Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 31

ALGEBRA I

1. ECE Board March 1996 6. ECE Board April 1999


For a particular experiment, you need Find the mean proportion of 4 and
5 liters of 10% solution. You find 7% 36.
answer, 12% solution on the shelf. A. 72
How much of the 7% solution you mix B. 24
with the appropriate amount of the C. 12
12% solution to get 5 liters of 10% D. 20
solution?
A. 1.5 7. ECE Board April 1999
B. 2.5 Determine x, so that x, 2x + 7, 10x
C. 2 7 will form a geometric progression.
D.3 5
A. 7, -
6
2. ECE Board April 1998
14
The denominator of a certain fraction B. 7, -
is three more than twice the 5
numerator. If 7 is added to both terms 7
C. 7, -
of the fraction, the resulting fraction is 12
3/5. Find the original fraction. 7
A. 8/5 D. 7,-
6
B. 13/5
C. 5/13
D. 3/5 8. ECE Board April 1999
If 16 is 4 more than 4x, find 5x-1.
3. ECE Board April 1998 A. 14
B. 3
In the expansion of ( x + 4y ) 12 the C. 12
numerical coefficient of the 5th term D. 5
is
A. 63360 9. ECE Board April 1999
B. 126720 Mike, Louie and Joy can mow the
C. 506880 lawn in 4, 6 and 7 hours respectively.
D. 253440 What fraction of the yard can they
mow in 1 hour if they work together?
4. ECE Board November 1998 47
A.
Find the ratio of an infinite geometric 84
series if the sum is 2 and the first 45
term is . B.
84
A. 1/3
B. 37
C.
C. 84
D. 27
D.
84
5. ECE Board April 1999
Simplify the expression i1997 + i1999,
where i is an imaginary number.
A. 0
B. 1+i
C. -1
D.1-i

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 1
I
ALGEBRA I

10. ECE Board November 1999


The sum of the digits of a two-digit A. 27
number is 11. If the digits are B. 20
reversed, the resulting number is C. 25
seven more than twice the original D. 18
number. What is the original number?
A. 44 15. ECE Board April 2001
B. 83 Find the coefficient of the term
C. 38 involving b4 in the expansion of
(a2 2b)10.
D. 53
A. -3360
B.10!
11. ECE Board November 1999
C.-960
Find the sum of the roots of
D.3360
5x 2 - 10x + 2 = 0 .
1 16. ECE Board April 2001/
- November 2006
A. 2
B. 2 One pipe can fill a tank in 6 hours
C. -2 and another pipe can fill the same
tank in 3 hours. A drain pipe can
1
D. empty the tank in 24 hours. With all
2 three pipes open, how long will it
take to fill the tank?
12. ECE Board November 1999/ A. 5.16
November 2000 B. 3.14
The time required for two examinees C. 2.18
to solve the same Problem differ by D. 1.48
two minutes. Together they can solve
32 Problems in one hour. How long 17. ECE Board April 2001
will it take for the slower Problem The seating section in a Coliseum
solver to solve the same Problem? has 30 seats in the first row, 32
A. 5 minutes seats in the second row, 34 seats in
B. 2 minutes the third row, and so on, until the
C. 3 minutes tenth row is reached, after which
D. 4 minutes there are ten rows, each containing
50 seats. Find the total number of
13. ECE Board November 2000 seats in the section.
Find the value of m that will make A. 900
4x2-4mx+4m+5 a perfect square B. 910
trinomial. C. 890
A. 3 D. 1000
B.-2
C.4 18. ECE Board November 2001
D.5 A piece of paper is 0.05 inches thick.
Each time the paper is folded into
14. ECE Board April 2001 half, the thickness is doubled. If the
Ana is 5 years older than Beth. In 5 paper was folded 12 times, how
years the product of their ages will be thick in feet the folded paper be?
1.5 times the product of their present A. 10.24
ages. How old is Beth now? B. 12.34
C.17.10
D.11.25

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 2
I
ALGEBRA I

19. ECE Board November 2001/ A. 6.5 million


April 1999 B. 5 million
If one third of the air in a tank is C. 7 million
removed by each stroke of an air D. 6 million
pump, What fractional part of the total
air is removed in 6 strokes? 24. ECE Board November 2002/
A. 0.7122 April 2004
B. 0.6122 A speed boat can make a trip of 100
C.0.8122 miles in one hour and 30 minutes if it
D. 0.9122 travels upstream. If it travels
downstream, it will take one hour
20. ECE Board November 2001 and 15 minutes to travel the same
It takes an airplane one hour and distance. What is the speed of the
forty-five minutes to travel 500 miles boat in calm water?
against the wind and covers the same A.193.45 mph
distance in one hour and fifteen B. 73.33 mph
minutes with the wind. What is the C. 146.67 mph
speed of the airplane? D. 293.33 mph
A. 342.85 mph
B. 375.50 mph 25. ECE Board April 2003
C. 450.50 mph Simplify the expression: the square
D. 285.75 mph root of the cube root of 64 x60.
A. 4x4
21. ECE Board November 2002/ B. 8x2
April 2004/ November 2006 C. 2x6
At exactly what time after 2 oclock D. 2x10
will the hour hand and the minute
hand extend in opposite directions for 26. ECE Board April 2003
the first time? A man can do a job three times as
A. 2:43 and 0.63 sec fast as a boy. Working together it
B. 2:43 and 6.30 sec would take them 6 hours to do the
C. 2:43 and 40.5 sec same job. How long will it take the
D. 2:43 and 37.8 sec man to do the job alone?
A. 9 hours
22. ECE Board November 2002 B. 8 hours
The sum of the ages of Peter and C. 7 hours
Paul is 21. Peter will be twice as old D. 10 hours
as Paul 3 years from now. What is the
present age of Peter? 27. ECE Board April 2003
A. 8 A company sells 80 units and makes
B. 6 P80 profit. It sells 110 units and
C. 18 makes P140 profit. If the profit is a
D. 15 linear function of the number of units
sold; what is the average profit per
23. ECE Board November 2002 unit if the company sells 250 units?
A multimillionaire left his entire estate A. P1.76
to his wife, daughter, son and B. P1.68
bodyguard. His daughter and son got C. P1.66
half the total value of the estate D. P1.86
sharing in the ratio of 3:2. His wife got
twice value as much as the share of
the son. If the bodyguard received
half a million pesos, what is the total
value of the estate?

