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Gland Hormones Target Tissues Functions

1. ANTERIOR
GROWTH HORMONE LIVER, ADIPOSE STIMULATES GROWTH OF BONE AND
PITUITARY TISSUE, ADRENAL MUSCLES, PROMOTES FAT METABOLISM
(ADENOHYPOPH CORTEX
YSIS)
ADRENOCORTICOTRO
PIC HORMONE (ACTH) ADRENAL GLAND STIMULATES SYNTHESIS AND SECRETION
(CORTEX) ADRENAL CORTICAL HORMONES
THYROID
STIMULATING
HORMONE (TSH) THYROID STIMULATES SYNTHESIS AND SECRETION
THYROID HORMONES
FOLLICLE
STIMULATING
HORMONE (FSH) OVARY, TESTES OVARY
STIMULATES GROWTH OF OVARIAN
FOLLICLE, OVULATION

TESTES
STIMULATES SPERM PRODUCTION
PROLACTIN

MELANOCYTE
STIMULATING
HORMONE (MSH)

2. POSTERIOR
PITUITARY ANTI-DIURETIC KIDNEY INCREASES WATER REABSORPTION BY
(NEUROHYPOPHY HORMONE (ADH) KIDNEYS
VASOPRESSIN
SIS)
OXYTOCIN UTERUS, STIMULATES CONTRCTION OF
MAMMARY GLAND PREGNANT UTERUS, MILK EJECTION
FROM BREASTS AFTER CHILDBIRTH

3. THYROID C
CELLS CALCITONIN THROUGHOUT THE LOWERS BLOOD CALCIUM AND
BODY PHOSPHATE LEVELS

TRIIODOTHYRONINE ALL TISSUES INCREASES METABOLIC RATE;


THYROID (T3) INCREASE PROTEIN AND BONE
FOLLICULAR THYROXINE (T4) TURNOVER; INCREASE
CELLS RESPONSIVENESS TO CATHECOLAMINE;
NECESSARY FOR FETAL AND INFANT
GROWTH DEVELOPMENT

4. PARATHYROID
PARATHORMONE BONES, REGULATES SERUM CALCIUM
(PARATHYROID INTESTINES,
HORMONE) (PTH) KIDNEYS

5. ADRENAL
MEDULLA EPINEPHRINE MOST CELLS SERVES AS NEUROTRANSMITTER OF
THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM

NOREPINEPHRINE MOST CELLS SERVES AS NEUROTRANSMITTER OF


THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
6. ADRENAL
CORTEX MINERALOCORTICOS KIDNEYS INCREASES SODIUM ABSOPRTION ,
TEROID ( MAINLY POTASSIUM LOSS BY KIDNEY
ALDOSTERONE)

GLUCOCORTICOIDS ANTERIOR LOBE OF AFFECT METABOLISM OF ALL


(MAINLY CORTISOL) PITUITARY GLAND NUTRIENTS; REGULATES BLOOD
GLUCOSE LEVELS, AFFECTS GROWTH
ANDROGEN

7. PANCREAS
INSULIN MOST CELLS LOWERS BLOOD GLUCOSE

LIVER INCREASE BLOOD GLUCOSE


GLUCAGON CONCENTRATION BY STIMULATION OF
GLYCOGENOLYSIS AND
SOMATOSTATIN GLYCONEOGENESIS

8. GONADS
(OVARIES) ESTROGEN OVARIES AFFECTS DEVELOPMENT OF FEMALE
SEX ORGANS AND SECONDARY SEX
CHARACTERISTICS

PROGESTERONE UTERUS INFLUENCES MENSTRUAL CYCLE,


STIMULATES GROWTH OF UTERINE
WALL, MAINTAINS PREGNANCY

TESTES ANDROGEN (MAINLY MAINLY AFFECT DEVELOPMENT OF MALE SEX


TESTOSTERONE) REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS AND SECONDARY MALE
ORGANS (MALE) CHARACTERISTICS; AIDS IN SPERM
PRODUCTION