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Orientation for Enumerators on Baseline Data Collection

I. Important Information

1. What is ImPACT Philippines?


- ImPACT Philippines is a public-private partnership (PPP) between the German Development Page | 1
Bank and Pessl Instruments Austria. It is a social development project being implemented
by Asia Society for Social Improvement and Sustainable Transformation (ASSIST), a non-
governmental organization. Other partners of this project are the Municipal Government of
Buguias, the Agricultural Training Institute, the Benguet State University, and Calata
Corporation (the exclusive distributor of Pessl products in the Philippines).
- Please read Page 6: ImPACT Project Brief for more information about the project

2. Who should be the respondent?


a. Farmer in Buguias
b. Member of a cooperative or association operating in Buguias

3. Interview coverage
- 14 barangays of Buguias (please refer to number of respondents per barangay)

4. Target number of respondents:


- 370 respondents

5. Target date of completion


- July 14, 2017

6. What is the importance of this data collection?


a. Study the agriculture situation in Buguias as this will help map the farm locations and
gather data on farming practices.
b. This will be used as a basis for installing the METOS instruments and as a guide in the
development of the WaveOne* app.
c. The data gathered will be used in the assessment of the project later.

Note: There will be a separate mapping of agricultural farms. This baseline data
collection is not the sole basis for the installation.

*WaveOne is a cloud-based mobile application that provides farmer-friendly weather


information within an area. It aims to provide easy to understand weather information
to farmers using their smart phones and GPS technology so that they only get relevant
data based on their current location and improve their overall farming decision making.

7. About the survey tool


1. The data collection will use a data collection mobile application called PoiMapper.
2. For instructions on how to use the app, please refer to Page 8.
3. In case of PoiMapper failure, the enumerator should always bring the paper version of
the questionnaire and a pen.
4. The enumerator is also required to bring a notebook on which to write important notes
during the interview to be submitted to ImPACT Project Manager at the end of the
survey.

8. About the questionnaire:


The questionnaire is divided into eight (8) parts. Estimated duration of interview is 2 hours. Page | 2
a. Introduction
b. Socioeconomic Profile
c. Farm Practices
d. Farm Inputs
e. Parcel Description
f. Weather Information
g. Climate Change
h. Conclusion

Note: The Project Manager will conduct validation of interviews by calling random
respondents.

II. Introduction

1. Ensure that before doing the interview, the respondent is a farmer and a member of a
cooperative or association.
2. Explain the Informed Consent to the farmer in local language. Ask if he/ she has
questions before proceeding.
3. Click Yes if the farmer agreed to participate. Do not force the farmer to participate.
Ask for the farmers permission to take photo of him/ her and his/ her farm.
4. If the farmers house and farm are in a separate location, ensure that the PoiMapper
app captures the coordinates of the farm. The coordinates should be of the farm, not of
the farmers house. When interviewing inside the farmers house, the PoiMapper will
automatically capture the houses coordinates. Get the coordinates of the farm after the
interview and manually input the coordinates.
5. Fill in the Name of Enumerator field.
6. The symbol (*) is mandatory. Be sure to fill in all fields with (*) before proceeding to the
next page. Otherwise, the form will not be saved at the end of the interview.
7. Questions with selections require multi-select answers (respondent can choose many
options). Questions with selections require single select answers (respondent can
only choose one answer from the options).

III. Socioeconomic Profile


Important variables to note:

1. Household Head
a. Not automatically the husband; ask the respondent if he/ she is the household head
b. Do not make assumptions.

2. Contact Number
a. Ensure to get the respondents contact number. If none, ask the respondent to give
the contact number of any member of his household.

3. Marital Status
a. When Married or Cohabiting is selected, click the drop-down button () and fill
in the fields intended for the spouse or partner. Page | 3

4. Size of land cultivated


a. If farmer is able to give only the size in square meters, convert the number to
hectares (10,000 square meters = 1 hectare)

5. Farm ownership status


a. Owner practices farming on own land
b. Tenant practices farming on a rented land
c. Caretaker takes charge of the farm which is not his own
d. Other

6. Do you own a smart phone?


a. When asking this to the farmer, re-phrase the question to What is the unit of your
mobile phone?

Other variables under this part are self-explanatory.

IV. Farm Practices

1. Farm Classification
a. Arable growing of crops
b. Pastoral keeping of animals; the only crops grown are fodder crops
c. Mixed farmers grow crops and rear animals
d. Organic farms environmentally friendly; chemicals and pesticides are not used;
animals are not reared intensively
e. Inorganic farms use of chemicals and pesticides
f. Subsistence farming only produce enough food to survive; little, if any surplus left
to sell
g. Commercial farming sell the crops and animals in order to make a profit
h. Intensive farming high inputs of money, labor, or technology to achieve high
outputs or yields per hectare; the farms are usually quite small
i. Extensive farming low inputs; large areas of land; low outputs or yields per hectare
j. Sedentary farmer permanent settlement and the landscape farmed every year
k. Nomadic farmer moves around looking for fresh pasture or new plots to cultivate

2. Cropping pattern followed


a. Mono-cropping when only one crop is grown season after season
b. Sequential cropping growing of two or more crops in sequence on the same piece
of land in a farming year (e.g., rice then potato in one farming year)
c. Intercropping growing of two or more crops in same field at the same time (e.g.,
alternate rows of corn and beans planted at the same time)
3. Post-harvest practices
a. Cooling rapid removal of field heat before storage, transport, or processing.
b. Curing drying process; removal of excess moisture
c. Handling also field handling; sorting and grading of harvested produce based on its
market quality and the market source Page | 4
d. Storage not consuming produce immediately after harvest
e. Processing transforming raw ingredients into food either by physical or chemical
methods; also transforming food into other forms
f. Packaging enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use
g. Transport movement of produce from one location to another

Other variables under this part are self-explanatory.

