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Problems 1 - 4: (16 points: 4 4)

Instructions. For each problem, select the correct answer (there is only one correct answer) and
enter it in the table on page 3.

Magnitude and Phase of Frequency Repsonse Function for > 0

0.8

|H(j)| 0.6

0.4

0.2

0 50 100 150 200 250 300

2
H(j) in radians

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0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Figure 1: Figure for Problem 1 only. The frequency is given in radians per second. The magnitude
is in a linear scale (not dB) and the phase plot is given in radians.
sin(25t)
1. Suppose that the input to the low-pass filter shown in Figure 1 is x(t) = t . Then the
output is most nearly equal to (i.e, is best approximated by) y(t) x(t t0 ) with

1 1 1 1
(a) t0 = 50 (b) t0 = 50 (c) t0 = 25 (d) t0 = 25 (e) t0 = 25

2. The Fourier transform of x(t) = sin(t) [u(t) u(t 1)] is (note: this was a HW problem,
sin()
and here, sinc() = ).

(a) 21 e j/2 sinc( +


 
2 ) + jsinc( 2 ) .

(b) 12 e j/2 sinc( +


 
2 ) sinc( 2 ) .

(c) 21 e j/2 sinc( +


 
2 ) + sinc( 2 ) .

(d) 12 e j/2 sinc( +


 
2 ) + sinc( 2 ) .

(e) 21 e j/2 sinc( +


 
2 ) sinc( 2 ) .

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sin(t)
3. Suppose that x(t) = sinc(t/) = t and y(t) = x(t) cos(5t). Then |Y ()|, where Y () =
F {y(t)}, is given by (see Figure 2, below):

(a) Fig. A (b) Fig. B (c) Fig. C (d) Fig. D (e) none of these.

2 2

1.5 Fig A 1.5 Fig B

1 1

0.5 0.5

0 0
10 5 0 5 10 10 5 0 5 10

2 2

1.5 Fig C 1.5 Fig D

1 1

0.5 0.5

0 0
10 5 0 5 10 10 5 0 5 10

Figure 2: Figure for Problem 3. In these figures, each of the rectangles has width 2 and height /2.

4. What is the magnitude of the coefficient of the fundamental term (i.e., k = 1) for the expo-
nential Fourier series of the periodic signal:

x(t) = 3 + 2 cos(3t) + sin(3t) + 4 cos(6t + )
4

3 5 1
(a) 2 (b) 2 (c) 2 (d) 1 (e) none of these.

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Problems 5 - 8 (32 points: 4 8)
Instructions. For each problem, select all of the answers that are correct and enter them in the table
on page 3. For each problem, there is at least one answer that is correct and one answer that is
incorrect. You will receive no credit for your response if you either
circle all of the answers or none of the answers.

5. Suppose that x(t) has an absolute bandwidth of 100 rad/sec. Which of the following signals
will have an infinite absolute bandwidth?

(a) x(t) x(t) x(2t) x(t 1), where denotes convolution.

(b) x(t) h(t), for h(t) = exp(4t)u(t 3), where denotes convolution.

(c) y(t) = x(t)| cos(300t)|.

(d) x(t)p(t), where p(t) is a zero mean square wave of unit amplitude and of frequency
100 Hz.

6. Let x(t) be a periodic signal with fundamental period T0 = 5. Its expression in the interval
2.5 t < 2.5 is given by x(t) = u(t + 1) u(t 1), and it repeats elsewhere (because it is
periodic).]

(a) The coefficients of the exponential Fourier series of x(t), denoted by either Ck or X [k],
are themselves periodic in some multiple of k.

(b) The Fourier transform of x(t), X (), is equal to 0 for all 6= k 2


5 , where k is an integer.

(c) The Fourier transform of x(t), X (), is a sinc function in .

(d) The energy of x(t) is unbounded.

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R 2
7. Suppose x(t) is real and has finite energy, that is, x (t)dt < . Which of the following
operations will always result in a y(t) that has finite energy?
Hint: You can reason in the time-domain or in the frequency domain (remember Parseval).

(a) y(t) = cos(t)x(t)

(b) y(t) = x(t) h(t), h(t) = et u(t), where denotes convolution

(c) y(t) = x(t) h(t), where H( j) = F {h(t)} = j

(d) y(t) = x(2t)

8. The signal
x(t) = 3 + 24 cos(25t) + 40 sin(40t)
is applied to the LTI system with Impulse Response

sin(10t)
h(t) = cos(20t)
t
resulting in output y(t).

(a) Y (0) = 3, where Y () is the Fourier transform of y(t).

(b) Y (40) = 0, where Y () is the Fourier transform of y(t).

(c) y(t) = 12 cos(25t + 4 ).

(d) If xnew (t) = x(t 3) is applied to the system instead of x(t), then the new output is
ynew (t) = 12 cos(25t)e j3.

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Problem 9: (26 points)
You are given that y(t) = h(t) x(t), where h(t) = et u(t) and x(t) is as shown in Figure 3 below.
You are asked to compute three Fourier series and place your final answers in the indicated boxes.
You must show your work on the following pages to receive credit.
My fundamental period is one.
2.8
et
2.6

2.4

2.2

2
x(t)

1.8

1.6

1.4

1.2

0.8
3 2 1 0 1 2 3

Figure 3: x(t) is periodic and for 0 t < 1, x(t) = et .


(a) (10 points) Determine the complex exponential Fourier series of x(t).

(b) (10 points) Determine the complex exponential Fourier series of y(t).

(c) (6 points) [This part is independent of parts (a) and (b).]


Determine the Fourier series of z(t) in combined trigonometric form, where

e j4k j4kt
z(t) = 2
e
k= 1 + k

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Problem 10: (26 points)
We are given two different signals, x1 (t) and x2 (t). Both are message signals with an absolute
bandwidth of 5 rad/sec.

(a) (6 points) Write the expression of the Fourier transform of x1 (t 5)x2 (t)e j3t in terms of
X1 () and X2 () in the box below.

(b) (6 points) The following signal is transmitted:

s(t) = x1 (t) cos(20t) + x2(t) cos(40t)

Draw the magnitude spectrum of the Fourier transform S() = F {s(t)} in the box below.

You may assume simple generic shapes for the spectra of x1 (t) and x2 (t), such as triangle
or bell shapes, like we did in class. Do use different shapes for X1 () and X2 (). Clearly
indicate magnitude scaling factors.

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(c) (14 points) You are in the lab and need to build a system to recover x1 (t) and x2 (t), individ-
ually and exactly, from s(t) defined in part (b). The only components available in the lab are
(there are several of each type):
(i) Modulators (mixers) at frequency 20 rad/sec;
(ii) Low-Pass Filters of fixed gains in the frequency band || 5; the filter gains can be
adjusted in the range [1,8]; and
(iii) Summers that can add or subtract signals.
Give the block diagram of your system in the box below and show where each of x1 (t) and
x2 (t) are recovered.

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