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jSTo. 87

IAL CODE OF

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FROM THE
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
THROUGH THE
SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS

z
...A; 2-ZI .5T2.f .7/AiJ !??....
g'506 Rev. Stat, prohibits the withdrawal of this book for home use.

7808
Cornell University Library
VK391.I6 U59 1907

3 1924 030 898 344


olin Overs
Cornell University
Library

The original of this book is in

the Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright restrictions in


the United States on the use of the text.

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924030898344
NATIONAL COLORS
YTORX BY

UNITED STATES VESSELS.

ENSIGN

it* it * f
4
-

* +'* * * *
* * .*.# * * * *

UNIOK JACK

tHt liCMMlt M'HICO ^HOTP-UTHO WUHIHGTON [


*i+.BUt. Bot^JL o% th^

No. 87

International Code of Signals

American Edition

HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE

Washington : : : Government Printing Office : : : 1 90 7

1>
f\*te\ ruf
INTRODUCTION.

The International Code of Signals consists of twenty-six flags one for each letter
of the alphabet
and a Code Pennant.
Urgent and important signals are two-flag signals.
General signals are three-flag signals.
Geographical, Alphabetical Spelling Tables, and Vessels' Numbers are four-flag
signals.
The book is divided into three parts. The first part contains urgent and important
signalsand all the tables of money, weights, barometric heights, etc., together with a
geographical list and a table of phrases formed with the auxiliary verbs.
The second part is an index. It consists of a general vocabulary and a geographical
index. It is arranged alphabetically.
The third part gives lists of the United States storm-warning, life-saving, time-
signal, and wireless telegraph stations, and of Lloyd's signal stations of the world. It
also contains semaphore and distant signal codes and the United States Army and Navy
and Morse Wigwag Codes.
(3)
..

CONTENTS.
Page.
National colors worn by United States vessels Frontispiece
Flags of the principal maritime countries Plate II
Flags and pennants of the International Code (Front and rear) Plate III
Meanings of the flags and pennants of the International Code when hoisted singly with the Code
Pennant 7
Signals of distress 7
Signals for pilots 8

PABT I.

Instructions in signaling, including how to make alphabetical spelling signals 11


four
Alphabetical Spelling Table (alternative method of spelling words) CBDF to CZYX flags, 15
Numeral signals and how to make them .... 32
Numeral table (alternative method of making numeral signals) Code Pennant under UA to Code
Pennant under ZY 33
Decimals and fractionsBCO to BDZ 34
Signals to be used only between vessels towing and being towed 35

URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS.


Flags AB toZY ,. 36


Compass table in degrees ABC to AQC 45
Compass table in points and half points-^AQD to AST 46

United States and foreign moneys ASU to AVJ '.

47
United States and foreign measures and weights AVK to BCN *
'
51
List of countries in which the metric system is used. 55
Table for converting metrical measures and weights into their equivalents 55

Latitude and longitude Code Pennant over AB to Code Pennant over KP - 56

Divisions of time and of latitude and longitude Code Pennant over KQ to Code Pennant over QL. 58

Barometer in inches and millimeters Code Pennant over QM to Code Pennant over TS, 59
Thermometer according to the Fahrenheit, Centigrade, and Reaumur systems Code Pennant over
TU to Code Pennant over ZY >'.
60

AUXILIARY PHRASES.

Phrases formed with auxiliary verbsREA to CWT 62

GEOGRAPHICAL LIST.
*

Names of places arranged according to their geographical position, showing International Code, time,
.' weather, life-saving, Lloyd's, and wireless telegraph signal stations of the world ABCD to BFAU 89

PART II.

INDEX.

General vocabulary CXA to ZNP 143


Geographical index (names of places arranged in alphabetical order) ABCD to BFAU 452

(5)

6 CONTENTS.

PART III.
Page.
Storm-warning display stations of the United States 505
Time signals of the United States 509
United States naval wireless telegraph stations 512
Life-saving districts and stations of the United States , 515
Lloyd's signal stations of the world 522
Distant signals
(a) Fixed semaphore for coast use 527
(6) International Code Signals 528
(c) Special signals 531
Semaphores and semaphoring by hand flags
(a) British , 540
(6) French 542
United States Army and Navy Code ".
545
Morse code '
'

547
CODE FLAGS AND PENNANTS.
PLATJE III
INTERNATIONAL CODE OF SIGNALS.
MEANINGS OF FLAGS AND PENNANTS HOISTED SINGLY.
Signal.
Meaning.

I am taking in (or, discharging) explosives.


Yes, or, Affirmative.
No, or, Negative.
I have {or, have had) some dangerous infectious disease on board.
I am about to sail all persons to report on board.

;

I have a clean bill of health, but am liable to quarantine.


I want a pilot. ,

MEANINGS OF FLAGS AND PENNANTS HOISTED WITH CODE FLAG.


Code Flag over A I am on full-speed trial.
B I am taking in {or, discharging) explosives.
C Yes, or, Affirmative.
D No, or, Negative.
E Alphabetical Signal No. 1.*
F Alphabetical Signal No. 2.*
G Alphabetical Signal No. 3.*
H Stop, Heave-to, or, Come nearer ; I have something important to communicate.
I have not a clean bill of health.
I
J I have headway.
K I have stern-board.
L I have (or, have had) some dangerous infectious disease on board. '

M Numeral Signal No. j 1.


N Numeral Signal No. 2. \
O Numeral Signal No. 3,-f
P I am about to sail all persons to report on board.
;

I have a clean bill of health, but am liable to quarantine.


3 Do not pass ahead of me.
s I want a pilot.
T Do notovertake me.
U My engines are stopped.
V My engines are going astern.
WX All boats are to return to the ship.
I will pass ahead of you.
Y All ships of the convoy are to rejoin company.
Z I will pass astern of you.

*For Instructions as to the use of these Signals, see page 18. fFor Instructions as to the use of these Signals, see page 32.

\
INTERNATIONAL CODE SIGNALS OF DISTRESS.

(1) The International Code Signal of Distress indicated by NC;


(2) The distant signal, consisting of a square flag, having either above or below it a
ball or anything resembling a ball;
(3)
distant signal, consisting of a cone point upward, having either above it
The
or below a ball or anything resembling a ball.
it

For other signals of distress see article 31 of the International Rules to Prevent
Collisions and article 31 of the Inland Rules to Prevent Collisions.

(7)
;

SIGNALS OF DISTRESS.

INTERNATIONAL CODE SIGNALS FOR A PILOT.

(1) The International Code Pilot Signal indicated by PT


(2) The International Code Flag S, with or without the Code Pennant over it;
(3) The distant signal, consisting of a cone point upward, having above it two
balls or shapes resembling balls.
INTERNATIONAL CODE OE SIGNALS.

PART h

SIGNALS MADE BY FLAGS OF THE CODE.

0)
PART I.

INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO SIGNAL. .

In the following instructions the ship making the signal is called A; the ship signaled to is called B.

HOW TO MAKE A SIGNAL.


1. Ship A, -wishing to make a signal, hoists her Ensign with the Code Flag under it.
2. If more than one vessel or signal station is in sight, and the signal is intended
for a particular vessel or signal station, ship A
should indicate which vessel or signal
station she addressing by making the distinguishing signal (i. e., the signal letters)
is
of the vessel or station with which she desires to communicate.
3. If the distinguishing signal is not known, ship A
should make use of one of the
signals DI to DQ (page 37).
^
4. When ship A
has been answered by the vessel she is addressing (see paragraph 9),
she proceeds with the signal which she desires to make, first hauling down her Code
Flag if it is required for making the signal.
5. Signals should always be hoisted where they can best be seen, and not necessarily

at the masthead.
6. Each hoist' should be kept flying until ship B hoists her Answering Pennant

"close up" (see paragraph 10).


7. When ship A has finished signaling she hauls down her
Ensign, and her Code
Flag, the latter has not already been hauled down (see paragraph 4).
if

8. When it is desired to make a signal it should be looked out in the General

Vocabulary (pages 143-451), which is the index to the Signal Book.

HOW TO ANSWER A SIGNAL.


9. Ship B (the ship signaled to), on seeing the signal made by ship A, hoists her

Answering Pennant at the "dip."


(A flag is at the "dip" when it is hoisted about two-thirds of the way up, that is,
some little distance below where it would be when hoisted "close up.")
The Answering Pennant should always be hoisted where it can best be seen.
10. When A's hoist has been taken in, looked out in the Signal Book, and is under-
stood, B hoists her Answering Pennant "close up" and keeps it there until A hauls
her hoist down.
11. B then lowers her Answering Pennant to the dip, " and waits for the next hoist.
'
'

12. can not be made out, or if, when the flags are made out,
If the flags in A's hoist
the purport of the signal is not understood, B keeps her Answering Pennant at the
"dip" and hoists the signal OWL
or WCX, or such other signal as may meet the case;
and when A has repeated or rectified her signal, and B thoroughly understands it, B
hoists her Answering Pennant "close up."

(11)
: : . : .

12 INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO SIGNAL. PART I.

NOTES ON SIGNALING.
1.Plurals. To facilitate the translation of the Code into foreign languages, the
plura'ls of words given in the Signal Book have been omitted. The words should be
indicated by the context.
regarded as being used in the singular, unless the contrary is

2. When making Signals for comparing Chronometers (page 58) or show-


ing the Mean Time vessel A is to hoist the signal denoting the hour (seepage 58),
and shortly after the signal has been answered by B dip it sharply to denote the precise
instant used for comparison. The signals denoting the minutes and seconds shoivn by
the chronometer at the instant of dipping are then to be hoisted. To insure accuracy,
a second comparison should be made.

In signaling Longitude or Time vessels should always reckon from the


3.

meridian of Greenwich, except French and Spanish vessels, which will use the meridian
of Paris or Cadiz, respectively. If any doubt is entertained, the vessel to which the
signal is made should hoist NBL = What is your first meridian ?
4. Meridians. The British Meridian is that of Greenwich. The Meridian of Paris
(Observatory) is 2 20' 15" east of Greenwich, or h. 9 m. 21 sees. The Meridian of
Cadiz (San Fernando Observatory) is 6 12' 24" west of Greenwich, or h. 24 m.
49.6 sees.

5. Passing Vessels. Ships passing one another or Signal Stations will do well to
hoist the following signals in the order shown
(1) National Colors with the Code Signal under them. {The Ensign should
be kept flying until all communication is ended; the Code Flag may be
hauled down if it is required for making a signal.)
(2) name (signal letters).
Ship's
(3) Where from.
(4) Where bound.
(5) Number of days out.
(6) My longitude by chronometer is
The ensign should be dipped and rehoisted as a farewell.

When vessels are passing each other quickly, time will be saved if, instead of hoist-
ing the Answering Pennant, they exchange signals in the following manner
On reading A's name (that is, distinguishing signal), B should hoist hers.
A should not haul down until she understands B's hoist, when both ships
should haul down together and proceed in the order suggested above.

6. Procedure -when signaling Names and Addresses. The following course


is to be followed when making a signal which contains the ship's name and the owner's
name and address

Ship A, wishing to obtain orders from her owner, will make


(1) Her distinguishing signal (signal letters).
(2) The signal SW = I wish to obtain orders from my owner, Mr. at ,
(3) The owner's name, by spelling it letter by letter (see page 13) or by using
the Alphabetical Spelling Table (pages 14-15).
(4) The owner's address, by spelling it
letter by letter (see page 13) or by using
the Alphabetical Spelling Table (pages 14-15). Signals from the Geo-
graphical Table (page 89) can also be used in some cases. Figures
can be made by the Numeral Signals on page 32 or by the Numeral
Table on page 33.
: : .

Part I. INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO SIGNAL. 13

EXAMPLE.
Ship A wishes to get orders from her owner (say), Mr. C. Thomson, at 25 Broad
street, Few York.
Having hoisted her national colors with the Code Signal under them, she makes
the following signals

1st hoist, Her distinguishing signal (signal letters).

2d hoist, SW=J wish to obtain orders from my owner, Mr, , at .

3d hoist, Code flag over E=27ie signals which follow are alphabetical, [Before this signal
is made the Code Flag under the Ensign may be hauled down.)
4th hoist, 0=c7.

5th hoist, Code Flag over F='Z)o between initials.

6th hoist, THOM )


= Thomson.
7th hoist, SON
8th hoist, Code Flag over M=The signal which follows is a numeral signal, and is to be
looked out in the Numeral Table (page 32)
9th hoist, BE=25.
10th hoist, Code Flag over E=T7ie signals lohich follow are alphabetical. \

11th hoist, BRO)


=Broad.
12th hoist, AD
13th hoist, Code Flag over Gt=The Alphabetical Signals are ended,

14th hoist, WZN=Si7-eef.

15th hoist, AZOT =New York.

ALPHABETICAL (SPELLING) SIGNALS.


Under the arrangement explained below, every flag hoisted after Alphabetical
Signal No. 1 has been made, and until Alphabetical Signal No. 3, or Numeral Signal
No. 1 (see page 32) is made, represents the letter of the alphabet which has been allotted
to it in the Code. As each of the 26 letters of the alphabet is now represented by a flag,
any word can be spelled by this system.
If the word to be spelled consists of more than four letters, two or more hoists must
be used, as no hoist is to contain more than four flags, and, if any letter occurs more
than once in the word, this letter must on its second occurrence begin or be in a second,
hoist, and on its third occurrence must begin or be in a third hoist.

The following are the signals to be used

Signal. Meaning.

Code Flag over Flag E Alphabetical Signal No. 1, indicating that the flags hoisted after it
until Alphabetical Signal No. 3 or Numeral Signal No. 1 is made do
not, represent the signals in the Code, but are to be understood as
having their alphabetical meanings and express individual letters of
the alphabet which are to form words.
Code Flag over Flag F Alphabetical Signal No. 2, indicating the end of a word made by-

Code Flag over Flag & Alphabetical Signals, or dot between initials.
Alphabetical Signal No. 3, indicating that the Alphabetical Signals
are ended the signals which follow are to be looked out in the Code
;

in the usual manner.


14 INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO SIGNAL. Paet I.

EXAMPLE.
To spell "William J. Perry:"
1st hoist, Code Flag over T=The signals which follow are alphabetical.

2d hoist, WIL
= William.
3d hoist, LIAM
4th hoist, Code Flag over F=End of the word (also means dot between initials)
5th hoist, 3= J.
6th hoist, Code Flag over F=Dot between initials (also means end of the word).

7th hoist, PER


= Perry.
8th hoist, RY
9th hoist, Code Flag over G= Alphabetical Signals are ended.
An alternative method of spelling words is provided by the Alphabetical Spelling
Table on page 15.
ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE.

Ibis Table can be used in communications between Vessels of all Countries employing the Soman characters,
A, B, C, etc. See also page 13 for alternative system of making Alphabetical Signals.
16 ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. Part I.

CDGK
*
Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 17

CFMK
18 ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. Part I.

CGRV
Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 19

CHXV
20 ALPHABETICAL, SPELLING TABLE. PAKT I.

CKFZ
Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 21
22 ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. Part I.

CMSQ
Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 23

CNXZ
24 ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. Part I.


Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 25

CRKZ
26 ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. Part I.
Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 27

CTXK
28 ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. Part I.

CWDV
Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 29

cxkw
30 ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. Pakt I.

CYQV
Part I. ALPHABETICAL SPELLING TABLE. 31

CZVN Yxa z. CZXB Zoa CZYP Zyd CZYT


CZVP Yxo CZXD Zoe CZYG Zye CZYV
CZVQ Yz CZWB Za CZXF Zon CZYH Zyf CZYW
CZVR Yza CZWD Zac CZXG Zor CZYJ Zyi CZYX
CZVS Yze CZWF, Zai CZXH Zos' CZYK Zyl
CZVT Yzi CZWG Zao CZXJ Zot CZYL Zym
CZVW Yzo CZWH Zd CZXK Zov CZYM Zyn
CZVX Yzu OZWJ Ze CZXL Zow CZYN Zyo
CZVY CZWK Zea CZXM Zr CZYP Zyp
CZWL Zee CZXN Zry CZYQ. Zyt
CZWM Zei CZXP Zu CZYR
GZWN Zeo CZXQ Zua CZYS
CZWP Zi CZXR Zue
CZWQ Zia CZXS Zui
CZWB, Zie CZXT Zuo
CZWS Zio CZXV Zv
CZWT Zl czxw Zva
CZWV Zla CZXY Zvo
CZWX Zlo CZYB Zy
CZWY Zo CZYD Zya
:

NUMEKAL SIGNALS.

Under the arrangement shown below, every flag hoisted after Numeral Signal No. 1
has been made, and until Numeral Signal No. 3 or Alphabetical Signal No. 1 (see page 13)
has been made, represents one or more figures as indicated in the Numeral Table below.
If the number to be signalled consists of more than four figures, two or more hoists
must be used, as no hoist is to contain more than four flags; and if any' figure occurs
more than once in the same number, the figure must on its second occurrence begin or
be in a second hoist, and on its third occurrence it must begin or be in a third hoist,
unless use can be made of the signals K to Z in the Numeral Table below.
*
The following are the signals to be used

Signal.
NUMEKAL TABLE.
CODE FLAG UNDER TWO FLAGS.
Signal.
i
34 NUMERAL, TABLE. Part I.

DECIMALS AND FRACTIONS.

BCO Decimal. Fraction Continued.


BCP BDK
BCQ
BCR
-.01, or,
^
^g
.ua, or, ,Hhr, or,
-.03,
.03, or, jfo
r\
Tv BDL
BDM
BCS .04, or, i&y, or, -^ BDN
BCT -jfo, or,
.05, or, yjfr, ^
tM lOOths. Hundredths. BDO
BCU .06, or, -jfo, or, & BDP
BCV -.07, or, _i_
f17 /!
tU BDQ 16ths. Sixteenths.
BCW -.08, or, tL
or, & BDR
BOX -.09, or, jfo BDS
BDT
BCY Fraction. BDU
BCZ rs, or, .1 BDV
BDA i, or, .2 BDW
BDC fu. or, .3 BDX -H
BDE I, or, A
BDF I, or, .5 lOths. Tenths.
BDG - 1 , or, .6 BDY
BDH &, or, .7 BDZ =tf 3ds. Thirds.
BDI -4. or, -8
BDJ -,%, or, .9
SIGNALS MADE BY ONE FLAG.

TO BE USED ONLY BETWEEN VESSELS TOWING AND BEING TOWED.


The flag is to be held in the hand, and only to he shown just above the Gunwale.

Signals about
. .

URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS.

TWO-FLAG SIGNALS.

ABANDONASSISTANCE.

Abandon. Acciden T Continued.


AB Abandon the vessel as fast as possible. BU When did the accident hanpen ?

AC Do not abandon the vessel. BV Where will you go to repair damage ?


AD Do not abandon the vessel until the tide
has ebbed. Afloat and Aground.
AE Do yon intend to abandon ?

AP I do not intend to abandon the vessel. BW Afloat aft.


AG I must abandon the vessel. BX Afloat forward.
AH I shall abandon my vessel unless you will BY Am afloat.
keep by us. BZ Am aground.
AI I will not abandon you. I will remain by CA Am aground likely to break up require
; ;

you (or vessel indicated). immediate assistance.


AJ I (or, They) wish to abandon, but have CB Are you afloat ?
not the means. CD Can not be got off (or, afloat) by any
AK Is she (or vessel indicated) abandoned ? means now available.
CE I am agroiind send what immediate as-
;

sistance you can.


Accident, or, Damage. CP Lose no time in shoring up.
AL Accident dangerously wounded (or, hurt).
;
CG May be got off (or, afloat) if prompt as-
AM Accident; want a surgeon (or, doctor).
AN Are you (or, Is
vessel indicated) in a ,
sistance be given.
CH Vessel (or vessel indicated) ashore near
(or, on
condition to proceed ?
AO Are you Is vessel indicated) mate-
(or, ,
CI
).

Was the tide high when you grounded ?


rially damaged injured)?
AP
(or,
Boat capsized (bearing, if necessary). CJ Was the tide low when you grounded ?

AQ Boat
is
is lost.
CK When did you ground ?

AB Boat stove.
is
AS Boat swamped.
is Anchorage. (See Harbor. )
AT Boiler burst; men killed.
AU Boiler burst men killed wounded.
; Assistance.
AV Boiler burst; no one hurt. In Distress; Want
Immediate Assist-
AW Boiler burst no one seriously hurt. ance nc
Note. See Distress
;

AX Boiler burst; number of killed and Signals, page 7.


wounded not yet known. CL Am disabled communicate with me.
;

AY Boiler burst several men killed.


; CM Am drifting want assistance.
;

AZ Boiler burst several men wounded. CN Can I procure any assistance in the way
of
;

BA Can damage be repaired at sea ? ?


BC Can damage be repaired by youi selves ? CO Can you assist (vessel indicated)
BD Damage can be put to rights in hours.
?
CP Can not assist.
BE Damage can be repaired at sea. CQ Could not render assistance.
BF Damage can not be repaired at sea (or place CR Do not require assistance further (or,
indicated) assistance).
BG -Damage, or, Defects can not be repaired CS Do you require any assistance help) of (or,
without assistance. from)
(or, ?
BH Damaged, or, Sprung mast can not carry ; CT Do you require further assistance ?
sail. CU Do you require immediate assistance ?
BI Damaged rudder can not steer. ; CV I require assistance from Lloyd's agent.
BJ Engines broken down I am disabled. ; or, CW Lighthouse, Light-ship at wants
BK Has any accident happened Is anything 1 immediate assistance.
the matter ? cx No assistance can be rendered do the best
Have you lost your boats
;

BL all ? you can for yourselves.


BM How long will you (or vessel indicated) be all CY Render the assistance possibleto
repairing damage CZ Require help
? assistance) of (or, from). (or,
BN I am very seriously damaged. DA Rudder disabled will you assist me (into
port indicated, if necessary)
;

BO I have lost all my boats. 1


BP rln case of accident necessity). DB Send immediate assistance.
(or,
BQ Is your cargo much damaged DC We are coming to your assistance.
1

BR Man overboard. DE Will you assist me (or vessel indicated) ?


BS Met with an accident. DF With some assistance I shall be able to set
BT Want a boat man overboard.
; things to rights.

(36)
. .

Part I. URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. 37

ATTENTIONCAUTION.

Attention, or, Demand.


Bearings Continued.
DG Attend to signals. EL There are moorings on - (bearing indi-
DH Attention is called paragraph
to page eated).
, of 'the International Code.
,

EM There is a strange sail on (bearing indi-


N. B. Tlie page to be signaled first and eated).
then the paragraph. This signal should EN There is a telegraph cable on (bearing
be employed only between vessels using
the United States edition, as otherwise EO What are the bearing and distance of
the pages referred to will not correspond. (ship or place indicated)"!
DI Calls the attention of the fibst(ot, nearest)
ship on the bearing (from the person Boats.
signaling) pointed out by compass EP Bank encumbered by fishing boats.
is
signal. EQ Bar impassible for boats on the ebb tide.
is
DJ Calls the attention of the second ship, etc. ER Boat, or Lifeboat, can not come.
DK Calls the attention of the third ship, etc. ES Boat in distress (bearing, if necessary).
DL Calls the attention of the fourth ship, etc. ET Boat coming to your assistance.
is
DM Calls the attention of the fifth ship, etc. EU Boat going to you.
is
DN Calls the attention of the sixth ship, etc. EV Boat on board
is alongside). (or,
DO Calls the attention of the shore signal sta- EW Can boats land Can landing be effected?
?

tion on the bearing (from the person EX Can not send a boat.
signaling) pointed out by compass sig- EY Do not attempt to land in your own boats.
nal. EZ Do you want a lifeboat ?

DP Calls the attention of the vessel coming FA Have no lifeboat. No lifeboat here.
into the anchorage on the bearing (from FB Have you seen heard) anything of my
(or,
the person signaling) pointed out by the) boat
(or, ?

compass signal. FC I should like to know the nature of the


DQ Calls the attention of vessel leaving the sickness, if any, before I send my boat
anchorage on the bearing (from theper- (or,communicate).
son signaling) pointed out by compass FD Let your boats keep to windward until
signal. they are picked up.
DR Calls the attention of the vessel whose dis- FE Lifeboat is going to you.
tinguishing signal follows. FG No boat available.
DS Look out. Pay attention. ,

FH Send a boat (number, if necessary).


DT Pay strict attention to signals during the FI Send boats suitable for landing passengers.
night. FJ Send lifeboat to save crew.
DU Repeat ship's name were not your flags FK Vessel indicated wants boats.
FL We have sent for a lifeboat.
;

made out.
DV Show your distinguishing signal.
DW Show your ensign. Caution, Danger. or,
DX Vessels just arrived, show your distin- FM Allow no communication. Allow no per-
son on board.
guishing signals.
DY Vessels just arrived, showleaving),
your ensigns. FN Appearances are threatening be on your ;'

DZ Vessels just weighed (or, make guard.


your distinguishing signals. FO Are you in danger ?

EA Vessels that wish to be reported make FP Bad weather is expected.


your distinguishing signals. FQ Bar, or Entrance, is dangerous.
EB Vessels wishing to be reported on leaving, FR Bar impassible.
is
make your distinguishing signals. FS Be very careful in your intercourse with
EC What ship that (bearing to be indicated,
is
FT
strangers.
Caution requisite take care.
is
if necessary) 1 ;

FTJ Channel, or Fairway, is dangerous.


Bearings. FV Dangerous to (or, Do not) come into less

than feet of water.


Note. Unless otherwise indicated, bear-
ings in points and i-points are to be
FW Do not attempt to make the harbor (or,
anchorage).
understood as Compass bearings, i. e.,
bearings as shown by the Compass and
FX Do not risk an anchorage unless you have
very good ground tackle.
uncorrected for either local attraction or
variation. But bearings when given in
FY Do not trust to the weather has not ; it
done yet.
degrees are to be considered as Magnetic FZ Heavy weather coming look sharp.
Is there any dangerin or, from)?
;

bearings, i. e., Compass bearings cor- GA (of,


rected for local attraction due to the ves-
sel (deviation). Both are to be reckoned
GB It is dangerous to allow too many people
on board at once.
from the vessel signaling the bearing. GC It dangerous to lose the wind.
is

ED At (time indicated) (place indicated), GD. Prepare for a hurricane.


bore distant miles.
,

GE Reef, or Shoal, stretches a long way out.


me Shoal water, or Danger, in direction indi-
,

EF Best berth or, anchorage) bears from GF


EG Entrance bears
(
cated.
EH How did the land bear when last seen ? GH Stranger (or vessel on bearing indicated) is

EJ How does the entrance bear ? suspicious.


The attempt dangerous.
EK Place indicated bears .
GI is
. . . . . . .. ..

38 URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. Part I.

CAUTIONDAMAGE.

Caxjtion Continued. Communicate Continued.


GJ Thick fog coming on. HU Can you forward my communication by
GK Wait until the weather moderates. telegraph ?
GL We are in danger of parting. Come nearer, Stop, or, Heave-to; I have
GM You are clear of danger.
all something important to communicate.
GN You are in a dangerous unsafe) posi- (or, Code Flag over h
tion. Your position dangerous. HV Do not have any communication with
is
You are standing into danger jd HW Do you Does vessel indicated) call (or, ,

GO You are within gunshot, or, You are with- anywhere at )? (or,
in reach of guns {or, of batteries). HX Following communication confidential is
private). (or,
HY Forward my communication by telegraph,
Chronometer. and pay for transmission. its
GP My chronometer gains daily HZ Have no communication with the shore
GQ My chronometer has run down. (or vessel indicated),
GR My chronometer fast on Greenwich is IA Have received the following communica-
(or,
meridian) mean time.
first tion instructions) from your owner (or,
GS My chronometer slow on Greenwich
is agents). (or,
meridian) mean time.
(or, first IB Have you any message (telegram, orders,
GT My chronometer loses daily . communication) for me? or,
GU Will you give me a comparison? Wish to IC Have you had any communication with
get a rate for my chronometer. infected vessels (or, places)?
Note. The vessel showing the mean time ID Heave-to, or I will into you. fire
will hoist signal indicating the hour,
the. IE am going to signal the contents of an I
and dip it sharply shortly after it has important telegram, to be communi-
been answered. The minutes and seconds cated to you.
at the instant of dipping un.ll immedi- IF I can not stop to have receive) any (or,
ately follow. To insure accuracy, a communication.
second comparison should be made. IG I have had no communication with
GV Would like to have another comparison. (place or vessel indicated).
IH Important to communicate by (or, with)
IJ Unless your communication is very im-
Coal. must be excused.
portant, I
GW Are you Is vessel indicated) in want
(or, , IK Will you forward (or, communicate) the
of coal ? following signal for me ?
GX Can coal be had at ? IL Will you leave a message for me ?
GY Can you spare me coal ? IM Will you telegraph to (ship or person
GZ Coal a ton at named) the intelligence I am about to
HA Coal can be got at from (or, ). communicate ?
HB In want of coal (amount to follow).
HC Indicate nearest place can get coal. I Company.
HD No. coal to be got at IN Let us keep together in company) for (or,
HE Owners desire me to inform you to coal mutual support (or, protection).
at IO Parted company with' on the
(or,
HF What quantity of coal have you left 1 at).
IP Shall we keep company ?
IQ What company do you belong to ?
Collision. IE When did you part company from ?
HG Has the vessel with which you have been
in collision proceeded on her voyage ? Convoy.
HI Have you been in collision IS Convoy to disperse and make for destina-
?
HJ I have been in collision with tion.
HK I have sunk (or, run down) a vessel. IT Convoy to disperse and reassemble at
HL My ship has lost her headway you may rendezvous (or place indicated).
IU Connoy to keep ahead of escort.
;

feel your way past me.


HM Vessel seriously damaged wish to trans- IV Convoy to keep as close as possible.
;

fer passengers. IW Convoy to keep astern of leader or, escort).


HN With what vessel have you been in colli- IX Convoy to keep on port side of leader (

(or,
sion? escort)
IY Convoy to keep on starboard side of leader
Combustibles. (or, escort).
HO Have you any combustibles on board? IZ Convoy to spread as far as possible, keen-
HP I am loaded with combustibles. ing within signal distance.
HQ I have no combustibles on board. JA Do not go through (or, near) (place indi-
HE No combustibles (or, explosives) near the cated) without a convoy.
fire. JB Rendezvous at
(port indicated or on
HS Vessels with combustibles not allowed in bearing indicated) from (place indi-
cated) distant miles.
Communicate. Communication. JC Rendezvous in latitude and longi-
HT Ask stranger (or vessel indicated) if he tude ,

will communicate. Damage. (See Accident. )


. . . ? . ) . . )

Part I. URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. 39

DANGER DISTRESS.

Danger. (See also Caution. Directions to a Vessel under way.


JD You are standing into danger. )
KY Anchor as convenient.
KZ Anchor instantly.
Derelict. LA Bar is not dangerous.
JE Beware of derelict dangerous to naviga- ; LB Bear up instantly.
tion. LC Buoy, or Mark, not in its proper position.
is
JF Derelict reported off in the vicinity (or, LD Channel dangerous without a pilot.
of-). LE Do not anchor on any account.
JG Have you seen derelict ? LF Get her on the other tack Get her head
(or,
JH Saw derelict in latitude and longitude round) or you will be on shore.
on the LG Go ahead.
LH Go ahead easy. Easy ahead.
LI Go ahead full speed.
Despatch. Despatches. LJ Go astern. *

Jl Any letters papers) from


(or, LK Go astern easy. Easy astern.
JK Despatch is necessary. LM Go astern full speed.
JL Go for despatches. LN Haul your wind on the port tack.
JM Had any letters (or, despatches)- arrived LO Haul your wind on the starboard tack.
at? LP Heave all aback. Go astern.
JN Have (or vessel indicated has) despatches LQ Heave to; head off shore.
for LR Heave to until
JO Have (or vessel indicated has) despatches LS It is not safe to go so fast.
from LT Keep, or, Stand closer in, or, Keep under
JP Have letters (mails, or, despatches) for the land.
you (or vessel or person indicated). LIT Keep in the center of the channel.
JQ Have you letter (mails, despatches) for o?-, LV Keep on the port side of channel.
me (or for vessel, person, or place indi- L W Keep on the starboard side of the channel.
cated) 1 LX Keep the vessel under command.
JR I am the bearer of important despatches. LY Keep to windward.
JS I have Government despatches (or, ). LZ Leave the buoy beacon) to port.
(or,
JT I shall make for the anchoragfi (or, MA Leave the buoy beacon) to starboard.
(or,
with all despatch. MB Not room to wear.
JU Refer to my despatches (or letters). MC Open. Get farther away.
JV Refer to your despatches letters). (or, MD Put your helm hard-a-port ship's head to ;

JW Send for despatches letters). (or, go to starboard.


JX Telegraphic despatches arrived from ME Put your helm hard-a-starboard ship's ;

JY "Will you take despatches (or, letters) ? head to go to port.


MF Reduce speed. Ease her.
Directions for Saving Crew. (See also MG Standoff. Get an offing. Put to sea at once.
Abandon. ) MH Stand on.
JZ Boat should endeavor to land where flag MI Steady your helm.
is waved shown).
(or, light is MJ Steer more to port. To be kept flying until
(

KA Endeavor to send a line by boat (cask, kite, course is sufficiently altered).


raft, etc.). MK Steer more to starboard. (To be kept fly-
KB Is the line fast ? ing until course is sufficiently altered.
KC Keep a light burning. ML Stop her.
KD Landing impossible. is MN Stop instantly.
KE Lights, or Fires, will be kept at the best MO Tack instantly.
place for coming on shore. MP Wear instantly.
KF Look out for rocket-line (or, line).
KG Look-out will be kept on the beach all Disabled Steamer. (See also Accident. )
night. MQ Engines completely disabled.
KH Remain by the ship. MR Have broken main shaft.
MS Have lost screw, or, Screw disabled.
Directions to a Vessel at Anchor. MT Have passed steamer with machinery dis-
KI Beach your vessel at all risks.
MU
abled.
Have passed steamer with steering gear
KJ Cut away your masts.
KL Get steam up as fast as possible.
MV
disabled.
Have you seen disabled steamer
KM Get steam up report when ready. ;

MW One screw disabled can work the other.


?

KN Get under way as fast as you can.


MX Passed disabled steamer at
;

KO Hoist the blue-peter. MY Ship disabled will you tow me (Int


KP Hold on until high water. ; ?

KQ Keep steam ready up). (or,


MZ
port indicated, if necessary.
Steering gear disabled.
)

KR Let go another anchor. ,

KS Ride out possible.


it if
KT Shift your berth. Your berth is not safe. Distress.
Want
KQ Veer more cable. In Distress;
ance
Immediate Assist-
NC
KV Weigh and proceed as ordered.
Note. See Distress Signals, page
KW Weigh, Cut, or, Slip. Wait for nothing.
A vessel (or vessel indicated) ashore near
7.

Get an offing.
KX You will be aground at low water. (or,on ) ch
.. . ,, ; . .

40 URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. Part I.

Distress Continued. Enemy Continued.


NA Aground; want immediate assistance. 01 Have been chased by the enemy.
Am aground; likely to break up; require OJ Keep a good lookout, as reported that it is
immediate assistance ca enemy's war vessels are going about dis-
Am drifting want assistance CM guised, as merchantmen.
Saw the enemy's fleet off
;

Boat is capsized (bearing, if necessary) _ap OK


Boat in distress (bearing, if necessary)., es OL Vessel in sight an enemy.
is
NB Can not save the ship take people off. ;

Cannot stop the leak qh Engines.


NC In distress; want immediate assistance. Ease her. Eeduce speed mf
(See Disteess Signals, page 7.) Go ahead lg
ND Did you see a vessel in distress? Go ahead easy. Easy ahead lh
NE Do you think we ought to pass a vessel in Go ahead full speed li
this distressed condition ? Go astern lj
NF Dying for want of water. Go astern easy. Easy astern lk
NG Fire gains rapidly take people ; off. Go astern full speed _*lm
NH Fire, Leak want immediate assistance.
or, ; Stop her . ml
NI Have lost boats can you take off crew?
all ; Stop instantly mn
Have you seen or heard of a vessel wrecked
or in distress zu Fire.
NJ I am attacked want assistance. Help, I OM Are you on
; fire ?
am attacked. Fire can easily be got
I am dragging; I can veer no more cable ON
at.
NK OP Fire difficult to get at.
no more anchors to let go. OQ Fire gaining.
NL I am in danger shoal water); direct
(or, Fire gains rapidly; take people off ng
M
NO
me how to steer.
I am on
I am sinking on
fire.
send all avail-
(or,
OE Fire in hold amongst the cargo.
Fire, or Leak; want immediate
ance
fire) ; NH '
assist-

able boats to save passengers and crew. Heave to or I will fire into you id
NP I am unmanageable. I am on fire nm
NQ I have sprung a leak. I am sinking on send all available (or, fire) ;

I must abandon the vessel


NE I want assistance please remain by me.ag OS Is boatsextinguished
;
to save passengers and crew... no
fire ?
I will not abandon you; I will remain by No combustibles (or, explosives) near the
you (or vessel indicated) ai fire hr
NS In distress want assistance.
;
OT Vessel indicated is on fire.
In distress want immediate assistance -NO
;
OU Where is the fire ?
Note.See Distress page Signals, 7. With immediate assistance fire can be
NT Is not vessel (bearing, if necessary) in dis- extinguished ny
tress ?
NU Leak gaining rapidly.
is Harbor, or, Anchorage.
Light-house, or, Light-ship at wants Best anchorage (or, berth) bears from
immediate assistance cw me ef
Eudder disabled. Will you assist me? (into
ov Best berth (or, anchorage) is in fathoms.
ox
ow
port indicated, if necessary) da Channel, or Fairway, is buoyed.
Ship disabled. Will you tow me ? (into Harbor, or Anchorage, good enough is

NV
port indicated, if necessary)
Short of provisions. Starving. my with winds from
NW Vessel indicated in distress OY Harbor, or Anchorage, is indifferent.
diate assistance.
wants imme- ;
OZ Harbor, or Anchorage, is safe with all
winds.
NX Vessel indicated appears in distress. PA -How does the harbor (or, anchorage) bear?
NY With immediate assistance can be ex- fire PB Is the anchorage (or, my anchorage) safe

Is the channel buoyedwinds from


tinguished. with all winds (or, )?
PC ?

NZ
Draft of Water.
Drawing too much water. PD Permission urgently requested to enter
is
harbor.
OA I draw
feet aft and feet forward. PE Unsafe anchorage.
OB What draft of water in feet could you
lighten to ? Ice.
OC What is your draft of water ? PF Have encountered ice between 30 and 35
of longitude on *

OD
Enemy.
Enemy closing with you, Vou are PG Have encounteredthe
ice between 35 and 40
is of longitude on the * or,
closing the enemy. PH Have encountered ice between 40 and 45
OE Enemy in sight.
is of longitude on the #
OF Enemy's cruisers have been seen to the PI Have encountered ice between 45 and 50
steering to the of longitude on the #
OG Enemy's fleet has been seen to the PJ Have encountered ice between 50 and 55
steering to the of longitude on the #
OH Enemy's torpedo boats have been seen to PK Have encountered ice between 55 and 60
the steering to the
, of longitude on the

*Date to be Indicated If necessary


* ** . ..

Part I. URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. 41

ICENEWS AND NEWSPAPERS.

Continued.
Ice Letters Continued.
PL Have encountered ice
between 60 and 65 QT When does the mail leave ?

of longitude on the QU Will you forward my letters to 1


PM Have encountered 70
between and
ice 65
of longitude on the Lifeboat.
PN Have encountered ice between 70 and 75 Boat, or Lifeboat, can not come er
of longitude on the Do you want a lifeboat _.:. ez
PO Have encountered ice between 75 and 80 Have no lifeboat. N o lifeboat here fa
of longitude on the Lifeboat is going to you - --FE
PQ Have passed ice in latitude and longi- Send lifeboat to save crew fj
tude on the We have sent for a lifeboat fl
PR Have you fallen in with ice? {State
whether berg or field Lights.
PS What latitude and longitude
)
did you (or, QV Do not show a light on any account.
they) have ice in ? QW I will show a light to-night when I alter
course.
PT Want a Pilot. QX I will show a light to-night when I tack.
Note.See Pilot Signals, page 8. QY Keep a light at your bowsprit end.
Land, Landmarks, and Lights. Lights. (Masthead and Side. )
All the lights are out along the coast of
PU
PV- At (time indicated) light bore
PW Can you give me a leading mark
rection) for making the land hereabouts
(or, di-
Made by
blasts of

Your lights are out (or, want trimming).
flashes or
a steam whistle. (Seepage 548).

(or at place indicated) ? Lighters.


PX Do not bring the light to the (bearing QZ Lighter coming off.
indicated) of
(bearing indicated). RA Lighter is adrift.
PY Do you, or, Did you get a good look at the RB There are no lighters available.
land to know exactly where we are ? RC Will you send off lighters as fast as possi-
PZ Had we not better run in and make the ble?
land?
QA I shall keep hold of the land (or, light), or,

Machinery. Boilers and Engineers.
(See also Accident. )
I shall keep the land ( or, light) bearing
QB Indicate the bearing of light (lighthouse, RD Anything wrong with the engines ?

or, lightship). RE Boiler can not be repaired.


QC Keep the light between
(bearing indi- RF Boiler leaking seriously.
cated) and
(bearing indicated). RG- Boiler tubes leaking (or leaky).
QB Light is not to be depended on. RH Can you supply me with anyone to take
QE The lightship at
is not at anchor on her charge (or, act) as engineer ?

station, or, Lightship at is out of RI Hot bearings.


position; RJ Machinery out of order.
QF What bearing shall I keep the light (or, RK I am going to stop; machinery requires
landmark) on ? adjusting.
RL The damage to the machinery not is seri-
Latitude and Longitude. (Seepage 56). ous, and is such as can be repaired by
the vessel's own engineers.
Leak.
QG Can you stop the leak ? Navigation.
RM Did you get good observations
QH Can not stop the leak.dangerous RN Have you a Book of Navigation Tables
?
?
QI -^-Do you consider leak ?

Fire, or Leak; want immediate assist- RO Have you a Book of Sailing Directions ?

ance nh RP Have you a chart of coast (or place indi


QJ Have you sprung a leak? Are you (or, Is cated,) ?
RQ Have you a Nautical Almanac for the cur-
vessel indicated) leaking
,
?
rent year (or year indicated)
I am send
sinking (or, on fire) all avail- ?
RS May I depend on your time
;

able boats to save the passengers and ?

crew NO RT No recent observations. I did not get an


I have sprung a leak no. observation.
Leak is gaining rapidly nu RU Reckoning not to be depended on.
QK Leak is stopped. RV What my position by bearings
is ?

QL Vessel indicated has sprung a leak. RW What the name of lighthouse (light-
is
ship, or, point) in sight?
QM feet water in the
hold.
RX When did you see the land ?

Letters, or, Mails. (See also Despatches). RY When were your last observations for
QN Has the mail arrived (from if neces- time ?
RZ Where am I What my present posi-
,

? is
sary)
QO Has the mail sailed (for if necessary)
1
1 tion?
QP I will take mails for you. News and Newspapers.
QR Send your letters. Are there any men-of-war about
QS __Tell (person indicated) not to
forward SA
SB Can you lend give) me a newspaper
(or,
?
?
any more letters for me.

* Date to be indicated if necessary.


42 URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. Part I.

NEWS AND NEWSPAPERS SIGNALS.


. ) . . . .

Part I. URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. 43

SIGNALSTOWING AND TUGS.

Signals Continued. Telegraph and Messages Con tinned.


VM -Can not distinguish your flags; come WZ Send following message by post to owners
nearer, or, make distant signals. (or, to Mr. at by signal letters
)
VN Will you repeat the signals being made to instead of at length in writing.
me? XA Send following message by telegraph to
vo You may work the semaphore. owners (or, to Mr. ) at
XB Send my message through the telegraph
Soundings. by signal letters.
N.B. Depth of water is always to be XC Shall I open your telegram and signal its
shown in feet. contents ?
VP I am in feet of water. XD Telegraph following message to (ship
VQ What is the depth of water on the bar ? or person named) at
VR What is the least depth of water we shall
have (or, ought to have) ?
VS What soundings have you got Tide. ?
VT You will have water enough over the bar XE Asks precise time of high water and min-
(depth in feet to follow). imum depth at that time.
vu You will not have less than feet of Note. Reply will be
water. 1. By time signal.
2. A numeral signal indicating number
Spars. feet.
vw Can you rig a jury mast 1 XF Howof the tide What tide have we now
is ? ?

vx Have you any spars that will do for ? XG Keep out of the tide, current. or.
XH What the rise and fall of the tide
is ?

