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TGA701 Instruction Manual

TGA701
Thermogravimetric
Analyzer
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
Software Version 1.3x
Part Number 200-287
August 2008

Patents are Pending in U.S.A. and other countries


2008 LECO Corporation
Minor revisions may not be reflected in this manual.
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1 Introduction
The Introduction chapter provides general information including safety
guidelines and warranty terms. This chapter also provides information
about parts and accessories.

1 Introduction ...............................................................................13
Illustrations .................................................................................16
Software License ..........................................................................19
Warranty .................................................................................. 113
Warning and Caution Symbols...................................................... 115
Interference to Other Devices ...................................................... 116
Declaration of Conformity ............................................................ 117
Accessing the Manual.................................................................. 118
About this Manual ...................................................................... 119
Equipment Packages................................................................... 120
Options..................................................................................... 121
Components and Accessories List ................................................. 122
Thermocouple Certificate of Compliance ........................................ 123
Specifications ............................................................................ 124
Facility Requirements.................................................................. 126
2 Installation ................................................................................21
Illustrations .................................................................................22
Installing Instrument ....................................................................23
Dual Instrument Installation ........................................................ 212
International Installation ............................................................. 217
3 Option Installation .....................................................................31
External Blower............................................................................33
Installing External Balance.............................................................36
4 System Setup .............................................................................41
Getting Started with the Software...................................................45
Software Main Window ..................................................................46
Configuring Spreadsheet ............................................................. 414
System Configuration ................................................................. 425
Configuring System for Sound Indicators ....................................... 432
Export Formats .......................................................................... 433

Introduction TGA701 13
Transmission Format .................................................................. 439
Export Buffer Format .................................................................. 444
Selecting Language .................................................................... 445
Sample Templates...................................................................... 446
Configuring User Defined Fields .................................................... 447
Determining User Permissions ...................................................... 452
Managing Databases................................................................... 455
5 Operation ...................................................................................51
Instrument Controls .....................................................................53
Analysis Overview ........................................................................54
Methods......................................................................................55
Method Equation Examples .......................................................... 513
Standards ................................................................................. 514
Calibration ................................................................................ 518
Logging In a Sample................................................................... 526
Analyze a Sample Using Internal Balance....................................... 528
Analyze a Sample Using Preweighed Crucibles ................................ 530
Determining Sample Filters.......................................................... 534
Configuring Report before Printing ................................................ 538
Printing from the Software........................................................... 541
Import Data .............................................................................. 542
Export Data............................................................................... 543
Export Buffers............................................................................ 544
Transfer Export and Import ......................................................... 545
Backing Up and Restoring Data .................................................... 547
Data Transmit............................................................................ 549
Turning Off Instrument ............................................................... 550
6 Maintenance...............................................................................61
Periodic Maintenance ....................................................................63
Fan Filters ...................................................................................66
Cleaning Furnace .........................................................................67
Cleaning Crucibles ........................................................................68
Viewing Log File ...........................................................................69
7 Theory of Operation ...................................................................71
Illustrations .................................................................................72
Theory of Operation......................................................................73

8 Diagnostics ................................................................................81
Ambients ....................................................................................83
Solenoids and Switches .................................................................88
Network......................................................................................89

14 TGA701 Introduction
Communications ........................................................................ 811
Systems Check .......................................................................... 813
9 Service .......................................................................................91
Installing Software .......................................................................93
Configuring the Ethernet Connection ............................................. 910
Configuring Firewall Settings........................................................ 915
Upgrading Software .................................................................... 918
Registering the Software ............................................................. 919
Hardware Calibration .................................................................. 923
Balance Adjustment.................................................................... 928
Balance Test.............................................................................. 931
Carousel ................................................................................... 933
Furnace .................................................................................... 937
Over Temperature Switch Reset ................................................... 942
Thermocouple............................................................................ 943
Smartline ................................................................................ 946
Troubleshooting ......................................................................... 952

10 Illustrations .............................................................................101

11 Schematics ...............................................................................111
Illustrations ............................................................................... 112
TGA701 Cabinet Schematics Part List ............................................ 113

12 Index .......................................................................................131

Introduction TGA701 15
Illustrations
Figure 1-1 Facility Requirements .................................................... 126
Figure 1-2 Wiring Diagram ............................................................ 126
Figure 2-1 PC Tower Configuration.................................................. 27
Figure 2-2 Upper Pneumatic Actuator Coupling Screws ...................... 210
Figure 2-3 Ethernet Switch ............................................................ 214
Figure 3-1 Balance Control Panel .................................................... 37
Figure 5-1 Actuator Button Location................................................ 53
Figure 7-1 Flow Diagram ............................................................... 75
Figure 9-1 Copy Protection Key ...................................................... 921
Figure 10-1 Reference Card ........................................................... 103
Figure 10-2 Front View Balance Removed ........................................ 104
Figure 10-3 Left Side Balance Removed........................................... 104
Figure 10-4 AnalyzerRight Side View ............................................ 105
Figure 10-5 Furnace Open with Carousel.......................................... 106
Figure 10-6 Carousel Location ........................................................ 107
Figure 10-7 Pedestal Location in Furnace ......................................... 107
Figure 10-8 Furnace Thermocouple Installation................................. 108
Figure 10-9 Top Furnace CoverInternal View ................................. 108
Figure 10-10 Instrument Rear View ................................................ 109
Figure 10-11 Furnace CoverRear View .......................................... 1010
Figure 10-12 Internal View ............................................................ 1011
Figure 10-13 IndexerFront View .................................................. 1011
Figure 10-14 Internal View AIndexer ............................................ 1012
Figure 10-15 IndexerRear View ................................................... 1012
Figure 10-16 IndexerInternal View............................................... 1013
Figure 10-17 Over Temperature SwitchLocation ............................. 1014
Figure 10-18 Over Temperature SwitchReset Button....................... 1014
Figure 10-19 Balance Assembly...................................................... 1015
Figure 10-20 Flow Manifold Assembly.............................................. 1016
Figure 10-21 External Blower Motor ................................................ 1017
Figure 10-22 Lift Cover Cylinder (Part Number 621-060) ................... 1018
Figure 10-23 Flow Manifold Assembly (Part Number 621-176) ............ 1019
Figure 10-24 AC Power Distribution Panel (Part Number 621-025)....... 1020
Figure 10-25 Indexer/Lifter Assembly (Part Number 621-196) ............ 1021
Figure 10-26 Distribution Assembly (Part Number 621-282) ............... 1022
Figure 10-27 Top Level Base Assembly............................................ 1023
Figure 10-28 Lower Divider Plate Assembly ...................................... 1024
Figure 10-29 Gas Panel Assembly (Part Number 621-123) ................. 1025
Figure 10-30 Upper Top Level Assembly .......................................... 1026
Figure 11-1 150-990 Cabinet Schematics1 of 5.............................. 114

16 TGA701 Introduction
Figure 11-2 150-990 Cabinet Schematics2 of 5.............................. 115
Figure 11-3 150-990 Cabinet Schematics3 of 5.............................. 116
Figure 11-4 150-990 Cabinet Schematics4 of 5.............................. 117
Figure 11-5 150-990 Cabinet Schematics5 of 5.............................. 118
Figure 11-6 External Blower........................................................... 119

Introduction TGA701 17
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18 TGA701 Introduction
Software License

By installing the Licensed Software, the Licensee acknowledges that


Licensee has read it, understands it and agrees to be bound by its
terms, and further agree that this is the complete and exclusive
statement of the Software License between the parties, which
supersedes and merges all prior proposals, understandings and other
agreements oral and written, between the parties relating to the
subject matter of this Software License. In the event of any conflict
between the terms of this Software License and the terms of purchase
orders submitted by Licensee, the terms of this Software License shall
control.
This is an agreement between the Licensee and LECO Corporation
(LECO) of 3000 Lakeview Avenue, St. Joseph, Michigan 49085-2396,
owner of the Licensed Software. This Software License specifies the
conditions under which Licensee may use the Licensed Software.

I. Definitions
"Licensed Software" shall mean the software supplied with this
Software License, which is software developed and distributed by
LECO.
"Instruction Manual" shall mean a guide describing the use and
operation of the Licensed Software, together with any related
supporting documentation.
"Licensee" shall mean and include any of the Licensee's divisions and
departments within Licensee's organization, but shall not include
wholly or partially owned subsidiaries, affiliates, successors or assigns,
or independent third parties.

II. License Grant


LECO hereby grants to Licensee, and Licensee hereby accepts, subject
to the terms and conditions set forth in this Software License, a non-
exclusive, non-transferable license to use the Licensed Software and
Instruction Manual as set forth in this Software License. The term
license as used in this Software License shall mean and include:

a. the right to use a copy of the Licensed Software in executable form


by one user at a time;
b. the right to use and copy the Instruction Manual for Licensee's
internal operations; and
c. the right to make one backup copy of the Licensed Software.

Introduction TGA701 19
In accepting the license granted by LECO, Licensee agrees that it shall
not:
1. transfer or allow transfer of copies of the Licensed Software to any
other party including any wholly or partially owned subsidiaries,
affiliates, successors, or assigns without the express consent of LECO;
2. use the Licensed Software on more than one (1) CPU at any one
time;
3. cause or permit unauthorized copying, reproduction, or disclosure of
any portion of the Licensed Software or Instruction Manual or the
distribution of any part thereof to any third person or entity, for any
purpose whatsoever. This restriction shall continue to bind Licensee
and its agents beyond the termination of this Software License; or
4. attempt to disassemble modify, or reverse engineer the Licensed
Software;
5. attempt to defeat or defeat the copy-protection mechanism;
6. attempt to or access features not purchased.

III. Enhancements And Support


LECO may make available to Licensee updates and enhancements to
the Licensed Software, which Licensee may accept at the time it is
offered to Licensee by paying any applicable update fee. LECO shall
have the sole discretion to determine the update fee. Use of all such
updates and enhancements by Licensee shall be subject to the terms
and conditions of this Software License unless supplemented or
replaced by a subsequent license.

IV. Termination Of Software License


In the event of a material default by Licensee or its agents, of any
provision of this Software License, LECO may terminate this Software
License upon thirty (30) days written notice. Upon termination of the
Software License, the Licensee shall return all copies of the Licensed
Software to LECO. This obligation shall survive the termination of this
Software License.

V. Copyright And Proprietary Information


Licensee acknowledges that the Licensed Software and the Instruction
Manual constitute valuable and copyrighted property of LECO and that
all title and ownership rights in the Licensed Software and related
materials remain exclusively with LECO. LECO reserves all rights with
respect to the Licensed Software and Instruction Manual under all
applicable laws for the protection of proprietary information, including,
but not limited to, trade secrets, copyrights, trademarks, and patents.

110 TGA701 Introduction


VI. Limitation Of Liability And Warranties
With respect to the physical media on which the Licensed Software is
delivered and Instruction Manual, LECO warrants the same to be free
of defects in materials and workmanship for a period of ninety (90)
days from the date of delivery. In the event of notification within the
warranty period of defects in material or workmanship, LECO will
replace the defective media or documentation. LECO specifically
disclaims all other warranties, expressed or implied, including but not
limited to implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a
particular purpose with respect to defects in the media and
documentation. In no event shall LECO be liable for any loss of profit,
data, or use, or any other commercial damage, including but not
limited to special, incidental, consequential, interruptions in Licensees
operations, or other damages regardless of negligence or fault. LECO's
liability in connection with this Software License shall not exceed the
value of the amounts paid by Licensee under this Software License for
the Licensed Software which gave rise to the loss less a reasonable
amount for use, damage and obsolescence.

VII. Confidentiality
All information and materials regarding the software, provided to
Licensee by LECO which are not generally known in the trade are
confidential, are proprietary, and such information and materials are
furnished solely for the use of Licensee under this Software License.
Licensee agrees not to use or disclose any such information or material
otherwise without prior written consent from LECO and Licensee
further agrees to take all reasonable steps requested by LECO, or
otherwise necessary to protect the confidentiality of all such
information and materials. The foregoing obligations will survive
termination of this Software License, and Licensee agrees to return all
such information and materials to LECO upon request or any non-
renewal or termination of this Software License.

VIII. Miscellaneous
a) This Software License shall be binding upon and inure to the
benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors and
assigns, provided that Licensee shall not have any right to assign its
rights or obligations under this Software License (whether by operation
of law or otherwise) without the prior written consent of LECO.
b) All notices hereunder shall be in writing and shall be sent by
registered or certified mail postage prepaid to LECO at the addresses
first written above. The date of postmark shall be deemed the date on
which such notice is given.
c) No delay on the part of LECO in exercising any right, power or
remedy hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any
single or partial exercise of any such right, power or remedy preclude
any other or further exercise thereof or the exercise of any other right,
power or remedy.

Introduction TGA701 111


d) No amendment, modification or waiver of, or any consent with
respect to, any provision of this Software License shall be effective
unless the same shall be in writing and signed and delivered by each
of the parties hereto, and then such amendment, modification, waiver
or consent shall be effective only in the specific instance and for the
purpose for which given.
e) This Software License shall be construed in accordance with and
governed by the internal laws of the State of Michigan. Wherever
possible, each provision of this Software License shall be interpreted in
such manner as to be effective and valid under applicable law, but if
any provision of this Software License shall be prohibited by or invalid
under such law, such provision shall be ineffective to the extent of
such prohibition or invalidity, without invalidating the remainder of
such provision or the remaining provisions of this Software License.
f) Licensee agrees that it is responsible for obtaining proper
authorization and complying with any export, re-export, or import laws
or regulations and that may apply if Licensee exports, re-exports, or
imports the Licensed Software, technology or technical data licensed
hereunder.

112 TGA701 Introduction


Warranty

Equipment manufactured by LECO Corporation, St. Joseph, Michigan,


is warranted free from defect in material and workmanship for a period
of six months from the date of installation. Equipment not
manufactured by LECO is covered to the extent of warranty provided
by the original manufacturer and this warranty does not cover any
equipment, new or used, purchased from anyone other than LECO
Corporation. All replacement parts shall be covered under warranty for
a period of thirty days from date of purchase. LECO makes no other
representation or warranty of any other kind, expressed or
implied, with respect to the goods sold hereunder, whether as
to merchantability, fitness for purpose, or otherwise.
Expendable items such as crucibles, combustion tubes, chemicals, and
items of like nature are not covered by this warranty.
LECO's sole obligation under this warranty shall be to repair or replace
any part or parts which, to our satisfaction, prove to be defective upon
return prepaid to LECO Corporation, St. Joseph, Michigan. This
obligation does not include labor to install replacement parts, nor does
it cover any failure due to accident, abuse, neglect, or use in disregard
of instructions furnished by LECO. In no event shall damages for
defective goods exceed the purchase price of the goods, and LECO
shall not be liable for incidental or consequential damages
whatsoever.
All claims in regard to the parts or equipment must be made within ten
(10) days after Purchaser learns of the facts upon which the claim is
based. Authorization must be obtained from LECO prior to returning
any other parts. This warranty is voided by failure to comply with
these notice requirements.

Notice
The warranty on LECO equipment remains valid only when
genuine LECO replacement parts are employed. Since LECO has
no control over the quality or purity of consumable products not
manufactured by LECO, the specifications for accuracy of results using
LECO instruments are not guaranteed unless genuine LECO
consumables are employed in conjunction with LECO instruments. If
purchaser defaults in making payment for any parts or equipment, this
warranty shall be void and shall not apply to such parts and
equipment. No late payment or cure of default in payment shall extend
the warranty period provided herein.
LECO Corporation is not responsible for damage to any associated
instruments, equipment, or apparatus nor will LECO be held liable for
loss of profit or other special damages resulting from abuse, neglect,
or use in disregard of instructions. The Buyer, their employees,
agents, and successors in interest assume all risks and liabilities for
the operation, use, and/or misuse of the product(s) described herein
and agree to indemnify, hold harmless, and defend the seller from any
and all claims and actions arising from any cause whatsoever,
including seller's negligence for personal injury incurred in connection

Introduction TGA701 113


with the use of said product(s) and any and all damages proximately
resulting therefrom.

Caution
The instrument should be operated only by technically qualified
individuals who have fully read and understand these instructions. The
instrument should be operated only in accordance with these
instructions.
The operator should follow all of the warnings and cautions set forth in
the manual and the operator should follow and employ all applicable
standard laboratory safety procedures.

LECO is a registered trademark of LECO Corporation.


Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Excel is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Windows XP is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Windows 2000 is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Adobe Reader is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United
States and/or other countries.

114 TGA701 Introduction


Warning and Caution Symbols

The following symbols may be found on LECO equipment or their


components. These symbols indicate the use of specific safety
guidelines. Important safety information is highlighted in this manual
by one of the following symbols as well as WARNING and CAUTION
statements. Operator and service personnel must follow these
instructions for personal safety and to prevent damage to the
equipment.

This symbol indicates a risk of electrical shock. Refer to the


manual for specific instructions.

This symbol indicates a high temperature surface. Refer to


the manual for specific instructions.

This symbol indicates a caution. Refer to the manual for


specific instructions.

Introduction TGA701 115


Interference to Other Devices

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits
for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules and
Regulations. These limits are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instructions, may cause interference to radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined
by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to
correct the interference by one or more of the following methods:
Reorient or relocate the radio or television receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the radio
or television receiver.
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from
that which the radio or television receiver is currently
connected.
Consult the radio or television dealer or an experienced
radio/TV technician for help.

116 TGA701 Introduction


Declaration of Conformity

DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
according to ISO/IEC Guide 22 and EN 45014

Manufacturer's Name: LECO Corporation

Manufacturer's Address: 3000 Lakeview Avenue


St. Joseph, MI 49085
INT 1-269-983-0308 phone
INT 1-269-982-8964 fax

Declares that the product:

Product Name: TGA701 Series

Description: Thermogravimetric Analyzer

Product Options: This Declaration covers all options of the above product.

Conforms to the following Product Specifications:

Safety: EN/IEC 61010-1:2001 2nd Ed.

EMC: EN/IEC 61326:2002-02 for Laboratory and Industrial Environments


EN55011:1998+A1:1999/CISPR11:1999+A2:2002 RF Emissions Group 1, Class A
EN/IEC 61000-3-2:2001 Harmonic Emissions Class A
EN/IEC 61000-3-3:2002 Flicker Emissions Per EN61326
EN/IEC 61000-4-2:2001 Electrostatic Discharge 8kV AD, 4kV CD
EN/IEC 61000-4-3:2002 Radiated RF Immunity 10V/m, 80-1000Mhz
EN/IEC 61000-4-4:2001 Fast Transient Burst 2kV Power lines, 1kV Signal Lines.
EN/IEC 61000-4-5:2001 Surge Immunity 2kV Line-Earth, 1kV Line-Line
EN/IEC 61000-4-6:2003 Conducted RF Immunity 10V/rms, 150Khz-240Mhz
EN/IEC 61000-4-8:2001 Magnetic Immunity Not magnetically sensitive equip
EN/IEC 61000-4-11+A1:2002 Voltage Dips, Interrupts Per EN61326

Supplementary Information:

The product herewith displaying the CE marking complies with the requirements of the Low Voltage di rective
73/23/EEC and the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC.

St. Joseph, MI 5 February, 2008


Location Date Brian K. Kunde
Manager, Compliance Engineering

European contact:

Your local LECO Sales and Service Office or LECO Europe B.V., Vouersweg 118, 6161 AG Geleen, The
Netherlands, +31 46 4747473 tel +31 46 4747333 fax

Introduction TGA701 117


Accessing the Manual

The instruction manual is available in a pdf (portable document


format).
To access the manual in pdf, push F1 on the computer keyboard, or
click Help on the Menu Bar and then click Help F1.

Tips for Navigating the Electronic Manual


The features available in Adobe Acrobat vary depending on the version
of Adobe installed on your computer. Refer to the Adobe Acrobat Help
system for further information. Some of the following tips apply to
Adobe versions 7.0 and later but most apply to versions 5.0 and later.

Use Bookmarks
After opening the pdf document, click the Bookmarks tab located on
the left side of the screen to access a tree that displays main section
headings. Click a heading to go immediately to the corresponding
section. If a + appears next to a chapter or section, click on it to
display more section headings.

Use Find
Click Edit and then Find on the menu bar to display a search box
where you can enter a word or phrase. Each time you click Next, the
software will highlight the next occurrence of the word or phrase in the
manual. Find is most useful when the word or phrase is used
infrequently in the manual.

Use Search
Click Edit and then click Search on the Menu bar to display a side bar
with a search box. Enter the desired word or phrase and each
occurrence of the word or phrase in context will display in the Results
area. Search makes it easier to find words or phrases that occur
several times in the manual. Search also provides the ability to search
words or phrases in several pdf documents, if applicable. To search the
instruction manual only, select the Search this Pdf Document Only
check box.

Use Links
In the manual, text or a page number highlighted in blue provides a
direct link to the associated topic. In the Index, click on the page
number to go directly to the associated topic.

Use Previous and Next Arrows


Use the green view arrows located at the bottom of the screen to
toggle between views in the document once more than one page of the
document has been viewed. Click to return to the previous view or
click to go to the next view.

118 TGA701 Introduction


About this Manual

This instruction manual provides information about the TGA701 as


explained below. For each chapter, there is a hyperlinked table of
contents and list of illustrations, if applicable.

The screen shots used throughout the manual are examples only and
may or may not be applicable to specific procedures.
Chapter 1, Introduction, page 13, describes general information
including safety guidelines and warranty terms. This chapter also
provides information about parts and accessories.
Chapter 2, Installation, page 21, describes hardware setup and
connection.
Chapter 3, Option Installation, page 31, describes the options
available for the instrument.
Chapter 4, System Setup, page 41, describes starting and
navigating the software and setting operating parameters.
Chapter 5, Operation, page 51, describes the procedures to analyze
samples.
Chapter 6, Maintenance, page 61, describes procedures to perform
on a regular basis to improve the instruments performance and life
span.
Chapter 7, Theory of Operation, page 71, describes the theory of
operation for the instrument.
Chapter 8, Diagnostics, page 81, describes how to monitor the
instrument to ensure proper operation.
Chapter 9, Service, page 91, describes service procedures. Contact
the LECO Service Department for further information.
Chapter 10, Illustrations, page 101, provides illustrations and
photographs that can assist with procedures and location of parts.
Chapter 11, Schematics, page 111, provides diagrams of circuit
boards and wiring.
Chapter 12, Glossary, page 121 provides definitions of terms.
Chapter 13, Index, page 131, provides page numbers for topics
throughout the manual. In the electronic manual available through the
software, the page numbers in the index provide a hyperlink to the
corresponding topic.

Introduction TGA701 119


Equipment Packages

Items listed below are repeated throughout this manual and are
subject to revision. Please consult the packing slip received with the
instrument.
For a complete listing of kits and packages, refer to Components and
Accessories List, page 122.

TGA701S4C Package: TGA701 Thermogravimetric Analyzer with 4-


place Balance and PC
1 259-043 Software Kit
1 604-100-700 TGA701 Thermogravimetric Analyzer
1 617-737 15" Flat Screen Color Monitor
1 618-380 24 CD Case Holder
1 621-085 Accessory Pack
1 686-446 PC Tower Package
1 704-241 Copy Protection Key

TGA701S4CR Package: TGA701 Thermogravimetric Analyzer with 4-


place Balance and No PC
1 259-043 Software Kit
1 604-100-700 TGA701 Thermogravimetric Analyzer
1 618-380 24 CD Case Holder
1 621-085 Accessory Pack
1 621-171 Hardware Calibration Disk
1 704-241 Copy Protection Key

TGA701D4C Package: Dual TGA701 Thermogravimetric Analyzers with


4-place Balance and PC
1 259-043 Software Kit
2 604-100-700 TGA701 Thermogravimetric Analyzer
1 617-737 15" Flat Screen Color Monitor
1 618-380 24 CD Case Holder
2 621-085 Accessory Pack
1 686-446 PC Tower Package
1 704-241 Copy Protection Key
1 621-785 Ethernet Switch

120 TGA701 Introduction


Options

604-100-7op
259-043-CPK Software Kit with Key
259-043UPGR Software Kit Upgrade
501-291 Oxygen Regulator
502-335 Foil Crucible Liner (500/pk)
502-452 Standard 1% Green Sulfur Petroleum Coke Reference Material
529-048 Crucibles Cover Large, Ceramic, Glazed (5/pk)
614-442 Large Crucible Turntable
615-763 Smartline Modem Kit
619-611 Grinder Assembly 110V
619-612 Grinder Assembly 230V
619-995 Bar Code Reader
621-136 4" Exhaust Kit
621-145 Magnetic Switch
621-192 Add on 15-Inch Monitor
621-225 115V External Blower Kit
621-263 230V External Blower Kit
621-285 Exhaust Kit Upgrade
621-331 Large Glazed Crucibles
621-353 Exhaust Furnace Adapter Upgrade Kit (SN3564/down)
621-354 4-inch Furnace Exhaust Kit (SN3564/down)
621-362 Installation Qualification Kit
621-363 Operation Qualification Kit
621-370 USB to Ethernet Conversion
621-371 USB to Ethernet Conversion - Dual
621-433 56K Modem
621-434-110 Deskjet Printer HP6940
621-435 HP6940 Color Printer Cartridge
621-436 HP6940 Black Printer Cartridge
764-216 Helium Regulator
766-036 Pneumatic Regulator
776-978 Glass Sample Scoop
777-046 Heat-Resistant Glove

Introduction TGA701 121


Components and Accessories List

259-043 Software Kit


1 159-146-121 Software CD
1 203-505-267 Software Registration Form
604-170-072 Component Pack
1 200-287 Instruction Manual
1 611-409 Exhaust Hose
1 614-442 Large Crucible Turntable
1 620-682 (Ethernet) 15 ft Crossover Cable Assy
1 621-136 Exhaust Kit (4)
1 621-267 Bubble Level
2 763-655 Hose Clamp
2 775-304 N2/O2 Inlet Connector
1 780-082 Oxygen Connector
621-085 Accessory Pack
4 529-048 Large Crucible Cover, Glazed (5pk)
4 609-881 Furnace Gasket, Seal Shaft
1 621-331 Large Glazed Crucibles (5pk)
1 765-978 Receptacle (30A, 125/250V, 3P4W)
1 776-978 Glass Scoop (1.5 ml)
1 777-046 Heat Resistant Glove
1 778-898 Forceps Cover
686-446 PC Tower Package
1 609-787 PC Tower Component Pack
1 611-119 Receptacle Strip
1 618-980 Mouse Pad
1 686-492 PC Tower

122 TGA701 Introduction


Thermocouple Certificate of Compliance

This section provides the Certificate of Compliance for the following part numbers:

621-183
621-184
621-185

Introduction TGA701 123


Specifications
Sample Size 5 grams (maximum)
Number of Samples 19 (+1 reference)
Precision 0.02% RSD (1s, 1 g inert sample)
Balance Resolution 0.0001 g
Oven Temperature Ambient (minimum)
Temperature Control
Minimum 100oC
Maximum 1000oC
Accuracy 2% of setpoint, or 2oC; whichever is greater
Stability 2% of setpoint, or 2oC; whichever is greater
Maximum Ramp Rate
Ambient to 104oC 15oC/min.
o o
104 C to 1000 C 50oC/min.
Gas Flow Rate
Low 3.5 lpm
Medium Low 5.0 lpm
Medium 7.0 lpm
Medium High 8.5 lpm
High 10.0 lpm
Gas Pressure
Air 45 psi (3.1 bar)
Nitrogen 35 psi (2.4 bar)
Oxygen 35 psi (2.4 bar)
*Air Ventilation Requirements 70 to 160 CFM adjustable (33 to 75 lps)
*Duct Size 4 inch (100 cm)
The TGA701 must be vented to an external exhaust. For moisture-
only applications in which the furnace temperature does not exceed
150oC, and the distance from the right side of the TGA701 to the
external exhaust is less than 10 feet (3 meters), a passive connection
to a 3-inch (75 cm) duct is acceptable.
Optional External Blower
Flow 140 cfm (65 l/s)
Power 115 V~ (10%), single phase, 60 Hz, 1.6 A 230
V~ (10%), single phase, 50/60 Hz, 0.6/0.8 A
Operating Temperature 15oC to 35oC
Humidity 20% to 80% non-condensing
Minimum Gas Purity
Air 99.5%; dry, oil-free
Nitrogen 99.9%
Oxygen 99.5%
Electrical Power Requirements
TGA701 230V~ (10%; at max load), 50/60 Hz, single
phase, 25 A 19,700 BTU/hr
Dimensions
Height 20.5 inch (52 cm)
Width 24 inch (61 cm)
Depth 22 inch (56 cm)
Weight 180 lb. (82 kg)
Total Shipping Weight 245 lb. (111 kg)

124 TGA701 Introduction


Part Numbers
TGA701S4C TGA701 with PC tower, Windows-based
operating software, and flat panel monitor
TGA701D4C TGA701 Dual Furnace Configuration with PC
tower, Windows-based operating software, and
flat panel monitor

V~ denotes VAC.
209-149-001 5/08-REV3
Specifications and part numbers may change. Consult LECO for latest information.

Introduction TGA701 125


Facility Requirements

COUNTER TOP *

OPTIONAL PC
PRINTER TOWER
22-inches
TGA-701 (56 cm)

MONITOR

KEYBOARD

63-inches
(160 cm)

FLOOR

* 22-inches *
(56 cm)

62-inches to 80-inches
(157 cm to 203 cm)

NOTE: * = 6-inch (15 cm) access area

Figure 1-1
Facility Requirements

PLUG BROWN

BROWN T
POWER Y Y
115 V~ GREEN/YELLOW GREEN/
GROUND G G YELLOW G W
230 V~ 115 V~
POWER X X BLUE

W W X
BLUE
CHASSIS
(CABINET)
RECEPTACLE GROUND

Figure 1-2
Wiring Diagram

126 TGA701 Introduction


2 Installation
The Installation chapter describes hardware setup and connection.

Illustrations .................................................................................22
Installing Instrument ....................................................................23
Setting Up the Analyzer............................................................23
Connecting Gas Supplies ..........................................................24
Connecting Ventilation System ..................................................24
Installing Computer System ......................................................25
Installing Balance, Pedestal, and Carousel...................................28
Dual Instrument Installation ........................................................ 212
International Installation ............................................................. 217

Installation TGA701 21
Illustrations

Figure 2-1 PC Tower Configuration.................................................. 27


Figure 2-2 Upper Pneumatic Actuator Coupling Screws ...................... 210
Figure 2-3 Ethernet Switch ............................................................ 214

22 TGA701 Installation
Installing Instrument

The following section explains how to install the TGA701. Installation


consists of several steps that should be followed in order. The
installation steps include
Setting Up the Analyzer, below.
Connecting Gas Supplies, page 24
Connecting Ventilation System, page 24
Installing Computer System, page 25

For dual instrument configurations, refer to Installing a Dual


Instrument Configuration System, page 212. For installation outside
the U.S.A., refer to International Installation, page 217, for additional
information.

Setting Up the Analyzer

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates at 230V~. Contact with this voltage
can be lethal. During installation, do not apply power until
instructed. Before servicing this equipment, disconnect it
from the electrical power source.
1. Provide a solid and level work surface with convenient electrical
power and gas supplies. Refer to Specifications, page 124, for
power and gas supply requirements.
2. Set up the analyzer as shown in Facility Requirements providing a
minimum access space of six inches around the analyzer. Refer to
Figure 1-1, page 126.

Ensure that the analyzer On/Off switch/circuit breaker is


positioned in the OFF position. Do not enable the power
until instructed to do so. Refer to Figure 10-4, page 105.

A male plug and a female receptacle are supplied for the power
cord. If other types of connectors are used, follow the wire
diagram. Refer to Figure 1-2, page 126.
3. Connect the AC power cord to facility power.

Installation TGA701 23
Connecting Gas Supplies
All gasses should be dry and oil-free. Refer to Specifications, page
124, for additional information.

1. Remove the cap plugs from the nitrogen, oxygen, and pneumatic
connections on the rear of the analyzer.
2. Connect the nitrogen supply as explained below:
A. Attach the nitrogen connector to the nitrogen regulator on
the nitrogen supply.
B. Attach the other end of the connector to the Nitrogen In
connection on the rear panel of the analyzer. Refer to
Figure 1-1, page 126.
C. Set the nitrogen gas supply to 35 psi (2.41 bar).
3. Connect the oxygen supply as explained below:
A. Attach the oxygen connector to the oxygen regulator on the
oxygen supply.
B. Attach the other end of the connector to the Oxygen In
connection on the rear panel of the analyzer. Refer to
Figure 1-1, page 126.
C. Set the oxygen gas supply to 35 psi (2.41 bar).
4. Connect the pneumatic supply as explained below:
A. Attach the pneumatic connector to the pneumatic regulator
on the pneumatic supply.
B. Attach the other end of the connector to the Pneu In
connection on the rear panel of the analyzer. Refer to
Figure 1-1, page 126.
C. Set the pneumatic gas supply to 45 psi (3.10 bar).

Connecting Ventilation System


Refer to Specifications, page 124, for external passive vent
requirements. If the external passive vent does not satisfy the
installation requirements for the TGA701, the external blower option is
available. Refer to Options, page 121, and Install External Blower,
page 33.

For safety and proper operation, the TGA701 must be


connected securely to an appropriate external exhaust.
Refer to Specifications, page 124, for additional ventilation
information.

24 TGA701 Installation
Connecting External Exhaust
Certain moisture-only applications may not require a 4-in. exhaust.
Refer to Moisture-Only Application, page 25, for additional
information.
1. Install the four hexagon standoffs in the mounting holes located
around the exhaust blower on the right side panel. Refer to Figure
10-4, page 105.
2. Secure the 4-in. transition duct to the standoffs.
3. Securely attach the 4-in. exhaust tubing to the exhaust port on
the right side of the analyzer using the adjustable ring clamp.
4. Securely attach the loose end of the 4-in. exhaust tubing to an
external exhaust line using the adjustable ring clamp.

Connecting External Exhaust for Moisture-Only Applications


If the furnace temperature does not exceed 150 oC and the distance
from the right side of the TGA701 to the external exhaust is less than
10 feet (3 meters), a passive connection for a 3-in. (75 cm) duct is
acceptable.

When using the 3-in. exhaust duct, the 4-in. transition duct and the
four hexagon standoffs are not required.

1. Securely attach the 3-in. exhaust tubing to the exhaust port on


the right side of the analyzer using the adjustable ring clamp.
2. Securely attach the loose end of the 3-in. exhaust tubing to an
external exhaust line using the adjustable ring clamp.

Installing Computer System


A Microsoft Windows compatible computer is required to control the
instrument. If the computer system is not supplied by LECO, the
computer used must meet the minimum requirements. Contact LECO
for software and computer requirements.

Ensure that the analyzer On/Off switch/circuit breaker is


positioned in the OFF position. Do not enable the power
until instructed to do so. Refer to Figure 10-4, page 105.
1. Unpack the computer and monitor.
2. Confirm that the computer and all peripheral devices (monitor,
optional printer, etc.) are configured to operate at the correct line
voltage that appears on the sticker over the power plug inlet on
the PC tower.
3. Install the computer system on a level surface near the analyzer.
Refer to Figure 1-1, page 126.

