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27 28 MARCH 2017


27 28 MARCH 2017

The aim of the sessions is to bring together a small circle of experts who will engage in an open and frank
discussion held under Chatham House Rules. The discussions will be moderated by Wayamo Director, Bettina
Ambach, and Wayamo Research Director, Mark kersten. each days discussions will be followed by a breakaway
session in which participants will brainstorm and identify relevant and practical recommendations which will be
presented at the final plenary session.

SpeAkeRS: SpeAkeRS:
MONDAY | 27 March 2017 - kEllY-JO BluEN - NEtsANEt BElAY
project Leader for International Africa Director, Research and
Justice, Institute for Justice and Advocacy, Amnesty International,
10:00 11:00 Reconciliation, Johannesburg Johannesburg
- ErmIAs kAssAYE - mAx Du PlEssIs
BEttINA AmBAch Legal Researcher for the African Senior Researcher, Institute for
Director, Wayamo Foundation Court Research Initiative working Security Studies; Advocate of
in support of the Office of the the High Court of South Africa;
mIchAEl kOch Legal Counsel of the African Union Associate Tenant, Doughty Street
Director-General, Legal Chambers, London
Department, Federal Foreign - DEwA mAvhINgA
Office, Germany Head of Human Rights Watch, South - DIrE tlADI
Africa office professor of International Law,
--- University of pretoria; Special Adviser
- AllAN NgArI to the Minister of International
kEYNOtE sPEEch Senior Researcher, Transnational Relations and Cooperation and
Threats and International Crime Member of the UN International Law
NAvI PIllAY Division ISS, pretoria Commission
Former UN High Commissioner for
Human Rights - FrANs vIlJOEN - tsElIsO thIPANYANE
Director, Centre for Human Rights, executive Committee member,
--- professor of International Human Council for the Advancement of the
Rights Law South African Constitution
11:00 11:15
cOFFEE BrEAk --- ---

--- 12:45 14:00 15:30 15:45

luNch cOFFEE BrEAk
11:15 12:45
DIscussION rOuND ONE --- ---

CONCERNS AND 14:00 15:30 15:45 17:00

PERCEPTIONS OF DIscussION rOuND twO Breakaway sessions to
THE INTERNATIONAL brainstorm and prepare
CRIMINAL COURT THE ICC, THE UN recommendations for the final
What are the prevalent concerns AND HEAD-OF-STATE
and perceptions of the ICC and its IMMUNITY ---
work in Africa? Where do they stem
from and how do they affect the What is the relationship between the 18:00
relationship between Africa and ICC and the UN Security Council and reception at the german
the ICC? What can be done to how has it influenced African criticisms Ambassadors residence, 393
improve the perception of the Court of the ICC? What can the ICC and Edward Street, Waterkloof,
in Africa? relevant actors do to ameliorate this Pretoria
relationship and address concerns
for African states? Would universal
ratification of the Rome Statute help
to resolve these issues? What are the
current tensions regarding Head-of-
State immunity at the ICC? Can they
be rectified and, if so, how?


10:30 11:00 14:00 15:30

cOFFEE BrEAk Breakaway sessions to
TUeSDAY | 28 March 2017 brainstorm and prepare
--- recommendations for the final
09:00 10:30 11:00 12.30
DIscussION rOuND thrEE DIscussION rOuND FOur ---


