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Deposits: ISSN 1744-9588

OCTOBER 2004
International
Rock & Fossil
Magazine
The magazine for rock & fossil collectors

IN THIS
ISSUE
Fossil Focus, Florida, USA
Fossil rich
deposits of both
terrestrial and
marine origin.
Panning For Gold
The Scottish
gold rush.
Amateur Prole
Eagle Ford Shale
by Kris Howe.
Hastings Geology and Fossils
Sandstone cliffs of the
Upper Ashdown
Formation by
Ken Brooks.
Road Trip
Warboys Clay Pit.

UK Fossil Research
Jurassic Crinoids
of the Oxford Clay.

Identification Competition
Win a rare fossil
this issue.

Issue 1: 4.95

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Issue 1 October 2004
We aim to produce the
best publication of its
type and our readers
will be a part of our
success.

Planning Future
Issues of Deposits
Welcome,

Deposits Magazine welcomes all our readers to the rst issue


of our truly international venture. This issue has been sent all
over the world with subscriptions coming in from Australia,
Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand,
Spain, Switzerland, UK and USA.

Its success rests not only on the quality of production but you,
our readers. Deposits is very much a people magazine and we
encourage you to help us on this epic journey through time.
Make it yours and feel free to contact us on any issues relating
to its content. Forthcoming editions will feature a readers
comments and questions page.

We would like to thank you for your support and hope that you
will be with us for many years to come.

Evangelos R Matheau-Raven.
Editor

TWO

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Deposits magazine
Editor
Contents Next Issue
Evangelos R. Matheau-Raven 4 UK fossil research, Fossil research
Project Manager
Crinoids of the Oxford Clay Megalodon shark ancestry
Alister Cruickshanks
Marketing Manager 6 Fossil focus, Florida, USA by Steven A. Alter
Roy Bullard 10 Gold panning at Baille an Or Fossil focus, Baltic Amber
Production Manager 12 Equipment and gadgets Gadgets
Stuart Handley
14 Book reviews Book reviews
How to contact us 16 Road trip - Warboys Clay Pit Road trip
Deposits magazine can be
contacted at 10 Elliott Avenue, 20 Amateur prole Amateur prole
Reydon, Southwold, Suffolk, by Kris Howe, USA by Harald Meisner
IP18 6QX
Email: info@depositsmag.com 24 Hastings geology and fossils Hastings geology and fossils
www.depositsmag.com
Tel: 0870 9220091 by Ken Brooks (part 1) by Ken Brooks (part 2)
MAD publishing, 36 coggles 29 Fossil in the news Fossil news
Causeway, Bourne, PE10 9LL
Deposits: ISSN 1744-9588 30 Fossil identification competition Competition
Printed in the UK. by Warners 31 Earth science directory & events Fossil directory - Shows
Plc. All rights reserved. No 32 Web directory Readers interests
reproduction in part or
in whole without written 33 Trading place Web directory
permission of the publisher.
Published by MAD publishing. 35 How to Subscribe Trading place
The publishers cannot be held How to Subscribe
responsible for unsolicited
manuscripts and artwork.
Subscrition rates for 4 issues
inclusive of postage and
packing are: UK, 15.80
EU and overseas subject to
International postal rates.
Please refer to our website Alister Evangelos Roy Stuart
www.depositsmag.com
Cover image, Waterfall on
exposed Lower Oxford Clay Contributions for Deposits are
face near Peterborough, welcome and should be with us no
Cambridgeshire, UK. later than 31st Dec 2004 for the
By Stuart Handley Feb 2005 issue.

THREE

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Over 5000 species are
documented in the fossil
UK Fossil R
record spanning some
540 million years of
evolution.
Jurassic Crinoids of
TYPE 4 TYPE 5

C
rinoids are actually
animals and not plants
as their common
name sea-lilies imply. Over
5000 species are documented TYPE 1 TYPE 2 TYPE 3

in the fossil record spanning


some 540 million years of
TYPE 5
evolution. About 80 of the 600
Type 1- Isocrinus fisheri (Forbes). X2.
in existence today are of the Type 2- Compares with Isocrinus nicoleti (Desor) which is known from the middle Jurassic,
stemmed variety. The majority Bathonian stage of France. X2.
Type 3- Compares with Isocrinus biturix (P. de loriol) which is known from the upper Jurassic,
are free swimming feather- Oxfordian stage of France. X2.
stars, one of which, Antedon Type 4- Compares with Hispidocrinus cingulatus (Munster) which is known from the upper
Jurassic, Oxfordian stage of France. X2.
bida is a resident of British
Type 5- Compares with Millericrinus horridus (dOrbigny) which is known from the upper
waters. Most crinoids exhibit Jurassic, Oxfordian/Corallian stage of France and Oxfordian/Lusitanian stage of Portugal. X2.
ve-star symmetry as do their Bracketed names refer to the person who described that species.

close cousins, the starsh and 250 million years ago at the the middle and upper divisions.
sea-urchins. All belong to the time known as the Permian The study of palaeontology
phylum echinodermata. Their mass extinction. This event is for the Peterborough area
bony skeletons lend themselves thought to have destroyed 95% has been extensive. However,
to fossil preservation and of all life forms on our planet almost nothing has been done
are known from rocks laid and was an episode far more on its crinoid fauna. New
down since Middle Cambrian cataclysmic than the mass research by myself indicates
times. More species are extinction heralding the end that there may be four new
proportionately found in of the Cretaceous. Crinoids are species hitherto unknown for
Carboniferous rocks than any seen throughout the geological the UK. The specimens shown
other, indicating that they sequence in most sedimentary were all found in Middle
were at their peak at about strata. Up until now, only one Oxford Clay at Haddon
320 million years ago. They species, Isocrinus sheri has Lake, Yaxley, Peterborough,
started to decline thereafter been documented for the Oxford Cambridgeshire. They were
and almost became extinct Clay and it is recorded from both associated with Kosmoceras
FOUR

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il Research
ds of the Oxford Clay Editorial by E R Matheau-Raven

SYMPLECTIAL ARTICULA OF THE INTERNODALS

.
spinosum pyrite ammonites sub-pentastellate outline and
indicating Lamberti/Mariae has crenulae which are much
Zone boundary. more tightly organised on the
areolae radiating out from the
I. fisheri was described
central axial canal so that it is
by Forbes in 1860 and is
almost running parallel along
classied as having pentagonal
most of its length. The interradii
columnar ossicles with small
are narrower, longer and more
cirri articulate with every
rounded than I. sheri.
eighth ossicle. The study of
the Haddon crinoids employed I. biturix has a sub-pentastellate
examination of the columnal outline and is generally twice
outline and the arrangement the size of I. sheri. It also
of crenulae on the symplectial has a protrusion at the end
articlua (the surface of the of each interradius which
ossicle). Ossicle morphology none of the other crinoids
changes up the stem but does have. H. cingulatus has a Crinoids
so in a set pattern consistent sub-pentalobate outline. The
References
with individual species. Ossicle distance between the crenulae
shapes from different species on the areolae is greater than Annals of Natural History, Volume
vary from star-shaped through all the other types and it has 6.1860. Article by W.H.Bailey. (P 25-
to round and can generally be small spines radiating out 28. Plate I)
categorised as pentastellate, f rom t he ci rc u m ferenc e, Fossils of the Oxford Clay. The
pentalobate, pentagonal m a k i n g a d i s t i nc t i v e Palaeontological Association. 1991. (P
and circular. There are appearance. M. horridus has 12-13,174- 175,185)
intermediaries between these. a circular outline and clearly
I. sheri has a pentalobate exhibits tubercles on the Palontologie Franaise. Srie
outline and is known from the circumference. The crenulae do Animaux Invertbrs. Terrains
Callovian to Lower Oxfordian not extend to the central axial Jurassiques. Vol XI & Atlas (4 Vols). By
Stages throughout the UK canal as it does in all the other P .de Loriol. 1882-89. (plates 80, 157,
Oxford Clay. I. nicoleti has a types. 161,168).

