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Designation: F 819 05

Standard Terminology
Relating to Electrical Protective Equipment for Workers1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation F 819; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

1. Referenced Documents bulk storagethe storage of hose or covers together with one
1.1 ASTM Standards: or more layers piled neatly, but without the benefit of
F 1116 Test Method for Determining Dielectric Strength of spacers, supports, or special protective containers.
Dielectric Footwear charring, nthe formation of carbonaceous residue as the
F 1117 Specification for Dielectric Footwear result of pyrolysis or incomplete combustion.
closure, npoint on supply current wave form where arc is
2. Terminology initiated.
color splasha splash, smear, or streak of contrasting color
afterflame time, nthe length of time in seconds for which a
evident on the inside or outside surface of the gloves or
material continues to flame after the ignition source has been
sleeves that was deposited during the dipping operation and
is vulcanized into the material as part of the homogenous
DISCUSSIONIn arc testing, the length of time for which a specimen compound.
continues to exhibit a visible flaming as determined by a time display compatiblenot injurious to or changing the physical or
video recording of the specimen during arc testing electrical characteristics of the blankets or affecting their
arc duration, ntime duration of the arc(s). application, use, or acceptability.
arc energy (vi dt), nsum of the instantaneous arc voltage coveran electrically insulated enclosure designed to be
values multiplied by the instantaneous arc current values installed temporarily on various types of irregularly shaped
multiplied by the incremental time values during the arc, (J). electrical equipment to protect personnel and equipment
arc gapdistance between the arc electrodes (inch). working in close proximity.
Arc thermal performance value (ATPV), nin arc testing, delta peak temperature, ndifference between the maximum
the incident energy on a fabric or material that results in a temperature and the initial temperature of the sensor during
50 % probability that sufficient heat transfer through the the test, C.
tested specimen is predicted to cause the onset of a second- designated personan individual who is qualified by expe-
degree skin burn injury based on the Stoll curve.. rience or training to perform an assigned task.
arc voltage, nvoltage across the gap caused by the current distortedphysically changed from the natural and original
flowing through the resistance created by the arc gap, V. shape, caused by stress of any type.
asymmetrical arc current, nthe total arc current produced electrical testing facilitya location with qualified personnel,
during closure; it includes a direct component and a sym- testing equipment, and procedures for the inspection and
metrical component, A. electrical testing of electrical insulating protective equip-
blanket roll-upa container made from fabric or similar ment.
material and specifically designed to protect the blanket from electrodethe energized or grounded conductor portion of
damage during storage or transportation. electrical test equipment which is placed near or in contact
blowout, nthe extinguishing of the arc caused by a magnetic with the material or equipment being tested.
field. electrode clearancethe shortest path from the energized
breakdown, electricalthe electrical discharge or arc occur- electrode to the ground electrode.
ring between the electrodes and through the equipment being embrittlement, nthe formation of a brittle residue as the
tested. result of pyrolysis or incomplete combustion.
flashoverthe electrical discharge or arc occurring between
electrodes and over or around, but not through, the equip-
These definitions are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F18 on ment being tested.
Electrical Protective Equipment for Workers and are the direct responsibility of
Subcommittee F18.60 on Terminology.
foot portionthe portion of the footwear below the wearers
Current edition approved Jan. 1, 2005. Published February 2005. Originally ankle bone.
approved in 1995. Last previous edition approved in 2004 as F 819-04a.

