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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
TITLE PAGE ........................................................................................................ i
CERTIFICATION PAGE..................................................................................... iii
APPROVAL PAGE................................................................................................ iv
STATEMENT OF THESIS ORIGINALITY PAGE........................................... v
MOTTO AND DEDICATION PAGE.................................................................. v
ABSTRACT............................................................................................................ vii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.....................................................................................viii
TABLE OF CONTENTS....................................................................................... ix
LIST OF TABLES.................................................................................................. x
LIST OF PICTURES............................................................................................. xi
LIST OF GRAPHICS............................................................................................ xii
APPENDICES........................................................................................................xiii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION.......................................................................... 1
.................................................................................................................................
1.1 Background......................................................................................... 1
1.2 Problem of the Study. ........................................................................ 6
1.3 Objective of the Study...................................................................... 6
1.4 Significances of the Study................................................................ 6

CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW........................................................... 7


2.1 Concept of Writing .......................................................................... 7
2.2 Teaching Writing Skill...................................................................... 8
2.3 Concept of Descriptive Paragraph................................................... 9
2.4 Concept of Collaborative Technique............................................... 13
2.5 Strengths of the Collaborative Technique........................................ 15
2.6 Teaching Descriptive Text Writing through Collaborative
Technique.......................................................................................... 16
2.7 Hypotheses........................................................................................ 17

CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY ............................................ 18


3.1 Research Method and Design........................................................... 18
3.2 Variable of the Study........................................................................ 19
3.3 Operational Definitios...................................................................... 20
3.4 Population and Sample..................................................................... 20
3.4.1 Population of the Study......................................................... 20
3.4.2 Sample of the Study .............................................................. 21
3.5 Technique for Collecting the Data.................................................... 22
3.6 Validity and Reliability..................................................................... 22
3.7 Normality of the Data....................................................................... 24
3.7.1 Normality of the Test.............................................................. 24
3.7.2 Homogenity of the Test.......................................................... 24
3.8 Technique for Analyzing the Data.................................................... 25
3.9 Research Procedure.......................................................................... 25
3.9.1 Stages for Experimental Group.............................................. 25
3.9.2 Stages for Control Group........................................................ 26

CHAPTER IV FINDINGS AND INTERPRETATIONS................................. 28


4.1 Findings............................................................................................ 28
4.1.1 The Result of the Tests......................................................29
4.1.1.1 The Result of Pre-Test and Post-Test Scores in the
Experimental Group.............................................................. 29
4.1.1.2 The Result of Pre-Test and Post-Test Scores in the
Control Group.. 30
4.1.2 The Result of Normality and Homogeneity of the Data...31
4.1.2.1 The Result of Normality Data Pre-Test and Post-Test
Scores in the Experimental Group ... 32
4.1.2.2 The Result of Normality Pre-Test and Post-Test Scores
in the Control Group .. 32
4.1.2.3 The Result of Homogeneity of the Data..33
4.1.3 Statistical Analyses ................................................................ 35
.................................................................................................................
4.1.3.1 Statistical Analysis of the Experimental Group......... 35
................................................................................................
4.1.3.2 Statistical Analysis of the Control Group.................. 36
................................................................................................
4.1.3.3 Statistical Analysis on the Result of the Post-Tests in
Experimental and Control Groups.......................................... 36
................................................................................................
4.2 Interpretations .................................................................................. 37

CHAPTER V CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS..................................... 40


.................................................................................................................
5.1 Conclusion........................................................................................ 40
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5.2 Suggestions....................................................................................... 40
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REFERENCES.................................................................................................... 42
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