Steam. (See also KL and KM.) XI When will the tide ebb ?

VY How long will you be getting up steam ? XJ When will the tide flow ?

VZ Is steam up Are you at full speed


? ? XK When will the tide turn ?

WA Shall I get up steam ?


WB Steam not ready will be up in
is ;

wc Steam ready. is
'

Time.
XL My Greenwich
.*
(or, first meridian) mean
Steam Whistle, or. Siren. time is
WD Blow steam whistle (or,
siren) at inter XM When will be the best time for crossing
vals. the bar?
WE Will signal with steam whistle (or, siren) XN Will you show me your Greenwich (or,
during fog (or, darkness). first meridian) time?*
*In signaling longitude or time, vessels
Steer. (See also Directions to a Vessel should ahcays reckon from the merid-
UNDER WAY. ian of Greenwich, except French ves-
WF Alter course to (point indicated). sels, which will use the meridian of

WG My helm hard-a-port ship's head going


is ;
Paris, and Spanish
use the meridian of Cadiz. If any
vessels, which will
to starboard.
WH My helm hard-a-starboard ship's head
is ;
doubt is entertained, the vessel to
which the signal is made should hoist
going to port.
WI Port your helm. Ship's head to go, to NBL (What is your first meridian?)
The
starboard. Note. vessel showing the mean
WJ Starboard your helm. Ship's head to go time will hoist the signal denoting the
hour (see page 58) and dip it sharply
to port.
shortly after it has been answered;
Surgeon, or, Doctor. the minutes and seconds at the instant
WK Have you a surgeonperson to see your ? of dipping will immediately follow.
WL May I send a sick sur- To assure accuracy, a second compari-
son should be made.
geon?
WM No surgeon available.
WN Surgeon will comesend
immediately. Torpedoes and Mines.
xo Beware of torpedo boats.
WO Want a surgeon 'me one from the ;

XP Beware of torpedoes; channel (or, fair-


nearest place.
WP Will your surgeon come on board way) mined.
XQ Channel, or Fairway, not mined.
? is
is

Telegraph and Messages. XR Have you seen torpedo boat boats)? (or,

WQ Answer by telegraph. xs Is there danger of mines torpedo (or,

WB Can telegram be forwarded from boats) ? ?

ws Communication by telegraph stopped. XT Saw torpedo boat (or, boats) (number,


is if
WT Forward reply to my message by tele- necessary) at near (or, ).

graph to
WU I have picked up telegraph cable. Towing and Tugs.
XU Can you take me in tow?
wv In anchoring look out for telegraph cable.
XV Can not take you in tow.
wx Open telegram for me and signal its con-
xw I wish to be taken in tow.
tents.
WY Send following message by post to owners XY Shall I take you in tow?
to Mr. at
(or, XZ There are no tugs available.
)
44 URGENT AND IMPORTANT SIGNALS. Part I.
COMPASS IN DEGREES.
(magnetic bearings.)

THREE FLAG SIGNALS.



Note. Unless otherwise indicated, bearings when given in degrees are to be understood as being
magnetic bearings, i. e. compass bearings corrected for deviation.
,

Signal.
40 COMPASS IN DEGREES. Part I.

Signal
. . . )

MONEY TABLE.

PRINCIPAL MONEYS IN USE THROUGHOUT THE WORI13.


(See also page 49.

Signal. Signal. Coin. Country.


ASU Money. ATI -Dime .United States.
Dinar (see Leo) aub Servia.
ASV iBank Note, or, Paper Monet. 'Argentina.
Bolivia.
ASW Coin. Canada.
Chile.
China.
Coin.
Colombia.
Country.
Costa Rica.
ASX -Anna
j
&?"* Ecuador.
Guatemala.
Haiti.
ASY Argentino , Argentina. Honduras.
Mauritius.
ASZ Bolivar Venezuela. ATJ -Dollar { Mexico.
Newfoundland.
ATB Candareen, or. Fun .-China. Nicaragua.
Paraguay.
ATC Cash, Le, or, Sapeque ..China. Peru.
'
Santo Domingo.
Canada. San Salvador.
Ceylon. Straits Settle-
China. ments
Mauritius. United States.
ATD Cent i
Netherlands.
Newfoundland.
Uruguay.
Venezuela.
Straits Settle- Zanzibar.
ments.
United States.
ATK Doubloon. Chile.
Mexico.
Zanzibar. ATL Drachma - . Greece.
'

Austria-Hungary.
Argentina. ATM Ducat !
Netherlands East
Bolivia. Indies.
Chile. ATN -Eagle -United States.
Colombia. ATO -Egyptian Pound, or,
Costa Rica. /
Lira Egypt.
Ecuador. ATP -Farthing Great Britain.
Guatemala. Austria-
Haiti.
ATQ -Florin, Guilder,
Hungary.
Gulden.
ATE -Centavo Honduras. Netherlands.
Mexico^ Belgium.
Nicaragua. ATR -Franc France.
Paraguay. Tunis.
Peru. Fun, or, Candareen
Santo Domingo. atb China.
San Salvador. Guilder, Gulden,/^*' ,,
Uruguay. Florin
florin
Hungary,
ato
atq 1
Venezuela. (_
Netherlands .

ATS -Heller ..Austria-


Centesimo ...Italy. Hungary.
( Belgium. ATU -Imperial . Russia.
ATF Centime - - _ j Prance. ATV -Keran, or, Kran Persia.
I Tunis. ATW -Kopeck Russia.
Centimo.-. ._ .Spain. ATX -Kreutzer . __ Austria -

Hungary.
( Bolivia. Krona Sweden.
ATG Condor ] Chile. (Austria-
( Colombia. ATY Hungary.
Denmark.
Norway.
ATH Conto .
(

(
Brazil.
Portugal. Kroner znk Germany.

Note. The name alone is common to two or more countries, the value may differ.

(47)
48 MONEY TABLE. Part I.

Signal. Coin. Country. Coin. Country.


ATZ Lac India. AUP -Pfennig ..Germany.
Le, Cash, or, Sapeque ( Egypt.
atc China. AUQ -Piaster \ Tripoli.
Leang,or,TaeL-AVC China. ( Turkey.
'Leo, or, Leu Roumania.
AUR -P-, Pice
or
or,
j JS****
AUB Dinar ...Servia. AUS -Pound, or, Sovereign-Great Britain.

AUC Lepton
or
Lev, or, Lew Bulgaria.
Greece.
AUT
AUV
-Real-reis
-Rin
| f^
Japan.
AUD Lira Italy. AUW -Rouble (paper) Russia.
Lira egiziana, or, AUX -Rouble (silver) Russia.
Egyptian Pound i Ceylon.
ato
Egypt. AUY -Rupee ! East Africa.
AUE Lira turca Turkey. ( India.
AUF Louis, or, Napoleon.. France. Sapeque, Cash, or, Le
AUG Mace, or, Tsin China. atc China.
AUH Mark Germany. AUZ -Sen Japan.
AUI
AUJ
-*-
Mithkal
jSS&L
Morocco.
AVB -Shilling
Sol, or, Dollar.. atj
Sovereign, or, Pound
Great Britain.
Peru.

Napoleon, or, Louis aus Great Britain.


adp France. AVC -Tael, or, Leang China.
Ochr-el-guerch ~)
AVD -Thaler Austria-
AUK or [ ....Egypt. Hungary.
Ushr-el-ghirsh
^-- h
)

( Denmark. AVE - Ti
-~)gE"
-

AUL Ore -j Norway. AVF -Toman Persia.


( Sweden, Tsin, or, Mace .aug China.
Egypt. Ushr-el-'ghirsh
f )

Servia or Iauk Egypt.


AUM Para
-ara }
<
Tripoli.
-

Ochr-el-guerch )
[Turkey. Venezolano, or, Dol-
AUN Penny-pence Great Britain. lar atj Venezuela.
AUO. Peseta Spain.
f Chile. AVG -Yen Japan.
t, t\ ii
Peso, or, Dollar.ATj-j
! Colombia. AVH
paragliay AVI
[ Venezuela. AVJ

Note. Tbe name alone is common to two or more countries, the value may differ.
PRINCIPAL MONEYS OP THE CHIEF MARITIME NATIONS OF THE WORLD
ARRANGED UNDER THE NAMES OF THE COUNTRIES
IN WHICH THEY ARE USED.
(For list of moneys arranged alphabetically, seepage Jfl.)

United States. Denmark.


= 1 dime (ATI)
,

10 cents (ATD) 100 ore (AUL) = 1 krone (ATY)


100 cents = 1 dollar (ATJ)
10 dollars = 1 eagle (ATN) East Africa (British and Germar territories).
The same as British India.
Argentine Republic.
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ) Ecuador.
5 dollars = 1 Argentino (ASY) 100 ceutavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
Austria-Hungary. Egypt.
100 kreutzer (ATX) = 1 florin, or, gulden 10 ochr-el-guerch )
(ATQ) (AUK), or, [ = 1 piaster (AUQ)
2 TV florins = 1 thaler(AVD) 40parEs(AUM) )

4f florins = 1 ducat (ATM) 100 piasters = 1 Egyptian pound, )

and or,
[
(ATO)
100 heller (ATS) = 1 krone (ATY) Lira egiziana )

Belgium. Prance.
100 centimes (ATF) = 1 franc (ATR) 100 centimes (ATF) = 1 franc (ATR)
20 francs = 1 Louis, or, Napoleon
Bolivia. (AUP)
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
10 dollars = 1 condor (ATG) Germany.
100 pfennigs (AUP) = 1 mark (AUH)
Brazil.
1,000 reis (AUT) = 1 milreis (AUI) Great Britain.*
1,000 milreis = 1 conto (ATH) 4 farthings (ATP) = 1 penny (AUN)
12 pence = 1 shilling (AVB)
Bulgaria. 20 shillings = 1 pound, or, sovereign
Lev, or, lew (AUB) (AUS)

Burmah. Greece.
Tical (AVE) 100 lepta (AUC) = 1 drachma (ATL)
Also currency of British India.
Guatemala.
Canada. 100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
100 cents (ATD) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
Haiti.
Ceylon.
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
100 cents (ATD) = 1 rupee (AUY)
Honduras.
Chile. 100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
100 centavos (ATE) 1 dollar, or, peso (ATJ)
5 dollars = 1 doubloon (ATK) Holland (see Netherlands).
10 dollars = 1 condor (ATG)
Hungary (see Austria-Hungary),
China.
10 cash, le, or, sapeque = 1 candareen, or, fun India (British).
(ATC) (ATB) 12 piej, or, pice (AUR) = 1 anna (ASX)
10 candareens = 1 mace, or, tsin(AUG) 16 annas = 1 rupee (AUY)
10 mace ,
=1 tael, or, leang (AVC) 100,000 rupees = 1 lac (ATZ)
and
100 cents (ATD) = 1 dollar (ATJ) Italy.
100 centesimi (ATP) = 1 lira (AUD)
Colombia.
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 peso(ATJ)
dollar, or, Japan.
10 pesos = 1 condor (ATG) lOrin(AUV) '
- 1 sen (AUZ)
100 sen . = 1 yen (AVG)
Costa Rica. Mauritius.
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ) 100 cents (ATD) = 1 dollar (ATJ)

*This system is used by the British Colonies in Australasia and South Africa.

1092907
)

50 MONEY TABLE. Part 1.

Mexico San Salvador.


100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ) 100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
16 dollars = 1 doubloon (ATK)
Servia.
Morocco. 100 paras (A^JM) = 1 dinar (AUB)
Mithkal (AUJ)

Netherlands. Siam.
(ATD) = guilder, or, florin Tical (AVE)
100 cents 1
(ATQ)
5f gulden .
= ducat( ATM) (used in
1 Spain.
Netherlands East Indies) 100 centimos (ATF) = 1 peseta (AUO)
5 pesetas (AUO) = 1 peso (ATJ)
Newfoundland.
100 cents (ATD) = 1 dollar (ATJ) Straits Settlements.
Nicaragua.
100 cents (ATD) m
=1 dollar (ATJ)
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ) '

Sweden and Norway.


Norway (see Sweden and Norway). 100 ore (AUL) = 1 krona, or, krone(ATY)
Paraguay. Tripoli.
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar, or, peso(ATJ) 40 paras (AUM) = 1 piaster (AUQ)
Persia Tunis.
10 kerans (ATV) = 1 toman (AVF) 100 centimes (ATF) = 1 franc (ATR)
Peru.
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar, or, sol (ATJ) Turkey
40 paras (AUM) = 1 piaster (AUQ)
Portugal. 100 piasters = 1 lira turca(AUE)

1,000 reis (AUT) = 1 milreis (AUI)


1,000 milreis = 1 conto (ATH) Uruguay.
100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
ROUMANIA.
Leo, or, leu (AUB) Venezuela.
Russia.
100 centavos (ATE)
100 kopecks (ATW) = 1 rouble (AUX)
or, = 1 Venezolano, dollar,
5 Bolivars (ASZ) or, peso (ATJ)
10 roubles = 1 imperial (ATU)

Santo Domingo. Zanzibar.


100 centavos (ATE) = 1 dollar (ATJ) 100 cents (ATD) = 1 dollar (ATJ)
MEASURES AND WEIGHTS OF DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.
MEASURES OF LENGTH.

Signal. Measure. Country or System. Signal. Measure. Country or System.


AVK Measure of Length. Knot, or, Nautical ( United States and
AVL -Alen- , Mile awo Great Britain.
--------
jgSS? AWH League.
|

United States and


AVM Archine .l Russia.
-j
Great Britain.
Archine (or, Meter) AWI Li.:--- .- .China
awj Turkish Metrical. fMeter .Metrical.

AVK roaDle
,,,
"-
(

\
United States and
Great Britain.
or
Archine i .Turkish Metrical.
"Centimeter Metrical. AWJ or
or El .Dutch Metrical.
Daktylas Greek Metrical. or
AVO or Pecheus .Greek Metrical.
Duim.-- Dutch Metrical. Mijle (or, Kilometer)
or AWG Dutch Metrical.
Khat Turkish Metrical. Mil (or, Kilometer,)
AVP Chang, or, Cheung... China. AWG Turkish Metrical.
AVQ Chih... -China. AWK Mil . Denmark.
AVR Cho, or, Tcho Japan.
AWL Mil -1 Norway and
Sweden.
Daktylas (or, Centi-
meter) avo Greek Metrical. AWM Mile (German) -Germany.
United States and
AVS <
f Decameter
or
Metrical.
AWN Mile, Statute :
Great Britain.
( Ro'ede - Dutch Metrical. ( Mile, Geographical
United States and
'
Decimeter Metrical. AWO j or Nautical, or,
Great Britain.
( Knot
Palame Greek Metrical. Millimeter .Metrical.
AVT or or
Palm Dutch Metrical. Gramme .Greek Metrical.
or AWP Ior
Parmak Turkish Metrical. Nokta.- --. -Turkish Metrical.
Egypt. or
Morocco. LStreep - -Dutch Metrical.
AVU Tripoli. ( Myriameter .Metrical.
Tunis. AWQ ] .
or
i Turkey. ( Skoinis .Greek Metrical.
Duim (or, Centimeter) Nokta (or. Millime-
avo Dutch Metrical. ter) .AWP TurkishMetrical.
El (or, Meter) .awj Dutch Metrical. Palame (or, Decime-
_ ,, United States and ter) AVT Greek Metrical.
AVW Fathom ^
(

Great Brit ain. Palm (or, Decime-


Denmark. AVT Dutch Metrical.
AVX FoQ tj, , ] ter)
"
} Norway. Parmak (or.Decime-
_ (United States and ter) avt Turkish Metrical.
AVY Foot -
] Great Britain. Pecheus (or, Meter),
AVZ Fot .Sweden. AWJ Greek
Egypt.
Metrical,
_, United States and
AWB -Furlong
.
-j
I

Great Britain. Morocco.


Gramme (or, Milli- Pike, or, Draa, avu. Tripoli.
meter) awp Greek Metrical. Tunis.
Turkey.
AWC Guz j
Guz, or, Zer.
India.
...Persia.
j

AWD Hectometer Metrical. AWE Ei Japan.


. ( United States and Roede (or, Decame-
AWE Inch. ,
-j
Great Britain. ter) ...AVS Dutch Metrical
AWF Ken Japan. AWS -Saading, or, Toung. Burmah.
Khat
Centimeter) (or, AWT -Sagene, or, Saschene. -Russia.
avo. Turkish Metrical. AWU -Shaku Japan.
Metrical. Skoinis (or, Myria-
f Kilometer
or meter AWQ Greek Metrical.
Mijle. - Dutch Metrical. Stadion (or, Kilome-
AWG or ter AWG Greek Metrical.
Mil..... Turkish Metrical. AWV -Stopa Russia. .

or Streep, or, Millime-


Stadion - - Greek Metrical. ter AWP Dutch Metrical.

(51)
52 MEASURES AND WEIGHTS OF DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. Part I.

Signal. Gauntry or System. Signal. Measure. Country or System.


AWX -Sun -Japan.
_ _ AXC -Vershok ... Russia.
Tcho, or, Cho. .avr Japan.
.

AWY -Tomme Denmark. axd -Verst Russia.


Toung, or, Saading,
aws Burmah. axe "v ,q -
lam j United States and
Great Britain.
awz -Tsun ...China.
AXF -Yin
|

China.
'Argentina.
Brazil. Zers or,
, Guz . . . awo Persia.
Chile. For list of countries in which the Metrical
axb Vara Mexico.** System is used, and for Table for Con-
Peru. verting Metrical Measures and Weights
Portugal. into their American Equivalents, see
Uruguay. page 55.

SQUARE OR SURFACE MEASURES.


Signal. Country or System. Measure. Country or System.
AXH Square, or, Surface Measure. AXS -Square Decimeter Metrical.
. _. United States and
AXI Acre (

Great Britain
AXT -Square Foot.. .....
^gSKSfi*
( J
Are, or Sq. Decameter _ Metrical.
, Square Hectometer( or,
or
AXJ Deunum Turkish Metrical. Hectaire) axp Metrical.
or
Stremina Greek Metrical.
AXU United States and
Bunder(or, Hectare) -Square Inch
Great Britain.
AXP Dutch Metrical. AXV
AXK Centiare, or. Sq. Meter _ Metrical. -Square Kilometer Metrical.
AXL Cho Japan. Square Meter (or, Cen-
AXM Decare .._ Metrical. tiare) axk Metrical.
AXN Deciare Metrical.
AXW
AXO Dessatine : Russia.
Deunum(or, Are) axj Turkish Metrical. AXY -Square Mile......... j
UgWBgg-d
Djerib (or, Hectare) -Square Millimeter ...Metrical.
axp Turkish Metrical. AXZ UmtedS^esand
Hectare, or, Sq. Hec- -Square Yard.. _ .. j

or [tometer. . Metrical. Stremma (or, Are)


AXP Bunder Dutch Metrical. AXJ Greek Metrical.
or
D
j erib Turkish Metrical. For of countries in which the Me-
list
AXQ Mou ..China. trical is used, and for Table
System
AXR Square Centimeter.. Metrical. for Converting Metrical Measures and
Square Decameter (or Weights into their American Equiva-
Are) axj Metrical. lents, see page 55.

MEASURES OF CUBIC CAPACITY OR SOLID MEASURES.


Signal. Measure. Country or System. Country or System.
AYB -Measure of Cubic Capacity, or, Solid -Ardeb ..Egypt.
Measure.
Cubic Centimeter " A* a Sin.
|
znm Metrical.
U S nd _g aj e United States and
St
(
AYC -Cubic Foot
j Britain I Great Britain.
AYD United States and -Barrel... United States and
-Cubic Inch \ \
j Great Britain. j Great Britain.
Cubic Meter znp Metrical.
\r
Bushel United States and
Cubic Millimeter ( Great Britain.
zno Metrical. Butt Great Britain.
AYE -Cubic Yard United States and
\ 'Centiliter Metrical.
| Great Britain.
AYF -Decastere Metrical. or
AYG -Decistere Metrical.
Mystron... .Greek Metrical.
AYH -Stere Metrical.
or
Vingerhoed
AYI -Ton (ship measure- ( United States and Dutch Metrical.
ment.) Great Britain. or
j

AYJ -Measure of Capacity. .Zarf Turkish Metrical.


AYK - Ma -----fgsu
For
rical
list of countries in which the Met-
System is used, seepage 55.
1

Part I. MEASURES AND WEIGHTS OP DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. 53

Measure. Country or System. Signal. Measure. Oaimtry or System.


AYS -Chtof Russia Maatje (or, Deciliter)

Cronchka, or, Krushka ayu Dutch Metrical.


azd Russia. Milliliter Metrical.
'
Decaliter Metrical. AZG or
or Kybos.-j -.Greek Metrical.
AYT - Kile '
Turkish Metrical.
or ,r. United States and
Schepel Dutch Metrical.
AZH Mmlm -- .

"
(

1 Great Britain.
'
Deciliter Metrical.
Mud, Vat, or, Zac (or,
Hectoliter) ... ayz Dutch Metrical.
or
AYU Mystron(or, Centiliter)
Kotyle _ Greek Metrical.
or
aye Greek Metrical.
Maatje Butch Metrical. AZI Oxehoved Denmark.
United States and
AYV -Firkin.
United States and AZJ -n
^ ecR
,
- "
(

Great Britain.
\ \
I Great Britain. . United States and
AYW r3, a
-Uallonni-i S
United States and AZK -Fint
. (

-j
Great Britain.
j.
Qreat Britain
AYX n !1 ( United States and AZL -Puncheon Great Britain.
iriu
G- reat Britain.
-j

'
Hectoliter Metrical. Quart United States and
or AZM or Great Britain.
Kileh Turkish Metrical. Sheng China.
AYZ or
United States and
Koilon Greek Metrical. AZN ,-.
-Quarter
,

J
(

Great Britain
or
Mud, Vat,
. or, Zac Dutch Metrical. Schepel (or, Decaliter)
AZB i A United States and ayt Dutch Metrical.
-Hogshead
cr
. _.
(

Great Britaiu
Kan, or, Kop (or, Liter)
}
AZQ -Seer .... India.
Ser (or, Liter) . .azf India.
azf Dutch Metrical.
Sheng(or,Qu'art)AZM China.
Kile (or, Decaliter)
AYT Turkish Metrical. AZR -Shoo ..Japan.
Kileh (or, Hectoliter) Sultchek (or, Liter)
atz Turkish Metrical. azf Turkish Metrical.
AZC Kiloliter Metrical.
AZS -Tierce Great Britain.
Koilon (or, Hectoliter) AZT -Tonde Denmark.
ayz Greek Metrical. AZU -Tou China.
Kop, or, Kan (or, Liter) AZV -Tschet werik Russia.
azf Dutch Metrical. Vat, Mud, or, Zac (or,
Kotyle (or, Deciliter) Hectoliter) _ _ ayz Dutch Metrical.
ayu Greek Metrical.
AZD Kruschka, or, Cron- AZW -Vedro .._ Russia.
chka Russia. Vingerhoed (or, Cen-
Kybos (or, Milliliter) tiliter) :ayr Dutch Metrical.
azg Greek Metrical. Zac, Mud, or, Vat (or,
AZE Last Netherlands. Hectoliter) . _ . ayz Dutch Metrical.
Zarf (or, Centiliter)
Liter Metrical. AYR Turkish Metrical.
or
Kan, or, Kop Dutch Metrical. For list of countries in which the Metrical
AZF or System is used, and for Table for Con-
Ser .-India. verting Metrical Measures and Weights
or into their American Equivalents, see
Sultchek Turkish Metrical. page 55.

MEASURES OF WEIGHT.
Signal. Measure. Country or System. Signal. Measure. Country or System.
AZX Measures of Weight. BAD oantar
Oantar i
Egypt,
^ Turkey.
United States and
,
( Argentina.
Brazil.
BAE oarat
ri ,..+ i

-j
Great Britain
AZY -Arroba
.

\ Portugal.
[ Spain. BAF Catty, or, Chin China.
Batman (or, Miria-
gramme) bay Turkish Metrical. Centigramme Metrical.
or
BAC 'Berkovitz Russia. BAG Habbe Turkish Metrical.
Boughdais (or, Deci- or
gramme) b a J Turkish Metrical. ^Kokkos Greek Metrical.
54 MEASURES AND WEIGHTS OF DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. Part I.

Measure. Cowniry or System. Signal. Gowntry or


Denmark. Millier -Metrical.
BAH Centner . Sweden. or
Centner, or, Quintal Tcheki Turkish Metrical.
bci United States. BAV or
Chin, or, Catty, .baf China. Ton United States and
Decagramme Metrical. or . Great Britain.
or (_ Tonne .. German Metrical.
BAI Drachma Turkish Metrical. BAW Milligramme Metrical.
or BAX Mna Greece.
Lood Dutch Metrical. C
Myriagramme Metrical.
Decigramme Metrical. BAY < or
or [ Batman Turkish Metrical.
Boughdais Turkish Metrical. Obolos Decigramme)
(or,
BAJ or baj Greek Metrical.
Korrel Dutch Metrical. Ock, or, Oke (or, Kilo-
or gramme) baq Turkish Metrical.
Obolos Greek Metrical. Onze (or, Hectogramme)
Denk (.or, Gramme) bao Dutch Metrical.
ban Turkish Metrical. .-. United States and
Doppelzentner . .znl Germany. BAZ -Ounce.. (

-j
Great Britain
United States and Pecul, or, Tan. .BCM China.
BAK nrarhm
Dracnm i
Great Britain o ~rii,+M_rf. United States and
Drachma (or, Deca-
j
BCA -Pennyweight (dwt. S
j Great Britain
i
)

gramme) bai Turkish Metrical. BCD Pf und Austria-Hungary.


Drachme (or, Gramme) Pond (or, Kilogramme)
ban Greek Metrical. baq Dutch Metrical,
BAL Funt Bussia.
BCE A
-Pound
d /1V , , ( United States and
BAM -Grain
United States and
(
(lb. )
-j G reat Britain
j Great Britain. BCF Pud, or , Pood __ : Russia.
Gramme Metrical.
BCG Fund i
Denmark.
or -j
Sweden
Denk Turkish Metrical.
BCH Onartar
quarter. United States and
......ji
BAN or Great Britain .

Drachme Greek Metrical. United Statefi.


or Argentina.
Wigtje Dutch Metrical. Brazil.
Habbe (or, Centi- BCI -Quintal
Chile.
gramme) bag Turkish Metrical. Portugal.
Hectogramme Metrical. [Spain.
BAO or fQuintal Metric Metrical.
Onze Dutch Metrical. BCJ I or
BAP Hundredweight (cwt. ) Great Britain. (.Kantar Turkish Metrical.
Kan tar (or-, Quintal
Metric) bcj Turkish Metrical. BCK - R "olo_
Kilogramme
or
Metrical.
Ser (or, Kilogramme)
--IS,
Ock, or, Oke - Turkish Metrical. baq India.
BAQ or BCL -Stone Great Britain.
Pond _ Dutch Metrical.
or BCM Tan, or.. Pecul China.
Ser -India. Tcheki (or, Millier)
bav Turkish Metrical.
BAB Kin j--- Japan. Ton (or, Millier) ( United States and
Kokkos (or, Centi- bav ( Great Britain.
gramme) bag Greek Metrical. Tonne (or, Millier)
Korrel (or, Decigramme) bav German Metrical.
baj Dutch Metrical. "Wigtje (or, Gramme)
BAS Kvint Denmark. ban Dutch Metrical.
BAT Kwamme Japan. BCN -Zolotnick Russia.
{Argentina.
Chile. For listof countries in which the Met-
BAU -Libra
Portugal. rical is used, and for Table for
System
Spain. Converting Metrical Measures and
Lood (or, Decagramme) Weights into their American Equiva-
bai Dutch Metrical. lents, seepage 55.
Part I. MEASURES AND WEIGHTS OP DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. 55

LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES IK WHICH THE METRICAL SYSTEM


IS USED.

United States (permissive).


:

DECREES OF LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE.

Vessels other than those of Spain or France use the meridian of Greenwich.
Spanish and French vessels use the meridians of Cadiz and Paris, respectively. In case
of doubt, the vessel to which the signal is made should hoist the signal NBL = What
is your First Meridian ? Which can be answered by one of the following
TBL = My first meridian is Paris, east of Greenwich. 2* 20' 15" = h. 9 m. 21 sees.

HSI = My first meridian is Cadiz, west of Greenwich 6 12' 24" = h. 24 m. 49 sees.

CODE FLAG OVER TWO FLAGS.


LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE.

Code
.

Part I. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE. 57

Code Code Code


Flag Flag Flag
over Longitude Cont'd. over Longitude Cont'd. over Longitude Cont'd.
FG 47 logituude. HA 92longitude. IV 137 longitude.
FH 48 longitude. HB 93longitude. IW 138 longitude.
FI 49 longitude. HC 94longitude. IX 139 longitude. '

FJ 50 longitude. HD 95longitude. IY 140 longitude.


'

FK 51 longitude. HB '96 longitude. IZ 141 longitude.


FL 52 longitude. HF 97 longitude. JA 142 longitude.
FM 53 longitude. HG 98 longitude. JB 143 longitude.
FN 54 longitude. HI 99 longitude. JC 144 longitude.
FO 55 longitude. HJ 100 longitude. JD 145 longitude.
FP 56 longitude. HK 101 longitude. JE 146 longitude.
FQ 57 longitude. HL 102 longitude. JF 147 longitude.
FR 58 longitude. HM 103 longitude. JG 148 longitude.
FS 59 longitude. HN 104 longitude. *JH 149 longitude.
FT 60 longitude. HO 105 longitude. JI 150 longitude.
FU 61 longitude. HP 106 longitude. JK 151 longitude.
FV 63 longitude. HQ 107 longitude. JL 152 longitude. '

FW 63 longitude. HB 108 longitude. JM 153 longitude.


FX 64 longitude. HS 109 longitude. JN 154 longitude.
FY 65 longitude. HT 110 longitude. JO 155 longitude.
FZ 66 longitude. HU 111 longitude. JP 156 longitude.
GA 67 longitude. HV 112 longitude. JQ 157 longitude.
GB 68 longitude. HW 113 longitude. JR 158 longitude.
GC 69 longitude. HX -^114 longitude. JS 159 longitude.
GD 70 longitude. HY 115 longitude. JT 160 longitude.
GE 71 longitude. HZ 116 longitude. '

JU 161 longitude.
GF 73 longitude. IA 117 longitude. JV 162 longitude.
GH 73 longitude. IB 118 longitude. JW 163 longitude.
GI 74 longitude. IC 119 longitude. JX 164 longitude.
GJ 75 longitude. ID 120 longitude. JY 165 longitude.
GK 76 longitude. IE 121 longitude. JZ 166 longitude.
GL 77 longitude. IF 122 longitude. KA 167 longitude.
GM 78 longitude. IG 123 longitude. KB 168 longitude.
GN 79 longitude. IH 124 longitude. KC 169 longitude.
GO 80 longitude. IJ 125 longitude. KD 170 longitude.
GP 81 longitude. IK 126 longitude. KE 171 longitude.
GQ 82 longitude. IL 127 longitude. KF 172 longitude.
GB --83 longitude. IM 128 longitude. KG 173 longitude.
GS 84 longitude. IN 129 longitude. KH 174 longitude.
GT 85 longitude. 10 130 longitude. KI 175 longitude.
GU 86 longitude. IP 131 longitude. KJ 176 longitude.
GV 87 longitude. IQ 132 longitude. KL 177 longitude.
GW 88 longitude. IR 133 longitude. KM 178 longitude.
GX 89 longitude. *
IS 134 longitude. KN 179 east longitude.
GY 90 longitude. IT 135 longitude. KO 179 west longitude.
GZ 91 longitude. IU 136 longitude. KP 180 longitude.
DIVISIONS OF TIME, ETC.

HOURS OF TIME, AND MINUTES AND SECONDS OF TIME AND ARC.


Civil time is to be understood unless the signal FIIW (astronomical) is made.

Code
BAROMETER
[In inches and millimeters.]

The readings in inches and millimeters are approximate but are not equivalent to
each other.

Signal.
THERMOMETER
Signal.
Part I. THERMOMETER. 61

Fahren- Fahren- Centigrade. Reaumur.


Signal.
heit.
Centigrade. Reaumur. Signal. heit.

Code Flag Code Flag


OVER YU 88 +31 +24 9 over ZK 98 6 +37 +29 6
YV 89 +31 +25 3 ZL 99 +37 +29 8
YW 89 8 +32 +25 6 ZM 100 +37 +30 2
YX 90 +32 +25 v8, ZN 100 4 +38 +30
+30
4
XZ 91 + 32 +26 2 zo 101 +38 7
ZA. 91 4 + 33 +26-4 ZP 102 +38 +31 1

ZB 92 +33 +26 7 ZQ 102 2 +39 +31 2


ZC 93 +33 +27 1 ZR 103 +39 +31 6
ZD 93 2 +34 +27 2 ZS 104 +40 +32
ZE 94 +34 +27 6 ZT 105 +40 +32 4
ZF 95 +35 +28 zu 105 8 +41 +32 8
ZG 96 +35 +28 4 zv 106 +41 +32 9
ZH 96 8 +36 +28 8 zw
ZI 97 +36 +28 9 zx
ZJ 98 +36 +29 3 ZY
.

AUXILIAEY PHEASES.
(i. <., Phrases containing the Auxiliary Verbs, or forming' sentences or parts of sentences in
frequent use.)

N. B. Many ofthe following phrases can not be translated into foreign languages.
They must therefore be used with great discretion when communication is being
held with ships or signal stations not using the English language.

AMARE.

BEA Am. I am. Are Continued.


BEC Ami? How are they? bxh
BED Am I not? How are you? bxi
BEE Am I to ? How is (or, are) he (she, it, or persons
BEG Am, Are, or, Is not. or things indicated) 1 bxo
Am, Are, or, Is not to be bpd If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
Am, Are, or, Is not to have bqd cated) is (or, are) -BYL
BEH Am, Are, or, Is to. If he (she, or persons or things indi-
it,
Am, Are, or, Is to be bfc cated) is (or, are) able to bym
Am, Are, or, Is to have bqc If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
How am I? bxg cated) is (or, are) not byn
BEI I am not. If he (she, it,or persons or things indi-
If lam . byx cated) is (or, are) not able to byo
If lam not I byz If they are caf
What, or, Which am I? _- cpv If they are not cag
When am I to? --_ CQv If we are cax
Where am I (or, are we)? csq If we are not cay
Where I am (or, we are) ctg If you are cbq
Why am I? -'
cuy If you are not - cbr
Is, or, Are, he, (she, it, or persons or
BEJ Are. things indicated) ? bvy
BEK Are, or, Is his (her-s, it-s). There are (or, is) cmg
BEL Are, or, Is my (mine). There are (or, is) not cmh
BEM Are, or, Is our-s, or, Are we ? They are for cnm
Are, Am, Is not
or, beg BET They are from.
Are, Am, Is not to be
or, bfd BEU They are.
Are, Am, Is not to have
or, bqd BEV They are not.
Are, Am, Is to
or, beh BEW We are.
Are, Am, Is to be
or, bfc BEX We are not.
Are, Am, Is to have
or, bqc What, or, Which are (or, is)? cpw
BEN Are, or, Is the. What, or, Which are (or, is)you-r-s?-CFY
BEO Are, or, Is theirs, or, Are they ? What, or, Which is (or, are) he (she, it,
BEP Are,
or, Is there any ? or persons or things indicated) ?-CPX
BEQ Are these those)? (or, When are (or, is)? cqw
BER Are, Is with or, When are we ? cqx
BES Are, or, Is you-r-s. When are you? cqy
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- When he (she, it, or persons or things
cated) had (has, or, have) done (or, is, indicated) is (or, are) CRJ
or, are doing) bul When is (or, are) he (she, it, or persons
He, She. It (or persons or things indi- or things indicated,)''. CRN
cated) had (has, or, have) not done When they are csi
(or, is, or, are not doing) bup When we are : csl
He, She, It (or person s or things indi- When you are. ..-CSN
cated) is (or, are) for bur Where am I (or, are we)? CSQ
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Where are (or, is)? csr
cated) is (or, from
are) bus , Where arethey ? cst
He, She, It (or persons or thing s indi- Where are you from ? si
cated) is (or, are) but Where he (she, it, or persons or things
He, She, It (or persons orHhings indi- indicated)is (or, are) ctd
cated) is (or, are) able to buv Where I am (or, we are) ctg
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Where is (or, are) he (she, it, or persons
cated) is (or, are) not buw or things indica%ed)1 cth
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Where they are ^ qua
cated) is (or, are) not able to bux Where we are (or, I am) - - ctg

(62)
)

Part 1. AUXILIARY ^PHRASES. 63

AREBE.

Abe Continued. Be Continued.


Where you are-- -
cup He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Who are (or, is)? cui cated) had (has, or, have) not been.BUO
Why are (or, is)? cuz He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Why are yon? cva cated) must be buz
Why are you not? cvb He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BEY Yon are. cated) must not be _bvc
BEZ You are not. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) ought to be -BVF
BFA Be. Been. Being. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BFC Am, Are, or, Is to be. cated.) ought not to be bvg
BFD Am, Are, Is not to be.
BFE
BFG
Be the.
Can, or May be.
or,
cated) shall(or, will) be
He, She, It (or persons br things indi-

He, She, It (or persons or things indi-


bvi

Can, or May do (or, be done) blt cated) shall ( or, will )notbe bvk
BFH Can, or.May have been. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Can.or May have done(or, been done)BLV cated) should (or, would) be. bvm
Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
things indicated) be? btk cated) should (or, would) do (or, be
Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or done) bvn
things indicated) have been ? btl He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Can, or, Maylbe? bkh cated) should (or, would)not be. .bvq
Can, or, May it be done? blw He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BFI Can, or, May there be ? cated) should (or, would) not do (or,
BFJ Can not, or. May not be. be done) bvk
Cannot, or, Maynotdo(or,bedone)-BLX He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BFK Can not, or May not have been. cated) was (or, were) to be bvw
Can not, or May not have done (or, been He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
done) blz cated) was (or, were) not to be bvx
Can not, or May not he (she, it, or per-
sons or things indicated) be ? btm BFX I can may) be.
(or,
Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or per- BFY I can not (or, may not) be.
sons or things indicated) have been ? BFZ could
I might) be.
(or,
BTN BGA I could might) not be.
(or,
BFL Could, or, Might be. BGC I had have) been.
(or,
Could, or, Might do(or, be done) .. _bma BGD I had have) not been.
(or,
BFM Could, or, Might have been. BGE I must be.
Could, or, Might have done (or, been BGF I must not be.
done)-. bmc BGH shall
I will) be.
(or,
Could, or, Might he (she, it, or persons BGI I shall will) not be.
(or,
or things indicated) be ? bto BGJ should
I would) be.
(or,
Could, or. Might he (she, it, or persons BGK I should would) have been.
(or,
or things indicated) not be ? btp BGL I should would) not be.
(or,

BFN Cbuld, or. Might not be. BGM I should would) not have been.
(or,
Could, or, Might not do (or, be done) bmd If it can (or, may) be done bzr
BFO Could, or, Might not have been. If it can not (or, may not) be done..BZS
Am.
Could, or Might not have done (or, been Is, etc. (See
done) : bme Is it not to be done? bni
BFP Could, or, Might there be ? Is it to be done? bnj
BFQ Had, Has, or Have been. It, etc.
BGN It can be.
(See He.)
Had, Has, or, Have done (or, been
done) bmr It can (or, may) be done _. __bnk
Had, Has, or Have,. he (she, it, or per- BGO It can not be.
sons or things indicated) been?--BTU It can not (or, may not) be done bnl
'
Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per- It could (or, might) be done bnm
sons or things indicated) not been? It could (or, might) not be done.__BNO
BTX BGP It had (or, has) been.
BFR Had, or, Have I been ?
BGQ
It had (or, has) been done
had (or, has) not been.
bnp
BFS Had, Has, or, Have not been. It
Had, Has, or, Have not done (or, been It had (or, has) not been done bnq
done) bms BGR It ought to be.
BFT Had, or, Have they been ? It ought to be done bnr
BFU Had, or, Have we been ? BGS It ought not to be.
BFV Had, or, Have you been ? It ought not to be done bns
BFW Having been. BGT It shall
It shall
(or, will) be.
(or, will) be done bnt
persons or things indi-
He, She, It (or
cated) can (or, may) be buc BGU It shall (or, will) not be.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- It shall (or, will) not be done bnu
cated) can not (or, may not) be-.BUE BGV -^Let her be.
He, She, It (or person s or things indi- Let him be bxe
cated) had (has, or, have) been_--BUK BGW Let them be.
64 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

BE.

Be Continued. Be Continued.
BGX Let us be. BHO Should, or, Would there be ?

May, etc. (See Can. ) .


That, or, This can (or, may) be ckr
Might, etc. (See Could.) That, or, This can not (or, may not) be
Must be cem CKT
Must do (or, be done) Cen That, or, This could (or, might) be.CKV
Must have been cep That, or, This could (or, might) not be
Must not be ...CEV CKW
Must not do (or, be done) cew That, or, This had (has, or, have) been
BGY Need be. CKY
BGZ Need not be. That, or, This had (has, or, have) not
Not be (been, being) cpn been ckz
.Not to be cgh That, or,This must be clj
Not to be done CGI That, or,This must not be clm
Not to be had cgj That, or,This shall (or, will) be -.-Cln
Ought not to be CHS That, or.This shall (or, will) not be.CLO
Ought to be chy That, or,This should (or, would) be. CLP
Ought to do (or, be done) ___chz That, or,This should (or, would) not be,
CLQ
BHA Shall, or, Will be. There can (or, may) be cmj
Shall, or, "Will do (or, be done) bnw There can not (or, may not) be cmi,
Shall, or, Will have done (or, been done) There could (or, might) be cmo
BNX There could (or, might) not be cmp
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or, persons There had (has, or, have) been cmr
or things indicated) be? bwe There had (has, or, have) not been .cms
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons There shall (or, will) be
, cmv
or things indicated) do (or, be done)? There shall (or, will) hot be cmx
BWF There should (or, would) be cmz
Shall, or,Will he (she, it, or persons There should (or. would) havebeen.CNA
or things indicated) not be ?. bwi There should (or, would) not be cnd
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons . There should (or; would) not have been,
or things indicated) not do (or, be CNE
done)? bwj BHP They can (or, may) be.
BHQ They can not (or, may not) be.
BHC Shall, Will I be?
or, BHE They could (or, might) be.
BHD Shall, Will not be?
or, BHS They could (or, might) not be.
Shall, or Will not do (or, be done) _bny BHT They had (or, have) been.
x

Shall, or, Will not have done (or, been BHU They had (or, -have) not been.
done) bnz BHV They must be.
BHE Shall, or, Will there be? BHW They must not be.
BHF Shall, or, Will they be ? BHX They ought to be.
BHG Shall, or, Will we be ? BHY They ought not to be.
BHI Shall, or, Will you be ? BHZ They shall (or, will) be.
BHJ Shall, or, Will you not be 1 BIA They shall will) not
(or, be.'
BHK Should, or, Would be. BIC They should would) be.
(or,
Should, or, Would do (or, be done) .bof BID They should would) not be.
(or,
BIE They were to be.
BHL Should, or, Would have been. BIP They were not to be.
Should, or, Would have done (or, been To be cnp
'done) -._ _ bog To be at cnq
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or, per- To be done : cnr
sons or thing s indicated) be bwn To be had. cns
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons BIG Was, or, Were to be.
or things indicated) do (or, be done)? BIH We can (or, may) be.
BWO BIJ We can not (or, may not) be.
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons BIK We could (or, might) be.
or things indicated) have been Lbwq BIM We could (or, might) not be.
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons BIN We had have) been.
(or,
or things indicated) not be ? - ..bws BIO We had have) not been.
(or,
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons BIP We must be.
or things indicated) not do (or, be BIQ We must not be.
done)? *. bwt BIE We shall (or, will) be.
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons BIS We shall (or, will) not be.
or things indicated) not have been ? BIT We should (or, would) be.
BWT BIU We should (or, would) not be.
BHM Should, or, Would not be. BIV We were to be.
Should, or, Would not do (or, be done), BIW We were not to be.
boh When shall (or, will) be? CRS
BHN Should, or, Would not have been. When shall (or, will) it be done?..CRX
Should, or, Would not have done (or, When shall (or, will) you be? CSD
been done) boi Where shall (or, will) be? ctl
-J
'
Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 65

BECAN.