Copyright ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

F 819 05
FRP insulating tubes and rodsfiberglass reinforced plastic cause of physical inspection.
(FRP) products manufactured so that the tubes and rods rubbera generic term that includes elastomers and elastomer
produced will meet the electrical and mechanical require- compounds, regardless of origin.
ments in the standard. sleeve roll-upa sleeve carrier formed of flat canvas-like
gauntletthe area of a glove between the wrist and the material in which a pair of sleeves is rolled lengthwise.
reinforced edge of the opening. sleeve shoulder rollthe rolled or reinforced edge of an
halogenation treatmentexposure of the entire rubber sur- insulating sleeve nearest to the shoulder.
face area to a halogen for the purpose of reducing surface sole, nthe underside of the boot or rubber that would be in
friction. contact with the ground.
heat attenuation factor HAF, nin electric arc testing, the DISCUSSIONSee Test Method F 1116 and Specification F 1117. In
percent of the incident energy which is blocked by a material this type footwear, it is normally made as one piece and constructed of
at an incident energy level equal to ATPV. a molded elastomer.
heat flux, nthe thermal intensity indicated by the amount of
energy transmitted divided by area and time kW/m2(cal/ test, acceptanceone made at the option of the purchaser to
cm2s). verify that a product meets design criteria.
hosean electrical insulating tube with a longitudinal slit test, designone made on a sample treated as representative
designed to be installed temporarily on energized electrical of an industrial product. These tests will not generally be
wires. repeated in quantity production.
i2t, nsum of the instantaneous arc current values squared test, routinea type of test made regularly on production
multiplied by the incremental time values during the arc material.
(A2s). time to delta peak temperature, nthe time from beginning
ignition, nthe initiation of combustion. of the initiation of the arc to the time the delta peak
incident energy (Ei), nthe amount of energy (total heat, temperature is reached, s.
cal/cm2) received at a surface as a direct result of an electric unassigned blanketsblankets that are in storage prior to
arc discharge as measured by temperature rise on copper being issued for use.
calorimeters. visual inspectiona visual check made to detect construc-
insulatedseparated from other conducting surfaces by a tional defects.
dielectric substance (including air space) offering a high voltage, maximum retestvoltage, either ac rms or dc
resistance to the passage of current. average, that is equal to the proof test voltage for new
protective equipment.
NOTE 1When any object is said to be insulated, it is understood to be voltage, maximum usethe ac voltage (rms) classification of
insulated in a suitable manner for the conditions to which it is subjected. the protective equipment that designates the maximum
Otherwise, it is, within the purpose of this definition, uninsulated.
Insulating covering of conductors is one means of making the conductor
nominal design voltage of the energized system that may be
insulated. safely worked. The nominal design voltage is equal to
phase-to-phase voltage on multiphase circuits.
interior foam-filled tubea tube filled with homogeneous
unicellular thermosetting foam having closed cells blown NOTE 4If there is no multiphase exposure in a system area, and the
voltage exposure is limited to phase (polarity on dc systems) to ground
with non-combustible gases, with the filling bonded to the
potential, the phase (polarity on dc systems) to ground potential shall be
interior wall. considered to be the nominal design voltage.
NOTE 2The foam filling should be free of voids, separations, holes, NOTE 5If electrical equipment and devices are insulated, or isolated,
cracks, or the like. or both, such that the multiphase exposure on a grounded wye circuit is
removed, then the nominal design voltage may be considered as the
isolatedan object that is not readily accessible to persons phase-to-ground voltage on that circuit.
unless special means of access are used.
voltage, nominal designa nominal value consistent with the
ozonea very active form of oxygen that is produced by
latest revision of ANSI C84.1, assigned to the circuit or
corona, arcing, or ultraviolet rays.
system for the purpose of conveniently designating its
ozone cutting and checkingcracks produced by ozone in a
voltage class.
material under mechanical stress.
voltage, retestvoltage, either ac rms or dc average, that used
proof-test currentthe current measured during ac proof
protective equipment must be capable of withstanding for a
specific test period without breakdown.
NOTE 3This current is an indication of the validity of the dielectric X/R ratio, nthe ratio of system inductive reactance to
constant of the type of material used and the thickness of the total contact resistance.
area under test.
DISCUSSIONIt is proportional to the L/R ratio of time constant, and
retestthe tests given after the initial acceptance test, usually is, therefore, indicative of the rate of decay of any DC offset. A large
performed at regular periodic intervals or as required be- X/R ratio corresponds to a large time constant and a slow rate of decay.

F 819 05
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