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What is the significance of the SOG parameter displayed by a maritime navigation GPS

Select one:
The correct answer is:
Speed over the ground resulted from the space derivative between two consecutively determined
points

What is the common name for hurricanes, typhoons or cyclones?

Tropical revolving storms.

The most accurate information provided by the radar refers to:

The correct answer is: The distance to the target.
The pressure gradient force
The correct answer is: . tries to move air to eliminate pressure differences and causes air to flow
from high pressure to low pressure
The True Course is TC= 078.0 and Compass Error is CE=1.0. The Compass Course is
required.
The correct answer is: CC = 077.0
The latitudes of vertices on composite great circle navigation are:
The correct answer is: equal to latitude of limiting latitude
The CPA of the target located on the radar screen, set in Relative Motion, stabilized image
North-Up, can be determined:
The correct answer is: only after the target was plotted at least twice.
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the tropical cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in
the navigable semi-circle:
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the port quarter and sail at full speed, sea state permitting.
The ships true course is 000 degrees that means that the ship is moving towards:
The correct answer is: North
You want to stop your ship as quickly as possible without too much change in the heading. What
can you do to achieve this?
The correct answer is:
. Use the rudder hard over both sides while reducing engine power, so-called "high frequency
rudder cycling".
The limit of the XTE function (side deviation from the course made good/way over the bottom
to the next WAYPOINT) is set according to:
The sensitivity of the automatic pilot in conjunction with the sea force.
In a very well tuned sextant, measuring error of the angles is determined by:
The correct answer is: residual error of nonparalelism of mirrors
On the Beaufort scale, storm force corresponds to wind ......
The correct answer is: force 10 and above.
Which of these are 'low clouds'?
The correct answer is:
Nimbostratus, Stratus, Stratocumulus.
Water spouts are:
The correct answer is:
Water spouts are:
What is ARPA?
The correct answer is:
An automatic system for piloting the vessel based on radar information.
The constriction in the bore between the bulb and the beginning of the scale is a characteristic of
the:
The correct answer is: maxima thermometer;
When a lighthouse is observed in relative bearing of 235 degrees the light is in direction:
The correct answer is: port side, abaft the beam
Which of the following statements regarding the radar is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The bearings are more accurate than the distances measured by radar.
Which is the minum number of lines of position needed to fix the ship with simultaneoulsly
observations?
The correct answer is: one.
The navigable semi-circle of tropical cyclones in the southern hemisphere is located:
The correct answer is:
to the right of the path
What is most pronounced about a ship with good course stability?
The correct answer is:
When you put rudder amidship, she will continue on a straight course.
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: CB=TB - MAG VAR - DEV;
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semicircle:
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the port bow between 10-45 degrees and sail at full speed, sea state permitting
The correct answer is:
Sleet
What type of plotting algorithm was drawn on the maneuvering board from figure no. 5507?

The correct answer is: Avoidance action by own ship course alteration with instant action
In the Southern Hemisphere, if the ship, in the navigable semicircle, is moving toward the
cyclone periphery on a constant course, the wind:
The correct answer is: Is turning clockwise
The significant wave is:
The correct answer is:
the average height of the highest 1/3 of the waves
Complements of the sides of a spherical triangle of position are:
The correct answer is: altitude, declination, latitude
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the northern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semi-circle:
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the starboard bow between 10-45 degrees and sail at full speed, sea state
permitting

Accuracy of the determined position by successive observations to the Sun depends first on:
The correct answer is: Error in estimating
On weather maps, closely spaced isobars indicate
The correct answer is:
strong winds
The navigable semi-circle of tropical cyclones in the northern hemisphere is located:
The correct answer is: to the left of the path
In the adjacent picture is represented:

The correct answer is: a mechanical log.

That part of the hurricane which lies to the right of the path, in the northern hemisphere, is
called:
The correct answer is: dangerous semi-circle
What is the navigable semi-circle of a tropical cyclone?
The correct answer is:
It is situated, in relation to the direction of movement of the cyclone, to the left side of the path in
the Northern Hemisphere and to the right of it in the Southern Hemisphere
Low salinities in polar seas are due to:
The correct answer is: the melting ice and the precipitations
An observer moves with the ship on a parallel of latitude at a time when declination of the sun
has the same value and sign with the latitude of the observer. What values may Suns azimuth
take in this case?
The correct answer is: 0 degrees - 360 degrees
The light color of the West cardinal mark (IALA buoyage system) is:
The correct answer is: white.
Indicate how to reduce the error that occurs in case of mirage at measuring altitudes at celestial
bodies when it is imperative to determine the position in such conditions:
The correct answer is: Measurement of altitude with the sextant to be made from the highest
point on the ship when mirage is inferior and as close to the sea surface at the superior mirage
If it is impossible to avoid a hurricane in the northern hemisphere, the most indicated place
to pass the storm will be:
The correct answer is: through the left half of the storm path
The parameters used to determine the position by means of the GPS system:
The correct answer is:
Pseudo-distance, distance deference
The winter monsoon blows:
The correct answer is:
from the mainland to the ocean
In the image, the pole angle is:
The correct answer is: to the West
If the wind blows from a direction forward of the beam, this produces:
The correct answer is: a speed decrease and drift
We are sailing in an area with a strong tide current. We are plotting on the maneuvering board
the observation made to a racon (floating navigation aid). Which of the following statements
regarding the information that can be obtained is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The correction that must be applied to the CPA of a target ship
The relative motion of a fixed navigational landmark can provide useful information for
navigation. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
The correct answer is:
Own ship deviation from intended route marked on the chart.
If it is impossible to avoid a hurricane in the northern hemisphere, the most indicated place
to pass the storm will be:
The correct answer is: through the left half of the storm path
What type of plotting algorithm was drawn on the maneuvering board from figure no. 5509?

