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EJERCICIO N° 1

Resuelva completamente la parrilla mostrada, por el método matricial de los desplazamientos:

GJ= 1200 TN-m² EI= 1500 TN-m²

Solución:

1)

Se empieza numerando las barras, los nudos y orientando los elementos:

BARRA 1

 GJ = 1200 =400 L 3 2 EI = 2(1500) =1000 L 3 4 EI = 4(1500) =2000 L 3 6 EI = 6(1500) =1000 L² 3² 12 EI = 12(1500) =666.67 Lᶟ 3ᶟ BARRA 2 GJ = 1200 =240 L 5 2 EI = 2(1500) =600 L 5 4 EI = 4(1500) =1200 L 5 6 EI = 6(1500) =360 L² 5² 12 EI = 12(1500) =144 Lᶟ 5ᶟ BARRA 3 GJ = 1200 =400 L 3 2 EI = 2(1500) =1000 L 3 4 EI = 4(1500) =2000 L 3 6 EI = 6(1500) =1000 L² 3² 12 EI = 12(1500) =666.67

Elaboramos el cuadro de resumen (kN y m)

 BARRA L GJ/L 2EI/L 1 3 400 1000 2 5 240 600 144 3 3 400 1000

Hallamos [K] = [B] . [k’]. [B]

BARRA 1

BARRA 2

4EI/L

6EI/L²

12EI/L³

2000

1000

666.67

1200

360

2000

1000

666.67

C

S

0

1

0

[R]= [

1

0

0

0

1

0

C

S

90

0

1

0

1 0

[R]= [

1 0

0

# ]

3)

BARRA 3

4)
Calculamos
[k ' ]

BARRA 1

 ∝ C S 180 1 0

[R]= [ 1 0 0

0

1 0 ]

[k ' ] 1 =¿ [ 400 400

0

0

0

0

0

666.67

1000

0

0

1000

2000

0

666.67 1000

1000 1000

400

0

0

400

0

0

0

0

666.67 1000

1000 1000

0

666.67

0

1000

1000 2000

# ]

BARRA 2

[k ' ] 2 =¿ [ 240 240

0

0

0

0

0

144

360

0

0

360

1200

0

144 360

360 600

240

0

0

240

0

0

0

0

144 360

360 600

0

144

0

360

360 1200

0

0

400

0

0

# ]

[k ' ] 3 =¿ [ 400 400

• 0 0

666.67

1000

1000

2000

• 0 0

666.67 1000

1000 1000

0

0

400

0

0

• 0 0

666.67 1000

• 0 0

1000 1000

666.67

1000

1000 2000

Hallamos

[B]= [ [R]

[0]

[R] ]

[0]

5)

BARRA 1

[B]=¿

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

BARRA 2

[B]=¿

0 1

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

# ]

0

0

0

0

0

0

0 1

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

BARRA 3

0

0

0

0

0

0

1 0

0

0

0

[ 1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

[B]=¿

0 1

0

0

0

0

1 0

0

0

0

0

0

1

6)

Hallamos

[k ]

BARRA 1

[ 400

0

0

0

0

400

666.67

1000

0

1000

2000

0

[k ] 1 =[B]

T 1 [k ' ] 1 [B] 1 =¿

400

0

0

400

0

0

666.67 1000

0

1000 1000

0

BARRA 2

# [

144

0

360

144

0

240

0

0

[k ] 2 =[B] 2

T [k ' ] 2 [B] 2 =¿

360

144

0

0

0

240

1200 360

360 144

0

0

360

0

600

360

0

0

666.67 1000

1000 1000

0

0

666.67

1000

1000 2000

0

360

240

0

0

600

0

360

240

0

0

1200

# ]

BARRA 3

[k ] 3 =[B] 3

T [k ' ] 3 [B] 3 =¿

[ 400

0

0

400

0

0

 0 0 −400 666.67 −1000 0 −1000 2000 00 0 0 400 −666.67 1000 0 1000 1000 0
 0 0 −666.67 1000 1000 2000 ] 1000 0 1000 0 666.67 1000

