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Anglais 2e

A2 B1

LIVRE DU PROFESSEUR
Sous la direction de
Jean-Louis HABERT

Romain BERLIER, Agrg danglais


Lyce Joffre, Montpellier
IUFM Montpellier
Stphanie CIALONE, Agrge danglais
Lyce Docteur Lacroix, Narbonne
IUFM Montpellier
Marina GUIBERT
Agrge danglais
Lyce priv dAlzon, Nmes
Jean-Louis HABERT
Agrg danglais, Docteur en linguistique
Montpellier
Martine HOYET, Certifie danglais
Lyce Albert-Camus, Nmes
Dominique RIBEYRE, Certifie danglais
Lyce Henri IV, Bziers
NEW
IUFM Montpellier
Joanna WISTREICH, Certifie danglais
Lyce Alphonse Daudet, Nmes

Avec la collaboration de
Linda CHARRIERA-STIMSON, Certifie danglais
Lyce de la Chambre de Commerce, Nmes
Sommaire

Introduction : les f iches 3

1 City Life 10

2 Food & Drink 23

3 Conservation 37

4 Families 48

5 United we Stand 60

6 Leading the Way 72

7 As Others See Us 84

8 Visions 96

Fiches de travail 107

Toutes les rfrences des sites Internet prsentes dans cet ouvrage ont t vrifies attentivement la date dimpression. Compte tenu de la volatilit des sites et du dtournement possible
de leur adresse, les ditions Belin ne peuvent en aucun cas tre tenues pour responsables de leur volution. Nous appelons donc chaque utilisateur rester vigilant quant leur utilisation.

Le code de la proprit intellectuelle nautorise que les copies ou reproductions strictement rserves lusage priv du copiste et non destines une utilisation collective [article L. 122-
5] ; il autorise galement les courtes citations effectues dans un but dexemple ou dillustration. En revanche toute reprsentation ou reproduction intgrale ou partielle, sans le consente-
ment de lauteur ou de ses ayants droit ou ayants cause, est illicite [article L. 122-4]. La loi 95-4 du 3 janvier 1994 a confi au C.F.C. (Centre franais de lexploitation du droit de copie, 20, rue
des Grands Augustins, 75006 Paris), lexclusivit de la gestion du droit de reprographie. Toute photocopie duvres protges, excute sans son accord pralable, constitue une contrefaon
sanctionne par les articles 425 et suivants du Code pnal.

ditions Belin, 2010 ISBN 978-2-7011-5700-9


Introduction : les fiches

A propos des wordf ile exemple deux quipes peuvent travailler la mme fiche, lune
les f iches Wordwork vrifiant le compte-rendu oral de lautre. Si chaque quipe est
double on travaille avec huit groupes de quatre, pratique pour
Lenrichissement lexical est lune de nos ides fixes ! On une classe dune trentaine dlves.
trouvera donc, avec chaque double page ou page de documents,
Interact, cest galement un travail minut, une quinzaine de
une fiche dactivits lexicales dont le but est double : faire le
minutes maximum suffisant chaque groupe pour cocher les
point sur ce que les lves savent dans le champ lexical du
bonnes cases ou prparer quelques phrases de rponses ou de
thme tudi, et enrichir leurs connaissances sur ce sujet.
prsentation. Pendant la rflexion des groupes, le professeur
Ces activits prennent des formes diffrentes et peuvent circulera et sassurera de la pertinence des rponses et du
tre donnes travailler soit la maison en amont du cours travail fourni, en anglais dans toute la mesure du possible. Il
prvu, soit au dbut de ce dernier. Elles sont tlchargeables et pourra aussi apporter des prcisions phonologiques.
imprimables partir du site On Target et figurent aussi en fin de
Il ne faut pas craindre le bruit gnr par cette phase : dune
ce livre du professeur.
part il peut tre contenu dans une limite supportable que le
Il conviendra bien entendu de veiller ce que ce lexique soit professeur aura indique en amont de lactivit, dautre part il
remploy le plus souvent possible lors des activits proposes est le signe que les lves sont intellectuellement actifs, ce qui
dans le manuel, ainsi que sur les fiches teamfile et dans les nest pas toujours le cas en cours frontal traditionnel.
Projects proposs en fin de cours.
Le dlai imparti coul, le professeur exigera un retour au
Dans le mme esprit daide lexicale systmatique, nous silence. Le groupe 1 se lve (les autres suivront), et prend la
avons ajout en fin de manuel une partie Lexique permettant parole pour livrer ses informations la classe ; celle-ci a pour
aux lves de vrifier rapidement le sens des mots quils ne tche de prendre des notes, qui, de fait deviendront souvent
connaissent pas ou de trouver la traduction anglaise dun mot la base de la trace crite du cours. Il ne sagit pas de dicter des
franais, toutes les classes ntant pas quipes de banque de rponses quon lit mais bien de transmettre des informations en
dictionnaires. sassurant que lauditoire suit et comprend.
Le travail de prparation/restitution suppose bien sr de faire
A propos des teamf ile : en amont un travail mthodologique, que lon pourra pratiquer
les f iches Interact laide des fiches Mthodologie qui se trouvent la fin du
manuel.
Chaque double page ou page de documents propose dans
New On Target est assortie dune option Interact de travail
de groupe. Notre objectif est doffrir ainsi plusieurs parcours Corrig des f iches teamf ile
dapprentissage pour un mme document. (Interact)
En effet, le professeur choisit, selon sa classe et son projet, Il sagit ici dun travail de groupe, guid certes, mais nanmoins
davoir recours ou pas cette activit. En dautres termes, effectu en semi-autonomie ; les productions et restitutions
lenseignant peut soumettre aux lves les tches du Read ou orales seront faites dans la spontanit, ce qui suppose
du Listen du manuel, dune faon que lon pourrait qualifier de maladresses, erreurs, hsitations, omissions, reprises et auto-
traditionnelle , ou bifurquer vers les activits de Interact, correction. Il est videmment impossible de prvoir lavance
plus guides, gnrant plus doral de la part de plus dlves. les productions effectives des lves.
De la mme faon, le professeur a le choix de concevoir sa
Cest pourquoi, et nous y insistons, les corrigs des fiches
squence en intgrant ou pas la ralisation actionnelle appele
teamfile proposs dans ce livre du professeur nont pas valeur
Project. Mais nous rappelons nanmoins que les IO prconisent
de modle intangible des productions attendues : il sagit ici
dutiliser une approche actionnelle.
de suggestions de rponses possibles. Chaque corrig de
La section Interact, prsente sous forme de fiches fiche propose donc des noncs pouvant tre ventuellement
photocopiables, est un travail prcis, car chaque quipe se voit produits par chaque groupe dlves. Toutefois, les pistes qui
assigner une tche spcifique sur le document ou une seule sont proposes dans les fiches elles-mmes, ainsi que les
partie du document ; de nombreux exercices ont pour consigne banques daide lexicale notamment dirigent les lves vers
Tick the right answer, ce qui signifie que les lves sont exposs des rponses envisageables et acceptables, la logique de leur
de nombreux items lexicaux parmi lesquels il faut choisir le ou propos tant la cl de lacceptabilit de celui-ci. Diffrentes
les plus pertinents. Lexprience de la pratique de ces fiches rponses peuvent donc faire sens selon les cas et il conviendra
Interact dans nos classes nous encourage suggrer des de faire le point des rponses proposes lors des phases de
quipes de trois ou quatre lves maximum afin que chacun soit mise en commun.
sollicit la fois pendant la phase de prparation en groupes, et
Enfin, on notera utilement que le corrig dune fiche peut
dans lactivit de compte-rendu oral la classe qui suivra.
galement servir dans un premier temps orienter les lves
Quatre quipes de trois ou quatre lves, cela fait une classe dans la phase de prise de parole/restitution qui suit la prparation
de douze ou seize... effectif peu vraisemblable, sauf en situation en quipe du travail sur fiche.
de modules . Plusieurs solutions soffrent au professeur. Par

Introduction 3
Introduction : les fiches
A propos des Projects Cette fiche dauto-valuation est une fiche photocopiable
linfini, transfrable, rutilisable, quelle que soit lactivit Interact
Il y a trois Projects par chapitre : ce sont les dernires choisie.
activits des pages Comprhension de lcrit , Expression
autour dun document visuel , et Comptence culturelle
(Magazine) . Le principe qui sous-tend ce travail est le transfert Fiche Im a referee today!
des connaissances acquises lors du cours des situations Nous prconisons galement, de manire rgulire,
de communication courantes dans lesquelles les lves lintervention de quelques lves jury (quatre lves, chacun
doivent jouer un rle prcis ou se mettre dans la peau dun dentre eux tant charg dvaluer une quipe) dans le cadre de
personnage, le Project consistant effectuer le mieux possible la phase Interact. Chaque jury dispose de la grille Im a referee
la tche donne. today! pour observer et valuer une quipe de faon quitable.
Un Project de type actionnel doit faire lobjet dune consigne Il sagira ici dinter-valuation, sur un total de dix points (tout
incluant des contraintes respecter : dure de chaque phase comme la fiche dinter-valuation proprement dite). Lvaluation
(conception, validation, prparation, ralisation), niveau de de type paritaire permet aux lves de se jauger les uns les
langue, rgles du jeu ... Certes, cest limagination, autres et leur en apprend beaucoup sur les attitudes diverses de
loriginalit et la crativit des lves que nous faisons ici leurs camarades face au travail, comme dans une micro-socit
appel afin quils puissent trouver une relle motivation dans la part entire.
tche qui leur est confie ; mais cest la contrainte (voire les
contraintes) dans la consigne qui les guidera et les aidera
simprgner de la tche propose. Fiches dinter-valuation
Par ailleurs, comme dans toutes les activits de classe de Cette grille dvaluation prend en compte le fait que la plupart
langue, on demandera aux lves de rinvestir les contenus des Projects proposs dans le manuel, reposent sur une
manipuls et appris en cours. prestation orale (la plupart, mais cest loin dtre une rgle
En rsum, dans les activits thtrales des Projects et rigide, la perspective actionnelle mettant notamment en exergue
autres jeux de rles, il ne sagit en aucune manire de faire la crativit, limagination et limplication des lves).
lacteur dans le vide, gratuitement, sans raison et sans but. Pour valuer sayntes, sketches, et mini-pices de thtre
impliquant une prise de parole en continu ou en discontinu,
valuation possible des phases Interact nous proposons deux fiches : lune concernant la phonologie/
grammaire et le lexique, la deuxime la communication et
et des Projects actionnels linterprtation thtrale. La prestation des lves pour raliser
Nous vous fournissons ici des fiches dvaluation critries cl la mission confie est gnralement tellement remarquable, au
en main parfaitement adaptes aux activits proposes dans sens premier du terme, que nous ne pouvons raisonnablement
le manuel (Interact et Projects actionnels) et dans les fiches de pas faire lconomie dune valuation. Tout travail mrite
travail tlchargeables correspondantes (teamfile). salaire !
Concernant les Projects bass sur un travail crit, il sera
Fiche dauto-valuation judicieux doprer un savant dosage entre diffrents critres
dun travail en teamwork dvaluation tels que le contenu des informations apportes,
leur clart, les remplois de lexique et structures vus au cours de
Lauto-valuation, dont lintrt nest pas dmontrer, est lunit, ainsi que lorthographe, le soin, la lisibilit, la crativit,
ncessaire. Nos lves sen servent comme dun vritable levier lattractivit et les illustrations ventuelles ralises.
dapprentissage, et une fiche, claire et compose dun nombre
restreint de critres formuls positivement, est facile manipuler
par les lves dune part (elle est trs rapide renseigner avec Fiche End-of-class Assessment
efficacit et justesse) et par les enseignants dautre part (elle se La grille valuative End-of-class assessment a pour but de
[re]lit en un clin dil). Ces phases valuatives permettent aux rveiller , de dcupler lattention des lves en cours en leur
lves de dresser des bilans ponctuels de leur apprentissage et demandant de rflchir au contenu de celui-ci a posteriori. En le
les incitent sinvestir encore davantage dans le travail mis en confrontant son apprentissage tout frais , nous permettons
place et propos par le professeur, tant la volont dobtenir une llve de conceptualiser ce quil vient de faire. Le but est
bonne note tout en vitant de perdre la face dans lactivit videmment de lui faire prendre conscience de ses acquis et de
tellement expose dinteraction orale est prgnante. En effet, ses ventuelles lacunes afin dy remdier trs rapidement, sans
tout lve, quel que soit son niveau, peut obtenir un rsultat attendre.
honorable, voire, dans la majorit des cas, satisfaisant grce Bien entendu, il est envisageable, terme, dvaluer cette fiche
cette fiche dvaluation, condition bien sr quil travaille avec qui est souvent riche en enseignements pour le professeur !
dynamisme et bonne volont, cela va sans dire.

4 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


FICHE DAUTO-VALUATION DUN TRAVAIL EN INTERACTION

la fin de lheure de cours passe en Interact, remplissez ces deux parties de tableau pour obtenir votre note sur 10 du jour, celle de
votre prestation en interaction orale !

valuation du travail de prparation avec mon quipe


Oui Non
Nous avons travaill srieusement, sans perdre de temps, et avons accompli notre tche en totalit. 1 0
Nous avons bien jou le jeu et toujours parl en anglais (entre nous et avec le professeur, 2 0
quand nous lui demandions de laide).
Nous avons pris des notes non rdiges en vue de la restitution orale. 1 0

valuation de ma prestation orale personnelle


Oui Non
Jai capt lattention en parlant clairement, suffisamment fort et sans lire mes notes. 1 0
Jai t attentif (sans bavarder) et ractif ce que disaient les autres quipes. 2 0
Jai fait des efforts pour prononcer et accentuer correctement. 1 0
Jai utilis des gap fillers et des amorces et structures de la fiche de mthodologie. 1 0
Jai corrig mes interventions ou celles de mes camarades lors derreurs commises. 1 0

MA NOTE : / 10

Livre du professeur New On Target 2e 5


IM A REFEREE TODAY!
Mon prnom : ..................................................................... Date : ................................ Je moccupe de suivre lquipe......................
.
Membres de lquipe : ...............................................................................................................................................................................................

PENDANT LE TRAVAIL DE PRPARATION DE LQUIPE


Oui Non Remarques
Tous les membres de lquipe taient concentrs et ont particip activement 1 0
et srieusement au travail commun.
Tous les membres de lquipe ont bien gr le temps imparti et prpar avec 1 0
soin la phase de restitution orale.
Tous les membres de lquipe ont russi parler seulement en anglais entre 2 0
eux et avec le professeur.

PENDANT LA RESTITUTION ORALE DE LQUIPE


Oui Non Remarques
Tous les membres de lquipe ont pris la parole quitablement et sans 1 0
coller des notes rdiges.
Ils ont parl voix haute, distinctement et assez lentement, en regardant 1 0
rgulirement leur auditoire.
Ils ont fait des efforts frquents pour atteindre une prononciation et une 1 0
accentuation satisfaisantes.
Ils ont fait des efforts de correction grammaticale (et dauto-correction) en 1 0
produisant des noncs oraux.
Ils ont toujours fait en sorte de sexprimer en anglais entre eux et avec leur 2 0
auditoire en interaction.
BONUS ventuel : leur intervention orale tait agrable suivre et leur 1 0
message est clairement pass.

RELEV DES ERREURS CONSTATES / ENTENDUES


GRAMMAIRE PHONOLOGIE
(syntaxe, formes verbales, accords...) (prononciation, accentuation...)

LA NOTE DE LQUIPE : __________/ 10

Commentaire : ............................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


FICHE DINTER-VALUATION
Mon nom : .............................................................................................................................. valuation de : ................................................

Type de projet et intitul : ...................................................................................................... Date : ................................................................

Phonologie et grammaire
Oui Non Exemples entendus
Efforts faits sur laccentuation 1 0
(accents de mot ou de phrase bien marqus)
Efforts faits sur la prononciation 1 0
(spcificits de langlais : r , th ... diphtongues...)
Rythme et musicalit de la langue 1 0
(discours produit tonique ou pas)
Efforts faits sur la correction grammaticale 2 0
Complexit de la langue 1 0
(noncs produits : simples ou complexes)

Lexique
Oui Non
Rutilisation de lexique vu en cours 2 0
Qualit globale du lexique (simple ou complexe) 1 0
Remploi de lexique fonctionnel (Classroom English, phrases de communication, dinteraction) 1 0

BONUS
Apports lexicaux personnels pour enrichir le script 1 0

Commentaire et points amliorer : .......................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TOTAL DES POINTS : __________/10

Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


FICHE DINTER-VALUATION
Mon nom : .............................................................................................................................. valuation de : ................................................

Type de projet et intitul : ...................................................................................................... Date : ................................................................

Communication
Oui Non Exemples entendus
Aisance (la communication passe ou pas) 1 0
100% ANGLAIS (aucun mot de franais prononc du dbut la fin) 1 0
Mmorisation du script : qualit de lapprentissage (lecture, oublis... ou 2 0
bien dclamation russie)
Voix (puissante et claire, ou pas) 1 0

Interprtation thatrale
Oui Non Exemples entendus
Intensit du jeu dacteur (implication thtrale, totale, et de bout en bout) 2 0
Body language (gestuelle, mimiques, regards, attitudes) 1 0
Ton adapt la situation (plat ou vivant : comique, tragique, ironique, etc.) 1 0
Mise en scne (prparation, objets, costumes) 1 0
BONUS : crativit et originalit, humour 1 0

Commentaire et points amliorer : .......................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TOTAL DES POINTS : __________ /10

Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


END-OF-CLASS ASSESSMENT
Name : ........................................................................................... Form : ................................... Date : .........................................................

Cette grille vous permet de rcapituler ce que vous avez fait et appris pendant lheure danglais qui vient de scouler.
En la remplissant avec soin et prcision, vous allez pouvoir tablir un bilan ponctuel de votre apprentissage.

Activit langagire pratique ce jour comprhension de loral


expression orale
interaction orale
comprhension de lcrit
expression crite
interaction crite
Type dexercice propos PPC (= production orale en monologue)
exercice lacunaire (= texte trous)
Recap oral du cours prcdent
criture dun compte-rendu
News report
team(/group)work
expos speed dating
projet actionnel
valuation
Document propos / distribu / annot fiche de mthodologie
fiche de grammaire
fiche de vocabulaire
fiche de phonologie
communication
consigne de projet actionnel
worksheet
autre : .....................................................................................................................
Support utilis extrait vido enregistrement audio texte document iconographique
BD presse crite carte autre :.................................
Thme de la squence en cours .....................................................................................................................
AUJOURDHUI, JAI RETENU... 1 .................................
4 mots de vocabulaire nouveaux : 2 .................................
3 .................................
4 .................................
1 .........................................................................................................................
2 structures nouvelles :
2 ..........................................................................................................................
1 .................................
2 symboles phontiques :
2 .................................
HOMEWORK pour le cours suivant ..........................................................................................................................

Jai t attentif/attentive en cours et cela se voit sur cette fiche !


Pour progresser, je dois mieux suivre et mimpliquer dans le cours.

Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


1 City Life
Pages douverture (p. 10-11) ans aprs, la destruction du World Trade Center vcue en direct
lpoque par des millions de gens rivs leur poste de TV tait
SPEAK (p. 11) encore trs prsente dans la mmoire collective. Jay McInerney
Nous conseillons de confier cet ensemble de questions a su mler fiction et ralit et nous replonge dans le New York
six groupes dlves dont chacun travaillera sur une des meurtri du 11 septembre travers quelques personnages dont
photographies. Les groupes rendront ensuite compte de leur le destin sera boulevers par lvnement.
travail lensemble de la classe. Ce document a t choisi pour faire le bilan dun attentat qui
Il sagit surtout dintroduire la thmatique de la vie en ville aura marqu lhistoire du monde, mais galement pour inciter
aujourdhui. On veillera donc mener les activits avec une les lves effectuer des recherches sur le nouveau projet
certaine clrit. dune ville rsolument tourne vers lavenir.
Une fiche daide lexicale distribue tous les groupes peut Pour davantage dinformations sur le roman et son auteur :
se rvler plus quutile. La liste suivante est fournie titre http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jay_McInerney
dexemple. Elle est non exhaustive et donne dlibrment dans http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Good_Life_(novel)
le dsordre pour forcer les groupes faire le tri aprs recherche http://www.jaymcinerney.com/
du sens des mots inconnus. Corrig
students school uniforms hang about/around relax after a  The two characters are Corrine and a man, whose name is
hard days work or an exam basketball court park multi- not mentioned in the text.
racial ice rink ice skating downtown city centre caps
hoods windbreakers tracksuits inner city suburbs  They have never met before.
immigration graffiti working class district upper class/posh  Another character is mentioned: his name is Guillermo. We
district sneakers BMX bike at a loose end baggy clothes suppose that he died during the attack. (Windows on the World
whistle street art after school drop-outs beanies was a restaurant at the top of the North Tower. See picture at:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_on_the_World.
The Survivor (p. 12-13) WRITE (p. 12)
SPEAK (p. 12) Corrig (exemple)
Corrig I was supposed to meet my friend Guillermo at Windows on the
 We can easily recognise the place in New York where the World World.
Trade Center was attacked. Two planes crashed into the Twin Towers Yesterday?
on September 11, 2001. About one hour after the attack, the towers Er, yes. Yesterday, at 9 am. I hadnt seen him for ages. You know,
collapsed before the eyes of millions of people who saw it live on the restaurant, at the top of the north tower.
screen. It is now referred to as the 9/11 attack. Nice restaurant, yeah.
Used to be. He was supposed to tell me about his coming
We are struck by the amount of ash, dust and soot everywhere.
exhibition. An exhibition of paintings.
In the foreground, a group of three policemen seem to be at a
Your friends a famous painter? And you havent heard from
loss as to what to do. One of them is covering his mouth with a
him since yesterday?
handkerchief. Other policemen are heading off on bikes towards
Nothing. I left hundreds of messages on his voice mail. Cant
what remains of the towers. The place is in total chaos.
get in touch with the police either...
 Given the title, the text must be about a person who Keep hoping. Rescuers are digging day and night for survivors.
survived the 9/11 attack. It might be autobiographical or totally Your friend might be one of them.
fictitious.
 The scene takes place in Lower Manhattan, New York City. WORDWORK wordfile-p13
After the attack, the place was called Ground Zero (a military Rappeler que lidentification de la nature des mots permet
term that designates the point where an explosion has occurred) daider les lves dans leur choix. Par exemple :
but now New Yorkers call it The World Trade Center site. en 1, had a des chances dtre suivi dun participe pass ;
les mots se terminant en ly sont presque toujours des
READ (p. 12) adverbes, ce qui donne une indication de leur place dans la phrase,
Faire lire les questions avant de lancer les lves dans la et peut permettre lidentification de leur sens, si celui-ci est oubli
lecture. Autre forme danticipation du contenu. Cette tape ou inconnu. Rappeler la transparence (crite) de certains mots,
nest pas ncessaire si lon choisit loption du travail en groupe mais aussi lexistence de nombreux faux-amis.
(Interact). Corrig
Le document est extrait du bestseller The Good Life crit par 1. warned bombers determined regardless
Jay McInerney en 2006. Une partie du succs de ce roman vient 2. emergency cope casualties critically in shock
probablement du fait que lauteur fut un des premiers intgrer 3. threat scared risk went off survival
lattentat du 11 septembre 2001 dans une uvre de fiction. Cinq 4. warning fatalities worried danger

10 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

INTERACT (p. 13)  e/ T. Line 20: ...afraid she might scare him Line 28: Are
Corrig you... all right?
f/T. Line 24: Corinne held out a bottle of Evian
Team 1 teamfile-p13-1
g/F. Line 21: ...a little spooked herself... the street and sidewalks
A. /F. At the bottom of the text: From Jay McInerney, The Good deserted...
life, 2006. h/T. Line 32: She supposed he was in shock or something.
/F. Line 11: He paused to lean against a Mercedes... Line 
15: His knees showed through the ripped legs.... The other Corrine said: Are you... all right?
character, Corrine, is clearly identified (line 20, line 24...). Youre the first person Ive seen.
He finally said:
/F. Line 11: He paused to lean against a Mercedes. Unless Im imagining you.
No, no. At least I dont think you are. Its
/T. Line 21: ...the street and sidewalks deserted, as if they She replied:
hard to tell, though. Whats real, I mean.
were the last two people on earth.
He inquired: Can you still smell it here?
/F. Line 42: I was supposed to meet my friend Guillermo at The smoke?
Windows on the World. Line 44: Yesterday? The scene takes She asked:
Have you been... digging?
place the day after the attack and he is in shock because he I was supposed to meet my friend Guillermo
He said:
probably does not know where his friend is. at Windows on the World.
/F Probably not, for he hasnt heard from his friend since the She finally asked: Yesterday?
attack. He must be one of the casualties.
B. (Exemple)
B. (Exemple)
 When Corrine first saw the man, he was leaning against a
The passage is an extract from the novel The Good Life, by Jay
Mercedes, a yellow respirator dangling from his neck. His face
McInerney. The book was published in 2006. The scene takes
was covered with dust and his trousers were torn. Corrine
place the day after the 9/11 attack when the World Trade Center
approached but felt worried for him. She wanted to help him and
collapsed. The two characters present are Corrine and a man
she held out a bottle of Evian to him. The place was deserted and
who is not clearly identified. The streets are deserted and the
spooky. The way he looked made her think he was in shock.
characters feel isolated. The man is in shock: he was supposed to
meet his friend, Guillermo, the day of the attack and has probably  When Corrine saw him, she asked him if he was all right.
not heard from him since then. He finally said she was the first person he had seen unless he
was imagining her. She replied he wasnt or at least she didnt
Team 2 teamfile-p13-2
think he was because it was hard to say what was real or not. He
A.  Duane Street, West Broadway. inquired if she could still smell it there and she wanted to know
 1/F. Line 4: Her first feeling was that he was at least a day if it was the smoke he was talking about. She asked him if he
late. had been digging and he replied he had been supposed to meet
2/F. Line 6: ...thousands had made this same march up West his friend Guillermo at Windows on the World. She finally asked
Broadway,... if he had been supposed to meet him the day before. On peut
3/F. Line 5: Yesterday morning, and well into the afternoon [...] ajouter : The man had obviously lost track of time.
fleeing the tilting plume of smoke...  Le texte est court, les lves prendront leur temps pour
4/T. Line 8: ...covered in the same gray ash... restituer cette partie de la scne et soigneront lintonation.
5/T. Line 9: ....as the cerulean sky rained paper down on them.
Team 4 teamfile-p-13-4
B. (Exemple)
A.  The World Trade Center
After the 9/11 attack, ash had covered an impressive area from
the World Trade Center, along Broadway up to Duane Street. Built in 1970
When Corrine first saw him, she thought that the man was at To tip of the antenna/spire: 1,727 ft
= 526,3m
least a day late, when thousands of people had walked up West Height To roof: 1,368 ft = 417 m (North tower)
Broadway all morning and a part of the afternoon to flee the To roof: 1,362 ft = 415 m (South tower)
ash, dust and smoke. They were covered with dust, and paper Number of storeys 110
was falling down on them as they headed north. Number of companies 430
working there
Team 3 teamfile-p13-3 Number of people 50,000
A.  a/F. Line 11: He paused to lean against a Mercedes. working there
b/F. Line 12: ...a yellow respirator dangling from his neck like a Number of daily visitors 140,000
talisman...
The 9/11 attack
c/F. Line 13: ...the creases of his face highlighted by the gray
Location Manhattan, NYC.
powder.
Time 9/11/2001, 8 to 10 a.m
d/F. Line 15: His knees showed through the ripped legs of...
Casualties 2,823
Line 23: The hard hat looked anomalous...
1. City Life 11
1 City Life
Distance from which the attack was WOMAN: My ideal city would be a combination of London and
20 miles = 32,2 km New York City with Irish countryside around it.
visible in miles/kms
Number of days workers were digging PRESENTER: Heres one from Karl, whos 15:
230 MAN: My perfect town would be blue, everything would be
at Ground Zero
blue. I would ban cars so there would be no accidents.

PRESENTER: Mandy, whos 13, has this to say:
Name of the main tower The Freedom Tower WOMAN: My ideal city would be full of young children with
Architect David Childs big palaces full of gold, and footpaths for slow people and
Number of storeys 82 footpaths for other people. There would be loads of nightclubs
Height to roof
1,368 ft = 417 m. The same as the roof and castles.
of the old WTC. PRESENTER: This is from Helena, aged 14:
1,776 ft = 541 m. The same number WOMAN: My city would have the worlds biggest library. And all
Height to tip of spire as the year of the Declaration of soaps would be banned from TV!
Independence (July, 4th 1776). PRESENTER: Now, from Brian, aged 15:
Cost $ 2,000,000,000 MAN:My ideal city would be litter-free and you could stay out
all night.
B. A partir des donnes chiffres, les lves feront des phrases PRESENTER: From Naomi, 16:
compltes quil est souhaitable de ne pas rdiger pour garder un WOMAN: My city would be like Hollywood. There would be no
minimum de spontanit dans la restitution. poverty but many places to keep kids out of trouble.
PRESENTER: The next mail is from Harry, whos 15:
PROJECT (p. 13)
MAN: Where I live there is no public transport so you have to
On profitera de lexercice pour rviser les structures du drive everywhere you go. So, in my city youd be able to walk
questionnement. Les questions devront tre courtes, claires et everywhere or thered be a bus to take you there... for free!
formules simplement. PRESENTER: Annie, 15, writes:
Questionnaire n1 (On peut envisager un yes or no WOMAN: There would be no need for a police force because
questionnaire). Le personnel de soutien psychologique posera everything would be perfect: no crime, no litter in the streets,
des questions sur les dtails de la catastrophe, ltat physique no bubble gum crushed on the pavement, and no graffiti!
et psychologique des survivants et leurs besoins immdiats. PRESENTER: William is 16, and he says:
Questionnaire n2. Les survivants poseront des questions sur MAN: In my ideal city, no one would live on the street. The
leurs amis ou membres de famille proches impliqus dans la weather would be great, there would be loads of sports
catastrophe galement, et la prise en charge ventuelle. facilities, cinemas and theatres and music shops. Of course,
it would be unpolluted and plants and trees would grow

Teenagers Ideal City


everywhere.
(p. 14) PRESENTER: Finally, a mail from Betsy, whos 15:
WOMAN: Id build a city so that everyone would have to be
SPEAK (p. 14)
polite and kind to others, so there would be no violence.
Corrig PRESENTER: More on this after the break!
 The teenagers interviewed here may want to live in a (track 2)
greener environment. In their ideal city, they may want places
to make them forget the drawbacks of urban living (e.g. more PRESENTER: Welcome back. Weve had a call from Paddy, who
open spaces where they could play sport and be away from seems to have given more thought to the problem. Lets hear
exhaust fumes.) from her.
PADDY: Ive been thinking about my ideal town and what it
 When city life is discussed, people usually think of the
would contain to make it an ideal place for me to live in. This
problems created by street violence, gangs, drug-dealing,
is what Ive come up with:
traffic jams, poverty or social inequalities. The teenagers
interviewed may dream of a city where all those problems would 1. Id like a square: a green area where we could meet and chat,
be solved. They may also tell us why they enjoy living in a city have a cup of tea or coffee and just watch whats going on.
(e.g. more cultural events, more museums, more libraries, more 2. A cinema would be great with two or three screens it
opportunities, more entertainment facilities...) wouldnt have to be too big because my ideal town has a
small but neighbourly population. Not nosey mind you!
LISTEN (p. 14) 3. A green system of transport around the town would
TAPESCRIPT tapescript1 p14, tapescript2-p14 be nice bicycles, some kind of tram system, something
(track 1) unobtrusive and nonpolluting.
PRESENTER: Here are some reactions we received by mail. This 4. A bookshop with comfortable chairs.
is from Jennifer, who is 16: 5. The streets in my town would be wide enough to have a

12 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

green area in the middle, with trees of course.  Brians.


6. No litter anywhere.  No one talks about schools or health facilities.
7. There would definitely have to be a bypass for traffic! No Paddy sounds much more mature and she seems to have a
through traffic allowed. Only local traffic. much more profound approach to the problem. She comes up
8. Our primary school would have character to it. It would be with common-sense and well-thought-out solutions to almost
an example to all as to how environmentally-friendly building all the problems one has to solve in a modern city. Shes given a
techniques can be used effectively. lot of thought to education, which the others didnt.
9. Secondary education would be top class. Exams would
be continual assessment not one final big set of tests. Id WRITE (p. 14)
include more time for the pupils to get career guidance, to Cette activit peut tre propose comme devoir faire la
have classes in personal development, road safety skills maison et une synthse orale rapide en dbut du cours suivant
and so on. peut tre envisage. Les productions crites pourraient aussi
10. A huge DIY shop with really low prices! donner lieu une valuation de lexpression crite.
11. An open-air market area would add life to the town: Il pourrait tre demand aux lves de rutiliser les mots du
organic foods, unusual things to buy, and all the fun of the Wordwork si ces activits ont t faites au pralable.
fair!
12. No McDonalds, Burger King or Super Macs thank you! WORDWORK wordfile-p14
Corrig (B)
13. A properly-equipped medical centre with doctors, dentists,
specialists, surgeons... all free! alley/ruelle basilica/basilique block/pt de maisons bridge/
14. Law enforcement would be minimal. pont building/btiment by-pass/rocade cathedral/cathdrale
church/glise condominium/appartements (en coproprit)
15. All the people in my ideal town would have a home to live
department store/grand magasin downtown, town centre/
in house, an apartment, whatever somewhere nice to
centre-ville high rise building, tower block/tour hospital/
live.
hpital inner city/quartier dshrit intersection, crossroads/
16. Wed have a beach nearby to visit during the summer. carrefour movie theater, cinema/cinma outskirts/faubourgs
17. Internet access would be free for all. overpass, flyover/pont autoroutier row of houses/range de
18. Wed have a river flowing through our town, ideal for maisons shop window/vitrine shopping mall/centre/centre
boating, canoeing, swimming, fishing, snorkelling, and so commercial skyscraper/gratte-ciel square/place stadium/
on. The water would be crystal clear because it wouldnt be stade station/gare stock exchange/bourse stop light,
polluted. traffic lights/feux de circulation store, shop/boutique street/
19. Beautiful architecture, monuments, museums, statues... rue suburb(s)/banlieue subway, underground, tube/mtro
showcasing the talents of our townspeople. terraced houses/maisons ouvrires tunnel/tunnel underpass/
20. A university to develop our minds would be a bonus souterrain water tower/chteau deau
free of course!
PRONOUNCE pronfile-p14
Lenregistrement utilise des rponses authentiques dado- Corrig
lescents. B. 3 US states: Arkansas, Illinois, Ohio.
Commencer par faire dcrire la photo p. 14. Cela donnera 5 UK cities/shires: Hertford(shire), Leicester(shire), Derby-
loccasion aux lves de se prparer lcoute et de faire le lien (shire), Worcester(shire), Cambridge(shire).
avec les sections prcdentes si elles ont t travailles. 2 cities not in the USA or the UK: Melbourne (Australia), Vancouver
Prparation lcoute : faire lire les questions avant de lancer (Canada).
lenregistrement ; sassurer quelles sont toutes bien comprises.
(On sapercevra vite quil est plus facile et plus rapide de se
INTERACT (p. 14)
servir des fiches Interact pour obtenir une synthse des ides Prciser quon ne prend que des notes tlgraphiques.
rsumes par les questions de comprhension). Corrig
Corrig Team 1 teamfile-p14-1
A.
 A clean environment and a safe, crime-free city.
 Those who want the city to be blue (!) or those who would Name age opinions
like a city full of golden castles and night clubs with no curfew. Jennifer 16 Mixture of London, NYC and Irish countryside.
 Those who talk about a city where poverty and crime would Karl 15 A blue city with no cars, and so no accidents.
be banned as well as those who think in terms of culture, sports Lots of golden castles and nightclubs, and
Mandy 13
and the environment. footpaths.
 Jennifer, Harry, Annie, William. Helena 14 A huge library and no soaps on TV.
 Annie and Betsy. Brian 15 A litter-free, curfew-free city.

1. City Life 13
1 City Life
Team 2 teamfile-p14-2 lindustrie qui lentoure et les effluves quelle dgage, occupent
A. lessentiel de lespace dans ce tableau.
Name Age Opinions Les personnages sont bien prsents mais ils ont laspect de
Naomi A Hollywood-like city without poverty and filaments fragiles, menacs par leur environnement.
16 facilities to keep kids out of trouble.
Il serait intressant de proposer aux lves de comparer
Harry A city with only public transport and where la photo de la double-page prcdente (The Survivor) et A Street
15 everything is within walking distance.
Scene : la composition prsente de surprenantes similitudes
Annie 15 A super clean, crime-free city.
et la menace diffuse du tableau de Lowry prfigure la terreur
William A city where everyone has a shelter, with lots of authentique du clich pris le 11 septembre.
16 sports and entertainment facilities.
Betsy 15 A peaceful city with polite inhabitants. La fiche dinformation bonusfile123-p15
Une fiche dinformation est tlchargeable. Elle fournit des
Team 3 teamfile-p14-3
renseignements sur le peintre, le background et le tableau.
A.
relevant irrelevant
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont
disponibles galement en version enregistre.
1. green areas and places for people to meet
2. cinemas no nosey people SPEAK (p. 15)
3. non-polluting transport On peut suivre pas pas les pistes indiques dans le manuel et
4. comfortable bookstore
pour lesquelles il ne peut bien entendu pas y avoir de corrig type.
5. wide thoroughfares with lots of trees
On peut aussi opter pour une approche visant linteraction
6. a litter-free city
entre les lves, en utilisant les trois textes du bonusfile et en
7. no through traffic procdant comme pour une activit Interact (divisions de la
8. nice energy-efficient primary school classe en groupes, tude dun seul texte du bonusfile par chaque
9. top class secondary schools curriculum and groupe, compte-rendu...).
career guidance
10. huge cheap DIY store PROJECT (p. 15)
Team 4 teamfile-p14-4 Il paratrait bien irraliste de proposer un corrig de ce
A. projet. Toutefois notons que le site : http://images.google.
fr/images?hl=fr&source=hp&q=lowry&aql=&oq=&gs_
relevant irrelevant
rfai=&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wi offre une grande varit
11. an open market organic food
de tableaux du peintre qui permettront aux lves dimaginer
12. no fast food restaurants
facilement lenvironnement quil dpeint ainsi que les couches
13. a proper medical centre sociales de la population qui habitent ces villes.
14. minimal law enforcement
(police presence) Les lves trouveront une carte du Lancashire sur : http://www.
15. shelter and nice homes for everyone itraveluk.co.uk/maps/england/county/lancashire- map.png qui
16. nearby beach les aidera situer la ville de Salford.
17. free internet access La situation des villes de lAngleterre industrielle (industrial
18. clean, pollution-free river heartlands) est dcrite sur : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_
19. nice architecture, museums, monuments Depression_in_the_United_Kingdom
20. a university free tuition Mme si larticle contient quelques imprcisions, les lves y
trouveront lessentiel de ce quils ont besoin de savoir.
A Street Scene (p. 15) Les interviews quon demande aux lves de raliser devront
bien entendu tre lcho des connaissances acquises lors de
Depuis toujours la ville a fascin les hommes, et tout ltude des documents trouvs sur les sites indiqus.
particulirement les artistes. Le peintre L. S Lowry, natif du
Lancashire, a trouv linspiration en regardant autour de lui : sa
ville de Salford est en effet abondamment reprsente dans ses Language Corner (p. 16-17)
uvres. Le present perfect en be + V-ing (p. 16)
Le tableau propos ici est en parfaite harmonie thmatique
Observation
avec le contenu du chapitre, comme son titre lindique.
Le but de la PRL est de bien attirer lattention des lves sur
Si la scne peut sembler ordinaire Lowry disait de lui, If
le fait que lemploi de cette forme permet dadditionner les deux
people call me a Sunday painter Im a Sunday painter who paints
valeurs du present perfect et de laspect be + V-ing. Noter que
every day of the week! la reprsentation quen fait le peintre
les linguistes considrent aussi que le present perfect nest pas
nest pas pour autant banale : la ville, ses btiments imposants,
un temps mais un aspect . Ici nous voulons faire comprendre

14 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

que le choix de cette forme verbale par lnonciatrice montre que Its impossible to breathe downtown. The acrid smoke has been
son esprit a fait, au moment de parole, un bilan de la situation et drifting north-east since yesterday morning. Circonstances, on
de ltat dans lesquels lhomme se trouve. dcrit o va la fume et depuis combien de temps elle drive.
Corrig Ive been thinking and this is what Ive come up with: we should
turn this place into a memorial park. Le fait que lnonciateur a
 Description : have + participe pass de be (auxiliaire de beaucoup rflchi et la conclusion laquelle il est arriv. On ne
la forme en be + V-ing) + participe prsent du verbe conjugu
dit rien des circonstances de cette rflexion.
(dig). Le tout employ la forme interrogative.
b. Cest le cas dans une seule de ces cinq noncs : Its impossible
 Lnonciatrice est Corinne qui, le lendemain du 11 Septembre, to breathe downtown. The acrid smoke has been drifting north-
voit arriver vers elle un homme hagard couvert de cendre, east since yesterday morning.
extnu et assez mal en point.
c. Traduction.
 Linterlocuteur (ou co-nonciateur) est lhomme en question. Il faut bien dire que je ne dors pas trs bien ces temps-ci.
 Valeurs de laspect be + V-ing : les lves vont sans doute Aprs ces attentats, je garde mon pistolet porte de main.
dire quil sert dcrire ce que font les gens un moment prcis Au cas o.
puisque cest la premire chose quils apprennent concernant Ce matin on dirait des fantmes ces pompiers. Ils ont cherch
cette forme que lon traduit alors par en train de . Mais on voit des survivants toute la nuit.
bien ici que cette explication ne va pas convenir. Do la question Au centre ville, il est impossible de respirer. Cette fume acre
qui suit. drive vers le nord-est depuis hier matin.
 Non, il est en train de... marcher ! Jai bien rflchi et voici la conclusion laquelle je suis
arriv(e) : nous devrions faire de cet endroit un parc la
 La question vise aider llve bien visualiser la scne. mmoire des disparus.
Et compte tenu de la longue description de ltat dans lequel
Exercice 2
se trouve lhomme, il est clair que cest cet tat qui interpelle
Ceci nest pas un simple exercice de grammaire , mais une
Corinne.
mise en situation dexpression qui met llve dans la peau dun
 Cest donc bien ltat dans lequel se trouve lhomme qui vritable nonciateur. La notion dintention de communiquer est
lintresse, pas la dure de ce quil a fait, mais le rsultat prsent donc sous-jacente dans tous les exemples retenus, ainsi que la
de cette action (dig) sur lui. (On fait bien sr rfrence aux notion de commentaire apporte par be + V-ing.
nombreux volontaires qui sont alls aider les pompiers essayer
Corrig
de dgager des survivants ventuels, souvent mains nues).
a. Have you been drinking (again)? (autres formulations en be
Nous insistons bien sur le mot ici . Dans un autre contexte + V-ing acceptables).
la valeur de ce present perfect/be + V-ing, ou continue comme b. How long have you been studying here?
on lappelle toujours dans les grammaires anglaises, pourrait c. It looks to me as if you have been painting your hair too.
tre totalement diffrente. Ici, le present perfect/be + V-ing d. But Caroline, what on earth have you been doing?
indique que lnonciatrice suppose quelle connat la cause de
ltat de lhomme. Elle en demande juste confirmation. La glose Exercice 3
serait : vu ltat o vous tes, je suppose que vous avez pass Nous ne renonons pas lexercice de version ! Cest donc le
la journe et la nuit creuser la recherche de survivants. La moment dattirer lattention des lves sur les problmes de
fin du texte permet dexpliquer dailleurs pourquoi lhomme a traduction des temps . Nous essayons de contextualiser
sans doute pass tout ce temps dans les ruines : il avait rendez- lexercice en nous servant de la thmatique de la double page
vous avec un ami intime au restaurant Windows on the World dont lextrait est tir. Il ne sagit donc pas de traduire des
qui se trouvait au sommet de la tour. Cest son retard qui lui a phrases isoles, mais de vritables noncs changs dans des
sauv la vie. situations relles ou plausibles.
Corrig
Application
a. Elle se comporte de faon bien trange depuis quelle est
Exercice 1
sortie vivante de cette tour.
Le but de lexercice est de rappeler que la valeur sur laquelle on
b. Voil deux jours que Corinne aide les quipes de secours. Pas
a conduit la PRL ci-dessus nest pas la seule.
tonnant quelle ait lair si fatigue.
Corrig c. Voyons, quest-ce qui ne va pas, Mr. Brown ? Je fais des
a. I must say I havent been sleeping too well recently. tat du cauchemars (depuis quelques temps).
sujet (fatigue, anxit, nervosit) d. Quels genres de cauchemars ? Je rve que jtais serveur au
After these attacks, I have been keeping my gun real close. Windows on the World quand le premier avion a percut la tour.
Just in case. tat du sujet, voir ci-dessus. e. Mais vous ne travaillez pas Manhattan, si ? Non. Dieu merci.
These firefighters look like ghosts this morning. They have Je travaille dans le Queens. Jy travaille comme boueur depuis
been looking for survivors all night. Circontances, le travail a peu prs cinq ans.
dur toute la nuit. Mais la nuit est... finie.

1. City Life 15
1 City Life
f. Je crois que vous vous sentez coupable parce que, c. We would have a bookshop with comfortable chairs.
contrairement tous ces pauvres gens, vous tes toujours d. Only local traffic would be allowed and through traffic would
en vie. Cest une raction psychique assez courante chez les be banned.
survivants. e. I would build a huge DIY shop with really low prices.
f. McDonalds, Burger King and Super Macs would also be
Le modal would (p. 17) banned.
Observation g. I would make sure we had a properly-equipped medical centre
Mme si la traduction des noncs qui contiennent ce modal with doctors, dentists, specialists, surgeons... all free!
entrane le plus souvent lutilisation du conditionnel en franais, h. I would insist on having beautiful architecture, monuments,
nous cherchons viter ltiquette auxiliaire du conditionnel museums, statues... showcasing the talents of our
qui ne permet pas de couvrir tous les emplois de would en townspeople.
anglais, et qui peut donc faire obstacle laccs au sens de i. And in my ideal city, there wouldnt be any curfew, so you
certains noncs. could stay out all night.
Corrig EXERCICE 2
Corrig (exemples)
 Forme passe de will.
Their city would be very clean and quiet (no litter, no through
 Lirrel. traffic).
 Lide de volont et/ou dintention et de refus : tous les Traffic would be very light thanks to public transportation.
would ici contiennent en partie cette ide puisque lnonciateur People would have access to culture (bookshop, museums...).
exprime ses gots et ce quil ferait sil en avait le pouvoir. It would be easy to improve or restore ones home cheaply (DIY
Lide de certitude absolue (prdiction) : aucun car tout est shop with low prices).
soumis la volont de lnonciateur. People would be much healthier and obesity would disappear
Lide dune action soumise une condition hypothtique : tous (no fast food places, medical center...).
puisque tout ce qui est dit est soumis la condition if I had my People would enjoy walking in/visiting a beautiful city.Etc.
say.... Exercice 3
Lide daction passe rpte voire habituelle : aucun exemple Corrig
de forme dite frquentative ici.
a. Dans ma ville idale il ny aurait pas de dchets (sur les
Nous nallons pas plus loin dans lanalyse ce niveau (A2-B1).
trottoirs) et on pourrait rester dehors toute la nuit.
Mais le prcis grammatical offre un approfondissement de la
b. On naurait pas besoin de police car tout serait parfait.
question si on le souhaite.
c. Jaimerais quil y ait un square, une aire de verdure o lon
 What would your ideal town look like if you could have your pourrait se rencontrer et bavarder.
say? d. Il y aurait pour sr un contournement de la ville.
 My ideal city would be a combination of London and New e. Il y aurait une plage pas trs loin o nous pourrions nous
York City exprime ce que serait la situation si la condition rendre en t.
laquelle elle est soumise tait ralise. My ideal city will be a
combination of London and New York City exprime la volont ou London, Disasters
la certitude de lnonciateur, tout dpend du contexte.
& Hopes (p. 18-19)
 Would est suivi dune base verbale, had dun participe
pass. Les cinq comptences sont travailles dans cette double page
 Oui : Ma ville idale serait un mlange de Londres et de New magazine y compris linteraction grce au sujet du Project.
York. Je construirais une ville de telle faon que chacun serait Les thmatiques de la ville, de lhistoire et de lavenir sont
oblig dtre courtois et aimable avec les autres, et ainsi il ny galement couvertes.
aurait pas de violence. Ce serait bien sil y avait un cinma. Le registre des supports la comprhension de lcrit est
celui du style journalistique. Loriginalit de louvrage dont ces
Application
documents sont tirs est de prsenter lintgralit de lhistoire
Exercice 1 des les Britanniques sous forme darticles de journaux relatant
Ici aussi nous essayons de mettre llve en position les faits tels quils le seraient aujourdhui. Nous faisons donc
dnonciateur. Lexercice reste trs simple. Mais on peut aider coup double ici la fois en voquant le pass et lavenir de la
les lves complexifier un peu les noncs. capitale et en mettant llve en contact avec langlais crit des
Corrig journalistes.
a. In my ideal city there would be no crime, no litter in the streets, La description des documents iconographiques entrane llve
no bubble gum crushed on the pavement, and no graffiti ! la prise de parole en continu, tout comme le font les demandes
b. In my ideal city, there would be public transport, so people de compte-rendu lies aux activits de comprhension de lcrit
wouldnt have to drive everywhere they go. et de loral.