The correct answer is: Avoidance action by own ship course alteration with instant action
In a very well tuned sextant, measuring error of the angles is determined by:
The correct answer is: residual error of nonparalelism of mirrors
On the terrestrial sphere, the position line obtained from observation performed at a celestial
body is called:
The correct answer is: circle of altitude
The loxodrome is crossing the poles when the course is:
The correct answer is: 000 degrees
A sudden rising strong wind, or sudden increase of wind usually followed immediately by a
shower of rain or snow is called a ......
The correct answer is: squall
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: TB= RB + MAG VAR + DEV;
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the tropical cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in
the navigable semi-circle:
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the port quarter and sail at full speed, sea state permitting.
The suspension system of the compass box aims:
The correct answer is: to keep the compass box horizontally.
There are differences between the position displayed by the GPS receiver in the 2D system
(latitude, longitude) and the corresponding position on the chart if:
The correct answer is:
The chart has been designed based on a reference ellipsoid different from the one based on which
the GPS system has been designed
If the wind blows from starboard bow, this produces:
The correct answer is:
a speed decrease and drift to port
Monsoons are:
The correct answer is:
periodic winds that are the consequence of the seasonal changes of the atmospheric pressure
distribution on sea and land, having a SW direction in summer and a NE direction in winter.
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semi-circle, in the path or nearly in its path, close to the center:
The correct answer is: keep the wind on the port quarter 20-25 degrees and sail at full speed, sea
state permitting and proceed towards the navigable semi-circle
Pinnacle non-tabular icebergs have:
The correct answer is:
one or more spires
Which of these are 'high clouds'?
The correct answer is: Cirrus, cirrocumulus, cirrostratus.
Frontal depressions move in families, each depression following its predecessor but in ......
The correct answer is:
a slightly lower latitude.
All designated SAR aircraft and civil aircraft carry equipment operating on the international
aeronautical distress frequencies (amplitude modulation). The aeronautical distress
frequencies are ?
The correct answer is:
121,5 MHz and/or 123,1 MHz (civil aviation)
The ships true course is 180 degrees that means that the ship is moving
towards:
The correct answer is:
South.
The radar is set in Relative Motion (RM), with stabilized image H-UP. What is the fastest
method for determining the ships position?
The correct answer is: Measurement of two distances
What shape of hull does a course stable ship usually have?
The correct answer is:
A ship with a long, slim hull
The navigable semi-circle of a tropical cyclone in the southern hemisphere is located as to the
storm path:
The correct answer is:
to the right of the path
The eye of a tropical revolving storm is an area with light wind but with seas that are....
The correct answer is:
very high and confused.
What instrument is used for measuring the velocity of the wind?
The correct answer is:
Anemometer
According to IALA buoyage system in Region B, when the ship will sail towards the port will
find the following lateral marks:
The correct answer is: red light in starbard and green light in port side
The degree of confidence in the position displayed by a GPS receiver is given by the horizontal
dilution of precision (HDOP) expressed by a conventional scale from 1 to 10.
The correct answer is:
HDOP higher than 5
Hemisphere containing elevated pole is called:
The correct answer is: Visible Hemisphere
If the wind blows before the beam it will produce:
The correct answer is: reducing the speed and leeway.
In what season are icebergs more prevalent in the North Atlantic?
The correct answer is:
Spring
What is the wave period?
The correct answer is:
It is the time in seconds between successive wave crests or troughs, passing a fixed point.
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: CB=TB - MAG VAR - DEV;
The isophase light means:
The correct answer is: the light period is equal to dark period
An ARPA radar should allow the manual input for the following data:
The correct answer is: Own ship water speed
On the terrestrial sphere, the center of the circle of altitude is in:
The correct answer is: subastral Point
The ships true course is 000 degrees that means that the ship is moving towards:
The correct answer is: North
In the 3D system the position parameters displayed by a GPS receiver are latitude, longitude and
height. The displayed height is the height of the GPS receiver antenna measured from the surface
of the:
Reference ellipsoid
he time zone in which the observer is at one time was determined by dividing the longitude of
the
The correct answer is: 15 degrees.
That part of the hurricane which lies to the right of the path, in the northern hemisphere, is
called:
The correct answer is: dangerous semi-circle
All designated SAR aircraft and civil aircraft carry equipment operating on the international
aeronautical distress frequencies (amplitude modulation). The aeronautical distress
frequencies are ?
The correct answer is:
121,5 MHz and/or 123,1 MHz (civil aviation)
The ships true course is 180 degrees that means that the ship is moving
towards:
The correct answer is:
South.
The navigational mark in the adjacent picture represents:

