Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 11

ChanRobles Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.

com

Like 6 Tweet Share


Search

Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1990 > November 1990 Decisions > G.R. No. 75369 November
26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERNANDO J. ILIGAN, ET AL.:

Custom Search Search

ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

THIRD DIVISION

[G.R. No. 75369. November 26, 1990.]

PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FERNANDO ILIGAN y JAMITO, EDMUNDO


ASIS y ILIGAN and JUAN MACANDOG (at large), Defendants, FERNANDO ILIGAN y JAMITO
and EDMUNDO ASIS y ILIGAN, Defendants-Appellants.

The Solicitor General for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Cesar R. Canonizado, for Defendants-Appellants.

SYLLABUS

1. REMEDIAL LAW; APPEAL; THROWS THE CASE OPEN FOR A COMPLETE REVIEW OF ALL ERRORS AS
MAY BE IMPUTABLE TO THE TRIAL COURT. While the factual findings of the trial court are generally
given due respect by the appellate court, an appeal of a criminal case throws it open for a complete
review of all errors, by commission or omission, as may be imputable to the trial court. (People v.
Valerio, Jr., L-4116, February 25, 1982, 112 SCRA 208, 231) In this instance, the lower court erred in
finding that the maceration of one half of the head of the victim was also caused by Iligan for the
evidence on record point to a different conclusion. We are convinced beyond peradventure that indeed,
DebtKollect Company, Inc. after Quiones, Jr. had fallen from the bolo-hacking perpetrated by Iligan, he was run over by a vehicle.
This finding, however, does not in any way exonerate Iligan from liability for the death of Quiones, Jr.

2. CRIMINAL LAW; LIABILITY; REQUISITES THEREOF, PRESENT IN THE CASE AT BAR. Under Article 4
of the Revised Penal Code, criminal liability shall be incurred "by any person committing a felony (delito)
although the wrongful act done be different from that which he intended." Based on the doctrine that "el
que es causa de la causa es causa del mal causado" (he who is the cause of the cause is the cause of
the evil caused), (People v. Ural, G.R. No. L-30801, March 27, 1974, 56 SCRA 138, 144) the essential
requisites of Article 4 are: (a) that an intentional felony has been committed, and (b) that the wrong
done to the aggrieved party be the direct, natural and logical consequence of the felony committed by
the offender. (People v. Mananquil, L-35574, September 28, 1984, 132 SCRA 196, 207). We hold that
these requisites are present in this case.

3. ID.; ID.; PROXIMATE LEGAL CAUSE, DEFINED. The intentional felony committed was the hacking of
the head of Quiones, Jr. by Iligan. That it was considered as superficial by the physician who autopsied
Quiones is beside the point. What is material is that by the instrument used in hacking Quiones, Jr.
and the location of the wound, the assault was meant not only to immobilize the victim but to do away
with him as it was directed at a vital and delicate part of the body: the head. (See: People v. Diana, 32
Phil. 344 [1915]). The hacking incident happened on the national highway where vehicles are expected
ChanRobles Intellectual Property to pass any moment. One such vehicle passed seconds later when Lukban and Zaldy Asis, running
Division scared and having barely negotiated the distance of around 200 meters, heard shouts of people.
Quiones, Jr., weakened by the hacking blow which sent him to the cemented highway, was run over by
a vehicle. Under these circumstances, we hold that while Iligans hacking of Quiones, Jr.s head might
not have been the direct cause, it was the proximate cause of the latters death. Proximate legal cause is
defined as "that acting first and producing the injury, either immediately or by setting other events in
motion, all constituting a natural and continuous chain of events, each having a close causal connection
with its immediate predecessor, the final event in the chain immediately effecting the injury as a natural
and probable result of the cause which first acted, under such circumstances that the person responsible
for the first event should, as an ordinarily prudent and intelligent person, have reasonable ground to
expect at the moment of his act or default that an injury to some person might probably result
therefrom. (Urbano v. Intermediate Appellate Court, G.R. No. 72964, January 7, 1988, 157 SCRA 1
quoting Vda. De Bataclan v. Medina, 102 Phil. 181). In other words, the sequence of events from Iligans
assault on him to the time Quiones, Jr. was run over by a vehicle is, considering the very short span of
time between them, one unbroken chain of events. Having triggered such events, Iligan cannot escape
liability.

4. ID.; ALIBI; NOT CONSIDERED WHEN ACCUSED IS POSITIVELY IDENTIFIED BY WITNESSES. We


agree with the lower court that the defense of alibi cannot turn the tide in favor of Iligan because he was
positively seen at the scene of the crime and identified by the prosecution witnesses. (People v. Pineda,
G.R. No. 72400, January 15, 1988, 157 SCRA 71).

5. ID.; AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCES; TREACHERY AND EVIDENT PREMEDITATION, WRONGLY


APPRECIATED IN THE CASE AT BAR. But we disagree with the lower court with regards to its findings
on the aggravating circumstances of treachery and evident premeditation. Treachery has been
appreciated by the lower court in view of the suddenness of the attack on the group of Quiones, Jr.
Suddenness of such attack, however, does not by itself show treachery. (People v. Gadiano, L-31818,
July 30, 1982, 115 SCRA 559) There must be evidence that the mode of attack was consciously adopted
by the appellant to make it impossible or hard for the person attacked to defend himself. (People v.
Crisostomo, L-32243, April 15, 1988, 160 SCRA 47). In this case, the hacking of Edmundo Asis by Iligan
followed by the chasing of the trio by the group of Iligan was a warning to the deceased and his
companions of the hostile attitude of the appellants. The group of Quiones, Jr. was therefore placed on
guard for any subsequent attacks against them. (People v. Mercado, L-33492, March 30, 1988, 159
SCRA 455). The requisites necessary to appreciate evident premeditation have likewise not been met in
this case. Thus, the prosecution failed to prove all of the following: (a) the time when the accused
determined to commit the crime; (b) an act manifestly indicating that the accused had clung to their
determination to commit the crime; and (c) the lapse of sufficient length of time between the
determination and execution to allow him to reflect upon the consequences of his act. (People v. Batas,
G.R. Nos. 84277-78, August 2, 1989, 176 SCRA 46).

