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Curriculum program for specialty- Imaging Diagnostics

1. Introduction
1.1. Title of the specialty Imaging diagnostics
1.2. Duration of the training 4 (four) years
1.3.Required base level of education for admittance to the Imaging diagnostics
specialty training - finished higher level of education Master in Medicine and
professional qualification Medical doctor.

1.4.General aspects
The Imaging diagnostics specialization includes methods for examination of different
organs, systems, and areas in the human body, through conventional x-ray methods,
ultrasound examination (where applicable), contrast x-ray examinations, CT, MR
imaging diagnostics, angiographic methods, and the methods of the interventional
radiology.
2. Specialty definition, competency, skills:

The specialty includes invasive diagnostic methods and minimum invasive interventional
diagnostic treatment methods under the imaging methods control.

Main competences and skills which the graduate, specializing in Imaging diagnostics will
acquire are:

2.1. Practicing the diagnostic methods

2.1.1. Description of conventional x-ray images, obtained by following certain protocols,


prepared by an x-ray technician or a radiologist, required by the clinical specialists, following the
internal regulations of the medical institution.

2.1.2. Control and description of time consuming imaging examinations such as


tomographic examinations ultrasound examination, CT, MR imaging examination;

2.1.3. Implementation of imaging examinations with the application of contrast materials


digestive tract examination with barium fluids, contrast examination with vascular application
of uroangiographic contrast materials, vascular invasive examinations (angiography and etc.),
other invasive examinations, requiring the application of contrast materials (arthrography,
fistulography, HSG and etc.);

2.1.4. Implementation and description of interventional methods, conducted under the


control of the imaging methods (therapeutic procedures), such as angioplasty, stent positioning,
cist, and abscess treatment, and etc. requiring preliminary assessment and follow-up.

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2.2. Clinical consultations - participation in clinical-radiological meetings and discussions, and
other forms of team decision-making concerning patients diagnose and conduct.

2.3 Administrative and management activities responsibilities related to administration of x-ray


room, department of radiology, organizing the work of all imaging diagnostics specialists,
monitoring and control of the junior and non-professional staff in the imaging diagnostics wards,
control and planning of the used in medical imaging methods application materials, according to
the regulations of the respective health institution.

2.4. Imaging examinations and radioactive protection quality assurance actions. An Imaging
diagnostics specialist must be prepared for responsibilities in the line of staff and patients
radioactive protection, conducted according to the ALARA principle (As Low As Reasonably
Achievable principle for minimizing radiation doses and providing maximum image clarity).

2.5. Responsibilities during the training. Every imaging diagnostics specialist should be prepared
for responsibilities and activities related to the training of junior residents, interns, students,
specialists x-ray technicians, other medical and non-medical staff members, participating in the
activities in the imaging diagnostics ward/room, according to the nature of the medical
institution.

2.6. Ongoing medical training. The imaging diagnostics specialist maintains the level of his/her
qualification according to the regulatory base for continuous training via participation in
qualification upgrading courses, scientific research activities, participation in scientific
conferences and forums, clinical and radiology discussions, imaging diagnostics department and
examination room discussions, and other forms of continuous training.

3. Purpose of the training

Purpose of the imaging diagnostics specialization is through training to qualify medical doctors,
who to achieve a certain level of expertise in the methods of imaging diagnostics such as
conventional x-ray diagnostics, ultrasound examination, CT, MRI diagnostics, invasive vascular
examinations, and interventional radiology.

Imaging examinations widen the clinical search and are inherently clinical consultations.
Significant parts of the diagnostic techniques use ionizing radiation and need to be conducted by
a specialist, well acquainted with the biological effects of ionizing energy on the human body
during their medical administration during the different methods and techniques of examination.
The imaging diagnostics specialist needs to provide the choice of the most suitable method/s or
algorithm for achieving the diagnostic purposes, which reflects on the clinical behavior and care
for the patient. The development of the medical knowledge and of the technology of imaging
diagnostics methods is so fast, that it can be used for the optimal benefit of the patient only by a
highly qualified imaging diagnostics specialist, who constantly maintains their level of training,
and who can control and interpret all basic methods in the imaging diagnostics, so that the

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required information is delivered to the attending physician, and to apply the imaging methods
for the benefit of the patient.