FIVE

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Fossil Focus
FLORIDA, USA Editorial by E R Matheau-Raven

F
lorida has one of the
worlds richest fossil
deposits of both
terrestrial and marine origin,
encompassing over 2000
known fossil locations. The
state is famous for its Pliocene/
Pleistocene fossil fauna but also
has a rich and diverse Miocene
heritage plus its coastal waters
abound with giant Carcharocles
megalodon shark teeth, much
Horse upper molar. Equus sp.
prized by fossil divers for their
Florida was sand- value. The Thomas Farm site
in Gilchrist County, North Tapir/lower jaw
wiched between what
Central Florida has the largest the Cambrian Period. At about
were to become North Miocene mammal deposits east 300 million years ago (Upper
and South America of the Rocky Mountains. It was Carboniferous), the time of the
discovered in 1931 after locals formation of the supercontinent,
and Africa. reported what they thought was Pangaea, Florida was
an Indian burial site and has sandwiched between what were
for the last 70 years, continually to become North and South
given up its secrets. The fossils America and Africa. Near the
from here are dated at 18 million Triassic/Jurassic boundary (210
years old and are typied
by many types of mammal
such as the early 3-toed horse
Nanippus. Florida began to form
by a combination of volcanic
activity and marine deposition
along the northwest portion of
Africa over 500 million years
ago during the latter part of
Tapir tooth. Tapirus veroensis
SIX

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Deer tooth. Odocoileus vigianus

of many groups of organisms


into new areas and unlled
million years ago) Pangaea niches. During this period of
began to divide into two major submergence, the skeletons
continents, Laurasia (North of marine invertebrates
America, Europe and parts of depositing onto the seaoor
Asia) and Gondwana (South formed the limestone
America, Africa, India, Australia platform on which Florida
and Antarctica). Later, as now sits. Eroded terrestrial
the Atlantic Ocean seaoor
continued to spread, North
Diverse fossil beds
America split from Laurasia and
drifted away in a northwesterly stand as awesome
direction, dragging the Florida testimony to the vast
Platform block with it. The
marine environments of Florida array of terrestrial
during the early Cenozoic life forms.
were part of the Tethys Sea,
a circum-global seaway that
allowed for the broad dispersal
Tapir incisor tooth. Tapirus veroensis SEVEN

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Alligator tooth. Alligator olensi ?

Migration of plants
and animals between
North and South Porpoise tooth.
Long legged Llama tooth, Pomatodelphis inaequalis ?
America occurred Hemiauchania macriephala

during the Pliocene sediments from the north and retreats of the sea have
some 2-3 million covered the Florida Platform occurred over the Florida
forming islands and eventually area during the Cenozoic.
years ago.
allowing for diverse habitats Some parts experienced mass
from dense forests to open erosion by the advancing
grasslands. Diverse fossil beds ocean. Deposition of sediments
stand as awesome testimony and invertebrates were often
to the vast array of terrestrial left behind by the retreating
life forms that migrated sea. Erosion of sediments and
to Florida since its rst limestone by freshwater runoff
documented emergence in the created karst landscapes,
middle Oligocene (30 million known for sinkholes and caves.
years ago). Many advances These would later become

EIGHT

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deadly traps for unsuspecting Shark tooth. Carcharocles megalodon
animals, resulting in some of
the most prolic fossil sites in
the world. Migration of plants
and animals between North
and South America occurred
during the Pliocene some 2-3
million years ago. This great
interchange was facilitated by
the formation of a land bridge
connecting the North and
South American continents.
The sudden appearance in the
Florida fossil record of animal
groups previously known only
from South America testies
to this open exchange of
terrestrial life forms. Llamas,
giraffes, glyptodonts and tapirs its present size. At the end of
are fairly common fossil nds the Ice Age, some 10,000 years
in Florida. Towards the end of ago, man arrived in Florida.
the Pleistocene Epoch, 100,000 Perhaps it is no coincidence
years ago, the last Ice Age took that this episode went hand in
hold and sea levels dropped hand with the rapid extinction
resulting in an expansion of of the large terrestrial animals.
Floridas land area. At its greatest A wonderful book illustrating
extent, it was almost three times Floridas fossils is THE FOSSIL
VERTEBRATES OF FLORIDA,
edited by Richard C. Hulbert, When the last Ice
Jr. University Press of Florida. Age took hold sea lev-
First Edition February, 2001
and Hardbound with 384 els dropped.
pages, 341 drawings and black
and white photographs.

ISBN 0-8130-1822-6. It can be


bought online at www.amazon.
com

Horse molar.
Nanippus sp.
NINE

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Panning for G
and the history of the Kildonan Gold Rush a
wishing to try their luck at gold
panning. The original nugget
from the river was said to have
been made into a ring and is in
possession of the Sunderland
family, but there have been
recent stories too of a couple
who panned for gold twice every
year over a number of years who
had their wedding ring made
Fun for all for those from the gold of Kildonan and
wishing to try their married in the nearby town of
Helmsdale.
luck at gold panning.
There are restrictions on
panning to avoid commercial
collecting which are on the
exact area in which panning
is permitted and the number

D
uring the year of spent 17 years in the goldelds of times panning is allowed.
1818, a nugget of gold of Australia. He was granted Full details are provided on the
weighing around ten permission from the Duke of information board at Kildonan.
pennyweights was discovered Sutherland to pan the gravels The technique of gold panning
in the river Helmsdale, North of the river Helmsdale. Shortly involves a lot of patience and
East Scotland. The nd sparked after, word started to spread skill, but is easy to pick up after
national interest and the into London and within just the rst few attempts. When
Scottish local newspapers were six months over 600 people panning for gold, not everyone
soon headlining the discovery. made their way to Kildonan. is luckily enough to come away
It was in 1968 Scotland ensured A whole series of temporary
its place in the history books living quarters started to appear
following the discovery of further along the river banks forming
gold nuggets at Kildonan, in the small town Baille an Or.
the river Helmsdale by a local Today Baille an Or continues
man Robert Gilchrist, who had to provide fun for all for those

TEN

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r Gold Editorial by Alister and Ian Cruickshanks

ush at Baille an Or, North East Scotland


with akes of gold and nuggets try to avoid loosing too much
are extremely rare, you are sediment in one go. Repeat
more likely to nd small akes. this process until you have
Baille an Or however makes an almost no gravel in the pan
ideal day out for all the family and swirl it carefully round
whether or not you are lucky in a circular pattern. Any gold
enough to nd gold. should sink to the bottom of the
pan, whilst all other sediment
When gold panning, you
separates to the sides. For gold
should place a mixture of
panning, suitable clothing is
dirt and gravel sediment into
required. Wellington boots
the pan, about 1/2 full. This
are essential since panning is
gravel is best collected near
done in the river itself. You
the banks of the river where
will also require gold pans and
the sediment is nest. You will
small bottles to place any gold
rst need to remove any large
in and a trowel to scoop up
objects, (twigs for instance),
sediment. Tweezers are also
and then gently let the river
highly recommended since the
ll your pan with water. Start
gold is mostly in tiny granules
to pull the pan backwards
and you may wish to consider
and forwards near the surface
taking a eld lens. All this
of the water, shaking it and
equipment can be purchased The technique of
tapping it against the heel of
direct from UKGE, by logging
your other hand, tilt the pan gold panning involves
onto www.ukge.co.uk.
furthest from you ensuring a lot of patience and
that the pan is held so that
the ridges are away from you. skill.
Pull and slightly lift the pan
towards you at a slight angle
and let some sediment spill
over the edge. This is a slow and
gradual process, so you should Grid Reference: NC 91136 21380
ELEVEN

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EQUIPMENT & GADGETS
Helios Storm Proof Lighter Silva Multi Navigator must be one device that suits
both the purpose of logging
exposures or nds and those
handy features for the explorer.

