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COMPLAINT

COMES now X through undersigned counsel and to this Honorable Court respectfully alleges:

1. That plaintiff, X Filipino citizen of legal age and married to X-1 and residing at No. 1-A Cruz St., Pasay City, Metro
Manila while Y herein defendant, a Filipino citizen married to Y-1 residing at No. 1 Frisco St., Pasay City where he
may be served with summons.

2. That on January 1, 1976, herein defendant Y who is owner of an apartment located at No. 1-A Cruz St., Pasay
City, leased unto herein plaintiff X the aforesaid apartment for a monthly rental of P500 said rental to be paid
within the first ten days of each month.

3. That there is no fixed period for said lease agreement, except for fact that the rentals are paid by the month.

4. That herein plaintiff has been paying faithfully said rentals every month wherein the defendant gave notice to said
plaintiff that he is terminating the lease agreement by the end of December 1980.

5. That considering that the period of the lease has not been fixed pursuant to the Article 1687 of the Civil Code that
the court may fix a longer period of time the lease as herein lessee had been occupying the premises for period of
about five years.

6. That a period of at least four years of the lease is reasonable considering that herein lessee has no place to
transfer immediately. Moreover said lessee had introduced improvements on the premises amounting at P10,000.

WHEREFORE, it is respectfully prayed that this court fix a period of years for the lease.

Plaintiff further prays for the other relief that this Honorable Court may deem just and equitably in the premises.

Pasay City, November 22, 1980.

Atty. Q
2 Fresco Street, Pasay City.
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

Municipal Trial Court

Cagayan de Oro City

COMPLAINT
COMPLAINT COMES NOW, the plaintiff, through undersigned counsel, and to this Honorable Court respectfully
alleges:

1. That plaintiff is a Filipino citizen and residing at _______________ where he may be served with court processes,
motions, and decision while defendant is a Filipino citizen, married and residing at ____________________ where he
may be served with summons and other court processes;

2. That plaintiff is the owner of a land over which an apartment had been constructed, located at 43 Burgos, Cagayan de
Oro City;

3. That by virtue of a contract of lease, plaintiff leased unto the defendant the aforesaid apartment for a consideration of
P5,000.00 (Five Thousand Pesos) a month as rental to be paid within the first ten days of each month starting
December 1, 2015;

4. That defendant failed to pay the agreed rental for several months starting from February 2016 up to the present;

5. That on April 2, 2016, plaintiff sent a letter of demand to vacate the apartment which was received by the defendant as
shown in the registry return receipt hereto attached;

6. That despite said letter of demand which was repeated by oral demands, defendant failed and still refused to pay the
agreed amount of rentals and to vacate the apartment;

7. That by reason of the failure of the defendant to vacate the premises and to pay the unpaid rentals, plaintiff was
compelled to file this complaint engaging the services of counsel in the amount of P10,000.

WHEREFORE, it is respectfully prayed that judgment be rendered ordering the defendant to vacate the premises
to pay the unpaid monthly rentals in the amount of P50,000 and further rentals until the said defendant fully vacates the
premises and to pay the costs of the suit.

Plaintiff prays for such other remedy, as this Honorable Court may deem just and equitable.

Municipal Trial Court, December 19, 2016.

Signature of Counsel
INFORMATION

The undersigned prosecutor charges the accused, Juan Dela Cruz, of the crime of RAPE,
committed as follows, to wit:
That on or about January 4, 2010, at about 9:30 AM, in the City of Cagayan de Oro, and
within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the accused, who, in broad daylight,
surreptitiously led his 13-year old nice, Angela Santos, at the back of the Holy Trinity Church, and
did then and there willfully, unlawfully, and feloniously had carnal knowledge with said Angela
Santos against her will and by means of force, violence, intimidation and threats.

Contrary to law.
_____________, Philippines, __Date__.
PROSECUTOR

Witnesses:
___________________
___________________

INFORMATION

Undersigned Provincial Fiscal accuses P.P. as principal and A.A. as accessory of the crime of theft, defined under Article 308 of the Revised Penal
Code, committed as follows:

That on or about November 1, 1980 in the Municipality of Hagonoy, Province of Bulacan, P.P. then and there willfully, unlawfully, and feloniously with
intent to gain and without knowledge and consent of the property owner, V.V. took one Elsmwood typewriter, model S-4 with Serial No. 0987, valued at
P1,500;

That P.P. is a habitual delinquent having been convicted previously for the crime of theft within ten years from November 1, 1980 and have served said
sentence thereof, hence the aggravating circumstance of habitual delinquency to be considered.

That A.A. fully knowing that the aforesaid typewriter was stolen from V.V., purchased said typewriter from P.P. for the amount of P1,000.

CONTRARY TO LAW.