4. Training

4.1. Training plan

Within the training, the graduates are prepared by the 10 - section thematic curriculum
and listen to mandatory lectures total of 420 hours, divided in 5 modules as follows:

Main modules

Topic Includes lectures Total lectures


from the following
sections from the
curriculum
Module Imaging diagnostics - basics 1 70
1
Module Imaging diagnostics of the 2, 3, 8, 9, 10 105
2 respiratory and cardio-vascular
systems
Module Imaging diagnostics of the 4, 8, 9, 10 105
3 digestive and hepatic-biliary
systems, uroradiology
Module Musculoskeletal imaging 5, 7, 9, 10 70
4 diagnostics and Neuroradiology

Module Ultrasound diagnostics of all 70


5 conditions of the abdominal
parenchymal organs. Other
ultrasound examinations.

Parts Modules
1. General part. Basics 1 6 months
of the imaging
diagnostics
2. Imaging diagnostics 2 6 months
of the thorax
3. Cardio-vascular 2 4 months
imaging diagnostics
4. Gastrointestinal and 3, 5 6 months
hepatic imaging

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diagnostics
5. Musculoskeletal 4 6 months
imaging diagnostics
6. Uroradiology 3, 5 4 months
7. Neuroradiology 4 4 months
8. Imaging diagnostics
of the mammal gland.
Imaging diagnostics 3, 5 4 months
in the Obstetrics and
Gynecology
9. Pediatric imaging 2, 3, 4, 5 4 months
diagnostics
10. Emergency imaging 2, 3, 4 4 months
diagnostics

4.2 Curriculum

4.2.1 Theory

1. Part
General part. Basics of the imaging diagnostics

Obtaining, nature, and properties of the roentgen rays. Interaction of the roentgen rays
with matter.
Composition of the conventional x-ray installation: x-ray tube, high voltage generator,
control table, electronic-optical converter.
Exposure. Centering equipment for conventional x-ray examinations.
Films used in imaging diagnostics. Photochemistry of the radiology. Film-foil
combinations.
Methods for digitalization of conventional x-ray images. Methods for documentation of
imaging examinations. Image transfer and backup systems.
Contrast materials for imaging diagnostics uroangiography, in ultrasound diagnostics,
in MR diagnostics.
Ultrasound diagnostics equipment and principles. The Doppler Effect. Modern
development of the ultrasound equipment.
Basic construction of the CT installation creating CT images. Modern development of
CT.
Principles of creating images in MR imaging diagnostics main sequences: T1, T2,
proton density, main factors affecting the contrast in MR imaging diagnostic. Fast
sequences in MR imaging diagnostics. Concepts for diffusion, perfusion, and functional
MR imaging diagnostics.
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Methods of the invasive imaging diagnostics and the interventional radiology vascular
and non-vascular. Vascular access. Angioplasty and embolotherapy.
Biological effect of the ionizing radiation. Dosimetry main scales. Types of doses.
Staff radiation protection in the Imaging diagnostics ward regulatory base.
Main principles of patient radiation protection. The ALARA principle.
Providing quality in the imaging diagnostics.
Deontology and legal aspects of the imaging diagnostics.
Imaging diagnostics management.

2. Part

Imaging diagnostics of the thorax

Main imaging diagnostic methods for lung and Mediastinal conditions.


Imaging anatomy of lungs, mediastinum, and thoracic wall.
Laryngeal and tracheal conditions imaging diagnostics
Inflammatory conditions of the lungs alveolar and interstitial. Image specifics of the
different causes of the conditions.
Phthisis pulmonalis clinical radiology forms
Pulmonary neoplasms. Pulmonary carcinoma imaging diagnostics and staging.
Imaging diagnostics of pulmonary thromboembolism algorithm of the imaging
methods.
Imaging diagnostics of interstitial changes in the lungs. Collagenases. Professional
pulmonary conditions.
Congenital diseases, varieties and anomalies of the lungs. Foreign bodies in the
respiratory system.
Mediastinal tumors and tumor-like conditions.

3. Part

Cardio-vascular imaging diagnostics

Non-invasive methods for imaging diagnostics of the heart and blood vessels.
Invasive methods for imaging diagnostics of the heart and blood vessels.
Imaging anatomy of the heart.
Imaging diagnostics of acquired valve defects - mitral, aortic, tricuspid, and combined.
Cor pulmonale.
Imaging diagnostics of pericardial disease.
Imaging diagnostics of myocardial disease.

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Imaging diagnostics of congenital defects: septal defect, intervalvular defect, open
Ductus Botalii, Fallot complexes, pulmonary artery stenosis, congenital aortic stenosis,
common arterial trunk, transposition of the large vessels, aortic coarctation. Post-surgery
imaging diagnostics of a heart.
Imaging diagnostics of aortic conditions aneurisms, aortic dissection. Imaging
diagnostics of peripheral vessels conditions. Vascular conditions.
Interventional treatment of conditions of the coronary vessels, aorta, and peripheral
vessels.

