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# Shaheen Academy of Science, Commerce, IT & Engineering

## Test: Physics (4) Class 2nd Year Chapter # 15

Total Marks: 50 Passing Marks: 25 Time: 100 Mints

(Objective)

## Q#1: Encircle the correct options: (10)

i) The direction of induced emf or current is found by the use of?
a) Faradays law (b) Lenzs law (c) Right hand rule d) Gausss law

ii) The ratio of self-induced emf to the rate of change of current in the coil is
known as
a) Self-induction b) Mutual induction c) Self-inductance d) Mutual inductance

iii) A 50mh coil carries a current of 2 amps. The energy stored in the magnetic
field is
a) 0.05 Joules b) 0.1 Joules c) 10 Joules d) 100 Joules

iv) The magnitude of the emf induced in the coil of A.C generator is

## a) = NBA sint b) = NBA cost c) = NBA d) = NBA sint

v) An electric motor is a device which converts
a) Mechanical energy into electrical energy b) Heat energy into Mechanical energy
c) Magnetic energy into Mechanical energy d) Electrical energy into Mechanical energy

## vi) Slip rings are used in

a) A.C generators b) D.C generators c) Electric motor d) Turbines

## vii)- A transformer works on the principle of

a) Electromagnetic induction b) Self-induction c) Mutual induction d) Faradays law

## viii) For an ideal transformer

a) Power input = Power output b) Power input > Power output
c) Power input < Power output d) None of these

## ix) The induced current in a transformer which is produced in the direction

perpendicular to flux is known as
a) Conventional current b) Electronic current c) Transformer current d) Eddy current

## x) Lenzs law refers to the

a) Induced emf b) Induced current c) Back emf d) None

## IQRA Riaz-ul-Etfaal, Farooq colony Walton road Lahore Cantt...

Cell # 0322-4482537 0331-4374144
Shaheen Academy of Science, Commerce, IT & Engineering

## Test: Physics (4) Class 2nd Year Chapter # 15

Total Marks: 50 Passing Marks: 25 Time: 100 Mints

## Q#2: Write a short note on 10 questions: (20)

1. Does the induced emf in a circuit depend on the resistance of the circuit?
2. Does the induced emf always act to decrease the magnetic flux through a
circuit?
3. How would you position a flat loop of wire in a changing magnetic field so
that there is no emf induced in the loop?

4. Show that & have the same units?
5. Can a D.C motor be turned into a D.C generator? What changes are
required to be done?
6. Can an electric motor be used to derive an electric generator with the
output from the generator being used to operate the motor?
7. Four unmarked wires emerge from the transformer. What steps would you
take to determine turns ratio?
8. Can a step-up transformer increase the power level?
9. Describe briefly two methods by which an induced emf can be produced?
10. What is Lenzs law?
11. What is the difference between D.C motor & D.C generator?
12. How we decrease the power losses in electric supply network?
13. When motor is overloaded what happens to its back emf?
14. Define Mutual inductance also writes its unit?
15.What is Eddy current and how it is removed?

## Q#3: Do all questions each question carry equal marks: (20)

I. (A). Derive the relations for induced emf & induced current for an A.C
generator?
(B). A solenoid of length 8cm & cross-sectional area of 0.5cm2 has 520 turns.
Find the self-inductance of solenoid when the core is air. If the current in the
solenoid increases through 1.5A in 0.2sec, find magnitude of induced emf in
it?

## II. (A). Write a note on the back emf effect in motors?

(B). An ideal step down transformer is connected to main supply of 240V. It
is desired to operate a 12V, 30W lamp. Find the current in the primary & the
transformer ratio?

## IQRA Riaz-ul-Etfaal, Farooq colony Walton road Lahore Cantt...

Cell # 0322-4482537 0331-4374144