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SEL-487E

TRANSFORMER PROTECTION RELAY


HIGH-SPEED
DIFFERENTIAL
PROTECTION

2
FEATURED APPLICATIONS
Multiwinding Protection Diverse Transformer Applications
Configure the SEL-487E Transformer Protect large transformers and auto-
Protection Relay for transformer transformers with breaker-and-a-half
differential protection in transformer high- and low-side connections. Also,
applications using up to five restraint configure for a typical two-winding
currents. This includes single transformer application, and use the
transformers with tertiary windings. remaining three-phase current inputs
Use three independent restricted earth for feeder backup protection.
fault (REF) elements for protection of
grounded-wye windings. Sensitive Turn-to-Turn Fault Detection
Avoid catastrophic transformer failure.
Advanced Asset Monitoring Detect turn-to-turn faults involving as
Track transformer wear with through- little as two percent of the total winding
fault and thermal monitoring. with the patented negative-sequence
Reduce inefficient and costly breaker differential element.
maintenance with advanced breaker
monitoring. Monitor substation dc power Generator Step-Up Protection
systems for out-of-tolerance voltage Protect generator step-up (GSU)
levels or excessive voltage ripple. transformers, and apply the built-in
temperature measurement (requires
Dependable Backup Protection the SEL-2600 RTD Module) for
Provide backup protection with five monitoring generator and transformer
phase, negative-sequence, and zero- winding temperatures simultaneously.
sequence overcurrent elements and ten Apply the volts/hertz element for
configurable time-overcurrent elements. overexcitation protection of loaded
Set up breaker failure protection with and unloaded generator operating
subsidence detection to rapidly detect conditions. Set the directional power
breaker failure and minimize system elements to detect forward and reverse
coordination times. power flow conditions to monitor and
protect the GSU transformer in prime
High-Speed, Adaptive Differential power, standby, base load, and peak-
Protection shaving applications. Verify generator
Implement a two-stage slope that breaker synchronization with built-in
automatically adapts to internal or synchronism check elements.
external fault conditions, even with
CT saturation and heavily distorted Station Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU)
waveforms, for fast, sensitive, Improve power system quality with SEL
dependable, and secure differential synchrophasors (IEEE C37.118) from
protection. The adaptive differential all 24 analog channels (6 voltage and
element responds to internal fault 18 current sources) in your relay. Use
conditions in less than 1.5 cycles. synchrophasors over serial or Ethernet
communications to easily detect reactive
loop flows, turn state estimation into
state measurement, and provide early
warning of potential system instability.
Implement real-time control by receiving
synchrophasor messages from two
PMUs, and take action based on local
and remote messages.

3
FUNCTIONAL OVERVIEW
Bus ANSI NUMBERS/ACRONYMS AND FUNCTIONS
SEL-487E
16 SEC Access Security (Serial, Ethernet)
50BF 24 Volts/Hertz
3
25 Synchronism Check
27 Undervoltage
P 32 Directional Power
51 GQ
46 Current Unbalance
49 Thermal
50BF Breaker Failure Overcurrent
50N Neutral Overcurrent
50BF
3 50 (P,G,Q) Overcurrent (Phase, Ground, Neg. Seq.)
51N Neutral Time-Overcurrent
51 (P,G,Q) Time-Overcurrent (Phase, Ground, Neg. Seq.)
59 Overvoltage
67 (P,G,Q) Directional Overcurrent (Phase, Ground, Neg. Seq.)
1 81 (O,U) Over-/Underfrequency
Available U 85 RIO SEL Mirrored Bits Communications
Neutral REF 50N 51N 87 RQ
Input 87 (U,R,Q) Transformer Differential (Unrestrained, Restrained, Neg. Seq.)
DFR Event Reports
1 ENV SEL-2600
HMI Operator Interface
3 LGC Expanded SELogic Control Equations
27 59 81OU
MET High-Accuracy Metering
PMU Synchrophasors
3
24 32 REF Restricted Earth Fault
RTU Remote Terminal Unit
SER Sequential Events Recorder