4. Musculoskeletal imaging diagnostics


Modern imaging diagnostic methods in bone, joints, ligaments, and soft tissues
examination. Normal imaging anatomy.
Basic pathological processes in the conventional x-ray osteology. Primary and
secondary osteoporosis. Osteodensitometry.
Imaging diagnostics of non-specific inflammatory bone diseases osteomyelitis.
Imaging diagnostics of traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
Degenerative dystrophic diseases.
Benign bone tumors.
Bone cancer
Aseptic bone necrosis.
Endocrine osteopathies and metabolic diseases. ROD. Osteopathies of vitamin
and nutritional nature.
Osteopathies of circulatory and blood origin.
Bone dysplasias. Chromosome diseases of the bones.
Imaging diagnostics of the changes in the nasal cavity.
Imaging diagnostics of ear diseases.
X-ray methods in the dental medicine.
Imaging diagnostics of diseases in the maxillofacial area and the teeth.
Interventional methods for the diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

5. Gastrointestinal and liver imaging diagnostics

Methods for imaging diagnostics of the digestive tract


Imaging diagnostics of the pharynx
Imaging diagnostics of esophageal diseases: specifics of the methodology,
anomalies in the development, diverticula, functional disorders, peptic ulcer,
tumors, esophageal varices, and corrosive esophagitis.

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Imaging diagnostics of gastric conditions: imaging anatomy, changes in the shape
and position of the stomach due to diaphragmatic hernia, gastroptosis, functional
alterations, anomalies, and varieties in the development.
Gastric ulcer disease deformations and complications following gastric ulcer
Gastric tumors. Rare gastric diseases. Imaging diagnostics of an operated
stomach.
Congenital anomalies and varieties in the development of the duodenum,
duodenum ulcer.
Imaging diagnostics of the small intestines different methods examination
techniques. Crohns disease. Inflammatory conditions of the small intestines.
Other diseases.
Imaging methods for examination of the large intestine conventional x-ray
examinations, CT and MR. Virtual colonoscopy. Functional disorders of the large
intestine. Inflammatory diseases. Large intestine tumors.
Methods for imaging diagnostics of the liver and the biliary system. Imaging
anatomy of the liver.
Imaging diagnostics of liver diffusive diseases.
Imaging diagnostics of focal diseases of the liver benign, primary and secondary
malignant tumors of the liver.
Vascular diseases portal thrombosis.
Imaging anatomy, varieties and congenital anomalies of the biliary system.
Functional disorders. Cholelithiasis. Biliary system tumors.
Liver and biliary diseases interventional methods.

6. Uroradiology

Methods of the imaging diagnostics for renal examination.


Imaging anatomy of the urogenital system.
Congenital anomalies of the urogenital system.
Nephrolithiasis. Imaging diagnostics of obstructions of the outflow system.
Renal inflammatory diseases. Renal tuberculosis.
Renal tumors.
Renal vascular diseases.
Methods of examination for imaging diagnostics of the lower urinary tract.
Imaging diagnostics of bladder diseases.
Imaging diagnostics of the male genital system.
Interventional uroradiologys methods and possibilities.

7. Neuroradiology

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Imaging examination methods in the neuroradiology. Prescriptions and
proscriptions, x-ray and surgical technique, side effects, complications, patient
care.
Imaging anatomy of the central nervous system (standard CT, standard MRT,
standard brain angiogram, standard myelogram).
Imaging diagnostics of brain tumors.
Vascular diseases of the brain brain aneurisms, arteriovenous malformations,
algorithm of the imaging diagnostics of subarachnoid hemorrhage.
Imaging diagnostics of hydrocephaly
Parasitic diseases of the central nervous system.
Spinal cord tumors. Vascular diseases of the spinal cord.
Degenerative diseases of the spine and the spinal cord.
Interventional neuroradiology angioplasty, embolization, fibrinolysis, stenting.
Pediatric neuroradiology.

8. Imaging diagnostics of the female mammary glands and genitalia diseases

Methods for imaging diagnostics of the mammary glands mammography,


ultrasound, MR. Biopsy under imaging control. Normal imaging anatomy of the
mamma- peripheral and of the glandular part.
Mammographic and ultrasound BIRADS of the imaging findings during a
mammary gland examination.
Imaging diagnostics of mammary gland carcinoma.
Imaging diagnostics of pseudotumoral diseases and benign tumors of the mamma.
Postsurgical and postradiational changes in the mammary gland.
Male mammography ginecomastia, cancer. Imaging examination of the mamma
in children.