16 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

La prsence de quatre documents et des quatre images destroyed.


nous incite recommander ici un travail en groupes, chaque MAN: What does Blitz mean?
groupe tant charg de lun deux et recevant pour tche de WOMAN: Its a shortened form of the German word Blitzkrieg,
prparer un compte-rendu des faits pour le reste de la classe. meaning lightning war.
Aucune fiche interactive nest fournie ici car nous visons MAN: I see. And when did the Blitz start?
la comprhension de lessentiel et ne souhaitons pas faire de WOMAN: On the 7th September, 1940.
nos pages magazine des pages de cours . Les lves MAN: And it went on continuously after that?
ont des tches simples accomplir quils peuvent mener bien WOMAN: It hardly stopped for about nine months. During the
en prenant des notes succinctes sur les points signals. Ces first month, the German air force dropped 5,300 tons of
notes non rdiges serviront dappui la PPC (Prise de Parole bombs on London in just 24 nights.
en Continu). MAN: So most of the air raids took place at night?
WOMAN: Yes, they did.
The Great Plague of London (p. 18) MAN: And how were people warned that an air raid was about
La fiche dinformation bonusfile4-p18 to take place?
Une fiche dinformation est tlchargeable. Elle fournit des WOMAN: There were air-raid sirens that made a very loud, long
renseignements complmentaires sur tout ce que nous savons warning signal. For an alert, the siren rose and fell in pitch;
de la Peste. Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ce the All Clear was a continuous sound. When people heard
texte est disponible galement en version enregistre. the siren they would stop what they were doing and make
for a shelter.
On trouvera sur les sites suivants des informations plus
MAN: What other places were bombed apart from London?
dtailles si on le souhaite :
WOMAN: Many towns and cities were bombed. One terrible raid
http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/
on Coventry in 1940 was the biggest air-raid the world had
plague/index.html
ever seen.
http://london.allinfo-about.com/features/plague.html
MAN: How many people died during the Blitz in Britain?
ainsi que des documents iconographiques nombreux en tapant WOMAN: About 32,000 civilians were killed and about 87,000
the great plague of London/images. were seriously injured. Two million houses were destroyed.
READ (p. 18) Les informations que les lves doivent reprer lors de
lcoute de ce document peuvent tre compltes par ltude
Corrig
de documents trouvs en ligne :
a. All we know is that the plague was thought to be due to a http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/blitz.htm
miasma emanating from the earth. In other words, at the time, http://www.historyonthenet.com/WW2/blitz.htm
not much was known about what caused an epidemic. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Blitz
b. All those who could fled the city, apparently leaving the http://images.google.fr/images?hl=fr&source =hp&q=the%20
inhabitants to shift for themselves. Talk about charity, courage blitz&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=&um=1&ie= UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wi
and cowardice!
Afin, ici aussi, de mettre en place une situation favorable
c. The death toll was extremely high: between 70,000 and
linteraction, nous conseillons de demander aux groupes qui
100,000 dead.
couteront le compte-rendu de leur camarades de prendre
The Blitz (p. 18) des notes pendant quils parlent, puis de faire couter
Il nous est apparu ncessaire (devoir de mmoire) de rappeler lenregistrement lensemble de la classe pour vrifier que rien
aux lves les souffrances endures par les Londoniens durant na t oubli ou mal compris.
la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, et de rendre un hommage appuy laide des photos trouves sur le dernier site cit, on peut
leur fortitude. Il serait bon de rappeler aussi que pendant prs demander aux lves de prparer une prsentation de cette
de deux ans, la Grande-Bretagne a contenu seule les assauts de page de lhistoire contemporaine en expliquant les faits et en
lAllemagne nazie. mettant laccent sur la vie de tous les jours des Londoniens
Faire dcrire rapidement la photo et faire imaginer le pourquoi durant cette priode.
de la fume : quelle est la cause de lincendie ? St Pauls est-elle WORDWORK wordfile-p18
reconnue ? Quy a-t-il de symbolique dans le fait que la cathrale Ce travail lexical est plus particulirement reli ce qui est
semble tre pargne par les bombes ? Etc. dit dans le second enregistrement (p. 19) et aux avantages que
LISTEN (p. 18) la population tirera de la rhabilitation des espaces o le site
TAPESCRIPT tapescript4-p18 olympique sera implant.
MAN: What was the Blitz exactly? Corrig
WOMAN: It was the intensive bombing of London and other People still think of cities as dirty, but things have changed a
British cities during the Second World War. German bombers lot. In my city, there are litter bins on most street corners and
came over by day and by night. One third of London was domestic garbage is collected every day. Cities are also safer

1. City Life 17
1 City Life
than they used to because theres less street crime. My local LISTEN (p. 19)
council has installed brighter street lighting and more CCTV TAPESCRIPT tapescript5-p19
cameras, which means that there are fewer muggings than
MAN : We have Helena Jefferson with us in the studio today to
before.
answer some questions you are probably asking yourselves
I have everything on my doorstep: a convenience store which is about the coming Olympics. Ms Jefferson, what about the
open 24-7, a delicatessen where I can get food from all over the 2012 Olympic Games and housing for instance?
world, a dry cleaners that does same-day cleaning, a Chinese WOMAN : The main focus of the London Olympic bid is the
takeaway, and, if I dont want to go out to do my shopping, I regeneration of the Lower Lea Valley in East London to create
can phone any one of a dozen pizza or sushi restaurants who the Olympic Park. At the moment this area is one of the
deliver to your door. most deprived regions in Britain. The land is contaminated
Im not saying everything is wonderful: you have to watch out and underused, and the community suffers from high
for the winos when theyre really drunk they can be abusive unemployment and poor housing. The London Development
or aggressive. And there are more and more homeless people Agency estimates that 9,000 new homes will be built in the
sleeping rough in doorways or on benches, which is terrible. Olympic Park alone. Many of these houses will be affordable
And of course there is still the noise and pollution from traffic, to local people.
although with our new park and ride system, more people MAN : And what kind of facilities will these people have access
use public transport within the city and there are a number of to?
pedestrian zones where not even bicycles are allowed. WOMAN : Well, there will be new hospitals, new schools, family
health services and other community facilities. Actually, the
The Great Fire of London Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2012 are an essential
La fiche dinformation bonusfile5-p19 part of the long-term plans for London.
Une fiche dinformation est tlchargeable. Elle fournit des MAN : Having absorbed the equivalent of the population of
renseignements complmentaires sur les causes de lincendie. Sheffield in the last 15 years, London is expected to expand
by the equivalent of the population of Leeds over the next
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ce texte est
decade. How are you planning to deal with that?
disponible galement en version enregistre.
WOMAN : It is dealt with in the London Plan, which was drawn
On trouvera sur le site suivant des informations plus dtailles up by the former mayor, Ken Livingstone. The plan is there
si on le souhaite : http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/ to make sure that expansion doesnt encroach on existing
greatfire.htm. green areas, and that the quality of life of Londoners is
maintained and improved.
READ (p. 19)
Corrig PROJECT (p. 19)
a. London in 1666. One Sunday morning in early September Le site http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Summer_Olympics
someone spotted smoke pouring from a bakery. pourra aider les lves comprendre comment la slection de la
ville qui accueillera les Jeux Olympiques se droule. Cela pourra
b. I think we can say the Lord Mayor was negligent and aussi les guider dans la construction des arguments plaidant en
irresponsible, to say the least. But contrary to what had faveur de la ville quils essaient de promouvoir dans ce Project.
happened during the Great Plague, the King and his brother did
everything possible to get the fire under control. Relief was also Les lves qui habitent une rgion rurale devront choisir une
promised to those who had lost everything. ville quils connaissent et apprcient.
c. A large part of London was ravaged (about two hundred
hectares); many churches and thousands of houses were burnt Checkpoint (p. 20-21)
to the ground. Miraculously, if one may say so, only 9 people are Comprhension de loral
said to have lost their lives.
Cet extrait, intitul I Love NY, est tir du recueil des chroniques
The Olympic Games 2012 de lhumoriste amricain Art Buchwald, While Reagan Slept,
Des informations complmentaires peuvent tre utiles la 1983. Ce recueil est une mine de textes amusants rdigs sur
discussion : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2012_Summer_Olympics. une toile de fond de culture amricaine de tous les jours.
Il parat utile de travailler avec une carte de lagglomration Les lves dcouvriront avec plaisir la justesse danalyse et la
londonienne. verve dArt Buchwald, quils retrouveront p. 22 du manuel pour
une autre partie de cette chronique.
Encourager les lves expliciter les bnfices que la
population est en droit dattendre de la construction du site LISTEN (p. 20)
olympique et sinterroger (au sens rflchi du verbe !) sur TAPESCRIPT tapescript6-p20.
laspect financier dune telle entreprise dans un contexte de
Where are you staying?
crise conomique. Le pour, le contre.
Down in Gramercy Park, I said.

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You werent planning on going out at night, were you? 8. He thinks New York is a pretty tough city.
I was hoping to. I understand theres a lot to see in New York 9. They seem offended by his remark and argue that New York is
City at night. the greatest place in the world to live.
Someone said, It depends on where you go. Always walk 10. Its full of irony. The narrator is making fun of New Yorkers.
on a lighted street near the curb, and if they ask for your
money, give it to them without arguing. Comprhension de lcrit
Better still, dont walk anywhere. Take a taxi, and tell the driver Tir dun blog qui suivit les attentats de Londres en juillet 2005,
to wait until you get into the hotel lobby, a friend added. cet extrait reprend la thmatique du texte p. 12. Nous sommes
It is all right to go to the theater? I asked. nouveau dans le thme de la mmoire mais aussi dune autre
Its all right to go. But coming back is when you could get forme de vivre (ou mourir ?) ensemble.
into trouble. Whatever you do, stay off Eighth Avenue. Thats
where all the crazies hang out. READ (p. 20)
Before you go, put all your valuables in the hotel safe, and La comprhension de lcrit est la comptence vise en
be sure when you get back to your hotel to double-lock your priorit mais le libell des questions montre que lon peut aussi
door. I know a guy who was sleeping in one of the best hotels demander aux lves qui travaillent sur ce document de se
in the city and found someone going through his trousers prparer le prsenter leurs camarades.
looking for his wallet. Corrig
I think Id better take notes, I said. I hear the restaurants
 Rachel is referring to the London Tube and bus bombings of
are pretty good in New York.
July 2005. The 7 July 2005 London bombings, also known as
It depends if they know you or not. If you go to one of the better
7/7, were a series of coordinated suicide attacks on Londons
ones, make sure you slip the headwaiter a twenty-dollar bill, or
public transport system during the morning rush hour. The
youll be standing at the bar until eleven oclock at night.
bombings were carried out by four British Muslim men, three of
When youre leaving for the airport during the rush hour,
Pakistani and one of Jamaican descent, who were motivated by
give yourself two hours. If one car breaks down on the East
Britains involvement in the Iraq War.
Side Drive, youre a dead duck.
Gosh, I said. This sounds like a tough city. At 08:50, three bombs exploded within fifty seconds of each other
Why do you say that? someone asked defensively. on three London Underground trains, a fourth exploding an hour
No reason, I replied, realizing I was on dangerous ground. later at 09:47 on a double-decker bus in Tavistock Square. The
Thats the trouble with you out-of-towners. Youre always explosions appear to have been caused by home-made organic
knocking New York because you dont live here. Its the peroxide-based devices, packed into rucksacks and detonated by
greatest place in the world. the bombers themselves, all four of whom died. 52 other people
I wouldnt live anywhere else, another friend added. I love were killed and around 700 were injured. (Wikipedia)
New York.  Because they did not manage to scare Londoners away
Id better get going, I said. from the public transport systems. Rachels example is a case in
Why? Its only four oclock. point. (They should have done their homework and learned the
Well, if Im going to get beaten up with a tire iron, I better history of the Blitz. They would have learned it takes more than
allow some time to go to the hospital. bombs to break the morale of the British!)
If you go to the emergency room on Sunday, a friend said,  She has obviously been in shock but seems to be recovering
make sure theres an English-speaking doctor on duty. pretty fast, considering. And she is determined to go on living
Corrig as usual.
1. He was planning to visit New York City by night.  Because Londoners didnt give way to panic and they seem
2. His friends advise him always to walk on a well-lit street and to be experiencing the same feelings as she does.
not to try to resist muggers, should he be attacked.
3. Mainly the danger is of being robbed of his valuables whether Expression crite
on the street or in his hotel.
Apparaissent ici les concepts de ville deux visages , de
4. Eighth Avenue seems to be the favorite haunt of the citys
pollution, de pauvret et de survie /dans la ville au premier
crazies all the weird people you might meet in a big city.
plan de lanalyse dominante ngative faire de la photo.
5. He should put his valuables in the hotel safe.
On peut envisager un travail sur le film Slumdog Millionaire en
6. He should double-lock the door against intruders.
amont de cette valuation ou, en tout cas, valoriser les copies qui
7. a. Hed better bribe the waiter if he wants a table fast.
voqueraient ce film en parallle limage. Prim aux Oscars en
b. He should give himself a two-hour head start, just in case an
2009, Slumdog Millionaire est adapt du roman de Vikas Swarup
accident blocks the traffic.
paru en 2005 sous le titre original de Q & A, roman dont nous
c. He should make sure there is an English-speaking doctor on
recommandons la lecture.
duty, which suggests that most doctors on duty on Sundays are
not American.

1. City Life 19
1 City Life
Corrig (exemple)  He has just come from the area where the attack took place.
This picture is of Mumbai, India. From the wet soil, it seems to We do not really know where he is going. He is just walking away
be monsoon season. It shows the two faces/the paradoxical from the disaster zone.
situation of this Indian megalopolis: in the background we  The man is in shock. He looks dazed and must find it hard to
can see a row of white buildings in which thousands of people understand what has happened. He probably wonders how he
probably live. These people are undoubtedly luckier than the can still be alive or why he was spared.
people who can be seen in the lower part of the picture. They
 Rponse personnelle.
live in a slum/shantytown made up of derelict/ramshackle/
dilapidated shelters with broken roofs, doors and windows,
covered with corrugated iron or canvas. A river separates the Ateliers (p. 22-23)
two ways of life. A few trees can be seen and are probably the
Nous entrons ici dans une partie du manuel qui vise avant
only positive element in this picture. The overall perspective
tout lentranement lacquisition des cinq comptences. Les
given is one of contrast/inequality between the (lives of) the
documents et les tches proposs ne doivent donc pas tre vus
poor and the rich in India.
comme sils servaient de supports un exercice dvaluation,
The people living in the slum are without doubt extremely poor. mais comme un ensemble fabriqu pour entraner. Do
They may have tried to find somewhere better and safer to live lapparition du mot guidelines devant chaque type dactivit.
with their families (we can see some children in the picture) but
On saperoit aussi que si pour des raisons pratiques (mat-
they probably cant afford to live anywhere else. A few women
rielles, gestion des locaux et emploi du temps), il na pas t
wearing saris (the traditional dress in India) and some animals
possible dorganiser les classes en groupes de comptences,
can be seen. The people here are probably unemployed or have
on peut nanmoins faire travailler ces dernires lintrieur
part-time jobs that bring them very little money. They may have
dun mme groupe classe subdivis en cinq groupes et dont la
come here from rural areas looking for work. On the other hand,
composition tournera au fur et mesure que lon avancera
the people who live in the tower blocks must be quite well-off.
dans lanne.
What is particularly surprising/striking and shocking here is the
contrast between the row of buildings in the background, with Atelier 1 (p. 22)
their whiteness, cleanliness and solidity/sturdiness, and the On est parfois surpris de lintrt que nos lves manifestent
frail dirty slums in the foreground. pour la musique pop des annes 60. Nous faisons donc
The slums look filthy, like a garbage dump. Living conditions nouveau uvre de mmoire en voquant cette page de culture
cant be very hygienic. There are probably no toilet or waste populaire. On verra aussi dans lextrait vido que la notion de
disposal facilities, meaning that disease will spread quickly and vivre ensemble nest pas absente de ce document, loin de l.
rats and cockroaches will breed just as fast. On peut exploiter un document vido de plusieurs faons.
I wouldnt like to live there for the world! It makes me feel very Celle du manuel vise avant tout la comprhension globale du
ashamed when I see how terrible living conditions are in this picture. message. Mais la fiche de travail, elle, vise une comprhension
I dont know how people can let this sort of situation happen. No one plus dtaille.
seems to be doing anything to solve it/find a solution.
On peut prparer cette comprhension en faisant, dans un
Expression orale premier temps, visionner lextrait sans le son, pour rendre les
Lunit 1, construite sur le thme de la ville, voque aussi lves conscients de limportance de limage mobile dans la
lide de survivre dans la ville. Ce document iconographique fait communication, et leur faire mettre des hypothses que le
rfrence au 11 septembre 2001 et a fait le tour du monde. Il nous guidage des tches qui suivent permet de vrifier.
renvoie avec beaucoup de ralisme latmosphre touffante et
tragique du moment. TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p22
Corrig (exemple) VOICEOVER: Abbey Road was the last Beatles album to be
recorded before the group broke up in 1970. Recorded in
 The picture shows a man covered with dirt and ash. His hair
the Abbey Road studios in London it is considered to be one
is streaked with ash, his eyebrows are grey with ash too. He is
of the best rock albums of all time, and its cover of the
covering his mouth with a handkerchief in order not to inhale
four Beatles crossing the road near the studios is just as
ash and dust. His suit is spattered with mud and dirt. His shirt
famous. Today, on the 40th anniversary of the photo shoot,
is no longer white but coated with dirt and ash too. The street is
Beatles fans are holding a celebration in Abbey Road.
strewn with debris and he is slogging through the rubble. He is
AMERICAN: I came here because its 40 years ago today that the
probably a businessman, or a white-collar worker in a company
Beatles crossed the road in Abbey Road here and its just a
with its headquarters in the area.
very exciting memorable moment for me and Im glad to be
 The background of the picture is blurred: this is a disaster landmarking it. Ive... months ago... Ive been planning this...
zone full of smoke, fumes, dirt and ash. The picture must have coming here and, you know, its just very exciting. Im a huge
been taken on September 11, 2001 near what used to be The Beatles fan and I played the Cavern last week and Ive been
World Trade Center, New York City. touring Liverpool, you know, seeing where all the Beatles

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grew up and, you know, so to be here today is like just being extrait de la compilation de ses chroniques des annes 1980
attached to that history... parue sous le titre While Reagan Slept.
ENGLISHMAN: They hadnt had a photo session for about six Questions du manuel (p. 22)
months or so, since probably January of 69. So Paul organised
Corrig
the session and they all came down from his house just
dressed in what they were wearing that day: nothing special,  The scene is set in New York City, as we can see right at
no stylising, no make-up or anything... And the photographer beginning of the text (NEW YORK New Yorkers) and in line
just set up his camera on the stepladder on the island there 6: Queens (Queens is one of the five New York boroughs, along
and a policeman just stopped the traffic for about ten minutes with Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn and Staten Island). It takes
and they just walked across, maybe four times, and that was place either in someones house/apartment or in a coffee house
it. where some friends are gathered.
VOICEOVER: People have come from all over the world just to walk  The people present are the narrator and some friends of
across Abbey Road today. [...] There is even a replica of John his (see line 6).
Lennons psychedelic Rolls Royce. [...] The main event of the
 The two categories of people mentioned in the text are New
day is when a group who make their living playing Beatles
Yorkers, in other words the local inhabitants, and the foreigners,
music and trying to look like the Beatles, cross the road for
mainly tourists coming from outside New York to the Big Apple
the photographers and the crowd.
for a visit. The narrator is definitely not a New Yorker, as the
Questions du manuel (p. 22) following quotations clearly show: we foreigners would have
Corrig no idea what was going on unless New Yorkers told us (ll.3-4);
 People have come to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the I had occasion to visit New York on a Sunday recently (ll.5-6)
photo taken for the cover of the album Abbey Road. and They wait all day for people like you (ll.21-22).

 The first one is American and a huge Beatles fan. Hes been  They refers to all the dishonest people in New York City who
planning this trip for a long time. He sounds as if hes here on a are out to get you, i.e. rob or attack you.
sort of pilgrimage. The second man is English and he explains in  Some examples: You cant take the subway! (l.10),
what circumstances the famous picture was taken. dangerous to take it when it isnt crowded (l.13), If they dont
get you, the subway will (line 15), Its always breaking down.
DVD Worksheet dvdfile-p22
You could be stuck [...] all night long (ll.17-18).
Il est important dans une optique dentranement de donner la
fiche lire avant de faire revisionner le document.
 This passage is obviously not supposed to be taken seriously
as it exaggerates for humorous effect the problems of living in
Corrig New York City. The way the conversation builds up, listing more
/a/b/e. and more dangers for the visitor to the city, makes what the
 What makes this report special is that it was made on the people say more and more ridiculous. All of this should be taken
40th anniversary of the photoshoot for the last Beatles rock with a pinch of salt.
album Abbey Road in front of the Abbey Road recording studios, Atelier 3 (p. 23)
just before the group broke up in 1970.
On rappellera ici aux lves quelques principes de base
 The man is American, judging from his accent. He is a guitar inhrents lcriture dune carte postale :
player and a Beatles fan. Today he feels very excited to be at
le texte doit tre court, les noncs simples, le contenu positif.
Abbey Road because he has been planning this trip for a long
Le point dexclamation est dusage courant ;
time. Hes also visited the Beatles home town, Liverpool, and
played at the Cavern. llve parlera des endroits qui lont marqu lors de sa visite de
la ville et pourra voquer brivement une anecdote personnelle.
 a. Liverpool, b. the Cavern.
Enfin, il encouragera le destinataire venir lui aussi dcouvrir
 a. January 1969, b. Paul, c. On a stepladder, d. He stopped New York.
the traffic for 10 minutes, e. Four.
 False, its only a replica. Atelier 4 (p. 23)
Le choix de ce document iconographique publi en 2001
 They are a rock group who play Beatles music. They try to
dans lhebdomadaire Tlrama est bien sr loin dtre anodin.
look like the Beatles and are having their picture taken as they
Dgageons-en les deux aspects principaux : la grande ville
cross the famous street.
de gratte-ciels et sa puissance dun ct, cette puissance
Atelier 2 (p. 22) mise mal avec une reprsentation symbolique des tours
jumelles du World Trade Center, le titre Still Standing apportant
Art Buchwald, rcemment dcd, est une figure de la presse
une nuance, un clair message despoir et doptimisme face au
amricaine dont les lves de Seconde vont pouvoir ici dcouvrir
chaos du 11 septembre 2001. Soyons toutefois vigilants : des
la justesse danalyse et la verve. Lhumour et la finesse desprit
lves de seconde (gs de 15 17 ans en moyenne) auront
de ce satiriste reconnu et respect se retrouvent dans ce texte,

1. City Life 21
1 City Life
vraisemblablement peu de souvenirs, donc de connaissances de linteraction orale laquelle nos lves seront dj habitus,
de cet vnement qui nous a tous marqus... travers llaboration et lutilisation frquente dune fiche de
Ce dessin permet des rappels et des passerelles avec un certain mthodologie/de lexique fonctionnel .
nombre des documents de lunit (pp. 12, 13, 20, 21).
Corrig (exemple) Oliver Discovers London (p. 24-25)
This drawing by Mike Ritter entitled Still Standing is a view of New Corrig
York City from New Jersey. It shows the legs of a giant standing  When Oliver arrived in Barnet there was nobody around
where the World Trade Center Twin Towers used to stand. This because it was early in the morning. After a while, the streets
site is now known as Ground Zero. We can see the Hudson River began to fill with people. Oliver was in an appalling state (bleeding
in the lower part of the picture and a row of tower blocks behind feet l.8 , covered with dust l.8) but nobody around him seemed
it. The highest one (to the left) is the Empire State Building. to care. Some people passed by and stared at him but they did
The two legs belong to Uncle Sam, the symbolic figure of the not offer to help him. (none relieved him l.13). No one seemed
USA. The mans trousers are striped, and an American would to feel sorry or to show the least sympathy for him. No one lent a
immediately associate striped trousers with those of Uncle Sam helping hand. This may show that the people in the cities care less
(the stripes would be red and white, like the American flag, if the about others/are more selfish than country people.
picture were in colour).  His first impressions of London are overwhelmingly negative.
A huge cloud of smoke is rising from under the giants feet, Oliver experiences London with all his senses. He can see that
billowing to the right. the streets are dirty, he can smell filthy odours (l.51), he can
This cartoon illustrates the attacks which took place on the Twin hear people shouting. He also has to walk along muddy streets.
Towers of the World Trade Center in New York on September 11th, What the child sees is so revolting that he is thinking of running
2001. This event will always remain in all memories as the day away (Oliver was just considering whether he hadnt better run
when the impressive towers collapsed. away l.57).
The title Still Standing shows that, in spite of this terrible event,  The place where the Dodger takes Oliver seems to be well-
the USA, symbolised by Uncle Sam, is still on its feet. The protected since the children need a watchword to enter. The
clenched fist symbolises the USAs strength and determination. absence of light conveys a feeling of insecurity (for the light
It will never surrender and will not let terrorists get the upper of a feeble candle gleamed on the wall at the remote end of the
hand. The message sent by the artist to the whole world may be passage ll.64-65). The building seems to be old and dirty (ll.74-
that nothing can destroy the USAs indomitable power. 75). A man called the Jew might be running this place. He is
In my opinion, this is a very interesting cartoon, inasmuch as it surrounded by children who sleep on makeshift beds (Several
represents the consequences of a real event in a symbolic way. rough beds made of old sacks, were huddled side by side on the
The Twin Towers which collapsed on September 11th have been floor. l.82) and who behave more like adults than like children.
replaced by another even more powerful presence, somehow (smoking long clay pipes, and drinking spirits with the air of
indestructible. From my point of view, it is a rather impressive and middleaged men l.84-85).
successful picture which deals with a scary subject: how hurtful  The narrator makes Fagin seem loathsome (was a very old
and dreadful terrorism can be. shrivelled Jew, whose villainous-looking and repulsive face was
obscured by a quantity of matted red hair l.80-81). One might
Atelier 5 (p. 23) initially think that he is a cook (some sausages were cooking;
Ce travail vient en cho la page 14. Les lves devraient donc and standing over them, with a toasting-fork in his hand, was a
avoir un certain nombre de repres sur lesquels sappuyer. En very old shrivelled Jew l.78) but then it becomes obvious that
outre, laide indirectement fournie grce aux propositions de the children are under his sway. He may be manipulating them
lieux parmi lesquels les lves peuvent choisir doit leur mettre and making them commit crimes. (Fagin is in fact a criminal
le pied ltrier. Ils pourront ainsi, dans le temps qui leur sera who forces homeless children to steal for him.)
imparti, dvelopper leurs arguments selon leurs gots et leur

vcu. On acceptera ici les choix, les ides, les propositions les plus
incorrect/slang correct
srieux mais aussi les plus loufoques ou irrels, tant que ceux-
ci sont justifis et clairement exposs. Linteraction orale doit How are you/things?/
Whats the row (l.19)?
Whats up?
dailleurs apporter des clairages sur largumentation de chaque
lve, chacun devant tre assez naturellement questionn ou a spectable old genelman as a respectable old gentleman lives
lives there, wotll give you there, who will give you lodgings
pouss dans ses retranchements par son partenaire nayant pas lodgings for nothink (ll.40-41) for nothing
ncessairement les mmes envies ni les mmes attentes de sa
Theres two on you (l.68) There are two of you
ville idale. Ce type de travail nest pas sans rappeler le format
Whos the tother one? (l.69) Whos the other one?
de lpreuve propos lexamen de certification Cambridge en 2e
section europenne au niveau B1. Ajoutons que la consigne dans
la deuxime guideline prsuppose la matrise de la mthodologie

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2 Food and Drink


Pages douverture (p. 26-27) For All Seasons 2010 en est une des nombreuses preuves.
Pour davantage dinformations, des exemples de recettes
Lducation la sant fait partie du programme des classes dittiques, etc, vous pouvez consulter sur internet le site
de lyce. Nous lui consacrons un chapitre qui met laccent sur http://mireilleguiliano.com.
lhygine alimentaire et, dans la double page Ateliers par
groupes de comptences , sur les dangers du tabagisme. SPEAK (P. 28)
Les deux dessins de notre double page douverture donnent le ton. Les questions de cette premire tape seront loccasion de
Mais ce sont surtout les deux photographies qui vont permettre de mettre en place le lexique utile la comprhension du document
faire linventaire de ce qui est plus ou moins sain dingrer. mais galement ncessaire pour construire lexpression autour
La comparaison des aliments de deux familles de cultures de ces documents.
diffrentes sera source dchanges. Vous pouvez faire chercher le mot diet dans un dictionnaire
unilingue ou proposer les diffrents contextes dutilisation de ce
SPEAK (P. 27) terme au vidoproprojecteur. Voici ce que lon peut trouver sur un
Nous conseillons de traiter rapidement cette activit et de la dictionnaire en ligne, http://dictionary.reference.com/ :
faire dans lesprit dune approche communicative en confiant Diet (noun):
chaque question un groupe dlves diffrent. the foods eaten by a particular person
Productions possibles a particular selection of food designed or prescribed to improve
a persons physical condition or to prevent or treat a disease
 The Kuwaiti family is made up of eight members. The parents
are dressed in rather traditional clothes whereas the children Diet (verb used with object):
(four girls and two boys) seem to be dressed as most children to regulate the food of, esp. in order to improve the physical
in the western world are. The family looks happy and rather condition
well-off. The quantity of food displayed also shows that we are
not dealing here with a working-class family. The British family Diet (verb used without object):
consists of only four members: the parents and two young to select or limit the food one eats to improve ones physical
teenage sons. They look like a typical middle-class family. There condition or to lose weight
seems to be less food on display here, but this maybe simply be Diet (adjective):
due to the fact that this is a smaller family than the other one. suitable for consumption with a weight-reduction diet; dietetic:
diet soft drinks
 A lot of similar things are on display in both kitchens in
spite of the cultural differences. In both cases, it is clear that Corrig
food makes up a large part of the familys budget. And in both  The Le Moine family from Montreuil, France is/are posing in
cases there are a lot of processed foods. There are, however, a their living-room (as can be guessed from the furniture in the
few significant differences. For example, it seems the Kuwaitis background) surrounded by a weeks worth of groceries. There
eat much more vegetables and fruit than the British, and much are four people in this family; the parents and their two teenage
fewer sweets. Also, there are no alcoholic drinks on the Kuwaiti daughters.
table and there is much less fattening food. The British family  Their diet seems well-balanced and all the different food
doesnt seem too keen on fish either. groups seem to be equally represented. Yet they apparently
 All in all I would say that the Kuwaiti family has the healthier indulge in chocolate and Nutella. Even though they sometimes
diet. eat takeaway food, they prefer to choose healthy options like
 The other two pictures are illustrations of a hamburger and a sushi and spring rolls.
hot dog. They represent modern junk food which is all too often  Their diet seems to suit them since they look healthy, neither
the staple diet of many people these days, especially in the USA. too thin nor too chubby, simply healthy-looking. The parents
appear to have kept their figure(s) despite their age.
The Secret of the French READ (P. 28)
(p. 28-29) Corrig
Mythe ou ralit ? La rputation de la cuisine franaise et  This is an extract from an article (which was [written]) by
des habitudes alimentaires franaises fait toujours beaucoup Caroline Wyatt who works as a BBC correspondent in Paris. It
parler dans les pays anglo-saxons plus touchs que nous pour was published on the BBC news website on July 27th, 2004. It is
linstant par les problmes dobsit. about how the French manage to stay slim.
Le succs outre-atlantique de Mireille Guiliano et de son best-
 The three people interviewed are Clemence de Bodinat,
seller French Women Dont Get Fat, suivi par French Women
mother of four, Dr Franoise LHermite, a nutritionist, and British

2. Food & Drink 23


2 Food & Drink
chef Richard Robe, who works at Taillevent, a Michelin three-star keep ones figure garder la ligne
restaurant in Paris. the complexion le teint
 The secret of the de Bodinats diet is healthy meals and no plain sans beaut
fizzy drinks (ll. 11-14) or sweets (l. 17). INTERACT (P. 29)
 Dr LHermites secret is exactly the same as the de Bodinats: Les fiches de teamwork seront loccasion dinjecter du lexique
to sit down with friends or family for a meal, to eat three times supplmentaire dans le domaine de la nourriture.
a day at regular intervals (ll. 22-24), not to snack, not to eat in
Corrig
front of the television, plus to eat slowly and savour both the
food and the company (ll. 24-26). Team 1 teamfile-p29-1
 Richard Robes secret is in portion sizes (ll. 31-32). A.1/F, 2/T, 3/F, 4/F, 5/T, 6/F, 7/F, 8/F.
B. (exemple)
WRITE (P. 28)
Even if the French sometimes eat fatty foods like creamy
Voici trois liens utiles : sauces and cheese, only a small percentage of the population
http://eatfamilystyles.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/fast is obese. As a result, the French have a longer life expectancy.
foodspending.jpg But this does not mean that they are not interested in fast food
http://www.bordbia.ie/industryservices/alerts/PublishingImages/ restaurants or junk food and have no taste for sodas/fizzy
2009/Aug/7th%20August/US%20consumers.PNG drinks.
http://sas-origin.onstreammedia.com/origin/gallupinc/Gallup
Team 2 teamfile-p29-2
Spaces/
Production/Cms/POLL/092v8tf11uedg7u53ztcja.gif A. White fish, tomato, cucumber, Greek-style yoghurt, tap water
or their equivalents are mentioned in the text.
Les lves peuvent galement se reporter la page 34 de leur
manuel et utiliser le document 2 de la section magazine. B. (exemple)
The de Bodinats usually eat healthy foods such as white fish,
WORDWORK wordfile-p.29 tomato, cucumber salad and Greek-style yoghurt. They drink
Suite cette activit, il serait bon de proposer aux lves tap water mainly. One could imagine they would also indulge in
dorganiser ces termes en une fiche lexicale. Soit proposer white meat, lettuce, soya organic yoghurt or fat free yoghurt.
aux lves de rflchir une organisation et un classement Team 3 teamfile-p29-3
possible des termes en groupe ou de faon individuelle, soit A. How to stay slim: eat at a proper table, have three meals a
profiter de la correction de cet exercice pour faire une activit day, have meals at regular intervals.
mthodologique sur lorganisation des fiches lexicales et la
mmorisation du lexique (prononciation, nature grammaticale, How to get fat: binge on chips, drink red wine every day and
synonymes, antonymes, dfinition, exemple dutilisation, at every meal, eat both cheese and pudding, eat in front of the
traduction, paragraphe rdig, drivation, le tout organis television, eat quickly, eat snacks any time of the day.
alphabtiquement, en carte heuristique...). B. (exemple)
Corrig The main features of a healthy diet are to eat at a proper table
tall grand (par la taille) and have three meals a day at regular intervals. Conversely, if
short petit (par la taille) you binge on chips, drink red wine every day and at every meal,
pale, wan blme if you eat both cheese and pudding, eat in front of the television,
ugly laid if you eat quickly or eat snacks any time of the day, you are
slim mince most likely to get fat.
well-built solide, costaud Team 4 teamfile-p29-4
be overweight avoir trop de kilos A. 1/b, 2/c, 3/c.
(= tre en surpoids) B. (exemple)
plump, stout dodu, potel
What the chef explains is that the secret of the French diet is
good-looking, handsome,
in the portion size. Even if you are served seven courses in a
attractive beau
three-star restaurant, you wont feel bloated because the size
ruddy rougeaud
of the portions is very small. He adds that its easier to eat more
the figure la silhouette
healthily in France than in England because there arent as
waist (tour de) taille
many markets in England as (there are) in France.
thin, skinny maigre
wrinkle ride PROJECT (p. 29)
smooth lisse
gaunt dcharn Ce project sera loccasion de rebrasser le lexique mis en
puffy bouffi place lors de ltude de la fiche Wordwork et du document The
Secret of the French, ainsi que les arguments et les statistiques

24 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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de larticle. Cependant, il est vident que les lves devront home cooking cuisine maison
reformuler les diffrents arguments pour se les approprier. ready-cooked prt manger
Insistez sur le fait que la participation un talk show ne peut B. Verbs
pas tre assimile lcriture dune saynte. En effet, il sagit ici cook cuisiner
de travailler linteraction orale et la spontanit. starve mourir de faim
Il sera bon de diviser la classe en cinq groupes de travail wolf down engloutir
un par rle, afin que les lves prparent les arguments quils taste goter, dguster
souhaitent utiliser et quils dcident du ton quils veulent put on weight prendre du poids
employer lors de leurs interventions. On pourra leur proposer go on a diet faire un rgime
denvisager de dcider au pralable avec quels intervenants ils eat out manger au restaurant
seront susceptibles dtre daccord et avec quels intervenants ils snack grignoter
seront forcment en dsaccord. Par exemple, la mre de famille slim down maigrir
sera susceptible dtre daccord avec le ou la nutritionniste et en C. Adjectives
dsaccord avec ladolescent et le chef.
sweet doux, sucr
Une phase de plusieurs speed-dating (au moins trois rounds) healthy bon pour la sant
sera une occasion pour les lves de tester leurs arguments et organic bio
de sentraner en direct lexercice. wholesome sain
Il est vident que pour plus de spontanit et dauthenticit, il home-made fait maison
serait prfrable que les lves qui participent au talk show ne savoury sal
se soient pas rencontrs lors des rounds de speed-dating. fatty gras
low-fat allg
Supersize me! (p. 30-31)
fat-free
overweight
sans matires grasses
en surpoids
Lenregistrement que nous proposons dans cette section slim mince
est bas sur le contenu de Supersize Me!, film dans la ligne tasteless insipide
des films de Michael Moore et dont le but est de dnoncer balanced quilibr
la responsabilit des chanes de restauration rapide dans la fattening qui fait grossir
dgradation de la sant des Amricains en particulier. Pour tout
renseignement complmentaire sur le film, voir http://www. SPEAK (P. 30)
imdb.com/title/tt0390521/ On aura ici une belle occasion de montrer aux lves que
Nous avons retenu les opinions divergentes des invits ce talk contrairement ce quon lit parfois, mme le verbe love peut se
show afin daider les lves ne pas se laisser enfermer dans rencontrer la forme be + V-ing, ce quun groupe de rock clbre
des clichs faciles et de leur apprendre saisir les motivations des annes 80 avait dj montr (Scorpio, Still Loving You). En
diverses des auteurs de ce type de film documentaire. grammaire aussi il faut se mfier des ides toutes faites...
Nous conseillons un travail lexical approfondi (Toolbox Corrig
et Wordwork) avant de lancer les groupes dans les tches The picture is/seems to be a film poster. In this case that of a film
dcoute. called Super size Me! It shows the face of a man stuffing himself
with french fries (chips) and it clearly gives the feeling that the
WORDWORK wordfile-p.30 man is going to choke himself to death with such a mouthful.
Corrig Two sentences can be seen on this poster. The one at the top
A. Nouns is a quote from Rolling Stone Magazine and the sentence at the
frozen food nourriture surgele bottom is the tag line which plays on the words portions and
tinned food conserves proportions.
processed food nourriture transforme
junk food mal bouffe
LISTEN (P. 30)
starter entre Il va sans dire que cet exercice sera facilit si on opte pour une
main course plat principal approche actionnelle et communicative en utilisant les fiches de
dish plat Interact.
eating disorders troubles dalimentation TAPESCRIPT tapescript7-p30
meal repas MAN 1: Tonight were discussing Supersize Me, a documentary
figure silhouette written, produced, directed by, and starring Morgan Spurlock.
snack casse-crote Jennifer, can you tell us a little about it?
diet rgime WOMAN: Yes, well, it was filmed over 30 days and, during that
fast-food restaurant un fast-food time, Spurlock ate at McDonalds restaurants three times a day,

2. Food & Drink 25


2 Food & Drink
super-sizing his meal every time he was asked. le but de lexprience,
MAN 1: Super-sizing is what exactly? les rsultats au cours des 30 jours quelle a dur,
WOMAN: It means ordering the biggest portion on the menu. lavis dun mdecin,
MAN 1: And what was the result of this rather unusual diet? la raction de McDonalds lexprience,
WOMAN: Well, he gained over 11 kilograms. He also experienced les hypothses de Peter sur les motivations de Spurlock.
mood swings, sexual dysfunction, and liver damage. It took
him fourteen months to lose the weight he gained. WRITE (P. 30)
MAN 1: Peter, youve been looking closely at the rules that Cet exercice pourrait tre propos des groupes de deux ou
Spurlock observed. trois lves, le texte tant rdig en cours, puis la mise en page et
MAN 2: Yes, while the film was being made, he had to stick to le design en gnral fait la maison. La tche permet aux lves
several rules: dexploiter leur potentiel cratif et leur habilet informatique afin
1. To consume three McDonalds meals per day. de produire un travail de qualit qui pourrait mettre en valeur les
2. To sample every item on the McDonalds menu at least once lves qui ont moins de facilits en langue.
over the course of the 30 days. Le langage utilis doit tre succinct, direct et persuasif.
3. To consume only items on the McDonalds menu. Any and all
other food was prohibited. PRONOUNCE pronfile-p30.pdf
4. To super size his meals if, and only if, he was asked. Corrig
5. To walk as much as a typical American that is, about 5,000
A. word stressed syllable []
steps per day.
addicted 2 1
MAN 1: So lets talk about the effects in more detail. Jennifer?
emphasis 1 2
WOMAN: Well, apart from the weight increase, Spurlock soon
interview 1 2
found himself with a feeling of depression, and he claimed
lethargy 1 2
that his bouts of depression, lethargy, and headaches were
restaurant 1 2
relieved by a McDonalds meal. One doctor described him as
addicted. B. word stressed syllable []
MAN 1: And how did McDonalds react to all this? regularly 1 3
WOMAN: Well, they discontinued the Super Size option and now discontinued 3 2
more emphasis is being put on healthier menu items such as experience 2 4
salads, but they say that these changes were not introduced documentary 3 4
because of the film. INTERACT
MAN 1: But Spurlock seemed to prove that if you eat regularly at
McDonalds youll get fat and have other health problems too. Penser faire lire les tches avant de lancer lcoute.
MAN 2: Well, thats not quite true. It depends how you define Corrig
regularly. Spurlock was eating three meals a day there. Team 1 teamfile-p30-1
Now, although 72% of McDonalds customers eat there maybe A. 1/c, 2/b/d, 3/c.
once or twice a week, and 22% eat there just about every day, 4. Three times a day.
I have interviewed scores of McDonalds customers and have 5. It means ordering the biggest portion on the menu.
found no one who eats there three times a day! 6. He gained over 11 kilos
MAN 1: So whats your view of this whole thing? 7. d/f/g.
MAN 2: I think Spurlocks own motivations have to be 8. 14 months.
examined. For one thing, his girlfriend is a vegan, and, for Team 2 teamfile-p30-2
another, the film was made against the background of a legal A. 1/b/d/e/g/h.
action that two girls were taking against McDonalds for more 2. 5,000.
or less causing their obesity. I think its difficult to believe
Team 3 teamfile-p30-3
that Spurlocks point of view is unbiased.
A. 1/c/d/f/g.
Corrig 2. He ate some more Mcdonalds.
 Three people are talking: two men and a woman. One of the 3. He was addicted
men is the presenter and the other is called Peter. The womans 4/c/d.
name is Jennifer. 5. No. They said that the changes were not introduced
 This recording is of a radio talk show/discussion show. because of the film.
 The topic of this conversation is a film, a documentary about Team 4 teamfile-p30-4
the dangers of a fast food diet. A. 1. No because he said it depends on how you define
regularly.
 Parmi les dtails que lon peut aider les lves reprer :
2. 72%.
la dure de lexprience, 3. Every day.

26 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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4. No one. a lunch/luncheon/dinner/banquet/tavern dinner/inn dinner; a


5/b/c. gathering of people sharing a copious meal,
6/a. a disorganised, noisy and shocking scene; a lack of harmony in
the situation shown; a rowdy violent scene; people doing everything
An Election Entertainment but eating; lots of different activities at the same time...,
a parody of/a distorted/satirical representation of The Last
(p. 31) Supper and Other Biblical Feasts,
William Hogarth (1697-1764), peintre et graveur anglais majeur possible subjects of the various conversations during this
du XVIIIe sicle, est ici lobjet de notre attention, travers une dinner are the forthcoming election (in Oxfordshire), the
uvre dont la richesse esthtique est indniable. Plutt connu candidates political platform/proposals, the promises made
pour ses sries de tableaux voquant les parcours londoniens by them, peoples everyday life and living conditions and how
parfois chaotiques de personnages emblmatiques (Industry to improve them, the general disillusionment with the role of
and Idleness, A Rakes Progress ou encore A Harlots Progress, politicians, the food which is being served...
par exemple), Hogarth nous offre ici sa vision, satirique sil en
est, de ce qui semble tre un djeuner ou un dner lectoral peu  La description des lieux doit permettre ici de se concentrer
de temps avant un scrutin local important, avec tout ce quun ponctuellement sur des dtails qui ne seraient peut-tre pas
tel djeuner implique. An Election Entertainment (1755) est la apparus dans une tude plus dirige vers la scne elle-mme
premire partie dune srie de quatre intitule The Humours of et les actions se droulant au cours de ce dner. Les dtails
an Election (Four Prints of an Election) reprsentant la campagne sur lesquels il sagira de mettre le doigt peuvent, pour certains,
dun Member of Parliament de lOxfordshire en 1754. Illustrant savrer importants. La fiche de mthodologie de la description
des gens simples et/ou connaissant une ascension sociale digne et analyse de document iconographique (p. 144) doit permettre
dintrt, Hogarth se plaisait traiter des sujets moraux ou des aux lves de donner des indications prcises quant aux
thmes de socit. La thtralit de ses uvres est clairement diffrents lments et endroits du tableau :
unique en son genre. Dailleurs, nombre de ses peintures ou an inn/a tavern/a restaurant/the banqueting rooms of the
gravures sont nes de (ou ont donn lieu ) des romans ou Town Hall...,
pices de thtre, tant elles dvoilent des scnes visuellement a dark room with two tables (rectangular and round) brought
riches et expressives. Le travail de Hogarth est dailleurs together for a special occasion; lots of food and drink being served,
cousin de la littrature de Daniel Defoe, son contemporain. chairs, stools, benches; chamber pots here and there,
Hogarth faisait, en son temps, partie de lavant-garde culturelle furniture being thrown out of the window,
de Londres et passait normment de temps en compagnie political banners (such as used in demonstrations),
des artistes de lpoque. Il fut certainement le premier peintre a defaced/torn painting/frame hanging on the back wall; a
anglais donner son pays une identit picturale en tant que portrait of the King : symbolical element.
telle, autrement quassocie aux productions europennes de  Le terme entertainment devra forcment avoir t lucid
lpoque. Nous vous recommandons, si ne vous le connaissez sil nest pas connu des lves qui lon demande ici dtablir un
pas et avez loccasion de vous y rendre, la visite du fort peu lien entre le titre du tableau et son contenu :
connu et nanmoins passionnant Sir John Soanes Museum the scene is probably taking place a few days/weeks before/
loccasion dune prochaine escapade dans la capitale britannique. prior to an important election,
Vous pourrez y admirer Four Prints of an Election. providing entertainment was a way of persuading people to
vote for you.
LES FICHES DINFORMATION (BONUS)
 Des formes verbales en ing sont attendues ici pour faire
Trois fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles rfrence au mot entertainment :
fournissent des renseignements sur le peintre, le background eating (meat, oysters...)
et le tableau : drinking alcohol (gin, beer, wine, rum...),
bonusfile1-p31 singing, playing musical instruments (violin, cello...), listening
bonusfile2-p31 to music,
bonusfile3-p31 telling and listening to funny stories,
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont flirting with the opposite sex.
disponibles galement en version enregistre.  The two candidates are sitting next to each other at the far
SPEAK (P. 31) left of the rectangular table. They are both wearing powdered
wigs and are dressed smartly. They are getting very familiar
Corrig
with local people in order to get their votes.
 Pour cette premire question, en guise dintroduction, les One of them (rather effeminate) is talking to/kissing an ugly
lments suivants sont susceptibles dtre produits par les toothless, pregnant/dumpy woman. The other one is listening
lves, productions quil faudra clarifier et organiser. Lmission to two drunks.
dhypothses doit venir assez rapidement, notamment grce They stand out in this gathering because they are sober/not
lutilisation de modaux du plus ou moins certain : drunk; they have to talk people into voting for them.

2. Food & Drink 27


2 Food & Drink
The Mayor is sitting at the opposite end (strategic position: tche), sauf si les deux lves souhaitent prsenter leurs deux
host?); seems to be sick: may have eaten too many oysters menus en parallle. Encourageons les lves mettre sur pied
(empty shells on the table), unable to speak and do anything une mise en scne autour de leur prsentation orale (serveurs,
because he doesnt feel too well/has collapsed/fainted/ patrons de pub ou de taverne, personnel de lagence pour la
passed out (from eating too many oysters, stomach ache or sant publique de lpoque, etc.).
headache?); a doctor/physician is taking care of/trying to Concernant lvaluation du projet, on peut envisager deux notes
revive him (by bleeding his right arm). sur 10 sajoutant pour chaque lve, leurs ralisations crites
 Outside (the scene can been through the window): tant pralablement releves et values par le professeur
a Tory demonstration/procession sur 10 points grce un nombre restreint de critres objectifs,
banners and signs being held up avant la prestation orale ne sappuyant sur aucune note crite
bricks/rocks being thrown into the tavern through the broken et au cours de laquelle les lves feront en sorte de suivre les
window consignes du professeur en terme de structure, de remplois
a few demonstrators heads can be seen lexicaux, etc. (des contraintes ou passages obligs respecter,
sticks/rifles being carried? tout en ddramatisant les erreurs linguistiques potentielles).
people inside have armed themselves with stools and chamber La dimension esthtique et la crativit (production crite), le
pots. dynamisme et la clart (production orale) seront pris en compte
 Drunken people, glasses, flutes, tumblers, cups, alcohol dans lvaluation, avec possible attribution de bonus. Enfin, on
being spilt on the table or on the ground, a tub of punch/rum, peut songer un dbriefing avec la classe, voire lorganisation
barrels/casks large wooden containers. Gin being poured from dun vote argument pour lire les meilleurs menus slectionns
a bottle into the head wound of a man... pour louverture dune taverne londonienne. Il sagirait ainsi ici
dun Entertainment Election !
PROJECT (p. 31)
Pour la ralisation de ce projet de type actionnel mlant Language Corner (p. 32-33)
productions crite et orale dans un deuxime temps, la
description et lanalyse du tableau de Hogarth auront t un La dtermination du nom :
ncessaire pralable. Cela dit, bien quils doivent rinvestir du emploi de , a, the (p. 32)
lexique utilis pour dcrire et commenter luvre de Hogarth,
Observation
les lves pourront approfondir leurs rcentes connaissances
des plaisirs de la table dans lAngleterre du dix-huitime sicle Le but de cette PRL est daider les lves percevoir le concept
travers des recherches sur internet. de degr de dtermination : dtermination minimale (), faible
(a/an) ou forte (the). Le professeur jugera sil est bon, ce
Certains sites intressants donnent des indications prcises
niveau dtude, et selon son public sil est pertinent demployer
quant ce que lon mangeait et buvait cette poque :
des termes linguistiques (ex : = renvoi la notion). Pour notre
http://www.umich.edu/~ece/student_projects/food/foods.htm
part, nous avons prfr employer des priphrases claires pour
http://www.umich.edu/~ece/student_projects/food/rules.htm
llve. Comme toujours les noncs sur lesquels sappuie la
http://www.ballindalloch-press.com/society/food.html
PRL sont tirs du document tudi (p. 29).
http://www.bl.uk/learning/langlit/booksforcooks/1700s/
1700sfood.html Dans la logique dune grammaire de la communication, on peut
essayer de faire comprendre lopposition entre a et the, le premier
Il sagira dencourager les lves raliser deux exemples
servant lnonciateur pour prsenter son interlocuteur
fidles aux habitudes alimentaires et de lpoque tout en
des faits quil suppose inconnus de lui, et le second servant
mettant laccent sur la ralisation phonologique des produits
renvoyer ce qui a dj t dit ou ce qui est culturellement
slectionns dans la perspective de la prsentation orale.
identifiable par linterlocuteur. Ainsi en 2 ci-dessous, le fait de se
Ne pas hsiter montrer et faire manipuler des menus et retrouver dans le contexte de la cuisine dune famille, implique
cartes de restaurant authentiques aux lves au pralable afin que lon comprenne demble de quoi il sagit quand on parle du
que leurs crations soient attractives, esthtiques et claires, rfrigrateur, mme sil nen a pas t question auparavant.
comme si elles taient rserves de vritables clients.
Corrig
Pourquoi, dailleurs, ne pas imaginer des sayntes entre
serveurs et clients de restaurant/taverne/salle de rception ou  Parler de faon gnrale (dtermination minimale).
bien faire jouer la scne reprsente sur le tableau lentre des devant foie gras, creamy sauces, cheese, fizzy drinks, ordinary
convives encore sobres avec un travail parallle sur les formules water. Il sagit en effet de renvoi une catgorie de nourriture en
de politesse et/ou le langage utilis par les diffrentes classes gnral, quon soit au singulier ou au pluriel. Pour le quatrime
sociales dans lAngleterre du XVIIIe sicle ? exemple, voir plus bas.
Deux lves travaillent en binme et il y a deux menus crer. Introduire la mention dun lment pour la premire fois
On pourra donc imaginer que chaque lve aura un menu (faible dtermination). Les linguistes parlent ici de phase 1,
prsenter (pour des raisons de simplicit de ralisation de la mais ne chargeons pas la mmoire de nos lves ce niveau.

28 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

Nous prfrons la notion de prsentation dun lment, ce qui Comme dessert. Noter la similitude
with a plain yoghurt for
nexclut pas celle de quantification, un sopposant des . demploi de ici : notion de dessert, et non
pudding
En 1, lnonciateur est bien en train de prsenter des lecteurs un dessert particulier.
supposs ignorants du fait, en quoi consiste le rgime de pas de +
they do not have
Le franais la forme ngative fonctionne
nombreux Franais (Despite a diet). En 2, on est bien aussi dans sweets, they do not
comme langlais dans le cas de larticle
une phase de description dont le but est de faire visualiser par le have sugar, they do
partitif la forme ngative. Comme en 7 &
not have sodas
lecteur ce quil y a sur la table (on the table sits a carafe). 8, on parle de choses en gnral.
Faire rfrence un lment aisment identifiable. Cet make sure you sit Ici aussi il sagit de la notion de famille et
down with friends or damis et non de personnes particulires
lment a dj t mentionn (phase 2 des linguistes) ou est family dj mentionnes.
culturellement identifiable par le co-nonciateur. The fridge :
Absence darticle en franais galement
il a t question de la famille De Bodinat et de ses habitudes at regular intervals ( intervalles rguliers ) ; il ne sagit
alimentaires. Tout le monde sait que les aliments sont conservs pas dintervalles particuliers
dans le rfrigrateur familial. Cest comme a chez tout le monde.
those French who tuck Steak & chips en gnral ; renvoi ces
De mme the table est identifiable comme celle des De Bodinat in to steak and chips types de nourriture.
puisquon est chez eux. Quant the French secret, il est clair que
with lashings of red De grande quantits indfinies dune
lexpression renvoie au mystre qui vient dtre dcrit et son wine boisson gnrique et non spcifique.
explication. Tout lecteur comprend de quel secret il sagit. followed by cheese
Mmes explications que plus haut pour 6 ;
 La prsence de the devant French dans le troisime and crme caramel
les rfrences au type de nourriture.
exemple. Il sagit de la substantivation de ladjectif French par for lunch
larticle the, lensemble dsignant lintgralit des Franais. British chef Richard Voir ce qui est dit dans Observation sur
Robe le cas du nutritionniste et docteur.
Puisquil sagit de tous, on sait de qui on parle.
French cuisine is La cuisine franaise en gnral, et
Labsence darticle devant nutritionist dans le quatrime exemple. made up of very small absence darticle au pluriel (quantits
Dans le quatrime exemple, cest le nom propre qui dtermine portion sizes indfinies).
nutritionist et Dr. On nest donc pas dans un cas de dtermination its the equivalent of
Des endroits non prciss, non
minimale malgr lemploi de devant nutritionist et doctor. maybe two courses in
identifiables.
other places
Lnonciateur pourrait trs bien faire rfrence cette personne
In France than Pas darticle devant les noms propres qui
en disant the nutritionist (sans son nom ni son autre titre)
England sont autodfinis.
condition den avoir parl auparavant. En profiter pour rappeler la
and it is easier to find Des produits frais en gnral, on ne sait
rgle demploi : si un titre est suivi du nom de celui qui le porte, on fresh produce pas lesquels exactement.
nemploie pas the (Prince Charles, mais the Prince of Wales).
EXERCICE 2
Application Corrig
EXERCICE 1 British chef Richard Robe
Corrig EXERCICE 3
Cest une occasion pour rappeler quelques rgles suppl- Avant de lancer les lves dans la traduction, leur donner le
mentaires... temps de rflchir et de vous soumettre leur choix.
Exemple Explication On peut aussi confier chacune des phrases traduire
just 11% of French Les adultes franais en gnral pas des diffrents (groupes d) lves et les inviter ensuite changer
adults are obese adultes dont on aurait dj parl. leurs points de vue et les solutions quils suggrent. (Les faits
a whopping third of de langue se discutent en franais).
Mme explication.
Americans
Corrig
larticle indfini nexiste pas au pluriel,
The French have lower et ici non plus on ne fait pas rfrence  As Great Britain and other countries in Europe worry about
death rates des taux de mortalit dont il aurait t the increasing number of obese among adult and children...
question auparavant.
Great Britain : nom propre de pays = auto-dtermination
from heart disease Les maladies cardiaques en gnral. other countries : on ne nous dit pas lesquels = dtermination
their ever-growing minimale (confirme par la prsence de lindfini other).
appetite for fast food Deux types (gnriques) daliments .
and fizzy drinks obese (people) : dtermination minimale.
adults and children : gnralisation = dtermination
Les noms/heures des repas sont
Lunchtime in Paris minimale (en anglais).
quasiment des noms propres.
du poisson On est ici en prsence de  My children are like all children. If you let them, they will spend
a healthy meal of
lquivalent de larticle partitif franais qui their time eating sweets/candy in front of the TV/television.
white fish
ne se traduit pas. all children : dtermination minimale (en anglais), confirme
par lindfini all ; les enfants en gnral, pas de rfrence des
enfants prcis dj mentionns.