V. Farm Inputs
1. Main crop covering most of the land area; highest production
2. Secondary crop less important than the main crop

Other variables under this part are self-explanatory.

VI. Parcel Description


Planted crops in the farm at the time of the interview; present crops planted in the farm

VII. Weather Information


Other variables under this part are self-explanatory.

VIII. Climate Change


Other variables under this part are self-explanatory.

IX. Conclusion
1. Ask the respondent if he has comments or suggestions
2. Ask the respondent to sign.
X. References

Barcelona Field Studies Centre (http://geographyfieldwork.com/FarmingSystems.htm)


Retrieved 23 June 2017

General Knowledge Today: Indias Daily E-Magazine of GK and Current Affairs Page | 5
(http://www.gktoday.in/blog/types-of-cropping-patterns)
Retrieved 23 June 2017

RADA (People, Land, and Opportunity (https://rada.gov.jm/publications/rada-diaries-how-


to/item/733-post-harvest-management-for-fresh-fruits-vegetables-and-root-crops)
Retrieved 23 June 2017

The North Carolina Agricultural Extension Office


(https://www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/publicat/postharv/ag-414-1/index.html)
Retrieved 23 June 2017

Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-harvest_losses_(vegetables))
Retrieved 23 June 2017
ImPACT Project Brief

Project Background

By the year 2050, the United Nations estimates global population to reach 9.3 billion. As the Page | 6
population grows, global demand for food is also expected to double, exerting more pressure on
already scarce agricultural resources.

While agriculture will be forced to compete for land and water with sprawling human settlements, it
will also be required to serve on other major fronts: adapting to and contributing to the mitigation of
climate change, helping preserve natural habitats, protecting endangered species and maintaining a
high level of biodiversity. As though this were challenging enough, fewer people will be living in rural
areas and even fewer will be farmers. They will need new technologies to grow more from less land
with fewer hands (Food security, farming, and climate change to 2050, Nelson et al, International Food
Policy Research Institute, 2010).

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has recommended the use of Climate-Smart Agriculture
(CSA), an approach that helps guide actions needed to transform and reorient agricultural systems to
effectively support development and ensure food security in a changing climate. Over 90 percent of
the worlds 570 million farms, which produce most of the planets food, are smallholder farms or farms
two hectares or less in size. Unfortunately, most technologies and opportunities to advance climate
resilience and improve agricultural productivity are not widely accessible to smallholder farmers.

Pessl Instruments GmbH (Pessl), an Austrian AgTech company, aims to improve the climate resilience
of smallholder Filipino farmers through a public private partnership called Improving Productivity in
Agriculture through Climate-Smart Technology or ImPACT. Pessl will deploy proprietary technology
that will enable farmers to adopt Climate-Smart Agriculture in their daily farming activities. The Pessl-
manufactured METOS range of devices autonomously measure and transmit environmental data,
which is processed and delivered to farmers in the form of actionable climate-smart guidance.

This project will initially be implemented in one of the municipalities of Benguet province, the largest
fruit and vegetable producers in the Philippines. High demand and low productivity has pushed
farmers here to become very dependent on fertilizers and pesticides. Due to lack of weather and soil
information, farmers use far more agricultural inputs leading to significant wastage, increased costs,
and adverse environmental and health effects. The availability of real-time environmental data
through the METOS solution will enable farmers to make climate-smart decisions, manage risks, and
avoid unnecessary interventions.

The benefits of the METOS climate-smart technologies will also be extended to rice farmers as climate
change continue to adversely affect the production of the countrys main staple. By introducing the
METOS system to smallholder rice farmers, Pessl hopes to lay the groundwork towards an overall
improvement in food security in the Philippines.
Project scope:

Introduce Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) to smallholder farmers to increase farming productivity and
improve food security in the Philippines.

Project pilot area: Page | 7

Buguias, Benguet Composed of 14 barangays with a population of 43, 627 (2015


Census)
The municipality (and other towns in Northeastern Benguet)
produces more than 170 million tons of vegetables annually.
Approximately 15,000 farmers

Project stages:

1. Initial sensitization of key stakeholders, project launch and community awareness sessions
2. Situational analysis, picking of farmers in control group and determination of installation sites.
3. Installation and commissioning of METOS monitoring stations followed by mobile application
launch.
4. Training of farmers and agricultural technicians followed by project commencement, turnover and
closing.

Project Scope:

1. METOS monitoring systems installed in the municipality of Buguias


2. Localized mobile application and web interface for information delivery
3. Training materials/ operation manual in local language
4. Community fora for exchange of best practices
5. Business model for project sustainability
6. Case Study documentation

Expected Outcomes:

1. Reduction in usage of agricultural inputs (fertilizer, pesticides, water, etc) and improvement
in farm yields.
2. Exposure to new farming methods driven by Climate-Smart concepts for local farmers,
academic institutes, research institutes, etc.
3. Introduction of new skills training program for maintenance technicians and agricultural data
scientists.
4. Creation of a Climate-Smart Agriculture ecosystem blueprint for the Philippines agriculture
sector.
5. Sustainable positive impact on local environment and community health.
How to Collect Data through PoiMapper

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