Imaging diagnostics in the Obstetrics and the Gynecology potential of the visualizing
methods.

Imaging diagnostics of female genitalia tumors


Imaging diagnostics of infertility.
Imaging diagnostics of fetal congenital anomalies.

9. Pediatric imaging diagnostics

Specifics of the pediatric imaging diagnostics newborns, infants, and children


technical and psychological aspects.
Inflammatory diseases of the lungs in children.
Foreign bodies in the respiratory tract.
Imaging diagnostics of a newborns respiratory system.

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Imaging diagnostics of congenital cardio-vascular diseases in children.
Specifics of the imaging diagnostics of musculoskeletal diseases in newborns and
children.
Imaging diagnostics of digestive system diseases in children.
Pediatric Uroradiology congenital anomalies, tumors.

10. Emergency imaging diagnostics

Algorithm of the emergency imaging diagnostics methods. Imaging diagnostics of


combined injury.
Imaging diagnostics of a thoracic injury thoracic lid. Pneumothorax.
Interventional methods for pleural diseases pleural drainage.
Imaging diagnostics of polytraumatic bone and joint injuries.
Imaging diagnostics of an acute abdomen perforation of a hollow abdominal
organ and bowel obstruction.
Imaging diagnostics of acute vascular events.
Imaging diagnostics of acute pancreatitis.
Imaging diagnostics of a traumatic rupture of an abdominal parenchymal organ.
Imaging diagnostics of acute obstruction of the outflow tracts.
Invasive and interventional methods in the emergency imaging diagnostics.
Organization of the emergency imaging diagnostics.

Practical part

The practical training includes participation in the diagnostic activities in the medical institution,
accredited for training independent or under the supervision of a specialist. In order to
implement the practical training, it is mandatory for the resident (doctor) to participate in the
rotation in all wards and examination rooms of the medical institution (as well in other medical
institutions, if necessary).
During the training, the resident works:
- Half of their residency ( 2 years) in conventional radiology
- One quarter (1 year) in CT examination
- One eight ( 6 months) in ultrasound diagnostics
- One eight (6 months) in MR and angiography

The required examinations are recorded in the residents book, including:

1. Date
2. of the units journal

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3. Initials, gender, age
4. Type of the examination
5. Conclusion
6. Signature of the Chief of the unit

4.2.2 At the end of the residency, the resident is required (mandatory) to have recorded
(documented) the following (number of) conducted examinations:

Type of the examination Mandatory amount examinations


Conventional x-ray examinations of thorax 200
Contrast examinations of digestive tract 100
Contrast examinations of excretory system 60
Readings of x-ray images of bones 100
CTs of central nervous system 100
CTs of abdominal organs 100
Ultrasound examinations of abdominal 200
organs
MR examinations of central nervous 20
system
MR examinations of other organs and 20
systems
Angiography examinations of peripheral 20
vessels
Mammography examinations 20

4.2.3. Colloquia correspond with the parts of the curriculum, one in the end of each parts
end of preparation. Part 1s colloquium is on the 6th month of the first year. All other 9
colloquia are scheduled according to the personal training plan after the appropriate
number of months for preparation.

Colloquia for students specializing in Imaging diagnostics


1. General part. Imaging diagnostics basics
2. Thoracic imaging diagnostics
3. Cardio-vascular imaging diagnostics
4. Gastrointestinal and liver imaging diagnostics
5. Musculoskeletal imaging diagnostics
6. Uroradiology
7. Neuroradiology
8. Imaging diagnostics of the mammary glands. Imaging diagnostics in the obstetrics
and the gynecology.
9. Pediatric imaging diagnostics
10. Emergency imaging diagnostics

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5. STATE EXAM QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THE SPECIALTY OF IMAGING
DIAGNOSTICS