3 P P P
50 GQ 51 GQ 50BF 46 67 GQ ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS
BRM Breaker Wear Monitor
3 LDP Load Data Profiling
SBM Station Battery Monitor
3 TRM Transformer Monitor

BRM DFR HMI LGC MET Copper or Fiber-Optic


1

*Optional Feature

PMU RTU SBM SER TRM

85
RIO 25

IEEE C57.91 16SEC


SEL-2800 49 Thermal Model
SEL-2600 ENV
1 4 2
Up to 12
Temperature
Elements IRIG-B EIA-232 Ethernet*1

NOMINAL CURRENT TRANSFORMER (CT) INPUTS


HV 2000/5 LV
800/1
Select Your Ideal 5 A/1 A Nominal CT Combination
The SEL-487E allows you to order any combination of nominal
CT inputs at 5 A and 1 A for each transformer winding,
3 3
including the following examples: 800/5
(REF)
1 A high-voltage, 5 A low-voltage CTs
1 A high-voltage, 5 A low-voltage, 1 A tertiary CTs

Support up to 35:1 CT ratio mismatch without loss of perfor-


mance. Possible applications include:
Breaker-and-a-half installation
SEL- 487E
Busbar protection for up to five terminals with mismatched
CT ratios

4
PROTECTION
MULTIWINDING DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORMER
PROTECTION
Provide current differential protection for up to five three-
phase terminals with an adaptive-slope percentage restraint
3
for transformers at power plants, transmission substations, 3
distribution substations, and industrial plants. The adaptive
differential element includes two slope settings. During
normal operating conditions, Slope 1 is used to provide a 3
fast response to internal faults. For external faults, the relay
SEL- 487E
switches from Slope 1 to Slope 2 to provide a high-security 3 3 3
mode to avoid misoperation from CT saturation. When the
operating quantities exceed the differential slope character-
istic and fall in the operate region, the filtered differential
element asserts. Use the remaining three-phase current
inputs for feeder backup protection.
Combine harmonic blocking and restraint functions in parallel
to provide secure operation and optimum operating speed
during inrush conditions. Second- and fourth-harmonic
blocking provides security during energization, while fifth-
harmonic blocking provides security for overexcitation
conditions. Fast subcycle external fault detection supervision
adds security during external faults with CT saturation.
Use the waveform-based inrush detection method to augment
the harmonic restraint and blocking functions to prevent
differential element operation during an inrush condition
with low second-harmonic content. Low harmonic content
is typical for newer transformers with cores that are made
out of an improved iron core type, which has a different
B-H characteristic (linear for high values of field intensity)
than traditional transformers. In addition to the inrush
detection algorithm, the waveform-based method also has a
bidirectional differential overcurrent scheme that is used to
differentiate between an internal fault and an inrush condition.

SELECTABLE TIME-OVERCURRENT ELEMENTS U.S. Inverse Curve: U2


100 6000 (5000)
90
Implement SELogic Math Variables as Inputs to Time-Delay 80
70

and Pickup Levels


60
50 3000 (2500)
40

Eliminate the need to change settings groups to accommodate 30


1500 (1250)
different time-overcurrent pickup and time dial settings. The 20

programmable time-delay and pickup levels in the selectable


time-overcurrent elements allow changing the pickup and 10
9
8
600 (500)

time-delay settings instantly, without needing to switch 7


6
5 300 (250)
settings groups. Choose from ten time-overcurrent curves. 4
Time in Cycles 60 Hz (50 Hz)

3
15.00
Programming the time-delay and pickup levels as math 12.00
150 (125)
Time in Seconds

2
variables allows the numeric value of the pickup and time- 10.00
8.00
delay settings to change based on any number of conditions, 1
6.00
60 (50)
5.00
without the short delay of having to change relay settings
.9
.8
.7 4.00

groups. For example, change pickup and time-delay settings .6


.5
3.00
30 (25)

dynamically in a parallel transformer application based on .4

.3
2.00

single or parallel transformer configurations. Another example 15 (12.5)