2. Food & Drink 29


2 Food & Drink
the TV/television : rfrence un objet culturellement connu Although the restaurant serves seven-course meals, customers
de tous = forte dtermination. dont feel bloated when they leave the place.
sweets/candy : dtermination minimale (renvoi aux c. Despite their generally being slimmer than the Americans,
sucreries en gnral). recent figures have shown that the French are getting bigger.
 Visits to McDonalds are limited to two a year. Although the French are generally slimmer than the Americans,
visits : dtermination minimale (on ne parle pas de visites recent figures have shown that they are getting bigger.
spcifiques). The French are generally slimmer than the Americans. Yet recent
a year : expression idiomatique de la frquence. figures have shown that they are getting bigger.
 In Scotland we had/used to have a quick snack for lunch, d. Although I spent two months in Scotland eating fast food and
then came tea-time, then another snack, a mountain of chips/ fish and chips, I didnt gain a single pound.
french fries, pasta and fish fingers. Despite my two-month stay in Scotland eating fast food and
Scotland : nom propre de pays = auto-dtermination. fish and chips, I didnt gain a single pound.
a quick snack : faible dtermination (lnonciateur prsente la e. In spite of/despite the strict sugar-free fat-free diet imposed
situation). by their mother, the de Bodinat girls do not bear her any
lunch et tea (time) sont des moments fixes de la journe, de grudge.
vritables nom propres en quelque sorte = auto-dtermination. Although their mother imposes a strict sugar-free fat-free diet,
a mountain of : faible dtermination (lnonciateur expose une the de Bodinat girls do not bear her any grudge.
situation inconnue du co-nonciateur). Their mother imposes a strict sugar-free fat-free diet. Yet the de
chips, pasta, fish fingers : faible dtermination, et Bodinat girls do not bear her any grudge.
caractre partitif de larticle en anglais = de, du, de la des.
La voix passive et le passif en be + V-ing
Expression de la restriction ou du contraste (p. 33)
(p. 32/33)
Observation
Observation
Nous souhaitons attirer lattention des lves sur des emplois
On renvoie ici la partie phrase complexe du prcis de la voix passive qui ne sont pas traduisibles littralement en
grammatical, quil est bon de faire relire afin de rviser les franais.
diverses faons dexprimer les deux concepts tudis.
Corrig
Corrig
 it was filmed ; every time he was asked ; while le film was
 Cest la prposition despite ici qui introduit lide de contraste/ being made ; his headaches were relieved by
restriction dans une phrase simple (une seule proposition).
 Dans tous les cas on a la structure be + participe pass. Seul
 In spite of a diet heavy on foie gras, creamy sauces and lnonc 4 mentionne lagent de laction. Lnonc 3 combine le
cheese, just 11% of French adults are obese. passif et la forme en be + Ving.
The French follow a heavy diet of foie gras, creamy sauces and
cheese, yet just 11% of French adults are obese.  (1) Lagent nest pas mentionn, mais il est facile deviner :
Even though they follow a heavy diet of foie gras, creamy sauces les cinastes.
and cheese, just 11% of French adults are obese. (2) Lagent nest pas mentionn, mais il est ici aussi facile
Although they follow a heavy diet of foie gras, creamy sauces deviner : le serveur ou la serveuse.
and cheese, just 11% of French adults are obese. (3) Lagent nest pas mentionn, mais il est facile deviner : les
cinastes.
Application (4) Lagent du soulagement est le repas McDonald.
EXERCICE Comme suggr ci-dessus lagent nest pas mentionn ici parce
quil est vident.
Corrig
Dans dautres cas, la raison de son absence pourrait tre trs
Quelques propositions : diffrente (ignorance, refus de prciser, etc.).
a. Although the de Bodinat girls were used to a strict diet, their
mother sent them a package of sugar-rich candy when they  (1) On ne peut pas dire quun film subisse ou bnficie
were in Scotland. de sa fabrication... Se mfier, donc, des dfinitions traditionnelles
The de Bodinat girls were used to a strict diet, yet their mother et toutes faites.
sent them a package of sugar-rich candy when they were in (2) Cest Spurlock lobjet de la question. Cest lui quelle sadresse.
Scotland. On ne peut pas dire non plus quil la subisse (contrairement ce
Juger si on va jusqu proposer : In spite of her daughters being qui se passerait sil tait aux mains de lInquisition...).
used to a strict diet Mrs De Bodinat sent them... (3) Mme remarque que pour N1.
b. The restaurant serves seven-course meals. Yet, customers (4) Ce sont tous les maux de Spurlock qui, structuralement,
dont feel bloated when they leave the place. subissent laction (bienfaisante) de la mdecine McDo. En fait
cest Spurlock qui en bnficie...

30 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

 being est lauxiliaire du passif (be made) ; was est lauxiliaire A Weight problem? (p. 34-35)
de la forme en be+ing.
 (1) Oui, vrai dire, le tournage a dur 30 jours/le film a t Cette double page se prte facilement un travail de groupe,
tourn sur 30 jours, et durant ce temps Spurlock a pris ses repas mais il faut moins guider les lves que dans les activits
chez McDonald trois fois par jour. dinteraction. En laissant une plus grande libert daction, on
(2) ... acceptant une ration supplmentaire chaque fois quon peut obtenir un rsultat moins guind , moins scolaire, plus
le lui proposait. naturel.
(3) Oui, pendant quon tournait le film, il dut se soumettre Carte consulter : http://visualizingeconomics.com/2007/
plusieurs rgles... 08/11/united-states-poverty-map/. On indiquera aux lves
(4) Il affirma que ces coups de bourdon, sa lthargie et ses maux que la rpartition ethnique se superpose assez prcisment
de tte taient soulags par un repas McDonald. avec ces donnes. La relation entre obsit, pauvret et, hlas,
En franais, seul les verbes transitifs directs peuvent tre mis origine ethnique apparat donc trs troite.
la voix passive. En anglais, tous les verbes peuvent ltre. Voir le SPEAK (p. 34)
prcis grammatical p. 158.
Corrig
Enfin mme si thoriquement on peut dire (3) Pendant que
le film tait en train dtre tourn , il est vident que pour des  The highest levels of obesity are in Wales, the North-West
raisons de style, ce nest pas cette traduction littrale qui sera (Tyneside), the industrial north around Manchester, Leeds and
retenue. Sheffield, the West Country (Cornwall) and East Kent. There is an
obvious relationship between obesity and poverty.
Application  Poverty is often related to unemployment and (former)
EXERCICE 1 industrial areas, which is the case in the north from Liverpool
Corrig across to the east coast in Tyneside and in South Wales. Rural
areas are also affected (Cornwall, the Highlands of Scotland...)
a. ceux qui avaient mis au point lexprience.
because standards of living tend to be lower and, in times when
b. La direction de McDonald
farmers are having to cope with low returns, they often fall below
c. La direction de McDonald
the official poverty line. London is different: the capital tends to
d. Par ceux qui veulent juger cette exprience sans a priori.
attract the homeless and the disaffected, thereby putting up the
e. Les auteurs du film
poverty figures for the area, which otherwise has the highest
EXERCICE 2 incomes per capita in the UK.
Corrig  Canada in general has a much lower level of obesity than the
a. Today the documentary Supersize Me is being discussed. USA. Canadians, although very influenced by American culture,
b. He was described (by one doctor) as addicted. also have strong European roots (France and the UK). Those
c. Well, the Super Size option was discontinued. from a French background may have a more balanced diet, those
d. Well, thats not quite true. It depends how regularly is from a British background may have a more positive attitude to
defined. taking exercise although this may be creating stereotypes
e. Legal action was being taken against McDonalds by two girls where they dont exist.
for more or less causing their obesity while Spurlocks film was
 The areas of worst poverty in the USA are definitely associated
being made.
with obesity: the southern states, especially Louisiana, have
EXERCICE 2 high levels of unemployment particularly among the Afro-
Corrig American community.
a. I have been asked to say what I thought of fast food restaurant
WORDWORK wordfile-p34
menus.
b. When my opinion was published in the papers... Corrig
c. ... I was theatened with legal action for libel. A.
d. And yet everybody knows that obesity is largely caused by
above for with holes
junk food. headgear underwear footwear
the waist women for the legs
e. While I was being interviewed, others lodged complaints/took jeans
legal action against several fast food chains. (were lodging, beret blouse tights skirt slippers
Bermuda
were taking : recevable). hat top stockings dress shoes
shorts
cap shirt panties frock socks
trousers
B.
1/D, 2/F, 3/H, 4/A, 5/B, 6/C, 7/E, 8/G.
1. un pull avec un col en V
2. une jupe plisse

2. Food & Drink 31


2 Food & Drink
3. des chaussures talons hauts What I dont
Description What I like is...
4. une chemise manches courtes really like is... Best outfit
of the outfits because...
5. un jean(s) taille basse because...
6. des bas-rsille
7. une robe de marie
8. une braguette boutons

Young, Fat and Fabulous (p. 35)


Checkpoint (p. 36-37)

SPEAK (p. 35)


Comprhension de loral
Corrig LISTEN (p. 36)
 The woman in the picture is wearing a miniskirt, a raincoat Cet extrait est tir dun blog internet.
and high heels. She is also wearing jewellery (necklace, TAPESCRIPT tapescript6-p36
bracelets, rings, earrings). She is plump. She is smiling broadly
Hi there. Well, Ive just seen a video here by the girl who calls
and seems to be glowing with happiness.
herself fat chick on youtube. Now, Im a large girl myself. I
 This article is probably about young women who are cant just walk into any store and find clothes to fit me. So I
corpulent but who are not bothered by their weight. looked at the video of this other large girl dancing and when I
 The fashion world never used to pay much attention to looked at the comments, I was... well, I suppose I was prepared
corpulent women. But now that more and more overweight for something that was hurtful or even a bit cruel I know
women have created their own style blogs, the clothing industry what its like to be chubby and you wouldnt believe the sort of
is starting to take more notice/take careful note of what they comments you get in the street but some of the comments
say and how they feel about fashion. about the video were so abusive, so offensive, I felt I just had
to have my say.
 Christine Lewis is a 24-year-old young woman. She works
as a graphic designer and lives in Maryland. Even though she The point is, remarks against fat women arent only directed at
is a US size 24, she is not afraid to wear sexy clothes (body- fat women, theyre directed at all women. And Ill tell you why.
con miniskirt) or unconventional outfits (PVC dress, studded If you think a woman who is chubby is somehow disgusting
waistcoat). and worthless, just because she has weight problems, you are
saying that thin women have more value than fat ones, that
 When Christina says that she is fat and fancy, she means they are somehow more important. I hate that. I can think of
that her corpulence does not stop her from being fashionable so many things that make women beautiful, so many things
or from dressing smartly. Fat and fancy sounds a bit like a about the feminine nature: being sensitive, kind, generous...
slogan meant to encourage fat women to wear what they want sexy. When you judge a chubby woman only on her physical
even if it means showing wobbly body parts. appearance and have society back this up in the media, on
PROJECT (p. 35) youtube, in magazines, anywhere you are telling her that she
doesnt contribute as much to her own community, to society,
Un travail pluridisciplinaire peut tre envisag ici avec le as other women. Youre telling her shes worth less than other
professeur darts plastiques pour laborer les croquis. women. Now I have trouble managing my weight but that doesnt
Lactivit se droulera en deux tapes. Dans un premier temps, make me any less of a person. In fact it makes me more of a
les lves seront rpartis en groupes de trois pour simuler la person, because I am struggling with something. I am struggling
runion de travail entre Christina Lewis et ses deux assistants/ to manage my weight. But Im not hiding. Just because Im
assistantes. Guider ce travail dexpression orale en encourageant overweight doesnt mean that I should shut my mouth and
les lves utiliser les mots et expressions contenus dans le hide away until I look like, I dont know, some skinny model in a
Wordwork (p. 34) et mettre des propositions. Si ncessaire, fashion magazine. Why should I?
donner la Toolbox suivante : Corrig
Making suggestions
 A girl with a weight problem is talking, a chubby girl.
We could... (+ V)
Why dont you/ we... (+ V)  She defines herself as large.
What/How about... (+ V-ing)  She finds it difficult to find clothes to fit her and often suffers
I suggest we... (+ subjunctive [= V]/+ should + V) negative comments in the street.
Cette simulation de runion de travail termine, chaque  She was shocked by the abusive and offensive comments
groupe prsentera la classe le/les rsultat(s) obtenu(s). made about the video of a large girl dancing.
Proposer aux lves spectateurs de prendre des notes et de
 She thinks society treats overweight people as being
remplir la grille suivante :
worth less than thin people, as being less important, and as
contributing less to the community.

32 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

 She thinks women are sensitive, kind, generous and sexy. Enfin les questions frontales poses permettent aux lves
 Yes, she does because they are considered lesser people and de rdiger un commentaire organis dont nous proposons ici
this is backed up by the media, on youtube, and in magazines. une piste de corrig (qui excde les 150 mots demands dans
le manuel mais nous y avons ajout du lexique et des tournures
She reckons that having a weight problem makes her more que le professeur pourra lui-mme intgrer lors de la correction
of a person because she has to struggle and because she is not en classe).
trying to hide anything/something.
WRITE (p. 37)
Comprhension de lcrit (p. 36)
Corrig
Dans cet extrait de On the Label, lauteur britannique Felicity
Lawrence met en opposition deux types de socits : celles qui  The comic/cartoon strip is entitled Luann and was created
restent attaches aux rites du repas peru comme un moment by the American cartoonist Greg Evans. It recounts one of the
de partage privilgi et celles qui, prises dans la frnsie de leur adventures of Luann, a teenage girl. The story also involves
quotidien, ont perdu tout sens de la convivialit table. Ce sont Luanns brother, Brad, and their mother.
ces deux conceptions que lexercice propos va mettre en avant.  Frames 1 to 3 take place in the kitchen at home just after
Luanns mum has been shopping. Frame 4 takes place in a
READ (p. 36) supermarket. Luann and her brother are always together except
Corrig in Frame 1, because they share the same disappointment about
 The narrator feels that the French attach much more value to the food their mother has just brought back home. Both are
culinary culture than the British. Meals are an important part of furious in Frame 3, and obviously sulking in Frame 4. As typical
French everyday life. teenagers, Luann and Brad are often hungry and probably
always want something to nibble (Frame 2). Yet they criticise
 One drawback to this approach is that women spend a great their mum for buying things they just dont fancy, like diet bars
deal of time preparing meals in the kitchen. and carrots.
 She thinks eating is a serious business in countries where  I can identify quite closely with the two teenagers as I dont
food is not available in excess, where eating is not just a like diet bars, carrots or oatmeal. I really enjoy a big hamburger
question of feeding oneself but a precious moment when you sit with tons of fries, a huge can of Coke and a giant chocolate
together a moment of socialising. sundae, although Im very much aware that this kind of food is
 The British seem to have lost the significance of meals not the best for my body/health/figure.
because eating has just become a human need to find energy  The cartoonist is criticising two things: first(ly) the
again in the middle of a busy day. Ritual is now absent from irresistible attraction of junk food for teenagers; second(ly) the
meals, which tend to be simply a process of feeding oneself. fact that they dont do much at home and will never be satisfied
 Adults can share opinions and children can develop their with what theyve got.
skills at expressing themselves and communicating.  I find the cartoon amusing and true to life. I tend to side with
EXPRESSION CRITE (p. 37) Luann and Brad because I would do what they did.
Greg Evans est le talentueux crateur des aventures de EXPRESSION ORALE (p. 37)
Luann, adolescente peu sre delle, parfois goste, impulsive, Les activits proposes dans le chapitre ont trs souvent
pas vraiment organise, et trs attachante... une adolescente, conduit les lves prendre la parole pour informer la classe
vraiment, donc. Les bandes dessines publies dans les des recherches de groupes ou pour dcrire un document
journaux la montrent dans les situations de la vie courante, en iconographique. Il est donc naturel denvisager une valuation
famille ou avec ses amis, au lyce. de lexpression orale.
Le document propos ici est simple et efficace. Il invite Le support choisi ici est le poster du film Fast Food Nation de
lidentification et sintgre parfaitement dans un chapitre Richard Linklater, inspir de lenqute ponyme du journaliste
consacr la famille et aux problmes dalimentation. Eric Schlosser, film atypique dnonant limpact de lconomie
Les activits qui ont prcd dans le chapitre ont bien entendu et du profit sur la (mdiocre) qualit des produits agro-
pos des jalons permettant aux lves de raliser cet exercice alimentaires.
dvaluation de faon convenable.
Les questions frontales poses ici ont pour objet de guider la
Le travail sur les iconographies douverture ainsi que sur prise de parole. Voici quelques pistes de corrig.
le tableau de Hogarth (ventuellement mme sur laffiche
de Supersize Me) ont entran la classe la description ainsi SPEAK (p. 37)
qu lanalyse de documents visuels. Pour rappel, la partie Corrig
Mthodologie en fin de manuel propose des outils simples
 This is a poster for a film entitled Fast Food Nation.
et pratiques permettant de dpasser un modeste compte-rendu
fragmentaire.  It is made up of two main elements. First, in the foreground

2. Food & Drink 33


2 Food & Drink
there is a toddler seen from behind, wearing the US flag as a of briquettes is simple and requires no machinery or other
diaper. Hes stretching his arms out toward the other element, technology: anyone can do it.
in the upper part of the poster: two burgers which seem gigantic DVD Worksheet dvdfile-p38
compared to the baby.
Corrig
 The baby is wearing the American flag as a diaper. He seems
/b/d.
to be trying very hard to reach the burgers. This could be taken
to suggest that Americans eat junk food from a very early age...  Joel got the idea for making briquettes when he was in
Ghana. While he was there, he saw a lot of residue, like piles of
 We only see the lower part of the burgers, and their shape
sawdust for example, and he wondered what it could be used
evokes that of a womans breasts. Only here the mothers milk
for. Then, when he went to Rwanda he heard about biogas made
has been replaced by beef and onions...
from banana waste.
 The poster is quite puzzling but also provocative (the diaper),
/a/d. (NB. He implies that they are not very expensive
and may very well encourage people to go and see the movie,
[answer b], but does not actually say so.)
which probably deals with health and food.
 (possible answer) You mash rotten bananas and then mix
 The truth concerns the food we eat, and, more specifically,
them with shredded paper. You shape the mixture into briquettes,
fast food. The sentence the truth is hard to swallow is written
squeeze out all the moisture, and then leave the briquettes to
between the babys arms and the burgers. The verb swallow is
dry out completely.
to be taken both literally (eating the burgers is hard) and as a
metaphor (the truth is not pleasant to hear).  Because they produce a lot of bananas and are short of
cooking fuel.

Ateliers (p. 38-39) Atelier 2 (p. 38)


Atelier 1 (p. 38) Il sagit ici dun atelier dentranement lexpression crite
dont le support est un document visuel. Le professeur choisit,
TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p38
ou pas, daccompagner lexercice dune fiche de guidage (qui
VOICEOVER: Bananas are rich in certain vitamins and a staple
comporterait des lments lexicaux rutiliser par exemple,
food in some countries, but, as researchers at the University
slectionns peut-tre dans le corrig propos) et de faire
of Nottingham have dicovered, they can also have a use that
raliser cet entranement seul ou en binmes.
may surprise you...
JOEL: Well, the idea for briquettes came from a trip to Ghana Corrig
where I saw vast quantities of residue such as sawdust in piles  This is a poster advertising the movie entitled Thank You for
and I was thinking what else could you do with this. The idea of Smoking, based on a best-selling novel). Taking up most of the
making banana briquettes in particular came from Rwanda on space on the poster is the upper body of a man dressed in a
a conference there. A guy presented a paper on biogas using white shirt, jacket and tie. There is a lighter in his right hand and
banana residues to make biogas and he was talking about his face and neck have been replaced by a cigarette. Above are
the large quantities of banana waste. In fact, you only use written the names of the principal actors in the movie, and the
about 10 to 20 per cent of the banana. title is in black and red capital letters. The letter O in the title has
MAN: The benefits of Joels work are that weve come up with a cigarette in the middle.
something that can be made by anyone in their backyard with
 The man is wearing a lapel badge saying a slashingly
no tooling at all really. So you just leave some bananas to rot
hilarious comedy, so the movie is a comedy. Its title is
down, mash them up a little bit and combine them with any
provocative enough to make the potential audience impatient to
dry matter youve got. So no big tooling, no heavy presses, no
see it. Moreover, the sentence written in the top left of the poster:
technology at all really. [...] Theres been loads of interest from
Nick Naylor doesnt hide the truth ... he filters it plays on the
all around the world, particularly from Africa, and South-East
word filters which has obvious associations with cigarettes
Asia as well. India is the worlds largest producer of bananas
and indicates that Nick Naylor, probably the main character, is a
and theres a great need for cooking fuel there.
liar who manipulates people. The movie is probably about a man
Questions du manuel (p. 39) whose job consists of/in persuading people to smoke.
Corrig  The hero is almost certain to be a businessman (because of
the suit and tie) who works for a tobacco company.
 First you leave some bananas to rot down. Then you mash
them and combine them with some dry matter (e.g. paper or  Making fun of this serious topic does not prevent people from
sawdust). You press them in your hands to make them into thinking seriously about health issues. On the contrary it could
briquettes and leave them to dry out. encourage them to look at things from another angle.
 The main advantage is that countries that produce a lot of Atelier 3 (p. 38)
bananas but no olives, rape or other sources of cooking oil, can Nous avons ici affaire une lettre crite un magazine fictif
use banana residues to make cooking fuel. Also, the production

34 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

par une femme obse. Les diffrentes questions pourraient tre routire britannique qui, dans les annes 30, disait dj : Its the
distribues parmi les lves de diffrents groupes ou chacune overtaker that keeps the undertaker busy.)
traite par chaque lve ou groupe.  The art of the cartoonist consists of/in drawing pictures that
Corrig actually negate what the pro-tobacco lobby says.
 I was a chubby girl (l. 23).  (Students own answers.)
Shes proud (l. 4) and she feels her weight is natural (l. 21).  First(ly) because the drawings show a teenager and the
 She thinks the words (overweight and obese, l. 5) sound bubbles contain teenage English.
as if the person is either abnormal or sick (has a medical  The message is that tobacco companies target teenagers
condition). because they (officially) have a longer lifespan, so will smoke
 The problem for fat people is the way society sees them and for a long time before tobacco catches up with them.
discriminates against them.  This cartoon was published on July 4, which is the American
 She wrote to the magazine to vent her anger at the article National Holiday known as Independence Day (the thirteen
written for the May issue of the magazine Health Matters which British colonies declared their independence from Britain on July
suggested that obesity is costing society too much money. 4. 1776). The pun is based on the deliberately wrong spelling
of independence: a dunce is an idiot (i.e here, the one who
 She suffers from prejudice/discrimination.
believes the tobacco companies arguments).
 No, it started when she was a girl at school.
 She wants to point out that it is not her fault that she is Atelier 5 (p. 39)
large, that people should not make fun of her and make cruel Cinq questions, cinq groupes. Les questions poses peuvent
comments, but should react like the ice-cream seller with paratre provocatrices mais y aurait-il dbat sans provocation ou
kindness. sans sujet sensible ?
Organiser lintrieur de chaque groupe deux sous-groupes,
Atelier 4 (p. 39) les pros et les antis.
Pour parler familirement, David Wiley ne fait jamais dans Donner le temps ncessaire chaque quipe pour rassembler
la dentelle . Sa faon de passer des messages rappelle les les ides et les metre en forme. On peut conseiller de ne
publicits choc des Britanniques. La srie de cartoons quil pas rdiger intgralement les rponses afin dobtenir une
publie dans un grand nombre de journaux amricains sous communication plus naturelle au moment du compte-rendu
le titre Non Sequitur est un modle du genre. Hlas la toile de (et non de lcrit oralis). Encourager par contre les lves
fond culturelle qui lui sert la plupart du temps de support est utiliser les expressions relatives au dbat, aux notions daccord
souvent trop amricaine pour que nos lves puissent (pour ou de dsaccord, voire de nuance et de restriction. Les fiches de
linstant !) apprcier le message pass en profondeur. Mais dans mthodologie 2 (p. 140), 3 (p. 141), et 6 (p. 143) peuvent offrir
le cas prsent les choses sont plus explicites ! une aide prcieuse.
Pour plus dinformation(s) sur le dessinateur et ses produc- Pendant la phase de rflexion et de formulation, passer entre
tions : les groupes et fournir laide ncessaire.
http://en.wikepedia.org/wiki/wiley_miller
http://www.amazon.com/Legal-Lampoon-completely-accu- Distribuer tous les lves une fiche de prise de notes sur
rateSequitur/dp/0740726730/ref=pd_sim_b_1 laquelle ils criront lessentiel de ce que leurs camarades
http://www.amazon.com/Non-Sequitur-Survival-Guide-Nineties/ auront dit sur tel ou tel point. Pour ce dbat prcis, pour chaque
dp/0836217853/ref=pd_sim_b_2 question, elles peuvent prendre la forme suivante :
http://www.amazon.com/Lucy-Danae-Something-Silly-Co-mes/ QUESTION 1
dp/0740750992/ref=pd_bxgy_b_img_c Arguments pour Arguments contre Position de notre
Le document nest pas rcent (1999), mais qui peut dire quil du groupe 1a du groupe 1b groupe
nest plus dactualit ?
Corrig
 The character goes from a clean, healthy-looking teenager to
a sickly, greenish, dying, then dead individual.
 Smoking makes you look cool. It makes you look like a movie
star. Its good for the economy. It helps farmers grow tobacco
instead of food. It helps tobacco executives make lots of money Inviter les groupes auditeurs mettre un avis sur le point
and give kickbacks to sympathetic politicians (those who do trat par le groupe rapporteur .
not pass anti-smoking laws). Not only does it help the general Procder ensuite une synthse pour chaque point et
economy, it also helps morticians to earn a living. (Lhumour ventuellement un vote. Demander qui a chang davis aprs
noir utilis ici nest pas sans rappeler le responsable la scurit avoir cout les arguments des uns et des autres.

2. Food & Drink 35


2 Food & Drink
Shelter (p. 40-41) Corrig
Le hros du roman The Street Lawyer, est un riche avocat  The two main characters are the narrator and Mordecai. Both
dont la vie bascule suite une crise conjugale. Cette nouvelle men are lawyers.
situation lincite remettre en question ses principes de vie  The action takes place in a shelter for the homeless and
professionnelle et sociale (riches clients, honoraries levs, destitute located in the basement of a church.
vie de luxe...) et se tourner vers laide aux dmunis suite  These people are being given a light supper that will keep
la rencontre dun confrre, Mordecai, qui, lui, a choisi de them from starving. The two lawyers are here to supervise and
travailler pro bono pour des clients dsargents et les help with the distribution of food.
dshrits.
 The narrator is obviously the one who is new here. He is
Dans lextrait que nous avons retenu, notre avocat se rend described as astonished by what he sees and the poverty of
pour la premire fois de sa vie dans le sous-sol dune glise qui these people (gawked in amazement), and Mordecai explains
sert dabri et de soup kitchen une association locale dirige how he can make himself useful (you catch on quick).
par Mordecai. Il dcouvre un monde dont il ne souponnait
pas les conditions dexistence et sur lequel il avait de forts  Several details show that we are in the dead of winter.
prjugs.  Because the weather has suddenly turned very cold, sending
Pour plus dinformations sur ce roman : http://en.wikipedia. the homeless into the warmth of the shelter (a big, snow, a cold
org/wiki/The_Street_Lawyer snap).
 The social problem dealt with here is that of utter poverty
and helplessness and how to deal with it.

36 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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3 Conservation
Pages douverture (p. 58-59)  The point the man in picture five is making is clear enough,
and his way of conveying it is rather witty/original/amusing.
Ce chapitre est consacr, comme les cinq images de cette double Instead of marching to save the polar bears, the man has
page le montrent, tous les aspects de lcologie et de la protection dressed up in a polar bear costume and is marching to save
du patrimoine, quil soit naturel ou du fait de lhomme. Comme dans the humans, meaning that if polar bears (and other species)
chacune de nos doubles pages dentre , nous avons retenus become extinct mans turn will soon come.
des documents qui illustrent tous la notion de contraste.
Nous conseillons de mener les activits dintroduction assez The Case of Yellowstone
vite afin de ne pas lasser les lves. Nanmoins, le contenu de (p. 44-45)
la partie Speak de cette double page incite demble organiser
Michael Crichton est mort en 2008 lge de 66 ans. crivain
les lves en groupes, dont chacun se verra confier une des cinq
de science-fiction de renomme mondiale, il a vendu plus de
images et la question ou la tche qui laccompagne. Limage n 3
100 millions dexemplaires de ses romans, crits sur une priode
elle seule permet aussi de crer des groupes supplmentaires,
de 40 ans, traduits en 30 langues et parmi lesquels on trouve
autant quil existe de photos dans la fort !
une dizaine de best-sellers. Il a aussi crit pour la tlvision,
Comme lhabitude chaque groupe prsentera le rsultat de produit et ralis des films. Cest un crivain facile daccs pour
ses travaux au reste de la classe. les lves en vue dune possible lecture cursive. En effet, que ce
Corrig soit au travers de ses livres, films ou sries tlvises, Crichton
 The first picture is a very simple drawing that could be the fait dj partie de lunivers culturel des lves. De plus, les
work of a (gifted) child! In this drawing the tree trunks look like thmes quil traite dans ses diffrents romans et la faon dont il
factory stacks. One of the trunks has been cut off for obvious les aborde sont autant dlments facilitateurs pour quun public
industrial reasons as shown by the smoking chimney in the adolescent y trouve un intrt. Cependant, il est clair que le sujet
middle of the picture. The message is clear: industry destroys abord dans cet extrait pourra surprendre par son austrit
nature, at least it does unless strictly controlled. tout en restant trs facile daccs.
Pour rsumer lintrigue, on peut dire : Heres the plot of Crichtons
 The second picture is a photograph showing an abandoned
State of Fear in a few words. In this novel, the characters talk a
factory in a no less abandoned industrial area. Judging by the
great deal about global warming and its effects and the villains
logs/timber lying on the ground, this might well have been a
are eco-terrorists who try to create disasters like floods and
saw-mill. The windows are either broken or boarded up and
tsunamis to publicise their cause.
it seems no one has been here in a long long time. It seems a
pity to leave old buildings like this go to ruin when they could be SPEAK (p. 44)
restored and in this case, maybe, turned into a small museum
Corrig
exhibiting log-cutting or sawing machines from days gone by.
 (1) elk, (2) trout, (3) wolf, (4) beaver, (5) moose, (6) otter
 This is by far the biggest and most complex picture of the
group. It is a montage whose aim is to illustrate how mans  Natural enemies: the beaver and the otter are the natural
activities harm nature. The forest is the symbol of unpolluted enemies of the trout. The wolf is the natural enemy of the elk.
nature and each picture hung on the trees represents one  The title of the chapter is conservation, that of the passage
aspect of the havoc man is wreaking on the environment, i.e the Case of Yellowstone, which is a National Park, and the
deforestation, water poisoning, air pollution, CO2 emissions, pictures on page 45 all show wild animals, so I suppose we
illegal dumpsites, oils spills, and radioactive pollution. So the will be reading (and talking) about wild life conservation and
message is clear: man was given a spotless environment and nature.
he seems to be intent on finding all the possible ways to destroy
it... and destroy himself in the process. READ (p. 44)
 The case of the Tate Modern in London is an example to follow. Comme pour les autres deuxime et troisime doubles pages,
It shows that an old, disused and derelict factory building can vous avez le choix entre une approche traditionnelle (les quatre
be given a new lease of life. The rehabilitation of the old factory tches sont soumises la classe entire) ou une approche
into a (much visited) museum (of Modern Art) has proved a communicative (en utilisant les fiches de la section Interact.
success. It is striking that the silhouettes of the buildings in Vous pouvez indiquer aux lves dautres textes vhiculant les
pictures 2 and 4 look alike, which makes one wonder why the mmes thses dans une optique de lecture cursive :
one in picture 2 has not been restored. The Tate is evidence that Playing God inYellowstone: The Destruction of Americas First
our industrial heritage can and should be preserved. National Park par Alston Chase, publi en 1987, est un ouvrage

3. Conservation 37
3 Conservation
qui dveloppe cette ide. Vous trouverez ci-dessous une critique HOW TO
de cet ouvrage publi dans le Library Journal. PROTECT ELK

Chase argues convincingly that Yellowstone National Park


is slowly being destroyed. He details how the Park Services
preservationist policies have driven most of the native wildlife from Solution 1:
Stop the killing
Solution 2:
Shoot and poison Prohibit Indians from
the park, while allowing some animals to propagate far beyond the wolves
of elk
hunting

the lands capacity to sustain them. He meticulously documents


his charges, showing how easily science can be subverted
by politics and ideology. Surprisingly, environmentalists are
implicated in the destruction. Chase critiques, with devastating
Results:
effect, the multitude of organizations that have made a religion Elk herds explode

of protecting the environment, while ignoring the fundamental


question of mans place in nature. A challenging, compellingly
readable account. Highly recommended.
Effects on vegetation:
Corrig Certain trees and grasses are
completely eaten by elk

 This passage is an excerpt from a novel entitled State of Fear,


written by Michael Crichton and published in 2004.
 There are two characters present in this extract: Bradley and
Effects on animals:
Kenner. Beavers disappear

 They are talking about the concept of untouched wilderness


and of the difficulty of preserving wilderness using the example
of Yellowstone Park.
Effects on animals:

 This quotation means that the difficulty of protecting


Effects on vegetation: Effects on vegetation:
Disapearance
Meadows dry up Soil erosion
of the trout and otter
nature and wildlife was underestimated and it thus implies that
preserving wilderness was not the success they had expected/
that they failed in their attempt at preserving Yellowstones
wilderness untouched. WRITE (p. 44)
Les sites officiels des park rangers et des parcs nationaux
INTERACT (p. 45) sont trs bien conus et faciles daccs.
Lors de la ralisation du teamwork et si lquipement Il est tout fait envisageable de profiter de ce homework pour
informatique de la salle le permet, il sera peut-tre utile de organiser une micro-mission et faire faire des recherches sur les
proposer aux lves daffiner leur rponse en les guidant vers diffrents parcs nationaux amricains en vue dun affichage dans
des sites Internet sur Yellowstone. la salle de cours avec diffrentes prises de parole en continu.
Corrig
Team 1 teamfile-p45-1 WORDWORK wordfile-p45
A. 1/e, 2/a, 3/a. Corrig
B. a/b/c. (96 % of the park is in Wyoming, 3 % in Montana, and A. shelter abriter
1 % in Idaho.) breed se reproduire
Team 2 teamfile-p45-2 mammal mammifre
1/a, 2/b, 3/c, 4/a. mate saccoupler
Team 3 teamfile-p45-3 thrive prosprer
1. Their first mistake was to believe the elk were about to become lay an egg pondre un uf
extinct (l. 29-31) and needed to be protected from their natural poacher braconnier
predators (the wolves and the Native Americans). become extinct tre en voie dextinction
endangered en danger
2. (voir schma colonne de droite).
support a species faire vivre une espce
3. In the 1920s, the park rangers were eventually obliged to kill
B. (exemples)
elk because they were too many and presented a real danger for
furry bear
the balance of the ecosystem.
scaly lizard
4. No. The damage was done and nothing could be done to undo it. poisonous snake
high-necked giraffe
Team 4 teamfile-p45-4 four-winged insect
eight-legged spider
1/b, 2/a, 3/a/b, 4/a/b.

38 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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long-fanged wolf SPEAK (p. 46)


sharp-clawed tiger
Corrig
long-limbed gazelle
long-nosed ant-eater 1. The landscape shown in picture 1, that of Planet Pandora,
looks entirely natural, like a virgin rainforest untouched by
C. (exemples)
humans. It looks a little dark and mysterious too with the clouds
are blind or almost blind? bats
rising from the lower tree tops towards the taller trees.
have a sting? wasps, bees
have a beak or a bill? ducks 2. The second image is indeed very upsetting and shocking. It
have stripes? tigers makes us feel very angry that humans can be so selfish as to
have spots? leopards destroy such natural beauty.
have gills? fish TAPESCRIPT tapescript11-p30
have a hump (or several)? camels Avatar is set in the year 2154 on the distant planet Pandora. Its
can change colour? chameleons being colonised by Earthlings in need of a rare mineral called
can talk? parrots unobtainium no, Im not joking a major source of energy which
eat nothing but bamboo shoots? koala bears alone can save our planet from extinction. The humans cannot
live in extremely cold regions? polar bears survive in the atmosphere of Pandora and must wear oxygen
have the longest wing span? albatrosses masks. The natives, however, are very much at home there. Theyre
live underground? moles the Navi, a tribe of agile, slender, blue-tinted, saucer-eyed, 10-foot-
have antlers? deer tall people, who resemble a joint project by Picasso, Giacometti
live in a burrow? rabbits and the Easter Island sculptors.
move very slowly? sloths Underlying Avatar is the story of the colonisation of the Americas
move sideways? crabs and the destruction of the native population and their culture
move backwards? lobsters between the arrival of Columbus through the massacre at
are mans close relatives? apes Wounded Knee up to the bulldozing of the Amazon rainforests.
Avatar is overlong, dramatically two-dimensional, smug and
PROJECT (p. 45)
simplistic. It preaches a sermon about our duty towards the
Attention, ce project sera plus difficilement ralisable si lon na preservation of the environment while leaving the biggest trail
pas abord ltude du document principal via le Interact. of carbon footprints since Godzilla trampled New York. But the
On peut envisager une mission plus libre, de lordre de la imagery is often breathtaking, the ferocious battles brilliantly
debating society en demandant aux lves de prparer une liste staged and technically it pushes the medium forward, though
darguments quils choisiront ou non dutiliser pour contrecarrer not necessarily in a direction that everyone, myself included, will
les arguments de la partie adverse. Diviser la classe en plusieurs approve of. And lets hope 3D doesnt become the norm rather than
groupes pour et plusieurs groupes contre afin quils laborent the exception.
des arguments. Avec une classe de niveau faible, distribuer dans Corrig
un premier temps diffrents arguments chaque groupe en
demandant de slectionner ceux qui correspondent la position.
 The historical events mentioned are the colonisation of the
Americas, from the arrival of Columbus through the massacre
Avant de passer au dbat public, on pourra mettre en place une
of the native population at Wounded Knee to the present day
phase dentranement en rorganisant les groupes de travail et
bulldozing of the Amazon rainforests.
en les composant cette fois de deux lves pour et deux lves
contre, chaque binme testant ainsi ses arguments en direct .  The imagery is often breathtaking; the ferocious battles
Autre possibilit : proposer certains lves de tenir le rle de brilliantly staged; technically it pushes the medium forward.
jury et dvaluer les performances de leurs camarades. Ce peut  Its overlong; dramatically two-dimensional; smug and
tre une bonne manire non seulement de les impliquer dans simplistic; it leaves a very big trail of carbon footprints.
lcoute, mais galement dacqurir le recul et les comptences  Les rponses vont dpendre des gots de chaque lve.
ncessaires une auto-valuation de leur propre performance. Sils diffrent ce sera loccasion de mettre en place un dbat, le
point principal, notre avis, tant le bien fond du choix de la
Avatar (p. 46) technique 3D .
Lenregistrement propos est une critique cinmatographique WRITE (p. 46)
de luvre de James Cameron.
Il est souhaitable que les lves puissent reproduire le style
Cest bien sr laspect conservation vs destruction de ltat de la critique quils ont entendue. Ils pourraient aussi en lire
naturel dun lieu de vie qui a retenu notre choix, ainsi que celui quelques unes sur internet. Le fait quils nont que 150 mots
des photos figurant p. 46 qui servent de support la phase crire devrait les empcher de recopier une critique dj faite et
danticipation lcoute. les forcer construire une synthse !

3. Conservation 39
3 Conservation
INTERACT (p. 46) Edwardian = during the reign of Edward VII (1901-1910).
Corrig C. (exemples)
Elizabethan = during the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603).
Team 1 teamfile-p46-1
Jacobean = during the reign of James I (1601-1625).
A. 1/d, 2. Planet Pandora, 3/b, 4/b/c, 5. Saving Earth from Georgian = during the reign of the four King Georges (1714-1830)
extinction. but sometimes just to the reign of the first three (1714-1820).
Team 2 teamfile-p46-2 Regency = during the Regency of the future George IV (1811-
A. 1/a (rponse probable et logique) 1820), when George III was judged unfit to rule.
2. oxygen masks Victorian = during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901).
3. Navi Edwardian = during the reign of Edward VII (1901-1910).
4/b
5. Physically, humans have skin that goes from white to almost
black whereas the Navi have blue skin. The tallest adult humans
The Hay Wain (p. 47)
are under 7 feet tall, but the Navi grow to about 10 feet. Dans ce chapitre consacr au thme Conservation, le peintre
6. a. agile, b. slender, c. saucer-eyed, d. blue-tinted, e. 10-foot- John Constable a parfaitement sa place. En effet, il apparat
tall. comme la figure marquante de la peinture paysagiste, il est
7. Picasso, Giacometti (and the Easter Island sculptors). celui qui fait de la nature mme le sujet de ses tableaux. The
Team 3 teamfile-p46-3 Hay Wain, comme bon nombre des uvres de Constable, est
lillustration bienveillante dun quotidien paisible et peut-tre
A. 1. a. overlong, b. dramatically two-dimensional, c. smug, aussi quelque peu idalis. La citation soumise en question 3
d. simplistic. la rflexion des lves est ce titre trs pertinente : elle invite
2. The film tries to tell us that we have a duty to preserve the une rflexion qui mettrait en perspective cette peinture et la
planet but the very making of it caused a huge carbon footprint, notion de conservation , entendue comme prservation,
that is, the making of it was not very environmentally conscious protection dune tradition et/ou dune culture.
(a little bit like some famous photographers who travel la diffrence des peintures proposes dans les chapitres 1
thousands of kilometres in helicopters to show us how mans et 2, il ne se passe rien en quelque sorte dans ce tableau : on
activities help create the greenhouse effect). ny trouve ni les cratures filiformes de Lowry ni la plthore de
B. 1. a. the imagery is breathtaking, b. the battles are brilliantly personnages de Hogarth. Sil y a bien une prsence humaine,
staged, c. the technology is in advance of other films. elle est presque anecdotique au regard de la nature qui lentoure,
2. No. Lets hope 3D doesnt become the norm rather than the mme si la premire contribue faonner la deuxime. Cela
exception. constitue la fois une des spcificits de la peinture de
Team 4 teamfile-p46-4 paysages, et aussi un cueil pour des lves plus habitus des
A. 1. the Americas; the native population; culture; Columbus; the images qui bougent, et dans lesquelles laction prvaut.
massacre at Wounded Knee; the Amazon rainforests
Les fiches dinformation (bonus)
PRONOUNCE (p. 46) Trois fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles
TAPESCRIPT tapescript12-p46 fournissent des renseignements sur le peintre, le background
et le tableau :
1. hell, 2. men, 3. age, 4. Ed, 5. late, 6. Janey, 7. pen, 8. saint. bonusfile1-p.47
WORDWORK wordfile-p46 bonusfile2-p.47
bonusfile3-p.47
Corrig
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont
A. 4th-15th century = The Medieval period/The Middle Ages disponibles galement en version enregistre.
15th-16th centuries = The Renaissance
16th century = The Reformation SPEAK (p. 47)
17th-18th century = The Age of Enlightment On peut procder de faon classique et frontale, cest dire
18th-19th centuries = The Industrial Revolution soumettre la classe entire les quatre questions du manuel.
1900-1945 = The Machine Age On peut aussi utiliser les bonusfiles tlchargeables pour une
B. Elizabethan = during the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603). activit visant linteraction avant dentrer dans ltude de ce
Jacobean = during the reign of James I (1601-1625). tableau. Quelle que soit loption retenue, nous recommandons
Georgian = during the reign of the four King Georges (1714-1830) de rappeler aux lves que la Toolbox donne des lments
but sometimes just to the reign of the first three (1714-1820). lexicaux clefs qui seront faciles r-employer dans les rponses
Regency = during the Regency of the future George IV (1811- la question 1. Cest aussi loccasion de (re)voir le lexique du
1820), when George III was judged unfit to rule. commentaire de tableau et/ou quelques prpositions de lieu.
Victorian = during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901). Il conviendra galement daccompagner les lves si leurs rponses

40 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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la question 2 restent minimales : par exemple en proposant un PROJECT (p. 47)


choix dadjectifs dont tous ne seront pas pertinents : peaceful, Pas de corrig-type pour ce project mais des sites utiles et
hectic, noisy, relaxing, harmonious, untroubled, disturbed... Les assez bien faits sur la peinture anglaise de cette poque :
couleurs choisies par Constable viendront corroborer le choix des http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Constable
adjectifs, puisque les couleurs froides dominent. http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/constable_john.html
La citation dans la question 3 ncessite une reformulation qui http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/constable/
peut tout fait venir des lves, mme de faon maladroite. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism
Le message vhicul par lexpression the England that he La prsentation en interaction des diffrents tableaux peut
knew ou the England the Englishmen think they knew tout fait faire lobjet dune valuation, dont nous donnons ici ce
renvoie au patrimoine, ce qui constitue la campagne anglaise qui pourrait constituer les grandes lignes :
de lpoque. Des termes tels que traditional, acknowledged,
voire widespread ou epitome entre autres peuvent tre rappels Prononciation
ou plus vraisemblablement apports par le professeur qui les B1 Intelligible malgr un accent tranger.
assortira de dfinitions. A2 Difficults de prononciation, qui conduisent parfois au
malentendu.
Enfin la question 4 ne saurait se limiter des rponses du
type I dont like it because it is old. L encore un rebrassage de Grammaire
toutes les gradations de lexpression du got seront rappeles B1 Quelques fautes qui naltrent pas la clart du propos.
par le professeur (sous forme de fiche lexicale r-utilisable de A2 Frquentes erreurs de grammaire qui gnent ou pourraient
nombreuses fois en cours danne, par exemple). Et les lves gner la comprhension.
peuvent tre invits en homework chercher y compris dans des
Vocabulaire
peintures, dessins, des photographies personnels ou pas des
paysages qui leur plairaient davantage, en expliquant pourquoi. B1 Vocabulaire appropri, voire recours des reformulations
pour clairer son propos.
Corrig A2 Vocabulaire limit et souvent peu appropri.
 The painting represents a country landscape. A cloudy wind-
Aisance
swept sky with blue patches occupies the upper right-hand
part while a mill by a river with trees nearby occupies the lower B1 Dbit assez fluide, voix bien pose.
left-hand part of the painting. The mill has a sloping roof. In the A2 Hsitations dommageables au propos, voix pas toujours
foreground a horse-drawn cart (the hay wain) is standing in the audible.
shallow water of the stream. Two men are sitting in it. One of Comprhension
them is pointing towards the mill on the left; maybe they have B1 Comprhension satisfaisante mme sil faut rpter une
stopped to let the horses drink. A rowing boat can be seen on the question ou deux.
far bank, on the right. (Si vous regardez le tableau sur internet, A2 Les questions et remarques de lauditoire sont rarement
dautres dtails peuvent tre remarqus : Haymakers are comprises et ncessitent des rptitions ou des
working in the meadow on the right. A woman beside the mill- reformulations.
house is drawing water from the river.)
 The atmosphere is rural and peaceful/untroubled/ Language Corner (p. 48-49)
harmonious. The dark grey sky with its threatening clouds
and small patches of blue indicates the possibility of rain. The Les relatifs doubles : ce qui, ce que,
prevailing colours of the stream and the mill-house are dark too ce dont = which ou what (p. 48)
(brown and grey) but the painter has used a few dashes of red Le but est de rappeler que, contrairement aux relatifs anglais
for the harnesses (and the mens scarves). qui les traduisent, les relatifs doubles franais changent de forme
 Constable was interested in painting the reality surrounding selon leur fonction et non selon le rle quils jouent (annonce
him. Many of his paintings portray scenes from his own life ou rappel). On peut rappeler que le changement de forme selon
(here from his childhood). Such scenes were common at the la fonction sappelle une dclinaison . Les latinistes et
time in rural areas of Britain. Constable never went abroad, and germanistes parmi nos lves le savent dj.
his finest works portray the places he knew and loved best,
particularly Suffolk. He was obsessed with the idea of painting Observation
the changing light or the movements of the clouds in the sky Corrig
as faithfully as possible. A quote from Constable himself: The ...annonce ce qui va suivre : what
sound of water escaping from mill dams, willows, old rotten ...rappelle ce qui prcde : which
planks, slimy posts and brickwork, I love such things. These Ajouter que la fonction du relatif ninflue pas sur sa forme ici.
scenes made me a painter. what actually happened. what sujet de happened
 (Students own answers.) Which was this: the early park managers... which sujet de
was.

3. Conservation 41
3 Conservation
Application b. What explains why Californians want things to change is the
EXERCICE 1 Federal Governments lack of action.
Accepter bien entendu tout autre arrangement recevable. c. What prompted me to run for Governor was that I thought my
On peut aussi faire souligner la partie de chaque phrase reprise energy could help the cause of ecology.
respectivement par what ou which. d. The Governor believes that the planet can be saved, which
Corrig explains his personal commitment.
a. What he explained was that Yellowstone Park was the first Formation des adjectifs composs (p. 48-49)
wilderness to be set aside as a natural preserve anywhere in Sujet inpuisable puisque reli au domaine lexical sur lequel il
the world. ne faut pas hsiter revenir dans dautres contextes.
b. Well, Bradley said, our knowledge has increased with time.
No, it hasnt, Kenner said, which is my point. Observation
Ou : Corrig
What Bradley says is that our knowledge has increased with
time, which Kenner denied.  Blue-tinted, saucer-eyed, 10ft-tall.
c. Its a perpetual claim that we know more today, which is not  Leur fonction : pithtes de people.
borne out by facts.  blue-tinted : blue (adj) + tint (nom) +-ed,
Ou : saucer-eyed : saucer (nom) + eye (nom) + -(e)d,
What is not borne out by facts is that we know more today.
10ft-tall : 10 (adj. numral cardinal + ft pour foot (nom) + tall
d. What also became increasingly clear is that the Indian
(adj.).
hunters of old had exerted a valuable ecological influence on
the park lands.  La complmentation, comme souvent en anglais, se fait de
Ou : la droite vers la gauche. Le mot de gauche complte celui qui est
The Indian hunters of old had exerted a valuable ecological sa droite.
influence on the park lands, which also became increasingly  ten foot tall : car lensemble ten + foot devient un adjectif et
clear. donc reste invariable a ten-dollar bill.
EXERCICE 2
Application
Corrig
EXERCICE 1
a. Ce quil expliqua/expliquait cest que le Parc de Yellowstone
fut la premire rgion sauvage/inhabite au monde qui fut Corrig
slectionne pour en faire une rserve naturelle. blue-tinted: the Navis skin had a blue tint/colour/was tinted
blue.
b. Eh bien, dit Bradley, notre savoir sest accru avec le temps.
saucer-eyed: The Navis eyes were shaped like saucers.
Non, pas du tout, rpliqua Kenner, cest ce que je veux faire
10ft-tall: These people were ten feet tall.
comprendre.
Ou : EXERCICE 2
Ce que Bradley dit cest que notre savoir sest accru avec le Corrig
temps, ce que Kenner conteste. (exemples)
c. On prtend sans cesse que nous en savons davantage The Navi were high-browed, flat-nosed, thick-lipped creatures.
aujourdhui, ce que les faits ne dmontrent pas. They were also black-haired, long-armed, blue-eyed...
Ou : EXERCICE 3
Ce qui nest pas dmontr par les faits, cest que nous en savons Corrig
davantage aujourdhui. a. The Navi are blue-skinned humanoids.
d. Ce qui devint aussi de plus en plus clair cest que les chasseurs b. Sigourney Weaver plays the part of a red-haired scientist.
indiens de lpoque exeraient une influence cologique non c. Jake Sully is a thirtyish/thirty-something/thirty-year-old or
ngligeable sur le territoire des parcs. so former US Marine.
Ou : d. Colonel Miles Quaritch is a scar-faced character.
Les chasseurs indiens de lpoque exeraient une influence
cologique non ngligeable sur le territoire des parcs, ce qui Notions de quantit :
devint galement de plus en plus vident. beaucoup, tant, plus, trop, etc. (p. 49)
EXERCICE 3 Autre sujet sur lequel nous savons quil faut sans cesse revenir.
Corrig Utiliser les tableaux 7 et 8 (p 167-168) du Prcis grammatical.
a. The Federal Government didnt set an example in this field,
which explains why Californians are determined to make things
change/change things.