The Silva Multi-Navigator does


just that. You can even set this
gadget to quickly get you back to
Sometimes nding the best your starting position, ensuring
fossils requires collecting in the that you should never get lost.
most extreme of conditions. If Its built in smart compass works
youre a smoker and a fossil for weeks on one set of batteries,
enthusiast, I am sure you have automatically compensating for
been in the same situation. the local magnetic declination.
Trying to light up in gale force You can also record altitude,
Have you ever experienced
winds, torrential rain or harsh or view the barometer pressure
disappointment when trying
winter blizzards is a frustrating which will also show you the local
to locate exposures situated
experience. But now that weather forecast. This device
in the middle of nowhere, or
frustration is over thanks to the works in harsh conditions,
that disused quarry that is
smart invention of the Helios deserts, mountains and artic
mentioned so many times but
Storm Proof Lighter. blizzards, forests, moors or
seems impossible to nd? GPS
The Storm Proof Lighter works devices solve this problem winter storms making it ideal for
in winds up to 70mph, and by allowing you to enter those hard-core fossil collectors
yet amazingly it has a super- coordinates and quickly nd or geologists travelling in harsh
efcient burner, ensuring that the exact location. GPS devices environments.
the fuel lasts as long as possible are also very handy for taking You can even obtain accessories
in the harshest of environments. down coordinates of the exact such as mapping software for a
The lighter has a water-resistant location for your important handheld PDA, your laptop or
design and is robust, so it will nds, allowing a comprehensive you can obtain a full vehicle kit.
last for years. The ame is record of where your specimens The GPS Multi-Navigator and
adjustable and it has a built-in or samples were collected. accessories can be purchased
fuel-level window. It operates from UKGE. www.ukge.co.uk
Of course, choosing a GPS device
on standard butane gas.
these days can be extremely
The lighter is available from frustrating with so many makes
UKGE, priced at 51.02 + vat. and models on the market, there
TWELVE

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Air Incisor Kit instruction guide. The UKGE photograph a valuable subject
Air Incisor pen is robust and record. The view nder is OK
is used frequently by the UK but the screen is the best way
Fossils Network team to clean to frame the subject. Movie
and prepare a whole range footage is possible, limited to
of fossils. The pen runs at the size of memory card 16MB
3000bpm operating at 60psi. xD-picture card supplied. Two
The compressor is a reliable image qualities are selectable
The demand for efcient, reliable electric driven easy to use at a frame rate of 30 frames
per second. This would be most
and powerful preparation model, capable of running any
valuable because I would use
tools is increasing as people tool up to 116psi and emitting
my SLR type digital for stills,
become to realise the benets less noise than most oil driven
I dont normally take a video
that Air Tools have. Before geo- compressors. The complete
out on location. The zoom on
conservation and preservation kit is just 220 + vat which is
this camera is good as the test
can begin on your specimens, available direct from UKGE.
images show. The optical zoom
it is important that they are Fuji FinePix F610
is X3 and X3.2 digital and has
cleaned well. One of the best
a macro setting effective range
methods to clean fossils is by
9cm to 80cm. A 30 second
using Air Preparation Tools voice memo can be recorded
which work on anything from saved and played back. Down
hard limestone to soft chalk. loading the images to your
The tool is held like a pen and computer is easy as Fuji supply
rather than you doing all the software for PC and the Mac. I
work, the tool does the job This small but well equiped just plugged it into a USB port
for you. Simply aking off the digital camera is ideal for on my keyboard (G4 Mac OSX)
matrix gradually bit by bit to home or locations when youre and it appeared on my desktop
reveal the specimen in full. busy seaching for bits of rock as a drive icon. The camera is
and fossils. It ts snugly in supplied with USB cable, power
Air preparation tools are to your pocket or back pack.
supply and PictureCradle for
normally too expensive for The camera has 6.3 million
automatic download. Available
most enthusiasts, especially effective pixels which gives the
from most electrical retailers at
since a compressor is also usual Fuji sharp crisp image.
299.99.
required and is often the most The manual sets out easy to
expensive part. However in follow steps for setting up the
order to make these affordable camera. When tested with a
for amateurs and enthusiasts, small innity cove made from
UKGE has put together a a piece of A2 card, this reduces
complete kit, everything shadows (how to in a future
you need to start preparing edition) demonstrating that it
including safety equipment and would give the most discerning Report by StuartHandley

THIRTEEN

Fossil World3 copy.indd 13 9/9/04 8:56:48


Book Reviews
Minerals of Scotland, Past highly recommended to anyone the form of a lecture style course
and Present. interested in minerals. A great going through the syllabus
deal of hard work has gone into giving enough information to
National Museums of Scotland
collaborating historic letters, keep your interest. At the end
Publishing Limited. By Alec
works and photographs of past of each lecture, handouts are
Livingstone.
collectors and their important given with a list of additional
discoveries in Scotland. The reading material to submit
book also contains information your essay. The chapters are
on the geological evolution of laid out in chronological order
Scotland. to make referencing easy with
excellent quality reproductions
ISBN: 1-901663-46-9 Available
to illustrate the point. It does
from UKGE for 35.00
not overpower the reader with
At the end of the Middle Ages Review written by Alister matter of fact but does lead them
demand for possessions of past Cruickshanks into an easy understanding.
historic interest and value begin The sites investigated in each
to lter through the culture and Evolution of Fossil chapter are spread worldwide
lives of an increasingly social Ecosystems and give an overall picture at
and economic society. Scotland Published by MANSON the end of the book about the
has remained a renowned Publishing. By Paul Selden and evolution of our ecosystem. In
location for its superb and John Nudds. the words of the advert it does
diverse range of minerals. This what it says on the tin.
book highlights the important I found this book an interesting
work and discoveries that past read. It informs while taking the I would recommend this book
collectors have made and how reader through the evolution for use as a reference source,
they contributed to research and process from the precambrian readers who have or are starting
collections throughout a number Ediacarda period, some 650 out on any course and anyone
of key museums in the UK. millions years ago to the end of who would like to know more
Alec Livingston was formerly the Pleistocene period. The text and understand our fragile
the curator for the National is easily understood and it takes ecosystem. There is something
in this work that is of interest to
Museums of Scotland, with
all, those who have a speciality
his knowledge and expertise
say sh, plants and those who
in the eld of mineralogy he
study animal fossils.
has not only catalogued all 552
known types with a clear and ISBN:1-84076-041-9 paperback
precise description and their
Available from MANSON
scientic properties, but has
Publishing for 19.95
also included sixty one highly
detailed photographs of minerals Review written by Stuart
native to Scotland. This book is Handley
FOURTEEN