Be Continued. Can Continued.


Where shall (or,, will) you be? ctu .Can not, or, May not have been bfk
Will, etc. (See Shall.) Can not, or,May not have done (or,
BIX Will it be ? been done) blz
Would, etc. (See Should.) Can not, or, May not have had bqi
BIY You can (or, may) be. Cannot, or, May not he (she, it,
or per-
BIZ You can not may not) be.
{or, sons or things indicated) be ? btm
BJA You could might) be.
(or, Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or per-
BJC You could might) not be.
(or, sons or things indicated) have been ?
BJD You had have) been.
{or, btn
BJE You had have) not been.
{or, He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BJF You must be. cated) can (or, may) bua
BJG You must not be. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BJH You ought to be. cated) can (or, may) be buc
BJI You ought not to be. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BJK You shall will) be.
{or, cated) cannot (or, may not) bud
BJL You shall will) not be.
{or, He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BJM You should would) be.
{or, cated) can not (or, may not) be -_bue
BJN You should would) not be.
{or, How can (or, may)? BXJ
BJO You were to be. BKQ I can (or, may).
BJP You were not to be. lean (or, may) be
may) have
bfx
bri
lean (or,
BJQ By. BKE I can not (or, may not).
BJB By him her-s,(his, it-s). I can not (or, may not) be bfy
BJS By me (my, mine.) I can not (or, may not) have bbj
BJT By that {or, this.) BKS I shall (or, will) if I can.
BJU By the. I will do it if I can lip
BJV By them (their-s). If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
BJW By there. cated) can (or, may)-.- byd
BJX By these those). {or, If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
BJY By us (our-s). cated) can not (or, may not) bye
BJZ By what which). {or, If I can (or, may) bza
BKA By whom whose). {or, If lean not (or, may not) bzc
BKC By you-r-s. If it can (or, may) be done bzr
BKD Me by. If it can not (or, may not) be done.-BZS
Cah
Not by cfo If they can (or may)
If they can not (or, may not) cai
Can {or, May). bke If we
can (or, may) caz
BKE Can. If we can not (or,
If you can (or, may)
may not) cba
cbs
Can, or, May be bfg
Can, or, May do (or, be done) .- blt If you can not (or, may not) cbt
Can, or, May do it blu It, etc. (See He.)
Can, or, May have bqe Itcan be -BGN
Can, or, May have been bfh Itcan (or, may) be done ---BNK
Can, or, May have done (or, been done) Itcan not be - bgo
blv Itcan not (or, may not) be done bnl
Can, or, May have had bqp No, I can not . huz
Can, or, May he (she, it, or person s or Nothing can (or.'could) . skb
things indicated)"! btj That, or, This can (or, may).. ckq
Can, or. May he (she, it, or persons or

That, or, This can (or, may) be ckr
things indicated) be? btk That, or, This can not (or may not) _cks
Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or That, or, This can not (or, may not)
things indicated) have been? btl be ckt
BKF Can, or, May his (hers, it-s)? There can (or, may)
There can (or, may) be
CMI
Cmj
BKG Can, or, May I (my, mine) ?
There can not (or, may not) CMK
BKH Can, or, May I be ?

bqg There can not (or, may not) be cml
Can, or, May I have some ?

Can, or, May it be done? blw BKT They can (or, may).

BKI Can, May that (or, this)?


or, They can (or, inay) be bhp
Can, May the?
or, hue They can (or, may) have bsf
Can, May there be ?
or, bfi BKU They can not (or, may not).
Can, or, May these They can not (or, may not) be bhq
BKJ (or, those)?
They can not (or, may not) have.-.BSG
BKL Can, or, May they (their-s)?
BKM Can, or, May they not? BKV" We can (or, may).
BKN Can, or, May we (our-s) ? We can (or, may) be bih
BKO Can, or, May you-r-s ? We can (or, may) have bsn
BKP Can not, or, May not ? BKW We can not (or, may not).
Cannot, or, May not be bfj We can not (or, may not) be bij
Can not, or, May not do (or, be done) .blx -
We can jiopdVn, may not) have bso
Cannot, or, May not do it bly What, or, Which can (or, may!)?.-.cpz
Can not, or. May not have bqh . When can (or, may)? CQZ

1092907-
.

66 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

CANDO.

Can Continued. Could Continued.


When can (or, may)
I crm She, etc. (See He.)
"Where can (or, may)? CSV That, or This could (or, might) Cku
"Who can (or, may)? cuj That, or This could (or-, might) be-.cxv
Why can (or, may)? huf That, or This could (or, might) not be,
Why can not (or, may not) cvd ckw
Yes, lean hug There could (or, might) cmn
BKX You can (or, may). There could (or, might) be cmo
You can (or, may) be biy There could (or, might) not be cmp
You can (or, may) have bsy BLN They could (or, might).
BKY You can not (or, may not). They could (or, might) be bhb
You can not (or, may not) be biz BLO They could (orj might) not.
You can not (or, may not) have bsz They could (or, might) not be bhs
BLP We couli (or, might).
Could (or, Might) bkz We could (or, might) be .. __bik
BKZ Could. BLQ We could (or, might) not.
Could, or, Might be bfl We could (or, might) not be bim
Could, or, Might do (or, be, done)-_BMA What, or. Which
could (or, might) ?_cqa
Could, or, Might have bqj When could (or, might)? cea
Could, or, Might have been bfm Where could (or, might) ? csw
Could, or, Might have done (or, been Who could (or, might)? cum
done) bmc Why could (or, might)? evi
Could, or, Might have had bqk Why could (or, might) not? cvf
Could, or, Might he (she, it, or persons BLR You could (or, might).
or things indicated) be? bto You could (or, might) be bja
Could, or, Might he (she, it, or persons BLS You could (or, might) not.
or things indicated) not be ? btp You could (or, might) not be bjc
BLA Could, or, Might his (her-s, it-s) ?
BLC Could, or, Might I (lny, mine) ? Do. Does. Did. Doing. Done...bmf
BLD Could, or, Might not. BLT Can, May do (or, be done)
or,
Could, or, Might not be bfn BLU Can, May do it.
or,
Could, or, Mightnot do (or.be done).BMD BLV Can, May have done (or, been done).
or,
Could, or, Might not have bql BLW Can, May it be done?
or,
Could, or, Might not have been bfo BLX Can not, or, May not do (or, be done).
Could, or, Might not have done (or, been BLY Can not, or, May not do it.
done) bme BLZ Can not, or, May not have done (or,
Could, or, Might not have had bqm been done).
BLE Could, or, Might -that (or, this)? BMA Could, or, Might do (or, be done).
BLF Could, or, Might the ? BMC Could, or, Might have done been (or,
Could, or, Might there be ? bfp done).
BLG Could, or, Might these (or, those) ? BMD Could, or, Might not do be done).
(or,
BLH Could, or, Might they (their-s) ? BME Could, or, Might not have done been (or,
BLI Could, or, Might we (our-s)? done).
BLJ Could, or, Might you-r-s ? BMF Do, Does, Did, Doing, Done.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Do, Does, or, Did he (she, it, or persons
cated) could (or, might) buf or things indicated) ? . btq
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BMG Do, Does, or. Did his (her-s, it-s)?
cated) could (or, might) not bug BMH Do, Does, or, Did I (my, mine)?
How could (or, might)? bxk BMI Do, Does, or, Did not.
BLK I could (or, might). Do not let him (her, it, or persons indi-
I could (or, might) be bfz have
cated) btr
I could (or, might) have brk BMJ Does, Did that (or this) ?
or,
BLM I could (or, might) not. BMK Do, Does, or, Did the?
I could (or, might) not be bga BML Do, Does, or, Did there?
I could (or, might) not have bkl BMN Do, or, Did these (or, those) ?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BMO Do, Does, or, Did they (their-s) ? :
>

cated) could (or, might) byf BMP Do, Does, or, Did we (our-s) ?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BMQ Do, Does, or, Did you-r-s?
cated) could, or, might not byg BMR Had, Has, or, Have done (or, been
If I could (or, might) _. bzd done).
If I could (or, might) not bze BMS Had, has, or, Have not done (or, been
If they could (or, might) caj done).
If they could (or, might) not cal BMT Had, or, Have I done?
If we could (or, might) cbd BMU Had, or, Have they done?
If we could (or, might) not cbe BMV Had, or, Have we done?
If you could (or, might) cbu BMW Had, or, Have you done?
If you could (or, might) not- cbv BMX Having done.
It, etc, .(See He.) He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
It could (or, might) be done bnm cated) does (do, or, did) buh
It could (or, might) not be done bno He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Nothing could skb cated) does (do, or, did) not bui

Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 67

DO.

Do Continued. Do Continued.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BNY Shall, or, Will not do (or, be done).
cated) had (has, or, have) done (or, BNZ Shall, or, Will not have done (or, been
is, or, are doing) bul done).
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BOA Shall, or, Will they do it ?
cated) had (has, or, have) not done BOC Shall, or, Will they not do it ?
(or, is, or, are not doing) bup BOD Shall, or, Will you do it ?
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BOE Shall, or, Will you not do it ?
cated) should (or, would) do (or, be BOP Should, or, Would do (or, be done).
done) bvn BOG Should, or, Would have done (or, been
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- done).
cated) should (or, would) not do (or, Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons
he done) bvk or thing s indicated) do (or, be done),
How do (does, or, did)? -_bxl BWO
How do (or, did) you?. bxm Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons
I do (or, did). or things indicated) not do (or, be
I do (or, did) not. done) bwt
I had (or, have) done. BOH Should, or, Would not do (or, be done).
I had (or, have) not done. BOI Should, or, Would not have done (or,
I shall (or. will) do. been done).
I shall (or, will) not do. BOJ They do did). (or,
I should (or, would) do. BOK They do (or, did) not.
I should (or, would) not do, BOL They had (or, have) done.
I will doit if I can lip BOM They had (or, have) not done.
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- To be done- cnr
cated) does (do, or, did) byh To do : CNT
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BON Was, or, Were done (or, doing).
cated) does (do, or, did) not ..byi BOP Was, or, Were not done (or, doing).
If Ido (or, did) bzf BOQ We do did). (or,
If I do (or, did) not bzg BOB, We do (or, did) not.
If I were you I should not do it liq BOS We had (or, have) done,
If it can (or, may) be done bzr BOT We had have) not done.
(or,
If it can not (or, may not) be done-.BZS What, or, Which do (does, or, did) ?- -CQB,
If they do (or, did) cam What, or, Which does (do, or, did) he (she
If they do (or, did) not can it, or persons or things indicated) ?. cqd

If we do (or, did) cbp What, or, Which do (or, did) they (we,
If we do (or, did) not cbg or.you)? cqe
If you do (or, did) cbw What, or, Which shall (or, will)I (or, we)
If you do (or, did) not Cbx do? CQL
Is it done? What, or, Which shall (or, will) they (or,
Is it not to be done? you) do? -CQN
Is it to be done? What, or, Which should (or,
cqr
would) I
It, etc. (See He.) (or, we) do?
It can (or, may) be done. What, or, Which should (or, would) they
It can not (or, may not) be done. (or, you) do? Jcqs
It could (or, might) be done. When do (does, or, did) ?
When does (do, or, did) he
cbb
it, or,
It could (or, might) not be done. (she,
It has had) been done.
(or, persons or things indicated) ? CRD
It has had) not been done.
(or, When do (or, did) I (or, we) ? CRE
When do (or, did) they (or, you) ?- - .crp
It ought to be done.
It ought not to be done. When done with org
When shall (or, will) I (they, we, or, you)
It shall (or, will) be done.
It shall (or, will) not be done. do? CRV
It will do. When shall (or, will) be done ?- - -CRX
it

May, etc. (See Can.) Where do (does, or, did) ? csx


Might, etc. (See Could.) Where do (or,did) I (or, we)? csy
Must do (or, be done) cen Where do (or, did) they (or, you) ?- . csz .

Must not do (or, be done) cew Who do (does, or, did)? cuo
Not doing cfp Why do (does, or, did) ? cvg
Not done.- CH! Why do (does, or, did) not? ovh
Not to be done... cgi Why do (or,did) you? --Cvi
Ought I to do? chq Why do (or, did) you not ? CVJ
Ought to do (or, be done) chz Will, etc. (See Shall.)
Shall, or, Will do, (or, be done). BOU Will it do ?
Shall, or, Will have done (or, been done). BOV Will not do.
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or Will you do it? owe
things indicated), do (or, be done) ? Would. (See Should.)
bwf BOW You do (or, did).
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or, persons or BOX You do (or, did) not.
things indicated), not do(or, be done)? BOY You had (or, have) done.
BWJ BOZ You had (or, have) not done.
68 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

FOEHAD, HAS, HAVE.

Foe bpa Had, Has, or. Have Continued.


BPA For. BQM Could, or, Might not have had. '

BPC For all. Do not let him (her, it, or persons


BPD For him her-s,(his, it-s, or persons or indicated) have btr
things indicated). BQN Had, Has, or, Have.
BPE For me (my, mine). BQO Had, Has, or, Have any.
BPF For that {or, this). Had, Has, or, Have been bfq
BPG For the. Had, Has, or, Have done (or, been
BPH For them (their-s). done) bmr
BPI For these (or, those). BQP Had, Has, or, Have had.
BPJ For us (our-s). Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per-
BPK For what which). (or, sons or things indicated) bts
BPL For whom whose). (or, Had, pas, or. Have, he (she, it, or per-
BPM For you-r-s. sons or things indicated) been . .btu
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Had, Has, or. Have, he (she, it, or per-
cated) is (or,are) for. .-.-BUR sons or things indicated) had ...btv
Not for - cfr Had, Has, or. Have, he (she, it, or per-
They are for cnm sons or things indicated) not btw
Was, or, Were for cop Had. Has, or. Have, he (she, it, or per-
Where for? cta sons or things indicated) not been,
BTX
From bpn Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per-
BPN From. sons or things indicated) not had.BTY
BPO From him her-s, or persons or
(his, it-s, BQE Had, Has, or, Have, his (her-s, it-s).
things indicated). BQS Had, Has, or, Have, I (my, mine) ?
BPQ From me (my, mine). Had, or, Have I been? bfr
BPR From that (or, this). Had, or, Have I done? bmt
BPS From the. BQT Had, or, Have I had ?
BPT From them (their-s). BQU Had, Has, or, Have not.
BPU From there. , Had, Has, or, Have not been bfs
BPV From these those). (or, Had, Has, or, Have not done (or, been
BPW From us (our-s). done) bms
BPX From what (or which). -
, BQV Had, Has, or, Have not had.
BPY From whence (or, where). BQW Had, Has, or, Have that (or, this).
BPZ From whom (or, whose). BQX Had, Has, or, Have the.
BQA From you-r-s. BQY Had, Has, or, Have there.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BQZ Had, or, Have these (or, those) ?
cated) is (or, are) from ...bus BRA Had, Has, or, Have they (them, their-s) ?
Not from... cfs Had, or, Have they been?.. bft
They are from bet Had, or, Have they done ? bmu
Was, or, Were from coq BEC Had, or, Have they had ?
Where are you from? si BED Had, Has, or, Have we (our-s)?
Had, or,/Have we been bfu
Had, Has, or, Have bqn Had, or, Have we done bmv
BQC Am, Are, or, Is to have. BEE Had, or, Have we had ?
BQD Am, Are, or, Is not to have. BEF Had, Has, or, Have you-r-s.
BQE Can, or, May have. Had, or. Have you been? bfv
Can, or, May have been bfh Had, or, Have you done? BMW
Can, or, May have done (or, been BEG Had, or, Have you had ?
done) blv Having opi
BQP Can, or, May have had. Having been bfw
Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or Having done bmx
things indicated) have been ? btl BEH Having had.
BQG Can, or, May I have some ? He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BQH Can not, or, May not have. cated) had (has, or, have) buj
Can not, or, May not have been bfk He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Can not, or, May not have done (or, been cated) had (has, or, have been)-..BUK
done) _ , blz He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BQI Can not, or, May not have had. cated) had (has, or, have) done (or, is,
Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or or, are doing) bul
persons or things indicated) have He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
been? ... btn cated) had (has, or, have) had . .bum .

BQJ Could, or, Might have. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Could, or, Might have been bfm cated) had (has, or, have) not bun
Could, or, Might have done (or, been He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
done) BMC cated) had (has, or, have) not been.BUO
BQK Could, or, Might have had. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BQL Could, or, Might not have. cated) had (has, or, have) not done (or,
Could, or, Might not have been bfo is, or, are not doing) bup
Could, or, Might not have done (or, been He, She,- It (or persons or things indi-
done) bme cated) had (has, or, have) not had.BUQ
Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 69

HAD, HAS, HAVE.


)

70 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

HAD, HAS, HAVEHE, SHE, IT.

Had, Has, or, Have Continued. He, She, It Continued.


Where shall (or, will) we have ? CTR BUE He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Which, etc. (See What.) cated) can not may not) be.
(or,
Who had (has, or, have)? cup BUF He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Why had (has, or, have) ? cvk cated) could (or, might).
Why had (has, or, have) not? CVL BUG He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Why had (or, have) you? cvm cated) could (or, might) not.
Why had (or, have) you not? CVN BUH He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Will it have? .-CWD cated) does (do, or, did).
Would, etc. (See Should.) BUI He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BSY You can (or, may) have. cated) does (do, or, did) not.
BSZ You can not (or, may not) have. BUJ He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BTA You had (or, have). cated) had (has, or, have).
You had (or, have) been bjd BUK He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
You had (or, have) done boy cated) had (has, or, have) been.
BTC You had (or, have) had. BUL He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BTD You had (or, have) not. cated) had (has, or, have) done (or, is,
You had (or, have) not been bje or, are doing).
You had (or, have) not done boz BUM He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BTE You had (or, have) not had. cated) had (has, or, have) had.
BTF You shall (or, will) have. BUN He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BTG You shall (or, will) not have. cated) had (has, or, have) not.
BTH You should, (or, would) have. BUO He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BTI You should (or, would) not have. cated) had (has, or, have) not been.
BUP He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
He btz cated) had (has, or, have) not done
(or, is, or, are not doing).
He, She, It, or, Persons, or, Things. BUQ He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Are, or, Is, etc. (See Is. cated) had (has, or, have) not had.
BTJ May he (she,
Can, or, it, or persons or BUR He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
things indicated) 1 cated) is (or, are) for.
BTK Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or BUS He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
thing s indicated) be ? cated) is (or, are) from.
BTL
Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or BUT He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
things indicated) have been ? cated) is (or, are).
BTM Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or per- BUV He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
son s or things indicated) be ? cated) is (or, are) able to.
BTN Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or per- BUW He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
sons or things indicated) have been? cated) is (or, are) not.
BTO Could, or, Might he (she, it, or persons BUX He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
or things indicated) be ? cated) is (or, are) not able to.
BTP Could, or, Might he (she, it or persons He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
or things indicated) not be ? cated) may. (See Can.)
BTQ Do, Does, or, Did he (she, it, or persons He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
or things indicated) 1 cated) might. (See Could.)
BTR Do not let him (her, it, or persons indi- BUY He. She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) have. cated) must.
For him (his, her-s, it-s, or persons or BUZ He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
things indicated) bpd cated) must be.
From him (his, her-s, it-s, or persons BVA He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
or things indicated) - - bpo cated) must not.
BTS Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per- BVC He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
sons or things indicated) 1 cated) must not be.
BTU Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it or per- BVD He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
sons or things indicated) been? cated) ought to.
BTV Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per- BVE He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
sons or things indicated) had ? cated) ought not to.
BTW Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per- BVF He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
sons or things indicated) not ? cated) ought to be.
BTX Had, has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per- BYG- He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
sons or things indicated) not been. cated) ought not to be.
BTY Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per- BVH He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
sons or things indicated) not had ? cated) shall (or, will).
BVI He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
BTZ He. / cated) shall (or, will) be.
BUA He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BVJ He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) can (or, may). cated) shall (or, will) not.
BUC He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BVK -He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) can (or, may) be. cated) shall (or, will) not be.
BUD He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BVL He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) can not (or, may not). cated) should (or, would).
) ) ? ) )

Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 71

HE, SHE, IT.

He, She, It Continued.


He, She, It Continued.
BVM He, She, It (or persons or things indi- If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
cated) should (or, would) be. cated) would, etc. (See Should.
BVN He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BVY Is, or, Are he (she, it, or persons or
cated) should (or, would) do (or, be things indicated) 1
done). BVZ It.
BVO He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BWA Let him (her, or persons or things it,
cated) should (or, would) have. indicated) have.
BVP He, She, It (or person s or things indi- May he (she, etc.)? (See Can.) it,
cated) should (or, would) not. Might he (she, etc. (See Could. it, ) 1

BVQ He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Must he (she, or persons or thing s it,
cated) should (or, would) not be. indicated)! cer
BVR He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
v

Ought he (she, or persons or things it,


cated) should (or, would) not do (or, indicated) to? CHN
be done).
BVS He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BWC Person-s, or, Thing-s indicated.
cated) should (or, would) not have. BWD Shall, or, Will he (she, or persons it,

BVT He, She, It (or persons or things indi- or thing-s indicated) 1


cated) was (or, were). BWE Shall, or, Will he, (she, or person-s
it,

BVU He, She, It (or persons or things indi- or things indicated) be?
cated) was (or, were) not. BWF Shall, or, Will he (she, or personsit,

BVW He, She, It (or persons or things indi- or things indicated) do be done)? (or,
cated) was (or, were) to be. BWG Shall, or, Will he (she, or person-s
it,

BVX He, She, It (or person s or things indi- or things indicated) have?
cated) was (or, were) not to be. BWH Shall, or, Will he (she, or person-sit,

He, She, It (or persons or things indi- or things indicated) not?


cated) will, etc. (See Shall. BWI Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or person-s
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- or thing s indicated) not be?
cated) would, etc. (See Should. BWJ Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons
How is (or, are) he (she, it, or persons or things indicated) not do (or, be
or things indicated) 1 :.-- bxo done) ?
How shall (or, will) he (she, it, or per- BWK Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons
sons or things indicated)"! bxr or things indicated) not have?
If he (she, it, or persons or fhing-s indi- BWL She.
cated) can (or, may) byd BWM Should, or, Would he (she, or per- it,

If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- sons or thing-s indicated) 1

cated) can not (or, may not) bye BWN Should, or, Would he (she, or per- it,

If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- sons or things indicated) be?


cated) could (or, might) byf BWO Should, or. Would he (she, or per- it,

If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- son-s or things indicated) do (or, be


cated) could (or, might) not byg done) ?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BWP Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per-
cated) does (do, or, did) byh sons or things indicated) have?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BWQ Should, or. Would he (she, it, or per-
cated) does (do, or, did) not byi sons or thing-s indicated) have been?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BWE Should, or, Would he (she. it, or per-
cated) had (has, or, have) byj sons or thing-s indicated) not?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BWS Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per-
cated) had (has, or, have) not byk son-s or thing-s indicated) not be?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- BWT Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per-
cated)is(or, are) byl son-s or things indicated) not do (or,
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- be done)
cated) is (or, are) able to bym BWU Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per-
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- son-s or things indicated) not have?
cated) is (or, are) not byn BWV Should, or Would he (she, it, or persons
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- or things indicated) not have been?
cated) is (or, are) not able to byo That he (she, it, or persons or things
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- indicated) cla
cated) shall (or, will) byp BWX Was, or Were he (she, it, or person-s or
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- things indicated,)"!
cated) shall (or, will) not byq BWY Was, or Were he (she, it, or person-s or
If he (she, or persons or thing s
it, indi- things indicated) not ?
cated) should (or, would) bye What, or Which does (do, or did) he
(she, it, or persons or thing-s indi-
If he(she, it, or persons or things indi-
cated) should (or, would) not bys cated)! --CQD
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- What, or Which is (or are) he (she, it,
cated) was (or, were) byt or person-s or things indicated) 1. .cpx
If he(she, it, or persons or things indi- When does (did, or do) he (she, it, or
cated) was (or, were) not byu persons or thing-s indicated)"! crd
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- When he, (she, it, or person-s or thing-s
cated) will, etc. (See Shall.) indicated) is (or are) crj
72 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

HE, SHE, ITI.


Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 73
74 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

IFIS.
) )

Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 75

ISMIGHT.

Is Continued. It Continued.
What, Which Must it-s (his, her-s)?
or, is (or,
or persons or things indicated) ?.cpx
What, or, Which, is (or, are) you-r-s ?
are) he (she, it,
Not it-s (his, her-s)?
Of it-s (him, his, her-s)
ces
cpt
cgn
CPY On its (him, his. her-s) CGY
What, or, Which is it? c<JG Ought it-s ( his, her-s) ? cho
When are (or, is) ? ., cqw Shall, or, Will it (he, she)? bwd
When he (she, it, or, persons or things Shall, or, Will its (his, herB ) ? cis
indicated) is (or, are) CRJ Shall, or Will
, they do it ? - - boa
When is (or, are) he (she, it, or persons Shall, or, Will they not do it ? boo
or things indicated) 1 CRN Shall, or, Will you do it ? bod
Where are (or, is)? ---- CSR Shall, or, Will you not do it ? .. boe
Where he (she, it, or persons or things Should, or, Would it-s (his, her-s) -_cjp
indicated) is (or, are) ctd That it-s (his, her-s) CLB
Where is (or, are) he (she, it, or persons That it is clg
or things indicated) ? cth That it is not - cm
Who are (or, is)? - cui To it-s (him, his, her-s) cnv
Why are (or, is)? cuz Was, or, Were it-s (his, her-s)? cor
What, or, Which is it ? cqg
It bvz When it-s (his, her-s) crk
When shall (or will) it be done?.--CRX
(See also He, She, It, or, Person -s, or, Where it-s (his, her-s) cte
Things. ) Will, etc. (See Shall.)
Will it be? --bix
CDW After it. Will it do?, bou
ODX Before it is. Will you doit? '.
owe
By it-s (him, his, her-s)_-_ bjr With it-s (him, his, her-s) cwg
Can, or, May
doit blu Would, etc. (See Should.)
Can, or, May
it-s (his, her-s)? bkp
Can, or, May
it be done ? blw
Can not,' or, May
not doit bly CDZ May. (See Can. )
Could, or, Might its (his, her-s) ?__bla
Do, Does, or, Did it-s (his, her-s) ?-.kmg
For it-s (him, his, her-s, or persons or Me, My, Mine, Myself ced
things indicated) bpd CEA After me (my, mine).
From it-s (him, his, her-s, or persons or Are, or, Is my (mine).-- bel
things indicated) bpo CEB Before me (my, mine).
Had, Has, or, Have, it-s (his, her-s) ?.bqr By me (my, mine) bjs
If it-s (his, her-s, he, she) byv Can, or, May I (my, mine)? bkg
If it can (or, may) be done bzr Could, or, Might I (my, mine)? blc
If it can not (or, may not) be done.-BZS Do, Does, or, Did I (my, mine)? bmh
In its (him, his, her-s) cdj For me (my, mine) bpe
Is, or, Are it-s (his, her-s) bek From me (my, mine) bpq
Is it? cdt Had, Has, or, Have I (my, mine)?--BQS
Is it done? bnh If I (my, mine) ___byw
Is it not to be done bni In me (my, mine) cdk ',

Is it so '! cdu Is, etc. (See Are.


Is it to be done? bnj May, etc. (See Can.
CDY Its-self. CED Me, My, Mine, Myself.
It can be-.- bgn Me by bed
It can (or-, may) be done bnk CEF Me to.
It can not be bgo CEG Me with.
It can not (or, may not) be done ---BNL Might, etc. (See Could.)
It could (or, might) be done bnm Must I (my, mine)? cet
It could (or, might) not be done . .bno - CEH Need I (my, mine) ?
It had (or, has) been done bnp Not I (my, mine) cfu
It had (or, has) not been done bnq Of me (my, mine) - . _cgo
It ought to be bgr On me (my, mine) cgz
ought to be done bnr Ought I (my, mine)? Clip
It
It ought not to be --BGS
bns
Shall, or, Will I (my, mine)? err
Should, or, Would I (my, mine)?---CjQ
It ought not to be done
Itshall (or, will)-. ciq That I (my, mine) old
Itshall (or, will) be bgt To me (my, mine) cnw
Itshall (or, will) be done bnt Was, or, Were I (my, mine)?. cos
Itshall (or, will) not be bgu When I (my, mine) crl
Itshall (or, will) not be done bnu Where I (my, mine) ctf
Itwill do bnv Will, etc. (See Shall.)
Let him (her, it, or persons or things With me (my, mine) cwh
indicated) have bwa Would, etc. (See Should.)
May, etc. (See Can.)
Might, etc. (See Could.) CEI Might. (See Could. )
)

76 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

MUSTNOT.

CEJ Must. Not Continued.


He, She, It (or peitson-s or things indi- Can not, or, May not have had bqi
cated) must BUY Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or per-
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- sons or things indicated) be? btm
cated) must be - buz Can not, or, Maynot he (she, it, or
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- persons or things indicated) have
cated) must not bva been? btn
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Could, or, Might be (she, it, or persons
cated) must not be bvc or things indicated) not be? btp
How must? bxp Could, or, Might not bld
CEK I must. Could, or, Might not be bpn
I must be - bge Could, or, Might not do (or, bedone).BMD
CEL I must not. Could, gr, Might not have bql
I must not be bgf Could, or, Might not have been bfo
If I must bzj Could, or, Might not have done (or, been
If I must not bzk done) bmc
CEM Must be. Could, or, Might not have had bqm
CEN Must do be done).
(or, Do, Does, or, Did not bmi
CEO Must have. Do not let him (her, it, or persons or
CEP Must have been. things indicated) have btr
CEQ Must have had. Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per-
CER Must he (she, or persons it, or things sons or things indicated) not? _.btw
indicated) ?
CES Must his (her-s, it-s) ?
Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or persons
CET Must I (my, mine) ?
or things indicated) not been? ___btx
CEU Must not. Had, Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or persons
CEV Must not be. or things indicated) not had? bty
CEW Must not do be done).
(or, Had, Has, or, Have not bqu
CEX Must that this)?
(or, Had, Has, pr, Have not been bfs
CEY Must the? Had, Has, or, Have not done (or, been
CEZ Must there be? done) 1 bms
CFA Must these (or, those)? Had, Has, or, Have not had bqv
CFB Must they (their-s) ? He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CFD Must we (our-s)? cated) can not (or, may not) bud
CPE -Must you-r-s? He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
That, or, This must cli cated) can not (or, may not) be - .bue
That, or, This must be clj He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
That, or, This must not clk cated) could (or, might) not bug
That, or. This must not be -.clm He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CFG They must. cated) does (do, or, did) not bui
They must be. bhv He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CFH They must not. cated) had (has, or, have) not bun
They must not be bhw He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CFI We must. cated) had (has, or, have) not been.Buo
"We must be bip He, She, It (or persons or things- indi-
CFJ We must not. cated) had (has, or, have) not done (or,
We must not be biq is, or, are not doing
) bup
What, or, Which must? cqh He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
When must? cro caed)had(has, or, have) not had .-BUQ
Where must? -_-CTl He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Who must? CUQ cated) is (or, are) not buw
Why must? cvo He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CFK You must. cated) is (or, are) not able to bux
You must be bjf He, She, It, etc. may. (See Can.
CFL You must not. ,

He, She, It, etc., might. (See Could.)


You must not be bjg He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) must not bva
CFM Not. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Am I not? ."
bed cated) must not be bvc
Am, Is, or, Are not -_beg He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Am, Is, or, Are not to be bfd cated) ought not to bve
Am, Is, or, Are not to have bqd He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Can, May theynot?
or, -..bkm cated) ought not to be bvg
Cannot, or, May not bkp He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Can not, or, May not be.- bfj cated) shall (or, will) not .- BVJ
Can not, or, May not do (or, be done)BLX He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Cannot, or, May not doit bly cated) shall (or, will) not be
Can not, or, May not have bvk
bqh He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Can not, or, May not have been bpk cated) should (or, would) not
Can not, or, May not have done (or, been bvp
He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
done) blz cated) should (or, would) not be.-BVQ
Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 77

NOT.
y

78 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

NOT.

Not Continued. Not Continued.


Shall, or, "Will I not have ? -BRY They had (or, have) not ..bsj
Shall, or, Will not ciu They had (or, have) not been bhu
Shall, or, Will not be - bhd They had (or, have) not done bom
Shall, or, Will not do (or, be done)-BNY They had (or, have) not had bsk
Shall, or, Will not have brz They must not .oph
Shall, or, Will not have done (or, been They must not be... bhw
done) bnz They ought not to cif
Shall,or, Will they not ? ciz They ought not to be... bhy
Shall,or, Will they not do it ? boc They shall (or, will) not cjg
Shall,or, Will we not? CJB They shall (or, will) not be bia
Shall,or, Will you not? cje They should (or, would) not cjz
Shall,or, Will you not be ? bhj They should (or, would) not be bid
Shall,or, "Will you not do it? boe They should (or, would) not have.-BSM
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons They were not cok
or things indicated) not ? . . _ _bwr They were not to be bip
Should, or, "Would he (she, it, or persons Was, or, "Were he (she, it, or persons or
or things indicated) hot be ? bws things indicated) notto? bwy
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per- Was
I not to? cou
son s or things indicated) not do (or, Was, or Were not cov
be done)? bwt Was, or, Were not done (or, doing). bop
Should, or, "Would he (she, it, or per- We are not bex
sons or things indicated) not have ? We can not (or, may not) bkw
BWU We can not (or, may not) be bij
Should, "Would he (she, it, or per-
or, We can not (or, may not) have bso
sons or things indicated) not have We could (or, might) not blq
been? bwv We could (or, might) not be bim
Should, or, Would not cjr We do (or, did) not- bor
Should, or, Would not be ...bhm We had (or, have) not... ..bsr
Should, or, Would not do (or, be done) We had (or, have) not been bio
boh "We had (or, have) not done bot
Should, or, Would not have BSD "We had (or, have) not had bst
Should, or, Would not have been_.BHN We must not _cfj
Should, or. Would not have done (or, We must not be biq
been done) boi "We ought not to era
Should, or, "Would not have had bse "We shall (or, will) not cji
That, or, This can not (or, may not)-CKS We shall (or, will) not be bis
That, or, This can not (or, may not) be "We shall (or, will)nothave bsv
CKT "We should (or, would) not ..ckb
That, or, This could (or, might) not be "We should (or, would) not be biu
CKW We should (or, would) not have bsx
That, or, This had (has, or, have) not "We were not cpp
been ckz We were not to be biw
That, This is not
or, clf "Were they not? cpi
That it is not -.-...clh "Were we not? cpk
That, or, This must not . clk Were you not?... cpm
That, or, This must not be clm "Why are you not? cvb
That, or, This shall (or, will) not be.CLO Why can not or,
( may
not) ? cvd
That, or, This should (or, would) not "Why could (or, might) not? cvf
be.. clq "Why do (does, or, did) not? cvh
That, or, This was not. cls Why do (or, did) you not 1 cvj
There are (or, is) not ...cmh Why had (has, or, have) not? cvl
There can not (or, may hot) CMK Why had (or, have) you not? cvn
There can not (or, may not) be cml Why not? cvp
There could (or, might) not be cmp Why shall (or, will) not? cvs
There had (has, or, have) not been.CMS "Why should (or, would) not? cvu
There is nothing cmt You are not bez
There shall (or,~will) not ciw You can not or may not)
( , bk .'
. .
There shall (or, will) not be cmx You cannot (or, may not) be biz
There should (or, would) not ckb You can not (or, may not) have bsz
There should (or, would) not be ...cnd You could (or, might) not --_ bls
There should (or, would) not have been You could (or, might) not be bjc
ONE You do (or, did) not box
There was (or, were) not cng You had (or, have) not btd
They are not bev You had (or, have) not been bje
They can not (or, may not) .- bku You had (or, have) not done boz
They can not (or, may not) be bhq You had (or, have) not had... bte
They can not (or, may not) have ...bsg You must not cfl
They could (or, might) not blo You must not be.. .~~II!bjg
They could (or, might) not be bhs You ought not to '.'.Wax.
They do (or, did) not bok You ought not to be bji
, )

Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 79

NOT SHALL.

Not Continued. Ought to Continued.


Yon shall (or, will) not cjl CIA Ought to have.
You shall (or, will) not be bjl CIB Ought we (our-s) to ?
Yon shall (or, will) hot have - btg CID Ought you-r-s to ?
You should (or, would; not _.cke CIB They ought to.
You should (or, would) not be bjn CIF They ought not to.
You should (or, would) not have ...bti They ought not to be - bhy
You were not .. cpo They ought to be bhx
You were not to be :_. bjp CIG We ought to.
cm We ought not to.
Of r CGM What, or, Which ought to 1 cqj
Not of CFW When ought?- orp
CGM Of. Where ought? ctj
CGN Of him (his, her-s, it-s). Who ought? ...our
CGO Of me (my, mine). Why ought? -'-- CVQ
CGP Of our-s (us). CIJ You ought to.
CGQ Of that (or, this). CIK You ought not to.
CGR Of the. You ought not to be bji
CGS Of them (their-s). You ought to be..'- bjh
CGT Of these (or, those).
CGTJ Of what (or, which). OUR-S-SELVES CIN
CGV Of whom (or, whose). CIL After our-s we). (us,
CGW Of you-r-s. Are, or, Is our-s, or, Are we? bem
What, or, Which of the ? CQi CIM Before ours (us).
By our-s (us) 1 bjy
On _. cgx Can, or, May we (our-s)? bkn
Not on .'
CFX Could, or, Might we (our-s)? bli
CGX -On. Do, Does, or, Did -we (our-s)? bmp
CGY On him (his, her-s, it-s). For ours (us) bpj
CGZ On me (my, mine). From our-s (us) bpw
CHA On our-s (us). Had, Has, or, Have we (our-s)? brd
CHB On that (or, this).
,

If we (our-s) caw
CHD On the. In our-s (us) ..cdl
CHE On them (their-s). Is, et6. (See Are. )
CHP On these (or, those). May, etc. (See Can.
CHG On what (or, which). Might, etc. (See Could.)
CHI On whom (or, whose). Must we (our-s)? cfd
CHJ On you-r-s. Not our-s (us) cfy
Of our-s (us) CGP-
CHK Ought to. On ours (us) cha
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Ought we (our-s) to? cib
cated) ought to BVD CIN Our-s-selves.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Shall, or, Will we (our-s)? cja
cated) ought not to bve Should, or, Would we (our-s)? cjw
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Than we (ours) ckj
cated) ought not to be bvg That we (our-s) ~ clw
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- To ours (us) '--.. cob
cated) ought to be -.BVF Was, or, Were our-s (we)?. ...cpa
How ought? BXQ When we (our-s) csk
CHL -I ought to. Where we (our-s) cud
CHM I ought not to. Why we (ours) cvy
If I ought to BZL Will, etc. .(See Shall.)
If I ought not to bzm With ours (us) cwm
It ought not to be bgs Would, etc. (See Should.)
It ought not to be done bns
It ought to be bgr Shall (or Will) cir
It ought to be done bnr He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CHN Ought he (she, it or persons or things cated) shall (or, will) bvh
indicated) to ? He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CHO Ought his (her-s, it-s) ? cated) shall (or, will) be bvi
CHP Ought I (my, mine) ? He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CHQ Ought I to do ? cated) shall (or, will) not bvj
CHR Ought not to. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
CHS Ought not to be. cated) shall. (or, will) not be.' bvk
CHT Ought not to have. How shall (or, will) I? bxs
How shall (or, will) he (she, it, orpersons
CHU Ought that (or, this) ?
or things indicated) 1 bxr
CHV Ought the ?
CHW Ought these (or, those)? How shall (or, will) we? bxt
CHX Ought they to ? How shall (or, will) you? bxu
CHY Ought to be. CIO I shall (or, will).

CHZ Ought to do (or, be done). I shall (or, will) be bgh


80 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

SHALL.

Shall Continued. Shall Continued.


I shall (or, will) do bnd CJA Shall; or, Will we (our-s) ?

I shall (or, will) have brq Will we be?


Shall, or, bhg
I shall (or, will) if I can bks CJB Shall, or, Will we not?
CIP I shall (or, will) not. CJD Shall, or, Will you-r-s ?
I shall (or, will) not be bgi Shall, or, Will you be ? bhi
I shall (or, will) not do -_bne Shall, or, Will you do it? bod
Ishall (or, will) not have bes CJE Shall, or, Will you not ?
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- Shall, or, Will you not be?_ bhj
cated) shall (or, will) byp Shall, or, Will you not do it? boi
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- That, or, This shall (or, will) be.-.CLN
cated) shall(or, will) not byq That, or, This shall (or, will) not be.CLO
If Ishall (or, will) bzn There shall (or, will) -_.cmd
If I shall (or, will) not bzo Ther<fshall (or, will) be cmv
If they shall (or, will) caq There shall ( or, will) not cmw
If they shall (or, will) not car There shall (or, will) not be cmx
If we shall (or, will)- cbj CJF They shall (or, will).
If we shall (or, will) not- cbk They shall (or, will) be bhz
If you shall (or, will) cda CJG They shall (or, will) not.
If yon shall (or, will) not cdb They shall (or, will) not be bia
CIQ It shall (or, will). CJH We shall (or, will).
It shall (or, will) be. bgt We shall (or, will) be bir
It shall (or, will) be done bnt We shall (or, will) have bsu
Itshall(or, will) not be bgu CJI We shall (or, will) not.

It shall (or, will) not be done bnu We shall (or, will) not be bis
CIR Shall. We shall (or, will) not have bsv
Shall, or, Will be bha What, or, Which shall (or, will) I ? . _cqk
Shall, or. Will do (or, be done) bnw What, or, Which shall (or, will) I (or,
Shall, or, Will have brw we) do? cql
Shall, or, Will have done (or, been done) What, or, Which shall (or, will) I (or,
BXX we) have _.cqm
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or What, or, Which shall (or, will) you (or,
things indicated) ? bwd they) do? cqn
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or What, or, Which shall (or, will) you (or,
things indicated) be? bwe they) have? cqo
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or When shall (or, will)? crq
things indicated) do (or, be done)? When shall (or, will ) be ? - . crs
BWF When shall (or, will) he (she, it, or per-
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or sons or things indicated) '! CRT
things indicated) have? bwg When shall (or, will) I (or, we)?-_.CRU
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or When shall (or, will) I have? crw
things indicated) not ? - bwh . When shall (or, will) I (they, we, or, you)
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or do? _'crv
things indicated) not be? bwi When shall (or, will) it be done?--.CRX
Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or When shall (or, will) they? cry
things indicated) not do (or, be done)? When shall (or, will) they (or, you)
BWJ have? crz
Shall, or, Will ho (sho, it, or persons or When shall (or, will) we have? csa
things indicated) not have? bwk When shall (or, will) you? csb
When shall (or, will) you be ? csd
CIS Shall, or, Will his (hers, its) ? Where shall (or, will)? -- Ctk
CIT Shall, or, Will I (toy, mine)? Where shall (or, will) be? CTL
Shall, or, Will I be? bhc Where shall (or, will) he (she, it, or
Shall, or, Will I have? brx persons or things indicated)"! ctm
Shall, or, Will I not have bry Where shall (or, will) I (or, we)?-_-CTN
Shall, or, Will it ? (See He. ) Where shall (or, will) I have ? cro
CIU Shall, or, Will not. Where shall (or, will ) they ? _
ctp
Shall, or, Will not be bhd Where shall (or, will) they (or, you)
Shall, or, Will not do (or, be done) _bny have? ctq
Shall, or, Will not have brz Where shall (or, will) we have? ctr
Shall, or, Will not have done (or, been Where shall (or, will) you ? CTS
done) bnz Where shall (or, will ) you be ? ctu
CIV Shall, or,. Will that (or, this) ? Who shall (or, will)? zef
CIW Shall, or, Will the? Why shall (or, will)? cvr
Shall, or, Will there be?-'. bhe Why shall (or, will) not? evs
CIX Shall, or, Will these (or, those) ? CJK You shall (or, will).
CIY Shall, or, Will they (their-s) ? You shall (or, will) be bjk
Shall, or, Will they be? bhf You shall (or, will) have btf
Shall, or, Will they do it ? -- .. - boa CJL You shall (or, will) not.
CIZ Shall, or, Will they not? You shall (or, will) not be ...bjl
Shall, or, Will they not do it ? boc You shall (or, will) not have btg
)

Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 81

SHE SHOULD.