42 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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Observation  It is astonishing because it used to be a disused clay pit and


Corrig now it is a major tourist attraction with over a million plants on
 so much, too many, more. display.

 so much : so (adv. exclamatif) + adj. indfini de quantit Une fiche dinformation (bonus)
much (car la phrase pourrait sarrter l, ce qui nest pas le cas Une fiche dinformation est tlchargeable. Elle fournit des
si on remplace par so many) = they ate such a lot of... renseignements complmentaires sur le Eden Project :
too many : too (adv. destimation) + many (adjectif indfini de bonusfile4-p.50
quantit) compltant le nom pluriel (invariable !) elk. Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ce texte est
more : comparatif irrgulier de lindfini de quantit much. disponible galement en version enregistre.
 so much : abondance, too many : trop grande abondance,
more : (plus) grande quantit. READ (p. 51)
 Seul more indique une comparaison. Corrig
(exemples)
 Too many et so much.
a. It looked really terrible because it was full of mineral waste
Application and water.
b. He believes that human beings are part of nature not apart
EXERCICE 1
from it, i.e. we are all in the same boat: humans and plants alike.
Corrig
a. They ate so little that the ecology of the area didnt change. Ils WORDWORK wordfile-p50
mangeaient si peu que lcologie de lendroit ne changea pas. Corrig
b. It has become clear that there are too few elk in this park today. Il When people need stone, they generally dig into the face of a
est devenu clair quil y a trop peu dlans dans ce parc aujourdhui. mountain and start what is called a quarry. Unfortunately, this
EXERCICE 2 often ends up by disfiguring the landscape. Such operations are
Corrig frequently accompanied by massive deforestation. Hundreds
a. There are too few beavers in Yellowstones rivers. of thousands of trees are felled and used for timber.
b. There are so few of them that you cant see any dams across/ It has always seemed natural for men to tap natures resources
barring the rivers. in order to fulfil their needs. But they often do it regardless of the
c. There are too few wolves to restore the natural balance. damage done to the flora and fauna, or, if they do care about the
d. There are so many elk that some species of trees are danger to living things, they generally only realise the damage
disappearing/dying out. they have done when a specific species is close to extinction.
Then the most environmentally-conscious of them try to buy
The Eden Project (p. 50-51) land to turn into nature reserves where endangered species
can be protected. But greed turns many people into poachers,
LISTEN (p. 50) especially in poor countries, and many animals that belong to
TAPESCRIPT tapescript14-p50 protected species such as tigers, rhinos and elephants, are still
Hello and welcome to the Eden Project. Its hard to believe that as being killed in large numbers.
recently as October 17th 1998 what you see behind me was a Farmers the world over also share the responsibility for the
derelict clay pit. It was seeping mineral waste and full of water. It depletion of natural resources or for destroying nature. In Brazil,
was the end of the world. What we wanted to do was to transform for example, people continue to destroy the rain forest and turn
to regenerate if you like a pit to create a symbol of optimism thousands of acres into farmland where they practise extensive
to show that ordinary people working together could do the nearly farming instead of planning crop rotation and even leaving land
impossible. fallow for a few years. The uncontrolled use of pesticides (for
And why thats important is the challenges that are going to be getting rid of insects) and fertilizers (for acclerating growth)
facing us over the 21st century will require the very best of us also contributes to the degradation in the quality of the earth.
and part of that need that we are going to have is to realise that It seems that science fiction writer Isaac Asimov was right when
we are a part of nature not apart from nature. And I hope that, by he said over 40 years ago that man has become the cancer of
looking at the world through the lens of plants, we can take you on the planet.
a journey that, while it is about science and the natural world, is
essentially about the most important species on it, its humans, it
is us, it is our story.
Corrig
 Its purpose is to show people the incredible variety of plants
of Earth and how plants and people need each other.

3. Conservation 43
3 Conservation
Checkpoint (p. 52-53) traites en tant que telles mais aussi tre considres comme
des pistes, des passages obligs visant aider les lves
Comprhension de loral (p. 52) noublier aucun lment essentiel dans lanalyse de cette
image.
LISTEN (p. 52) Faites lire la caption (lgende) et faites remarquer lemploi de
Nous avons affaire ici un reportage sur les espces menaces. la prposition before et non pas under qui viendrait sans doute
TAPESCRIPT tapescript15-p52 plus naturellement lesprit des lves...
Almost a third of the worlds wildlife has been lost in the past 35 Corrig
years, a report reveals.  Most of them live in Africa as the background landscape
The number of animals per species fell an average 27 per cent tends to indicate. From left to right, we can see the following
between 1970 and 2005 - with land animals down 25 per cent, animals: a rhino(ceros), a gorilla, an ostrich/emu, a tiger, an
marine 28 per cent and freshwater 29 per cent. elephant, a zebra, a leopard and a monkey.
And one of the big reasons is the expansion of humankind - our
population is up to 6.5 billion from 4 billion and we are using 25
 Tigers usually live in Asia/on the Asian continent. Leopards,
elephants and rhinos live in Africa as well as in Asia.
per cent more resources than we replace.
Jonathan Loh, author of the report, said the fall was unprecedented  All these animals are shown together here because they are
in terms of human history, adding: You would have to go back to unfortunately concerned by the same threat: extinction. They
the extinction of the dinosaurs to see a decline as rapid as this. are all to some degree endangered species.
The main threats to species are pollution, habitat destruction,  The second and third pictures show the gradual
over-exploitation, invasive species and climate change. disappearance of the animals shown in the first picture, the
The Living Planet Index, produced by WWF, the London Zoological final and rather tragic result being their total absence from the
Society and the Global Footprint Network, tracks 4,000 species landscape.
including nearly 241 fish, 83 amphibian, 40 reptile, 811 bird and
 It could be due to unrestrained illegal hunting/poaching or to
302 mammal species.
drastic changes to the environment brought about by man, such
Marine species such as swordfish and hammerhead sharks fell 28
as changes in temperature (global warming) or the clearing of
per cent. Marine birds suffered a fall of 30 per cent and tropical
forests.
land-based species fell 46 per cent. The Yangtze River Dolphin
may have been lost altogether.  The caption implies that we can all see that this is happening
But there were glimmers of hope that such trends can be reversed. but we dont do anything to stop it or slow it down. A lot of
After campaigns since 1970, the population of Amur tigers now people dont feel personally concerned and close their eyes to
stands at 30, up from 10. And a sharp decline in whales has been ecological disasters.
turned into a gradual increase.  They are cruel/heartless/self-centred... What they do is
Colin Butfield of WWF-UK said: Biodiversity has an impact on us revolting/unacceptable/unbreabale... They are threatening
all. the survival of our planet by doing irreversible damage to the
Corrig animal world. They should be punished severely.
 Almost a third. EXPRESSION ORALE
 Freshwater animals have been the worst hit with a 29 % fall. (p. 53)
 The main reason is the explosion in the population of humans. Les lves pourront se servir des wordfiles p. 45 et p. 50
Humans are now using 25 % more resources than they replace. pour faire cet exercice. Ils devraient penser structurer leur
Humans are also causing pollution, habitat destruction and over prsentation, commenant avec une introduction sur le thme
exploitation. en gnral, parlant de ce quils ont appris du chapitre, faisant
 The situation is being compared to the extinction of the une description ou un traitement de ce qui est explicite et puis
dinosaurs. en dveloppant le ct implicite du cartoon.
Corrig
 Swordfish and hammerhead sharks fell by 28 %; marine
(exemple)
birds by 30 %; tropical land-based species by 46 %.
There is much concern these days about conservation and
 The situation could be improving there are glimmers of the protection of endangered species. There is international
hope in some areas. pressure on certain countries to behave as the others in these
matters.
EXPRESSION CRITE (p. 52)
In this cartoon, we can see a tree in whose branches three men
Nous nous concentrons ici sur un cartoon illustrant les are sitting with saws in their hands about to saw off the branch.
consquences du rchauffement climatique avec, en particulier, At the base of the tree are some other people and other animals
lexemple du continent africain. which remind us of those who took refuge in Noahs Ark. The
Les questions (pro)poses successivement peuvent tre people and animals at the bottom of the tree are looking up at

44 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

the men in the branches with apprehension. In the top left-hand Ateliers (p. 54-55)
corner there is a dense grey cloud with the sun peeking out from
behind. Atelier 1 (p. 54)
The three men represent three important countries, the USA, TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p54
China and India. America is saying he will stop when the other VOICEOVER: Most peoples perception of an eco-friendly home
two countries do, and the other countries reply by saying they conjures up images of wind turbines and grass roofs. But English
wont stop unless America does. The situation seems to be architect Paul Lavelle has proved you can design and build a low-
in deadlock, suggesting that the tree, a symbol for forests or energy luxurious home by using some very simple yet ingenious
nature in general, is doomed and that these countries just want eco principles.
to make as much profit as they can from the wood they will cut. LAVELLE: The real key to the eco-credential(s) of
Also, the three men will fall if they cut their branches which this property is actually the simplest: it is completely air-tight. It is
suggests that the survival of these countries is doomed too. The the most misunderstood point of keeping a property low-energy.
people and animals at the bottom represent the ones who will be Weve actually built the roof and the walls in a completely different
affected if the forests are cut down but they are powerless; they way. We have a totally air-tight membrane that comes all the way
can only look on in fear. The sun could represent God; it looks down the roof, all the way down the walls, on both sides from
angry, surrounded by the grey cloud. Maybe the sun represents the inside and the outside so no air can penetrate at all. And the
a ray of hope. humidity (to start with) we have no humidity inside the property
with the special air system. All the joinery that we have has also
COMPRHENSION DE LCRIT (p. 53) been specially made. Its very simple: we just put a fascia all the
Lextrait du roman de Pat Conroy propos ici sinscrit way around the door, that you can see, which means that theres
naturellement dans la thmatique des pages prcdentes. En absolutely no draught. And the result is a property that has no loss
effet, le narrateur, un adulte, voque les ctes de Caroline du of heat through air change.
Sud, et se souvient de son enfance au cur dune nature la Youve got twenty large solar panels. They produce heat all the
fois respecte et mutile. year round at different times. Every little drip (sic) of heat we
Corrig get we stick it in the ground, and its stored in the ground and we
take it out whenever we need it. And whats amazing is that you
 The narrator is a man remembering his childhood (As a
can actually store it in the ground in the summer and use it in the
boy..., l. 9).
winter. Thats how the whole property is heated. All the heat comes
 The events related in the extract take place in South Carolina, a from these panels.
southern state of the United States. It borders Georgia to the south, Because youre airtight, you would end up with a stale air situation
North Carolina to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. if you werent changing the air. We actually change the air in the
Colleton County is in the south east of the state. property once every two hours by taking the air and dumping it
 The extract mentions the blazing South Carolina heat so we outside and bringing fresh air in. But the outgoing air heats up the
understand that the climate is hot, even subtropical. incoming air so you dont lose the heat of the property. So you
actually end up with a situation with very fresh air all the time,
 As he worked outside on a boat, the narrators arms were but the other main advantage is you end up with very very low
suntanned. humidity which has huge health benefits amongst other things
 Sentences like I grew up slowly beside the tides and but also makes a very pleasant environment to live in. We achieve
marshes, I could pick a blue crab, I had killed my first deer 25 % humidity inside the property which is getting on to desert-
and I was happy above the channels show that he lived close type humdidy, which is gorgeous.
to the nature around him. The rain that runs off the roof comes down the normal downpipes
 He killed a bald eagle, just for fun. and, instead of just disappearing into the ground or wherever you
put it, we put it into a tank and then that comes in... is pumped
 His father beat him. back into the house to feed washing machines, loos, etc. Massively
When he killed a deer, it was to feed his family. Hunting was reduces the water consumption of the property. Again, anyone can
not some kind of sport but a necessity something he was do it; its low-cost, simple.
expected to do to help his family. VOICEOVER: This is obviously a luxurious home, but you could build an

In the extract, the narrator as a young boy killed an eagle, ordinary family house that uses all this technology right now, and
which was against the law. Because his father believed in for exactly the same price as an ordinary house. Think about it.
the expiation of sin (i.e. paying the penalty for a sin you have
committed), and because he considered that killing an eagle
was a sin (against nature or against God/the Gods...), he
punished his son for it.

3. Conservation 45
3 Conservation
QUESTIONS DU MANUEL (p. 54) beaucoup plus rcents, reconstruction du clotre de Saint-
Corrig Guilhem New York, etc.).
 Air. It is air-tight. An air-tight membrane means that no air Corrig
can penetrate at all. There is a special air system that eliminates  Here we have a picture showing London Bridge now located
all humidity. The air is changed every two hours. in the middle of the Arizona desert. It was sold by the City of
Heat. There is no loss of heat through air change. Heat is London to Robert P. McCulloch in 1967. McCulloch wanted to bring
produced by solar panels which produce heat all the year money and tourists to a retirement home complex he had built.
round.  (exemple) Personally, I think that spending so much money
Water. Rainwater from the roof supplies the house with water for on transferring the bridge to the US is totally ridiculous. Whats
washing machines, loos (toilets), etc. the point of relocating London Bridge in the middle of a desert
in the USA?
 (exemple) Everything has been done to use the minimum
amount of fossil fuels: solar panels, recycled rainwater, etc.  (exemple) Relocating old monuments without taking
Most importantly, the house is air-tight: the determining factor geographical features into account is in really bad taste.
in reducing energy consumption to a minimum.
Atelier 3 (p. 54)
DVD WORKSHEET dvdfile-p54 Cet atelier dexpression crite a pour but dentraner les lves
Corrig la rdaction construite dun essai en 180 mots. Il conviendra de
rassurer celles et ceux qui seraient inquiets devant lampleur de
 /c. la tche en leur donnant des consignes prcises dorganisation.
 The solar panels produce heat all (the) year round. The Travail de recherche pralable
principle is that you store heat in the ground in (the) summer, Relever sur les sites indiqus ci-dessous les informations
and use it in (the) winter. demandes sur une espce associe aux grands espaces
 (exemple) amricains et sur laquelle les lves nont quune connaissance
The air is changed once every two hours when fresh air is trs approximative mais qui devrait veiller leur curiosit : http://
brought in to replace the existing air. The outgoing air heats up www.defenders.org/wildlife_and_habitat/wildlife/bison.php#
the incoming air so you dont lose the heat of the property. http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/americanbison.htm
Reprer sur la carte qui se trouve la fin de leur manuel o se
 It is remarkably low at 25 %, which is about the same
situe ltat du Montana et quels sont les tats voisins.
as the humidity of a desert. This makes for a very healthy
Pour des informations sur le grand parc national de Yellowstone
environment.
qui stend sur les trois tats du Wyoming (principalement), du
 /a/d/e/g. Montana et de lIdaho, aller sur : http://www.nps.gov/yell/index.
 /a. htm
Vrifier avec les lves le sens du mot epic laide de
Atelier 2 (p. 54) synonymes (extraordinary, impressive...)
Le sujet est original : peu de gens savent que la premire Travail de rdaction en deux parties
version du clbre London Bridge se trouve maintenant en 1. Reformuler les informations donnes par les sites internet : on
plein dsert de lArizona. Les lves sont donc appels ragir insistera particulirement sur ce point en indiquant au passage
de faon personnelle mais claire sur un projet pour le moins que personne ne peut se satisfaire dune copie de copier-
spectaculaire. coller .
Les questions proposes ont lavantage de proposer un plan 2. Donner son avis personnel en argumentant :
organis sur la prise de parole en continu : Personally, I think that...
exposer le sujet dans quelques noncs dintroduction, I firmly object to (+ V-ing...)
faire la liste des informations intressantes qui retracent I totally disapprove of (+ V-ing...)
lhistorique du pont originel. On proposera aux lves les sites : I have mixed feelings about...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Bridge_(Lake_Havasu_City) We should(nt)...
http://www.roadtripamerica.com/places/havasu.htm
Atelier 4 (p. 55)
donner ensuite son avis sur la question, en restant focalis
sur le fait divers lui-mme. Il sagira ici de sensibiliser les lves une pratique peu connue
mais extrmement dangereuse pour lenvironnement : le
largir le sujet la question plus large de la conservation du prlvement abusif et incontrl de sable sur les plages des
patrimoine et expliquer jusquo on peut aller sans tomber dans Carabes afin de produire du bton pour construire des htels
le ridicule (canaux de Venise reconstitus dans le quartier de accueillant les touristes de plus en plus nombreux dans cette
Venice Beach Los Angeles, deux pas du trafic autoroutier, rgion du monde...
copie des universits anglaises sur les campus amricains

46 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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Corrig On trouvera sur Internet, et en particulier sur les sites de video.


 Its amazing white sandy beaches and crystal-clear waters google et de youtube une srie dinterviews de lauteur qui
make it attractive. Tourists are looking for exotic, postcard- peuvent permettre dlargir les connaissances de llve et de
like scenery which makes a complete change from their daily faire plus ample connaissance avec cet crivain sympathique.
environment. Les diffrents crits de Bill Bryson pourraient eux seuls
 There are more and more flights to and from lots of permettre de construire un manuel traitant de tous les thmes
Caribbean islands to allow the tourist industry to flourish. des programmes culturels des classes de lyce. Sa bibliographie
Some islands are fast becoming more and more popular/ elle seule suffirait convaincre les sceptiques. Consulter son
touristy because of this. site officiel (http://www.randomhouse.com/features/billbryson)
pour une bibliographie complte et voir aussi Wikipedia pour sa
 It means undeveloped and practically unchanged from its biographie (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Bryson).
original state.
Le texte propos en lecture cursive est lexicalement riche. Les
 The need for accommodation and all the raw materials lves disposent donc dune copieuse Toolbox qui leur vitera de
needed to create it, including sand for cement. longues recherches dans un dictionnaire.
 It is partly responsible because some people steal and sell
sand from beaches, completely disregarding the damage done READ (p. 56-57)
to the natural environment. All that interests them is making Corrig
money.  Forests in the USA still cover wide expanses of land. Forests
 It consists of taking/removing huge amounts/quantities of actually cover a third of the USA: 728,000,000 acres, that is
sand from a beach in order to sell it as raw material for cement. almost 300,000,000 hectares. The state of Maine alone has
This practice has existed for over 30 years, but is now becoming forests covering an expanse bigger than Belgium. Careful
more and more widespread. though: the fact that only 2 percent of the US is classified as
built up does not mean that the remaining 98 per cent are
 There is more risk of damage from water (flooding, tidal
covered with forests!
waves, rough seas...) and from high winds. The practice also
threatens certain species of flora and fauna.  The US Forest Service is a government agency founded at
the end of the 19th century. Its initial function was to manage
Atelier 5 (p. 55) US timber resources at a time when people were worried about
Diviser la classe en groupes de quatre et placez-les en mini- the depletion of forests.
cercles. Chaque groupe sera constitu comme suit :  The paradox is that in fact the Forest Service seems intent
un lve qui a travaill sur le texte Illegal Sand Mining et qui en on destroying what it is supposed to protect. In fact, as noted
rsumera le contenu ses camarades, ironically by the author, it looks like the Service is more active
un lve dont la tche sera de prsenter les avantages in building roads and allowing the exploitation of forests than
dvelopper les zones touristiques dans ces sites, in protecting them. Among its activities, the author mentions
un lve dont la tche sera dargumenter contre un tel mining, oil and gas extraction, building ski resorts, condiminium
dveloppement, developments, motor sports, road building and, of course,
un lve charg de proposer des sanctions ventuelles logging.
aux promoteurs immobiliers qui ne respectent pas lquilibre
 Although the subject is a serious one and in spite of the
cologique de tels emplacements.
fact that there is a lot to say about the way the Forest Service
Une fois les rles dfinis, on peut laisser chacun quelques carries out its duties, and a lot that could make people angry or
minutes pour une prise de notes ventuelle quil conviendra indignant, the authors tone remains calm and marked by irony
de ne pas lire mais qui serviront de base un rel exercice and some humour, e.g. the deep pleasure of doing noisy things
dintercommunication. in the woods with big yellow machines... He has chosen this
tone instead of that of a violent diatribe, which, paradoxically,
The Forest Service (p. 56-57) seems to make his case even more convincing.
La thmatique de la conservation est reprise avec un humour  What he is attacking is the destruction of what ought to be
grinant mais nanmoins bon enfant avec ce texte de Bill protected and preserved for obvious economic reasons. Another
Bryson. En effet, il permet de raliser que lenfer est pav of his targets is the greed of some people.
de bonnes intentions et que parfois les efforts humains en  This extract is closely related to the theme of conservation
matire de protection et de gestion de lenvironnement sont because it focuses on what people do but should not do to
lorigine des pires catastrophes naturelles. natural resources.

3. Conservation 47
4 Families
Pages douverture (p. 58-59) Picture 5 was taken in a familys living-room. Here too there is
a lot of happiness and laughter. The family are watching a home
La thmatique du vivre ensemble nous incite commencer movie whose stars seem to be two of the little girls in the room.
par la vie de famille puisque cest la premire communaut que The camcorder is on the coffee table which means that the film
les enfants connaissent, du moins pour la majorit dentre eux. may have been recently shot and that everyone was anxious to
Les faits nous rappellent nanmoins que ce nest pas le cas see it. The girl with the Asian features may be a friend of the two
de tous, hlas, malgr les efforts faits par certains couples, other young girls or their adopted sister. Be that as it may, they
comme celui que lon reconnat sur limage 6. Avanons donc all seem to belong to one big happy family.
prudemment aussi sur ce terrain. Everyone will recognise the parents in picture 6. They may well
Compte tenu de lenvironnement dans lequel lenfant grandit, be wearing sunglasses, but there is no mistaking them for an
la notion dappartenance (ou non) une communaut de vie ordinary couple with an ordinary family. Actors Angelina Jolie
ne tarde pas apparatre. Il sera intressant de montrer si les and Brad Pitt are famous for their large family of six children,
photographies choisies refltent ou non, de la part des enfants some of them their own, the others having been adopted. The
ou des adolescents, ce sentiment dappartenance. childrens faces have been blurred for obvious reasons and it is
Nous disposons de six images et de cinq tches (Speak), ce hard to say whether the children look happy or not. But knowing
qui nous incite une organisation en cinq ou six groupes. Si what adoption saved some of them from, it is hard to imagine
lon choisit de sappuyer sur six groupes, la tche n 4 pourra that they might not be.
tre traite sous forme de synthse de la description des six What all these pictures have in common is that they show
photos. happy people and illustrate the feeling of belonging.

SPEAK
Corrig (synthse)
(p. 59)
Mum gets Computer-savvy
(p. 60-61)
Picture 1 shows a man who is old enough to be a grandfather.
Whether he is the childs grandfather is another matter. He could Ce document est un extrait humoristique qui met en vidence
be a friend of the childs family, or a member of an adopted or le dcalage des gnrations lre de linformatique. Le ton est
foster family. The architecture of the building in the background rapidement donn : le dcalage nest quapparent car, la grande
suggests that the picture was taken in England on some festive surprise de sa fille, cette maman sest mise au got du jour en
occasion such as the Notting Hill Carnival, as illustrated by the se familiarisant avec loutil informatique et semble tre devenue
childs red wig and the presence of a man whose origins might une inconditionnelle du shopping par Internet et donc de eBay
well be West Indian. But of course it could have been taken qui na plus de secret pour elle.
almost anywhere. Both man and child seem to be having a good La fiche de Wordwork sera corrige avant de traiter les
time. questions de comprhension : le thme sera ainsi lanc et les
Picture 2 looks like a British Christmas dinner judging by the termes techniques rapidement lucids. Les lves faibles
food and the crackers on the table, and the paper hats some seront sollicits en priorit pour la correction de cette liste qui
people are wearing. The atmosphere is that of a happy family ne devrait pas poser de problme particulier.
meal, but it looks like people are busier eating than talking... On en profitera pour lucider le mot savvy et lexpression
Picture 3 shows a family of six standing on a pavement as computer-savvy. Toujours dans une dmarche dinter-
they come out of a store (probably a garden centre) where they communication, un lve se voit confier un dictionnaire et devra
have been doing some shopping. They all look happy enough ensuite donner une explication plausible en anglais : Mum gets
but the plate and spoon in the hand of the little girl in the orange computer-savvy = Mum now knows a lot about computers/Mum
sweatshirt look rather out of place here. becomes an expert in computer use, etc.
Picture 4 was taken in a garden or a park around lunch time. Lextrait est tir dun des romans, souvent hilarants, parfois
Three families of different ethnic backgrounds but all obviously grinants, de Sophie Kinsella. On peut demander plusieurs
belonging to the middle or maybe upper-middle class have met lves daccder lun des sites suivants pour apporter
for a picnic on a sunny summers day. This reminds one of the davantage dinformation la classe sur lauteur :
traditional potluck get-togethers that Americans often have, in http://www.randomhouse.com/bantamdell/kinsella/
which each family brings one or several dishes of its own and http://www.randomhouse.com/bantamdell/kinsella/books/
shares their food with the others. The atmosphere here is happy display.pperl?isbn=9780385342353
and friendly. One man is in charge of broiling/barbecuing/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lL1ClGIHpfs (interview)
cooking the meat, another one plays with the children while the http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-605807352079223
third one is filming the scene as people do on happy occasions. 0401 (interview)
The women seem busy getting everybodys plates ready. All are Les interviews vidoscopes que lon trouve sur internet
smiling and enjoying the moment. permettent de crer des activits de comprhension de loral
intressantes.

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SPEAK (p. 60) Enfin, la manire des grands champions qui cherchent
amliorer leur performance, on peut proposer aux lves
Corrig (exemple)
volontaires de les filmer et danalyser en feedback, les points
The title of the extract and the cartoon make us think that the forts et les points amliorer.
text is going to be about computers, the tensions that computer Team 1 teamfile-p61-1
use at home may trigger off, etc. Team 2 teamfile-p61-2
Team 3 teamfile-p61-3
READ (p. 60)
Team 4 teamfile-p61-4
Corrig
 Three characters are present: Becky, her mother and Janice, WORDWORK wordfile-p61
a friend of Beckys mothers. Corrig
 The scene takes place in the kitchen of Beckys house. A. mouse mat small computer pad for the computer
 The characters are talking about Internet shopping on eBay. mouse to roll on
bid offer a price for something
 a. When Becky hears the oven timer she thinks her mother eBay a web site where you can buy second-
has been cooking something. (But, in fact, her mother put the hand objects
oven timer on in order to be reminded to check eBay.) firewall Internet security barrier
b. Becky is very surprised to learn that her mother knows what modem device that enables you to connect to the
eBay is and intends to do some Internet shopping. Internet
c. When her mother talks about a firewall, Becky is ashamed to domain servers groups of computers that manage network
admit that she does not know what a firewall is. traffic
broadband system allowing a large amount of data to
WRITE (p. 60) travel
Corrig get through connect
(exemple de production attendue) Internet shopping buying things on the Internet
be down be no longer in working order
A. Dear (+ name of magazine),
B. 1. screen, 2. DVD player, 3. speaker, 4. mouse, 5. printer,
Let me tell you something: my mum has become computer-
6. keyboard.
savvy. With her best friend, Janice, she did a computer course
and wanted to install a firewall on my laptop but I didnt have a PROJECT (p. 61)
clue what she was talking about!
Corrig
Honestly, I felt so frustrated!
Everything I do, she can do better! Take exercising for example: (exemples)
she is fitter than I am. And she speaks better French she goes Sending an email (with attachments):
to evening classes and now wants to go to Paris to practise!  Log onto the email server installed in your computer.
How can I feel good about myself with such a superwoman as a  Key in your email address and your password.
mother? I feel desperate. Please, help me.  Key in the email address of the person you want to write an
Becky, from the UK. email to.
B. Dear Becky,  Compose your message.
I really dont think you have a problem. It should be great to have  If you want to attach a file to your email, click on Attachments
a mother who wants to keep up with the times and look good. and select it by double-clicking on it.
You mustnt think of her as a rival and you shouldnt try and  Click on Send.
compete. If I were you, I would stop seeing everything she does Buying something from an online shop:
as some sort of personal attack. You should be concentrating on  Log onto the website of the online shop you want to buy
living your own life, so pay less attention to her. Each generation items from.
has its moments of happiness and frustration. Believe me.  When you have found the items you want to buy, add them
INTERACT (p. 61) to your shopping cart.
 When you have finished shopping, your items are totalled,
Le travail propos consiste mettre les lves en situation
then the tax and shipping costs are added.
de role play. Le support est identique dans les quatre groupes
mais la situation diffre. Cest donc le ton, lintonation, laccent
 Key in your credit card number, the expiry date and the CVV
number which is the Credit Card Verification Number (a three-
de phrase quil faudra travailler.
digit number printed on the back of your card).
On encouragera les lves mmoriser le passage afin
 Click on Enter.
dobtenir plus de spontanit et on nexigera pas, videmment,
 Print your receipt/copy of the order.
une restitution mot pour mot.

4. Families 49
4 Families
A Good Mother? (p. 62-63) wonder if other parents act this way or if I am the only one, which
is why I decided to talk about it on your radio programme.
SPEAK (p. 62) INTERVIEWER: Have you ever tried to understand why you react in this
Corrig way?
INTERVIEWER: Do you think that you have lost your childhood
 The photo was taken in some kind of recording studio, enthusiasm now that you are an adult?
possibly a radio station. It may have been taken in order to have ALISON: Its very strange; Ive never lost my enthusiasm. But
an image to match the voice that will be recorded. sometimes I feel that Im losing something I once had my youth
 On the right of the photo, we can see a middle-aged woman perhaps.
who is talking into a microphone. She is wearing headphones INTERVIEWER: But youre still a young mother! Do you really feel such
and she is also gesturing with her hand. She looks quite serious a victim?
and concerned by what she is discussing. On the left, with his ALISON: Oh no! Not a victim! But seeing the boys growing up has
back to the photographer there is a young man who is also simply reminded me that Im not as young as I was, and of course
wearing headphones and is talking into a red microphone. He is there is perhaps also the fact that theyre boys. For the last five
sitting behind a mixing desk. years my work colleagues have been almost predominantly men.
Its not always so easy. I often have to prove that I am at least as
LISTEN (p. 62) good as they are. But I dont want to be this way with my family!
TAPESCRIPT tapescript16 INTERVIEWER: Well, Alison, lets see if there are any other parents
INTERVIEWER: Good Morning and welcome to another Family Hour, in out there who would like to add their own experiences. If you are
which we discuss family problems, family secrets, family plans... listening to Family Hour and you wish to give us your opinion or
If you have a problem you wish to discuss, if you would like some some advice to Alison you can call us on...
friendly advice, if you have some tips to share with us whatever Corrig
interests you about family relationships we are here for you at
Family Hour! Today we have a guest and her name is Alison. Hello,  It is a discussion programme for parents.
Alison and welcome to Family Hour!  It is called Family Hour.
ALISON: Hello.  Alison, a mother of two sons, is being interviewed.
INTERVIEWER: Now Alison, I believe you have two children.
ALISON: Thats right: Steven, who is twelve and Jonathan, who is
 She is talking about the fact that she always wants to win
against her children when she plays games with them.
eight. Two wonderful sons.
INTERVIEWER: Im sure they are, Alison! You must love them very WRITE (p. 62)
much!
Prparation la production orale ou crite, ce bref sujet peut-
ALISON: Yes I do, very much! But recently, to be honest, I have been
tre donn en devoir la maison et donner lieu valuation
wondering if I am a good mother. It sounds silly perhaps, but I have
(chiffre ou non).
become a little too competitive with my own children.
INTERVIEWER: Competitive? In what way? Suggrer des domaines dans lesquels les parents peuvent
ALISON: Well, I realise that lately, whenever we all play together, I entrer en comptition avec leurs enfants (sports, mode, etc.).
havent always been very fair. Its as if I need to win every time...
PRONOUNCE (p. 62)
INTERVIEWER: Do you play a lot of games with your children?
ALISON: Oh yes! Ive always considered that its important to spend Corrig
quality time together. As a working mother I know its sometimes A. There is usually more than one way of pronouncing vowels,
difficult to have enough time to spend with the children but its so whether they be single letters like the o of mover and cover or
important to have fun together! double letters like ea and ou.
INTERVIEWER: I quite agree. So when you say that you arent always B. 1. cover, 2. heard, 3. rough, 4. though.
very fair, what do you mean exactly?
ALISON: Well, for example, if we play cards or a board game or WORDWORK wordfile-p62
something like that, I tend to get obsessed with winning! I become Corrig
overenthusiastic, almost aggressive as if I need to prove I can A. Harmony: be on good terms, easy-going, trustworthy, get on
win! well
INTERVIEWER: And how do the children react to this? Do they laugh Trouble: have words, have an argument/a row, stand up to, scold,
at you? sulk, nag, shut others out
ALISON: Sometimes they find it very funny, I must admit! But B.
sometimes they get so frustrated or angry that they stop break up, split up se sparer
playing. bride la marie
INTERVIEWER: And how do you feel when that happens? bridegroom le mari
ALISON: Well I feel frustrated too and a bit ashamed. I can see myself bring up/raise children lever des enfants
acting like a child and Im supposed to be the adult! I sometimes court, woo courtiser

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dump
get a divorce
laisser tomber (quelquun)
divorcer
The Tornado (p. 63)
grant legal custody accorder la garde lgale La peinture choisie ici revt un double intrt : outre la
have an affair avoir une liaison dimension artistique de luvre et son angle bien particulier
honeymoon lune de miel nous faisant dcouvrir une famille amricaine dans une situation
propose to (somebody) demander (quelquun) en mariage durgence, trois sous-thmes (mmoire : hritages, sentiment
witness le tmoin dappartenance : singularits et solidarits ; crations)
apparaissent clairement, en lien avec les nouveaux programmes
INTERACT (p. 62) de la classe de Seconde ( lart de vivre ensemble ).
Corrig Au mme titre que Grant Wood auteur du clbre American
Team 1 teamfile-p62-1 Gothic en 1930 et Thomas Hart Benton, Curry est considr
comme lun des principaux artisans du mouvement artistique dit
A. 1/c, 2/b, 3/c.
rgionaliste qui a connu une priode faste dans la premire
B. 1. The interviewer says the title of the programme.
moiti du vingtime sicle.
2. Alison tells the interviewer the age of the children.
3. Alison realises she hasnt been fair with the children. Les fiches dinformation (bonus)
4. Alison considers its important to have quality time with ones
Trois fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles four-
children.
nissent des renseignements sur le peintre, le background et le
5. The interviewer asks Alison about the childrens reactions.
tableau :
6. Alison admits to her own feelings.
bonusfile1-p.63
Team 2 teamfile-p62-2 bonusfile2-p.63
A. 1/b, 2/c, 3/a. bonusfile3-p.63
B. 1. Alison thinks the children are wonderful. Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont
2. Alison wonders if she is a good mother. disponibles galement en version enregistre.
3. Alison finds she is being too competitive.
4. Alison feels its important to spend quality time with her SPEAK (p. 63)
children, as a working mother. Corrig
5. Alison notices that she gets frustrated and ashamed. 1. The scene takes place on a farm in a rural area of Kansas. A
6. Alison seems to have lost her childhood enthusiasm. family has realised that a tornado is about to strike. We can see
7. Alison sounds as if she regrets losing her youth, no longer it in the background, looming up. The head of the family is trying
being a child. his hardest to get his wife and children to safety. They are going
Team 3 teamfile-p62-3 underground into a tornado shelter. The shelter is at the back of
A. 1/c, 2/a. the farmhouse which is a wooden building with steps down from
3. busy because shes a working mother the back porch into the yard. A tin water barrel/vat collects rain
worried that she isnt a good mother water from the roof. There are four children, including a baby
concerned about her children not always having fun which is being held in its mothers arms. Several animals can
frustrated because she doesnt feel shes acting like an adult also be seen: horses in the distance behind the fence, a cat, a
preoccupied by her self-questioning dog, a hen in the foreground, and several puppies that the eldest
nostalgic for her youth boy is holding. In the bottom left-hand corner is a wooden trolley,
probably belonging to one of the younger children.
B. 1. ... Alisons sons are wonderful.
2. ... has been too competitive with her children. 2. The members of this family are going underground because
3 ... its important to have fun with ones children. a tornado generally destroys everything in its path: houses,
4. ... the children sometimes find it funny that she wants to win. pylons, cars, crops: basically everything on the earths surface.
5. ... she regretted her childhood days. 3. It shows that it is the parents role to protect their children
Team 4 teamfile-p62-4 and illustrates the traditional view that it is the fathers role to
A. 1/a, 2/b c, 3/b. be the strongest member of the family and take the lead. This
B. 1. Its a programme about anything which concerns the is why the man in the picture is shown as physically strong and
family. dominating the situation. His wife and children look up to him,
2. To have fun together. trust him, and look to him for leadership and protection.
3. She wants to share her problem of feeling she always has to 4. Tornadoes are some of natures most violent storms. They
win when she plays games with her children. must always be taken very seriously because, even though they
4. She feels ashamed and frustrated. are very spectacular to watch, they are extremely dangerous.
5. She says she feels she is losing her youth and she has worked Tornadoes can even sometimes be deadly. They are caused by
in a male environment for the last five years where everyone is powerful thunderstorms and appear as rotating, funnel-shaped
very competitive and she has had to prove herself as a woman. clouds. Tornado winds can reach 300 miles per hour. They

4. Families 51
4 Families
cause huge damage when they touch down on the ground. They The wind was blowing in chilly gusts.
have the ability to damage an area one mile wide and 50 miles It was blistering hot/cold this morning!
long. Every American state is subject to tornadoes, but states The sea breeze is always enjoyable during a heatwave.
in Tornado Alley (Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, The hurricane was soon followed by a flood which devastated
Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana) are at highest risk. Tornadoes the area.
can form any time of the year, but the tornado season usually Heavy rain poured down on us this morning.
runs from March to August. The ability to predict tornadoes is Les mots et expressions griss peuvent servir la description
extremely limited. Usually a community will have at least a few de la peinture page 63.
minutes warning to get away from the area hit by a tornado.
Corrig
The most important thing to do is take shelter when a tornado
is nearby. If you are in a car, it is essential that you seek shelter A. Wind and storms breeze, hurricane, lightning, gale, gust,
in a nearby building. thunder
(Voir aussi http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/edu/safety/tornadoguide. Produced by clouds flood, heavy, hail, pour, shower, sleet,
html) snow
Temperature chilly, icy, freezing, frosty, blistering,
5. Kansas is located in the American Heartland. It is a highly
sweltering, heatwave
agricultural state, producing huge quantities of wheat and
sunflower each year. The capital is Topeka but its largest city B. rainy (adj.) pluvieux
is Wichita. It has a humid continental climate, with cold winters changeable variable
and hot summers and is the tenth sunniest state in the country. a cloud un nuage
It is highly vulnerable to strong thunderstorms which can result cloudy nuageux
in tornadoes, one of which struck in June 1929 although it only a shower une averse
caused minor damage.However, a much more important event hail (n., v.) la grle, grler
took place in 1929: the Wall Street Crash, when the value of stock cloudless sans nuage
market shares suddenly fell dramatically and ruined thousands a rainbow un arc-en-ciel
of investors and companies. This led to high unemployment and pour (v.) pleuvoir seaux
millions of people were reduced to living in dreadful poverty. a heatwave une vague de chaleur
The atmosphere of pessmism and despair that predominated sultry lourd, touffant
in 1929 contrasts sharply with Currys painting which portrays thunder le tonnerre
mankind as a force strong enough to conquer nature... lightning la foudre
a flash of lightning un clair
PROJECT (p. 63) a storm un orage
Il est essentiel, dans les consignes donnes aux lves, de rumble (v.), roar (v.) gronder
leur faire exprimer au maximum les sentiments et ractions overcast couvert
des divers membres de la famille dans la situation, tels que nasty, foul mauvais, affreux
la surprise, la peur et la panique, mais aussi le sens des whirl (v.) tourbillonner
responsabilits et le sang-froid. freeze (v.) geler
snow (n., v.) neige, neiger
Il est envisageable de travailler avec la classe sur les champs
a hurricane un ouragan
lexicaux de ces notions avant de lancer les diffrents groupes
a gale un vent fort
dans lcriture du script jouer. Rappelons que limagination et la
a flood une inondation
crativit des lves sera valorise ici aussi. On insistera sur la
situation durgence qui sexprime ici. Le background culturel qui
aura t trait grce aux recherches des lves et lanalyse du Language Corner (p. 64-65)
tableau de John Curry devra aussi tre r-investi en contexte.
Ne pas hsiter confier les diverses tches divers groupes
On attendra galement des lves des remplois de structures et afin de conserver lhabitude dinteraction, mme dans le contexte
de lexique vus pendant la leon, lutilisation dadjectifs varis pour de rflexion sur la langue, et bien sr en franais.
qualifier la situation et le ressenti des diffrents personnages.
Emploi du subjonctif (p. 64)
WORDWORK wordfile-p63
Observation
Les termes de la partie A, donns dans le contexte du travail
Corrig
venir sur la tornade et ses effets sur une famille du Kansas,
ont besoin dtre rpertoris de faon rigoureuse en tant  Cest labsence de s en premier lieu qui devrait interpeler
pralablement compris et en indiquant leurs catgories les lves, et/ou labsence de concordance des temps. En fait
grammaticales respectives. Et ce afin de prparer au mieux leur langlais montre une fois de plus sa grande logique : laction
utilisation contextualise dans la partie B de lexercice. Exemples nomme par give nexiste pas au moment de parole (au moment
de phrases pouvant tre produites : o la suggestion est faite). On ne trouve donc pas de trace de

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conjugaison (s, -ing, -ed) et on utilise tout simplement la base (2) If you have any problem you wish to discuss, [...] we are
verbale (renvoi la notion). here for you.
 b. Give renvoie une action non ralise au moment de (3) Now, Alison, I believe you have two children.
parole. (4) I have been wondering if I am a good mother.
(5) Whenever we all play together, I havent always been very
 ask, demand, insist, order, request, require, ... fair.
(6) It is as if I need to win every time.
Application
(7) Sometimes they get so frustrated that they stop playing.
EXERCICE 1 (8) And how do you feel when that happens?
Corrig (9) ... which is why I decided to talk about it. (Pas vraiment de
a. My mother insisted that I learn to use eBay. principale dans cet extrait : la subordonne conjonctive de
b. The boss demanded that she turn off her computer before cause complte une proposition introduite par un relatif,
leaving the office. mais cette dernire jour de rle de principale par rapport
c. He also ordered that all employees switch off lights before la subordonne )
leaving the office. (10) I am at least as good as they are.
d. I suggest you stop spending time and money on eBay. &
e. My mothers boss requested that she follow a new computer
course to upgrade her expertise. a. Subordonnes relatives :
f. Nowadays finding a job often demands that people be (1) in which we discuss family problems.
computer-literate. (2) (any problem) you wish to discuss,
g. Mother suggested that my brother help me with my web (9) ... which is : relative qui reprend tout ce qui prcde : I
research. sometimes wonder if other parents act this way or if I am
h. Most companies require that potential employees master the only one, ... On a vu que cette relative elle-mme, jouait
computer technology. ensuite le rle de principale par rapport la subordonne
de cause. Elle le serait totalement si la ponctuation avait
EXERCICE 2 diffr : I sometimes wonder if other parents act this way or
Corrig if I am the only one. This is why...
a. I insisted that she did not help him/her. Toutes les relatives ont la fonction complment de lantcdent
b. I suggest you follow a computer course and that your mother du pronom relatif.
go with you.
c. Todays world requires that children know/learn how to use a b. Subordonnes conjonctives :
keyboard as early as primary school/soon as they enter primary (3) you have two children (conjonctive COD).
school. We still have a long way to go! (5) Whenever we all play together (conjonctive circonstancielle
e. The computer science teacher demands that we look only at de temps).
the monitor and not at the keyboard when we key in/type (in) (6) as if I need to win every time (conjonctive circonstancielle
a text. de comparaison).
(7) (so frustrated) that they stop playing (conjonctive
EXERCICE 3 circonstancielle de consquence).
Corrig (8) ... when that happens? (conjonctive circonstancielle de
I suggest you keep your foam cups away from the keyboards. temps).
I suggest you start showing me how busy you really are. (9) why I decided to talk about it (conjonctive circonstancielle
I suggest you get back to work before your coffee gets cold. Etc. de cause). Mais on nest pas loin ici dune structure relative :
Faisons confiance aux lves pour trouver dautres exemples. which is the reason why... dans laquelle why est un relatif.
(10) as they are (conjonctive circonstancielle de comparaison).
La phrase complexe (p. 65) c. Subordonnes interrogatives indirectes (un seul cas dans
Cette PRL a pour but daider les lves rviser les diffrentes cette liste) :
sortes de propositions et de les aider bien diffrencier (4) ... if I am a good mother
relatives, conjonctives et interrogatives, les mots de liaisons qui (fonction : COD What do you wonder?).
les introduisent (, that, mots en wh-) pouvant tre selon les
cas tantt des relatifs, tantt des conjonctions, tantt des mots Toutes les interrogatives indirectes ont la fonction COD.
interrogatifs (adverbes ou pronoms).  Ci-dessus if est adverbe interrogatif.
Observation  Mots de liaison omis.
(2) If you have any problem (that) you wish to discuss, (that :
Corrig
relatif)
 (principales en caractres gras) (3) Now, Alison, I believe (that) you have two children. (that :
(1) Good morning, and welcome to another Familyhour, in conjonction)
which we discuss family problems.

4. Families 53
4 Families
Application READ (p. 66)
EXERCICE 1 Le travail sur les deux documents p. 66 permet aux lves
Il sera ncessaire de faire rflchir sur la notion de relative dvoquer une famille tlvisuelle quils connaissent en gnral
dfinissante et non dfinissante (PG p. 179). assez bien, et de dcouvrir quelle est aussi ne en raction
Corrig contre une autre famille fictionnelle trs populaire en son temps,
a. Who parce que lantcdent dsigne un humain et parce que et trs politiquement correcte, ce que ne sont rsolument pas
les relatifs ont la fonction sujet . Virgule, car nous sommes The Simpsons.
dans des relatives non-dfinissantes : les antcdents tant Probablement lune des meilleures sries tl produites ces
des noms propres, ils sont auto-dfinis. dernires annes, The Sopranos (photo p. 67) a durant six
b. Who parce que lantcdent dsigne un humain et parce que saisons passionn de trs nombreux spectateurs aux tats-
le relatif a la fonction sujet. Pas de virgule ici car la relative Unis et ailleurs, a rafl de nombreuses rcompenses, clbrant
sert dfinir une catgorie particulire de parents ; elle est la qualit dcriture de David Chase, entre autres, le soin
dfinissante. des mises en scne, et le talent des acteurs. Ce qui est trs
intressant ici cest de faire remarquer aux lves comment
EXERCICE 2 le thme de la famille ici mafieuse et italo-amricaine
Mise en pratique immdiate de lobservation et de la PRL qui parcourt lunivers amricain et permet des dclinaisons
ont prcd. surprenantes. Le clin dil graphique dans la composition
Corrig Sopranos/Simpsons en est dailleurs la preuve. Le dessin des
a. Circonstancielle de condition, if. Simpsons est lillustration au sens propre comme au sens
b. COD, that. figur de ce quest un pastiche. Les personnages de la srie
c. COD. that. danimation sont venus se superposer aux figures sombres et
d. Circonstancielle de comparaison, as. tortures de la famille au sens mafieux du terme. Le message
serait-il que les conflits et les secrets sont inhrents mme au
EXERCICE 3
concept de famille ?
Corrig
Corrig (exemple)
Les subordonnes sont soulignes.
 Both shows are American. Both families are made up of
a. I sometimes wonder if other parents act this way. Structure
five people: the parents and three children. Contrary to the
affirmative : sujet + verbe + complment.
Andersons, the Simpsons are not an idealised family. While the
b. Have you ever tried to understand why you react in this
Andersons are a middle-class family, the Simpsons are working-
way? Structure affirmative : sujet + verbe + complment. Le
class. Unlike Jim Anderson, described as wise, all-knowing and
point dinterrogation appartient la principale, cest qui a une
morally superior, Homer is crude, incompetent, thoughtless
structure interrogative.
and lazy. Hes also a couch potato who drinks a lot of beer and
EXERCICE 4 eats anything fried. Finally, both shows were or are extremely
rapprocher des paragraphes traitant du discours indirect (PG popular.
p. 183).  Its composition is based on contrasts:
Corrig In the foreground a man is sitting at home in his living-room. He
a. ...in what way she feels competitive. is alone looking at something to his right.
b. ...if she plays a lot of games with her children. In the background a group of people, his family probably, are
c. ...what she means exactly. standing just outside the french windows which are open. Most
d. ...how the children react to this. of them are looking at him.
e. ...if they laugh at her. The feature common to all of them is their blank look: their faces
f. ...why she reacts in this way. are expressionless, they are lost in their thoughts, they seem
unable to communicate.
Famous Families (p. 66-67) What we can deduce is that even though the people in the
background are the mans family, they keep away from him. The
Les pages magazine sont conues comme une respiration dans composition of the photo makes us feel closer to the man in the
la progression du manuel. Les documents proposs permettent foreground and, like him, rather alienated from the others.
nouveau un travail de groupes si le professeur le souhaite. (pour ceux qui connaissent le feuilleton) The picture well
La mise en commun est faite loral et peut faire lobjet dune illustrates the main theme of The Sopranos which is about the
prise de notes trs succincte qui pourrait servir de base un head of an Italian-American family who has trouble reconciling
homework du type : Be able to speak for one minute about the an apparently respectable life with running an illegal business
families mentioned on these pages. as a mob godfather. His family is kept at a distance from many
aspects of his life and many of them regard him as the black
sheep.

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(pour ceux qui ne connaissent pas le feuilleton) I have no idea Name Profession Typical family? Reasons
what the series is about, but maybe it is about family feuds (Yes/No) (a-e)
because it looks as if the man in the foreground is hiding things Robert Kovacs
from his family. One can assume that there are a lot of subplots Will Miller
as well as a lot of sudden twists in the main plot, as in most long- Patricia Abelson
running serials. James L. Brooks
 This picture is obviously a pastiche of the picture of The Vicki Rosenstreich
Sopranos on the facing page. Both show a man sitting alone La tche consiste :
in an armchair turning his back on the rest of his family who 1. associer correctement nonciateur et nonc (inscrire la
are standing in the background, and in both cases everyone bonne lettre dans la dernire colonne)
looks either blank or unfriendly. Some details are deliberately 2. pointer lavis de chaque intervenant : Does he/she think the
borrowed from the original picture such as the lamp, the window Simpsons are a typical family? (inscrire Yes ou No dans la
and the coffee table. The message seems to be that, no matter troisime colonne)
what the breadwinner does or how hard he tries to please his 3. complter la profession de chaque intervenant (deuxime
family, they are never satisfied. colonne).
LISTEN (p. 66) Corrig
TAPESCRIPT tapescript19-p66 Name Profession Typical Reasons
PRESENTER: Some of our listeners left messages on our machine. family?
They wanted to help us answer the question: Are the Simpsons a Robert Kovacs M.D. (= doctor) and No e
typical American family? Lets listen to them. Child and Adolescent
MAN 1: My names James L. Brooks, Im a TV director and I think Psychiatrist
the Simpsons are the normal American family in all its beauty and Will Miller doctor Yes a
horror. Patricia Abelson family therapist Yes b
WOMAN 1: Hi, this is Patricia Abelson, Im a family therapist. For me James L. Brooks TV director Yes c
the Simpsons are a typical American family in the sense that its a Vicki Rosenstreich Family Life Education Yes d
happy family because they obviously love and care about each Counsellor
other. Its also an enormous relief to families everywhere to know
that things dont have to be perfect in a family to work.
READ (p. 67)
MAN 2: Robert Kovacs, M.D. and Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist. Il sagit de faire un sommaire bilan de ce que les lves savent
No. I dont think theyre typical at all. Its important to contradict sur Romo et Juliette ; il est tout fait envisageable de les lancer
the father knows best idealisation of family, but this is too much sur une recherche Internet (en homework), condition de poser
to the other extreme. To young kids, Barts behaviour will look as if des questions prcises et de les envoyer sur des sites (ils sont
its cool to be antagonistic to parents. innombrables) reconnus par le professeur comme les plus
WOMAN 2: Vicki Rosenstreich, Family Life Education Counsellor. Yes. pertinents.
I think theyre typical because they display attributes of many
WORDWORK wordfile-p67
families. They have values; they care about each other. Theyre not
always nice to each other. But visit any family! Corrig
MAN 3: Dr Will Miller speaking, I reckon American viewers see a A. 1. uncle, 2. sisters, 3. niece, 4. cousin, 5. nephew, 6. sister-in-
cracked-mirror version of their own families in the Simpsons. law, 7. aunt, 8. great niece, 9. brother-in-law, 10. niece.
Pour travailler la comprhension de loral, photocopiez et B. siblings = frres et surs
distribuez les messages dans le dsordre, ainsi quune grille great-grandson = arrire-petit-fils
complter : godfather = parrain
a. ...American viewers see a cracked-mirror version of their own twins = jumeaux
families in the Simpsons. godmother = marraine
b. ...because they display attributes of many families. They have
values; they care about each other. Theyre not always nice to Checkpoint (p. 68-69)
each other. But visit any family!
c. ...I think the Simpsons are the normal American family in all Comprhension de loral (p. 68)
its beauty and horror. Lextrait est tir du roman de Jay McInerney, The Good Life,
d. ...its a happy family because they obviously love and care 2006, premier roman notre connaissance dont lintrigue se
about each other... droule immdiatement aprs les attentats du 11 septembre
e. ...this is too much to the other extreme. To young kids, Barts 2001. (Voir aussi le texte The Survivor, p. 12, o un autre extrait
behaviour will look as if its cool to be antagonistic to parents. est propos dans le cadre de la thmatique de la ville.)

