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FUTURISTIC

architecture

ANUJA G
VIBHOR
NIPUN M
definition:
Futurist architecture is an early-20th century form of architecture born in Italy,
characterized by anti-historicism, strong chromaticism, long dynamic lines,
suggesting speed, motion, urgency and lyricism: it was part of the Futurism,
an artistic movement founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti.

Lingotto factory
in Turin. With its test
track on the roof, was
recognized in 1934
as the first futurist
invention in
architecture
The Art Deco style of architecture
with its streamlined forms was
regarded as futuristic when it was
in style in the 1920s and 1930s.
The original name for both early
and late Art Deco was
Art Moderne--the name
"Art Deco" did not come into use
until 1968 when the term was
invented in a book by Bevis Hillier.

The Chrysler Building is


a notable example of Art Deco
futurist architecture.
Futurism after World War II
1. Googie architecture

After World War II, Futurism, considerably


weakened, redefines itself thanks to the enthusiasm
towards the Space Age, the Atomic Age, the car
culture and the wide use of plastic.

For example, we find this trend in the architecture


of Googies in the 1950s in California. Futurism in
this case is not a style but an architectural approach
rather free and uninhibited, which is why it has been
reinterpreted and transformed by generations of
architects the following decades, but in general we The "Theme Building" at
find that amazing shapes with dynamic lines and Los Angeles International Airport
sharp contrasts, and the use of technologically
advanced materials.
2. Neo-Futurism
In the 1980s, French architect Denis
Laming, was one of the members of this
movement and founder of Neo-Futurism.
He designed all of the buildings in
Futuroscope, whose Kinemax is the
flagship building.

The 'Travellers by Air


L'Imax 3D: and by Sea' attraction
one of the structures of the theme
park called Futuroscope.
3. Post-modern futurism
In popular literature, the term
futuristic is often used without much
precision to describe an architecture
that would have the appearance of
the space age as described in works
of science fiction or as drawn in
science fiction comic strips or comic
books. Today it is sometimes
confused with blob architecture.

The routine use of the term vague


and futurism which rarely has The San Francisco Marriott Marquis
political implications must be well in San Francisco, California, a notable
differentiated from the Futurist example of post-modern futurism,
movement of the years 19101920. was designed by the architect
The futurist architecture created Anthony J. Lumsden (1989).
since 1960 may be termed post- It is topped with a jukebox-shaped
modern futurism. glass tower.
Characteristics of futuristic:

1 . Futuristic Architecture is the architecture of calculation,


of reckless daring and simplicity, the architecture of reinforced concrete,
iron, glass, cardboard, textile fiber and all substitutes for wood, stone and
brick, allowing maximum flexibility and lightness.

2 . The oblique lines and elliptic lines are dynamic, which by their very nature
have an expressive power a thousand times higher than the horizontal and
perpendicular.

3 . The decoration, as something superimposed on architecture is absurd,


and only use the original provision and the raw material or seen or violently
colored depends the decorative value of Futurist architecture.

4 . As the ancients drew inspiration for his art, the elements of nature,
Futurist architecture must find that inspiration in the elements of brand
new mechanical world was created.
Characteristics of futuristic:

5 . The distributed architecture and art forms of the building according


to criteria is finished.

6 . Architecture must understand the effort to harmonize with freedom and


great audacity environment and man, that is, make the world of things in a
direct projection of the spirit world.

7 . The fundamental characteristics of Futurist architecture will lapse and


transience. The houses will last less than us. Each generation should be made
from their city. This constant renewal of the built environment contribute to
the victory of Futurism which already imposes the words freedom, plastic dynamism,
music without quadrature and the art of noise, and we fought relentlessly against
the cowardly extension of the past .
Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers is an innovative British architect and urban planner practicing since late
1960s who is best know for his bold futuristic architecture, mainly expressed by its inside
out nature of structure and building services, which many have called bowellism.

Where ventilation ducts, hot water pipes and electrical conduits are considered ugly and
are typically hidden behind walls and ceilings, Rogers has made an effort change how we
perceive architecture by exposing them on the outside of the building. Richard gained world
fame for his style by his design of Pompidou centre in Paris.

Pompidou centre, Paris


Other architects:
Le Corbusier Zaha Hadid Tadao Ando

Hyogo Prefectural Museum


Villa Savoye Galaxy SOHO of Art, Kobe
Protohouse 2.0

Employing the latest 3D


technology, London-based
architecture group
Softkill Design is set to build
the worlds first 3D
printed house using plastic.
Called the Protohouse 2.0,
the new 3D printed dwelling
can be manufactured
in three weeks, away from site,
and arranged in just one day.

Measuring eight meters in width and four meters in length, the Protohouse 2.0 will be printed
in parts in a factory and then transported in trucks to the site or location, so they could be
assembled with minimum fuss. On top, the plastic house doesnt need any bolting, screwing or
welding, as you can attach different pieces together, almost like LEGO bricks, within no time.
Protohouse 2.0
Featuring a fibrous nylon structure based on bone growth, the Protohouse 2.0 will employ less amount of
material to construct the strongest architecture. Fabricating the components in laser-sintered bio plastic,
the 3D printed house would be as good and solid as any other traditional house made using concrete.
The first prototype of the Protohouse 2.0 is expected to be launched by this summer..
Some projects:

Cathedral of Brasilia (Oscar Niemeyer, 1960)


Residential building in Paris, near the Maison de la Radio
Graduate Centre (classroom building), Oral Roberts University, (Frank Wallace, 1963)