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 3
I
ALGEBRA I

28. ECE Board November 2003 pound weight should the fulcrum be
At approximately what time after 12 located to balance the bar?
oclock will the hour and the minute A. 2.5 meters
hands of a clock form an angle of 120 B. 1.0 meters
degrees for the second time? C. 1.6 meters
A. 50 min and 30 sec after 12 oclock D. 2.0 meters
B. 43 min and 38 sec after 12 oclock
C. 38 min and 35 sec after 12 oclock 34. ECE Board April 2003
D. 30 min and 45 sec after 12 oclock What is the first four terms of the
sequence whose general term is
29. ECE Board November 2003 n2 + 1?
What is the 11th term of the harmonic A. 1, 4, 9, 16
progression if the first and the third B. 2, 5, 10, 17
terms are and 1/6 respectively? C. 5, 10, 17, 26
A. 1/20 D. 2, 4, 6, 10
B.
C. 1/12 35. ECE Board April 2004
D. 1/22 x can do the job 50 percent faster
than y and 20 percent faster than z.
30. ECE Board November 2003 If they work together, they can finish
What is the remainder when the the job in 4 days. How many days
will it take x to finish the job if he is to
polynomial x 4 - 5x3 + 5x 2 + 7x + 6 is
work alone?
divided by x+2? A. 18
A. 16 B. 10
B. 32 C. 12
C. 48 D. 16
D. 68
36. ECE Board April 2004
31. ECE Board November 2003 Solve for x in the following equation:
Harry is one third as old as Ron and 8 x + 4x + 7x + 10x + ... + 64x = 1430
years younger than Hermione. If A. 4
Harry is 8 years old, what is the sum B. 3
of their ages? C. 2
A. 40 D. 1
B. 45
C. 48 37. ECE Board April 2004
D. 50 If kx3 (k +3)x2 +13 is divided by
x 4, and the remainder is 157.
32. ECE Board November 2003 Then the value of k is _____.
The sum of the three consecutive A. 6
even integers is 78. What is the B. 4
largest integer? C. 5
A. 24 D. 3
B. 28
C. 32 38. ECE Board April 2004
D. 30 Given that w varies directly as the
product of x and y and inversely as
33. ECE Board November 2003 the square of z and that w = when x
An iron bar four meters long has a =2; y=6 and z=3. What is the value
300 pound weight hung on one end of w, when x=1, y=4 and z=2?
and a 200 pound weight hung at the A. 6
opposite end. How far from the 300 B. 5
C. 4

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 4
I
ALGEBRA I

D. 3 From the equation 7x2 + (2k -1)x-


3k+2=0, determine the value of k so
39. Board April 2004 that the sum and product of the roots
If 16 is four more than 3x, then x2 +
5? are equal.
A. 16 A. 2
B. 21 B. 4
C. 3 C. 1
D. 4 D. 3

40. ECE Board April 2004 / 45. ECE Board April 2005
November 2002 What is the equation form of the
Four positive integers form an statement: The amount by which 100
arithmetic progression. If the product Exceeds four times a given number.
of the 1st and the last term is 70 and A. 4x(100)
the 2nd and the third term is 88, find B. 100+4x
the 1st term. C. 100-4x
A. 5 D. 4x-100
B. 3
C. 14 46. ECE Board April 2005
D. 8 Candle A and candle B of equal
length are lighted at the same time
41. ECE Board April 2004 and burning until candle A is twice as
A professional organization is long as candle B. Candle A is
composed of x ECEs and 2x EEs. If 6 designed to fully burn in 8 hours
ECEs are replaced by 6 EEs, 1/6 of while candle B for 4 hours. How long
the members will be ECEs. Solve for will they be lighted?
x. A. 3 hours and 30 minutes
A. 12 B. 2 hours and 40 minutes
B. 24 C. 3 hours
C. 36 D. 2 hours
D. 1
47. ECE Board April 2005
42. ECE Board April 2004 Solve for x if 8x =2(y+2) and 16(3x-y)=4y.
The average rate of production of A. 2
(PCB) is 1 unit for every 2 hours work B. 4
by two workers. How many PCBs can C. 1
be produced in one month by 60 D. 3
workers working 200 hours during the
month? 48. ECE Board April 2005
A. 4000 What is the sum of all odd integers
B. 5000 between 10 and 500?
C. 6000 A. 87,950
D. 3000 B. 124,950
C. 62, 475
43. ECE Board November 2004 D. 65,955
What is the sum of all even integers
from 10 to 500? 49. ECE Board April 2005
A. 87,950 How many terms of the progression
B. 124,950 3, 5, 7, should there be so that their
C. 62,730 sum will be 2600.
D. 65,955 A. 60
B. 50
44. ECE Board April 2005 C. 52
D. 55

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 5
I
ALGEBRA I

The equation of whose roots are the


reciprocal of the roots of
2x2 - 3x - 5 =0 .

50. ECE Board April 2005


If the 1st term of the geometric
progression is 27 and the 4th term is A. 5x2 +3x - 2 =0
-1, the third term is: B. 3x 2 - 4x + 4 = 0
A. 3
B. 2 C. 4x 2 - 5x + 4 = 0
C. -3 D. 6x 2 - 3x - 4 = 0
D. -2
56. Problem
51. Problem
What is the sum of the coefficients of
Solve for x
8x =2y+2 and 163x-y =4y . the expansion of ( 2x -1) 20 .
A. 1 A. 0
B. 3 B. 1
C. 2 C. 2
D. 4 D. 3

52. Problem 57. Problem


Transform the fraction by rationalizing Solve for x in the following equation.
4x x+3x+5x+7x++49x = 625
the denominator A. 4
x - x2 - 4 B. 2
C. 3
xx + x2 - 4
A.



D. 1

B. x x 2 - 4 58. Problem
6
( 1+k2 ) .
2
C. 4x - x - 4
Expand the following k=3
D. x + x 2 -4
A. 90
53. Problem B. 100
If log of 2 to the base 2 plus log of x C. 80
to the base 2 is equal to 2, find the D. 95
value of x
59. Problem
A. 2
B. 4 Given f ( x ) = ( x - 4 ) ( x + 3 ) + 4 , when
C. 3 f(x) is divided by (x-K), the remainder
D. 5 is K. Find the value of K.
A. -12
54. Problem B. 8
The logarithm of 1 to any base is: C. 4
A. one D. 2
B. zero
C. infinity 60. Problem
D. indeterminate ( a - b) 3 =?
55. Problem A. a3 - 3a2b +3ab2 - b3
B. a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 - b3

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 6
I
ALGEBRA I

C. a3 - 3a2b + 3a2b + b3 both pipes are left open, how long


will it take to fill the empty tank?
D. a3 - 3a2b + 3ab - b2 A. 6
B. 4
C. 8
D. 2

61. Problem 66. Problem


Give the factors of a2 - x2 It takes Shian twice as long as it
takes Rellenar to do a certain piece
A. 2a-2x of work. Working together they can
B. (a-x)(a+x) do the work in 6 days. How long
C. x2 - a2
would it take Rellenar to do it alone.
D. 2x - 2a
A. 9
B. 8
62. Problem
C. 6
Find x if 7 is the fourth proportional to
D. 4
36, and 28 and x.
A. 6 67. Problem
B. 8 Twenty (20) men can finish the job in
C. 7 30 days. Twenty five (25) men were,
D. 9 hired at the start and 10 quit after 20
days. How many days will it take to
63. Problem finish the job?
The intensity of sound varies directly A. 27
as the strength of the source and B. 32
inversely as the square as the C. 24
distance from the source. Write the D. 35
equation which describes this
relation. 68. Problem
KS The square of a number increased
A. I = 2 by 16 is the same as 10 times the
d
number. Find the numbers.
B. I = KSd2 A. 2, 8
2 B. 3, 6
C. I = Kd C. 3, 8
S D. 4, 6
2
D. I = d S 69. Problem
K The sides of a right triangle are 8, 15
and 17 units. If each side is doubled,
64. Problem how many square units will the area
If x varies directly as y and inversely of the new triangle
as z; and x=14, when y=7 and z=2, A. 240
find x when y=16 and z=4. B. 420
A. 14 C. 300
B. 4 D. 200
C. 16
D. 8 70. Problem
The arithmetic mean of 80 numbers
65. Problem is 55. If two numbers namely 274
A tank is filled with an intake pipe and 850 are removed what is the
that will fill it in 4 hours and an outlet arithmetic mean of the remaining
pipe that will empty it in 12 hours. If numbers?