She. (SeeHE, She, It) bwl Should Continued.


Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per-
Should (or, Would) cjo sons or things indicated) not be ?.bws
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per-
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- sons or things indicated) not do (or,
cated) should (or, would) bvl be done)?. . bwt
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Should, or. Would he or per-
(she, it,
cated) should (or, would) be bvm sons or things indicated) not have ?
He, She, It, (or persons or things indi- bwu
cated) should (or, would) do (or, be Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per-
done) bvn sons or things indicated) not have
He, She, persons or thing. s indi-
It (or been? ...' bwt
cated) should (or, would) have.. _bvo CJP Should, Would his (her-s,
or, it-s) ?
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- CJQ Should, Would I (my, mine)
or, ?
cated) should (or, would) not bvp CJR Should, or. Would not.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Should, or, Would not be bhk
cated) should (or, would) not be.BVQ Should, or, Would not do (or, be done),
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- boh
cated) should (or, would) not do (or, Should, or, Would not have bsj>
be done) bvr Should, or, Would not have been ..bhn
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Should, or, Would not have done (or,
cated) should (or, would) not have.Bvs been done) ,_boi
How should (or, would)? bxv Should, or, Would not have had BSE
CJM I should (or, would). CJS Should, or, Would that (or, this)?
I should (or, would) be bgj CJT Should, or, Would the ?
I should (or, would) do bnp Should, or, Would there be?. bho
I should (or, would) have bet CJU Should, or, Would these (or, those) ?
I should (or, would) have been bgk CJV Should, or, Would they (their-s)?
CJN I should (or, would) not. CJW Should, or, Would we (ours)?
I should (or, would) not be bgl CJX Should, or, Would you-r-s ?
I.should (or, would) not do bng That, or, This should (or, would)be.CLP
I should (or, would) not have bku That, or, This should (or, would) not be
I should (or, would) not have been.BGM CLQ
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- There should (or, would) cmy
cated) should (or, would) byr There should (or, would) be - CMZ
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi- There should (or, would) have been.CNA
cated) should (or, would) not bys There should (or, would) not cnb
Iflshould (or, would) bzp There should (or, would) not be cnd
If I should (or, would)not bzq There should (or, would) not have been
If I were you I should not do it . . liq . CNE
If they should (or, would) cas CJY They should (or, would).
If they should (or, would) not cat They should (or, would) be . bic
If we should (or, would) cbl They should (or, would) have bsl
If we should (or, would) not cbm CJZ They should (or, would) not.
If you should (or. would) Cde They should (or, would) not be bid
If you should (or, would) not cdf They should (or, would) not have. _ -BSM
It, etc. (See He, She, It. CKA We should (or, would).
She, etc. (See He, She, It.) We
should (or, would) be bit
We
should (or, would) have bsw
CJO Should (or, Would). CKB We should (or, would) not.
Should, or, Would be bhk Weshould (or, would) not be biu
Should, or Would do (or, be done)-BOP We
should (or, would) not have bsx
Should, or, Would have bsa What, or, Which should(or, would)? cqp
Should, or, Would have been bhl What, or, Which should (or, would) I (or
Should, or, Would have done (or, been we) do? cqr
done) ..bog What, or, Which should would) you
(or,
Should, or, Would have had bsc (or, they) do? cqs
Should, or. Would he (she, it, or per- When should (or, would)? cse
1
sons or things indicated) ! bwm Where should (or, would)? ctv
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per- Where should (or, would) the, ?.-Ctw
sons or things indicated) be?., .bwn Where should (or, would) they (their-s) ?
Should, or, Would he (she. it, or per- CTX
sons or things indicated) do (or, be Who should (or, would) ? - cuv

done)? bwo Why should (or, would) ?___- cvt


Should, or. Would he (she, it, or per- Why should (or, would) not? cvu
sons or things indicated) have.-BWP CKD You should (or, would).
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per- You should (or, would) be -Bjm
sons or things indicated) have been? You should (or, would) have bth
BWQ CKE You should (or, would) not.
Should, or, Would he (she, it, or per- You should (or, would) not be bjn
sons or things indicated) not ?..bwr You should (or, would) not have ...bti

1092907
) ) . . ) ? )

82 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

THANTHERE.

Than -.- ckf The cme


CKF Than. CMB After the
CKG Than the. CMD And the
CKH Than these (or, those). Are,or,Is the ben
OKI Than they (their-s). Be the bpe
CKJ Than we (ours). By the bju
CKL Than which (or, what). Can, or, May the ? hue
CKM Than you-r-s. Could, or, Might the? blp
Do, Does, or, Did the bmk
That _ckp (or, This cma) For the bpg
CKN After that this). (or, From the bps
CKO Before that (or, this). Had, Has, or, Have the -.bqx
By that (or, this) ejt If the _-_ bzy
Can, or, May that (or, this) ? bki In the-*- cdn
Could, or, Might that (or, this)? ble Is, etc. (See Are.)
Does,or,Did that (or, this)? bmj May, etc. (See Can.
For that (or, this) - ...bpf Might, etc. (See Could.
From that (or,this) bpr Must the
? cet
Had, Has, or, Have that (or, this)---BQW Not the
.- -. cga
If that (or, this) __bzx Of the cgr
In that (or,this) cdm On the chd
Is that (or, this) cdv Ought the ? chv
May, etc. (See Can. Shall, or, Will the ? ciw
Might, etc. (See Could. Should, or, Would the ? Lcjt
Must that (or, this)? cex Then the ckg
Not that (or, this) crz That the clt
Of that (or,this) cgq CME The.
On that (or, this)-- chb To the cnx
Ought that (or, this)? chu "Was, or, Were the cow
Shall, or, "Will that (or,this)? civ "What, or, "Which of the ? cqi
Should, or, Would that (or, this) ? cjs
"When the -1 csf
CKP That. "Where should (or, would) the ? .ctw
CKQ That, or, This can (or, may). "Where the cty
CKR That, or, This can (or, may) be. Will, etc. (See Shall.)
CKS That, or, This can not (or, may not). "With the cwi
CKT That, or, This can not (or, may not) be. Would, etc. (See Should.)
CKU That, or, This could (or, might).
CKV That, or, This could (or, might) be. Them. Their-s. (See They) cnl
CKW That, or, This could (or, might) not be.
CKX That, or, This had (has, or, have). There cmf
CKY That, or, This had (has, or, have) been. Are, or, Is there any? bep
CKZ That, or, This had (has, or, have)not been. By there 1 bjw
CLA That he (she, it, or; persons or things Can, or, May there be bpi
indicated). Could, or, Might there be ? bfp
CLB That his (her-s,it-s). Do, Does, or, Did there? T bml
CLD That I (my, mine). From there - bpu
CLE That, or, This is. Had, Has, or, Have there bqy
CLF That, or, This not. is If there cab
CLG That it is. Must there be? cez
CLH That not.
it is Not there cgb
CLI That, or, This must. Shall, or, Will there be? bhe
CLJ That, or, This must be. Should, or, Would there be ? bho
CLK That, or, This must not. CMF There.
CLM That, or, This must not be. CMG There are (or, is).
CLN That, or, This shall (or, will) be. CMH There are (or, is) not.
CLO That, or, This shall (or, will) npt be. CMI There can (or, may).
CLP That, or, This should {or, would) be. CMJ There can (or, may) be.
CLQ That, or, This should (or, would) not be. CMK There can not (or, may not).
CLR That, or, This was. CML There can not (or, may not) be.
CLS That, or, This was not. CMN There could (or, might).
CLT That the. CMO There could (or, might) be.
CLU That these (or, those). CMP There could (or, might) not be.
CLV That they (their-s). CMQ There had (has, or, have).
CLW That we (our-s). CMR There had (has, or, have) been.
CLX That which (or, what). CMS There had (has, or, have) not been.
CLY That with. CMT There is nothing.
CLZ That you-r-s. CMU There shall (or, will).
CMA This. CMV There shall (or, will)
To that (or, this) OOA CMW There shall (or, will) be.
not.
"Was that (or, this)- coz CMX There shall (or, will) not be.
"With that (or, this) cwj CMY There should (or, would).
) )

Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 83

i
THERETHEY.

There Continued. They Continued.


CMZ There should (or, would) be. If they should (or, would) cas
CNA There should (or, would) have been. If they should (or, would) not---- .cat
CNB There should (or, would) not. If they were _--Cau
CND
ONE


There should (or, would) not be. If they were not-- -Cav
cdo
There should (or, would) not have been. In them (theirs)
GNP There was (or, were). Is, etc. (See Are.)
CNG There was (or, were) not. Let them be bgw
Was, or, Were there? cox Let them have --.bev
Most of them sax
These. Those cni Must they (their-s) ? cfb
CNH After these (or, those). Not they (their-s) cge
Are these (or,those) beq Of them (their-s) cgs
By these (or,those) bjx On them (their-s) CHE
Can, or, May these (or, those)? bkj Ought they to? chx
Could, or, Might these (or, those) ?_blg Shall,or, Will they (their-s) ? ciy
Do, or, Did these (or, those)? bmn Shall,or, Will they be ?- bhf
For these (or, those) bpi Shall,or, Will they do it ? boa
From these (or, those) bpv Shall,or, Willtheynot? ciz
Had, or, Have these (or, those) ?-. -BQZ Shall,or, Will theynot do it ? boc
If these (or, those) cad Should, or, Would they (their-s) ?.-CJV
In these (or, those) cdp Then they (their-s) cki
May, etc. (See Can. That they (their-s) clv
Might, etc. (See Could.) CNL They. Them. Their-s.
Must these (or, those)? -_. cpa CNM They are for.
Not these (or, those) cgd They are from.-. bet
Of these (or, those) _,.. CGT They are _beu
On these (or, those) chf They are not bev
Ought these (or, those)? chw They can (or, may) bkt
Shall, or, Will these (or, those)? _-.cix They can (or, may) be bhp
Should, or, Would these (or, those)? -CJU They can ( or, may) have bsf
Than these (or, those) -- - Ckh They can not (or, may not) ...bku
That these (or, those) clu They can not (or, may not) be bhq
CNI These, Those. They can not (or, may not) have---BSG
To these (or, those) cnz They could (or, might) ._ bln
Were these (or, those) CFG They could (or, might) be bhr
When these (or, those) csg They could (or, might) not blo
Will, etc. (See Shall. They could (or, might) not be bhs
With these (or, those) cwl They do (or, did) boj
Would, etc. (See Should.) They do (or, did) not bok
They had (or, have) bsh
They. Them. Theies -_cnl They had (or, have) been bht
CNJ After they (them, theirs). They had (or, have) done bol,
Are, or, Is their-s, or, Are they? ...beo They had (or, have) had bsi
CNK Before them (their-s, they). They had (or, have) not bsj
By them (their-s) bjv They had (or, have) not been bhu
Can, or, May they (their-s)?- bkl They had (or, have) not done bom
Can, or, May they not? bkm They had (or, have) not had bsk
Could, or, Might they (their-s)? blh They must cfg
Do, Does, or, Did they (their-s)? bmo They must be .- bhv
For them (their-s) bph They must not cfh
From them (their-s) - -BPT They must not be bhw
Had, Has, or, Havethey(them, their-s)BBA They ought to cie
Had, or, Have they been ? bft They oughtnot to cif
Had, or, Have they done ? bmu They ought to be bhx
Had, or, Have they had? bec They ought not to be bhy
How are they? _..bxh They shall (or, will) cjf
How will they? bxy They shall (or, will) be bhz
If they (their-s) cae They shall (or, will) not cjg
If they are caf They shall (or, will) not be bia
If they are not CAG They should (or, would) cjy
If they can (or, may) CAH They should (or, would) be bic
If they can not (or, may not) CAI They should (or, would) have bsl
If they could (or, might) caj They should (or, would) not cjz
If they could (or, might) not cal They should (or, would) not be bid
If they do (or, did) - cam They should [or. would) not have bsm
If they do (or, did) not can They were coj
If they had (or, have). cao They were not cok
If they had (or, have) not cap They were to be. .- -- - bie
If they shall (or, will) caq They were not to be bif
If they shall (or, will) not car To them (their-s) cny
.

84 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

THEYWAS.

They Continued. Was Continued.


Was, or, Were they (their-s) coy He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Were they?- -
cph
How
cated)was (or, were) not to be.-Bvx
was (or, were)? bxw
Were they not? CPI
What, or, Which do (or, did) they (we,
or, you) ? CQE COH I was.
What, or, Which shall (or, will) they COI I was not.
{or, you) do? CQN If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
What, or, Which shall {or, will) they was (or, were)
cated) byt
{or, you) have - cqo If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
What, or, Which should {or, would) they cated) was or, were ) not
(
byu
(or, you) do? cqs If I was BZT
When do (or, did) they you) ?..crf (or, If I was not bztj
When shall (or, will) I (they, we, or, you) If they were cau
do? - crv If they were not cav
When shall (or, will) they ?. CRY If we were cbn
When shall (or, will) they (or, you) If we were not.. cbo
have? crz If you were CDG
When they (their-s) t csh If you were not CDH
When they are ...csi That, or, This was Clr
Where are they ?--- CST That, or, This was not .cls
Where do (or, did) they (or, you) ?-.csz There was (or, were) CNF
Where shall (or, will) they ? ctp There was (or, were)not Cng
Where shall (or, will) they (or, you) COJ They were.
have? ctq COK They were not.
Where should (or, would) they (their-s) ? They were not to be bif
ctx They were to be bie
Where they (their-s) Ctz
Where they are-.. cua COM Was, or, Were.
Why they (their-s) ? cvw Was, or, Were done (or, doing) bon
With them (their-s) Cwk COP Was, or, Were for.
COQ Was, or, Were from.
This. (See That) cma Was, or, Were he (she, it, or persons or
things indicated) ?._ bwx
Those. (See These) cm Was, or, Were he (she, it, or persons or
things indicated) not ? bwy
To CNO COB Was, or, Were his (her-s, it-s) ?
Am I to? bep COS Was, or, Were I (my, mine) ?
Am, Is, or, Are to beh COT Was I?
CNO -To. COU Was I not ?
CNP To be. cov Was, or, Were not.
CNQ To be at. Was, or, Were not done (or, doing) ..bop
CNR To be done. cow Was, or, Were the.
CNS To be had cox Was, or, Were there.
CNT To do. COY Was, or, Were they (their-s).
CNU To have. coz Was this (or, that).
CNV To him (his, her-s, it-s). Was, or, Were to be big
CNW To me (my, mine). CPA Was, or, Were ours (we)?
CNX To the. CPB Was, or, Were with.
CNY To them (their-s). CPD Was, or, Were you-r s.
CNZ To these those). (or, CPE We were.
COA To this that).
(or, CPF We were not.
COB To us (our-s). We were to be. biv
COD To which what).
(or, We were not to be .biw
COE To whom (or, whose). CPG Were these (or, those).
COF To you-r-s. CPH Were they?
Me to cef CPI Were they not ?
Not to CGF CPJ Were we ?

Not to be cgh CPK Were we not ?


Not to be done cgi CPL Were you ?
Not to be had cgj CPM Were you not ?
What, or, Which was (or, were)?-..C<3T
COG Us. (See Ours. ) When was (or, were)? csj
Where was (or, were)? CUB
Was (or, Were) ....com Who was (or, were)? cuw
He, She, It (or persons or thingss in- Why was (or, were)? cvx
dicated) was (or, were) bvt Why were you? _.cvz
He, She, It (or persons or things in- CPN You were.
dicated) was (or, were) to be bvw CPO You were not.
He, She, It (or persons or thing s in- You were to be .bjo
dicated) was (or, were) not bvu You were not to be bjp
) ) )

Part I. AUXILIARY PHRASES. 85

WEWHAT.
We. (See also Ouks) cpq We Continued.
After we (our-s, us) _cil We shall (or, will) be bir
Are, or, Is our-s, or, Are we? bem We shall (or, will) have bsu
Can, or, May we (our-s)? _bkn We shall (or, will) not ...cji
Could, or, Might we (our-s)? bli We shall (or, will) not be .bis
Do, Does, or. Did we (our-s)? bmp We shall (or, will) not have.. . bsv
Had, Has, or, Have we (our-s)? brd We should (or, would) L cka
Had, Have we been?
or, bpu We should (or, would) be bit
Had, Have we done?
or, bmv We should (or, would) have bsw
Had, Have we had?
or, _.bre We should (or, would) not ckb
How shall (or, will) we ? bxt We should (or, would) not be biu
JJEwe (our-s) ....caw We should (or, would) not have bsx
If we are ... cax We were cpe
If we are not :__.cay We were not CPP
If we can (or, may) caz We were not to be biw
If we can not (or, may not) ..--CBa We were to be biv
If we could (or, might) cbd CPR We who.
If we could (or, might) not _-_ cbe Were we? .*- cpj
If we do (or, did) cbp Were we not? cpk
If we do (or, did) not -CBGt What, or, Which do (or, did) they (we,
If we had (or, have) cbh or, you)? cqe,
If we had (or, have) not I.cbi What, or. Which shall (or, will) I (or,
If we shall (or, will) .. cbj we) do? CQL
If we shall (or, will) not Cbk What, or, Which shall (or, will) I (or,
-
If we should (or, would).... cbl we) have? CQM
If we should (or, would) not cbm What, or, Which should (or, would) I
If we were cbn (or, we) do?.. CQR
If we were not cbo When are we? cox
May, etc. (See Can. When do (or, did) I (or, we)? ore
Might, etc. (See Could.) When shall (or, will) I (or, we)? ---CRtr
Must we (our-s)? cpd When shall (or, will) I (they, we, or,
Ought we (our-s) to? cib you) do? crv
Shall, or. Will we (ours)? cja When shall (or, will) we have? csa
Shall, or, Will we be? bhg When we (our-s) csk
Shall, or, Will we not? CJB When we are- csl
Should, or, Would we (our-s)? cjw Where am I (or, are we)? CSQ
Than we (our-s) Ckj Where do (or, did) I (or, we)? csy
That we (our-s) clw Where I am (or, we are) ctg
Was, or, Were our-s (we)? cpa Where shall (or, will) I (or, we)? CTN
Where shall (or, will) we have?

CPQ We. ctr
We are bew Where we (our-s) .-CUD
We are not bex Why we (our-s) -CVY
We can (or, may) bkv Will, etc. (See Shall.)
We can (or, may) be bih Would, etc. (See Should.)
We can (or, may) have bsn
We can not (or, may not) bkw Were. (See Was) com
We can not (or, may not) be bij
We can not (or, may not) have bso
We could (or, might) blp What cpu (or. Which cug)
We could (or, might) be bik CPS After what (or, which).
We could (or, might) not ..blq CPT Before what (or, which).
We could (or, might) not be i.-BIM By what which)
(or, bjz
We do (or, did) boq For what which)
(or, T bpk
We do (or, did) not bor From what which)
(or, bpx
We had (or, have) bsp Of what (or, which) cgu
We had (or, have) been bin On-, what (or, which) chg
We had (or, have) done bos Than what (or, which) ckl
We had (or, have) had bsq That what (or, which) clx
We had (or, have) not bsr To what (or, which) cod
We had (or, have) not been bio CPU What. \

We had (or, have) not done bot CPV What, or, Which am I?
We had (or, have) not had bst CPW What, or, Which are (or, is)?
We may, etc. (See Can. CPX What, or, Which are (or,
he (she, is) it
We might, etc. (See Could. or persons or things indicated)' 1
.

We must cfi CPY What, or, Which are you-r-s? (or, is)
We must be.. bip CPZ What, Which can
or, may)? (or,
We must not cfj CQA What, Which could
or, might)? (or,
We must not be biq CQB What, Which do (does, or, did)?
or,
We ought to cig CQD What, Which does (do, or, did) he
or,
We ought not to
We shall (or, will) era
-CJH
(she,
cated) 9
it,
.
or persons or things indi-
) ) ) ) . ) ) ?))

86 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

WHATWHICH.

What Continued When Continued.


CQE What, Which do did) they (we,
(or, (or, CSA When shall will) we have?
(or,
you)?
or, CSB When shall will) you?
(or,
CQF What, Which had (has, have)?
or, or, CSD When shall will) you be?
(or,
What, or, Which is? (See Are.) CSE When should wouldj? (or,
CQG What, or, Which is it? CSF When the
What, or, Which may? (See Can. CSG When these those).
(or,
What, or, Which might? (See Could.) CSH When they (their-s).
CQH What, or, Which must? CSI When they are.
CQI What, or, Which of the ? CFJ When was were)?
(or,
CQJ What, or, Which ought to? CSK When we (our-s).
CQK What, or, Which shall (or, will)I? CSL When we are.
CQL What, or, Which shall (or, will) I (or, When will, etc. ? (See Shall. ')

we) do? When would, etc. ? (See Should.


CQM What, Which shall
or, will) (or, I (or, CSM When you-r-s.
we) have? CSN When you are.
CQN What, Which shall
or, will) they (or,
'(or, you) do?
CQO What, or, Which shall will) they (or, Where cso
you) have?
(or, From whence (or, where) bpy
CQP What, Which should
or, would) (or, ? cso Where.
CQR What, Which should (or, would) I
or, CSP Whereabouts.
we) do?
(or, CSQ Where am I (or, are we)?
CQS What, Which should
or, would) (or, CSR Where are (or, is)?
they you) do?
(or, CST Where are they?
CQT What, or, Which was were) (or, ? Where are you from? si
What, or, Which will? (See Shall.) CSU Where are you going?
What, or, Which would? (See Should. CSV Where can may)?
(or,
Which CUG csw Where could, (or, might)?
With what (or, which)? own CSX Where do (does, or, did)?
CSY Where do (or, did) I we)? (or,
When cqu csz Where do did) they you)?
(or, (or,
CQU When. CTA Where for?
CQV When am I to? CTB Where had (has, have)? or,
CQW When are (or, is)? CTD Where he (she, or persons or thing
it, s
CQX When are we? indicated) (or, are).
is
CQY When are you? CTE Where his (her-s, its).
CQZ When can may) (or, ? CTF Where I (my, mine).
CRA When could (or, might) ? CTG Where I am we are).
(or,
CRB When do (does, or, did) ? CTH Where are) he (she,
is (or, or per. it,
CRD When does (do, or, did) he (she, it, or sons or things indicated)?
persons or things indicated)? Where is, etc. ? (See Are.
CRE When do (or, did) I we)? (or, Where may, etc. ? (See Can.
CRF When do (or, did) they you)? (or, Where might, etc. ? (See Could.
CRG When donewith. CTI Where must?
CRH When had (has, or, have)? CTJ Where ought?
CRI When had (or, have) you? CTK Where shall (or, will)?
CRJ When he (she, it, or person s or things CTL Where shall (or, will) be?
indicated) is (or, are). CTM Where shall (or, will) he (she, it, or per-
CRK When his (her-s, lt-s). son s or things indicated)?
CRL When I (my, mine). CTN Where shall will) I
(or, we)? (or,
CRM When I can may). (or, CTO Where shall (or, will) I have?
When is? (See Are.) CTP Where shall (or, will) they?
CRN When are) he (she,
is (or, it, or persons CTQ Where shall (or, will) they (or, you)
or things indicated)? have?
When may, etc. ? (See Cap. CTR Where shall (or, will) we have?
When might, etc. ? (See Could. CTS Where shall (or, will) you?
CRO When must? CTU Where shall (or, will) you be?
CRP When ought? CTV Where should (or, would)?
CRQ When shall (or, will)? CTW Where should would) the (or,
CRS When shall will) be?(or, CTX Where should would) they (their-s)? (or,
CRT When shall (or, will) he (she, or per- CTY Where the. it,
son or things indicated)?
s CTZ Where they (their-s).
CRU When shall will) I we)?
(or, CUA Where they are.
(or,
CRV When shall will) I (they, we, or,
(or, CUB Where was (or, were)?
you) do? CUD Where we (our-s).
CRW When shall will) I have?
(or, Where we are ctg
CRX When shall (or, will) be done? CUE Where you-r-s.
it
CRY When shall will) they?
(or, CUF Where you are.
CRZ When shall will) they
(or, you) (or,
have? CUG Which. (See What.)
)) )) ) )) )

Part I. AUXILIARY EHRASES. 87

WHOYOU.

Who. Whom . ... t cuh Will Continued.


By whom (or, whose) _bka CWD Will it have ?
For whom (or, whtfse) -_ bpl Will not.. citj
From whom whose)
(or, bpz Will not do bov
Of whom (or, whose) cov OWE Will you do it ?
On whom (or, whose)-- cm
To whom (or, whose) COE With - cwf
We who cpr Are, or, Is with bee.
CUH Who. Whom. Me with ceg
OUI Who are (or, is) ? Not with cgk
CUJ Who can (or, may) ? That with cly
CUM Who could (or, might)? Was, or, Were with cpb
CUO Who do (does, or, did) ? When donewith org
CUP Who had (has, or, have)? CWF With.
Who is, etc. ? (See Are. CWG With him (his, her-s, it-s).
Who may, etc.? (See Can.) CWH With me (my, mine).
Who might, etc. ? (See Could.) CWI With the.
CUQ Who must? CWJ With that (or, this).
CUR Who ought? CWK With them (their-s).
Who shall (or, will)? -- zef CWL With these (or, those).
CUV Who should (or, would)? CWM With us (our-s).
CUW Who was (or, were)? OWN With what (or, which).
Who will, etc. ? (See Shall. CWO With whom (or, whose).
Who would, etc. ? (See Should. CWP With you-r-s.
Whose? zdu
With whom (or, whose) ?--- cwo Would. (See Should) cjo

You-r-s -owr
Why - cux CWR -r- After you-r-s.
CUX Why? Are, or, Is, you-r-s bes
CUY Why am I? CWS Before you^-s.
CUZ Why are (or, is) ? By you-r-s --- - bkc
CVA Why are you? Can, or, May you-r-s? bko
CVB Why are you not? Could, or, Might you-r-s ?
Do, Does, or, Did you-r-s?
blj
bmq
Why can (or, may)?.-.- ..huf
CVD Why can not (or, may not)? For you-r-s bpm
CVE Why could might) ?
(or-, From you-r-s bqa
CVF Why could (or, might) not ? Had, Has, or, Have you-r-s? brf
CVG Why do (does, did) ?
or, Had, or, Have you been? bpv
bmw
UVH Why do (does, or, did) not ? Had, or, Have you done?
CVI Why do (or, did) you ? Had, or, Have you had ? brg
CVJ Why do (or, did) you not?? How are you? -BXi
CVK Why had (has, or, have) ? How do (or, did) you? bxm
CVL Why had (has, or, have) not How shall (or, will) you
? bxu
CVM Why had (or, have) you ? ? If you-r-s - cbp
CVN Why had (or, have)Are.you not If you are -CBQ
-CBR
Why etc. ? (See
is, If you are not
Why may, etc.? (See Can.) If you can (or, may) cbs
Why might, etc. ? (See Could. If you can not (or, may not) cbt
CVO Why must ? If you could (or, might)
If you could (or, might not)
cbu
cbv
CVP Why not ? Cbw
CVQ Why ought ? If you do (or, did)
cbx
CVR Why shall (br, will)? If you do (or, did) not.
cby
CVS Why shall (or, will) not ? If you had (or, have)
CVT Why should (or, would)? If you had (or, have) not cbz
CVU Why should (or, would) not ? If you shall (or, will) cda
CVW Why they (their-s)? If you shall (or, will) not cdb
CVX Why was (or, were)? If you should (or, would) cde
CVY Why we (our-s). If you should (or, would) not
If you were
cdp
-CDG
CVZ Why were you ? If you were not .- cdh
Why will, etc. ? (See Shall. In your-s cdr
Why would, etc. ? (See Should.
CWA Why you-r-s. Is, etc.
May, etc.
(See Are.
(See Can.)
Might, etc. (See Could.)
Must you-r-s? cpe
CWB Will. (See Shall.)
bxy Not you-r-s ...cgl
How will they?
cgw
It will do - bnv Of you-r-s
Will - - CWB Onyou-r-s.-- chj
Will it be? bix Ought you-r-s .to ? - cid
Will it do? bou Shall, or, Will you-r-s? cjd
) )

88 AUXILIARY PHRASES. Part I.

YOU.

You Continued. You Continued.


Shall, or, Will you be ? bhi CWT You-r-s.
Shall, or, Will you do it?* bod You are. bey
Shall, or, Will you not? -CJE You are not bez
Shall,or, Will you not be 1 bhj You can (or.may) - _bkx
Shall,or. Will you not do it? boe You can (or, may) be biy
Should, or, Would you-r : s? CJX You can (or, may) have bsy
Than you-r-s CKM You can not (or, may not) bky
That you-r-s CLZ You can not (or, may not) be biz
To you-r-s cof You can not (or, may not) have bsz
Was, or, Were you-r-s cpd You could (or, might) ---- blr
Were you? cpl You could (or, might) be bja
Were you not? cpm You could (or, might) not bls
What, or. Which are (or, is) you-r-s?. CPY You could (or, might) not be bjc
What, or. Which do (or, did) you (they, You do (or, did) bow
or, we)? CQE You do (or, did) not - -.box
What, or, Which shall (or, will) you You had (or, have) bta
(or, they) do? cqn You had (or, have) been bjd
What, or, Which shall (or, will) you You had (or, have) done boy
(or, they) have? CQO You had (or, have) had btc
What, or, Which should (or, would) You had (or, have) not btd
you (or, they) do? cqs You had (or, have) not been bje
When are you? cqy You had (or, have) not done boz
When do (or, did) you (or, they)?_-CRF You had (or, have) not had bte
When had (or, have) you? cei You may, etc. (See Can.
When shall (or, will) I (you, they, or, You might, etc. (See Could.
we) do? crv You must cpk
When shall (or, will) you?_ csb You must be bjp
When shall (or, will) you be? csd You must not cpl
When shall (or, will) you (or, they) You must not be bjg
have? '
crz You ought to cu
When you-r-s - csm You ought not to cik
When you are csn You ought to be _. ..bjh
Where are you from? ..si You ought not to be. bji
Where are you going?. ---csu You shall (or, will) cjk
Where do (or, did) you (or, they)?.csz You shall (or, will) be bjk
Where shall (or, will) you? cts You shall (or, will) have btp
Where shall (or, will) you be? ctu You shall (or, will) not cjl
Where shall (or, will) you (or, they) You shall (or, will) not be bjl
have? CTQ You shall (or, wilty not have btg
Where you-r-s cue You should (or, would) ckd
Where you are cuf You should (or, would) be bjm
Why are you?- Cva You should (or, would) have... bth
Why are you not? cvb You should (or, would) not cke
Why do (or, did) you? cvi You should (or, would) not be bjn
Why do (or, did) you not? cvj You should (or, would) not have bti
Why had (or, have) you? cvm You.were cpn
Why had (or, have) you not? cvn You were not cpo
Why were you? cvz You were to be bjo
Why you-r-s?.-- __. cwa You were not to be bjp
Will you do it? cwe You will, etc. (See Shall.)
With you-r-s cwp You would, etc. (See Should.)
,
GEOGBAPHICAL SIGNALS.

NAMES OF PLACES ARRANGED ACCORDING TO THEIR GEOGRAPHICAL


POSITIONS.

Notations.

B. Bay. Hr. Harbor. Pt. Point, Pointe.


C. Cape, Capo, Cap. I. Island. R. River.
Ch. Channel. Lt. Light. Sh. Shoal.
G. Gulf. Lt. V. Light vessel. Str. Strait.
F. Tort. Mt. Mount, Mont.
Hd. Head. P. Port, Porto Puerte.

The System of Orthography is that adopted by the Board of Geographic Names.

A]

ABCD
90 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.

WEST COAST NORWAY.


Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 91
92 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SppKALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 93

EAST AND SOUTH COASTS BALTIC SEA.


94 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 95

NORTH SEA. HOLLAND.

ADRH Mors. ADUQ Schulau Lt. V. ADYJ


ADRJ Nykiobing. ADTJR Blankenese.
ADRK Lemvig. ADUS Neuenfelde.
ADRL Bovbierg. d ADTJV Hamburg. 6c
ADRN Sondervig. d ADUW Altona. c
ADRO Nyminde Gab. d ADUX Wandsbek.
ADRP Blaavand Pt. cdf ADUZ Finkenwerder.
ADRS Horn Reefs Lt. V. cf ADVB Harburg. c
ADRT VylLt.V.c ADVC Hanover.
ADRU Ssedenstrand. ADVF Luneburg.
ADRV Graa Deep ADVH Neuwerk. d
ADRX Fano. ADVJ Helgoland, acdef
ADRY Esbjerg. c

ADSB North Sea.


ADVK Weser R.
ADSC R8m l.cd
ADVL Weser Lt. V./
ADSE Lister Deep.
ADVN Rothersand. ace
ADSG Kirkeby. a
ADVO Salzhorn.

ADSH Sylt acd


ADVP Wremen Tief d .

ADSK
I.
Ellenbogen. c d
ADVR Bremerhaven. ab cdf
ADVS Blexen.
ADSL Hoyer. ADVT Nordenham. c
ADSM Rothe Kliff . af ADVW Geestemiinde. c
ADSO Kampen. d ADVX Brake, c
ADSP Amrum l.acd ADVY Elsfleth.
ADSQ Nebel. ADWB Vegesaek. c
ADSR Pel worm I. c
ADWC Bremen, abcef
ADST Fohrl. ADWE Kaiser Harb., or Kaiser-
ADSU Wyk. c >

hafen.
ADSV Nordstrand I.
ADSW Ording.Pt. d ADWG Meyers Legde. a
ADSX Husum. c ADWH Eversand. a
ADSY Hever R. ADWI Hohe Weg Flat, ace
ADSZ Eider R. ADWJ Fedderwarder Siel. d
ADTB Suderhoft.cd ADWK Jade R.
ADTC Outer Eider (Eider) Lt. ADWL Mellum Flat, d
Y.acf ADWM Ausseii Jade Lt. V. a df
ADTE Eider Galliot Lt. V. a c ADWO Minsener Sand Lt. Y- d
ADTF Tonning. c ADWP \Vilhelmsb.aven. abcdf
ADTG Eider Canal. ADWQ Heppens.
A DTI Fredrichstadt.
ADTK Norder Piep. ADWS Oldenburg.
ADTL Btisum. c d ADWT Gellen.
ADTM Neufeld. d ADWU Varel.
ADTN Suder Piep. ADWX Ems Jade Canal.
ADWY Vareler Siel.
ADTO Elbe R. ADWZ Schillighorn. acd
ADTP Outer Elbe, or Elbe No. ADXC Genius Bank Lt. V. d
lLt.V.rf/ ADXE Minsener Old Oog (Res-
ADTQ Elbe Pilot Galliot, d cue Bn.).
ADTS Elbe No. 2 Lt. V. d ADXF Wangeroog I. a cdf
ADTU Elbe No. 3 Lt. V. ADXI Spiekeroog I. d
ADTV Elbe No. 4 Lt. V. d ADXJ Langeoog I. d
ADTW Duhnen. d ADXL Friedrichsschleuse. d
ADTX Vogelsand. ADXM Carolinensiel. c
ADTY Cuxhaven. abcdef ADXN Neuharrlingersiel. c d
ADTZ Oste Reef (Oste Riff)
Lt. V. c
ADUB Neuhaus. ADXP North Friesland.
ADUO Brunsbuttelkoog. ace/ ADXQ Baltrum I. d
ADUE Brunsbuttel. ADXR Norderney l.cd
ADUF Kaiser Wilhelm Canal. ADXS Norddeich. c df
ADUG Bosch. ADXT Juist I. d
ADUH Stor R. ADXU Aurich.-
ADUI Freiburg. ADXV Papenburg.
ADUJ Gltickstadt. c ADXZ Weener.
ADUK Kraut Sand Lt. V. ADYB EmsR.
ADUL Pagen Sand. ADYE Borkum I. a cdf
ADUM Brunshausen. c ADYF Norden.
ADUN Stade. ADYG Emden. c d
ADUO Griinendeich. ADYI Leer.
96 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I

NORTH SEA. ENGLAND.

AEDB Vlaardingen.
AEDF
AEDG
AEDH
AEDJ
AEDK
AEDL
AEDN
AEDO
AEDP
AEDR
AEDS
AEDT
AEDTJ
AEDW
AEDX
AEDY
AEDZ
AEPO
AEFD
AEFG
AEFH
AEFI
AEFJ
AEFK
AEFM
AEFN
AEFO
AEFQ
AEFR
AEFS
AEFU
AEFV
AEFW
AEFY
AEFZ
AEGB
AEGD
AEGF
AEGH
AEGJ
AEGK
AEGL
AEGN

AEGO
AEGP
AEGQ
AEGS
AEGT
AEGU
AEGV
AEGX
AEGY
AEGZ
AEHD
AEHF
AEHG
AEHI
AEHJ
AEHK
AEHI,
AEHM
AEHN
AEHP
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 97

WEST COAST ENGLAND. WEST COAST SCOTLAND.

AEOW
98 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 99
100 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.

NORTH AND WEST COASTS FRANCE.


Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 101
102 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 103

SOUTH COAST FRANCE. GULF OF GENOA.

AHNJ St. Cruz de la Selva (P.


Selva). d
AHNL Llansa.
AHNM Portbou.

AHNO Balearic Is.


AHNQ Formentera I.
AHNR Codolar Pt.
AHNS IVIZA.
AHNU San.' Antonio P.
AHNV Ahorcados I.
AHNW Puercos I.
AHNY Botafoch I.
AHNZ Grosa Pt.
AHOB Conej era I.
AHOD Majorca.
AHOE Palma. d
AHOF C. Blanco.
AHOI P. Pi.
AHOJ C. Cala Figuera.
AHOK Dragonera I.
AHOM P. Soller. d
AHON Groaa, or, Llarga Pt.
AHOP C. Formenton.
AHOR Pollensa.
AHOS Alcudia. d
AHOT Alcanada, or, Aucanda
Islet.
AHOV C. Pera.
AHOW P. Colon.
AHOX C. Salinas.
AHOZ Cabrera.
AHPB Ansiola Pt.
AHPC Minorca.
AHPD C. Bajoli.
AHPE P.Mahon.
AHPF San Carlos Pt.
AHPG Ayre I.
AHPJ C. Dartuch.
AHPK Ciudadela.
AHPL C. Caballeria, or, Ca-
valleria.
AHPN P. Fornells.

AHPO
104 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 105
106 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 107

ARCHIPELAGO. SEA OF MARMORA.

AJLZ Navarin, or, Neo Kas-


tro.
AJMB
108 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part 1. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 109

ASIA MINOR.
110 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.

NORTH AFRICA.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Ill
112 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Past I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 113
114 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. PART I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 115
.

116 GEOGBAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.

MALAY PENINSULA. SIAM. CHINA.

ANPM Salang I, or, Junkseylon ANTS Redang Is. ANXJ China.


ANPR Khelong B. ANTU Kalantan. ANXK Pakhoi.
anps Tongka. ANTV Singora. ANXL Hainan.
anpu Puket Hr. ANTW Lakon. ANXO Kienchu fu.
anpv Tharua Hr. ANTY Bandon. ANXP Hoihau B.
anpw Kasom R. ANTZ Meuangpran. ANXQ Hausui B.
anpy Panga R. ANUB Faichaburi. ANXS Yulinkau B.
anpz Malakka Str. ANUD Maikulaung. ANXT C. Bastion.
anqb Tarang. ANUE Ratburi. ANXU Leichau.
ANQD Butang Group. ANUF Kanburi. ANXV Kwangchauwan.
ANQB Langkawi I. ANUG Tachin R. ANXW Tihenpien, or, Tienpak
ANQF '
Pulo Lada. Hr.
ANQH Bass Hr. ANUI Si am. A$fXZ Huilingsan Hr,
ANQI Ke&ah R. ANUJ Bangkok./ ANYC Namo Hr.
ANQJ Muda- R. ANUK Bangkok R. Lt. V. ANYD St.John I.
ANQL Penang. e ANUL Bang pa Kong R. ANYE Ladrone Is.
ANQM Government Hill, a ANUM C. Liant. ANYG Macao.
ANQO Georgetown. ANUO Chuen I. ANYH F. Guia.
ANQR Muka Hd. a ANUP Chentabun R. ANYI Canton, c
ANQS Fort Pt. ANUQ Chang I., or, Koh Chang. ANYJ Canton R. (Chukiang).
ANQT Province Wellesley. ANUR Tung Yai R. ANYK Whampoa.
ANQV P. Weld, or, Sapetang. ANUT Soton. ANYL Lantau, or, Taiho I.
ANQX Larut R. ANUV ANYM Hongkong.
ANQZ Thaipeng. ANUW Kampong Ton R. ANYP Victoria, c
ANRB Pulo Pangkor. ANUY Hatien. ANYQ Kaulung. 6
ANRC Dinding R. ANUZ Kankao R. ANYR Aberdeen Docks.
ANRE Pulo Katak. ANVD Cambodia, or, Kamao Pt. ANYT Lema Is.
ANRF Perak R. ANVE Mitho. ANYU Gap Rock, a
ANRG Telok Anson. ANVF Angiang. ANYV Green I.
ANRH Durian Sabatang. ANVH Oudon. ANYX C. D'Aguilar./
ANRJ Kwala Kangsa. ANVI Pulo Condore. ANYZ C. Collinson.
ANRK Bernam R. ANZB Si Kiang, or, West R.
ANRL Selangor R. ANVJ Cochin China. ANZD Samshui.
ANRO Pulo Angsa. ANVL Saigon, b c ANZE Wuchu fu.
ANRP One Fathom Bank Lt. V. ANVM Haonbaikan I. ANZF Waglan Islet.
ANRQ Klang. ANVO Bienhoa. ANZH MirsB.
ANRS P. Swettenham. ANVQ C. St. James, a c ANZI BiasB.
ANRT Kwala Lumpor. ANVR Kangio Bank. ANZJ Honghai B.
ANRU Langat R. ANVS Fuokbinkiang Lt. ANZL Hiechechin B.
ANRV Jugru R. ANVT Pulo Sapatu. ANZM Kiahtsz.
ANRX Arang Arang Anchorage. ANVU Pulo Ceicer de Mer. ANZO Tungao.
ANRY C. Rachado. ANZQ Breaker Pt.
ANRZ Lingi R. ANVW An am. ANZR C. Good Hope.
ANSC Malakka. e ANVX Kega Pt. ANZS Sugarloaf I.
ANSD St. Paul Hill. ANVY C. Padaran. a c ANZU Swatait. 6
ANSE Muar, or, Moar R. ANVZ Fanrang B ANZV Chauchu fu.
ANSG Tanjong Panchur. ANWB Kamranh B. ANZW HanR.
ANSH Pulo Undan. ANWC Hon Kohe P. ANZY Namoa I.
ANSI Formosa Mt. ANWE C. Varella. AOBC Lamock Is.
ANSK Pulo Pisang ANWF Fuyen Hr. AOBD Tongsang Hr.
ANSL Tanjong Bulus. ANWG Vungchao. AOBE Brothers.
ANSM Singapore. ANWI Kinhon, or, Thinai Hr. AOBF Chapel I.
ANSP Pulo Brani. b ANWJ Kikik B. (Vungkuit). AOBG Tsingseu I.
ANSQ Sultan Shoal Lt. ANWK Tourane. c AOBH Taitan I.
ANSR Raffles Lt. ANWM Hui. AOBI Amoy. 6 c
ANSU F. Canning. b e ANWO Tonkin G. AOBJ Chinchu.
ANSV Singapore New Hr. ANWP Hatinh. AOBK Dodd I.
ANSW Mt. Faber. e ANWR Songhoi, or, Kuahoi R. AOBM Ockseu I.
ANSY Johore R. ANWS Songka R. AOBN Hunghwa Ch.
ANSZ Horsburgh Lt. ANWT Nam Dinh. AOBP Turnabout I.
ANTB Pedra Branca Lt. ANWV Hanoi. AOBR Haitan Str.
ANTD Old Strait of Singapore. ANWX Bacht Ninh.
ANTE New Johor. ANWY Kua Kam R. AOBS Formosa.
ANTF Sibu Is. ANXB Hon Dau I. AOBT Kelung Hr./
ANTH Blair Hr. ANXC Haifong. a b e AOBV Syauki Pt.
ANTI Endau R. ANXD Norway Is. AOBW Tamsui Hr. a c
ANTJ Pahang R. ANXF Ha Long B. AOBX Mengka.
ANTL Pakan. ANXG Paracel Is. AOBZ Teukcham.
ANTQ Kuantan R. ANXH Pratas I. AOCB Heongsan P.
ANTR Tringano. ANXI Macclesfield Bank. AOCD Tyka.

a Signifies an International Signal Station; 6 a Time Signal Station; c a Weather, Tide, or Ice Signal Station; d a Life-Saving
Station-
e a Lloyd's Signal Station; / a Wireless Telegraph Station.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 117

CHINA.
118 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 119
. .

