombrer cf. An tell; Nl tellen; Al zhlen f. OS


tellian f. PG *taljan f. PIE *dol-

to .sn9. prp. ; de; pour adv. trop cf. An to, too; Nl toe, te; Al zu f. OS to f.
WG *t f. PIE *do-

toveren .!sn9uq,+ !sn9u?q. vt. ensorceler; conjurer; enchanter cf. Nl toveren,


betoveren; Al verzaubern, bezaubern, zaubern f. PG *taufra, taura

trepp .sqDo. nc. escalier cf. Nl trap (de); Al Treppe (die) f. PG *trapjan

tung .sTM. nc. langue; languette cf. An tongue; Nl tong (de); Al Zunge (die) f.
OS tunga f. PG *tungn f. PIE *dn whs

twee .sOd9+ sON9. nn. deux; 2. Aussi tw cf. An two; Nl twee; Al zwei, zwo f. OS
tw, tw, twne f. PG *tw(u), *twai f. PIE *dwu

U
um .Tl. prp. ; pour; de cf. Nl om; Al um f. OS umbi f. PG *umi f. PIE
*hmbi

under .!Tmc?q. prp. sous; au-dessous de; dans; en vertu de; entre; parmi cf. An
under; Nl onder; Al unter f. OS undar f. PG *uner- f. PIE *ndhero-

universitt .TmHuDqyH!sDs+ TmHuDqyH!sD9s,. nc. universit cf. An university; Nl


universiteit (de); Al Universitt (die) f. L. universitatem

uut .t9s. prp. de; hors de; partir de cf. An out; Nl uit; Al aus f. OS t f. PG
*t f. PIE ud-

uutfinden .t9s!ehmc,. vt. dcouvrir; inventer; trouver cf. An find out; Nl


uitvinden; Al erfinden, herausfinden f. UUT + FINDEN

W
wachten .!O`ws,. vi. attendre; patienter cf. An wait; Nl wachten f. PG *waht
wald .O`ks+ !O`kc,. nc. fort; bois cf. An weald, wold; Nl woud (het); Al Wald
(der) f. OS wald f. PG *waluz

wang .O`M. nc. joue cf. An wang (obs); Nl wang (de); Al Wange (die) f. OS
wanga f. PG *wangn f. PIE *weng'-

warm .O`ql. a. chaleureux; chaud adv. chaudement cf. An warm, warmly; Nl


warm; Al warm f. OS warm f. PG *warmaz f. PIE *ger-

waschen .!O`R,. vt. laver; baigner cf. An wash; Nl wassen; Al waschen f. OS


waskan f. PG *watskan

water .!O@9s?q. nn. eau cf. An water; Nl water (het); Al Wasser (das) f. OS
watar f. PG *watr f. PIE *wdr

weg .ODw+ !Od9F,. nc. chemin; moyen; voie; distance; loin; route cf. An way; Nl
weg (de); Al Weg (der) f. OS weg f. PG *wegaz f. PIE *u egV h-

weit .O`Hs. nc. = bl; froment cf. An wheat; Nl weit (de); Al Weizen (der) f.
OS hwti f. PG *hwaitijaz

wek .ODj+ !Od9j,. nc. semaine cf. An week; Nl week (de); Al Woche (die) f. OS
-wika f. *PG *wikn f. PIE *weig-, *weik-

werk .ODqj. nn. oeuvre; ouvrage; travail; besogne; usine cf. An work; Nl werk
(het); Al Werk (das) f. OS werk f. PG *werkan f. PIE *werg-

werken .!ODqj,. vti. agir; fonctionner; oprer; travailler cf. An work; Nl werken;
Al wirken f. PG *werkan

werklik .!ODqjkHj,+ !ODqjkh9j,. a. bien; effectif; rel adv. rellement; trs;


vritablement; vraiment cf. Nl werkelijk; Al wirklich f. WERK + -LIK

werld .ODqks+ !ODqkc,. nc. monde; terre; univers cf. An world; Nl wereld (de); Al
Welt (die) f. OS werold f. PG *wera- + *alaz

weten .!Od9s,+ ODs+ !Ohrs,+ f?!vd9s?m. vt. savoir cf. An wit; Nl weten; Al wissen f.
OS witan f. PG *wit- f. PIE *weyd-, *wid-

wied .Oh9s+ !Oh9c,. a. ample; large; tendu; grand; vaste adv. loin cf. An wide,
widely; Nl wijd; Al weit f. OS *wd f. PG *waz
wiel .Oh9k. nc. roue cf. An wheel; Nl wiel (het) f. PG *hwehwula, hwegwula f.
PIE *keklm

wiet .Oh9s. a. blanc cf. An white; Nl wit; Al wei f. OS hwt f. PG *hwtaz f.


PIE *kVweit-

wind .OHms+ !OHmc,. nc. vent; olienne; gaz cf. An wind; Nl wind (de); Al Wind
(der) f. OS wind f. PG *wenaz f. PIE *we-nt-o-

wolke .!ONkj?. nc. nuage cf. An welkin; Nl wolk (de); Al Wolke (die) f. OS
wolkan f. PG *wulknan, *wulk

wnsdag .!O19mr$c`w+ !O19mr$c@9F,. nc. mercredi cf. An Wednesday; Nl


woensdag (de) f. PG *Wdinas + DAG

wst .O19rs. nc. dsert cf. An waste; Nl woestijn (die); Al Wste (die) f. L.
vastum

wrieven .!uqh9u,+ !uqh9e+ uq`He+ !uq`He,+ f?!uqd9u?m. vt. frotter. Classe I fort: pass =
wreiv-; pp = gewreven cf. Nl wrijven; Al reiben f. ?

wunder .!OTmc?q. nn. merveille; miracle; prodige cf. An wonder; Nl wonder


(het); Al Wunder (das) f. OS wundar f. PG*wunran