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 7
I
ALGEBRA I

A. 42 The second hand of a clock is 4


B. 28 inches long. Find the speed of the tip
C. 30 of the second hand.
D. 32

71. Problem A. 0.42 in/sec


Round off 0.003086 to two significant B. 0.34 in/sec
figures. C. 0.55 in/sec
A. 0.0031 D. 0.48 in/sec
B. 0.003
C. 0.0030 76. Problem
D. 0.3 x 102 A man sold a book by mistake at
120% of the marked price instead of
72. Problem discounting the market price by
The velocity of an airplane in still air 20%. If he sold the book for P14.40,
is 125 kph. The velocity of the wind what was the price for which he
due east is 25 kph. If the plane have sold the book?
travels east and returns back to its A. P10.20
base again after 4 hours. At what B. P7.8
distance does the plane travel due C. P9.6
east? D. P8.6
A. 240 km
B. 320 km 77. Problem
C. 200 km Expressed 2763 in Roman
D. 180 km Numerals:
A. MMDCCLXIII
73. Problem B. MMDCLXIII
A man is 41 yrs. Old and his son is 9. C. MMDLCXIII
In how many years will the father be D. MMLDCXIII
three times as old as his son?
A. 7 78. Problem
B. 8 Find the 30th term of the A.P. 4, 7,
C. 6 10
D. 5 A. 75
B. 90
74. Problem C. 88
A high concentrated solution having a D. 91
volume of 100 liters is mixed by 7.5%
alcohol and 25% gasoline. It was 79. Problem
found out that a 50-50 percent Determine the sum S of the following
mixture is also appropriate in the series S = 2 + 5 + 8 + 11with 100
solution. How much gasoline should terms
be added to the high concentrated A. 15050
solution in order to have a 50-50% B. 14750
mixture: C. 15660
A. 50 liters D. 15350
B. 75 liters
C. 25 liters 80. Problem
D. 40 liters

75. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 8
I
ALGEBRA I

Find the value of x if the following an assembly line working 40 hours


forms a harmonic progression, each week with a weekly production
1 1 1 of 8000 PCBs?
- , A. 40
2 x, 16
B. 55
A. 7
C. 60
B. 8
D. 50
C. 9
D. 10

81. Problem 86. Problem


The number x, 2x + 7,10x - 7 form a The sum of two numbers is 21 and
G.P. Find the value of x: one number is twice the other, Find
A. 7 the numbers.
B. 5 A. 7, 14
C. 3 B. 6, 15
D. 4 C. 8, 13
D. 9, 12
82. Problem
Express 3.2181818 as a fraction 87. Problem
177 Solve for x: log108 = 3 -3 log10x
A. A. 5
55
B. 6
142
B. C. 8
44 D. 4
106
C. 88. Problem
33
Spheres of the same radius are pile
70
D. in the form of a pyramid with a
22 square base until there is just one
sphere at the top layer, if there are
83. Problem four spheres on each side of the
Find the sum of 5-4i and -2+8i square, find the total number of
A. 3+4i spheres in the pile.
B. 2+6i A. 25 spheres
C. 3+5i B. 30 spheres
D. 7+12i C. 32 spheres
D. 28 spheres
84. Problem
Find the length of the vector (2,1,4) 89.Problem
A. 17 If x4-2x3-3x2-4x-8 is divided by (x-2),
B. 21 the remainder is:
A. -20
C. 20 B. -28
D. 19 C. 28
D. 20
85. Problem
A production supervisor submitted the 90. Problem
following report on the average role of Factor the expression 3x3-3x2-18x
production of printed circuit boards A. 3x(x-3)(x+2)
(PCB) in an assembly line. 1.5 B. 3x(x+3)(x+2)
workers produce 12 PCBs in 2 hours. C. 3x(x+3)(x-2)
How many workers are employed in D. 3x(x-3)(x-2)

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 9
I
ALGEBRA I

A fraction which contains one of


more fraction in either the numerator
or the denominator.
A. complex number
B. complex fractions
C. partial fraction
D. refraction

91. Problem
Ryan is 15 yrs. older than his brother
Yuan. However y years ago, Ryan 96. Problem
was twice as old as Yuan. If Yuan is A number which could not be
now b years old and b > y, find the expressed as a quotient of two
value of (b-y). integers.
A. 14 A. natural
B. 15 B. rational
C. 16 C. irrational
D. 13 D. Surd

92. Problem 97. Problem


-elne2 If the roots of an equation are zero,
evaluate ln ee then they are classified as ______.
A. extraneous solutions
e2 ln e3 B. trivial solutions
A.
3 C. conditional solutions
D. none of these
B. ln e2
1 98. Problem
C. 2e
e What is the sum of the coefficients in
the expansion of
D. e2e
(x+y-z)8.
A. 1
93. Problem B. 2
It is a sequence of terms whose C. 3
reciprocals form an arithmetic D. 4
progression
A. algebraic progression 99. Problem
B. geometric progression Two natural numbers are such that
C. harmonic progression the difference of their squares is 481
D. infinite progression and the sum of their squares is 769.
Find the numbers.
94. Problem A. 25, 12
It is the base of a number system. B. 10, 25
A. radius C. 20, 16
B. radix D. 30, 25
C. characteristic
D. Matrix 100. Problem
For the expression (4x-3)9, what is
95. Problem
the sum of the exponents.
A. 34
B. 38

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 10
I
ALGEBRA I

C. 42 D. fractional part
D. 45
107. Problem
101. Problem Is a combination of number symbols
Find the value of x if 4+4x =12 . connected by any of the symbols of
operation.
A. 2, -4
A. monomial
B. -2, 4
B. algebraic expression
C. 3, -4
C. polynomial
D. 1, -4
D. like terms