120 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.

SUMATRA. JAVA. BORNEO.

APMU Kamoi Baki, or, C. No- APRG Siak. APUZ Babi I.


vosilzov. APRH Durian Str. APVB Payung I.
APMV Sim unku (I wani B.).c APRJ Pulo Batam. APVC Edam I.
APMX Behkei misaki (Sutt APRK Rhio Str. APVE Batavia.c/
B.).c APRL Linga. APVF Tanjong Priok.6
APMY Okusiri. APRN Little Karas I. APVG Buitenzorg.
APMZ Yesashi.c APRO Terkolei I. APVJ Boompjes I., or, Menjsu-
APND C. Sirakami. APRQ Pulo Sau. wak.
APRT Indragirie R. APVK Inderamayu Pt.
APNE Kamchatka. APRU Jambie B. APVM Cheribon.jr

APNG C.Lopatka (Kapury).


APRV Berhala Str. APVN Tegal.
APNH Avatcha B.
APRX Sungi Banju Asing. APVO Pekalongan.
APNI Dalni Pt.
APRY Sungi Sungsang, or, APVR Samarang.
APNK Petropavlovsk.
Palembang R. ATVS Krimon Java Is.

APNL Ukinsk B.
APRZ Banka. APVT Katang Islet.

APNM Komandorski Is.


APSB Muntok. APVW Japara Islet.

APNQ Bering I.
APSC Marawang Road. APVX Mandalike I.

APNR Medni, or, Copper I.


APSD Pulo Dapur. APVY Juana.
APNS Karaga Hr.
APSE Gaspar Str. APWB Rembang.
APNU Karaginski I.
APSG Pulo Mendanao. APWC Tuban.
APNV Baron Korfa G., or,
APSH Langwas I. APWD C. Piling.

Kultuznay B.
APSI Belitung, or, Billiton I. APWF Madura I.

APNW Bering Sea.


APSJ Pulo Leat. APWG Sapudi.
APNY Lavroya Hr.
APSK North Watcher Lt. APWH Geresik.
APNZ Oliutorski C.
APSL Masuji R. APWJ Surabaya. b c

APOB Natalie B.
APSM Tulang Bawang R. APWK Zwaantjies Drooghte,
APOD O.-Navarin.
APSO Saputi R. or, Koko Reef Lt.

APOE Anadyr R. APSQ Sunda Strait. APWL Pasuruan.


APOP Klinkowstroem B APSR Telok Betung. APWN Probolingo.
APOH Kresta G.
APSU Ratai. APWO Besuki.
APOI Providence B,
APSV Pundu. APWQ Panarukan.
APOJ Emma Hr. APSW Lagundi Str. APWS Karang Mas, or, Mein-
APOL St. Lawrence I.
APSY Semangka B. derts Reef.
APOM Bering Str.
APSZ Plat C. APWT Duiven I., or, Tabuan.
APON Mechigme B. APTB Belimbing. APWU Bansering.
APOR Lutke Hr. APTD Pulo Pisang Hr. APWX Banjuwangi.a
APOS East C.
APTE Kroe. APWY Segoro Wedi B.
APOT C. Serdze Kamen. APTF Kawur. APWZ Chilachap Inlet.
APOV Wrangell I.
APTG Pulo Tikus (Rat I.). APXC Chitando Inlet.
APOW Kolyma R. APTH Benkulen. APXD Zand, or, Chiletu B.
APOX Indigirka R.
APTI Mentawi Is.

APOZ Iana R.
APTJ Vekens B. APXF Borneo.
APQB Liakhov, or, New Si-
APTL Hurlock B. APXH Sambar Pt.
beria Is.
APTM Katorei B. APXI Pawan R.
APQC Kotelnoi I.
APTN Trussan B. APXJ Carimata Str.
APQE Lena R. APTQ Bunga B. APXL Panjang I. (Borneo).
APQP Oleneka R. APTR Pulo Katang Katang. APXM Great Kapuas R.
APQG Hatanga R. APTS Padang.a APXN Pontianak.
APTV Priaman. APXQ Sambas R.
APTW Tiko. APXR Palo R.
APQI Sumatra. APTX Coros, or, Keeling Is. APXS Tambelan Is.
APQJ Acheh Hd., or, Acheen APTZ Ayer Bangies. APXU Anamba Is.
Hd. APUC Natal. APXV Natuna Is.
APQK Pulo Bras. APUD Batu Is. APXW Tanjong Datu.
APQM Kota Raja. APUF Pulo Niaa. APXZ Sarawak.
APQN OlehlehB. APUG Baros. APYB Moratabas Entrance.
APQO Pulo Buru. APUH Tapanuli B.
v

APYC Lupar R.
APQR Sabang B.e APUI Siboga. APYE Rajang R.
APQS Jambu Ayer, or, Dia- APUJ Singkel. APYF C. Sink.
mond Pt. APUK Melabu B. APYG Bruit R.
APQT Edie Rajut R. APUL APYI Ballang R.
APQU Langksa R. APUN Christmas I. APYJ Kidorong Pt.
APQW Langkat R. APYK Barram R.
APQX Medan. APUQ Java. APYM Muara I.
APQY Deli River Lt. V. APUR First Pt. APYN Brunei.
APRB Batu Bara. APUS Fourth Pt. (Anjer).e APYO Labuan.
APRC LidungB. APUT Old Anjer. APYR Victoria Hr.
APRD Sungi Rokan. APUV New Anjer. APYS Kim&nis B.
APRE Pulo Jarak. APUW St. Nicolas Pt. APYT Gaya B.
APRF Brewer Str. APUX Bantam. APYV Sapangar B
a Signifles an International Signal Station; 6 a Time Signal Station; c a Weather, Tide, or Ice Signal Station; d a Life-Saving Station;
e a Lloyd's Signal Station; / a Wireless Telegraph Station.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 121

PHILIPPINES. CELEBES.

APYW Ambong. AQDW P. Marivelea. AQHU Pandan.


APYX KudatB. AQDX P. 01ongap6. AQHV Colasi.
APZB Marudu B. AQDY Subig P. AQHX Batan P.
APZC Kina Balu. AQEB Capones Pt. AQHY Capis.
APZD Banguey I. AQEC Pampanga. AQHZ Calabazas Isles.
APZE Mitford Hr. AQED Iba. AQIC Siete Pecados.
APZF Mallawalle I. AQEG Zambales Province. AQID Iloilo.
APZG. ran I. AQEH Masinglok P. AQIE Guimaras.
AQEI Santa Cruz. AQIG Bondulan Pt.

APZH Balabac I.
AQEK DazolB. AQIH Lusaran Pt.
APZJ Marchesa B.
AQEL Bolinao. AQLT Negros I.

APZK Sugut R.
AQEM Piedra Pt. AQIL Bantayan I.

APZL Labuk R.
AQEO Sual. AQIM Sebu (Zebu).
APZN Kalagaan R.
AQEP Lingayen. AQIN Barili.

APZO Sandakan Hr.


AQER Ilocos (St. Thomas AQIO Maktan I.
APZQ Elopura.
Peak). AQIP Tanon Str.

APZS Kinabatangan R.
AQET San Fernando Pt. AQIR Dumaguete.
APZT Dent Haven.
AQEU Vigan. AQIS Argao Pt.
APZU Darvel B.
AQEV Salomague P. AQIU Sibonga.
APZW Silam Hr.
AQEX C. Bojeador. c AQIV Carcar.

APZX Sibutu I.
AQEY Rio Grande de Cagayan. AQIW
APZY Sibuko B
AQEZ Aparri. AQIY Bagacai Pt.
AQBD Sesajab R.
AQFC Nueva Ecija. AQIZ Bohul I.

AQBE Mahakan R.
AQFD C. Engafio. AQJB Tagbilaran.

AQBF Pasir.
AQFE P. St. Vincente. - AQJD Laon.
AQBH Kelumpang B.
AQFG Babuyan Is. AQJE Sikijor I.

AQBI Pulo Laut.


AQFH Camiguin I: AQJF Leite.

AQBJ Kota Baharu.


AQFI Batan Is. AQJH P. Bello.

AQBL C. Selatan.
AQFK Bashi Is. AQJI Tacloban.
AQBM Barito R.
AQFL P.Lampon. AQJK Samar.
AQBN Banjermasin.
AQFM Gumaka. AQJM Calbayoc.

AQBP Sampit.
AQFO Calagua. AQJN Catbalogan.

AQBR Pambuang.
AQFP Capalonga. AQJO Guiuan.
AQBS Kumai R. AQFR Mambulao P. AQJR Palapa P.
AQBU Kotawaringin R.
AQFT San Miguel B. AQJS Laguan B.
AQBV Jelai R.
AQFU Nueva Carceres. AQJT Candolu Islet.
AQFV Sisiran P. AQJV Dinagat I.
AQFX Catanduanes I. AQJW P. Gab6.
ABQX Philippine Is. AQFY Tobako B- AQJX Siargao I.

AQBY C. Melville. AQFZ Albay. AQJZ Bucas Is.


AQBZ Calandorang B. AQGC PolikiB. AQKC Mindanao I.
AQCD Palawan I. AQGD San Bernardino Str. AQKD Dapitan B.
AQCE P. Barton. AQGE Bulusan. AQKE Tubud Pt.
AQCP Malampaya Sound. AQGF Magnok B. AQKG P. Misamis.
AQCH Bakit B. AQGI Tikao. AQKH Butuan.
AQCI Talindak. AQGK Sorsogon. AQKI Surigao.
AQCJ Taitai B. AQGL Donsol. AQKL CaragaB.
AQCL Dumaran I. AQGM Pasakao Anchorage. AQKM Pujada B.
AQCM P. Royalist. AQGO Burias I. AQKN Mati.
AQCN Calamianes Group. AQGP Ragai G. AQKP P. Balete.
AQCP Culion I. AQGR Marinduque I. AQKR Hijo.
AQCR Busuanga. AQGT Buac. AQKS Davao.
AQCS Mindoro. AQGU P. Laguinmanoc. AQKU Malalag P.
AQCU Ilin I. AQGV Pagbilao B. AQKV P. Lebak.
AQCV Mangarim. AQGX Tayabas R. AQKW Linao B.
AQCW Sablayan. AQGY AQKY Kota-batu.
AQCY Paluan Bay. AQGZ Taal. AQKZ Palak.
AQCZ Calapan. AQHC Tablas I. AQLB Pagadian B.
AQDB Polak. AQHD Loog P. AQLD P. Sambulauan.
AQDE Lubang I. AQHE Romblon P. AQLE Dumankilas B.
AQDF P. Tilig. AQHG Sibuyan I. AQLF Zamboanga./
AQDG Cabra I. AQHI Magallanes. AQLI Jolo./
AQDJ Luzon I. AQHJ Masbate I. AQLJ Basilan I.

AQDK C. Santiago. AQHK Arroroi. AQLK P. Isabela.


AQDL RestingaPt. AQHL Mandao. AQLN Dalrymple Hr.
AQDN Corregidorl. AQHM Palanog P. AQLO Buol.
AQDO Caballo I. AQHO Uson B. AQLP Pangasinan I.

AQDS Cavite. 6/ AQHP Cataingan P. AQLS Tapul Group.


AQDT Manila. 6 c AQHR Pan ay I. AQLT Siassi.

AQDU Pasig R. AQHT Tilat, or, Buena Vista. AQLU Tawi Tawi.

an International Signal Station; 6 a Time Signal Station; c a Weather, Tide, or Ice Signal Station; d a Life-Saving Station
a Sienifles
5
e a Lloyd's Signal Station; /a Wireless Telegraph Station.
122 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. PART I.

OCEANIA.

AQLV Bongao I. AQPI Arru Is. AQTY Geelvink B.


AQLW Talautse Is. AQPJ Wokam I. AQUB Dorei P.
AQLX Talauer Is. AQPL Dobbo.
AQPM K6 Dulan I. AQUC Bismarck Archipelago.
AQLY Celebes. AQPN Banda.
AQLZ Manado. AQPR Amboina. AQUD New Pomerania.
AQMB Banka I. AQPS Ceram I. AQUF Stephansoit.
AQMD Kema. AQPT Sawai Hr. AQUG Herbertshoh.
AQME Pondang Islets. AQPV WaruB. AQUH Blanche B.
AQMP Gorontalo. AQPW Hoya (Teluti) B. AQUJ Matupi I.
AQMH Peling I. AQPX Elaputi B.
AQMI Bangaai Archipelago. AQPZ Amahoi. AQUK New Mecklenburg.
AQMJ Kendari B. AQRB Kaibobo Road. AQUL Meoko Hr.
AQML Buton. AQRC Piru B. AQUM Nusa Hr.
AQMN Palopo. AQRE Bum I. AQUO Kaliu.
AQMO Palima. AQRF KayeliB.
AQMR Boni. AQRG Pitt Passage. AQUR Pacific Ocean (Ocea-
AQMS Salengketa Pt. AQRI Gillolo I. nia).
AQMT Balang Nipa (Sinjai). AQRJ Maba Road. AQUS Admiralty I.
AQMU Makassar Str. AQRK Weda. AQUT Nares Hr.
AQMV Salayar. AQRM Gebi I. AQUW Hermit Is.
AQMW Malsoro B. AQRN Molucca Passage. AQUX Caroline Is.
AQMX Makassar./ AQRO Bachian. AQTJY Kusaie I.
AQMY Taka Ramata (Brill AQRP Ternate. AQVB Chabrol Hr.
Rk.). AQRS Waigiu I. AQVC Ponapi I.
AQMZ Mamuju B. AQRT Gillolo Passage. AQVD Jamestown Hr. (Je-
AQNB Palos. AQRU Dampier Str. koits).
AQNC Wani B. AQVF Truk Is.
AQNP Dondo B.
AQRV New Guinea (Papua). AQVG Yap I.
AQNG Bah. AQVH TomilB.
AQNH Beliling (B u1 e 1 e n g) AQVJ Pelew (Paloa) Is.
Roadstead. AQRW British New Guinea. AQVK Marianas.
AQNI Amok (Labuan Amok). AQRX Salwatti. AQVL Guam I./
AQNK Panti Barat (Badong B .) AQRY Segaar B. AQVN
AQNL Lombok. AQSB McCluer Inlet) Berau AQVO P. San Luis D'Apra.
AQNM Ampenan B. G.). AQVP Bonin Is. (Arzobispq).;
AQNP Labuan Tering B. AQSD Sekru. AQVS Hillsborough I. (Baily'
AQNR Piju B. AQSE Kapau. Group).
AQNS Alas Str. AQSF Frederick Henry I.
AQVT
,

Peel I. (CTiicijima)
AQNU Sumbawa. AQSH C. Valsche, or, False C.
(Beechy Group).
AQNV Bima. AQSI Dourga Str.
AQVU P. Lloyd.
AQNW Sapeh B. AQSJ Pisang B. AQVX Marshall Is.
AQNX Puio Tenga (Paternos- AQSL Wassi Kussa. AQVY Jaluit.
ter) Is. AQSM Mai Kussa. AQVZ Gilbert Is.
AQNY Sumba I. AQSN Boigu, or, Talbot I.
AQWC Apaiang.
/

AQNZ Nangamessi B. AQSP Daudai.


AQOB Flores. AQSR Tauan. AQWE Solomon Is.
AQOD Solor I. AQST Saibai I.
AQWF Buaro (San Cristoval) I.
AQOE Terang B. AQSV Pahoturi, or, Kaua R.
AQWG Dgil.
AQOP BariB. AQSW Brinatauri, or, Katau R.
AQWI Guadalcanar I.
AQOG Sabalanga (Postillion) Is. AQSX G. of Papua. AQWJ Malaita I.
AQOH Potta Road. AQSZ FlyR. AQWK Ysabel I.
AQOI Karakaiki B. AQTB Aird R. AQWM Choiseul I.
AQOJ Dondo B. AQTC Lolo I,
AQWN Bougainville I.
AQOL Ombai, or, Allor. AQTE Hall Sound.
AQWO Santa Cruz Is. (Nitendi
AQOM Kebula B. AQTF P. Moresby.
Is.).
AQON Timor. AQTG Granville.
AQWR Vanikoro I.
AQOP Koepang. AQTI P. Glasgow.
AQOS Dilhi. AQTJ South C. AQWS New Hebrides.
AQOT Semao (Kurong). AQTK Samarai I. AQWT Banks Is.
AQOU Rotti. AQTM Louisiade Archipelago.
AQWV TJreparapara I.
AQOV Serwatti Is.
AQWX Avreas B.
AQOW Wettal. AQTN Kaiser Wilhelmsland. AQWY P. Patteson.
AQOX Kissa (Makisar). AQTO Finsch Hr. AQXB Mota I.
AQOZ Lettil. AQTR Astrolabe B. AQXC Lakona B.
AQPB Dam ma I. AQTS Frederich Wilhelm Hr. AQXD Marina, or, Espiritu
AQPC Tepa. AQTU Hatzfeldt Hr. Santo I.
AQPE Baba I. AQTW Empress Augusta R. AQXF Bougainville Str.
AQPF Timor Laut. AQTX Amberno (Mamberon- AQXG Tangoa.
AQPH Arafura Sea. mo) R. AQXH Mallicolo (Malekula).

a Signifies an International Signal Station; b a Time Signal Station; c a Weather, Tide, or Ice Signal Station; d a Life-Savine Station;
e a Lloyd's Signal Station; / a Wireless Telegraph Station.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 123
124 GEOGEAPHIOAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 125

QUEENSLAND.
126 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. PART I.

j
Part I. geographical signals places geographically arranged. 127

WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA.


128 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. PART I.

WEST COAST NORTH AMERICA..


Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 129

WEST AND EAST COASTS SOUTH AMERICA.


130 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.

EAST AND NORTHEAST COASTS SOUTH AMERICA.


Part I. geographical signals places geographically arranged. 131

GULF OF MEXICO.
132 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. Part I.

GULF OF MEXICO.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 133

WEST* INDIES.
134 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. PART I.

.
Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 135

EAST COAST UNITED STATES.


136 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. PART I.

CANADA.
a .

Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 137

GULF AND RIVER OF ST. LAWRENCE.

BCNO St. Mary R. BCWF Merigomish. BDGF


BCNR Sherbrooke. BCWI Pictou.
BCNU Country Hr. BCWL East Arm.
BCNX Isaac Hr. BCWO New Glasgow.
BCOA Green I.
BCOD TorB. BCWR Northumberland Str.
BCOE Berry Hd. BCWU Caribou.
BCOG Whitehead I.e BCWX Amet Isle.
BCOJ Canso.c BCXA Tatamagouche.
BCOM Cranberry I.
BCXD John R.
BCOP Crow Hr. BCXG Wallace.
BCOS Chedabucto B. BCXJ Pugwash.
BCOV Guysborough. BCXM Cold Spring Hd.
BCOY Gut op Canso. BCXP B. Verte.
BCPE Eddy Pt. BCXS C. Tormentine. d
BCPH P. Mulgrave. BCXV Jourimain I.
BCPK Havre Bouche. , BCXY Shemogue.
BCPN Cape Breton Island. BCYE Shediac.
BCPQ P. Hastings. BCYH Cassie Pt.
BCPT P. Hawkesbury. BCYJ Cocague.
BCPW Habitants Hr. BCYK Buctouche R.
BCPZ Arichat. BCYN Richibucto Hd.
BCQF Creighton Hd. BCYQ Liverpool.
BCQI Green I. BCYT St. Louis.
BOQL C. Round.
BCQO Big Arrow I.
BCYW Prince Edward I.
BCQR St.Peter B.
BCYZ West Pt.
BCQU Haulover Isthmus.
BCZF C. Egmont.
BCQX M'Kenzie Pt.
BCZI Bedeqiie B.
BORA Ouetique I.
BCZL Summerside.
BCRD St. Esprit.
BCZO C. Traverse.
BCRG Guyon I.
BCZR Tryon.
BCRJ Louisbueg Hr.
BCZU Crapaud.
BCRM Scatari I.d
BCZX Hillsborough B.
BCRP Menadou Passage.
BDAC Charlotte Town.
BCRS Mira.
BDAF Haszard Pt.
BCRV Flint I.
BDAI Prim Pt.
BCRY C. Percy.
BDAL C.Bear./
BCSE Schooner Cove. BDAO Murray Hr. c
BCSH Lingan Hd. BDAR Cardigan B.
BCSK Bridgeport.a
BDAU George Town.
BCSN FlatPt.a
BDAX St. Andrew Pt.
BCSQ North Sidney.c BDCA Panmure Hd.
BCST Victoria Pier.
BDCG Boughton R.
BCSW Sydney. BDCJ Colville R.
BCSZ Battery Pt. BDCM Souris.
BCTF Bird Rock. BDCP East Pt.
BCTI P. Aconia. BDCS St.Peter Hr.
BCTL Bras d'Or. BDCV Tracadie.
BCTO St. Andrew Ch. BDCY Grand Rustico.
BCTR Blackrock Pt. BDEA Grenville Hr.
BCTU Barra Str. BDEG Stanley R.
BCTX Mac Kinnon Hr.
BDEJ Billhook I.
BCUA Bird I. Lt. (Ciboux I).
BDEM Richmond Hr.
BCUD St. Anne Hr.
BDEP Malpeque.
BCUG Ingonish. BDES Cascumpeque Hr.
BCUJ C. North. BDEV Alberton.
BCUM Meat Cove. BDEY Tignish.
BCUP C. St. Lawrenceie BDFE North Pt.
BCUS St. Paul l.de BDFH Magdalen Is.
BCUV Cabot Str. BDFK Entry I.
BCUY Chetican Pt. BDFN Amherst Hr.
BCVE Sea Wolf I. BDFO South Pt. (Amherst I.).
BCVH Mabou. BDFQ Grindstone I.
BCVK P. Hood. BDFT Grosse I. a
BCVN George B. BDFW Etang du Nord. a
BCVQ Tracadie. BDFZ Great Bird Rock.
BCVT Pomquet.
BCVW Antigonish.
BCVZ C. George. BDGC G. of St. Lawrence.
138 GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. PART I.

GREAT LAKES. NEWFOUNDLAND.

BDOE
FLAGS OF THE PRINCIPAL
MERCHANT. MAN-OF-WAR.

PERSIA. ROUMAN1A.
PERSI

SALVADOR. SANTO DOMINGO.


SALVADOR

SPAIN. SPAIN. SWEDEN.

COUNTRIES HAVING A COMMON


BELGIUM. BRAZIL CHILE.

KONGO. KOREA. LIBERIA.

PARAGUAY. PORTUGAL. Cuba

IN THE MERCHANT FLAG.


ME BADGE IS NEARER THE HOIST
MARITIME COUNTRIES.
MERCHANT. MAN-OF-WAR.
ROUMANIA. RUSSIA.

r
S AM.
I

SWEDEN. VENEZUELA. VENEZUELA.

MAN0FWAR AND MERCHANT FLAG.


CRETE. ECUADOR. FRANCE.

MOROCCO, MADAGASCAR. MUSCAT. NETHERLANDS. NICARAGUA.

TURKEY. TRIPOLI. EGYPT. URUGUAY. GENEVA CONVENTION.

THE NORRIS PETERS CO.. WASHINGTON


FLAGS OP THE PRINCIPAL
MAN-OF-WAR MERCHANT. MAN-OF-WAR.

ARGENTINA. ARGENTINA AUSTRIA HUNGARY

COLOMBIA. COLOMBIA, COSTA RICA

GERMANY GERMANY GREECE

ROYAL NAVAL RESERVE


( WITH BADGE. COLONIES
GREAT BRITAIN HOME AMD COLONIAL GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS I
(WITH BADGE IN SOME CASES)

HONDURAS HONDURAS I TA LY

MEXICO. MEXICO. NORWAY.


MARITIME COUNTRIES. PLATE L.

MERCHANT. MAN-OF-WAR. MERCHANT.

AUSTRIA HUNGARY CHINA. CHINA.

COSTA RICA. DENMARK. DENMARK.

GREECE. GUATEMALA. GUATEMALA.

GREAT BRITAIN. HAITI. HAITI

I TA LY. JAPAN JAPAN.

7/i\S>Z
NORWAY PERU. PERU.

mm
THE NORRIS PETER5CO., WASHINGTON, D. C
.

Part I. GEOGRAPHICAL SIGNALS PLACES GEOGRAPHICALLY ARRANGED. 139

LABRADOR. ICELAND.

BEOH ;eHr. BETM Brunet I. a BEYA Hamilton Inlet.


BEOK Copper Hr. BETP Fortune B. BEYC Rigoulette.
BEON Manitou I.d BETS Long Hr. BEYF Davis Inlet.
BEOQ Keweenaw. BETV Miquelon. c BEYG Hopedale.
BEOT L'Anse. BETY St. Pierre, c BEYH Nam.
BEOW Huron I. BEUD Galantry Hd. a BEYJ Okkak.
BEOZ. Granite I. BEUH Burin I. a BEYK C. Chidley.
BEPA Marquette, d BEUK Placentia Hr.
^EPF Grand I. BEUN St. Mary, a
BEPI P. au Sable. BEUQ C. Pine, a BEYL Hudson Bay.
BEPL White Fish Pt. BEUT C. Race, ef BEYN F. Chimo.
BEPO Belle Isle Str. BEUW Ferryland Hd. a BEYP Baffin Land.
BEPR Wash-sheecootai B. BEUZ C. Spear, o BEYR James B
BEPU Coacoacho B. BEVA St. Johns, a b BEYT East Main F.
BEPX Watagheistic Sound. BEVF C. St. Francis, a BEYV Ruperts House.
BEQC Mecattina C. BEVI Brigus B. BEYX Albany F.
BEQG Greenly I. BEVL Harbour Grace. BEYZ Moose F.
BEQJ Armour Pt. af BEVO Carbonear I. BEZA Severn F.
BEQM Red B. BEVR Baccalieu I. a BEZC York Factory.
BEQP Chateau B./ BEVU Trinity Hr. BEZF F. Churchill.
BEQS Belle Isle, ef BEVX Catalina Hr. a BEZI Chesterfield Inlet.
BEQV La Talus. BEWC C. Bonavista. a BEZK Davis Str.
BEWG Little Denier I. BEZM Baffin B.
BEQY Newfoundland. BEWJ Greenspond.
BERD C. Bauld. BEWL Stinking I.
BEZO Greenland.
BERH Pistolet B. BEWM Cabot I. a BEZQ Godhavn (P. Lievety).
BERK C. Norman. BEWN Funk I.
BEZS Disko B.
BERN St. John B. BEWP Offer Wadham I. a
BEZU Egedesminde.
BERQ Rich Pt./ BEWS Fogo Hr. BEZW Holsteinborg (Sisimiut).
BERT P. Saunders. BEWV Toulinguet I. a
BEZY C. Farewell.
BERW Ingornachoix B. BEWY Gull I. a
BERZ Bonne B. a BEXD Croc Hr.
BESP B. of Islands. BEXH Betts Cove. BFAC Iceland.
BESI P. au Port. BEXK Tilt Cove. BFAE Reykjavik.
BESL St. George Hr. BEXN Hare B. BFAH Svendseyre.
BESO C. Ray. ef BFAK Talkna Fiord.
BESU P. Basque, a BEXQ Labrador. BFAM Dyre Fiord.
BESX Rose Blanche B. BEXT St. Lewis Sound. BFAO Oe Fiord.
BETC La Poile B. BEXV Cartright Hr. BFAQ Holar.
BETG Boar I. (Burgeo). a BEXY Indian Tickle. BFAS Seidis Fiord.
BETJ Pass I. a BEXZ Sandwich B. BFAU Jan Mayen I.

e Signifies an International Signal Station; 6 a Time Signal Station; c a Weather, Tfae, or Ice Signal Station; d a Life-Saving Station;
e a Lloyd's Signal Station; /a Wireless Telegraph Station.
INTERNATIONAL CODE OE SIGNALS.

PART IL

IISTDEX.

GENERAL VOCABULARY AND GEOGRAPHICAL LIST.

(141)
PART II.

GENERAL VOCABULARY.

AABOUND.

CXA {Letter. )
(For new method of spelling, CXZ Abide-ing. Abode.
seepage 13.)
CYA Ability.
CXB A, or, An. CYB I doubt your (or, my) ability to
CYD Your abilityto.
CXD Ai.

CXE A. B. Able seaman. CYE Able-y. Able to. To be able.


Able seaman. A. B cxe
A. M. Before noon edu CYF Am, Is, or, Are able to.
CYG- Am. Is, or, Are not able to.
CXF Aback. CYH Are you able to ?

Heave all aback. Go astern LP Can I crossthe bar 1 Shall I be able to


CXG Taken aback. get over the bar? fvy
I have not been able to make out the
CXH Abaft. buoy or beacon gaj
CXI Abaft the beam. CYI I was able to.
Afloat abaft CYJ I was not able to.
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
CXJ Abandon-ing-ment. cated) is (or, are) able to bym
Abandon the vessel as fast as possible, ab If or persons or things indi-
he (she, it,
CXK Abandened. cated) is (or, are) not able to byo
CXL Do not abandon me. CYK If I am able to.
Do not abandon the vessel ac CYL If I am not able to.
Do not abandon the vessel until the tide CYM If you are able to.
has ebbed ad CYN If you are not able to.
Do you intend to abandon ? ae CYO Is able to.
CXM Enemy has abandoned. Not able to make such short tacks, .xil
CXN Has she (or vessel indicated) been long CYP Ought not to be able to.
abandoned ? CYQ Ought to be able to.
cxo I did not abandon her until I was forced. CYB Shall, or, Will be able to.
Ido not intend to abandon the vessel, af CYS Shall, or, Will not be able to.
Imust abandon the vessel ag Vessel (or person indicated) is not able
I shall abandon my vessel unless you to comply JLG
will keep by us ah CYT When will you be able to ?
I will not abandon you (or vessel indi CYU Will you be able to ?
, cated). I will remain by you ai With some assistance I shall be able to
I (or, They) wish to abandon but have set things right
'-
df
not the means aj CYV You are able to.
CXP Intend to abandon ship to Lloyd's agent. CYW You are not able to.
Is she (or veisel indicated) abandoned ?
AK
CXQ They have abandoned. CYX Aboard. (See also Board.)
CXR Vessel indicated not abandoned.
is OYZ Above board.
Admiral, or, Senior officer is on board
CXS Abate-d-ing-ment. (or, at ) dkv
If the wind abates zeq CZA All on board.
CXT No abatement. CZB I am coming sending) aboard.
(or,
Wind has abated outside zfj CZD I will come alongside aboard) you (or, if
Wind has not abated outside zfk will allow me.
CXU You may make some abatement. CZE Send-ing. Sent a responsible person on
board.
Abbeeviate-d-ing-ion. (See Abridge. )
DAQ Abode -CXZ
CXV Abeam, or, Abreastof.
CXW At (time indicated) we were abeam CZF Abolish-ed-ing-tion.
of.
CXY I was abeam. CZG Abound-ed-ing.

(143)
144 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

ABOUTACCOMMODATE.
. . . .. ?. . . . ) . .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 145

ACCOMMODATEACQUAINT.

Accommodate Continued. DFP On account of


DCQ Can not accommodate. No accommo- Do not anchor on any account le
dation for Do not show a light on any account -QV
DCR Good accommodation. Do not show a light on my aceount_QRT
DCS I can accommodate a person [or persons Light-ship has been withdrawn on ac-
indicated) count of ice - pcb
DCT Indifferent accommodation. DFQ On account of the fog (or, weather).
DCU No accommodation for passengers. DFB, On account.
DCV ACCOMPANY-IED-ING-IMENT. DFS Accountable.
DCW Accompanied by (or, with) DFT I hold you accountable.
DCX Can accompany. DFU Will be held accountable.
DCY I can not accompany. DFV Will not be accountable.
DCZ I will accompany. DFW Will not be accountable for boat hire.
DEA Will you accompany?
DFX Accountant.
DFY Accountant General.
DEB Accomplice.
DFZ Accouterments.
DEC accomplished-ed-ing.
DGA Accumulator.
DEP Can you (or person indicated) accom-
plish (or, do) it ? DGB accumulate-d-ing-ion-ive.
Can not be accomplished (or, done)- -blx
i
DEG Easily done accomplished).
(or, DGC Accurate-ly-acy-ness.
DEH Has it been done (or, accomplished) ? DGE Is it accurate?
If it can be done (or, accomplished) .bzr DGF It is not accurate.
If it can not be done (or, accom-
plished BZS DGH Accuse-d-ing-ation. (See also Charge.
Maybe done (or, accomplished) blt DGI Accused of having killed some one. )

DEI Not easily done (or, accomplished). DGJ Is accused of


DGK Wlu, he (or person indicated) accused
: is
of?
DEJ ACCORD-ED-ING.
DEK According to. DGL accustom-ed-ing.
DEL Accordingly.
DEM According to directions (or, orders). DGM Acidity.
According to regulations uof Carbolic acid hyd
DEN According to seniority. Muriatic acid sck
DEO According to the usual practice. Nitric acid. siq
DEP In accordance with. Picric acid thv
DEQ Not according to. Sulphuric acid xdi
DEB, Not according to orders, or, Against in- Tartaric acid xkv
structions.
DGN ACKNOWLEDGE-ING-MENT.
DGO Acknowledge, or, Answer my signal (or,
Accordingly del
DGP Acknowledge the receipt of
DES Account-ed-ing. To account. (See also DGQ Has the receipt been acknowledged?
Account below.) DGR I beg to acknowledge.
Account. (Bill) gka DGS Make an acknowledgement.
Account. (A Report) dew DGT Must be acknowledged.
DET Account sent correct. is
DEIT Account sent incorrect.
is DGU Acorn.
DEV Alarming account of
DEW An account. (See also Report. DGV Acquaint-ed-ing-ance. (See also Inform. )

DEX Bad account. DGW Acquainted with.


DEY Can account for DGX Am acquainted with the anchorage.
DGY Am acquainted with the coast.
DEZ Can you account for
DPA Good account of DGZ Am desired to acquaint you (or person
DFB Has brought the account of indicated).
DFC Have, or, Has received account of DHA Am not acquainted with the anchorage.
DFE I have private account of DHB Am not acquainted with the coast.
DFG Indifferent account of DHC Are you acquainted with the anchorage
DPH Last, account. (place, or, channel)?
DFI Next account. DHE Are you acquainted with the coast?
DFJ
No account of DHF Desire you will acquaint.
DFK No account received. DHG Did you acquaint?
DPL Nothing important by last account. DHI I am directed to acquaint you.
DPM Quarterly account. DHJ Not acquaintedwith.
DFN Send an (or, your) account. DHK Shall, or, Will acquaint.
DFO Send account. DHL Will you acquaint?
1092907- -10
146 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 147
148 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

ADVISE AGAINST.
Part II. GENERAL, VOCABULARY. 149

AGAINSTAGUE.
150 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

AHEADALL.
. .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 151

ALLALSO.

All Continued. Aloft Continued.


DYT Vessels wishing to be reported all well, EAG Keep a good lookout aloft.
show your distinguishing signals. EAH Man aloft.
Was all well when you
lef t ? qln
You will not lie afloat all the tide.-DQG EAI Alone.

DYU Allegiance. EAJ Alongthe.


All the lights are out along the coast
Alliance (See Ally) . -DZS of PU

DYV Alligator. Crocodile. EAK Along the bank- of.


EAL Along the lines.
DYW Allot-ted-ting. To allot. EAM Along the road.
DYX Allotment.
EAN Alongshore.
DYZ Allow-ed-ing-able. To allow for. (See EAO Alongshore to the eastward of (dis-
also Admit, Let, and Permit. tance in miles may follow).
Allowance
)

dzc EA*P Alongshore to the northward of -(dis-


DZA Allow me to congratulate you. tanee in miles may follow).
(dis-
Allow no communication. Allow no EAQ Alongshore to the southward of
person on board fm tance in miles may follow)
DZB Allow no lights to be seen. Extinguish EAR Alongshore to the westward of (dis-
all lights. tance in miles may follow).
DZC Allowance.
Armed men not allowed to land eov EAS Alongside.
DZE Can allow. Can permit. EAT Alongside the jetty (wharf, or, pier).
DZF Can not allow it. EAU Alongside the mole.
DZG Communication allowed with. is EAV As soon as alongside.
DZH Half allowance. EAW Assemble alongside.
DZI -Have been on short allowance for some Boat is alongside (is on board) ev
time. EAX Call alongside.
I will come alongside (or, on board) if EAY Can I come alongside?
you will allow me Czd EAZ Can not come alongside.
Come alongside.
,

It is dangerous to allow too many people EBA


on board at once . gb EBC Do not come alongside.
DZJ It is expected the vessel (or vessels indi- EBD Endeavor to come alongside.
cated) will be allowed to leave. EBF Go alongside.
DZK
Make allowance to (or, for). I shall fire into the boats if they persist
DZL Not allowed. Disallowed. in coming alongside nak
DZM Put your people on an allowance. I will come alongside (or, on board) if
DZN Short allowance.

you will allow me - czd
Vessels with combustibles not allowed EBG Lashed alongside.
in hs EBH Let no boat come alongside.
DZO What allowance are you on 1

Lighter alongside qtc
What variation do you allow ? jip EBJ Not alongside.
DZP Will an allowance be made ? EBK To be alongside at
DZQ Will you allow Will you permit
? ? What is the depth of water alongside
the 1 kvi
DZR Allude-d-ing-sion .

i EBL Aloof. Keep aloof.


DZS Ally-ied-ing-iance.
DZT Allied with. EBM Aloud.
DZU Our ally. EBN Alphabet-ical-ly.
DZV Almanac. Alphabetical signal, No. 1.

Have you a Nautical Almanac for the Code Flag over e


current year (or for the year indi- Alphabetical signal, No. 2.

cated)^
'.
RQ Code Flag over f
Lloyd's Seaman's Almanac Qwz Alphabetical signal, No. 3.

DZW Nautical Almanac. Note. For method


Code Flag over g
of using Alphabet-
DZX Almond. ical Signals, see page 13
EBO Alphabetical table (page 15).
DZY Almost. EBP Morse alphabet.
EAB Almost anything may be got. Use alphabetical (spelling) table-- _wnf
EBQ Your name not on my
is spell list; it

Almuda. (Measure of capacity) ayk alphabetically (or, by alphabetical


table).
EAC At OPT EBR Already.
EAD Fell from aloft.
EAP Gear aloft. EBS Also.
152 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

ALTER AMMUNITION.
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 153

AMMUNITIONANCHOR.
. . )

154 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

ANCHORANNUL.

Anchor Continued. Anchorage Continued.


EJV Stream, or. Small anchor (weight in I shall make
for the anchorage (or,
cwts., if necessary) with despatch
all jt
EJW Tell them to recover my anchor. ELA I shall try the anchorage.
The light-ship at not at anchor on
is ELB Is it a difficult anchorage to get away
her station, or, Light-ship at is out from?
of position --QE Is the anchorage (or, my anchorage)
EJX Tripped her anchor. safe with all winds (specify which
EJY Unable to weighanchor. wind, if necessary)"! _.fb
EJZ Vessel indicated at anchor anchor-is (is It is not very safe where you are an-
chored .-'.
ing). EIX
EKA Vessel indicated parted from her anchor. ELC Lose no time in getting to the an-
Want an anchor yc chorage.
Want an anchor and cable yd ELD Safe anchorage.
EKB Water too deep to anchor.
is ELF Shall we get to the anchorage to-night?
EKC We had better anchor. Unsafe anchorage pe
EKD When anchored. ELG Unsafe to remain at anchorage until'.
EKP When do you intend to anchor? ELH We are to leeward of the anchorage.
EKG When shall we anchor? ELI We are to windward of the anchorage. S
EKH Where do you intend to anchor?
EKI Where shall we anchor?
EKJ Why do you anchor? ELJ Anchovy
EKL Will you assist me (or vessel indicated)
in laying-out an anchor? ELK And.
EKM Will you pick up my anchor for me? And the -CMD
EKN You may come to an anchor. ELM And they.
EKO You will overlay my anchor. In and out - -SVW
ELN You and I (or, me)
EKP Anchorage. (See also Berth and Har-
bor. )
Am acquainted with the anchorage .dgx ELO Anemometer. Wind gauge.
Am not acquainted with anchorage-DHA
Anchorage, or, Harbor is good enough ELP Aneroid barometer.
with wind from ox
Anchorage, or, Harbor is indifferent-OY ELQ Aneurism.
Anchorage, or, Harbor is safe with all
winds oz ELR Anger-ry-ily.
EKQ Any anchorage in the bay?
Are you acquainted with the anchorage ELS Angle. Angleways.
(place, or, channel)? dhc ELT Angle iron.
EKR Bad an horage. ELU Beveled to an angle of
Best berth, (or, anchorage) bears from ELV Helm angle.
me ef
Best anchorage is in fathoms ov ELW Angular-ly.
Calls the attention of vessels coming
into the anchorage on the bearing ELX Animal.
(prom the person signaling) pointed
out by compass signal dp Anna. (Coin) asx
Calls the attention of vessels leaving
the anchorage on the bearing (from ELY Annex-ed-ing-ation.
the person signaling) pointed out by
compass signal _dq ELZ Annihilate-d-ing-ion.
EKS Can, or, will you point out (or, take me
to) a good anchorage? EMA Anniversary.
EKT Change your anchorage.
Do not attempt to make "the anchorage EMB Announce-d-ment.
(or, harbor) fw
EKU Do not know the anchorage [or, harbor). EMC Annoy-ed-ing-ance.
Do not risk an anchorage unless you
have very good ground tackle fx EMD Annual-ly.
EKV Do you know of any anchorage (or,
harbor)? EMF Annuity.
EKW Do you know the anchorage harbor)? (or,
Good anchorage odu EMG Annul-led-ling.
EKX Good bottom for anchorage. EMH Annul present formation.
How does the anchorage (or, harbor) EMI Annul the hoist indicated by numeral
bear?- ..pa signal.
EKY I do not know the anchorage (or, Annul the last hoist I will repeat it-VE
Annul
;

harbor). EMJ the last signal. The last signal


EKZ I have (or vessel indicated has) knowl- is annulled.
edge of the anchorage. Annul the whole signal vf
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 155
156 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II,

ANYAPPEAR.
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 157
.

158 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

AREARMY.

Are Continued. EUM Area, or, Surface.


He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated)is {or, are) able to buv EUN Argentina. Argentina Colors.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) is (or, are) not buw Argentino. (Coin.) -ASY
He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) is (or, are) not able to bux EUO Argue-d-ing-ment.
How are they? bxh
How are you? bxi EUP Arise-n-ing. Arose.
How is (or. are) he (she, it, or persons
or things indicated) ? bxo EUQ Arm-ed-ing. To ARM.
If he (she, it, or persons or things in- EUR Arms (weapons).
dicated) is (or, are) byl EUS Arm boats.
If he (she,or persons or things in-
it, EUT Arm chst.
dicated) is (or, are) able to bym Arm the lead - qjg
If he (she, it, or persons or things in- EUV Armed men not allowed t6 land.
dicated) is (or, are) not . -BYN EUW Armed merchant ship.
If he (she, it, or persons or things in- EUX Armed with
dicated) is (or, are) not able to., .byo Fire-arms mzy
If they are ._Caf EUY How are you armed ?