The correct answer is: a West cardinal mark

What is the significance of the SOG parameter displayed by a maritime navigation GPS
The correct answer is:
Speed over the ground resulted from the space derivative between two consecutively determined
points
Being in Western hemisphere if the ship is sailing Eastern:
The correct answer is:
the longitude of the ending point will be smaller than the longitude of the starting point;
Your engine is running astern and you pick up sternway. The rudder is amidships, and you are
operating on a single, right-handed fixed screw. How will your ship react?
The correct answer is: She will most likely change heading to starboard
Which of the following statements regarding the radar identification of a ship that is sailing on
the same course and has the same speed as the own ship is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The relative motion vector of that target will have the same direction with
own ship course
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: CC=TC CE;
In order to determine the ships position with simultaneous observations to the stars the limit
azimuth difference is:
The correct answer is: 30
How we should set up an ARPA radar when we use the TRIAL function for finding a collision
avoidance action for a target ship that is forward of the starboard beam?
The correct answer is: RM / NUP / relative vector
Neap tides occur when:
The correct answer is: the Moon is at the first and second Quarter
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the northern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semicircle, in the path or nearly in its path, close to the center :
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the starboard quarter 20-25 degrees and sail at full speed, sea state permitting
and proceed towards the navigable semi-circle
The ships true course is 090 degrees that means that the ship is moving towards:
The correct answer is:
East
The rhythm of the light for the West cardinal mark is:
The correct answer is: 9 quick flashing
In what direction does the wind blow around a cyclonic storm in the northern hemisphere?
The correct answer is:
Anti-clockwise
The isophase light means:
The correct answer is: the light period is equal to dark period
Your ship is equipped with a right-handed propeller. As you go full astern from full ahead, the
ship is sheering to starboard. Is there anything you can do to reduce the change in heading?
The correct answer is:
Put the rudder hard to starboard to reduce the water flow to the right side of the propeller
The Coriolis force causes air masses to:
The correct answer is:
deflect to the right in the northern hemisphere and to the left in the southern hemisphere
A cyclone is:
The correct answer is: an area of relatively low pressure, generally circular, where the pressure
decreases from the outer isobars toward the center
Fast moving high clouds are an indication of ....
The correct answer is: Bad weather to come.
Your ship is equipped with a single, right-handed fixed screw. Steaming full ahead you reverse
the engine to stop the ship. How will the ship react?

No wind or current.
The correct answer is:
She will most likely sheer to starboard and gradually loose headway
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: TC=GyC + GyE
The wedge non-tabular iceberg is:
The correct answer is: an iceberg with a rounded top
Angles in spherical position triangle are:
The correct answer is: At the zenith, parallactic, at the pole
On the Beaufort scale, hurricane force corresponds to wind ......
The correct answer is:
force 12.
You are towing a vessel. The total length of the tow is 190 meters. What daylight signals are to
be used?
The correct answer is:
No signal is necessary
Hemisphere containing elevated pole is called:
The correct answer is: Visible Hemisphere
Where is the rudder axis located on an unbalanced rudder?
The correct answer is:
Just in forepart of the rudder square (figure 3).
The starting point is M1 and ending point is M2. The difference in latitude is:

The correct answer is: negative

Pinnacle non-tabular icebergs have:
The correct answer is:
one or more spires
Regarding the figure no. 5502 which of the following statements is TRUE?
The correct answer is: Both targets are give way vessels
Which ocean current flows on the direct route from Vancouver to Los Angeles ?
The correct answer is: the California current;
The wave amplitude is:
The correct answer is:
the vertical distance between the crest and the calm sea level

Radio deviation is determined by:

The correct answer is:
Secondary emission effect
The navigable semi-circle of a tropical cyclone in the southern hemisphere is located as to the
storm path:
The correct answer is:
to the right of the path
What is ARPA?
The correct answer is:
An automatic system for piloting the vessel based on radar information.
The GPS space segment in standard configuration is made up of 24 operational satellites which
are spaced as follows:
The correct answer is: In 6 orbital planes, 4 satellites in each orbital plane
What shape of hull does a course stable ship usually have?
The correct answer is:
A ship with a long, slim hull
When determining sextant correction results in a value greater than the limit allowed and the
obtained value of the correction is lower or higher than plus or minus 2.5 min.:
The correct answer is: restore control and setting of the sextant
The navigable semi-circle of tropical cyclones in the southern hemisphere is located:
The correct answer is:
to the right of the path
Which of the following statements is TRUE? Simulation of avoidance maneuver at an ARPA
radar with vector system, the effects of avoidance maneuvered can be estimated:
Only for the targets already plotted and tracked by ARPA system;
The ships true course is 270 degrees that means that the ship is moving towards:
The correct answer is: West
What instrument is used for measuring the velocity of the wind?
The correct answer is:
Anemometer

The departure is:

The correct answer is:
the arch of parallel measured from the meridian of starting point to the meridian of ending point;
Earth's rotation axis is:
The correct answer is: theoretical axis that connects the two geographical poles
Which of the following statements is FALSE? On an ARPA radar, once activated the TRIAL
function, the following parameters could be modified by the user:
The correct answer is: The TCPA to the dangerous target
Being in Northern hemisphere if the ship is sailing Northern:
The correct answer is:
the latitude of the starting point will be smaller than the latitude of the ending point;
How is set up the radar from figure no. 5506?