102. Problem
108. Problem
The numbers used in counting are
Is an expression containing a single
called
term.
A. rational numbers
A. polynomial
B. integers
B. monomial
C. complex numbers
C. quadratic
D. natural numbers
D. multinomial
103. Problem
109. Problem
These include the natural numbers
Is an expression containing several
and their negatives and zero.
terms
A. rational numbers
A. polynomial
B. fraction
B. monomial
C. integers
C. quadratic
D. complex numbers
D. multinomial
104. Problem
110. Problem
A _______ is one which can be
The operations of multiplication and
expressed as a quotient of two
division are to be ________ before
integers.
those of addition and subtraction
A. rational number
A. performed last
B. irrational number
B. performed first
C. complex number
C. not performed
D. natural number
D. either a or b
105. Problem
111. Problem
Is one of the form a + bi, where a and
The _______ is a statement of
b are real numbers and i = -1 . general application which will aid us
A. irrational numbers in factoring polynomials when the
B. integers factors are not immediately evident;
C. complex numbers stated as follows:
D. rational numbers A. Cramers rule
B. Remainder theorem
106. Problem C. Factor theorem
The ______ of a number depends D. Binomial theorem
upon the number of units contained in
the number, no reference being paid 112. Problem
to the sign. A _______ of two or more algebraic
A. sign expressions is an exact divisor of
B. absolute value each expressions.
C. integer A. coefficient

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 11
I
ALGEBRA I

B. binomial An algebraic fraction is said to be in


C. common factor the _______ when the terms of the
D. LCD fraction contain no common factor.
A. highest terms
B. common terms
C. lowest terms
D. common multiple

118. Problem
A/An _______ is one that does not
contain any literal quantity in the in
the denominator of any term.
113. Problem
A _______ of two or more integral A. fractional expression
functions A, B, C is an integral B. integral expression
function which is exactly divisible by C. mixed expression
each of the functions A, B, C D. algebraic expression
A. common factor
B. fractional part 119. Problem
C. common multiple A/An _______ is one which contains
D. GCF a literal quantity in the denominator
of one or more of its terms.
114. Problem A. fractional expression
The ______ of two or more integral B. integral expression
functions is that function which C. mixed expression
contains all the prime factors of each D. algebraic expression
of the given functions.
A. GCF 120. Problem
B. LCM A/An _______ consists of an integral
C. common multiple expression and a fraction.
D. common factor A. fractional expression
B. mixed expression
115. Problem C. integral expression
The indicated quotient of two D. algebraic expression
algebraic expressions A and B,
written in the form A/B, is called an 121. Problem
_______. A _______ is a fraction with one or
A. algebraic function both of the numerator or
B. algebraic fraction denominator in the form of a
C. algebraic equation fractional expression.
D. algebraic quotient A. improper fraction
B. proper fraction
116. Problem C. complex fraction
A/An _______ is one where the D. continued fractions
numerator is of higher or of equal
degree than the denominator. 122. Problem
A. improper fraction The process of extracting a root of
B. proper fraction an algebraic expression is called
C. real fraction _______.
D. imaginary fraction A. evolution
B. radicands
117. Problem C. roots
D. index of roots

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 12
I
ALGEBRA I

An ______ is a statement that one of


123. Problem two expressions is not equal to, that
A ______ in one unknown, say x, has is, is greater or less than the other.
the form ax + b = 0. A. equality
A. quadratic equation B. inequality
B. general equation C. asymmetric
C. linear equation D. unequality
D. polynomial equation
129. Problem
Two inequalities ________ when
they have the same sign of
inequality.

124. Problem
A ______ in one unknown has the
form: ax2 + bx + c = 0.
A. quadratic equation A. computes in the same sense
B. linear equation B. subsist in the same sense
C. trinomial equation C. transpose in the same sense
D. binomial equation D. subsist in the opposite sense

125. Problem 130. Problem


A _______ is true only for some
The quantity b2 4ac is called the value or values of the quantities
_______ of the quadratic equation. involved.
A. absolute inequality
A. expression B. absolute equality
B. incriminant C. conditional equality
C. discriminant D. conditional inequality
D. roots
131. Problem
126. Problem A _______ is true for all values of
_______ is those in which the the quantities involved.
unknown appears in one or more A. absolute inequality
radicals. B. conditional inequality
A. quadratic equation C. conditional equality
B. polynomial equation D. absolute equality
C. irrational equation
D. rational equation 132. Problem
The _______ of one number to
127. Problem another number is the quotient
An equation is said to be _______ obtained by dividing the first by the
with respect to the unknowns second number.
involved when the interchange of the A. proportion
unknowns does not change the form B. inverse ratio
of the equation. C. ratio
A. asymmetric D. probability
B. linear
C. symmetric 133. Problem
D. non-linear If a/b is the ratio of two quantities of
the same kind, the numerator a is
128. Problem called the ______
A. antecedent

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 13
I
ALGEBRA I

B. consequent D. extreme proportional


C. numerator
D. denominator 140. Problem
A _______ is a series if equal ratios
134. Problem in which the consequent of each
If a/b is the ratio of two quantities of ratio is the antecedent of the next
the same kind, the denominator b is ratio.
the _______ A. asymmetric proportion
A. antecedent B. discontinued proportion
B. consequent C. continued proportion
C. numerator D. symmetric proportion
D. denominator
141. Problem
If four quantities a, b, c, and d are in
proportion by ________.
135. Problem
The reciprocal of a given ratio is A. inversion
called a ________. B. alternation
A. asymmetric ratio C. composition
B. inverse ratio D. diversion
C. antecedent ratio
D. consequent ratio 142. Problem
When y is a linear function of x of
136. Problem
the form y = kx, k 0.
A _______ is an equation whose
A. inversely proportional
members are ratios.
B. directly proportional
A. combination
C. varies jointly
B. proportion
D. varies directly
C. inverse ratio
D. probability
143. Problem
When y = k/x, k being constant, we
137. Problem
say y varies _______ to x.
The first and fourth terms of a
A. inversely proportional
proportion are called the _______.
B. directly proportional
A. extremes
C. jointly proportional
B. means
D. varies inversely
C. outer terms
D. inner terms
144. Problem
When z = kxy, k being constant, we
138. Problem
say z ________.
The second and third terms are called
A. varies jointly
the _______.
B. varies inversely
A. extremes
C. varies directly
B. means
D. none of the above
C. inner terms
D. outer terms
145. Problem
A sequence of numbers, each of
139. Problem
which is obtained from the preceding
The fourth term is called the _______
one by the addition of a fixed
A. mean proportional
positive or negative number called
B. last proportional
the _______.
C. fourth proportional
A. common sum

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 14
I
ALGEBRA I

B. common denominator D. rational division


C. common progression
D. common difference 151. Problem
If a rational integral equation, f(x) =
146. Problem 0, with ________ has a + b as a
In an arithmetic progression,
root, where a and b are rational and
containing any number of terms,
all the terms between the first and b is irrational.
last terms are called _______. A. rational coefficient
A. arithmetic symbol B. real coefficient
B. arithmetic extremes C. irrational coefficient
C. arithmetic means D. imaginary coefficient
D. arithmetic difference