4. Families 55
4 Families
Contexte : la fille de Luke, adolescente, a fugu suite aux Expression orale (p. 68)
difficults de couple que Luke et sa femme Sasha ont depuis
Greg Evans est le talentueux crateur des aventures de
quelques mois. Elle sest rfugie chez Nora, sa grand-mre
Luann, adolescente peu sre delle, parfois goste, impulsive,
paternelle. Apprenant enfin o sa fille se trouve, Luke dcide
pas vraiment organise, et trs attachante une adolescente,
daller lui rendre visite.
vraiment, donc. Les bandes dessines publies dans les
LISTEN (p. 68) journaux la montrent dans les situations de la vie courante, en
famille ou avec ses amis, au lyce.
TAPESCRIPT tapescript20-p68
NORA: My handsome boy, youre so thin. Youve lost that horrible Le document propos ici est simple et efficace, il appelle au
business-dinner bloat. How are you, Luke? Its all right. contraste et la comparaison et clt parfaitement le chapitre
LUKE: You look good. consacr la famille.
NORA: About like an old saddle thats been left in the sun. Not that it
matters. Ashleys out back.
SPEAK (p. 68)
LUKE: How does she seem? Corrig
NORA: Well... pretty fair, considering. Though just now shes nervous  In both frames we can see Luann and her mother. In the
as a housefly on a window pane. Shes been kind of a wreck about first they are in front of the school. Luann is a small child who
the prospect of seeing you. Dont worry, you look fine. Just be is reluctant to leave her mum to go to the pre-school seen on
sweet to her. This isnt the moment to get all disciplinarian. the right. She shouts Dont go, Mommy! Come with me! and her
LUKE: What do you think Ive been beating her? mother is staring at her, looking sad. In the second one, Luann
NORA: No, quite the opposite. I think youve let her run a little too is a teenager and her mother is driving her to high school. Luann
free. says: Just drop me off a block away from school, ok? She is
LUKE: Like you did with me. probably ashamed of being driven to school by her mother or
NORA: Thats true. But your dad was always there to crack the simply ill-at-ease in case her schoolfriends see her mother.
whip. Her mothers facial expression shows shes used to such an
LUKE: Im just grateful she had sense enough to come here. attitude.
NORA: Shes welcome to stay as long as she wants. Or as long as her  Luann as a young child depends on her mother, and is afraid
mother will let her. How is Sasha? of the world outside. She finds it hard to leave her mothers love
LUKE: Shes fine, I suppose. Actually, I dont really know any more. and protection. Luann the teenager is independent and wants to
I think shes having an affair, or at least she was. It doesnt really get rid of/shake off her parents authority.
matter at this point.
NORA: Im sorry, Luke.  (exemple) I identify with Luann because I do the same. I dont
LUKE: Its all right, Im the one who should be sorry for you. I know like having my parents with me when I go to school. School and
what youve put up with all these years. family are two separate worlds. I find the cartoon strip amusing
NORA: I only ever wanted you to be happy. because it is simple and speaks the truth.
LUKE: I thought I was for a while. And then I got used to being less Comprhension de lcrit (p. 69)
than happy.
NORA: We can talk about it later. Right now, you should go find your READ (p. 69)
daughter. Ce document est extrait du recueil True Tales of American Life
Corrig du clbre auteur amricain Paul Auster. Dabord destines
tre lues lantenne dans le cadre dmissions radio, ces
 At Noras.
histoires personnelles qui dressent un portrait de la socit
 Luke (the father) has come to visit Nora, his mother.
amricaine contemporaine, ont t publies en 2001.
 Ashley is Lukes daughter and Noras grand-daughter.
Le nombre toujours croissant et le succs des uvres de et
 Ashley has obviously been through a lot of stress, but is
auteur (romans, pome et scripts de films) font de lui un des plus
holding on, according to her grandmother. Nora adds that the
grands crivains de la littrature contemporaine amricaine.
girl is nervous at the prospect of meeting her father (after
disobeying him on several occasions). Nous avons ici un extrait qui ne manqu pas de cynisme et qui
 She advises him not to get all disciplinarian and to be sweet met en scne une grand-mre acaritre dont le petit-fils na pas
to her. trouv de meilleur moyen pour se venger que dinonder la sale de
 She has run away from her parents and has obviously taken bains. Le cynisme atteint son apoge lorsque le grand-pre fait
refuge at her Grannys. comprendre son petit-fils quil a ralis sa propre vengeance.
 Sasha is Lukes wife, and we get the feeling that the couple Corrig
has seen better times.  Characters presen : the narrator (Eric), his grandmother, his
They will talk about Lukes marriage. grandfather and the guests. Events: The bathroom is flooded
and the grandmother loses her temper and starts screaming
(bloody murder).

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 The child turned on the taps on purpose because he wanted TRAINER 1: Women or men, it dont matter. If you come out, you
the bathroom to be flooded. come out for the one reason of passion that is in you and you
 The people present try to protect Eric and prevent the love performing, live or in front of a camera, and you love the
grandmother from getting close to her grandson. action and youre not there for the money, number one, (youre
in it) for the passion like most people are and other things will
 The grandfather cannot hide the fact that his grandson did come.
exactly what he would have liked to do himself: take revenge on TRAINEE 4: Again, again!
his wife! It would be interesting to imagine why so many family TRAINEE 1: There can be, you know, five to ten performers that
members would like to get back at the grandmother. youre up against, hundreds, possibly thousands, depending
on the movie itself and the budget of the film.
Expression crite (p. 69)
TRAINEE 2: I started working on it two years ago and before that
WRITE (p. 69) I was interested (in it) for about a year before I found a way in,
cos its a very closed shop.
Si le point de grammaire a t abord, on pourra encourager les
TRAINEE 3: A lot of it is who you know. Its not about what you can
lves utiliser dans leur production des noncs complexes
do or what role you want. Its all about who you know.
(cf. p. 65 et Prcis grammatical p. 177).
TRAINER 2: It might be 25 per cent talent, 75 per cent politics
Corrig and that sort of thing, and theres still some nepotism going
 Life especially when being a teenager can be full of on not as much as it used to be but the stunt communitys
unexpected and difficult situations. The person that I would pretty tight and basically a pretty conservative lot.
go and see in such cases would depend on the situation. If I TRAINEE 4: Im very excited just to have the opportunity to learn
encountered a problem that most teenagers have to face and from the best in the business. The top ten stunt coordinators
if I needed advice, I think that I would take refuge at my best in the United States are here today. Im getting the best
friends house. People your own age can easily understand what instruction, and that helps, mentally, when you know that
you feel because they usually go through the same difficulties. youre getting, you know, the best.
They can empathise and advise you to take a certain course of TRAINEE 5: Thats not how you do it!
action. However, if I were in dire straits, I think I would go and see VOICE OFF: Looked good.
an adult member of my family my grandmother, my uncle... TRAINEE 6: If your hearts into it, they can tell right away so I dont
someone I feel close to. Some situations are so tricky that only think it matters if youre a guy or a girl. If youre good at what
adults can help us overcome them. It might be more difficult to you do, someones going to help you out. (cascade)
open up with adults but most of the time they will come up with VOICE OFF: Youre really pro!
good solutions to our problems. TRAINER 4: I think the future really holds a lot for the women,
 It is always comforting to know that some people care actors and stunt people, to really shine and show what they
about you and that you always have somebody to run to in an can do.
emergency. We should keep in mind that not everybody is lucky
enough to know someone who can help them overcome tough Questions du manuel (p. 70)
situations. However, if I were in the predicament of not having Corrig
anyone to look to for help, any problems would be bottled-up and  The main difficulties are that it is a close-knit community
perhaps become disproportionately troublesome. The situation a closed shop there are too many people competing for too
might get worse for teenagers whose parents are having their few jobs, and its often who you know rather than what you can
own problems and nobody to talk to. They might withdraw into do that determines whether you get work or not. It is a milieu in
themselves and their life might get even worse. If theyve done which politics and nepotism is involved, and one which is very
something wrong or if they get into bad ways and have no one conservative.
to talk to, they might get caught in a never ending spiral of
troubles.
 Its a way of learning the skills you will need to get into
this closed community, and you can learn from the best in the
 (Students own answers.) business: the top 10 stunt coordinators in the USA.

DVD WORKSHEET dvdfile-p70


Ateliers (p. 70-71)
Corrig
Atelier 1 (p. 70)  /c/d.
TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p70
 a. You have to love performing and love the action.
VOICEOVER: Stunt men and women make up a very small family
b. Passion.
in the USA. They are highly paid and very protective of their
c. Money.
close-knit community. So, getting into the business is not
easy. However, the Stunt Clinic in Las Vegas provides a way for  1/c, 2/d, 3/f, 4/a, 5/e, 6/b.
newcomers to learn the skills of this very secretive world.

4. Families 57
4 Families
 Shes getting the best instruction possible from the top easier to confide in their grandparents because there is more of
instructors in the USA. a distance between them.
 She believes that if youre good at what you do, this is what
counts and people will help you (i.e. employ you) no matter who Atelier 4 (p. 71)
you are. Les relations familiales, y compris dans les familles clates,
 I think the future really holds a lot for the women, actors and sont le thme central du roman The Divide (2005) de Nicholas
stunt people, to really shine and show what they can do. Evans (auteur de The Horse Whisperer). Abbie, une jeune fille
de bonne famille se laisse entraner dans un tourbillon militant,
Atelier 2 (p. 70) subjugue quelle est par un activiste qui a su la sduire et la
convaincre de sa cause pour finir par plonger dans la clandestinit
Outre laspect culturel, le but ici est linguistique : entrainer
aprs avoir t la complice involontaire dun meurtre. Considre
les lves lire et commenter un tableau ou une carte. Il serait
comme terroriste cologique, pourchasse par le FBI, elle finit
ncessaire alors de faire rviser la faon dont on exprime les
par faire appel, aprs de longs mois de silence, son amie Katie,
dates, les dcennies, les pourcentages et la forme comparative.
son frre Josh, puis sa mre (spare de son pre) pour
Les lves pourraient compiler ensemble un Toolbox.
trouver un peu dargent. Toutes les relations dAbbie se savent
Corrig troitement surveilles par le FBI.
1. (exemples) The number of single-parent families in the UK Le passage que nous avons retenu est celui o Katie, lamie
in the twenty-first century is four times as great as it was in in denfance dAbbie, contacte son frre Josh pour lui remettre une
nineteen seventy-two. enveloppe quAbbie a russi lui transmettre.
The USA is the country which has always had the greatest
Remarque : Lillustration est propose pour aider les lves
percentage of single-parent families and it is the south west of
anticiper la situation qui va tre dcrite dans le texte. Rien de
the country which is particularly affected. The east and west
bien original ici, mais un petit coup de chapeau lillustratrice qui
coasts of the USA do not have so many.
a su rendre facile lidentification des personnages, la situation
2/3. Il existent de nombreux sites que les lves peuvent dans laquelle ils se trouvent, leurs sentiments ainsi que le cadre
consulter, dont : dans lequel la rencontre a lieu.
http://www.census.gov/prod/2004pubs/p22-553.pdf
Le professeur choisit selon le degr dautonomie des lves
http://family.jrank.org/pages/1581/Single-Parent-Families.html
dexploiter sommairement en amont cette illustration. Les
Les lves pourraient se diviser en groupes pour discuter les productions pourraient ressembler ce qui suit :
diffrents aspects : demographic trends, mother-only and
The scene shows what looks like a secret meeting held on
father-only families, the effects on children, public assistance
a bench on a university campus, judging by the style of the
for single-parent families, etc.
buildings in the background. Two young women are sitting on
this bench. The one on the left is obviously trying to hide who
Atelier 3 (p. 70) she is, as she is wearing dark glasses (maybe not such a good
La question pose ici comporte deux parties : dans une premire idea if you want to look inconspicuous). She has a determined
partie les lves doivent dcrire limage et puis rflchir au sens look, and the blonde girl on the right looks rather worried,
de generation gap et puis sur les relations entre les enfants et maybe even frightened. The books resting on the bench beside
leurs grand-parents et les raisons pour lesquelles ces relations her suggest that she is attending classes at the college in the
sont souvent plus faciles quavec leurs parents. Ces deux parties background. The two girls look as if they are engaged in some
pourraient tre traites par deux groupes diffrents. illegal activity. The girl with the dark hair is giving the other one
Corrig (exemples dnoncs) a brown envelope which the other one seems reluctant to take.
We might even go as far as saying that the former is practically
In the photo we can see five people sitting in a hammock: four
forcing the envelope into the latters hands.
children of different ages and ethnic origins and an older white
man. The man seems to be showing the children something on Corrig
his laptop. The children all seem very involved in what he is doing  There are two characters in this passage, Katie and Josh. We
and both young and old are obviously enjoying this moment can infer from his attitude that Josh is closely related to Abbie.
together. It looks as if the term generation gap does not apply He is probably her brother and, like Abbie, a close acquaintance
here, because not only are young and old sharing the same of Kathies. Abbie is mentioned by both characters but she is
experience but we can see that the older man is using a laptop absent from the scene.
computer which is often associated with younger people. Josh mentions his parents in lines 27-28, while Katie speaks
Within the family, children often have an easier relationship with of Abbies grandfather. Rolf seems to be a man Abbie is in love
their grandparents than with their parents. This may be because with.
they do not see them very often and because grandparents
 The FBI is watching her family because she must have done
indulge their grand-children when they do see them and do not
something illegal.
have to face everyday problems together. Children may find it

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She lives with a person called Rolf. Lobjectif vis ici est bien de faire lire les lves, de les
She is on the run (l. 22 Why doesnt she give herself up?). encourager lire sans passer au crible du dictionnaire chaque
mot non compris, voire de prendre plaisir se satisfaire dune
Her family is under close surveillance.
gratifiante comprhension globale de lextrait.
She wants Josh to help her get a few thousand dollars for her. (l.
28-32) and she has asked her friend Katie to give a mysterious READ
envelope to her brother Josh. (p. 72)
 Abbie is not alone; she lives with Rolf, and she is still trying to Corrig
contact her brother, her grandfather and her friend Katie.  Cynthia wonders whether she is late for school. The house is
 Katie said: I love Abbie, or the person she was (l. 43). still. She can hear none of the usual breakfast noises downstairs
 She doesnt want Josh to try and make contact with her ever in the kitchen nor the loud rock music her brother listens to while
again. She doesnt want her parents involved in Abbies troubles. getting ready for school. Finally when she climbs down the
She doesnt want to see her life ruined for helping a fugitive. (l. stairs, she finds an empty kitchen, and no note explaining the
40-46, l. 48) weird situation.

 The envelope contains a message, which is a typical device  The evening before, she had started her math homework
to create or increase suspense in a thriller. Moreover the note but had not finished it because she had gone out to meet her
written by the mysterious Abbie invites Josh to a secret meeting boyfriend, someone older. She drank too much. Her father found
that makes the reader want to know more. Whats more, the her later on, forced her to go back home and they had a row
meeting represents a risk: Abbie or Josh or both might be about it.
followed and arrested by the police.  Cynthia and her father argued about her being out (without
permission) to meet her boyfriend. The narrator also mentions
Atelier 5 that her father is often away on business.
(p. 71) Cynthia does not share much with her brother, they are not
Pendant lcoute du groupe qui a travaill sur le texte, le reste close at all.
de la classe peut prendre des notes et penser des questions The narrator does not say much about Cynthias mother except
quil pourrait poser ce groupe. that she is good at leaving notes.
Pour la partie dbat , il serait bien de faire rappeler aux  This is definitely taken from a thriller because the typical
lves toutes les expressions pour donner son opinion, tre features are there: things that seem strange and puzzling
accord ou pas daccord (voir Mthodologie, p. 148-149). Les both to the main character as well as to the reader, notably
lves prpareront leurs arguments en avance, en groupes. that the house is empty so early in the morning without any
explanation.
 I guess Cynthia is going to check outside or in the garage to
No time for goodbye (p. 72-73)
see if the familys cars are there, or ask the neighbours whether
Grand succs ddition, ce roman policier na dautre ambition they saw her parents and brother leave because of some
que de distraire un lecteur bienveillant et friand de suspense et de emergency. If she does not get any explanation then she will
rebondissements. La page propose est la premire du roman. probably call the police.

4. Families 59
5 United We Stand
Pages douverture (p. 74-75) institutrice dont les propos blessants et discriminatoires ne
pourront que choquer.
Le titre donn cette unit parle de lui-mme. Il sera question Pour en savoir plus sur lauteur :
ici dune notion qui dpasse celle du vivre ensemble pour http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/12/arts/12uhnak.html
aller jusqu celle de solidarit mais parfois aussi celle de http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2006/jul/27/guardian
conflit, autre forme du vivre ensemble... obituaries.booksobituaries
Les photos retenues, comme pour les autres premires Travaillez avec vos lves la fiche lexicale avant le travail de
doubles pages illustrent la faon contraste avec laquelle nous comprhension du texte car les thmes de lamour et de la haine
souhaitons aborder les problmes. Nous voyons ici des gens sont directement associs la situation dcrite.
qui luttent ensemble (et forcment contre quelque chose ou
quelquun) mais aussi qui samusent et font la fte ensemble... WORDWORK wordfile-p77
regardless of colour. Corrig
On peut choisir de crer quatre groupes dlves, chacun
deux tant charg de prparer un compte-rendu de la question
qui leur aura t confie, ou bien six groupes qui traiteront les
quatre questions partir dune des photos. Nouns: love, reconciliation,
Nouns: hate, hostility, resentment,
sympathy, friendship, affection,
disgust, animosity, contempt,
SPEAK (p. 75) tenderness, endearment,
antipathy
passion, fondness, kindness
Corrig Verbs: dislike, loathe, detest,
Verbs: reconcile, like,
despise, cant stand or cant bear,
(exemples) appreciate, enjoy, admire, have
resent
a liking for, relish
 Pictures 1, 2 and 3 show labour disputes or social unrest.
You might think picture 5 was an assembly of workers taking a Translations
vote by a show of hands but, in fact, if you look at picture 4, its resentment = ressentiment
the same event, and it is obvious in picture 4 that this is some sympathy = compassion
sort of celebration or festival. contempt = mpris
endearment = affection
 Pictures 4, 5 and 6.
fondness = penchant, affection, tendresse
 We see policemen in pictures 2 and 6. It has to be said that kindness = gentillesse, bont
there appears to be little difference between their attitude in reconcile = rconcilier
either case. In picture 2, they are not wearing riot gear and carry loathe = d tester, har
no weapons. They seem to be observing. In picture 6, they are despise = mpriser
mingling with the crowd. cant stand/cant bear = ne pas supporter
 The title of the chapter is the first half of the proverb United relish = trouver du plaisir
we stand, divided we fall. This is very much the principle behind resent = tre contrari par, tre indign de, ne pas accepter
the rise of the trade union movement of the 19th century when
the working classes found out that concerted protest was SPEAK (p. 76)
effective in the face of exploitation. It is therefore appropriate Corrig
as a comment on the pictures of demonstrations, the idea being  (exemple) The photo shows a group of people joining hands
that solidarity or standing together can bring about change. In in the middle of a street. The Israeli flag and the American flag
a slightly different sense, the expression can also be applied to that we can make out behind it indicate that the photograph
solidarity between the different ethnic groups that make up one was taken in the USA in a Jewish neighbourhood. Judging from
community. This is one of the principles behind events like the the cars parked along the street, it seems probable that the
Notting Hill Carnival (illustrated in three of the pictures). scene is taking/takes place in the early fifties.
 (exemple) The two flags side by side emphasise the idea
Hate (p. 76-77) that the Jewish community in America has a double culture but
La discrimination et le mpris et donc le sentiment profond that its members are as much American as they are Jewish.
dinjustice qui en rsulte sont les thmes majeurs de ce passage
mouvant extrait du roman The Ryer Avenue Story de Dorothy
READ (p. 76)
Uhnak. Voici un des propos recueillis par le New York Times Corrig
en 1977 lors dune interview avec lauteur : I write about very  Characters present: Deborah and her brother, Ben, and
hard situations and in a strong way. La situation dcrite dans their parents, Mr. and Mrs Herskel. Characters mentioned: Miss
lextrait devrait en effet susciter bien des ractions car la scne Hewitt (Deborahs schoolteacher), the goyim cops, the Catholic
rapporte met en opposition deux gnrations et deux cultures kids, the Polack janitor (Stachiew).
dans le Bronx new-yorkais des annes 50 et met au centre une  The scene takes place in the USA in the 20th century.

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 The conversation is about the schoolteachers humiliating  Miss Hewitt, Deborahs schoolteacher, asked Deborah to
words after Deborah (had) recited her poem. Miss Hewitt didnt recite her poem and when she did so, she reproached her for her
hide the fact that she resented Deborahs Yiddish accent. Yiddish/Jewish accent in front of all her classmates.
 (1.) The small mouth quivered (l. 11); (2.) the tears flowed
WRITE (p. 76) from the rapidly blinking eyes (l. 11-12); 3. her pain (l. 29).
Rappelez aux lves que le narrateur na que dix ans et quil
 humiliated
convient donc den tenir compte dans le style et le registre de
langue choisis. Team 2 teamfile-p77-2
Insistez aussi sur le fait quun extrait de journal intime nest A. 
pas une lettre ; il ny a donc pas de signature mais un rcit rdig five years of American education, my smartest
...objective
sous sa forme la plus simple. girl, How many children are Americans?
Encouragez les lves utiliser des adjectifs qui traduisent ...preconceived that old singsong Yiddish accent, What is it with
ltat motionnel dans lequel se trouve la petite fille. ideas you people..., How many Jewish?
Corrig  a. Jewish people
(exemple de production) b. The expression is extremely disdainful. It puts two peoples in
opposition: the Jewish people and the American people. It also
March 9, 1952
implies that there is something wrong with being Jewish.
Today has been the worst of my life. When Miss Hewitt asked me c. She thinks that Jewish people are different from Americans.
to recite my poem, I first felt so proud! I thought she had chosen d. Hasnt five years of American education changed that?
me because she knew I would recite it properly. I have always
 hard, strict, disrespectful, scornful, disdainful, contemptuous,
liked reciting poems. Mum says I have such a good memory!
insulting, haughty.
But what happened next made me feel so sad, so humiliated!
She made fun of my accent, she said that old singsong Yiddish Team 3 teamfile-p77-3
accent. I didnt dare (to) look at the girls around me. Only Sarah A.  Sketch A (ll. 6-7)
could feel what I was feeling. When I came back home, I couldnt  (dans lordre) Mr H, Mrs H, D, B.
hide how depressed I was. Mum wanted to know what was
wrong, and Dad was there too, but when I explained what had  The two groups in opposition are the parents and their
happened and that Miss Hewitt was always saying nasty things children. They are sitting face to face.
to me and to Sarah, they just didnt really care. They said things 
like: Its not a big deal... bla bla bla.... I cant bear it any more, mother So, okay. So, not so terrible. Just words.
Ben cant bear it either, the way they just let goyim people say So you are American and Jewish, both things. So, whats
nasty things to other people just because they are Jews. What father
the big deal?
difference does that make? When Ben heard what Mum and Dad
/a.
said, he rushed into the street. I have no idea where he is now.
He was so angry! He even said he didnt want to be a Jew. I think  Ben thinks his parents are too lenient and submissive.
I dont want to be a Jew either. They seem to accept being insulted by other people about their
religion. They minimise what people say about them.
INTERACT (p. 77) Team 4 teamfile-p77-4
Pour la partie B de chaque fiche, rappeler aux lves quils ne A.  sensitive or hypersensitive, easily influenced.
doivent en aucun cas lire leurs notes mais se prter au jeu dune
relle intercommunication orale, phase dlicate pendant laquelle  rotten, miserable, hating.
les membres du groupe doivent sassurer de la comprhension  He does not intend to continue with Hebrew school and
des lves qui ils sadressent. Il sagira de reformuler plutt refuses to be bar mitzvahed. He does not consider himself a
que de rpter, voire de solliciter la classe pour reformuler son Jew any more.
tour.  He reproaches his parents for never reacting when they
Corrig are insulted or humiliated. He says they accept everything just
Team 1 teamfile-p77-1 because they dont want any trouble. He blames them for being
A.  very generous and getting nothing in return but humiliation. He
first name Deborah thinks they lose their dignity by being so indulgent.
surname Herskel
PROJECT (p. 77)
age ten
physical details tall, thin, grey eyes/grey-eyed Au-del dune mission ducative contre toute forme de
grade at school fifth discrimination, le project a ici pour but dobliger les lves
academic level A (bright) utiliser des formules brves mais percutantes. Limpratif est un
religion Jewish outil grammatical possible mais ce nest pas le seul. Pour ceux

5. United we stand 61
5 United We Stand
qui souhaiteraient pousser un peu la mise en scne, on peut it in the distance right in front of me a thick black column of
inciter les lves dfiler quelques minutes dans la cour et crer smoke. It was very different from the usual industrial smog we
ainsi leffet de surprise. On peut galement afficher quelques get here, you know. You could tell that something was on fire.
slogans au CDI ou plus tard dans la salle de classe, bien sr. REPORTER: And did you notice anything else?
MIKE: Yes, people! All of a sudden there were people everywhere
The Detroit Riots, 1967 (p. 78) some of them were walking or running around, others
speeding past in their cars, others trying to flag them down. I
Dans cette unit axe principalement sur la reconnaissance could hear sirens too and then there was a police car they
et la dfense des droits fondamentaux de tous, nous avons signaled me to turn back but, well, I couldnt, could I?
choisi une page dhistoire (mmoire) et voquons les meutes REPORTER: And when you reached the district where the riots
raciales de Dtroit de 1967 survenues en pleine lutte pour les were taking place...
droits civiques. MIKE: Kids! Ten-year-olds! I couldnt believe it! I have always
noter que le roman de Jeffrey Eugenides, Middlesex (2002), known that part of town since when I was a kid - I knew
fait une place non ngligeable aux vnements dont il est everyone who lived there. It was always so calm and friendly
question dans lenregistrement. we all helped each other out, you know.
REPORTER: And the children? What were they doing?
SPEAK (p. 78) MIKE: They were running all over the place like wild things,
La photographie retenue et sa description orienteront les lves carrying bricks and throwing them through store windows and
vers une anticipation prcise du contenu de lenregistrement. such like... And they were laughing, as if it were some kind of
ce stade on peut galement lancer les lves dans le travail game! It was terrifying!
lexical qui leur est propos dans la fiche Wordwork. Cela les REPORTER: I guess you were pretty shocked!
aidera dans la description gnrale de la photo. MIKE: Yeah. So much so that I ran my car into something...
Corrig (exemple) Corrig
The scene takes place in an American city judging by the Indiquer que les formes verbales sont parfois au pass parce
police cars parked on either side of the street which are quemployes dans lenregistrement sous cette forme.
obviously American. On close inspection you can see that the  The city in question is Detroit (Michigan) and the events
police officers are carrying rifles or shotguns, indicating that referred to are the 1967 riots.
something serious is happening here in this deserted street.
 Mike was awakened by a phone call from a friend.
The heavy plumes of dark smoke in the background show that
several buildings, maybe a whole neighborhood, are on fire and  Because there must have been signs of an imminent crisis,
that the fire is far from being under control. One might easily such as tension between the communities.
assume that riots have erupted in this part of town.  He was asked to rush down to where his restaurant stood
because the black population was rioting there.
LISTEN (p. 78)
 He realized something serious was happening when he saw/
TAPESCRIPT tapescript21-p78
caught sight of a column of smoke ahead of him and in the
REPORTER: The last few days in Detroit have been particularly
direction where he was headed.
violent and tonight, Mike, our studio guest, is here to tell us
about his own experience of these terrible riots. Mike, when did  What he describes sounds like a picture of utter chaos, with
it all begin for you? people running in every direction and police cars converging on
MIKE: Well, it was early on the first morning. A friend of mine the place where the trouble had started.
called my home at about 6.30 I would think - He was  He was astounded at the sight of young children (10-year-
panicking a little. olds) throwing bricks at shop windows and probably looting the
REPORTER: And what did he tell you? shops. He was terrified because up until that day the various
MIKE: Well, in fact he spoke to my daughter must have thought people living there tended to help one another rather than fight
it was my wife, I suppose and he said: Tell Mike to get down or destroy one anothers property.
to the restaurant. The coloureds are rioting!
REPORTER: That must have been a rude awakening! WRITE (p. 78)
MIKE: Yes, it was... although I must say I havent been sleeping Nous souhaitons ici voquer un autre pisode du mme type
too well recently. I have been keeping my gun real close. mais qui sest droul un quart de sicle plus tard. Cet cart
REPORTER: So what did you do? amnera sans doute les lves des conclusions concernant
MIKE: I just scrambled out of bed and into my clothes no time lvolution de la situation sociale des afro-amricains et ce dans
for socks or underwear! and then I jumped into the car and diverses parties du pays.
sped off towards Woodward. Everyone there was still asleep. Mettre en garde les lves contre la tentation du copier-coller.
REPORTER: And when did you first catch sight of the events? De toute faon, la masse dinformations et de dtails quils
MIKE: I suppose the first thing I saw was the smoke I could see trouveront sur internet les forcera construire un rsum

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des vnements. Les aiguiller vers http://en.wikipedia.org/  When you look at the figures, it is clear that they illustrate
wiki/1992_Los_Angeles_riots. Des liens tels que http://video. a massive exodus of the white population. They wanted to flee
google.com/videoplay?docid=8111059671541821226 leur from the violence, hence the use of flight from the verb flee.
donneront une occasion de visionner les scnes de violence  a. the number of people per square mile was double that of
qui ont eu lieu. On en profitera pour enrichir le vocabulaire the city itself.
permettant la description de ces images. b. 6 to 8 families came to live where only 2 used to.
INTERACT (p. 78) Team 4 teamfile-p78-4
Corrig A. In 1967, the Mayor, Jerome Cavanagh, was far from optimistic.
Team 1 teamfile-p78-1 He lamented the damage done to the city and its people, and
also blamed his lack of foresight.
Nous limitons la recherche la premire journe dmeutes.
Rien nempche de complexifier la fiche propose et de ltendre In 1974, Coleman Young (the first Black mayor) wrote that
lensemble des vnements. Detroit had suffered a major setback in the loss of jobs, taxes,
development and tourism dollars.
A.
Thousands of white people fled the city within two years. By
Time Event the end of 1969 more than 200,000 had moved out.
Clairmount Avenue. A blind pig is an establishment that
3:34 am The riots had a strong impact on popular culture. Singers,
sells alcohol illegally.
6:30 am Twelfth street. wrote about it, and up until recently novelists still have placed
noon Rumours of police brutality. their plots in that period.
6:13 pm Crowds grow. More fires. 400 State Police arrive. cette adresse http://www.songfacts.com/detail.php?id=7711
6:30 pm 4,000.
les lves trouveront les paroles de la chanson du Canadien
6:30 pm From 9 pm to 5 am.
9:00 pm
Gordon Lightfoot (Black Day in July). On peut leur demander
ce qui explique quelle ait t finalement interdite des ondes
Team 2 teamfile-p78-2 amricaines.
A.  The cover is a summary of the events. Stores are on fire,
and people are shown running down the street with their arms WORDWORK (p. 78)
loaded with items that they have stolen from two local stores. Corrig
The picture of the police officer with his riot gun illustrates the public dissatisfaction and agitation = unrest
violence and repression. The three people on the right represent rush about in a wild or agitated manner = go on the rampage
the officials that dealt with the situation. a public display of group feelings towards a person or a cause
 5/6 days = a demo(nstration)
 a. 43, b. 10, c. 33. collective violent behaviour in a public place = a riot
 a. 182, b. 167, c. 83. a substance which when dispersed into the atmosphere
results in blinding of the eyes with tears = tear gas
 a. 6,528, b. 703, c. 6,403, d. 824.
something held by policemen to protect themselves = riot
. 2,509. shields
 388. a gun which fires electrified darts that immobilise a person
$40 to 80 million (in 1967 dollars) = a taser
Team 3 teamfile-p78-3 a special unit trained to control agitated crowds = riot police
A.  Detroits white population during the 1950s declined by a person who takes direct action in support of or in opposition
25 %. to one side of a controversial issue = an activist
stop work in order to force an employer to accept demands
 Correspondingly, the percentage of non-whites rose from
= go on strike
16.1 % to 29.1 %.
someone who physically prevents another person from going
 During the decade the number of black inhabitants increased to work during a period of action against an employer = a picket
from 303,000 to 487,000.
a large destructive crowd of people = a mob
 The black population of Detroit represented 40 % of the total
an act of popular violence often against an established
population by 1967.
government = an uprising
 the act of stealing valuable things during war or disasters
1940 1950 1960 = loot(ing)
Whites 98.7% 62.8% 3.8% a police weapon which is not sharp like a knife and does not
Non-whites 1.3% 37.2% 96.2% fire like a gun = a truncheon

5. United we stand 63
5 United We Stand
PRONOUNCE (p. 78) La question 2 est loccasion pour les lves de revenir en
Corrig arrire et de feuilleter, par exemple, la double douverture qui
montre des gens en groupes, rassembls pour sopposer ou
A. The words in both groups are all plurals. They all end in s.
pour sexprimer, tout comme le document de latelier 3 (page 87)
In the words in Group 1, the final s is pronounced like a z [z].
ou encore des gens debout, eux-mmes meneurs de foules,
(It is voiced.) In Group 2, it is pronounced like the letter s or a
icnes et pionniers (au sens politique cette fois) des pages 82
double s [s]. (It is unvoiced.)
ou 83. Des termes tudis (peut-tre) dans la wordfile intitule
B. These plurals are all pronounced is [Iz] at the end. This is Love and Hate (p. 77) seront les bienvenus dans la rponse
the third way you can pronounce the final s or es of words cette question, par exemple : hostility, resentment, sympathy,
(in plurals and third person singular forms of verbs). The rule disgust, friendship, animosity, contempt, affection, tenderness,
is that, if the preceding consonant or group of consonants has antipathy...
the sound [s], [z], [c], [tc] or [d], then the final s or es is
Pour la question 3, la fiche de mthodologie figurant en fin
pronounced [Iz].
de manuel (p. 144) et intitule tudier une image fournit
un premier cadre au commentaire du tableau lui-mme, qui
Daniel Boone (p. 79) est encore affin si lon donne accs au bonusfile (partie The
Le tableau montre un groupe disparate et nanmoins soud. Painting).
United we stand, titre du chapitre, pourrait trs bien sappliquer Enfin (question 4) les lves sont invits donner leur opinion.
cette uvre dun peintre amricain assez peu connu en France, Comme toujours, toutes les opinions sont les bienvenues,
George Caleb Bingham, peut-tre parce ses peintures ne sont condition quelles soient exprimes en anglais et justifies. Un
exposes quaux tats-Unis, principalement au Museum of Art dveloppement intressant et stimulant pourrait consister
de St Louis, Missouri. donner en homework un still ou photogramme dun western et/
Mme sil est lan de Mark Twain (une vingtaine dannes les ou dune srie comme Deadwood par exemple et demander aux
sparent), il est ais de reconnatre dans luvre de Bingham lves de comparer.
des postures, des paysages (les bords des fleuves) ou des Corrig
figures typiques (les trappeurs) de lOuest dcrits par Twain  This is an oil painting of a group of figures in wild surroundings.
dans ses romans les plus clbres. They are emerging into the sunlight having gone through what
Ce document visuel permet de travailler la comptence looks like dark hills. They are coming towards us. The sky in the
commenting on a painting, mais aussi daborder un moment de background is heavy with clouds. A storm has either just passed
lhistoire amricaine : celui o la nation se construit et stend or is approaching.
rsolument vers lOuest. On the left of the group is a hunting dog. In the centre is a white
Le coeur du tableau forme une pyramide dhumains et horse carrying a woman wearing a dark cape. Next to the horse
danimaux domestiques bien groups autour du cheval blanc is a man with a rifle over his shoulder who looks like a guide
qui capte la lumire et la renvoie sur les tres vivants autour and who appears to be escorting the group. He is wearing light-
de lui. Autour, la fort est compacte et sombre, les troncs sont coloured clothes. Two other men are in the foreground: one is
coups et menaants ; les cieux sont chargs de nuages. Il holding a rifle, the other is lacing up his shoes. In the background
faudra amener les lves (par le biais des questions poses we can see the well-lit face of young woman as well as a couple
et ltoffement guid des rponses attendues) prendre of other people whose faces are shadowy. To the left and right,
conscience de la lutte entre les forces en prsence. strangely-shaped dead tree trunks and branches look rather
LES FICHES DINFORMATION (BONUS) threatening.
Trois fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles fournissent  The theme of the painting is the way in which explorers
des renseignements sur le peintre, le background et le tableau : and settlers were gradually acquiring more and more land for
bonusfile1-p79 the United States. Because it shows a large group of settlers
bonusfile2-p79 arriving in unsettled territory, this suggests that they will only
bonusfile3-p79 be successful if they work together. One family making the trip
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont alone would have very little chance of survival.
disponibles galement en version enregistre.  The man in the centre is Daniel Boone, and the woman on
the white horse is his wife Rebecca. It is interesting to compare
SPEAK (p. 79) these two figures with paintings of the Flight to Egypt (Joseph
La Toolbox permet aux lves de rpondre cette question. leading Mary and Jesus to safety). This, together with the fact
Il conviendra de sassurer de la qualit de la prononciation des that the whole group can also be compared to paintings of the
termes utiliss, dune part parce quils sont donns avec leur Exodus, gives Daniel Boone the air of a saviour leading his people
transcription phontique et dautre part parce que le professeur to a Promised Land. The people around and behind Boone and
par un simple clic peut les faire entendre la classe sil a opt his wife are settlers going west.
pour le manuel numrique.
 (Students own answers.)

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PROJECT (p. 79) mme mais pour ce quelle permet lnonciateur de dire dans
une situation de communication plausible spcifique et qui
La tche ici est un travail dcriture. Les bonusfiles (parties The
reste contextualise par rapport aux noncs qui ont donn
painter et The background) constituent dj un fond documentaire
dpart la PRL. On peut donner quelques lments lexicaux
minimal permettant aux lves davancer sur le projet.
pour stimuler linspiration au cas o elle viendrait manquer :
Les sites suivants peuvent se rvler prcieux :
insult, bully, swallow words, apologise, etc.
http://picturinghistory.gc.cuny.edu/?p=760
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Caleb_Bingham Accepter tout nonc contenant une structure causative
http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/bingham_george_caleb. correcte, mme si le temps utilis est moins complexe que
html celui qui est propos ici. Nous ne parlons pas ce stade de la
http://www.slam.org/index.aspx?id=134&obj=14 structure causative passive , mais si par chance un lve
http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95nov/boone.html (about Daniel proposait, au sujet de Miss Hewitt par exemple, I would have her
Boone) fired/dismissed, on en profitera pour largir la rflexion.
Il est indispensable de prciser au mieux vos attentes. Quelques Corrig
exemples : a. Miss Hewitt : (exemples) I would have let her know what I
nombre de mots, thought of her methods. I wouldnt have let her insult or bully my
r-emploi lexical, children. I would have made her swallow her racist words. I would
exigences langagires et grammaticales, have made her apologise. I would have/make her apologise. I
utilisation des donnes historiques. would have her Principal take action to stop such practices.
Deborah : (exemples) I would try to make her understand it was
Language corner (p. 80-81)
no use eating ones heart out on something like this. I would try/
have tried to make her feel better/to forget the whole thing. I
Structures causatives (p. 80) wouldnt let her go back to that school.
Ben : (exemples) I wouldnt have let him leave the table
La traduction de lexpression franaise faire faire pose
unexcused. I would have made him stay.
de srieux problmes cause des multiples situations dans
b. (exemples) Im not going to let her bully us any more. I wont
lesquelles elle est employe. Nous rvisons ici lun des premiers
let her insult my people any more. I will make her regret what
emplois que les lves rencontrent ds la classe de 4e : la
she said.
structure avec make + COD + BV.
EXERCICE 2
Nous compltons dans la partie application ltude de la
structure laisser/faire faire . Le Prcis grammatical offre aux Nos lves pensent en franais avant de sexprimer, ne
lves une possibilit dtude plus complte. nous voilons pas la face. Nous pensons donc que lexercice de
traduction nest pas exclure. Toutefois, nous prenons soin
Dans un premier temps ( Observation ), nous veillons bien
de le penser dans un contexte proche de celui qui a permis de
faire expliciter le contexte : Qui fait quoi ? Qui force qui quoi
rflchir sur les structures travailles.
faire ? Etc.
Corrig
Observation
a. Words wouldnt be enough to make the father angry./It would
Corrig take more than just words to make the father angry.
 made him cry; make you feel so bad b. If I were Deborah, I would never let anyone humiliate me.
c. Ben reproaches his parents for letting other Americans walk
 La premire.
all over them./for not making other Americans respect them.
 La seconde. d. In fact they let local policemen/police officers eat two helpings
 a. (1) Miss Hewitt est la cause (de ce qui na pas eu lieu), (2) for the same price/for the price of one instead of making them
Ce qui a t dit (les paroles de Miss Hewitt) cause le sentiment pay for what they really eat.
de mal-tre de lenfant. e. They let Catholic children steal (the stores) candy instead of
b. Sur lenfant dans les deux cas. making them pay for it.
c. Sujet. f. They never make the janitor pay for his newspapers.
d. COD de had et sujet potentiel de cry.
Must : obligation ou quasi-certitude ? (p. 81)
 Non, rien ne dit quici quiconque ait forc qui que ce soit
faire quoi que ce soit. Miss Hewitt nest que la responsable des Les lves ont tous rencontr lemploi pragmatique/radical
vnements qui suivent. du modal must aux trois formes de la conjugaison. Il nest pas
rare de dcouvrir quils ne connaissent pas ou manipulent
Application difficilement son emploi pistmique/assertif. (Il ne nous
EXERCICE 1 viendrait pas lesprit demployer la langue des linguistes avec
nos lves. On parlera de contrainte, dobligation dans un cas et
On aura remarqu la forme donne lexercice de grammaire :
de grande certitude dans le second.)
on ne fait pas travailler une structure pour la structure elle-

5. United We Stand 65
5 United We Stand
La PRL propose a pour but de les faire rflchir sur le sens EXERCICE 3
ambigu de devoir en franais galement. Ici aussi, nous mettons llve en position dnonciateur et non
Observation devant un exercice de grammaire.
Corrig Corrig
 (sujet grammatical) + must + BV de have + participe pass a. Mike must have been worried about his restaurant.
de think. b. It must have been caused by the rioters.
(sujet grammatical) + must + BV de say. c. I would say it must have been due to the fact that these people
(sujet grammatical) + must + BV de have + participe pass de were so poor/lived in such poverty.
be. d. They must have thought they could loot the stores and get
away with it/ that they would never be caught.
 Le second. e. He must have felt very depressed.
 Les premier et troisime. EXERCISE 4
 Le second porte sur le prsent. Les premier et troisime sur Les phrases traduire sont proposes dans le contexte
le pass (prsence de lauxiliaire have et du participe pass). dun dialogue tout fait plausible dans la situation dont il est
 Il a d penser que ctait ma femme. Il faut dire/Je dois dire question.
que je ne dors pas trs bien depuis quelques temps. a a d tre Corrig
un rveil brutal. a. You mustnt go beyond this line, sir.
Dans les premier et troisime noncs, lordre des auxiliaires b. But I must go and see whats happening to/in my restaurant.
est invers, devoir est conjugu en franais, must ne peut c. They must have set it on fire too.
pas ltre en anglais. Cest sur devoir que porte la notion de d. There must be a good reason for all this hullabaloo.
temps en franais. Langlais considre que cest laction dont
il est question qui est passe (si elle a bien eu lieu). Must reste
logiquement invariable puisquil marque la notion de certitude de
Icons of the Black
lnonciateur au moment de parole, et ce moment est toujours le Community
prsent ! (p. 82-83)
Le choix de ces deux icones ne surprendra personne. Le
Application parallle entre llection du prsident amricain Barack Obama
EXERCICE 1 en novembre 2008 et les grandes lignes du combat civique
Les noncs retenus restent placs dans le contexte des de Martin Luther King simposait. Barack Obama incarne
vnements tudis. Ne pas hsiter faire traduire les aujourdhui lespoir daccomplir ce que Martin Luther King avait
rsultats. entrepris dans les annes 60 avant que son effroyable destin ne
Corrig le rattrape le 4 avril 1968.
a. Mike must get down to the restaurant at once. Encouragez les lves faire une petite visite virtuelle de
b. You must keep your gun within reach, Mike. Washington, D.C. et de ses principaux monuments, en particulier
c. You cant go through, sir. You must turn round and head The Capitol, The Washington Monument et The Lincoln
home. Memorial.
d. You must have been pretty shocked. LISTEN (p. 82)
e. I wasnt sleeping very well at the time. I must have felt
TAPESCRIPT tapescript24-p82, tapescript25-p82
something was going to happen.
(track 24)
EXERCICE 2
Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic
Cet exercice est lui aussi plac dans un contexte de shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation.
communication plausible. Llve se voit attribuer un rle. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope
Corrig to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames
a. Oh, it was very early. It must have been around 5 am. of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the
b. Let me think. It must have been the smoke. long night of their captivity. But one hundred years later, the
c. At first I thought the restaurant must be on fire. Negro still is not free. [...]
d. I couldnt really say exactly, but there must have been But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand
hundreds. on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice :
e. It must be caused by the heat wave. It makes people jumpy, In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be
you know. guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst
f. Some must have seized the opportunity to loot the stores. for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.
g. They must have thought it was fun and that they could get We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of
away with it. dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest

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to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again, we must Non-violence was his philosophy. (He took his cue from the man
rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul he admired most: the Mahatma Gandhi).
force. [...] c. King is regarded as an impressive orator. We can almost
And so even though we face the difficulties of today and hear him delivering his speech just by looking at the photo.
tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in In the speech, the repetition of the phrase I have a dream to
the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation thousands of civil rights supporters will remain in our minds
will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: We forever. Two hundred and eighty is the number of speeches he
hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created delivered and anyone who was lucky enough to be there when
equal. I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, he spoke/was speaking will never forget the experience.
the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners 2. a. Barack Obama was speaking in his home city of Chicago,
will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood. I Illinois, on the day of his victory when he was elected President
have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state of the United States of America (November 4, 2008).
sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of b. He mentions the young and the old, the rich and the poor, the
oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and Democrats and the Republicans, the black, white, Hispanic, Asian,
justice. I have a dream that my four little children will one day Native American, gay, straight, disabled and not disabled people.
live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of c. He mentions Ann Nixon Cooper because she was born one
their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream generation after slavery ended and fought for civil rights. She
today! was witness to all the important historical events affecting
(track 25) African-Americans and to all the progress they made.
Hello, Chicago. If there is anyone out there who still doubts
d. At the end of his speech, Barack Obama is referring to God.
that America is a place where all things are possible, who still
wonders if the dream of our Founders is alive in our time, who WORDWORK wordfile-p83
still questions the power of our democracy, tonight is your
Corrig
answer. [...] Its the answer spoken by young and old, rich and
poor, Democrat and Republican, black, white, Hispanic, Asian, A. 1. defy, 2. disobedience, restore somebodys rights,
Native American, gay, straight, disabled and not disabled, 4. enslave.
Americans who sent a message to the world that we have never B. 1/f, 2/b, 3/c, 4/a, 5/e, 6/d.
been just a collection of individuals or a collection of Red States a. boycottage, boycott
and Blue States. We are, and always will be, the United States b. meute
of America. [...] c. manifestation
This election had many firsts and many stories that will be d. sit-in
told for generations. But one thats on my mind tonights about e. soulvement
a woman who cast her ballot in Atlanta. Shes a lot like the f. grve
millions of others who stood in line to make their voice heard C. freedom of the press = libert de la presse
in this election except for one thing: Ann Nixon Cooper is 106 freedom of thought = libert de pense
years old. She was born just a generation past slavery; a time freedom of worship = libert du culte
when there were no cars on the road or planes in the sky; when freedom of information = libert dinformation
someone like her couldnt vote for two reasons because she freedom of action = libert dexpression
was a woman and because of the color of her skin. And tonight,
I think about all that shes seen throughout her century in PROJECT (p. 83)
America. [...] She was there for the buses in Montgomery, the En classe, avant de restituer le travail de groupe, il importe que
hoses in Birmingham, a bridge in Selma, and a preacher from les lves se soient bien rpartis les tches : dans quel ordre
Atlanta who told a people that We Shall Overcome. Yes, we can. se fait la prise de parole ? Qui prend en charge la projection des
Corrig (exemples) photos ? Qui se proccupe de vrifier que la classe comprend
1. a. Martin Luther King delivered the I have a dream speech on linformation diffuse ? Qui crit les mots cls au tableau ?
August 28, 1963 from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial during Lexercice de report devant la classe est un exercice difficile qui
the March on Washington, D.C. for Jobs and Freedom. fait appel des comptences trs diverses et dont la russite
b. He wants all men black or white to be treated equally dpend de lapplication stricte de certains principes. Ces
and benefit from the same rights, the unalienable rights of life, principes font lobjet dune fiche communique aux lves en
liberty and the pursuit of happiness written in the Declaration of dbut danne (voir fiche n 2, Mthodologie, p. 140) :
Independence by the Founding Fathers in 1776. He wants unity. make eye-contact,
The American Dream will come true when African-Americans are dont read,
equal to white men. rephrase what you have said but do not repeat word for word,
King was a pacifist who thought that peaceful marches were make sure your classmates pay attention to you and
more effective means of obtaining justice than violent riots. understand what you are saying, etc.

5. United We Stand 67
5 United We Stand
Checkpoint (p. 84-85) need to do. Discovering myself through inner reflection on long
road trips. Making the best paychecks Ive ever seen in my life.
Comprhension de loral (p. 84) Being able to pay my bills, stay afloat financially, and know Ive
got a real place in this career field. I could keep going, but those
La photo montre un gros camion (truck) et une jeune femme.
to me are the most important.
Les lves pourraient rflchir dabord au lien entre la photo et le
titre de lunit et donc pourraient tre amens induire le sujet Corrig
de lenregistrement. Ils devraient ensuite tudier le Toolbox, en  Its an interview.
prononant les mots pour se prparer au mieux.
 A man is asking a woman truck-driver questions.
LISTEN (p. 84)  First she worked for the government and now shes a
TAPESCRIPT tapescript26-p84 trucker. She changed jobs because she was bored, she wasnt
MAN: You only recently gave up your government job to become paid enough and she wanted more adventure in her job.
a trucker. What made you do it?  It is usually considered to be a mans job.
Woman: Well, it was simple work, for very simple pay. It was
 About 25 to 30 % of truck drivers are women.
mind-numbing and boring and I needed something more
there just wasnt much adventure in it. So, Id say my main  She feels proud to do her job.
motivators for change were adventure and pay.  She is often away for up to two and a half weeks and then
Man: What percentage of professional truck drivers would you only home for two or three days.
say are women? Do you meet a lot of other ones on the road? She survives on the road as she has lots of conveniences
Woman: I honestly dont know any of the factual statistics of although she misses most not having a bathroom and so
men versus women on the road. But I do see a lot of women out occasionally she stays in hotels. She looks forward to going
here driving big trucks. If I had to guess, Id say its creeping up home after a long trip.
towards 25 to 30 %. But honestly, I see more guys than gals. I
always give a big smile to any other lady I see getting down out
The biggest drawback is being away from her family and
of a big rig drivers seat, though. It makes me feel very proud to friends. There are many advantages: seeing new places, feeling
be part of the female trucking revolution, so to speak. she is very capable, having time to reflect and discover herself,
Man: How many days are you usually away from home at a and earning enough money to stay afloat financially.
time?
Woman: Well, up until this month I had been going out for two to
Expression orale (p. 84)
two-and-a-half weeks and going home for two to three days at Nous avons affaire une sries de questions sans support
a time. I only make money when Im tacking on miles. If I take iconographique. Les questions demandent aux lves de donner
time off, Im not making anything. leur opinion sur le sexisme dans le domaine du travail.
Man: Where do you stay when youre on the road? Nous ne proposons pas de barme pour cette valuation. Le
Woman: I live in my truck. Oh, dont feel too bad for me I do professeur doit dcider combien il veut valuer le contenu et
have a lot of awesome conveniences in the truck. I have a fairly combien la forme.
comfortable bed, a small 12-volt fridge and a 12-volt cooker
that I can prepare my own hot meals in. I also have a closet in SPEAK (p. 84)
which to hang my clothes and lots of little cubbyholes to store Corrig (rponses possible)
all my various bits and pieces in. I would like it more if it had a  On the whole I think women can do the same jobs as men
bathroom, but I make do. Occasionally, however, it is nice to put except when the job demands too much muscle power.
myself up in a hotel for a night. And there is nothing quite like
going home to my own bed and bath.
 Some people think that men are better at leading and
managing others. These people tend to have sexist attitudes.
Man: And what would you say are the biggest drawbacks to the
They think for example that women are better suited to working
job?
with children or to jobs involving cleaning...
Woman: The biggest drawback for me is being away from my
family and friends. When I do get my time off at home, Im  I dont think that men and women should be paid differently
always rushing to get things done like laundry and shopping for doing the same job. To my mind there should be laws against
and visits with the family. Its always tough to get everything this.
done in just a couple of days. But I make the most of all the  No, it wouldnt make any difference to me.
time I do get with my family and friends.
Man: What are the biggest perks?
Woman: Biggest perks? There are too many to list, really.
Waking up in a new city or state every day. Seeing places I may
never have had the opportunity to see otherwise. Learning that
I am capable of doing things I never thought Id do or have a

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EXPRESSION CRITE (p. 84)  The people are desperately waiting for their blocks of ice.
Nous nous appuyons ici sur un document iconographique assez  On the stairs, he slips on an empty wine bottle, falls, and
parlant et qui pourrait aussi servir de support un exercice gets hurt by the block of ice.
dexpression orale. Les questions poses ont t choisies pour When he reaches the top landing, he is trembling all over; he
guider llve dans son dveloppement et on exigera bien sr cannot hear his thoughts only the cries for ice.
un anglais et un dveloppement plus structurs que sil tait
He decides to quit his job, pushes the block of ice down the
simplement dit. stairs and walks out of the building, collecting his dog on the
WRITE (p. 84) way.
Corrig (exemple)  Possible titles for this passage: Enough is enough, Not
worth the sweat.
The image is a poster featuring a miner looking pensive. Hes
wearing a cap and has a pair of goggles on his forehead. His
hands and arms look rather dirty, probably covered in coal dust. Ateliers (p. 86-87)
He gives the impression of being alone and a little angry or bitter.
Maybe he is dissatisfied with his job or working conditions. In Atelier 1 (p. 86)
the top left-hand corner of the poster is the question organize? TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p86
written in large orange letters. The man could be asking the VOICEOVER: These elephants and their riders, called mahouts,
question to a trade union, wondering if they could help him to are on their way to what is probably the remotest and most
better his conditions. The answer to his question is written in unusual world championship on the planet: the World Elephant
big letters/large typeface at the bottom of the poster: Of course Polo Championship held in Nepal.
we will organize. This suggests that the union will organize a ENGLISHMAN 1: It actually started in a bar at the St Moritz
local branch where none existed before. Organize? is also a tobogganing club in Switzerland. A friend of mine said,
question the man could be asking himself, meaning Shall I join Edwards, why dont we play polo on elephants? You own the
a union? This is a poster designed to recruit new members and elephants, Ive got the long sticks.
uses the argument that strength lies in numbers (in this case ENGLISHMAN 2 : Its... It looks familiar [sic] to horse polo but its
more than one million as we can see from what is written across certainly a completely separate sport. Our rules began using
the middle of the poster. some of the horse polo rules but weve developed it a long way
I think wage-earners should join a union so that, if they believe since then. [...] Well, the elephant really is the star of an elephant
they are being unfairly treated at work, they will have some polo tournament, so when youre playing elephant polo, the
organisation to fight for their cause. Unions can provide an elephant is the lead player. If you have a quick elephant, you
important buffer between a worker and his or her boss to ensure have a big advantage. If you have a small elephant, you have a
that the worker is not exploited. However, wage-earners should smaller stick, you have a big advantage. So the elephant has got
make sure they exercise their voting rights within the union to be the number one player. The mahout, however, is the man
especially if they do not always agree with the unions policy. who takes the elephant to the ball and positions you according
to where the ball is in the field of play, so unless you have a
Comprhension de lcrit (p. 85) mahout whos technically experienced at team sports events,
Nous avons ici un extrait du livre Paradise Alley crit par you have a problem. Finally, you have the player himself. Now
Sylvester Stallone, ralisateur et acteur Hollywood. Il a were the ones who score the goals and get the glory but, at the
transform son livre en un film quil a ralis et dans lequel il a end of the day, it really is... it really is a big team event.
jou en 1978. Lhistoire a lieu dans les annes 40.
Questions du manuel (p. 39)
READ (p. 85) Corrig
Corrig  It started in a bar at the St Moritz tobogganing club in
 The story takes place in Hells Kitchen (l. 1) a neighbourhood Switzerland when one man suggested to another that they
of New Yorks Manhattan which was poor in the 40s. It was dirty, should play polo on elephants. The man owned some elephants,
(permanent dirt l. 2, overturned trash cans l. 3) and there so it was not a joke! You dont need much equipment: just polo
were immigrant kids and tramps in the streets (mick kids l. 7, sticks and (as you can see from the video) some protective
bums l. 7). clothing and... goalposts.
 No. (l. 10-11)  The elephant is the star: everything depends on the elephants
size and speed. The mahout directs the elephant to where the
 He suddenly feels bothered, unhappy about it. (l. 13)
ball is; he has to have experience in team sports events. The
 It must be the height of summer (it was a hot day l. 15) and player strikes the ball and, hopefully, scores goals.
the people are screaming for ice. It is a good example of working together because no goals can
 Victors job consists of delivering large blocks of ice to be scored unless all three elements work together in harmony.
customers. No one element can function independently of the other two.