6. ID.; CONSPIRACY; NOT SUFFICIENTLY CONSTITUTED BY MERE KNOWLEDGE, ACQUIESCENCE OR


APPROVAL OF THE ACT WITHOUT COOPERATION OR AGREEMENT TO COOPERATE NOR BY MERE
PRESENCE AT THE SCENE OF THE CRIME. Absent any qualifying circumstances, Iligan must be held
liable only for homicide. Again, contrary to the lower courts finding, proof beyond reasonable doubt has
not been established to hold Edmundo Asis liable as Iligans co-conspirator. Edmundo Asis did not take
any active part in the infliction of the wound on the head of Quiones, Jr., which led to his running over
by a vehicle and consequent death. As earlier pointed out, the testimony that he was carrying a stone at
the scene of the crime hardly merits credibility being uncorroborated and coming from an undeniably
biased witness. Having been the companion of Iligan, Edmundo Asis must have known of the formers
criminal intent but mere knowledge, acquiescense or approval of the act without cooperation or
agreement to cooperate, is not enough to constitute one a party to a conspiracy. There must be
intentional participation in the act with a view to the furtherance of the common design and purpose.
(People v. Izon, 104 Phil. 690 [1958]) Such being the case, his mere presence at the scene of the crime
did not make him a co-conspirator, a co-principal or an accomplice to the assault perpetrated by Iligan.
November-1990 Jurisprudence (Orobio v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 57519, September 13, 1988, 165 SCRA 316) Edmundo Asis
therefore deserves exoneration.
G.R. No. 64398 November 6, 1990 - JOSE CHING SUI
YONG v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL. 7. ID.; HOMICIDE; PENALTY; ABSENT ANY MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCE AND APPLYING THE
INDETERMINATE SENTENCE LAW. There being no mitigating circumstance, the penalty imposable on
G.R. No. 74761 November 6, 1990 - NATIVIDAD V. Iligan is reclusion temporal medium (Arts. 249 and 64, Revised Penal Code). Applying the Indeterminate
ANDAMO, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, Sentence Law, the proper penalty is that within the range of prision mayor as minimum and reclusion
ET AL. temporal medium as maximum. We find insufficient proof to warrant the award of P256,960 for the
victims unrealized income and therefore, the same is disallowed.
G.R. No. 86953 November 6, 1990 - MARINE RADIO
COMMUNICATIONS ASSOCIATION OF THE
PHILIPPINES, INC. v. RAINERIO O. REYES, ET AL.
DECISION

G.R. No. 68282 November 8, 1990 - RAQUEL CHAVEZ,


ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.
ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.
FERNAN, J.:
G.R. No. 75450 November 8, 1990 - OSMUNDO
MEDINA, ET AL. v. MACARIO A. ASISTIO, JR.
In this appeal, uncle and nephew, Fernando Iligan and Edmundo Asis, seek a reversal of the decision of
G.R. No. 88831 November 8, 1990 - MATEO CAASI v. the then Court of First Instance of Camarines Norte, Branch II 1 convicting them of the crime of murder
COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. and sentencing them to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua and to indemnify the heirs of Esmeraldo
Quiones, Jr. in the amounts of P30,000 for the latters death and P256,960 representing the victims
G.R. No. 92103 November 8, 1990 - VIOLETA T. unrealized income.
TEOLOGO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.
On October 21, 1980, the following information for murder was filed against Fernando Iligan, Edmundo
G.R. Nos. 71163-65 November 9, 1990 - CARLITO P. Asis and Juan Macandog:
BONDOC v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.
chanrobles.com.ph : virtual law library

"That on or about 3:00 a.m., August 4, 1980, at sitio Lico II, barangay Sto. Domingo, municipality of
G.R. No. 76487 November 9, 1990 - JOHN Z. SYCIP v.
Vinzons, province of Camarines Norte, Philippines, and within the jurisdiction of the Honorable Court, the
COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
above named accused, conspiring and mutually helping one another, with treachery and evident
G.R. No. 80916 November 9, 1990 - C.T. TORRES premeditation, one of the accused Fernando Iligan armed with a bolo (sinampalok) and with deliberate
ENTERPRISES, INC. v. ROMEO J. HIBIONADA, ET AL. intent to kill, did then and there wilfully, unlawfully and feloniously, gang up and in a sudden unexpected
manner, hacked Esmeraldo Quiones, Jr., on his face, thus causing fatal injuries on the latters face
G.R. No. 83897 November 9, 1990 - ESTEBAN B. UY, which resulted to (sic) the death of said Esmeraldo Quiones.
JR., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
"CONTRARY TO LAW." cralaw virtua1aw library

G.R. No. 85740 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL P.


PARCON v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. Juan Macandog was never apprehended and he remains at large. At their arraignment on January 12,
1981 Fernando Iligan and Edmundo Asis pleaded not guilty to the crime charged. Thereafter, the
G.R. No. 92024 November 9, 1990 - ENRIQUE T. prosecution presented the following version of the commission of the crime. chanrobles.com.ph : virtual law library

GARCIA v. BOARD OF INVESTMENTS, ET AL.