152. Problem
147. Problem A ______ is a fraction expressed as
A _______ is a sequence of numbers, the sum of two or more simpler
each of which is obtained from the fractions
preceding term by multiplying it by a A. rational fraction
fixed positive or negative number. B. proper fraction
A. arithmetic progression C. partial fraction
B. geometric means D. improper fraction
C. arithmetic extremes
D. geometric progression 153. Problem
A ______ is a quotient of two
148. Problem polynomials with real coefficients
The terms between the first and last A. proper fractions
terms of a geometric progression are B. improper fractions
called _________. C. irrational fractions
A. geometric extremes D. rational fractions
B. geometric means
C. geometric progression 154. Problem
D. geometric terms 27, 9, 3, 1, 1/3 is a _____
progression.
149. Problem A. geometric
Frequently we use the notation f(x) B. arithmetic
which is read f of x, to denote a C. harmonic
function of a variable x. The letter D. hyperbolic
within the parenthesis is the _______.
A. dependent variable 155. Problem
B. independent variable Two or more equations are equal if
C. rational variable and only if they have the same:
D. polynomial variable A. order
B. variable set
150. Problem C. solution set
A process of simplifying the Problem D. degree
of dividing a polynomial f(x) by (x-r),
where r is a constant, is known as 156. Problem
_______ A number when divided by 6 leaves
A. arithmetical division a remainder of 5, when divided by 5
B. factoring leaves a remainder of 4, by 4 leaves
C. synthetic division a remainder of 3, by 3 leaves a

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 15
I
ALGEBRA I

remainder of 2, and by 2 leaves a 161. Problem


remainder of 1. Find the smallest What is the lowest common factor of
possible value of the number. 10 and 32?
A. 29 A. 320
B. 49 B. 2
C. 59 C. 180
D. 69 D. 90

162. Problem
The arithmetic mean of 80 numbers
is 55, if two numbers namely 250
and 850 are removed. What is the
arithmetic mean of the remaining
numbers?

157. Problem A. 42.31


If A is 10% greater than B and B is B. 49.51
20% less than C, express A in terms C. 18.91
of percentage of C. D. 15.91
A. 68%
B. 78% 163. Problem
C. 88% In a club of 40 executives, 33 like to
D. 58% smoke Marlboro and 20 like to
smoke Philip Morris. How many like
158. Problem both?
The sum of the coefficients in the A. 13
expansion of (x + y z)8 is: B. 10
A. from 2 to 5 C. 11
B. from 5 to 10 D. 12
C. above 10
D. less than 2 164. Problem
What is the value of log 2 5 + log 3 5?
159. Problem A. 7.39
If y varies directly as x2 and y = 9 B. 3.79
when x = 2, what is the value of x C. 3.97
when y = 1? D. 9.37
A. 1
165. Problem
2
B. Determine x, so that: x, 2x + 4, 10x -
9 4 will be a geometric progression.
2 A. 4
C.
3 B. 6
C. 2
2
D. + D. 5
3
166. Problem
160. Problem
If (x+3): 10 = (3x2): 8, find (2x 1). Find the 7th term in the series:
A. 1 1 1 1
, , ,...
B. 4 2 6 10
C. 2 1
D. 3 A.
26

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 16
I
ALGEBRA I

1 A. 36
B. B. 68
22
C. 48
1
C. D. 84
20
1 172. Problem
D.
30 The sum of ages of Peter and Paul
is 21. In 3 years, Peter is twice as
old as Paul. How old is Peter?
A. 18
B. 15
C. 12
D. 10

167. Problem
Find the sum of the roots of the 173. Problem
equation: 5x2 10x + 2 = 0 Round off: 6785768.342 to the
A. -2 nearest one tenth
B. 2 A. 6785768.34
C. B. 6785768.3
D. -1/2 C. 7000000.0
D. 6785770.00
168. Problem
Find the sum of the infinite 174. Problem
progression: 1/2 , 1/8, 1/32, If A was originally a range of
A. numbers which four significant
B. 2/3 figures which, when rounded off to
C. 4/3 three significant figures yielded a
D. infinity value of 3.10, what was the original
range of values of A?
169. Problem A. 3.10 to 3.105
Log of negative one to the base ten is B. 3.101 to 3.105
written as log10 -1. Its rectangular C. 3.101 to 3.109
form is: D. 3.101 to 3.104
A. 0 j1.36
B. zero 175. Problem
C. 0 + j1.36 Solve for the value of: 7a+2 -8(7a+1) +
D. infinity 5(7a) + 49(7a-2).
A. -7a
170. Problem B. +7a
The sum of three consecutive even C. -7-a
integer is 78. What is the value of the D. +7-a
largest integer?
A. 24 176. Problem
B. 28 Find the value of (0.125)-4/3
C. 42 A. 2
D. 82 B. 4
C. 8
171. Problem D. 16
5x4+x3+x27x6 is divided by x+2 = 0
determine the remainder. 177. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 17
I
ALGEBRA I

If a > b and c > d, then (a+c) is A. 14


______ of (b+d) B. 3
A. less than C. 12
B. greater than D. 5
C. equal to
D. less than or equal to 184. Problem
Q = 25 when t = 0. Q=75 when t = 2.
178. Problem What is the Q when t=6?
A percentage is a fraction whose A. 185
denominator is ______ B. 145
A. 1000 C. 150
B. 100 D. 175
C. 10
D. 10000

179. Problem 185. Problem


One is to fifty-two and one half as What time after 2 oclock will the
three and one-third is to_____ hands of the clock extend in
A. 185 opposite direction for the first time?
B. 175 A. 2:43.63
C. 165 B. 2:43.161
D. 155 C. 2:43.363
D. 2:42.563
180. Problem
If soldering lead contains 63% silver, 186. Problem
_______ grams of soldering lead can In the equation n x m = q, the
be made from 520 grams of silver. multiplicand is ______.
A. 852.4 A. n
B. 825.4 B. m
C. 845.2 C. q
D. 842.5 D. none of the choices

181. Problem 187. Problem


In Algebra, the operation root x y z
If = = ,
extraction is called as: ( b - c ) ( a - c ) ( a - b) Which of
A. involution
B. revolution the following is correct?
C. resolution
D. evolution A. x + z = y
B. x = y + z
182. Problem C. x +y =z
The roots of a quadratic equation are D. x - y = z
1/3 and . What is the true equation?
A. 12x 2 + 7x + 1 = 0 188. Problem

B. 12x2 - 7x +1=0
If the surd ( )
2 + 5 ( x) =1 , then x
is equal to:
C. 12x 2 + 7x - 1 = 0
2+ 5
D. 12x 2 - 7x - 1 = 0 A.
5
5- 2
183. Problem B.
If 16 is 4 more than 4x, find 5x-1 3

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 18
I
ALGEBRA I

C. 2+ 5 A. 3
1 B. 23
D. C. 3 and 23
2+ 5 D. 20

189. Problem 194. Problem


Determine the sum of the positive
Find the value of k so that 4x2 + 6x +
valued solution to the simultaneous
k is a perfect square.
equations: xy = 15, yz = 35, zx = 21.
A. 36
A. 15
B. 2.5
B. 13
C. 9
C. 17
D. 2.25
D. 19