If they are not cag EUZ How is she armed ?

If we are -CAX EVA I have no arms.


If we are not cay Not armed. Unarmed ygj
If you are cbq Man and arm boats gtv
If you are not cbe Send an armed boat guk
If, or. Are, he (she, it, or persons or EVB She is armed. They are armed.
things indicated)"! .. bvy EVC Small -arm men.
Is, or, Are his (her-s, it-s) bek EVD Small arms (muskets, etc.).
There are (or, is) cmg EVF Small-arm magazine.
There are (or, is) not cmh EVG With arms.
They are for cnm Without arms. Unarmed ygj
They are from bet
They are...- beu EVH Arm. (Limb).
They are not.. bev EVI Arm broken.
We are bew EVJ Arm dislocated.
We are not ...BEX EVK Left arm.
What, or, Which are (or, is)? cpw EVL Right arm.
What, or, Which are (or, is) you-r-s?.CPY Yard arm zkp
What, or, Which is (or, are) he (she, it,
or persons or things indicated) .cpx
1
! EVM Armament.
When are (or, is)? cqw
When are we? cqx EVN Armature.
When are you? CQY
When he (she, it, or persons or things EVO Armistice.
indicated) is (or, are) crj Armistice has been arranged. -YS
When are) he (she,
is (or, it, or persons EVP Is an armistice probable ?
or things indicated) ? CRN
When they are csi EVQ Armor-ed.
When we are csl EVR Armor belt.
When you are csn EVS Armor-clad. Iron-clad.
Where am I (or, are we)? csq EVT Armor-plate-d-ing.
Where are (or, is)? csr EVU Armored cable.
Where are they? .. cst EVW Armored cruiser.
Where are you bound? sh EVX Armored deck.
Where are you from? ... si EVY Armored ship.
Where are you going? csu EVZ Armored train.
Where he (she, it. or persons or things
indicated) is (or, are) .ctd EWA Armorer.
Where I am (or, we are) ctg
EWB Army*.
Where is (or, are) he (she, it, or persons Any alteration in the position of the
or things indicated)"! . cth armies? _ iby
Where they are cua Army is advancing.- dna
Where we are (or, I am) ctg EWC Army is retreating.
Where you are cup EWD Army List.
Who are (or, is)? cui EWF Army Service Corps.
Why are (or, is)? cuz EWG By, or, With the army.
Why are you? cva EWH Captain in the army.
Why are you not? cvb EWI Colonel.
You are bey EWJ Commander-in-Chief.
You are not bez EWK General.
Fart II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 159

ARMYARTICLES OF AGREEMENT.
. . . : .

160 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

ARTICLES OF AGREEMENTASK.

Articles op Agreement Continued. FBZ ASCEND-ED-ING.


EZK -Ship's articles (or, papers)
EZL Signed articles. FCA
FCB
ASCERTAIN-ED-ING.
EZM Termination of articles. Ascertain what.
FCD Ascertain when.
FCE Can you ascertain?
EZN Artifice-ial-ly. FCG Can not ascertain.
EZO Artificial horizon. FCH Could not be ascertained?
it
Damage not ascertained -_" kiy
EZP Artificer. FCI Did you ascertain?
EZQ Artificer diver. FCJ Endeavor-ed-ing to ascertain.
EZR Engine-room artificer. FCK Have you ascertained?
EZS Skilled artificer. FCL It has been ascertained.
EZT What artificers have you? Passed a wreck (date, latitude, and longi-
tude, if necessary) but was unable to
EZU Artillery-ist-man. ascertain whether any people were on
EZV Artillery has been landed. board.... zw
EZW Artillery, or, Ordnance stores. FCM Shall, or, Will ascertain.
EZX In want of artillery. FCN When it is ascertained.
EZY No want of artillery.
FCO ASCRIBE-D-ING. TO' ASCRIBE.
FAB As. FCP What do you ascribe it to ?
FAC As a matter of course.
FAD As close as. FCQ Ash. (Wood.)
FAE As convenient.
FAG As far as. FOR Ash. Cinder.
FAH As fast as. FCS Ash pit.
FAI As fast as possible. FCT Ash shoot.
FAJ As follows.
FAK Ashe (she, his, her-s, it, it-s). FCU Ashamed.
FAL As he is. FCV Ought to be ashamed.
FAM As I (my, mine)
FAN As happens.
it FCW Ashore. (See also Shore and Aground.)
FAO As it is. Am on shore, likely to break up require ;

FAP As not.
it is immediate assistance ca
FAQ As may.
it FCX Are you going ashore?
FAR As was.
it
-As was not.
Do not send boats ashore after dark.GST
FAS it I ama stranger here; will you let me
FAU As will be.
it go ashore with you?--- _-0CH
As as
little -QVTT FCY Let him bring ashore (on shore).
FAV As long as. FCZ
Send ashore to (or, for)
PAW As many as. Send the letter bag on shore (or to vessel
FAX As many as convenient. indicated)-.. fsn
FAY As many much) as possible.
(or, The ship's bags are sent ashore fso
FAZ As much as. Vessel (or vessel indicated) ashore neat
FBA As much as can be taken. (or, on) -CH
FBC As near as.
FBD As often as. FDA Asia-tic.
FBE As quick as.
FBG As quick as possible. FDB Aside.
FBH As requested.
FBI As requisite. FDC Ask for . To ask. (See also Request.)
FBJ As slow as possible. Asked-ing - fdm
FBK As soon as. FDE Ask permission.
As soon as alongside . Ask stranger (or vessel indicated) if lie
FBL As soon as convenient. will communicate ht
FBM As soon as dark. it is FDG Ask (person or vessel indicated) not
FBN As soon as dusk. it is to.

FBO As soon as possible. FDH Ask (person or vessel indicated) to
As soon as she off afloat)..
is (or, FDI Ask him if.
FBP As soon as the flood tide makes. FDJ Ask the.
FBQ As soon as there a breeze. is FDK Ask you not to.
FBR As they (their-s) FDL Ask you to.
FBS As to. FDM Asked-ing.
FBT As usual.
-As we (our-s). Asks name of ship (or, signal station) in
FBU sight TO
FBV As well as. Asks precise time of high water, and
FBW As you-r-s. minimum depth at that time XE
FBX As you please. Note.Reply will be
1. By an hour signal (see page 58).
FBY Asbestos. 2. By a numeral signal denoting feet.
. . . ;

i>ART II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 161

ASKASSIST.

Ask Continued. FEX Assist-ance.


FDN Better not ask the reason. Aground; want immediate assistance,
FDO Hail the strange vessel, and ask if - NA
FDP Have, or, Has not asked. Am drifting; want assistance cm
FDQ Shall, or, Will ask. Am on shore, likely to break up; re-
FDE Unable to ask. quire immediate assistance. ca
FDS Will you ask ?
FEY Assist (vessel indicated).
FEZ Assistance was refused.
FDT Asleep. (See also Sleep.) Assistant fgy
Boat is coming to your assistance ...et
FDU Assassin-ate-ion. FGA Can assist.
FDV An attempt to assassinate. FGB Can be assisted helped). (or,
Assassinated (or murdered) scj FGC Can I assist ?
Can I procure any assistance in the way
Of ? CN -

FDW ASSAULT-ED-ING. To ASSAULT. (See also FGD Can you assist ?

Attack. Can you assist (vessel indicated)"!-- _co


FDX Assault did not succeed.
)

Can not assist cp


FDY Commit-ted-ting an assault. Could not render assistance cq
Damage, or. Defects can not be repaired
FDZ ASSEMBLE-D-ING. without assistance ...bg
About to assemble -- dae Do not require assistance (or, further
Assemble alongside eaw assistance) cr
FEA Assembled on the. Do the best you can for yourselves, no
Boats to assemble gse assistance can be given ex
Convoy will assemble at port (or place Do you require any assistance (or, help)
indicated) Juo of
(or, from )? cs
FEB Have, or. Has assembled. Do you require further assistance ?__ct
FEC Shall, or, Will assemble. Do you require immediate assistance?
Should. you part, endeavor to beach your cu
vessel where people are assembled (or FGE -Every assistance will be given.
'-
as pointed out by Compass Signal Fire, or. Leak want immediate assist-.
;

FROM yOU) FZU ance nh

FED Was, or. Were assembled. FGH -Give every assistance to


FEG When they assemble. I am aground; send what
assistance you can
immediate
ce
FEH Assembly. I am attacked want assistance. ;Help
FEI Assembly, Congress, Parliament (or other I am attacked
I can not assist (help) you
. nj
otx
legislative body) adjourns (or, ad-
journed) on the I can not take you in tow, but will

FEJ Assembly, Congress,Parliament(or-o7ier report you at
assistance-
and send immediate
xyq
legislative body) is dissolved.
Assembly, Congress, Parliament (or otfyr I require assistance from Lloyd's agent,
legislative body) met (or, meets) on cv
the -- JPB I shall get off (or, afloat) with assist-
FEK House of Assembly. I
ance -

want assistance; please remain by


DPY

FEL ASSENT-ED-ING. me nr
Yes, or, Affirmative.
C, or, Code Flag over c FGI -I will assist you (or vessel in distress).
FGJ -If 1 have not assistance.
FEM Assert-ed-ing. Assertion. In distress want assistance
; - ns

FEN Have, Has asserted."


or. In distress want immediate assistance a
;

FEO It asserted.
is

NO
FGK -Is (vessel indicated) likely to assist
(or, supply) me ?
FEP Assess-ed-ing-ment.
wants
FEQ Damages are assessed at Lighthouse, or, Light-ship at
immediate assi tance cw
FEB, Assessor. Light-ship, or, Lighthouse at wants
immediate assistance cw
FET Assets. May be got off (or, afloat), if prompt
assistance be given cg
FEU Assign-ing-ment. May be got off (or, afloat) without
FEV Assigned. assistance dpz
Cause, or, Reason must be assigned. ifo
The cause (or, reason) assigned, is ..ift FGL -Medical assistance wanted ; want a sur-
The cause (or, reason) assigned is suf geon.
ficient iro Mutiny want assistance
; yf
No assistance can be rendered ; do the
FEW Assignee. best you can for yourselves ex

a See Distress Signals, page 7.

1092907- -.11
162 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.
. . ; )

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 163

ATATTEST.

At Continued Attempt Continued.


At the nearest landing place qdo FKR Shall I try (or, attempt)to ?
At the railway station ...uhe The attempt dangerous is gi
FJA At the (or, that) time specified. FKS Useless to attempt try) (or, to.
At this port - .-_toq When may the bar (or, entrance) be
FJB At top of. attempted? _ . _.fwd
FJC At what time ? At what hour ? FKT
Will attempt to (or, try).
FJD Is atthe. FKU Will you attempt to (or, try)?
Not at all : dtp FKV You may make an attempt (or, try).
To he at - cnq
FKW Attend-ed-ing-ance. (To be present at.
FJE Athwart. FKX Attend on board.
FJG- Athwart hawse. FKY Attend survey.
FJH Athwart ship. FKZ Attendant.
FJI Athwart the tide (current, or, stream). Has been attended with no advantage,
DNR
FJK Atlantic.
FJL North Atlantic. FLA Attend-ed-ing. (To pay attention.) (See
FJM South Atlantic. also Attention. )
Trans- Atlantic xzw Attend to signals dg
FLB I will attend to your signal.
FJN Atlas.

FJO Atmosphere. FLC Attention-ive.


FJP Atmospheric disturbance. Attention is called to page paragraph
FJQ Atmospheric pressure. of the International Code. -.DH
,
,

N. B. The page is to be shown first, and


FJR Atrocious-lt-ness-ocity . then the paragraph. This signal
,

should be employed only between ves-


FJS Attach-ed-ing-ment. sels using the United States edition,
as otherwise the pages referred to will
FJT Attache. not correspond.
Calls the attention of the first (or,
FJU Attack-ed-ing. To attack. (See also nearest) ship on the bearing (from the
Assault. ) person signaling) pointed out by com-
FJV (An) Attack. pass signal di
Coup-de-main .jyx Calls the attention of second ship, etc - dj
False attack msd Calls the attention of third ship, etc.DK
FJW Have, or, Has been attacked-. Calls the attentionof fourth ship, etc - dl
FJX Have you (or vessel indicated) been at- Calls the attention of fifth ship, etc.DM
tacked ? Calls the attention of sixth ship, etc.DN
I am attacked want assistance.
; Help Calls the attention of the shore signal
I am attacked. - .nj station dh the bearing (from the per-
FJY I attacked. son signaling) pointed out by compass
FJZ I (or vessel indicated) have been at- signals do
tacked by. Calls the attention of vessel coming into
Night attack sid the anchorage on the bearing (from
FKA Serious attack. the person signaling) pointed out by
FK.B Shall I attack ? compass signal dp
FKC Slight attack. leaving the
Calls the attention of vessel
Support my attack xfa anchorage on the bearing (from the
FKD To be attacked. person signaling) pointed out by com-
Torpedo attack xwo pass signal _ dq
FKE Wait for the attack. Calls the attention of vessel whose dis-
FKG- Will you attack ? tinguishing signal will immediately
FKH made an unsuccessful attack on follow . dr
FLD For your attention.
FKI Attempt -ed-ing (See also
to. Try. ) FLE Have, or, Has paid particular atten-
An attempt to assassinate fdv tion to.
FKJ Attempted to put to sea. FLG I am paying every attention.
Do not attempt landing in your own Look out. Pay attention ds
boats ey FLH Pay attention to orders.
Do not attempt to make the anchorage Pay attention to signal _. dg
(or, harbor) fw FLI Pay attention to the helm.
FKL Do not attempt without a pilot. FLJ Pay no attention to.
FKM Have, or, Has attempted. Pay strict attention to signals during
FKN I (or vessel indicated) made the attempt the night .dt
but did not succeed. FLK Pay the greatest attention.
FKO Make an (or, the) attempt. FLM You do (or, did) not pay attention to.
FKP Shall attempt to get away.
FKQ Shall I make another attempt V FLN Attest-ed-ing-ation. ,
164 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.
..

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 165

AVOIDBACK.

Avoid Continued. Away Continued.


FOV Avoid-ed-ing confusion. My sails are all blown away (or, split),
FOW Can avoid (or, be avoided). vec
FOX Can not avoid (or] be avoided). Open. Get farther away mc
Unavoidable-ly ygk Ban, or, Run away uho
Shall attempt to get away pkp
FOY Avoibdupois. {Weight.) Slackaway wfq
The breeze will die away hgp
FOZ Await-ed-ing. (See also Wait. To await. You run away from me vol
Await my arrival at
)

FPA
FPB Await outside the inspection of the FPU Aweigh. (See also Weigh) offi-
Are you, or, Is (vessel
.

cials. indicated)
FPC Await the arrival of aweigh? '.
zm
FPD Awaiting coroner's inquest. I am aweigh zn
Can you await answer reply)?- -BMV FPS
(or,Vessel indicated aweigh. is
Can you await arrival of eya 1
I have received orders for you to await FPT Awhile. While-st.
instructions from owners at sq
I shall await their arrival (or, the arrival FPU awkwabd-ly-ness.

of ^)--- EYL
I will telegraph for your orders if you FPV Awning.
will await reply sv FPW Deck awnings.
Keep off and on, and await instruc- FPX Furl awnings.
tions. ... sx FPY Slope awnings.
Shall I await your arrival? eyp FPZ Spread awnings.
Will await answer (or, reply) tz
Will you await answer (or, reply)?. .ua Awoke. Awake-n-ing. . ., ppe
Will you await her (or, the arrival
of)? eyq FQA Axe.
Your orders will be awaiting you off Pickaxe the,
(or, at ) -.svB
FQB Axis-ial.
FPE Awake-n-ing. Awoke. -
v

FQC Axle. Axletkee.


FPG AWARD-ED-ING.
FQD azimuth-al.
FPH AWARE. FQE Azimuth compass.
FPI Am, Are aware
Is, or, of. FQG-Azimuth table.
FPJ Am, or, Are hot aware
Is, of. FQH Have you an azimuth compass ?

FPK Are you aware ? FQI I have an azimuth compass.


FPL I was not aware of it. FQJ Variation by azimuth.
FPM Is he aware ?
FPN Not aware.
FPO Awash.
FPQ Away.
Bring away hip
away
Carried ico
Castaway ,-- ieb
Castaways -...:.. iec
Clear away itb
Could any vessel have got away after
you? OFC -,

Cut away your masts kj


Cut away khg
Do you think we could get away
from ? xpz FQK B. (Letter.) (For new method of spelling,
Doctor, or, Svirgeon is away ljv seepage 13.)
Funnel carried away nto
Go away obr FQL Back-ed-ing.
Have, 01 Has carried away icq Back main topsail xwc
FQM Back the.
,

Heave away. orz


Is it a difficult anchorage to get away Back the anchor _.eho
from? - - elb Ordered back _-SUF
Is keeping away -- pyf Put back ucw
Is my berth a good one for getting away Put back damaged ucx
from? gfw Send back vpq
Keep away
v.-**
-~'-"- pym FQN Was obliged to put back.
Keep more away.:'; pyw What is the cause of your putting back?
Lower away --
:

bbz UDE
166 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BACKSTAYBANK.
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 167
. . .

168 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BARRICOEBE.

PXY Barricoe. (Breaker or small cask.) Be Continued.


FXZ Veer a barricoe astern. Am, Are, or, Is to be --- bfc
dwv
Be on the alert
FYA Barrow. Be the bfe
Can, or, Maybe.-^--- bfg
FYB Barter-ed-ing. Can, or, May do (or, be done) blt
Can, or. May have been bfh
FYC Base. Can, or, May have done (or, been done)
FYD Base of operations. BLV
Can, or, May he (she, it, or person s or
FYE Basin. (See also Dock.) thing s indicated) be? btk
Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or
FYG Basis. things indicated) have been? btl
Can, or, May I be? _-- bkh
FYH Basket. Can, or, May it be done? blw
Can, or, May there be? bfi
FYI Bathe-d-ing-r. Bath. Cannot, or, May not be bfj
Can not, or, Maynot do(or, be done)_BLX
Batman. (Measure of Weight) bat Can not, or, May not have been bfk
Can not, or, May not have done (or, been
FYJ Batten-ed-ing. done) blz
FYK Batten-ed-ing down. Can not, or. May not he (she, it, or per-
Rolling batten tjzk sons or things indicated) be? btm
Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or per-
FYL Batter-ed-ing. To batter. sons or things indicated) have been?
BTN
FYM Battery. Could, or, Might be bfl
FYN Are there any batteries ? Could, or, Might do (or, be done)--BMA
Daniell's batteries . _klm Could, or, Might have been bfm
Electric batteries luq Could, or, Might have done (or, been
Firing batteries -_. .nae done) - bmc
Le Clanche's batteries qlz Could, or, Might he (she, it, or persons
FYO Masked batteries. or things indicated) be? bto
FYP Mortar batteries. Could, or; Might he (she, it, or persons
FYQ Range of batteries. or things indicated) not be? btp
FYR Test batteries. Could, or, Might not be bfn
FYS The enemy is throwing up batteries. Could, or, Might not do (or, be done).BMD
FYT There are no batteries. Could, or, Might not have been bfo
FYU Under the batteries. Could or. Might not have done (or, been
FYV What state does the battery appear to done) bme
be in? Could, or, Might there be? bfp
You are within range of the batteries Had, Has, or, Have been bfq
(or, of the guns) go Had, Has, or, Have done (or, been done)
bmr
FYW Battle. Had, Has, or,Have, he (she, it. or per-
After the battle drl sons or things indicated) been?__BTU
FYX Battle ship. Line-of -battle ship. Had. Has, or, Have, he (she, it, or per-
FYZ Before the battle. sons or things indicated) not been?
FZA Indecisive battle between the and btx
(names indicated) Had, or, Have I been bfr
FZB When was the battle fought ? Had, Has, or. Have not been bfs
FZC Where was the battle fought ? Had Has, or. Have not done (or, been
FZD has won a great battle at with a , done) bms
loss of killed and wounded reported Had, or. Have they been? bft
at
.

Had, or, Have we been? bfu


Had, or, Have you been? bfv
FZE Baulk-ed-ing. Balk. Having been bfw
FZG Baulk of timber. He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) can (or, may) be buc
He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
FZH Bay. Bay of. cated) can not {or, may not) be..-BUE
Any anchorage in the bay ? ekq He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
FZI In the bay of cated) had (has, or, have) been.-.BUK
Shall anchor in the bay ejo He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
cated) had (has, or, have) notbeen.Btro
FZJ Bayonet. He, She, It (or person s or things indi-
cated) must be buz
FZK Bazaar. He, She, It (or person s or things indi-
cated) must not be bvc
Be. Been. Being bfa He, She, It (or persons or things indi-
Am, Are, or, Is not to be ._ bpd cated) ought to be .^...bvf
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 169

BE.

Be Continued. Be Continued.
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Need not be -.bgz
cated) ought not to be bvg Not be (been, being) cfn
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Not to be cgh
cated) shall (or, -will) be bvi Not to be done cgj cgi
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Not to be had
cated) shall (or, will) not be bvk Ought not to be -CHS
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Ought to be cht
cated) should (or, would) be.,---BVM Ought to do (or, be done) - - -CHZ
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- Shall, or, Will be..., bha
cated) should (or, would) do (or, be Shall, or, Will do (or, be done) bnw
done) bvn Shall, or, Will have done (or, been done),
He, She. It (or persons or things indi- bnx
cated) should (or, would) not be..BVQ Shall.br, Will he (she.it, or persons or
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- things indicated) be? bwe ,

cated) should (or, would) not do (or, Shall, or, Will he, (she it, or, persons or
be done) bvr things indicated) do (or, be done) ?
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- BWtf
cated) was (or, were) to be btw Shall, or. Will he or persons or
(she, it,

He, She, It (or persons or things indi- things indicated) not be? bwi
cated) was (or, were) not to be.-.BVX Shall, or, Will he (she, it, or persons or
lean (or, may) be bfx things indicated) not do (or, be done)?
I can not (or, may not) be bfy BWJ
I could (or, might) be bpz Shall, Will I be?
or, bhc
I could (or, might) not be bga Shall, Will not be
or, bhd
I had (or, have) been bgc Shall, Will not do (or, be done). bnt
or, .

I had (or, have) not been bgd Shall, Will not have done (or, been
or,
I must be bge done) bnz
I must not be bgf Shall, or, Will there be? bhe
I shall (or, will) be bgh Shall, or, Will they be? -BHF
I shall (or, will) not be bgi Shall, or, Will we be? bhg
I should (or, would) be bgj Shall, or, Will you be? bhi
I should (or, would) have been bgk Shall, or, Will you not be? bhj
I should (or, would) not be _bgl Should, or, Would be bhk
I should (or, would) not have been. _bgm Should, or, Would do (or, be done). _bof
If it can (or, may) be done.i bzr Should, or, Would have been ___,._bhl
If it can not (or, may not) be done. -Bzs
- Should, or, Would have done (or, been
Is, etc. (See Am, above.) done) -bog
Is it not to be done? bni Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons
Is it to be done? bnj or things indicated) be? bwn
Should, or. Would he (she, it, or persons
It, etc. (See He, above. )
It can be bgn or things indicated) do (or, be done)?
It can (or, may) be done bnk bwo
It can not be--, bgo Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons
It can not (or, may not) be done - . .bnl or things indicated) have been?- .bwq
It could (or, might) be done bnm Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons
It could (or, might) not be done bno or things indicated) not be? bws
It had (or, has) been bgf Should, or. Would he (she, it, or persons
It had (or, has) been done _-_bnp or things indicated) not do (or, be
It had (or, has) not been -.bgq done)? bwt
It had (or, has) not been done bnq Should, or, Would he (she, it, or persons
It ought to be bgr or things indicated) not have been?
It ought to be done bnr BWV
bgs Should, or, Would not be bhm
_ It ought not to be
"it ought not to be done .. __bns Should, or, Would not do (or, be done),
1-bgt boh
It shall (or, will) be.-
It shall (or, will) be done bnt Should, or, Would not have been. . .bhn
It shall (or, will) not be bgu Should, or, Would not have done (or
bnu been done) ..boi
It shall (or, will) not be done
bgv Should, or. Would there be? bho
Let her be ckr
Let him be BXB That, or, This can (or, may) be
bgw That, or, This can not (or, may not) be,
Let them be OKT
Let us be BGX
That, or, This could (or, might) be.CKV
May, etc. (See Can, above.)
Might, etc. (See Could, above.) That, or, This could (or, might) not be,
Must be eEM CKW
CEN That, or, This had has, (or, have) been,
Must do (or.be done) OKY
Must have been .. CEP
Must not be cev That, or, This had (has or, have) not
CEW '
been ckz
Must not do (or, be done) -
Need be - bgt That, or, This must be ... CLJ
170 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BEBEAM.

Be Continued. Be Continued.
That, or, This must not be - - - Clm You ought to be bjh
That, or, This shall (or, will) be cln You ought not to be bji
That, or, This shall (br, will) not be.CLO You shall (or, will) be bjk
That, or, This should (or, would) be.CLP You shall (or, will) not be. ..bjl
That, or, This should (or, would) not be, You should (or, would) be bjm
clq You should (or, would) not be bjn
There can (or,may) be CMJ You were to be _ bjo
There can not (or r may not) be cml You were not to be.' bjp
There could (or, might) be CMO
There could (or, might) not be CMP fzl Beach-ed-ing.
There had (has, or, have) been .cmr . . . FZM A rocky beach.
There had (has, or, have) not been. cms PZN A sandy beach.
There shall (or, will) be cmv FZO Beach (indicated) good for watering.
is
There shall (or, will) not be . cmx . FZP Beach (indicated* not good for water-
is
There should (or, would) be cmz ing.
There should (or, would) have been.CNA FZQ Beach master.
There should (or, would) not be__.CND FZR Beach party.
There should (or, would) not have been, FZS Beach the vessel. Run on the beach.
CNE FZT Beach the vessel where flag waved
is (or,
They can (or,may) be bhp light is shown).
They can not (or, may not) be bhq Beach your vessel at all risks. ki
They could (or,might) be bhr Do not hold on to your anchor, but let
They could (or,might) not be bhs her beat up on the beach eht
They had (or, have) been bht FZU If you part, endeavor to beach your ves-
They had (or,have) not been bhu sel where people are assembled (or,
They must be bhv as pointed out by compass signal
They must not be.. bhw from you).
They ought to be .bhx FZV Is there much surf on the beach?
They ought not to be
They shall (or, will) be
bht FZW Keep lights (or, fires) on the beach all
bhz night.
They shall (or, will) not be .bia Lookout will be kept on the beach all
They should (or, would) be bic night - kg
They should (or, would) not be bid FZX Not easy landing on the beach scarcely
;

They were to be bie prudent to land.


They were not to be '.
__bif FZY On the beach.
To be cnp Run on the beach. Beach the vessel.pzs
To be at . cnq
To be done --- one GAB Beacon. (See also Buoy. )
To be had cns GAC Beacon bears.
Was, or, Were to be big GAD Beacon buoy.
We can (or,may) be bih GAE Beacon, or, Buoy has broken adrift (or,
We can not (or, may not) be bij gone).
is
We could (or,might) be bik Can see the beacon (or, mark) rli
We could (or,might) not be bim GAF Can you see the beacon (or, mark ?
GAH
i

We had (or, have) been bin How does the beacon (buoy, or, mark)
We had (or, have) not been bio bear?
We must be - bip GAI How must I bring the beacon (buoy, or,
We must not be biq mark) to bear?
We shall (or, will) be
We shall (or, will) not be
bir GAJ I have not been able to make out the
___bis beacon (or, buoy).
We should (or, would) be . . bit I think I must have passed the buoy (or,
We should (or, would) not be but beacon) hml
We were to be biv GAK Keep the beacon (or, buoy) on your port
We were not to be biw hand.
When shall (or,
When shall (or,
will be?
)

will) it be done?_..CRX
crs GAL Keep the beacon (or, buoy) on your star-
board hand.
When shall (or, will) you be? csd Leave the beacon (or, buoy) to port-.LZ
Where shall (or, will) be? ctl Leave the beacon ( or buoy) to starboard,
,

Where shall (or, will) you be? ctu MA


Will, etc. (See. Shall, above. ) GAM Steer directly for the beacon (or, buoy).
Will it be? bix
Would, etc. (See Should, above. ) GAN Beam.
You can (or, may) be biy Abaft the beam cxi
You can not (or, may not) be biz Abeam, or, Abreast of. cxv
You could (or, might) be bja GAO Beam ends.
You could (or, might)not be bjc GAP Before the beam.
You had (or, have) been bjd GAQ Keep on lee beam.
You had (or, have) not been b je GAR Keep on weather beam.
You must be bjp GAS Lee beam.
You must not be bjg GAU On port beam.
. . . _ ,

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. in

BEAM BEAUTY.

Beam Continued. Bearing Continued.


GAV On starboard beam.' Entrance bears eg
GAW On the beam. How did the land bear when last seen?
Sway beam ..xgz
. EH
GAX
Was thrown.on her (or, my) beam ends. How does the beacon (buoy, or, mark)
GAY "Weather beam. bear? __gah
How does the entrance bear? - _ - ej
GAZ Bean. How does "the harbor (or, anchorage)
bear? pa
GBA Bear-ing. To bear (or, carry). Bearer. How doestheland bear ? . _ <jds
Borne hai How must I bring the beacon (or, buoy)
I am the bearer of important despatches. to bear? _gai
JR I saw the land bearing
(add time, if
GBC Bearing. necessary) vns

Note. Unless otherwise indicated, bear- I shall keep the land (or, light) bearing
ings in points and half points are to be ,or, I shall keep hold of the land
understood as compass bearings, i. e., (or,light) qa
bearings as shown by the compass and Indicate bearing of light (lighthouse,
uncorrected for either deviation or or-, light-ship) qb
variation. But bearings when given Indicate the bearing of
What is the

.

in degrees are to be considered as bearing and distance of ? eo


magnetic bearings, i. e., compass
bearings corrected for deviation.
Keep the light bearing between and
bearings indicated) qc
Both are to be reckoned from the ves-
(

Keep the
bearing pzm
sel signaling the bearing. Look out for a boat bearing gts
Anchor on bearing (indicated) ehf Magnetic bearing (i. e. compass bearing
,

corrected for deviation) _,_ _ jhx


GBD Are your bearings true or magnetic GBK On the bearing of
bearings? Place indicated bears ek
At (time indicated) light bore _pv There is a strange sail bearing em
At (time indicated) (place indi- True bearing (i.e., compass bearing cor-
cated) bore distant miles

ed rected for deviation and variation)


Beacon bears 1__ gac JIH
GBE Bear-ing. Bore. To bear. Vessel bearing
appears to be esh
GBF Bearing and distance of. GBL Vessel indicated bears.
GBH Bearings by compass are What bearing shall I keep the light (or,
Bears. Bears to the
;

!
GBI landmark) on? ----QF
Best berth anchorage) bears from
(or, What is my position by bearings?-. _rv
me ef What are the bearing and distance of
GBJ Buoy bears. (place or vessel indicated)? eo
Calls the attention of the first near- GBM (or, What is the bearing by compass?
est) ship' on
the bearing (from the per-
son signaling) pointed out by compass
signal di GBN Bearings of an engine.
Calls the attention of the second ship, Hot bearings ri
etc dj GBO Main bearing brasses broken (or, out of
Calls the attention of the third ship, order).
etc ...DK GBP Shaft bearing.
Calls the attention of the fourth ship, GBQ Thrust bearing.
etc DL
Calls the attention of the fifth ship,
etc DM GBR Bear upfor.
Calls the attention of the sixth ship, Bear up instantly lb
etc. DN GBS Bore upfor.
Calls the attention of the shore signal GBT I shall bear up. ^

station on the bearing (from theperson GBU I shall not bear up.
signaling) pointed out by compass GBV May, or, Can I bear up?
signal _- - -.do GBW Shall we bear up?
Calls the attention of the vessel coming Sprung my foremast and must bear up,
into the anchorage on the bearing NKW
(from the person signaling) pointed GBX Vessel indicated was compelled to bear
out by compass signal dp up.
Calls the attention of the vessel leaving
the anchorage on the bearing, etc. _dq GBY Beat-en-ing.
Center of hurricane bears igx GBZ Beat off a pirate.
Compass bearing (i. e. the bearing shown GCA Beating off.
by the compass and uncorrected for GCB Beating up.
either deviation or variation) jhf GCB Can you beat up against?
Cross bearings kea GCE Can not beat up against.
Do not bring the light to the of
(bearing indicated) px GCF Beauty-iful.
. ? .

172 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BECALMED BELAY.

GCH Becalmed. Before Continued.


GCI off for days.
Becalmed Before Thursday xrs
GCJ Several vessels becalmed off Before to-morrow sah
GCK There a likelihood of being becalmed.
is Before Tuesday .. ydi
Before us (our-s) ___cim
GCL Because. Before Wednesday zag
Before you-r-s ... cws
GCM Becket. Before you decide . .kpq

Before you sail vdr


GCN Become-inq. Became. Breakfast before you start hfj
GCO What became of the proceeds of Day before __.kmz
GCP What has become of the crew? In the same state as before vgk
GCQ What has become of wreck? Intend sounding (place indicated) be-
fore I trySt - pot
GCR Bed-ding. Just before _-.pxk
Air bedding Keep before the wind ._ zetj
GCS Bed clothes. Morning before. sab
GCT Bed linen. GDJ Not before.
GCU Oyster bed. Running before the wind vch
i
The day before yesterday. kntt
GOV Bee. GDK Wasitbefora?
GCW Beeswax.
GDL Beg-ged-ging. To beg.
GCX Beep. I beg to acknowledge dgr
GOY Beef in good order.
is GDM I (or persons indicated) beg to be ex-
GCZ Can fresh beef be procured? cused.
GDA. Can yon supply me with salt beef?
(Number of casks indicated.) GDN Begin-ning. Began. Begun.
GDB Fresh beef. GDO Can begin at once(or on date specified)
GDC Fresh beef and vegetables. GDP Beginning of the.
Salt beef _. vps Beginning of April eua
Beginning of August fmb
Been. (See Be) bpa Beginning of December kpl
Beginning of February muq
Beer. Ale dwt Beginning of January pus
Beginning of July pwn
GDE Befall-en-ing. Befell. Beginning of June pwv
Beginning of March rkw
GDF Before. Beginning of May rxf
Before arrival of (or, at) exz Beginning of November skv
Before breakfast hfi Beginning of October soh
Before Christmas. .. iqb Beginning of September vrl
Before dark

klp GDQ Do not begin yet.

Before departure of kts GDB, Have, or, Has begun.


Before dinner las GDS May I beginto ?
Before Easter lsh GDT Not begun yet.
Before Friday ._ ..nri When do you begin (or, commence)?
GDH Beforehand. JEW
Before him (his, her-s,it-s) bxa GDU When does it begin (or, commence)?
Before it is _. cdx ./
Before it is dusk lpz GDV Behalf. On behalf, op.
Before it is too late qhc
Before leaving - _ _ qkl GDW Behave-d-ing-ior.
Before me (my, mine) ...ceb GDX Have, or Has behaved very gallantly.
Before midnight rti
Before Monday rxz GDY Behind.
Before night sic Behind the land qdp
Before noon edu Leave behind _ qkz
Before sailing vdq We have left men behind (number to
Before Saturday . vht be shown) .. qlo
Before sunrise ...xds GDZ You have left a person behind.
Before sunset _xdt
Before supper ,..xer GEA Behold-ing-er. Beheld.
Before that (or, this) .cko
GDI Before the
In front of.
. Being. (See Be) bpa
Before the battle _ pyz
Before the beam -- gap GEB. Belay-ed.
Before the end of , . . lyi GEC Belayed to vessel.
Before the wind zem GED Belaying pin.
Bpf ore them (their-s, they) Cnk Is the'cable (or, rope) belayed (fast)?
Before this (or, that) cko HRK
. . .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 173

BELGIUMBEST.

GEF Belgium. Belgian. Belgian Colors. Berkovitz. (Measure of weight) . _ bac

GEH Belief. GFN Berth. (See also Anchorage.)


GFO Am I in a good berth?
GEI Belibve-d-ing-er. Bad berth fqv
GEJ Do, or, Does not believe. Best berth (or, anchorage) bears from
GEK Do you (or does person indicated) be- me ef
lieve? Best berth (or, anchorage) is in fath-
GEL Bell. oms - -- ---OV
GEM Bell buoy. GFP -'-Clear berth;
GEN Bell buoy damaged; not working.
GFQ Foul berth.
GEO Diving bell.
'
GFR Good berth.
GEP Electric
GFS I shall shift my berth.
bell.
GPT I would shift my berth as soon as pos-
sible.
GEQ Belligerent.
GFU Inside berth.
GEB, Belong-ed-ing TO. GFV Is worth while shifting berth?
it

Anything belonging to ? eqf GFW Is my berth a good one for getting


GES Belong-ing to Government.
away from ?
GET Belong-ing to me.
GFX Old berth.
GEU Belonging to this port.
GFY Outside berth.
GEV Do you belong to the convoy? GFZ Shall I in my present berth have room
for weighing the wind shifts?
GEW Does it belong? GHA Shift your berth farther
if
in.
Does not belong to xuf GHB Shift your berth farther out.
I belong to the convoy of
cated)
(ships indi-
1 JUS
GHC Shift your berth farther to the
Shift your berth; your berth is not
Ihave goods belonging to you(oJ% ) .oex kt
GEX Nothing belonging to you (or, ). GHD
safe
Stranger belongs to
...wyx
GHE
Sick berth.
The berth you are now in is not safe.
What company do you belong to?. . _iq GHF Wide berth.
Whatnation do you (or vessel indicated)
GHI Will you lead into (or, point out) a good
belong to?.: sec
berth?
GEY Where do you (or vessel indicated) be- GHJ You are in a very fair berth.
long?
GEZ Whom does belong to? it
GHK You are not in a good berth (are in a
GFA Whom does she (or vessel indicated) GHL Youfoul berth).
have given me a foul berth.
belong to?

GFB Below. Beneath.


GHM Berthon boat, or, Collapsible boat.
Watch below yva GHN Beseech-ing. Besought.
GFC Belt-ed.
Armor belt --- evr Beside. Alongside eas
GFD Belted cruiser.
I have no life belts QRB GHO Besides. In addition to.
Lifebelt _.qrh
GHP Besiege-ing-r.
GFE Bench. GHQ Bespeak-ing. Bespoke.
GFH King's Bench, or, Queen's Bench.
GHR Best.
GFI Bend-ing. Bent. (To fix.) Best berth (or, anchorage) bears from
Bend a new sail vds me ef
GFJ. Bend cables. Best berth (or, anchorage) is in fath-
Bend sails... vdt oms Ov
Best bower ehp
Beneath ._ gfb GHS Best chance.
GHT Best watering place is
Beneficial-ly. (Advantageous) __dno Do the best you can for yourselves; no
assistance can be given(rendered) .ex
Benefit, or, Advantage dnl Hoist your flags where best seen..NDE
GFK For the benefit of GHU It will be best.
GFL For the benefit of the insurers (under- Light, or, Fires will be kept at the best
writers) .
place for coming on shore ke
GHV My best respects.
Bent. Crooked -_kdr The best agents are dsw
Eccentric rod bent lsw GHW The best place.
GHX The best plan will be.
GFM Berg. GHY The best time.
Have you fallen in with ice? '(State GHZ The best way.
whether berg or field) ...- -PR The course steered is the best for the
Iceberg pby present (or until time indicated) _jzat
174 GENEKAL VOCABULARY. Part H.

BESTBIRD.
. ) .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 175

BIRTHBOARD.

GLD Birth. Born. Block Continued,


GLE Birthday.
\
GMX Purchase block.
GLF Certificate of birth. GMY Snatch block.
GLH Have you had any births? GMZ Thrust block broken.
GLI Registrar of births, deaths, and mar- GNA Thrust block damaged.
riages. GNB Thrust block rings defective.
GLJ Biscuit. GNC Blockade-d.
Biscnit bag. Bread bag fse GND Blockade is not taken off.
GLK Biscnit is not good. Bread is not good. GNB Blockade is taken off.
GLM Can you spare any biscuit ? GNF Blockade runner.
GLN In want of biscuit ? GNH Blockading.
GNI Blockading squadron.
Bishop, or, Archbishop euj GNJ Entrance of blockaded.
GNK Entrance of not blockaded.
is
GLO BlTE-ING-TBN. BlT. GNL Has the blockade been raised taken (or,
Frostbitten NSC GNM
off)?
I have (or vessel indicated has) run the
GLP BlTT-ED-ING. blockade.
Damaged the bitts kjd GNO Is blockaded.
Damaged the windlass -kje GNP Under blockade.
GNQ When does the blockade commence 1
GLQ BlTTER-LY-NESS. GNR You will be stopped by the blockading
ships.
GLR Black-ed-ing. To black.
GLS Black. GNS Blood-y. Blood vessel.
GLT Black buoy.
GNT Blow-n-ing. Blew.
Black draught lnb
GLU Black paint. GNU Blow out.
Black wash yuq GNV Blow out boilers.
GNW Blow-off cocks (or, gear)
GLV Blacksmith. GNX Blow-off cock out of order.
GNY Blow-off pipe burst.
GLW Blade. GNZ Blow-off valves.
GLX How many blades have you to your GOA Blow off your steam.
screw? Blow siren (or, steam whistle) at in-
GLY Lost all propeller blades. tervals WD
GLZ Lost number of blades (indicated) of GOB Blow through pipe.
*screw propeller. Blowing hard. Squally weather zh
GMA One blade of propeller broken. GOC Blowing too hard.
GMB Three blades of propeller broken. GOE I think will blow.
GOF If blows.
it

GMC Two blades of propeller broken. it


GOH If continues to blow.
it

GMD Blame-able. GOI It blew too hard.


GME Blamed for. My sails are all blown away (or, split),

GMF or, Are to blame.


Is,
Shall I blow off my steam ?
VEC
GMH Much to blame. GOJ
GOK Should it come on to blow from (quar-
GMI Not much to blame. ter to be indicated, if necessary)
GMJ Blank.
GOL
GMK Blank cartridge. Blubber.
GML Point blank. GOM Blue.
GMN Blanket. GON Blue light.
GOP Blue serge.
GMO Blast. GOQ Bum a blue light, or, Flash a little

GMP Blasting powder. powder.


Did boat take a blue light (lantern, or,
Blaze-ing-d. (Flame) ^ ndu any means of making a signal) ?_.gsp
GOR Have you any blue lights ?
GMQ Bleed-ing. Bled.
GOS Blue peter. ( When spoken of. )
Hoist the blue peter ko
GMR Blind-ed-ing. Blindness.
Blue peter "(theflUg) ... P
GMS Color blind-ness.

GMT Block -ED-iNG. To block. GOT Bluff.


Canal is blocked .-HUJ
GMU Place (indicated) is blocked up by ice. GOU Blunder-ed-ing;.

GMV Block. (A block for purchase.) GOV Board. (A body of officials.

GMW Plomer block. GOW Board of Admiralty.


. . . .

176 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BOARD.

Board Continued. Board Continued


GOX Board or Department of Agriculture. GQD Go on board.
GOY Board or Collector of Customs. GQE Got on board. tfo
GOZ Board of Directors. Has she any people on board?
Have infectious cases on board pjh
GPA Board of Health.
Have military stores on board rtv
GPB Board of Survey.
GPC Board of Trade. GQF Have, or, Has on board.
GPD Board of Trade Officer (or, Inspector). Have shipwrecked crew on board; will
GPE Board of Underwriters. you let me transfer them to you?
(Number to follow) kda
GPF Board of Works. .

