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PROBLEM 11.

34

A motorist is traveling at 54 km/h when she


observes that a traffic light 240 m ahead of her
turns red. The traffic light is timed to stay red for
24 s. If the motorist wishes to pass the light
without stopping just as it turns green again,
determine (a) the required uniform deceleration of
the car, (b) the speed of the car as it passes the
light.

SOLUTION

Uniformly accelerated motion:


x0 0 v0 54 km/h 15 m/s

1 2
(a) x x0 v0t at
2
when t 24s, x 240 m:

1
240 m 0 (15 m/s)(24 s) a (24 s) 2
2
a 0.4167 m/s 2 a 0.417 m/s 2
(b) v v0 a t

when t 24s:
v (15 m/s) ( 0.4167 m/s)(24 s)
v 5.00 m/s
v 18.00 km/h v 18.00 km/h

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PROBLEM 11.38

A sprinter in a 100-m race accelerates uniformly for the first 35 m and then runs with
constant velocity. If the sprinters time for the first 35 m is 5.4 s, determine (a) his
acceleration, (b) his final velocity, (c) his time for the race.

SOLUTION

Given: 0 x 35 m, a constant
35 m x 100 m, v constant
At t 0, v 0 when x 35 m, t 5.4 s
Find:
(a) a
(b) v when x 100 m

(c) t when x 100 m

1 2
(a) We have x 0 0t at for 0 x 35 m
2
1
At t 5.4 s: 35 m a(5.4 s)2
2
or a 2.4005 m/s 2

a 2.40 m/s 2
(b) First note that v vmax for 35 m x 100 m.

Now v 2 0 2a( x 0) for 0 x 35 m


2
When x 35 m: vmax 2(2.4005 m/s 2 )(35 m)
or vmax 12.9628 m/s vmax 12.96 m/s
(c) We have x x1 v0 (t t1 ) for 35 m x 100 m
When x 100 m: 100 m 35 m (12.9628 m/s)(t 2 5.4) s
or t 2 10.41 s

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PROBLEM 11.59

The system shown starts from rest, and each component moves with a constant
acceleration. If the relative acceleration of block C with respect to collar B is 60
mm/s 2 upward and the relative acceleration of block D with respect to block A is
110 mm/s 2 downward, determine (a) the velocity of block C after 3 s, (b) the
change in position of block D after 5 s.

SOLUTION

From the diagram


Cable 1: 2 y A 2 y B yC constant

Then 2v A 2vB vC 0 (1)

and 2 a A 2 a B aC 0 (2)

Cable 2: ( y D y A ) ( y D y B ) constant

Then v A vB 2vD 0 (3)

and a A aB 2aD 0 (4)

Given: At t 0, v 0; all accelerations constant;


aC/B 60 mm/s2 , aD /A 110 mm/s 2
(a) We have aC/B aC a B 60 or a B aC 60

and a D/A a D a A 110 or a A a D 110

Substituting into Eqs. (2) and (4)


Eq. (2): 2( a D 110) 2( aC 60) aC 0

or 3aC 2 a D 100 (5)

Eq. (4): ( a D 110) ( aC 60) 2 a D 0

or aC a D 50 (6)
PROBLEM 11.59 (Continued)

Solving Eqs. (5) and (6) for aC and a D

aC 40 mm/s2

aD 10 mm/s 2
Now vC 0 aC t

At t 3 s: vC (40 mm/s 2 )(3 s)

or v C 120.0 mm/s

1
(b) We have yD ( yD )0 (0)t aD t 2
2
1
At t 5 s: yD ( yD )0 (10 mm/s 2 )(5 s)2
2
or y D ( y D ) 0 125.0 mm

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PROBLEM 11.97

An airplane used to drop water on brushfires is flying


horizontally in a straight line at 180 mi/h at an altitude of
300 ft. Determine the distance d at which the pilot should
release the water so that it will hit the fire at B.

SOLUTION

First note v0 180 km/h 264 ft/s


Place origin of coordinates at Point A.
Vertical motion. (Uniformly accelerated motion)
1 2
y 0 (0)t gt
2
1
At B: 300 ft (32.2 ft/s 2 )t 2
2
or t B 4.31666 s
Horizontal motion. (Uniform)
x 0 (vx )0 t

At B: d (264 ft/s)(4.31666 s)
or d 1140 ft

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PROBLEM 11.99

A baseball pitching machine


throws baseballs with a
horizontal velocity v0. Knowing
that height h varies between 788
mm and 1068 mm, determine
(a) the range of values of v0, (b) the
values of corresponding to
h 788 mm and h 1068 mm.