At around 2:00 oclock in the morning of August 4, 1980, Esmeraldo Quiones, Jr. and his companions,
G.R. No. 92349 November 9, 1990 - MARIA LUISA
Zaldy Asis and Felix Lukban, were walking home from barangay Sto. Domingo, Vinzons, Camarines
ESTOESTA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
Norte after attending a barrio fiesta dance. In front of the ricemill of a certain Almadrones, they met the
G.R. No. 92481 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL G. accused Fernando Iligan, his nephew, Edmundo Asis, and Juan Macandog. Edmundo Asis pushed
VIRAY, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. ("winahi") them aside thereby prompting Zaldy Asis to box him. 2 Felix Lukban quickly told the group of
the accused that they had no desire to fight. 3 Fernando Iligan, upon seeing his nephew fall, drew from
G.R. No. 94291 November 9, 1990 - DAGUPAN BUS his back a bolo and hacked Zaldy Asis but missed. Terrified, the trio ran pursued by the three accused.
COMPANY, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS They ran for about half an hour, passing by the house of Quiones, Jr. They stopped running only upon
COMMISSION, ET AL. seeing that they were no longer being chased. After resting for a short while, Quiones, Jr. invited the
two to accompany him to his house so that he could change to his working clothes and report for work
G.R. No. 94339 November 9, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE as a bus conductor. 4
PHIL. v. ROLANDO TALINGDAN, ET AL.
While the trio were walking towards the house of Quiones, Jr., the three accused suddenly emerged on
G.R. No. 59957 November 12, 1990 - CENTRAL BANK the roadside and without a word, Fernando Iligan hacked Quiones, Jr. with his bolo hitting him on the
OF THE PHIL, ET AL. v. RAFAEL DE LA CRUZ, ET AL.
forehead and causing him to fall down. 5 Horrified, Felix Lukban and Zaldy Asis fled to a distance of 200
meters, but returned walking after they heard shouts of people. Zaldy Asis specifically heard someone
G.R. No. 72603 November 12, 1990 - GALICANO
shout "May nadale na." 6
CALAPATIA, JR. v. HACIENDA BENITO, INC., ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 87760-61 November 12, 1990 - PEOPLE OF On the spot where Quiones, Jr. was hacked, Zaldy Asis and Felix Lukban saw him already dead with his
THE PHIL. v. JULIO TENEBRO head busted. 7 They helped the brother of Quiones, Jr. in carrying him to their house. 8

G.R. No. 90653 November 12, 1990 - POLICARPIO That same day, August 4, 1980, the body of Quiones, Jr. was autopsied at the Funeraria Belmonte in
CAPULE, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS Labo, Camarines Norte by the municipal health officer, Dr. Marcelito E. Abas. The postmortem
COMMISSION, ET AL. examination report which is found at the back of the death certificate reveals that Esmeraldo Quiones,
Jr., who was 21 years old when he died, sustained the following injuries: jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

G.R. No. 74048 November 14, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. ROLANDO CRUZ "1. Shock and massive cerebral hemorrhages due to multiple fracture of the entire half of the frontal
left, temporal, parietal and occipital bone of the head, with massive maceration of the brain tissue.
G.R. No. 79673 November 15, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHIL. v. WARLITO FABRO
"2. Other findings Incised wound at the right eyebrow, medial aspect measuring about 4 cms. in
length, 0.5 cm. in width and 0.5 cm. in depth, abrasion on the left shoulder and right side of the neck."
G.R. No. 85976 November 15, 1990 - JOSE CESAR D.
SIMPAO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL. 9

G.R. No. 48646 November 16, 1990 - STAR The death certificate also indicates that Quiones, Jr. died of "shock and massive cerebral hemorrhages
FORWARDERS, INC. v. MIGUEL R. NAVARRO, ET AL. due to a vehicular accident." cralaw virtua1aw library

G.R. No. 72110 November 16, 1990 - ROMAN The defendants denied having perpetrated the crime. They alleged that they were in their respective
CATHOLIC BISHOP OF MALOLOS, INC. v. houses at the time the crime was committed. chanrobles law library

INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.


Accused Fernando Iligan testified that at around midnight of August 4, 1980, he left his house to fetch
G.R. No. 76113 November 16, 1990 - D.P. LUB OIL his visitors at the dance hall. 10 Along the way, he met his nephew, Edmundo Asis, whom he presumed
MARKETING CENTER, INC. v. RAUL NICOLAS, ET AL. was drunk. He invited his nephew to accompany him to the dance hall. However, they were not able to
reach their destination because Edmundo was boxed by somebody whom he (Edmundo) sideswiped. 11
G.R. No. 84873 November 16, 1990 - ERLE PENDON
Instead, Fernando Iligan brought his nephew home. 12 On their way, they were overtaken by Juliano
v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
Mendoza whom Fernando Iligan invited to his house to help him cook. 13 After bringing his nephew
G.R. No. 87636 November 19, 1990 - NEPTALI A.
home, Fernando Iligan and Juliano Mendoza proceeded to Iligans house and arrived there between 1:30
GONZALES, ET AL. v. CATALINO MACARAIG, JR., ET AL. and 2:00 oclock in the morning of the same day. 14

G.R. No. 66541 November 20, 1990 - GUARDEX Edmundo Asis corroborated Iligans testimony. He testified that while they were walking in front of the
ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS Almadrones ricemill, he sideswiped someone whom he did not recognize because there were several
COMMISSION, ET AL. persons around. He said, "Sorry, pare" but the person to whom he addressed his apology boxed him on
his left face. He fell down and Iligan helped him. Later, Iligan accompanied him to his home in Lico II. 15
G.R. No. 80201 November 20, 1990 - ANTONIO After Iligan and Juliano Mendoza had left his house, he slept and woke up at 7:00 oclock the following
GARCIA, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. morning. 16

G.R. No. 80406 November 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE The defense made capital of the testimony of prosecution witness Dr. Abas to the effect that Quiones,
PHIL. v. BENITO I. ESPIRITU, ET AL.
Jr. died because of a vehicular accident. In ruling out said theory, however, the lower court, in its
decision of May 7, 1986, said:
G.R. No. 47210 November 21, 1990 - LECAROZ
jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

TRANSIT, ET AL. v. SECRETARY OF LABOR, ET AL.