GPH Harbor Board. Have you a Custom House official on


board? kgx
GPI Local Board.
tja
GPJ Local Government Board. Have you a pilot on board?
Have you any combustibles on board?
GPK Local Medical Board. ho
GPL Marine Board.
GPM Medical Board. GQH Have you any women on board??
GPN Trinity House (or, Light-House Board). GQI Have you boarded (or, visited)
Have you had any sickness on board?
GPO Board. (Timber.) (See also Board be- . wba
low. ) GQJ Have you on board? board? .omd
Freeboard npw He has not many hands on
Gangboard nwq I am coming sending) on board,
(or,
Board-ed-ing. To board. (See also czb
Board below) gpw I have had cases of yellow fever on
board mwk
Board (On) Aboard cyx I have had no cases of- vellow fever on
GPQ A contagious disease on board (or at board mwl
place indicated). I have illness on board pcu
GPE A case of fever has broken out on board I have no combustibles on board HQ
(or on ship indicated). GQK I have no women on board.
Above board cyz I have wrong papers on board tak
Admiral, or. Senior officer is on board GQL I prefer stopping on board.
(or, at) DKV GQM I (or vessel indicated) was boarded.
All onboard CZA GQN I will board.
All on board perished. All hands lost, I will come on board (or, alongside) if
DXQ you -will allow me Czd
All on board saved. All hands saved, GQO Is (person indicated) on board?
DXR Is the captain on board? hxe
Allow no communication. Allow no Is, or, Was there anyone on board?.EQC
person on board fm It isdangerous to allow too many peo-
GPS Am, I, or, Are we to board ? on board at once
ple gb
Any cases of fever on board (or, at )? Leave on board .--QLC
BON GQP Log board.
Any letters (or, despatches) on board ? Make sail, or, Go ahead and drop a boat
KWX on board dvn
Any person (anyone) on board ? epm No boat onboard gtx
Any sick onboard? -.epo No intelligence obtained from vessel
GPT Are all your crew on board ? boarded pog
GPU Are all your passengers on board GQB, Passengers all on board.
?

Attend on board fkx Passengers not all on board dyb


GPV Board visit) steamer (or, vessel).
(or, GQS Put on board by
GPW Board-ed-ing. To board. GQT Repair on board.
GPX Boarder. GQU Run on board by
Boarding officer spi GQV Send a rope on board.
GPY Boarding pike. Send a responsible person on board -CZE
Boat on board
is alongside)
(or, ev Send carpenters on board (ship indi-
GPZ Bring on board. cated) iby
Captain not on board
is hwk GQW Send on boardto for). (or,
Captain on board
is hwl GQX." Several (or number indicated) sick on
Captain requested to come on board,
is board.
HWN GQY Shipped on board.
GQA Come on board. GQZ Stay on board.
GQB Crew are all on board. The consul desired to come (or, send) is
Crew not all onboard dya onboard jrp
Crew refuse to go on board KCU There is a spare propeller on board.TZD
> Dangerous to allow too many people on To whom shall I telegraph that all are
board at a time gb well on board? xmh
Females on board mvq Troops onboard ybp
GQC Fire has broken out on board of GRA Was not boarded.
Freeboard npw GRB Was on board. Went on board.
Gangboard _.nwq Went on board. Was on board grb
. '

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 177

BOARDBOAT.

Board Continued. Boat Continued.


GRC Were you boarded? GSI Can you send a boat?
What is the number of mail bags you GSJ Can not get my boat out.
have on board? fsp Cannot send a boat --- -.ex
GRD -What vessels have you boarded? GSK Cargo boat.
ORE When will you board?
Will board (or, visit) .- yrd
GSL Coal boat.
Collapsible boat, or, Berthon boat--GHM
"Will Lloyd's agent come on board?-QXK Custom-house boat. Revenue boat.KGU
GRF Will you or person indicated) come on
f GSM Deal boat.
board? GSN Despatch boat.
Will your doctor (or, surgeon) come on GSO Did boat take?
board? wf GSP Did boat.take blue light (lantern, or, any
Your friend is on board nrs means of making a signal) ?
GSQ Did boat take water?
GRH Boat. (
GSR Divisional boat.
Accident to boat -DCJ Do not attempt to land in your own
All boats to return to the ship. boats ey
Code Flag over w GST Do not send boats ashore after dark.
Am a mail boat rex Do you want a lifeboat?- ez
Arm boat eus GSU Drop boat.
Bank is encumbered by fishing boats, GSV Endeavor to pick up boat.
EP Endeavor to send a line by boat (cask,
Bar is impassable for boats on the ebb kite, or, raft, etc.) ka
tide eq Enemy's boat lzf
Berthon boat ghm Enemy's gunboat lzi
Beware of torpedo boats ..xo Enemy's torpedo boat - ,lzm
Enemy's torpedo boats have been seen

GRI
Billy boat
Boat is coming to your assistance
Boat bottom up (bearing, if necessary)
et gky to the
GSW Every boat.
, steering to the .-- oh

GRJ Boat can not be used. Ferryboat


First-class torpedo boat.
mvy
Boat, or, Lifeboat can not come er GSX
GRK Boat can not pull ahead. Fishing boat (craft, or, vessel) kaz
GRL Boat come-ing (came). GSY Flat-bottomed boat.
GRM Boat hook. Government steamboat ofx
Boat in distress (bearing, if necessary) GSZ Great risk in sending a boat.
ES GTA Guard boat.
GRN Boat is adrift.' GTB Gunboat.
Boat is alongside (or, on board) ev Have lost all boats can you take people
;

Soa,tiscaj>sized(bearing, if necessary) ap OfE? -^-- NI


Boat is going to you etj Have no lifeboat. No lifeboat here .fa
Boat is lost aq GTC Have only one boat (indicate other num-
Boat is on board (or, alongside) ev ber, if necessary).
GRO on shore.
Boat is GTD Have you any lifeboats?
GRP Boat
safe. is
ar
Have you lost all your boats?
Have yon seen a pilot boat (or, vessel)?
bl
Boat
stove is
GRQ sunk.
Boat is
Have you seen any torpedo boats? xr
TJ
swamped
Boat is as
GRS Boat
oars. Have you seen (or, heard) anything of
GRT -Boat race. my (or, the) boat? fb
GRU Boat rope. GTE Heave-to; I will send a boat.
endeavor to land where flag
Boat should GTF

His boat.
is waved (or, light shown) jz GTH -Hoist up your boat.
GRV Boat's compass. GTI Horse boat.
GRW Boat's crew. GTJ How many boats?
GRX Boat's crew will not come. GTK How many torpedo boats passed in sight?
GRY Boat's davit. I am sinking (or, on fire) ; send all avail-
GRZ Boat's gear. able boats to save passengers and crew.
GSA Boat's gun. have lost all my boats
NO
bo
Boats' recall. All boats to return to the I
ship Code Flag over w. GTL I have the boats ready.
I shall fire into the boats if they persist
GSB -^-Boat's sail.
nak
GSC Boat's slings.
I
in coming alongside
should like to know the nature of the
GSD Boats are furnished with (articles
sickness, if any, before I send my boat
indicated).
(or, communicate) fc
GSE Boats to assemble.
Bridge of boats hgo GTM I will send a boat.
Bring-to ; I will send a boat hix GTN In the boat.
GSF Bumboat. Is there
boats?
any danger of mines or torpedo
xs
Canboatsland? Can landing be effected?
EW GTO Jolly boat.
GSH Can send boat. GTP Keep the boat.

1092907 12
. . . .

178 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BOATBOILER,

Boat Continued. Boat Continued.


GTQ Lend me a boat. The bank is encumbered by fishing
Let no boat oome alongside ebh boats ep
Let your boats keep to windward until GVA They are all in the boat.
they are picked up fd They (boats) are making for the shore.Rrv
Let your boats pull to
(bearing indi- GVB Top-up boat.
cated) QOA Torpedo boat rwp
Lifeboat _-. qrc Torpedo gunboat (or, vessel) xwu
Life-Saving Service qri GVC Troop boat.
Lifeboat is going to you fe Tugboat tdr
Lifeboat sent for qrj GVD Use-d-ing steamboats for.
Lifeboat unable to come er GVE Veer a boat astern.
GVF -Want a boat.
GTR Long boat. "Want a bat man overboard bt
Look out for a boat bearing
;

gts: Want a boat immediately (if more than


GTU Make a signal when you want a boat. one, number to follow) yg
Make sail, or, Go ahead, and drop a boat We have sent for lifeboat . fl
on board dvn GVH Whaleboat. Whaler.
GTV Man and arm boats. Will not be accountable for boat
No boat available fg hire dfw
GTW No boat could live. GVI Will send boat.
No boat fit for this work zhv Will you go on shore in my boat?-.vzN
GTX No boat on boar4.
(number) torpedo boats GVJ You can not have a steamboat.
(give nation- GVK Your boat.
ality) passed in sight xta
GTY Pick up boat. GVL Boatman.
GTZ Picket piquet) boat.
(or,
GUA Pilot boat (or, vessel). GVM Boatswain.
GUB Pilot boat (steam). GVN Boatswain's mate.
Pilot boat's flag (when spoken o/)-.ndk GVO Boatswain's stores.
Pilot boat is advancing towards you.DNi
Pilot boat is most likely in direction in- GVP Bobstat.
GUO
dicated (or, off )
TK
Prepare boatto (or, for) GVQ BODY-ILY.
Put a compass in the boat _ _ jid Anybody. Any person epq
GUB Quarter boat. Anybody on board epm
GUE Saw boat (indicate place and time, if GVR Body post, or. Propeller post.
necessary). Everybody, or, Everyone miu
Saw torpedo boat (number, if necessary) Nobody, or, No one siu

'


at (or, near ) xt Somebody, or, Some one wjp
GUP -Seen nothing of your boat.
Send a boat (number, if necessary) . _fh GVS Boil-ed-ing.
Send life-boat to save crew fj
GUH Send me a boat from the shore (a shore GVT Boiler.
boat) Blow out boiler gnv
GUI Send a boat within hail. GVU Boiler burst.
GUJ Send a water boat. Boiler burst men killed at
men killed, others
;

Sending a water boat tvj Boiler burst;


GUK Send an armed boat. woimded ._ au
GUL Send boat at Boiler burst; no one hurt av
Send boat suitable for landing passen- Boiler burst no one seriously hurt-AW
;

gers .
FI Boiler burst; number of killed and
GUM Send boat for telegram. wounded not yet known .ax
GUN Send boat to (or, for). Boiler burst several men killed
; ay
Send boat to assist fgn Boiler burst; several men wounded-. az
GUO Send boat to point out reef (rock, or, GVW Boiler burst very slight damage.
;

shoal). Boiler can not be repaired re


GUP Send boat to take off the crew. GVX Boiler damaged.
GUQ Send boat to tow. GVY Boiler has been repaired.
GUR Send boat with hawser GVZ Boiler has not been repaired.

GUS
Ship indicated wants a boat
Shore boat.
fk GWA Boiler leaking.
Boiler leaking seriously rf
GUT Smaller boat. GWB Boiler leaking slightly.
GUV Steam boat (large), launch. GWC Boiler leaky must be blown
GUW Steam boat (small), cutter, or gig. GWD Boiler loose
;

adrift).
(or,
off.

GUX
Steam boat is aground dtjw GWE Boiler maker.
GUY
Steam guard boat. GWF -Boiler must be repaired.
Steam lifeboat.
Steam pilot boat
GWH Boiler plate.
gub GWI -Boiler plates damaged.
GUZ Steam pinnace. GWJ Boiler primes.
Submarine boat-- xbi GWK Boiler requires cleaning.
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 179

-
, . . ;

180 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BORNEBOX.

HAI Borne. HBQ Bound-to (or, towards).


Homeward-bound.- oxl
HAJ borrow-ed-ing. HBR I am (or, vessel indicated bound to is)
HAK Can I borrow 1 (place indicated).
HBS I am vessel indicated is)iiom and
(or,
bound to (places indicated)
t

HAL Borrower.
I have reported you to the vessel I spoke
HAM borsenhalle. she is bound to urt
Report me to the Borsenhalle at Ham- Outward bound-- swy
burg UL HBT Strange sail

(or, vessel indicated) is
bound to
HAN Boss. Where are you bound ? sh
HAO Boss of screw. HBU Where was she bound 1
hap' Both. HBV Bound to. (See also Oblige and Compel.)
Both alike dxb HBW Bound to be given up.
Both Houses of Congress or Parlia- HBX Bound to give it up.
ment _ ozp Will be bound (compelled) to jiw
HAQ Both sides.
HAR On both sides. HBY Bound. (Bind.)
Shorten in both hawsers opx Weather bound at yzf
Vqer both hawsers opz Wind bound at zpq
HAS Bottle. HBZ Boundary.
HAT Empty bottles.
HAU Water bottle. HCA Bountiful-ly-ness.
HAV Bottom. HCB Bounty.
Boat bottom up (bearing if necessary)
GRI HCD Bow (of a ship).
HAW Bottom (ship's) foul. Above the bow dan
HAX Coarse bottom. Coarse sand and stones. HCE Bow compartment.
Directly you get bottom, let go your HCF Bow injured.
anchor
HAY Double bottom.
ehv HCG Bow light (or, lantern, or, lamp).
Breakers, Reefs, Rocks, or, Shoal on port
Flat-bottom boat gsy bow hpd
HAZ Foul ground. Rocky bottom. Breakers, Reefs, Rocks, or, Shoal on star-
Good bottom for anchorage ekx bow
board hfe
HBA Got bottom with feet. Cross the bow -.keg
HBC Hard bottom. Is your bow much damaged? kjp
HBD
I can not make out the bottom flag.NDF HCI Keep her bows on.
HBE
Muddy bottom.
HCJ Look out on lee bow.
No bottom with feet. HCK Look out on weather bow.
Require diver to examine bottom. - .lie HCL Name on the bow.
HBF
Rocky bottom. Foul Ground haz HCM No name on the bow.
Sandy bottom. HCN On lee bow. Lee bow.
Sheathing for bottom (nuniber of sheets HCO On port bow.
to follow)
HBG Ship's bottom must be looked at.
---VUG HOP On starboard bow.
HBI Soft bottom. HCQ On weather bow.
HBJ Weedy bottom. HCR Port bow
HCS Port-bow light.
HBK What the nature of the
is bottom ? or. Ram bow uhm
What kind of bottom have (or, had) HOT Starboard bow.
you? HCU Starboard-bow light.
HBL
HCV Bower
Bottomry. Best bower ehp
Bower anchor (weight in cwts., if nee
essary __ehq
Boughdais. (Measure of weight) baj HCW Bower cable.
Small bower ..--Ejs
HBM Bought. Buy-ing. (See Buy. )
Can I buy? hov HCX Bowsprit.
HBN
I can buy
I have bought.
H0W HCY Bowsprit cap.
HCZ Bowsprit sprung.
I intend to buy hox Keep a light on your bowsprit end.-QY
HBO
I wish to buy
Was not to be bought. HO y HDA With loss of bowsprit.
Will you (or person indicated) buy?.ucF HDB Box.
HBP Boulevard,
HDC Despatch box.
or, Terrace. HDE Junction box.
. . .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 181

BOXBRIBE.

Box Continued. Break Continued.


HDF Paddle box HEW Break in cable.
HDG Stuffing box. Break-ing. Broke the quarantine laws,
HDI Stuffing box broken. UEB
HDJ Stuffing-box glands out of order. "ii)."V HEX Breaking up.
Breakwater. hfm
HDK boxhaul-ed-ing. HEY Can one break through the ice 'l

Enemy breaking up his encampment,


is
HDL Boy. lzc v

Icebreaker pbv
HDM BRACE-D-iNG. To BRACE The ice is so solid, I can not break
HDN Brace round. through; send help... ..-^-..pcp
HDO Brace round your head yards. HEZ When did sickness break out ?
HDP Brace up. Breakage. (Fracture. ) - -npj
HDQ Bracket. Breaker. Barricoe (a small cask) .pxy
Veer a breaker astern ,.pxz
HDR Brackish.
HFA Breakers.
HDS Brail-ed-ing UP. Among the breakers. egf
HDT Brail up the spanker. HFB Breakers ahead. Reef, Rock, or, Shoal
ahead of you.
HDU Brake. HFC Breakers on the .
,

HDV Pump brakes. HFD Breakers, Reef, Rock, or, Shoal on your
port bow.
HDW Branch-ed-ing. HFE Breakers. Reef, Rock, or, Shoal on your
starboard bow.
HDX Brand-ed-ing. Ice breakers pbv
HDY What brand (or, trade-mark) ?
HFG Breakfast. To breakfast.
HDZ Brandy. After breakfast dqp
HFI Before breakfast.
HEA Brass-y. HFJ Breakfast before you start.
HEB Connecting-rod brasses broken (or, out HFK Have you breakfasted ?

of order). HFL Will you breakfast with me ?


HEC Crank brasses broken (or, out of order).
kbn HFM Breakwater.
Crank-pin brasses broken
Main-bearing brasses broken (or, out of
order) bo HFN Breast.
HED Piston-rod brasses broken (or-, out of Abreast, or. Abeam of cxv
order). HFO Breast high.
HFP Breast hook.
HEF Brave-ly-ry-r-st. HFQ Breast rope.
HEG Brazil-ian. Brazilian Colors. HFB Breath-e-ed-ing.

HEI Breaoh-ed-ing. HFS Breech-ing.


HEJ Made a breach.
HFT Breeches buoy.
HEK Bread.
HFU'
HEL Bread and water.
fse
Breech-loader-ing.
Bread bag. Biscuit bag - -
Bread is not good. Biscuit is not HFV Breed-ing. Bred.
good GLK
HEM Bread room. HFW Breeze. (See also Wind) .

HEN Breadstuffs. HFX A breeze.


stiff
As soon as there a breeze is fbq
HEO Fresh bread. Soft bread.
HFY Breeze will freshen.
_ _ _

HEP No bread. Fresh bread - heo HFZ Fresh breeze.


Soft bread.
"Want bread. In want of biscuit . - gln HGA I shall weigh the moment the breeze
springs up.
HEQ Breadth. Broad. (-See also Broad. )
HGB Land breeze.
Hair's breadth. Moderate breeze .1 rxk
HER HGC Sea breeze.
HES The breadth of Slight breeze.
HET What width (or, breadth) ? HGD
HGE Strong breeze.
HETT Break-ing. Tp break. (See also Broken). HGF The breeze will die away.
HEV A regular break up. An
end to the fine HGI When the breeze goes down.
weather. HGJ When the wind breeze)(or,

Am aground, likely to break up require ;

ca HGK Bribe-d-ing-ry.
immediate assistance
182 GENERAL, VOCABULARY. Part II.

f
v
,

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 183

BROKEBUMP.1

,
.

184 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

BUMPKINBURST.

HLV Bumpkin. Buoy Continued.


HMK I do not think buoys (or, marks) can be
Bundek. (Square Measure). in their proper positions.
I have not been able to make out the
HLW bundle-d-ing. buoy (or, beacon) gaj
I have slipped my anchor, but it is
HLX Bung. buoyed eiq
HML I , think I must have passed the buoy (or,
beacon).
HLY Bunker. Coal bunker. HMN Is or, Are they buoyed?
it,
HLZ Bunker coal. Is the channel buoyed? pc
HMO* Is there a buoy (or, mark) on shoal (or,
HMA Bunt. on-)?*
Keep buoy (or, beacon) on your port
HMB Bunting. hand oak
Keep buoy (or, beacon) on your star-
HMC Buot-ing. To buoy. board hand GAL
HMD Buoy (a buoy). HMP Leave, or, Put a buoy on
HME Buoyed. HMQ Leave buoy at ..

Anchor buoy egy Leave the buoy (or, beacon;to port..LZ


Beacon buoy gad Leave the buoy (or, beacon) to star-
-Bell buoy gem board MA
Black buoy glt HMR Let go the life buoy.
Breeches buoy hpt HMS Make fast to a buoy.
Buoy (a buoy)-- hid Marks are all gone. There are no marks
Buoyed hme buoys)
(or, rlm
Can buoy ., hud HMT Missed the buoy.
Channel buoy ILA HMU Near the buoy.
Chequered buoy.- iok HMV Off the buoy.
Conical buoy jpd Slip your cable and buoy the end. _hrq
Cork buoy jwm Steer directly for the buoy (or, bea-
Fairway buoy mrg con) gam
Fog buoy ngh The shoal is buoyed vyx
Gas, or. Light buoy nxa HMW They have a buoy (or, mark) on.
Green buoy ohs HMX To the buoy.
Harbor, or, Entrance buoy mpe
Lifebuoy- qrd HMY Buoyant-cy.
Luminous buoy rde HMZ Buoyant mine.
Mine, or, Torpedo buoy xwn
Nun buoy slq HNA Burden, or, Burthen-ed-ing-some.
Pillar buoy tie HNB Tonnage burden.
Red buoy .. umd
Sounding buoy ... wld HNC Bureau de Change. Exchange Office.
Spar buoy wlz
Spherical buoy wnk Bureau Veritas . -NQP
Striped buoy xan
Submerged torpedo buoy xbl HND Burgee.
Telegraph buoy xly
Torpedo buoy xwn Burgundy wine __.zgb
Whistling buoy - zde
White buoy zdg Burial ground. Cemetery igs
Wreck buoy ziy
Bell buoy damaged; not working- .gen HNE Burn-ing. Burnt. To burn.
Buoy bears.. gbj Burn a blue light, or, Flash powder,
HMF Buoy end of cable.
Buoy, or. Beacon has broken adrift
isgone)-..
(or, HNF Fird has been burning these hours.goq .

_ . Gae Fire, or, Lights will be kept burning at


Buoy rope (of anchor) ehr the best place for landing ke
Buoy, or, Mark is not in proper
its Keep a light burning . kc
place
HMG Buoy, or, Mark LC HNG Vessel indicated was most likely burnt.
does not appear to be HNI Will not burn.
in its proper position. You must keep a light burning kc
HMI Buoys have all disappeared.
HMJ Buoys have just been examined; they HNJ Burst-ing.
are all right. Blow-off pipe burst gny
Buoyed.. hme Boiler burst gvu
Channel is buoyed
How does the beacon (buoy,
ow Boiler burst
men killed at
burst;
;

bear?
or, mark) Boiler men killed, others
_ GAH wounded au
How must I bring the buoy (mark, or, Boiler burst no one hurt
; av'
beacon) to bear? ...gai Boiler burst; no one seriously hurt- AW
. . .

Part II. GENERAL, VOCABULARY. 185

BUBSTBY.

Burst Continued. HOP Butter.


Boiler burst; number of killed and HOQ Irish butter.
wounded not yet known ax HOS Fresh butter.
Boiler burst several men killed
; ay HOT Salt butter.
Boiler burst; several men wounded .az
Boiler burst very slight damage -Gvw
;

Boiler tubes burst gwp HOU BUTTON-ED-ING.


Condensing boiler burst awr
Condensing boiler tubes burst yde
Condenser tubes burst jmu Buy-ing. Bought. To buy. (See also
Donkey boiler burst awx Purchase) hbm
Steam pipe burst -.tko HOV Can I bay?
HNK Will burst. HOW I can buy.
I have bought hbn
HOX I intend to, buy.
Burthen. (See Burden)... ..hna HOY I wish to buy.
Was not to be bought - - hbo
Will you (or person indicated) buy (or,
HNL Burton. purchase)? ucf

HNM Bury-ied-ing-ial.
Burial ground Cemetery. igs HOZ Buyer.
HNO Buried under
When does burial (funeral) take place? By. i -BJQ
ntl HPA By a shot. dyk
By all means..-
HNP BUSH-ED. By an Act of Congress (or, Parliament),
HNQ In the bush.
By and bye. Not yet
DIE
hpx
HPB By day.
Bushel. (Measure of capacity) ayp HPC By degrees. bjr
By him (his, her-s, it-s)
HNR. Business. By me (my, mine) bjs
HNS Busy-ily. By messenger (or, bearer) RQU
HNT Are you, Will you be busy.
or,, HPD By night.
HPE By no means.
HNU Business dull.
HNV Business good. By our-s (us)
HPF By post.
-_bjy
HNW Business transactions. HPG By rail.
HNX Did you do any business?
HNY How business going?
is By steamer
By telegraph.
-_.wtf
HNZ I do business with HPI
By that (or, this) bjt
I have no business agent (or, I do not
know of any agent) at dsq By the bju
HOA If you are busy. By, or. With
By, or. With the convoy.
the army ...ewg
HOB Interferes with business. suspended HPJ
HOC Person indicated has not By the crew
HPK By the head.
kcl
business.
HOD Person indicated has suspended business. HPL By the packet mail). (or,

HOE Suspended business. HPM By the side of.

HOF They do business with. HPN By the stern. Inches by the stern.
HOG Very busy-ily. HPO By the sun.
Who are the best agents people) to (or, HPQ By, To the wind.
or.

do business with?-- dsz By them (their-s) bjv


Whom do you do business with? --.dtc By there bjw
Who generally does businessf or ?.DTB By these (or, those) bjx
HOI Will yon be, or, Are you busy? By this (or, that) --BJT
HOJ You had better do business with HPR By this means.
agent, (or agent specified) has (or, By us (our-s) bjy
Your
have) discontinued business dtf HPS By way of.
Your agent (or agent specified) has (or-, By what authority? pmy
have ) suspended business dtg By what means? rnv
HPT By what time ?
HOK But. By which (or, what) bjz
HOM But not. By whom (or, whose) bka
By you-r-s bkc
HON Butcher. HPTJByword.
Someone to look after stock RAD HPV Gone by. Passed by.
Me by . bkd
Butt. (Measure of capacity) ayq Not by -CFO
Passed by. Gone by - hpv
BUTT-END -LYJ Towed by, or, In tow of xyu
. ) . . . )

186 GENERAL VOCABULARY. PAKT II.

BYE CAKE.

Bye. Cable Continued.


HPX By and bye. Not yet. HRC Fasten your chain to towing cable.
HPY By-law. Have all your anchors and cables ready
HPZ Good-bye. for use eig
I shall come off by and bye . -JDG HRD Heave-ing, Hove short.
Hemp cable, or, Hawser : _.-.hqx
HRE How much cable have you out ?
I am laying (repairing, or, picking up)
a telegraph cable. Keep out of my
way J.. xlq
HRF I am obliged to slip my cable ; pick it
up for me.
I have picked up telegraph cable ...wu
HRG I mean to*slip cable.
HRI I must cut my cable.
HR^T Is there a telegraph cable near me ?
In "anchoring, look out for telegraph
cable wv
Insulate-d-ing wire (or, cable) pnt
HRK Is the cable fast (or, rope belayed)?
HRL Main cable.
HRM Not cable enough ;
give more scope.
Pay out cable ku
HQA C. (Letter.) (For neiv
see page 13.)
method of spelling, HRN Range your cable.
Send an anchor and cable off immedi-
ately (indicate if Trior e than one) . _ejm
HQB Cab. Sending, Sent an anchor and cable. -EJN

HQC
HRO Sheet cable.
Cabbage. HRP Shorten in cable to the number of
shackles indicated.
HQD Cabin. HRQ Slip your cable and buoy the end.
HQE Cabin passengerfor. HRS Spring on the cable.
HQP Cabin table requisites. Steel wire cable wro
HQG Cabin window. Stop engines to adjust towing cables,
HQI Deck cabin. DKH
HQJ --State room. HRT Stream cable (chain)
HRU Submarine cable.
HQK Cabinet. HRV Survey chain cable.
HEW Telegraph cable.
Cable. (Measure of length) avn There is a telegraph cable on (bearing
indicated) en
HQL Cable. HRX Towing cable
is damaged (or, stranded).
HQM About to veer cable. Towing cable
is fast xyv
Are towing cables fast ? Are you (or, HRY Unbend cables.
your hawsers) fast?
HQN Are your cables clinched
xyj HRZ Unshackle cables.
Armor-ed cable
? HSA Veer cable to (number of shackles
. evu indicated)
HQO Be ready to slip your cable. Veer more cable ku
Bend cable gpj Veered-ing my cable.
Bower cable
Break in canle
hcw HSB Veered-ing my cable (indicate which,
hew and number of shackles, if necessary.
Buoy end of cable hmf Want a cable (size to follow) yb
Cable (to telegraph) _xlo W*nt a cable and anchor . yd
HQP Cable cut (or, broken).
is HSC Want a hemp cable.
HQR
Cable repaired
is
Cable laid. Cable-laid rope. uqy HSD What length are your cables (or cable
indicated) 1
HQT Cable parted. HSE Wire cable (or, hawsers)
HQU Cable tank.
HQV Cablegram.
HQW Cable (chain). (Circumference in of HSF Cadet.
an inch, and length in fathoms, to be

HQX Cable, or, Hawser (hemp). (Size and HSG


indicated, if necessary. ) Cadiz.
HSI -My first meridian is Cadiz, west of Green

length to be indicated, if necessary. wich 6 12" 24' = Oh. 24m. 49.6 sees.
HQY Can not veer any more cable.
Cast off towing cables.- xyn HSJ Cape. Restaurant.
HQZ Coir, or, Grass cable.
HBA Cut, or, Slip your cable. HSK Caisson. \ -.' .;'""
Driving; I can veer no more cable.
No more anchors to let go nk HSL Cake.
HRB Electric cable. Oil cake gQE
. . . . j

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 187

CALAMITYCAN.

Calamity-ous. (Disaster) -LCK Call Continued.


HTJ Where do you intend calling for orders 1

HSM Calavances. HTK Will you call ?


HSN Calculate-ing-ion. HTL Calm-ed-ing-ly-ness.
HSO Have, or, Has made no calculation. HTM Calm and light winds.
HSP Have yon, or, Has he calculated ? Calm sea -- uo
HSQ I have, or, He has calculated. HTN Calm the sea by pouring oil on it.

HSR What is your calculation ? HTO Calms prevail.


HTP Fall-ing, calm. ,
HST J
Calf. HTQ If should be calm.
it
Meteorological report for to-day gives
HSU Caliber. calm RSG
HSV Guns of the caliber of Meteorological report for to-morrow
Rsk
gives calm
HSW Calico.
HTR Caloric.
HSX Call-ed-ing. To call. HTS -^-Caloric engine.

Attention is called to page , paragraph

of the International Code
,

N. B. The page is to be shown first, and


dh HTU Cam.

then the paragraph. This signal HTV Camber.


should be employed only between vessels
using the United States edition, as HTW Cambric.
otherwise the pages referred to will not
correspond. Came. (See Come) -JCF
Call alongside _._eax
HSY Call at the post office for letters. HTX Camel.
HSZ Call for my letters.
HTA Call off for orders. HTY Camp.
HTB Call upon (or, see) HTZ Camp equipage.
HTC
Called for
Calls the attention of the first (or, HUA Campaign.
nearest) ship on the bearing (from the
person signaling) pointed out by com- HUB Camphor- ate-d .

pass signal di
Calls the attention of second ship etc . d j , HUC Can-ned. A can. (Tin.)
Calls the attention of third ship, etc .dk HUD Can buoy.
Calls the attention of fourth ship etc _dl ,

Calls the attention of fifth ship, etc- dm Can (or, May) -bke
Calls the attention of sixth ship, etc dn .
.Can, or, May be -.bfg
Calls the attention of the shore signal Can, or, May do (or, be done) blt
station on the bearing (from the per- Can, or, May do it blu
son signaling) pointed out by compass Can, or, May have bqe
signal .- do Can, or, May have been _. __bfh
Calls the attention of vessel coming into Can, or, May have done (or, been done),
the anchorage on the bearing (from BLV
the person signaling) pointed out by Can, or, May have had ---Bqf
compass signal .'.-.dp Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or
things indicated) ? - - bt
Calls the attention of vessel leaving
the anchorage on the bearing (from Can, or. May he (she, it, or persons or
the person signaling) pointed eut by things indicated ) ? btk
compass signal - dq Can, or, May he (she, it, or persons or
things indicated) have been ? btl
Galls the attention of vessel whose dis-
tinguishing signal will be immedi- Can, or, May his (her-s, it-s)? bkf
ately shown dr Can, or, May I (my, mine) ? bkg
Can, or. May I be? bkh
HTD Do, or, Does not touch (or, call) any-
Can, or, May I have some
where (or, at ).
? bqg
Do Does
you, (vessel indicated)
or, Can, or, May it be done ? __blw
call anywhere (or, at ) ?- - hw Can, or, May that (or, this)? bki
HTE Do you call at any port before destina- HUE Can, or, May the ?
tion? Can, or, May there be?. bfi
Have you called anywhere (or, at )? Can, or. May these (or, those)? bkj
EQT Can, or. May they (their-s) bkl
I have orders for you not to touch (or, Can, or, May they not? bkm
call at) - --sn Can, or, May we (our-s)? bkn
HTF I shail call at Can, or. May you (your-s)? bko
I shall not touch (or, call) any where (or, Can not, or May not bkp
at) - Eu Cannot, or, May not be bfj
HTG Port of call. Can not, or, May not do (or, be done),
Will be called). BLX
HTI Shall, or, call (or,
188 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

CANCAPABLE.

Can Continued. Can Continued.


Can not, or, May not do it bly What, or. Which can (or, may)?--.cpz
Can not, or, May not have - b<$h - When can (or, may)? cjz
Can not, or, May not have been bfk When I can (or, may) crm
Can not, or, May not have done (or, Where can (or, may)? csv
been done) blz Who can (or, may)?-- cuj
Can not, or, May not have had bqi HUF Why can (or, may)?
Can not, or. May not he (she, it, or per- Why can not (or, may not)? cvd
sons or things indicated) be ? .. .btm HUG Yes ; I can.
Can not, or, May not he (she, it, or per- You can (or, may) bkx
sonss or things indicated) have been ? You can (or, may) be biy
BTN You can (or, may) have Bsr
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- You can not (or, may not) ..-Bky
cated) can (or may) bua You can no (or, may not) be.-' biz
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- You can not (or, may not) have bsz
cated) can (or, may) be buc
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- HUI Canal.
cated) can not (or, may not) bud HUJ Canal blocked. is
He, She, It (or persons or things indi- HUK Canal clear. is
cated) can not (or, may not) be ..bue HUL Is canal clear?
How can may)?
(or, bxj
lean (or, may) bkq HUM CANCEL-ED-ma.
lean (or, may) be bfx HUN Cancel-ed-ing the indentures.
I can (or, may) have bri HUO Certificate canceled
I can not (or, may not)--- bkr HUP Order canceled.
I can not (or, may not) be bfy HUQ Your orders are canceled.
I can not (or, may not) have brj Your original orders are canceled; I
I shall (or, will) if lean bks am directed to inform you to proceed
I will doit if lean lip to TH
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
cated) can (or, may) --._byd Candareen, or, Fun. (Coin) - atb
If he (she, it, or persons or things indi-
cated) can not (or, may not) bye HUR Candidate for.
If I can (or, may)
If I can not (or, may not)
bza HUS Examination of candidate for (or,
bzc at).
If it can (or, may) be done bzh
If it can not (or, not) bemay done. _bzs HUT Candle.
If they can (or. may) cah
If they can not (or, not) may cai HUV Cane-d-xng.
If we can (or, may) caz
If we can not (or, not) may cba HUW Cannibal-ism.
If you can (or, may) __cbs
If j ou can not (or, not) may -.cbt HUX Cannon. (See also Gun.)
It, etc. (See He, above. )
can be
It <
bgn HUY Cannonade-d-ing .

can (or, may) be done


It bnk
can not be
It bgo Can not. (See also Can) bkp
can not (or, may not) be done
It
No; I can not
bnl HUZ No ; I can not.
-_huz
Nothing can ( or, could) skb HVA Canoe.
That, or, This can (or, may) ckq
That, or. This can (or, may) be ckr HVB Cant-ed-ing.
That, or, This can not (or, may not) -Cks
That, or, This can not (or, may not) be, Cantar. Measure of weight)
( bad
CKT
There can (or, may) cmi HVC Canteen.
There can (or, may) be cmj
There can not(or, may not) cmk HVD Canvas.
There can not (or, may not) be cml HVE Canvas to repair sails.
They can {or, may) bkt HVP Is, or, Are not stiff under canvas.
They can (or. may) be bhp HVG Is, or, Are very stiff under canvas.
They can (or, may) have bsf HVI Old canvas.
They can not (or, may not) bku HVJ Want No. canvas (length indicated).
They can not (or, may not) be bhq
They can not (or, may not) have. . _bsg HVK Cap.
"We can (or, may) bkv Bowsprit cap hoy
We can (or, may) be . bih HVL Lower cap.
We can (or, may) have .bsn HVM Topmast cap.
We can not (or, may not) bkw
We can not (or, may not) be bij HVN Capable-ility.
We can not (or, may not) have bso HVO Is he (or, it) capable?
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 189

CAPACIOUS CARGO.
. j . .

GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.


190

CARGOCARRIED AWAY.

Cargo Continued. Cargo Continued.


HZO West India cargo. IBH What condition is' the cargo in?
HZP Wheat cargo. IBJ When do you commence discharging
Advertise cargo and day of sale dob cargo?
HZQ An opportunity for disposing of cargo. - IBK When will you have the cargo (or,

Cargo boat ,---.- GSK the)?


HZR Cargo consists of IBL
IBM
Where did you discharge cargo?
Where would my cargo sell?
HZS Cargo damaged. IBN Whom is your cargo consigned to?
HZT Cargo damaged; extent not yet known.
HZU Cargo expected to be saved. IBO Without discharging cargo.
Would my cargo here at place
HZV Cargo expected to be sold. IBP sell (or-

HZW Cargo has been reshipped. indicated)"!


You will/lischarge cargo at
HZX Cargo in very good order. IBQ
HZY Cargo lost.
IAB Cargo must be reshipped. IBR Carling.
IAC Cargo must be shipped. hz IBS f A T? "PWlNTTTPTi
Cargo not inflammable
IAD Cargo not much damaged (slightly IBT Can I get carpenters? Want carpenters.
damaged). IBU Carpenters and caulkers may be ob-
tained at
/

IAE Cargo not salable. ftn IBV Carpenter's stores.


Cargo^ or, Ballast has shifted
IAF Cargo saved. stowed that I IBW Carpenter's tools.
IAG Cargo so badly am not IBX I have no carpenter's tools. Want car-
penter's tools.
IAH
seaworthy.
Cargo sold well. IBY Send carpenters on board (ship indi-
IAJ Cargo tinder weight. cated).
IAK Condition of cargo. IBZ Vessel (indicated) can lend you car.

IAL Discharge-d-ing cargo. penter's tools.


IAM Discharge cargo as soon as possible.
ICA Carpet-ing.
IAN Dispose of cargo as soon as possible.
fsg
Fire in hold amongst cargo --.or Carpetbag r
IAO Have lost deck cargo.
IAP Have room for no more cargo. ICB Carriage.
IAQ Have you cargo for more places than ICD Gun carriage.
one {or than one specified)
1
! ICE Railway carriage.
IAR Have you room for more cargo?of cargo ICF Torpedo carriage.
IAS How many tons dead weight
must you have? ICG Carrier.
How many tons of measurement goods ICH Carrier pigeon.
can you take? - oev
I have no cargo to disturb my com- ICJ Carronade.
. passes JHTJ
I have received orders for you to dis- ICK Carrot.
charge cargo at sr
IAT Is reshipping her cargo. ICL Carry -ied-ing.
IAU Is the cargo sold? ICM Can carry.
Is your cargo much damaged? bq ICN Can you carry?
IAV Is your cargo very inflammable? Can not carry more
Carried out
sail
svt
vdu
Manifest of cargo RJO
Must discharge cargo to repair damage, Damaged, or, Sprung mast ; can not
KJR carry, sail bh
My cargo is --- hzr Have they advertised for any vessel to
Owners desire me to inform you to dis- carry the mail? oof
charge cargo first at (place indi- How do you carry your helm? OTS
cated) SY How many guns does she carry? - - .rkh
IAW Part of cargo saved. I mean to carry sail all night _vea
IAX Proceeds of the cargo. I will carry a light. I will show a light,
IAY Sell cargo as soon as possible. QRY
IAZ Send flats to discharge cargo. If you do not carry more sail we shall
Sold her cargo - wjf part company .. -JGN
Supercargo xeg '-
Keep ahead and carry a light dvk
IBA The cargo is not yet sold. No use carrying so much sail VED
IBC Valuable cargo. She carries guns 1. okm
-QSR
Vessel and cargo have been seized (or, Will you carry alight?
captured) hxu
IBD Waiting for cargo. ICO Carried away.
Want lighters to take my cargo Qtb ICP Carried away stem.
IBE Want tons dead weight of cargo. Funnel carried away
Have, or. Has carried away.
nto
IBP What cargo do you want? - ICQ
IBG What cargo have you has (or, I have carried away fore yard NKH
indicated)'}
-
I have carried away main yard rge
.

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 191

CARRIED AWAY CATTLE.

Carried away Continued. Cash Continued.


I have carried away topsail yard. - .zkn I will cash (or, take) your bill gkl
Stokehole, or, Fire-room ventilator Will you cash a bill on for met.OKM
carried away - wvy
Tackle, or, Purchase carried away-.xrr IDV Cashier-ed.

ICR Cart.
IDW Cask.
IDX Can you supply me with casks of (indi-
cate number of casks, if necessary)'!
ICS Carte blanche. IDY Cask of water.
ICT Cartridge.
IDZ Empty casks
Endeavor to send a line by boat (cask,
Ball cartridge _ftg (

ka
kite, or, raft, etc.)
Blank cartridge gmk
ICTJ Empty cartridge cases. IEA Cast-ing.
ICV Service rifle cartridge. Apparatus for casting oil on the sea to
ICW In want of cartridges. quiet it -.erf
ICX Pistol cartridges (revolver). IEB Cast away.
Quick firing cartridges {or, amm-nition),
EFX
IEC Castaways.
Cast iron ._. ..iek
ICY Rounds of rifle ball cartridge. IED Cast off.
Want pistol (revolver) cartridges ..tkv Cast off towing cables xyn
ICZ Case-d-ing. '
D3F Cast to starboard. iel
Cast steel

IDA
Case (a chest or box) hdb D3G- Cast to port.
Case shot. Downcast lmg
IDB Cot case. IEH I must cast off.
Empty cartridge cases - icu IEJ Shall I cast off?
Empty cases lxy
DDC Have you a case for ? IEK Cast iron.
Mine ease. --._., ..run
Powder. case .. trk IEL Cast steel.
IDE Send a
dozen cases of IEM
DDF Small case.
.-_xwQ
Caste.
Torpedo case r
IEN Castle.
Case. (Instance, etc.)
IEO Forecastle. '

A case of fever has broken out on board IEP Castor oil.


(or on ship indicated) gpr
DDH A good many slight cases.
IEQ Casualty.
Any cases of fever on board (or, at ) ? Any casualties? eop
EON
Bad case fqw IER Cat. (Animal.)
IDJ Case is for hospital. ,
IDK Case is infectious.
ipr
IES Cat-ted-ting. To cat.
Case of cholera IET Cat fall.
IDL Case of dysentery. IEU Cat head.
DDM Case of fever. Cat the anchor eht
IDN Case of smallpox.
pjh IEV Catamaran.
Have infectious case on board
Hospital case oyr
I have had cases of yellow fever on IEW Catastrophe.
board mwk
I have had no cases of yellow fever on IEX Catch-ing. Caught.
board.-. mwl Caught fire IFG
It alters the case - eco There are plenty of fish to be caught
IDO .Other case. , here ncd
IDP Slight case. Torpedo catcher (or, chaser, or, destroyer)
XWR
IDQ Case. In case. IEY Cathedral. i

IDR In case of. In the event of.


IEZ Catholic. Roman Catholic.
In case of accident (or, necessity) ...bp A visit from a Roman Catholic priest
In case of emergency lxf
JGO would be much valued tvy
In case we part company
IDS In that case. IFA Catoptric Light.

Cash, Sapeque, or, La (Coin) atc IFB Catspaw.

IDT Cash. Cattle. Bullock. Ox -HLQ


Can I get a bill cashed here?.- gki IFC Cattle well. all

Can not get a bill cashed here gkj IFD Cattle men.
IDU Cashed-ing. To cash. IFE Have lost head of cattle.
) .

192 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

CATTYCERTIFICATE.

Catty. {Measure of weight) -..baf IGP Cement-ed-ing.