5. United We Stand 69
5 United We Stand
DVD Worksheet dvdfile-p86  Sara took the narrator (one of the two students assigned
Corrig to her) to a laboratory specialising in aeronautics in Pasadena,
California, in order for the narrator to get a better idea of the
 Name of the event = the World Elephant Polo Championship
job he/she wanted to do. She used her own car for this ride,
The country where it takes place = Nepal which shows how involved tutors are. They do this for selfless/
 It originated as the result of a conversation in the St Moritz altruistic reasons, which the Freedom Writers quickly realise. It
tobogganing club in Switzerland when one man suggested to is this mutual benefit that makes the whole thing work so well.
another that they should play polo on elephants.
/a/d/e. Atelier 3 (p. 87)
/b/c/e. Corrig
 The mahout is the person who takes the elephant to the  The man on the right must be the boss of a company/firm
ball and positions you according to where the ball is in the or a white collar worker, that is to say someone working in
field of play, so, unless you have a mahout whos technically an office and who does not get dirty when doing their job. He
experienced at team sports events, you have a problem. is wearing a grey jacket (which looks like a suit jacket) and a
white shirt.
 Score goals; get the glory.
 The hand on the left-hand side of the picture is inside a thick
 It is a big team event, i.e. you need to work well as a team in
safety glove which tends to indicate that this hand belongs to a
order to win.
blue-collar worker. It may be that of a man working in a factory
or on a construction site.
Atelier 2 (p. 86)
 The safety glove represents manual and menial work which
Corrig can sometimes be dangerous for the worker, like for example
 Erin Gruwell is a (university) professor involved in a cutting sharp objects, lifting heavy, sharp items or being in
program(me) which consists in establishing links/creating contact with hot, dangerous or inflammable products. So the
a partnership between (her) university students and glove means protection.
underprivileged high school students.  The handshake is a symbolic gesture possibly showing
 Ms Gruwell believes that working together as a team is better mutual respect, solidarity and as the caption indicates the
for everyone, mostly for disadvantaged youngsters, in order for idea of togetherness. It means that it is possible and probably
them to acquire more knowledge, know-how and experience for necessary for white- and blue-collar workers to work together
their future lives and careers and reach their goals because it as a team for the well-being of a company. It seems to be a
allows her students to share whatever talent or knowledge they frank, manly handshake.
may have with them. It is also the opportunity to create social  The third hand to be seen on top of the other two belongs
ties between the various team members, which is an asset/plus to Uncle Sam, symbolic figure of the United States. We can
point/positive feature for them in their current and future lives. see white stars on a blue background, as well as white and
As far as the Freedom Writers are concerned, they also share red stripes, just like the American flag. It looks like a kind of
their own experience with their tutors. protective hand, a moral support which guarantees the validity
 She decided to launch a concrete program by organising of the agreement between the two men who are shaking hands.
evening meetings/sessions putting together her students at Another possible interpretation is that it stands for the role
National University and some Freedom Writers in teams of three trade(s) unions or works councils play in American companies
in the form of a mutual cooperation program/partnership. in protecting workers rights. Finally, one could consider this
 Each of her university students taking part in the program hand as the hand of God coming from above to give his approval
took on the function of a mentor/tutor for two high school to the harmony reached here. It looks like a divine blessing.
students. The job/task of these students, who themselves  This poster must have been designed in wartime. It may be
aimed at becoming teachers, was to help some Freedom the expression of the suspension of any form of social unrest in
Writers become more self-confident and more knowledgeable the interest of the nation, and the pursuance of a national war
by assisting them with their studies but also, and maybe more effort. The message it conveys is that everyone should unite
importantly, by helping them discover some professional and overcome their disagreements in order to give the image
aspects of the job market. of a united country to those who seek to put its safety and
 Various clues such as Dear Diary, the books title and two harmony at risk.
short quotations in lines 6-7: we would all learn from each
other and in line 11: My partner was named Becky make
us understand that the narrator is a Freedom Writer male or
female, the text does not give any real indication about gender.

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Atelier 4 (p. 87) Les guidelines proposes montrent que dans un premier temps
on peut organiser quatre groupes qui mneront les recherches
Corrig indiques et prparerons le compte-rendu de leur travail. Quand
Exemple de production possible, bien que plus longue et plus ces informations et faits prcis auront t tablis, diviser la
ambitieuse que celles attendues des lves, mais donnant classe en deux groupes (for or against) et laisser du temps pour
diverses pistes possibles de description et dinterprtation. la mise en forme des ides qui ne devront pas prendre la forme
This cartoon is a satirical one with socio-political import/ de phrases toutes rdiges afin de prserver la spontanit des
significance drawn by Terry C. Wise in August 2007. There are four changes oraux qui suivront. Le professeur pendant cette phase
characters. Two of them are in the background on the left-hand passe entre les groupes et fournit de laide la demande.
side of the picture, whereas two others can be seen on the right-
hand side and in the foreground of the cartoon. The ones on the
left are almost certainly illegal workers coming from a Spanish-
The Non-working Week(p. 88-89)
speaking country possibly Mexico as the scene seems to be READ (p. 88)
taking place in the USA. The man is wearing a cap and is holding Corrig
a board or instruments which he is using to perform his job. The
1. The narrator does not side with either. He says he doesnt
woman on the far left may be a cleaning lady or a secretary. The
have a side, he vacillates (l. 2). However, he also wants to be
characters on the right could be company bosses/CEOs (Chief
Mr. Nice Guy and is too easy-going on his secretaries.
Executive Officers). One of them who could be a foreman is
holding a notepad with various figures, statistics and lists written 2. When hes overwhelmed with work, he hires a temporary
on a piece of paper. He is wearing a shirt and a tie. We cant see secretary to help him catch up with his mail and paperwork.
the other mans face but they are talking together and seem to be 3. Linda is probably not a real person but an imaginary character
friends or colleagues. The man who is dressed smartly is talking used here to represent a stereotypical employee who does not
to his friend about the Latino guy on the left in a rather negative/ do her job properly.
pejorative/disparaging/derogatory manner, saying that this man 4. Linda claims she needs the job to help pay her rent but in the
is no American citizen/is an illegal worker but that he is doing a end we learn that she only took the job in the hope she would
useful job no one else wants to do. That is probably why he is not meet some of the people involved in the evening news show.
turning him in to the authorities to send him back to his country of
5. Linda is already late for her first days work. She arrives at
origin. There is no compassion in his speech, just self-interest. He
9.22 instead of 9 am. Linda waltzes in suggests that she is
adds ironically that the worker is not a threat to what could be called
not feeling ashamed of being late, that she is not taking her job
good Americans (like them!) on the job market. There is a lot of
very seriously.
scorn/disdain and disrespect in his words. The man is extremely
cynical: it shows the underlying racism of some people when 6. First Linda goes to the ladies room to freshen up her make-
talking about workers who are very useful to them and receive no up; next she goes down to the cafeteria and after a while she
gratitude. As far as the illegal worker is concerned, he thinks to comes back up with her coffee and pastry and then proceeds to
himself that one day he will have better working conditions and eat and drink while reading the newspaper. After that she makes
maybe climb the social ladder (not today, Gringo... not today.). a phone call to her mother and makes other phone calls.
Gringo is a disparaging/pejorative term in Spanish used in 7. The situation gets even worse over the next three days as
Latin America to refer to a foreigner, usually a North-American. Linda spends most of her time receiving phone calls.
Therefore, both the white American and the Hispanic show by their 8. Linda wants to be a Broadway actress or at least be an
language that they are equally prejudiced. The difference is that anchorwoman on the network evening news show.
the white American is the one guilty of exploitation. Exploitation is
9. At the end of the first week, Linda does not come to work but
still extremely widespread/frequent in the working world because
calls in to say she has to go to the dentist.
it allows many companies to get the work done without spending
too much money on wage packets. 10. Temporary secretaries all seem to need to go to the dentist
a lot.
Atelier 5 (p. 87) 11. In fact the narrator is really making fun of himself and
Gageons que ce sujet ne laissera personne indiffrent et que his incapacity to impose himself and his working standards
le dbat entre ceux qui vont vouloir dfendre leurs droits, leurs on his temporary secretaries. He does not show his anger, he
acquis ou leurs revendications, et ceux qui vont arguer pour la uses a lot of understatements, playing down Lindas obviously
libert de travailler et de se dplacer sera fourni. unacceptable behaviour.
Prendre les prcautions ncessaires ici pour organiser un
dbat contradictoire mais qui devra rester courtois avant tout.
Avant de rpartir les lves en deux groupes rappeler donc
les rgles du dbat entre gens bien levs et civiliss. Savoir
couter, savoir tre.

5. United We Stand 71
6 Leading the Way
Pages douverture (p. 90-91) Abraham Lincoln was...
a famous writer.
Ce chapitre sur les prcurseurs commence par un exercice a famous explorer.
dappariement entre les sept photos proposes et les a US president.
personnages quelles reprsentent. Nous avons dlibrment a famous US general.
choisi des domaines aussi divers que possibles de gens qui ont He lived in the...
marqu leur poque quil sagisse du prsent ou du pass. La 16th century.
thmatique de la mmoire et de lhritage culturel est donc ici 17th century.
omniprsente. La notion de contraste que nous tenons garder 18th century.
prsente dans tous nos chapitres est reprsente ici par la 19th century.
varit des domaines dans lesquels ces personnages ont agi. He is remembered for having...
SPEAK (p. 91) led the War of Independence.
conquered a part of Mexico.
Corrig abolished slavery.
 Rosa Parks: the instigator of a movement against been the first man on the moon. Etc.
segregation. Corrig
 Mahatma Gandhi: the politician who liberated his country The picture shows a white statue of a man sitting on a kind of
(India). throne. He looks very serious and important, dressed in a long
 Alexander Graham Bell: the inventor of the telephone. coat, waistcoat and bow tie. Its Abraham Lincoln. The statue is
 William Shakespeare: the most famous playwright of all in Washington DC at the Western end of the National Mall.
time.  (Voir ci-dessus.)
 Bill Gates: the creator of a computer empire.  The government website has the words history and
 Mary Quant: the fashion designer who created the mini- presidents so we can expect to read about past presidents and
skirt. their life stories in this case Lincoln. Being a government website
(i.e. almost certainly run by permanent government officials/civil
 Einstein: the scientist who developed the theory of servants and not by politicians), its likely to be mainly factual
relativity. and one would expect it to present an objective point of view.

READ (p. 92)


Abraham Lincoln (p. 92-93) Corrig
Parmi les hommes et les femmes qui ont montr la voie ,
 The text is mainly written in the third person and so we can
notre choix sest port sur celui qui a mis fin lesclavage aux
say it is biographical although it should be noted that lines 4 to
tats-Unis dAmrique. Il y a de fortes chances que les lves
16 are a quote written in the first person, which gives this part
connaissent le personnage de nom, mais l sarrtera sans
of the text an autobiographical aspect.
doute leur savoir. Nous avons donc dcid douvrir une page
dhistoire et de ltudier avec eux.  The text covers his whole life, from birth to death.
 He was not from a privileged background, indeed in his
SPEAK (p. 92) eighth year he lived in a wild region and as a young man he
Le Lincoln Memorial Washington, D.C. est un monument est had to work on a farm and work in a shop (keeping store) to
trs important dans lhritage des Amricains. On le retrouve sur support himself while completing his education.
le billet de 5 dollars et le revers de la pice dun cent. Il a t le
 He is looked upon in a favourable way: he built the Republican
lieu do ont t prononcs plusieurs discours dont le clbre I
party into a strong national organization (l.30), the president
Have a Dream de Martin Luther King. Il a t inaugur en 1922.
was flexible and generous (l. 35), with Lincolns death, the
Pour la question n 2, si les lves ne le savent pas encore, il possibility of peace with magnamity died (l. 40).
faut les aider deviner que Lincoln tait prsident. On pourrait
demander combien de prsidents ils peuvent nommer et
 He was assassinated like James Garfield, William McKinley
and John F. Kennedy. Six other presidents survived assassination
essayer de situer Lincoln entre ceux quils connaissent. (Lincoln
attempts: Andrew Jackson, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin
tait le 16e.) Ils pourront peut-tre dire quelle importante guerre
Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Gerald Ford and Ronald Reagan.
a secou les tats-Unis et menac leur union au cours du
XIXe sicle.
WORDWORK wordfile-p93
On peut saisir cette occasion pour faire jouer les lves Nous recommandons dintroduire ce vocabulaire avant que les
en leur proposant un choix de rponses selon le modle dune lves lisent le texte. Le travail servira comme une introduction
mission tlvise clbre. Par exemple : au sujet mme si les lves nont pas besoin du lexique pour
comprendre le texte.

72 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

Corrig PROJECT (p. 93)


1/b/d, 2/e, 3/b, 4/b, 5/b, 6/c, 7/c, 8/b. Ce Project peut tre men bien soit en classe, soit la
maison. Quelle que soit loption choisie, les lves auront besoin
INTERACT (p. 93)
de temps pour runir les informations demandes avant de les
Corrig prsenter aux autres groupes. Ces informations tant diverses,
Team 1 teamfile-p93-1 tous les groupes auront une raison dcouter leurs pairs dans le
A.  He moved to Indiana. 8 cadre dune prise de notes visant tablir une fiche synthse
His mother died. 10 sur le sujet de la Guerre de Secession.
He was first elected president. 51 Le plus simple est denvoyer les lves chercher les
He abolished slavery in the confederacy. 53 informations sur internet ou dans des livres dhistoire. On
He was elected president for the second time. 55 leur rappellera que cette recherche ne doit pas se limiter un
He was assassinated. 56 copier-coller intempestif, mais que les informations recueillies
 (Students own answers) devront tre tries, organises, synthtises de telle faon
quelles servent de base (non rdige, do linutilit du copier-
 a. removed from, b. undistinguished, c. come of age, coller) la prsentation que chacun devra faire du rsultat de
d. cipher. son travail. Les groupes auditeurs seront invits, lors de la
 a. His parents were of undistinguished families. mise en commun, poser des questions, demander de plus
b. It was a wild region with many bears and other wild animals. amples informations, etc. On encouragera aussi les lves
c. he could read, write and cipher but that was all. une recherche iconographique dont le fruit viendra illustrer les
Team 2 teamfile-p93-2 connaissances acquises. On imagine aisment lintrt quil
peut y avoir utiliser un TBI dans ce cas de figure.
A.  a. come of age, b. attain, gain, c. keeping store,
d. legislature, e. ride the circuit of courts, f. run against. Sites recommands :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War
 a. did not know much (l. 13) http://americancivilwar.com/
b. Lincoln made extraordinary efforts to attain knowledge while http://sunsite.utk.edu/civil-war/
working (l. 17-21) http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/ulyssessgrant
c. and rode the circuit of courts for many years (l. 24 -25) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0uuuneGkmwo
 (5) He was elected president for a second term. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fwEM0Cak_5w
(2) He became famous for his ability to debate. http://americancivilwar.com/south/lee.html
(1) He tried unsuccessfully to become a senator. http://www.confederatestatesofamerica.org/
(3) The Republicans chose him as their presidential candidate. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Gettysburg
(4) He developed the new Republican party. Il parat difficile, compte tenu de la photographie prsente
Team 3 teamfile-p93-3 p. 93, de ne pas aussi lancer une recherche sur cette bataille
A. /c, /c. dcisive.
 a. The Confederacy, b. The Union, c. triumphs, d. herald, e. lay
down arms. Emmeline Pankhurst (p. 94)
 a/F : only in the Confederacy SPEAK (p. 94)
b/T : Union military triumphs
Si les lves ont de la difficult dater limage, lon pourrait
c/T : encouraging southerners to join speedily in reunion
leur demander quel type dimage ils ont affaire ici : a painting, a
d/F : with Lincolns death the possibility of peace with
sketch or a photo? Lorsquils ont repr quil sagit dune photo,
magnanimity died (Soyons prts expliquer le sens de
ils peuvent liminer deux des rponses.
magnanime en franais...)
Corrig
/b.
 This is a photo so the lady cannot have lived in the 18th
Team 4 teamfile-p93-4
century or before 1700. Judging from the hairstyle and the collar
A. a. 1619, b. 1865, c. 1820. that she is wearing we can guess that she lived around the turn
d. Sugar, tobacco, cotton and rice. of the last century (the end of the 19th century and beginning
e. Domestic servants; work in commerce, trade and industry. of the 20th).
f. The 13 states where slavery was still legal in 1860: Texas,
Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi,  The other picture is also a photo. We can see British policemen
Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia. and some women marching. It doesnt look as if the policemen
The four states with the greatest percentage of slaves: Alabama, are arresting the women so maybe they are demonstrating
South Carolina, Louisiana and Mississipi. together. Maybe the women are demonstrating for womens
g. 3,950,000; about 8 %. rights and the policemen are accompanying them.

6. Leading the Way 73


6 Leading the Way
LISTEN (p. 94) France 1944
USA 1920
TAPESCRIPT tapescript27-p94 tapescript28-p94
Canada 1917
(track 27) Australia 1902 (non-aboriginal women)
Part one. New Zealand 1893
I do not come here as an advocate, because whatever position Il serait intressant de noter que le Universal Declaration of
the suffrage movement may occupy in the United States of Human Rights (UDHR) de 1948 a rendu illgale la discrimination
America, in England it has passed beyond the realm of advocacy des femmes, donc thoriquement toutes les femmes dans le
and it has entered into the sphere of practical politics. It has monde pouvaient voter partir de 1948.
become the subject of revolution and civil war, and so tonight I
Les lves peuvent noter la date tardive de la France par
am not here to advocate woman suffrage. American suffragists
rapport aux autres pays.
can do that very well for themselves. I am here as a soldier who
has temporarily left the field of battle in order to explain it INTERACT (p. 94)
seems strange it should have to be explained what civil war
Corrig
is like when civil war is waged by women. I am not only here
as a soldier temporarily absent from the field of battle; I am Team 1 teamfile-p94-1
here and that, I think, is the strangest part of my coming - I A.  revolution, civil war, field of battle, waged, law courts,
am here as a person who, according to the law courts of my adjudged, dangerous person, sentence, penal, convict, prison,
country, it has been decided, is of no value to the community soldier.
at all; and I am adjudged because of my life to be a dangerous  War: revolution, civil war, field of battle, waged, soldier.
person, under sentence of penal servitude in a convict prison. Law: law courts, adjudged, dangerous person, sentence, penal,
So you see there is some special interest in hearing so unusual convict, prison.
a person address you. I dare say, in the minds of many of you
you will perhaps forgive me this personal touch that I do /c/e.
not look either very like a soldier or very like a convict, and yet /c.
I am both...  I am here as a person who [...] is of no value to the
(track 28) community.
Part Two. Team 2 teamfile-p94-2
Now, I want to say to you who think women cannot succeed, A. /c, /c, /c.
we have brought the government of England to this position,
that it has to face this alternative; either women are to be killed  a. so tonight I am not here to advocate woman suffrage
or women are to have the vote. I ask American men in this b. I am here as a soldier
meeting, what would you say if in your State you were faced c. I am adjudged [...] to be a dangerous person
with that alternative, that you must either kill them or give d. I am here [...] to explain [...] what civil war is like when civil
them their citizenship, women, many of whom you respect, war is waged by women
women whom you know have lived useful lives, women whom Team 3 teamfile-p94-3
you know, even if you do not know them personally, are A.  a/T. you who think women cannot succeed
animated with the highest motives, women who are in pursuit b/T. either women are to be killed or women are to have the vote
of liberty and the power to do useful public service? Well, there c/F. I ask American men in this meeting
is only one answer to that alternative; there is only one way
out of it, unless you are prepared to put back civilisation two or
/b/d/e/f/h.
three generations; you must give those women the vote. Now  Unless you are prepared to put back civilisation two or three
that is the outcome of our civil war. generations, you must give those women the vote. Now that is
Corrig the outcome of our civil war.
1. She sounds as if shes about 50 and has got an English Team 4 teamfile-p94-4
accent. A.  a. Emmeline Goulden, born in Manchester in 1858, died
2. The United States of America and England. aged 70.
b. Achieving womens suffrage in Britain.
3. In America.
c. She married Richard Pankhurst, a barrister who supported
4. For women to have the vote. womens right to vote.
d. The Womens Franchise League, the Independent Labour
WRITE (p. 94)
Party, the Womens Social and Political Union. The women
Les lves peuvent tre dirigs vers le site : http://en.wikipedia. smashed windows and assaulted police officers and in prison
org/wiki/Women %27s_suffrage o ils trouveront une liste de they went on hunger strikes and used arson.
tous les pays : e. They were repeatedly sent to prison and the use of arson

74 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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caused two of Emmelines daughters to leave the WSPU which danglais envisager une recherche sur les raisons qui ont amen
then caused a rift in the family never to be repaired. cette bataille, et un change sur les acteurs en prsence ainsi
 Emily Davidson threw herself at the Kings horse at the races que sur le bilan humain et les consquences politiques .
and was killed she did it to draw attention to the suffragette Si la classe na jamais t entrane au travail sur un tableau,
movement. peut-tre faut-il diffrer les activits sur cette uvre de Turner,
atypique pour lpoque et pour des regards non-avertis. En effet
WORDWORK wordfile-p94 il serait alors difficile de pointer puis de mesurer lcart entre
Corrig une peinture classique et celle-ci.
A. 1. the Chancellor of the Exchequer, 2. the Front Bench, 3. the Certains lments sont en effet contradictoires dans ce
Speaker, 4. the House of Commons, 5. the Foreign Secretary, tableau : le nom du vaisseau renvoie clairement son pass de
6. the Home Office, 7. the Prime Minister, 8. an MP, 9. Whitehall, marin vainqueur dune flotte pourtant aguerrie, cependant ce
10. Downing Street, 11. backbenchers, 12. the Treasury. que le peintre nous donne voir, cest son dernier voyage avant
B. 1. the Republican party, 2. the Tories, the Conservative party, son dsarmement dans un blme soleil couchant, le navire
3. New Labour (the Labour party), 4. the Tories/the Conservative ntant quun fantme, larrire-plan derrire le remorqueur.
party, 5. the Liberal Democrats (the Lib Dems) Voil un point quil faudra amener les lves remarquer dans
leur observation puis dans le compte-rendu quils en feront.
PRONOUNCE (p. 94)
SPEAK p. 95
TAPESCRIPT tapescript29-30-p94
Pour la premire question, inviter les lves rutiliser les
(track 29) mots donns dans la Toolbox, en insistant sur leur prononciation.
A. war, so, motive, order, according, only, law, court, all, both, Guider galement la classe sur les volumes : en effet le ciel
vote, brought, your, know, those. occupe les trois quarts du tableau, le bateau de ce fait en parat
(track 30) presque cras.
B. 1. a. lawn, b. loan, c. learn. Traiter les questions 2 et 3 en parallle. Turner a beaucoup
2. a. court, b. coat, c. cut. travaill leffet de reflet dans ce tableau, la lumire du couchant
3. a. turn, b. torn, c. tone. inonde la partie suprieure droite du tableau, mais son clat
4. a. floor, b. flow, c. fur. est prsent sur la mer aussi et trouve un cho dans la flamme
5. a. wall, b. wool, c. hole. de la tuyre du remorqueur. Ce traitement des couleurs, du
Corrig moment de la journe, et de lespace, amne le spectateur
A. [:] : 1. war, 4. order, 5. according, 7. law, 8. court, 9. all, ressentir de la tristesse et de la solitude. On peut suggrer de
12. brought, 13. your. noter les rponses aux questions 2 et 3 dans un tableau, puis
[e] : 2. so, 3. motive, 6. only, 10. both, 11. vote, 14. know, de faire mettre en phrases le rapport de cause effet entre
15. those. les choix picturaux de Turner et les motions suscites chez le
spectateur.
B. 1/a (lawn), 2/a (court), 3/b (torn), 4/a( floor), 5/a (wall).
Pour la question 4, on ne saurait se limiter des rponses du
type I dont like it because it is old. L encore un rebrassage de
The Fighting Temeraire (p. 95) toutes les gradations de lexpression du got seront rappeles
Les prcurseurs, inventeurs et crateurs sont les hros par le professeur (peut-tre sous forme de fiche lexicale
de cette unit. ct de William Shakespeare et dAlbert rutilisable de nombreuses fois en cours danne). Quelques
Einstein, Joseph Mallord William Turner est sa place. Dabord pistes autres que like et love sont : I really appreciate..., Im
trs controvers, il est aujourdhui reconnu comme un peintre really impressed by..., ...appeals to me very much, ...leaves me
majeur, empruntant aux classiques leurs thmes prfrs par cold.
exemple, le portrait de hros en marche (Hannibal crossing the Vous trouverez quelques intressantes pistes pour amener
Alps) mais renouvelant de faon spectaculaire la technique, ce les lves rpondre la question 5 en consultant le
faisant ouvrant la voie aux Impressionnistes, ou choisissant de sondage organis par la BBC (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/
reprsenter les progrs techniques de son sicle (Rain, steam entertainment/4214824.stm). On peut organiser un sondage
and speed). Certains critiques le placent comme peintre-pivot similaire avec les lves de la classe, concernant leurs
entre les deux Claude : Le Lorrain et Monet. prfrences parmi les tableaux exposs en France.
Ce document visuel permet au professeur de travailler la Corrig
comptence sharing essential information mais aussi daborder
 (production possible) This painting shows an old battleship
un moment de lhistoire durant lequel le Royaume-Uni et la
being led by a tugboat to her final berth where she will be
France ne vivaient pas, tant sen faut, une entente cordiale. Le
dismantled. The scene takes place on a river, probably the
tableau voque en pointills la Bataille de Trafalgar.
Thames. The sky takes up about three-quarters of the painting.
Si le collgue despagnol est intress, il peut avec le professeur The sun is setting on the right and, because of its reflection in

6. Leading the Way 75


6 Leading the Way
the water, it looks as if the sky is everywhere in the painting. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Trafalgar
The subject of the painting itself the ship is a rather ghostly http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Fighting_Temeraire#
white form on the left, behind a reddish tugboat whose funnel is Symbolism
emitting reddish-brown smoke in stark contrast with the white La prsentation du slideshow peut tout fait faire lobjet dune
Temeraire. valuation, dont nous donnons ici ce qui pourrait en constituer
/. (Le tableau pourrait ressembler celui qui suit.) les grandes lignes.
Elements Prononciation
Remarks Emotions
observed B1 Intelligible malgr un accent tranger.
Light brown, yellow, The lack of bright colours Difficults de prononciation , qui conduisent parfois au
white (NB. white for makes us feel a little sad. A2
Colours malentendu/
the ship), patches The Temeraire, being white,
of blue sky. looks like a ghost ship
The sunset bears the Grammaire
connotation of something B1 Quelques fautes qui naltrent pas la clart du propos.
Time of the
Sunset dying or coming to an end. It
day Frquentes erreurs de grammaire qui gnent ou
symbolises the end of an era A2
in British Naval history. pourraient gner la comprhension.
As above, an impression of
Weather Cloudy, misty...
ghostliness. Vocabulaire
The ghost vessel alone in
this vast space conveys Vocabulaire appropri, voire recours des reformulations
B1
Atmosphere Peaceful, tranquil... an idea of loneliness, of pour clairer son propos.
singularity, but also of A2 Vocabulaire limit et souvent peu appropri.
majesty.

 (Students own answers.) Aisance


 (production possible) Britain is an island and has a long B1 Dbit assez fluide, voix bien pose.
naval history. Children at school learn how England managed Hsitations dommageables au propos, voix pas toujours
A2
to retain or gain power by naval victories, notably over the audible.
Spanish Armada in 1588, and over Napoleon in 1805 at the
battle of Trafalgar. Such battles therefore contribute greatly to Contenu culturel
national identity and pride. This is particularly true today when
many Britons fear a loss of sovereign power (because of the Satisfaisant : lessentiel a t retenu et exprim la
B1
classe.
EU) and a loss of national identity (because of immigration and
multicultural policies). Sommaire , avec quelques maladresses dans le choix des
A2
informations retenues.
LES FICHES DINFORMATION (BONUS)
Trois fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles fournissent
des renseignements sur le peintre, le background et le tableau : Language Corner (p. 96-97)
bonusfile1-p.95
bonusfile2-p.95
That : dmonstratif, adverbe,
bonusfile3-p.95 relatif, conjonction ? (p. 96-97)
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont Notre but est daider les lves faire le tri dans les quatre
disponibles galement en version enregistre. natures de that afin de faciliter la comprhension des messages
reus. On va voir que le problme nest pas aussi simple quil
PROJECT (p. 95) peut y paratre de premier abord.
La tche propose ici consiste dabord en une recherche
Observation
Internet en groupes, qui doit aboutir une prise de parole
fluide pendant une sance diapositive (ou Powerpoint) et enfin Corrig
une slection dinformations clefs qui seront transformes  but that was all : dmonstratif (pronom).
en posters affichs autour du tableau expos en classe. Voici he gained a national reputation that won him : relatif.
quelques sites utiles : who thought that he was helping : conjonction.
http://www.artgallery.co.uk/news/the_story_behind_the_ Nature manquante : lemploi adverbial (dintensit).
fighting_temeraire  Exemple tir du prcis grammatical p. 167 : Its not that late.
http://www.j-m-w-turner.co.uk/ (= pas aussi tard que a/cela). That est le plus souvent accentu
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism dans ce type demploi.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._M._W._Turner

76 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


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Application Les tournures exclamatives (p. 96)


EXERCICE 1
Rvision de connaissances normalement vues tt au collge.
Corrig
 a. Pronom dmonstratif. Observation
Les suffragettes amricaines/ceux qui se battent pour que les Corrig
femmes aient le droit de vote peuvent trs bien faire cela toutes  so unusual a person
seules/tous seuls.
 Structure : adverbe so + adjectif unusual + article indfini
b. Pronom dmonstratif. + nom.
Je suis ici, et cela, je crois, est ce quil y a de plus tonnant dans
ma venue. Mot principal : person.
c. Conjonction. Mot accentu : unusual (pithte).
Jose dire/Je suppose que je nai pas vraiment lair dun soldat,  une personne si inhabituelle
ou dun repris de justice. Qui sort tellement de lordinaire serait prfrable dans
d. Pause de rflexion ici. De prime abord, on pourrait croire quon une version, mais nous nous concentrons sur la structure la
a affaire un relatif dont position serait lantcdent. y regarder plus courante. En franais lpithte accentue est place
de plus prs, on saperoit quon est en face dune expression immdiatement aprs le nom. An unusual person so unusual
qui rappelle the fact that dans laquelle that est une conjonction a person.
puisquil pourrait fonctionner sans the fact : The fact that she  such an unusual person
came to America and was allowed to make speeches is incredible
in itself. = That she came to America and... Donc, ici, nous sommes Application
en face de lquivalent de : and the governents position is that it EXERCICE 1
has to face this alternative... Ne pas confondre donc avec : The
Corrig
position that they assumed was totally unheard of.
a. Emmeline was considered so dangerous an activist that they
Conjonction.
finally jailed her.
Nous avons mis le gouvernement anglais dans une situation
b. But many people didnt think she was such a dangerous
telle quil est oblig de choisir entre...
woman.
(Notons quune autre traduction est possible en franais qui, elle,
c. She was so stubborn a woman that she fought to the bitter
entrane lemploi dun relatif : Nous avons mis le gouvernement
end.
anglais dans une position o il est oblig de... )
EXERCICE 2
e. Mme situation ici. Les lves cette fois devraient normalement
la reconnatre. Corrig
Conjonction. a. She showed such determination that her activism finally paid
Que diriez-vous si, dans votre tat, vous tiez confronts une off.
alternative telle que (mais on acceptera forcment o/dans Occasion dattirer lattention sur ce qui se passe dans le cas dun
laquelle) vous seriez obligs de choisir entre les tuer ou leur nom indnombrable.
donner tous les droits dun citoyen ? b. Men at the time were such stubborn creatures that they didnt
see what advantages could be derived from giving women the
f. Adverbe (intensifieur).
vote.
...car elle ntait pas si dangereuse que a si on la juge selon les
c. Late 19th-century/early 20th-century America was such a
critres daujourdhui.
conservative society! (America at the time ..)
EXERCICE 2 d. She represented such a danger that they had to expel/deport
Corrig her.
a. A revolution? Thats not what Emmeline wanted (to do).
b. That she wanted more equality for women is indisputable/not Les conjonctions pour largumentation :
to be doubted/one cannot doubt. even if, unless (p. 97)
c. But shes not the woman (that) Im talking about. Il nous parat important, dans le cadre dune approche
d. She was jailed? She didnt deserve that harsh a punishment/ actionnelle et communicative, de donner aux lves les
such a harsh sentence. moyens dexprimer les concepts introduits par ces conjonctions
e. But she was not to be the last woman who would be/to be et qui reviennent souvent dans les contextes de dbat et
treated that way. dargumentation. Notre proccupation est donc plus centre sur
f. If wed had to put all the women that had fought for equality la communication dides prcises que sur laspect purement
between the sexes in jail/gaol, we wouldnt have had enough grammatical des choses.
prisons.
g. Youre not going to visit that... that shrew in jail, are you?

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6 Leading the Way
Observation c. Aucune (autre) femme ne passerait par o Emmeline
Corrig Pankhurst est passe moins de croire fortement en ses
idaux. condition incontournable pour que...
 Supposition ou condition. Notion introduite par unless :
c. bis. Aucune (autre) femme ne passerait par o Emmeline
condition sine qua non
Pankhurst est passe mme s'il elle croyait fortement en ses
 Ces conjonctions ne sont pas interchangeables ici. Elles idaux. caractre exceptionnel d'Emmeline Pankhurst.
peuvent ltre ailleurs avec une transformation du sens.
On attirera l'attention des lves sur le changement de temps
Application et de mode dans les subordonnes conjonctives des noncs
EXERCICE 1 franais.
Corrig EXERCICE 3
a. The British authorities were not prepared to release Emmeline Corrig
Pankhurst unless she promised to put an end to her activism. a. You will remain locked up/in jail/in gaol unless you promise to
Condition sine qua non : pas de promesse, pas de libration. leave the country immediately.
Mais on ne peut pas refuser (a. bis) The British authorities b. Even if you put an end to your activism, you will remain under
were not prepared to release Emmeline Pankhurst even if she close police surveillance for a lon g time.
promised to put an end to her activism. c. We ought to get rid of this woman, unless that would cause
Supposition : mme en supposant que... even more trouble.
On voit que la nuance est faible ici.
d. You know perfectly well that even if one gets rid of a/one
b. Emmeline Pankhurst wouldnt put an end to her subversive agitator/trouble-maker, another one shows up to take his/her
activities unless women were granted the right to vote. place immediately.
Condition sine qua non : pas de droit de vote, pas de pause dans
les revendications.
Le sens devient diffrent avec even if : (b. bis) Emmeline Larger than Life (p. 98-99)
Pankhurst wouldnt put an end to her subversive activities even Nous proposons ici quatre uvres clbres dont les
if women were granted the right to vote. personnages font partie du patrimoine culturel commun grce,
Mme en supposant que : militante je suis, militante je reste. en particulier pour nos lves, aux nombreuses adaptations
c. No other woman would go through Emmelines ordeal unless cinmatographiques qui en ont t faites.
she believed strongly in her ideals.
Condition sine qua non : pas de dtermination sans conviction
LISTEN (p. 98)
profonde. TAPESCRIPT tapescript31-34-p98
Mais ici aussi rien ninterdit (c. bis) No other woman would go (track 31)
through Emmelines ordeal even if she believed strongly in her I had worked hard for nearly two years, for the sole purpose
ideals. of infusing life into an inanimate body. For this I had deprived
Mme en supposant que : mme si la condition tait remplie cela myself of rest and health. I had desired it with an ardour that far
ne suffirait pas ; ce qui ici tend faire dEmmeline Pankhurst exceeded moderation; but now that I had finished, the beauty
une personne vraiment exceptionnelle, hors du commun. On voit of the dream vanished, and breathless horror and disgust
bien quon est plus dans une logique de message pass que de filled my heart. Unable to endure the aspect of the being I had
correction grammaticale. created, I rushed out of the room.
EXERCICE 2 (track 32)
Corrig I only slept a few hours when I went to bed, and feeling that I
could not sleep any more, got up. I had hung my shaving glass
a. Les autorits britanniques ntaient pas prtes librer
by the window, and was just beginning to shave. Suddenly I felt
Emmeline Pankhurst, moins quelle promette de mettre un
a hand on my shoulder, and heard the Counts voice saying to
terme ses activits. Condition la libration. autorits
me, Good morning. I started, for it amazed me that I had not
prtes la conciliation.
seen him, since the reflection of the glass covered the whole
a. bis. Les autorits britanniques n'taient pas prtes librer
room behind me. In starting I had cut myself slightly, but did not
Emmeline Pankhurst, mme si elle promettait de mettre
notice it at the moment. Having answered the Counts salutation,
un terme ses activits. Refus de librer sous quelques
I turned to the glass again to see how I had been mistaken. This
conditions que ce soit = intransigeance des autorits.
time there could be no error, for the man was close to me, and I
b. Emmeline Pankhurst, refusait de mettre un terme son
could see him over my shoulder. But there was no reflection of
activisme moins que les femmes se voient accorder le droit de
him in the mirror! The whole room behind me was displayed, but
vote. Militante conciliante.
there was no sign of a man in it, except myself.
b. bis. Emmeline Pankhurst, refusait de mettre un terme son
activisme mme si les femmes se voyaient accorder le droit de
vote. Militante intransigeante.

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(track 33) WORDWORK wordfile-p99


She was just going to leave the room, when her eye fell upon a Corrig
little bottle that stood near the looking-glass. I know something A.
interesting is sure to happen, she said to herself, whenever I
eat or drink anything; so Ill just see what this bottle does. I do autobiography
The Catcher in the Rye (J. D. Salinger)
hope itll make me grow large again, for really Im quite tired of (fictional)
being such a tiny little thing! autobiography
It did so indeed, and much sooner than she had expected: My Side (David Beckham)
(non-fictional)
before she had drunk half the bottle, she found her head biography
The Luck of Barry Lyndon (W. M. Thackeray)
pressing against the ceiling. She hastily put down the bottle, (fictional)
saying to herself Thats quite enough I hope I shant grow biography
Marie Antoinette: the Journey (Antonia Fraser)
any more As it is, I cant get out at the door I do wish I hadnt (non-fictional)
drunk quite so much! crime novel Murder on the Orient Express (Agatha Christie)
Alas! It was too late to wish that! Still she went on growing, and, fairy tale Snow White (the Brothers Grimm)
as a last resource, she put one arm out of the window, and one fantasy novel
Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone
foot up the chimney, and said to herself Now I can do no more, (J. K. Rowling)
whatever happens. What will become of me? play (comedy) The Importance of Being Ernest (Oscar Wilde)
(track 34) play (tragedy) Romeo and Juliet (William Shakespeare)
WOMAN: How camest thou hither, tell me, and wherefore? romantic novel Pride and Prejudice (Jane Austen)
The orchard walls are high and hard to climb, short story Lord Arthur Saviles Crime (Oscar Wilde)
And the place death, considering who thou art, B.
If any of my kinsmen find thee here. hyperbole Im so hungry I could eat a horse.
MAN: With loves light wings did I oer-perch these walls; epithet They swam at midnight in the wine-dark sea.
For stony limits cannot hold love out, euphemism He touched me on... on the place where I sit down.
And what love can do that dares love attempt; malapropism Michelangelo painted the Sixteenth Chapel.
Therefore thy kinsmen are no let to me. metaphor That man is a pig.
WOMAN: If they do see thee, they will murder thee. onomatopoeia The bee buzzed around his head.
MAN: Alack, there lies more peril in thine eye oxymoron Hes a very wise fool.
Than twenty of their swords. personification The moon is smiling at us.
Corrig pun Reading while sunbathing makes you well-red.
Identifying the characters simile He eats like a pig.
1. Romeo and Juliet (the photo is a still from the 1968 Zeffirelli synecdoche Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears!
film), 2. Alice in Wonderland (the photo is a still from the 2010 understatement Its a bit chilly today: 20 degrees below zero.
Tim Burton film), 3. Frankensteins monster (NB. Frankenstein is
the name of the mad scientist, not the name of the monster), PROJECT
4. Dracula. (p. 99)
Identfying the extracts Renvoi aux capacits cratrices des lves et entranement
In track 31, the narrator is talking about how disgusted he was la PPC.
when he first realised what a horrible being he had created. The Dans un premier temps la rflexion et la recherche sur les
extract comes from Frankenstein. uvres adaptes pour lcran devront amener une prise
In track 32, a man (Jonathan Harker) is talking about the first de parole en continu exposant les diffrences entre uvres
realisation that the Count (Dracula) is not like other men. He has littraires et adaptations cinmatographiques.
no reflection in a mirror. The extract comes from Dracula. La deuxime tape sera celle de la cration en groupe (on peut,
In track 33, a girl, who has become very small, drinks something comme dans la double page retenir quatre uvres et confier
and suddenly becomes very tall. The extract comes from Alice in chacune un ou deux groupes).
Wonderland.
La prsentation du rsultat donnera nouveau loccasion de
In track 34, a young woman is asking her suitor/lover how he
prendre la parole en continu.
managed to get into her garden over the high walls. He replies
that nothing can stop love from being fulfilled, neither high walls
nor the young womans relatives who, if they see him here, might Checkpoint (p. 100-101)
well kill him. The extract comes from Romeo and Juliet.
Comprhension de loral (p. 100)
La place de Toni Morrison dans cette unit ntonnera personne.
Lenregistrement fait cho aux personnalits dont on parle dans
le magazine.

6. Leading the Way 79


6 Leading the Way
TAPESCRIPT tapescript35-p100 muscles (l. 1),his walk majestic (l. 6), a splendid horseman
Toni Morrison was born on February 18th 1931 in Lorain, Ohio, (l. 6), firmly (l. 8).
the second of four children in a working-class family. She was a b. He commanded respect. In the letter: he looks you full in
very bright student and, in 1949, went to Howard University to the face, is deliberate, deferential... (l. 3-4) dignified (l. 5),
study English. She got her B.A. in 1953, then went on to get an a splendid horseman (l. 6). In the book extract: dedicated
M.A. in English, two years later, from Cornell University. love of country, a patriotism... (l. 1), self-respecting (l. 4),
She started her career by teaching English at Southern combativeness (l. 6), the more firmly [...] to defend [his
University in Houston Texas, then, in 1957 she married a country] (l. 8), the greater his ambition (l. 9), his courage
Jamaican architect, Harold Morrison and had two children. The (l. 10), courage and will (l. 11), his fortitude (l. 14), the
marriage broke up in 1964; they got divorced and Toni moved American cause (l. 16-17), sound judgment (l. 17)
to New York where she got a job as an editor. c. He was not authoritarian. The very last sentence proves this
In 1970, she published her first novel entitled The Bluest Eye, point rather clearly: He would listen to half a dozen proposals
which received much critical acclaim. Three years later, her (l. 20).
second novel Sula was nominated for the National Book Award  (Il nest pas demand ici de citer : nous attendons donc que
in fiction. lesprit de synthse des lves se manifeste.)
She became a lecturer at Yale University, and later New York His strongest qualities were courage/bravery/resilience (his
State University, and went on writing at the same time. After courage is mentioned several times throughout the text), a strong
Song of Solomon, which came out in 1977 and won several will/ambition/ambitiousness, his prudence/cautiousness/care-
awards, she was appointed by President Carter to the National fulness and open-mindedness/progressiveness and fortitude.
Council on the Arts. Some people questioned his courage because he sometimes
Other novels and a play followed. The novel Beloved won hesitated to attack and feared his army might lose a battle,
the prestigious Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1988. Then, which could be seen as not very manly an attitude for a
after publishing Jazz, she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Commander in chief.
Literature in 1993. She was the first black woman ever to
win this prize. More recently she has written childrens fiction EXPRESSION ORALE (p. 101)
and was prominent in endorsing Senator Obama in the 2008 Le clbre tableau de Rockwell a lui aussi montr le chemin ,
presidential elections. comme le fait cette enfant noire qui se rend, encadre par quatre
US marshals, dans une cole jusque l rserve aux enfants
LISTEN (p. 100)
blancs. On notera la noblesse de la dmarche de la fillette et la
Comme dhabitude, conseiller aux lves de lire les tches et conscience vidente quelle a dtre la premire .
de sassurer quils les comprennent avant de se lancer dans
Comme pour tous nos exercices dexpression, les questions
lcoute. On pourra aussi leur demander de noter quel lment
poses visent guider les lves dans la construction de leur
de lenregistrement les a guids vers telle ou telle rponse.
prise de parole en continu. Les lignes qui suivent ne sont quun
Corrig exemple du type dnoncs quon essaiera daider les lves
 The recording is a brief biography of Toni Morrison. mettre au point.
 She was born in 1931 in Ohio, USA.
SPEAK (p. 101)
 She was born into a working-class family. She had 3 siblings.
Corrig
 She graduated from Cornell University. The picture is a famous painting by the 20th century artist
 She published her first novel in 1970 and her second in 1973. Norman Rockwell, entitled The Problem we all live with, painted
 She won the Pulitzer Prize for her novel entitled Beloved. in 1964.
 She won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1993.  The picture shows a young black girl obviously walking to
(Rponse ouverte.) a white school under the protection of four US Marshals. They
are walking past a greyish wall defaced by racist graffiti. She is
COMPRHENSION DE LCRIT (p. 100) walking calmly, with her head held high in spite of having things
Il sagit ici de tches de comprhension, nous nattendrons donc thrown at her like the tomato we can see lying squashed on the
pas des lves quils se livrent un exercice de composition. pavement.
Ainsi, des rponses sous formes de reprages non rdigs  In 1964 the Civil Rights Movement had been going for
peuvent convenir, dans la mesure o la comprhension du texte almost 10 years. The movement aimed at abolishing racial
est effectivement dmontre grce des citations adaptes. discrimination against African American citizens and actually
restoring suffrage in the Southern states. People like Martin
READ (p. 101)
Luther King and Rosa Parks led non violent campaigns asserting
Corrig their rights. The girl painted by Rockwell here actually existed:
 a. George Washington was a rather imposing person. In the her name is Ruby Bridges and she was one of the first children
letter: involved in the beginnings of school desegregation.