PEDRO SANTOS
Provincial Fiscal

CERTIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

I, PERDO CRUZ, Provincial fiscal of Bulacan, after having been duly sworn in accordance with law hereby certify that I have conducted a preliminary
investigation and have examined the complainant and his witnesses, that on the basis of the sworn and statements and other evidence submitted before
me; that there is reasonable ground to believe that a crime has committed and that the accused are probably guilty thereof, that the accused were informed
of the complaint and of the evidence submitted against them and that they were given an opportunity to submit controverting evidences.

PEDRO CRUZ

SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN to before me this 2nd. day of November 1980 in Malolos, Bulacan.

Affiant having exhibited to me his residence certificate No. 123456 issued at Malolos, Bulacan on January 5, 1980.

JOSE CRUZ
Assistant Fiscal
Bail

Republic of the Philippines


National Capital Judicial Region
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
Branch 147
Makati City

PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,


Plaintiff,
Crim Case No. 12345
- versus -

FOR: Frustrated Murder


AKU SADO,
Accused.
x - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -x

PETITION FOR BAIL

Accused, through the undersigned counsel, unto this Honorable Court, respectfully states:

1. That accused is currently detained at the Makati City Jail for the charge of Frustrated Murder and has
been behind bars since his arrest on August 1, 2013;

2. That no bail has been recommended for his temporary release on the assumption that the evidence of
guilt is strong;

3. That the prosecution's evidence of guilt against accused, however, is weak as there is no direct
evidence that will point to the accused to have committed the the charges against him. The records will
show that accused was malicious implicated in the case through the sworn statements of SINU NGALING
and BULA AN who subsequently recanted their testimonies and confessed, among others, that they were
made to sign the "affidavits of witnesses" against their will. (copies of the Affidavits of Recantation are
hereto attached as Annexes "A" and "B")

4. That there is no other physical or documentary evidence to show that accused is guilty of the crime
charged;.

5. That the burden of showing that evidence of guilt is strong is on the prosecution, and since this fact is
not satisfactorily shown, accused is entitled to bail as a matter of right during the pendency of the
criminal case.

WHEREFORE, upon prior notice and hearing, it is respectfully prayed of this Honorable Court that
accused AKU SADO be allowed to post bail for his temporary liberty pending trial of the criminal charge
against him.

Other just and equitable reliefs are likewise prayed for.


Respectfully submitted.

15 August 2013
City of Makati.

ATTY. VX YZ
Counsel for the Acc
used

NOTICE OF HEARING

THE BRANCH CLERK OF COURT


Regional Trial Court, Branch 147
Makati City

Greetings!

Please submit the foregoing motion to the Honorable Court on August 27, 2013 at 8:30 in the morning for
its favorable consideration and approval.

VX YZ

Copy furnished by personal service:

PROSECUTOR WX YZ
Office of the City Prosecutor, Makati City

ATTY. AB CD
Private Prosecutor
2233 Zamora Street, Pasay City
Verification and Certification Against Forum Shopping

VERIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF NON-FORUM SHOPPING

I, _______________________, of legal age, after having been duly sworn in accordance with law, depose and state
that:
1. I am a plaintiff in the above-stated case;
2. I caused the preparation of the foregoing complaint;
3. I have read the contents thereof and the facts stated therein are true and correct of my personal
knowledge and/or on the basis of copies of documents and records in my possession;
4. I have not commenced any other action or proceeding involving the same issues in the Supreme Court,
the Court of Appeals, or any other tribunal or agency;
5. To the best of my knowledge and belief, no such action or proceeding is pending in the Supreme Court,
the Court of Appeals, or any other tribunal or agency;
6. If I should thereafter learn that a similar action or proceeding has been filed or is pending before the
Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, or any other tribunal or agency, I undertake to report that fact
within five (5) days therefrom to this Honorable Court.

__
_________________________

Affiant

SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN to before me this ___ day of __________ 200_ at _________________ affiant
exhibiting to me his Community Tax Certificate No.____________________ issued on ________________ 200_ at
______________ City.

Doc. No. ;
Page No. ;
Book No. ;
Series of 200_
ANSWER WITH COMPULSORY COUNTERCLAIM
Defendant through counsel, in answer to the Complaint, respectfully:

1. Admits the allegations of paragraphs 1 and 2;


2. Denies that he signed the Deed of Sale, Annex A of the Complaint, the same being a forgery;
3. Denies specifically under the oath the genuineness and due execution of the Deed of Sale attached as Annex
A to the complaint;
(Other admission, denials, allegations)

Counterclaim
Prayer
Place, date, signature

VERIFICATION
I, X, of legal age, after being duly sworn, depose and say:
1. I am the defendant in the above-entitled case;
2. I have caused the preparation of all the foregoing answer;
3. All the allegations contained therein are true and correct to my own knowledge.

X
Affiant

SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN to before me at the City of Manila, Philippines, this day of November 1984,
affiant exhibiting to me his Res. Cert. No. 12345 issued at Manila on ___ November 1984.