"The accused, to augment their alibi, have pointed to this Court that the Certificate of Death have shown
G.R. No. 78714 November 21, 1990 - F. DAVID that the victims death was caused by a vehicular accident. To this, notwithstanding, the Court cannot
give credit for some reasons. First, the fact of the alleged vehicular accident has not been fully
ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. INSULAR BANK OF ASIA AND give credit for some reasons. First, the fact of the alleged vehicular accident has not been fully
AMERICA, ET AL. established. Second, Esmeraldo Quiones, Sr., (the) father of the victim, testified that Dr. Abas told him
that if his son was hacked by a bolo on the face and then run over the entire head by a vehicles tire,
G.R. No. 86500 November 21, 1990 - LEONARDO then that hacking on the face could not be visibly seen on the head (t.s.n., pp. 16-17, October 13, 1981)
SALAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. Third, Exhibit 2 (the photograph of the victim taken immediately after his body had been brought
home) is a hard evidence. It will attestly (sic) show that the entire head was not crushed by any vehicle.
G.R. Nos. 89418-19 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF On the contrary, it shows that only half of the face and head, was damaged with the wound starting on a
THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO ASPILI, ET AL. sharp edge horizontally. There are contusions and abrasions on the upper left shoulder and on the neck
while the body downwards has none of it, while on the right forehead there is another wound caused by
G.R. No. 90591 November 21, 1990 - AMOR D.
a sharp instrument. Therefore, it is simple, that if the victim was run over by a vehicle, the other half
DELOSO v. MANUEL C. DOMINGO, ET AL.
portion of his head and downward part of his body must have been likewise seriously damaged, which
there are none." 17
G.R. No. 90669 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHIL. v. GERRY V. MAAGO
The lower court also found that Iligans group conspired to kill anyone or all members of the group of the
G.R. No. 92358 November 21, 1990 - OSCAR M. victim to vindicate the boxing on the face of Edmundo Asis. It appreciated the aggravating
ORBOS, ET AL. v. LEOPOLDO F. BUNGUBUNG, ET AL. circumstances of evident premeditation and treachery and accordingly convicted Iligan and Edmundo
Asis of the crime of murder and imposed on them the aforementioned penalty.
G.R. No. 94173 November 21, 1990 - DANIEL L.
BOCOBO v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL. Iligan and Edmundo Asis interposed this appeal professing innocence of the crime for which they were
convicted. For the second time, they attributed Quiones, Jr.s death to a vehicular accident.
G.R. Nos. 49664-67 November 22, 1990 -
PANTRANCO SOUTH EXPRESS, INC. v. BOARD OF No eyewitnesses were presented to prove that Quiones, Jr. was run over by a vehicle. The defense
TRANSPORTATION, ET AL.
relies on the testimony of Dr. Abas, a prosecution witness, who swore that the multiple fracture on the
G.R. No. 79119 November 22, 1990 - VICTORINO E. head of Quiones, Jr. was caused by a vehicular accident 18 which opinion was earlier put in writing by
DAY v. REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF ZAMBOANGA CITY, the same witness in the postmortem examination. Dr. Abas justified his conclusion by what he
BRANCH XIII, ET AL. considered as tire marks on the victims left shoulder and the right side of his neck. 19 He also testified
that the incised wound located at the victims right eyebrow could have been caused by a sharp bolo but
G.R. No. 82978 November 22, 1990 - MANILA
it was so superficial that it could not have caused the victims death. 20
REMNANT CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

Circumstantial evidence on record indeed point to the veracity of the actual occurrence of the vehicular
G.R. No. 93212 November 22, 1990 - DIOSDADO DE
VERA, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS mishap. One such evidence is the testimony of prosecution witness Zaldy Asis that when he helped bring
COMMISSION, ET AL. home the body of Quiones, Jr., he told the victims father, Esmeraldo Quiones, Sr. that "before
Esmeraldo Quiones (Jr.) was run over by a vehicle, he was hacked by Fernando Iligan." 21 When asked
G.R. No. 53967 November 26, 1990 - ALFREDO why he mentioned an automobile, Zaldy Asis said that he did not notice any vehicle around but he
VELASCO, ET AL. v. BLAS OPLE, ET AL. mentioned it "because his (Quiones, Jr.) head was busted." 22 It is therefore not farfetched to conclude
that Zaldy Asis had actual knowledge of said accident but for understandable reasons he declined to
G.R. No. 75369 November 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE declare it in court. Defense witness Marciano Mago, the barangay captain of Sto. Domingo, also testified
PHIL. v. FERNANDO J. ILIGAN, ET AL. that when he went to the scene of the crime, he saw bits of the brain of the victim scattered across the
road where he also saw tire marks. 23
G.R. No. 83385 November 26, 1990 - GOVERNMENT
SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET For its part, the prosecution, through the victims father, presented evidence to the effect that Iligan
AL.
authored the maceration of half of the victims head. Quiones, Sr. testified that from their house, which
was about five meters away from the road, he saw Fernando Iligan holding a "sinampalok" as he,
G.R. No. 86791 November 26, 1990 - ZENAIDA
together with Edmundo Asis and Juan Macandog, chased someone. During the second time that he saw
BOLOR CHANG v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.
the three accused, he heard Iligan say, "Dali, ayos na yan." 24 Hence, the lower court concluded that
G.R. No. 58876 November 27, 1990 - ANICETO the victims head was "chopped" resulting in the splattering of his brain all over the place. 25 It should
RAMOS v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL. be emphasized, however, that the testimony came from a biased witness and it was uncorroborated.

G.R. No. 74223 November 27, 1990 - JUNE PRILL While the factual findings of the trial court are generally given due respect by the appellate court, an
BRETT, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET appeal of a criminal case throws it open for a complete review of all errors, by commission or omission,
AL. as may be imputable to the trial court. 26 In this instance, the lower court erred in finding that the
maceration of one half of the head of the victim was also caused by Iligan for the evidence on record
G.R. Nos. 84572-73 November 27, 1990 - ALFONSO point to a different conclusion. We are convinced beyond peradventure that indeed, after Quiones, Jr.
O. AJEJANDRO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. had fallen from the bolo-hacking perpetrated by Iligan, he was run over by a vehicle. This finding,
however, does not in any way exonerate Iligan from liability for the death of Quiones, Jr.
G.R. No. 90314 November 27, 1990 - LOIDA Q.
chanrobles.com : virtual law library

SHAUF, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.