How do ICC interventions affect WITHIN ---
conflict resolution and peace-
making? How have alleged With the ICC in its 15th year, what 15:45 16:30
contradictions between peace and are the avenues available to States Final plenary session
justice informed concerns regarding parties to address their concerns Formulation of
the role of the ICC in Africa? Can the from within the Rome Statute recommendations to improve
tensions between achieving justice System? What legal avenues exist to the Africa-ICC relationship
and resolving wars be resolved? rectify shortcomings and blindspots
Should the ICC better communicate in the Rome Statute? How can clOsINg rEmArks
its mandate and the limitations of its communication between states by a representative of the
role? and the different Court organs be German Federal Foreign Office
SpeAkeRS: SpeAkeRS:
FlOrIAN JEBErgEr - JAmEs gOlDstON Dinner at
Chair in Criminal Law, Criminal executive Director / Open Society cYNthIAs INDIgO mOON
procedure, International Criminal Justice Initiative, New York rEstAurANt
Law and Modern Legal History, 283 Dey Street, Brooklyn, pretoria
University of Hamburg - mIchAEl hAsENAu
Head of Unit International Criminal
sElEmANI kINYuNYu Court, Federal Foreign Office,
African Governance Architecture Germany
(AGA) Focal point at the African
Court on Human and peoples - EDDY mAlOkA
Rights Chief Executive Officer, Secretariat of
the African peer Review Mechanism
executive Director, Foundation for
Human Rights, Johannesburg - ANgElA muDukutI
Legal officer for the Southern Africa
hOwArD vArNEY Litigation Centre, Johannesburg
Senior Consultant, International
Centre for Transitional Justice, - klAus rAckwItz
Advocate of Johannesburg Bar Director, International Nuremberg
principles Academy

12:30 14:00




BEttINA NEtsANEt international justice and justice
AmBAch BElAY for conflict-related sexual and
gender-based violence, and
Director, Wayamo Foundation Africa Director, Research and works on various issues pertaining
Advocacy, Amnesty International, to the politics and practices of
Johannesburg justice including, AU-ICC relations,
Bettina Ambach is a consultant broader notions of justice, and
in judicial capacity-building the role of commissions of inquiry
programmes and a senior Netsanet Belay, an ethiopian in accountability processes. She
media consultant with 25 years national, is the Africa Director holds a double Masters degree
of international experience. for Research and Advocacy at in international affairs from the
She has been the Director of Amnesty International. prior to this, London School of economics and
the Wayamo Foundation since he had been Director of the policy peking University, and an Honours
2010. The Wayamo Foundation and Research at the CIVICUS degree in international relations
is an independent, non-profit World Alliance for Citizens from the University of Cape Town.
organisation established to participation in Johannesburg. She writes for different policy and
strengthen the rule of law, He has more than 15 years of media platforms and, until recently,
promote international criminal experience in promoting and she wrote a regular column for
justice and transitional justice in defending human rights at the South African daily, Business Day.
post-conflict countries and foster national, regional and global
transparency through informed levels, and is a trained human ___
journalism in Africa. The head rights lawyer. He spent over two
office is in Berlin, with permanent years in prison in ethiopia as a
delegations in Nairobi and Accra. prisoner of conscience for his role JAmEs
In 2015, Wayamo launched in leading human rights activism gOlDstON
the Africa Group for Justice in that country.
and Accountability (AGJA), an executive Director / Open Society
independent group of senior ___ Justice Initiative, New York
African experts on international
criminal law and human rights,
including political figures, members kEllY-JO James A. Goldston is the
of international and domestic BluEN executive director of the Open
tribunals, and human rights Society Justice Initiative, which
experts. The Africa Group supports project Leader for International advances the rule of law and
efforts to strengthen justice and Justice, Institute for Justice and rights protection worldwide
accountability measures in Africa Reconciliation, Johannesburg through advocacy, litigation,
through domestic and regional research and the promotion
capacity building, advice and of legal capacity. A leading
outreach, and enhancing co- kelly-Jo Bluen is the project practitioner of international
operation between Africa and the leader for international justice human rights and criminal law,
International Criminal Court. The at the Institute for Justice and Goldston has litigated several
Wayamo Foundation acts as the Reconciliation, where she runs groundbreaking cases before
AGJAs secretariat and convener. projects on the geopolitics of the european Court of Human