The correct answer is: NUP / relative vectors

Regarding the plotted target from figure no. 5503 which of the following statements is TRUE?

The correct answer is: The target has same course and speed with the own ship
A sudden rising strong wind, or sudden increase of wind usually followed immediately by a
shower of rain or snow is called a ......
The correct answer is: squall
On the terrestrial sphere the position line obtained from the observation performed at a star is
called:
The correct answer is: circle of altitude;
The hyperbolic line of position is defined as:
The correct answer is:
The geometric locus of points of equal distance difference to two fixed points .
the eye of a tropical revolving storm is an area with light wind but with seas that are....
The correct answer is:
very high and confused.
Information on traffic separation schemes is found in:
The correct answer is:
Ships' Routeing
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: GyC= TC GyE.
The corrector magnets included in the magnetic compass have the role to:
The correct answer is: create a magnetic field to reduce error generated by ships magnetic field
In a cyclone air movements are:
The correct answer is: convergent horizontally and ascendant vertically
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: CC=TC - MAG VAR - DEV
In a tropical revolving storm, "the eye" is a small central region of......
The correct answer is:
no winds and heavy rain.
If the wind blows from abeam, this produces:
The correct answer is:
Only drift
The radar is set in Relative Motion (RM), H-UP. What influence has the current rate and set on
the targets relative motion vector ?
The correct answer is: No any influence;
The degree of confidence in the position displayed by a GPS receiver is given by the horizontal
dilution of precision (HDOP) expressed by a conventional scale from 1 to 10. The lowest
confidence positions correspond for:
The correct answer is:
HDOP > 5
If an observer is facing the wind in the northern hemisphere, where does the low pressure lie?
The correct answer is: To the right
The expression tabular iceberg is not applied to bergs which break off from Arctic ice shelves
similar formations there are called:
The correct answer is: ice islands
If the wind blows from starboard bow, this produces:
The correct answer is:
a speed decrease and drift to port
The light of a light house is seen in circular relative bearing RB= 320.
The light house is seen in:
The correct answer is: port, before the beam
Which of the following statements regarding the use of PI (parallels Index) is FALSE?
The correct answer is:
The piloting of ship using PI is not recommended when the ship drifting.
Which of the following statements regarding the use of Parallel Index (PI) technique is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The piloting of the ship with the help of PI is not recommended when are
drifting conditions
The light color of the West cardinal mark (IALA buoyage system) is:
The correct answer is: white.
Which of the following statements concerning the operation of the radar in fog conditions is
TRUE ?
The correct answer is:
The small craft can sometimes escape from radar detection
Regarding the figure no. 5501which of the following statements is FALSE?

The correct answer is: The target from our starboard will cross our course ahead of us
Which of the following statements is TRUE? In drift conditions, on radar plotting sheet the
following movement parameters for own ship are used:
The correct answer is:
True course/speed through the water;
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: Dg=Da-g
Which of these is the correct sequence of visibility associated with a weather 'cold front'?
The correct answer is:
In advance - usually poor ; during the passage - first bad than good ; in the rear - usually very
good except in showers.
Name the right moment when the Sun has the declination of S23 degrees 27 minutes:
The correct answer is: winter solstice;
The sign of the half convergence correction depends on:
The correct answer is:
Ship position in conjunction with the position of the radio direction finder
In a mid-latitude cyclone in the southern hemisphere wind blows:
The correct answer is: counter-clockwise, from the periphery to the centre of the system;
If the wind blows from a direction forward of the beam, this produces:
The correct answer is: a speed decrease and drift
The geographical range given by the List of lights is calculated considering that the observers
eye high is:
The correct answer is: 5 meters
The arc of vertical circle measured from the observers celestial horizon to the stars parallel of
altitude is called:
The correct answer is: altitude;
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: CB=TB - MAG VAR - DEV;
In a very well tuned sextant, measuring error of the angles is determined by:
The correct answer is: residual error of nonparalelism of mirrors
The Constanta landing lighthouse light is:
The correct answer is: white
The radar is set in Relative Motion, H-UP. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
The correct answer is: The radar image is same as the visual image can be seen from the
An observer moves with the ship on a parallel of latitude at a time when declination of the sun
has the same value and sign with the latitude of the observer. What values may Suns azimuth
take in this case?
The correct answer is: 0 degrees - 360 degrees
If the wind blows from starboard bow, this produces:
The correct answer is:
a speed decrease and drift to port
On the Beaufort scale, hurricane force corresponds to wind ......
The correct answer is:
force 12.
In meteorology, isotherms are lines joining places having the same ....
The correct answer is:
temperature.
Which of the following elements is equivalent to the ratio between the wave height and half of
the wave length?
The correct answer is:
the wave slope
The rule red to port hand / green to straboard in Region A is applicable:
Select one:
The correct answer is:
when the ship is approaching the port
What is the most used graphical representation for the course and speed of a target on the screen
of an ARPA radar?
The correct answer is: A true or relative motion vector
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semi-circle, in the path or nearly in its path, close to the center:
The correct answer is: keep the wind on the port quarter 20-25 degrees and sail at full speed, sea
state permitting and proceed towards the navigable semi-circle
In what season are icebergs more prevalent in the North Atlantic?
The correct answer is:
Spring
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the northern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semi-circle:
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the starboard bow between 10-45 degrees and sail at full speed, sea state
permitting
The Compass Course of the vessel is within SW quadrant. Which of the following values is
The correct answer is: CC = 234
In a tropical cyclone, 'the eye' is a small central region of......
The correct answer is:
comparatively light winds and little clouds.
Which of the following input data should be used in the ARPA radar setup?
The correct answer is: STW (Water Speed)
As the size of difference in longitude between waypoints is less, the more the difference
between summed distances on the rhumb lines and Great Circle distance is:
The correct answer is:
smaller
On the Beaufort scale, storm force corresponds to wind ......
The correct answer is: force 10 and above.
Nautical twilight occurs in the interval of time when the Sun is below the horizon on a negative
altitude between:
The correct answer is: 6-12 degrees
When determining sextant correction results in a value greater than the limit allowed and the
obtained value of the correction is lower or higher than plus or minus 2.5 min.:
The correct answer is: restore control and setting of the sextant
The radar is set in Relative Motion (RM), H-UP. What influence has the current rate and set on
the targets relative motion vector ?
The correct answer is: No any influence;
During the watch on bridge the officer can identify the fact that the anchor is dragging by:
The correct answer is: measuring time to time bearing to two fixed landmarks
A lighthouse light is spotted in RB=030 . The lighthouse is seen:
The correct answer is:
port, before the beam
A chart having the scale 1:160.000 is for:
Low clouds with vertical extent are:
The correct answer is:
Cumulus, Cumulonimbus;
What is the tropopause?
the tropopause is the boundary separating the troposphere from the stratosphere.
The rule green to starboard /red to port hand/ in Region A is applicable:
The correct answer is: from the sea to ashore
What determines at the ARPA Radar the visual and audible alarms?
The correct answer is: A target with the CPA smaller that safety set area /limit.
The compensatory magnets of the magnetic compass are designated for:
The correct answer is: to create a magnetic field opposite the ship's magnetic field.
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: TB= RB + MAG VAR + DEV;
In a high pressure system in the northern hemisphere winds turn:
The correct answer is:
clockwise, from the centre to the periphery of the system
A tropical storm develop into a hurricane when wind speed reaches :
The correct answer is: 20 - 25 m/s;
Civil time is defined as:
The correct answer is: hour angle of the true sun measured from lower brach of the observer
If the wind blows from a direction forward of the beam, this produces:
The correct answer is: a speed decrease and drift

.Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semi-circle, in the path or nearly in its path, close to the center:
The correct answer is: keep the wind on the port quarter 20-25 degrees and sail at full speed, sea
state permitting and proceed towards the navigable semi-circle
which of the following statements concerning the operation of the radar in fog conditions is
TRUE ?
The correct answer is:
The small craft can sometimes escape from radar detection
Using the radar how can we determine the presence of a dangerous target?
The correct answer is: The distance to the target is decreasing and the true bearing value remains
almost the same
Indicate how to reduce the error that occurs in case of mirage at measuring altitudes at celestial
bodies when it is imperative to determine the position in such conditions:
The correct answer is: Measurement of altitude with the sextant to be made from the highest
point on the ship when mirage is inferior and as close to the sea surface at the superior mirage
In the 3D system the position parameters displayed by a GPS receiver are latitude, longitude and
height. The displayed height is the height of the GPS receiver antenna measured from the surface
of the:
The correct answer is:
Reference ellipsoid
On a meteorological map the ridge appears as:
The correct answer is:
an area with elongate isobars and with the highest pressure near the center
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: CC=TC CE;
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the northern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semi-circle:
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the starboard bow between 10-45 degrees and sail at full speed, sea state
permitting
The radar is set to True Motion (TM). Which of the following targets will not move on the radar
image?
The correct answer is:
A navigational fixed mark;
The limit of the XTE function (side deviation from the course made good/way over the bottom
to the next WAYPOINT) is set according to:
The correct answer is:
The sensitivity of the automatic pilot in conjunction with the sea force.
For calculating the hour angle of the Sun with the nautical ephemeride the following relation is
used:
The correct answer is: ta=Ta+
limit value allowed for the sextants correction is:
The correct answer is: plus or minus 0.5 minutes.
Being in Eastern hemisphere if the ship is sailing Eastern:
The correct answer is: the longitude of the starting point will be smaller than the longitude of the
ending point;
The time zone in which the observer is at one time was determined by dividing the longitude of
the observer's site at:
The correct answer is: 15 degrees.
Moon Phase sequence is as follows:
The correct answer is: new moon, first quarter, full moon, last quarter
In the Northern Hemisphere, if the ship, in the navigable semi-circle, is moving toward the
cyclone periphery on a constant course, the wind:
The correct answer is:
Is turning counterclockwise
When the relative bearing measured to a landmark is 060 degrees:
The correct answer is: Relative bearing starboard is 060 degrees
In a high pressure system in the southern hemisphere winds turn:
The correct answer is: counter clockwise, from the centre to the periphery of the system
On the radar image from figure no. 5511 which statement is TRUE?
The correct answer is: We should avoid the target from our starboard side because is a stand on
vessel
Which of the following statements is TRUE? Simulation of avoidance maneuver at an ARPA
radar with vector system, resulting in:
The correct answer is: Establishing the parameters of avoidance maneuver.
On ARPA Radar, what is the most common form of graphic representation for the course and
speed of a target?
The correct answer is: Relative motion vector or true motion vector
In order to determine the relative humidity, one of the following instruments can be used:
The correct answer is: the psychrometer