Fossil World3 copy.indd 14 9/9/04 8:56:53


The Dragon Seekers around Lyme Regis, William both, the dramatic landscape of
Buckland who discovered the the area would make any visit
The Discovery of Dinosaurs
worlds first dinosaur and there, well worth it.
During the Prelude to Darwin.
another was Richard Owen, an
By Christopher McGowan.
expert anatomist who rst used
This book written about the pre- the word dinosaur. Many others
Victorian 18oos, England, tells are also included.
the story of how professional
Christopher McGowen has
and amateur palaeontologists
carefully researched his subject,
of the time, met and exchanged
and brings together in one book
ideas on their incredible nds.
the history of the early pioneers
Between them they slowly
of palaeontology.
paved the way for Darwin and
A real good read. If you want to
know what started todays fossil
hunting craze, then this could The guide book features 9
be the book for you. The book itineraries of beautiful walks
also has several black and white of varying degrees of difculty,
illustrations. and 1 boat trip. Each walk
ISBN: 0-316-85783-1 comes with information on
difculty, distance, ascent and
Published by Time Warner duration time, along with colour
Books. photographs and diagrams of
Rev iew by Glenda some of the most interesting
Cruickshanks places along the route. The
1:50,000 scale folded map is in
his revolutionary ideas on full colour showing the different
Exploring The Landscapes
evolution that would amaze the Of Assynt types of rock in the area and
world of science.
A Walkers Guide To The Rocks all the walks mentioned in
The Dragon Seekers is about & Landscape of Assynt & the guide book are marked
the very rst fossilists. The Inverpolly. on the map. Altogether this
dedicated people, who found, pack contains lots of valuable
collected and studied fossil By Kathryn Goodenough, information on the area. Dont
remains, particularly dinosaur Elizabeth Pickett, Maarten
leave home without it.
bones in the 1800s. Some of Krabbendam and Tom
Bradwell. ISBN 085272471-3
these early fossil hunters have
now become quite famous and This wonderful compact guide Published by The British
these are the people that this book and map set would be Geological Survey.
book is about. Some of the most a valuable asset to anyone
Available from UKGE,
famous of them all are, Mary exploring the Assynt and
www.ukge.co.uk
Anning who was very successful Inverpolly area. Whether youre
at collecting fossils from, and a walker or a geologist, perhaps Review written by Roy Bullard
FIFTEEN

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Road Trip
W
ell the rst road visited this location regularly
trip for our new over six years and it has yielded
magazine Deposits teeth from marine reptiles
was just an hour away but it was and hybodont sharks as well
just the ticket for a boys day out. as sea-urchins, brachiopods,
In every issue we will visit a UK belemnites and annelid worms.
location in the attempt to nd Fossil wood is common at the
some buried treasure. Since this site and a seed found last year
rst edition features fossils from is under investigation. The clay
the Oxford Clay, we decided pit is soon to close down so
to target this world famous Angelos and I are eager to visit
formation. On Friday 25th June it as many times as possible
2004 permission was granted in the next few months. It was
A splendid day was had to visit the Warboys landll site a ne sunny morning with a
fossil hunting. in Cambridgeshire. Angelos has cool breeze blowing, it had been

SIXTEEN

Fossil World3 copy.indd 16 9/9/04 8:57:09


A pocket full of nds......
raining for a few days before. the JCB drivers beckoned us
We parked the car and signed over to see what he had turned
in at the ofce and checked up that morning. With a little
with the management as to any advice from Angelos the driver
problems we might encounter. was happy to take his nds
With advice that there was some home for his son, another good We thought that we hadnt
work going on in the zone that deed for the day. With time
got a lot but when we
we wanted to be in so we put passing us by, we foraged in the
our safety gear on. Proceeding clay that had been turned over cleaned them up it wasnt so
with caution we started our and washed with the previous bad.
walk down into the pit and days rain, picking up some nice
immediately started to nd ammonites. During lunch as
small ammonites just sitting we sat having our sandwiches
on the surface. As we walked and beverages, I couldnt
down a little further one of comprehend that where we sat,

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all those millions of years ago,
we would now be sitting on the
bottom of the ocean. All those
fantastic big sh swimming
around, just reminded me of the
BBC Walking with Dinosaurs
series. We nished our lunch
and started looking again.
After a few minutes I found
a small Belemnite and shortly
after, a couple of brachiopods.
Although not an avid fossil
Bivalve. Gryphaea sp.
hunter, I have been out with
Angelos on trips a few times Ammonite. Cardioceras sp.
Gryphaea oysters laid out
and found some nice pieces.
in a sudden death event. The Ammonite pictured here he was sifting through time and
is just over an inch across, pity nding some very nice pieces
that I couldnt nd the missing as pictured on page 19. He was
bit but I liked it and it cleaned nding pieces of seashell but
up ok. With Angelos keen eye, was looking out for teeth as
vertebrates are his speciality.
Today he was out of luck. As
he was searching, his eye was
taken by a small lump in a piece
of clay, a tiny gastropod. I would
have missed it completely, it
really is good to watch someone
Bivalves. Gryphaea sp.
who knows what they are

We thank Fenside Waste


Managment Ltd for
permission to visit and for
all their cooperation.

Judging from the large number of Cardioceras praecordatum ammonites found on the visit, it typifies the
Mariae Zone which is in the lower part of the Stage
EIGHTTEEN

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do come across these layers
indicating a sudden death
event. By this time I have got
my eyes tuned in and pick up
a small piece of crinoid, just
seems so delicate yet survived
150 million years just for me
to come along and nd it. How
surreal is that ? The panoramic
picture on pages 16-17 clearly
shows the last exposed face of Angelos in his element.
the nal cell. By the time this
Belemnite. goes to print, the cell will be in
use and so will be inaccessible.
Several different types of
fossils were found indicating
an abundance of prehistoric
life. These included bivalves
(sea-shells mainly Gryphaea
oysters), gastropods (sea-
snails), crinoid stems (sea-lilies
4 mm of the species Isocrinus sheri)
and even a partial limb from a
Gastropod.
decapod crustacean (a shrimp
most probably Mecochirus).
Seashell fragment.
Our nds on this page are
shown in their natural state.
Seems so delicate yet
An update on this site and its
development will be given in a survived 150 million
later edition. On our way home years.
I was thinking that our little
Seashell fragment. collecting site would be full of
other peoples rubbish soon.
References.
looking for at work. With time Where will they put it all when
places like Warboys are full ? Jurassic Sea Oxford Clay Fossils of the
slipping by, we started to make
Peterborough area. By E R Matheau-
our way back up to the top
Raven. 2003.
where Angelos spotted a layer
of oyster shells. A large deposit Editorial by Evangelos Matheau- FOSSILS OF THE OXFORD CLAY. The
just laid there, apparently you Raven & Stuart Handley Palaeontological Association. 1991.
NINETEEN

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Amateur Pro
By Kris Howe of Carrollton, Texas, USA

I
have known the editor,
Angelos for a number
Heteromorph ammonite. of years and we have
Allocrioceras annulatum exchanged fossils on many
occasions. We have a strong
friendship bounded by
trust, mutual respect and an
The fossils found in insatiable desire to learn about
fossils. Regular updates on our
Carrollton are Late fossil nds have inspired us
Cretaceous in age and both to research and go on to
nd even more exotic fossils.
come from the Britton
I particularly like ammonites
Shale Formation. from all over the world but
have found that information Clearing the overburden on top of the Pachyrhizodus minimus fish
about them or indeed any other age of seven with my father in
types of fossils in a magazine rural Minnesota. I soon lost an
format has sadly, been lacking. interest in fossils that I did not
So when Angelos asked me to regain until fourteen years later.
do an editorial for this rst I was living in Texas at the time
issue, I was honoured and and went collecting with my
jumped at the chance. I rst father just to have something
began collecting fossils at the to do while my parents were in
town. That trip ignited a passion
for fossils that I have not been
able to extinguish in the seven
years that have passed. I am
28 years old, married, and
have two sons. My wife, Lisa,
collects fossils with me on a
regular basis. During the week,
I work as a building manager. I
usually collect a couple of times
Heart shaped sea urchin. Macraster a week. Several good sites are
TWENTY