7)

Hallamos

[K]

{Q}=[K]{D}

Q 4 } } = [

1

2

3

¿

¿

¿

¿

¿

¿

¿

1

2

# } }

### { D } { D

3

4

[K ¿ ]= [ K 11 ] 1 + [ K 11 ] 2 + [ K 11 ] 3

# ]

360
5200 ]

### 0

8)

Ensamblaje del vector de cargas de fijación

### {Q} = {ℝ} + {F}

BARRA 1:

 Mº Y 12 = −120∗1.7 2 ∗1.3 =−50.09 9 120∗1.3 2 ∗1.7 =38.31 Mº Y 21 = 9 120∗1.7+50.09−38.31 Z º 12 = 3 =71.93 Zº 21 = 120∗1.3−50.09+38.31 =48.07 3 Mº X 12 =Mº X21 =0 BARRA 2: −32∗25 Mº X 13 =−Mº X 31 = =−66.67 12 Zº 13 =Zº 31 = 32∗5 2 =80

Y 13 =Y 31 =0

BARRA 3:

Y 41 =Y 14 =0

41 =14 =0

X 41 =X14 =0

 9) Cálculo de [r' ] de cada barra: BARRA 1:

{r' 2 } } = {

[r' ] 1 = { {r'

1

}

0

50.09

71.93

0

38.31

48.07

# }

BARRA 2:

{r' 3 } } = { 66.67

1

}

0

80

66.67

0

80

[r' ] 2 = { {r'

# }

En la Barra 2 no coinciden los sistemas de coordenadas, por lo tanto:

{r } 2 =[B]{r '} 2

{r' 3 } } = [ [R] [0]

{ {r' }

=90º

Falta ¿

1

{r 1 }

[0] [ R] ]{ {r 3

# } }

• 1 0

0

0

• 0 1 0 ¯ 50.09

• 0 0 1 71.93

• 0 ¯ 1 0

• 1 0

1 48.07 ] = {

0

0 38.31

• 0 0

} = { {r }

0
−50.09
71.93
1
0
38.31
48.07

{r 2 } }

0

0

66.67

• 0 0

1

0

• 0 80

0

1

¯ 1

0

0

66.67

• 0 ¯ 1 0

0

• 0 1 80

0

66.67

] = { 66.67

0

80

0

80

# 0 } 48.07

0

50.09

71.93

38.31

10) Ensamblamos

[R]

{R}= { R

R

R 4 } = { {r 1 } 1 +{r 1 } 2 +{r 1 } 3

R

• # 1 }

• 2 {r } 1

• 3 {r } 2 {r } 3

0

50.09

71.93

} + { 66.67

0

80

0

0

{ 66.67

50.09

151.93

{R}= {

0

50.09

71.93

0

50.09

71.93

{ 66.67

0

80

{ 66.67

0

80

{ 66.67

0

80

{ 66.67

0

80

{R}={R}−{F}= {

{ 66.67

50.09

151.93

0

50.09

71.93

{ 66.67

0

80

{ 66.67

0

80

11) Hallamos

{Q }= { {Q

{Q 4 } }

1

}

{Q }

2

{Q }

3

66.67

{Q}=−{R}= {

151.93 }

50.09

71.93 }

0

50.09

{ 66.67

0

80

{ 66.67

0

80

# }

12) De los valores anteriores tomo :

{Q L }

{Q L }=[K ¿ ]+{D L }

### Para el problema:

{Q 1 }= [ K 11 ] +{D 1 }

# {

151.93 } =[K 11 ] { D 1 x

66.67

50.09

D 1 y

θ

D

1x

151.93 }

66.67

50.09

D

1 y

θ

} =[K 11 ] 1 {

D

1x

D

1 y

θ

} =1 {

151.93 }

66.67

50.09

D

1x

D

1 y

θ

# } = {

0.08398m.