R o u n d t able Rep ort

Rights and United Nations treaty Chief of personnel Section to Initiative and AU. His specific
bodies on a range of issues the Comprehensive Nuclear research interest lies in the areas
including counterterrorism, racial Test Ban Treaty Organisation of international criminal justice in
discrimination and torture. Mr. in Vienna, a post that he held Africa. In his most recent work, he
Goldston previously served as until 2002, when he became has been involved in developing
co-ordinator of prosecutions the Deputy Head of the Division the International Criminal Court
and senior trial attorney in the Council of europe. Hasenau Withdrawal Strategy for the Office
Office of the prosecutor at the then moved to Afghanistan in of the Legal Counsel, with a
International Criminal Court. past 2005 to become the Head of preliminary study on withdrawal
posts include: legal director of the provincial Reconstruction procedures for AU Member States.
the Budapest-based european Teams in Feyzabad. He served as
Roma Rights Centre; director Deputy Head of the Conventional ___
general for human rights of the Arms Control Division from 2006
Mission to Bosnia-Herzegovina 2009, before taking up the
of the Organization for Security post of Deputy Head of Mission, mIchAEl
and Co-operation in europe; and firstly at the German embassy kOch
prosecutor in the Office of the in Nairobi from 2009 to 2012,
United States Attorney for the and subsequently at the German Director General,
Southern District of New York, embassy in Belgrade. Legal Department,
where he focused on organised Federal Foreign Office,
crime. Goldston is a graduate of ___ Germany
Columbia College and Harvard
Law School. He has taught at
Columbia Law School, NYU Law ErmIAs Michael koch is a German
School and the Central european kAssAYE diplomat who started his career
University. in the diplomatic service in
Legal Researcher for the African 1986. Having first served in the
___ Court Research Initiative working in European Community Desk Officer
support of the Office of the Legal subdivision,he was deployed to the
Counsel of the African Union (AU) German General Consulate in San
mIchAEl Francisco in 1988. In 1991 koch was
hAsENAu made personal private Secretary
ermias kassaye is a Legal to the Co-ordinator for German-
ICC Section Head, Federal Foreign Researcher for the African Court American co-operation, a post which
Office, Germany Research Initiative working in he held uninterruptedly until 1995. He
support of the Office of the Legal also served in Asia as Deputy Head
Counsel of the African Union (AU). of Mission at the German embassy
Michael Hasenau has been He holds an LLB degree from of Rangoon, before becoming
the Head of the ICC Section Addis Ababa University School of Head of the Task Force for Internal
since 2015. After studying law Law and an MA degree in Global Reforms of the foreignservice in the
at the Universities of Mnster, Studies with Special emphasis on central department. After a stint as
Lausanne and London, he sat peace and Security in Africa from Head of the political Department in
his Juridical State examinations a joint programme sponsored by the German embassy in New Delhi,
(Staatsexamen) in 1986 and the Institute of peace and Security Michael koch became Head of the
1989. Following a two-year period Studies (Addis Ababa University) Special Afghanistan Task Force
spent at the International Labour and Global european Studies in 2004. Further appointments
Organisations Regional Office for Institute (Leipzig University). He included the post of Ambassador to
europe in Geneva, he entered worked in the AU Commission pakistan in 2008 and that of Special
the German Foreign Service in as a project co-ordinator on Representative of the Federal
1991 and went on to form part protection of civilians, before Government for Afghanistan and
of the German Delegation to the joining the African Court Research pakistanin 2012. In July 2015, Mr.
Conference on Disarmament in Initiative. In his current position, koch took over as Legal Advisor and
Geneva from 19921997. It was he provides research support Director General for Legal Affairs at
in 1997 that he was appointed to the African Court Research the German Federal Foreign Office.