SOLUTION

(a) Vertical motion: y0 1.5 m, (v y )0 0

1 2 2( y0 y)
y y0 (v y )0 t gt or t
2 g

2( y0 h)
At Point B, y h or tB
g

(2)(1.5 0.788)
When h 788 mm 0.788 m, tB 0.3810 s
9.81
(2)(1.5 1.068)
When h 1068 mm 1.068 m, tB 0.2968 s
9.81
Horizontal motion: x0 0, (vx )0 v0 ,
x x
x v0t or v0 B
t tB

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PROBLEM 11.99 (Continued)

12.2
With xB 12.2 m, we get v0 32.02 m/s
0.3810
12.2
and v0 41.11 m/s
0.2968
32.02 m/s v0 41.11 m/s or 115.3 km/h v0 148.0 km/h
(b) Vertical motion: v y (v y )0 gt gt

Horizontal motion: vx v0

dy (v y ) B gt
tan B
dx (vx ) B v0
(9.81)(0.3810)
For h 0.788 m, tan 0.11673, 6.66
32.02
(9.81)(0.2968)
For h 1.068 m, tan 0.07082, 4.05
41.11
PROBLEM 11.142

At a given instant in an airplane race, airplane A is flying


horizontally in a straight line, and its speed is being increased
at the rate of 8 m/s 2 . Airplane B is flying at the same altitude
as airplane A and, as it rounds a pylon, is following a circular
path of 300-m radius. Knowing that at the given instant the
speed of B is being decreased at the rate of 3 m/s2 , determine,
for the positions shown, (a) the velocity of B relative to A,
(b) the acceleration of B relative to A.

SOLUTION

First note v A 450 km/h vB 540 km/h 150 m/s

(a) We have v B v A v B/A


The graphical representation of this equation is then as shown.

We have vB2/A 4502 5402 2(450)(540) cos 60

vB/A 501.10 km/h

540 501.10
and
sin sin 60
68.9
v B/A 501 km/h 68.9

(b) First note a A 8 m/s2 (a B )t 3 m/s 2 60

v 2B (150 m/s) 2
Now (aB ) n
B 300 m

(a B )n 75 m/s2 30

Then a B (a B )t + (a B ) n
3( cos 60 i sin 60 j) + 75(cos 30 i sin 30 j)
= (66.452 m/s 2 )i (34.902 m/s 2 ) j

Finally a B a A a B/ A

a B/A (66.452i 34.902 j) (8i )


(74.452 m/s 2 )i (34.902 m/s 2 ) j

a B/A 82.2 m/s2 25.1

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PROBLEM 11.145

A golfer hits a golf ball from Point A with an initial velocity of 50 m/s at an angle
of 25 with the horizontal. Determine the radius of curvature of the trajectory
described by the ball (a) at Point A, (b) at the highest point of the trajectory.

SOLUTION

v A2
(a) We have (a A ) n
A

(50 m/s) 2
or A
(9.81 m/s 2 ) cos 25

or A 281 m

vB2
(b) We have ( aB ) n
B
where Point B is the highest point of the trajectory, so that
vB (v A ) x v A cos 25

[(50 m/s) cos 25]2


Then B
9.81 m/s 2
or B 209 m
PROBLEM 11.148

From measurements of a photograph, it has been found that as the


stream of water shown left the nozzle at A, it had a radius of
curvature of 25 m. Determine (a) the initial velocity vA of the
stream, (b) the radius of curvature of the stream as it reaches its
maximum height at B.

SOLUTION

v A2
(a) We have (a A ) n
A

4
or v A2 (9.81 m/s 2 ) (25 m)
5
or v A 14.0071 m/s

vA 14.01 m/s 36.9

vB2
(b) We have ( aB ) n
B
4
Where vB (v A ) x vA
5

4 14.0071 m/s
2

Then B 5
9.81 m/s2
or B 12.80 m
PROBLEM 11.161

The oscillation of rod OA about O is defined by the relation 3/ sin t


where and t are expressed in radians and seconds, respectively. Collar B slides
along the rod so that its distance from O is r 6(1 e2t ) where r and t
are expressed in inches and seconds, respectively. When t 1 s, determine (a) the
velocity of the collar, (b) the acceleration of the collar, (c) the acceleration of the
collar relative to the rod.

SOLUTION

Calculate the derivatives with respect to time.


3
r 6 6e 2t in. sin t rad

r 12e2t in/s 3cos t rad/s
r 24e 2t in/s 2
3 sin t rad/s 2
At t 1 s,
3
r 6 6e 2 5.1880 in. sin 0

r 12e 2 1.6240 in/s 3cos 3 rad/s
r 24e2 3.2480 in/s 2
3 sin 0
(a) Velocity of the collar.
v rer re 1.6240 er (5.1880)(3)e

v (1.624 in/s)er (15.56 in/s)e


(b) Acceleration of the collar.

r r2 )er (r 2r)e
a (
[3.2480 (5.1880)(3)2 ]er (5.1880)(0) (2)(1.6240)(3)]e

(49.9 in/s2 )er (9.74 in/s 2 )e


(c) Acceleration of the collar relative to the rod.

a B /OA
re r a B /OA (3.25 in/s2 )er

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