IGQ Portland cement.
IGR Roman cement.
Caught. Catch-ing iex
IFG Caught fire. IGS Cemetery. Burial ground.
There are plenty of fish to be caught
here ncd IGT Censure-d-ing.
IGU Much censure for.
IPH Caulk-ed. To caulk. Cent. (Coin). atd
IFJ Caulker. Per cent. Percentage 1 - -TF(J
IFK Caulker's tools.
IFL Caulking. Centavo. (Coin) ate
IFM Thorough caulking necessary. Centesimo.

(Coin) atf
You can procure caulkers and carpen-
ters at ibu
Centiare. (Square or surface measure),
AXE
IFN Cause-d-ing. (See also Reason. )
Better not ask the cause (reason) . . .fdn IGV Centigrade . ( For Thermometer Table
IFO Cause, or, Reason must be assigned. see page 60.
IFP Cause of complaint.
IFQ Cause of delay (or, detention). Centigramme. (Measure of weight), -bag
IFB Cause unknown. Centilitre (Measure of capacity) . _ ayr
Causeway- ifw .

No cause of detention kyd


IFS Other cause. Centime. (Coin) ... atf
IFT The cause (or, reason) assigned is.
_znm
IFTJ The cause (or, reason) assigned is suffi- Centimetre. (Measure / length) avo
cient. Cubic centimetre (cubic measure).
There has been so much fog as to cause Square centimetre (square measure)&xx.
considerable detention ngl
What is the cause of your putting back? Centimo. (Coin) atf
UDE
IFV "What is the cause (reason) of ? Centner. (
Measure of weight) bah

IFW Causeway. Centner, or. Quintal.


(Measure of weight) -.bci
IFX Caustic.
IGW Centre-d-ing-al-ical.
IFY Caution-ous-ly. (See also Care. ) IGX Centre of hurricane bears
IFZ Cannot be too cautious. Keep in the centre of the channel- --LU
Caution is requisite; take care ft IGY Storm centre in (direction indicated);

IGA Greatest caution is necessary. probable course towards (direction
IGB Not sufficiently cautious. indicated).
IGC Sufficient caution. You are steering right into the centre
pan
Take care, or, Be careful; caution is of cyclone (or, hurricane)
requisite ft
The greatest caution (or, care) hyn IGZ
IGD They are not cautious enough.
IGE You must be cautious.
IGF Cavalry.

IGH Cave. Cavern.

IGJ Cease-d-ing.
IGK Cease firing.
Cessation ijg
Cessation of hostilities ozb
Has the plague ceased at (place
indicated)? tlr

IGL Cedar.

IGM Cede-d-ing. Cession.

IGN Celebrate-d-ing-tion. Celebrity.

1GO Cell-ular.
Air cells (or, spaces) dwh
Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 193

CERTIFICATE CHANNEL.
194
. . ) . .

Pakt II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 195

CHIEF CIRCLE.

Chief Continued. IQC Chronometer.


IOT Chief rate-ing. IQD Can you spare me a chronometer?
IOU Commander in chief is IQB Have great faith in my chronometer.
Commander in chief's office -JEQ IQF How many chronometers have you ?

IOV The commander in chief is at IQG I have a chronometer (number to follow,


IOW Where commander in chief
is ? if necessary) .

IQH I nave no chronometer.


My chronometer gains daily GP
Chih. (Measure of length)-... -AVQ My chronometer has run down GQ
My chronometer is fast of Greenwich
IOX Child-ish-ly-ness. (or, first meridian) mean time gr

IOY Chili-an. Chilian Colors.


My chronometer
(or,
is slow of Greenwich
first meridian) mean time as
IOZ Chill-ed-ing. N. B.See note under Greenwich,
page 258.
IPA Chimney. (See also Funnel. )
IPB Chimney smith. My chronometer loses daily gt
IQJ My chronometers were rated days
Chin. (Measure of weight) ba ago at
(indicate place, if necessary).
My longitude by chronometer is -<Jzf
IPC China . ( Earthenware. What is your longitude by chronometer?
QZL
IPD China-ese. Chinese Colors. IQK When were your chronometers last
rated?
IPE Chisel Will you give me a comparison? Wish
to get a rate for my chronometer *.gu
IPF Chloride of IQL Your chronometer must be fast.

IPG Chloride of potassium. IQM Your chronometer must be slow.


IPH Chloride of zinc.
*Note. The vessel showing the mean
IPJ Chlorodyne. time will hoist the signal denoting the
hour, and dip it sharply shortly after it
IPK Chloroform. has been answered; the minutes and
seconds, at the instant of dipping, will
immediately follow. To insure accu-
Cho, or, Tcho. (Measure of length) .avr racy, a second comparison should be
made.
Cho. (Square or surface measure) ..axl
Chtof. {Measure of capacity.) ays
IPL Chock-ed-ing.
IPM Chock-np, or, Chock-a-block.
vbk
IQN Church.
Rudder chock
Chymist. (See Chemist) ioh
IPN Chocolate.
IQO Cigae.
Choice. (See Choose) ipv
IQP Cigarette.
IPO Choke-d-ing.
Condenser tubes choked (or, salted) .jmv Cinder. Ash. -FCR
Pump choked ubf
IPQ Sea inlet choked. IQR Cipher.
Change the key of cipher to ikr
IPB Cholera. Case of cholera. IQS Cipher is ended.
IPS Cholera raging at cholera, IQT Cipher message.
Communicate in cipher.
IPT Ports suspected of etc. IQU
IQV Following communication (signal, or,

IPU Choose-ing. Chose-n. message) secret and in cipher.


is

IPV Choice. Note. The cipher will continue until


IPW No choice. the person signaling hoists IQS=Ci-
IPX Take your choice. pher is ended.
Christen-ed-ing. (Baptize) fvo IQW Give me the key to cipher.
IQX Have not got the key to cipher.
IPY Christian-ity.
IPZ Christian name. IQY
IQZ
ClRCLE-ULAR.
Circulate-d-ing-ation.
IQA Christmas. IRA Circulating engine.
After Christmas dqr IRB Circulating pump.
IQB Before Christmas.
kmw
Great circle sailing
Turning circle ..yem
oha
Christmas day
.

196 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

CIRCUITCLEAR.

IRC ClRCUIT-OUS-LY. ISP Clean-ed-ing-ly-ness.


IRD Circuit closer. Boilers require cleaning gwk
Earth circuit lrm Clean bill of health from - __tq
Electric circuit ...lur Clean boiler aws
Short circuit vzu ISQ Clean engine.
ISR Clean fires.
1ST Clean ship.
IRE Circumference. ISU Clean shirts. Clean linen (or, clothes).

IRF
ISV Cleaning-gear for decks.
Circumstance. Have you a clean bill of health? tu
Adverse circumstances dnz How long do you require to clean your
Alters the circumstances ebw engine? qym
IRG Depends upon circumstances. I have a clean bill of health, but am lia-
IRH Existing circumstances. ble to quarantine ._ .Code Flag over q
I shall anchor if circumstances permit I have not a clean bill of health.
{place or bearing to follow, if neces- Code Flag over I
sary) EIT My engine requires oleaning mbq
IRJ Under no circumstances. ISW Not clean bill of health flag (when
IRK Under the circumstances. spoken of).

IRL Cistern.
ISX Requires cleaning.

ISY Clear-ed-ing-ance. ,
IRM Citadel. All clear dxi
ISZ Are you clear?
IRN
IRQ
City.
Citizen.
(Town.) Bar can not,be cleared until fvr
Can I clear the bar? fvx
Canal is clear hue
Crvic authorities. Alderman
ITA Can not clear to-night (or before time
dws indicated).
Channel, or, Fairway is clear ilc
IRP Civil-ly-ity. Clear anchor eot
IRQ Civil service. ITB Clear away.
IRS Civil war. Clear berth gfp
ITC Clear channel (by, or, with).
IRT Civilian. Clear hawse opl
IRU Clack valve.
ITD Clear sky.
ITE Cleared at the custom-house.
ITF Cleared for.
IRV Clad. (See also Clothe.) 1TG Clearing house.
Iron-clad. Armor-clad evs ITH Clearing papers.

Clearing the custom-house . . kos


IRW Claim-ed-ing-able-ant. ITJ Clearing up.
IRX Has, or, Have been claimed by. . ITK Clearly make out.
IRY I have a claim on. ITL Clearly seen.
Prior claim two Have you cleared thecustom-house?.KGY
What is the demand (or, claim)? kth I have received information (place
next indicated) is clear of ice pbo
IRZ Clamp-ed-ing. I only got clear of the ice (or, icebergs)
ISA Clamping screw. on pBS
ISB Clap-per.
ITM I shall clear go clear).
(or,
Is canal clear? hul
ISC Clap on. Clapping on. ITN or, Are clear
Is, of.

ISD Claret.
ITO Nearly clear of
ITP Not able to clear to-day (or until date
specified).
ISE Class-ed-ing.
All classes
To class. ITQ Not clear.
- .-DXH Not cleared at custom-house kha
ISP First class. Prepare to be towed clear xys
I am not classed at Lloyd's -QWM Ran clear
ISC Not classed. UHp
Reqiiire diver to clear screw
ISH Second class. Shall clear at custom-house khb
lid
ISJ Third class. Sight your anchor. Make sure your
anchor is clear ejr
ISK Classify-ied-ing-ioation. Take care range is clear.., hym
The bank was clear of fog fvi
ISL Clause. ITR Want my clearance (or, papers).
When will be the best time for clearing
ISM Claw-ed-ing off. the bar? xtf
ITS When will you be clear?
ISN Clay. ITU Will not clear us.
ISO Stiff clay. You are all clear of danger gm
.

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 197

CLEARCOAL.

Clear Continued. Close Continued.


ITV You will not clear. Keep close during the fog pyo
Your flags are not clear -NDT Keep close order -- pyq
Keep close to _pyr
ITW Cleat. Keep him (or, them) in close confine-
ment PYU
ITX Clergyman, Parson, or, Minister. Keep under the land. Keep, or, Stand
ITY A visit from a Protestant clergyman closer in lt
would be much valued. Mail closes at . _rfd
IVH Office is closed.
ITZ Clerk. Stand closer in wqf
IUA A clerk from. IVJ Too close near). (or,
IUB Clerk in charge. Will close (or, be closed) zeg
Telegraph clerk (or, official) xlz IVK Will you keep close to me during the
night?
IUC Clever-ly-ness. IVL You are too close in keep farther off. ;

Your port of destination is closed your ;

IUD Clew-ed-ing. owners desire you to proceed to.KXj


IUE Clew-lines, or, Clew-garnets.
IUF Clew up. IVM Cloth.

ITTG Fore clew-garnets. IVN Emery cloth.


IUH Main clew-garnets. IVO Sail cloth.
IUJ Client. Clientele. IVP Clothe-d-ing.
Bedclothes gcs
IUK Cliff. IVQ Can I get clothes washed?
Clad .- irv
IUL Climate-ic. Clean clothes (linen, or, shirts) isu
IVR Clothing for female passengers.
IUM Clinch-ed-ing. Women's clothing.
Are your cables clinched? hqn IVS Clothing for men. Slops.
Dirty clothes (linen, shirts) vyo or,
Clinker built hlb IVT Night clothing.
IVU Plain clothes.
IUN Clinometer. IVW Summer clothing.
Want clothes yts
IUO Clipper. IVX Warm, Winter clothing for.
or,
Clipper built hlc IVY Wet clothes.
IUP Clock. IVZ Cloud-ed-y.
IUQ At o'clock I shall steer. IWA Clouds are banking up.
IWB Cloudy sky.
IUR Clockwork. o'clock ..xik
I shall tack at
O'clock ...ZNG IWC Club-bed-bing.
IUS What o'clock is it? IWD Club. Clubhouse.
IWE Yacht club.
IUT Close-d-ing. To close (in, or, to).
As close as pad IWF Clubhaul-ed-ing.
Bring the ship in as close as possible. mo IWG Try to clubhaul.
Circuit closer ird
IUV Close confinement. IWH Clue.
IUW Close hauled. IWJ
IUX Close I wish to communicate.
;
Coach-ed-ing.
IUY Close luff.
IUZ Close on the. IWK Coal-ed-ing. To coal.
iva Close quarters. After coaling dqs
IVB Close reef-ed-ing. Anthracite coal
Are you, or, Is
enx

(vessel indicated) in
IVC Close to (near).
IVD Closer-est. want of coal? gw
Convoy to keep as close as possible -iv - Bad coal fqy
IVE Do not pass too close to me.
with you, or, You are
Bunker coal
Can coal be had at ?.
hlz
gx
Enemy is closing
closing with the enemy od Can you spare me coal? gy
Gate is closed at nxf IWL Coal.
- I shall close reef umo Coal bag fsh
I shall keep close hauled oph Coal boat gsl
IVF I will keep close to you during the night. Coal bunker hly
I wish to communicate; close rax Coal can be got at (or, from ) ha
IVG _Is _
(port indicated) closed? IWM Coal can not be got in any quantity
Keep as close as you can to pick up my at
people j PYL Coal cargo _hyw
. . . .. . . ..

198 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

COALCODE.

Coal Continued.
Coast Continued.
IWN Coal depot. I have no chart of coast (or place indi-
IWO Coal hulk. cated) imw
IWP Coal lighter. I know (or, am acquainted with) the
IWQ Coal mines. coast -'-
DGY
IWR Coal requires much draft. IYC Is the coast bold ?

rws Coal tar. IYD Off the coast. Off shore.


IWT Coal tip. IYE On the coast.
IWU Coal trimmer, or, Coal passer. IYF On, or, At the North coast of
Coal shillings a ton at gz IYG On, or, At the NE. coast of
IWV Coaling party. IYH On, or, At the East coast of N
IWX Coaling station, IYJ On, or, At the SE. coast of
IWY Coaling suit. IYK On, or, At the South coast of
IWZ, Collier. IYL On, or, At the SW. coast of
IXA Colliery. IYM On, or. At the West coast of
Complete with coal --.. jkn IYN On, or, At the NW. coast of
Distressed for want of coal lhd Rocky coast -- uyz
Do you want coal? ow IYO Wild coast.
Good coal odw Uninhabited island (or, coast) pts
IXB Good coal may be got at Wrecked on the coast zjd
IXC How many hours' coal have you {state
at what speed)1 Coaster. (Coasting vessel) iyb
IXD I have hours' coal, for full speed (or
for speed indicated). IYP Coastguard-man.
In want of coal (state amount) hb IYQ Coastguard station.
Indicate nearest place where I can pro-
cure coal HC IYR Coat-ed-ing.
IXE Indifferent coal. Buddercoat _vbl
No coal to be got at hd
IXF North country coal. IYS Cobble-er.
Owners desire me to inform you to coal
at he IYT Cochineal.
IXG Plenty of coal to be got at
IXH Prepare to coal. IYU Cock.
IXJ Steam coal. Blow-off cock (or, gear) gnw
IXK Tons of coal. Blow-off cock out of order gnx
Want coal immediately yi Brine cock hig
IXL Welsh coal. Flooding cock nfp
IXM What your consumption of coal per
is Gauge cock nxj
hour, at full speed? Sea cock vky
IXN What price are coals at ? Sea inlet valve (or, cock) broken (or,
What quantity of coal have you left ? vla
HF
IXO What quantity of coal remains in the IYV Cockswain. Coxswain.
collier (coal depot, lighter)?
or,
IXP When finished coaling. IYW Cocoa.
IXQ When will you have finished coaling ?
IYX Cocoanut.
IXB Coalesce- d-ing. Coalition. IYZ Copra.
IXS Coaming. Comb-ing. IZA Cod.

IXT
i

COARSE-LY-NESS-R.
IZB Cod fishery.
Coarse bottom. Coarse sand and stones, IZC Code.

IXU Coast. Coast of.


HAX Attention is called to page
paragraph ,

of the International Code ...dh


.

All the lights are out along the coast


of pu N.B. Tfie page to be shown first, and
Am acquainted with the coast dgy then the paragraph. This signal
Am not acquainted with the coast- . dhb should be employed only between vessels
using the United States edition, as
Are you acquainted with the coast ?.dhe
IXV Coast-defense ship. otherwise the pages referred to will
IXW Coast dangerous.
is
not correspond.
IXY Coast not dangerous.
is IZD Code List of ships.
IXZ Coasted-ing. To coast. IZE Can you furnish (or, lend me) a Code of
IYA Coasting trade. Signals ?
IYB Coasting vessel. Coaster. IZP Code Flag (when spoken of).
Do not approach the coast because it is Do not understand Morse Code sai
mined ...etn Do you understand Morse Code? saj
Have you a chart of coast (or place indi- International Code of Signals prb
cated)? rp Morse Code sak
. .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 199

CODECOLZA.

Code Continued. Colliery .ixa


IZG Show your Code Signal.
Telegraph code ...-. xma JAS Collision.
Use Morse Code sal, Collision bulkhead hlm
IZH What is the date of your Code List ? JAT Collision mat.
Will use Morse Code -_sam Has the vessel with which you have been
in collision proceeded on her voy-
IZJ Coffee. age?..'., hg
JAU Have been in collision.
IZK Cofferdam. JAV Have, Has been in collision with
or.
(vessel indicated).
IZL Coffin. Have you been in collision? hi
JAW Have you been in collision with (vessel
IZM Cog. Cogwheel. indicated) ? >

I have been in with


collision hj
IZN Coil-ed-ing. JAX No collision.
IZO Coil of rope. JAY There has been a collision between
Resistance coil trrv (vessels indicated).
Test coil.-, xok JAZ Vessel indicated has been in collision.
JBA When did the collision take place?
Com. (Money) asw JBC Where did the collision take place?with
JBD Where the vessel that collided
is
you?
IZP Coin-ed-ing-er-age. To coin. With what vessel have you been in col-
IZQ What coins are used ? lision? -- hn
IZR Coir. JBE Collodion.
Coir, or. Grass cable ... -HQZ
IZS Coir, or, Grass hawser. JBF Colombia colors.
IZT Coir, or. Grass matting.
IZTJ Coir, or, Grass rope. Colonel
JBG Colonel commandant.
IZV Coke. JBH* Lieutenant colonel-cy.
IZW Cold-ly-ness-ish-er-est. JBI Colony-ial.
Cold-air chamber -DWL Colonial Agent - -dso
IZX Cold weather. JBK Colonial Government.
JBL Colonial Office.
IZY Colic. JBM Colonial Secretary.
JAB collapse-d-ing-ible.
Berthon boat
Collapsible, Or, ghm JBN Colonize-d-ing-ation.
Furnace crown of boiler collapsed- -Nuc
Furnaces collapsed nub JBO Color.
Color-ed-ing. To color JBR
JAC Collar. Color blind-ness gms
JAD Thrust collar damaged.
JBP
Color vision -

The same color (or, colors).


yrb

JAE COLLECT-ED-ING. JBQ What color?


Collection-or .-- JAK
JAF Collect all the JBR Color-ed-ing. To color.
JAG Collect what you can.
JAH Could not be collected. JBS Colors (Ensign).
Enemy collecting in force at ..lzd
is Can not distinguish her (or, your)
JAI Will you collect? colors lgx
Dip your colors lbc'-

JAK Collection-or. Foreign colors mek


Collector, or, Board of customs goy .
He has hoisted colors--- jbt
Hoist your colors. Show your ensign _ dw
JAL College-ian. Neutral colors mer
Strike your colors.- xaj
JAM Collide-d-ing. (See also Collision. ) JBT They have, or. He has hoisted colors.
JBU What colors has she hoisted?
Collier rwz JBV What colors shall we hoist?
JAN Collier to proceed to the) collier? JBW
JAO Have you seen a (or,
JBX
Column-al.
Number of columns.
JAP Sailing collier.
JAQ Steam collier.
the
Rear column -UKL
What coal remains in
quantity of
collier (coal depot, or, lighter)? .-ixo JBY Colza.
JAR Where is the collier ? JBZ Colza oil.
.

200 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

COMBCOMMAND.

Comb-ing. Coaming ixs Come Continued.


JCA Honeycomb-ed. JDH I will come.
I will come on board (or, alongside), if
JCB COM~lNE-ING-ATION WITH. you will allow me czd
JCD Combined. I wish to signal will you come within
;

easy signal distance? vj


JCE COMBUSTIBLE-ILITY-TION. Is the captain coming on shore? .-.hxd
Have you any combustibles on board? Let no boat come alongside ebh
HG Lifeboat unable to come er
I am
loaded with combustibles HP Lights, or Fires will be kept at the best
Ihave no combustibles on board hq place for coming on shore ke
No combustibles, (or, explosives) near Lighter coming off _<jz
the fire he JDI Must come^.
Spontaneous combustion woj JDK Not come.
with combustibles not allowed
"Vessels Pilot has not come off tjk
in __hs Bequest captain to come here (or to place
indicated) hxf
JDL Shall, or, Will come.
JCF Come. Came. To come. JDM Shall I come ?
JCG Are you coming? Sheer off a little when you come to the
Boat, or, Lifeboat can not come er point --.. vup
Boat come-ing (came) grl Should it come on to blow from
Boat is coming to your assistance ...et (quarter indicated, if necessary)-. gok
Boat's crew will not come grx Stop, Heave-to, or, Come nearer I have ;

JCH Came, Coming by rail. something important to communicate,


JCI Came, Coming by steamer. Code Flag over h
JCK Came, Coming from. Surgeon, or, Doctor will come imme-
JCL Can come. diately i WN
JCM Can I come? The consul is desired to come (or, send)
Can I come alongside? eat on board jrp
JCN Can not come. The orders are coming off sup
Can not come alongside
Can not distinguish your flags* come
eaz The wind will come from the zfa
Thick fog coming on.. gj
nearer (or, make distant signals). _vm Want to come into harbor onc
Captain is requested to come on board, We are coming to your assistance. ..do
HWN What water shall I come into ? two
Come nearer,Stop, or, Heave-to I have ; JDN When did you come off?
something jnipajtant to communicate, JDO When do you come off?
Code Flag over h JDP When you come.
JCO Come under the stern. Where, or, What source did the news
JCP Come up. come from? shn
Come alongside eba Where do you come from?. si
.

JCQ Come directly (immediately). Will Lloyd's agent come on board ?.qxk
JCB, Come home. JDQ Will you (or person indicated) come ?
JCS Come in. Will you (or person indicated) come on
JCT Come nearer. board? grf
JCU
Come on board
Come on shore.
gqa JDK Will you (or person indicated) come on
shore to-day (specify hour, if neces-
JCV Come out. sary) 1
JCW Come out of port. JDS Will you come (or, go) on shore?
JCX Come round. Will your pilot come on to me? tjw
JCY Come to grief. Will your surgeon (or, doctor) come on
JCZ Come to hand. board? wp
JDA Come within hail. .
You are ordered not to come into
JDB Coming. port suy
JDC Coming at once. JDT You may come into port.
Dangerous Do not come into less
to, or, You may, or, We may come to an
than feet of water fv.

anchor _, ekn
Do lot come alongside _'
ebc
JDE Do not come so near. JDU Comet.
Do you come from any port putting you JDV Comfort-ed-ing.
in quarantine?
Endeavor to come alongside
tr
ebd
JDW Comfortable-y.
JDF Have, or, Has come.
Medical comforts
Medical comforts running short
roh
ROI
Heavy weather coming look sharp, .fz
;

I am coming (or, sending) aboard ..czb JDX COMMAND-ED-ING. TO COMMAND.


I must come to an anchor eir Admiral, or, Senior officer has com-
JDG I shall come off by and bye (or at time mands for you dkp
indicated) Admiral, or, Senior officer has no com-
I shall fire into the boats if they persist mands for you
,
'

.. dkq
in coming alongside n ak Any commands eor i
. . . . .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 201

COMMAND COMMUNICATE.

Command Continued.
Commission Continued.
JDY Commanding officer. Commissioner of Navigation, Treasury
JDZ Commanding officer desires. Department, or Registrar General of
JEA Have you any commands? Shipping and Seamen unx
JEB I have no commands.
Keep the vessel' under command lx JFG COMMIT-TED-TING.
JEC Not under command lantern (lamp, or, Commit-ted-ting an assault fdy
light).
JED Not under command. JFH Committee.
QWE
Not under command shapes vtu Committee of Lloyd's
N. B. 'Not under control or command"
'

signal is two black balls or shapes JFJ Commodity.


vertical.
JEF She is commanded by JFK Commodore.
JEG- Take command of.
JEH Under command of JFL common-ly-ness-alty.
House of Commons.
JEI Where the commanding officer?
is JFM
JEK Whom the [vessel indicated) com-
is
COMMUNICATE-D-ING. To COMMUNICATE.
manded by? JFN
Allow no communication. Allow no
JEL Commandant. one on board em
Colonel commandant -JBG Am disabled; communicate with me. cl
Ask stranger (or, vessel indicated) if he
communicate .....ht
JEM Commander. will
JEN Inform the commander. JFO Be more concise in your communication.
with
JEO Senior commander. Be very careful in your intercourse
JEP What commander's name?
is strangers .

Can you forward my communication by


...-ES

Commander in Chief ewj . telegraph? -HU


Commander in chief's office. Close; I wish to communicate iux
JEQ
Commander in chief is iou Come nearer, Stop, or, Heave-to I have ;

The commander in chief is at iov something important to communi-


Where is the commander in chief? -iow cate --- Code Flag over h
Communicate by distant signals ...lgc
JFP Communicate by telegraph.
JER Commemorate-d-ing. Communicate in cipher .. -IQU
JFQ Communicate the following.
JES Commence-d-ing-ment. JFR Communication. ,

JET At the commencement of_- JFS


JFT
Communication by telegraph
Communication by telegraph
is.

Commence action dis is restored.-

JEU Commencement of hostilities.


commenced on the __ktn
Communication by telegraph is stopped,
ws
Demurrage
Has war commenced? or, Is war de- Communication is allowed with..--DZG
clared? .-- "*u JFU
Communication is established by (or,
Hostilities commenced between
with)
and --oze JFV Communication interruptedby is (or,

Light indicated will commence on {date with)


to follow) QSF JFW Comprehend the communication per-
JEV Not commenced.
Commence srd
fectly.
JFX Confidential communication report). (or,
Do not communicate with
Open fire, or, fire
hv
Operations have commenced srg
War has commenced, or, War is de- JFY Does telegraphic communication go all
clared YX the way?
Electrical communication lvc
When does commence?it gdtj
Following communication is confiden-
When do you commence discharging
cargo? - - - IBJ tial (or, private) hx
commence)? Following communication (signal, or,
JEW When do you begin (or,
message) is secret, and in cipher.-iQV
When does the blockade commence? - gnq
Note. The cipher will continue until
ended by the person signaling making
JEX COMMERCE-IAL-LY.
uz the hoist iQS=Cipher is ended.
Chamber of Commerce - _
Forward my communication by tele-
graph, and pay for its transmission,
JEY Commissaire op Maritime Inscription. HY
JEZ commissary-iat. JFZ Had communication with.
Have no communication with hv
JPA Commissariat department.
Have no communication with the shore
JFB Commissariat stores.
(or with vessel indicated) hz
Have received the following communi-
JFC COMMISSION-ED-ING.
cation (or, instructions) from your
JFD Commissioned officer.
owner) ia
JFE Commissioner. (or,
. ?

202 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

COMMUNICATE COMPASS.

Communicate Continued. Company Continued.


Have you any message (telegram, order, The admiral (or, senior officer) requests
or, communication) for me? IB the pleasure of your company to din-
Have you had any communication with ner _.i DKX
infected vessel (or, place) ? . . . ic JGS The pleasure of your company.
JGA Have you had any communication with JGT Very glad of your company.
the shore? JGU Vessel, or, Ship may part company.
I am going to communicate by distant What company do you belong to? iq
signals LGF When did you part company from?.m
I amgoing to signal the contents of an JGV Will you give me the pleasure of your
important telegram, to be communi- company at
cated to you IE
I can not stop to receive (or, have) any JGW COMPARE-D-JSON.
communication if JGX Comparative-ly.
I have had no communication with Should like to have another comparison,
(place or vessel) ig GV
JGB I shall communicate with Wish to get a rate for my chronometer;
will you give me a comparison?... gu
I should wish to know the nature of the
sickness, if any, before I sand my JGY Compartment.
boat communicate)
(or, re
I wish to communicate close lux
Bow compartment hce
JGC I wish to communicate personally.
;
JGZ Engine-room compartment.
Important to communicate by (or, JHA Stoke-hold compartment.
with) ih
JHB Water-tight compartment.
JGD Is the communication with regular? JHC Compass.
Line of communication QUN For Compass Signals, seepages 45 and
(
No telegraphic communication xls 46.)
Report me (or, my communication)

to Note.
Unless otherwise indicated,
Lloyd's agent at uh bearings if in points and half points
Stop, Heave-to, or, Come nearer;
have I are to be understood as Compass
something important to communicate, Bearings, i. e. bearings as shown by
,

Code Flag over H the compass and uncorrected for local


Stranger, or, Vessel bearing wishes to attraction or variation. But when
communicate wzd shown in degrees they are to be under-
Telegraphic communication xln stood as Magnetic Bearings.
Telephonic communication xmn
The following signal (or, communica- JHD Adjust-ed-ing compasses.
tion) is private ...hx Are your bearings true or magnetic
JGE This communication is private. '
bearings? gbd
Unless your communication is very im- JHE Are your compasses adjusted?
portant, I must be excused- u Azimuth compass .fqe
Will you forward (or, communicate) the Bearings by compass are gbh
following signal for me? ik Boat's compass grv
Will you telegraph to
(ship or person JHF Compass bearing the bearing shown
(i. e.
named) the intelligence I am about to by the compass and uncorrected for
communicate? im either deviation or variation).
JGF Wish to communicate by with). (or, JHG Compass card.
You can communicate with and get , JHI Compass signals in degrees.
an answer in ent JHK Compass signals in points and half
points.
JHL Compasses not adjusted lately.
JGH Commutator. JHM Compensation of compass.
JHN Deviation of compass.
JGI Company-ion. JHO Deviation table.
All ships of the convoy are to rejoin JHP Floating, or, Liquid compass.
company Code Flag over y JHQ Gimbal of a compass.
JGK -And Co. (company). Messrs. Co. & Have you an azimuth compass? pqh
JGL Better part company. JHR Ha-"e you any local attraction (or, devi-
Company (and Co.) jgk ation) ?
JGM
JGN
I shall part company.
If you do not carry more sail we shall
JHS Have you taken observations for varia-
tion?

JGO
part company.
-In case we nart company.
JHT I am using variation ofdegrees.
I have an azimuth compass fqi
JGP -Keep company.
Let us keep together (or, in company)
JHU have no cargo to disturb my com-
I
passes.

JGQ
for mutual support (or, protection) .in
Part company. JHV I have had no observations for varia-
tion lately.
Parted company with on the (or, JHW Is there any variation?

JGR
at)
Permission to part company.
.10 JHX Magnetic
bearing,
Note. Magnetic bearings are compass
Shall we keep company? . . i

ip bearings corrected for deviation.


Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 203
? .

204 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part II.

CONCERTCONGRESS.

JMA CONCEET-ED-ING. JNK Condy's Fluid. Crimson Fluid.


JMB In concert with.
Shall w&act in concert? din JNL Cone.
JNM North cone hoisted.
JMC Concession. JNO South cone hoisted.
JNP Steam cone.
JMD conciliate-d-tion.
JNQ Confederate-d-ing-ion-cy-
JME concise-ly-ness.
Be more concise in your communica- JNR confer-red-ring-ence.
tion JFO
JNS confess-ed-ing-ion-edly.
JMF CONCLUDE-D-ING. To 'CONCLUDE.
JMG Conclusion-ive. JNT Confidence-^
JMH Not yet concluded. JNU Am, or, Are confident.
Is,
JMI Shall conclude. JNV Confiaen ciai-ly.
Confidential report (or, communicativ.j ;
JMK CONDEMN-ED-ING. JFX
,

JML -Condemned as unseaworthy. Following signal (or, communication)


Condemned by Lloyd's agent qwf confidential (or, private)
is hx
JMN Condemned stores. JNW Have you any confidence in ?
JMO Have condemned a part of my provisions. JNX No confidence in (or, dependence upon).
JMP CONDENSE-D-ING-ATION. To CONDENSE. JNY Confine-d-ing.
JMQ Condenser. Close confinement ruv
JMR Condenser broken (damaged, or, out of JNZ Confinement.
order). Keep him (or, them) in close confine-
JMS Condenser pipes. ment pyu
JMT Condenser tubes. JOA Confirm-ed-ing-ation.
JMU Condenser tubes burst. JOB Confirmation, or, Ratification takes
JMV Condenser tubes choked (or, salted). place at (or, on
JMW Condenser tubes leaking. JOC
)
confirmed that (vessel indicated)
-Is it
JMX Condenser tubes out of order. has foundered ?
Condensing boiler burst gwt JOD Is there any confirmation ?
Condensing boiler damaged owu JOE -News, or. Report, or, Information is
Condensing boiler tubes burst tde confirmed.
Jet condenser pvh Officially confirmed (or, certified)... ijf
Surface condenser xfw JOE -Report requires confirmation.
Surface condenser out of order xfy JOG -Want-ed-ing confirmation.
JOH -Want official confirmation.
JMY Condition. (See also State.)
Are you, or, Is
(vessel indicated) in a JOI confiscate-d-ing-ion.
condition to proceed? an
Bad condition fqz JOK Conflagration.
Condition of cargo iak
Do you think we ought to pass a vessel JOL conflict-ed-ing.
Good
in this distressed condition?
condition
ne JOM Conflicting reports.
oeb
I am not in
a condition for action. - .dit JON CONFORM-ED-ING-ABLE-Y-ITY.
JMZ In what condition is JOP In conformity with.
Passed a derelict vessel, apparently in
good condition; hull well out of JOQ CONFUSE-D-ING-ION.
water; dangerous to navigation, .kvs Avoid-ed-ing confusion
JNA What condition? fov
JOR In great confusion.

JNB
What condition is the cargo in?
What is the condition (state) of?
ibh JOS Without the least confusion.
JOT Congest -ed-ing-ion.
JNC Condition-al-ally. (Agreement.)
JND On, or, upon condition. JOU Congo (Kongo) State. Colors.
Unconditional-ly ygu
JOV Congratulate-d-ing-ion.
Condor (Coin) atg Allow me to congratulate you
\

dza
JNE JOW Congratulate-d-ing you.
Conduct-ed-ing. To conduct.
Bad conduct
JOX To congratulate you.
. F ra
JNF Conductor. JOY Congress. (See also Parliament. )
JNG Gallant Conduct. Act of Congress (or, Parliament) ...Die
JNH Good conduct. By an act of Congress (or, Parliament),
Lightning conductor q TJ
Nonconductor-ing ___ SIZ JOZ Congress
Has (or, Parliament) met
die
JNI The conductor (or, guard). J PA Member of Congress. ?
. .

Part II. GENERAL, VOCABULARY. 205

CONGRESSCONSUME.

Congress
Continued. Consider Continued:
Congress, Parliament, Assembly {or JQN For considerationof
other legislative body) adjourns {or, Furnace considered dangerous klb
adjourned) on the fei JQO Has been considered.
Congress, Parliament, Assembly {or Hurricane did considerable damage .pak
other legislative body) is dissolved-FEJ JQP Is, or, Are not considered.
JPB Congress, Parliament, Assembly {or JQR Will consider.
Shall, or,
other legislative body) met {or, meets) There has been so much fog as to cause
on the considerable detention ngl
Recent act of Congress, Parliament, Under consideration yhd
Assembly {or other legislative body),
DIL
JPC Conical. JQS Consign-ed-ing-to. To consign.
JPD Conical buoy. To whom is your cargo consigned?- ..ibn
JQT Whom are you {or vessel indicated) con-
JPE Conn-ed-ing. signed to?
JPF Conning tower. JQU Consignee.
JQV Consignment.
JPG Connect-ed-ing-ion.
JPH Connect your screw propeller, or, pad- JQW CONSIST-ED-INQ OF. hzr
dles. Cargo consists of
JPI Connected with. Fleet consists of nel
JPK Connecting rod.
Connecting-rod bolts broken gxv JQX Consols.
Connecting-rod brasses broken {or, out
of order) -_ heb JQY Consort.

JPL conntve-ance. JQZ Conspicuously -ness-ity.


I can not make out your flags; hoist
JPM conquer-ed-ing. them in a more conspicuous position,
owl
JPN Conscious. JRA Conspire-d-ing-acy-ator.

JPO conscript-ion. JRB Constable-ulary.

JPQ consecrate-ed-ing. consecration. JRC Constant-ly-cy.


Reinforcements constantly arriving,
JPR consecutive-ly. uom
JRD Constitute-d-ing. Constituent.
JPS Consent-ed-ing to.
{See also Permit
and Agree. ) JRE Constitution-al-ally.
JPT Can not, or, Will not consent (permit
JRP Constrain-ed-ing.
it).
JPU Have, or, Has consented.
JPV I will consent. JRG Construct-ed-ing-ion.
Constructor.
JPW Vessel {or person indicated) consents. JRH
Have, or, Has been constructed.
indicated) consent
Will you {or persons JRI
{or, agree) ? dug JRK Shall, or, Will be constructed,
JPX Would not consent. JRL Consul- ar.
JPY Consequence-t-ly. JRM Consul General.
JPZ Happened in consequence of. Occa- JRN Consul absent.
is

sioned by. JRO Consular Court.


Heave-to, or take the consequences -OSG JRP The consul desired to come
is {or, send)
JQA In consequence of.
JRQ
on board.
Vice-consul, or, Consular Agent.
JQB Of not much consequence.
JQC Of the utmost consequence {or, impor-
JRS Consulate.
tance).
JQD The consequence will be.

JQE Took place in consequence of. JRT Consult-ation WITH.
JQF What was the consequence? After a consultation.
Consult captain
dqn
hwv
JQG Consider-ed-ing. To consider. Consult Lloyd's agent qwg
JQH Consider {or, them)
it necessary. JRU Consult owner.
JQI Considerable fault foundwith. JRV Consult underwriters.
JQK Considerable-y. JRW Have, or, Has been consulted.
Considerable, sea up JRX Shall, or, Will be consulted.
JQL Considerate-ly-ion. Have you consid- JRY CONSUME-D-ING-PTION.
JQM Do you consider, or,
ered? What is your consumption of coal per
Do you consider leak dangerous? Qi hour full speed?.- ixm
..

206 GENERAL VOCABULARY. Part IL

CONSUMPTIVECONVOY.

JRZ Consumptive. JTD Contrive-d-ing-ance.


JTE Can you contrive?
JSA Contact. JTP How do did) you contrive (or, man-
(or,
Electro contact -.lve age) to?
Electro contact mine lvp JTG Must contrive.
JTH Control-led-ling-ler.
JSB Contagion-ious. Not under control _.jed
Acontagious disease on board (or at Not under control light (lamp, or, lan-
place indicated) gpq tern) JEC
JSC Contagious disease. Note. Not under control signal is two
Disease, or, Sickness is contagious -_vb black balls or shapes vertical.
Disease, or, Sickness is not contagious,
vc
Is the sickness contagious? -- - va Controversy. (Discussion) ... ldy
JTI CONTUSE-D-ING-ION.
JSD contain-ed-ing.
JTK CONVALESCENT-CE.
JSE Contend-ed-ing-tion.
JTL CONVENIENT-LY-CE.
JSF content-ed-ing-edly-ment. Admiral, or, Senior officer wishes to see

you (or, )as soon as convenient _dlb
jsg Contents. Anchor as convenient ky
I am going to signal the contents of an As convenient pae
important telegram, to be communi- As many as convenient pax
cated to you IE As soon as convenient pbl
Open telegram for me and signal its JTM If convenient
contents wx JTN Is there a convenient watering place?
Shall I open your telegram and signal JTO It will be a great convenience.
its contents? xc JTP When most convenient.
JTQ Will be convenient?
it

JSH CONTEST-ED-ING. JTR Convent.


JSI CONTINENT-AL-LY. JTS convention-al-ly.
Geneva Convention nxs
JSK CONTINGENT-CY. Geneva Convention flag (Plate I[)..nxt
JSL CONTINUE-D-ING-ATION-AL-OUS. JTU Converse-d-ing-ation with.
JSM Continue.your present course. Stand on. JTV A conversation with.
If it continues to blow goh
If the wind continues as at present.ZER JTW Convert-ed-ing-ible.

Conto. (Money) ath JTX Convey-ed-ing-ance to.


Ambulance required to convey a patient
JSN Contraband. to hospital edy
JSO Contraband goods. JTY Are there any public conveyances
to ?
JSP Conteact-ed-ing-ion. JTZ By the conveyance.
first
Contract built hld JUA For conveyance to
JSQ Contractor. JUB No conveyancesto
JSR Contradict-ed-ing. Contradiction. JUC Convict-ed-ing-ion. To convict.
JST Contradict the report. JUD Convict (a convict).
JSU Contradictory. JDE Will be convicted.
JSV It has not been contradicted. JUF Will not be convicted.
JSW Contrary. JUG CONVINCE-D-ING.
JSX -Contrary to order.
Contrary to regulations uog JUH CONVOY-ED-ING. TO CONVOY.
Delayed by contrary winds. Detained All ships of the convoy are to rejoin
by contrary winds ksd company Code Flag over y
JSY On the contrary. By, or, With the convoy hpj
JSZ
JUI Convoy (a convoy).
Contrast-ed-ing. JUK Convoy ahead.
is
JUL Convoy astern.
is
JTA Contribute-d-ing-ion TO. JUM Convoy from.
is
JTB Liberal contribution. JUN Convoy going
is to.
JTC Will you (or person Convoy to disperse and make for destin-
tribute? ation is
. . ) .

Part II. GENERAL VOCABULARY. 207

CONVOYCORVETTE.

Convoy Continued. JVW Copperas.


Convoy to disperse and reassemble at
rendezvous (or place indicated) it Copra
Convoy to keep ahead of escort .. - iu

Convoy to keep as close as possible . .iv JVX Copy-ied-ing. To copy.


Convoy to keep astern of leader (or, JVY Copy. (A copy.)
escort) iw JVZ Copy will be wanted.
Convoy to keep on port side of leader JWA Have, or, Has a copy of.
(or, escort) ix JWB Have you a copy of?
Convoy to keep on starboard side of JWC I have no copy.
leader (or, escort)- ...iy JWD Take, or, Make a copy (or, duplicate).
Convoy to spread as far as possible, keep-
ing within signal distance iz
JUO Convoy will assemble at port (or plaee JWE Coral line.
indicated). JWP Coral reef.
Convoy will leave at (time to follow),
QKM
Convoy will leave-on (day to follow), JWG Cord-ed-ing-age.
QKN JWH Cordage in lengths.
JUP Convoy will rendezvous at on the
(latitude JWI
,

Convoy will rendezvous in Cordite.


and longitude indicated) uqn
Do not go through (or, near) (place JWK corea-n (korea-n). korean colors.
indicated) without a convoy? Ja
Do you belong to the convoy gev JWL Cork.
JUQ Have you, or, Has
(vessel indicated) JWM Cork buoy.
seen convoy? JWN Cork jacket.
JUR How was convoy steering?
JUS I belong to the convoy of (ships JWO Corn.
indicated). Indian corn phx
JUT or, Has the convoy?
Is,
JUV It is a convoy of JWP Corned. (Salted.
JUW Of, or, From the convoy.
Strange vessel following convoy. _.wyv JWQ Corner.
JUX
When did the convoy?
JUY "When will the convoy? JWR Coroner.
JUZ Where the convoy from?
is Awaiting coroner's inquest fpd
JVA Where the convoy going?
is JWS Coroner's inquest.
With the convoy. By the convoy. hpj .

JWT Corporal.

JVB Cook. JWU Corporate-ion.


JVC Cook house. JWV Corporation of
JVD Cook-ed provisions. JWX Corps.
JVE Cooking range, or, Copper. Army Service Corps
JVF cool-ed-ing-ly-ness.
JWY Corpse.
JVG Coolie.
JWZ Correct-ed-ing.
JVH Coop-ed-ing. Account sent is correct det
Account sent is incorrect r deu
JVI Cooper-age. JXA Correct-ly.
JVK Cooper's tools. JXB Is it correct?
Is my present course a correct one?
JVL COOPERATE-D-ING-ATION-IVE. (Course to follow, if necessary) .. .jzf
JVM Cooperative society. Is the latitude correct? qhs
JVN Shall we cooperate? Is the longitude correct?
Is your list of ships correct?
qzb