mArk Architecture Focal point at Affairs. He is a Co-Director of the

kErstEN the African Court on Human Minerva Centre for the Study of
and peoples Rights, where he the Rule of Law under extreme
Research Director, is responsible for driving the Conditions at the University of
Wayamo Foundation Courts engagement in policy Haifa (Israel), and a Member
processes in the areas of human of the Advisory Board of the
rights, transitional justice, good european Centre for Constitutional
Mark kersten is a postdoctoral governance and rule of law in and Human Rights. After receiving
fellow based at the Munk School of Africa. He has worked for the east his phD in law from the University
Global Affairs. He holds a phD and Africa Law Society and pan African of Cologne, he completed
MSc in International Relations from Lawyers Union, and has consulted on his habilitation at Humboldt-
the London School of economics legal, human rights and rule of law University Berlin. Before joining the
and a BA (Hons) in History from assignments for the African Union, University of Hamburgs Faculty of
the University of Guelph. His east African Community, the United Law in 2010, Florian Jeberger
research focuses on the politics States Agency for International was the Lichtenberg professor of
and effects of interventions by the Development, and the German International and Comparative Law
International Criminal Court (ICC). Organisation for International Co- at Humboldt-University Berlin. A co-
In 2011, Mark founded the blog operation, among others. He is editor of the Journal of International
Justice in Conflict, which regularly an Advocate of the High Court of Criminal Justice (Oxford University
publishes articles on the challenges Tanzania and holds an LLBdegree press), Florian Jebergers research
of pursuing transitional justice in the from Tumaini University and an LLM focuses on criminal law, including
context of ongoing violent political degree in transnational criminal its international, comparative, and
conflicts. He has taught courses on justice from the South African- historical dimensions. His recent
genocide studies, the politics of German Centre for Criminal Justice publications (in english) include
international law, diplomacy, and and Development Research at the Corporate Involvement in Slavery
conflict and peace studies at the University of the Western Cape. and Criminal Responsibility under
London School of economics and He is also completing a doctorate International Law, International
SOAS. In 2016, Oxford University in international anti-corruption Criminal Law, and principles of
press published Marks book, law. His research interests include International Criminal Law.
Justice in Conflict - The Effects of international justice, regional
the International Criminal Courts integration and the role of African ___
Interventions on ending Wars and organisations in an increasingly
Building peace. In addition, Mark multipolar world.
is the Director of Research for EDDY
the Wayamo Foundation, and ___ mAlOkA
has previously been a Research
Associate at the Refugee Chief Executive Officer of the
Law project in Uganda and as FlOrIAN African peer Review Mechanism
researcher at Justice Africa in JEBErgEr
Chair in Criminal Law, eddy Maloka is the Chief
___ Criminal procedure, International Executive Officer of the African
Criminal Law and Modern Legal peer Review Mechanism. In
History, University of Hamburg addition to being Adjunct professor
sElEmANI at the University of Witwatersrand
kINYuNYu School of Governance, public
Florian Jeberger is professor of and Development Management,
African Governance Architecture Law at the University of Hamburg, Maloka is an historian, professor,
Focal point at the African Court on where he holds the Chair of researcher and consultant to
Human and peoples Rights Criminal Law, Criminal procedure, various departments of the South
International Criminal Law and African Administration. He served
Modern Legal History. Since 2013, as a lecturer at the University of
Selemani kinyunyu currently he has also served as Associate Cape Town before becoming an
serves as the African Governance Dean for Research & International adviser to the former premiers of