The boat ruler observes a light with a group of six white flashes plus a long flash regularly
repeated. The mark is:
The correct answer is: a South cardinal mark
A LORAN-C line of position is determined by measuring:
The correct answer is:
Time and frequency difference
The light of a safe water mark is:
The correct answer is: white.
The radar is set up in TM. Which of the following targets will not move on the radar image?
The correct answer is: A floating navigational aid (fix target)
A squall line of sharp changes of wind, is very often associated with ......
The correct answer is: cold front.
In the Southern Hemisphere, if the ship, in the navigable semicircle, is moving toward the
cyclone periphery on a constant course, the wind:
The correct answer is: Is turning clockwise
If the wind blows from starboard bow, this produces:
The correct answer is:
a speed decrease and drift to port
The rhythm of the light for the East cardinal mark is:
The correct answer is: 3 quick flashing
Measuring accuracy of the Compass Course is:
The correct answer is: 0.5
Which of the following statements about the factors affecting the accuracy of the LORAN-C
position is FALSE?
The correct answer is:
Sea state in the navigation area
As the size of difference in longitude between waypoints is less, the more the difference
between summed distances on the rhumb lines and Great Circle distance is:
The correct answer is:
smaller
The light of North cardinal mark is:
The correct answer is: quick flashes
when a lighthouse is observed in relative bearing of 180 degrees the light is in direction:
The correct answer is: astern
The departure is:
The correct answer is:
the arch of parallel measured from the meridian of starting point to the meridian of ending point;
The limit of the XTE function (side deviation from the course made good/way over the bottom
to the next WAYPOINT) is set according to:
The correct answer is:
The sensitivity of the automatic pilot in conjunction with the sea force.
If the wind blows from abeam, this produces:
The correct answer is:
only drift
Which of the following statements regarding the identification on the radar of a ship proceeding
on the same course and with the same speed of the own ship, is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The relative motion vector for that ship will go in the same direction with
own ship.
The soft iron compensatory magnets of the magnetic compass are mounted:
The correct answer is: on the compass housing, near the compass box;
If the wind blows from a direction forward of the beam, this produces:
The correct answer is: a speed decrease and drift
What errors can generate an ARPA radar if we input the COG instead of True course for the own
ship?
The correct answer is: Errors regarding the true course of the target
The direction towards which a tidal stream runs is called ......
The correct answer is:
set
Waves height corresponding to the sea state 9 is :
The correct answer is: 12-14 m
The officer observes during the night watch a mark having a light with group of four yellow
flashes repeated regularly. The mark is:
The correct answer is: special mark.
The halo phenomena can be observed only when one of the following cloud genera form ...
The correct answer is:
Cirrostratus
According to the Douglas scale, waves height corresponding to the sea state 4 are:
The correct answer is:
1.25-2.50 m
Which of the following statements regarding how establish the avoidance maneuver based on
information given by an ARPA radar with PAD system is true?
The correct answer is: PAD show graphically the dangerous area around of the target
A great circle on the terrestrial sphere which intersects Earth's equator at longitude E 141 degrees
will intersect it again at longitude:
The correct answer is: 039 degrees W
Low clouds with vertical extent are:
The correct answer is:
Cumulus, Cumulonimbus
The transversal permanent magnets of the magnetic compass are mounted:
The correct answer is: inside of the compass housing.
Which of these atmospheric layers is closest to the earth?
The correct answer is:
Troposphere
The true bearing measured to a landmark is
The correct answer is: the angle between the meridian and the direction to the landmark;
Which of these is the correct pressure sequence associated with a weather 'cold front '?
The correct answer is:
. In advance - fall; during the passage - sudden rise ; in the rear - rise continues more slowly.
The permanent vertical magnet of the magnetic compass is mounted:
The correct answer is: inside the compass housing
The sign of the half convergence correction depends on:
The correct answer is: Ship position in conjunction with the position of the radio direction finder
A sudden rising strong wind, or sudden increase of wind usually followed immediately by a
shower of rain or snow is called a ......
The correct answer is: squall
The light colour of the isolated danger mark (IALA buoyage system) is:
The correct answer is: white.
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semicircle:
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the port bow between 10-45 degrees and sail at full speed, sea state permitting
When the relative bearing measured to a landmark is 230 degrees, the object will visible in:
The correct answer is: port side, abaft the beam
In meteorology, isotherms are lines joining places having the same ....
The correct answer is:
temperature.
Compensation of the magnetic compass determines:
The correct answer is: reduction of the ship influence
What it is characteristic for a "close quarter" situation?
The correct answer is: The CPA to the target ship is smaller than the safety distance.
The compensatory magnets of the magnetic compass are designated for:
The correct answer is: to create a magnetic field opposite the ship's magnetic field.
On the terrestrial sphere, the position line obtained from observation performed at a celestial
body is called:
The correct answer is: circle of altitude
The roaring forties are:
The correct answer is:
steady winds that blow at latitudes 40S to 50S
A vessel is seen port beam. The Circular Relative Bearing is:
The correct answer is: 270
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the southern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semi-circle, in the path or nearly in its path, close to the center:
The correct answer is: keep the wind on the port quarter 20-25 degrees and sail at full speed, sea
state permitting and proceed towards the navigable semi-circle
The correct answer is:
clockwise, from the centre to the periphery of the system
Nautical twilight occurs in the interval of time when the Sun is below the horizon on a negative
altitude between:
The correct answer is: 6-12 degrees
The True Course is TC= 078.0 and Compass Error is CE=1.0. The Compass Course is
required.
The correct answer is: CC = 077.0 CC=TC-CE
The ship gyro course is GyC= 080 degrees and it is measured a compass bearing to a landmark
GyB=030 degrees. The landmark is visible in:
The correct answer is: port side, before the beam
What instrument is used for measuring the velocity of the wind?
The correct answer is:
Anemometer
The arc of vertical circle measured from the observers celestial horizon to the stars parallel of
altitude is called:
The correct answer is: altitude;
If the wind blows from starboard bow, this produces:
The correct answer is:
a speed decrease and drift to port
The ARPA radar is set up in TM / CUP / true vectors. Which of the following statements is
FALSE?
The correct answer is: The true vector of a target is helping us to estimate the CPA to that target
Which of these is the correct pressure sequence associated with a weather 'cold front '?
The correct answer is:
. In advance - fall; during the passage - sudden rise ; in the rear - rise continues more slowly.
The eye of a tropical revolving storm is an area with light wind but with seas that are....
The correct answer is:
very high and confused.
The night effect is generated by:
The correct answer is: Simultaneous reception of the direct and of the reflected wave
On the terrestrial sphere the position line obtained from the observation performed at a star is
called:
The correct answer is: circle of altitude;
The officer on watch observes during the night watch a navigation mark showing a group
of six flashes plus a long flash regularly repeating.The mark is:
The correct answer is: a South cardinal mark
Which of the following statements regarding the information that can be obtained from the
relative motion of a fix target (navigation aid) is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The Cross Track Error (XTE) for own ship
In meteorology, isobars are lines joining places having the same ......
The correct answer is: pressure.
What is the significance of the SOG parameter displayed by a maritime navigation GPS
The correct answer is:
Speed over the ground resulted from the space derivative between two consecutively determined
points
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: GyC= TC - GyE;
Mean time tm transforms into tf zone by the relation:
The correct answer is: tf=tm+(lfl)
Which of these is the correct weather sequence associated with a 'warm front'?
The correct answer is: . In advance - continuous rain; during the passage - rain almost or
completely stops; in the rear - mainly cloudy and slight rain.
Starboard hand lateral mark inside IALA Region A has as top mark:
The correct answer is: a single green cone, point upward
In a tropical revolving storm, "the eye" is a small central region of......
The correct answer is:
no winds and heavy rain.
Which of the following statements regarding how establish the avoidance maneuver based on
information given by an ARPA radar with PAD system is true?
The correct answer is: PAD show graphically the dangerous area around of the target
The prevailing winds that blow between 40 and 60 degrees of latitudine are called :
The correct answer is:
the westerlies
The nominal range of a navigation light is the distance to see the light when the metheorological
range is:
The correct answer is: 10 NM
The Compass Course of the vessel is within SE quadrant. Which of the following values is
The correct answer is: CC = 112
What is the tropopause?
The correct answer is:
the tropopause is the boundary separating the troposphere from the stratosphere.
Lateral marks indicate:
The correct answer is: lateral limits of fairway.
A tide is called diurnal when:
The correct answer is:
only one high and one low water occurs in a lunar day
In a tropical cyclone, 'the eye' is a small central region of......
The correct answer is:
comparatively light winds and little clouds.