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 She is leading the way in that she is determined to fight for Afin de ne pas oublier laspect nuanc de la description (le
her rights as well as for all the little black girls in her situation and hros/lhrone et ses failles), ne pas hsiter faire mobiliser des
is one of the first to do so. One must remember that at the time mots de liaison exprimant le contrepied ngatif dun argument :
many black families still hesitated before sending their children However, ..., No matter what..., Yet, ...
to a previously all-white school for fear of reprisals from the On the other hand, ...
parents of white students. So it really took courage (guts, some Even if/though... , Despite..., In spite of...
people would say) to take the step this girl and her family have
taken. WRITE (p. 101)
Corrig
 The four men are US marshals whose job it is to enforce
federal law. The authorities, quite rightly, expected trouble when (exemple)
the law was put into effect and the marshals are protecting the My hero is Robin Hood, the famous medieval outlaw. Although he
little girl against possible aggression. probably never existed, people think of him as if he did. We will
 One can only admire the dignified way the little girl is always need someone to defend the poor and the oppressed,
behaving. I found the painting all the more moving in the light of and this is just what Robin Hood does even now when society
recent developments in the USA: the election of the first mixed- is supposedly fairer than it was in the time of cruel barons, rich
race President. When you think about it, Barack Obama is of the bishops and poor serfs, he is more popular than ever. He lives a
same generation as the little girl in the picture. natural life in the forest with his merry men and Maid Marian,
has a good sense of humour, and only robs the rich to give to the
EXPRESSION CRITE (p. 101) poor. Hes very skilled with the longbow, and beats the wicked
Dans cette phase de production crite, il sagira pour les Sheriff every time not only by force but, more importantly, by
lves dcrire un portrait globalement logieux de leur hro/ using his intelligence. He can vanish into the trees because he
hrone prfr(e). Ltude de la double page douverture du knows the greenwood like the back of his hand. But he does
chapitre et un travail effectu en parallle sur un super-hro, have his faults... For instance, he gets into arguments with
pourraient savrer utiles pour construire des points de repre his men particularly huge Little John. Yet this just shows
transfrables pour les lves. On attendra des explications that hes not a leader everyones frightened of: the outlaws are
prcises, des exemples parlants et une description dtaille quite democratic in their way, and Little John is often rude to
utilisant des adjectifs qualificatifs en nombre suffisant. him. Sadly, my mythical hero was killed by treachery in the end;
again, that makes him even more human.
Les 150 mots demands sont videmment flexibles dans la
fourchette 135-165 mots.
Pas de corrig-type, bien videmment, ni de proposition de Ateliers (p. 102-103)
production, tant la marge de manuvre laisse aux lves
dans le choix de leur personnage prfr est grande. En Atelier 1 (p. 102)
revanche, des caractristiques physiques et psychologiques TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p102
sont attendues. VOICEOVER: This is the workshop of fashion designer Zandra
Voici des suggestions dadjectifs qui auront pu tre manipuls Rhodes. After over 30 years of making dresses for celebrities
en amont et donneront du relief aux descriptions des lves : and, above all, having been the favourite designer of Princess
Diana, today, Zandra will become a CBE: a Companion of the
amazing, astonishing, astounding, attractive, awesome,
British Empire, an honour that will be conferred on her by the
credible, entertaining, enthralling, fabulous, fantastic,
Queen at Buckingham Palace.
fascinating, impressive, inspiring, lovely, massive, moving,
ZANDRA: I think I characterise my fashion as a touch of the exotic.
pleasant, popular, powerful, profound, refined, superb, symbolic,
I started off as a print designer so I have done (a) new type
wonderful.
of well, they were new in the sixties where I thought about
De plus, les critres appliqus pour lvaluation de cette designs that were totally led along by the prints and the way
expression devront permettre de bonifier les copies qui emploie- the prints are cut around the fabric, and my dresses are all
ront des structures exprimant la notion dadmiration, du type : specifically thought of in terms of how the pattern and colour
How amazing (he/she is)! lay themselves out. I think its difficult to survive in any field
He/She is such an incredible person! if you get to the top of it, because once you get to the top not
He/Shes the most marvellous... Ive ever... [only] are you bombarded with the publicity that goes with it
I am filled with/lost in admiration for... and everything like that but you have to find the space to then
I am a huge fan/admirer of... keep designing and keep trying to think anew. And all of those
I am particularly impressed by... things mean its much more difficult to keep going. I hope other
No one can compare to him/her. designers are pleased about me getting the CBE and feel its
I want to be just like him/her. the right recognition you never know what people say behind
I cant help marvelling at him/her because... their [sic] back and what they say to your face but it would be
No one can beat him/her. wonderful if they feel so and I do now sometimes feel a bit like

6. Leading the Way 81


6 Leading the Way
a grande dame because its so sad that Jean Muirs no longer Corrig
here, Bill Gibbs not here, Ozzie Clarkes not here and I feel that,  This letter is addressed to the explorers wife. It sounds like
in a way, Im one of the old warriors staggering on. [...] Feeling a farewell letter (to my widow, dearest Darling, the boy will
quite excited now, very excited. [...] Well, when I come out next be your comfort,...)
time, Im going to have a medal pinned somewhere. Im not
sure where. [...] Its beautiful.  He obviously loves his wife very much (the worst aspect ...
is the thought that I shall not see you again) and he tries to
Questions du manuel (p. 102) prepare her for the news of his death as softly as he can.
Corrig  The author of the letter is on an expedition in some extremely
 Today she is receiving the award called the Companion of cold land (70 degrees [Fahrenheit] below zero).
the British Empire (the CBE). We assume it is for her contribution  It was written in several stages, probably every day when
to British fashion industry and thus to the economy and the the explorers stopped for the night (Since I wrote the above,
prestige of British design over a period of more than 30 years. since writing the above). It wasnt written in one go because
 She wears what one might call eccentric clothes which he was forced to stop writing because of the cold. People do not
are not High Street fashion: they are very individual and write with their gloves on!
unconventional, using bold colours and patterns. Her designs  It is also clear that as the letter proceeds and the days go by,
are rather like the clothes she wears, although she also designs the situation deteriorates (Poor Titus Oates has gone, we have
more mainstream clothes for Marks & Spencers... a chance to get through but..., we have got to within 11 miles
of our depot with one hot meal and two days cold food, I think
DVD Worksheet dvdfile-p102 the best chance has gone,...)
Corrig  He faces his fate courageously and even with a certain
 a. Zandra has been a fashion designer for more than 30 years. serenity (Painless, dont worry). He and his friends have
b. Her most famous client was Princess Diana. chosen to fight to the last instead of committing suicide. (Note
c. Today, she is going to a palace. that some might say this is the stereotypical Edwardian upper-
d. She is going to meet the Queen. class attitude; others might say that the true gentleman would
e. She is going to receive an honour. have shot himself before meeting death by starvation which
might be considered undignified.)
 a. A print is a coloured pattern which is printed on to a piece
of fabric.
b. Zandras dress designs are based on the pattern and colours
Atelier 3 (p. 103)
of her prints. Pour cet atelier, nous conseillons un travail sur poste infor-
matique car les lves nauront pas accs aux connaissances
/a/d.
requises pour rpondre au questionnaire propos. Autre
 a. She hopes they will feel pleased that she is getting the ventualit, distribuer un document de travail aux lves avec
honour. des informations sommaires (attention, il ne sagit pas ici dun
b. They are all famous British dress designers who are now atelier centr sur la comprhension crite, mme si les deux
dead. They were contemporaries of Zandra Rhodes and became activits langagires peuvent videmment tre lies) afin quils
famous in the late 1960s. se concentrent vritablement sur leur tche de production,
 She is excited when she arrives and proud and happy when laquelle aura une forte coloration culturelle.
she leaves. Corrig (productions possibles)
 The picture shows a nuclear explosion. The central element
Atelier 2 (p. 102) is a mushroom cloud, one of the typical features of a nuclear
Les explorateurs sont par dfinition des leaders ! Nous explosion. It was probably detonated under water as we can see
avons retenu pour illustrer ce type de leader, lexplorateur an island with palm trees and water surrounding it. It may be
britannique Scott qui finit par perdre la vie lors de lune de ses a photo of the nuclear tests carried out by France in the South
expditions dans lAntarctique. Pacific in the 1990s.
Le texte propos aux lves est extrait de la lettre que Scott a  The scientific breakthroughs of the 1930s made the creation
crite sa femme tout au long de son priple et sur les derniers of nuclear weapons possible. A-bombs were developed jointly by
jours de sa vie, quand il comprit quil ny a avait plus despoir the USA, Canada and Great Britain during World War II in what
datteindre son but. was called the Manhattan project, launched to counter the Nazi
La forme que prend les guidelines montre bien dans quel atomic bomb project.
esprit cette activit est conue. Il sagit dentraner, de guider. (Latelier 4 de cette double page propose un travail plus prcis
On demande donc aux lves de lire le texte en recherchant des sur la biographie de Robert Oppenheimer.)
informations prcises. On peut leur demander de dire ce qui,
dans le texte, les a guids vers la ou les bonnes informations.

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 Several experiments were carried out in the 1930s. In 1945, Il semble normal dattendre que les lves du groupe 1
two of these bombs were dropped on Japan on Hiroshima and apportent des faits historiques et scientifiques prcis avant de
Nagasaki causing the death of more than 200,000 people and lancer la discussion pour ou contre . Quand les groupes 2
ending the war in the Pacific. et 3 prennent la parole, les lves auditeurs prennent des
 The eight countries which officially possess this device notes afin de pouvoir ensuite demander des prcisions, ou faire
are the United States, Russia (formerly the USSR), the United claircir tel ou tel point. Les lves du groupe 1 dcident ensuite
Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan and North Korea. Israel de quel ct ils penchent. On demandera aussi si dans les
is also believed to have it, though this has never been officially groupes 2 et 3 certains lves souhaitent changer de camp .
admitted.
 When a country threatens to use nuclear power against a To Russia... with Love (p. 104-105)
rival country, then it is using it as a deterrent. This means of On peut se demander ce que viennent faire James Bond et
maintaining peace has often worked in times of crisis since son pre Ian Fleming dans ce chapitre. En fait, nous avons
the end of the Second World War, but it is feared that some considr que dans le domaine de la littrature despionnage
countries might act irresponsibly and make wrongful use Ian Fleming tait lui aussi une sorte de pionnier et que son
of nuclear weaponry, with no regard for any possible tragic hros a ensuite servi de modle beaucoup dautres crivains
consequences. du genre, un peu comme tous les super-hros de bandes
dessines ont gard quelques unes des caractristiques de
Atelier 4 (p. 103) Superman, loriginal. On peut en dire autant du domaine du film
Pour la premire question, les lves devront effectuer des despionnage. Ian Fleming led the way!
recherches et se prparer en faire une synthse. Le mieux est
que divers groupes se rpartissent les tches (quatre) et cest la
READ (p. 104)
mise en commun qui permettra de rpondre la seconde partie de Corrig
la tche : what do they have in common? En fait il sagit bien sr  The seven characters mentioned in the passage are:
du rle que chacun de ces scientifiques a jou dans la matrise et James Bond (also known as 007), May his housekeeper, a man
la domestication de latome, mais aussi, hlas, dans la conception who keeps knocking at Bonds door to sell him a television set;
et la mise au point de la bombe atomique. Ce qui nous amnera Bonds boss called M, Ms secretary named Ms Moneypenny, a
tout naturellement la seconde tche qui, elle seule, pourrait British spy who is the head of Station T in Instanbul called Kerim
tre le sujet dun dbat comme ceux organiss dans lAtelier 5. and a female Russian spy.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein  James Bond, otherwise known as 007, is a British spy who
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frdric_Joliot-Curie works for M. The Russian girl works in intelligence and Kerim
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enrico_Fermi being the head of station T, must also be a spy. The mysterious
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Robert_Oppenheimer television man may be a spy too. May and Miss Moneypenny
Avant de rpondre la deuxime question, il serait bon are probably not spies.
denrichir les connaissances des lves :  The man who keeps calling at Bonds flat raises our suspicions
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan_Project because he has called six times already with the feeble excuse
http://www.atomicarchive.com/History/mp/index.shtml of selling TVs. Bond evidently does not believe his story. The
http://www.google.fr/images?hl=fr&q=nagasaki&um Russian girl is also suspicious because she says shes in love
=1&ie=UTF-8&source=univ&ei=iGz1S9nKOYL2-AaS- with Bond but he doesnt seem to know who she is.
LjUCA&sa=X&oi=image_result_group&ct=title&resnum=4&ved
=0CD8QsAQwAw  In the second line we learn that Bond has had almost a year
On peut aussi consulter des archives photographiques et of peace and that he feels strange and unhappy because hes
montrer le rsultat de ces recherches (photos dHiroshima et a man of action. In line 41 we learn he is soft after months of
Nagasaki) sans oublier, peut-tre, les arguments de certains peace and quiet. Then suddenly he is given a job, a call from
qui maintiennent que le recours larme atomique a permis de M and we learn in line 56 that he felt the soft life, the time of
raccourcir dun an (et de faire lconomie dun million de vies) peace was over. So the passage represents the transition from
la guerre du Pacifique, ni que... cest le Japon qui a agress inaction into action for Bond.
lAmrique et non linverse. Fair is fair.  James Bond is a man of habit: he always took the Times
(l. 15), Im very comfortable here. I dont want to move (l. 35),
Atelier 5 (p. 103) Every day he had two cups of very strong coffee... (l. 43-44).
Pas moins controvers que lutilisation militaire de latome,
son exploitation civile fait toujours dbat.
Attendons-nous des prises de positions fermes. On veillera
ce quelles sappuient sur des faits scientifiques avrs et non
sur des prises de position de principe.

6. Leading the Way 83


7 As Others See Us
Pages douverture (p. 106-107) 1 and 3 both touch on the theme of seeing what you want to
see, or being blind to what others can see. For example, once
Comment les autres nous voient-ils et comment nous you have seen the pretty girl in picture 1, it is very difficult to
voyons-nous ? La question de lobservation des citoyens par see the old woman, and vice versa; and, in the case of picture
les autorits, lapparence physique, le dsir de ne pas vieillir 3, the woman chooses not to see how she has changed and
et les faons de retarder leffet du temps sont donc les thmes aged she prefers to think of herself as younger. This is similar
dvelopps dans cette unit. On reste bien entendu dans la to picture 4 which puts the emphasis on the importance of not
thmatique de lappartenance et de la singularit. growing old in certain societies and of doing everything possible
Pour permettre aux lves danticiper sur le contenu du chapitre, to keep ones image (especially, of course, in the milieu of show
on peut confier lexploitation des images cinq groupes diffrents business). Picture 5, or rather the story behind it, takes this to
et la mise en commun du rsultat des tches entranera, sous the absolute and paradoxical extreme: the maintenance of
forme de synthse, lexploitation de la question 6. youth by means of death.
Description des images : donner aux lves le lexique dont ils
vont avoir besoin sous forme de liste de mots dans laquelle ils
iront piocher pour dcrire limage qui leur aura t confie.
How Useful is CCTV?(p. 108-109)
Chaque professeur jugera du contenu de cette liste selon ce quil Le Royaume-Uni est devenu le pays dEurope le plus quip
sait du niveau global de sa classe. en camras de vidosurveillance et Londres la ville la mieux
surveille du pays. Le phnomne sest tendu de nombreux
SPEAK (p. 107) autres pays du continent mais plusieurs rapports aujourdhui
Corrig remettent en cause lefficacit du systme. Scotland Yard parle
mme dchec complet. En effet, malgr les millions de livres
- Picture 1 is a trick picture. Depending on which way you sterling investis dans des quipements de vidosurveillance
look at it, you will see either the face of an attractive young parfois trs sophistiqus, seuls 3 % des dlits ont t rsolus
woman or that of an ugly old one. grce au systme.
Picture 2 is taken at the nerve centre of a closed-circuit television Owen Bowcott, journaliste au Guardian, dnonce dans cet article
network. We can see the operator at his desk, surrounded by linefficacit des camras. En complment sur Internet : YouTube
screens, each of which show an image of one sector of the area Every Step You Take trailer. CCTV in Britain Documentary.
that is under surveillance.
Picture 3 is a painting. A woman with white hair is standing on SPEAK (p. 108)
the bank of a river or a lake, looking down into the water at her Corrig
own reflection. The image that she sees is not the same as how  The pictures shown here are stills/frames from CCTV cameras,
we see her: the image in the water has brown hair, different either recorded or live.
clothes and white socks. Its obviously the woman as she looked
 The people are being filmed without their knowing/
when she was younger. The meaning could be that people like
knowledge.
to look at themselves, like Narcissus in Greek mythology, but,
unlike him, they do not always like what they see in the mirror, READ (p. 108)
and may bear a heavy grudge against Time for making them Corrig
age.
 As we said before, the pictures have been retrieved from CCTV
Picture 4 shows a good-looking young man in evening dress
cameras. The one on the right shows a man standing in a bus.
who is covering or uncovering the portrait of a hideous, rather
The picture on the left shows a group of men entering a brick
frightening man. (It is a still from the 1948 film of the Oscar
building. The photos may have something to do with terrorism/
Wilde book The Picture of Dorian Gray. It is the mans own portrait:
suspected terrorists. The camera number, the date and the
it has aged over the years whereas he has not.)
exact time can be seen on all photos. The text is a press article
Picture 5 shows a woman with what appears to be an elastic from The Guardian and dates back to May 6, 2008. It deals with
neck. She seems to be pulling her neck upwards, stretching the proliferation of CCTV cameras in England and their alleged
it. It looks as if she is looking in a mirror. (It is Meryl Streep in inefficiency.
a scene from the 1992 film Death Becomes Her. Although she
is clinically dead, a magic potion has given her eternal youth.
 The link is that, in spite of pictures showing delinquents or
suspected terrorists, the police do not manage to prevent street
When her bones are broken or, as in this case, her head has been
robberies or bomb attacks.
twisted to face the other way, she simply has to put the pieces
back in the right place...) /b. The journalist wants to show that the proliferation of CCTV
in the UK has not been effective in preventing crime because
 Each picture illustrates the literal or figurative meaning of
people do not fear CCTV cameras. They think they are not
the chapter title, which is the second half of the expression
working. Moreover, the police have never known exactly how to
seeing ourselves as others see us. Picture 2 shows, literally,
use the images from these cameras.
how others see us these days by means of CCTV. Pictures

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WRITE (p. 108) entrer par effraction (NB le nom scrit avec un trait
break in
Ce travail peut-tre donn sous forme de devoir la maison et dunion: break-in)
tre valu. micro cach (n.) ; dissimuler des micros, mettre sur
bug
Corrig table dcoute (v.)
(exemple de production attendue) evidence preuve(s)
Dear Mr Brown, infringe enfreindre, transgresser

I have just learnt that the School Board has voted in favour of infringement infraction, transgression, violation
the installation of CCTV in our school. I think this is an appalling keep an eye
surveiller qn
decision and my friends and I are all shocked by it. Our school is on so.
not a prison: we do not need surveillance systems as in/like the keep so. in
ne pas perdre qn de vue
sight
ones in airports, and we dont like the idea of being spied on. If
the police had access to these cameras or if parents could view monitor cran de contrle (n.) ; surveiller (v.)
extracts from the footage on the school website, that would be/ overhear surprendre, entendre par hasard
would constitute an invasion of privacy. We are, of course, aware survey enqute, tude (n.) ; faire une enqute sur (v.)
of the arguments in favour of CCTV cameras: that cameras can suspect suspect (n. & adj.) ; souponner (v.)
dissuade pupils from behaving badly and doing stupid things,
suspicious mfiant, souponneux, suspect
that they increase security and are there for the pupils own
good. But everybody today knows how ineffective CCTV cameras INTERACT (p. 109)
are in crime prevention: introducing more and more of them in
big cities has not reduced crime levels. Corrig
A lot of pupils share my opinion and have signed a petition in Team 1 teamfile-p109-1
support of it, which will be handed to you shortly. The petition A.
asks for the School Board to take another vote on the issue, but
Settings (left) In the street. (right) In a bus.
only after hearing representatives of the student body.
I hope you will take all these points into consideration and look Times (left) 8:10:39 (right) 12:52:57
forward to discussing them with you in the coming week.
(left) An older man in the foreground and three younger
Yours sincerely, People men behind; a cyclist in the background.
Steven Hurd (right) A man.

Year 12 (left) The man in the foreground is standing by himself,


possibly waiting for the bus. The three men behind him
WORDWORK wordfile-p93 are walking towards the entrance to building and are
Action about to enter it.
Corrig (right) The man is standing with his back to the camera.
He is by himself and is probably walking towards the
Adjectives or inquisitive, intrusive, private, back of a bus.
expressions suspect, suspicious, unwelcome
including /b/(probably) e.
adjectives
 Advantages : a/b/d/f/h; Disadvantages: c/e/g/i.
Nouns breach of privacy, bug, control,
detector, evidence, fire alarm, guard, Team 2 teamfile-p109-2
infringement, inspection, intruder, A. 
intrusion, loss of privacy, mistrust,
monitor, recorder, scan, scanning CCTV cameras surveillance cameras
device, screen, security camera, prevent stop
supervision, surveillance, survey, crime offence, illegal act
suspect, track, transgression, impact effect
violation, watch pilot test
Verbs or break in, bug, control, detect, warn notify
expressions eavesdrop on so., examine, follow, solve resolve
including verbs guard, have a suspicion, infringe,
inspect, interfere, keep an eye on so.,  a. The amount of money spent on the new technology/on
keep so. in sight, keep watch on so., CCTV cameras to prevent crime.
mistrust, monitor, observe, overhear, b. The percentage of street robberies in London solved using
scan, screen, spy on, survey, suspect, CCTV cameras.
track, transgress, violate, watch We can deduce that the proliferation of CCTV cameras does not
have a significant impact on solving or even preventing crime.

7. As Others See Us 85
7 As Others See Us
 a/T. CCTV stands for Closed-Circuit Television. CCTV cameras 
show what is happening in real time.
Arguments put forward by CCTV Arguments put forward by
b/T. l. 1 : Massive investment in CCTV cameras [...] in the UK. advocates opponents to CCTV
c/F. l. 2 : billions of pounds spent
d/T. l. 1 : to prevent crime in the UK they are no longer afraid to go out cameras can easily be
shopping abused and used by the
e/F. l. 3-4 : Only 3 % of street robberies were solved they feel safer wrong people
f/T. CCTV cameras show everything live, images of offenders as in some places crime has dropped cameras can be used by
well. offenders admit crime immediately the government to control
g/F. l. 5 : Britain has more security cameras than any other after having been videotaped people
country in Europe  (rponse personnelle) Exemples damorces : Personally, I
Team 3 teamfile-p109-3 think that... I have mixed feelings about... I strongly object to...
 a. Visual Images, Identifications and Detections Office.
PROJECT
b. Headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service in London.
(p. 109)
c. Closed-Circuit Television
d. International event which focuses on security document Rappel : le but des projects tant de dvelopper lautonomie
issues. langagire, on encouragera vivement les lves ne pas
raliser une enqute factice mais bien relle. Il convient donc de

les informer suffisamment lavance du travail effectuer pour
What? What for? obtenir un rsultat intressant.
1. use new technology developed by the sports Pour la mise en uvre, on peut mettre les lves en groupe
advertising industry to track and afin quils prparent leur questionnaire ensemble. Les tches
2. put images of suspects on the Internet identify seront ensuite rparties : un lve interrogera le proviseur, les
3. create a national CCTV database with pictures of offenders
convicted offenders and unidentified suspects autres leurs parents, dautres encore les professeurs, etc.
Exemples de questions faire figurer sur le questionnaire :
/a/c/d.
What do you think of the proliferation of CCTV cameras in public
Team 4 teamfile-p109-4 places?
A.  Do you think CCTV has prevented crime?
Number of CCTVs installed How do you think the police can or should use CCTV images?
more than 4,000,000 Are you for or against the installation of CCTV in schools?
in Britain
Ratio (number of CCTVs/ Some people say CCTV cameras are totally ineffective. Do you
1/15
population) agree with that?
shopping centres, schools, public Do you think that CCTV cameras are a breach of peoples
areas, housing estates, car parks, privacy?
public facilities, phone booths, vending
Where?
machines, cash machines, Central
Business Districts, hospitals, red light
districts, buses, motorways...
Big Brother is Watching You
Chance of being filmed (p. 110)
300 times a day Le document est un extrait du roman contre-utopique 1984
every day
Percentage of Londons de George Orwell. Big Brother est le surnom du chef du parti
street robberies solved 3% fictionnel. Le nom Big Brother est devenu synonyme de tout
using CCTV images systme de surveillance. Orwell a crit 1984 en 1948. cette
between 150 and 300 million pounds poque, 1984 reprsentait un avenir assez lointain. Orwell a
Amount of money invested
per year bas lambiance du livre sur celle de lURSS de Staline. Lide de
Growth in the market 15 to 20% annually la haute surveillance telle quelle a t dcrite dans 1984 est
devenue de plus en plus une ralit dans lre post-1984, surtout
 Marijuana smoking, drug use, racial harassment, sexual en Angleterre du XXIe sicle. Il est donc intressant dtudier ce
harassment, loitering, disorderly behaviour, burglary, assault, livre dans le contexte de What tomorrow will bring.
car theft, anti-social behaviour, littering in public, urinating in
public, traffic violations, obstruction, drunkenness, underage SPEAK (p. 110)
smoking, evading meters in parking lots... Corrig
 People are not scared of being filmed because the images  The picture is in black and white and features a man standing
are blurred and are not used effectively. Some people think the against a wall on which there is a poster with the head and
cameras are not working. Crime has been displaced to areas with shoulders of another man, larger than the first. The man on the
fewer CCTV cameras. Statistics about the so-called efficiency of poster is pointing his finger at the viewers. We can make out the
CCTV cameras are not reliable. lettering of the words/sentence: Big brother is watching you.

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 The man in the overalls looks worried, shocked and NARRATOR: said the voice. He heard Julia snap her teeth together.
frightened. He looks as if he has been caught in a spotlight or JULIA: I suppose we may as well say goodbye.
a searchlight. The poster is in the style of the 1940s the time NARRATOR: she said.
when the book was written. TELESCREEN: You may as well say goodbye.
 It must be dark outside/night-time because the man is lit up NARRATOR: said the voice.
by a source of artificial light. TELESCREEN: And by the way, while we are on the subject,Here
comes a candle to light you to bed, here comes a chopper to
 He has got Stalins moustache and Hitlers hairstyle. chop off your head!
LISTEN (p. 110) Corrig
TAPESCRIPT tapescript36-p110  The four voices are a woman (Julia), a man (Winston),
JULIA: Im hungry, a woman narrator and the synthetic/mechanical/robotic-
NARRATOR: she said. sounding voice of the Telescreen.
JULIA: Lets make some more coffee. Damn! The stoves gone  Dramatic, menacing, frightening
out and the waters cold.
NARRATOR: She picked the stove up and shook it. WORDWORK wordfile-p110
JULIA: Theres no oil in it. Corrig
WINSTON: We can get some from old Charrington, I expect.
1. protagonists, 2. inciting moment, 3. plot, 4. denouement,
JULIA: The funny thing is I made sure it was full.
5. turning point, 6. story, 7. climax, 8. ellipsis, 9. peripeteia,
WINSTON: Do you remember...
10. exposition.
NARRATOR: he said
WINSTON: ...the thrush that sang to us, that first day at the edge PRONOUNCE (p. 110)
of the wood?
TAPESCRIPT tapescript37-38-p110
JULIA: He wasnt singing to us.
NARRATOR: said Julia (track 37)
JULIA: He was singing to please himself. Not even that. He was Lets make some more coffee. Damn! The stoves gone out and
just singing. the waters cold.
WINSTON: We are the dead. (track 38)
NARRATOR: he said. 1. Whos got Mrs Wilsons address?
JULIA: We are the dead. 2. Its been a month since his mothers death.
NARRATOR: echoed Julia dutifully. 3. Shes often wondered where the cakes are made.
TELESCREEN: You are the dead. 4. Franks dog, whose names Rover, hates postmen.
NARRATOR: said an iron voice behind them. They sprang apart. 5. Lets find out if hes still there.
TELESCREEN: You are the dead Corrig
NARRATOR: repeated the iron voice.
A. Contracted forms: Lets, stoves, waters.
JULIA: It was behind the picture.
NARRATOR: breathed Julia. Full forms: Let us, stove has, water is.
TELESCREEN: It was behind the picture. s is also the genitive (e.g. Marys dress).
NARRATOR: said the voice. B.
TELESCREEN: Remain exactly where you are. Make no movement
sentence s function
until you are ordered.
NARRATOR: There was a snap as though a catch had been turned 1. Whos got Mrs Wilsons whos contraction: who has
address? Wilsons genitive
back, and a crash of breaking glass. The picture had fallen to
the floor, uncovering the telescreen behind it. 2. Its been a month since Its contraction: it has
his mothers death. mothers genitive
JULIA: Now they can see us.
3. Shes often wondered Shes contraction: she has
NARRATOR: said Julia.
where the cakes are
TELESCREEN: Now we can see you. made.
NARRATOR: said the voice. 4. Franks dog, whose Franks genitive
TELESCREEN: Stand out in the middle of the room. Stand back to names Rover, hates names contraction: name is
back. Clasp your hands behind your heads. Do not touch one postmen.
another. 5. Lets find out if hes still Lets contraction: Let us
NARRATOR: There was a sound of trampling boots below, inside there. hes contraction: he is
the house and outside. The yard seemed to be full of men.
WINSTON: The house is surrounded. WRITE (p. 110)
NARRATOR: said Winston. Pour une biographie dOrwell, les lves peuvent consulter les
TELESCREEN: The house is surrounded. sites :

7. As Others See Us 87
7 As Others See Us
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Orwell, Les professeurs danglais que nous sommes nignorent certes
http://www.gradesaver.com/author/george-orwell/. pas quEdward Hopper (1882-1967) est un peintre raliste et
graveur amricain qui exera essentiellement son art New-
Parmi les vnements historiques et les mouvements
York, lieu o se trouvait latelier dans lequel il travaillait. Hopper
politiques qui ont influenc Orwell, lon trouve le colonialisme
sest rendu clbre pour sa manire si caractristique de peindre
(lempire britannique), le communisme et en particulier le
la vie quotidienne des classes moyennes. Il se consacra vite aux
stalinisme, la guerre civile en Espagne, la grande dpression
paysages amricains puis devint un tmoin attentif, fascinant
et la deuxime guerre mondiale sa femme a travaill dans les
et digne de confiance des mutations sociales aux tats-Unis. Il
services de la censure.
ralisa un grand nombre dhuiles sur toile, mais aussi daffiches,
Pour un rsum de 1984 : http://www.angelfire.com/id/ de gravures en eau-forte et daquarelles. La majeure partie de
audreyspage/1984.html son uvre exprime la nostalgie dune Amrique passe, ainsi
Le site http://www.his.com/~phe/farm.html donne une courte que le conflit entre nature et monde moderne. Ses personnages
biographie et un rsum de lhistoire de Animal Farm. sont souvent esseuls et mlancoliques. Le tableau tudi ici
ne fait pas exception la rgle.
INTERACT (p. 110)
Corrig SPEAK (p. 111)
Team 1 teamfile-p109-1 Corrig
1/b, 2/b, 3. dead, 4/b, 5. surrounded.  The scene is set in a movie theater/cinema which is most
Team 2 teamfile-p109-2 probably situated/which must be located in New York, according
to the title of the painting in 1939. This date corresponds to
 She suggests making more coffee. the very beginning/outbreak of World War Two in Europe. At that
/c. time/Back then, the USA had not got involved in the war yet.
/a. T : I made sure it was full  The woman on the right is an usherette. Her job/function
b/F : he wasnt singing to us is to show people to their seats, to make sure everyone is
comfortable and to sell them ice-creams, candy bars, chocolate
c/F : It was behind the picture
bars, popcorn or soft drinks. In a word, she takes care of the
d/T : Now they can see us customers. There are hardly any more usherettes in movie
e/T : I suppose we may as well say goodbye theaters these days/nowadays.
Team 3 teamfile-p109-3  The usherette is leaning against the wall. She looks bored and
 Behind the picture. weary because her job must be quite repetitive. Even if she gets
to see and talk to many people on a daily basis, it may be rather
 a/F : remain exactly where you are
monotonous and dull because nothing much happens. Maybe
b/T : Make no movement until you are ordered
she cant stand it any more and would like to do something else
c/F : Stand out in the middle of the room
for a change. She is resting her head in her right hand, probably
d/F : Do not touch one another
as a sign of tiredness/fatigue/exhaustion and boredom. Her
 Here comes a candle to light you to bed and here comes a face is totally expressionless/inexpressive and she seems to be
chopper to chop off your head. lost in her thoughts. She might be dreaming of a better/brighter
 That they will either be killed or silenced (i.e. metaphorically future for herself, unless she is picturing herself as one of the
have their heads cut off.) actresses she sees in the movies all day long...
Team 4 teamfile-p109-4  Hopper may want us to feel the contrast between on the
1/b 2/c, 3/c, 4/b/e, 5/a. one hand the cinema audience/moviegoers who are there to
relax, to get away from the problems of their everyday lives,

New York Movie


and who seem to be absorbed in the movie they are watching
(p. 111) and on the other hand the usherette who shows no sign of
interest or energy/vivacity. However, there are not many people
LES FICHES DINFORMATION (BONUS)
in the audience (only a man and woman can be seen) and the
Trois fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles four- auditorium looks a bit like an empty shell. The atmosphere is
nissent des renseignements sur le peintre, le background et le one of solitude/loneliness and emptiness.
tableau :
 As far as colours are concerned, red the colour of life
bonusfile1-p.111 appears in various elements: the curtains leading to the
bonusfile2-p.111 movie theater, the seats, the lampshades and a stripe on the
bonusfile3-p.111 usherettes outfit. Yellow/Beige is also present on the walls and
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont ceiling, due to the corridor lights which make the usherette the
disponibles galement en version enregistre. main/the most important element in the painting. The rest of

88 Livre du professeur New On Target 2e


livre du professeur

the movie theater is quite dark, with dimmed electric lights in entretien de carrire , tre amene se plaindre, snerver
the auditorium. It is the usherette who is in the spotlight here, de sa situation, demander un changement de poste, une hausse
although she is shown frozen, almost lifeless. de salaire, une promotion ou, tout simplement , ouvrir son
 The lines used by the painter clearly express a separation cur, spancher au sujet dun travail dans lequel elle ne trouve
between two worlds. There is a vertical dividing line between the aucun panouissement professionnel et qui la mure dans une
world of dreams (the auditorium) and real life (the usherette in ambiance mortifre. Il faudra bien videmment travailler les
the corridor) which splits the painting in half. A discontinuous registres de langue, celui de son employeur tant certainement
horizontal line includes the screen and the upper part of the assez lev, le moyen dexpression de louvreuse tant plus ax
usherettes body, maybe as symbol of her daydream/reverie. sur son ressenti, ses motions, ses frustrations. Ne pas ngliger
The people on their seats and the usherettes legs are just laspect anecdotique et faire raconter certains moments
passive/motionless, waiting for the movie to come to an end. marquants de sa carrire, notamment travers lexemple de
spectateurs singuliers et/ou inoubliables nous encourageons
 There may be a line of people/people queuing up/standing ici les lves faire preuve dinventivit et de crativit, comme
in a line, waiting to buy tickets for the next screening/showing. le CECRL nous y invite.
They may be talking/chatting with their children and friends,
laughing, looking forward to the movie, enjoying themselves...
This is in contrast to the usherette who here, at the bottom of Language Corner (p. 112-113)
stairs, may symbolise the descent towards an underground
world of quiet, a passage from the lively city to a soundless, La traduction de on
almost death-like atmosphere. Alternatively, the semblance of et le passif sans agent (p. 112)
luxury in the room gilt surfaces, red plush, a patterned carpet Cas dcole sur lequel on ne reviendra jamais assez. La fr-
could be an illusion of safety compared to the danger of the quence de lemploi du passif en anglais incite revenir sans cesse
streets above. sur les ralisations de ses manifestations ! On peut demander
Nous attendrons ici des lves quils utilisent un maximum aux lves une tude pralable du Prcis grammatical.
dadjectifs permettant dexprimer leurs gots et ractions.
Observation
Exemples dadjectifs connots positivement : fascinating,
fantastic, fabulous, awesome, impressive, realistic, powerful, Corrig
amazing, moving, symbolic, superb, profound...  Formes verbales passives : you are ordered, as though a
Exemples dadjectifs connots ngativement : far-fetched, catch had been turned back.
pathetic, old-fashioned, saddening, odd, dull, dark, puzzling,  Actions : order, turn back.
outdated, frightening, unbelievable, appalling...
Les structures suivantes entre autres, lapprciation du  Ce sont les personnages prsents dans la pice qui reoivent
professeur pourront galement tre valorises : lordre ; cest le loquet qui est tir.
I find it particularly...+ adjectif / Lagent de laction nest pas mentionn car il est vident :
I think this painting is a real masterpiece because... dans les deux cas, ce sont les soldats.
What a ... work of art!  Atmosphre cre : tension, suspense, crainte.
I just love this painting because...  La premire phrase ne peut pas tre traduite littralement :
I was particularly struck by ... when I first saw it. le verbe ordonner (quelquun de faire quelque chose) nest
pas transitif direct en franais. La seconde phrase peut ltre
PROJECT (p. 111)
car le verbe tirer est transitif direct, mais on choisira sans
lissue de la prparation de ce projet telle quexplique dans doute de garder la version en on pour conserver la mme
la consigne, la simulation dentretien professionnel propose ici atmosphre que celle cre par le texte anglais.
pourrait se drouler sous forme de speed dating, dans la mesure
o certains lves prparent leur rle douvreuse, les autres Application
entrant dans le personnage du directeur du cinma. On peut EXERCICE 1
donc envisager, notamment dans la perspective dune valuation Corrig
de la performance, de faire rpter plusieurs fois la prestation
des lves afin quils puissent sexercer et ainsi acqurir des  A new database of images which is expected to use
repres. Il sagira ici pour eux dutiliser, encore une fois, un technology... = Une nouvelle base de donnes dimages dont on
maximum dadjectifs descriptifs permettant aux ouvreuses sattend se quelle utilise une technologie...
dexprimer leurs motions dominante ngative, il semblerait while the technology required to carry out automated searches
et dadopter le ton appropri la situation. Les patrons is refined = pendant que lon affine la technologie ncessaire
utiliseront la forme interrogative foison, et pourquoi pas des la mise en place de recherches automatises
constructions incluant le modal should pour exprimer leurs
conseils ventuels, voire des structures limpratif, selon leur
ton et lvolution de lentrevue. Louvreuse pourra, au cours de cet

7. As Others See Us 89
7 As Others See Us
EXERCICE 2 Bien identifier les formes en -ing (p. 113)
Corrig
Les multiples emplois de la dsinence -ing pose des problmes
a. They had been watched/spied upon for weeks.
didentification et donc de comprhension. Nous essayons
b. Everything they did was being watched/spied upon.
daider les lves faire le tri.
c. Even their most private thoughts were detected.
d. They ended up (by) being suspected. Observation
e. And finally they were arrested and placed in detention for
Corrig
thought crime(s).
 Noms verbaux (ou gerunds) : shouting (COD de resist),
EXERCICE 3
putting.
Corrig
Simples noms drivs de verbes ou non : the warning, muggings.
a. I have been advised to read 1984.
Adjectifs verbaux sens actif drivs de verbes : advertising.
b. My drawers have been gone through/rummaged through/
Participes prsents construits partir de la base verbale
searched.
laquelle on a ajout le suffixe ing : piloting (sujet : senior police
c. The house has been ransacked.
officer proposition participiale), using (= en utilisant, grondif
Divers emplois du participe pass (p. 112) franais), working (emploi de la forme be+ing).
Autres mots (prposition, conjonctions...) : according to.
Cette section est l pour aider les lves bien diffrencier
les emplois du participe pass : avec have ou avec be, sachant  Il est difficile de se retenir de crier : je vous lavais bien
que lemploi de be implique automatiquement le passif ; et aussi dit !
pour faire faire la diffrence entre le participe pass dun verbe Un officier suprieur de police qui pilote (en charge de) une
au passif et un participe pass employ comme adjectif. nouvelle base de donnes a mis les gens en garde : les
investissements massifs qui ont t faits en matriel de vido-
Observation surveillance ont chou .
Corrig Seuls 3 % des vols la tire Londres ont t rsolus grce des
 Participes actifs : images de vido-surveillance...
The stoves gone out. (= has gone out). Lavertissement vient du responsable de VIIDO Scotland Yard.
The picture had fallen to the floor. (auxiliaire have). Une nouvelle base de donnes dimages dont on sattend ce
Participes passifs : quelle utilise une technologie mise au point par lindustrie de la
The house is surrounded. (auxiliaire be ; encercle par...), publicit sportive...
Despite billions of pounds spent on the new technology... (= Le fait de poster sur internet des images de gens suspects
that have been spent = auxiliaire du passif conjugu au present dagression, de viols ou de cambriolages...
perfect), Ils croient/pensent que les camras ne fonctionnent pas.
Only three percent of street robberies were solved using CCTV
images. (= by the police). On saperoit que le franais ne traduit pas littralement les
participes prsents, adjectifs verbaux ou grondifs. Il a souvent
 Spent, bien que prs dun nom (mais sa droite ! comparer recours linfinitif (shouting, putting), des relatives (piloting),
avec convincted dans lexercice qui suit) nest pas un adjectif ; on ou des noms (advertising).
est dans un cas o lon a fait lconomie de la relative that have
been spent... Dans spent on the new technology, on a affaire Application
une subordonne participiale.
EXERCICE 1
Application Corrig
using (l. 13) : participe prsent/grondif (en utilisant)
EXERCICE 1 building (l. 20) : nom verbal/grondif
Corrig incorporating (l. 20) : adjectif verbal
Participes passs : drawn up, required, refined (verbe be prsent going (l. 32) : participe prsent
ou sous-entendu).
Adjectifs : convicted, unidentified, automated (pithtes). EXERCICE 2
EXERCICE 2 On aura remarqu que les noncs choisis ne lont pas t au
hasard : leur traduction aidera les lves sexprimer pour ou
Corrig contre la vido-surveillance lors du project propos p 109, par
La constitution dune base de donnes nationales dimages exemple.
de vido-surveillance comprenant des images de dlinquants
(dj) condamns comme celles de suspects non identifis.... Corrig
Les plans pour cette ralisation ont t mis au point mais sont a. Some people think that using CCTV will help reduce/curb
gards sous le coude en attendant que la technologie ncessaire crime.
la mise en place de recherches automatises. b. Filming people without their knowing doesnt seem really
ethical to me.

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c. I (for one) am sure it will yield stunning results. DEUX FICHES DINFORMATION (BONUS)
d. And Im telling you it is the end of our individual liberty/ Deux fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles
liberties. fournissent des renseignements complmentaires sur Henri VIII
e. Some tabloids think they help curb crime by publishing the et sur le snateur McCarthy.
pictures and wherabouts of the most dangerous delinquents. bonusfile4-p.114
f. One realises that the system isnt working as well as planned/ bonusfile5-p.115
it was thought it would. Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont
disponibles galement en version enregistre.
With Us or Against Us? PROJECT (p. 115)
(p. 114-115)
Nous restons dans la thmatique de la chasse aux sorcires
SPEAK (p. 114) ou de toutes les attitudes intolrantes qui mnent certains
Corrig rejeter les autres pour une raison ou une autre ou les forcer
penser comme la majorit et adopter la pense unique .
(exemples) Notre monde actuel offre de nombreux exemples de cette
 There seem to have been several different motives. It is attitude souvent liberticide (quand elle se limite cela) ! Le
difficult to know which one was the most important. rle des media dans le faonnement de la pense des citoyens
Firstly, Henry wanted a son and Catherine, his first wife, was mriterait un chapitre lui tout seul.
now almost certainly too old to have any more children. Anne Nous renvoyons donc les lves vers le pass (devoir de
Boleyn could give him a son and he needed a divorce in order mmoire) pour quils comprennent que ce travers nest pas
to marry her. The Pope refused to grant the divorce (probably nouveau et a t la cause de bien des perscutions. Nous
because he was at the time a prisoner of Charles V, who was conseillons de les faire consulter diverses pages sur internet
King of Spain, Holy Roman Emperor and Catherines nephew) avant de se lancer dans le jeu de rle qui ncessitera temps de
so Henry divorced Catherine anyway, under his own authority, prparation et aide du professeur :
thereby rejecting the Pope as head of the Church in England. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salem_witch_trials
Secondly, he wanted to get his hands on the Churchs wealth. By http://www.google.fr/search?hl=fr&source=hp&q=witches+of
becoming head of the Church, he had control of Church lands, +salem&aq=f&aqi=g1&aql=&oq=&gs_rfai=
income, gold and other wealth and could do what he wanted http://www.nationalgeographic.com/salem/
with them.
Les rles sont clairement distribus. Les lves trouveront sur
Thirdly, he desperately wanted Anne Boleyn. It is said that she
les sites indiqus des noms de victimes des tristement clbres
refused to sleep with him unless they were married.
procs de Salem et des informations sur les Puritains.
 (exemple) Nous conseillons aussi daider les lves reprer le fait
I would have sworn the oath even if I had believed that the Pope
que les Puritains de Nouvelle-Angleterre taient devenus des
was the only true head of the Church. I think, when your life and
spcialistes dans lart despionner leurs voisins (sans CCTV !)
family are threatened, it is what is in your heart that counts, not
et dessayer de voir ce qui se cachait sous les apparences de
what you say. No one would have been harmed by my taking the
chacun. Nous restons ainsi entirement dans le thme de
oath; on the contrary, several lives would probably have been
lunit.
saved.
On commencera donc par la recherche, puis la rdaction
 (1) They could answer yes and be sure of keeping their jobs dun script suivra. Et un lve jouera le rle du journaliste qui
and reputation. However, they would have to divulge the names conclura sur limportance de cette chasse aux sorcires dans
of colleagues with Communist sympathies and would probably lhistoire amricaine.
lose a great many friends.
(2) They could refuse to answer the question (which was their
right) but would almost certainly lose their jobs. Checkpoint (p. 116-117)
(3) They could say no, but in doing so were accepting that the Comprhension de loral (p. 116)
committee had the right to ask the question.
Nous coutons ici un programme radiophonique, Tonight
 (exemple) in Westminster, qui prend la forme dun entretien avec une
If I had been an actor at the time and if I had been asked the femme politique membre du parti en opposition. Elle critique le
question I would have refused to answer. I would have said that gouvernement pour sa politique de surveillance, et son projet
such a question was unconstitutional and that, if I answered yes, dintroduire les cartes didentit qui nexistent pas au Royaume-
I would incriminate myself which, under the Fifth Amendment, I Uni. (Lintroduction des cartes didentit est un sujet qui ne cesse
could refuse to do. In this way, I would have hoped not to lose dtre soulev par certains journalistes et hommes politiques.)
any friends and would hope that some studios would still employ
me.

7. As Others See Us 91
7 As Others See Us
LISTEN (p. 116)  Child abuse; people being killed; people being seriously
TAPESCRIPT tapescript39-p116 injured.
PRESENTER: Hello and welcome to Tonight in Westminster with  Its intrusive, very expensive and not very effective.
our special guest Gillian Harrington, opposition spokesperson  She thinks the government should restrict the information
on home affairs. Ms Harrington, our topic tonight is personal it can hold. For example, it should not be allowed to hold DNA
privacy, which I believe you have fairly strong feelings about. details of people who have not been actually convicted and
GILLIAN: Not just myself, but my party as a whole. For years now, it should not keep records of phone calls, text messages or
the government has been building up mammoth databases emails.
for the police, the National Health service, the Internal Revenue
all the major government departments in fact and has been
 No, she doesnt, she thinks it would be too expensive to put
in place and would have very little effect identity cards would
encouraging these departments to share their data with each
not deter terrorists or have much effect on the numbers of illegal
other.
immigrants.
PRESENTER: Well, isnt that what people want? I mean, there
are stories in the press every day about terrible tragedies Comprhension de lcrit (p. 116)
that happen because of the lack of communication between
different services: children abused, people killed or seriously John Kampfer was a foreign correspondent for nearly a decade
injured, just because some civil servant hasnt thought before becoming one of Britains most prominent political writers,
to pass on a file... Surely more information means better commentators and pundits. As Editor of the New Statesman, he
protection? took the magazine to 30-year circulation highs and won a series
GILLIAN: Not at all. People want to feel safe, yes, of course they of awards. He is now Chief Executive of Index on Censorship, one
do. But, up to now, this mania for databases has only succeeded of the worlds leading free expression organisations. His three
in being intrusive and enormously expensive. Its certainly not previous books include Blairs Wars, a devastating survey of the
more effective. You cannot deliver frontline public services by former Prime Ministers foreign policy. He lives in London.
creating a database state. You need human judgment and READ (p. 116)
human care.
Corrig
PRESENTER: So what are you proposing in order to counteract this
database state?  This extract deals with the security measures implemented
GILLIAN: Well, basically, it boils down to restricting the personal during Blairs premiership.
information that the government can hold. For example, not  The author says that Tony Blair will be remembered for
being allowed to keep a persons DNA on file if they are not drastically strengthening the laws on security, thus turning
convicted of the crime theyre charged with. Not being allowed Great Britain into the most authoritative surveillance state in
to keep records of peoples phone calls, texts or emails without the democratic world. (l. 2-3)
having special permission to do so...
 Llve choisira cinq lments parmi les exemples suivants :
PRESENTER: What about ID cards? I believe the government is
police and security forces were given greater powers of arrest
once again under pressure from the police to introduce them.
and detention (l. 8),
GILLIAN: Quite honestly, I cannot foresee the day when we shall
all institutions of state were granted increased rights to snoop
ever have ID cards in Britain. That would mean creating a national
(l. 9),
identity register. Can you imagine the cost involved? And for
individuals were required to hand over unprecedented forms
what? As a way of clamping down on illegal immigration?
of data (l. 10-11),
PRESENTER: Well, thats an argument thats often used.
abroad, the government colluded with the transport of terrorist
GILLIAN: Its hardly a valid one. Spending billions on a national
suspects by the US government to secret prisons around the
identity register just to send couple of thousand people home?
world (l. 12-14),
Is that reasonable?
at home, new crimes were created, such as glorifying terrorism
PRESENTER: Well, what about the prevention of terrorism?
or inciting religious hatred (l. 15),
GILLIAN: If anyone could possibly believe that a terrorist would be
control orders were imposed on people deemed a security
deterred from setting off a bomb just because he or she didnt
threat (l. 16),
have an ID card, then I dont know what world theyre living in.
Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) were imposed on people
Certainly not in the real world, thats for sure.
for actions that were not illegal in themselves (such as visiting
Corrig a part of town deemed out of bounds or talking to certain people
 Gillian Harrington is the opposition spokesperson for/on deemed dangerous) (l. 19-22),
home affairs. double jeopardy was removed for serious offences, meaning
 Shes accusing the government of collecting too much data that people could be tried for a second time even after being
on peoples private lives and of making it available to all the acquitted (l. 25-26),
different government departments. the government also tried to cut back the scope of trial by jury
(l. 26-27).

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 (Rponse personnelle.) is denouncing the excessive use of surveillance cameras in


 Even if the public thought that many of those measures modern society.
would not be effective, they seemed to agree with the idea of a
more powerful surveillance state. Ateliers (p. 118-119)
 The author asserts that the population supported most of
those measures partly because people did not understand what Atelier 1 (p. 118)
they meant and what they implied. He blames the government TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p118
for not clearly explaining to the public what they were doing VOICEOVER: Do you ever have nightmares? Do you ever wake
and for being too authoritarian. He therefore disagrees with the up screaming in the middle of the night? Well, perhaps this
measures mentioned above. research institute at Bexhill-on-Sea on the south coast of
England has the answer to your problems.
Expression crite (p. 117) MAN 1: The Dream Director is an interactive installation
Comment peut-on voir une terroriste en cette gamine ? Telle designed to sculpt the narrative of participants dreams
est la question que pose le peintre dont le but est dillustrer les throughout the night. So sounds will be played as theyre
drives o peuvent mener les idologies trop scuritaires. dreaming that can be incorporated and alter the narrative
Nous guidons lexpression crite en deux temps ici : of their dreams as they occur throughout the evening. [...]
description/interprtation, Below weve got 20 sleep pods and this evening the public
mise en forme de lopinion. will come in and get ready for bed and theyre going to wear
special sleep masks that measure when our participants are
On nexigera pas un dveloppement trop long. 150 mots de la
in Rapid Eye Movement or REM stage of sleep. And when
part dlves de seconde parat une longueur raisonnable.
our computer knows that that person is dreaming, well play
Corrig (exemple) them a special sound sample that will affect the content of
This picture is a mural by the British painter Banksy. It shows their dreams.
a British policeman with a truncheon frisking/searching a little SLEEPER 1: Im really excited about my pod and excited about my
girl as if she were a dangerous terrorist. When she was stopped, dreams Im going to have as well. I hope theyre dramatic and
she was probably on her way either to or from school and was exciting.
carrying her school bag and a teddy bear. It may have been SLEEPER 2: Night, night.
these items that attracted the policemans attention/aroused VOICEOVER: During the night...
the policemans suspicions. It is absurd to think that a girl that MAN 2: We think it could have a great clinical potential because
age would be carrying a booby-trapped bag or toy on her way weve had problems for years with people who have really bad
to school! nightmares or post-traumatic stress disorder and get these
I generally approve of the measures that are being taken to horrible recurrent dreams. And, of course, by being able
deter criminals of all sorts because they are meant to protect to steer dreams, by being able to change the path of them,
citizens and ensure their safety. Therefore, I have no problem through introducing sound samples, this could help them
with the checking of suspicious bags or baggage. But here the have better dreams.
situation has gone beyond the limit. It is not only ridiculous, it SLEEPER 1: I had three dreams and they were quite distinct. I
is offensive and downright shocking. I think authorities should dont think any of them were caused by the things that I heard
think twice before enforcing measures that will create paranoid though.
behaviour in either citizens or police officers.
Questions du manuel (p. 118)
Expression orale (p. 117) Corrig

SPEAK (p. 117)  People come to sleep in the Institute for the purposes of
research. While they are asleep, different sounds are played to
Corrig them. The theory is that the sounds influence their dreams.
Its just before Christmas and probably in the middle of a
shopping centre/mall. Children are visiting Santa and telling  It could be useful in helping people who have horrible
him what they want for Christmas. Santa is talking to a little boy recurrent dreams.
and is telling him that hes been keeping an eye on him this past
year by means of the surveillance camera hidden in the toy he
gave him last year. Hes warning him not to misbehave or else
we assume he will not get a present this year.
The idea of planting a camera in a childs toy is ridiculous
because small children do not pose any threat to society.
Furthermore, in many countries, spying on children would
be an infringement of child protection laws. The cartoonist

7. As Others See Us 93
7 As Others See Us
DVD Worksheet dvdfile-p118 Atelier 3 (p. 118)
Corrig Dfier la vieillesse et la mort, tout simplement, voil lide
1. a. nightmares, c. wake up, e. screaming, f. wake up, quaccepte le narrateur invent par Hanif Kureishi dans cette
h. research, i. Bexhill-on-Sea. nouvelle intitule The Body, et o il apparat que, mme rajeuni
2. par des moyens on ne peut plus discutables, ce corps, jeune ou
vieux, reste une prison de laquelle on ne peut schapper.
original word changed to
1. sculpt direct Ce texte prsente quelques difficults lexicales, que lve la
2. throughout during Toolbox ; il se situe aussi au moment troublant o le personnage
3. sounds noises Ralph est dpeint comme un vieil homme tout dabord, puis un
4. as while jeune homme la fin de lextrait... Situation inhabituelle sil en
5. incorporated integrated est.
6. alter change Vous pouvez accompagner les lves dans la dcouverte puis
7. narrative content la comprhension de lextrait en les renvoyant laide lexicale
8. occur happen (Toolbox), mais aussi en pointant la diffrence entre les propos
 a. pods, masks, b. Rapid, Movement. tenus par les divers personnages ou rapports par les divers
personnages, sachant que lun deux est le narrateur. (First
 She hopes she will have dramatic, exciting dreams.
person narrative).
 (exemple) They may be able to help people who have horrible Les rponses aux questions 4, 5, 6 peuvent tre rapportes
nightmares by introducing sound samples while they sleep
sous forme de notes dans un tableau pour que les faits soient
which enable them to have better dreams.
bien clairs :
 (Students own answers.) Ralph Man (line2)
Job doctor
Atelier 2 (p. 118) Interest(s) Theatre, culture Theatre, culture
Pour aider les lves effectuer cet exercice, on pourra leur age Old (l. 5) Young (l. 2)
proposer les activits suivantes : Corrig
 Fill in the following grid.  The pronoun he (l. 1) refers to Ralph: the person the
The reasons why I would take the The reasons why I would refuse narrator is listening to.
chance never to grow old. to remain young forever.
 Ralph tells about a conversation he had with a doctor who
said that some kind of miracle was taking place: some rich old
peoples brains were transplanted into the dead bodies of young
people.
 First such an operation seems technically impossible: a
 Check the meaning of the following words or expressions brain is not an organ you can take out alive from a body. Second
and circle those which introduce the reason or explanation for the idea of old people using young bodies to live forever sounds
something. unnatural/abnormal/perverse/immoral to say the least.
on account of unlike although because even if since  The following quotes (l. 30-32) prove that Ralph is now a
consequently thats why young man or rather an old man living in the body of a young
 To answer the question in your book, follow the steps below. man, eager to make his story sound real/realistic to the narrator:
a. Write a few introductory words. (If youre stuck, answer this Have a good stare, Touch me if you want.
question: Have scientists found a way to stop the aging process?)  He must look young. The narrator uses the comparison like
b. State your opinion and use the following prompt: But, if I were the flesh of any young man (l. 34).
given a chance never to grow old, I would...
 The narrator must be in his 50s or 60s because Ralph says: I
c. Give your reasons using what you wrote in the grid and the
have followed your life from the beginning. We also understand
words or expressions you selected in Step 2.
the narrator is a well-known writer/playwright and Ralph giving
Corrig (exemple) him so many details about the miracle is trying to talk Adam
Even if many experiments have been carried out to find out into ( lucider en classe) having his old brain transplanted into
how to stop the aging process, it is currently impossible to stop a young body and so to become himself a newbody.
growing old. But, if I were given a chance to never grow old,  Ralph looks young but he is a newbody: an old man who
I would turn down the offer because getting old is part of the has undergone the transplant. (On peut saisir loccasion de
natural cycle of life. I would not like to see my children looking cette rponse pour revoir lexpression du contraste par exemple :
older than I do. Thats why I would refuse to look forever like a (Even) though Ralph looks young he is an old man/Ralph looks
twenty-year old. twenty however/yet he is older than the narrator.