1. Obtaining, nature, and properties of the roentgen rays. Interaction of the roentgen rays
with matter
2. Composition of the conventional x-ray installation: x-ray tube, high voltage
generator, control table, electronic-optical converter.
3. Exposure. Centering equipment for conventional x-ray examinations.
4. Films used in imaging diagnostics. Photochemistry of the radiology. Film-foil
combinations.
5. Methods for digitalization of conventional x-ray images. Methods for documentation
of imaging examinations. Image transfer and backup systems.
6. Contrast materials for imaging diagnostics uroangiography, in ultrasound
diagnostics, in MR diagnostics.
7. Ultrasound diagnostics equipment and principles. The Doppler Effect. Modern
development of the ultrasound equipment.
8. Basic construction of the CT installation creating CT images. Modern development
of CT.
9. Principles of creating images in MR imaging diagnostics main sequences: T1, T2,
proton density, main factors affecting the contrast in MR imaging diagnostic. Fast
sequences in MR imaging diagnostics. Concepts for diffusion, perfusion, and
functional MR imaging diagnostics.
10. Methods of the invasive imaging diagnostics and the interventional radiology
vascular and non-vascular. Vascular access. Angioplasty and embolotherapy.
11. Biological effect of the ionizing radiation. Dosimetry main scales. Types of doses.
12. Staff radiation protection in the Imaging diagnostics ward regulatory base.
13. Main principles of patient radiation protection. The ALARA principle.
14. Providing quality in the imaging diagnostics.
15. Deontology and legal aspects of the imaging diagnostics.
16. Imaging diagnostics management.
17. Main imaging diagnostic methods for lung and Mediastinal conditions.
18. Imaging anatomy of lungs, mediastinum, and thoracic wall.
19. Laryngeal and tracheal conditions imaging diagnostics
20. Inflammatory conditions of the lungs alveolar and interstitial. Image specifics of the
different causes of the conditions.
21. Phthisis pulmonalis clinical radiology forms

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22. Pulmonary neoplasms. Pulmonary carcinoma imaging diagnostics and staging.
23. Imaging diagnostics of pulmonary thromboembolism algorithm of the imaging
methods.
24. Imaging diagnostics of interstitial changes in the lungs. Collagenases. Professional
pulmonary conditions.
25. Congenital diseases, varieties and anomalies of the lungs. Foreign bodies in the
respiratory system.
26. Mediastinal tumors and tumor-like conditions.
27. Non-invasive methods for imaging diagnostics of the heart and blood vessels.
28. Invasive methods for imaging diagnostics of the heart and blood vessels.
29. Imaging anatomy of the heart.
30. Imaging diagnostics of acquired valve defects - mitral, aortic, tricuspid, and
combined. Cor pulmonale.
31. Imaging diagnostics of pericardial disease.
32. Imaging diagnostics of myocardial disease.
33. Imaging diagnostics of congenital defects: septal defect, intervalvular defect, open
Ductus Botalii, Fallot complexes, pulmonary artery stenosis, congenital aortic
stenosis, common arterial trunk, transposition of the large vessels, aortic coarctation.
Post-surgery imaging diagnostics of a heart.
34. Imaging diagnostics of aortic conditions aneurisms, aortic dissection. Imaging
diagnostics of peripheral vessels conditions. Vascular conditions.
35. Interventional treatment of conditions of the coronary vessels, aorta, and peripheral
vessels.
36. Modern imaging diagnostic methods in bone, joints, ligaments, and soft tissues
examination. Normal imaging anatomy.
37. Basic pathological processes in the conventional x-ray osteology. Primary and
secondary osteoporosis. Osteodensitometry.
38. Imaging diagnostics of non-specific inflammatory bone diseases osteomyelitis.
39. Imaging diagnostics of traumatic injuries of the musculoskeletal system.
40. Degenerative dystrophic diseases.
41. Benign bone tumors.
42. Bone cancer
43. Aseptic bone necrosis.
44. Endocrine osteopathies and metabolic diseases. ROD. Osteopathies of vitamin and
nutritional nature.
45. Osteopathies of circulatory and blood origin.
46. Bone dysplasias. Chromosome diseases of the bones.
47. Imaging diagnostics of the changes in the nasal cavity.
48. Imaging diagnostics of ear diseases.
49. X-ray methods in the dental medicine.