195. Problem
190. Problem
The arithmetic mean of 6 numbers is
( x2y3z-2 ) ( x-3yz3 )
-3 -1 2
17. If two numbers are added to the
Simplify: progression, the new set of numbers
( xyz-3 )
-5 2 will have an arithmetic mean of 19.
What are the two numbers if their
1 difference is 4?
A. 2 7 5 A. 21, 25
x y z B. 23, 27
1 C. 8, 12
B. 2 7 3 D. 16, 20
x y z
1 196. Problem
C.
x 2 y 5 z7 Find the value of x which will satisfy
the following expression:
1
D. 5 7 2 x - 2 = x +2
x y z A. 3/2
B. 9/4
191. Problem C. 18/6
Simplify: D. none of these
a+1 a a-2
7a+2 - 8 ( 7) +5 ( 7) +49 ( 7)
197. Problem
A. -5a
B. -3a Find the remainder if we divide 4y3 +
C. -7a 18y2 +8y 4 by ( 2y + 3).
D. -4a A. 10
B. 11
192. Problem C. 15
The value of (3 to 2.5 power) square D. 13
is equal to:
A. 729 198. Problem
B. 140 The polynomial x3 + 4x2 -3x + 8 is
C. 243 divided by x-5, then the remainder is
D. 81 A. 175
B. 140
193. Problem C. 218
Solve for x: D. 200
x +2 2x +3 - 3 =0

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 19
I
ALGEBRA I

199. Problem D. -8
The equation of whose roots are the
reciprocal of the roots of 2x2 -3x 5 = 205. Problem
0 is, Robert is 15 years older than his
A. 5x2 +3x - 2 =0 brother Stan. However y years
ago, Robert was twice as old as
B. 2x 2 + 3x - 5 = 0 Stan. If Stan is now b years old
C. 3x 2 - 3x + 2 = 0 and b>y, find the value of (b - y).
A. 15
D. 2x 2 + 5x - 3 = 0 B. 16
C. 17
D. 18

200. Problem 206. Problem


Solve for the value of x: A father tells his son, I was your age
6 now when you were born. If the
log2x3 +log =6.278 father is now 38 years old, how old
x
was his son 2 years ago?
A. 379.65
A. 15
B. 365.97
B. 17
C. 397.56
C. 19
D. 356.79
D. 21
201. Problem
207. Problem
Evaluate the log6 845 = x
At present, the sum of the parents
A. 3.76
ages is twice the sum of the
B. 5.84
childrens ages. Five years ago, the
C. 4.48
sum of the parents, ages was 4
D. 2.98
times the sum of the childrens ages.
Fifteen years hence, the sum of the
202. Problem
parents ages will be equal to the
What is the sum of the coefficients in
sum of the childrens ages. How
the expansion of (x + y - z)8?
many children are there?
A. 0
A. 3
B. 1
B. 4
C. 2
C. 5
D. 3
D. 6
203. Problem
208. Problem
Find the 6th term of (3x-4y)8. A tank can be filled in 9 hours by one
A. -148,288 x3y5 pipe, 12 hours by a second pipe and
B. -548 x2y5 can be drained when full by a third
C. -154,288 x3y5 pipe in 15 hours. How long will it
D. -1,548,288 x3y5 take to fill an empty tank with all
pipes in operation?
204. Problem A. 7 hours and 12 minutes
What is the discriminant of the B. 7 hours and 32 minutes
equation 4x2 = 8x 5? C. 7 hours and 42 minutes
A. 8 D. 7 hours and 50 minutes
B. -16
C. 16 209. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 20
I
ALGEBRA I

A and B can do a piece of work in 42 B. 10y + x


days, B and C in 31 days and C and C. yx
A in 20 days. In how many days can D. xy
all of them do the work together?
A. 19 214. Problem
B. 17 Find the fraction such that if 2 is
C. 21 subtracted from its terms it becomes
D. 15 , but if 4 is added to its terms it
becomes .
A. 3/5
B. 5/12
C. 5/14
D. 6/13

210. Problem 215. Problem


Crew No. 1 can finish installation of If 3 is subtracted from the numerator
an antenna tower in 200 man-hour of a certain fraction, the value of the
while Crew No. 2 can finish the same fraction becomes 3/5. If 1 is
job in 300 man-hour. How long will it subtracted from the denominator of
take both crews finish the same job, the same fraction, it becomes 2/3.
working together? Find the original fraction.
A. 100 man-hour A. 35/55
B. 120 man-hour B. 36/55
C. 140 man-hour C. 3/7
D. 160 man-hour D. 32/41

211. Problem 216. Problem


Ten liters of 25% salt solution and 15 The tens digit of a number is 3 less
liters of 35% salt solution are poured than the units digit. If the number is
into a drum originally containing 30 divided by the sum of the digits, the
liters of 10 % salt solution. What is quotient is 4 and the remainder is 3.
the percent concentration of salt in What is the original number?
the mixture? A. 36
A. 19.55% B. 47
B. 22.15% C. 58
C. 27.05% D. 69
D. 25.72%
217. Problem
212. Problem The second of the four numbers is
How much water must be evaporated three less than the first, the third is
from 10 kg solution which has 4% salt four more than the first and the
to make a solution of 10% salt? fourth is two more than the third.
A. 4 kg Find the fourth number if their sum is
B. 5 kg 35.
C. 6 kg A. 10
D. 7 kg B. 11
C. 12
213. Problem D. 13
If a two-digit number has x for its
units digit and y for its tens digit, 218. Problem
represent the number. Two planes leave Manila for a
A. 10x + y Southern city, a distance of 900 km.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 21
I
ALGEBRA I

Plane A travels at a ground speed of three times as old as Riza. What is


90 kph faster than the plane B. Plane the present age of Riza?
A arrives in their destination 2 hours A. 17
and 15 minutes ahead of plane B. B. 16
What is the ground speed of plane A? C. 15
A. 205 kph D. 14
B. 315 kph
C. 240 kph 223. Problem
D. 287 kph From the time 6:15 PM to the time
7:45 PM of the same day, the minute
hand of a standard clock describe an
arc of

219. Problem
On a certain trip, Edgar drives 231 A. 60
km in exactly the same time as Erwin B. 90
drive 308 km. If Erwins rate C. 180
exceeded that of Edgar by 13 kph, D. 540
determine the rate of Erwin.
A. 39 kph 224. Problem
B. 44 kph If 1/3 and -3/2 are the roots of a
C. 48 kph quadratic equation, then the
D. 52 kph equation is
A. 6x2 + 7x - 3 = 0
220. Problem B. 6x2 - 7x + 3 = 0
A goldsmith has two alloys of gold, C. 6x2 - 7x - 3 = 0
the first being 70% pure and the D. 6x2 - 7x + 1 = 0
second being 60% pure. How many
ounces of the 60% pure gold must be 225. Problem
used to make 100 ounces of an alloy Factor the expression x3 27.
( )
which will be 66% gold? 2
A. 40 A. ( x - 3) x +3x +9
B. 35
B. ( x - 3 ) ( x + 6x + 12 )
2
C. 45
D. 38
C. ( x - 3 ) ( x + 9x + 6 )
2
221. Problem
D. ( x - 3 ) ( x + 6x + 9 )
Pedro can paint a fence 50% faster 2
than Juan and 20% faster than Pilar,
and together they can paint a given
fence in 4 hours. How long will it take 226. Problem
Pedro to paint the same fence if he The mean proportion between 12
had to work alone? and x is equal to 6. Find the value of
A. 6 x.
B. 8 A. 3
C. 10 B. 5
D. 12 C. 4
D. 6
222. Problem
Six years ago, Nilda was five times as 227. Problem
old as Riza. In five years, Nilda will be Find x if 7 is the fourth proportional
to 36, and 28, and x.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 22
I
ALGEBRA I

