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Caregivers Styles- Formative Assessment

Carmen Garcia

Fresno Pacific University


Caregivers Styles-Formative Assessment

There are four parenting styles that we as teachers need to be aware of. This is so we will

understand the behaviors our children will be showing as they interact with their peers. Still

letting the educator know when intervention might need to be called on for extra support for the

benefit of the child. The styles are as followed, authoritarian, authoritative, permissive

uninvolved, and permissive indulgent. Within this paper I will describe the characteristics and

the behavior the children of each style might portray in the school environment.

Authoritative parents tend to have an understanding on how a child develops. They

demonstrate clear communication to their children They use persuasion, not force, to help

children understand things. (Marion, p.14). These parents use developmentally appropriate

discipline when need to yet, they focus on teaching their children not punishing them. These

children seem to have high self-esteem in their ability to learn. They also have moral standards

and tend to feel safe and secure in their surroundings. For instants children that come from

homes of authoritative parents know that it is wrong to cut in line and steal others belongings. In

a school setting these children will be model students for other children to observe. They will

follow all the rules and remind others about the rules.

Authoritarian parents are high in demanding and low in responsiveness. In my opinion

this is a very bad combination for a child to grow up in. This type of parenting style was what I

was raised with. The authoritarian parent is very negative with their words and with their actions.

These are some of their strategies on how they raise their children. They use threats, lies,

corporal punishment, sarcasm, they are critical towards their children and ridicule them any

chance they get. No wonder these children have very low self-esteem and tend to think they are

not worth much in life. Still these children are withdrawn and unhappy; they appear to be

anxious and insecure when interacting with peers. Sometimes they might be hostile if frustrated.

In the article, Effects of Parenting Styles on Childrens Behaviors the author pointed out that

research shows girls to be dependent and lacking in motivation and boys much more likely to be

angry and defiant. ( Sailor, 2010) based on my childhood I would have to say I believe this as

my sisters and I lacked motivation in our education and my brother was definitely angry and

defiant towards the situation of coming from a single-parent home.

The permissive uninvolved parent is one that chooses to be permissive. These types of

parents are believed to be low in responding and low in demanding. These parents would like to

set limits but, they have no knowledge in how to set boundaries for their children, therefore they

gave up trying. Children that are raised in these homes tend to be aggressive, rebellious, they

have low self-esteem. They tend to display anger towards everyone; these children are low in

social skills and may end up as criminals. After doing some research I now see that these

children are the ones that may be diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder based on their

lifestyle of an uninvolved parent.

The last style of parenting is permissive indulgent. This is new to me; I always thought

there were only three styles of parenting. However, this parent is one that is high in

responsiveness and low in demanding. These parents seem to firmly believe that children have

the right to set their own boundaries. Yet, they do not request much from their children. They are

quick to give their children what they might need but, they do not set boundaries for their

children. Children that come from homes with indulgent parents tend to lack their

independence and are mostly selfish. These children are not taught how their actions affect

others. Still these children are impulsive, destructive and do not take responsibility for their


The information I collected during this assignment was helpful to me in the future. I have

a good understanding on the different styles of behaviors that children will display. It is not due

to the child, it is based on their up bring in their home. Like a said earlier in this paper I was

brought up in a home were my father style was authoritarian. Yet, now as an adult I tend to find

my style more to be authoritative. I believe that as a teacher your parenting style is in your



Sailor, D. H. (2010). Effects of Parenting Styles on Childrens Behavior. Retrieved from


Marion, M. (2015). Guidance of Yong Children 9th.ed. Upper Saddle River NY: Pearson