R o u n d t able Rep ort

the provinces of Mpumalanga and ANgElA work on international criminal

Gauteng. In 1999, he took over as muDukutI justice. He holds a Bachelor of
CeO of the Africa Institute of South Law (Hons.) degree from the
Africa in pretoria. Other posts held Senior Researcher in the Transna- University of Nairobi and a Masters
include those of: Advisor to the tional Threats and International in International Criminal Law (cum
Governance, public Administration Crimes Division at the Institute for laude) from Stellenbosch University.
and Post-Conflict Reconstruction Security Studies (ISS) He is an Advocate of the High
Secretariat; South Africas Special Court of kenya, with experience
Representative to the Great in civil litigation, conveyancing,
Lakes Region; and Special Advisor Angela Mudukuti (LLB., LLM) is an commercial law, and international
to South Africas Minister of international criminal justice lawyer. criminal law and procedure. He
International Relations and Co- Formerly with the Southern Africa has 10 years work experience
operation. Maloka has published Litigation Centre (SALC), Angela in transitional justice, particularly
extensively on aspects relating to has worked on precedent-setting with accountability processes and
the politics and history of Africa cases on crimes against humanity the participatory and reparative
and the development challenges before the Constitutional Court rights of victims of armed conflict
facing the continent. of South Africa. In her SALC role, and affected communities. His
Angela was involved in advocacy professional and academic
___ surrounding international criminal interests lie in the international
justice issues and strategic criminal justicesystem, and
litigation, including taking the South specifically in its impact on and
DEwA African government to court for its correlation with domestic criminal
mAvhINgA failure to arrest president Bashir of justice systems. He also works in
Sudan. prior to joining the SALC, the field of counter-terrorism and
South Africa Office Director at Angela worked for the Immediate countering violent extremism in
Human Rights Watch Office of the Prosecutor at the Africa. He previously acted as
International Criminal Court in The project Leader for the kenya
Hague, and under the supervision and International Justice Desk
Dewa Mavhinga is the South of prof Cheriff Bassiouni at the at the Institute for Justice and
Africa Office Director with the Africa Siracusa International Institute for Reconciliation in Cape Town and
Division of Human Rights Watch. He Criminal Justice and Human Rights the Chambers of the International
has more than ten years research in Sicily. prior to that, Angela was in Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in
and advocacy experience in private practice. Angela is an avid Arusha.
Zimbabwe and Southern Africa. writer contributing to newspapers
Before joining Human Rights Watch, and international criminal law ___
Dewa worked as the Regional Co- journals on a regular basis.
ordinator for Crisis in Zimbabwe
Coalition, based in Johannesburg. ___ ANtON
In 2012, he co-founded the Du PlEssIs
Zimbabwe Democracy Institute, a
public policy research think-tank AllAN executive Director of the Institute
based in Harare. A recipient of NgArI for Security Studies (ISS), pretoria
the British Chevening and Canon
Collins Trust scholarship,Dewa holds Senior Researcher in the Transna-
an LLB degree from the University of tional Threats and International Anton du plessisis the executive
Zimbabwe and an LLM degree in Crimes Division at the Institute for Director of the ISS and Head of
international human rights fromthe Security Studies (ISS) the Transnational Threats and
University of essex (Uk). International Crime Division.
He worked as a Senior State
Allan Ngari is a Senior Researcher Advocate at the National
in the Transnational Threats and prosecuting Authority of South
International Crimes Division at Africa, where he specialised in
the Institute for Security Studies the prosecution of serious and
(ISS), and is in charge ofall ISS violent offences, including rape


and gang-related crimes. Mr. du African government complied with two years in 2012. In April 2015,
plessis joined the ISS in 2003 and its obligations to arrest president Navi pillay became the 16th
has headed the organisations Bashir of Sudan, arguing against Commissioner of the International
Crime and Justice programme as the governments claim that Commission against the Death
well as the Transnational Threats Bashir had immunity from arrest penalty. She was also named chair
and International Crimes division. under customary international law of the Special Reference Group
Between these appointments, he by reason of his being a head on Migration and Community
acted as a criminal justice and of State. He also acted for the Integration in kwaZulu-Natal, a
counter-terrorism legal expert for SALC in challenging the South group formed to investigate the
the United Nations Office on Drugs African governments decision to immediate and underlying causes
and Crime (UNODC) in Vienna. He withdraw from the Rome Statute, of attacks on migrants.
is also a World economic Forum and is representing the SALC in
(WeF) Young Global Leader the current Article 87(7) process ___
and served as vice-chair of the before the Court.
WeFs Global Agenda Council on
Terrorism. Du plessis is currently ___ klAus
a member of WeFs Council on rAckwItz
Fragility, Violence and Conflict.
NAvANEthEm NAvI Director, International Nuremberg
___ PIllAY principles Academy