Installation TGA701 25
POSSIBLE INSTRUMENT DAMAGE
Do not turn on the computer, monitor, or optional printer
until instructed to do so.
4. Place the keyboard in position and then connect the keyboard
cable to the PC tower. Refer to Figure 2-1, page 27.
5. Place the mouse in position and then connect the mouse cable to
the PC tower. Refer to Figure 2-1, page 27.
6. For the monitor, refer to the user guide supplied with the monitor
to attach the monitor cable to the PC tower. Refer to Figure 2-1,
page 27.
7. (Optional) For the printer, refer to the user guide supplied with
the printer to attach the printer cable to the PC tower. For printer
part number and ordering information, refer to Options, page
121, for additional information.
8. If the computer system was purchased from LECO as part of the
TGA701 package, then the application software, database, and
furnace parameter tables have already been loaded into the
computer system. If the computer system was not purchased
from LECO, refer to Installing Software, page 93.
9. For an Ethernet connection, refer to Configuring the Ethernet
Connection, page 910.
10. Connect the computer system to facility power. It is strongly
recommended that all the components of the computer system
are connected to the same outlet and that a surge protector is
used for the computer system.
11. Connect the copy protection key to the PC tower. Refer to Figure
2-1, page 27. The software must have been installed before the
copy protection key is connected.
12. Connect the communications cable, either Ethernet (part number
620-682) or USB, for the instrument. Refer to Figure 2-1, page
27.
13. Double click the TGA701 desktop icon to open the TGA701
software. Chapter 4, System Setup, page 41, provides more
information about using the software.
14. The software main window will appear. Refer to Software Main
Window, page 46, for further information about using the
software. An alarm message will appear until the balance,
pedestal, and carousel are installed. Refer to Installing Balance,
Pedestal, and Carousel, page 28.

If the software is not communicating properly, an error message will


appear. Refer to Computer not Communicating with Instrument,
page 954, for additional information. If there are problems opening
the software, refer to Troubleshooting, page 952, for additional
information.

15. Turn on the TGA701 using the On/Off switch. Refer to Figure
10-4, page 105.

26 TGA701 Installation
1 Power Cord
USB Connections for
2
Mouse and Keyboard
Additional USB
Connections, typically
one of these USB
3 connections is used for
the copy protection key
(not shown) or a TGA701
USB connection.
Printer Connection (not
4
shown)
5 Monitor Connection
Serial Connection
(typically used for the
6 external balance option
when using preweighed
crucibles)
Ethernet Connection for
7
TGA701
Ethernet Connection (not
8
used for TGA701)
Figure 2-1
PC Tower Configuration

Installation TGA701 27
Installing Balance, Pedestal, and Carousel
Refer to Balance Adjustment, page 928, if the original balance has
been replaced or if the factory settings have been altered.

HIGH TEMPERATURE HAZARD


The furnace must be at ambient temperature before
performing this procedure. If the furnace is hot, allow it to
cool to ambient temperature. Serious burns could result if
the furnace is handled before it has cooled to a safe
temperature.

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates from 230V~. Contact with this
voltage can be lethal. Use extreme caution while performing
this procedure.

1. Remove the analyzer front panel. Refer to Figure 10-28, page


1024.
A. Remove the two Allen screws on the top of the front panel.
B. Loosen the two Allen screws on the bottom of the front
panel.
C. Gently pull forward to remove the front panel.
D. Disconnect J401, J402, and J403 connectors from the actuator
button mounted on the front of the casting. Refer to Figure 5-1,
page 53.

The weight of the front panel is substantial. Use caution


when removing the front panel to prevent it from dropping
when it is removed from the analyzer.

2. Remove the balance bracket by removing the two screws holding


the balance bracket in place. Refer to Figure 10-27, page 1023.
3. Remove the shipping material between the balance and the lower
pedestal shield. The shipping material has a red card attached to
it labeled To Be Removed.
4. Ensure that the instrument is level. Refer to the level bubble
indicator. Refer to Figure 10-19, page 1015 located on the
balance assembly. If necessary, adjust the feet on the base of the
analyzer until the bubble indicator shows that the analyzer is
level.
5. Place the lower pedestal shield between the upper furnace and
balance. Ensure that the lower pedestal shield has both ends in
the upper and the lower o-ring seal. Refer to Figure 10-28, page
1024.

28 TGA701 Installation
6. Place the pedestal through the front hole in the bottom of the
lower oven and through the ceramic pedestal shield, located near
the front of lower furnace, until the pedestal rests on the balance
pedestal support. Refer to Figure 10-7, page 107.
7. Locate the Carousel Home position of the pneumatic actuator.
Refer to Figure 10-15, page 1012.
A. Ensure that the analyzer and computer system are on.
B. Activate the TGA701 software.
C. Press the F9 Home key on the toolbar.

D. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoid/Switches. The


Solenoid/Switches dialog box is displayed and the Home
Position switch indicator should be red. Refer to Solenoids
and Switches, page 88, for further information.

E. Ensure the Rotate Carousel check box is selected when the


home switch indicator turns red. This locks the actuator to
the home position.
F. Select the Weigh Position check box.
8. Loosen the top upper two pneumatic actuator coupling screws
using a 7/64 Allen wrench. Also refer to Figure 10-16, page
1013.

Installation TGA701 29
Figure 2-2
Upper Pneumatic Actuator Coupling Screws

9. With the sample carousel removed, place the spindle drive


through the center hole in the bottom of the lower oven and into
the pneumatic actuator coupler.
10. Place the carousel on the spindle drive and line up the slot on the
spindle drive with the slot on the carousel. Refer to Figure 10-6,
page 107.
11. Place the spindle wedge into the carousel spindle slot. The shaft
of the spindle drive should rest on the shaft of the actuator. There
should be no gap in between them. Refer to Figure 10-6, page
107.
12. Locate the home position on the carousel. (The home position
[referred to as 0] is indicated by the small hole beside the
crucible hole.) Position the carousel so that the home position is
centered directly over the pedestal hole near the front of the
furnace.

13. Verify the pneumatic actuator coupler is seated on the home


position indicator plate. Refer to Figure 2-2, page 210.

210 TGA701 Installation


14. Tighten the upper two pneumatic actuator coupling screws using
a 7/64 Allen wrench. Refer to Figure 2-2, page 210.
15. Reinstall the analyzer front panel. Refer to Figure 10-28, page
1024.
A. Reconnect the J401, J402, and J403 connectors to the
actuator button mounted on the front of the casting.
Gently push the analyzer front panel back and snap into the
side panels.
B. Reinstall the two Allen screws on the top of the front panel.
C. Tighten the two Allen screws on the bottom of the front
panel.

Installation TGA701 211


Dual Instrument Installation

The dual instrument procedure should be used when the Dual TGA701
Thermogravimetric Analyzer package (TGA701D4C Package), page
120, was purchased. For installation outside the U.S.A., also refer to
International Installation, page 217, for additional information.

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates at 230V~. Contact with this voltage
can be lethal. During installation, do not apply power until
instructed. Before servicing this equipment, disconnect it
from the electrical power source.

1. Provide a solid and level work surface with convenient electrical


power and gas supplies. Refer to Specifications, page 124, for
power and gas supply requirements.
2. Install the first analyzer as shown in Facility Requirements
providing a minimum access space of six inches around the
analyzer. Refer to Figure 1-1, page 126.

Ensure that the analyzer On/Off switch/circuit breaker ,


Figure 10-4, page 105, is positioned in the OFF position. Do
not enable the power until instructed to do so.

3. Connect the AC power cord to a standard power socket. A male


plug and a female receptacle are supplied for the power cord. If
other types of connectors are used, follow the wiring diagram.
Refer to Figure 1-2, page 126.
4. Connect the gas connections, page 24, for the first instrument.
5. Connect the ventilation/external exhaust, page 24, for the first
instrument.
6. Repeat steps 1 through 5, above for the second instrument.
7. Install the computer system as explained below.
A. Unpack the computer and monitor.
B. Confirm that the computer and all peripheral devices
(monitor, optional printer, etc.) are configured to operate at
the correct line voltage that appears on the sticker over the
power plug inlet on the PC tower.
C. Install the computer system on a level surface near the
analyzer. Refer to Figure 1-1, page 126.

POSSIBLE INSTRUMENT DAMAGE


Do not turn on the computer, monitor, or optional printer
until instructed to do so.

212 TGA701 Installation


D. Place the keyboard in position and then connect the
keyboard cable to the PC tower. Refer to Figure 2-1, page 2
7.
E. Place the mouse in position and then connect the mouse
cable to the PC tower. Refer to Figure 2-1, page 27.
F. For the monitor, refer to the user guide supplied with the
monitor to attach the monitor cable to the PC tower. Refer to
Figure 2-1, page 27.
8. If the computer system was purchased from LECO as part of the
TGA701 package, then the application software, database,
furnace parameter tables, Ethernet connection (if used), and
firewall settings have already been configured and you can
proceed to step 10. If the computer system was not purchased
from LECO, refer to Installing Software, page 93.
9. Connect the copy protection key to the PC tower. Refer to Figure
2-1, page 27. The software must have been installed before the
copy protection key is connected.
10. (Optional) For the printer, refer to the user guide supplied with
the printer to attach the printer cable to the PC tower. For printer
part number and ordering information, refer to Options, page
121, for additional information.
11. Connect the computer system to facility power. It is strongly
recommended that all the components of the computer system
are connected to the same outlet and that a surge protector is
used for the computer system.
12. For the Ethernet connection, follow the procedure in Configuring
the Ethernet Connection, page 910.
13. Turn the analyzer On using the On/Off switch. Refer to Figure
10-4, page 105.
14. Connect the communications cable, either Ethernet (part number
620-682) or USB, for one instrument. LECO recommends that
you complete the installation steps for one instrument before
installing the second.
For an Ethernet connection, connect the communications
cable from the instrument to the Ethernet switch and then
connect the Ethernet switch to the PC tower. For an Ethernet
switch illustration, refer to Figure 2-3, page 214. For the PC
tower illustration, refer to Figure 2-1, page 27.
For a USB connection, connect the USB cable from the
instrument to the PC tower. For the PC tower illustration,
refer to Figure 2-1, page 27.

Installation TGA701 213


Figure 2-3
Ethernet Switch

15. Double-click the TGA701 desktop icon to start the software. The
Instruments dialog box to configure the software for dual
instruments should appear. If this dialog box does not appear,
close the software and reopen it using the Configuration
Management selection on the TGA701 software management
menu. For instructions to access this menu, refer to TGA701
Software Management Menu, page 45.
16. The network address for the connected instrument should appear
in the Instruments dialog box. If no instruments appear in the
Instruments dialog box, click Add All. If instruments still do not
appear, refer to Installing Computer System, page 25, to verify
the instruments are connected and turned on.

17. Obtain the serial number from the back of the instrument, enter
this information into the Serial Number column, and then hit
Enter on the keyboard. A database name will appear in the
Database column. If you want to assign a different database to
this instrument, then enter the database name. For example if
the serial number is 3334, then the Database name would be
Database3334. LECO recommends that the default database
name be used.
18. The software main window will appear. Refer to Software Main
Window, page 46 for further information about using the
software. An alarm message will appear until the balance,
pedestal, and carousel are installed. Connect the balance,
pedestal, and carousel after the second instrument has been
connected.
19. Verify the correct instrument has been connected by clicking F7

on the Toolbar to raise the cover for this instrument.

214 TGA701 Installation


20. Close the TGA701 software.
21. Connect the communications cable, either Ethernet (part number
620-682) or USB, for the other instrument.
For an Ethernet connection, connect the communications
cable from the instrument to the Ethernet switch and then
connect the Ethernet switch to the PC tower. For an Ethernet
switch illustration, refer to Figure 2-3, page 214. For the PC
tower illustration, refer to Figure 2-1, page 27.
For a USB connection, connect the USB cable from the
instrument to the PC tower. For the PC tower illustration,
refer to Figure 2-1, page 27.
22. Double-click the TGA701 desktop icon to start the software. The
Instruments dialog box to configure the software for dual
instruments should appear. If this dialog box does not appear,
close the software and reopen it using the Configuration
Management selection on the TGA701 software management
menu. For instructions to access this menu, refer to TGA701
Software Management Menu, page 45.
The network address for the connected instrument should appear
in the Instruments dialog box. If no instruments appear in the
Instruments dialog box, click Add All. If instruments still do not
appear, refer to Installing Computer System, page 25, to verify
the instruments are connected and turned on.
23. The Instruments dialog box to configure the software for dual
instruments will appear.
24. Both connected instruments should appear in the Instruments
dialog box. If no instruments appear in the Instruments dialog
box, click Add All. If instruments still do not appear, refer to
Installing Computer System, page 25, to verify the instruments
are connected and turned on. The example below shows that an
Ethernet and a USB connection and may not match your system
configuration.

25. Obtain the serial number from the back of the other instrument,
enter this information into the Serial Number column, and then
hit Enter on the keyboard. A database name will appear in the
Database column. If you want to assign a different database to
this instrument, then enter the database name. For example if
the serial number is 3334, then the Database name would be
Database3334. LECO recommends that the default database
name be used.

Installation TGA701 215


If the software is not communicating properly, an error
message will display. Refer to Computer not Communicating
with Instrument, page 954, for additional information.
If there are problems opening the software, refer to
Troubleshooting, page 952, for additional information.

26. Click Continue to start both instruments.


27. An alarm message will appear on the software main window until
the balance, pedestal, and carousel are installed in a later step.
Refer to Software Main Window, page 46, for further information
about using the software.
28. Verify the correct instrument has been connected by clicking F7
on the Toolbar to raise the cover for this instrument.
29. Refer to Installing Balance, Pedestal, and Carousel, page 28.

216 TGA701 Installation


International Installation

For international installation, a HAR (Harmonized) approved line cord


for use in the end country must be obtained. This product requires a
disconnect device that may either be the plug of the power cord or a
disconnect device installed at the installation site if the equipment is
permanently wired. Refer to Figure 1-2, page 126.
When the plug on the power supply cord is intended to serve as the
disconnect device, the socket/outlet must be installed near the
equipment and shall be easily accessible. When the wiring is
permanently connected, a disconnect device (such as a circuit breaker
or switch) must be lockable, installed near the equipment, and be
easily accessible.

Installation TGA701 217


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218 TGA701 Installation


3 Option Installation
The Option Installation chapter describes available options.

External Blower............................................................................33
Maintenance ...........................................................................34
Periodic Maintenance Schedule .............................................34
Performing External Blower Filter Maintenance........................35
Installing External Balance.............................................................36
Prepare the External Balance ....................................................36
Set the External Balance ..........................................................36
Check External Balance Parameters ...........................................37
Test the External Balance .........................................................37

Option Installation TGA701 31


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32 TGA701 Option Installation


External Blower

The optional external blower is intended for customers who have an


external passive vent that does not satisfy the installation
requirements for the TGA701.
The instructions in the following section apply to both the 115V option
and the 230V option. Refer to Options, page 121, and Components
and Accessories List, page 122.
The external blower should be turned on whenever the analyzer is
also turned on.
1. Locate the external blower in a convenient location between the
right side of the TGA701 Analyzer and the external exhaust.
2. Position air filter in the top of external blower unit.

3. Obtain the 4.00 in x 10 ft exhaust hose and 3.5/4.5 hose clamps.


4. Measure the distance between the inlet of the external blower and
the TGA701. Cut the 4.00 in x 10 ft exhaust hose to fit this
distance.
5. Obtain the 4.00 in x 15 ft exhaust hose and 3.5/4.5 hose clamps.
6. Measure the distance between the outlet of the external blower
and the outside vent system. Cut the 4.00 in x 15 ft exhaust hose
to fit this distance.
7. Attach the hoses and clamps. Refer to the illustration and steps
below.

Option Installation TGA701 33


A. Attach one end of 4.00 in hose to TGA701 and secure with
3.5/4.5 hose clamp. Attach other end of 4.00 in hose to
external blower inlet and secure with 3.5/4.5 hose clamp.
B. Attach one end of 4.00 in hose to external blower outlet and
secure with 3.5/4.5 hose clamp. Attach other end of 4.00 in
hose to outside vent system and secure with 3.5/4.5 hose
clamp.
8. Attach power cord to external blower and plug in to electric
outlet.
9. Turn external blower on using the on/off switch.

Maintenance

Periodic Maintenance Schedule


Part and Location Inspection and Cleaning Replacement
Top Inlet Filter Refer to Performing Refer to Performing
External Blower Filter External Blower Filter
Maintenance, below. Maintenance, below.

34 TGA701 Option Installation


Performing External Blower Filter Maintenance
The filter for the external blower should be cleaned whenever there
are signs of visible residue. The filter should be replaced when the
residue is excessive and/or the filter cannot be properly cleaned. The
time period for cleaning will vary, depending on the environment.
Inspect the filter weekly until a cleaning schedule can be determined.
Refer to the following section for instructions to clean the filter.
1. Turn the external blower off using the on/off switch and then
disconnect unit from facility power.
2. Remove exhaust hose and hose clamp from the top of the
external blower.
3. Remove the filter from the top of the external blower.
4. Wash the filter with warm soapy water.
5. Allow the filter to air dry until the filter is completely dry.
6. Reinstall the filter in the top of the external blower.
7. Reattach the exhaust hose and hose clamp. Refer to External
Blower, page 33.
8. Reconnect external blower to facility power.
9. Turn external blower on using the on/off switch.

Option Installation TGA701 35


Installing External Balance

The following procedures should be performed to install the external


balance. For further information, refer to the manual supplied with the
external balance.
The external balance is optional and is used to enter preweighed
crucible weights into the spreadsheet. The crucible and sample weights
can also be entered manually. Refer to Analyze a Sample Using
Preweighed Crucibles, page 530.

1. Set up the balance in the location where it will be used. Refer to


Prepare the Balance, below.
2. Set the balance parameters to match the instrument. Refer to Set
the Balance, below.
3. Test the balance to ensure proper operation. Refer to Test the
Balance, page 37. In addition to these procedures, refer to the
manual supplied with the balance.

Prepare the External Balance


1. Unpack the Balance and assemble it as shown in the manual
supplied with the balance.
2. Plug the AC adapter, supplied with the balance, into facility
power.
3. Connect the AC adapter cable to the power-input jack on the rear
of the balance.
4. Locate the level bubble on the rear of the balance and adjust the
balance feet to level the balance. The balance is level when the
level bubble is positioned in the center of the circle.
5. Connect the balance interface cable to com 1 on the PC tower and
the balance connector on the rear of the balance.
6. To properly interface the balance with the instrument, set the
balance to the factory defaults. Refer to Set the Balance, below.
7. After the balance is set, do not change any of the configuration
parameters. The configuration parameters can be changed to
custom configure the balance, but only after the installation
procedure is completed and the balance is properly operating with
the instrument.

Set the External Balance


1. Turn the AC power on to the balance by pushing the power on
button, Figure 3-1, page 37.
2. Set the baud rate for the balance as follows: from the
Configuration menu, click System, select the External Balance
tab, and next to Baud Rate, click the arrow and select the
appropriate parameter. The baud rate selected in the software
should match the baud rate for the balance. Refer to the balance
instruction manual for this parameter.

36 TGA701 Option Installation


3. As soon as all the segments on the display light, push the Tare
button. The display will blank for a few seconds and then the
menu code settings will appear.
4. Press CAL to display 9 in the left digit.
5. Press PRINT to skip the center digit.
6. Press CAL to display 1 as the right digit.
7. Press TARE and hold it for 2 seconds or more. The balance will
reset to the factory set defaults.
8. Continue with testing the balance. Refer to Test the Balance,
below.

Figure 3-1
Balance Control Panel

Check External Balance Parameters


The following section explains how to verify the correct parameters for
the balance.
1. From the Configuration menu, select System. Select the External
Balance tab.
2. For Port, verify the selection for the port corresponds with the
port selected for the balance on the computer tower.
3. For the Baud Rate, Data Bits, and Parity, verify these parameters
correspond with the factory-set defaults as stated in the
instruction manual for the balance.

Test the External Balance


From the Configuration menu, click System, select the External
Balance tab, and click Send.

Option Installation TGA701 37


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38 TGA701 Option Installation


4 System Setup
The System Setup chapter describes starting and navigating the software
and setting operating parameters.

Getting Started with the Software...................................................45


TGA701 Software Management Menu .........................................45
Software Main Window ..................................................................46
Menu Bar ...............................................................................48
Database Menu ..................................................................48
Edit Menu..........................................................................49
View Menu ........................................................................49
Samples Menu ................................................................. 410
Configuration Menu........................................................... 411
Diagnostics Menu ............................................................. 412
Maintenance Menu............................................................ 412
Help Menu ....................................................................... 412
Toolbar ................................................................................ 412
Status Bar ............................................................................ 413
Configuring Spreadsheet ............................................................. 414
Deleting Samples .................................................................. 414
Inserting a New Row.............................................................. 414
Repeating Data in Multiple Cells............................................... 414
Changing a Batch Number ...................................................... 415
Dialog Box Button Definitions .................................................. 415
Modifying Columns ................................................................ 416
Modifying Font ...................................................................... 417
Recalculating Results ............................................................. 418
Applying Sample Signatures.................................................... 418
Viewing Signatures ........................................................... 419
Configuring Plot .................................................................... 420
Zooming In and Out.......................................................... 420
Labeling Points................................................................. 420
Displaying Statistics.......................................................... 421
Configuring Plot Properties................................................. 421
Showing Plot............................................................... 421
Hiding Plot.................................................................. 421
Reporting Units ........................................................... 422

System Setup TGA701 41


Entering Significant Digits ............................................. 422
Spreadsheet Procedures ......................................................... 422
Navigating Spreadsheet..................................................... 422
Using Column Scroll Bar ............................................... 422
Using Row Scroll Bar .................................................... 423
Resizing Columns ............................................................. 423
Entering Text ................................................................... 423
Navigating Spreadsheet using View Menu ............................ 423
Viewing Balance ............................................................... 423
Viewing Carousel .............................................................. 424
System Configuration ................................................................. 425
System Tab .......................................................................... 425
Internal Balance Tab.............................................................. 427
Balance Instability ............................................................ 429
External Balance Tab ............................................................. 430
Configuring System for Sound Indicators ....................................... 432
Audible Alarm ....................................................................... 432
Audible Sounds ..................................................................... 432
Creating Audible Sounds Using a .wav File ........................... 432
Export Formats .......................................................................... 433
Creating an Export Format...................................................... 433
Configuring Export Properties.................................................. 434
Filename Tab ................................................................... 434
Fields Tab........................................................................ 434
Delimiters Tab ................................................................. 435
Automation Tab................................................................ 436
Advanced Tab .................................................................. 437
Preview Tab..................................................................... 438
Transmission Format .................................................................. 439
Creating and Modifying Transmission Formats ........................... 439
Configuring Transmission Properties......................................... 440
Fields Tab........................................................................ 440
Delimiters Tab ................................................................. 441
Automation Tab................................................................ 442
Communication Settings Tab.............................................. 442
Advanced Tab .................................................................. 442
Preview Tab..................................................................... 443
Export Buffer Format .................................................................. 444
Selecting Language .................................................................... 445
Sample Templates...................................................................... 446
Creating a Sample Template ................................................... 446
Configuring User Defined Fields .................................................... 447

42 TGA701 System Setup


Understanding Comparison Functions ....................................... 448
Applying Number Formatting................................................... 449
Format Examples ............................................................. 449
Applying Formulas ................................................................. 450
Determining User Permissions ...................................................... 452
Add User in Windows ............................................................. 452
Add or Change User Permission for Instrument .......................... 452
Managing Databases................................................................... 455
Using the Start Dialog Box ...................................................... 456
Selecting a Database Connection ............................................. 457
Adding a Database Connection ................................................ 457
Adding a Connection to an Existing Database ....................... 457
Adding a Connection to a New Database .............................. 459
Deleting a Database Connection .............................................. 460
Validating a Database ............................................................ 461
Reviewing Orphan Objects ................................................. 462
Compacting/Repairing a Legacy Database ................................. 463
Managing Databases for 21 CFR Part 11 Compliance................... 463
Enabling Logging for an Existing Database ........................... 463
Enabling Logging for a New Database .................................. 465
Database Menu ................................................................ 466
Presentation Time........................................................ 466
View History ............................................................... 468
Archive Log ................................................................ 468
Adding a Connection to a Log Archive Database .................... 469
Removing Results from a Database ..................................... 469
Disabling Logging on an Existing Database ........................... 470

System Setup TGA701 43


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44 TGA701 System Setup


Getting Started with the Software

Access the software by double-clicking the desktop icon or by using


the TGA701 software management menu, below.

TGA701 Software Management Menu


From the Windows Start menu on the desktop, click
Start/Programs/LECO/TGA701. The selections on the TGA701 software
management menu are explained below.

Configuration Management - Accesses


the dual instrument configuration dialog
box. Refer to Dual Instrument Installation,
page 212.
Database Management - Select to create
and edit databases. Refer to Managing
Databases, page 455.
LECO Corporation Website - Select to
access LECO's website.
TGA701 Analysis Software - Select to
access the software.
TGA701 User Manual - Select to access
the instrument manual.
Uninstall TGA701 Analysis Software -
Select to uninstall the software.

System Setup TGA701 45


Software Main Window

The main window for the TGA701 software displays the Menu bar,
spreadsheet, results display, and plot. The Toolbar and Status bar will
display if enabled on the View menu, page 49.
Sample filters can be created to determine which sample results are
displayed in the spreadsheet. For example, sample results can be
grouped by method or by analysis date. For further information about
filters, refer to Determining Sample Filters, page 534.

The Title bar identifies the software and provides the buttons to
minimize, maximize, and close the software main window. The title bar
also identifies the filter that is currently applied. In the illustration
above, this filter is All Samples. Refer to Determining Sample Filters,
page 534.
The Menu bar, page 48, provides menus that display commands to
perform varous functions in the software.
The Toolbar provides quick access to frequently used functions. Refer
to Toolbar, page 412.
The Spreadsheet displays information about samples. The columns
displayed in the spreadsheet will vary, depending on the columns
designated as visible. Refer to Modifying Columns, page 416, for
further information. The Analysis Date column has three display types:
aborted, date/time, and analyzing. When the analysis completes, the
date and time of analysis will display. When the analysis is aborted,
Aborted displays.

46 TGA701 System Setup


Any of the Constancy columns may display one of following four
phases, depending on conditions. True displays once the sample
reaches constancy. False displays until the sample reaches constancy.
Disabled displays when a method step has a comparator value of 0.0
or 100.0. Aborted displays for any sample that has not reached
constancy when the operator aborts a method step.
The Results Display presents the results for a selected sample or, if a
sample is not selected in the spreadsheet, the results for the last
analyzed sample. Results for multiple samples can also be displayed.
1. To display the results for more than one sample, select samples
to view by placing cursor in the column under row until a black
arrow appears.
2. Hold down mouse key and drag the mouse over the desired
samples.
3. Unclick the mouse. Selected samples appear highlighted in blue.
Statistics for the selected samples appear in the results display.
The average, standard deviation, and RSD for the selected samples
will display.

The Plot displays a graph of the weight loss versus time and furnace
temperature versus time. The reporting units that display in the plot
can be changed using the Elements dialog box. Refer to Configuring
Plot, page 420.
A point sensitive ToolTip will display in the plot when the cursor is
held at a point on a plot line.

System Setup TGA701 47


The first two lines in the ToolTip display the analysis time and furnace
temperature for that point in the analysis and are point sensitive to the
X axis. Any remaining lines in the ToolTip are displayed in the same
order as they display on the Plot Properties tab. Refer to Configuring
Plot Properties, page 421.
The first plot type displayed on the Properties tab determines the plot
label and scale for the left Y axis and is point sensitive to the left Y
axis. All other plot types are point sensitive to the X axis and display
the corresponding plot value for that plot type at that point in the
analysis.
The Legend identifies the correlation between a line's color and the
plot type. The temperature plot is always displayed on the right Y axis
and is listed first in the legend. The order of the remaining plot types
that display in the legend are listed in the same order they display on
the Properties tab. Refer to Configuring Plot Properties, page 421.
The Status Bar displays instrument messages. Refer to Status Bar,
page 413, for further information.

Menu Bar
Click on any title on the Menu Bar to access a menu. The following
section explains the commands for each menu available from the Menu
bar.

Database Menu
When Read Only appears in the title bar, a Presentation Time is
currently active or the user is viewing a log archive database. A log
archive database will also have the database path name on the title
bar.
Print - Opens the Report Settings dialog box to
configure printed report of sample results.
Print Preview - Used to access the Report
Settings dialog box in order to preview how
selected samples will print on the system
printer. Print Preview provides access to the
Report Settings dialog box. Refer to Configure
Analysis Report before Printing, page 538.
Print Setup - Used to access the Print Setup
dialog box in order to configure the system
printer settings.
Presentation Time - Refer to Database Menu,
page 466.
View History - Refer to Database Menu, page
466.
Archive Log - Refer to Database Menu, page
466.
Size - Displays the size of the database.
Exit - Click to close the software.

48 TGA701 System Setup


Edit Menu
Insert - Refer to Inserting a New Row, page 414.
Fill - Refer to Repeating Data in Multiple Cells, page
414.
Batch # - Refer to Changing a Batch Number, page 4
15.
Cut - Select Cut to remove data from an entire row in
the spreadsheet to the clipboard. Data can then be
pasted into another row.
Copy - Select Copy to duplicate data from a row in the
spreadsheet to the clipboard. Data can then be pasted
into another row of the spreadsheet, duplicating the
copied row.
Paste - Select Paste to insert data from the clipboard to
a selected row in the spreadsheet.

View Menu
Toolbar - The Toolbar command toggles the toolbar
off or on. A 9 indicates the toolbar is displayed in the
main window. Refer to Toolbar, page 412, for
additional information.
Status Bar - The Status Bar command toggles the
status bar off or on. A 9 indicates the status bar is
displayed in the main window. Refer to Using the
Status Bar, page 413, for additional information.
Balance - Click Balance to display a representation of
the current sample weight during sample loading.
Refer to Viewing Balance, page 423.
Carousel - Click Carousel to display a representation
of the carousel. Refer to Viewing Carousel, page
424.
First Row - Click First Row to select the first row of
data in the spreadsheet.
Analysis Row - Click Analysis Row to select the row
of the sample to be analyzed.
Last Row - Click Last Row to select the last row of
data in the spreadsheet.

System Setup TGA701 49


Samples Menu
Login - Refer to Log In a Sample, page
526, for additional information.
Analyze - Click Analyze to start an analysis.
Refer to Analyze a Sample Using Internal
Balance, page 528, for additional
information.
Reset/Abort - Click Reset/Abort to stop an
analysis.
Pause - Click Pause to stop or pause an
analysis at a selected sample and then to
resume at a programmed date and time.
Recalculate - Click Recalculate to adjust
the results of a previously analyzed sample
based on a new calibration.
Transmit - Refer to Data Transmit, page
549, for additional information.
Print - Refer to Printing from the Software,
page 541.
Print Preview - Refer to Configuring Report
before Printing, page 538.
Print Setup - Click Print Setup to access the
Print Setup dialog box in order to configure
the system printer settings.
Text Import Data - Refer to Import Data,
page 542.
Text Export Data - Refer to Export Data,
page 543.
Text Export Buffers - Refer to Text Export
Buffers, page 544.
Transfer Export - Refer to Transfer Export
and Import, page 545.
Transfer Import - Refer to Transfer Export
and Import, page 545.
Sign - Refer to Sign, page 418.
View Signatures - Refer to Viewing
Signatures, page 419.
Delete - Refer to Delete Samples, page
414.
View History - Refer to Viewing History,
page 468.

410 TGA701 System Setup


Configuration Menu
Calibration - Refer to Calibration, page
518.
Standards - Refer to Standards, page 514.
Methods - Refer to Methods, page 55.
Counters - Refer to Resetting Maintenance
Counters, page 64.
Sample Templates - Refer to Sample
Templates, page 446.
User Defined Fields - Refer to User Defined
Fields, page 447.
System - Refer to System Configuration,
page 425.
Users - Refer to Determining User
Permission, page 452.
Transmission Formats - Refer to
Transmission Formats, page 439.
Export Formats - Refer to Export Formats,
page 433.
Export Buffer Format - Refer to Export
Buffer Format, page 444.
Select Language - Refer to Selecting
Language, page 445.
Auto Widths - Refer to Resizing Columns,
page 423.
Display - Click to access the Display dialog
box. For the Fields tab and the Font tab, refer
to Configuring Spreadsheet, page 414. For
Elements, refer to Configure Plot, page 420.
Sample Filters - Refer to Determining
Sample Filters, page 534.
Hardware Calibration - Refer to Hardware
Calibration, page 923.
Backup/Restore - Refer to Backup and
Restore Data, page 547.

System Setup TGA701 411


Diagnostics Menu
Ambients - Refer to Ambients, page 83.
Solenoids and Switches - Refer to Solenoids and
Switches, page 88.
Network - Refer to Network, page 89.
Communications - Refer to Communications, page
811.
Systems Check - Refer to Systems Check, page 813.

Maintenance Menu
Login - Refer to Resetting Maintenance Counters, page
64.
View Log File - Refer to View File Log, page 69.

Help Menu
About TGA701 - Displays information about the
instrument such as the Customer Name, Serial
Number, Software Version, Software Release
Date, and Copyright information.
Information and Help F1 - Accesses the
electronic version of this instruction manual.

Toolbar

The Toolbar provides quick access to main software functions. Refer to


the View Menu, page 49, for instructions on displaying the Toolbar.

Toolbar
Action
Button
F3 Login Creates a new entry in the sample pane.
Starts the analysis for the first batch of unanalyzed
F5 Analyze
sample.
Enters the weight from the external balance into the
F4 Balance
spreadsheet. Used with preweighed crucibles.
F6 Abort Stops the current analysis.
F7 Cover Raises and lowers the furnace cover.
F8 Carousel Rotates the carousel by one position.
F9 Home Locates the carousel home position.
Click to access a pdf (portable document file) of this
F1 Info
instruction manual.

412 TGA701 System Setup


Status Bar
If desired, the Status Bar can be enabled or disabled. Refer to the
View Menu, page 49. The Status Bar, located at the bottom of the
screen, will show operational functions of the instrument as they
occur. The following table explains each segment of the Status Bar.

Status Bar
Function
Segment

The first segment displays a general status message.


When not in use, Idle will display.

The second segment is the crucible location in the


carousel. When the carousel is in the Home position, the
reference crucible is shown as 00. This section will also
display the current balance reading in place of -----.
The crucible location is only updated during an analysis.
The balance display is constantly updated.

The third segment displays the current step of the


analysis.

The fourth segment displays Total, Elapsed, or Remaining.


Total indicates the total elapsed time of the analysis.
Elapsed indicates the current amount of time elapsed for
this analysis step. Remaining indicates the amount of time
left before this analysis step is complete. (This is a
minimum amount of time. The actual time may take
longer and at constancy will extend the programmed step
time.)

The fifth segment alternates displays either the crucible


temperature or ramp rate in degrees Celsius.

The sixth segment displays either instrument flow (lpm)


or the type of gas used (none, air, oxygen, or nitrogen).

The seventh segment displays whether the furnace is


enabled or disabled and the percent power applied.

System Setup TGA701 413


Configuring Spreadsheet

The following section explains how to customize the spreadsheet for


the columns and font that display. To configure the Plot, refer to
Configuring Plot, page 420.
1. Click Configuration and select Display or right click anywhere in
the spreadsheet and select Display.
2. Use the tabs on the Sample Display dialog box to change the
spreadsheet display.
Use the Fields tab to display or hide columns and to change the
order of the columns that display in the spreadsheet of the
software main window. Refer to Modifying Columns, page 416.
The columns that display on the Fields tab depend on the steps
added to a method. Refer to Creating or Editing a Method, page
55. For definitions of the columns that display in the
spreadsheet, refer to Glossary, page 121.
Use the Font dialog box to change the font, style, and size of text.
Refer to Modifying Font, page 417.
Use the Elements tab to determine the plot display. Refer to
Configuring Plot Properties, page 421.