0.03184 m.

### Cálculo de fuerzas de extremo de barras:

BARRA 1:

{d }= { d

d 2 }{ {D {D 2 } }

1

1

}

Hallamos

{d }

:

{q ' }=[k ' ]+{d '}

{d '} 1 =[B]1 +{d } 1

{d

'} 1 = [ [R][0]

[0] [R]

]{ {d {d 2 } 1 }

1

}

1

{d ' 1 }= [

1

0

0

# ]{

0 1 0.03503 }

0

1

0

0

0.08398

0.03184

0.08398

{d ' 1 }= {

0.03503 }

0.03184

BARRA 2:

{d '} 2 =[B]2 +{d } 2

{d '} 2 = [ [R][0]

[0] [R]

]{ {d 1 } 2

{d 3 }

2

{d ' 2 }= [

0

1

0

1

0

0

1 0.03503 }

0

0

0.08398

0.03184

0.03184

{d ' 1 }= {

0.08398

0.03503

# }

{d '} 3 =[B]3 +{d } 3

{d '} 3 = [ [R][0]

[0] [R]]{ {d {d

1 3 4 } 3 }

}

{d ' 2 }= [ 1 0

0

0

0

1 0

0.08398

0.03184

{d ' 1 }= { 0.08398

0.03184

0.03503

# }

{q' } n =[k ' ] n +{d '} n

q ' 2 } 1 = [ [k ' 11 ]

{ q '

1

[k '

21

]

[k ' 22 ] ] 1 { d d ' ' 2 } 1

[k ' ]

12

1

0 1 ]{ 0.03503 }

### n=1,2,3

BARRA 3:

14) Empleamos:

{q ' 1 } 1 =[k ' 11 ] 1 {d ' 1 } 1

{q ' 1 } 1 = [ 400

0

0

1000 2000 ] 1 { 0.03503 } 1 = { 38.22

0

0

666.67 1000

0.08398

0.03184

33.592

13.803

# } 1

{q ' 2 } 1 =[k ' 21 ] 1 {d ' 1 } 1

{q ' 2 } 1 = [ 400

0

0

0

0

666.67 1000

1000

1000

# ] 1 {

0.03503 } 1 = { 33.592

0.08398

0.03184

13.803

38.22

# } 1

q ' 3 } 2 = [ [k '

{ q '

1

11

]

[k ' 21 ]

[k ' 22 ] ] 2 { d d ' ' 3 } 2

[k ' ]

12

1

{q ' 1 } 2 =[k ' 11 ] 2 {d ' 1 } 2

{q ' 1 } 2 = [ 240

0

0

360 1200 ] 2 { 0.03503

0

0

144 360

0.03184

0.08398

• # 7.6416 } 2

24.70392

72.2688

{q ' 3 } 2 =[k ' 21 ] 2 {d ' 1 } 2

{q ' 3 } 2 = [ 240

0

0

0

0

0.03503

7.6416

24.70392

9.2148

144 360 0.08398

360 600

# {

q'

q '

4 } 3 = [ [k ' ]

1

[k ' 21 ] [k ' 22 ] ] 3 { d' d' 4 } 3

11

[k ' ]

12

1

{q ' 1 } 3 =[k ' 11 ] 3 {d ' 1 } 3

{q ' 1 } 3 = [ 400

0

0

2000 0 ] 3 { 0.08398

0.03503

0

666.67 1000 0.03184

1000

33.592

56.2568

101.9

# } 3

{q ' 2 } 1 =[k ' 21 ] 1 {d ' 1 } 1

{q ' 4 } 3 = [ 400

0

0

0

0

666.67 1000

1000

1000

# ] 3 {

0.03503 } 3 = { 3.19

0.08398

0.03184

33.592

56.2568

# } 3

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