Under Article 4 of the Revised Penal Code, criminal liability shall be incurred "by any person committing
a felony (delito) although the wrongful act done be different from that which he intended." Based on the
A.C. No. 2115 November 27, 1990 - FELICIDAD
BARIAN TAN v. GALILEO J. TROCIO doctrine that "el que es causa de la causa es causa del mal causado" (he who is the cause of the cause
is the cause of the evil caused), 27 the essential requisites of Article 4 are: (a) that an intentional felony
G.R. Nos. 91592-93 November 28, 1990 - PEOPLE OF has been committed, and (b) that the wrong done to the aggrieved party be the direct, natural and
THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN JOLIPAS logical consequence of the felony committed by the offender. 28 We hold that these requisites are
present in this case.
G.R. No. 72781 November 29, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHIL. v. BERNARDO D. VILORIA, JR. The intentional felony committed was the hacking of the head of Quiones, Jr. by Iligan. That it was
considered as superficial by the physician who autopsied Quiones is beside the point. What is material
G.R. No. 64398 November 6, 1990 - JOSE CHING SUI is that by the instrument used in hacking Quiones, Jr. and the location of the wound, the assault was
YONG v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL. meant not only to immobilize the victim but to do away with him as it was directed at a vital and delicate
part of the body: the head. 29
G.R. No. 74761 November 6, 1990 - NATIVIDAD V.
ANDAMO, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT,
The hacking incident happened on the national highway 30 where vehicles are expected to pass any
ET AL.
moment. One such vehicle passed seconds later when Lukban and Zaldy Asis, running scared and having
G.R. No. 86953 November 6, 1990 - MARINE RADIO barely negotiated the distance of around 200 meters, heard shouts of people. Quiones, Jr., weakened
COMMUNICATIONS ASSOCIATION OF THE by the hacking blow which sent him to the cemented highway, was run over by a vehicle.
PHILIPPINES, INC. v. RAINERIO O. REYES, ET AL.
Under these circumstances, we hold that while Iligans hacking of Quiones, Jr.s head might not have
G.R. No. 68282 November 8, 1990 - RAQUEL CHAVEZ, been the direct cause, it was the proximate cause of the latters death. Proximate legal cause is defined
ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL. as "that acting first and producing the injury, either immediately or by setting other events in motion, all
constituting a natural and continuous chain of events, each having a close causal connection with its
G.R. No. 75450 November 8, 1990 - OSMUNDO immediate predecessor, the final event in the chain immediately effecting the injury as a natural and
MEDINA, ET AL. v. MACARIO A. ASISTIO, JR. probable result of the cause which first acted, under such circumstances that the person responsible for
the first event should, as an ordinarily prudent and intelligent person, have reasonable ground to expect
G.R. No. 88831 November 8, 1990 - MATEO CAASI v. at the moment of his act or default that an injury to some person might probably result therefrom." 31
COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
In other words, the sequence of events from Iligans assault on him to the time Quiones, Jr. was run
over by a vehicle is, considering the very short span of time between them, one unbroken chain of
G.R. No. 92103 November 8, 1990 - VIOLETA T.
events. Having triggered such events, Iligan cannot escape liability.
TEOLOGO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.
chanrobles law library

G.R. Nos. 71163-65 November 9, 1990 - CARLITO P. We agree with the lower court that the defense of alibi cannot turn the tide in favor of Iligan because he
G.R. Nos. 71163-65 November 9, 1990 - CARLITO P.
BONDOC v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL. was positively seen at the scene of the crime and identified by the prosecution witnesses. 32

G.R. No. 76487 November 9, 1990 - JOHN Z. SYCIP v. But we disagree with the lower court with regards to its findings on the aggravating circumstances of
COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. treachery and evident premeditation. Treachery has been appreciated by the lower court in view of the
suddenness of the attack on the group of Quiones, Jr. Suddenness of such attack, however, does not by
G.R. No. 80916 November 9, 1990 - C.T. TORRES itself show treachery. 33 There must be evidence that the mode of attack was consciously adopted by
ENTERPRISES, INC. v. ROMEO J. HIBIONADA, ET AL. the appellant to make it impossible or hard for the person attacked to defend himself. 34 In this case,
the hacking of Edmundo Asis by Iligan followed by the chasing of the trio by the group of Iligan was a
G.R. No. 83897 November 9, 1990 - ESTEBAN B. UY, warning to the deceased and his companions of the hostile attitude of the appellants. The group of
JR., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
Quiones, Jr. was therefore placed on guard for any subsequent attacks against them. 35

G.R. No. 85740 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL P.


The requisites necessary to appreciate evident premeditation have likewise not been met in this case.
PARCON v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
Thus, the prosecution failed to prove all of the following: (a) the time when the accused determined to
G.R. No. 92024 November 9, 1990 - ENRIQUE T. commit the crime; (b) an act manifestly indicating that the accused had clung to their determination to
GARCIA v. BOARD OF INVESTMENTS, ET AL. commit the crime; and (c) the lapse of sufficient length of time between the determination and
execution to allow him to reflect upon the consequences of his act. 36
G.R. No. 92349 November 9, 1990 - MARIA LUISA
ESTOESTA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. Absent any qualifying circumstances, Iligan must be held liable only for homicide. Again, contrary to the
lower courts finding, proof beyond reasonable doubt has not been established to hold Edmundo Asis
G.R. No. 92481 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL G. liable as Iligans co-conspirator. Edmundo Asis did not take any active part in the infliction of the wound
VIRAY, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. on the head of Quiones, Jr., which led to his running over by a vehicle and consequent death. As earlier
pointed out, the testimony that he was carrying a stone at the scene of the crime hardly merits
G.R. No. 94291 November 9, 1990 - DAGUPAN BUS
COMPANY, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS credibility being uncorroborated and coming from an undeniably biased witness. Having been the
COMMISSION, ET AL. companion of Iligan, Edmundo Asis must have known of the formers criminal intent but mere
knowledge, acquiescense or approval of the act without cooperation or agreement to cooperate, is not
G.R. No. 94339 November 9, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE enough to constitute one a party to a conspiracy. There must be intentional participation in the act with
PHIL. v. ROLANDO TALINGDAN, ET AL. a view to the furtherance of the common design and purpose. 37 Such being the case, his mere
presence at the scene of the crime did not make him a co-conspirator, a co-principal or an accomplice to
G.R. No. 59957 November 12, 1990 - CENTRAL BANK
the assault perpetrated by Iligan. 38 Edmundo Asis therefore deserves exoneration.
OF THE PHIL, ET AL. v. RAFAEL DE LA CRUZ, ET AL.