Deleting Samples
Delete removes a selected sample or samples from the spreadsheet. If
logging was enabled when the database was created, refer to Archive
Log, page 468. When deleting a number of older samples from the
database, it is better to create an Archive Log File. Refer to Add a
Connection to Adding a Connection to a Log Archive Database, page
469.
1. On the main spreadsheet, select the sample to be deleted by
clicking on the row number to the left of the sample.
2. From the Samples menu, click Delete. The Delete Selected
Sample dialog box is displayed asking "Are you sure you want to
delete the selected samples?"
3. Click Yes to delete; click No to cancel.

Inserting a New Row


Use Insert to add a new row to the spreadsheet. When a new row is
inserted, it will be a duplicate of the currently selected row.
1. Click on the desired row in the spreadsheet.
2. Right click and select Insert. The row will be added to the end of
the spreadsheet. The sample information can be edited if desired.

Repeating Data in Multiple Cells


Use Fill to enter the same data into multiple columns or rows.
1. Select cells in table.
2. Right click in the table and then select Fill.

414 TGA701 System Setup


3. In the Fill dialog box, enter the desired value for each cell in the
row or column and then click Fill.

Changing a Batch Number


Use to change the batch number for a sample or group of samples. A
standard or sample that has been logged in with a batch number
assigned, but not analyzed, can have the batch number changed.
1. Select the un-analyzed sample or group of samples.
2. From the Edit menu, click Batch #. The Batch Number dialog box
will display.

3. Enter the correct batch number and click OK.

Dialog Box Button Definitions


Button Action
Inserts a row into a table or provides the ability to add a
new item such as a method name.
Select Ascending, and items will appear in alphabetical
and/or numerical order from lowest to highest.
Clone appears on the Methods dialog box.
1. Select the method to be cloned.
2. Click Clone. The new method is inserted above the
cloned method with the same name plus a dash and
the number one (-1).
3. Select the new method, rename the method, and then
edit method. Refer to Creating or Editing a Method,
page 55.
4. Click OK to close the Method dialog box.

System Setup TGA701 415


Button Action
1. Select the desired item to remove. A dialog box will
display to verify the delete.
2. Click OK.
Methods can be deleted unless referenced by samples.
Moves an item to a lower position, which means, for
example, it will display later in a table.
Select Descending, and the items will appear in
alphabetical and/or numerical order from highest to
lowest.
Click to access the Export dialog box. Refer to Export
Data, page 543.
Click on a column name or click in a cell and then click the
Help button to access a pdf (portable document file) that
explains the selected column.
Click to access the Import dialog box. Refer to Import
Data, page 542.
Provides another option for adding a row to a table where
desired. Because the new row will be inserted above the
selected row, click on the row beneath the desired location
for the new row.

Click to print an item.

Moves an item to a higher position, which means, for


example, it will display earlier in a table.
Click Properties to determine the values, settings, or
parameters for a particular area.

Modifying Columns
The following section explains how to change the columns that display
in a table or spreadsheet.
To display a column, select it in Invisible Fields and then click Show or
double click on the desired column in Invisible Fields.
To remove a column from display, select it in Visible Fields and then
click Hide or double click on the desired column in Visible Fields.
Click Default to restore the column that are preset to display in the
software, if desired. Default is not available on all Fields tabs.
Enter a value, if desired, in the Locked Columns entry box to lock the
leftmost columns so that these columns are always displayed when
scrolling left or right on the spreadsheet. For example, if 4 is entered
in the locked columns entry box, the first four columns listed in Visible
Fields will always display when either scroll arrow at the bottom of the
screen is clicked. Locked columns is not available on all Fields tabs.

416 TGA701 System Setup


To change the order of the column as they display, select a column
from the Visible Fields column. Click Promote to move a column
toward the beginning of the spreadsheet. Click Demote to move a
column toward the end of the spreadsheet.

Modifying Font
The following section explains how to configure the font that displays
in a table or in the plot.

1. Right-click anywhere in the spreadsheet and select Properties, or


click the Configuration menu and select Display.
2. Click the Font tab. The current selections are highlighted. While
selecting the font name, style, and size, use Sample Text to view
the text as it will display.

System Setup TGA701 417


3. Change the Font Name, Style, or Size, by single clicking the
desired selection in the list.
4. Click OK when the text displays as desired.

Recalculating Results
Click Recalculate to adjust the results of a previously analyzed sample
based on a new calibration.
1. Select the samples to be recalculated.
2. From the Samples menu, click Recalculate. A dialog box is
displayed verifying the results should be recalculated.
3. Click Yes to recalculate. The samples are automatically
recalculated. Click No to cancel recalculation.

Applying Sample Signatures


Used to apply a signature to samples. Sign is only available if logging
was enabled when the database was created. Refer to Managing
Databases, page 455.
1. Select the desired sample in the spreadsheet.
2. From the Samples menu, click Sign. The Sign dialog box will
appear.

In the Sign dialog box, System displays the name assigned to the
computer that identifies the computer on a network.
User displays the name of the user logged onto the Windows
Operating System.
Date and Time display the date and time the signature was
applied to the sample.
Local or UT will be checked depending on the selection made for
the presentation time. Refer to Presentation Time, page 466.
3. For Name, enter the name of the person applying the signature to
the sample.
4. For Description, enter information to help identify the sample, if
desired.

418 TGA701 System Setup


Viewing Signatures
Used to view signatures that have been assigned to samples. View
Signatures is only available if logging was enabled when the database
was created. Refer to Managing Databases for 21 CFR Part 11
Compliance, page 463.

1. Select desired sample in the spreadsheet by clicking in the Name


column.
2. From the Samples menu, click View Signatures.
In the View Signature dialog box, Signers displays the signatures
assigned to the sample, and the date these signatures were
applied. Valid will either display Valid or Not Valid. Valid indicates
the result has not been modified, and Not Valid indicates that the
current data encryption code for the result does not match the
data encryption code stored with the result at the time the result
was signed/validated.
System displays the name assigned to the computer that
identifies the computer on a network.
User displays the name of the user logged onto the Windows
Operating System.
Date and Time display the date and time the signature was
applied to the sample. Local or UT will be checked depending on
the selection made for the presentation time. Refer to
Presentation Time, page 466.

System Setup TGA701 419


Configuring Plot
The following section explains how to view the plot. The plot displays a
graph of the weight loss versus time and furnace temperature versus
time for a selected sample.

Right click anywhere in the spreadsheet and the following menu


appears. Zoom Out and Zoom Out One Level will display grayed out on
the menu until the magnification of the plot is increased by zooming
in.
Zoom In/Out - Use to increase and decrease plot
magnification. Refer to Zoom In and Out, below.
Zoom Out One Level - Use to return to the previous
level of magnification.
Label Points - Refer to Label Points, below.
Statistics - Refer to Displaying Statistics, page
421.
Print - Select to reproduce the plot on paper.
Print Preview - Select to view the plot before
printing.
Properties - Refer to Configuring Plot Properties,
page 421.

Zooming In and Out


1. Position the mouse over the area to zoom in.
2. While holding the left mouse button down, draw a box with the
mouse. The area inside the box will be magnified. Draw another
box to zoom in farther.

Labeling Points
When selected, points on the plot are labeled to show the order in
which they were selected from the Spreadsheet.
To label points on the plot,
1. Select multiple samples in the Spreadsheet.
2. Click in the desired plot.

420 TGA701 System Setup


3. Select Label Points from the menu.

Displaying Statistics
When Statistics is checked, the plotted result curves change to plotted
result points. A point is displayed for each sample and represents the
peak concentration. To enable or disable statistics,
1. Select multiple samples from the spreadsheet.
2. Click in the desired plot and select Statistics from the menu.

Configuring Plot Properties


The following section explains how to configure the plot display by
using the plot properties. To access the Properties tab, right click on
the plot and then select Properties. Refer to Configuring Spreadsheet,
page 414 for further information about the Fields and Font Tabs.

Showing Plot
1. If the Elements tab is not already displayed, right click in the plot
and then select Properties.
2. Select the desired plot from the Hidden Plots selection box by
clicking on it once.
3. Click Show. The plot will move to the Visible Plots Selection box.
4. Click OK.

Hiding Plot
1. If the Elements tab is not already displayed, right click in the plot
and then select Properties.
2. Select the desired plot from the Visible Plots selection box by
clicking on it once.
3. Click Hide. The element will move to the Hidden Plots selection
box.
4. Click OK.

System Setup TGA701 421


Reporting Units
1. If the Elements tab is not already displayed, right click in the plot
and then select Properties.
2. Select the desired plot.
3. Click the arrow next to Reporting Units and then select the
reporting unit from the list that displays.
4. Enter a different value for significant digits, if desired. The default
is 3.
5. Click OK.

Entering Significant Digits


Enter the number of significant digits in the entry box.

Spreadsheet Procedures

Navigating Spreadsheet
The spreadsheet can contain numerous rows and columns, so the
following commands can be used to easily navigate the data in the
spreadsheet. To access these commands, right click on either the
column scroll bar to page through the columns or the row scroll bar to
page through the rows.

Using Column Scroll Bar


Scroll Here displays the data at a certain location in the spreadsheet.
For example, to display columns near the end of the spreadsheet, right
click on the right most side of the column scroll bar and then click
Scroll Here. The last columns in the spreadsheet will display.
Left Edge displays the beginning of the spreadsheet.
Right Edge displays the end of the spreadsheet.
Page Left will go to the left most point equivalent to one page
depending on the point selected on the column scroll bar.
Page Right will go to the right most point equivalent to one page
depending on the point selected on the column scroll bar.
Scroll Left moves the spreadsheet to the left by one column depending
on the point selected on the column scroll bar.
Scroll Right moves the spreadsheet to the right by one column
depending on the point selected on the column scroll bar.

422 TGA701 System Setup


Using Row Scroll Bar
Scroll Here displays the data at a certain location in the spreadsheet.
For example, to display rows near the middle of the spreadsheet, right
click near the middle of the row scroll bar and then click Scroll Here.
Rows near the middle of the spreadsheet will display.
Top displays rows at the top of the spreadsheet.
Bottom displays rows at the bottom of the spreadsheet.
Page Up will move the rows up equivalent to one page depending on
the point selected on the column scroll bar.
Page Down moves the rows down equivalent to one page depending
on the point selected on the column scroll bar.
Scroll Up moves the spreadsheet up by one row depending on the
point selected on the column scroll bar.
Scroll Down moves the spreadsheet down by one row depending on
the point selected on the column scroll bar.

Resizing Columns
Columns can be sized to properly display sample data. The grid cells
can be resized by selecting one side of the column title frame and
dragging the frame to the desired size. Double clicking on the divider
line between the columns sizes the column to the largest entry.
Columns can be sized automatically to the width of each cell in order
to accommodate the text inside the cell. From the Configuration menu,
click Auto Widths. The columns are automatically adjusted.

Entering Text
Text can be entered and edited right in the spreadsheet by either
entering data or selecting data from a list. Analysis results, however,
cannot be edited.

Navigating Spreadsheet using View Menu


Use the View menu to select the first row in the spreadsheet, select
the analysis row in the spreadsheet, and/or select the last row in the
spreadsheet. Refer to the View Menu, page 49.

Viewing Balance
The Balance display allows the user to monitor the amount of sample
that is being loaded into a crucible. To access the Balance display, click
Balance on the View menu.
The Balance display will show a target mass for a sample that is based
on the specified minimum weight and maximum weight values. Refer
to the System tab, page 425, for further information.

System Setup TGA701 423


Viewing Carousel
From the View menu, click Carousel to display the carousel when
measuring and adding sample to a crucible. If samples have been
logged in, those crucibles will also be displayed in the Carousel
window.

424 TGA701 System Setup


System Configuration

System Configuration permits the operator to set the overall


instrument operating settings and parameter values for a specific
application or set of applications..

System Tab
1. From the Configuration menu, click System. The System
Configuration dialog box will display.

2. The system parameters are set to the default values. Special


settings for proven applications may be entered at this point.
A. For Significant Digits, enter a value to indicate the number
of significant digits when no other formatting is specified.
The default is F5. Refer to Applying Number Formatting,
page 449 for further information.
B. Enter a value for Barometric Pressure. The default is 760
mm.

System Setup TGA701 425


C. Specify a temperature for Cover Open Half in C. During
cool down, when the furnace temperature falls below the
specified temperature, the furnace cover will open halfway.
D. Specify a temperature for Cover Open full in C. During
cool down, when the furnace temperature falls below the
specified temperature, the furnace cover will open
completely.
E. Specify a temperature for Furnace Overtemp in C. When
the furnace reaches the specified temperature, the internal
overtemp switch is activated.
F. Click the arrow to enable or disable Increment Sample
Names. When enabled, the sample ID automatically
increments by one every time a sample is entered into the
spreadsheet.
G. Click the arrow to select the crucible location.
Select Fixed Location to specify the crucible during sample
log in; the crucible must then be placed in the specified
location.
Select Auto Find to specify the crucible during sample log in;
the crucible must then be placed in the specified location.
Select Auto Assign, and the software will automatically
assign crucible locations so that the crucibles are positioned
evenly around the carousel. The user must then place the
crucibles in the carousel locations assigned by the software.
H. Select the Temperature Check check box, and the analyzer
will check the temperature of the furnace before the analysis
starts. If the furnace temperature is over 35 C, the analyzer
will display a dialog box. The operator can then start the
analysis or wait for the furnace to cool. This also checks for
temperature instability during the sample loading procedure.
I. Select the Sound Alarm on Errors check box to activate an
audible alarm whenever an error occurs. When the check
box is cleared, an alarm will not sound.
J. For Sample Loading Options,
For the Furnace Cover Position, click the arrow to select
the position of the furnace cover during sample loading and
when adding lids. Full Open is the typical position.
For the Carousel Position, click the arrow to select the
position of the carousel during sample loading and when
adding lids. Select Weigh in order to weight samples while
loading; Select Rotate to weigh the samples after the
actuator button has been pressed. When selecting the
Weigh position, LECO suggests to select the Retake Initial
Weight check box. Refer to step 2.G, page 429.
Select the Batch Mode check box to load all crucibles at
the same time. This reduces the total time necessary to
load all crucibles. When in batch mode, the carousel will not
move to the weigh position to load samples.

426 TGA701 System Setup


K. Select the Pre-Weighed Crucibles check box and the
Weigh into Crucibles check box will appear as will the
Reference Crucible Weight box. These parameters apply
when using preweighed crucibles in which crucible weights
can be entered manually or by using the external balance.
For an explanation of these parameters, refer to step 2,
page 531.
3. After entering all information, click OK.

Internal Balance Tab


During sample loading, the software will not advance unless the
measured sample weight is within the minimum and maximum weight
conditions.

1. On the System Configuration dialog box, click Balance. The


Balance dialog box will display.

2. The balance parameters are set to the default values. Special


settings for proven applications may be entered at this point.
A. For Readability, enter a value to represent the readability.
The default is 4.

System Setup TGA701 427


B. For Environment, enter the type of environment
(surrounding) that the instrument has been placed in. The
default is Very Stable.
C. For Constancy Option, enter the desired option that
corresponds to the comparator step level value defined in
the method step parameter. Constancy options are explained
in Equations for Constancy, below.
Each sample in the carousel is said to have reached
constancy when
The comparator value as specified in the equations
below is less than the comparator value defined in the
method step
and
The comparator level is satisfied for all data points
within the constancy window defined in the method
step.
Equations for Constancy
TGA601(% of Sample Weight)
mi 1, j mi , j 0.8005 0.8
cvi , j = x100 0.05 = x100
minitial , j 1.0000

TGA701(% of Step Weight)


mi 1, j mi , j 0.8001 0.8
cvi , j = x100 0.05 = x100
m step , j 0.2000
Absolute Value (grams)
cvi , j = mi 1, j mi , j 0.0005 = 0.8005 0.8000

Equation Defined as
Value
cvi,j The current comparator value for
sample j
minitial,j The initial sample weight for sample j
mstep,j The weight loss for sample j for the
current method step
mi-1,j The preceding sample weight for sample
j
mi,j The current sample weight for sample j
D. For Minimum Weight, enter the minimum sample weight
allowed for an analysis.
E. For Maximum Weight, enter the maximum sample weight
allowed for an analysis.

428 TGA701 System Setup


F. For Zero Deviation, enter an absolute value in grams to
represent the absolute maximum amount of balance drift the
software will allow before issuing a warning during the
sample loading procedure. The default value is 0.0005g.
G. When the Retake Initial Weights check box is selected, the
furnace cover closes, and the carousel is raised to the Turn
position and then lowered to the Weigh position a second
time so that the crucible is centered on the balance pedestal
automatically and the initial weight for the sample is retaken
and recorded. Retake Initial Sample Weight helps ensure the
correct initial weight is recorded for each sample. When the
sample is loaded in the Weigh position, it is possible for the
crucible on the balance pedestal to be bumped or moved so
that the crucible rubs against the carousel and gives an
incorrect initial weight.
H. Click Reset to reset the balance communications.
I. Click Tare to zero the balance.
J. Click Print to reproduce the Balance dialog box in a paper
document.
3. After entering all information, click OK.

Balance Instability
In most cases, balance instability is the result of trying to initiate the
next analysis before the furnace has completely cooled or reached
equilibrium. When the next analysis is initiated, the cover closes and
residual heat from the furnace will cause the furnace temperature to
increase and cause a balance instability. Balance instability can also be
the result of warm-up times associated with a balance and ambient
temperatures inside the instrument. Most modern analytical balances
have an auto zero feature built into the software that will maintain a
zero reading in the absence of user intervention. In the TGA701, this
feature is disabled since it is necessary to know the balance drift so
that it can be corrected during the course of the analysis. The Internal
Balance tab can be used to set the maximum zero deviation. Refer to
Internal Balance Tab, page 427.

System Setup TGA701 429


External Balance Tab
Use the External Balance tab to configure the software for an external
balance. Refer to Balance Mode Settings, page 430, for further
information.

1. For Port, click the arrow and select the port location from the list.
Default is COM2.
2. For Baud Rate, click the arrow and select the baud rate from the
list. Default is 1200 bps.
3. For Data Bits, click the arrow and select the number of data bits
from the list. Default is 7.
4. For Parity, click the arrow and select either odd or even. Default
is Even.
5. For Stop Bits, click the arrow and select either 1 or 2 from the
list. Default is 1.
6. For Readability, click the arrow and select 4, 5, or 6 from the list.
7. For Balance Mode, click the arrow and select either Normal or
Disabled from the list. Select Normal when a balance is connected
to system. Select Disabled when a balance is not connected to
system.
Balance Mode Settings
Very Stable: Operation in very stable conditions
Stable: Operation in normal conditions
Unstable: Operation in unstable conditions
Very unstable: Operation in very unstable conditions

Weighing time increases when the system in operated in unstable


conditions.

430 TGA701 System Setup


8. For Send Command, click the arrow and select the desired
command from the list.
9. For Tare Command, click the arrow and select the desired
command from the list.
10. Click Print to print a copy of the balance parameters, if desired.
11. Use Test Commands when it is necessary to check the operation
of the balance. Click Send to send a weight from the balance.
When operational, the balance reading will display in the
spreadsheet. Click Tare to set the balance display to zero.

System Setup TGA701 431


Configuring System for Sound Indicators

Audible Alarm
To select an audible alarm to sound when an error occurs, from the
Configuration menu, select System, and then select the Sound Alarm
on Errors check box. When the check box is cleared, an alarm will not
sound for an error.

Audible Sounds
The TGA701 has an audible sound indicator when the lid opens or
closes, when it is time to load a sample, and when it is time to add or
remove crucible covers.

Creating Audible Sounds Using a .wav File


You can create customized audible sounds using .wav files. LECO,
however, does not provide the external speakers that are required to
hear sounds from .wav files. When creating a .wav file, it is
recommended to use as few words as possible. For example, you can
select the ReadyforCovers.wav file, record a statement such as "time
to add covers" in your desired language, and save the file. This
message will then play when it is time to add the crucible covers.
1. Locate the .wav files.
A. Right click on the Windows Start menu and select Explore.
B. Find the TGA701 folder located at C:\Program
Files\LECO\TGA701.
2. Click on the desired .wav file that appears in the file list. The .wav
files are also listed below.
.wav Filename Action
AddRemoveCovers.wav Add or Remove covers
FurnaceClose.wav The furnace is about to close.
FurnaceOpen.wav The furnace is about to open.
LoadCrucibles.wav Load empty crucible into
carousel.
LoadSample.wav Load the sample material into
the empty crucible.
ReadyForCovers.wav The system is ready for covers.
SampleMassError.wav The sample mass is out of the
specified sample weight range.

432 TGA701 System Setup


Export Formats

The following section explains how to create an export format.

Creating an Export Format


1. Click Configuration and select Text Export Data. The Export
Formats dialog box will display. Refer to Understanding Dialog
Box Buttons, page 415, for further information about each
button on the Export Formats dialog box.
2. Click Add. Export- will display in the new row that has been
added to the Export Formats spreadsheet.
3. Double click in the new row to change the name of the export.
4. Click Properties and use the tabs on the Export Formats
Properties to define the parameters for the export format. Refer
to Configuring Export Properties, page 434.
5. After creating an export format, refer to Export Data, page 543,
for instructions to export the data.

System Setup TGA701 433


Configuring Export Properties

Filename Tab
Use the Filename tab to configure the file for the export.

1. For Filename, enter a name for the file or select an existing file by
clicking Browse.
2. Determine how the software will handle the file by selecting one
of the following check boxes:
Select Append to File, and the highlighted sample analysis data
will be attached to the previously saved file.
Select Automatically Increment Filename, and if the last
characters in the filename contain numbers, they will
automatically be incremented by one when the file is saved.
Select Prompt for Filename, and the export filename dialog box
will display and prompt the operator to enter a filename.

Fields Tab
Use the commands on the Fields tab to determine the information that
is exported.

434 TGA701 System Setup


To add a field to the export, select the field from Fields and then click
Add. The Field will automatically move to the Export column.
To remove a field so that it does not export, select the field from
Export and then click Remove. The Field will automatically move to the
Fields column.
Click Promote to move a field to display in a higher position in the
table. Moving a field to a higher position means that field will display
earlier in Export Formats. Select the Field from the Export column and
click Promote until the field appears in desired position.
Click Demote to move a field to display in a lower position in the table.
Moving a field to a lower position means that field will display later in
the Export Formats. Select the Field from the Export column and click
Demote until the field appears in desired position.
For Average, click the arrow and Select Off to transmit the individual
results for each sample. Select On to calculate and then transmit an
average value for each field selected. Select Group by Sample Name to
calculate an average value for each field and then export the fields
grouped by sample name.

Delimiters Tab
A delimiter is a character that separates fields of data. Use the
parameters on this tab to configure the display of the exported data.

1. Select the XML Format check box, and the data will display in XML
format.
2. Select the Column Headers check box, and the data will be
organized under column headers.

System Setup TGA701 435


3. Select the Field Delimiter by clicking in the desired check boxes to
determine how the exported data will be separated.
Select comma, and the exported data is separated by commas.
Select Tab, and the exported data is separated by a blank space
equivalent to one tab.
Select Other, and the exported data is separated by a
punctuation mark or symbol determined by the user.
4. Select the delimiter for the Start of Transmission.
Select None, and nothing will display before exported data.
Select Other and then type in the desired delimiter or click the
arrow on the menu to select a letter string that will display before
the exported data.
5. Select the delimiter for the end of transmission.
Select Carriage Return to have data followed by a carriage
return.
Select Carriage Return Followed by a line feed (CR/LF) to have
data followed by a carriage return and line feed.
Select Other and indicate the text that should display or click the
arrow on the menu to the letter string that will display after the
exported data.

Automation Tab

Select the Automatically Export Each New Analysis check box, and
each new analysis will export after analysis has completed.

436 TGA701 System Setup


Advanced Tab

Select the Advanced tab to enter and modify the fields that are
exported. The Advanced tab provides almost the same function as the
Fields and Preview tabs except that in the Advanced tab, export
information can be changed directly in the Export Format box. When
export information is changed using the Advanced tab, the Fields tab
and Preview tab automatically update.
To add a field to the Export Format, select the desired field from the
Fields selection box and then select Add Field to Transmit Format. The
field appears in the Export Format selection box.
To change the export format, select in the Export Format dialog box
and enter new information. To add a field to the Export Format, select
the desired field from the Fields selection box and then select Add Field
to Transmit Format. The field appears in the Export Format selection
box.
Numeric Field Formatting allows you to quickly enter number
formatting for all of the fields selected for export. Number Width
specifies the number of characters that will appear in the number
format and Precision specifies the number of places that display after
the decimal point.
To change these values, just enter a new value in the box for Precision
and/or for Width and then select Set to display the format in the
Export Format area. For example if 8 is entered for Number Width and
3 is entered for Number Precision, 8.3 will display for each field with
numeric value results in the Export Format area as shown below.
Select Remove to remove number formatting from the Export Format
area.

System Setup TGA701 437


Preview Tab
Use the Preview tab to display the appearance of the data when it
exports. Any changes can then be made before the data is actually
exported. The following example displays the data with the Column
Headers check box checked, Comma checked for Delimiter, None
checked for start of Transmission, and the Carriage Return/Line Feed
(CR/LF) check box checked for End of Transmission. To change the
data display, refer to the Delimiters tab, page 435.

438 TGA701 System Setup


Transmission Format

Transmission Formats permits the operator to select sample data to


send to a network computer or folder location on the system hard
drive.

Creating and Modifying Transmission Formats


A field is a block of transmitted data. The following section explains
how to create and modify transmission formats.
1. Click Configuration and select Transmission Formats. The
Transmission Formats screen will display. Refer to Dialog Box
Button Definitions, page 415, for definitions of the buttons on
the Transmission Formats dialog box.
2. Click Add to insert a blank row into the table. Transmit- will
display in the new row.
3. To enter a different name in the new row, double click in the row
and enter desired name.
4. Select Properties and enter parameters for the transmit format
using the tabs on the Transmission Properties Formats dialog box.
Refer to Configuring Transmission Formats Properties, page 440.
To automatically transmit an analysis, refer to the Automation
tab, page 442.
5. After creating the transmission format, refer to Data Transmit,
page, 549, for instructions to send samples using Transmission
Formats.

System Setup TGA701 439


Configuring Transmission Properties

Fields Tab
Use the Fields tab to determine the information to transmit.

To add a field to transmit, select the field in Fields and then click Add.
The Field will automatically move to the Transmit column.
To remove a Field so that it will not transmit, select the field in
Transmit and then click Remove. The Field will automatically move to
the Fields column.
For Average, click the arrow and Select Off to transmit the individual
results for each sample. Select On to calculate and then transmit an
average value for each field selected. Select Group by Sample Name
Prefix to calculate an average value for each field and then transmit
the fields grouped by sample name.
Click Promote to move a field to be transmitted before another field.
Select the Field in the Transmit column and click Promote until the
field reaches desired position.
Click Demote to move a field to be transmitted after another field.
Select the Field in the Transmit column and click Demote until the field
reaches desired position.

440 TGA701 System Setup


Delimiters Tab
A delimiter is a character that separates fields of data. Use the
parameters on this tab to configure the display of the transmitted
data.

1. Select the XML Format check box, and the data will display in XML
format.
2. Select the Column Headers check box, and the data will be
organized under column headers.
3. Select the Field Delimiter by clicking in the desired check box to
determine how the transmitted data will be separated.
Select comma, and the transmitted data is separated by
commas.
Select Tab, and the transmitted data is separated by a blank
space equivalent to one tab.
Select Other, and the transmitted data is separated by a
punctuation mark or symbol determined by the user.
4. Select the delimiter for the Start of Transmission.
Select None, and nothing will display before transmitted data.
Select Other and then type in the desired delimiter or click the
arrow on the menu to select a letter string that will display before
the transmitted data.
5. Select the delimiter for the end of transmission.
Select Carriage Return to have data followed by a carriage
return.
Select Carriage Return Followed by a line feed (CR/LF) to have
data followed by a carriage return and line feed.
Select Other and indicate the text that should display or click the
arrow on the menu to the letter string that will display after the
transmitted data.

System Setup TGA701 441


Automation Tab

Select the Automatically Transmit Each New Analysis check box, and
each new analysis will transmit after analysis has completed.

Communication Settings Tab

For Encoding, select either ASCII or Unicode to customize the


appearance of the data. Refer to the Glossary, page 121, for further
information.
For Device, select Serial Port, or select Network to configure the
software for a network.
Click Configure to enter parameters for the transmission format. Refer
to the Glossary, page 121, for further information.

Advanced Tab
Select the Advanced tab to enter and modify the fields that are
transmitted. The Advanced tab provides almost the same function as
the Fields and Preview tabs except that in the Advanced tab, transmit
information can be changed directly in the Transmission Format box.
When transmit information is changed using the Advanced tab, the
Fields tab and Preview tab automatically update.
To add a field to the Transmission Format, select the desired field from
the Fields selection box and then select Add Field to Transmit Format.
The field appears in the Export Format selection box.
To change the transmit format, enter new information in the
Transmission Format box.

442 TGA701 System Setup


Numeric Field Formatting allows you to quickly enter number
formatting for all of the fields selected for transmit. Number Width
specifies the number of characters that will appear in the number
format and Precision specifies the number of places that display after
the decimal point. To change these values, just enter a new value in
the box for Precision and/or for Width and then select Set to display
the format in the Transmission Format area. For example if 8 is
entered for Number Width and 3 is entered for Number Precision, 8.3
will display for each field with numeric value results in the
Transmission Format area as shown below. Select Remove to remove
number formatting from the Transmission Format area.

Preview Tab
When a sample or group of samples is selected in the spreadsheet, use
the Preview tab to display the appearance of the data before it is
transmitted. Any changes can then be made before the data is actually
transmitted. To change the display of the data, refer to the Delimiters
tab, page 441.

System Setup TGA701 443


Export Buffer Format

Export Buffer Format provides the means to select the columns and
specify the data format that is to be used when exporting sample data
buffers. The export buffer format that displays is based on the current
spreadsheet selection.
If it is necessary to return the export buffer format to the default
format, click the Set Defaults button.

1. Use Preview to determine the buffer format as the sample fields


are added.
2. For the Sample Identification Fields,
A. Click the arrow and select the desired field. The selectable
fields are the same as the columns available from the
spreadsheet.
B. In the Sample Identification Fields display box, click in the
desired location for the sample identification field to display.
3. Click Add. The selected field will be added at the current cursor
position.
4. Repeat 2-3 until desired sample identification fields have been
selected.
5. For the Sample Data Fields,
A. Click the arrow and select the desired field. The selectable
fields consist of buffer attributes and basic sample
information such as name, location, batch, and furnace. The
basic sample information is included in both the Sample
Identification Fields and Sample Data Fields so that if the
buffer is exported into a software program such as Microsoft
Excel, the buffers can be sorted by sample name.
B. In the Sample Data Fields display box, click in the desired
location for the sample data field to display.
6. Click Add. The selected field will be added at the current cursor
position.
7. Repeat steps 5-6 until desired sample data fields have been
selected.

444 TGA701 System Setup


Selecting Language

The Select Languages dialog box displays the different language


choices in the software. The following section explains how to change
the language choice.
1. From the Configuration menu, click Select language. The Select
Language dialog box will display.

2. Click the desired language.


3. Click OK.

System Setup TGA701 445


Sample Templates

Sample templates provide a quick way to enter repetitive information.


Refer to Dialog Box Button Definitions, page 415, for further
information about the buttons

Creating a Sample Template


1. Click the Configuration menu and select Sample Templates. The
Sample Templates screen will display.

2. Click Add to insert a new row into the Sample Templates table.
3. Click in the Method dialog box and then click the arrow to select
the method for the sample template.
4. Enter comments, if desired.
5. Enter a description, if desired.
6. Use the buttons on Sample Templates dialog box to determine
the sample template parameters. Refer to Dialog Box Button
Definitions, page 415.

446 TGA701 System Setup


Configuring User Defined Fields

The User Defined Fields command allows customized fields to be added


to the spreadsheet. User defined fields can display results from
functions or they can display customized text such as notes or
comments. The user can enter text during sample log in, page 526,
or as part of a sample template, page 446.The user can display,
print, transmit, and export any user-defined field.
The User Defined Fields command allows customized fields, such as
column headings, to be added to the spreadsheet. User defined fields
can display results from functions or they can display customized text
such as notes or comments.
1. From the Configuration menu, select User Defined Fields.

2. Create or modify a user field as follows: To create a user field,


select Add. A new row will be inserted into the table; Or, to
modify a user field, select the desired user field in the table.
To delete a user field from the table, select the row of the desired
user field and then select delete.
3. For a new user field, type a name in the Name column.
4. Complete the table for the new or modified user field as follows:
Select the Read Only check box to prevent the user field from
being edited in the spreadsheet.
Select the Numeric check box and only numeric values can
appear in the spreadsheet.
For Format, enter a format to determine how the result of the
user defined field displays in the spreadsheet. Refer to Applying
Number Formatting, page 449.
For Formula, enter a formula to use if the field will be used for a
calculation. Refer to Applying Formulas, page 450. This field
should be selected as read-only.
Select the Login check box and the field will appear in the
Sample dialog box. Refer to Log In a Sample, page 526.

System Setup TGA701 447


Select the Stats check box and statistics will appear on the
dashboard. When selected, both Read Only and Numeric are
automatically selected.
Select the Standard check box and the user defined field will
appear in the Standard dialog box and can be edited. The user
can define the value and range of the standard, which can then
be calibrated.
5. After creating a new user defined field, a column labeled with the
name of the new user field will display in the spreadsheet.
6. To apply a user defined field to a previously analyzed sample,
select the sample in the spreadsheet and then select Recalculate
from the Samples menu.

Understanding Comparison Functions


The following table explains the comparisons that can be used in a
formula.

Function Definition
+ Plus
- Minus
* Multiply
/ Divide
^ Raise to the power
= Equal
> Greater than
>= Greater than or equal to
< Less than
<= Less than or equal to

448 TGA701 System Setup


Applying Number Formatting
A number format that determines how the result of the user defined
field appears in the spreadsheet can be entered as explained in the
following section. This section provides examples of formats and how
the result will display depending on which format is utilized.

Format Examples
*Format
Value Format for Result Result
Type
A 4.50360 A 4.50360000
0.123456 F4.5 0.1235
0.000789 F3.5 0.00079
Fn.m
0.000789 F3.2 0.00
321.8765 F3.5 322
0.123456 S4 1.235x10-1
Sn 0.000789 S3 7.89x10-4
0.000789 S2 7.9x10-4
321.8765 I3 322
In
321.8765 I2 320

* A = Default format
n = Total number of significant digits to be represented
m = Maximum number of digits after the decimal
I = Integer notation
S = Scientific notation: An exponential format (y.yyy x 10e) in which any number is
expressed as a number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10 that indicates
the correct position of the decimal in the original number.
F = Fixed point notation: Traditional decimal notation

System Setup TGA701 449


Applying Formulas
Formulas can be entered into the Formula column of the User Fields
dialog box and are used to calculate the result. The following section
provides some example formulas and the result based on their
calculation. Spacing and other details of the formula must be exact. If
an error message such as "badOpt" or "badOpn" appears in the
spreadsheet, verify the syntax of the formula matches the syntax of an
example formula in the table below.
Formula Type1 Result
[exp] * value
[exp]+value Result multiplied by 4
units
Example:
[Moisture %] x 4 Result plus 4 units
[Moisture %] + 4

@ABS(exp)
Absolute value
Example: @ABS([Moisture %]-[Ash %])

@Log10(exp)
Example: Log base 10
@Log10([Moisture %])
@ln(exp)
Example: Natural log
@ln([Moisture %])
@SQRT(exp)
Square root
Example: @SQRT([Moisture %])
@Maximum(exp1,exp2)
Finds Maximum
Example: @Maximum([Moisture %],[Ash %])
@Minimum(exp1,exp2)
Example: Finds Minimum
@Minimum([Moisture %],[Ash %])

@IF(cond,true,false) If the Moisture% value is


>0.01%, the Moisture %
value will appear;
Example: otherwise, zero will
@IF([Moisture %]>0.01%,[Moisture %],0) appear.
@AND(cond1,cond2) If Moisture % is >0.01%
and Ash % is <100%, 1
Example: will appear; otherwise,
@IF(@AND([Moisture %]>0.01%,[Ash %]<100%),1,0) zero will appear.