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Prole FORT WORTH
CARROLLTON

AUSTIN
HOUSTON

SAN ANTONIO

one can nd reptile remains


as well as whole sh. I enjoy
collecting fossils in many places
around Dallas. Fossils from
us minimus fish the Palaeozoic through to the
on my way home from work, Pleistocene can be found within
so I stop off for an hour or a 100 mile radius of Dallas.
so in the evening. I live in a But, my main interest lies in
suburb on the northwest side of the Britton Formation.My
Dallas, Texas called Carrollton. most notable nds have come
The fossils found in Carrollton within the last year. Last fall, I Shark tooth. Cretodus crassidens
are Late Cretaceous in age and discovered cranial pieces from a
come from the Britton Shale large predatory sh Xiphactinus
audax. This genus is in the My most notable
Formation. Common fossils
include ammonites, shark top 10 most massive fossil sh nds have come
teeth, crustaceans, bivalves, found to date. These remains
included two nearly complete within the last
and sh bones. On occasion,
dentaries (lower jaws), which year.
sported teeth in excess of one
inch long. In early February
2004, I discovered the earliest
reported Apsopelix in Texas.
Until this year, Apsopelix was
Fish. Apsopelix known only from the Turonian
TWENTYONE

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fellow amateur fossil collector,
Derin Duval, assisted me with
the excavation. At the time of
this writing, the preparation of
the sh is proceeding. Several
vertebrae, ribs, the dorsal and
anal ns are exposed. I am just
beginning to uncover bones at
the back of the skull.

In the summer of 2003, I


authored a book about local
fossils entitled Eagle Ford
The Pachyrhizodus minimus
fish 27 hours preparation
Shale: Fossils of Carrollton and
Surrounding Areas. This book
The Pachyrhizodus minimus tail fin after 18 hours helped to spread an interest in
preparation local fossils throughout the area.
In the Summer
Stage (equivalent to the Middle I sell fossils and my book on the
of 2003, I authored Chalk of the UK), of the internet as a means to fund my
a book about local Upper Cretaceous and younger fossil collecting endeavours.
sediments in Texas. The Lower
fossils entitled Eagle Britton Formation is in the
65
NAVARRO
Ford Shale: Fossils Late Cenomanian Stage and so

of Carrollton and
is a few million years older. U TAYLOR
Surrounding Areas.
My Pachyrhizodus minimus
is also the oldest reported in
C P
North America that is still in R P AUSTIN
existence, according to Mike E E
Everhart of the Sternberg T R EAGLE
Museum in Hayes, Kansas. In
late April 2004, I discovered
A FORD

a six-inch long caudal n of C WOODBINE

Fish jaws partial prep


a possible Xiphactinus. The E L WASHITA
remaining portions of the sh O O
were still embedded in a creek
bank at an undisclosed site.
U W
FREDER -
ICKSBURG

Due to heavy rains and a full S E


schedule, the excavation of the R TRINITY
sh did not occur until early May 144
this year. My good friend, and
TWENTYTWO

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Currently, I am studying the
vertebrate fauna of the Lower
Britton Formation. During the
Late Cenomanian, North Texas
was along the southeastern
shore of the Western Interior
Heteromorph ammonite. Scaphites carlilensis Seaway. The Britton formation
is the sediment deposited
at the very beginning of a
transgression of the sea. The
Britton is divided into 8 units. I
am studying unit 2. To date, the
formation has yielded 5 genera
Fish jaw. Pachyrhizodus caninus
of bony sh, 5 genera of sharks,
1 unidentied turtle bone, and a Me and my ammonite. Eopachydiscus marcianus
few scattered mosasaur fossils.
My website, www.thepaleostore.
com offers a variety of authentic
fossils at bargain prices. I
Heteromorph ammonite. Worthoceras sp. also provide guided fossil
collecting trips for individuals,
90 or groups, to fossil rich areas
in north Texas. Feel free to I sell fossils and my
ARCADIA book on the internet
PARK email me with any questions
at: khowe@thepaleostore.com as a means to fund
my fossil collecting
K. RANCH endeavours.

BRITTON Fish skull partial prep

Deposits welcomes Profiles


about yourselves. So if you
would like to be considered
for an amateur prole, contact
TARRANT 95
the editor in writing or email
GEOLOGICAL TIMESCALE. Dates shown are estimates in millions editor@depositsmag.com
of years and the scales are purely arbitrary.
TWENTYTHREE

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Hastings G
Dinosaur footprint. Iguanodon
and F o
F
ollow the Hastings sea- sandstones of the Wadhurst
front eastwards to the Clay. A distinct junction
Old Town and the between one horizontal bed of
This eld trip begins famous net shops in Rock- rock and another often marks
a-Nore Road. Below the high a period of erosion. This may
at the last stone groyne
sandstone cliffs of the East Hill, have been followed by a change
and continues along you will nd the Fishermens in the environmental conditions
the beach towards Museum, Underwater World (a where a different grade or type
sea- life centre), a large car park of sediment was deposited.
Ecclesbourne Glen. and public toilet facilities.
In this area, the lower part of
This eld trip begins at the last the cliff is hidden under a scree
stone groyne and continues slope of broken rocks, but there
along the beach towards is one small exposure in situ
Ecclesbourne Glen, nearly 1 at beach level. Here there are
km (half a mile) to the east. attened branches of carbonised
The massive sandstone cliffs of wood lying horizontally within
the Upper Ashdown Formation a silty mudstone. These were
are overlain by shales and probably washed into a river
or lake, then later covered and
compressed by sedimentary
layers. The leaves of small
ferns, such as Weichselia, may
also be found at this location.
These delicate plant remains
are preserved as fossils only
because they contain carbon
- which is derived from the
same carbon that was xed by
Horsetails. Equisetites

TWENTYFOUR

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s Geology
F ossils By Ken Brooks

photosynthesis over 100 million AN NEL


LIS H CH
years ago! ENG
Fragments of the tree fern
Tempskya occasionally fall
from a layer near the top of the
cliff. After the plant had died also the name of its present-
and been covered by sediments, day descendant, which lives
minerals in its trunk were in ponds and streams. This 1 Metre

gradually replaced by silica similarity suggests that the fossil


(quartz). In fact, with a hand Viviparus probably also lived
lens, tiny crystals of quartz in a freshwater environment.
may be seen lining the spaces Isolated specimens of this
between a mass of brown- gastropod may sometimes
stained bres. The outer part of appear among shells of the
a section is sometimes covered small bivalve Neomiodon. This Infilled stream channel
by fusain, a friable layer which bivalve is the most common
represents the carbonised of all fossils in the Hastings The fossil Viviparus
remains of external tissues. area. The bedding planes of
sandstones are often covered probably also lived
The ne-grained sandstones and
with Neomiodon shells, and in a freshwater
siltstones occasionally contain
layers of them can be seen
specimens of the gastropod environment.
in cross-section on the sides
(sea-snail) Viviparus. This is
of blocks. There are also
larger bivalves which may be
found locally, such as Filosina
and Unio, but these are less
common. Small tube-like
and oval structures are often
Bennettitalean. Pterophyllum found in rocks near the shells
TWENTYFIVE