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No, the narrator is incredulous/skeptical/unconvinced/ Comme dhabitude, il ne sera pas question de rdiger de
disbelieving: difficult to believe (l. 40), fairy stories, tall longues phrases compltes, afin de prserver le naturel de la
stories (l. 41). communication avec ses hsitations, reprises, corrections, etc.

Atelier 4 (p. 119) The Portrait (p. 120-121)


Corrig Nul besoin de prsenter Oscar Wilde des anglicistes
 This is a picture from the popular TV series Nip & Tuck. It chevronns. Mais on pourra nanmoins envoyer les lves
shows two men, probably in their thirties, dressed as surgeons, chercher des renseignements sur cet auteur qui dfraya la
a statue of Milos Venus and a shop-window dummy. Both the chronique en son temps.
statues and the dummys arms have been cut off from the rest (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_Wilde)
of the body, but it seems the two men are preparing to repair Ltude du still final du film de 1948 prsent en double page
the damage done to the dummy. The picture shows a room in a douverture aura peut-tre permis dclairer le contexte dans
museum but also a number of surgical instruments that clearly lequel la fin du roman volue. En tout cas quelques prcisions
indicate what the mens jobs are. sur les grandes lignes de luvre aideront les lves voir
 They are obviously surgeons, judging by the clothes and clair dans ce texte. Compte tenu de lengouement actuel des
masks they are wearing, and by the work they are about to adolescents pour les histoires extraordinaires, le texte devrait
do: reconstruction work. They are surgeons who specialise in retenir leur attention. On pourra aussi demander aux lves de
cosmetic/plastic surgery, as shown by all the instruments that justifier la prsence de cet extrait dans ce chapitre.
can be seen here.
READ (p. 120)
 Nip & tuck is a colloquaial expression. If two opponents
are nip and tuck in a competition, it means they both have Corrig
an equal chance of winning. This may be a hint regarding the /b/c/e.
boisterous love life of the two surgeons who often compete for  He breaks it because it shows beauty and youth, the two
the same prize... But in the present case, nip and tuck refer things that have ruined his life even though he wanted them
more to what plastic surgeons do: they make small cuts (=nip) beyond all other things.
into their patients skin and pull and fold (= tuck) it to make it
appear tighter as when someone has his or her face lifted.
 It is different because it reflects the life of its subject. If the
subject does something terrible, the portrait becomes a little
 The central figure is the blond, long-legged, full-breasted, uglier, and as the subject gets older, so the face in the portrait
flat-bellied dummy that represents todays canons of beauty. A gets older. At the same time, the subject neither ages nor
glance at the famous statue behind the dummy will show that changes in any way physically.
these canons have changed since ancient times.
 It is too horrible to show in public, and if people saw it change
 (Rponse libre.) over the years, they might suspect something strange was
going on.
Atelier 5 (p. 119)  He is hurt and angry to see that it has not changed for the
Le dbat porte sur la controverse gnre par certains tabloids better, whereas he thought he was becoming a better person. On
britanniques de publier photos et autres renseignements, y the contrary, it showed some cunning that was not there before,
compris ladresse, de criminels ou prdateurs avrs. suggesting that Dorians change for the better was not a serious
La classe sera divise en deux groupes : pour et contre. attempt to change his ways.
Chacun des deux groupes sera charg dans un premier temps  Dorian intends to destroy the painting and thereby free
de rassembler les arguments correspondant au parti pris par himself from its association with him: a sort of purification.
le groupe. Pour ce faire, passez entre les groupes et fournissez However, when he stabs the heart of his image in the portrait, it
laide lexicale ncessaire la demande ou prparez une liste de is in fact himself that he stabs. He takes on the features of the
vocabulaire dans laquelle les lves devront piocher pour hideous old man in the portrait, and the portrait returns to its
formuler leurs opinions. original state: the portrait of a beautiful young man.

7. As Others See Us 95
8 Visions
Pages douverture (p. 122-123) Fact or Fantasy? (p. 124-125)
Ce dernier chapitre va nous permettre de faire voyager les Dans le cadre de la thmatique visions davenir : crations
lves dans lavenir, et lexprience montre quils sont assez et adaptations (nouveaux programmes culturels de la classe
friands de ce type de voyage. Ces visions davenir seront de seconde), apprhende sous diffrents angles, nous nous
nanmoins et paradoxalement un moyen pour nous de rappeler penchons ici sur la question des nano- et biotechnologies.
lhritage littraire et cinmatographique des XIXe et XXe sicles. Parmi les problmatiques retenues : comment la science est-
Les six photographies retenues pour cette double page elle en train dlaborer des techniques de pointe pour explorer
douverture voquent clairement et de faon contraste les le corps humain afin de mieux en saisir linfinie complexit,
diverses faons dont les auteurs ont envisag cet avenir. Nous de pouvoir suivre son volution et de traiter au mieux ses
commencerons donc par un bref rappel cinmatographique qui volutions dgnratives ? Stopper la maladie et enrayer la
prend la forme dun quiz de connaissances. vieillesse : proche ralit ou illusions lointaines ? De quoi faire
Les lves sont ensuite invits trier les documents selon rver ou, au contraire, effrayer... Aux lves de choisir ce que
quils offrent une vue optimiste ou pessimiste de lavenir. cette volution leur inspire...
Cette double page nous rappelle, notamment travers son
SPEAK (p. 123) titre sous forme dinterrogation, quel point science et science-
Corrig fiction peuvent se trouver troitement lies.
 Pictures 1 & 3 : 2001 A Space Odyssey Les documents sont courts, informatifs et trs actuels, dans la
Picture 2: Metropolis mesure o science et mdecine notamment sont en constante
Pictures 4 & 6: Blade Runner volution avec des avances permanentes.
Picture 5: The Time Machine Cette thmatique moderne est susceptible de fdrer
. Background information lattention dlves de tous horizons quels que soient leurs
Metropolis, directed by Fritz Lang, was made in the Machine centres dintrts divers et varis, tant les sujets voqus ici
Age, when modernism was in fashion and many people thought sont captivants.
that mechanisation and automation were vehicles of prosperity
and happiness. Others thought that industrialisation increased SPEAK (p. 124)
the risk of social unrest. The film is set in a future world where Corrig
there are two social groups: the masters (owners of capital,  The four pictures show either scientific elements (the two
thinkers and planners) who live above ground, and the workers pictures on the left-hand page) or funny elements supposed
who live underground and run the machines. An analogy can be to illustrate the subjects of the short texts. On page 124, the
made with the origins of the Eloi and the Morlocks in The Time picture on the left looks like a translucent robot and the one on
Machine (see pages 136-137) and with the two social classes the right looks like some kind of pill containing two transparent
of Blade Runner. Metropolis paints a harsh picture of a future brains. On page 125, the picture on the left shows identical
where machines have become too important. Barbie Doll faces, illustrating the theme of physical perfection/
Part of 2001, directed by Stanley Kubrick, shows a near flawlessness. The black-and-white picture on the right shows
future where commercial space travel is almost an everyday several smiling babies using sheets or diapers/nappies to
occurrence. It also shows space exploration controlled by a parachute down to Earth, ready to be born. A stork can be seen
computer (Hal) that refuses to obey instructions from the flying away in the top right-hand corner.
crew. Mankind has therefore created machines that contain the  The link between the pictures and the title of the double page
seeds of its own destruction. seems quite obvious as some pictures are linked to hard facts
Blade Runner, directed by Ridley Scott, shows a decaying future and scientific reality and some others may seem more related
world full of reminders of the past. Despite technical advances to fantasy, fiction or science fiction than to actual facts.
that, for example, have created flying cars and brought about
the colonisation of space, this is a world full of pollution, junk READ (p. 124)
and unwelcome advertising. Replicants, who closely resemble Corrig
humans and who were intially designed to help colonise other / Voir les rponses proposes dans la correction des fiches
planets, have turned out to be a threat to human life. de la partie Interact.
The Time Machine, directed by Simon Wells (the great-grandson  The paragraph entitled The cherry robot describes what
of H. G. Wells, author of the original book) is very loosely adapted might happen in the near future. But this scenario is somewhat
from the book. In the world of the far-distant future (the year shocking/pathetic ridiculous if you consider the last sentence.
802,701), life has become primitive once again and, although The paragraph entitled The Intelligent Pill depicts what is
the Eloi seem to have an idyllic, peaceful existence, they are the happening nowadays/what will happen in the near future. It
prey of the Morlochs, who live underground. is quite an encouraging step, if you consider people fighting
cancer.

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The short text entitled Genetic Engineering describes something whole organisation of society, not to mention the short-term
that will never happen. This scenario is not only appalling to demographic consequences.
most people but also preposterous/absurd and scary. Boy or
girl? You choose! depicts a situation which has been going on WORDWORK wordfile-p125
(on a different level though) for some time in certain countries Corrig
around the world (for instance China or India). The studies 1/f, 2/m, 3/a, 4/g, 5/d, 6/b, 7/k, 8/j, 9/l, 10/h, 11/e, 12/i, 13/c.
mentioned must have been thought-provoking when they were
published. PROJECT (p. 125)
Nous misons ici beaucoup sur laspect humoristique du travail
WRITE (p. 124)
demand. Le concept de mad scientist voque immdiatement
Ce travail ( la maison ou raliser en salle informatique) le Dr Folamour ou le Dr Moreau et autres exemples tirs de la
donnera loccasion de sinformer davantage et de se forger une comdie ou de lpouvante en littrature comme au cinma.
opinion argumente ceux des lves qui auraient du mal se Aux lves de faire leur choix : le savant bon mais ridicule ou le
faire un avis sur la validit, voire lexistence de ces avances scientifique mauvais mais intriguant dans son inventivit.
scientifiques et mdicales.
Ici encore, la rhtorique adopte devra tre llment central,
Pour ceux qui choisiraient loption cinmatographique, une les contraintes poses par la consigne tant claires : comment
plthore de films pourront tre cits bon escient par des captiver et convaincre un jury, un mcne, un organisme ou une
lves souvent trs cinphiles. agence gouvernementale de financer un projet de recherche.
INTERACT (p. 125) On attendra donc des arguments choc , des exemples
frappants, un point sur ltat des recherches (de prfrence bien
Travail de groupe, notes succinctes, mise en parole et prise de avances !) et de loriginalit, voire une vraie mise en scne,
notes sont ici au rendez-vous de lactivit propose. avec une stratgie discursive et... vestimentaire pour coller au
Remarque : les fiches proposes ici pour quatre (ou deux rle choisi !
fois quatre) groupes dlves, trs guides et construites sur Toute latitude est laisse aux groupes de 3 ou 4 lves pour
un modle identique, peuvent tre utilises comme fiche de sorganiser : savants associs sur un projet prcis, collgues,
comprhension dtaille extrmement complte dans le cadre rivaux, assistants, tant que la cohrence du projet soumis est
dun travail plus frontal. acceptable.
Pourquoi ne pas envisager, galement, ltude de deux de ces
textes en classe, dun troisime comme entranement avant de
se servir du quatrime comme support dvaluation ? Eerie Planet (p. 126)
Corrig SPEAK (p. 126)
Team 1 teamfile-p125-1 Corrig
1/a, 2/c, 3/c, 4/bc, 5/b, 6/c/f (rponse personnelle cependant) :  The picture is a poster for the film The Red Planet showing two
It is rather encouraging because it will enable more reliable astronauts in trouble on planet Mars. They are overshadowed by
diagnoses to be made. The style of the article makes it rather something. They have taken off their helmets. The man looking
funny as well. up looks worried and incredulous
Team 2 teamfile-p125-2  (Lon peut remarquer le sous-titre The colour of Fear. Il faut
1/a, 2/a, 3/a/a, 4/c, 5/a, 6/c (rponse personnelle cependant) : limiter le temps ici car cet exercice ne reprsente quune mise en
It is encouraging because it is an easy/a practical/a painless ambiance pour le document oral qui nest pas bas sur ce film.
way of getting detailed information about what is happening Lon pourrait donner chaque groupe de trois ou quatre lves
inside the human body. juste cinq minutes pour produire une petite histoire inspire
Team 3 teamfile-p125-3 par limage et le titre. Pour un rsum de lintrigue du film, voir
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0199753/plotsummary)
1/b, 2/b, 3/a/c, 4/ rponse et justification(s) personnelles selon
le point de vue de chaque lve, 5/c, 6/b/c/f les plus probables  They suggest that the two men are about to be surprised
mais rponse personnelle galement : Such an evolution is a by something very dangerous and terrifying.
frightening development in science, even if, in a way, it can be
seen as an encouraging step. Being able to create the human LISTEN (p. 126)
being of ones choice is absolutely ridiculous as well! TAPESCRIPT tapescript40-p126
Team 4 teamfile-p125-4 JACKSON: So this is it. This is the Red Planet. Not so different from
Arizona. Arizona without the cactus. Whats so funny, Seeger?
1/c, 2/c/a, 3/b, 4/b/d/f probables mais rponse et raison SEEGER: I just imagined us finding a cactus behind that big rock,
personnelles fournir : It is both ridiculous and frightening Captain.
to choose to have a boy at all costs since the world would be JACKSON: Ill tell you what well find behind that big rock: another
peopled by far more boys than girls, which would disrupt the rock, and itll be coloured the same red. Nothing but rocks as

8. Visions 97
8 Visions
far as the eye can see. And all dead. A great, dead plain... amount of money and wed do better to spend that money on
SEEGER: Mandeville, sir. sorting out our own planetary problems.
JACKSON: Yup, maybe well find Mandeville. But its been three
years, Seeger. There might not be a single trace of him, what WORDWORK wordfile-p126
with the solar heat and winds and coyotes. That was supposed Corrig
to be funny, Seeger. Coyotes. You never laugh when Im trying  An astronaut or cosmonaut is a person trained on a human
to be funny. Seeger? spaceflight program to command, pilot or serve as a crew
SEEGER: Out there. member of a spacecraft.
JACKSON: What?
SEEGER: That silver kind of spot. Out there.
 Weightlessness is a phenomenon experienced by people
during free-fall. It can happen during an orbital maneuver in
JACKSON: Clean your helmet, Seeger. You got fluff on the glass.
a spacecraft or during the launch phase when rocket engines
SEEGER: See that bright bunch of stars, Captain? Bring your eye
provide thrust.
down until you hit that long shadow. Just to the left. A silver
kind of...  Skylab was the first orbital station the United States
JACKSON: Flash. Ive just seen it flash. Its metallic. Cigar-shaped. launched into space. The current supply vehicle is the space
Just like something out of an old sci-fi comic. Crazy! shuttle.
SEEGER: Mandeville? His helmet?  A spacesuit is designed to keep a person alive and
JACKSON: If his head was cigar-shaped and the size of a bus, comfortable in the harsh environment of outer space when
affirmative. But it was round, and about the same size as your they are moon walking for example. It must provide a low,
head, Seeger. Small. stable internal pressure to allow for greater mobility and avoid
SEEGER: You cant tell the size. Theres nothing to compare it with, decompression sickness.
just rocks. It might be smaller than you think, Captain. It might Pronounce
even be an optical illusion. Some kind of reflection...
JACKSON: Well take a closer look. (p. 126)
SEEGER: Shouldnt we go fetch some weapons out of the ship, TAPESCRIPT tapescript42-p126
first? B. 1. fun, fern.
JACKSON: Now youre believing it! Go fetch em, but quick. 2. hut, hurt.
SEEGER: Captain. 3. bun, burn.
JACKSON: Scared, Seeger? 4. duck, Dirk.
SEEGER: The ship? Wheres the ship? 5. cub, curb.
JACKSON: Right there. It aint moving. 6. cut, curt.
SEEGER: I mean our ship, Captain! 7. shut, shirt.
JACKSON: Dont worry. Its just another illusion, for sure. 8. sermon, summon.
Corrig Corrig
1. The scene takes place on The Red Planet or Mars. We can hear A. Contracted forms: Lets, stoves, waters.
two characters they are Seeger and the Captain (Jackson Full forms: Let us, stove has, water is.
in the script). Their voices sound distorted because they are
s is also the genitive (e.g. Marys dress).
wearing helmets.
B. Pour les exemples 1 7, le premier mot de chaque paire
2. They seem to have seen something strange although they
contient le son [], le deuxime contient le son [:]. Pour
talk about an optical illusion. Both of them sound scared at the
lexemple 8, cest inverse.
end when they can no longer see their ship.
3. In the film plot, a team of astronauts is/are making the first INTERACT (p. 126)
manned expedition to the Red Planet. Here we have just two Corrig
characters and we learn that Mandeville came here three years
Team 1 teamfile-p126-1
before. There are certainly differences in the two personalities.
They also have doubts about the existence of what they see. 1. The Red Planet, 2/c, 3/a, 4. a. Nothing but rocks as far as
the eye can see, b. A great dead plain, 5/a/d, 6. shadow, flash,
WRITE (p. 126) 7. stars.
Pour prparer les lves cette tche, lon pourrait organiser Team 2 teamfile-p126-2
un dbat ou au moins un change dides pour et contre. 1/b, 2. flash, metallic, cigar-shaped, 3/d.
Exemples : scientists might discover that humans could live 4/b cigar-shaped, the size of a bus
there so that in the future when the earth is overpopulated, 5/a/T : it might even be an optical illusion
people will be able to go and live on Mars. Scientists think they b/F : well take a closer look
might find water or they might find out more about the origins c/T : Shouldnt we go fetch some weapons out of the ship, first?
of the universe. However, a manned mission costs an enormous d/F : dont worry, its just another illusion for sure

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Team 3 teamfile-p126-3 anxious about something. She could be singing something. In her
1. avuncular, at ease. right hand she is holding the chain that normally ties the boat to
the river bank. It looks as if she is about to let it go/cast off.
2/c.
The boat is shaped like a canoe with some decorative carving
3. that was supposed to be funny, you never laugh when Im at the bow which suggests that it belongs to someone of high
trying to be funny. rank. Draped over the boat is an elaborate piece of embroidery/a
4. a/T : Clean your helmet, you got fluff in the glass tapestry in shades of red and pink.
b/T : about the same size as your head (= small) The river is calm and bordered by green fields and trees, with
c/F : Go fetch em rushes in the foreground. We are deep in the heart of the English
d./F : Dont worry, its just another illusion countryside.
Team 4 teamfile-p126-4  This is a history painting (a genre which includes legendary
1. Mandeville subjects as well as real ones). It is not a landscape because
2. a/T : maybe well find Mandeville the landscape is not as important as the figure and what is
b/F : its been three years happening. And it cannot be called a portrait either, since this
c/T : there might not be a single trace of him, what with the solar is obviously not a real person and, anyway, the action is more
heat and winds important than the the womans face.
3. his helmet  Judging from what her right hand is doing, the woman is about
to (cast off and) let the boat drift down the river. There is no sail
4/c.
and no oars either, so she is simply going to let the current take
her. Perhaps she is going to try and sell the tapestry, perhaps
The Lady of Shalott (p. 127) the tapestry is just to make the boat more comfortable to sit in.
Luvre propose ici, plutt originale et mystrieuse pour des She looks as if she is in another world, a world of her own, so she
lves de seconde, sinscrit dans les ponts prconiss par les might be contemplating suicide in the river...
instructions officielles entre culture et histoire des arts. Le cours  (Students own answers.)
danglais ne saurait chapper cette direction, la peinture tant
un excellent moyen daccder la culture des pays anglophones PROJECT (p. 127)
pour les lves, la composante visuelle tant un repre fort et Lobjectif de cette activit est de donner aux lves une
crateur de sens, travers la (re)construction active quelle vritable raison de rechercher des informations sur le tableau de
propose. Waterhouse et sur le mouvement pr-raphalite en gnral.
Comme ses frres pr-raphalites, Waterhouse nous gratifie Les quipes, composes de trois ou quatre lves, devront
de codes intressants dchiffrer : la rfrence mdivale, travailler efficacement, ventuellement en se partageant le
laspect lgendaire quelque peu cryptique et une certaine travail demand qui implique les tapes/tches suivantes :
touche romantique. La mise en abyme que cette cration travailler sur la force de conviction, la rhtorique, le discours
ralise (Waterhouse peint ici la figure centrale dun pome de de vente (de type sales pitch avec des slogans et arguments
Tennyson crit en 1833) montre une nouvelle fois quune uvre accrocheurs) visant convaincre de potentiels acheteurs en
dart repose sur des pr-requis dont la connaissance, loin dtre leur mettant leau la bouche grce une argumentation
vidente pour des lves de seconde, savre fort clairante. choc ;
LES FICHES DINFORMATION (BONUS) prparer toute une srie de questions potentiellement poses
Trois fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles fournissent par les internautes ne connaissant vraisemblablement pas le
des renseignements sur le peintre, le background et le tableau : tableau et auxquelles il sagira de rpondre en temps rel avec
bonusfile1-p.127 rapidit et efficacit ;
bonusfile2-p.127 prparer, par incidence, les rponses ces questions (un
bonusfile3-p.127 travail de recherche simpose donc, moins que les trois fiches
annexes ne soient ici utilises).
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont
disponibles galement en version enregistre. On imagine que lorganisation de simulations de vente
(pourquoi ne pas penser une vente aux enchres publique dans
SPEAK (p. 127) laquelle nous aurions un commissaire-priseur et des acheteurs
Corrig potentiels, de mme que lactuel propritaire du tableau avec
un jeu de questions-rponses et des offres successives) serait
 The woman is sitting in a small boat. She is wearing a long un plus et donnerait de la profondeur au projet, mme si cette
white dress with long sleeves that are very wide near the wrists, forme sloignerait quelque peu du projet initial.
in medieval style. Her long, fine red/auburn hair is almost waist-
length. It is parted in the middle and held in place by a circlet/ Laspect interactif de ce projet apparait trs clairement, chacun
band. Her dress has a black belt or sash at the waist. She seems faisant de son mieux pour convaincre lautre. Savoirs et savoir-
to be in a sort of dream: her eyes are half-closed and she looks tre se trouvent donc intimement mls.

8. Visions 99
8 Visions
Language Corner (p. 128-129) Corrig
a. As soon as/Once the technology is available, people will
Les subordonnes temporelles (p. 128) choose the sex of their children.
Cest sur lemploi du prsent dans les subordonnes de temps Ds que/Une fois que cette technologie sera accessible, les gens
en anglais que nous allons faire rflchir les lves. choisiront le sexe de leurs enfants.
Laccent sera mis sur le fait que langlais emploie un temps b. As/Once/While the nanobot travels through the body, it will
prsent (ou pass dans les contextes passs) dans les take pictures of the inside of the patient.
subordonnes de temps, comme le fait le franais dans les Au fur et mesure que/Une fois que/Tandis que le robot
subordonnes de condition. On a l une faon de montrer que ce voyagera/avancera travers le corps, il prendra des photos de
qui se passe dans les subordonnes de conditions est tendu lintrieur du patient.
en anglais celles de temps. c. Once/After/As soon as the capsule is swallowed, its tiny
En fait si les lves nont pas dans lesprit que will nest pas camera will start taking pictures at the rate of 2 per minute.
lauxiliaire du futur mais la forme prsente dun modal servant Une fois que/Aussitt que/Aprs que la capsule sera/aura t
prdire (entre autres valeurs), alors on peut leur faire avale, sa minuscule camra commencera prendre des photos
comprendre quen fait langlais respecte lui aussi une certaine la vitesse de deux la minute.
concordance des temps dans ce type de phrases : prsent de d. Once/As soon as people can choose the sex of their children
will dans la proposition dont dpend la temporelle et prsent du the balance between sexes will be upset.
verbe utilis dans la subordonne. Une fois que/Aussitt que les gens pourront choisir le sexe de
La mme remarque peut tre tendue lemploi de would et leurs enfants, lquilibre entre les sexes sera affect.
du prtrit lorsquon a affaire un contexte pass, au discours e. Relax! What is being predicted on some websites will not be
indirect, etc. (I said I would call as soon as we arrived). achieved before/until tremendous progress is made.
Dtendez-vous ! Ce que lon prdit sur certains sites web ne
Observation
verra pas le jour avant que/jusqu ce que dnormes progrs
Corrig soient raliss.
 (propositions subordonnes en caractres gras) : Accepter : What is being predicted on some websites will not be
Nanobots will be used when you are sick. achieved as long as tremendous progress is not made.
When you have an upset stomach, you will swallow a very small Indiquer si on le souhaite que lemploi de la conjonction unless
robot tasting of cherries... donne aussi un sens la phrase, mme si nous ne sommes plus
 Futur. dans un contexte de temps.
 On utilisera des robots miniaturiss quand les gens seront f. As/While the capsule travels through the patients body,
malades. doctors will watch the images on a monitor.
Quand vous aurez mal lestomac, vous avalerez un tout petit Comme/Au fur et mesure que/Pendant que la capsule voyagera
robot qui aura un got de cerise... travers le corps, les mdecins observeront les images sur un
cran (tl).
 En franais : futur dans les deux propositions. En anglais :
prsent de will et prsent du verbe conjugu. Conclusion : EXERCICE 3
chacune sa faon, les deux langues respectent la concordance Noter que les noncs proposs la traduction aideront, une
des temps. fois corrigs, les lves exprimer des avis lors de moments
 Remplacement de when par if dans le premier nonc : dinteraction ou dexpression.
Nanobots will be used if you are sick. Traduction de lnonc Corrig
obtenu : Des robots miniaturiss seront utiliss si vous tes a. People wont be allowed to choose the sex of their children
malade(s). Conclusion avec if/si, les deux langues emploient until/before the law makes it legal (to do so).
le prsent dans la subordonne.
b. As soon as it becomes legal, most couples will choose a boy
Application as their first child, people say.
EXERCICE 1 c. We will know whether its a boy or a girl when the baby is born.
That will be the surprise!
Corrig
d. I (for one) predict that, once certain genetic engineering
 as, as soon as, as long as, while, until, after, before, once.
practices begin to be made legal, we will manufacture monsters,
EXERCICE 2 as in Huxleys Brave New World.
Lexercice reste contextualis. Plusieurs solutions seront
e. When will some scientists stop playing God? When it is too
parfois possible : indiquer aux lves que lon retient tout ce qui
late?
fait sens. Et la forme que nous lui donnons est communicative :
il sagit de sentraner prdire lavenir, et non pas de faire un f. As long as research is used to prolong life, I will keep making
exercice de grammaire structural. donations to the various institutes/labs...

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g. But as soon as research is used to transform life, I will keep Corrig


my money for other causes. a. It may/might/could/must take place on a distant planet.
Les modaux : degrs de certitude (p. 129) b. They must be astronauts on a mission.
c. They may/might/could must be looking for someone.
Nous prfrons lexpression degrs de certitude de
d. He must be the person they are looking for. He might be an
lnonciateur qui permet dillustrer le fait que le modal exprime
astronaut who disappeared on a previous mission.
uniquement lide de celui qui lemploie, plutt que la notion de
e. He may/might/could have been abducted by aliens.
probabilit qui, elle, a un ct objectif.
f. It may/might/could be coming from some alien weapon.
Les nonciateurs qui emploient les diffrents modaux dans g. It may/might/could suddenly be dangerous for them to stand
leur valeur pistmique/assertive expriment donc divers degrs there.
de certitude, de la trs faible la certitude absolue. Ce qui ne h. She may/might/could/must have been vaporised by the flash
veut pas dire que les faits ne viendront pas contredire lopinion they saw.
de lnonciateur.
EXERCICE 3
Observation On garde une certaine forme de contextualisation et de mise
Corrig en situation de communication. Les noncs obtenus pourront
servir lors dun commentaire ou dun change dopinion sur la
 Might et cant. situation des deux personnages.
 Might exprime une possibilit. Cant exprime soit une Corrig
impossibilit soit la certitude. a. I think this dialogue could/might be an extract from a sci-fi
 Modaux exprimant une possibilit (selon lnonciateur) : movie.
could, might, may. b. It could/might also come from one of Wellss novels.
Modaux exprimant une certitude : must, cant, will, wont. c. Our ship is no longer here? That may/might/could only be an
optical illusion.
 Parce quil est gnralement considr comme nayant pas
d. What about this cigar-shaped thing, then? It must be a Martian
cette fonction la forme affirmative. Mais cette faon de voir les
spaceship.
choses nest pas unanimement retenue : A tornado can wipe out
e. It cant be. Theres no life on Mars.
a whole city. Avons-nous affaire l'expression des pouvoirs
f. It could/might be coming from some other planet.
naturellement destructeurs d'une tornade ou bien l'expression
g. We might not be alone here.
du risque des dgts qu'elle peut causer ? Le dbat reste ouvert
h. You may/might/could be right, Seeger.
chez les linguistes.

Application Sci-Fi in the Movies (p. 130-131)


EXERCICE 1 La science-fiction, genre littraire majeur dans les pays anglo-
Lexercice est une fois de plus plac dans le contexte du saxons, se devait davoir une place de choix dans une unit
document du sujet dtude. intitule Visions. Pour cet angle dapproche, voici quelques
Corrig citations dIsaac Asimov qui donneront un clairage aux
documents dclins sur cette double page :
a. This could/might almost be Arizona, dont you think?
Individual science fiction stories may seem as trivial as ever to
b. If it is, there must be cactus (ou cacti, ou mme cactuses)
the blinder critics and philosophers of today but the core of
somewhere.
science fiction, its essence has become crucial to our salvation
c. You cant/wont find cactus/cacti/cactuses on this planet,
if we are to be saved at all
captain.
It is change, continuing change, inevitable change that is the
d. Mandeville? He must be dead.
dominant factor in society today. No sensible decision can be
e. He may/might/could be hiding somewhere.
made any longer without taking into account not only the world
f. That may/might/could be his helmet over there.
as it is, but the world as it will be.
g. It cant be, Seeger. Our heads arent cigar-shaped.
Science fiction writers foresee the inevitable, and although
EXERCICE 2 problems and catastrophes may be inevitable, solutions are not.
La contextualisation est facile ici et la mise en situation de Ce dossier offre encore une fois loccasion lenseignant de
communication aussi : on se sert de ce que llve ne connat construire le cours partir des connaissances des lves et de
justement pas de faon certaine. Il exprime donc davantage son leur (d)montrer quel point ils sont immergs dans la culture
opinion quil ne fait un exercice de grammaire. des pays anglo-saxons dans leur vie de tous les jours. Dans cette
Donner du temps aux lves pour quils notent leurs ides et les optique, nous avons retenu des auteurs et des films connus dun
inviter comparer les noncs produits. On les invitera ensuite large public afin de favoriser la prise de parole des lves.
rflchir sur ce qui devrait devenir alors vident : lemploi du Des prolongements sont possibles travers ltude dextraits
modal peut dpendre de llve et de son degr de certitude. vido ou darticles concernant des uvres moins connues du

8. Visions 101
8 Visions
public francophone, et pourtant cultes pour un public anglo-  Ce travail sera loccasion pour les nophytes de se mettre
saxon : Doctor Who, srie de la BBC qui dbuta en 1963 et est la page et pour les fans de mettre en avant leurs rfrences
entre dans le Guinness World Records comme the longest- culturelles sous forme de prises de parole en continu. Il sagit
running science fiction television show in the world, Red Dwarf, bien videmment ici de homework ou bien de recherche faire
Battlestar Galactica, Star Trek, Babylon V (pour les Etats-Unis) en salle informatique.
ou Farscape (pour lAustralie).
PROJECT (p. 131)
QUATRE FICHES DINFORMATION (BONUS)
Ce projet allie crativit (rflexion autour dun projet, invention
Quatre fiches dinformation sont tlchargeables. Elles four- dun titre) et tche dcriture dimagination (synopsis) assortie
nissent des renseignements complmentaires sur les auteurs. dune prise de parole (pour dfendre le projet avec conviction
bonusfile4-p.130 loral). noter la prsence ici dun rel scnario pdagogique
bonusfile5-p.130 (voir consigne) puisquil sagit de se prparer pour un entretien
bonusfile6-p.130 face un panel de producteurs hollywoodiens. Des millions de
bonusfile7-p.130 dollars sont en jeu, sans parler de lamour propre des crateurs
Pour ceux qui disposent du manuel numrique, ces textes sont qui ont cur de voir leur projet bien reu par la profession !
disponibles galement en version enregistre. Il est tout fait envisageable de mettre en place une activit de
SPEAK (p. 130) type speed dating dans le cadre de cette activit, pralablement
laudition des diffrents projets face la classe, ce qui prparera
Corrig
et scurisera les lves dans laboutissement de leur projet.
 A = H.G. Wells, B = Isaac Asimov, C = Philip K. Dick, D = Michael Suivant ses exigences et la progression de sa squence, le
Crichton. professeur pourra galement faire raliser une affiche aux
On attend des lves apports personnels et commentaires. lves qui en auront ici tudi quatre. Il y aurait donc matire
Nous esprons ici des prises de paroles spontanes. Nous une production de ce type, les lves ayant acquis des
nous trouvons en effet au cur dun aspect de la culture des connaissances techniques en la matire, ce qui viendrait ainsi
pays anglophones, la langue tant un moyen daccs cette valoriser et tayer le projet propos originellement.
culture, peu importent les erreurs linguistiques potentiellement
commises dans les prises de parole. Fiches biographiques WORDWORK wordfile-p131
utiliser ici le cas chant. Corrig
 Jurassic Park = Michael Crichton A. 1. Artificial Intelligence, 2. Computer Generated Images, 3.
I, Robot = Isaac Asimov Unidentified Flying Object.
Blade Runner = Philip K. Dick
B.
The Time Machine = H.G. Wells
 Pour la prsentation des affiches ici prsentes, voici les Places Characters Tools
lments lexicaux attendus : unknown planets aliens machines
unknown worlds extraterrestrials time machine
Jurassic Park outer space androids flying saucer
logo, theme park, jungle, tree line, immense, huge, impressive, robots spacecraft
dinosaur, Tyrannosaurus Rex, skeleton, creepy, blood-red, dark, superheroes spaceship
unknown, gloomy, frightening, scary... researchers ray gun
I, Robot scientists
mutant
determined, defiant, alone, hero, antihero, leather coat, shield, time traveller
(police) badge, lines, rows, as far as the eye can see, light in the
distance...
Blade Runner Checkpoint (p. 132-133)
weapon, cigarette, sweat, worried, cold, emotionless, android,
mysterious, threat, danger, dark, futuristic, megalopolis, Comprhension de loral (p. 132)
skyscrapers, spaceship, lights... TAPESCRIPT tapescript43-p132
The Time Machine PHILLIPS: Ladies and gentlemen, this is Carl Phillips again, out at
fearless, heroic, modern-looking, evil-looking, machine, dish, the Wilmuth farm, Grovers Mill, New Jersey. I just got here. I
ray of light, energy, fierce, threat, danger, unknown... havent had a chance to look around yet. I guess thats it. Yes,
 Si les lves nont aucune connaissance de ces diffrents I guess -- thats the thing, directly in front of me, half buried in
films, cette question pourra se transformer en recherche a vast pit. Must have struck with terrific force. The ground is
faire en homework. Dans le cas contraire, ce sera loccasion de covered with splinters of a tree it must have struck on its way
valoriser les connaissances personnelles des lves et de poser down. What I can see of the object itself doesnt look very much
des bases lexicales utiles la ralisation du projet. like a meteor, at least not the meteors I have seen. It looks more
like a huge cylinder. Heres Mr. Wilmuth, owner of the farm here.

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He may have some interesting facts to add. Mr. Wilmuth, would  No, he doesnt, but he doesnt know what it is. It is definitely
you please tell the radio audience as much as you remember of extraterrestrial because the metal is not found on Earth, but it is
this rather unusual visitor that dropped in your backyard? probably not a meteorite because it is smooth and cylindrical.
WILMUTH: Well, I was listening to the radio. Meteorites do not arrive on Earth with such a regular shape
PHILLIPS: Closer and louder please, sir. because friction tears holes in them.
WILMUTH: Pardon me?  The tube opens/The top of the tube comes off and the
PHILLIPS: Louder, please, closer. spectators can see that there is something inside, something
WILMUTH: Yes, sir. I was listening to the radio and kinda that looks as if it has two eyes because two luminous disks
drowsin... appear. Everyone is very frightened. They think this is a creature
PHILLIPS: Yes, Mr. Wilmuth, and then you saw something? from outer space/an alien.
WILMUTH: Well not first off. I heard something.
PHILLIPS: And what did you hear?  It is fiction but it is in the style of a news report with very
WILMUTH A hissing sound. Like this: sssssss kinda like a fourth natural acting. The intention could be to make radio audiences
of July rocket. believe that this is really happening, or at least to show them
PHILLIPS: Yes, then what? what they would hear on the radio if it really did happen.
WILMUTH: I turned my head out the window and I seen a kinda
greenish streak and then zingo. Somethin smacked the
Expression orale (p. 132)
ground. Knocked me clear out of my chair. SPEAK (p. 132)
PHILLIPS: Well, were you frightened, Mr. Wilmuth?
Corrig
WILMUTH: Well, I aint quite sure. I reckon I was kinda riled.
PHILLIPS: Well, thank you, Mr. Wilmuth. Thank you, very much.  As indicated by the title above the picture, this colour
WILMUTH: Want me to tell you some more? photograph is likely to come from the movie entitled The Fifth
PHILLIPS: No, thats quite all right thats plenty. Professor Element, directed by Luc Besson. It is a still from the film. We
Pierson? can see 6 blue cars with headlights and flashing lights on, flying
PIERSON: Yes, Mr. Phillips? above a futuristic city with brownish buildings and facades in
PHILLIPS: Do you still think its a meteor, Professor? the background.
PIERSON: I dont know what to think. The metal casing is definitely  The movie belongs to the science-fiction genre as what we
extraterrestrial not found on this earth. Friction with the see is not realistic at all, even though the nightmarish traffic
earths atmosphere usually tears holes in a meteorite. This may seem true to life.
thing is smooth and, as you can see, of cylindrical shape.
 I wouldnt like to live in such an environment because it looks
PHILLIPS: Just a minute. Somethings happening. Ladies and
overpopulated, stressful, noisy and polluted.
gentlemen, this is terrific.
VOICES: The tops loose... Look out there! Stand back!... Comprhension de lcrit (p. 133)
PHILLIPS: Ladies and gentlemen, this is the most terrifying thing I
have Ive ever witnessed. Wait a minute! I can see peering out READ (p. 133)
of that black hole two luminous disks. Are they eyes? It might Corrig
be a face. It might be...
 The story is written as a series of extracts from newspaper
LISTEN (p. 132) articles over a period of 18 years.
Il sagit dextraits dune mission de radio de 1939. Les  The main character is John Wilkinson, a physicist, winner of
dialogues ne sont pas toujours faciles comprendre cause the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2034.
de la qualit technique de lenregistrement. Le scnario est  Negative energy and an unusual curvature of space near
nanmoins un grand classique du genre et lmission elle- one of Jupiters moons, Europa, were spotted in 2037. It shrank
mme est sans doute lmission de radio la plus clbre de tous in size for 10 years, as did other moons of Jupiter. An enormous
les temps parce que des milliers de personnes (surtout celles structure was noticed around Jupiter, built from the shrinking
qui navaient pas entendu le dbut de lmission...) pensaient moons.
quil sagissait dun vrai reportage un vritable atterrissage par
 There were scientific reasons, i.e. NASA said that data can be
un vaisseau spatial extraterrestre et que ctait le dbut dune
interpreted in different ways, but also reasons to do with self-
invasion par des monstres venus dailleurs...
interest and politics. If the Californian Astronomical Society had
Corrig recognised the claims of a graduate student to have observed
 Carl Phillips/Philips : reporter/journalist. something that no established astronomer had previously
Mr Wilmuth: farmer. noticed, they would look very silly indeed. The government, in
Professor Pierson/Pearson: scientist/expert on meteorites. denying the rumours of a structure being built around Jupiter,
. Its a huge metal cylinder which has a top to it. were obviously attempting to stop any fear and panic resulting
from talk about aliens.
/e/b/d/c/f/a.

8. Visions 103
8 Visions
 Matter taken from the moons of Jupiter is being used to Ateliers (p. 134-135)
construct something around the planet, maybe to extract gas
from it. Atelier 1 (p. 134)
TAPESCRIPT dvdscript-p134
Expression crite (p. 133) VOICEOVER: Glossop in Derbyshire is home to about 15,000
Cet exercice suscite limagination des lves, mais ncessite de people, a very large number of sheep, and a man called Andy
faire au pralable lanalyse de lextrait de la page 133. Pour crire Loring who has a most unusual hobby...
la suite de cette nouvelle, les lves devront se mettre dans la ANDY: I remember watching the first Star Wars film, back in 77
peau de David Taub et penser conserver certains lments I believe it was, and, as a young man sat in the pictures, that
contenus dans le texte initial. Il est donc prfrable dinciter les first opening scene where the spaceship came overhead and
lves faire le travail de comprhension de lcrit propos sur it seemed to go on forever it looked so real, big, it was hard
cette mme page avant de se lancer dans la rdaction de la suite to believe it was just a model that was being filmed, and from
de lhistoire. that moment I was hooked on the Star Wars films. [...] Most of
Afin de guider les lves dans cette activit ou pour quils the parts for R2D2 have come from America and a good few
valuent leurs productions, un travail dvaluation en pairwork from Australia as well. There are some parts that Ive had made
peut tre envisag ici. On pourra leur proposer la grille locally. A friend of mine has helped me out a good deal with
suivante : this but, to be honest, most of them have to be imported and
specially made.[...] When you need plans, as usual you turn to
Nom de llve : .................................
the Internet. There is an R2 builders club on the Internet which
Classe : ................................. is based in America but has members from all over the world.
Nom de llve jury : ................................. Access in that club will give you blueprints for R2D2 which
Note have been meticulously measured from one of the original
Le devoir se prsente sous la forme de plusieurs articles de droids and we take it from there. [...] R2D2 and CP30 from the
....../3 films reminded me very much of Laurel and Hardy. The banter
journaux (titre accrocheur + date cohrente + article court).
Vocabulaire scientifique prcis et vari (donner des that went on between the two characters was fantastic it was
....../3
exemples). hilarious, so they were always my two favourite characters
Adverbes et adjectifs utiliss pour commenter la situation. ....../2 but, in particular, R2D2. Always had a soft spot for him. [...] My
Rfrence des faits rvolus. Utilisation du prtrit fiance, Lynne, has got a soft spot for R2D2, theres no doubt
....../2
(cf PG p. 155). about that. She tolerates the noise and the mess and the space
Les propos de certains scientifiques (John Wilkinson taken up in her house. I think sometimes she believes that my
par exemple) sont cits. Utilisation du discours direct ....../2 financial priorities are mistaken. Im sure shed rather have a
(cf PG p. 182).
new kitchen than an astromech droid wandering around the
Les propos de certains scientifiques sont rapports house but she does tolerate it. And work colleagues and friends,
(pour crer une certaine distance entre celui qui a parl ....../2
et le lecteur). Utilisation du discours indirect (cf PG p. 183). I think generally they think Im nuts, but theyve come to
La curiosit du lecteur est suscite (incertitude propos accept it. When it comes to work, Im a traffic policeman so I
de ce qui sest pass). Utilisation des modaux combins ....../2 suppose Im supposed to be a bit on the sensible side but this
avec laspect have + pp (cf PG p. 159-160). keeps me sane off duty. Keeps me out of mischief.
Originalit des ides. (Expliquer ce qui vous a plu/dplu.) ....../2
La fin de la nouvelle. (Expliquer ce qui vous a plu/dplu.) ....../2 Questions du manuel (p. 134)
Total ....../20 Corrig
NB. Cette grille peut tre adapte et donne aux lves au  He first got interested when he saw the film in 1977. A lot
pralable. Elle aura ainsi pour but de les prparer au travail of people share his interest because there is a club for R2D2
dexpression crite demand. Cette solution peut tre envisage builders in the USA with members from all over the world.
si le travail de comprhension de lcrit de la page 133 na pas
 It must have been quite expensive because Andy says his
t effectu par les lves.
fiance thinks his financial priorities are mistaken. It was easy
En dernier lieu, les lves pourront comparer leurs to get plans for the robot and to get certain parts, but, because
productions avec celle de David Taub sur le site de COSMOS he had some parts made locally, this would suggest that they
Magazine (www.cosmosmagazine.com/fiction/online/1025/ were hard to come by.
gas-giant) et dcider quelle production se rapproche le plus de
la version originale, qui a une fin plutt tragique : un neutrino
 His fiance tolerates it because she has a soft spot for
the robot too, but she obviously thinks its rather an expensive
storm bombarde la Terre, il y a plusieurs milliards de victimes
hobby. His work colleagues and friends accept it too but they
et la couche ozone est dtruite. Selon Wilkinson, cet orage
think hes a little bit crazy.
serait un accident, rsultat dune fuite dnergie cause par
les extraterrestres autour de Jupiter.

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DVD Worksheet dvdfile-p134 threats, namely South East Asia, the entire African continent, the
Indian subcontinent, Mexico, China, Western Europe and even, to
Corrig
a lesser degree, the USA. To sum up, areas at the extremes of
 Name Andy Loring the Northern and Southern hemisphere seem to be doing fine,
Town and county of residence Glossop, Derbyshire unlike the areas north and south of the Equator.
Occupation traffic policeman  The link between what these maps show and the economy of
Marital status engaged the various countries is obvious. Most of the endangered areas
Partners name Lynne are developing countries or countries in which most people live
below the poverty line. In Africa and the Middle East where the
Hobby Making a model of R2DR , climate is hot and dry, a factor which aggravates water supply
the astromech robot from problems, the situation is extremely worrying. On the other
the Star Wars films. hand, in some developed countries like the USA and the Western
 a. America, b. Australia, c. his home town, where a friend of European countries, people tend to waste water because they
Andys has helped him out by making some parts. are not sufficiently aware of its value. So it all depends on how
 Mr Loring became hooked on Star Wars over 30 years ago. governments and people deal with it, use it, recycle it and save it.
His favourite character was R2D2 and he has now built a model  Sea and ocean water could be treated in order to be made
of the robot using blueprints from the Internet. His fiance drinkable or else a new drink could be invented to replace
tolerates the model even though it takes up a lot of space; she water, even if it seems rather unlikely. To be more realistic, the
has a soft spot for it. Mr Lorings work colleagues think hes nuts worlds population should be made aware of the situation and
but he believes his hobby keeps him sane and out of mischief. governments should find ways to make everyone play a part
 (exemple) He takes it for a walk along the streets of Glossop, in economising on drinking water. Technological developments
in a shopping centre, and even in the country. Sometimes people could also make it possible to bring water to those who dont
look twice at it when it goes by, others are fascinated because have it, dont have enough of it or dont know how to gain access
it seems to be on its own, without anyone controlling it. A few to it and make proper use of it. This would result in far fewer
people just ignore it. Sheep seem to react when R2D2 makes its deaths 10,000 people die every day from bad water or no
electronic noises. water and a more rational use of water.

Atelier 2 (p. 134) Atelier 3 (p. 134)


Il sagit ici dune activit langagire dexpression orale : la Cet exercice fait appel ce qui est aujourdhui encore de
proposition de corrig ci-dessous ne constitue donc quune lordre du fantasme, celui de participer un vol touristique dans
possibilit de production du contenu attendu, rdige pour plus lespace. La rdaction dune lettre doit respecter un certain
de commodit mais ne constituant en rien un corrig-type. nombre de codes qui peuvent tre rappels aux lves sous
Recommandez aux lves de ne pas rdiger de phrases compltes cette forme :
pendant leur prparation afin que ladite expression ne devienne
surtout pas de lcrit oralis, ce qui dnaturerait lexercice. General recommendations for writing your 150-word letter
Corrig your address
(exemples) the date
the name and/or the post of the person you are writing to
 The different colours on the three maps represent the the name and address of the company
different levels of water supply in the world. The green areas Dear Mr/Ms (+ surname),
are out of danger as far as water shortage is concerned, even Mention the reasons why you are applying for the trip, your
if a negative evolution can be noticed in time for some areas motivation, etc.
the time span studied here being 1970-2025, that is to say a Ask for information about the price and the physical and health
projection into the not-so-distant future. Yellow indicates a low requirements.
percentage of natural water reserves and orange and above all Ask for details about the safety measures.
red show areas with alarmingly low water resources. Thank the reader for his/her time and consideration
 In 2025, countries such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand Yours sincerely,
and Russia seem to have fewer reasons than others for worrying your name (signed by hand then printed)
about this phenomenon. Scandinavia, Greenland and South
America (apart from Argentina) should not suffer too much from
the way in which the situation is forecast to develop, contrary to Atelier 4 (p. 135)
most of the North and East African countries and the Middle East
Lextrait propos ici invite un voyage mystrieux sur une
in particular. However, some areas which could have seemed
plante qui fascine et enflamme limagination. Voici quelques
quite safe or at least not so endangered may face similar
pistes de rponses aux questions page 135.

8. Visions 105
8 Visions
 We know that Mandeville is an astronaut because he is Mettons laccent sur laspect thtral de ce dbat puisque
wearing a helmet and because the narrative states quite chaque lves ou groupe dlves aura une position dfendre,
clearly that he is on Mars where he has discovered a spaceship position ne correspondant dailleurs pas forcment la sienne/
he wants to investigate. His own background seems to be a la leur lorigine...
privileged one: he mentions the gates of an estate which kept Enfin, une ouverture est envisager avec des points nuancs,
poor people out of the parties that were held there. The fact that plus positifs ?
he has survived alone here shows he must have strength of Fiches mthodologiques 13 et 14 utiliser... sans limite !
character, despite his initial fear and the continuing nightmares (p. 148-149)
and headaches.
 He is on a discovery mission. In the extract he is trying to
open a spaceship he has discovered on the planet.
The Time Machine (p. 136-137)
Premier roman de H. G Wells, commenc en 1888 lorsquil
 The planet is covered with red dust (l. 1) and the landscape avait 21 ans et considr comme un classique du genre sur le
is a vast desert with deep gorges and no living creatures. There
voyage dans le temps, cest le rcit dun savant qui prtend tre
is no air on Mars, and so the red planet is also a silent world.
le premier voyageur dans le temps. Il raconte ses aventures
 When he discovers the vessel, he gasps (l. 17). We feel his ses amis dans sa maison Londres.
fear growing particularly when the hatch opens: he adopts a Dans cet extrait, les conclusions tires par le Voyageur sur
crouched, fully-armed position (l. 33). la nature des relations entre Eloi et Morlocks ne sont pas les
 Dust slipped down (l. 1-2) indicates that the craft has been bonnes ; cest le Voyageur lui-mme qui sen rend compte au
there for a long time, because it has a coating of dust. moment de dcouvrir que les Morlocks se nourrissent des Eloi.
 The words are frightened, nightmares and trembling. Le raisonnement qui conduit le Voyageur ses premires
They all show that Mandeville found it very hard to be alone on conclusions rvle la pense de Wells qui tait socialiste et trs
this strange planet. proccup par le climat social de lpoque : le widening gap entre
 noisy breathing inside the helmets bubble (l. 22) employeurs et employs dans lindustrie lourde.
having no air (l. 29) READ (p. 136)
The narrator starts with what seems to be a fairly ordinary Corrig
activity in a science fiction context: a man taps on the hull of  The narrator is puzzled because he cannot see any evidence
a spacecraft. Then we find out that the man is alone, and on of machinery that might have been used to make all the
Mars. The loneliness of the planet is emphasised as is the mans beautiful clothes the young people are wearing. There did not
own fear. Then we suspect that, since the vessel is unknown to seem to be any evidence of the people having created anything,
Mandeville, it must come from somewhere other than Earth. The it seemed, or any shops where they might have bought their
final sentence adds to the mystery, the fear and the loneliness produce. It was impossible to see how things kept going. The
that the narrator makes us feel. people seemed only to play and not work. They were also
terribly afraid of the dark, which was strange.
Atelier 5 (p. 135)  He finds out that there are other creatures living here apart
Il sagit ici de lancer un dbat dont il faudra videmment from the Eloi. They live underground and look frightening, a little
permettre la ralisation grce une prparation dont nous like human spiders. The entrances to their world are through
donnons ici certaines pistes et directions. shafts in the ground.
Laspect thique sera bien videmment soulever, avec des  He sees the Eloi as a once superior strain of the human race
rfrences historiques la colonisation : de quoi sagit-il, est- that has now degenerated in size and strength, though not in
ce quelque chose de normal , de moral , pour qui, qui beauty. On the other hand, the Morlocks have become creatures
cela profite-t-il, quelles peuvent en tre les connaissances, les with an appearance that is barely human.
mfaits, quels intrts et enjeux sont soulevs, comment ce He concludes that society has divided into two parts : the
genre dentreprise finit-elle souvent, etc. ? Haves, i.e. the leaders and masters, and the Have-nots the
Certains lves peuvent se concentrer sur les aspects terre- workers. The division has been so complete that the two sections
-terre du type pourquoi aller voir ailleurs quand nous avons of society live completely apart: the Haves above ground, living
beaucoup de travail chez nous : problmes environnementaux, a life of leisure, and the Have-nots underground, doomed to a
de pauvret, conomiques, sociaux, etc. life of hardship and darkness.

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