.2
1.00
would be to change feeder time-overcurrent element pickup
and coordination delays based on distributed generation being .1 6 (5)
.09 0.50
connected downstream of a transformer. .08
.07
.06
.05 3 (2.5)
.04

.03

.02

.01
.5 .6 .7 .8 .9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
80
40

60

90
50
30
20

70
10

100

Multiples of Pickup

5
DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT CONTROL ELEMENTS
Flexible Backup Protection
When voltage inputs are connected to the SEL-487E,
directional elements can be enabled to supervise phase and
Protected
487E
SEL-
ground overcurrent elements on a per-winding basis. Use Transformer
the phase and ground directionally controlled overcurrent
elements for backup protection of transformer differential
or feeder overcurrent relays. Voltage-polarized directional LV
elements supervise currents that are on the same side of the
transformer as the selected polarizing voltages.

Protected
Feeders

FLEXIBLE COMMUNICATIONS LV HV

An Ethernet card option provides two copper or fiber ports for


redundancy.
Available Ethernet communications protocols include FTP,
Telnet, Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP), DNP3 LAN/WAN,
IEC 61850, IEEE C37.118 synchrophasors, and Parallel
Redundancy Protocol (PRP). 2440
SEL-

All four independent EIA-232 serial ports support SEL Fast


Messages, SEL ASCII, Compressed ASCII, SEL Fast Operate,
SEL Fast Meter, SEL Fast SER, enhanced SEL Mirrored Bits
communications, DNP3 Level 2 Outstation plus dial-out, 487E
SEL-
MIRRORED BITS
Virtual Terminal, and communications with the SEL-2600 RTD Communications
Module (SEL-2800 serial-to-fiber converter required).

6
SUBSTATION ASSET MANAGEMENT

Source HV Transformer LV THROUGH-FAULT MONITORING


Breaker Breaker
HV CT LV CT
Track transformer wear with through-fault monitoring. Gather
current levels, through-fault duration, and the date/time of
each through fault with transformer through-fault monitoring.
Fault Through-fault currents can cause transformer winding
displacement, leading to mechanical damage and increased
transformer thermal wear. Schedule proactive maintenance
based on cumulative through-fault duty.

THERMAL MONITORING
The SEL-487E provides the IEEE C57.91 thermal model for
Ambient
Temperature RTD monitoring the thermal response of top-oil and hotspot
temperatures. Use the thermal element to activate a control
action or issue an alarm when the transformer is in danger
SEL- 2600 of excessive insulation aging or loss of life. Three loss-of-
SEL-2800 SEL- 487E insulation-life alarms are provided, including loss of life per
Top-Oil
Temperature (RTD) day, total loss of life, and the insulation aging factor.
Substation
Transformer

Excess Breaker CIRCUIT BREAKER MONITOR


Contact Wear
The SEL-487E features advanced circuit
Excess Mechanical
Operating Time breaker monitoring. The relay processes
Excess Electrical
phase currents, circuit breaker auxiliary
Operating Time contacts, and substation dc battery
Excess Breaker voltages to detect out-of-tolerance and
Inactivity Time maximum life circuit breaker parameters.
Excess Motor These parameters include interrupted
Phase Currents SEL-487E Running Time
Relay current, operating times, and contact
Aux. Contact Inputs Circuit Excess kA wear. By using SEL-487E monitoring,
Breaker Interrupted
Station Battery Voltages Monitor
maintenance personnel can determine
Deviations in Station
Battery Voltages
the extent of a developing circuit breaker
problem and select an appropriate
response to correct the issue.

7
FRONT PANEL OVERVIEW

1 2 3 4

6 5

1 Chassis is available in a vertical (5U 5 Use default pushbuttons, or program


only) or horizontal, panel-mount or your own pushbutton actions with
rack-mount hardware package (hori- user-configurable labels.
zontal rack-mount shown). 6 Select your own system bay config-
2 SEL provides a worldwide, ten-year uration, and control as many as 5
product warranty and a 40 to +85C circuit breakers and 20 disconnect
(40 to +185F) operating tempera- switches using the built-in mimic
ture range. Please note: LCD contrast diagrams. Include up to eight
is impaired for temperatures below programmable analog quantities for
20C (4F) and above +70C (+158). readouts, as shown on the high- and
low-voltage diagrams.
3 Easy-to-use keypad aids simple navi-
gation and set-point adjustment.
4 Front-panel LEDs can be
programmed to indicate custom
alarms and provide fast and simple
information to assist dispatchers and
line crews.

