Which one or more of the following equations accurately reflects
DNA base pairing?

2. Why must the genetic code be triplet and not doublet?

3. The gene for one of the polypeptide chains in hemoglobin
consists of 438 bases. How many amino acids are in the

4. Give two similarities between transcription and DNA replication.

5. Give two differences between translation and DNA replication.

6. Give two differences between transcription and translation.

Page 1 of 4

suggest: a) Why a non-overlapping code is better than an overlapping one. b) Why a degenerate code is better than a non-degenerate code. Allow phages to Allow phages to complete complete life cycle life cycle inside bacteria inside bacteria 5. i. 8. The new generation of The new generation of phages released from phages released from bacteria contain no bacteria do contain radioactivity radioactivity. Evidence that DNA is the genetic material. Part of the phage enters the bacterium and causes the bacterium to produce new phages. Steps Experiment 1 Experiment 2 1. Page 2 of 4 . Bacteria do not become Bacteria become radioactive radioactive 4. Read the passage and answer the questions at the end. Prepare phages with Prepare phages with radioactively labeled radioactively labeled sulphur phosphorus 2. Whichever substance entered was able to control the activities of the bacterial cell and instruct it to produce new phages. A phage is a virus that is a parasite of bacteria such as E. Mutations can change DNA bases causing a different amino acid to be coded for.e. Was it the protein or was it the DNA? The results are shown in the below table. Phages infect bacteria Phages infect bacteria 3. This experiment was designed to prove whether it was the protein or the DNA from the phage that entered the bacterium. this substance would be the genetic material. The phage has a simple structure consisting only of DNA with a protein coat. The work of Hershey and Chase (1952).coli. If a mutation changes one base.7.

Page 3 of 4 . a) Below is a diagram of a section of mRNA showing the sequence of three of the codons. a) Which molecules in the phage were being labeled by: i) Radioactive sulphur ii) Radioactive phosphorus b) Why was radioactive carbon not used to label the phage? c) Which part of the phage enters the bacteria and what is the evidence? d) In experiment 2. why were some of the new generations of phages are radioactive? 9.

State the base sequence of: i) The tRNA anticodon complementary to codon1. Explain the consequence of a mutation which deletes the U from codon2. c) Describe the role of the ribosome in translation. ii) The DNA sequence which coded for codon3. Page 4 of 4 . b) The three codons in the above figure are near the start of the sequence coding for a protein.