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EXERCISE-BIO II
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

1. Grouping of organisms based on their similarities and differences is called …


A. Taxonomy B. Systematic C. Classification D. Binomial
Nomenclature E. Taxon
2. A biologist has just discovered a new life form. The newly described organism is multicellular, does
not carry on photosynthesis, and absorbs nutrients from the environment. It is composed of
eukaryotic cells with cell walls. In which kingdom would the organism be classified ?
A. Bacteria B. Plantae C. Animalia D. Protists E. Fungi
3. According to this chart, the insects that are most closely related are the …

A. Springtails and bristletails


B. Springtails and proturans
C. Bristletails and mayflies
D. Dragonflies and proturans
E. Dragonflies and diplurans

4. The activity of classifying objects is


often by humans in daily life. The general purpose of classification is to …
A. Simplify diverse objects D. Help to put names
B. Create complicated groups E. Order objects in hierarchy
C. Unify several objects to be stored
5. Grouping based on morphological characteristics is called …
A. Taxonomy D. Evolutionary classification system
B. Artificial classification system E. Natural classification system
C. Phylogenic classification system
6. Naming organisms using two words is called …
A. Taxon B. Dichotomous C. Taxonomy D. Binomial Nomenclature
E. Genus name
7. The scientific name for banana is Musa paradisiaca L. Letter L means …
A. Genus name D. Species epithet
B. Species name E. Family name
C. Abbreviation of the first person to identify the organism
8. Based on the binomial nomenclature, the correct writing for coconut species name is …

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A. Cocos N.L. C. cocos Nucifera L. E. cocos
nucifera L.
B. Cocos Nucifera L. D. Cocos nucifera L.
9. A biology student collected pine needles from four different species of trees. She then made
diagrams showing the number and actual length of needles in a bundle and the common and
scientific name of each species. Use her diagram above to help you answer the following
question. These four different pine trees are not classified in the same …
A. Species D. Phylum
B. Genus E. Family
C. Order

10. paradisiaca is banana’s scientific name


shows …
A. Family name B. Identifying name C. Species epithet D. Species name E.
Genus name
11.The pioneer of classification system of organisms was …
A. Charles Darwin C. Gregor Mendel E. Lamarck
B. Carolus Linnaeus D. Anthony van Leuwenhoek
12.The correct writing of peanut’s scientific name based on binomial rule is …
A. Arachis hypogaea C. arachis Hypogaea E. Arachis hypogaea
B. Arachis Hypogaea D. arachis hypogaea
13.The scientific name for potato is Solanum tuberosum, while for leunca (often eaten as salad
in West java) is Solanum nigrum. Both plants have …
A. Same species, different genus D. Different species and genus
B. Same genus, different species E. Same variety
C. Same family, different genus
14.The following are the scientific names for some organisms.
1. Panthera pardus 3. Curcuma domestica
2. Felis domestica 4. Panthera leo
Two species that are in the closest taxon levels are …
A. 1 and 2 B. 1 and 3 C. 2 and 4 D. 3 and 4 E. 1 and 4
15.Taxon in which the members are most similar is …
A. Genus B. Family C. Order D. Class E. Phylum
16.The following statement that is correct is …
A. The less the differences between organisms, the more general is their taxon level.
B. The less the similarities between organisms, the more specific is their taxon level.
C. The more the similarities between organisms, the more general is their taxon level.
D. The more the similarities between organisms, the more specific is their taxon level.
E. The more the differences between organisms, the more specific is their taxon level.
17.The order of taxon levels from the most general to the most specific is …
A. Kingdom—phylum/division—class—order—genus—family—species
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B. Kingdom—phylum/division—class—family—order—genus—species
C. Kingdom—phylum/division—class—order—family—genus—species
D. Kingdom—phylum/division—order—class—genus—family—species
E. Kingdom—phylum/division—order—class—familiy—genus—species
18.According to this key, to what family does the insect above belong ?

A. Gyrnidae D. Noteridae
B. Haliplidae E. Elmidae
C. Dytiscidae
19.Which of these is most closely related to the oak weevil?

A. A D. D
B. B E. A and D
C. C

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20.This key can be used to identify the species of some wildflowers found in Virginia. All of the
plants have blue or purple flowers with five petals that are fused together. According to this
key, to what species does the plant shown belong ?

A. Lyre-leaved sage (Salvia lyrata)


B. Gray beardtongue (Penstemon canescens)
C. A Viper’s bugloss (Echium vulgare)
D. Virginia bluebell (Mertensia virginica)
E. Lyre-leaved sage (Echium vulgare)
F.

21. Which type of Drosophila probably changed the


least over time?

A.
A. Dr
o sophil
a

melanogaster
B. Drosophila willistoni
C. Drosophila equinoxialis caribbensis
D. Drosophila equinoxialis equinoxialis
E. Drosophila willistoni willistoni

22.The reason to separate Fungi intp different kingdom is because fungus …


A. Lacks cell wall C. Lacks nuclear membrane E. Is heterotrophic
B. Is actively mobile D. Reproduces with spores
23.The classification system first developed by biologists was …
A. Two-kingdom system D. Five-kingdom system
B. Three-kingdom system E. Six-kingdom system
C. Four-kingdom system
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24.The five-kingdom classification system was developed by …
A. Aristotle D. Robert Hooke
B. Carolus Linnaeus E. Robert Whittaker
C. Charles Darwin
25.In five-kingdom system, eukaryotic, multicelluar, and photosynthetic organisms are grouped
into kingdom …
A. Monera D. Plantae
B. Protists E. Animalia
C. Fungi
26.Monera is also called a group of …
A. Prokaryotes D. Multicelluler orgaisms
B. Eukaryotes E. Autotrophic organisms
C. Unicellular organisms
27.Tujuan pemberian nama suatu organisme secara binomial nomenclature adalah untuk …
A. Menyeragamkan nama seluruh jenis makhluk hidup
B. Memudahkan penamaan suatu jenis makhluk hidup
C. Menyeragamkan jumlah kata suatu jenis makhluk hidup
D. Menentukan kesamaan pengertian suatu jenis makhluk hidup
E. Memudahkan penulisan nama suatu jenis makhluk hidup
28.Ganggang dan protozoa pada sistem lima kingdom dimasukkan ke dalam kingdom …
A. Protista D. Plantae
B. Monera E. Animalia
C. Fungi
29.Perhatikan pengelompokkan hewan di bawah ini.
1. Gajah, sapi, kuda, kerbau
2. Kecoa, lalat, burung pipit, merpati
3. Cumi-cumi, ubur-ubur, gurita, hiu
4. Ular, ikan mas, buaya, biawak
Cara pengelompokkan tersebut berdasarkan sistem …
A. Morfologi D. Buatan
B. Fisiologis E. Filogenetik
C. Alamiah
30.Kelompok hewan yang merupakan tingkatan satu jenis adalah …
A. Kambing, sapi, kerbau D. Ayam horn, tikus, kambing
B. Ayam horn, ayam kate, ayam walnut E. Kucing, anjing, tikus
C. Ayam horn, angsa, burung pelikan

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