G.R. No. 72603 November 12, 1990 - GALICANO


There being no mitigating circumstance, the penalty imposable on Iligan is reclusion temporal medium
CALAPATIA, JR. v. HACIENDA BENITO, INC., ET AL. (Arts. 249 and 64, Revised Penal Code). Applying the Indeterminate Sentence Law, the proper penalty is
that within the range of prision mayor as minimum and reclusion temporal medium as maximum. We
G.R. Nos. 87760-61 November 12, 1990 - PEOPLE OF find insufficient proof to warrant the award of P256,960 for the victims unrealized income and therefore,
THE PHIL. v. JULIO TENEBRO the same is disallowed. cralawnad

G.R. No. 90653 November 12, 1990 - POLICARPIO WHEREFORE, appellant Fernando Iligan y Jamito is hereby convicted of the crime of homicide for which
CAPULE, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS he is imposed the indeterminate penalty of six (6) years and one (1) day of prision mayor as minimum
COMMISSION, ET AL. to fourteen (14) years, eight (8) months and one (1) day of reclusion temporal medium as maximum
and he shall indemnify the heirs of Esmeraldo Quiones, Jr. in the amount of fifty thousand pesos
G.R. No. 74048 November 14, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE (P50,000). Appellant Edmundo Asis is hereby acquitted of the crime charged against him. Costs against
PHIL. v. ROLANDO CRUZ
appellant Iligan.

G.R. No. 79673 November 15, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


SO ORDERED.
PHIL. v. WARLITO FABRO

G.R. No. 85976 November 15, 1990 - JOSE CESAR D. Gutierrez, Jr and Bidin, JJ., concur.
SIMPAO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.
Feliciano, J., is on leave.
G.R. No. 48646 November 16, 1990 - STAR
FORWARDERS, INC. v. MIGUEL R. NAVARRO, ET AL.
Endnotes:
G.R. No. 72110 November 16, 1990 - ROMAN
CATHOLIC BISHOP OF MALOLOS, INC. v.
INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL. 1. Presided by Judge Luis D. Dictado.

G.R. No. 76113 November 16, 1990 - D.P. LUB OIL 2. TSN, February 12, 1981, pp. 54-55.
MARKETING CENTER, INC. v. RAUL NICOLAS, ET AL.

3. TSN, February 11, 1981, p. 7.


G.R. No. 84873 November 16, 1990 - ERLE PENDON
v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
4. TSN, February 12, 1981, pp. 57-58.
G.R. No. 87636 November 19, 1990 - NEPTALI A.
GONZALES, ET AL. v. CATALINO MACARAIG, JR., ET AL. 5. Ibid., pp. 58-59.

G.R. No. 66541 November 20, 1990 - GUARDEX 6. Ibid., p. 59.


ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL. 7. Ibid., p. 63.

G.R. No. 80201 November 20, 1990 - ANTONIO 8. Ibid., pp. 59-60.
GARCIA, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
9. Exh. A.
G.R. No. 80406 November 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHIL. v. BENITO I. ESPIRITU, ET AL.
10. TSN, May 11, 1983, p. 316.
G.R. No. 47210 November 21, 1990 - LECAROZ
TRANSIT, ET AL. v. SECRETARY OF LABOR, ET AL.
11. Ibid., pp. 317-318.

G.R. No. 78714 November 21, 1990 - F. DAVID 12. Ibid., p. 319.
ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. INSULAR BANK OF ASIA AND
AMERICA, ET AL. 13. Ibid., pp. 320, 322-323.

G.R. No. 86500 November 21, 1990 - LEONARDO 14. Ibid., p. 325.
SALAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
15. TSN, August 29, 1983, pp. 349-350.
G.R. Nos. 89418-19 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF
THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO ASPILI, ET AL. 16. Ibid., p. 351.

G.R. No. 90591 November 21, 1990 - AMOR D.


17. Decision, pp. 8-9.
DELOSO v. MANUEL C. DOMINGO, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90669 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


18. TSN, September 2, 1981, p. 114.
G.R. No. 90669 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE
18. TSN, September 2, 1981, p. 114.
PHIL. v. GERRY V. MAAGO
19. Ibid., p. 121.
G.R. No. 92358 November 21, 1990 - OSCAR M.
ORBOS, ET AL. v. LEOPOLDO F. BUNGUBUNG, ET AL. 20. Ibid., pp. 114-116.

G.R. No. 94173 November 21, 1990 - DANIEL L. 21. TSN, February 12, 1981, p. 60.
BOCOBO v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.
22. Ibid., p. 63.
G.R. Nos. 49664-67 November 22, 1990 -
PANTRANCO SOUTH EXPRESS, INC. v. BOARD OF 23. TSN, February 24, 1982, pp. 196 & 208-209.
TRANSPORTATION, ET AL.

24. TSN, January 19, 1982, pp. 157-163.


G.R. No. 79119 November 22, 1990 - VICTORINO E.
DAY v. REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF ZAMBOANGA CITY,
BRANCH XIII, ET AL.
25. Decision, p. 8.

G.R. No. 82978 November 22, 1990 - MANILA 26. People v. Valerio, Jr., L-4116, February 25, 1982, 112 SCRA 208, 231.
REMNANT CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
27. People v. Ural, G.R. No. L-30801, March 27, 1974, 56 SCRA 138, 144.
G.R. No. 93212 November 22, 1990 - DIOSDADO DE
VERA, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS 28. People v. Mananquil, L-35574, September 28, 1984, 132 SCRA 196, 207.
COMMISSION, ET AL.
29. See: People v. Diana, 32 Phil. 344 (1915).
G.R. No. 53967 November 26, 1990 - ALFREDO
VELASCO, ET AL. v. BLAS OPLE, ET AL.
30. TSN, February 11, 1981, p. 8.
G.R. No. 75369 November 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE
PHIL. v. FERNANDO J. ILIGAN, ET AL. 31. Urbano v. Intermediate Appellate Court, G.R. No. 72964, January 7, 1988, 157 SCRA
1 quoting Vda. de Bataclan v. Medina, 102 Phil. 181.
G.R. No. 83385 November 26, 1990 - GOVERNMENT
SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET
32. People v. Pineda, G.R. No. 72400, January 15, 1988, 157 SCRA 71.
AL.

G.R. No. 86791 November 26, 1990 - ZENAIDA 33. People v. Gadiano, L-31818, July 30, 1982, 115 SCRA 559.
BOLOR CHANG v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.
34. People v. Crisostomo, L-32243, April 15, 1988, 160 SCRA 47.
G.R. No. 58876 November 27, 1990 - ANICETO
RAMOS v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL. 35. People v. Mercado, L-33492, March 30, 1988, 159 SCRA 455.