8
REAR PANEL OVERVIEW

1 2 3 4

6 5

1 Chassis size options of 5U, 6U, or 7U 5 Six voltage channels (2 three-phase 6 There are a total of 18 current chan-
allow ordering of up to two I/O boards voltage inputs) come standard with the nels (5 three-phase restraint and 3
(shown as 7U with two I/O boards). SEL-487E. Order in standard terminal REF current inputs, 5 A/1 A CT input
blocks (shown), Connectorized options). Order in standard terminal
2 Demodulated IRIG-B precise-time
hardware configuration, or the new blocks (shown) or in a Connectorized
input.
Euro connector with low-energy hardware configuration.
3 Three rear-panel and one front-panel analog (LEA) voltage inputs. The LEA
EIA-232 serial ports. IEEE C37.92-2005 voltage measure-
ment interface can be combined with
4 Optional dual copper, dual fiber-optic, line voltage sensors and optical voltage
or mixed fiber and copper Ethernet transformers that produce low-level
ports (dual fiber-optic ports shown). analog outputs. These eliminate the
need for redundant amplification
electronics between the line voltage
sensor and the relay, reducing
costs and simplifying the system.

9
SYNCHROPHASORS
SYNCHROPHASORS MEASURE ALL CT AND PT
CHANNELS
Improve power system quality and save money with SEL
synchrophasors simultaneously available from all 24 analog
channels (6 voltage and 18 current sources).
With synchrophasors over serial or Ethernet communications,
easily detect reactive loop flows, turn state estimation into
state measurement, and provide early warning of potential
system instability.
Simplify system architecture and improve system operations
with UDP multicast synchrophasor data. Configurable
data streams allow the user to select analog and binary
information for up to five independent IEEE C37.118 data
streams over Ethernet.

The SEL-487E exceeds the IEEE C37.118 standard with up to


50 messages per second at 50 Hz or up to 60 messages per
second at 60 Hz.

REAL-TIME CONTROL
Improve system stability, and reduce remote control
requirements. Apply remote measurements to local control by
using direct relay-to-relay communications of synchrophasor SEL-487E
values. Employ real-time values from remote transmission PMU
ends to control circuit breakers, static VAR compensators
(SVCs), and power system stabilizers. Control devices based on
voltage or current magnitude and phase angle, real or reactive
power, or the rate of change of the input quantities.
487E
SEL-
Share synchrophasor data between two or three SEL-487E PMU
Relays for special protection schemes or custom logic. Remote
measurements are available in SELogic control equations for
protection or automation. Serial Link

STATION-WIDE SYNCHROPHASOR APPLICATION


The SEL-487E is also a station-wide synchrophasor
measurement and recording system. With 120 seconds of
IEEE C37.118 binary synchrophasor data recording for all 24
analog channels, it serves as a central PMU in any substation G
or power generation facility. Measure voltage magnitudes
and current phase-angle relationships at generators and
transformers, which are key source nodes for stability studies
and load angle measurements.

487E
SEL-

10
SOFTWARE
COMMISSIONING ASSISTANT SOFTWARE
Save Time and Eliminate Costly Errors With SEL Commissioning Assistant Software
Discover the first relay software that recommends matrix compensation settings after automatically identifying incorrect field
wiring and improper CT configurations, such as incorrect CT polarities, inconsistent CT ratios, or crossed phases.

VIEW RECOMMENDED
COMPENSATION
SETTINGS
DEFINE SYSTEM ASSIGN CTs VALIDATE SYSTEM

Apply the Commissioning Assistant in Four Easy Steps


1. Define the system one-line diagram.
2. Assign any two windings to conduct a test.
3. Validate current flow, CT ratios, and polarity before
beginning the test.
4. Print and implement the correct compensation matrix
recommended for the transformer application.

