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AIM : Cable Analysis


The Console Cable (rollover cable) is used for the serial connection between your
computers serial port and the console port on your switch or router to access the
CLI (Command Line Interface) of the device.
This cable is typically flat (and has a light blue color) to help distinguish it from other
types of network cabling.
Console cable are mainly used to configure CISCO routers or switch using

2)Copper Straight:
Straight-through cables get their name from how they are made. Out of the 8 pins
that exist on both ends of an Ethernet cable, each pin connects to the same pin on
the opposite side.
Straight-through cables are primarily used for connecting unlike devices:
Connecting a router to a hub
Connecting a computer to a switch
Connecting a LAN port to a switch, hub, or computer
3)Copper Crossover:

Crossover cables are very similar to straight-through cables, except that they have
pairs of wires that crisscross. This allows for two devices to communicate at the same
Unlike straight-through cables, we use crossover cables to connect like devices.
These are used in:
Connecting a computer to a router
Connecting a computer to a computer
Connecting a router to a router
Connecting a switch to a switch
Connecting a hub to a hub

A fiber optic cable is a network cable that contains strands of glass fibers inside an
insulated casing. They're designed for long distance, very high performance data
networking and telecommunications.
Fiber-optic cable (also known as optical fiber) uses light instead of electricity to
transmit signals.
Fiber optic cables have a much greater bandwidth than metal cables. This means
that they can carry more data.
Fiber optic cables are less susceptible than metal cables to interference.
Fiber optic cables are much thinner and lighter than metal wires.
Data can be transmitted digitally (the natural form for computer data) rather than
The main disadvantage of fiber optics is that the cables are expensive to install. In
addition, they are more fragile than wire and are difficult to connect.

5)Co-axial :

A type of wire that consists of a center wire surrounded by insulation and then a
grounded shield of braided wire. The shield minimizes electrical and radio frequency
Coaxial cabling is the primary type of cabling used by the cable television industry
and is also widely used for computer networks, such as Ethernet.
Although more expensive than standard telephone wire, it is much less susceptible
to interference and can carry much more data.
Advantages are higher bandwidth , greater throughput , etc.
Disadvantages are greater noise, high cost.

6) Serial DCE:
The equipment which transport information over communication medium is referred as
DCE (Data Circuit Terminating Equipment).
These equipments are located in between DTE and communication medium (i.e. fiber
cable, twisted pair).
It takes care providing functions such as coding, clocking etc. for the information to be
transmitted and received.
It is also known by other names such as "Data Carrier Equipment" and "Data Carrier
EXAMPLES: Modem, Switch etc.

7)Serial DTE:
The equipment which terminates flow of information in any communication network
is referred as DTE (Data Terminal Equipment).
These equipments are located inside or near customer premises.
These are purchased or owned by customers utilizing service.
EXAMPLEs: Terminals, computers, laptops, routers, bridges etc.