Commissioner of the International

mAx Commission against the Death klaus Rackwitz was appointed
Du PlEssIs penalty, former UN High judge in 1990,in which capacity
Commissioner for Human Rights he presided over criminal and
Senior Researcher, Institute for civil cases at courts of the first
Security Studies; Advocate of the instance and courts of appeal.
High Court of South Africa; Navanethem Navi pillay is a From 1996 until 2002, he
Associate Tenant, Doughty Street South African jurist who served worked at, and later headed, the
Chambers, London as the United Nations High Information Technology Division
Commissioner for Human Rights at the Ministry of Justice of North
from 2008 to 2014. She was the Rhine-Westphalia. klaus Rackwitzs
South African barrister Max du first woman to start a law practice experience in modern technology
plessis is an honorary research in her home province of Natal in for courts led to his inclusion in the
fellow at the University of kwaZulu- 1967, and the first women judge of Advance Team of the International
Natal (Durban) and a senior the High Court of South Africa. In Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague
research associate at the Institute 1995, after the end of apartheid, in 2002. After close on eight
for Security Studies (pretoria). Not Navi pillay was appointed as years (January 2003-September
only has he extensive professional acting judge of the South African 2011) as the Senior Administrative
experience in public law, human High Court, and in the same year Manager of the Office of the
rights and international law, but as was elected by the UN General prosecutor of the ICC, responsible
an international criminal lawyer has Assembly to sit as a judge on the for all administrative and support
advised States before the ICC and International Criminal Tribunal for matters (information management,
has been working on domestic Rwanda (ICTR), where she served evidence handling and storage,
(complementarity and universal a total of eight years, the last four language services, etc.), klaus
jurisdiction) cases involving arrest (1999-2003) as president. In 2003, Rackwitz spent the next five years
warrants for senior government she was appointed as a judge of (2011-2016) as Administrative
officials implicated in international the International Criminal Court in Director of eurojust, the european
crimes, and litigating and advising The Hague, where she served in Unions Judicial Co-operation Unit,
on such cases in South Africa the Appeals Chamber until August which supports eU Member States
and elsewhere. He most recently 2008. Her four-year term as High in the fight against serious cross-
acted on behalf of the Southern Commissioner for Human Rights border crimes, such as terrorism,
African Litigation Centre (SALC) in began on 1 September 2008 and cybercrime, people trafficking
seeking to ensure that the South was extended for an additional and the like. As the organisations