G.R. No. 74223 November 27, 1990 - JUNE PRILL 36. People v. Batas, G.R. Nos. 84277-78, August 2, 1989, 176 SCRA 46.
BRETT, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET
AL. 37. People v. Izon, 104 Phil. 690 (1958).

G.R. Nos. 84572-73 November 27, 1990 - ALFONSO


38. Orobio v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 57519, September 13, 1988, 165 SCRA 316.
O. AJEJANDRO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90314 November 27, 1990 - LOIDA Q.


SHAUF, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL. Ads by Google Case Criminal B GR GR GR
Ads by Google Criminal Law As GR M Court Records
A.C. No. 2115 November 27, 1990 - FELICIDAD
BARIAN TAN v. GALILEO J. TROCIO Ads by Google Criminal Court WWW E Radio GR Court Docket

G.R. Nos. 91592-93 November 28, 1990 - PEOPLE OF


THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN JOLIPAS Back to Home | Back to Main

G.R. No. 72781 November 29, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. BERNARDO D. VILORIA, JR.
QUICK SEARCH
G.R. No. 64398 November 6, 1990 - JOSE CHING SUI
YONG v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

G.R. No. 74761 November 6, 1990 - NATIVIDAD V. 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908
ANDAMO, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, 1909 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916
ET AL.
1917 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924
G.R. No. 86953 November 6, 1990 - MARINE RADIO 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932
COMMUNICATIONS ASSOCIATION OF THE
1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940
PHILIPPINES, INC. v. RAINERIO O. REYES, ET AL.
1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948
G.R. No. 68282 November 8, 1990 - RAQUEL CHAVEZ, 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956
ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.
1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964
G.R. No. 75450 November 8, 1990 - OSMUNDO 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972
MEDINA, ET AL. v. MACARIO A. ASISTIO, JR.
1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
G.R. No. 88831 November 8, 1990 - MATEO CAASI v. 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.
1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
G.R. No. 92103 November 8, 1990 - VIOLETA T. 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
TEOLOGO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

G.R. Nos. 71163-65 November 9, 1990 - CARLITO P. 2013 2014 2015 2016
BONDOC v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 76487 November 9, 1990 - JOHN Z. SYCIP v.


G.R. No. 76487 November 9, 1990 - JOHN Z. SYCIP v.
COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 80916 November 9, 1990 - C.T. TORRES Main Indices of the Library ---> Go!
ENTERPRISES, INC. v. ROMEO J. HIBIONADA, ET AL.

G.R. No. 83897 November 9, 1990 - ESTEBAN B. UY,


JR., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 85740 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL P.


PARCON v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 92024 November 9, 1990 - ENRIQUE T.


GARCIA v. BOARD OF INVESTMENTS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 92349 November 9, 1990 - MARIA LUISA


ESTOESTA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 92481 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL G.


VIRAY, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 94291 November 9, 1990 - DAGUPAN BUS


COMPANY, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 94339 November 9, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. ROLANDO TALINGDAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 59957 November 12, 1990 - CENTRAL BANK


OF THE PHIL, ET AL. v. RAFAEL DE LA CRUZ, ET AL.

G.R. No. 72603 November 12, 1990 - GALICANO


CALAPATIA, JR. v. HACIENDA BENITO, INC., ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 87760-61 November 12, 1990 - PEOPLE OF


THE PHIL. v. JULIO TENEBRO

G.R. No. 90653 November 12, 1990 - POLICARPIO


CAPULE, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 74048 November 14, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. ROLANDO CRUZ

G.R. No. 79673 November 15, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. WARLITO FABRO

G.R. No. 85976 November 15, 1990 - JOSE CESAR D.


SIMPAO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 48646 November 16, 1990 - STAR


FORWARDERS, INC. v. MIGUEL R. NAVARRO, ET AL.

G.R. No. 72110 November 16, 1990 - ROMAN


CATHOLIC BISHOP OF MALOLOS, INC. v.
INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

G.R. No. 76113 November 16, 1990 - D.P. LUB OIL


MARKETING CENTER, INC. v. RAUL NICOLAS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 84873 November 16, 1990 - ERLE PENDON


v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 87636 November 19, 1990 - NEPTALI A.


GONZALES, ET AL. v. CATALINO MACARAIG, JR., ET AL.

G.R. No. 66541 November 20, 1990 - GUARDEX


ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 80201 November 20, 1990 - ANTONIO


GARCIA, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 80406 November 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. BENITO I. ESPIRITU, ET AL.

G.R. No. 47210 November 21, 1990 - LECAROZ


TRANSIT, ET AL. v. SECRETARY OF LABOR, ET AL.

G.R. No. 78714 November 21, 1990 - F. DAVID


ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. INSULAR BANK OF ASIA AND
AMERICA, ET AL.

G.R. No. 86500 November 21, 1990 - LEONARDO


SALAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 89418-19 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF


THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO ASPILI, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90591 November 21, 1990 - AMOR D.


DELOSO v. MANUEL C. DOMINGO, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90669 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. GERRY V. MAAGO
G.R. No. 92358 November 21, 1990 - OSCAR M.
ORBOS, ET AL. v. LEOPOLDO F. BUNGUBUNG, ET AL.

G.R. No. 94173 November 21, 1990 - DANIEL L.


BOCOBO v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 49664-67 November 22, 1990 -


PANTRANCO SOUTH EXPRESS, INC. v. BOARD OF
TRANSPORTATION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 79119 November 22, 1990 - VICTORINO E.


DAY v. REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF ZAMBOANGA CITY,
BRANCH XIII, ET AL.

G.R. No. 82978 November 22, 1990 - MANILA


REMNANT CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 93212 November 22, 1990 - DIOSDADO DE


VERA, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 53967 November 26, 1990 - ALFREDO


VELASCO, ET AL. v. BLAS OPLE, ET AL.

G.R. No. 75369 November 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. FERNANDO J. ILIGAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 83385 November 26, 1990 - GOVERNMENT


SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET
AL.

G.R. No. 86791 November 26, 1990 - ZENAIDA


BOLOR CHANG v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 58876 November 27, 1990 - ANICETO


RAMOS v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 74223 November 27, 1990 - JUNE PRILL


BRETT, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET
AL.