Suns semidiametre value given in daily tables of nautical ephemeris is required for:
The correct answer is: verifying the accuracy of determining the correction of the sextant;
The radar is set to Relative Motion (RM), image stabilized N-UP,
own ship speed is different than zero. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
The correct answer is: A change in the course of own ship change the direction of relative
motion of mobile targets which are on display;
Tropical cyclones are accompanied by ......
The correct answer is:
heavy rain sometimes with thunder and lightning.
On the Mercator projection the parallels are:
The correct answer is:
straight lines perpendicular on the meridians
Which of the following statements about the shore effect is FALSE:
The correct answer is:
It is at its maximum when the direction ship- radio direction finder is oriented on the
perpendicular on the coast line
The Compass Course of the vessel is within the NE quadrant. Which of the following values is
correct?
The correct answer is: CC= 034
The accuracy of the position displayed by a GPS receiver depends on a series of factors.
Which of the following statements is FALSE?
The correct answer is:
An error in the estimated position of the ship
The magnetic deviation is generated by:
The correct answer is:
magnetic mases included into the body of the ship
Which of the following statements is TRUE? Simulation of avoidance maneuver at an ARPA
radar with vector system, resulting in:
The correct answer is: Establishing the parameters of avoidance maneuver.
The gnomonic charts helps navigator to accomplish easier:
The correct answer is: great circle navigation.