450 TGA701 System Setup


Formula Type1 Result

@OR(cond1,cond2) If either Moisture % is >


0.01% or Ash % is
<100%, 1 will appear;
Example: otherwise, zero will
@IF(@OR([Moisture %]>0.01%,[Ash%]<100%),1,0) appear.

@XOR(cond1,cond2) If just Moisture % is


>0.01% or just Ash % is
< 100% (not both), 1 will
Example:
appear; otherwise, zero
@IF(@XOR([Moisture%]>0.01%,[Ash %]<100%,1,0)
will appear.
1
The term exp stands for expression. Use exp in a formula to specify
a value or perform a calculation on values. It may represent a single
number or a formula that returns a number.
The term cond stands for condition. Use cond for comparisons based
on single or multiple conditions. It is used with a comparison such as
<, >, =, or with the @AND, @OR, and @XOR formulas.
Refer to Understanding Comparison Functions, page 448, for further
information.

System Setup TGA701 451


Determining User Permissions

Users permits the system administrator to assign permission for users


to perform selected functions on the instrument. The following section
explains how to first add a user in Windows and then add a user and
assign user permissions for the instrument.

Add User in Windows


Before a user can be assigned to the instrument, that user must be
added in Windows. To add a user to Windows, refer to the Windows
help system as follows:
1. From the desktop, click Start and then click Help.
2. When the Windows help screen displays, click the Index tab if not
already displayed.
3. In the dialog box, type Users and Passwords.
4. Make a selection from the Users and Passwords options list, click
Display and follow the instructions provided.
To add a user, click Add.
To delete a user, select the user and click Remove.

Add or Change User Permission for Instrument


A user must be added in Windows before that user can be assigned
permissions for the instrument. Refer to Users, above. Any users
assigned to the system from Windows will appear in the Name column
of the Users dialog box. The current user logged into the Windows
system will display in blue in the Users dialog box. Only users assigned
as administrators in Windows can add or change user permissions.
1. Click Configuration and select Users. The Users screen will
appear.
2. Select the Enable User Permissions check box and user
permissions will be checked during the operation of the
instrument. When the Enable User Permissions checkbox is
cleared, user permissions are not checked and all users can
perform any function on the instrument.
3. Select the name of the user to add or change permission by
clicking in the Row column for that user.

452 TGA701 System Setup


4. To disable all user permissions for a specific user, place a 9 in the
Guest column. When the user logs on to the system they will be
considered a Guest and will have READ-ONLY access to the
software. For Guest users, the check boxes listed on the User
Properties dialog will be cleared as they cannot perform any of
the tasks listed.

5. Click Properties. The User Properties dialog box will appear.

System Setup TGA701 453


6. Select the desired check boxes to assign or remove user
permission for the functions listed in the edit box. When an X
displays, the user has permission to perform that function.
7. Click OK to close User Properties.
8. Repeat step 3, page 452- step 7, above, until all users have
been assigned permissions; however, if one user requires the
exact same permissions as a user that already has permissions
assigned, the Same As column can be used to save time.
A. Select the name of the user to add or change permission by
clicking in the Row column for that user.
B. Single-click in the Same As column.
C. From the list, select the name of the user that already has
the same permissions assigned.
D. When finished, click OK to close the Users dialog box.

454 TGA701 System Setup


Managing Databases

Over time the instrument database can accumulate a great deal of


information. It is good practice to establish a regular database backup
procedure.
LECO software applications use a database to store and maintain all
the information necessary to run the instrument, including methods,
standards, system parameters, and sample results. A file system
database is created automatically the first time the software is started.
In addition, a database connection that contains the name and location
of the database is created. The database connection is used to specify
which database to open.
LECO software provides the means to create and maintain the
instrument database and database connections. A database
management wizard allows you to add database connections, to select
a database connection for use, and to delete database connections.
When you add a connection, it can be to a new database or to an
existing database. The new connection name is added to the list of
available database connections.
For 21 CFR Part 11 compliance, logging can be enabled when a
database connection is created. When logging is enabled, Presentation
Time, View History, and Archive Log appear on the Database menu in
the instrument software.
This section explains the following topics:
Using the Start Dialog Box, page 456
Selecting a Database Connection, page 457
Adding a Database Connection, page 457
Deleting a Database Connection, page 460
Validating a Database, page 461
Compacting/Repairing a Legacy Database, page 463
Managing Databases for 21 CFR Part 11 Compliance, page 463
Enabling Logging for an Existing Database, page 463
Enabling Logging for a New Database, page 465
Presentation Time, page 466
View History, page 468
Archive Log, page 468
Adding a Connection to an Archive Log Database, page 469
Removing Results from Database, page 469
Disabling Logging on an Existing Database, page 470

System Setup TGA701 455


Using the Start Dialog Box
The following section explains how to use the Start dialog box in order
to add a new database connection, select or validate an existing
connection, or delete a database connection. A compact/repair
selection is available for legacy databases.
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management. The Start dialog box will appear.

When database connections are created, they will appear under


Connections. The file path for the selected database connection
appears at the bottom of the Start dialog box. Database connections
that are no longer valid appear with dimmed text in the Connections
list. When the user selects a dimmed connection, the software allows
the user to delete the database connection or to reconnect to the
database.
Click Add to add a database connection. Refer to Adding a Database
Connection, page 457.
Or
Click on an existing database connection and then make one of the
following selections.
Click Select to connect to a database that already exists. Refer to
Selecting a Database Connection, page 457.
Click Validate to validate a database connection; however, the
Select check box must also be selected to perform validation.
Refer to Validating a Database, page 461.

456 TGA701 System Setup


Click Delete to remove a database connection. Refer to Deleting a
Database Connection, page 460.
Compact/Repair is not necessary for file system databases (and
does not appear on the Start dialog box); however, it is available
for Legacy Databases. Click Compact/Repair to compact an existing
Legacy Database to conserve disk space and to repair a possibly
corrupted Legacy Database. Refer to Compacting/Repairing Legacy
Database, page 463.

Selecting a Database Connection


1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management. The Start dialog box will appear.

3. Under Connections, click on the desired database connection.


4. Click Select.
5. Click Finish to open the selected database.

Adding a Database Connection


The following section explains how to connect to an existing database
or a new database.
Refer to Adding a Connection to an Existing Database, page 457.
Refer to Adding a Connection to a New Database, page 459.

Adding a Connection to an Existing Database


Connecting to an existing database allows you to use an existing file
system database, which could be very important in a situation that
required a software reinstall such as a system crash. This type of
connection provides the means to reconnect to an existing database.
1. Exit the instrument software.

System Setup TGA701 457


2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management.
3. In the Start Dialog Box,
A. Select Add.
B. Click Next.
C. Select File System Database - Use Existing.
D. Click Next.
4. When the Connect File System Database dialog box appears,
enter the information for the desired database as follows:

A. For Connection Name, enter a name for database connection


that will also appear in the Start dialog box in the
Connections list.
B. For Directory Name,
1) Select Browse.
2) Navigate to the folder for the database and click on it as
shown in the screen shot below. Do not click on the Data
folder itself. The names assigned to the databases in the
directory on your system may not match the folder
names in the screen shot.
3) Click OK.

458 TGA701 System Setup


5. If desired, select the Read Only check box. When selected, the
database information can be viewed but not changed.
6. Clear the Log Activity check box.
7. Click Next.
8. Click Finish.

Adding a Connection to a New Database


New databases will be file system databases. This database type uses
files and folders as its storage media. The size of the database is only
limited to the free space on the hard drive.

To prevent the database from running slow, it is recommended that


virus checking of the database directory be disabled. It is also
recommended to use NTFS as the hard drive file format.
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management.
3. In the Start Dialog Box,
A. Select Add.
B. Click Next.
C. Select File System Database - Create New.
D. Click Next.
4. Complete the Create File System Database dialog box as follows:

A. For Connection Name, enter a name for database connection


that will also appear in the Start dialog box in the
Connections list.
B. If the Data file is in the default location, proceed to step C. If
the Data file is in another location,
1) Select the Advanced check box, and the Directory Name
selection box will appear.
2) For Directory Name, click Browse.

System Setup TGA701 459


3) Navigate to the folder for the database and click on it as
shown in the screen shot below. Do not click on the Data
folder itself. The names assigned to the databases in the
directory on your system may not match the folder
names in the screen shot.
4) Click OK.

C. Clear the Log Activity check box.


5. Click Next and the Start dialog box will appear.
6. The Select check box is automatically selected. Click Finish to
access the newly created database.

Deleting a Database Connection


Delete does not remove physical files from the hard drive. Use
Windows Explorer to remove the physical files.
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management.
3. Under Connections, click on database connection to remove.
4. Click Delete.
5. Click Next. The Delete dialog box will appear.

460 TGA701 System Setup


6. Click Next to remove the database.

Validating a Database
During database validation, the database files will be reviewed for
corruption. If orphan objects are found, refer to Reviewing Orphan
Objects, page 462.
To validate a database,
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management. The Start dialog box will appear.

3. Under Connections, click on a database to validate, click Select,


and then click the Validate check box.

System Setup TGA701 461


4. Click Finish. The Database Validation dialog box will display the
status of the database validation.

Reviewing Orphan Objects


When orphaned objects or corrupt database objects are discovered, a
dialog box such as the one shown below will display. It is
recommended to select No and review orphaned objects (such as
samples, methods, and standards) as they display in the Orphaned
Database Object dialog box to ensure they are valid.
If the database is being validated because database objects are
missing, for example samples have disappeared from the spreadsheet,
then recover the orphans by selecting No or No All. Select No to be
prompted for each orphan or select No All to recover all orphans
without being prompted for each one.
If all samples are displayed in the spreadsheet and there are no
apparent problems with the database, then the orphans are likely
objects that weren't completely removed from the database when they
were deleted and these orphans can be deleted. Select Yes to be
prompted before deleting each orphan or select Yes All to delete all
orphans without being prompted for each one.

462 TGA701 System Setup


Compacting/Repairing a Legacy Database
Compact/Repair is available on databases that are not file system
databases. For file system databases, the compact/repair selection
will not appear on the Start dialog box.
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management.
3. Under Connections, click on the database to compact/repair.
4. Click Compact/Repair.
5. Click Next and the following message will display.

6. Click Next to compact/repair the database.

Managing Databases for 21 CFR Part 11 Compliance

The following section provides further information about how to create


and view log archive databases for 21 CFR Part 11 compliance. For
general database topics such as Using the Start Dialog Box or Deleting
a Database Connection, refer to Managing Databases, page 455.

In the software, logging can be enabled to keep a record of all changes


as they are made to the database. Logging provides a history of the
changes made as well as the current database values.
By default, logging is not enabled. Logging can be enabled or disabled
when a database connection is added. Refer to Enabling Logging for an
Existing Database Connection, below and Enabling Logging for a New
Database, page 465.

Enabling Logging for an Existing Database


Connecting to an existing database allows you to use an existing file
system database, which could be very important in a situation that
required a software reinstall such as a system crash. This type of
connection provides the means to reconnect to an existing database.
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management.

System Setup TGA701 463


3. In the Start Dialog Box,
A. Select Add.
B. Click Next.
C. Select File System Database - Use Existing.
D. Click Next.
4. When the Connect File System Database dialog box appears,
enter the information for the desired database as follows:

A. For Connection Name, enter a name for database connection


that will also appear in the Start dialog box in the
Connections list.
B. For Directory Name,
1) Select Browse.
2) Navigate to the folder for the database and click on it as
shown in the screen shot below. Do not click on the Data
folder itself. The names assigned to the databases in the
directory on your system may not match the folder
names in the screen shot.
3) Click OK.

464 TGA701 System Setup


5. If desired, select the Read Only check box. When selected, the
database information can be viewed but not changed.
6. Select the Log Activity check box.
7. Click Next.
8. Click Finish.

Enabling Logging for a New Database


New databases will be file system databases. This database type uses
files and folders as its storage media. The size of the database is only
limited to the free space on the hard drive.

To prevent the database from running slow, it is recommended that


virus checking of the database directory be disabled. It is also
recommended to use NTFS as the hard drive file format.
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management.
3. In the Start Dialog Box,
A. Select Add.
B. Click Next.
C. Select File System Database - Create New.
D. Click Next.
4. Complete the Create File System Database dialog box as follows:

A. For Connection Name, enter a name for database connection


that will also appear in the Start dialog box in the
Connections list.
B. If the Data file is in the default location, proceed to step C. If
the Data file is in another location,
1) Select the Advanced check box, and the Directory Name
selection box will appear.
2) For Directory Name, click Browse.

System Setup TGA701 465


3) Navigate to the folder for the database and click on it as
shown in the screen shot below. Do not click on the Data
folder itself. The names assigned to the databases in the
directory on your system may not match the folder
names in the screen shot.
4) Click OK.

C. Select the Log Activity check box.


5. Click Next and the Start dialog box will appear.
6. The Select check box is automatically selected. Click Finish to
access the newly created database.

Database Menu
Items on the Database menu in the instrument software will only
appear if logging was enabled when the database connection was
created. Refer to Enabling Logging for an Existing Database, page
463.

Presentation Time
When logging is enabled for a database connection, the presentation
time can used to view the database as it existed at some previous
point in time. For example, it could be used to view results before a
change in calibration was performed. While a presentation time is set,
and the Live check box is not selected, changes are not allowed to the
database. For example, samples cannot be added and changes cannot
be made to methods.

466 TGA701 System Setup


1. Click the Database menu in the instrument software and select
Presentation Time. The Presentation Time dialog box will appear.

2. Select the time and date for the presentation time as follows:
Select the Live check box to view current information or clear the
Live checkbox in order to select a different date and time.

When the Live check box is cleared, Date and Time are active.

A. For Date, click the arrow to display a calendar.


B. From the calendar, select a date. If desired, select the time
and then select either Local or UT (Universal Time). Local
displays the local time zone. UT displays the universal time
that corresponds with the UTC (Universal Coordinated Time)
as defined by the National Bureau of Standards.
C. Click OK. The results as they were at the selected date and
time will appear in the spreadsheet.

System Setup TGA701 467


View History
When logging is enabled for a database connection, View History
displays a log of database changes that could be used to identify the
time/date when some particular change took place. It can only be used
to identify who made a change because there is no description of what
each change represents.
1. Click the Database menu in the instrument software and select
View History. The View Log dialog box will appear.
2. The log items that appear in the View Log dialog box are
explained below.
Date/Time displays the date and time that the database change
occurred.
Entry ID displays a unique identifying number for the database
object that was changed. For example, each sample would have a
unique number.
Action displays Created, Modified or Deleted to indicate the type
of action that occurred.
User displays the username of the person who performed the
action.
3. Select the time zone to use for displaying Date/Time. Local
displays the local time zone. UT displays the universal time that
corresponds with the UTC (Universal Coordinated Time) as
defined by the National Bureau of Standards.

Archive Log
When logging is enabled for a database connection, an Archive Log
database can be created to copy log entries to another file and
possibly reduce the amount of data stored in the database.
1. From the Database Menu in the instrument software, select
Archive Log. The Archive File dialog box will appear.

2. In the Archive File dialog box,

468 TGA701 System Setup


A. Select the Delete Entries upon Completion check box to
delete entries from the database after they are copied to the
output file. Clear the check box and entries will not be
deleted from the database. Selecting this check box reduces
the amount of data stored in database files. The file size may
not change as a result of this, but space will be made
available inside the file for more data to be stored.
B. For the Stop Date, click the arrow and select a date. Any log
entries generated on or before this date will be placed into
the output file.
C. Enter a filename for the log archive database.
D. Select the location for the log archive database.
E. Click Save.
3. After a log archive database is created, you can create a database
connection to the archive log file and view the information in a
read-only fashion, which means you can view the log archive
database but cannot operate the instrument or analyze samples.
Refer to Adding a Connection to a Log Archive Database, below.

Adding a Connection to a Log Archive Database


1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management. The Start dialog box will appear.
3. In the Start Dialog Box,
A. Select Add.
B. Click Next.
C. Select Database Log Archive.
D. Click Next.
4. Complete the Connect Log Archive dialog box as follows:
A. For Connection Name, enter a name for database log archive
connection that will also appear in the Start dialog box in the
Connections list.
B. For File Name, Click Browse and navigate to the log archive
file. The log archive file should have a .GLA file extension.
5. Click Next. The Start dialog box will appear.
6. Click Select and then click Finish.

Removing Results from a Database


When logging is enabled for a database connection, the amount of
data stored in the database can become significantly large, and it may
become necessary to remove results from the database. Deleting
results in the instrument software will only increase the size of the
database because the database keeps track of all changes when
logging is enabled. The following procedure explains how to remove
results from the database for file system databases or for other
databases.

System Setup TGA701 469


For File System Databases
To remove results from a file system database, it is only necessary to
create an archive log as explained below.
1. Create an archive log by following the steps in Archive Log, page
468.
2. Exit the instrument software.
For Legacy Databases
For databases that are not file system databases, use the following
steps to compact/repair the database and recover the freed up space.
1. Create an archive log that has the Delete Entries Upon
Completion check box selected by following the steps in Archive
Log, page 468.
2. Exit the instrument software.
3. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management. The Start dialog box will appear.
4. Select the database connection for the database, not the archive
log, click Compact/Repair, and then click Next. The following
message will display.

5. Click Next to compact/repair the database.

Disabling Logging on an Existing Database


Use the following instructions to disable logging on a database in which
logging is enabled.
1. Exit the instrument software.
2. Click Start on the Windows desktop, select Programs, select
LECO, select the instrument, and then click Database
Management.
3. In the Database Start dialog box, select the existing database
connection in which you prefer to disable logging. Remember the
name of the database and the base file location because you will
need this information in order to reconnect to the database in
step 8.A, page 471.
4. Select Delete, and follow the instructions provided by the
software. Refer to Deleting a Database Connection, page 460,
for further information. The Delete operation will not delete the
actual database; it will only remove the database connection
name from the list.
5. Return to the Database Start dialog box.

470 TGA701 System Setup


6. In the Start dialog box, select Add, and then select Next.
7. Under Database Types, highlight File System Database-Use
Existing, and click Next.
8. Complete the Connect Database dialog box as follows:
A. For the Connection Name, enter the same name as the
database that was just deleted.
B. Enter the Path to the database files.
9. Verify that the checkbox next to Log Activity is blank and click
Next.
10. Click Next and the Start dialog box will appear.
11. The Select check box is automatically selected.
12. Click Finish.

System Setup TGA701 471


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472 TGA701 System Setup


5 Operation
The Operation chapter explains how to prepare a sample and perform an
analysis.
Instrument Controls .....................................................................53
Analysis Overview ........................................................................54
Methods......................................................................................55
Predefined Methods .................................................................55
Creating or Editing a Method .....................................................55
Method Equation Examples .......................................................... 513
Converting TGA-601 Equations to TGA701 Equations .................. 513
Standards ................................................................................. 514
Standard Table Procedures ..................................................... 514
Creating a Standard.......................................................... 514
Logging In a Standard....................................................... 515
Analyzing a Standard ........................................................ 516
Deleting a Standard .......................................................... 516
Printing a Standard........................................................... 517
Calibration ................................................................................ 518
Calibration Main Window ........................................................ 518
Menu Bar ........................................................................ 519
File Menu Commands ................................................... 519
Edit Menu Commands .................................................. 519
Standard Menu Commands ........................................... 519
View Menu Commands ................................................. 520
Toolbar ...................................................................... 520
Format Pane .................................................................... 521
Calibration Plot ................................................................ 522
Calibration Spreadsheet .................................................... 522
Calibration Results............................................................ 522
Calibration Procedures ........................................................... 523
Create New Calibration...................................................... 523
Viewing Calibration ........................................................... 524
Editing Calibration ............................................................ 524
Saving Calibration ............................................................ 524
Adding Standards ............................................................. 525
Logging In a Sample................................................................... 526
Analyze a Sample Using Internal Balance....................................... 528

Operation TGA701 51
Analyze a Sample Using Preweighed Crucibles ................................ 530
Enter Weights Manually .......................................................... 530
Entering Weights Using External Balance .................................. 531
Entering Weights Using Weigh into Crucibles ............................. 531
Analyzing Sample after Weights are Entered ............................. 532
Determining Sample Filters.......................................................... 534
Filters Dialog Box Buttons....................................................... 534
Add Filters....................................................................... 534
Filter Properties................................................................ 535
Deleting Filters................................................................. 536
Predefined Filters .................................................................. 536
Modify Predefined Filter ..................................................... 537
Configuring Report before Printing ................................................ 538
Printing from the Software........................................................... 541
Import Data .............................................................................. 542
Export Data............................................................................... 543
Export Buffers............................................................................ 544
Transfer Export and Import ......................................................... 545
Export ................................................................................. 545
Import ................................................................................. 546
Backing Up and Restoring Data .................................................... 547
Backup Data ......................................................................... 547
Restoring Data ...................................................................... 548
Data Transmit............................................................................ 549
Turning Off Instrument ............................................................... 550

52 TGA701 Operation
Instrument Controls

Figure 5-1
Actuator Button Location

Control/Indicator Action
Enables and disables the power to the instrument. The
power switch is also a circuit breaker that provides
Power On/Off Switch
protection for the operator and instrument. Refer to
Figure 10-4, page 105.

The actuator button has numerous uses, from raising and


lowering the furnace cover to advancing the carousel. Refer
to Figure 5-1, above.
Actuator Button The actuator button will illuminate when the system is
operating. A flashing actuator button indicates an alarm
status. The system is requesting user intervention or an
error has occurred.

Operation TGA701 53
Analysis Overview

The following section provides a brief overview of the steps that must
be followed in order to analyze samples using the TGA701.

1. Create a method. Refer to Creating or Editing a Method, page


55.
2. Create a Standard, if required. Refer to Standard Table
Procedures, page 514. Standards are required only for special
applications in which the weight lost during a specific step may
not be directly related to the certified value. Standards are
typically required only for the analysis of volatile matter in low-
and high-volatile coke and coal.
A. Login a Standard. Refer to Log In a Standard, page 515.
B. Analyze a standard. Refer to Analyze a Standard, page 516.
3. Calibrate, if required. Refer to New Calibration, page 518.
4. Log in a sample. Refer to Log In a Sample, page 526.
5. Analyze a sample. Refer to Analyze a Sample using Internal
Balance, page 528, or Analyze a Sample Using Preweighed
Crucibles, page 530.

54 TGA701 Operation
Methods

A method is a set of analytical parameters used to control the


instrument during analysis and calculation of the final result. Methods
are created by entering the Method General Parameters, page 56, the
Method Step Parameters, page 56, and the Method Equation
Parameters, page 510. Use the Method General Parameters to specify
crucible and sample information. Use the Method Step Parameters
dialog box to specify the temperature profile that displays in the plot.
Use the Method Equation Parameters dialog box to specify the
equations for calculating the result for a method step. All method steps
should be added before adding method equations.
Creating a method with a number of steps and equations will produce
a spreadsheet with many columns. While the spreadsheet can be
modified to display or hide columns as desired, refer to Modifying
Columns, page 416, it is recommended to use the same step and
equations names from method to method whenever possible. This
reduces the number of unique columns in the spreadsheet and reduces
the need to change the columns that appear in the spreadsheet. For
example, two different methods could share the same step and
equation names for Moisture, Ash, Residual, Step-1, and so forth.
Use sample filters to determine how sample results are displayed in
the spreadsheet. For example, sample results can be grouped by
method name. Refer to Determining Sample Filters, page 534.

Predefined Methods
The following is a list of predefined methods provided in the software.
For Testing the For Training the
For Running Samples:
Balance: Furnace:
ASTM D5142 Moisture Volatile Ash Quartz Test Furnace Training
ASTM D5142 Moisture Ash Balance Test Furnace Tuning
ASTM D5142 Moisture
ASTM D5142 Volatile
Flour Ash
Loss On Ignition

Creating or Editing a Method


1. From the Configuration menu, click Methods. For further
information about the buttons on the Method Dialog Box, refer to
Dialog Box Button Definitions, page 415.
2. Create or edit a method.
A. To create a method, click the Add button to add a method
and complete the Add Method dialog box. Refer to
Predefined Methods, above.
B. To edit a method, select the method by clicking on the name
of the method in the Methods dialog box.

Operation TGA701 55
3. Click Properties. The Method General Properties dialog box will
display.

4. Enter the Method General Parameters.


A. For Crucible Type, click the arrow and then select the
crucible type by clicking on it once.
B. For Crucible Density, enter the density of the crucible
material in grams per cubic centimeter. The range is 0.5-0.9,
and the default is 3.
C. If desired, click the Crucible Type Set Default button to set
both the crucible density and the cover density to the
default.
D. For Cover Density, enter the density of the crucible cover
material in grams per cubic centimeter. The range is 0.5 to
9.0, and the default is 3.
E. For Sample Type, click the arrow and then select the
sample type by clicking on it once, or type in the sample
type.
F. For Sample Density, enter the density of the sample
material in grams per cubic centimeter. The range is 0.5 to
9.0, and the default is 1.5.
G. If desired, click the Sample Type Set Default button to set
both the crucible density and the cover density to the
default.
5. Click the Method Step Parameter tab. The Method Step Parameter
dialog box will display.

Unless otherwise directed by the LECO Application lab, make sure the
method parameters have been set to their default values if
performing a first-time analysis.
6. Click Add to add a method step.

56 TGA701 Operation
7. Enter the Step Name or select a Step Name from the menu and
then click OK. As examples, for the step name Moisture, the
software will generate the following columns in the spreadsheet:
Moisture Mass, Moisture Temperature, Moisture Constancy; for
the step name Ash, the software will generate the following
fields: Ash Mass, Ash Temperature, Ash Constancy.

Two different methods can have the same step name; therefore,
LECO recommends that a step name be selected from the menu or a
previously named step be entered. This will minimize the number of
columns in the spreadsheet, and it will also compare statistics for the
step results from the different methods.

8. Complete the Method Step Parameters table.


A. For Covers, click the arrow to select Yes or type in "Y" if the
sample requires a cover and covers will be added at the
beginning of this method step. Click No or type in "N" if the
sample does not require a cover. Covers are required for
volatiles.
B. For Start Temperature, enter the starting temperature for
the current method step. It is recommended that the
starting temperature for the current step match the ending
temperature of the previous step when the current step is
not the first step. The allowed range is 25-1000 C;
however, it is recommended to enter a starting temperature
that does not fall below the typical ambient temperature. If
the actual furnace temperature during method execution is
above the step start temperature, the furnace will cool down
to the specified start temperature before starting the next
step. This cooling time is not reflected in any of the method
step times (i.e. Ramp Time, Hold Time). This parameter is
used in the Ramp Rate calculation and changing this
parameter will change the ramp time and total step time.
C. For End Temperature, enter the ending temperature for
the current method step in C. The allowed range is 25-
1000 C. The furnace will ramp from the start temperature
to the end temperature at the specified ramp rate and ramp
time; However, in order to prevent overshoot due to thermal
lags within the furnace, the actual end temperature may not

Operation TGA701 57
be achieved in the specified ramp time. The specified hold
time will not begin until the actual furnace temperature
reaches the target end temperature. This parameter is used
in the Ramp Rate calculation, and changing this parameter
will change the ramp time and total step time.
D. For Ramp Rate, specify the temperature rate in C per
minute. The furnace ramps from the step starting
temperature to the step end temperature. The allowed
range is 1-50 C per minute; however, this parameter is also
a function of the step start and end temperatures, actual
heating limitations of the furnace and ability to maintain
furnace control. When a ramp rate greater than can be
achieved is entered, the software will return the maximum
ramp rate based on the current step parameters.
E. For Ramp Time, specify the time duration in hours and
minutes for the furnace to ramp from the step start
temperature to the step end temperature. The time format is
HR: MM, and the allowed range is 360 minutes or 6 hours.
Enter hours and minutes with any of the following delimiters:
colon, period, comma, backslash, hyphen or space. The
furnace will ramp from the start temperature to the end
temperature at the specified ramp rate and ramp time;
however, in order to prevent overshoot due to thermal lags
within the furnace, the actual end temperature may not be
achieved in the specified ramp time. The specified hold time
will not begin until the actual furnace temperature reaches
the target end temperature. This parameter is used in the
Ramp Rate calculation and changing this parameter will
change the ramp rate and total step time.
F. For Hold Time, specify the time duration in hours and
minutes for the furnace to hold the step end temperature.
The time format is HR:MM and the allowed range is 0-360
minutes or 6 hours. Enter hours, hours and minutes or
minutes with any of the following delimiters: colon, period,
comma, backslash, hyphen or space. The specified hold time
will not begin until the actual furnace temperature reaches
the target end temperature. This parameter is used in the
Total Step Time calculation and changing this parameter will
change the total step time. The analysis results will indicate
if the sample attains constancy before the Hold Time is met.
Also, the analysis will extend beyond the Hold Time until the
sample attains constancy if the criteria specified for the Hold
Time does not allow the sample to attain constancy.
G. For Total Time, specify the total time duration in hours and
minutes for the current method step. By default this
parameter is the sum of the current Ramp Time and Hold
Time, and changing this parameter will change the step Hold
Time; however, this parameter cannot be less than the
current step Ramp Time. The Hold Time is adjusted so the
calculation remains true. The time required for the furnace
to achieve the actual step end temperature or for the
samples to reach constancy is not included in this

58 TGA701 Operation
calculation. The time format is HR:MM, and the allowed
range is 0360 minutes or 6 hours. Enter hours, hours and
minutes or minutes with any of the following delimiters:
colon, period, comma, backslash, hyphen or space.
H. For Max Time, specify a length of time that is sufficient for
the analysis to be completed. The max time parameter
allows the operator to specify the maximum time duration in
hours and minutes the software will maintain the current
method step temperature and atmosphere before proceeding
to the next method step. The time format is HR:MM and the
allowed range is 360 minutes or 6 hours. Enter hours, hours
and minutes or minutes with any of the following delimiters:
colon, period, comma, backslash, hyphen or space. The
specified max time will override the constant weight
conditions specified for the current method step and force
the analysis to advance to the next method step. This
parameter should always be greater than or equal to the
Total Step Time. It will automatically increase as the ramp
time and hold times are increased. This parameter is only
provided as a way to automatically force the analysis to
advance to the next method step. The normal setting for
this parameter is zero 00:00 which will disable the max time
limit during the execution of the method step and allow the
step ramp time, hold time, end temperature and constancy
parameters to end the current method step.
I. For Atmosphere, specify the type of furnace gas that is to
be used during this method step. The choices are "Air,"
"Nitrogen," or "Oxygen." For example, for moisture, the best
selection would be air or nitrogen; for ash, the best selection
would be air or oxygen. Select the desired furnace gas from
the list box or type "A" for "Air," "N" for "Nitrogen" or "O" for
"Oxygen." The specified furnace atmosphere will be set at
the beginning of the step and remains ON for the duration of
the step until the next step is started or the analysis is
completed.
J. For Flow Rate, specify the flow rate of gas used during the
method step. The choices are Off, "Low", "Med Low", "
Medium", Med High or High. Select the desired flow rate
from the dropdown list box or type O for Off, "L" for
"Low," "M" for "Medium " or "H" for "High." The specified
flow rate will be maintained for the full duration of the
method step. Refer to Specifications, page 124.
K. For Window, specify the minimum number of carousel
rotations and corresponding sample weights used to define
the width of the constant weight window. Every data point
within the constant weight window must meet the
programmed comparator value for the sample to have
reached constancy. Range: 0 to 60 data points. Default: 3.

Operation TGA701 59
L. For Comparator, specify a value used to define the height
of the comparator window. The absolute change in the
sample weight must be less than this value for the entire
comparator window period for the sample to have reached
constancy. Unless the maximum time has been exceeded,
the next step will not begin until all the samples have
attained constancy. Range: 0.00 to 100.0 percent. Default:
0.05 percent. Refer to the Constancy Option menu on the
Balance Tab.
M. For Final Weight, specify the point at which the final weight
for the current method step is taken. At Constancy and At
End of Step are the options. At Constancy configures the
software to lock the sample weight uniquely for each sample
at the point in time when each sample reaches constancy
for that step. At End of Step configures the software to
lock the sample weight at the end of the current analysis
step after all samples in the batch have attained the
conditions for constancy.
9. Repeat steps 6, page 56, through 8, page 57, until all
necessary analysis steps have been added.
10. Click the Method Equation Parameters tab. The Method Equation
Parameter dialog box will display.

510 TGA701 Operation


11. Click Add to add a result calculation if desired. The Add Method
Result Calculation dialog box will display.

12. Enter the Result name, or click the arrow to select a Result name
from the list. Click OK, and the method result calculation will be
added to the table. In the table, the Result Name will display in
the Equation Name column. The equation name should match the
step name. The equation name references a particular method
result calculation in other software operations and printouts. Each
equation name must be unique to avoid ambiguity in calculations
or other software references.
For example: For the Equation Name Moisture, the software
will generate the following columns in the spreadsheet:
Moisture: The calculated percent weight loss for the step.
Moisture (Certified %): The user can specify a known
certified value for the standards
Moisture (+/-)%: The user can specify a known uncertainty
value for the standard.
Moisture (%Error): The software will calculate a relative
percent error based on the certified standard value.
13. Complete the Equation Text Table.
A. Click in the Equation Text dialog box and then click the
arrow to select an equation or enter an equation following
the defined format. The software will list the apparent choice
first. Equations vary depending on the step names defined in
the Method Step Parameters dialog box. The equation text
field allows the operator to specify the equation that is to be
used to calculate the result associated with the specified
equation name. The software provides a number of
predefined equations based on the method steps defined in
the method. The following mathematical operators are
available are plus (+), minus (-), multiply (*), divide (/),
power (^) and others. All method step names, equation
names and associated data fields can be used as parameters
in the result calculation.
B. Click in Result Format and then select a result format from
the menu or enter the result format manually. Refer to
Applying Number Formatting, page 449, for additional
information.

Operation TGA701 511


C. The Result Units parameter allows the operator to specify
the units that are to be used in the display of the calculated
result. Results for the TGA701 are expressed in %.
D. For Description, document any unique aspects associated
with the result calculation or slight differences between
calculations that might not be obvious from a quick
inspection of the equation or equation name.
E. For Calibrate, specify whether or not the calculated result is
to be made available for calibration. The operator can select
Yes or No from the list or type Y for Yes or N for
No.
14. Repeat steps 11, page 511, through 13.E, above, until all
necessary equations have been added.
15. Click OK to close the Method Properties dialog box and save the
changes. Click Cancel to abandon the changes and close the
Method Properties dialog box.
16. To Create a Standard, refer to Standard Table Procedures, page
514. To perform a calibration, refer to Create New Calibration,
page 523.