A. 6 downstream. If the speed of the boat


B. 8 is 40 kph, what is the speed of the
C. 7 current?
D. 9 A. 10 mph
B. 20 mph
228. Problem C. 30 mph
Find the third proportional of the D. 40 mph
square of 2 and the cube root of 8.
A. 1 233. Problem
B. 2 A man travels in a motorized banca
C. 3 at the rate of 15 kph from his barrio
D. 4 to the poblacion and comes back to
his barrio at the rate of 12 kph. If his
total time of travel back and forth is 3

229. Problem hours, the distance from the barrio to


Sixteen (16) men has a contract to the poblacion is:
finish the job in 20 days. Twenty (20) A. 25 km
men were hired at the start and four B. 35 km
(4) quit the job after 8 days. C. 15 km
Determine the number of days D. 20 km
delayed or ahead of the scheduled
time when they were able to finish the 234. Problem
job. How many pounds of cream
A. 2 days ahead containing 12% butterfat must be
B. 10 days delay added to 1800 lb of milk containing
C. 6 days ahead 2% butterfat to obtain a milk having
D. 4 days delay 3% butterfat?
A. 200
230. Problem B. 100
The square of a number increased by C. 150
16 is the same as 10 times the D. 250
number, Find the numbers.
A. 2, 8 235. Problem
B. 3, 6 A chemical engineer mixed 40
C. 3, 8 milliliters of 35% hydrochloric acid
D. 4, 6 solution with 20 milliliters of 50%
hydrochloric acid solution. What is
231. Problem the percentage of the hydrochloric
The sum of two numbers is 30. If the acid of the new solution?
larger number is divided by the A. 40%
smaller number the quotient is B. 38%
equal to the smaller number. Find the C. 39%
numbers. D. 41%
A. 5 and 25
B. 4 and 26 236. Problem
C. 6 and 24 The second hand of a clock is 4
D. 7 and 23 inches long. Find the speed of the tip
of the second hand.
232. Problem A. 0.42 in/sec
It takes a boat 3 times to travel B. 0.34 in/sec
upstream against a river current than C. 0.55 in/sec
it takes the same boat to travel D. 0.48 in/sec

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 23
I
ALGEBRA I

C. 3.67 days
237. Problem D. 1.25 days
The hour hand of a clock is 2.5 in
long. Find the speed of the tip of the 242. Problem
hour hand. If ln (log x) = 1 solve for x:
A. 1.309 in/hr. A. e10
B. 1.402 in/hr. B. 10e
C. 1.234in/hr. C. e10
D. 1.543 in/hr. D. 10e

243. Problem
Perform 20 + 2 75 - 4 12

238. Problem
The sum of the ages of Maria and A. 2 ( 5+ 3 )
Anna is 35. When Maria was two
thirds her present age and Anna was B. -2 ( 5+ 3 )
of her present age, the sum of their
ages was 25. How old is Maria now? C. 2 ( 5- 3 )
A. 20
B. 25 D. -2 ( 5- 3 )
C. 10
D. 15 244. Problem
5 3
239. Problem Perform 3 +5 - 12 ( 5 )
Find the sum of the first 4 terms in the 3 5
sequence of 2n-1. A. 2 5 - 2 5 = 0
A. 15
B. 2 15 + 2 15 = 0
B. 18
C. 20 C. 2 15 - 2 15 =0
D. 22 D. 2 5 + 2 5 = 0

240. Problem 245. Problem


Find the value of x if 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + ..
n ( n +1) Perform 4 3 x12 y3
x = 36. Using 1 + 2 + 3 .. n =
2
A. -2x 2 y
A. 6
B. 8 B. 2x2 y
C. 10
D. 12 C. 2x y
D. x 2 y
241. Problem
Twenty eight (28) men can finish the
job in 60 days. At the start of the 16th 246. Problem
day 5 men were laid off and after the Perform 2 33 44
45th day 10 more men were hired.
How many days were they delayed in A. 2 331776
finishing the job? B. 8 331776
A. 2.27 days
B. 2.45 days C 7 331776

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 24
I
ALGEBRA I

D. 12 331776 Find the last term an and the sum of


each geometric progression 2, 6, 18,
to 6 terms.
247. Problem
A. 728
Find the term involving y4 in the B. 287
expansion of ( x + y ) 7 . C. 96
D. 44
A. 35x3 y 2
252. Problem
B. -35x3 y 4 Insert three geometric means
C. 35x3y4 between 2 and 162.
A. 6, 18, 36
D. 5x3 y 4 B. 4, 18, 54
C. 6, 20, 54
D. 6, 18, 54

248. Problem
Find the term of free x in the 253. Problem
9 Find the sum of the infinite
expansion of 2 1 geometric series 0.3, 0.03, 0.003,
x + x .
0.0003 ...
A. 84 1
A.
B. 48 6
C. 24 1
D. 42 B.
9
1
249. Problem C.
Find the ninth term of the harmonic 3
1 1 1 1
progression , , . D.
2 6 10 2
A. 34
B. 13 254. Problem
C. 14 Find the last term an and the sum of
D. 9 each arithmetic progression 2, 5,
8, ... to 8 terms.
250. Problem A. 13, 10
Find the sum of the infinite geometric B. 23, 100
1 1 C. 3, 1
series 1 + + + ... D. 33, 1000
3 9
3 255. Problem
A.
2 Find the sum of the even integers
2 between 21 and 81. 22, 24, 26, ...,
B.
3 80.
1 A. 1230
C. B. 1900
2 C. 1530
3 D. 1790
D.
4
256. Problem
251. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 25
I
ALGEBRA I

Find the sum of the integers between 5


2 and 100 which are divisible by 3. D. 4 days
11
A. 1883
B. 1683 261. Problem
C. 1863 Kath, Heart and Anne can do a piece
D. 1163 of work together in 3 days. Kath can
do it alone in 10 days and Heart can
257. Problem do it alone in 8 days. How long will it
Find the sum of the first n positive take Anne to do the job alone?
integers that are divisible by 4.
11
A. n ( n + 1) A. 9 days
13
B. 2n ( n - 1) 3
B. 9 days
C. 2n( n+1) 10
3
D. C. 9 days
13
3
D. 9 days
8
258. Problem
Find a quadratic equation with 262. Problem
integral coefficients whose r = e roots A, B, C can plow 1/4, 1/6 and of a
2 4 field, respectively, in one day. How
are given , - . long will it take them to plow the
3 3
filed, if they work together?
A. 9x 2 + 6x + 8 = 0 1
A. 1 days
B. 9x2 +6x - 8 =0 9
1
C. 9x 2 - 6x + 8 = 0 B. 1 days
11
D. 9x 2 - 6x - 8 = 0 1
C. 1 days
4
259. Problem
Find the value of x: 3
D. 1 days
11
x 4 3 - 5x 2 3 + 4 = 0
A. 1, 2 263. Problem
B. 4, 3 One input pipe can fill a tank alone
C. 8, 1 in 6 hours, another input pipe can fill
D. 2, 6 in alone in 4 hours and a drain pipe
can empty the full tank in 6 hours. If
260. Problem the tank is empty and all the 3 pipes
A can paint a certain house in 10 are open, how long will it take to fill
days and B can paint the same house the tank?
in 12 days. How long will it take to 3
paint the house if both men work? A. 3 hours
5 7
A. 5 days 3
9 B. 3 hours
5
6
B. 6 days 2
11 C. 3 hours
7
5
C. 5 days 3
11 D. 3 hours
10