Depending on the arrangement of the orbit, in report with terrestrial orbit lower planets are:
The correct answer is: Mercury, Venus
We are sailing in an area with a strong tide current. We are plotting on the maneuvering board
the observation made to a racon (floating navigation aid). Which of the following statements
regarding the information that can be obtained is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The correction that must be applied to the CPA of a target ship
South Westerlies are the general surface winds in which of the following latitudes?
The correct answer is:
40 - 60 degrees.
he radar is set in Relative Motion (RM), with stabilized image H-UP. What is the fastest
method for determining the ships position?
The correct answer is: Measurement of two distances
Widely spaced isotherms indicate:
The correct answer is: a small change in temperature over distance
In meteorology, isobars are lines joining places having the same ......
The correct answer is: pressure.
The rhythm of the light for the West cardinal mark is:
The c Measuring accuracy of the Gyro Course is:
correct answer is: 9 quick flashing
A LORAN-C line of position is determined by measuring:
Time and frequency difference
The light colour of the South cardinal mark (IALA buoyage system) is:
The correct answer is: white
The procedure of similar triangles or the procedure of the place of equal differences in bearing
may be applied only provided that:
The correct answer is: to exist the certainty that the observations are affected only by systematic
error
Wind force 5 corresponds to a wind speed of ....
The correct answer is:
17 - 21 knots.

The eye of a tropical revolving storm is an area with light wind but with seas that are....
The correct answer is:
very high and confused.
Which of the following input data should be used in the ARPA radar setup?
The correct answer is: Route Leg as draw on the chart
The light colour of the safe waters mark (IALA buoyage system) is:
The correct answer is: white;
If a meteorological depression has a large warm sector, it has a tendency to ......
The correct answer is: deepen.
Accuracy of the determined position by successive observations to the Sun depends first on:
The correct answer is: Error in estimating
How can we define a close quarter situation?
The correct answer is: The CPA to the target is less than the safety distance
Which of the following statements is FALSE? On an ARPA radar, once activated the TRIAL
function, the following parameters could be modified by the user:
The correct answer is: The TCPA to the dangerous target
Which of the following statements regarding how establish the avoidance maneuver based on
information given by an ARPA radar with PAD system is true?
The correct answer is: PAD show graphically the dangerous area around of the target
When a lighthouse is observed in relative bearing of 165 degrees the value calculated in the
semicircular system of the relative bearing is:
The correct answer is: RB Starboard=165 degrees;
Which of the following statements on the parameters of the GPS space segment is FALSE?
The correct answer is:
The period of rotation of satellites T= 24 hours
An alternating light is a light which:
The correct answer is: shows different colours alternately

We are sailing in an area with a strong tide current. We are plotting on the maneuvering board
the observation made to a racon (floating navigation aid). Which of the following statements
regarding the information that can be obtained is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The correction that must be applied to the CPA of a target ship
Suns semidiametre value given in daily tables of nautical ephemeris is required for:
The correct answer is: verifying the accuracy of determining the correction of the sextant
The radar is set in Relative Motion (RM), with stabilized image H-UP. What is the fastest
method for determining the ships position?
The correct answer is: Measurement of two distances
A falling barometer is an indication of ....
The correct answer is: Bad weather to come.
Indicate the maneuver of a ship caught by the cyclone, in the northern hemisphere, in the
dangerous semicircle, in the path or nearly in its path, close to the center :
The correct answer is:
keep the wind on the starboard quarter 20-25 degrees and sail at full speed, sea state permitting
and proceed towards the navigable semi-circle
Which of the following statements regarding the radar is FALSE?
The correct answer is: The bearings are more accurate than the distances measured by radar.
The geographic range is calculated taking into consideration:
The correct answer is: the light elevation, the atmospheric refraction and the high of observers
eye.
The roaring forties are:
The correct answer is:
steady winds that blow at latitudes 40S to 50S
Low salinities in polar seas are due to:
The correct answer is: the melting ice and the precipitations
Which of the below relation is true?
The correct answer is: CB=TB - MAG VAR - DEV;
Planets of solar system that can be used for observations in celestial navigation are:
The correct answer is: Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn
According to IALA buoyage system in Region B, when the ship will sail towards the port will
find the following lateral marks:
The correct answer is: red light in starbard and green light in port side

Which of the following input data should be used in the ARPA radar setup?
The correct answer is: STW (Water Speed)
Which of the following statements on the role of the GPS control segment is FALSE?
The correct answer is:
Continuous modification of the orbit parameters of GPS satellites
The degree of confidence in the position displayed by a GPS receiver is given by the horizontal
dilution of precision (HDOP) expressed by a conventional scale from 1 to 10. The lowest
confidence positions correspond for:
The correct answer is:
HDOP > 5
The hyperbolic line of position is defined as:
The correct answer is:
The geometric locus of points of equal distance difference to two fixed points
The radar is set in Relative Motion (RM), N-UP. A target ship from starboard bow comes to
collision. Which of the following statements is FALSE?
The correct answer is: Own ship stopping (speed through the water= zero) will not change the
value of target Relative Motion direction.
The light of a safe water mark is:
The correct answer is: white.
If the wind blows from a direction forward of the beam, this produces:
The correct answer is: a speed decrease and drift
Mercator chart is made using projection:
The correct answer is: central, cylindrical, regular, compliant
What is water content of the atmosphere (usually expressed as a percentage) known as?
The correct answer is:
Humidity