NOTARY PUBLIC
Until 31 December 1984
P. T. R. No.___________
Issued at______________
On___________________

Doc. No. _____;


Page No. _____;
Book No. _____;
Series of 1984.

Proof of Service
ANSWER WITH COMPULSORY COUNTERCLAIM

ANSWER

COMES NOW, the defendant in the above entitled case through undersigned counsel and to
this Honorable Court respectfully alleges;

1. That he admits paragraph 1 of the complaint;

2. That he denies the allegations in paragraphs 2 and 3 of the complaint as he never signed any
promissory note in favor of the plaintiff;

3. That he has no sufficient knowledge to form a belief as to the truth of the allegations in paragraph 4
of the complaint and therefore denies them.

AS COUNTERCLAIM

4. That due to the filing of the entirely baseless and unjustified complaint without any valid cause of
action, defendants reputation was destroyed causing him sleepless nights and mental stress,
suffering mental and moral damages in the amount to be assessed by the Honorable Court;

5. That the defendant in order to defend himself from the unfounded suit had to engage the services of
counsel in the amount of P20,000.00.

WHEREFORE, it is respectfully prayed that the complaint be dismissed and defendant be


allowed to introduce evidence on his counterclaim or mental and moral damages and to collect such
amount including attorneys fees.

Manila, Philippines, October 1, 1990

PERICLES SANTO
Counsel for Defendant
PTR OR No. 7778
IBP OR No. 9784
562 Escolta, Manila

VERIFICATION

PEDRO LUZ, of legal age, after having been duly sworn, deposes and says: that he is the defendant in
the above-entitled case; that he caused the preparation of the above-entitled answer; that he has read
the allegations thereof and the same signature in the promissory note attached to the complaint and
purporting to be his signature is not his signature and such signature is a forgery, he not having
executed said alleged promissory note.

WITNESS my hand this 1st day of October, 1990.

PEDRO LUZ

SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN to before me this 1st day of October, 1990 at Manila, affiant exhibiting to
me his Residence Certificate No. 123456 issued in Manila on January 15, 1990.

Notary Public
Until Dec. 13, 1990
IBP No. 54689 issued on
June 15, 1990 at Pasig
PTR No. 98590 issues on
January 20, 1990 at Manila

Doc. No. 25
Page No. 6
Book No. 1
Series of 1990
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES )
CITY OF MANILA ) S.S.

BEFORE ME, a Notary Public for and in the City of Manila, Philippines, personally appeared:

JOHN DOE, with Res. Cert. No. 12345 issued at Manila on 30 January 1984; known to me to be the same person who executed the foregoing
DEED OF SALE and he acknowledged to me that the same is his free and voluntary act and deed.

I FURTHER CERTIFY that this document consists of three (3) pages on which the acknowledgement is written, signed by the party and his
instrumental witnesses on all pages thereof and that it refers to the sale of a parcel of land located in the Municipality of Antipolo, Province of Rizal,
Philippines.
WITNESS MY HAND AND SEAL on this . . . . . . day of November 1984 at the City of Manila, Philippines.

NOTARY PUBLIC
Until 31 December 1984
P.T.R. No.
issued at
on

Doc. No. _____;


Page No. _____;
Book No. _____;
Series of _____.

VERIFICATION
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

QUEZON CITY

I, Romy Tan, of legal age, Filipino citizen, resident of 25, Masbate, Quezon City, after being sworn in
accordance with law depose state: that I am the plaintiff in the above entitled case, that he has caused the above complaint
to be filed and he has read the same: and that all the allegations therein are true and correct.

SUBCRIBED AND SWORN to before me this 25th day of November, 1985 in Quezon City, affiant having
exhibited to me his residence Certificate No. 12356 issued at Quezon City on Jan. 10, 1985.

Jurats

A jurat is used when the signer is swearing to the content of the document. The notary must administer an oath or affirmation to the signer
in order to complete the jurat. A jurat also requires that the signer signs in the presence of the notary. It is possible to glean this information
from the jurat certificate its self. The wording states Subscribed and sworn to before me subscribed meaning signed and sworn
meaning that an oral oath or affirmation was given. Before me means that both were done in the presence of the notary public.

Acknowledgements

An acknowledgement is used to verify the identity of the signer and to confirm that they signed the document. They are not swearing to the
truthfulness or validity of the document, they are simply acknowledging that they signed the document. For an acknowledgement in the
state of California, a signer is not required to sign the document in the presence of the notary public, but they are required to personally
appear in front of the notary to confirm their signature.

While it is important for a notary to understand the difference between the two, California notaries public are not allowed to determine
which type of certificate a signer uses. To do so would be considered practicing law without a license. A Notary can only ask the signer
which form they prefer; if they don't know, the notary will refer them to the originator of the document for an answer.