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50. Imaging diagnostics of diseases in the maxillofacial area and the teeth.
51. Interventional methods for the diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
52. Methods for imaging diagnostics of the digestive tract
53. Imaging diagnostics of the pharynx
54. Imaging diagnostics of esophageal diseases: specifics of the methodology, anomalies
in the development, diverticula, functional disorders, peptic ulcer, tumors, esophageal
varices, and corrosive esophagitis.
55. Imaging diagnostics of gastric conditions: imaging anatomy, changes in the shape and
position of the stomach due to diaphragmatic hernia, gastroptosis, functional
alterations, anomalies, and varieties in the development.
56. Gastric ulcer disease deformations and complications following gastric ulcer
57. Gastric tumors. Rare gastric diseases. Imaging diagnostics of an operated stomach.
58. Congenital anomalies and varieties in the development of the duodenum, duodenum
ulcer.
59. Imaging diagnostics of the small intestines different methods examination
techniques. Crohns disease. Inflammatory conditions of the small intestines. Other
diseases.
60. Imaging methods for examination of the large intestine conventional x-ray
examinations, CT and MR. Virtual colonoscopy. Functional disorders of the large
intestine. Inflammatory diseases. Large intestine tumors.
61. Methods for imaging diagnostics of the liver and the biliary system. Imaging anatomy
of the liver.
62. Imaging diagnostics of liver diffusive diseases.
63. Imaging diagnostics of focal diseases of the liver benign, primary and secondary
malignant tumors of the liver.
64. Vascular diseases portal thrombosis.
65. Imaging anatomy, varieties and congenital anomalies of the biliary system.
Functional disorders. Cholelithiasis. Biliary system tumors.
66. Liver and biliary diseases interventional methods.
67. Methods of the imaging diagnostics for renal examination.
68. Imaging anatomy of the urogenital system.
69. Congenital anomalies of the urogenital system.
70. Nephrolithiasis. Imaging diagnostics of obstructions of the outflow system.
71. Renal inflammatory diseases. Renal tuberculosis.
72. Renal tumors.
73. Renal vascular diseases.
74. Methods of examination for imaging diagnostics of the lower urinary tract.
75. Imaging diagnostics of bladder diseases.
76. Imaging diagnostics of the male genital system.
77. Interventional uroradiologys methods and possibilities.

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78. Imaging examination methods in the neuroradiology. Prescriptions and proscriptions,
x-ray and surgical technique, side effects, complications, patient care.
79. Imaging anatomy of the central nervous system (standard CT, standard MRT,
standard brain angiogram, standard myelogram).
80. Imaging diagnostics of brain tumors.
81. Vascular diseases of the brain brain aneurisms, arteriovenous malformations,
algorithm of the imaging diagnostics of subarachnoid hemorrhage.
82. Imaging diagnostics of hydrocephaly
83. Parasitic diseases of the central nervous system.
84. Spinal cord tumors. Vascular diseases of the spinal cord.
85. Degenerative diseases of the spine and the spinal cord.
86. Interventional neuroradiology angioplasty, embolization, fibrinolysis, stenting.
87. Pediatric neuroradiology.
88. Methods for imaging diagnostics of the mammary glands mammography,
ultrasound, MR. Biopsy under imaging control. Normal imaging anatomy of the
mamma- peripheral and of the glandular part.
89. Mammographic and ultrasound BIRADS of the imaging findings during a mammary
gland examination.
90. Imaging diagnostics of mammary gland carcinoma.
91. Imaging diagnostics of pseudotumoral diseases and benign tumors of the mamma.
92. Postsurgical and postradiational changes in the mammary gland.
93. Male mammography ginecomastia, cancer. Imaging examination of the mamma in
children.
94. Imaging diagnostics of female genitalia tumors
95. Imaging diagnostics of infertility.
96. Imaging diagnostics of fetal congenital anomalies.
97. Specifics of the pediatric imaging diagnostics newborns, infants, and children
technical and psychological aspects.
98. Inflammatory diseases of the lungs in children.
99. Foreign bodies in the respiratory tract.
100. Imaging diagnostics of a newborns respiratory system.
101. Imaging diagnostics of congenital cardio-vascular diseases in children.
102. Specifics of the imaging diagnostics of musculoskeletal diseases in newborns and
children.
103. Imaging diagnostics of digestive system diseases in children.
104. Pediatric Uroradiology congenital anomalies, tumors.
105. Algorithm of the emergency imaging diagnostics methods. Imaging diagnostics of
combined injury.
106. Imaging diagnostics of a thoracic injury thoracic lid. Pneumothorax.
107. Interventional methods for pleural diseases pleural drainage.

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108. Imaging diagnostics of polytraumatic bone and joint injuries.
109. Imaging diagnostics of an acute abdomen perforation of a hollow abdominal
organ and bowel obstruction.
110. Imaging diagnostics of acute vascular events.
111. Imaging diagnostics of acute pancreatitis.
112. Imaging diagnostics of a traumatic rupture of an abdominal parenchymal organ.
113. Imaging diagnostics of acute obstruction of the outflow tracts.
114. Invasive and interventional methods in the emergency imaging diagnostics.
115. Organization of the emergency imaging diagnostics.

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