R o u n d t able Rep ort

legal representative, Mr. Rackwitz on the Truth and Reconciliation African Human Rights Commission
was in overall charge of all Commission of Sierra Leone from (SAHRC), prior to which he had
managerial and administrative 2002-2004. Since 2000, she been SAHRC head of research for
matters, supporting the casework has also been a member of the over 13 years, mainly responsible
of Member States. Advisory Body on the Review of for the monitoring of economic
Resolution 1325 on Women, peace and social rights. past posts include
and Security. In addition, Sooka is those of researcher on criminal
___ the Director of the International justice at the University of kwaZulu-
Truth and Justice project (ITJp), Sri Natal, and law lecturer at the
Lanka, responsible for monitoring University of the Western Cape
YAsmIN and reporting on the war crimes (criminal procedures), Columbia
sOOkA of the past as well as ongoing University Law School, New York
human rights violations and abuses (African human rights systems)
executive Director, Foundation for in that country. In July 2010, and Ramapo College of New
Human Rights, Johannesburg Yasmin Sooka was appointed to Jersey (African politics and human
the three-member panel of experts rights). Mr. Thipanyane has written
advising the Secretary General widely on human rights issues and
Yasmin Sooka is the executive on accountability for war crimes presented conference papers
Director of the Foundation for committed during the final stages in over twenty countries across
Human Rights in South Africa, an of the war in Sri Lanka (report Africa, europe, America and Asia.
independent non-profit foundation published in May 2011). In June Admitted as an advocate of the
established in 1996 by president 2015, Sooka was appointed by High Court of Lesotho and South
Mandelas government and the the UN Secretary General to sit Africa, he also served on the
european Union. She is a leading on a three-member Independent project committee on child justice
human rights lawyer, activist and, in Review panel which investigated of the then SA Law Commission.
the light of her work on investigating Allegations of Sexual Abuse by He is a member of the executive
war crimes and reporting on post- Foreign Military Forces in the Committee of the Council for the
conflict sexual violencein Sri Lanka, Central African Republic, as well as Advancement of South Africas
is anacknowledged international the UN Response to the Allegations Constitution.
expert in the field of transitional (report submitted in December
justice, gender and international 2015). In June 2016, Ms. Sooka ___
war crimes. In 1995, Sooka was was appointed by the president
appointed by president Mandela of the UN Human Rights Council to
to serve on the South African Truth chair a three-person Commission DIrE
and Reconciliation Commission as on Human Rights in South Sudan, a tlADI
the Deputy Chair of the Human post she currently holds.
Rights Violations Committee, and professor of International Law,
played a key role in drawing ___ University of pretoria;
up the Commissions final report Special Adviser to the Minister of
handed over to president Mbeki International Relations and Co-
in March 2003. During the years tsElIsO operation; and Member of the UN
of apartheid, Sooka was the thIPANYANE International Law Commission
president of the South African
Chapter of the World Conference professor of International Law,
on Religion and peace (WCRp), University of pretoria; Dire Tladi holds the posts of
an interfaith body working for Special Adviser to the Minister of professor of international law in
peace and justice in South Africa. International Relations and Co- the Department of public Law
She also was a member of the operation; and Member of the UN and Institute for International
National Repatriation Committee International Law Commission and Comparative Law in Africa
for South African exiles, a body at the University of pretoria, and
that negotiated with the apartheid extraordinary professor in the public
government to repatriate South Tseliso Thipanyane is the CeO of Law Department of the University
African exiles. She was appointed the Safer South Africa Foundation, of Stellenbosch. He has served
by the United Nations to serve and former CeO of the South as principal State Law Adviser

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on International Law in the South across Africa, Asia, the Middle east,
African Department of International the Americas and the Balkans. He
Relations and Co-operation, and continues to vindicate the rights of
Legal Counsellor to the South Africa victims of past conflicts in the South
Mission to the United Nations. His African courts.
main academic specialisations are
in public international law, human ___
rights law, environmental law and
international criminal law. On 1
January 2012 he commenced a FrANs
five-year term as member of the vIlJOEN
United Nations International Law
Commission. Director, Centre for Human Rights;
professor of International Human
___ Rights Law

hOwArD Frans Viljoen is currently the

vArNEY Director of the Centre for Human
Rights at the University of pretoria.
Senior Consultant, International His research area is international
Centre for Transitional Justice, human rights law, with a focus on
Advocate of Johannesburg Bar the African regional human rights
system that has been established
under the auspices of the African
Howard Varney is a senior Union. He has been involved in
programme adviser with the advocacy and training in the
International Centre for Transitional African regional human rights
Justice (ICTJ), and a practising system, and has published widely
advocate at the Johannesburg on international human rights law,
Bar. In the early 1990s he was an including International human
attorney with the Legal Resources rights law in Africa. He is editor-in-
Centre in Durban, where he chief of the African Human Rights
represented victims of political Law Journal and co-editor of the
violence in public interest litigation, english and French versions of the
judicial inquests, and commissions African Human Rights Law Reports.
of inquiry. In the mid-1990s he
led an independent criminal
investigation in South Africa into
organised political crime, which
resulted in significant criminal
trials. He worked with the South
African Truth and Reconciliation
Commission as a consultant on
range of matters. Varney was the
chief investigator for the Sierra
Leone Truth and Reconciliation
Commission. He assisted the east
Timor Commission for Reception,
Truth and Reconciliation with the
compilation of its final report. As an
ICTJ consultant, he has assisted with
the development of transitional
justice initiatives in several countries

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Director, Wayamo Foundation
Rietzestr.21, 10409 Berlin, Germany
Tel. +49 30 921 455 45
info@wayamo.com www.wayamo.com
info@theafricagroup.org www.theafricagroup.org