512 TGA701 Operation


Method Equation Examples

For example, the calculation


(([InitialMass]-[MoistureMass])/[InitialMass]])*100
would calculate the percent moisture released during the Moisture step
of the analysis.
Moisture (([InitialMass]-[MoistureMass])/[InitialMass]])*100
Volatile (([MoistureMass]-[VolatileMass])/[InitialMass])*100
Volatile Dry [Volatile]*(100/(100-[Moisture]))
Ash ([AshMass]/[InitialMass]])*100
Ash Dry [Ash]*(100/100-([Moisture]))
Fixed Carbon 100-([Moisture]+[Volatile]+[Ash]
Fixed Carbon Dry 100-([VolatileDry]+[AshDry])

Converting TGA-601 Equations to TGA701 Equations


The TGA701 no longer requires the W or E prefix to specify Weight and
Equation tokens. The key word for the initial weight has changed from
[Initial] on the TGA-601 to [Initial Mass] on the TGA701. All method
step names have a StepName Mass token associated with them.
(i.e., Moisture step has a Moisture Mass token.) Refer to the
Example Equations below.
TGA-601 Equations associated with Step Names Moisture, Volatile, Ash
Initial Wt. W[Initial]
Moisture ((W[Initial]-W[Moisture])/W[Initial])*100
Volatile ((W[Moisture]-W[Volatile])/W[Initial])*100
Ash (W[Ash]/W[Initial])*100
Fixed Carbon 100-(E[Moisture]+E[Volatile]+E[Ash])
Volatile Dry E[Volatile]*(100/(100-E[Moisture]))
Ash Dry Basis E[Ash]*(100/(100-E[Moisture]))
Fixed Carbon Dry 100-(E[Volatile Dry]+E[Ash Dry])

TGA 701 Equations associated with Step Names, Moisture, Volatile, Ash
Moisture (([Initial Mass]-[Moisture Mass])/[Initial Mass])*100
Volatile (([Moisture Mass]-[Volatile Mass])/[Initial Mass])*100
Ash ([Ash Mass]/[Initial Mass])*100
Fixed Carbon 100-([Moisture]+[Volatile]+[Ash])
Volatile Dry [Volatile]*(100/(100-[Moisture]))
Ash Dry [Ash]*(100/(100-[Moisture]))
Fixed Carbon Dry 100-([Volatile Dry]+[Ash Dry])

Operation TGA701 513


Standards

Standards are certified reference materials with known concentrations


and uncertainty levels. Standards are required only for special
applications in which the weight lost during a specific step may not be
directly related to the certified value. Standards are typically required
only for the analyses of volatile matter in low-volatile and high-volatile
coke and coal and are not necessary for standard moisture, ash, or
weight usage.

Standard Table Procedures

Creating a Standard
1. From the Configuration menu, click Standards. The Standards
dialog box will display. The Standards columns are explained in
the Glossary, page 121.

2. Click Add to insert a new row into the Standard Table. The name
will display as Standard, Standard-1, Standard-2, and so forth,
depending on the number of times the Add button is clicked.
3. Double-Click the standard name in the Name column to change if
desired.
4. Enter the certified and the uncertainty values for the standard in
the appropriate columns.
5. From the Check Std. menu, select Yes if the standard is a check
standard; select No if the standard is not a check standard.
6. Use the commands on the Standards dialog box to determine the
display of the Standards table as explained below.
Click Fields to modify the Fields that display in the Standards
spreadsheet. Refer to Modifying Columns, page 416.
Click Delete to remove a standard from the spreadsheet. Refer to
Deleting a Standard, page 516.
Click Ascending, and Standards will automatically display in
alphabetical and/or numerical order from lowest to highest.
Click Descending, and Standards will automatically display in
alphabetical and/or numerical order from highest to lowest.

514 TGA701 Operation


Click Promote to move a standard to a higher position in the
spreadsheet. Moving a standard to a higher position means that
standard will display earlier in the table. Click in the Row column
to highlight the row for the standard and then click Promote until
standard displays in desired position.
Click Demote to move a standard to a lower position in the
spreadsheet. Moving a standard to a lower position means that
standard will display later in the table. Click in the Row column to
highlight the row for the standard and then click Demote until
standard displays in desired position.
Click Print to reproduce the Standards table in a paper document.
Refer to Printing a Standard, page 517.

Logging In a Standard
1. From the Samples menu, click Login or click the F3 Login button
on the toolbar. The Sample dialog box will display.

2. Click on Sample Name menu and select the desired standard. If


the standard is not available, refer to Creating a Standard, page
514, for additional information.
3. When using dual furnaces, select the furnace (#1 or #2) from the
Furnace menu.
4. Enter the batch number in the Batch field. To change the batch
number later, refer to Changing a Batch Number, page 415, for
additional information.
5. If Fixed Location has been specified in System Configuration,
page 425, enter the location of the standard in the Location
field. If Auto Assign or Auto Find was selected, the software will
automatically find an empty crucible and fill in the location.
6. From the Method menu, select the desired method. If the desired
method is not available, refer to Creating or Editing a Method,
page 55, for additional information.
7. Enter any comments in the Comments field.

Operation TGA701 515


8. Enter a description of the standard in Description field.
9. Enter the users name in the Operator field. This field will
automatically be filled in with the name of the operator currently
logged into the system.
10. Enter the number of standards to be analyzed in the Count field.
11. Select whether the standard should be added at the end of the
list or if the sample should be added as the next sample to run by
clicking the check box in front of the appropriate selection.

A maximum of 19 standards can be analyzed per batch.

12. If there are numerous standards to log in, click the Keep Logging
in Samples until Cancel is pressed check box. This allows the
operator to continue to log in standards until the Cancel button is
clicked.
13. Click OK when finished.

Analyzing a Standard
1. From the Samples menu, click Analyze or click the Analyze button
on the toolbar. The Login Standard Sample dialog box will be
displayed if no standards have been logged in. Refer to Logging
In a Standard, page 515, for additional information.
2. If not open already, the furnace lid will open. Place all the empty
crucibles (including reference crucible) in the carousel.
3. Close the furnace lid by pressing the Actuator button on the front
panel. Refer to Figure 5-1 page 53.
4. The system will weigh the empty crucibles.
5. The furnace lid will open and the carousel will rotate to the first
crucible then lower to the weigh position.
6. Place the standard in the crucible.

POSSIBLE WEIGHT ERROR


When placing the standard into the crucible, do not knock
the scoop against the crucible, as this may cause an
incorrect sample weight.

7. Press the Actuator button on the front panel to rotate the


carousel to the next crucible and repeat steps 5 and 6, above.
Continue this procedure until all the crucibles have been loaded.
8. After the sample has been added to the last crucible, press the
Actuator button. The analysis will start automatically.
9. After all the standards have been analyzed, select the results in
the spreadsheet to calibrate. Refer to Calibration, page 518.

Deleting a Standard
1. From the Configuration menu, click Standards.
2. Select the standard to delete.

516 TGA701 Operation


3. Click Delete. When the Delete confirmation box displays, click Yes
to delete; click No to cancel.
4. Click OK to close the Standard dialog box.

Printing a Standard
1. From the Configuration menu, click Standards.
2. Select the standard to be printed.
3. Click Print. The Print dialog box will display.
4. Change the print settings as needed then click OK. The standard
is printed on the system printer.
5. Click OK to close the Standards dialog box.

Operation TGA701 517


Calibration

Thermogravimetric analysis is a primary method that determines


absolute weight loss. Occasionally, there is a need to adjust the values
of certain elements based on other techniques or customer-specific
reasons. The calibration procedure is used to compensate for the
differences between the measured and certified results for these
elements. Standards are only required for analyses of volatile matter.
Refer to Standards, page 514, for further information.
The application software permits two different types of calibration:
single standard or multipoint calibration. Since the calibration is saved
for each method, each method must be calibrated after it is created.
Refer to Methods, page 55, for additional information.
The following section explains how to create a new calibration, below,
view calibration, page 524, editing calibration, page 524, printing
calibration, page 520, saving calibration, page 524, and adding
standards to a calibration, page 525.

Calibration Main Window


The calibration main window displays the defined calibration standards
and the calibration plot. It also permits the operator to choose which
standards will be used for calibration and the calibration curve type.
There are six sections in the calibration main window: the menu bar
below, the toolbar, page 520, the format pane, page 521, the plot,
page 522, the calibration spreadsheet pane, page 522, and the
calibration results display, page 522.

518 TGA701 Operation


Menu Bar

File Menu Commands


Print/Setup - Used to access the Print Setup dialog box in order
to change printer settings.
Print - Used to access the Select Calibrations to Print dialog box
in order to print the selected calibration on the system printer.
Refer to Printing, page 520.
Print Preview - Used to access the Select Calibrations to Print
dialog box in order to preview how selected calibration would print
on the system printer.
Save & Exit - Used to accept the changes made then exit the
calibration screen. Refer to Saving Calibration, page 524, for
additional information.
Quit - Used to exit the calibration screen without making any
changes.

Edit Menu Commands


Copy - Used to copy data from an entire row in the spreadsheet
or results display to the clipboard. The data can then be pasted
into another Microsoft Office program such as Excel.

Standard Menu Commands


The Standard Menu commands will be active in New Calibration, Add
Standard, or Edit Calibration.
Include
1. Select the sample in the grid by clicking on the row number or in
the plot by clicking on the point.
2. From the Standards menu, click Include. The Standard is
included in the calibration. Included samples will appear on the
plot as a black filled box and will be disabled on the calibration
spreadsheet pane, page 522.
Exclude
1. Select the sample in the grid by clicking on the row number or in
the plot by clicking on the point.
2. From the Standards menu, click Exclude. The Standard is
excluded from the calibration. Excluded samples will appear on
the plot as a white filled box and will be disabled on the
calibration spreadsheet, page 522.
Remove
1. Select the sample in the grid by clicking on the row number or in
the plot by clicking on the point.
2. From the Standards menu, click Remove. The Remove Sample
Configuration dialog box will display.
3. Click Yes to remove the sample; click No to cancel. The sample is
removed from the spreadsheet and statistics display.

Operation TGA701 519


View Menu Commands

Standards - Click Standards to access the Standards Table.


Refer to Standards, page 514, for additional information.
Plot Calibration - Used to view the calibration data plot in
the graph. Refer to Toolbar, below, for additional information.
Plot Relative Error - Used to view the relative error data plot
in the graph. Refer to Toolbar, below, for additional
information.
Plot Residual Error - Used to view the residual data plot in
the graph. Refer to Toolbar, below, for additional information.

Toolbar

Method
Click the arrow and then select the method to use for calibration. Refer
to Methods, page 55, for additional information.
Plot
Click the arrow to select the type of plot. Select Calibration to plot the
certified concentration versus the measured concentration of the
sample. Select Relative Error to plot the percent relative error versus
the certified concentration of the sample. Relative Error=100*[(xi-
xt)/xt] where xi is the Calculated Value and xt is the Certified Value.
Select Residual Error to plot the residual error versus the certified
concentration of the sample. Residual Error=Calculated-Certified
Standards
Click Standards to access the Standards Table. Refer to Standards,
page 514, for additional information.
Printing
1. Open the desired calibration by clicking Configuration and then
selecting calibration procedure.
2. To print the calibration, click the Print button. The Select
Calibrations to Print dialog box will display.

3. Select which calibration changes to print by clicking in the check


boxes. If all of the calibrations are required, click the Include All
button.
4. To print the calibration, click the Print button. The Print dialog box
will display.

520 TGA701 Operation


5. Click OK to print. After printing, the Calibration dialog box will
display.
6. Click Cancel to close the Print dialog box without printing.
OK
Click OK to accept any changes made to the calibration and then exit
the calibration screen.
Cancel
Click Cancel to close the calibration without accepting any changes.

Format Pane
The format pane will be active in New Calibration, Add Standard, and
Edit Calibration.

1. For Step, click the arrow to select the step that will be associated
with the calibration curve. The calculated calibration will be
applied to this step. A different calibration can be calculated and
applied to each step.
2. For Curve Type, select the type of calibration curve used in the
plot, page 522. Select a curve that intersects each calibration
result.
3. For Weighting, click the arrow to determine which calibration
results, on the calibration curve, get priority. Select Normal, and
each point gets equal priority. Select Manual, and a manual
weighting can be entered. Select 1/Certified for a weighting factor
that can be applied to the calibration data points. This will
counteract a bias for higher concentrations that develops
naturally from the curve fitting process.
4. Use Existing Calibration to view the current calibration equation.
5. Use Date and time to determine when the current calibration was
established.
6. Click in the Show check box to view the last calibration. The last
calibration will display on the graph in blue.
7. Use New Calibration to display the new calibration equation.
8. Use RMS Error to determine which calibration curve has a better
fit. The lower the RMS error the better the fit.

Operation TGA701 521


9. Click in the Manual check box to enter a new calibration equation.
This can be done if a calibration was lost and a previous
calibration recorded.

Calibration Plot

If a standard from the calibration grid is selected, red crosshairs will


appear on the calibration plot to locate the plotted standard.
To zoom in, hold down the left mouse key and draw a box around
desired calibration point. Plot will zoom in on this point.
To zoom out, click on a calibration point with the right mouse button.
A Zoom Out button will display. Click the Zoom Out button to zoom
out.

Calibration Spreadsheet
The spreadsheet displays the selected samples used for calibration.
Refer to the Glossary, page 121, for further information about the
Calibration Spreadsheet columns.

Calibration Results
The results display shows data when multiple samples are selected
from the spreadsheet. The statistics are calculated from the Error%
and Certified columns for the step selected in the Step box in the
Format Pane. These results are most useful for determining whether or
not a particular repetition for a standard should be included or
excluded. The results display can also be used to quickly determine the
minimum and maximum certified value used to create the calibration.
Refer to Calibration Results Columns, page 523, for further
information.

522 TGA701 Operation


Calibration Results Columns
# Step Average Std. Dev %RSD Min Max
Name
The value of
The relative
The
standard standard
average The
deviation deviation of The minimum
of the maximum
of the the values value from the
1 Error% values value from
values from the Error%
from the the Error%
from the Error% column.
Error% column.
Error% column
column.
column. expressed in
percent.
The value of
The relative
The
standard standard The
average
deviation deviation of The minimum maximum
of the
of the the values value from the value from
2 Certified values
values from the certified the
from the
from the Certified column. certified
Certified
Certified column column.
column.
column. expressed in
percent.

Calibration Procedures

Create New Calibration


In order for a calibration procedure to be completed, each calibration
standard must be defined, a calibration analysis must be performed,
and a calibration curve must be created.
1. If the standards have not already been logged in, refer to Logging
In a Standard, page 515, for additional information.
2. If the standards have not been analyzed, refer to Analyzing a
Standard, page 516, for additional information.
3. After all the standards have been analyzed, select the results in
the spreadsheet. If only one standard is selected for calibration, a
warning will display.
4. From the Configuration menu, click Calibration and then click New
Calibration.
5. Select the analysis step, the curve type, and weighting. The
calibration curve should go through, or come close to every
calibration point. If not, select another curve type.

When multiple standards are selected from the standards list, the
calibration results display will show the values in a spreadsheet. Refer
to Calibration Results, page 522.

Operation TGA701 523


6. To change the known concentrations and uncertainty values of
the reference materials, click the Standards button. The
Standards dialog box will display. Refer to Standards, page 514,
for additional information.
7. When finished, click OK to access the Calibration Save dialog box.
Refer to Saving Calibration, page 524, for additional information.
8. When all calibration changes have been saved, click Save to finish
the calibration procedure.

Viewing Calibration
View calibration permits the operator to view the current calibration.
The calibration cannot be changed from this screen.
1. From the Configuration menu, click Calibration, and then click
View Calibration.
Refer to Calibration Main Window, page 518, for additional
information. The calibration spreadsheet pane, page 522, will be in
red.

2. The screen will be the same as new calibration except certain


areas will not be available. (Those areas will be grayed out). The
areas available are: Method, Plot, Step, Existing Calibration, Date,
Show, RMS Error, and the spreadsheet pane.
3. Click the OK button when finished to return to the main screen.

Editing Calibration
Edit calibration permits the operator to revise the current calibration.
1. From the Configuration menu, click Calibration, and then click edit
calibration.
Refer to Calibration Main Window, page 518, for additional
information. The calibration spreadsheet pane, page 522, will be in
red.

2. Select the analysis step, the curve type, and weighting to change.
The calibration curve should go through, or come close to every
calibration point. If not, select another curve type.
3. To change the known concentrations and uncertainty values of
the reference materials, click the Standards button. The
Standards dialog box will display. Refer to Standards, page 514,
for additional information.
4. When finished, click OK to save the calibration changes. Refer to
Saving Calibration, below, for additional information.

Saving Calibration
1. When the calibration updates have been completed, click the OK
button. The Save Calibration dialog box will display. The Save
Calibration dialog box will only be displayed if this is a new
calibration or if any changes to the calibration procedure were
made.

524 TGA701 Operation


2. Select the analysis step calibrations to save by clicking in the
check box or to save all the calibration changes, click the Include
All button.
3. When finished, click Save to finish the calibration procedure; click
Cancel to close the Save Calibration dialog box and return to the
calibration screen without saving the changes; click Do Not Save
to close the Calibration screen and return to the main screen
without saving the changes.

Adding Standards
Add standards permits the operator to add reference materials to the
list of standards used for a previously defined calibration. Refer to
Standards, page 514, for additional information.
1. Select the analyzed standards from the spreadsheet. These will
be added to the list of standards used for calibration.
2. Click the Standards button. The Standards dialog box will display.

3. Select the standards to be added to the list of samples used for


calibration.
4. Click OK to close the Standards dialog box.
5. Edit the calibration as needed, page 524.

Operation TGA701 525


Logging In a Sample

The following section explains how to log in a sample, batch of


samples or standards into the spreadsheet.
1. From the Samples menu, click Login or click the F3 Login button
on the toolbar. The Sample dialog box will display.

2. From the Sample Name menu, select the predefined sample


name or enter a sample name. Refer to Sample Templates, page
446, for additional information.
3. Enter the batch number in the Batch field as needed. To change
the batch number, refer to Changing a Batch Number, page 415,
for additional information.
4. Enter the location of the sample in the Location field. If no
number is entered, the location is automatically selected.
5. From the Method menu, select the desired method. If the desired
method is not available, refer to Creating or Editing a Method,
page 55, for additional information.
6. Enter any comments in the Comments field.
7. Enter a description of the sample in Description field.
8. Enter the users name in the Operator field. This field will
automatically be filled in with the name of operator currently
logged into the system.
9. Enter the number of samples to be analyzed in the Count field.

526 TGA701 Operation


10. Select whether the sample should be added at the end of the list
or if the sample should be added as the next sample to run by
selecting the check box in front of the appropriate selection.
11. If there are numerous samples to log in, click the Keep logging in
Samples until Cancel is pressed check box. This allows the
operator to continue to log in samples until the Cancel button is
clicked.
12. Click OK when finished.

Operation TGA701 527


Analyze a Sample Using Internal Balance

All samples with the same sample batch number will be analyzed
together. A maximum of 19 samples can be analyzed per batch.

1. Clean and dry sample scoop. The sample scoop available must be
cleaned and dried between each analysis. Refer to Options, page
121, for further information.
2. From the Samples menu, click Analyze or click the F5 Analyze
button on the toolbar. The Login Sample dialog box will be
displayed if no samples have been logged in. Refer to Logging In
a Sample, page 526, for additional information.
3. If not already open, the furnace lid will open.
4. Obtain crucibles from dessicator.
5. Place the reference crucible in the zero position, which is marked
by a small 1/8-inch diameter hole.

6. Place the remaining empty crucibles in the carousel. Placement is


based upon the number of crucibles logged in. The following
message box displays and a signal will sound to prompt the
loading of empty crucibles:

528 TGA701 Operation


7. Close the furnace lid by pressing the Actuator button on the front
panel. Refer to Figure 5-1, page 53.
8. The system will weigh the empty crucibles.
9. The furnace lid will open and the carousel will rotate to the first
crucible then lower to the weigh position.
10. After the crucible has been weighed, a prompt for loading the
sample will display. Slowly begin loading the sample while
viewing the balance display until the balance display indicates the
target mass has been reached. Refer to Viewing Balance, page
423, for further information.

POSSIBLE WEIGHT ERROR


When placing the sample into the crucible, do not knock the
scoop against the crucible, as this may cause an incorrect
sample weight.

11. Press the Actuator button on the front panel to rotate the
carousel to the next crucible.
12. Repeat steps 6, page 528, and 7, page 529. Continue this
procedure until sample has been added to all of the crucibles.
13. After the sample has been added to the last crucible, press the
Actuator button on the front panel. The analysis will start
automatically.
14. After the analysis completes, clean the crucibles. Refer to
Cleaning Crucibles, page 68.

Operation TGA701 529


Analyze a Sample Using Preweighed Crucibles

The following instructions assume the instrument is ready for analysis,


methods have been created, calibrations have been performed, if
necessary, and any periodic maintenance has already been completed.
An external balance allows you to preweigh crucibles and samples and
then log this information into the TGA701 software.
Depending upon the application, an external balance may shorten the
analysis time. It allows you to log accurate starting weights and load
the carousel for the next batch even when the furnace has not cooled
to room temperature.
An unlimited number of samples and crucibles can be preweighed and
logged, but only a maximum of 19 samples can be analyzed per batch.
An external balance is available as an option for preweighed crucibles.
Refer to Installing External Balance, page 36.

1. Verify the Crucible Mass column and Initial Mass column display
in the spreadsheet. Refer to Modifying Columns, page 416. The
Crucible Mass column displays the weight of the crucible. The
Initial Mass column displays the weight of the sample.
2. Log in samples. Refer to Logging In a Sample, page 526.
3. From the Configuration menu, click System. Use the System tab
to determine whether the crucible mass weight and initial mass
weight will be entered manually or by using the external balance.
Refer to Enter Weights Manually, below, Entering Weights Using
External Balance, page 531, or Entering Weights Using External
Balance (Weigh into Crucibles), page 531.

Enter Weights Manually


1. From the Configuration menu, click System.
2. On the System tab, select the Pre-Weighed Crucibles check box.
3. Click OK and then select the sample in the spreadsheet.
4. Select the cell for this sample in the Crucible Mass column of the
spreadsheet.
5. Type in the empty crucible mass. The mouse cursor will
automatically advance to the Initial Mass cell in the spreadsheet.
6. Type in the initial mass. The mouse cursor will automatically
advance to the Crucible Mass cell for the next sample in the
spreadsheet.
7. Repeat steps 5-6 above, for the remaining samples.
8. Analyze sample as explained in Analyzing Samples after Weights
are Entered, page 532.

530 TGA701 Operation


Entering Weights Using External Balance
In the following procedure, the crucible weight gets tared to obtain the
weight of the sample.
1. On the External Balance tab, enter the parameters for the
external balance. Refer to External Balance tab, page 430.
2. From the Configuration menu, click System.
3. On the System tab, select the Pre-Weighed Crucibles check box.
4. Click OK and then select the sample in the spreadsheet.
5. Press Tare on the balance.
6. Place the crucible on balance.
7. Select the cell in the Crucible Mass column for this sample.

8. Press F4, Balance, on the toolbar or press on the external


balance to enter the crucible weight into the Crucible Mass
column. The mouse cursor will advance to the Initial Mass cell in
the spreadsheet.
9. Press Tare on the balance.
10. Place the sample into the crucible or onto the balance.

11. Press on the balance or F4, Balance, on the Toolbar to enter


in the initial mass.
12. After the Initial Mass is entered into the spreadsheet, the mouse
cursor will advance to the next sample in the spreadsheet. Repeat
steps 5-11 above, for the remaining samples.
13. Analyze sample as explained in Analyzing Samples after Weights
are Entered, page 532.

Entering Weights Using Weigh into Crucibles


In the following procedure, the crucible weight does not get tared.
When the Weigh into Crucibles check box is selected, the software will
automatically calculate the sample weight and enter the weight in the
Initial Mass column of the spreadsheet for that sample. The sample
weight is calculated as the difference between the current balance
reading and the empty crucible mass entered for that sample.
1. On the External Balance tab, enter the parameters for the
external balance. Refer to External Balance tab, page 430.
2. On the System Configuration menu, System, System tab, select
the Preweighed Crucibles check box and Weigh into Crucibles
check box.
3. Click OK and then select the sample in the spreadsheet.
4. Press Tare on the balance.
5. Place the crucible on balance.
6. Select the cell in the Crucible Mass column for this sample.

7. Press F4, Balance, on the toolbar or press on the external


balance to enter the empty crucible weight into the Crucible Mass
cell. The mouse cursor will automatically advance to the Initial
Mass cell in the spreadsheet.

Operation TGA701 531


8. Add the sample to the crucible.

9. Press F4, Balance, on the toolbar or press on the external


balance. The software automatically calculates the difference
between the current balance weight and the empty crucible
weight and enters the difference into the Initial Mass cell of the
spreadsheet.
10. After the Initial Mass is entered into the spreadsheet, the mouse
cursor will advance to the next sample in the spreadsheet. Repeat
steps 4 -9, above, for the remaining samples.
11. Analyze sample as explained below in Analyze Samples after
Weights are Entered.

Analyzing Sample after Weights are Entered


1. After the weights are entered for all of the samples, press F5,
Analyze, and the Pre-Weighed Crucibles dialog box will appear.

If the reference crucible weight is correct, select OK.


If the reference crucible weight is not correct, enter the correct
weight into the Reference Crucible Weight box, or
A. Tare the balance.

B. Place the reference crucible on the balance and press


on the balance or select Balance in the Preweighed Crucibles
dialog box. The weight of the reference crucible on the
balance will appear in the Reference Crucible Weight box.
2. Click OK.
3. If not already open, the furnace lid will open.
4. Obtain crucibles from dessicator.

532 TGA701 Operation


5. Place the reference crucible in the zero position, which is marked
by a small 1/8-inch diameter hole.

6. Place the remaining sample crucibles in the carousel. Placement is


based upon the location specified in the spreadsheet. The
following message box displays and a signal will sound to prompt
the loading of empty crucibles:

7. Close the furnace lid by pressing the actuator button on the front
panel. Refer to Figure 5-1, page 53. After the actuator button is
pressed, analysis will begin.

Operation TGA701 533


Determining Sample Filters

Use the Sample Filters command from the Configuration menu to


create filters that determine how the sample results are grouped in the
spreadsheet of the software main window. For example, sample results
can be grouped by a method name, a date range, or a sample name. A
filter can be created that selects all samples analyzed before a certain
date for deletion, or a filter can be created that selects all of Today's
results to transmit, export, or print. Some filters have been predefined
in the software. For further information, refer to Predefined Filters,
page 536. Filters can be set to automatically update. Refer to step 7,
page 536.
1. From the Configuration menu, click Sample Filters. The Sample
Filters dialog box will display.
2. To select a filter, click on the name of the filter in the Filters
dialog box and then click OK. To add a new filter, refer to Add
Filters, below.

3. Use the buttons on the Filters dialog box to modify or delete


filters if desired.
To modify the properties of filters, refer to Filter Properties, page
535.
To delete a filter, refer to Deleting Filters, page 536.

Filters Dialog Box Buttons

Add Filters
Use the Add command to create a new filter.
1. To add a new filter, click Add. "New Filter" will display in the
Filters dialog box. Each time Add is clicked "New Filter" will
increment by one and display as "New Filter 1," "New Filter 2,"
etc.
2. Click Properties to configure the filter. Refer to Filter Properties,
page 535.

534 TGA701 Operation


Filter Properties
Use the Properties command to determine the parameters for a filter.
1. To determine or modify the properties for a filter, click on the
name of the filter in the Sample Filter dialog box and then click
Properties. The Sample Filters dialog box will display.
2. Click New Filter and then click Properties. The Sample Filter dialog
box will display.

3. In the Filter Name entry box, type in the name for the filter.
4. For Export Format, click the arrow to select the export format for
this filter.
5. For Transmit Format, click the arrow to select the transmit format
for this filter.
6. Add a parameter, delete a parameter, or modify columns for the
sample filter.
A. To add a parameter,
1) In the Field entry box, click the arrow and select the
desired field.
2) In the Compare entry box, click the arrow and select the
desired comparator. The comparator selections change
depending on the selected field.
3) In the With entry box, enter the desired parameter
depending on the selected field. For example, if Analysis
Date is selected for Field and On is selected for
Compare, in the With column, enter the desired date for
the analysis results.
4) Click Add to insert a new row.
5) In the And/Or entry box, click the arrow and make
desired selection.

Operation TGA701 535


6) Repeat steps 1) - step 5), above, until all parameters for
the filter have been determined.
B. To delete a parameter or all parameters, click in the desired
row, or select multiple rows by holding CTRL while selecting
rows; select the entire table by clicking the blank button
in the upper left corner of the table.
C. To modify columns, click the Fields button. Refer to
Modifying Columns, page 416.
7. Determine Automatic Updates if desired by selecting the check
box. Filters that are based on time should be automatically
updated in order to ensure the selected sample results are
displayed accurately. When the check box is selected, the Start
Time and Update Frequency will be enabled.
A. For the Start Time, enter the date in MO/DD/YYYY and the
time in 00:00:00. The Start Time indicates when the update
will first be applied.
B. For Update Frequency, select either hours or days by
selecting the corresponding check box and then entering the
desired number of hours or days. Update Frequency
indicates how often the update will be applied.

Deleting Filters
Use the Delete command to remove sample filters from the Filters
dialog box.
1. Click on the desired sample to remove.
2. Click Delete.

Predefined Filters
Filters that may be frequently used have been predefined in the
software. Default filters are All Samples and Today's Samples. The
remaining filters that display are based on created methods. To select
a predefined filter, click on the name of the filter, and then click OK.

536 TGA701 Operation


Modify Predefined Filter
To modify a predefined filter, click on the name of the filter and then
select Properties. The Properties dialog box will display. Only the Fields
and Automatic Update of a predefined filter can be modified.

In the Sample Filter dialog box, the Filter Name displays the name of
the predefined filter. The Description explains the filter and whether or
not the fields or automatic updates can be modified. For example, for
All Samples, only the Fields can be modified. To modify the fields, click
the Fields button. Refer to Modifying Columns, page 416. To
determine the automatic update, refer to Automatic Update, page
536.

Operation TGA701 537


Configuring Report before Printing

A report of analysis results can be generated and printed on the


system printer. The following section explains how to use the Report
Settings dialog box to determine the format of the report.

1. In the spreadsheet, select the samples as follows:


A. Place cursor in the column under row until a black arrow
displays.
B. Hold down right mouse key and drag the mouse over the
desired samples.
C. Unclick the mouse. Selected samples appear highlighted in
blue.
2. Click Samples and select Print Preview. Click Print Preview to
access the Report Settings dialog box in order to preview how
selected samples will print on the system printer. The Report
Settings Screen will display.
3. Configure the report by clicking the Report tab, Field tab, Font
Tab, and Element tab and entering the desired settings as
explained in the following section. The Field tab will only display
when Define Report Fields is checked on the Report tab.

4. On the Report Tab,


A. Click the arrow next to Report Format to determine the
format of the report. Click Report with Plots to display a
report with data plotted. Click Tabular Report to display data
in a table. Click Simple Print to display a report based on the
columns that appear in the spreadsheet. This report can
then be printed. Click Group Report to display the average,
the standard deviation, and the relative standard deviation
when multiple samples are selected. Click Ambients to
display ambients. Refer to Ambients, page 83. Click
Hardware Calibration to display the hardware calibration.

538 TGA701 Operation


B. Click the arrow next to Statistics to select how statistics will
display. Select None, and statistics will not display. Select
Report with Plot, and statistics will display as a line plot.
Select Tabular Report, and statistics will display in a table.
C. For Heading Text, enter a title for the report, if desired.
D. Select the Define Report Fields check box and the Fields tab
will display. Use the Fields tab to select the columns from
the spreadsheet that will display in the report.
E. For Line Printing, select the Automatically Print after Each
Analysis check box. Enable line printing when printing with a
dot matrix printer.
F. When Line Printing is enabled, the Automatically Print After
Each Analysis checkbox is enabled. When selected, a report
will automatically print after each analysis.
5. Complete the Fields tab as follows to determine the fields that
display in the report. The Fields tab will only display when Define
Report Fields is checked on the Report tab, page 538.

To display a Field that does not appear in the report, select the
field from Invisible Fields, and then click Show. The Field will
automatically move to the Visible Fields column.

Operation TGA701 539


To remove a Field so that it does not display in the report, select
the field from Visible Fields and then click Hide. The Field will
automatically move to the Invisible Fields column.
To display the default fields, click Default.
To move a field so that it displays earlier in the report, select the
Field from the Visible Fields column and click Promote until the
field displays in the desired position.
To move a field so that it displays later in the report, select the
Field from the Visible Fields column and click Demote until the
field appears in the desired position.
6. Use the Font tab to configure the text in the report. Refer to
Modifying Font, page 417.
7. Use the Elements tab to determine the elements that display in
the report. Refer to Configuring Plot Properties, page 421.

540 TGA701 Operation


Printing from the Software

1. From the spreadsheet, select the desired samples that have been
analyzed to print. When several samples are selected, the
software will group the samples by sample name.
2. Click Samples and select Print. Click Print to access the Report
Settings dialog box.

3. Refer to Configuring Report before Printing, page 538, to format


the report as desired.
4. From the Samples menu, click Print Setup. The Page Setup dialog
box will display.

5. Use the Page Setup dialog box to change the size, orientation,
and margins of the paper before printing.
6. Click OK. The Print screen will display.
7. Click OK to print.

Operation TGA701 541


Import Data

Use Text Import Data to bring sample data from another software
application into the database. Sample login information, such as data
from an Excel spreadsheet, can be imported using the Import function.

Do not import data while the instrument is analyzing


samples.
1. From the Sample menu, click Text Import Data. The Open dialog
box will display.

2. Locate and select the file to import.


3. Click Open. The sample data will be entered into the spreadsheet
starting with the last empty row.

542 TGA701 Operation


Export Data

Export Data permits the operator to select sample data and data
transmission parameters and transfer them to another storage location
such as a folder on the hard drive or a network folder.
1. Select desired sample or samples that have been analyzed from
the spreadsheet.
2. If an export format has not been created, refer to Creating an
Export Format, page 433. If an export format has been created,
refer to step 3, below.
3. Click Samples and then select Text Export Data. The Select
Export dialog box will display.

4. Select the desired Export Format by clicking on it once and then


click OK. The Export Filename dialog box will display.
5. In the Export Filename dialog box, enter the filename for the
sample in the space next to File Name.
6. Click Save.
7. Click OK in the Select Export dialog box.

Operation TGA701 543


Export Buffers

The Text Export Buffers feature on the Samples menu allows the user
to export raw data buffers to another software application. The sample
data buffers contain the sample weight loss and furnace temperature
data for the analysis. The time of analysis is also indicated for each
buffer. Select samples from the spreadsheet and then select Text
Export Buffers to export the data buffers associated with the selected
samples to a file. The exported data buffer file can then be plotted
using a software program such as Windows Excel.

1. Click and drag the mouse to select the desired sample rows from
the spreadsheet.
2. From the Samples menu, select Text Export Buffers. The Save As
dialog box will display.

3. Select a network folder or folder on the system hard drive and


enter a filename.
4. Click the arrow for Save as Type to select a file extension. File
extension of (.txt) or (.csv) are good choices to use for plotting
the data in Windows Excel. When .txt is selected, the buffers will
be separated by tabs. When .csv is selected, the data will be
separated by commas.
5. Click Save to export and save the file.

544 TGA701 Operation


Transfer Export and Import

The transfer export and import commands provide the means to


transfer sample results so they can be saved to a file for storage or
viewed on another computer that also has the TGA701 software
installed. The transfer commands offer an advantage because
everything associated with the sample results such as buffers,
calibrations, and data will be transferred.

Transfer files created with newer versions of the LECO TGA701


software can not be imported into older versions of the software.

Export
1. Select sample.
2. From the Samples menu, click Transfer Export.
3. In the Export dialog box, enter a File Name for the sample
transfer and then click Save to save the sample transfer in the
current location or select a new location by clicking the arrow for
Save in, select a new location, and click Save.

Operation TGA701 545


Import
Use the Import command to access sample results that have been
exported.
1. From the Samples menu, click Transfer Import.
2. In the Import dialog box, select the sample to import by clicking
on it and then click Open.

546 TGA701 Operation


Backing Up and Restoring Data

Backup creates a copy of the system configuration. Restore retrieves


data that have been previously backed up. Refer to Backup Data,
below, and Restoring Data, page 548, for instructions.