G.R. Nos. 84572-73 November 27, 1990 - ALFONSO


O. AJEJANDRO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90314 November 27, 1990 - LOIDA Q.


SHAUF, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

A.C. No. 2115 November 27, 1990 - FELICIDAD


BARIAN TAN v. GALILEO J. TROCIO

G.R. Nos. 91592-93 November 28, 1990 - PEOPLE OF


THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN JOLIPAS

G.R. No. 72781 November 29, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. BERNARDO D. VILORIA, JR.

G.R. No. 64398 November 6, 1990 - JOSE CHING SUI


YONG v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

G.R. No. 74761 November 6, 1990 - NATIVIDAD V.


ANDAMO, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT,
ET AL.

G.R. No. 86953 November 6, 1990 - MARINE RADIO


COMMUNICATIONS ASSOCIATION OF THE
PHILIPPINES, INC. v. RAINERIO O. REYES, ET AL.

G.R. No. 68282 November 8, 1990 - RAQUEL CHAVEZ,


ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

G.R. No. 75450 November 8, 1990 - OSMUNDO


MEDINA, ET AL. v. MACARIO A. ASISTIO, JR.

G.R. No. 88831 November 8, 1990 - MATEO CAASI v.


COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 92103 November 8, 1990 - VIOLETA T.


TEOLOGO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 71163-65 November 9, 1990 - CARLITO P.


BONDOC v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 76487 November 9, 1990 - JOHN Z. SYCIP v.


COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 80916 November 9, 1990 - C.T. TORRES


ENTERPRISES, INC. v. ROMEO J. HIBIONADA, ET AL.

G.R. No. 83897 November 9, 1990 - ESTEBAN B. UY,


JR., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 85740 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL P.


PARCON v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 92024 November 9, 1990 - ENRIQUE T.


GARCIA v. BOARD OF INVESTMENTS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 92349 November 9, 1990 - MARIA LUISA


ESTOESTA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 92481 November 9, 1990 - MANUEL G.


VIRAY, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 94291 November 9, 1990 - DAGUPAN BUS


COMPANY, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 94339 November 9, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. ROLANDO TALINGDAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 59957 November 12, 1990 - CENTRAL BANK


OF THE PHIL, ET AL. v. RAFAEL DE LA CRUZ, ET AL.

G.R. No. 72603 November 12, 1990 - GALICANO


CALAPATIA, JR. v. HACIENDA BENITO, INC., ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 87760-61 November 12, 1990 - PEOPLE OF


THE PHIL. v. JULIO TENEBRO

G.R. No. 90653 November 12, 1990 - POLICARPIO


CAPULE, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 74048 November 14, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. ROLANDO CRUZ

G.R. No. 79673 November 15, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. WARLITO FABRO

G.R. No. 85976 November 15, 1990 - JOSE CESAR D.


SIMPAO v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 48646 November 16, 1990 - STAR


FORWARDERS, INC. v. MIGUEL R. NAVARRO, ET AL.

G.R. No. 72110 November 16, 1990 - ROMAN


CATHOLIC BISHOP OF MALOLOS, INC. v.
INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

G.R. No. 76113 November 16, 1990 - D.P. LUB OIL


MARKETING CENTER, INC. v. RAUL NICOLAS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 84873 November 16, 1990 - ERLE PENDON


v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 87636 November 19, 1990 - NEPTALI A.


GONZALES, ET AL. v. CATALINO MACARAIG, JR., ET AL.

G.R. No. 66541 November 20, 1990 - GUARDEX


ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 80201 November 20, 1990 - ANTONIO


GARCIA, JR. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 80406 November 20, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. BENITO I. ESPIRITU, ET AL.

G.R. No. 47210 November 21, 1990 - LECAROZ


TRANSIT, ET AL. v. SECRETARY OF LABOR, ET AL.

G.R. No. 78714 November 21, 1990 - F. DAVID


ENTERPRISES, ET AL. v. INSULAR BANK OF ASIA AND
AMERICA, ET AL.

G.R. No. 86500 November 21, 1990 - LEONARDO


SALAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 89418-19 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF


THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO ASPILI, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90591 November 21, 1990 - AMOR D.


DELOSO v. MANUEL C. DOMINGO, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90669 November 21, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. GERRY V. MAAGO

G.R. No. 92358 November 21, 1990 - OSCAR M.


ORBOS, ET AL. v. LEOPOLDO F. BUNGUBUNG, ET AL.

G.R. No. 94173 November 21, 1990 - DANIEL L.


BOCOBO v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

G.R. Nos. 49664-67 November 22, 1990 -


PANTRANCO SOUTH EXPRESS, INC. v. BOARD OF
TRANSPORTATION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 79119 November 22, 1990 - VICTORINO E.


DAY v. REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF ZAMBOANGA CITY,
BRANCH XIII, ET AL.
G.R. No. 82978 November 22, 1990 - MANILA
REMNANT CO., INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 93212 November 22, 1990 - DIOSDADO DE


VERA, ET AL. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 53967 November 26, 1990 - ALFREDO


VELASCO, ET AL. v. BLAS OPLE, ET AL.

G.R. No. 75369 November 26, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. FERNANDO J. ILIGAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 83385 November 26, 1990 - GOVERNMENT


SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET
AL.

G.R. No. 86791 November 26, 1990 - ZENAIDA


BOLOR CHANG v. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

G.R. No. 58876 November 27, 1990 - ANICETO


RAMOS v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

G.R. No. 74223 November 27, 1990 - JUNE PRILL


BRETT, ET AL. v. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET
AL.

G.R. Nos. 84572-73 November 27, 1990 - ALFONSO


O. AJEJANDRO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

G.R. No. 90314 November 27, 1990 - LOIDA Q.


SHAUF, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

A.C. No. 2115 November 27, 1990 - FELICIDAD


BARIAN TAN v. GALILEO J. TROCIO

G.R. Nos. 91592-93 November 28, 1990 - PEOPLE OF


THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN JOLIPAS

G.R. No. 72781 November 29, 1990 - PEOPLE OF THE


PHIL. v. BERNARDO D. VILORIA, JR.

Copyright 1998 - 2017 ChanRobles Publishing Company | Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions RED
Copyright 1998 - 2017 ChanRobles Publishing Company | Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions ChanRobles Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com RED