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this their fossils are sometimes
mistaken for bivalve shells.
Even smaller are the oval-
shaped ostracods Cypridea,
which are also crustaceans, but
as they measure only about 1
mm. (0.04 in) in length, a hand
lens is required to examine
them closely. Although their
tiny seed-like carapaces can be
found in large numbers on the
bedding planes of thin shales,
Bivalves. Neomiodon it is easy to overlook them on
a eld trip. Some species of
of Neomiodon, and these have Cypridea have ornamented
been identied as its burrows carapaces with raised pimples,
and faecal pellets. Where the while others have smooth
sediment has been disturbed surfaces.
or burrowed by any animal it is
known as bioturbation. The siltstones also show
evidence of the insects that lived
Fish scale. Lepidotes sp. Trace fossils, such as footprints around the streams and lakes.
and burrows, sometimes For example, the larval tubes
provide valuable information of caddis ies Trichoptera may
about an animals presence be found. The larvae of these
and behaviour, particularly insects used locally available
The siltstones also where no other evidence has materials to build the tubes
been found. However, the which would serve as temporary
show evidence of the
nature of the species itself homes while they lived in the
insects that lived can be difcult to deduce, as water.
around the streams different organisms may have
had a similar mode of life. Fish and reptile remains are
and lakes. Some siltstones have preserved usually found as isolated
the remains of conchostracans, fragments, probably because
small crustaceans which they were broken up and
are often described as clam dispersed by streams or rivers.
shrimps. These were enclosed These fossils include the glossy,
in shell-like carapaces, usually brown scales and small rounded
measuring about 7 mm. (0.25 teeth of the sh Lepidotes,
in) in length, and because of and the pointed teeth and n
TWENTYSIX

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spines of the shark Hybodus. as the once-hollow bones which



Individual scales from allowed them to y are usually
Lepidotes are common, but to crushed at. Perhaps the most

nd an undamaged specimen impressive nds are the teeth
of this sh is rare. Part of a and bones of dinosaurs. These

body with well-preserved scale can occasionally be discovered



impressions is still visible in in the shale and clay where the
a hard sandstone block near scree slope meets the beach.
Rock-a-Nore, and a few years
More common are the
ago a complete Lepidotes was
large tridactyl (three-toed)
discovered at Covehurst Bay
footprints of dinosaurs, such
(near Fairlight).
as Iguanodon, which may be
There are also the scutes (horn- seen on the bedding planes

like plates) from turtle shells of certain siltstones. Some of

and the bones and teeth of the prints can measure up to



crocodiles, such as Goniopholis 60 cm. (2 ft) from heel to toe.

and Bernissartia. Turtle shell These dinosaurs might have

scutes can be smooth or covered been walking by a river or
with raised pimples, while the lakeside and left their footprints

dermal plates from crocodiles in the mud. This quickly dried

skin have circular dents in out in the hot sun, and water
them. These can sometimes be then deposited silt or sand in
found in iron-stained pebble the hardened impressions, later
beds or on the bedding planes forming inll casts. Gradually,
of a friable sandstone. This over millions of years, these

rocks crumbly surface is the sediments turned into rock.
result of disruption by salt Today either the footprint
crystallization from sea water, impressions or the casts may

and freshly exposed layers of be revealed when the weaker
a particular bed frequently rock layers are removed by More common are
contain fossil specimens. erosion.
the large tridactyl
Some of the rarer fossils from It is fascinating to consider
this area include the phalanges that, while all fossils are natural (three-toed) foot-
(nger bones) of the pterosaur reproductions of shells, bones prints of dinosaurs.
Ornithochierus, one of the and teeth, a dinosaur footprint
largest of all the ying reptiles. is the actual impression left in
Such specimens may be the mud millions of years ago
identied as pterosaur remains, by a living animal! Slabs of a

TWENTYSEVEN

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bluish-grey rock with strange measure between 3 and 8 cm recrystallized as concretions
bulbous shapes may be seen on (1 to 3 in) in length. They can of int. It should be pointed
the beach in this area. These are be recognised by their striped out that not all geologists agree
fallen blocks of Tilgate Stone appearance and tiny holes with this explanation and that
which come from various strata where leaves once grew around the chemical processes involved
within the Wadhurst Clay. In the stems. Other interesting in the formation of int may be
the past this rock was known by discoveries which have been far more complex. For example,
local quarrymen as Bluestone made in this area include fossil the silica could have been
or Hastings granite. It is a bones and an Iguanodon precipitated directly from sea
hard, ne-grained sandstone tooth. water. Heart-shaped echinoids
which is strongly cemented by (sea urchins) are among the
From here to Ecclesbourne
calcium carbonate (calcite) into fossils that may be found in
Glen most of the fallen rock and
tabular and nodular masses. the shingle, but more common
scree material lies directly below
The Tilgate Stones unusual are the hollow ints that once
vertical cliffs and, for safety
dome-shaped structures may enclosed delicate sponges.
reasons, close examination is
have been formed by the These often contain very small
not recommended. However,
attraction of calcium carbonate and beautiful crystals of quartz
there are still features of interest
from groundwater around (chalcedony) which are best
in scattered rocks along the
a tiny fragment of shell or a seen with a hand lens.
foreshore, and even the shingle
crystal of calcite. The concentric
itself is worth closer study. It Ecclesbourne Glen is an ancient
hardening of the rock gradually
is important to realise that the river valley. It was carved out
produced the rounded
int pebbles covering the beach by vast quantities of melt-water
structures (concretions) that we
do not originate from this area. which ooded across southern
see today, now that the poorly
The sea has washed them along England at the end of the last
cemented outer layers have
the coast from Beachy Head, ice age, around 10,000 years
been removed by erosion.
where the high Chalk cliffs ago. Since then, the sea has
About half a kilometer (quarter contain many nodules and thin gradually cut back into the
of a mile) to the east of Rock- beds of int. cliff to form a hanging valley
a-Nore the horizontal strata of with a small waterfall about
Between 100 and 65 million
the cliff are displaced by the 6m. (20 ft) above the beach.
years ago, Britain was covered
Foul Ness Fault. However, this This location marks a suitable
by a shallow sea where
is obscured by a section of cliff turning point for walking back
sponges and other marine
which has slipped down to form to Rock-a-Nore.
animals extracted silica from
a small plateau. Below this is
the water to strengthen their Ken Brooks
a scree slope of broken rocks
fragile structures. Later, over a References.
and shale where segments of
period lasting many millions of
the horsetail Equisetites may Field Trip To Rock-A-Nore (Hastings),
years, their skeletons dissolved
be found in mud slides on the Sussex (O.S. map 199. B.G.S. sheet
and the silica eventually
beach. These specimens usually 320/321. Grid ref. TQ 831 095)
TWENTYEIGHT