Backup Data
1. In the spreadsheet, select the data to back up.
2. Click the Configuration menu, select Backup/Restore and then
select Backup.
3. When the Save As dialog box displays. Enter the file name for the
data next to File name.
4. Select the location for the file from the arrow next to Save in.

5. Click Save.
6. Click OK when the confirmation dialog box displays.

Operation TGA701 547


Restoring Data
1. Click the Configuration menu, select Backup/Restore, and then
select Restore.
2. When the Open dialog displays, select the file to restore from the
list displayed in the Open dialog box or by clicking the arrow next
to Look in. The files that were backed up most recently will
display automatically.

3. Click Open.
4. When the Restore Hardware Parameters dialog box displays, click
Yes to overwrite the current hardware calibration parameters;
click No, and hardware calibration parameters will not be
restored.

5. Click OK when the confirmation dialog box displays.

548 TGA701 Operation


Data Transmit

Use Data Transmit to send data to a network computer or folder


location on the system hard drive.
1. Select the analyzed samples to be transmitted. When several
samples are selected, the software will group the samples by
sample name.
2. If a transmit format has not already been created or if an existing
transmit format needs to be modified, refer to Creating and
Modifying Transmission Formats, page 439.
3. From the Samples menu, click Transmit. The Select Transmit
dialog box will display.

4. Select the Transmit format.


5. Click OK.

Operation TGA701 549


Turning Off Instrument

It is recommended to leave the power on to eliminate any balance


instability associated with warm-up time. If it is necessary to turn off
the instrument, first exit the software. Examples of situations where it
is recommended to turn off the instrument include planned power
outages, during storms and power flickers when the power may be
unstable, and an obvious instrument failure.

550 TGA701 Operation


6 Maintenance
The Maintenance chapter includes procedures that should be performed on
a regular basis to improve the instrument's performance and life span.

Periodic Maintenance ....................................................................63


Schedule................................................................................63
Periodic Maintenance Counters ..................................................63
Resetting Maintenance Counters ...........................................64
Fan Filters ...................................................................................66
Furnace Fan Filter....................................................................66
Electronic Chassis Fan Filter ......................................................66
Cleaning Furnace .........................................................................67
Cleaning Crucibles ........................................................................68
Viewing Log File ...........................................................................69

Maintenance TGA701 61
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62 TGA701 Maintenance
Periodic Maintenance

Schedule
Below is a list of maintenance procedures that should be performed on
a regular basis. Periodic maintenance of the instrument will result in
improved instrument performance and will extend the life of the
instrument.
Refer to Configure Periodic Maintenance Counters, below, to set up a
counter for each maintenance item.
Frequency Area Cleaning or Replacement
Clean after
Consumable. Refer to Cleaning Crucibles, page 68.
every Crucible
Replace if damaged.
analysis.
Electronic
On the back of the analyzer. Refer to Electronic Chassis
Chassis
Fan Filter, page 66.
Fan Filter

Inside of the analyzer. Refer to Cleaning Furnace, page


As Needed Furnace
67

Furnace Right side of analyzer. Refer to Furnace Fan Filter, page


Fan Filter 66

Periodic Maintenance Counters


The Counters dialog box provides a list of components and assemblies
that require periodic maintenance. The counter will determine when
periodic maintenance is needed and alert the operator. After the
maintenance has been completed and the maintenance counter reset,
a history log is automatically generated. Use the Counters dialog box
to add and delete counters. To reset the maintenance counters, refer
to Resetting Maintenance Counters, page 64.
From the Configuration menu, click Counters. The Counters dialog box
will display.

Maintenance TGA701 63
To add counter:
1. Click the Add button. A new counter will display.
2. Click on the word Counter to change the name.
3. Fill in the rest of the fields as necessary.
To delete counter:
1. Select the counter to be deleted.
2. Click the Delete button. The Delete Counter confirmation box will
display.

3. Click Yes to delete; click No to cancel.


4. Click OK when finished.

Resetting Maintenance Counters


After maintenance is performed, a maintenance history log is
generated. Maintenance Counters help determine when periodic
maintenance is necessary. The Maintenance dialog box as shown
below tracks when periodic maintenance has been performed. Refer to
Viewing Log File, page 69, for additional information. This information
can be used to verify that maintenance was performed and help
troubleshoot problems that may occur during operation.
1. From the Maintenance menu, click Login. The Maintenance dialog
box will display.

2. Select the maintenance item(s) that has been completed.


3. Click OK. The Maintenance Confirmation dialog box for the first
maintenance item will display.

64 TGA701 Maintenance
Click Yes if maintenance was performed.
Click No if maintenance was not performed.
Click Cancel to exit procedure.
4. Continue until all maintenance items are complete.

Maintenance TGA701 65
Fan Filters

The fan filters should be cleaned or replaced when they are visibly
dirty. Depending on the environment that the analyzer is in, the time
period for cleaning may vary considerably. Inspect the fan filters
weekly until a cleaning period can be determined.

Furnace Fan Filter


1. Turn off the analyzer using the On/Off switch and disconnect it
from facility power. Refer to Figure 10-4, page 105.
2. Remove the furnace fan filter from the rear of the analyzer by
sliding the furnace fan filter out of the furnace fan filter holder.
Refer to Figure 10-10, page 109.
3. Using a brush attachment, vacuum the furnace fan filter to
remove the dust and dirt.
4. Reinstall the furnace fan filter.
5. Reconnect the analyzer to facility power.
6. Power on the analyzer using the On/Off switch.

Electronic Chassis Fan Filter


1. Power off the analyzer using the On/Off switch and disconnect
from facility power.
2. Remove the electronic chassis fan filter on the right side of the
analyzer by pulling the electronic chassis fan filter out and away
from the analyzer. Refer to Figure 10-28, page 1024.
3. Remove the filter material from the plastic filter hold.
4. Wash the electronic chassis fan filter with warm soapy water and
let it air dry.

The fan filter must be completely dry before reinstalling.

5. Reinstall the electronics chassis fan filter.


6. Reconnect the analyzer to facility power.
7. Power on the analyzer using the On/Off switch.

66 TGA701 Maintenance
Cleaning Furnace

The interior cavity of the analyzer should be cleaned when visibly


dirty. Depending on the environment that the analyzer is in, the time
period for cleaning may vary considerably. Inspect weekly until a
cleaning period can be determined.
1. Let the furnace cool to ambient temperature.

HIGH TEMPERATURE HAZARD


The furnace must be at ambient temperature before
performing this procedure. If the furnace is hot, permit it to
cool to ambient temperature. Serious burns could result if
the furnace is handled before it has cooled to a safe
temperature.

2. Raise the furnace lid. From the toolbar, click the F7 Cover button.

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates from 230V~. Contact with this
voltage can be lethal. Use extreme caution while performing
this procedure.

3. Remove the carousel by lifting the carousel up. Refer to Figure


10-5, page 106.
4. Vacuum the area inside the furnace to remove all debris.

Avoid contact with the thermocouples at the rear of the


lower furnace so as to prevent any accidental damage.

5. Reinstall the carousel.


6. Close the lid. From the toolbar, click the F7 Cover button.

Maintenance TGA701 67
Cleaning Crucibles

The crucibles must be clean, dry, and free from static. Washing and
rinsing crucibles in water removes any static charge. It is important to
clean every crucible after every analysis because they will contain
residual sample material.

1. Turn the crucible upside-down and tap it gently to remove any


sample residue.
2. Wipe clean using a Kim-wipe.
3. Wash the crucibles.
4. Rinse the crucibles with water.
5. Dry the crucibles at 105 oC for two hours.
6. After washing, avoid excessive draft over the crucibles and
unnecessary handling before next use.
7. For moisture-only applications (<150 oC), bake the crucibles at
950 oC for one hour monthly or every 20 analyses, whichever
comes first.
8. After the crucibles are cool and dry, place them in a dessicator
until the next analysis.

68 TGA701 Maintenance
Viewing Log File

View Log File displays and tracks instrument error messages,


maintenance tasks completed, and permanent actions taken by the
user (i.e. deleting an analyzed sample). In the log, Time displays the
date and time the action occurred. Object displays the area where the
action occurred. Name displays the name of the item involved in the
action when applicable. Details displays the end result of the action.
User displays the name of the user logged on to the instrument when
the action occurred.
1. From the Maintenance menu, click View Log File. The View Log
File screen will display.

To reproduce the log in a paper document, click Print. Print can be


used to reproduce the entire log or a single action as explained below.
To print the entire log file,
A. Click the Print button. The Print dialog box will display.
B. Under Print Range, click All.
C. Click OK.
To print a single action,
A. Select the action by clicking on the time of the event. Select
multiple events by holding CTRL while clicking on the time.
B. Click the Print button. The Print dialog box will display.
C. Click OK.
To copy the entire log or a single action and then paste the
information into another software application such as Microsoft Excel,
To copy the entire log,
A. Click on the time of the first log entry.
B. At the same time, click Shift/Ctrl/End on the keyboard. The
entire log will be selected.

Maintenance TGA701 69
C. Click Copy.
D. Open the desired software program and click in the location
where the copied information is to be placed.
E. Right-click and select Paste.
To copy a selected action,
A. Click on the time of the desired action. Select multiple
events by holding CTRL while clicking on the time.
B. Click Copy.
C. Open the desired software program and click in the location
where the copied information is to be placed.
D. Right-click and select Paste.
2. Click Close when finished.

610 TGA701 Maintenance


7 Theory of Operation
The Theory of Operation chapter provides an overview of instrument
operation from a theoretical perspective.

Illustrations .................................................................................72
Theory of Operation......................................................................73

Theory of Operation TGA701 71


Illustrations

Figure 7-1 Flow Diagram ............................................................... 75

72 TGA701 Theory of Operation


Theory of Operation

The TGA701 Thermogravimetric Analyzer is used to determine the


composition of organic, inorganic, and synthetic materials. It measures
weight loss as a function of temperature in a controlled environment.
The instrument consists of a computer and a multiple sample furnace
that allows up to 19 samples to be analyzed simultaneously.
After an analysis method has been selected, empty crucibles are
loaded into the furnace carousel. The analysis method controls the
carousel, furnace, and balance operation. On completion of crucible
tare, each crucible is presented to the operator for sample loading. The
starting sample weight is measured and stored automatically. Once all
the crucibles have been loaded, analysis begins. The weight loss of
each sample is monitored and the furnace temperature is controlled
according to the selected analysis method. The percent weight loss for
each sample is reported at the end of each analysis step.
The instrument contains an easy-to-follow menu-driven Windows -
based software program that allows analysis methods to be tailored to
satisfy most analytical applications. Temperature, temperature ramp
rate, and atmosphere are selectable for each step. Analysis methods
can be entered to perform moisture, volatile, ash, or combinations of
these three stages. If volatile results tend to be curvilinear, a non-
linear regression technique can be used to improve accuracy. Other
menus allow on-screen plotting of sample weight loss with hard copy
selection after the screen review. Built-in diagnostic functions can be
performed via menu selections.
The key to the automated analysis capability is the LECO multiple
sample furnace. The 19-position sample carousel and balance pedestal
are located in the furnace. One-half to five gram samples are
contained in ceramic crucibles. The samples are automatically indexed
to the position above the balance pan. The carousel is lowered to place
a sample crucible onto the pedestal and the weight is recorded. The
cycle continues throughout the entire program. All weighing is
performed automatically.

Theory of Operation TGA701 73


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74 TGA701 Theory of Operation


TGA701 Flow Diagram
TGA Furnace 100-1000C
TGA701 Manifold 621-040
SW9
618-122
3 Required
99.5% Oxygen 612-192 25 no ?psig 621-036
35 psi 607-509 psi SV# 0
SST SST 621-023 Ceramic Lance, 2 Required
nc c Manifold
618-758 Restriction 612-192
Filter 616-567-106 Element Temperature Furnace Temperature
611-803 3 Required 621-038 621-183 621-184
Thermocouple Type N Thermocouple Type N
Filter Special limits Special limits
768-980 SW8
Unsheathed Unsheathed
99.9% Nitrogen 2 Required 589-185 618-657 25 no Exposed Junction Exposed Junction
35 psi 2 Required 2 Required psi SV# 1
Poly
nc c

+ - +-
99.5% Air SW9
(dry, oil-free)
25 no
45 psi psi 621-034 SV# 2
Poly
nc c

SV# 3 616-567-108, 5 Required

nc c - Lid Position
Rear panel 10-32 UNF, 10 Required

SV# 4
nc c - Weigh Position 1
773-661 Fitting, 10 Required

no c - Weigh Position 2
SV# 5
SV# 6 Other Inputs and Outputs
nc c - Rotate Carousel 1 SV# 14 Green LED
SV# Cooling Fan
no c - Rotate Carousel 2 SV# Alarm buzzer
Symbol LECO P/N Description SV# 7
SW# 0 Lid Position
SV# 8 620-625-101, 5 Required
nc c - Furnace Cover 1 SW# 1 Turn Position
618-758 Proportional Valve
SW# 2 Weigh Position
3-way valve with speed no
620-625-101 c - Furnace Cover 2 SW# 3 Carousel Advanced
adjustment SV# 9
616-567-106 2-way valve SV# 10 SW# 4 Carousel Return
nc c - Furnace Cover Height
SW# 5 Furnace Cover
?psig 621-036 Pressure Transducer
SV# 11 SW# 6 Home Position
25 25 PSI Pressure Switch, nc c - Crucible Actuator 1
618-122 SW# 7 Air Pressure
psi Normally Open
SW# 8 Nitrogen Pressure
616-567-108 3-way valve no c - Crucible Actuator 2
SW# 9 Oxygen Pressure
SV# 12
621-034 Pressure regulator, 35 PSI SW# 10 Front Panel Control

Figure 7-1
Flow Diagram

Theory of Operation TGA701 75


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7-6 TGA701 Theory of Operation


8 Diagnostics
The Diagnostics chapter explains how to monitor and check the operation
of the instrument hardware, which can help determine if the instrument is
operating properly.

Ambients ....................................................................................83
Ambient Acceptable Range Table ...............................................83
Customizing Ambient Monitor....................................................84
Ambient Plot Menu Commands .............................................84
Customizing Graph Lines .....................................................85
Customize Ambient Column Display ......................................87
Solenoids and Switches .................................................................88
Network......................................................................................89
Communications ........................................................................ 811
Systems Check .......................................................................... 813

Diagnostics TGA701 81
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82 TGA701 Diagnostics
Ambients

The Ambient Monitor displays system parameter values during


operation or service of the instrument.
1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Ambients. The Ambients dialog
box will display.

2. Select ambients to view by selecting the check box that


corresponds with the desired ambient. To select multiple
ambients, hold the CTRL key on the keyboard and then click
desired ambient check boxes. When multiple ambients are
selected, the color of the plot line will correspond with the color of
the in the check box. To change the graph line for an ambient,
Refer to Customizing Graph Lines, page 85. The software will
mark any values that are out of range with a yellow exclamation
icon ( ) in the Ambient screen and ( ) on the status bar. Refer
to Ambient Acceptable Range Table, 83.
3. Customize the ambient monitor as explained below. Refer to
Customizing Ambient Monitor, page 84.
4. Click Print to print the parameter values on the system printer.

Ambient Acceptable Range Table


Ambient Acceptable Range
Ambient Temperature 25 C
Balance Balance displays the reported weight.
The calculated crucible temperature as determined by
Crucible Temperature the element temperature and the calibrated furnace
parameter table.
Element Temperature Ambient to 1000C
Furnace Control Zero (off) to 100% (full power)
Furnace Temperature Ambient to 1000C

Diagnostics TGA701 83
Ambient Acceptable Range
System Flow +/- 0.2 lpm and > 0.5 lpm

Customizing Ambient Monitor

Ambient Plot Menu Commands


Use the commands on the plot dialog box to reset, restore, zoom in,
zoom out, and set the plot range. The parameter value is displayed on
the vertical axis and the time is displayed on the horizontal axis.
To access the graph menu, right click in the ambient graph. The
ambient graph menu will display.
Reset - Click Reset and then select either Time or Graph.
Select Time to move the zero point on the x-axis. Select Graph
to begin plotting at zero.
Zoom In - Click Zoom In to increase the magnification of the
ambient graph. Each time Zoom In is clicked, the magnification
of the ambient graph is increased by one level. Zoom will
display in the upper corner of the plot, and the area being
magnified is indicated by a red square as illustrated below. The
mouse can also be used to zoom in on an area of the ambient
plot. Place the mouse cursor on the area to magnify. Click and
drag the mouse around the location to zoom. A dotted
rectangle displays the section selected. When the mouse is
released, the selected section magnifies.
Zoom Out - Once the magnification of the ambient plot has
been increased, click Zoom Out to reduce the magnification by
one level. Zoom Out can be clicked until Zoom no longer
displays in the graph. Each click decreases the magnification by
one level.

Restore - After zooming in several times, click Restore to


return the plot to the original starting zoom level.
Range - Click Range to determine the boundaries of the
ambient plot. Click the Automatic check box, and the software
will determine the range. To enter the range manually, click in
the Automatic checkbox to remove the and enter a value for
the lower bound and the upper bound.

84 TGA701 Diagnostics
Customizing Graph Lines
The precision, line width, and line color for each ambient that displays
in the Ambient Chart can be customized.
1. Double click on the name desired ambient. The Properties dialog
box will display.

2. Determine the precision by clicking the arrows until desired


precision is achieved. Click to decrease precision. Click
to increase precision.
3. Use the pen width to determine the thickness of the line that
displays in the chart. Click to decrease line thickness. Click
to increase line thickness.

Diagnostics TGA701 85
4. Determine the color of the line by clicking the button next to the
pen width arrows. The Color dialog box will display.

5. Select the desired color for the background by selecting a basic


color or by adding a custom color.
6. To select a basic color, click the desired color and then click OK.
7. To select a custom color:
A. Click in one of the empty custom color selection boxes.
B. Click Define Custom Color. The Color Dialog Box expands to
display the Custom Color Graph.

C. Select the desired color range from the custom color graph.
The range that falls under the selector ( ) will appear in
the custom color selection grid.
D. Select the specific color from the custom color selection grid.
E. Click Add to Custom Colors.

86 TGA701 Diagnostics
F. Click OK. The color will appear in the custom color selection
box as a new color choice.
8. To customize another ambient, click the arrow under Ambient in
the Properties dialog box and select the desired ambient from the
list. Repeat steps 2-7.
9. Click OK. The selected precision, pen width, and color choice will
display in the chart for all selected ambients. The checkbox for
each ambient will also display the selected color choice.

Customize Ambient Column Display


The following steps explain how to determine the columns that display
in the ambient monitor.
1. Click on a column in the ambient monitor as illustrated below.
2. In the dialog box that displays, click in the desired checkboxes.
Click the Log Ambients checkbox to save the ambient data to a
file.
Click the Scale Factor checkbox to show the scale factor.
Click the Min/Max checkbox to display the minimum value read
and maximum value read.
Click View Min/Max to display the minimum current view and
maximum current view.

Diagnostics TGA701 87
Solenoids and Switches

Solenoids and switches allow the operator or service technician to view


the solenoids and switch states. The solenoid valves can be toggled on
or off but the switch states cannot be changed. This is helpful to the
operator or service technician during adjustment and service of the
instrument.
1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoid/Switches. The
Solenoid/Switches dialog box will display.

2. Click a solenoid check box to toggle on or off.


3. For the valve state, click the arrow to access a menu and select
the valve state.
4. Click the checkbox for Show SV Numbers to display the solenoid
number for each solenoid.
5. For the life test, click the arrow and then click on the desired life
test. The cycle count during the life test will display.
6. Click Start Life Test that was selected from the menu.
7. Click Flow Diagram to display a magnified flow diagram that can
assist in locating solenoids.
8. Click Print to reproduce information in the Solenoid dialog box in
a paper document.
9. Click Close when finished.

88 TGA701 Diagnostics
Network

The electronic design of the instrument is modular. It consists of a


main controller, similar to a host computer, and peripheral electronic
assemblies that are controlled from the main controller. During
operation, all peripheral assemblies communicate with the main
controller.
From the Network screen, the type of hardware installed can be
identified, the version of firmware identified, the operational status of
the peripheral devices can be determined, the network can be reset,
the network power can be turned off, and the firmware can be
upgraded.
The spreadsheet in the upper portion of the screen lists the device,
identification, classification, instance, serial number, version number of
the application software, checksum of the applications software, FPGA
version, and the version of the network software. Refer to Glossary,
page 121, for additional information.

An electronic assembly that does not have the application firmware


programmed will still sign on to the network as long as it contains the
network software program. In this case, the Serial, Version, and
Checksum fields will display zeros.
1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Network. The Network dialog
box will appear.

2. Verify the Network Power check box is selected, which indicates


the power is on. It is only necessary to turn off the network
power when the network hardware is being serviced.
When the Network Power check box is cleared, the EclipseUSB
network address will appear.

Diagnostics TGA701 89
3. To upgrade an electronic assembly with a new version of
application firmware, click on the Device.
A. Click the Download button. The Open Binary File for Network
Download dialog box will appear.

B. Select the correct file and click OK.

The Poll Devices button can be pressed to see that the new software
has indeed been downloaded.
4. Click Poll Devices to send a signal over the network to determine
what is connected to the network. Network hardware should
appear under devices indicating they are functioning and signing
on to the network.
5. Click Reset Network to restart the network software, which may
correct any errors that have occurred.
6. Click Close when finished.

810 TGA701 Diagnostics


Communications

Communications monitors communications between the computer and


the instrument. Communications can be used to help locate a possible
problem within the system.
1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Communications. The
Communications dialog box will display.

2. To limit information displayed or copied:


A. Click the Hide Analysis State check box to hide the Analysis
State and Event Controls.
B. Click the Hide Outgoing check box to hide the outgoing
[PC > >] information.
C. Click the Hide Incoming check box to hide the incoming [Hw
> >] information.
D. Click the Hide Data check box to hide all the data
information.
3. Click the Pause check box to stop the scrolling. Un-checking the
Pause check box will restart the scrolling.
4. To locate specific information, enter a single word into the Find
text field and click the Find button. The word is located and
highlighted. The find the next occurrence of the word, click the
Find button again.
5. Click the Copy To Clipboard button. The data is copied to the
clipboard.

Diagnostics TGA701 811


6. Click Print. The Print dialog box will display.
7. Click OK to print the information. This information can then be
sent to LECO for analysis.
8. Click Close when finished.

812 TGA701 Diagnostics


Systems Check

Systems Check allows the operator to verify that the instrument is


functioning properly. If the instrument is functioning properly, the
indicator checkboxes will be green. Refer to the following table for
further information. The status of the task is also noted in the display
as either Passed or Failed.

Indicator
Status
Checkbox
Yellow light This item is currently being checked.
Green light This item has been checked and has passed.
This item has been checked and has failed the
Red light
system check.

1. From the Diagnostics menu, click System Check. The following


dialog box is displayed:

Diagnostics TGA701 813


2. Click the Start button to begin the system check procedure. The
result will be displayed in the dialog box.
After beginning the system check, it can be stopped by clicking the
Stop button.

3. Click Print to get a hard copy of the results from the systems
check procedure.
A. Click the Print button. The Print dialog box will display.
B. Click OK.
4. Click Close when finished.

814 TGA701 Diagnostics


9 Service
The Service chapter explains service procedures. Contact the LECO
Service Department for further information.

Installing Software .......................................................................93


Configuring the Ethernet Connection ............................................. 910
Windows XP.......................................................................... 910
Windows Vista ...................................................................... 912
Configuring Firewall Settings........................................................ 915
Windows XP.......................................................................... 915
Windows Vista ...................................................................... 917
Upgrading Software .................................................................... 918
Registering the Software ............................................................. 919
Using Copy Protection Key ...................................................... 921
Copy Protection Key Error Messages......................................... 921
Copy Protection Key Not Installed ....................................... 921
Copy Protection Key Not Registered .................................... 922
Hardware Calibration .................................................................. 923
System Flow Calibration ......................................................... 923
Advanced System Flow Calibration ...................................... 926
Balance Calibration ................................................................ 926
Balance Adjustment.................................................................... 928
Balance Test.............................................................................. 931
Carousel ................................................................................... 933
Switch Position Adjustment..................................................... 933
Weigh Position Switch ....................................................... 933
Turn Position Switch ......................................................... 933
Lid Position Switch............................................................ 934
Advance Carousel Switch ................................................... 934
Carousel Return Switch ..................................................... 934
Installation ........................................................................... 934
Carousel Installation ......................................................... 934
Adjustments ......................................................................... 934
Spindle Drive and Indexer ................................................. 934
Home Position.................................................................. 935
Speed Adjustments................................................................ 936
Transition Speed .............................................................. 936

Service TGA701 91
Rotate Speed ................................................................... 936
Furnace .................................................................................... 937
Cover Speed Adjustment ........................................................ 937
Close to Open Adjustment ................................................. 937
Open to Half-Open Adjustment ........................................... 937
Half-Open to Closed Adjustment ......................................... 938
Seal Adjustment.................................................................... 938
Over Temperature Switch Reset ................................................... 942
Thermocouple............................................................................ 943
Adjustment .......................................................................... 943
Element Temperature ....................................................... 943
Furnace Temperature Thermocouple ................................... 943
Replacement ........................................................................ 943
Smartline ................................................................................ 946
Modem Installation ................................................................ 946
NetOp Software Installation .................................................. 949
Create a Shortcut .................................................................. 950
Operation Setup.................................................................... 951
Troubleshooting ......................................................................... 952
Troubleshooting Table ............................................................ 952
Carousel ......................................................................... 953
Crucibles, Reference ......................................................... 954
Electrical ......................................................................... 954
Furnace Calibration........................................................... 955
Furnace Cover or Carousel Speed Too Fast........................... 955
Furnace .......................................................................... 955
Sample Login................................................................... 956
Software ......................................................................... 956
Troubleshooting Procedures .................................................... 956
Check for USB driver installation......................................... 956
Run a Cycle Test .............................................................. 957
Use System Files to Diagnose Computer Problems................. 958
Autoexec.bat File......................................................... 958
Config.sys .................................................................. 958

92 TGA701 Service
Installing Software

The Microsoft Windows operating system and TGA701 software are


initially installed by LECO. Use this procedure to install the TGA701
software when a computer-ready system is purchased from LECO.
During software installation and upgrades, the person installing the
software must have administrative rights. The software must be
started at least once on the administrative level since the software
must be able to access and modify the registry. For day-to-day
operation, the logged-in user must be designated as a Power User or
Administrator in Microsoft Windows in order to use the software.
The Copy Protection Key should be installed after installing the
software but before starting the software. Do not install the Copy
Protection Key before installing the software. Refer to Copy Protection
Key, page 921.

1. Turn on the computer.


2. Log in to the operating system as the computer administrator.
3. With the computer on, place the software installation CD-ROM in
the CD-ROM disk drive (typically D).
4. The installation program should start automatically and the
following dialog box will appear.

5. Click Yes to begin the installation process; click No to exit the


installation process. After clicking Yes, files will be extracted to
complete the installation process and the following dialog box will
appear. It may take a few seconds for the file extraction process
to complete.

Service TGA701 93
6. Once the file extraction process has completed, the copy
protection key driver dialog box will appear on systems that have
not previously had the TGA701 copy protection key driver
installed. If the TGA701 copy protection key driver has previously
been installed on your system, this dialog box will not appear and
you can skip to step 8.

7. Verify the copy protection key is not installed and click OK. Click
Cancel to stop the installation.
8. The LECO DHCPLite software dialog box will appear.

9. Click OK to install the LECO DHCPLite software; click Cancel to


exit the TGA701 software installation.
10. After installing the LECO DHCPLite software, the following dialog
box will appear. It is recommended to select Yes to immediately
restart the software. Select No and the system changes from
installing the LECO DHCPLite software program will not take effect
until the system is restarted.

94 TGA701 Service
11. If Adobe Acrobat Reader version 8.0 is already installed, proceed
to step 19, page 97; otherwise, the following dialog box will
appear:

12. Click Yes to install Adobe Reader 8.1; clicking No will exit the
installation.
13. After clicking Yes to install Adobe Reader 8.1, the system will
begin the setup process.
14. If there is another version of Adobe Reader installed, the dialog
box shown below will appear. If there is not another version of
Adobe Reader installed, proceed to step 16.

Service TGA701 95
15. Select the check box to install the latest version of Adobe Reader
and click Next.
16. When "Destination Folder" appears, click Next to select the
location of the program files for Adobe Reader. Clicking "Change
Destination Folder" provides the means to select a new folder
location; clicking Back returns to the previous screen.

17. When "Ready to Install the Program" appears, click Install.


Clicking Back returns you to the previous screen; clicking Cancel
stops the installation process.

18. When "Setup Completed" appears, click Finish.

96 TGA701 Service
19. When the TGA701 software installation main window appears,
click Next; clicking Cancel will stop the installation.

20. When "Destination Folder" appears, click Next to select the


default location. Clicking Browse provides the means to select a
new location; clicking Back returns to the previous screen.

Service TGA701 97
21. When "Ready to Install the Application" appears, click Next to
install the application. Clicking Back returns to the previous
screen; clicking Cancel stops the installation.

22. When the TGA701 has been successfully installed, click Finish.

98 TGA701 Service
23. When the installation is complete, click the Finish button. The
Restart Windows dialog box will appear.

24. Click Yes. The computer will be restarted.


25. When prompted, insert the Copy Protection Key into a USB port
on the PC tower. Refer to Figure 2-1, page 27, and Copy
Protection Key, page 921.
26. Remove, but do not dispose of, the software installation CD-ROM
from the CD-ROM disk drive (typically D:). Place in a secure
location for future use.
27. When a dual instrument computer system is not purchased from
LECO, it will be necessary to restore databases and furnace
parameter tables from the LECO instrument CD by using the
Backup and Restore Commands available on the Configuration
menu. Refer to Backing Up and Restoring Data, page 547.
28. Once the databases and furnace parameter tables have been
restored, it may also be necessary to change the Database
properties to remove the Read-Only attribute if the software
cannot read the files. To change the Read-Only attribute,
A. Select the furnaceparametertable file or database folder,
right-click on the folder, and select Properties.
B. Under Read-Only, remove the check in the Read-Only check
box by clicking on it once.
C. When the question "Include all Subfolders?" displays, click
Yes.
D. Click OK.
29. Refer to Configuring Ethernet Connection, page 910 and
Configuring Firewall Settings, page 915, to complete the
software installation process.

Service TGA701 99
Configuring the Ethernet Connection

The following procedure is necessary for the proper operation of the


software with a Copy Protection Key and applies for computer systems
that are not supplied by LECO. Refer to Using Copy Protection Key,
page 921.
For computers supplied by LECO, this configuration has already been
completed.

It is recommended that PCs used for running LECO applications be


configured with a separate Ethernet adapter dedicated for
communications with LECO instrumentation.

Windows XP
1. Determine if a network connection is installed as follows: click
Start on the Windows desktop, select Settings, Control Panel,
and then double-click on Network Connections. If a network
connection exists, it will appear in the Network Connections dialog
box. An example is displayed below.

2. If a network connection is not installed, install an Ethernet switch.


Refer to step in the Installing Instrument section for the
installation procedure and refer to the instructions supplied with
the Ethernet switch for further information.
3. Once the Ethernet switch is installed and with the computer on,
select Start, Settings, Control Panel, and then double-click on
Network Connections.
4. Click on the name of the connection for the LECO instrument and
then rename it to LECO Hardware.

910 TGA701 Service


5. Right-click on LECO Hardware and select Properties. The
properties dialog box will appear.

6. Select the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) check box. The other check
boxes should be cleared.
7. Click on Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and select Properties. The
TCP/IP properties screen will appear.

Service TGA701 911


8. For Use the following IP address, enter 10 10 10 2.
9. Enter the Subnet Mask as 255 255 255 0.
10. Default Gateway, Preferred DNS Server and Alternate DNS Server
should be left blank.
11. Click OK.
12. Click OK again to save the settings.

Windows Vista

1. Click on the Windows desktop.


2. From the Start Menu, select Control Panel.

3. From the Control Panel, select Network and Internet, click


Network and Sharing, and then select Manage Network
Connections.

912 TGA701 Service


4. On the Manage Network Connections tab, click on the connection
that will be used for the LECO Instrument.

5. Click on the name of the connection and rename it to LECO


Hardware.
6. Right-click and select Properties.
7. Clear all of the check boxes except Internet Protocol Version 4
(TCP/IPv4) as shown below.

Service TGA701 913


8. Highlight Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) by clicking on it
and then select Properties.
9. For IP address, enter 10 10 10 2.
10. For Subnet mask, enter 255 255 255 0.
11. The remaining fields should be empty as shown below.
12. Click OK.

914 TGA701 Service


Configuring Firewall Settings

Windows firewall settings can be configured in the instrument software


as explained in the procedure below. For other firewall programs,
consult the user information provided with the software to manually
configure the firewall.

Windows XP
1. Select Start, Settings, Control Panel, and then double-click on
Network Connections.
2. Right-click on the network connection that will be controlling the
LECO instrument and select Properties. The properties dialog box
will appear.
3. From the Properties dialog box, click the Advanced tab.

4. Click Settings.
5. On the Windows Firewall dialog box, click the Advanced tab.

Service TGA701 915


6. Select the LECO Hardware check box.

7. Click on the Exceptions tab.


8. Click Add Program and in the Add Program dialog box, select
TGA701 and DHCPLite.exe.
9. On the Exceptions tab, verify the corresponding check boxes for
these are selected.
10. Click OK to close the Windows Firewall dialog box.
11. Click OK to close the Properties dialog box.
12. Click OK to close the Network Connections dialog box.

916 TGA701 Service


Windows Vista

1. Click on the Windows desktop.


2. From the Start Menu, select Control Panel.

3. On the Control Panel, select Security Center and then select


Windows Firewall.
4. On the Firewall dialog box, click the Advanced tab.
5. Select the LECO Hardware check box.
6. On the Firewall dialog box, click the Exceptions tab.
7. Click Add Program and in the Add Program dialog box, select
TGA701 and DHCPLite.exe.
8. On the Exceptions tab, verify the corresponding check boxes for
these are selected.
9. Click OK to close the Windows Firewall dialog box.

Service TGA701 917


Upgrading Software

Periodically, software version updates that enhance the operation are


available.

Before continuing with the upgrade, you may want to print the
system parameters and any important results from the spreadsheet.
1. With the computer on, place the software update CD-ROM in the
CD-ROM disk drive and follow prompts on screen. Refer to
Installing Software, page 93, for instructions.
2. Verify the Copy Protection Key is installed into a USB port on the
computer.
3. Double-click the software's desktop icon to start the software.

918 TGA701 Service


Registering the Software

The software must be registered at first use. A Copy Protection Key is


required to use the software. Refer to Using Copy Protection Key,
page 921.

Do not attempt to start the software before the copy


protection key is installed.

1. Install the Copy Protection Key into a USB port on the computer.
2. Double-click the software's desktop icon.
3. Click on the desired database, click Select, and then click Finish.
4. The following dialog box will appear:

Service TGA701 919


5. Click Change. The Edit License dialog box will appear.

6. Type or paste new registration number under Registration


Number. If the upgrade information is received in an email from
LECO, the information can be copied from the email message and
pasted into the Edit License dialog box.
7. Click Save.
8. Click OK when the following dialog box appears:

920 TGA701 Service


Using Copy Protection Key
A Copy Protection Key is required to use the software. Refer to Figure
9-1, page 921.
The Copy Protection Key should be installed after installing the
software but before starting the software. Do not install the Copy
Protection Key before installing the software. The Copy Protection Key
should remain installed in one of the USB ports while using the
software. To register the Copy Protection Key for a software upgrade,
refer to Upgrading the Software, page 918.