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 26
I
ALGEBRA I

Each day 20 men die. For how long


264. Problem will the provisions last?
How many pounds of salt must be A. 67 days
added to a solution containing 5 lb. of B. 66 days
salt and 35 lb of water so that the C. 76 days
resulting mixture will be 40% salt? D. 86 days
1
A. 18 lbs 268. Problem
3
A person draws a quantity of pure
2
B. 18 lbs wine from a vessel which was full,
3 holding 81 gallons, and then filled
1 the vessel up with water. He then
C. 18 lbs
4 drew from the mixture as much as
1 he drew before of pure wine when it
D. 18 lbs was found that the vessel contained
5
64 gallons of pure wine. How much
did he drew each time?

A. 9 gallons
265. Problem B. 10.5 gallons
A chemist has the same acid of two C. 4 gallons
strengths. Twelve liters of the first D. 6 gallons
mixed with 8 liters of the second give
a mixture 84% acid. Three liters of 269. Problem
the second mixed with 2 liters of the A realtor bought a group of lots for
first give a mixture 85% acid. Find the P7200. He sells them at a gain of
strength of each. P300 per lot and has as his profit the
A. 77% and 82% amount received for the last four lots
B. 87% and 82% sold. How many lots were in the
C. 87% and 82% group?
D. 97% and 92% A. 12 lots
B. 10 lots
266. Problem C. 4 lots
It is desired to have a 20-liter mixture D. 9 lots
of 60% alcohol. Two mixtures, one of
90% alcohol and another of 35% 270. Problem
alcohol are to be used. How many A clock has a second hand which
liters of each will be required? turns on the same center as the hour
11 120 hand and minute hand. At 3 oclock,
A. x = liters; y = liters
100 11 the minute hand and the second
100 120 hand point at 12 and the hour hand
B. x = liters; y = liters at 3. How many seconds will it be
11 11
before the hour hand is between the
1 120
C. x = liters : y = liters minute hand and the second hand?
100 11 A. 20 20/73 sec
11 120 B. 29 43/73 sec
D. x = liters; y = liters
10 11 C. 20 43/73 sec
D. 29 44/66 sec
267. Problem
A besieged garrison of 5700 men has 271. Problem
provisions that will last for 66 days.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 27
I
ALGEBRA I

At what time between 9 and 10


oclock are the hands of the clock at 276. Problem
the same distance from 12? Perform:
A. 8:13 11/13 log10 x = log10 12 + log10 13 - log10 3
B. 9:13 11/13
A. 21
C. 10:13 11/13
B. 12
D. 7:13 11/13
C. 25
D. 52
272. Problem
It is now between 9 and 10 oclock. in
277. Problem
4 min. The hour hand of a clock will
Perform: ln x = 3 + ln5
be directly opposite the position
occupied by the minute hand 3 A. e3
minutes ago. What time is it? B. 10e3
A. 8:20 C. 15e3
B. 7:20 D. 5e3
C. 9:20
D. 6:20 278. Problem
Perform: e3y +ln y

273. Problem
It is between two and three oclock. A A. ye3
person looking at his watch mistake
B. e3y
the hour hand for the minute hand
and thinks that the time of the day is C. ye y
55 minutes earlier than it really is.
What is the true time? D. ye3y
A. 2:5 5/11
B. 3:5 5/11 279. Problem
C. 2:10 5/11
D. 3:10 5/11
Perform: ln 4e ( )
2x = ln 4 + ln e2x

A. ln 2 + 2x
274. Problem
B. 2ln2+2x
Find the sum and product of the roots
of the equation: C. 2ln 2 + x
x3 - 3x 2 + x - 5 = 0 D. 2ln 2 + 2x 2
A. 1, -1
B. -2, 1 280. Problem
C.-5, 5 Mary is 2/3 as old as her sister, 20
D. 6, -4 years hence she will be 7/8 as old.
How old is each now?
275. Problem A. 12 and 8
From a cubic equation which has 2, B. 10 and 6
-3, and 5 as roots. C. 14 and 10
A. x3 - 2x 2 - 11x + 10 = 0 D. 8 and 4

B. x3 - 2x 2 - 11x + 30 = 0 281. Problem


Three years ago Henry was three
C. x3 - 4x 2 - 11x + 10 = 0
times as old as John. Three years
D. x3 - 4x2 -11x +30 =0

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 28
I
ALGEBRA I

hence he will be twice as old. Find


the present age of each. 286. Problem
A. 18 and 14 Separate 132 into two parts such
B. 21 and 9 that if the larger is divided by the
C. 19 and 15 smaller the quotient is 6 and the
D. 22 and 12 remainder is 13.
A. 17 and 115
282. Problem B. 10 and 122
Half of Henrys age added to 1/3 of C. 27 and 105
Franks age is 11. Six years from now D. 7 and 125
the sum of their ages will be 40. How
old is each now? 287. Problem
A. y = 8 and x = 1 Find a fraction which becomes 1/8
B. y = 10 and x = 2 on subtracting 1 from the numerator
C. y = 28 and x = 20 and adding 2 to the denominator,
D. y = 18 and x = 10 and reduces to on adding 2 to the
numerator and 6 to the denominator.

3
A.
14
3
B.
283. Problem 16
A father is 24 years older than his 1
C.
son. In 8 years he will be twice as old 14
as his son. What is the present age of 3
the father? D.
15
A. 35
B. 40
288. Problem
C. 20
Find two numbers whose sum is 23
D. 25
and the difference of whose squares
is 207.
284. Problem
A. 17 and 6
A man is 41 years old and his son is
B. 16 and 7
9. In how many years will the father
C. 15 and 8
be three times as old as the son?
D. 18 and 5
A. 3
B. 7
289. Problem
C. 6
The denominator of a fraction
D. 9
exceeds its numerator by 2. if the
numerator is decreased by 1 and the
285. Problem
denominator is increased by 3 the
Find the age of a babysitter who is
value of the resulting fraction is 1/2 .
four times as old as well as 12 years
Find the fraction.
older than the baby.
A. 6/7
A. 10
B. 9/7
B. 13
C. 7/9
C. 16
D. 7/6
D. 19

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 29
I
ALGEBRA I

1
290. Problem B. 363 grams
6
How many grams of pure silver must
1
be added to 560 grams, 60% pure, to C. 363 grams
make alloy which is 76% pure silver? 3
1 1
A. 373 grams D. 373 grams
6 3

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 30
I
ALGEBRA I

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 31
I