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Fossils In The News
In February 2004, Dale found the insect washed up at UK Fossils News
Brockelhurst, an employee Cowie harbour, Stonehaven,
As always, UK Fossils
at the quarry on the Isle of Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Being
continues to grow both
Portland, Dorset found a 10 420 million years old, it is
inward and outward. The UK
inch metatarsal (toe bone). 20 million years older than
Fossils Network is dedicated
Experts claim it is from a the previous record. Secondly,
to beginners, enthusiasts and
giant sauropod (herbivorous a new cricket type insect was
professionals, bringing people
long-necked dinosaur) called discovered by another fossil
together.
Titanosaurus which may have hunter, David Sole. The 200
been 60 ft long and weighed million year old wing of the The 2004 trip to Cumbria has
around 20 tons. Source-Daily early Jurassic Hagliodea was allowed us to expand a further
Mirror, Wednesday, February found at the Black Ven landslip nine new locations. Each one of
4th 2004. between Lyme Regis and these is written in great detail
Charmouth, Dorset, England. with information on what fossils
Also in February, the
or minerals are found, where to
400million year old remains June saw the announcement
nd them, how to access the
of an insect were found in by Dr. Neil Clark, Curator of
site, geology guide, and much
Scotland. Scientists from Palaeontology at the Hunterian
more. One of the best sites in
the USA made the discovery Museum in Glasgow, of the
Cumbria is Whitehaven where
whilst researching a book on worlds smallest dinosaur
carboniferous plants can be
evolution. Evidence of wings footprint. The baby foot
found both in the cliff and on
(70 million years before the print was found along side
the foreshore. In addition to
previous known fossil record) presumably its mothers
these; other locations added to
has made this an even more footprint in sandstone deposits
the UK Fossils Network include
startling nd and puts back on the Isle of Skye, Scotland. It
Nacton and Levington in
the insects arrival on land by is about the size of a 5p coin
Suffolk, these bring the total
20 million years. Source-Daily and from this, was estimated to
of featured locations to 144.
Mirror, Thursday, February be roughly the size of a sparrow
We have also recently added
12th 2004. in life. The strata dates 165
tide tables up to the end of
million years old and is Middle
In the Spring 2004 edition 2006 to a number of locations
Jurassic in age. It may well have
of Stone Chat, a quarterly throughout the UK. This allows
been from a Coelophysis which
publication produced by the the planning of holidays, trips
is known from similar age rocks
Norfolk Mineral & Lapidary and events well in advance.
in Scotland. This important
Society, two discoveries were
nd indicates that juveniles There has also been a number
mentioned. Firstly, that the
may have been nurtured from of new guides added to the
oldest known creature to have
hatching and spent their early site, these include a guide to
lived on dry land had been found
days with their mother much photographing specimens, and
by Mike Newman, an amateur
like modern birds. (herein lies a guide to coding and labelling.
fossil hunter. The millipede
another story !). Source-Daily
was named in his honour
Mirror, Wednesday, June 9th
Pneumodesmus newmanii. He
2004.
TWENTYNINE

Fossil World3 copy.indd 29 9/9/04 8:58:22


FOSSIL IDENTIFICATION COMPETITION
Recent nds from visitors of UK
Fossils and readers of Deposits
Magazine

THIS IS YOUR this page in the next issue of


Deposits. Please send in your photos of any
CHANCE TO WIN A recent finds to photos@ukfossils.
Here are two views of the fossil co.uk remember to include your
SUPER FOSSIL. which measures 11mm in name, date found, where the fossil
height. was collected and any additional
information such as formation
Q 1. What type of organism is it and comments.
from ? Ie. mammal, plant etc.
Q 2. What part of the organism
is it from ? Ie. tooth, stem etc.
Q 3. What is its generic name ?
Ie. Equus (a horse).
Q 4. What geological age is it
from ? Ie. Jurassic, Eocene etc.

Find 1
NAME: Clyde Swindell
DATE FOUND: August 2004
Every issue of Deposits will
SPECIMEN NAME: Sharks Tooth
feature a fantastic fossil or LOCATION: Lee Creek Mine,
prize that you could win. Simply Aurora, U.S.A.
write on a postcard or email us, COMMENTS: I am a private
giving your postal details with Q 5. Where is it from (country collector, collecting sharks teeth
the correct answers to the ve of origin)? Ie. UK, Spain etc. from The Lee Creek Mine. This
questions. Use the table below find is my most recent and is
as a guideline. Post your answers to arrive no over 6 inches long
later than 31/12/04 to Deposits
The winner will be picked at 10 Elliott Avenue, Reydon,
random from all the correct Southwold, Suffolk,, IP18 6QX Or
entries and announced on email to editor@depositsmag.
com
October 2004 fossil competition
Q1 Find 2
Q2 NAME: Julia Huckleby
Q3 DATE FOUND: June 2004
Q4 SPECIMEN NAME: Pinna affinis
Q5 LOCATION: Bognor Regis, UK.
Name. FORMATION: London Clay (Eocene)
Address. COMMENTS: This 20cm long
mollusc was found on the
Town Post Code foreshore whilst I was taking the
Country kids for a day out on the beach.
THIRTY

Fossil World3 copy.indd 30 9/9/04 8:58:31


EARTH SCIENCE DIRECTORY
REGIONAL Liverpool Geological Society NATIONAL
Bath Geological Society http://www.staff.livjm.ac.uk/besHCLAR/ British Geological Survey Home Page.
http://www.bathgeolsoc.org.uk Medway Lapidary and Mineral Society The British Geological Survey (BGS) home page
Cheltenham Mineral & Geological Society The M.L.M.S. was formed in June 1975 to cater for an http://www.bgs.ac.uk/
http://www.geocities.com/cmgs_99/ interest in minerals and lapidary, the cutting and polish- Dutch Geological Society
Craven & Pendle Geological Society ing of semi-precious stones. It has since grown to be one Dutch Geological Society (NGV). In Dutch: Nederlandse
Craven & Pendle Geological Society are an amateur of the foremost fossil, mineral and lapidary societies in Geologische Vereniging (NGV)
organisation in NW England, UK England. Membership has remained between 60 and 90 http://www.geo.uu.nl/ngv/index-e.htm
http://www.cpgs.org.uk with about 30 attending regularly. Natural Environment Research Council
Cumberland Geological Society http://www.mlms.org.uk http://www.nerc.ac.uk/
http://www.cumberland-geol-soc.org.uk North Staffordshire Group Geologists Association Netherland Workgroup Pleistocene
Dorset Geological Society http://pangaea.esci.keele.ac.uk/nsgga/ Association
Dorset Geologists Association Group Information on Oxford Geology Group Home Page Founded in 1982, the Dutch association Werkgroep
Group, events, field meetings, newletters Oxford Geology Group - membership information, talks, Pleistocece Zoogdieren (WPZ) is an organization in
http://dgagdigs.homestead.com/societiesDorsetGA.html field meetings http://www.oum.ox.ac.uk/ogg.htm which Dutch and foreign professional and amateur-
Edinburgh Geological Society Shropshire Geological Society palaeontologists co-operate.
http://www.glg.ed.ac.uk/egs/ http://www.shropshiregeology.org.uk/ http://members.lycos.nl/wpz
Essex Rock and Mineral Society Southampton Mineral & Fossil Society Quaternary Research Association
The Essex Rock & Mineral Society is an amateur geological http://members.lycos.co.uk/SMFS/ http://www.qra.org.uk/
society which aims to cater for a wide spectrum of ages, The Royal Geological Society of Cornwall Tertiary Research Group
expertise & interests in rocks, minerals, fossils and lapidary http://www.geological.nildram.co.uk/Active%20page.htm http://www.trg.org/
http://www.erms.org/ Oxford Branch of the OUGS The Geological Society
Geological Society of Norfolk http://www.oxford-ougs.fsnet.co.uk/ http://www.geolsoc.org.uk
Advancing the Education of the pubic in geology, West Sussex Geological Society The Palaeontological Association
particularly that relevant to East Anglia. http://homepages.tesco.net/%7Ecolin.george/ http://www.palass.org/
http://www.norfolkgeology.co.uk Westmorland Geological Society Geologie als Hobby
Hull Geological Society http://www.wgso.fsnet.co.uk/ De homepage Geologie als Hobby geeft speciaal info over
http://www.fortunecity.com/greenfield/ecolodge/25/ Yorkshire Geological Society ammonieten.
geosoc.htm http://www.yorksgeolsoc.org.uk/ http://home.planet.nl/~brouw131/
Leeds Geological Association Horsham Geological Field Club
http://www.leedsgeolassoc.freeserve.co.uk/ http://freespace.virgin.net/hgf.c/