Figure 9-1
Copy Protection Key

Copy Protection Key Error Messages


A Copy Protection Key Not Found or License Not Valid dialog box might
display, as shown below, if the key is not installed or if the key is
initialized for use but not registered. Click OK. Refer to Copy
Protection Key Not Installed, page 921, or Copy Protection Key Not
Registered, page 922.

Copy Protection Key Not Installed


The following dialog box appears if the Copy Protection Key is not
installed or is installed while the software is in the process of starting:
1. Install Copy Protection Key into a USB port on the computer if not
already installed.
2. Click Close. The software login dialog box will appear.

Service TGA701 921


Copy Protection Key Not Registered
If the Copy Protection Key is initialized but not registered, the
following dialog box will display:

1. Click Add. The Edit License dialog box appears.


2. Complete the Edit License dialog box. Refer to Registering the
Software, page 919.

922 TGA701 Service


Hardware Calibration

Use Hardware Calibration to calibrate the balance and instrument flow


in the TGA701.

System Flow Calibration


1. Connect an external flowmeter to the pneumatic flow manifold
lance output to measure the flow rate.
A. Remove the front panel. Refer to Figure 10-28, page 1024.
B. Disconnect J401, J402, and J403 from the push button
mounted on the front of the front panel. Refer to
Figure 10-28, page 1024.
C. Remove the left side panel. Refer to Figure 10-28, page
1024.
D. Disconnect the stainless steel tubing from the furnace lance
port of the pneumatic flow manifold. Refer to Figure 10-20,
page 1016.
E. Connect the flow meter to the furnace lance port of the
pneumatic manifold. Refer to Figure 10-20, page 1016.
2. From the Configuration menu, click Hardware Calibration. The
Hardware Calibration dialog box will display.

3. Click the System Flow checkbox.

Service TGA701 923


4. Click Next. The Enter The Set Point Temperature dialog box will
display.

5. Enter 3.5 as the value for the first set point. Click Next. The Wait
dialog box is displayed while the software sets the system flow to
this value.

924 TGA701 Service


6. Click Next after the flow has reached equilibrium. The Enter The
Actual Value dialog box will display.

7. Enter the actual flow rate (from the flow meter) and click Next.
The Enter The Set Point dialog box will display.
8. Enter 10.0 as the value for the second set point. Click Next. The
Wait dialog box is displayed while the software sets the system
flow to this value.
9. Click Next. The Enter the Actual Value dialog box will display.
10. Enter the actual flow rate (from the flow meter) and click Next.
11. After the flow has been calibrated, the Calibration Finished dialog
box will display. Click Finish.
12. Remove the external flow meter from the pneumatic flow
manifold.
A. Disconnect the external flow meter from the furnace lance
port of the pneumatic manifold. Refer to Figure 10-20, page
1016.
B. Reconnect the stainless steel tubing to the furnace lance port
of the pneumatic manifold. Refer to Figure 10-20, page
1016.
C. Reinstall the left instrument panel. Refer to Figure 10-28, page
1024.
D. Reconnect J401, J402, and J403 to the push button mounted on
the front of the casting. Refer to Figure 10-28, page 1024.
E. Reinstall the TGA701 front panel. Refer to Figure 10-28, page
1024.

Service TGA701 925


Advanced System Flow Calibration
Use this procedure to re-enter information needed to restore the
system settings. These values are set during the Calibration Flow
procedure. Do not change the values with this procedure unless trying
to restore the previously known calibration values.
1. Click the System Flow check box.
2. Click the Advanced button. The calibration and power factor
values will be displayed.

3. Enter the Calibration Flow information.


4. Enter the Power Factor information.
5. Click OK.

Balance Calibration
Because the calculations used by the TGA701 are based upon relative
changes to the sample weight, balance calibration is necessary only if
the absolute value of the initial sample weight is critical to the
customers' methodology. Otherwise, accurate balance calibration is
not critical for proper operation of the TGA701.

1. Remove the carousel. Refer to Figure 10-6, page 107.


2. From the Configuration menu, click Hardware Calibration. The
Hardware Calibration dialog box will display.

926 TGA701 Service


3. Click the balance check box. Click Next. The Calibration
Instructions dialog box will display.

4. Place the draft shield over the balance pedestal. When prompted,
click Next.
5. Remove the draft shield from the balance pedestal and place the
100-gram weight on the balance.
6. Cover the weight with the draft shield. Click the Next button when
available.
7. Wait for the balance calibration to finish then Click Next.
8. After the message is displayed stating that the balance has been
calibrated, click Next.
9. Click Done when finished.
10. Remove the draft shield and 100 gram weight.
11. Reinstall the carousel. Refer to Figure 10-6, page 107.

Service TGA701 927


Balance Adjustment

Balance adjustments should only be done if the factory settings have


been altered or the original balance has been replaced.

HIGH TEMPERATURE HAZARD


The furnace must be at ambient temperature before
performing this procedure. If the furnace is hot, turn the
analyzer off and permit it to cool to ambient temperature.
Serious burns could result if the furnace is handled before it
has cooled to a safe temperature.

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates from 230V~. Contact with this
voltage can be lethal. Use extreme caution while performing
this procedure.

1. Remove the analyzer front panel.


A. Remove the two Allen screws on the top of the front panel.
B. Loosen the two Allen screws on the bottom of the front
panel.
C. Gently pull forward to remove the front panel.

The weight of the front panel is substantial. Use caution


when removing the front panel to prevent it from dropping
when it is removed from the analyzer.

2. Disconnect J401, J402, and J403 connectors from the actuator


button mounted on the front of the casting. Refer to Figure 5-1,
page 53.
3. Make sure that the instrument is level. Refer to the level bubble,
Figure 10-19, page 1015, located on the balance assembly. If
necessary, adjust the feet on the base of the analyzer until the
level bubble shows that the analyzer is level.

Do not adjust the height of the internal adjustments for the balance
assembly. The following steps should only be used if the factory
settings have changed or have been altered.
4. Adjust the balance height.
A. Place a crucible in the carousel opening located over the
pedestal.
B. Set the carousel height to the Turn Position.

928 TGA701 Service


1) From the Diagnostic menu, click Solenoid/Switches. The
Solenoid/Switches dialog box will display.

2) Deselect the weigh position solenoid box.


C. To adjust the balance height, use the single screw located
near the rear-center of the balance and the two adjusting
screws located in front of the balance. Refer to Figure 10-19,
page 1015.
The balance should be adjusted so that the pedestal is between 1/16
inch (minimum) and 1/8 inch (maximum) from the bottom of the
crucible.

5. Using the (2) adjusting screws, level the balance so that the level
bubble is indicating that the balance is centered.
6. Position the pedestal.
A. Loosen the screws securing the balance guide block. Refer to
Figure 10-19, page 1015.
B. Move the balance guide block and the balance until the
pedestal is positioned in the center of the hole in the ceramic
shield in the lower furnace.
C. Tighten the balance guide block screws. Refer to
Figure 10-19, page 1015.
7. Lock down the adjusting screws located in front of the balance.
Refer to Figure 10-19, page 1015.
A. Tighten the jam nuts against the balance base.
B. Tighten the lockdown screws against the balance adjusting
screws.

Service TGA701 929


8. Lock down the rear adjusting screw by tightening the rear jam
nut against the base of the instrument.
9. Connect J302 first then J303 to the balance.
10. Reconnect the J401, J402, and J403 connectors on the actuator
button mounted on the front of the casting.
11. Reinstall the analyzer front panel.
A. Gently push back and snap into the side panels.
B. Reinstall the two Allen screws on the top of the front panel.
C. Tighten the two Allen screws on the bottom of the front
panel.

930 TGA701 Service


Balance Test

The Balance Test checks the analytical performance and stability of the
balance within the instrument.
1. Verify system settings as follows: Weight range must be between
the minimum and the maximum settings. Batch mode has been
deactivated.
2. Create the Balance Test method. Refer to Creating or Editing a
Method, page 55, for additional information.
A. From the Configuration menu, click Methods.
B. Click the Add button.
C. Enter Balance Test for the method name.
D. Click OK. The new method will be added.
E. Click the Properties button.
F. Enter the following method general parameters:
Crucible Type Ceramic
Crucible Density 3
Cover Density 3
Sample Type -
Sample Density 1.5

G. Click the Method Step Parameters tab.


Click the Add button.
H. Select Moisture from the menu and click OK.
I. Click the Add button then select Volatile from the menu and
click OK.
J. Click the Add button and then select Ash from the menu.
Click OK.
K. Enter the following parameters:
Column Moisture Volatile Ash
Covers No No No
Start Temp 25 107 600
End Temp 107 950 700
Ramp Rate 6 40 18
Ramp Time 00:13 00:21 00:05
Hold Time 00:20 00:20 00:20
Total Time 00:33 00:41 00:25
Max Time 00:00 00:00 00:00
Atmosphere Air Air Air
Flow Rate High High Low
Window 1 1 1
Comparator 100.0000 100.0000 100.0000
At End of Step At End of Step At End of
Final Weight
Step

L. Click the Method Equation Parameters tab.


M. Click the Add button. The Add Method Result Calculation
dialog box will display.
N. Select Moisture from the menu and click OK.

Service TGA701 931


O. Click the Add button and then select Volatile from the menu
and click OK.
P. Click the Add button the select Ash from the menu and click
OK.
Q. Enter the following parameters:
Equation
Equation Text
Name
Moisture (([Initial Mass]-[Moisture Mass])/[Initial Mass])*100
Volatile (([Initial Mass]-[Volatile Mass])/[Initial Mass])*100
Ash (([Initial Mass]-[Ash Mass])/[Initial Mass])*100
Equation Result Result
Description Calibrate
Name Format Units
Moisture F4.2 - - No
Volatile F4.2 - - No
Ash F4.2 - - No

R. Click the OK button. The Balance Test method has been


created.
3. Log in 19 samples. Refer to Logging In a Sample, page 526, for
additional information.
4. Analyze the samples. Refer to Analyzing a Sample, page 528, for
additional information.
A. Using forceps, load the empty crucibles into the carousel
inside the furnace. Refer to Figure 10-6, page 107.
B. Using forceps to handle the one gram paper clip, prepare a
paper clip sample. Bend a one-gram paper clip so that one
leg is at a 90o angle from the rest of the paper clip in order
to easily move it in and out of the crucible.
C. Load a paper clip sample by placing the paper clip into the
crucible at position 1.
D. Press the Actuator button on the front panel. This will close
the furnace lid and the crucible will be weighed. The carousel
will then rotate to the next crucible and the furnace lid will
open.
E. Once the furnace lid opens, remove the paper clip from the
crucible at position 1 and place it in the crucible at position
2. Press the Actuator button.
F. Repeat step 4E, moving the paper clip one crucible at a time,
until crucibles at position 1 through position 18 have been
weighed. Do not place the paper clip in the crucible at
position 19.
G. Remove the paper clip completely and then press the
Actuator button. The analysis will start automatically.
5. Review results after the analysis is complete. Highlight samples 1
through 18. The % RSD for each step (Moisture, Volatile, and
Ash) should be less than 0.02%.

932 TGA701 Service


Carousel

The carousel was adjusted during the manufacturing process and


should not need re-adjusted unless the instrument was serviced.

Switch Position Adjustment

Weigh Position Switch


1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids. The
Solenoids/Switches dialog box will display.

2. Click to enable the Weigh Position solenoid.


3. Loosen the weigh position switch and adjust the switch position to
illuminate the LED. Refer to Figure 10-15, page 1012.
4. Tighten the weigh position switch.
5. Click to disable the Weigh Position solenoid.
6. Click Close when finished.

Turn Position Switch


1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids. Deselect Weigh
Position by clicking the checkbox.
2. Loosen the turn position switch and adjust the switch position to
illuminate the LED. Refer to Figure 10-13, page 1011.
3. Tighten the turn position switch.
4. Click Close when finished.

Service TGA701 933


Lid Position Switch
The lid position switch is currently not used.
1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
2. Click to enable the Lid Position solenoid.
3. Loosen the lid position switch and move it as high as possible in
the slot without extending the lid position switch beyond the
cylinder. Refer to Figure 10-13, page 1011.
4. Tighten the lid position switch.
5. Click to disable the Lid Position solenoid.
6. Click Close when finished.

Advance Carousel Switch


1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
2. Click to enable the Rotate Carousel solenoid.
3. Loosen the clamp on the carousel advance switch and move it
toward the actuator as far in as possible until the LED is
illuminated. Refer to Figure 10-13, page 1011.
4. Tighten the clamp on the carousel advance switch.
5. Click Close when finished.

Carousel Return Switch


1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
2. Click to disable the Rotate Carousel solenoid.
3. Loosen the clamp on the carousel return switch and move it
toward the actuator as far in as possible until the LED is
illuminated. Refer to Figure 10-13, page 1011.
4. Tighten the clamp on the carousel return switch.
5. Click Close when finished.

Installation

Carousel Installation
1. Press the actuator button on the front of the instrument to open
the furnace. Refer to Figure 5-1, page 53.
2. Place the spindle drive through the center hold in the bottom of
the lower oven and into the pneumatic actuator coupling. Do not
tighten the coupling at this time.
3. Place the carousel on the spindle drive. Line up the slot on the
spindle drive with the slot on the carousel.

Adjustments

Spindle Drive and Indexer


1. Loosen the 4 screws on the base of the indexer. Refer to
Figure 10-14, page 1012, and Figure 10-25, page 1021.

934 TGA701 Service


2. Move the indexer until it is in the center of the oven. The actuator
cylinder should move the spindle up and down without rubbing on
the lower furnace.
A. From the Diagnostics menu, select Solenoids.
B. To move the spindle up and down, toggle the Weigh Position
solenoid on and off.
3. Tighten the 4 screws on the base of the indexer.

Home Position
1. Remove the front panel. Refer to Figure 10-28, page 1024.

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates from 230V~. Contact with this
voltage can be lethal. Use extreme caution while performing
this procedure.
A. Remove the two Allen screws on the top of the front panel.
B. Loosen the two Allen screws on the bottom of the front
panel.
C. Carefully insert a flat tip screwdriver in between the front
panel and the right side panel and twist. This will allow a gap
to form.

POSSIBLE INSTRUMENT DAMAGE


Use extreme caution when inserting the screwdriver
between the front panel and the right side panel. Damage to
the instrument panels may occur.
D. Gently pull forward to remove the front panel.
2. Loosen the 2 upper clamp coupler screws on the indexer. Refer to
Figure 10-16, page 1013.
3. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
4. Find the home position of the pneumatic actuator and the
indexer. Refer to Figure 10-15, page 1012. Press Home or F9.
The actuator should rotate until the home position switch
indicator turns red.
5. Locate the home position on the carousel. This position is
indicated by the small hole beside it. Position the carousel so that
the home position is centered directly over the pedestal hole near
the front of the furnace.
6. Place the actuator in the Weigh position by clicking the Weigh
Position solenoid to enable it.
7. Tighten the two upper screws on the actuator coupler. This will
secure the spindle drive to the actuator.
8. Make sure that the coupler is tight against the home dial and that
the lower two screws on the coupler are tight.
9. Click Close when finished.
10. Reinstall the front panel.

Service TGA701 935


Speed Adjustments
Transition Speed
The carousel transition speed adjustments vary the up and down
speed. They do not vary the rotational speed.
1. Adjust the carousel transition speed from the weigh position to
the turn position using the adjuster located at the top of the
indexer cylinder. The carousel should rise relatively slowly and
smoothly.
A. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
B. Move the carousel from the weigh position to the turn
position.
1) Click to enable the Weigh Position solenoid.
2) Click to disable the Weigh Position solenoid.
2. Adjust the carousel transition speed from the turn position to the
weigh position using the adjuster located at the middle of the
indexer cylinder. Refer to Figure 10-13, page 1011. The carousel
should rise relatively slowly and smoothly.
A. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids. The
Solenoids/Switches dialog box will display.
B. Move the carousel from the turn position to the weigh
position.
1) Click to disable the Weigh Position solenoid.
2) Click to enable the Weigh Position solenoid.
3. Click Close when finished.

Rotate Speed
1. Set the carousel to rotate continuously.
A. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
B. From the Life Test menu, select Rotate Carousel.
C. Click the Start Life Test button.
2. Adjust the carousel rotate speed using the right and left
pneumatic adjusters. Refer to Figure 10-13, page 1011.
A. The left pneumatic adjuster cushions the cylinder return.
B. The right pneumatic adjuster adjusts the speed of the
carousel advance.
3. Lock the adjuster screws by tightening the jam nut against the
pneumatic adjuster housing.
4. Stop the carousel rotation by clicking the Stop Life Test button.
5. Click Close when finished.

936 TGA701 Service


Furnace

In contrast to earlier generations of thermogravimetric analyzers,


which measure and control the furnace wall temperature, the LECO
TGA701 is factory calibrated to provide accurate crucible
temperatures. Calibration is performed at LECO prior to shipment;
therefore, calibration is not required during installation or as a matter
of general instrument maintenance. Field recalibration of the LECO
TGA701 is required rarely only as a result of furnace replacement. In
such cases, calibration should be performed only by trained personnel
using specific equipment and calibration procedures. Contact LECO
Service for further questions regarding furnace temperature
calibration.

Cover Speed Adjustment


The cover speed adjustments were made during the manufacturing
process and should not need re-adjustment unless the instrument was
serviced.

Close to Open Adjustment


1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
2. Open the furnace cover.
A. Click to enable Furnace Cover Lift.
B. Click to enable Furnace Cover Height.
3. Close the furnace cover.
A. Click to disable Furnace Cover Height.
B. Click to disable Furnace Cover Lift.
4. Observe the movement of the furnace cover. It should not clunk
or jar.
5. Adjust the speed control on the manifold solenoid SV9 by turning
the knurled knob on the side of the solenoid valve using a
screwdriver until moving smoothly. Refer to Figure 10-20, page
1016.

Open to Half-Open Adjustment


1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
2. Half open the furnace cover. Click to enable the Furnace Cover
Lift solenoid.
3. Open the furnace cover. Click to enable the Furnace Cover Height
solenoid.
4. Toggle between the half-open and the open position by enabling
and disabling the Furnace Cover Height solenoid.
5. Observe the movement of the furnace cover. It should not
shudder or shake.

Service TGA701 937


6. Adjust the speed control on the manifold solenoid SV10 turning
the knurled knob on the side of the solenoid valve until smooth
movement is achieved. No adjustment tools are necessary. Refer
to Figure 10-20, page 1016.

Half-Open to Closed Adjustment


1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids.
2. Half open the furnace cover. Click to enable the Furnace Cover
Lift solenoid.
3. Close the furnace cover. Click to disable the Furnace Cover Lift
solenoid.
4. Toggle between the half-open and the closed position by enabling
and disabling the Furnace Cover Lift solenoid.
5. Observe the movement of the furnace cover. It should not
shudder or clunk.
6. Adjust the speed control on the manifold solenoid SV8 by turning
the knurled knob on the side of the solenoid valve using a
screwdriver until smooth movement is achieved. Refer to
Figure 10-20, page 1016.

Seal Adjustment

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates from 230V~. Contact with this
voltage can be lethal. Use extreme caution while performing
this procedure.

HIGH TEMPERATURE HAZARD


The furnace must be at ambient temperature before
performing this procedure. Serious burns could result if the
furnace is handled before it has cooled to a safe
temperature.
1. Place the furnace cover in the open position as follows:
A. From the Configuration menu, click System.
B. On the System tab, click the arrow for Furnace Cover
Position and select Full Open.
2. Remove the top casting.
A. Click the Cover button or press the F7 key. The furnace
cover will open.
B. Turn the 3 screw locks on the back of the top casting
counter-clockwise. Refer to Figure 10-11, page 1010.
C. Remove the three top cover casting screws
D. Remove the two screws on the inside rear of the top casting.
E. Loosen the three screws on the front of the top casting.
F. Slide the top casting forward to remove.

938 TGA701 Service


3. Remove the lower oven work surface.
A. Remove the five button-head Allen screws.
B. Remove the two pullout pins from the cylinder shaft on
either side of the instrument.
C. Lift the upper oven and remove the oven work surface from
the instrument.
D. Reinstall the two pullout pins to the upper furnace plate and
cylinder shaft on each side of the instrument.
4. Remove the lower oven shroud.
A. Remove the two inside screws and washers from the lower
oven shroud.
B. Remove the two front screws and washers from the lower
oven shroud.
C. Slide the lower oven shroud forward to remove.
D. Disconnect J401, J402, and J403 connectors.
5. Remove the balance.
A. Disconnect connectors J303 and J302 from the balance.
B. Remove carousel and pedestal from the oven.
C. Adjust the center pedestal shield by pulling it up out of the
lower o-ring and into the upper o-ring. This should hold the
center pedestal cover in place.
D. Loosen the two lock-down screws on the front of the
balance. Refer to Figure 10-19, page 1015.
E. Lift the balance slightly and carefully pull forward to remove
from the instrument.
6. Adjust the lower furnace height to minimize the gap around the
entire circumference between the upper and lower furnace.
A. Raise the furnace cover by pressing the actuator button on
the front of the instrument. Refer to Figure 5-1, page 53.
B. Loosen the four screws securing the lower furnace jacket to
the mounting standoffs.
C. Position the two holes located in the front and center of the
lower furnace so they are centered over the corresponding
holes in the oven dividers. The front hole is for the pedestal
and the center hole is for the spindle drive.
D. Lower the furnace cover. Click the Cover button or press the
F7 key to lower the furnace cover.
E. Loosen the four screws, two screws per hinge, securing the
hinge adjusting plate to the rear frame.
F. Adjust the three screws on the bottom of the oven divider to
raise the lower furnace. Make certain that the upper furnace
is resting only on the lower furnace.
1) The actuator switches in the front of the instrument
must not be bottomed out (the shaft fully depressed)
when the furnace is closed. Refer to Figure 10-12, page
1011.

Service TGA701 939


2) The actuator switches must be activated when closed
and deactivated when open.
3) The rear hinge plates must not be bottomed out or
resting on the rear supports bolts. Refer to Figure
10-11, page 1010.
4) The cylinder pivot blocks should not be touching the
underside on the divider plate that they pivot on.
G. Tighten the four screws, two per hinge, securing the hinge
adjusting plate to the rear frame.
H. Raise the furnace cover.
I. Tighten the four screws securing the lower furnace jacket to
the mounting standoffs.
7. Reinstall the balance.
A. Carefully insert the balance into the instrument.
B. Tighten the two locking screws on the front of the balance.
Refer to Figure 10-19, page 1015.
C. Adjust the center pedestal cover by pulling it down out of the
upper o-ring and into the lower o-ring.
D. Reinstall the carousel and pedestal into the oven.
E. Snap connector J302 back into the balance then snap
connector J303 back into the balance.
8. Reinstall the lower oven shroud.
A. Reconnect J401, J402, and J403.
B. Slide the lower oven shroud forward and snap into place.
C. Reinstall the two front screws and washers holding the lower
oven shroud.
D. Reinstall the two inside screws and washers holding the
lower oven shroud.
9. Reinstall the lower oven work surface.
A. Remove the two pullout pins from the upper furnace plate
and cylinder shaft on each side of the instrument.
B. Slide the oven work surface into the instrument.
C. Reinsert the 2 pullout pins into the cylinders on either side of
the instrument.
D. Reinstall the five button-head Allen screws.
10. Open the over-temp circuit and confirm that an over temp
condition is observed in Diagnostics.
11. Close the over-temp circuit.
12. Place the furnace cover in the open position as follows:
A. From the Configuration menu, click System.
B. On the System tab, click the arrow for Furnace Cover
Position and select Full Open.
13. Reinstall the top casting.
A. Slide the top casting forward into the instrument.
B. Reinstall the two screws on the inside rear of the top casting.

940 TGA701 Service


C. Tighten the three screws on the front of the top casting.
D. Turn the three screw locks on the back of the top casting
clockwise to lock. Refer to Figure 10-11, page 1010.
E. Click the Cover button or press the F7 key. The furnace
cover will close.

Service TGA701 941


Over Temperature Switch Reset

Use the Over Temperature Switch Reset procedure when an error


occurs resulting in the over temperature fault condition warning to be
displayed.

1. Place the furnace cover in the open position as follows:


A. From the Configuration menu, click System.
B. On the System tab, click the arrow for Furnace Cover
Position and select Full Open.
2. Remove the furnace cover.
A. Click the Cover button or press the F7 key. The furnace
cover will open.
B. Remove the 2 screws on the inside rear of the furnace cover.
Refer to Figure 10-9, page 108.
C. Loosen the 3 screws on the front of the furnace cover. Refer
to Figure 10-9, page 108.
D. Turn the 3 screw locks on the back of the furnace cover
counter-clockwise to unlock. Refer to Figure 10-11, page
1010.
E. Slide the furnace cover forward until the furnace cover tabs
are out from under the upper oven mounting place lockdown
brackets. The furnace cover can now be removed by lifting it
upwards. Refer to Figure 10-17, page 1014.
3. Press the reset button on the top of the over temperature switch.
Refer to Figure 10-18, page 1014.
4. Reinstall the furnace cover.
A. With the furnace in the full-open position, place the furnace
cover on the upper oven mounting place and slide the
furnace cover towards the back of the unit until the furnace
cover tabs are under the lockdown brackets. Refer to
Figure 10-17, page 1014.
B. Reinstall the 3 furnace cover screws.
C. Reinstall the 2 screws on the inside rear of the furnace cover
to secure the furnace cover to the upper oven mounting
plate. Refer to Figure 10-9, page 108.
D. Tighten the three screws on the front of the furnace cover.
Refer to Figure 10-9, page 108.
E. Turn the 3 screw locks on the back of the furnace cover
clockwise to lock. Refer to Figure 10-11, page 1010.

942 TGA701 Service


Thermocouple

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates from 230V~. Contact with this
voltage can be lethal. Use extreme caution while performing
this procedure.

HIGH TEMPERATURE HAZARD


The furnace must be at ambient temperature before
performing this procedure. Serious burns could result if the
furnace is handled before it has cooled to a safe
temperature.

Adjustment

Element Temperature
1. Loosen the clamp to the rear thermocouple.
2. Position the thermocouple so that it is as straight as possible.
A. The distance from the inside bottom of the furnace to the
top of the thermocouple is 1.5 inches.
B. The distance between the wall of the furnace and the
thermocouple ceramic is 0.125 inches.
3. Tighten the clamp to the rear thermocouple.

Furnace Temperature Thermocouple


1. Loosen the clamp to the central thermocouple.
2. Position the thermocouple so that it is as straight as possible..
The distance from the inside-bottom of the furnace to the top of
the thermocouple is 0.5 inches.
3. Tighten the clamp to the central thermocouple.

Replacement
The thermocouple replacement procedure should be used to replace
the furnace thermocouples in the event of a failure.

HIGH TEMPERATURE HAZARD


The furnace must be at ambient temperature before
performing this procedure. Serious burns could result if the
furnace is handled before it has cooled to a safe
temperature.

Service TGA701 943


1. Turn the analyzer off using the On/Off switch and disconnect from
facility power.

HIGH VOLTAGE HAZARD


The analyzer operates from 230V~. Contact with this
voltage can be lethal. Before servicing this equipment,
disconnect it from the electrical power source.

2. Remove the front panel.


A. Remove the two Allen screws on the top of the front panel.
B. Loosen the two Allen screws on the bottom of the front
panel.
C. Carefully insert a flat tip screwdriver in between the front
panel and the right side panel and twist. This will allow a gap
to form.
D. Gently pull forward to remove the front panel.

POSSIBLE INSTRUMENT DAMAGE


Use extreme caution when inserting the screwdriver
between the front panel and the right side panel. Damage to
the instrument panels may occur.

3. Remove the analyzer right and left side panels by sliding them
forward.
4. Remove the four screws securing the electronics module to the
rear panel.
5. Move the electronics module out far enough to expose connectors
J394D and J394F.
6. Disconnect the thermocouple lead wires from the J394 connector.
(The J394 connector depends on which thermocouple is
replaced.)
J394F is the furnace temperature thermocouple.
J394D is the element temperature thermocouple.
7. Remove the screw securing the clamp holding the thermocouple.
8. Install a new thermocouple into the thermocouple clamp and
tighten the clamp. Make sure the thermocouple is positioned
correctly. Refer to Figure 10-8, page 108.
9. Connect the thermocouple lead wires to the appropriate J394
connector. The J394 connector depends on which thermocouple is
replaced.
J394F is the furnace temperature thermocouple.
J394D is the element temperature thermocouple.
10. Reposition the electronics module against the rear panel and
secure it to the rear panel using the four screws removed in
step 4.

944 TGA701 Service


11. Reinstall the front panel.
A. Gently push back and snap into the side panels.
B. Reinstall the two Allen screws on the top of the front panel.
C. Tighten the two Allen screws on the bottom of the front
panel.
12. Plug the analyzer into facility power.
13. Turn the analyzer on using the On/Off switch.
14. Refer to Hardware Calibration, page 923, for subsequent
hardware calibration through the software.

Service TGA701 945


Smartline

Smartline provides an on-line support connection between your


instrument and LECO's Technical Service department. This section
contains detailed instructions for the installation of Smartline to an
existing computer system and the necessary steps required to install
the software and external modem. For part number and ordering
information, refer to Options, page 121.

Modem Installation
1. Turn the analyzer and computer off.
2. Unpack the Smartline package.
3. Using the modem cable, connect the modem to COM2 Port on the
rear of the computer.
4. Connect the power cube, supplied with the modem, to the power
input jack on the modem.
5. Connect the modem to the same outlet as the computer.
6. Turn the modem, computer, and analyzer on.
7. Install the modem driver. Manual installation from the Modem
Installation CD-ROM.
A. From the desktop, click the My Computer icon. The My
Computer window will display.

946 TGA701 Service


B. Click Control Panel. The Control Panel window will display.

C. Click Add/Remove Hardware icon.

D. Click Next. The Choose a Hardware Task window will display.

Service TGA701 947


E. Verify Add/Troubleshoot a Device is checked then click Next.
Windows will search for new Plug and Play hardware. When
the new modem is found, follow the instructions as
displayed.
F. When the system has successfully completed the
Add/Remove Hardware Wizard, click Finish.

G. From the desktop, right-click the My Computer icon. My


Computer menu is displayed
H. Click Manage. The Computer Management window will
display.

I. Under System Tools, click Device Manager. Notice on the


right side of the window that a list will display.

948 TGA701 Service


J. Click Modems and then click Drivers.
K. Insert the Modem Installation CD-ROM in the CD-ROM disk
drive (typically D:).
L. Click Update Drivers. When the Welcome screen is displayed,
click Next.
M. Continue to click Next until the modem driver installation is
complete.
N. Remove the Modem Installation CD-ROM.
8. Turn the computer off then back on again to reboot the system to
activate the modem software.
9. Install the NetOp software following instructions below.

NetOp Software Installation


After the modem has been installed, the NetOp software must be
installed.
1. Insert the NetOp Installation CD-ROM in the CD-ROM disk drive
(typically D:). The Installation program should start
automatically.
2. The first screen displayed is the Language Selection screen.
Select the appropriate language then click Install NetOp.
3. Select Windows then click Yes to accept the license agreement.
4. Click Install. The Registration dialog box will display. Enter the
HOST registration numbers. The HOST registration number can
be found on the back of the NetOp Installation CD-ROM case or
on the NetOp Installation package.
5. Click Next. The program will automatically choose the best
location (folder) in which to install the program.
6. Click Next. The files will be copied into this location.
7. Click OK when finished.
8. Create a shortcut icon following instructions below.

Service TGA701 949


Create a Shortcut
A shortcut should be created on the computer desktop for easy access
to LECO.
1. Close or minimize all open programs.
2. Right-click on the desktop. A menu will display.
3. Click New. A second menu will display.
4. Click Shortcut. The Create Shortcut wizard will display.

5. Enter the location of the program. If the location is not known,


the program can be located using the Browse button.
A. Click Browse. The Browse For Folder dialog box will display.

B. Locate and select the program.


C. Click OK.
6. Once the program location has been entered, click Next. The
Select a Title for the Program dialog box will display.
7. Enter the name of the shortcut as Connect to LECO.
8. Click Finished when done. The shortcut is displayed on the
computer desktop.

950 TGA701 Service


Operation Setup
1. Turn the computer on.
2. Double-click the Connect to LECO icon on the computer desktop.
If the icon is not there, refer to Create a Shortcut, page 950, for
additional information.

3. In the left corner of the window, there is the Wait For Call play
arrow. Click on the Wait For Call play arrow. The status bar will
display Waiting For Guest To Reply.
4. Contact LECO Service department to confirm Smartline is working
properly or wait for the LECO Service department to initiate
further testing.

Service TGA701 951


Troubleshooting

The analyzer is adjusted and set up in manufacturing. Although errors


may occur during operation, the operator can usually fix the problem
and the assistance of specialized service personal is not necessary. In
the Troubleshooting section, find typical problems along with a brief
description of how to solve them. Refer to the specific topic for
detailed instructions. If this does not resolve the problem, contact the
LECO Service department.

POSSIBLE INSTRUMENT DAMAGE


Repairs should only be performed by qualified personnel.

Troubleshooting Table
Area or Assembly Symptom and Checks
Instability
Balance
Refer to Balance Instability, page 429.
Balance pedestal is touching the shield or the bottom of
the furnace

The pedestal is not centered; adjust the balance pedestal.


Refer to Installing Balance, Pedestal, and Carousel, page 28,
for additional information.
Balance - Poor Furnace cover is open
Repeatability
Close the furnace cover before taking balance readings.
Too much vibration from external sources

Reduce vibration or select another location for the instrument.


Refer to Balance - Unstable Readings, below, for additional
information.
Excessive forced-air ventilation

Excessive forced-air ventilation can disturb balance readings.


Always ensure that the external exhaust meets specifications.

Balance - Improper orientation of the lances


Unstable
Improper orientation of the lances can disturb balance
Readings
readings. Ensure that the lances are directed to cause airflow
in a counter-clockwise fashion inside the furnace.
Excessive vibration

Excessive room vibration or vibration caused by poorly


balanced blowers of fans can disturb balance readings.

952 TGA701 Service


Area or Assembly Symptom and Checks
Ambient temperature changes

The balance is strongly affected by ambient temperature


changes. As with all electronic balances, drift correction
algorithms are employed in the TGA701 software to minimize
this problem. In some cases, where the balance has been
stored at temperatures outside the normal operating range of
the instrument, it may take up to 24 hours for the balance to
fully stabilize.
Air leaks
Balance - Air leaks in the balance assembly or around the pedestal can
Unstable cause unstable balance readings. All balance assemblies must
Readings (cont.) be leak-checked in Test prior to assembly in an instrument.
The pedestal shield must be secured in the o-ring seals when
mounted properly in the balance and under the furnace.

Crucibles vibration

Some crucibles may cause the balance pedestal to vibrate


excessively when the crucibles are placed or removed from the
pedestal. Discard crucibles that repeatedly cause problems due
to the fact that the bottom of the crucible is not parallel with
the ring that is used to hold it in the carousel.
Out of alignment with pedestal

Realign carousel position. Refer to Installing Balance, Pedestal,


and Carousel, page 28, for additional information.
Positioning errors

Adjust the carousel as necessary. Refer to Carousel, page 9


33, for additional information.
Carousel
Crucible touching carousel during weigh cycle

If the crucible is touching the carousel during the weigh cycle,


then the inside surface of the coupler is dirty. Clean the inside
of the coupler and the stem of the spindle with a degreaser.
Incorrect sample weight

Refer to Run a Cycle Test, page 957.