GRAPHICAL LOGIC EDITOR (GLE)


Simplify the SEL-487E Configuration Process With the GLE
The GLE allows you to view your SELogic control equations
graphically, so your settings files can be documented for easier
validation and commissioning. Convert existing SELogic control
equations to easy-to-read diagrams, and save diagrams with
your acSELerator QuickSet SEL-5030 Software settings.
With the GLE capability in QuickSet, design new SELogic control
equations using the convenient diagram navigation tool, drag-
and-drop interface, function block diagrams, and automatic
layout function. Manage your control diagrams with a full
element palette. The GLE will aid in reducing design errors as
well as time and expense in commissioning relays.

ac SEL erator Graphical Logic Editor (GLE).

11
SPECIFICATIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
AC Voltage Inputs (6 total) 300 VL-N continuous, 600 Vac for 10 seconds
Burden 0.1 VA @ 125 V

AC Current Inputs (18 total) 5 A nominal


20 A @ +55C, 15 A @ +85C continuous, 500 A for 1 second, linear to 100 A symmetrical, 1250 A for 1 cycle
Burden 0.5 VA @ 5 A
1 A nominal
4 A @ +55C, 3 A @ +85C continuous, 100 A for 1 second, linear to 20 A symmetrical, 250 A for 1 cycle
Burden 0.1 VA @ 1 A
LEA Voltage Inputs 0-8 VL-N continuous, 300 Vac for 10 seconds
Input impedance 1 M
Output Contact Ratings (standard model) 30 A make at 250 Vdc per IEEE C37.90-2005; 6 A continuous carry; MOV-protected
Optional high-speed and high-current interrupting (10 A @ L/R = 40 ms) contacts available
Standard Input/Output 3 high-current interrupting outputs; 2 standard speed Form A outputs; 3 standard speed Form C outputs;
5 level-sensitive, optoisolated digital inputs with independent commons;
2 level-sensitive, optoisolated digital inputs with single shared commons
Serial Communications Port Three rear-panel and one front-panel EIA-232 serial ports, SEL ASCII commands, SEL Fast Messages, DNP3,
IEEE C37.118 synchrophasors
Data rate 30057600 bps
Ethernet Communications Options Provides IEC 61850, IEEE C37.118 synchrophasors, DNP3 LAN/WAN, FTP, SNTP, PRP, Telnet protocols, and
web server capabilities
Choose two media options from the following list:
10/100BASE-T twisted-pair network
100BASE-FX fiber-optic network
Precise-Time Input Demodulated IRIG-B time input T @ nominal 5 Vdc
Distance between relays: 90 m (295 ft) for 28 pF/ft capacitance copper cable
Synchrophasors IEEE C37.118 Standard
Up to 50 messages per second (50 Hz system)
Up to 60 messages per second (60 Hz system)
UDP Multicast Capability
SEL Fast Message Protocol
Up to 20 messages per second
Power Supply Ratings 125/250 Vdc or 120/240 Vac
Range 85300 Vdc or 85264 Vac
48/125 Vdc or 120 Vac
Range 38140 Vdc or 85140 Vac
24/48 Vdc
Range 1860 Vdc
Operating Temperature 40 to +85C (40 to +185F)
Note: LCD contrast is impaired for temperatures below 20C (4F) and above +70C (+158F).

PROCESSING SPECIFICATIONS
AC Voltage and Current Inputs 8000 samples per second, 2 three-phase voltage inputs, 5 three-phase current inputs, 3 single-phase (REF)
current inputs
Protection and Control Processing 4, 8, and 32 times per power system cycle
Control Points 32 remote bits, 32 local control bits, 32 latch bits in protection logic, 32 latch bits in automation logic

MAKING ELECTRIC POWER SAFER,


MORE RELIABLE, AND MORE ECONOMICAL

SCHWEITZER ENGINEERING
LABORATORIES, INC.
Tel: +1.509.332.1890
Email: info@selinc.com
Web: www.selinc.com

20072014 by Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories, Inc.


PF00168 20140616