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Year 7 \\ **************************************************************************

************************************************************************** Chapter 1:: Computer


Computer AND
AND Operating System \\ Part 2: Computer
Operating System Computer
System
System \\ Components
Components of
of a
a computer
computer

II. Computer System :


Computer = Hardware + Software


+ Software .Software
Processing.

AND (..) (..)

. Media

1) What is a computer (hardware side)?


A computer is composed of a . and a set of

a. Central Processing Unit ?


Complete the Definition of the central unit by the words of the following list:

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Graphic Card \ results \ receives \ Case \ external devices \ Main \
o The central unit is the component of the computer.
o it is the that contains all the essential elements of the computer.
o it the data, then processes it to return ...
o Inside, it contains the motherboard, processor, RAM, power supply,
adapters (.............................................., sound card, network card, ...), etc.
o The central unit must be connected to a set of ...
b. Peripheral ?

Teacher : Mr. Kais TABOUBI


Year 7 \\ **************************************************************************
************************************************************************** Chapter 1:: Computer
Computer AND
AND Operating System \\ Part 2: Computer
Operating System Computer
System
System \\ Components
Components of
of a
a computer
computer
Complete the Definition of a device with the words from the following list:
cables \ data \ device \ electromagnetic \

A peripheral : is a .. that can be connected to a computer by . or by wave and that allows


the input, output or storage of .

2) What are the types of peripherals of a computer?

2.a) Input Device:


These are organs that allow data to be . in the CPU for processing.
The keyboard The mouse

Complete the definition of the keyboard using the words of the Using the words in the following list, complete the definition of the mouse:
following list: activation / mouse / selection / pointing / device.
digits / Keyboard / punctuation / alphabetic / device Definition:

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Definition: A .., in French (souris), is a ... It acts as a ..
The , in French (Clavier), is an input ... it allows device for the computer. It is manipulated for the . (by a simple click)
to write letters (A to Z), . (0 to 9) and other or for the .. of the objects located on a screen (by a double click).
characters like the . marks (*,?,;! +) and others.

The scanner CDROM / DVDROM Player

Teacher : Mr. Kais TABOUBI


Year 7 \\ **************************************************************************
************************************************************************** Chapter 1:: Computer
Computer AND
AND Operating System \\ Part 2: Computer
Operating System Computer
System
System \\ Components
Components of
of a
a computer
computer

Using the words in the following list, complete the definition of cd / dvd players:
Complete the CDROM / DVDROM player/ read / device.
definition of the scanner by using the words of the following list: Definition:
document/ image / input The .. is able to CDROMs and DVDROMs, but
Definition: the . drive can only read CDROMs
A scanner is an device for scanning an .. or It is an input .

We can distinguish: flatbed scanner, hand scanner (the barcode reader)


and scanning by scrolling.

The microphone The Joystick


Complete the definition of the microphone by using words from the
following list: Using the words in the following list, completes the definition of the joystick:
Connected / sound / interface / entering Video games / buttons / has / device.

Definition: Definition:
It is a device for . information in It is a .. that is commonly used for

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.. form. . It .. many more
It is to a sound card that acts as an .. between .. than the mouse.
the microphone and the computer.

The video camera / webcam Optical Pen

Teacher : Mr. Kais TABOUBI


Year 7 \\ **************************************************************************
************************************************************************** Chapter 1:: Computer
Computer AND
AND Operating System \\ Part 2: Computer
Operating System Computer
System
System \\ Components
Components of
of a
a computer
computer

Definition: Definition:
Is a device for capturing real images and digitizing The optical pen is used on a screen or a special table. It
them to be processed by the computer. allows you to select existing objects or draw freehand.

2.b) Output Device:


These are devices which allow the information to be .. from the central unit.
A Screen A printer
Complete the definition of the screen using the words of the following Using the words in the following list, completes the
list: definition of the printer:
display / user / device Outputting/ paper / ...
Definition: Definition:
This is the most common output . It allows the The printer is a device for . data (texts, images, etc.) from
of the information that will be manipulated or exploited by the ... the computer to or other print
..
(CRT = Cathod Ray Tube)

We distinguish :

- dot matrix printers,

- inkjet printers,

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(LCD = Liquid Crystal Display)
- laser printers.

The speakers The plotter

Teacher : Mr. Kais TABOUBI


Year 7 \\ **************************************************************************
************************************************************************** Chapter 1:: Computer
Computer AND
AND Operating System \\ Part 2: Computer
Operating System Computer
System
System \\ Components
Components of
of a
a computer
computer

Complete the definition of the speakers by using words from Using the words in the following list, completes the definition of the
the following list: plotter:
Reproduce / speakers formats/ papers / to plot.
Definition:

Definition: It allows you .. graphs on several types of . and multiple


These are that . sound
.. from A0 to A4, unlike an ordinary printer.
The video projector This device is used in CAD (Computer Aided Design) and CAD (Computer Aided
Design).
Definition:

This device allows you to project the contents of the screen onto a
screen of larger dimensions.
It is commonly used in Computer Assisted Learning (EAO).

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2.c) Input/Output Device:

Teacher : Mr. Kais TABOUBI


Year 7 \\ **************************************************************************
************************************************************************** Chapter 1:: Computer
Computer AND
AND Operating System \\ Part 2: Computer
Operating System Computer
System
System \\ Components
Components of
of a
a computer
computer

They are devices that allow the transfer of information in both directions (from the outside to the
central unit or from the latter towards the outside).
CD or DVD Burners The floppy drive
Definition: Definition:
A CD / DVD writer is capable of reading and writing on writable a device that reads and writes to floppy disks.
and rewritable CD / DVDs.

The headset The modem (demodulator modulator)


Definition: Definition:
Device that allows to enter information via the microphone and A modem is used between two computers to exchange data over the
output the sound through the headphones. telephone network.
It also allows access to the Internet, the management of telephone
communication from a computer, ...

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Teacher : Mr. Kais TABOUBI
Year 7 \\ **************************************************************************
************************************************************************** Chapter 1:: Computer
Computer AND
AND Operating System \\ Part 2: Computer
Operating System Computer
System
System \\ Components
Components of
of a
a computer
computer

3) Storage media :
Storage media: are hardware components that can be used to permanently or permanently save data.
Physical supports: punched card, ribbon.
Magnetic media: use a magnetic read / write head: Diskette, Hard Disk, Magnetic tape.
Optical media: use light (laser beam): CD ROM, DVD ROM, BlueRay.
4th generation media: Flash disk, Memory card.

Hard disk flash disk (USB Key)


Definition: Definition:
Main memory for permanent storage of the New generation of removable storage media, such as a small but external hard
computer. drive.
In general, the hard disk is the medium on which the
operating systems and various software you use are installed, as well as your
personal files. This storage capacity tends to 2 TO.

The CD (Compact Disk) The DVD (Digital Versatile Disc)


Definition: Definition:
It is an optical storage medium with a capacity of about 700 MB. The Storage media It has a storage capacity that equals 4.7 GB.
CD comes in several forms: CD-ROM, CD-RW, CD-AUDIO, CD-Video.

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Teacher : Mr. Kais TABOUBI