Service TGA701 953


Area or Assembly Symptom and Checks

Software "loses" reference crucible and all the samples


are off by one

The software will report any crucible location mismatches


during the initial crucible location check and, at this point,
Crucibles, crucibles can be added as necessary. Should the carousel fail
Reference to index properly during analysis, a Carousel Home Position
Mismatch message will appear. When this happens, the
sample weights may be incorrect and the software will
resynchronize location numbers according to the home
position.
The analyzer is turned off
1. Turn the analyzer on using the On/Off switch.
2. Start the TGA701 software.
The USB card is not seated properly.

Computer Not 1. Check the USB card.


Communicating 2. Check the USB card connectors.
with Instrument J518A = USB port connector.
J518B = Eclipse Net connector.
J518C = Power connector.
The USB driver is not installed or is improperly installed.

Refer to Check for USB Driver Installation, page 956.


Power supply problems

To check the system bulk power supply output, measure the


Electrical bottom SMT pad of resistor R33 (+24V~) referenced to pin 40
of J516B (24V ground) on the pneumatic flow board (A2). This
system supply should measure +24V~ (1.5V~).
"Unsupported FPGA Version"
Error Messages
Contact LECO Service to check on the latest software upgrade.
Poor flow calibration, unreliable or insufficient airflow

Poor gas supplies and tubing may not provide sufficient flow to
maintain the input pressures required. Always make sure that
Flow
the customer uses high quality gas regulators and that the
tubing length and size does not restrict the gas flow, thereby
causing a pressure drop at the manifold inlet when high lance
flows are used.

954 TGA701 Service


Area or Assembly Symptom and Checks
The exhaust fan is not operating

Repair or replace exhaust fan.


The exhaust hose is too long or the bends are too sharp
1. Shorten the length of the hose or increase the hose
diameter.
2. Reposition the hose to avoid sharp bends. Use the Exhaust
Kit for ventilation. Refer to Components and Accessories,
page 122, for part number and ordering information.
Furnace -
Excessive Smoke Leaks inside the furnace

Inspect the alignment and the seal between the upper and
lower furnaces. Realign or adjust as necessary.
Leaks around the pedestal shield

Inspect the o-ring seal with the balance assembly and the
lower furnace. Adjust as necessary.
Leaks inside the balance assembly

Inspect the balance assembly. Adjust or tighten as necessary.


Excessive forced-air ventilation

Excessive forced-air ventilation can corrupt the furnace


calibration. Always ensure that the external exhaust meets
specification.
Furnace
Poor alignment
Calibration
The furnace calibration can be corrupted by poor alignment of
the furnace. It is important to make sure that the upper and
lower halves of the furnace are aligned carefully so as to
minimize the entrainment of ambient air.
Air pressure is higher than 45 psi (3.1 bar)

Adjust the pressure regulator at pneumatic supply.


Furnace Cover or
Solenoid or actuator air restrictor needs adjustment
Carousel Speed
Too Fast The solenoid or actuator air restrictor needs adjustment. Refer
to Cover Speed Adjustment, page 937, or Rotate Speed,
page 936, for additional information.
No power

The furnace lid interlock switch (safely relay) is defective or


Furnace
not positioned correctly. Check furnace lid interlock switch or
re-adjust the furnace lid interlock switch position.

Service TGA701 955


Area or Assembly Symptom and Checks

After logging in samples and clicking Analyze, some


samples are left out of the run or the batch is not
recognized and the samples have to be logged in again

Samples are grouped by furnace number and by batch


Sample Login number. For all samples in same batch, the furnace number
and batch number must be the same. Once the furnace
number and batch number have been verified, an analysis can
be restarted as long as sample material has not been added to
the crucible.

Software shutdown/log out during analysis

If you click the to close the software or click Database and


Software then Exit during an analysis, the software will display a
message box asking you if you would like to close the
software. When you exit the software, the software will abort
the analysis and close. All data up to that point will be saved.

Troubleshooting Procedures

Check for USB driver installation


1. Turn the analyzer off using the On/Off switch and disconnect from
facility power.
2. Click the right mouse button on the My Computer icon located on
the desktop.
A. Click Properties, click Hardware, and then click Device
Manager.
B. Turn the analyzer on using the On/Off switch. Refer to Figure
10-4, page 105.
C. Point to Universal Serial Bus Controller. Select LECO USB
Interface and click the right mouse button. The file name
may also be LECO USB Eclipse Interface or LECO USB D12
Device.
D. Click Properties, click Driver, and then click Update Driver.
E. Click Next and select Search For Suitable Device Driver.
F. Click Next and select Specify A Location.
G. Click Next, browse to C:\Program Files\Common
Files\LECO\LECO D12.
H. Click OK. The device driver LECO USB D12 Device will be
found.
I. Click Next. The device driver will be installed.
J. Click Finish after the device driver is installed.
K. Click Close to exit the program and then click Close to exit
the device manager.

956 TGA701 Service


Run a Cycle Test
The measured weight of the crucible is significantly lower when it rubs
against the carousel during measurement. Use the Cycle Test to
observe crucible placement and carousel rotation with the furnace
cover open.
1. From the Diagnostics menu, click Solenoids. The Solenoids and
Switches dialog box will display. Refer to Solenoids and Switches,
page 88, for additional information.
2. Select Cycle Test from the menu.
3. Click Start Life Test button.
4. Adjust the height of the balance such that the crucibles clear the
balance pedestal by approximately 0.125 inches when the
carousel is in the Turn position. In some cases, crucible rubbing
may happen because the bottom of the crucible is not parallel
with the ring that is used to hold it in the carousel.
A. Ensure that the pneumatic speed controls for raising and
lowering the carousel are adjusted such that the crucibles
are placed on and removed from the balance pedestal in a
slow, smooth manner. Refer to Speed Adjustments, page
936, for additional information.
B. Jerky rotary movement of the carousel can cause the
crucibles to move toward one side of the openings in the
carousel. Ensure that the pneumatic speed controls on the
rotary indexing mechanism are adjusted such that the
carousel moves as smoothly and slowly as possible. Refer to
Speed Adjustments, page 936, for additional information.

Service TGA701 957


Use System Files to Diagnose Computer Problems
Compare the Autoexec.bat file and the Config.sys file.
This should only be done with the recommendation of the LECO
Service Department. Do not change any files unless specifically
instructed by the LECO Service Department.

Autoexec.bat File
1. Exit the software to the DOS c:\prompt.
2. The >type autoexec.bat and press the Enter key.
3. The following should be displayed:
C:\DOS\SMARTDRV\EXE/X
@ECHO OFF
PROMP $p$g
PATH C:\DOS;C:\WINDOWS;C:\TGA701
SET TEMP=C:\DOS

Config.sys
1. Exit the software to the DOS c:\prompt.
2. The >type Config.sys and press the Enter key.
3. The following should be displayed:
DEVICE=C:\DOS\SEVER
DEVICE=C:\DOS\HIMEM.SYS
DEVICE=C:\DOS\EMM386.EXE X=D000-DFFF
DOS=HIGH
FILES=30
STACKS=9256

958 TGA701 Service


10 Illustrations
The Illustration chapter assists with procedures, verifies information during
setup, and helps to identify part numbers.

Figure 10-1 Reference Card ........................................................... 103


Figure 10-2 Front View Balance Removed ........................................ 104
Figure 10-3 Left Side Balance Removed........................................... 104
Figure 10-4 AnalyzerRight Side View ............................................ 105
Figure 10-5 Furnace Open with Carousel.......................................... 106
Figure 10-6 Carousel Location ........................................................ 107
Figure 10-7 Pedestal Location in Furnace ......................................... 107
Figure 10-8 Furnace Thermocouple Installation................................. 108
Figure 10-9 Top Furnace CoverInternal View ................................. 108
Figure 10-10 Instrument Rear View ................................................ 109
Figure 10-11 Furnace CoverRear View .......................................... 1010
Figure 10-12 Internal View ............................................................ 1011
Figure 10-13 IndexerFront View .................................................. 1011
Figure 10-14 Internal View AIndexer ............................................ 1012
Figure 10-15 IndexerRear View ................................................... 1012
Figure 10-16 IndexerInternal View............................................... 1013
Figure 10-17 Over Temperature SwitchLocation ............................. 1014
Figure 10-18 Over Temperature SwitchReset Button....................... 1014
Figure 10-19 Balance Assembly...................................................... 1015
Figure 10-20 Flow Manifold Assembly.............................................. 1016
Figure 10-21 External Blower Motor ................................................ 1017
Figure 10-22 Lift Cover Cylinder (Part Number 621-060) ................... 1018
Figure 10-23 Flow Manifold Assembly (Part Number 621-176) ............ 1019
Figure 10-24 AC Power Distribution Panel (Part Number 621-025)....... 1020
Figure 10-25 Indexer/Lifter Assembly (Part Number 621-196) ............ 1021
Figure 10-26 Distribution Assembly (Part Number 621-282) ............... 1022
Figure 10-27 Top Level Base Assembly............................................ 1023
Figure 10-28 Lower Divider Plate Assembly ...................................... 1024
Figure 10-29 Gas Panel Assembly (Part Number 621-123) ................. 1025
Figure 10-30 Upper Top Level Assembly .......................................... 1026

Illustrations TGA701 101


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102 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-1
Reference Card

Illustrations TGA701 103


Figure 10-2
Front View Balance Removed

Figure 10-3
Left Side Balance Removed

104 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-4
AnalyzerRight Side View

Illustrations TGA701 105


Figure 10-5
Furnace Open with Carousel

106 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-6
Carousel Location

Figure 10-7
Pedestal Location in Furnace

Illustrations TGA701 107


Figure 10-8
Furnace Thermocouple Installation

Figure 10-9
Top Furnace CoverInternal View

108 TGA701 Illustrations


1 Filter (part number 621-098)
2 Oxygen - 35psi
3 Nitrogen - 35psi
4 Air - 45psi
5 Power Cord
6 Ethernet Connection
7 Fan Connection

Figure 10-10
Instrument Rear View

Illustrations TGA701 109


Figure 10-11
Furnace CoverRear View

1010 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-12
Internal View

Figure 10-13
IndexerFront View

Illustrations TGA701 1011


Figure 10-14
Internal View AIndexer

Figure 10-15
IndexerRear View

1012 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-16
IndexerInternal View

Illustrations TGA701 1013


Figure 10-17
Over Temperature SwitchLocation

Figure 10-18
Over Temperature SwitchReset Button

1014 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-19
Balance Assembly

Illustrations TGA701 1015


03/24/2003
PRESSURE SWITCH
TGA-701 PNEUMATIC/FLOW MANIFOLD AIR INLET REV 5

NITROGEN PRESSURE REGULATOR FITTING


(618-122) (Regulator is on underside of (618-657)
manifold and is not visible
PRESSURE SWITCH from this view) FURNACE COVER HEIGHT
OXYGEN (621-034) SOLONOID
(618-122) (620-625-101)

CRUCIBLE LID ACTUATOR


SOLONOID'S
(620-625-101)
FURNACE LANCE PORT
FITTING
(612-192) SW9 SW8
SV10 SV11 SV12 PRESSURE SWITCH
AIR
(618-122)
OXYGEN INLET
FITTING
(612-192) PRESSURE
TRANSDUCER
MANIFOLD BLOCK
(621-036) NC NC NO
(621-040) SW7

NC NC NC NC NC NO NC NO NC NO

NITROGEN INLET
FITTING SV0 SV1 SV2 SV3 SV4 SV5 SV6 SV7 SV8 SV9
(618-657)

PROPORTIONAL VALVE
(618-758-010)

OXYGEN SUPPLY FURNACE COVER LIFT


SOLONOID SOLONOID'S
(616-567-106) (620-625-101)

NITROGEN SUPPLY ROTATE CAROUSEL


SOLONOID SOLONOID'S
(616-567-106) (616-567-108)

AIR SUPPLY LID POSITION WEIGH POSITION


SOLONOID SOLONOID SOLONOID'S
(616-567-106) (616-567-108) (616-567-108)

Figure 10-20
Flow Manifold Assembly

1016 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-21
External Blower Motor

Illustrations TGA701 1017


Figure 10-22
Lift Cover Cylinder (Part Number 621-060)

1018 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-23
Flow Manifold Assembly (Part Number 621-176)

Illustrations TGA701 1019


Figure 10-24
AC Power Distribution Panel (Part Number 621-025)

1020 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-25
Indexer/Lifter Assembly (Part Number 621-196)

Illustrations TGA701 1021


Figure 10-26
Distribution Assembly (Part Number 621-282)

1022 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-27
Top Level Base Assembly

Illustrations TGA701 1023


Figure 10-28
Lower Divider Plate Assembly

1024 TGA701 Illustrations


Figure 10-29
Gas Panel Assembly (Part Number 621-123)

Illustrations TGA701 1025


Figure 10-30
Upper Top Level Assembly

1026 TGA701 Illustrations


11 Schematics
The Schematics chapter provides information on the circuit boards and
wiring.

Illustrations ............................................................................... 112


TGA701 Cabinet Schematics Part List ............................................ 113

Schematics TGA701 111


Illustrations

Figure 11-1 150-990 Cabinet Schematics1 of 5.............................. 114


Figure 11-2 150-990 Cabinet Schematics2 of 5.............................. 115
Figure 11-3 150-990 Cabinet Schematics3 of 5.............................. 116
Figure 11-4 150-990 Cabinet Schematics4 of 5.............................. 117
Figure 11-5 150-990 Cabinet Schematics5 of 5.............................. 118
Figure 11-6 External Blower........................................................... 119

112 TGA701 Schematics


TGA701 Cabinet Schematics Part List

Description Specification P/N SV5 ........................................... Weigh Position, 3w ..........................................616-567-108


Assemblies SV6 ........................................... Rotate Carousel, 3W ........................................616-567-108
A1 ............................................ Eclipse USB Host ............................................ 666-518x110 SV7 ........................................... Rotate Carousel, 3W ........................................616-567-108
PGM USB Server Card SGLB ............................. 666-310x130 SV8 ........................................... Furnace Cover Lift, 3W, Adjustable ....................620-625-101
A2 ............................................ Eclipse Power Supply....................................... 808-932 SV9 ........................................... Furnace Cover Lift, 3W, Adjustable ....................620-625-101
A3 ............................................ Eclipse 4 Position Distribution ........................... 666-535x SV10 ......................................... Furnace Cover Height, 3W, Adjustable................620-625-101
A4 ............................................ MPX4250 Pressure Sensor Interface .................. 621-036 SV11 ......................................... Crucible Lid Actuator, 3W, Adjustable .................620-625-101
A5 ............................................ Eclipse Manifold / Flow Interface Card................ 666-575x SV12 ......................................... Crucible Lid Actuator, 3W, Adjustable .................620-625-101
PGM NI Server Card SGLB................................ 666-310x120 Switches
A7 ............................................ Eclipse Resistive Furnace Controller ................... 666-394 SW1 .......................................... Turn Position, Middle .......................................621-193
PGM NI Server Card SGLA................................ 666-310x140
SW2 .......................................... Weigh Position, Bottom ....................................621-193
A8 ............................................ Balance Assembly ........................................... 621-001-101
SW3 .......................................... Carousel Advance, Right...................................621-145
A9 ............................................ Balance, 4-Place, Tested .................................. 621-001
SW4 .......................................... Carousel Return, Left .......................................621-145
Circuit Breakers
SW5 .......................................... Carousel Home Position...............................606-714-010
CB1 .......................................... Power Switch, 25A, 250V, DPST........................ 625-336 SW5 .......................................... Carousel Home Position w/ Connector ........... .. 621-035
Filters SW7 .......................................... Air Pressure....................................................618-122
FL1 ........................................... Line Filter, 30A ............................................... 771-488 SW8 .......................................... Nitrogen Pressure............................................618-122
LED SW9 .......................................... Oxygen Pressure .............................................618-122
LED1......................................... Switch, Push-Button, SPDT, Green .................... 621-055 SW10 ........................................ User Button, Actuator ......................................621-104
Motors Thermocouple
M1 ............................................ Electronics Fan, Switched................................. 614-592 TC1 ........................................... Furnace Temperature, Type N ...........................621-183
M2 ............................................ Upper Oven Fan, Switched ............................... 700-158 TC2 ........................................... Element Temperature, Type N...........................621-184
M3 ............................................ Right Blower, 230V, Furnace Exhaust ................ 621-270

Pressure Transducer
P1 ............................................ MPX4250D..................................................... 621-036
Proportional Valve
PV1........................................... 100 PSID....................................................... 618-758
Relay
K1 ............................................ SSR, Zero Cross ............................................. 769-335
K3 ............................................ Safety Relay, 25A ........................................... 607-157

Solenoid Valves
SV0 .......................................... Oxygen Supply, 2W ........................................ 616-567-106
SV1 .......................................... Nitrogen Supply, 2W ....................................... 616-567-106
SV2 .......................................... Air Supply, 2W ............................................... 616-567-106
SV3 .......................................... Lid Position, 3W.............................................. 616-567-108
SV4 .......................................... Weigh Position, 3W ......................................... 616-567-108

Schematics TGA701 113


Figure 11-1
150-990 Cabinet Schematics1 of 5

114 TGA701 Schematics


Figure 11-2
150-990 Cabinet Schematics2 of 5

Schematics TGA701 115


Figure 11-3
150-990 Cabinet Schematics3 of 5

116 TGA701 Schematics


Figure 11-4
150-990 Cabinet Schematics4 of 5

Schematics TGA701 117


Figure 11-5
150-990 Cabinet Schematics5 of 5

118 TGA701 Schematics


Figure 11-6
External Blower

Schematics TGA701 119


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1110 TGA701 Schematics


12 Glossary

(+/-)%: In the spreadsheet, the (+/- C


)% column indicates the uncertainty
Calculated: Displays the determined
value for a step based on the standard
concentration of the standard as
entered in the Standards table.
calculated by the instrument using the
(% Error): In the spreadsheet, the (% measured areas and current calibration
Error) column displays the relative coefficients.
percent error based on the certified
Calibration: A comparison of a
standard value for a step.
measurement standard or instrument
(Certified %): In the spreadsheet, the with another standard or instrument to
(Certified %) column displays the report or eliminate, by adjustment, any
certified value for a particular step variation or deviation in the accuracy of
based on the value calculated entered in the item being compared. (Taylor, John
the Standards table. K. "Standard Reference Materials
Handbook for SRM Users." NIST Special
Publication, 260-100, 1993.)
A
Certified: The accepted concentrations
Ambient Temperature: The ambient
of a reference standard, in units of % by
temperature inside the instrument as
weight or parts per million by weight.
measured by a temperature transducer.
This value is in degrees centigrade. Checksum: A four digit number unique
to the application software and used to
Analysis Date: The date and time the
verify proper installation. This number
analysis was completed.
will vary between electronic assemblies
Analysis Time: The length of the but is constant between instruments for
analysis in seconds. a given electronic assembly. This
ASCII: A code used to represent text number changes with each software
making it possible to transfer data from update.
one computer to another. ASCII uses 7 Class: A two-digit listing of all different
bits for each character, which means groups of circuit boards that are signed
that it is more useful for English or on to the network. Each group will have
Western European languages. a distinct class assigned.
Comments: In the spreadsheet, the
B Comments column displays information
Batch: In the spreadsheet, the Batch entered in the Sample login dialog box
by the analyst about the sample or
column displays the batch number
assigned to the sample in the Sample analysis.
login dialog box. Constancy: In the spreadsheet, the
Baud Rate: The data transmission Constancy column displays True or False
to indicate whether or not the constancy
speed between the computer and
balance. meets the user defined value for a step.

Index TGA701 121


Covers: In the Method Step Equation Name: In the Method
Parameters, Covers specifies whether or Equation Parameters, the equation
not the sample requires a cover. Covers name allows the operator and the
are required for volatiles. software to reference a particular
Crucible Mass: In the spreadsheet, method result calculation in other
the Crucible Mass column displays the software operations and printouts. Each
weight of the crucible. equation name must be unique to avoid
ambiguity in calculations or other
Crucible Temperature: The calculated
software references.
crucible temperature as determined by
the element temperature and the
calibrated furnace parameter table. F
FPGA: From the Diagnostics Network
D tab, FPGA displays the version number
of the FPGA hardware on the device.
Data Bits: The number of transmitted
data bits per byte. Furnace: In the spreadsheet, the
Furnace column displays the number of
Date: In the calibration spreadsheet,
the furnace used for analysis if a dual
Date displays the date and time of the
furnace configuration is being utilized.
calibration.
Furnace Control: The current furnace
Description: In the spreadsheet, the
control power setting. Range: 0 (off) to
Description column displays information
100% (full power).
entered in the Sample login dialog box
by the analyst about the type of Furnace Temperature: The
operation or procedure. temperature of the furnace cavity.
During an analysis, the furnace
Device: A list of the various electronic
temperature is used only as a
assemblies in the instrument that are
redundant sensor to monitor for over-
connected to the network and
temperature conditions.
monitored by the program.
Download: From the Diagnostics
Network tab, Download is used to H
update the application firmware of a Home Position: The carousel is in the
specific device. home position when the reference
crucible is positioned over the balance
pedestal.
E
Element Temperature: The
temperature of the heating element. I
During an analysis, the element Initial Mass: In the spreadsheet, the
temperature is used to calculate and Initial Mass column displays the initial
control the crucible temperature. sample weight.
End Temperature: In the Method Step Instance: A unique number assigned
Parameters, End Temperature specifies to an electronic assembly that shows
the ending temperature for the current how many variations of each electronic
method step in C. assembly are present in the instrument.
Error%: In the calibration
spreadsheet, Error% displays the
calculated error for the new calibration:
L
Error% = 100*([calculated- Lid Mass: In the spreadsheet, the Lid
certified]/certified). Mass column displays the weight of the
crucible lid.

122 TGA701 Glossary


Location: In the spreadsheet, the O
Location column displays the position of
Operator: In the spreadsheet, the
the crucible in the carousel.
Operator column displays the name of
the person who performed the analysis.
M This information is entered by the
analyst in the Sample login dialog box.
MAC- ID: The network ID number
assigned to the electronic assembly Orphan: The database keeps track of
connected to the network. This number data objects such as samples,
is assigned at power up and can vary. calibrations, standards, methods, etc.
that are associated with each other.
Mass: In the calibration spreadsheet,
Orphan database objects are created
Mass displays the mass value of the
when the connection between data
standard.
objects is broken or corrupted.
Method: In the spreadsheet, the
Method column displays the method
used for the analysis. P
Moisture: In the spreadsheet, the Parity: The quality of being odd or
Moisture column displays the calculated even. Parity is used to ensure the
value for the moisture step. The validity of the data.
equation for this calculation is defined in Poll Devices: Determines which
Method Equations Examples, page electronic assemblies are signed on to
513. the network.
Port: The serial port of the computer
N used to connect and communicate with
the balance.
Name: In the spreadsheet, the Name
column displays the name assigned for Prev Error%: In the calibration
the sample in the Sample login dialog spreadsheet, Prev Error% displays the
box. error% for the previous calibration.
Network Power: From the Diagnostics
Network tab, Network power can be R
unchecked, to disable the power to the
Readability: The smallest increment of
network. This only disables the power
weight displayed. Determines the
that is going to the electronic assembly
number of digits that will display from
and does not disable the AC voltages
the balance results.
inside the instrument. The power to the
network can be turned off to briefly Recalculated Date: The date when an
troubleshoot a circuit board or a section analysis is recalculated. Until an
of the instrument. For longer or more analysis is recalculated, this column will
major troubleshooting, it is display the same data as the Analysis
recommended that the instrument be Date column.
powered off. Reference Crucible: An empty
NI Version: The version number of the crucible that is placed in the Home or
software currently being used. This zero position before analyzing a sample
number may vary between circuit to correct balance drift.
boards, but is constant between RMS Error: A method of quantifying
instruments for a given circuit board. the spread of data. RMS error is used to
determine which calibration curve has a
better fit. A lower RMS error has a
better fit.
RSD: Relative Standard Deviation

Index TGA701 123


S U
Send Command: The command sent Uncertainty: The range of values
from the instrument that will allow the within which the true value is estimated
balance results to be sent and to be. It is the best estimate of the
automatically entered into the possible inaccuracy due to both random
spreadsheet for the sample. and systematic error. (Taylor, John
Serial Number: The hardware ID Keenan. Statistical Techniques for Data
number assigned to the electronic Analysis. Lewis Publishers, Inc.:
assembly. This number is assigned Chelsea, Michigan. 1990)
during manufacturing and is unique to Unicode: A code used to represent
each electronic assembly. The serial text making it possible to transfer data
number is stored on the circuit board in from one computer to another. Unicode
a PROM. uses 16 bits for each character, which
Significant Digits: The digits required means that it can represent more
to represent the accuracy of an unique characters; therefore, Unicode is
approximate number beginning with the more useful for languages such as
leftmost non zero digit and ending with Chinese, Greek, and Japanese.
the rightmost non zero digit (or a zero
considered to be the exact value). For V
example 0.132 has three significant
digits and 3.142 has four significant Version: The number of the application
digits. firmware located on the electronic
assembly. This number can vary
Standards: Determination of analyte
between electronic assemblies but is
concentration by several laboratories
constant between instruments for a
utilizing more than one technique when
given electronic assembly.
applicable.
Volatize: Change from solid or liquid
Start Temperature: In the Method
to gas at relatively low temperatures
Step Parameters, Start Temperature
and pressures.
specifies the starting temperature for
the current step in C.
Stop Bits: The number of data bits W
that are used to signal the end of Weighting: Displays a factor manually
transmitted data. entered by the user to weight a
System Flow: The flow rate, in lpm, of particular calibration point. When one
the incoming furnace gas. calibration point is assigned a higher
value than other calibration points, that
point is considered more important and
T is therefore favored by the calibration
Temperature: In the spreadsheet, the curve.
Temperature column displays the
crucible temperature for a particular
step at the end of the analysis. X
XML: A cross-platform tool used to
structure, store, and to send
information in a simple text format.
Using Mass as an example, data is
transmitted as <Mass>1.000<Mass>.

124 TGA701 Glossary


13 Index

A
Accessories, and Components ................................................. 122
Actuator Button.......................................................................53
Ambient Monitor......................................................................83
Analysis, Overview ..................................................................54
Analyze a Sample.................................................................. 528
Analyze a Standard ............................................................... 516
Atmosphere............................................................................59
Audible Sounds ..................................................................... 432
Alarm .................................................................. 426, 432
Auto Assign Crucible Location.................................................. 426
Auto Find Crucible Location..................................................... 426
Automatically Transmit Analysis .............................................. 442

B
Backup Data ......................................................................... 547
Balance
Adjustment ..................................................................... 928
External, Optional - Refer to External Balance
Instability........................................................................ 429
Installation ........................................................................28
Internal Balance Tab ......................................................... 427
Poor Repeatability ............................................................ 952
Resolution See Specifications........................................... 124
Test................................................................................ 931
Unstable Readings ............................................................ 952
View Balance See View Menu.............................................49
Barometric Pressure .............................................................. 425
Batch Number, Change .......................................................... 415
Blower, External......................................................................33
Blower Maintenance............................................................34
Blower Filter Maintenance ....................................................35
Buffers
Export Buffers.................................................................. 544

Index TGA701 131


Export Buffers Format ....................................................... 411

C
Calibration ........................................................................... 518
Add Standard................................................................... 525
Edit Calibration ................................................................ 524
Format Pane .................................................................... 521
Manual Calibration See Format Pane................................. 521
Manual Weighting See Format Pane.................................. 521
New Calibration................................................................ 523
Plot ................................................................................ 522
Print ............................................................................... 520
Results Display ................................................................ 522
Saving Calibration ............................................................ 524
Spreadsheet Pane............................................................. 522
Viewing Calibration ........................................................... 524
Calibration Menu Bar ............................................................. 519
Carousel
Adjust............................................................................. 934
Advance Carousel Switch ................................................... 934
Alignment with Pedestal .................................................... 953
Carousel Return Switch ..................................................... 934
Home Position.................................................................. 935
Install ...............................................................................28
Lid Position Switch............................................................ 934
Poor Flow Calibration ........................................................ 954
Position........................................................................... 426
Positioning Errors ............................................................. 953
Speed Too Fast ................................................................ 955
Turn Position Switch ......................................................... 933
View Carousel .................................................................. 424
Weigh Position Switch ....................................................... 933
Caution Symbols ................................................................... 115
Chassis, Electronic Fan Filter .....................................................66
Columns in Spreadsheet ......................................................... 416
Communications ................................................................... 811
Comparator .......................................................................... 510
Components ......................................................................... 122
Computer
Autoexec.bat File.............................................................. 958
Communication with Instrument ......................................... 952
Diagnose Problems ........................................................... 958

132 TGA701 Index


Install ...............................................................................25
Package See Components and Accessories ........................ 122
Specifications................................................................... 124
Troubleshooting ............................................................... 952
Configuration Menu ............................................................... 411
Constancy Option .................................................................. 428
Copy Protection Key .............................................................. 921
Counters
Configuration .....................................................................63
Reset Maintenance Counters ................................................64
Covers ...................................................................................57
Speed Adjustment ............................................................ 937
Crucible
Cleaning ...........................................................................63
Touching Carousel During Weight Cycle ............................... 953
Location .......................................................................... 426
Preweighed Crucibles ........................................................ 530

D
Data, Backup and Restore ...................................................... 547
Data Transmit
Create and Modify Transmission Formats ............................. 439
Transmit Sample Data....................................................... 549
Database
Compact/Repair ............................................................... 463
Delete............................................................................. 460
Archive Log ..................................................................... 468
Managing for 21 CFR Part11............................................... 463
Menu .............................................................................. 466
Select Connection............................................................. 457
Declaration of Conformity ....................................................... 117
Diagnostics.............................................................................81
Diagnostics Menu .................................................................. 412
Dimensions See Specifications .............................................. 124
Dual Instrument Installation ................................................... 212

E
Edit Menu...............................................................................49
Electrical Power Supply
Specifications................................................................... 124
Troubleshooting ............................................................... 954
End Temperature ....................................................................57

Index TGA701 133


Equation Examples ................................................................ 513
Equations, Converting TGA-601 to TGA701 ............................... 513
Equipment Packages .............................................................. 120
Error, Alarm ......................................................................... 426
Ethernet .............................................................................. 910
Export
Data ............................................................................... 543
Text Buffers..................................................................... 544
Export Format
Create ............................................................................ 433
Export Data ..................................................................... 543
External Balace
Installation ........................................................................36
Perform Analysis with........................................................ 530
Stability Settings .............................................................. 430
External Blower.......................................................................31
Installation ........................................................................33
Maintenance ......................................................................34
External Exhaust, Specifications .............................................. 124

F
Facility Requirements............................................................. 126
Filters
Furnace Fan Filter...............................................................66
Electronic Chassis Fan Filter .................................................66
Filters for Sample Results ....................................................... 534
Firewall, Windows.................................................................. 915
Final Weight ......................................................................... 510
Flow, Poor Flow Calibration ..................................................... 954
Flow Rate ...............................................................................59
Furnace
Adjust Cover Speed .......................................................... 937
Calibration Problems ......................................................... 955
Clean................................................................................67
Cover Position.................................................................. 426
Cover Speed Too Fast ....................................................... 955
Excessive Smoke.............................................................. 955
Fan Filter ..........................................................................66
Overtemp........................................................................ 426
Seal Adjustment............................................................... 938
Thermocouple .................................................................. 943

134 TGA701 Index


G
Gas
Connections.......................................................................24
Flow Rate See Specifications ........................................... 124
Purity See Specifications ................................................. 124

H
Hardware Calibration ............................................................. 923
Help Menu Commands ........................................................... 412
Hold Time ..............................................................................58
Humidity See Specifications ................................................. 124

I
Import Data ......................................................................... 542
Installation
Balance, Pedestal, Carousel .................................................28
Dual Instrument............................................................... 212
External Blower..................................................................33
TGA701 Analyzer................................................................23
Interference to Other Devices ................................................. 116
International Installation ........................................................ 217

K
Key See Copy Protection Key

L
Lid Position Switch................................................................. 934
Log File, View .........................................................................69

M
Main Window, Software ............................................................46
Maintenance ...........................................................................61
External Blower..................................................................34
Periodic Schedule ...............................................................63
Reset Counters ..................................................................64
Maintenance Menu................................................................. 412
Max Time ...............................................................................59
Method
Clone ............................................................................. 415
Create ..............................................................................55
Delete............................................................................. 415
Edit ..................................................................................55

Index TGA701 135


Method Equations, Converting TGA-601 to TGA701 ............... 513
Method Equations ............................................................. 513
Number Formatting .......................................................... 449
Print ............................................................................... 415

N
Network .................................................................................89
Notice, Warranty ................................................................... 113
Number Formatting ............................................................... 449

O
Options................................................................................ 121
Overtemp............................................................................. 426
Oven Temperature See Specifications .................................... 124
Over Temperature Switch Reset .............................................. 942

P
Pedestal.................................................................................28
Pneumatic Actuator, Adjust..................................................... 934
Start Instrument .....................................................................45
Preweighed Crucibles ............................................................. 530

R
Ramp Rate .............................................................................58
Ramp Time.............................................................................58
Restore Data ........................................................................ 548
Results, Recalculate Results .................................................... 410
Result Format ....................................................................... 511
Result Units .......................................................................... 512

S
Sample
Analyze........................................................................... 528
Delete............................................................................. 414
Exclude........................................................................... 519
Include ........................................................................... 519
Log In............................................................................. 526
Templates ....................................................................... 446
Weight, Incorrect ............................................................. 953
Sample Filters....................................................................... 534
Automatic Updates for Filters ............................................. 536
Predefined Filters ............................................................. 536

136 TGA701 Index


Samples Menu ...................................................................... 410
Schematics........................................................................... 111
Seal Adjustment.................................................................... 938
Smartline ........................................................................... 946
Create Shortcut................................................................ 950
Modem Installation ........................................................... 946
NetOp Software Installation ............................................... 949
Operation Setup ............................................................... 951
Software
Communication Failure...................................................... 954
Install ...............................................................................93
Key See Copy Protection Key
Main Window .....................................................................46
Registration ..................................................................... 919
Upgrade.......................................................................... 918
Solenoids ...............................................................................88
Specifications ....................................................................... 124
Speed Adjustments................................................................ 936
Cover Speed .................................................................... 937
Spindle Drive and Indexer ...................................................... 934
Spreadsheet
Configure Spreadsheet ...................................................... 414
Enter Text ....................................................................... 423
Standards ............................................................................ 514
Analyze........................................................................... 516
Create ............................................................................ 514
Delete............................................................................. 516
Log In............................................................................. 515
Print ............................................................................... 517
Start Temperature...................................................................57
Status Bar ............................................................................ 413
Switches ................................................................................88
Switch Position Adjustment ................................................ 933
System Check....................................................................... 813
System Configuration............................................................. 425

T
Temperature
Control See Specifications ............................................... 124
End ..................................................................................57
Operating See Specifications ........................................... 124
Start.................................................................................57

Index TGA701 137


Templates, Sample ................................................................ 446
Theory of Operation.................................................................71
Thermocouple ....................................................................... 943
Adjustment ..................................................................... 943
Element .......................................................................... 943
Furnace .......................................................................... 943
Replacement.................................................................... 943
Thermogravimetric Analyzer, Install ...........................................23
Toolbar ..................................................................................46
Total Time..............................................................................58
Transfer Export and Import..................................................... 545
Troubleshooting .................................................................... 952
Turn Position Switch .............................................................. 933

U
USB Driver, Reinstall.............................................................. 954
User
Add or Change User Permission for Instrument ..................... 452
Assign User to Windows .................................................... 452
User Defined Fields ................................................................ 447

V
Ventilation..............................................................................24
View Menu .............................................................................49

W
Warning Symbols .................................................................. 115
Warranty.............................................................................. 113
Weigh Position Switch ............................................................ 933
Window .................................................................................59
Windows Firewall................................................................... 915

138 TGA701 Index