SHOWS AND FAIRS


Oct. 2-3 Rock n Gem Show. Hatfield House,Hatfield,Herts. (A308, J1 M3) Sunbury, Middlesex. 10.00 am 5.00 - 4.00 pm. Nr. Sidcup Rail Station. Wheelchair access.
10:00 am - 5:00 pm both days. Wheelchair access. Ample car pm both days. Wheelchair access. Ample car parking. Contact: Ken Luff Phone/Fax 020-8300-2405
parking. Contact 01628-621697 Fax. 01628-680702. Contact 01628-621697 Fax. 01628-680702. Nov 20-21 Rock n Gem Show. Newmarket
Oct 9-10 23rd Annual Rock Exchange. Lady Manners Nov 13 BLMDA Mini-Fair. The Watershed Mill, Racecourse, Newmarket, Suffolk. 10.00 am - 5.00 pm
School, Shutts Lane, Bakewell, Derbyshire. 10.30 am - Langcliffe Road, Settle, N. Yorkshire. 10.00 am - 4.00 both days. Wheelchair access. Ample car parking. Contact
5.00 pm both days. Contact Les Fox. 01629 813542 pm. Contact Rex Cook, 01282-614615 01628-621697 Fax. 01628-680702
Oct. 16-17 Rock n Gem Show. Cheltenham Nov. 13 The Sussex Mineral Show. Clair Hall, Perrymount Nov 27-28 Rock n Gem Show. Brighton Racecourse,
Racecourse, Prestbury Park, Cheltenham Glos. 10.00 am Road, Haywards Heath, Sussex (Nr B.R. Station). 10.00 am Freshfields Road, Brighton, East Sussex. 10.00 am - 5.00
- 5.00 pm both days. Wheelchair access. Ample car park- - 4.30 pm. Contact John Pearce, 01444-233958 pm both days. Wheelchair access. Ample car parking.
ing. Contact 01628-621697 Fax. 01628-680702. Nov. 14 Warrington Mineral & Lapidary Societys Contact 01628-621697 Fax. 01628-680702
Oct 23-24 Rock n Gem Show. Uttoxeter Racecourse, Gem, Mineral & Craft Fair. Alford Hall, Manchester Dec. 11 Amateur Geological Societys (AGS) Annual
Wood Lane Uttoxeter, Staffs. 10.00 am - 5.00 pm both Road, Warrington, Cheshire. 10.00 am 4.00 pm Bazaar. St Marys Hall, Hendon Lane, Finchley, London,
days. Wheelchair access. Ample car parking. Contact Contact 01925-604245 N3. 10.15 am 3.30 pm. Contact Jean Miller 020-8202-
01628-621697 Fax. 01628-680702 Oct 30-31 Rock n Nov 20 Sidcup Lapidary & Mineral Show. Emmannuel 9616.
Gem Show. Kempton Park Racecourse, Staines Road East, Church Hall, Hadlow Road, Sidcup, Kent. 10.00 am
THIRTYONE

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Web Directory
EDUCATIONAL EARTH SCIENCE WEBSITES
Archaeology Discuss Fossils - Comprehensive earth science Kids Ark fossil site.
In English discussion board, ideal for fossil identification, http://web.ukonline.co.uk/conker/fossils/index.
Anthropology Resources on the Internet - Guide to advice and questions. htm
anthropology and archaeology, web directory with http://www.discussfossils.com
over 3000 web sites screened and selected.http:// Oceans of Kansas, USA.
www.anthropologie.netCurrent http://www.oceansofkansas.com/
Paleopages - A dedicated website to paleontology
related links. _http://www.paleopages.com
Archaeology - Magazine Website featuring news Speeton Clay, Cretaceous fossils of Yorkshire,
and information about archaeology. Sheppey Fossils - Fantastic London Clay, Early England.
http://www.archaeology.co.uk Eocene website, for the Isle of Sheppey, Kent, http://w w w.for tunecity.com/greenfield/
England. http://www.sheppeyfossils.com ecolodge/60/
In Brazilian
Human Fossils from Brazil - Website featuring Amateur website showing lots of fossils from
human fossils from Brazil including the famous Fossil Web - Excellent resource for fossil
different areas and ages.
Fossil Lucy. identification.
http://www.christraxon.pwp.blueyonderco.uk/
http://www.vestigios.hpg.ig.com.br/fosseis.htm http://www.fossilweb.com
North American Research Group.
Geology Gault Ammonite - Wonderful Gault Clay, Lower http://www.narg-online.com/
In English Cretaceous fossils of Kent, England.
Scottish Geology - An introduction to Scottish http://www.gaultammonite.co.uk In Belgian
geology and events, includes information on Belgian amateur website showing great shark
R.I.G.S. in Scotland and other locations. A great site teeth from the Eocene onwards.
for anyone interested in the geology of Scotland. UKGE - United Kingdom Geology Equipment -
Over 8000 earth science books, maps, tools & http://home.tiscali.belgiansharkteeth/home.
http://www.scottishgeology.com htm
equipment sold online or via mail order.
http://www.ukge.co.uk
Geology Rocks - Educational site about geology. In German
Includes forums, ideas for essay writing, royalty In Spanish German site about Jurassic Solnhofen fossils.
free photographs, fun and games and tutorials. Paleontologia Hispana - Spanish Paleontology http://www2.rogers-fossilien.de/
http://www.geologyrocks.co.uk Site. News, Spanish specimen photos, articles,
forum and more. In Spanish.
Mineralogy http://www.paleontologia-hispana.com Interesting fossils from Spain.
In English http://www.interfosil.com/n
Mineral Town - A portal site for collectors of rocks, In German
gems and minerals with articles, reports, trade Die Ammoniten des Lias - Database of German In French
zone, photo gallery, and search engine. Ammonites of the Lias. Cretaceous fossils from France.
http://www.mineraltown.com http://home.t-online.de/home/jeepee/ http://davjol.free.fr/

Palaeontology In English and Dutch


In English Kids Ark Fossils - How and where to Netherland Workgroup Pleistocene Association -
collect fossils for children http://web.ukonline. Founded in 1982, the Dutch association Werkgroep
co.uk/conker/fossils Pleistocece Zoogdieren (WPZ) is an organization
in which Dutch and foreign professional and
The Search Geo - A comprehensive directory of amateur-paleontologists co-operate.
international earth science related websites with http://members.lycos.nl/wpz/
search engine.
http://www.searchgeo.com In English
Fossils of the Oxford Clay, Upper Jurassic,
Cambridgeshire and others around England.
UK Fossils Network - UK Fossil Portal for beginners, http://hometown.aol.co.uk/matheauraven/
enthusiasts and professionals, contains guides, myhomepage/collection.html
over 140 detailed location guides, videos, news
and over 5800 photos.
http://www.ukfossils.co.uk Fossil Sharks of the rocky Mountains, USA.
http://www.itano.net/fossils/projects/aaaspd.pdf
To add sites of interest Email:
info@depositsmag.com

THIRTYTWO

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